Guide to the Papers of Shalom Schwarzbard (1886-1938),
1891-1958 (bulk 1920-1937)

RG 85

Processed by YIVO staff and revised by Stanislav Pejša

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

© 2004 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Machine-readable finding aid was created by Shaindel Fogelman as Word for Mac document in January 2004. Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD 2002 by Stanislav Pejša in March 2004. Description is in English.

Descriptive summary

Creator: Schwarzbard, Shalom (1886-1938)
Title: Shalom Schwarzbard Papers
Dates:1891-1958
Dates:bulk 1920-1937
Abstract: Shalom Schwarzbard was a Russian Jewish revolutionary and activist in the Jewish self-defence movement. In May 1926 in Paris Shalom Schwarzbard assassinated the exiled Ukrainian leader, Symon Petliura, whom Shalom Schwarzbard held responsible for pogroms against Jews in the years 1918-1920. The trial of Shalom Schwarzbard that followed drew worldwide attention. The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts of Shalom Schwarzbard's autobiographical works, personal documents, poems, and newspaper clippings. Materials in this collection mostly relate to Shalom Schwarzbard's writings and his efforts on behalf of the Jewish war victims and Jewish war veterans of the First World War.
Languages: The collection is primarily in Yiddish and French. Some documents are in English, German, and Russian. Polish, Hebrew, and Danish are occasionally used as well.
Quantity: 1.6 linear feet
Accession number: RG 85
Repository:YIVO Archives
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Biographical note

Shalom Schwarzbard was born on August 18, 1886 in Izmail, Bessarabia, then part of the Russian Empire. The family soon moved to Balta, where his father Yitskhok Schwarzbard opened a small grocery store. Shalom Schwarzbard later learned the watchmaker's craft there.

In the early 1900s Shalom Schwarzbard became active in the radical socialist movement in Russia and was a member of the Jewish self-defense units during the pogroms of 1905-1907. Shortly thereafter, Shalom Schwarzbard left Russia. He travelled through Lemberg (Lwów, now L'viv, Ukraine), Budapest, Vienna, Italy, and ended up in Paris, France in 1910, where he worked at various watchmaker workshops.

After the outbreak of the First World War, Shalom Schwarzbard joined the French Foreign Legion. In March 1916, he was seriously injured and later was awarded the Croix de Guerre. In 1917 Shalom Schwarzbard returned to Russia and joined the Red Guard in Odessa.

During the civil war of 1918-1920, while Ukrainian forces defended national independence of the Ukraine against the Bolshevik armies and Polish territorial claims, chaos and lawlessness were rampant in the Ukraine. The pogroms that took place in the Ukraine during this time shocked the public with their brutality and and the number of their victims. According to conservative estimates 50,000 Jews fell victim to these massacres. This wave of violence was perceived as the gravest since the uprising of Bohdan Khmel´nyts´kyi in 1648-1649.

Victims and their relatives, as well as public figures concerned with this wave of violence held Symon Petliura responsible for the atrocities committed in the Ukraine. A Ukrainian nationalist and journalist, Symon Petliura, became Minister of War (holovny ataman) in the Ukrainian Central Rada, and later President of the Directorate. Although the central Ukrainian government functioned under conditions of civil war, in the eyes of the victims of the pogroms and their relatives, Symon Petliura did little to stop the pogroms. As the commander of the Ukrainian army, he was therefore perceived as the ultimate perpetrator of the atrocities.

In 1920 Shalom Schwarzbard returned to Paris, where he made his living as a watchmaker. In 1925 he was awarded French citizenship. After seeking unsuccessfully to call attention to these crimes committed against the Jewish population in Ukraine in his writing, on May 25, 1926, Shalom Schwarzbard took justice into his own hands and assassinated the former Ukrainian leader, Symon Petliura, in Paris.

Both Shalom Schwarzbard and Symon Petliura immediately became public symbols. While Shalom Schwarzbard was called a Jewish national hero and appeals were made to Jews all over the world to contribute financially to his defense, Symon Petliura suddenly became a martyr of the Ukrainian émigré community and his death unified the hitherto divided Ukrainian exiles. Many Ukrainian emigrés believed that Shalom Schwarzbard was a Bolshevik agent who carried out the assassination under orders from Moscow.

Shalom Schwarzbard took responsibility for the assassination which he considered to be an act of justice. In his defense of Shalom Schwarzbard, at the trial that followed, Henri Torrès concentrated on presenting the story of the pogroms and demonstrating Symon Petliura's responsibility for them. A great number of publicly recognized personalities, such as Henri Bergson, Romain Rolland, Albert Einstein, and Alexander Kerensky volunteered to testify on Shalom Schwarzbard's behalf, and the former Prime Minister of Hungary Mihaly Károlyi prepared an analysis of the Jewish problem in Central and Eastern Europe for the defense. In the end, the court acquitted Shalom Schwarzbard, who was released from the prison La Santé after almost a year and half.

After his release, Shalom Schwarzbard attended many meetings and gatherings around the world at the invitation of various Jewish organizations where he spoke about Jewish self-defense and the pogroms in the Ukraine. He also became active in the organizations of the veterans and victims of the First World War.

Shalom Schwarzbard was the author of several mostly autobiographical works Milkhome bilder (Pictures from the War), Fun tifen obgrund (From the Abyss), In krig mit zikh aleyn (In War with Myself) and his memoirs In'm loyf fun yorn (In the Course of Years). He also published poetry under the title Troymen un verlekhkayt (Dreams and Reality).

Shalom Schwarzbard died in Cape Town, South Africa on March 3, 1938.

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Scope and content note

The collection contains correspondence of Shalom Schwarzbard which covers roughly the period of 1920-1936. A great deal of correspondence deals with matters of Jewish self-defense, and the veterans' movement. Among Shalom Schwarzbard's correspondents one can find Élie Eberlin, World Organization of Jewish Self-Defence, or World Organization of Jewish Invalids. Some letters express encouragement and support for Shalom Schwarzbard's act of assassination of the former Ukrainian leader, Symon Petliura. Another portion of the correspondence includes various publishers and newspapers that were offering collaboration or were willing to publish Shalom Schwarzbard's pieces. The manuscripts of Shalom Schwarzbard's autobiographical texts seem to have been mostly written at the prison La Santé in Paris, France, where Shalom Schwarzbard awaited his trial. Shalom Schwarzbard's writings are mostly in Yiddish, but for some texts there is also a French translation.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in three topical series.

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Access and Use

Access restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact
Chief Archivist
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Center for Jewish History
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011

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Related material

The Shalom Schwarzbard collection is part of the Elias Tcherikower Archive RG 80-89 which holds further material relating to the trial of Shalom Schwarzbard, especially in folders 411-509 of the Mizrakh yidisher historisher arkhiv (Archives for the History of East European Jews) collection RG 80, which contain material of the Shalom Schwarzbard Defense Committee.

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Separated material

The photos related to this collection are part of the YIVO Photo and Film Archive (folder 650).

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Custodial history

The collection was acquired by Elias Tcherikower who was collecting materials regarding the pogroms in Ukraine for the Mizrakh yidisher historisher arkhiv (Archives for the History of East European Jews), that became later part of the YIVO Archives. When Shalom Schwarzbard killed Symon Petliura in 1926, Elias Tcherikower became the secretary for the Shalom Schwarzbard Defence Committee and together with his wife Rebecca Tcherikower gathered further materials vital for Shalom Schwarzbard's defense.

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Microfilm

This collection has been microfilmed and is available on four Microfilm reels MK 470.69 to MK 470.72.

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Other finding aid

There is an inventory in Yiddish that is part of the overall description of the Tcherikower Archive (RG 80-89).

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Preferred citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); YIVO Archives, Shalom Schwarzbard Papers, RG 85, folder number.

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Processing note

In 2004 Stanislav Pejša revised the inventory in Yiddish prepared by Zosa Szajkowski. The arrangement of folders in the container list follows the Yiddish alphabetical order.

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Access points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container list

 

Series I: Correspondence, 1920-1939

This series is mostly in Yiddish, French, Russian, English, Hebrew, and German.
0.4 linear foot
Arrangement:

Arranged according to Yiddish alphabetical order.

Scope and Content:

The correspondence consists of letters between Shalom Schwarzbard and individuals and organizations. The series contains letters of encouragements, support, and gratitude to Shalom Schwarzbard for his act. Invitations and notices announcing Shalom Schwarzbard's speeches, as well as letters of various political and cultural organizations that were involved in fostering Jewish self-defense, are included in this series. Other significant portions of letters come from Jewish newspapers and magazines, mostly in France or in New York. This correspondence deals with translation and copyrights for Shalom Schwarzbard's memoirs, requests for articles and offers of collaboration.

The series also contains letters of once leading personalities of the radical socialist or anarchist movement, such as Boris Yelensky, who was Secretary Treasurer of the Shalom Schwarzbard Arrangement Committee in Chicago that was preparing Shalom Schwarzbard's tour in the United States and Canada in 1934, Moshe Rogers, a secretary of that committee, Marc Jarblum, and Rudolf Rocker. There are many letters of Shalom Schwarzbard's friend Jacob Blumstein-Sela in years 1929-1930. The letters are both in French and Hebrew. The correspondence with family members is also part of this series in the folder Family and family friends and is also both in French and Yiddish. Many of these letters were written during the period when Shalom Schwarzbard awaited his trail at the prison La Santé.

There are relatively few materials directly related to Shalom Schwarzbard's trial or his act. Among the exceptions are letters written by Elie Dobkovsky who participated in the trial with Shalom Schwarzbard and in his long letter tried to explain why he witnessed against him, and Shalom Schwarzbard's letters to J.M. Zalkind written from the prison.

Several letters that are in the folder labelled Unidentified correspondence were eventually identified; however, they remained in their original location.

Folder TitleDate
876א (A, Id, O)
Agudah Ateres Tsion (Paris, France)
Unzer Tsayt (then Kishinev, Romania; now Chisinau, Moldova)
Urdang, Morris (Paris, France)
Jewish National Workers' Alliance (New York, N.Y., Philadelphia, Penn.; Atlanta, Ga.)
Yidishe anarkhistishe grupe (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Yidishe ratsyonalistishe gezelshaft (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Yidishe tsaytung (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Yidisher studentn fareyn / Association des étudiants juifs de Nancy (Nancy, France)
Yidisher klub for frayer diskusye [Jewish Club for Free Discussion] (Paris, France)
Izgur, ? (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Ikht, Yitzkhok (Manchester, England)
Amalgamated Cooperative Houses (New York, N.Y.)
French Embassy (Moscow, Soviet Union)
American Consular Service (Paris, France)
Astor (Niagara Falls, N.Y.)
Ostroff, Israel
Axer, A. (Zürich, Switzerland)
Workers' Circle Friendly Society (London, England)
Workmen's Circle / Arbeter Ring (Albany, N.Y.; Los Angeles, Calif.; Portland, Or.; Seattle, Wash.)
Aronson, ?
1924-1937
Folder TitleDate
877ב (B)
Boston, Mrs. ? (Hackney, England)
Barondess, Joseph (New York, N.Y.)
Bartkowski, Fiszel (ód, Poland)
?, Boris (Paris, France)
Brzustowski, Ch. J. (ód, Poland)
Bibliotekn [Libraries] (Paris, France)
Bycher kooperativ [Cooperative Books] (Warszawa, Poland)
Beirach, Salomon (Beyrok, Shlomo) (Bronx, N.Y.)
Birnbaum, Julius (Denver, Colo.)
Bloumenthal, Hersch (Paris, France)
1927-1935
Folder TitleDate
878ב
Blurstein, Jacob (Tel Aviv, Palestine)
Blaustein-Sela, Jacob
1928-1935
Folder TitleDate
879ב (Bl, Br)
Blekman, ? (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Berenbaum, Dani (Denver, Colo.)
Betsal'el (Academy)
Brown, S. (London, England)
Brotman, A.G. (London, England)
Braverman, Kayla (San Francisco, Calif.)
Brupbacher, Paulette (Zürich, Switzerland)
1929-1939
Folder TitleDate
880 ג (G)
Gabbai, Jacques A. (Cairo, Egypt)
Goldblatt, B. (San Francisco, Calif.)
Goldenberg, S. (Paris, France)
Golub, A. (London, England)
Gorelik, Anatoli (Remedios de Escalada, Argentina) together with Bianchi, Alberto and others (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Grossman, Vladimir (Paris, France; New York, N.Y.)
Grünberg, Chaim (then Lwów, Poland ; now L’viv, Ukraine)
1923-1928
Folder TitleDate
881ד (D, Jew)
Dobkovsky, Elie (Paris?, France)
Davydoff (Roscoff, France)
Dave, Victor (Montrouge, France)
Dubnow-Fund (Paris, France)
Durand, Bernard (Paris, France)
Jewish Agency for Palestine (Jarusalem, Palestine, now Israel)
The Jewish World (Philadelphia, Pa.)
The Jewish Times (London, England)
Jewish Theological Seminary of America (New York, N.Y.)
Jewish National and University Library (Jerusalem, Palestine)
Diamondstein, B. (London, England)
1922-1935
Folder TitleDate
882וו ,ה (H, V, W)
Hochstein, Léon (Antwerp, Belgium)
Hassid, Victor (Tunis, Tunisia)
Hoykhboym, Yakov (Nancy, France)
HIAS (Paris, France)
Haynt [Today] (Warszawa, Poland)
Hermant, ?
Herscovici, H. (Paris, France)
Union des jeunesses juives (Paris, France)
Immigration and Naturalization Service (New York, N.Y.)
Di Vokh / La Semaine [The Week] (Nancy, France)
Volski, B. (Paris, France)
Weill-Goudchaux, Serge (Paris, France)
Weinberg, Arthur
Weinberg, B. (London, England)
Weissman, A. (Paris, France)
Williams, W.N. (Highgate, England)
Wyler, Veit (Zürich, Switzerland)
Vinograd, D. (Warsaw, Poland)
1927-1936
Folder TitleDate
883י ,ט ,ז (Z, T, Y, J)
Zolgin, Bessie
Zalkind, J.M. (Shalom Schwarzbard's letters from the Prison de la Santé, Paris, France)
Der Tog [The Day] (New York, N.Y.)
Torrès, Henri (Paris, France)
Tuzman (Tussman), Malka
Twersky, Moshe
Tigel, Z.
Tedesko, G. A.
La Terre Retrouvée [Rediscovered Land]
Trommer, Lazarus (Glendale, N.Y.)
Tsharney, ? (Philadelphia, Penn.)
Tchizev Initiative Committee
Tcherikower, Elias
Yanowski, M.D. (Vincennes, France)
Jacobsohn, Hans (Berlin-Schöneberg, Germany)
Jarblum, M. [Marc?] (Paris, France)
Juedische Kultur-Varwaltung (Talinn, Estonia)
Javetz, V. L. (London, England)
Jevdikov
Jakton (Tallinn, Estonia)
1926-1937
Folder TitleDate
884YIVO Institute for Jewish Research (Wilno, Poland)1929-1930
Folder TitleDate
885מ ,ל (L, M)
Landau, S. R. (Vienna, Austria)
Loss, Raphael (Paris, France)
Liberman, M. (London, England)
Ligue internationale contre l'antisémitisme (Paris, France)
Levant Fair (Tel-Aviv, Palestina)
Lévy, ? (Paris, France)
Modern Press (New York, N.Y.)
Moses, David (Tel-Aviv, Palestine; Cairo, Egypt)
Mayor of Berchères-la-Maingot
Malobrodsky, L. (then Kisinev, Romania; now Chisinau, Moldova)
Der Moment [The Moment]
The Jewish Morning Journal (New York, N.Y.)
Maslan, Aaron L. (Seattle, Wash.)
Matzkain, ?
Murro, Moses (Jarusalem, Palestine; Chicago, Ill.)
Meiman, Moshe (Paris, France)
?, Miriam (Winnipeg, Man.)
1920-1934
Folder TitleDate
886Family (Mishpokhe) and family friends
Schwarzbard, Anna (wife)
?, Louise
?, Georgette
?, Benjamin (brother-in-law)
Schwarzbard, Ferdinand (brother Froike/Ephraim)
Fouchs, A.(Paris, France)
Schwarzbard, Salomon (Vichy, France)
?, Masha (sister?)(Ratnitsa?, Moldavian ASSR)
Khaskin, D.
1922-1934
Folder TitleDate
887צ ,פ ,ף ,ע ,ס ,נ (N, S, E, P, F, Z, Ch)
Niborsky, S. (Nancy, France)
Neye Presse (Paris, France)
Nettlau, Max? (Vienna, Austria)
Sochachewsky, Boris (Ben-A) (London, England)
Samuel, ? (Paris, France)
Soffer, Elie (Paris, France)
Stock - Publishing House (Paris, France)
Sinder, H. (Paris, France)
Sleptsova, Mariia Nikolaevna (Reval (Tallinn), Estonia)
Eberlin, Élie (Paris, France; Zürich, Switzerland)
Abraham, ? (London, England)
Edelson, Joseph E. (Chicago, Ill.)
Elprin, A. (San Francisco, Calif.)
Encyclopaedia Judaica – Verlag Eschkol (Berlin, Germany)
Efroykin, Israel (Paris, France)
Eckmann, Max (Pavillons-sous-Bois, France)
Polishuck, Esther
Polishuck, Itzchak
Pomerantz (London, England)
Pann, A. [Abel?] (Zagreb, Croatia)
Papir, Joseph Isadore (Baltimore, Md.)
Parizer bleter / Les Feuilles Parisiennes (Paris, France)
Parizer Haynt / La Journée Parisienne (Paris, France)
Prylucki, Noakh (Vésinet, France; Warsaw, Poland)
Faiboushiak, D. (Antwerp, Belgium)
Fayer, Shmuel (Detroit. Mich.)
Philippe, Mrs.
Filler, A. (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Flegg, Maurice (Paris, France)
Fédération de sociétés juives de France (Paris, France)
Federation of Polish Jews in France (Paris, France)
Friedberg, Harry (Kansas City, Mo.)
Frydman, Ben-Zion (Paris, France)
Freie Arbeiter Stimme [Free Workers' Voice] (New York, N.Y.)
F.?, Maurice (Paris, France)
Di Tsukunft / The Future (New York, N.Y.)
Zukerman, William (London, England)
Zwebner, Abraham Haim (Jarusalem, Palestine)
Citrinbaum, Rebecca (Geneva, Switzerland)
Ceshinsky, Morris (Chicago, Ill.)
Connel, Zvi (Tel-Aviv, Palestine)
1928-1937
Folder TitleDate
888ר ,ק (K, R)
Kagan, ? (Paris, France)
Kahan, Ab. (Paris, France)
Kalmanovich, Zelig (Paris, France)
Comité des délégations juives (Paris, France)
Cohn, Michael A. (Brooklyn, N.Y.)
Capitanchik, J. (London, England)
Korn, M.
Tsentraler kultur-rat (Paris, France)
Ligue juive d'enseignement (Paris, France)
Keen, M.D. (New York, N.Y.)
Kessary, Ouri (Paris, France)
Klasser, Oyzer (Winnipeg, Man.)
Club de la jeunesse juive (Paris, France)
Kessel, Joseph (Paris, France)
Keren Hayesod (Paris, France)
Jewish National Fund - Keren kayemet le-Yi´sra'el (Jerusalem, Palestine)
Robinson, H. (London, England)
Robinfien (Chicago, Ill.)
Rogooland, Celia (Denver, Colo.)
Rosenberg, A. (Glowno, Poland)
Rotenberg, Isaack (South Haven, Mich )
Razsviet (Paris, France)
Rocker, Rudolf (Berlin-Neukölln, Germany; Neunkirchen, Germany)
?, Rivka (New York, N.Y.)
Rubchinsky, W. (London, England)
Rubins, Feygl (Paris, France)
Rubenstein, Harry H. (Denver, Colo.)
Raisin, Max (Paterson, N.J.)
Reischer, M (Metz, France)
Les Revues (Paris, France)
1923-1936
Folder TitleDate
889ש ,ר (R, Sch, Sh)
Rogers, Moshe (Bronx, N.Y.)
Yelensky, Boris and Bessie (Chicago, Ill.)
Schwartz, Désiré (Paris, France)
Schwarzbard, Anna
Statman, Chaim (Mexico City, Mexico)
Stein, David (New York, N.Y.)
Stern, Hannah? (Paris, France, Zürich, Switzerland)
Brupbacher?, Paulette (Zürich, Switzerland)
Schneider, ? (Paris, France)
Sherman, Max (Los Angeles, Calif.)
1927-1936
Folder TitleDate
890Unidentified letters
?, Jaakov (Paris, France)
Gita and Perl
Chodorov (Paris, France)
Hakohen, Yehoshua Ben David (Pittsburgh, Penn.)
Gold, M.
?, David (ship Cap Arcona)
?, Genia and ?, Leon (Paris, France)
M.
Letter from an uncle
Polishuck, Esther (?)
Davydoff ?
Gold, ?
Pomerantz (?) (London, England)
Kohn, Etl (Boston, Mass.)
?,? (Berlin, Germany)
n.d., 1929, 1932, 1935
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Series II: Manuscripts, n.d., 1926-1934

This series is primarily in Yiddish and French. Some documents are in Polish, German, and English.
0.8 linear feet
Arrangement:

The series follows original arrangement.

Scope and Content:

This series contains various versions, drafts, and notes of Shalom Schwarzbard's autobiographical works In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself), his memoirs, as well as several of his poems. Shalom Schwarzbard's work In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself) is in both Yiddish and French version. Manuscripts of poems of which some were later published in an anthology Troyme un verlekhkayt can be found together with several theater pieces in this series too. Many of these texts, above all Shalom Schwarzbard's In krig mit zikh aleyn, were written in the prison La Santé as indicated on the cover of the notebooks. The series also contains manuscripts, drafts of newspaper articles, excerpts from books on the origin of religion and mythology, and notes from writings of leftist political writers, including Karl Marx and Leon Trotsky. The series also contains several unidentified texts and fragments, mostly undated.

Folder TitleDate
891In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself) – Manuscript written in the form of a diary
Also includes catalog card and certificate of copyright registration of the Congress Library
1926, 1933-1934
Folder TitleDate
892 In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself) – Typescript, Yiddish version
Also includes newspaper clippings from the memoirs
1933-1934
Folder TitleDate
893 In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself) - French translation, typewrittenn.d.
Folder TitleDate
894 In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself) - French translation, typewrittenn.d.
Folder TitleDate
895 In krig mit zikh aleyn (At War with Myself) - French translation, typewrittenn.d.
Folder TitleDate
896Memoirs – Manuscript, typescript
The expenses for food written in a notebook
n.d., 1926
Folder TitleDate
897Poems and theatre pieces
Troymen un verklekhkayt [Dreams and Reality]
Also includes several theatre plays
n.d., 1934?
Folder TitleDate
898Various manuscripts, excerpts, and notesn.d.
Folder TitleDate
899Manuscripts - French
Draft of autobiography
Une halte dans un cimetière juif (Montevideo, 1932)
Le neophyte
n.d., 1932
Folder TitleDate
900Memoirs and various manuscripts in Yiddishn.d., 1927, 1933
Folder TitleDate
901Various manuscripts, notes, and bibliographic notes1922-1934
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Series III: Personal papers and varia, 1891-1958

The series is primarily in Yiddish and French. Some documents are in English, German, and Russian. Several individual items are in Polish, Hebrew, and Danish.
0.4 linear feet
Arrangement:

This series is arranged in no particular order.

Scope and Content:

This series contains mixed material. It includes several folders with correspondence, of which one part, originating mostly in years 1934-1935, deals mostly with organizing the congress of Jewish victims of the First World War. This congress was also one of the topics that Shalom Schwarzbard discussed during his North American tour in 1934. The correspondence includes letters of Shalom Schwarzbard to various veteran organizations in France, Germany, the United States, and Latvia. After his acquittal Shalom Schwarzbard worked for several insurance companies, among others also with Judea Insurance Company, Le Phénix (Autrichien), and Confederation Life Association. Correspondence with those companies and some of Shalom Schwarzbard's clients together with certificates and receipts can be found in this series.

This series also contains several poems, some of which were written by Anna Schwarzbard, the wife of Shalom Schwarzbard. The poems of other authors treat the assassination and express gratitude to Shalom Schwarzbard for his deed, among which is also Shalom Schwarzbard's poem Di nekomeh (The Revenge).

The posters and fliers for meetings with Shalom Schwarzbard or public lectures may also be of interest to researchers. These meetings took place throughout the northern hemisphere from Paris, France and Denmark to Lakewood, New Jersey. A great number of these flyers relate to Shalom Schwarzbard's tour in the United States.

The series also contains several of Shalom Schwarzbard's articles. The articles are mostly written in Yiddish, but several were translated into Spanish. The folder includes a serialized article "Fun mayn milkhome togbukh" [From my war dairy] that was published in Der arbeter fraynd, also Shalom Schwarzbard's articles for La Voz libertaria / Frayheyts stime, in Der moment, and series of articles in El Diario israelita / Yidishe tsaytung. The other newspaper articles in this series pertain to the assassination and Shalom Schwarzbard's trial. Contemporary reports, as well as commemorative articles are also included. A protest against the misinterpretation of Symon Petliura's role in a French document on Shalom Schwarzbard published in The Ukrainian Bulletin can be found, too. The last portion of newspaper clippings relates to the events in Germany in the early 1930s.

The personal documents are also included in this series. The series holds various affidavits and certificates confirming Shalom Schwarzbard's employment and work experience. It also contains release papers from the hospital, household receipts, as well as several business cards and a collection of addresses of Jewish relief organizations and newspapers.

Folder TitleDate
902Correspondence with Jewish Veteran organizations
Association des anciens combattants juive polonaise en France
Association des anciens combattants et engagés volontaires juifs dans l'armée française
Association des mutilés et anciens combatants de la Grande Guerre du Havre et de la région
Baltijas žīdun kaŗa biedrība (Baltischer jüdischer Kriegs-Invaliden Verein)
Jewish War Veterans of the United States
Foreign Veterans Relief Drive
Hilfsverband der jüdischen Kriegsopfer, Invaliden, Witwen und Waisen in Wien
Les Voluntaires juifs
World Organization of Jewish Self-Defence – Referrals for Shalom Schwarzbard's trip to the United States and Canada
Haganah – Jüdischer Wehrsport-und Schutzverein (Vienna, Austria)
World Organization of Jewish War Invalids, Widows, and Orphans – Minutes of the Executive, correspondence
1928-1937
Folder TitleDate
903Correspondence with insurance associations1927-1938
Folder TitleDate
904Poems - On Shalom Schwarzbard's assassination of Symon Petliura n.d., 1948, 1952
Folder TitleDate
905Poems - Anna Schwarzbard1939, 1944-1945, 1948
Folder TitleDate
906Announcements and flyers1925-1938?
Folder TitleDate
907Articles - Shalom Schwarzbard
Folder TitleDate
908Articles - On Shalom Schwarzbard1926-1934, 1948-1958
Folder TitleDate
909Personal documents1891 -1939
Folder TitleDate
910Business and membership cards1919-1934
Folder TitleDate
911Newspapers clippings - Unsortedundated, 1929-1934
Folder TitleDate
912Miscellaneous- Envelopes with inscriptions and notations undated
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