Guide to the Papers of Lucy S. Dawidowicz (1915-1990),
undated, 1936-1990

P-675

Processed by Tara Rabinowitz

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2016, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid was created by Adina Wachman as MS Word document, July 2001. Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD 1.0 by Dianne Ritchey Oummia, December 2001. Description is in English.
July 2004. Converted to ead 2002. Revised as LSDawidowicz02.xml by Stanislav Pejša. Removed deprecated elements and attributes, updated repository codes, added language codes, changed doctype declaration, etc. April 2005. Boilerplate text removed by Tanya Elder.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Dawidowicz, Lucy S., 1915-1990
Title: Papers of Lucy S. Dawidowicz
Dates: undated, 1936-1990
Abstract: The Papers of Lucy S. Dawidowicz contain documents pertaining to American Jewish history, anti-Semitism in America, Holocaust denial, European Jewish heritage, and the Holocaust (including the American Jewish response). The bulk of the collection consists of extensive research notes and publications by both Dawidowicz and others, as well as correspondence to family, business contacts, and friends. Additional items include photographs, memoir materials and index cards.
Languages: This collection is in English, Hebrew, Yiddish, German, French, and Polish.
Quantity: 39 linear feet (79 manuscript boxes)
Accession number: P-675
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical Note

Lucy S. Dawidowicz was born June 16, 1915 in New York City, to Max and Dora (Ofnaem) Schildkret. Her parents were secular Jews who were not affiliated with a synagogue. In fact, the first time that Lucy S. Dawidowicz went to a Jewish service was in 1938 in Vilna. Dawidowicz attended Hunter College and received her B.A. in 1936. She continued her studies as a Masters student in English Literature at Columbia University. Although she enjoyed poetry and literature, the events taking place in Europe made her desire to study literature waver. As a result of her search for a new field of study, she sought the advice of a Polish History teacher and mentor, Jacob Shatzky. He advised studying Jewish history.

"The idea didn't come as a surprise to me, perhaps because it had been afloat in my subconscious. But I protested that I was academically unprepared. The Mitlshul graduate courses in Jewish history were the only history I had ever studied, besides those high school tariffs and railroads. I would have to start once more from the beginning. Furthermore, it was even more impractical than studying English literature, for in those days, except for the rabbinate, the possibility of a career in Jewish studies was little more than a daydream." (From That Place and Time, 23)

Lucy S. Dawidowicz decided to continue her studies at Columbia in February of 1937 in the field of European Jewry. Shatzky advised her to study the Yiddish press, and convinced her that the best place to study Yiddish was at the Yiddish Scientific Institute (YIVO) in Vilna, Poland. Dawidowicz became an "aspirantur" or research fellow with the help and advice of Shatzky.

In 1938 she traveled to Vilna, Poland, as a research fellow at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. Lucy S. Dawidowicz worked with the three directors of the YIVO: Max Weinreich, Zelig Kalmanovich, and Zalmen Reisen. Of these three, only Weinreich survived the war to found the YIVO Institute in New York City. Three people were to have lifelong places in her heart from her brief time in Vilna: Max Weinreich, and the family that she became closest to, Riva and Zelig Kalmanovich. In her memoir Dawidowicz says that she felt closer to the Kalmanovichs than she had to her own parents. The preface to her Holocaust Reader has a quote from Zelig Kalmanovich (December 27, 1942-the Vilna Ghetto). "History will cherish your memory, people of the ghetto. Your least expression will be studied, your struggle for human dignity will inspire poems..." The Kalmanovichs, along with the other connections which Dawidowicz made in Vilna, helped her to integrate and bridge the gap which she felt existed between the two worlds of the European shtetl and modern-day life. She saw Vilna before it was destroyed by the Nazis, and spent the rest of her life demonstrating the tremendous potential which the world had tragically lost due to the murder of six million Jews.

During the years 1940-1946 Lucy S. Dawidowicz was an Assistant to the Research Director of YIVO in New York City. She followed the news of the Nazi persecutions of Jews in the papers; yet like most Americans, she did not completely integrate the full scale of the destruction until the liberation of the concentration and death camps in 1947. Dawidowicz met her future husband at YIVO in New York:

"Syzmon Dawidowicz, whom I was later to marry, was brought out soon after the Nazi invasion because as a Bundist leader his life was in imminent danger; but his family was still in Poland. In 1943-44, when the list of names came of people who had been killed in the Warsaw Ghetto, his daughter was on the list. I lived through all this suffering with people who were close to me. It was therefore natural that when the war was over I should go back to Germany to work with survivors, first in Munich and then in Bergen Belsen." (The Jerusalem Post Magazine, Friday July 11, 1980, pg. 8)

World War II had a profound effect upon Lucy S. Dawidowicz. Historical reality molded her into the historian she would become. After WW II, Lucy S. Dawidowicz returned to Europe as a relief worker for the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC), the largest Jewish relief organization in America. While in Europe, Lucy S. Dawidowicz worked with Jewish survivors in the Displaced Persons (DP) Camps, and also became involved in the retrieval of stolen books for YIVO. Lucy S. Dawidowicz initiated the plan to retrieve these stolen books. She worked for months on identifying and retrieving YIVO's books from Frankfurt to New York City's YIVO. She has described her feelings about this time in her life in her memoir and in various articles about the writing of her memoir that may be found in this collection. "By arranging for the transfer of these volumes to the New York branch of YIVO, I felt I had, in some small, perhaps symbolic way, responded to the obsessive fantasies of rescue that had haunted me for years."

Lucy S. Dawidowicz published her most critically acclaimed book, The War Against the Jews 1933-1945, in the year 1975. This has been considered one of the definitive works in Holocaust historiography. In addition to this work, she published books on the Jews in America and essays on Jewish history and identity. In 1985, Dawidowicz initiated and founded the Fund for the Translation of Jewish Literature. Besides being a voracious New York Mets fan and avid walker, she spent much of her time painstakingly researching her great love: Jewish history. Dawidowicz was a regular contributor to Commentary, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine, Times Literary Supplement, and This World.

Dawidowicz also taught and lectured. She considered teaching and lecturing secondary to historical research and writing.

CHRONOLOGY

June 16, 1915 Born in New York City.
1932-1936 Attended Hunter College and received a B.A. in English Literature.
1937 Studied English Literature as a Master's Student at Columbia University, did not finish degree due to the plight of European Jewry and the seeming irrelevance of English Literature.
1938 Research Fellow at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Learning in Vilna, Poland (YIVO).
August 1939 She left Poland and arrived in New York.
1940-1946 Worked as an Assistant to Max Weinrich (one of the three directors or Vilna's YIVO, and the only one to escape to America and survive). She is Assistant to Research Director at New York City's YIVO.
1946-1947 Education Officer at Displaced Persons (DP) Camps with American Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC).
1947 Works as member of AJDC—Retrieves stolen books from YIVO's library.Did research for John Hersey's novel The Wall that was about the Warsaw Ghetto. The Wall was published in 1950.
January 3, 1948 Marriage to Syzmon Dawidowicz.
1965 Recipient of Award from National Foundation for Jewish Culture.
1948-1969 Research analyst and then a research director for the American Jewish Committee.
1969 Accepted position as teacher of Holocaust history at Yeshiva University.Teaches course on Holocaust at Stem College— The War Against the Jews evolves out of the course.
1970-1975 Paul and Leah Lewis Professor Holocaust Studies.
1975 The War Against the Jews is published.
1976 Guggenheim Fellow.The Holocaust Reader is published. This is a source book of firsthand data from the 1920's until 1945 and the completion of the German partition of Poland.
1978 Leaves Yeshiva University.
1979 Szymon Dawidowicz dies. Lucy and Szymon had been married 31 years.
1975-1981 Delivers Aaron-Roland Lectures in Judaic Studies at Stanford University.
1980 Delivers B. G. Rudolph Lecture in Judaic Studies at Syracuse University.
April 18, 1982 "American Jews and the Holocaust" (New York Times Magazine, this essay was part of the debate about the role of American Jewry. Dawidowicz believed that American Jews did all that was in their power to help European Jewry.)
1985 Initiated and founded the Fund for the Translation of Jewish Literature.
December 5,1990 Mrs. Dawidowicz dies at the age of seventy-five.
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Scope and Content Note

The Papers of Lucy S. Dawidowicz represent her research and work relating to American History and American Jewish History, Anti-Semitism in America, Holocaust denial, European Jewish heritage and the Holocaust (including the American Jewish response). Biographical material pertains to her book, From That Place and Time: A Memoir: 1938-1947, as well as later material concerning her profession life.

Types of documents include correspondence, publications by Mrs. Dawidowicz, publications authored by others as research notes for her work, index cards, photographs, and written notes. The bulk of the material is in the form of articles, newspaper clippings, reports, studies and papers that she collected for her research. This research culminated in lectures and a series of published articles and books, such as On Equal Terms and an uncompleted book on American Jewish History. Correspondence encompasses personal letters to her husband Szymon, parents and sister; business correspondence with publishing houses and book editors; professional contacts with historians, professors, and scholars involved in Jewish affairs; letters to friends such as Cynthia Ozick and Marie Syrkin; and crank mail concerning Holocaust denial. Photographs range from those taken during her year in Vilna (1938) until her death in 1990.

See Index to Lucy S. Dawidowicz's Articles Within the Collection

For a more expansive scope of Lucy S. Dawidowicz's Articles see Commentary Magazine directory

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Arrangement

Material is arranged by subject unless specified otherwise in the series description.

Organization

The collection is comprised of the following 9 series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011.

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Acquistion

In 1993 the Papers of Lucy S. Dawidowicz were donated to the Society by Neil Kozodoy of Commentary Magazine, Literary Executor of the Estate of Lucy S. Dawidowicz.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Papers of Lucy S. Dawidowicz; P-675; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Articles index

Checklist of Lucy S. Dawidowicz's Articles Within the Collection

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to open the form that allows you to request a box for onsite viewing in the reading room at the Center for Jewish History, New York, NY.

 

Series I: Research Notes for Book on American Jewish History, undated, 1800-1914

18.25 linear feet (37 boxes)
Scope and Content:

Consists of Mrs. Dawidowicz's working files for a book on American Jewish History which was never completed. These boxes do contain some information that was utilized in her book on American history, On Equal Terms.

Notes on American History, 1840-1880

Box Folder Title Date Request
1 1 Politics-Relations with American Presidents request_box
1 2 Politics: Grant and the Jews request_box
1 3 Civil Rights: General request_box
1 4 Civil Rights in Maryland request_box
1 5 Civil Rights: North Carolina 1850-1860s request_box
1 6 Civil Rights: Swiss Treaty request_box
1 7 Civil Rights: Chaplaincy request_box
1 8 Labour Movement: Radicalism request_box
1 9 Zionism in America request_box
1 10 Politics, Jewish Vote 1860-1872 request_box
1 11 Yiddish Press request_box
1 12 General American Politics 1800s request_box
1 13 Politics: Biographies. Noah, Mordecai M. request_box
1 14 Political Action: Jews Overseas 1800s request_box

American Jews of the West and South

Box Folder Title Date Request
2 1 Notes on Southern Jewry request_box
2 2 Jews of the Midwest 1816-1817 request_box
2 3 Jews of the Midwest 1816-1817 request_box
2 4 Jews in Midwest Illinois request_box
2 5 Jews of the South request_box
2 6 Materials on Jews of Georgia request_box
2 7 Materials on Jews of Georgia request_box
2 8 Materials on Jews of Louisiana request_box
2 9 Materials on Jews of Louisiana request_box
2 10 Jews of South Carolina 1740-1860 request_box
2 11 Politics: Elected Officials request_box
2 12 Politics: Elected Officials request_box
2 13 Politics: Elected Officials request_box

Materials on Jews of Texas and West, 1800-1900

Box Folder Title Date Request
3 1 Jews of the Southwest request_box
3 2 Jews of the Southwest request_box
3 3 Materials on Jews of Texas request_box
3 4 Materials on Jews of Texas request_box
3 5 Materials on Jews of Texas request_box
3 6 Materials on Jews of Texas request_box
3 7 Materials concerning Jews of the West request_box
3 8 Materials concerning Jews of the West request_box
3 9 Jews of New York City and Boroughs request_box

Judaism in America-Evolution of the Synagogue Structure

Box Folder Title Date Request
4 1 History of American Synagogues request_box
4 2 History of American Synagogues request_box
4 3 The evolution of the synagogue request_box
4 4 American Judaism and Reconstructionism request_box
4 5 Judaism in America request_box

Research on Early Judaism and Ritual Practices in America

Box Folder Title Date Request
5 1 Miscellaneous correspondence for research information request_box
5 2-3 Materials on rabbis, hazanim, ministers, scholars request_box
5 4-5 Materials on prayerbooks, Bible, Hebrew texts, religious literature request_box
5 6-8 Materials on observance and non-observance request_box
5 9 Materials on Shehitah/Kashruth request_box
5 10 Materials on intermarriage and conversion 1800s-1920s request_box

Research on Reform Judaism and David Einhorn

Box Folder Title Date Request
6 1-5 Reform Judaism request_box
6 6 Reform Judaism: Isaac Mayer Wise request_box
6 7 Materials on Reform Judaism request_box
6 8 Reform Judaism: 1760s-1900s request_box
6 9-12 Reform Judaism: David Einhorn request_box

Orthodoxy, Isaac Leeser, Joseph Rice, Mordecai Kaplan

Box Folder Title Date Request
7 1 Orthodoxy in America request_box
7 2-4 Materials on Isaac Leeser request_box
7 5 Materials on Rabbi Abraham Rice (First Rabbi in America) request_box
7 6 Solomon Schechter request_box
7 7 Mordecai M. Kaplan request_box
7 8 Judah L. Magnes request_box
7 9 "Young Israel" Organization request_box
7 10 Ethical Culture/Unitarianism request_box
7 11 Politics: Biographies. Henry Morgenthau Senior/Junior request_box

Modern American Jewish History: Relations with FDR, Truman, Johnson, and the Jews of the Left

Box Folder Title Date Request
8 1 Politics: Stephen Wise, FDR, Bernard Baruch request_box
8 2 Politics: Relations with President Franklin Delano Roosevelt request_box
8 3 Politics: Relations with FDR request_box
8 4 Politics: Dr. Stephen Wise request_box
8 5 Politics: FDR, Truman, and Zionist Idea-State request_box
8 6 Materials on Anti-Zionism: American Council for Judaism request_box
8 7 Dawidowicz research correspondence and notes request_box
8 8 Research: Politics—Johnson and the Six Day War request_box
8 9-10 Politics: Jewish relations with President Lyndon B. Johnson request_box
8 11-12 Research on the Left: The Rosenberg Case request_box
8 13 Articles by Dawidowicz: Communism and the Jews request_box
8 14 Jews and Communism request_box

Notes for Chapter 1: The Constitution

Box Folder Title Date Request
9 1 Chapter 1: The Constitution-George Washington request_box
9 2 John Adams request_box
9 3-4 Thomas Jefferson request_box
9 5-6 James Madison request_box
9 7 George Mason request_box
9 8-9 The Bill of Rights request_box
9 10 Historiography request_box
9 11 Legal commentaries request_box
9 12-13 Ratification request_box
9 14-15 The rights of Jews request_box

Materials on Economic Occupations-Mercantile

Box Folder Title Date Request
10 1-3 Thorpe: Charters and Constitutions request_box
10 4-10 Economic Life: Occupations and Mercantile request_box
10 11 Economic Life: Occupations and Mercantile-Notes request_box

Economic Life

Box Folder Title Date Request
11 1-2 Economic Life: Occupations: Peddling request_box
11 3-4 Economic Life: Professions request_box
11 5 Economic Life: Professions and Real Estate request_box
11 6 Economic Life: Transportation and Communication request_box
11 7 Occupations: White Collar request_box
11 8-9 Economic Life: Financial Panics and Depressions request_box
11 10-12 Economic Life: Social Mobility request_box
11 13 Economic Life: Jewish Poor request_box
11 14-15 The Jewish Rich request_box

Notes on American Indians/Genocide

Box Folder Title Date Request
12 1 Notes on American Indians/Genocide request_box
12 2 Correspondence with Irving Metzman concerning Amherst Smallpox and Indians request_box
12 3 Correspondence and articles on teaching of history request_box
12 4 Appendix 1: Religious Liberty and Civil Rights, September 22, 1990 request_box
12 5 Table of Contents: History of Jews in United States request_box
12 6-7 Notes for Appendix 1 request_box
12 8 New Jersey 1776-1800s request_box
12 9 Notes for Appendix 1: New York request_box
12 10-14 Notes for Appendix 1 request_box

Colonial American History Notes

Box Folder Title Date Request
13 1-2 Colonial American History-Connecticut request_box
13 3-6 Colonial American History request_box
13 7 Receipt book of Isaac Moses 1785-1787 request_box
13 8 Research notes and inquiries 1983 June 24 request_box

Christianity in American Society and Missionary Activities

Box Folder Title Date Request
14 1 Articles concerning religion and politics request_box
14 2 Christianity in American Society 1840-1849 request_box
14 3 Christianity in American Society 1850s request_box
14 4 Christianity in American Society 1860s request_box
14 5 Christianity in American Society 1870s request_box
14 6-7 Christianity in American Society 1880s request_box
14 8 Masons request_box
14 9 Missionary activities request_box
14 10 Missionary activities 1860s request_box
14 11 Missionary activities 1870s-1880s request_box
14 12 Missionary activities 1890s request_box
14 13-14 Missionary activities 1820-1839 request_box
14 15 Missionary activities 1840s request_box
14 16 Missionary activities 1850s request_box
14 17 Missionary activities 1860s request_box
14 18 Missionary activities 1870s request_box

Working Files on Jewish Communal Organizations

Box Folder Title Date Request
15 1 Communal/Board of Directors request_box
15 2-4 Communal Jewish Institutions: Charity request_box
15 5-8 Communal Jewish Institutions: Charity 1865- request_box
15 9-11 Communal: Education request_box

References and Resources

Box Folder Title Date Request
16 1-2 American Jewish History: General references request_box
16 3 American Jewish History: American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS) request_box
16 4 American Jewish History: General references request_box

The Jewish Press and Historiography

Box Folder Title Date Request
17 1-2 Jewish leadership request_box
17 3 Funding Possibilities: American Jewish History request_box
17 4 Jews in America: Financial support-acknowledgement request_box
17 5 Outlines, ideas, projects request_box
17 6 Research correspondence and working notes request_box
17 7-9 The Jewish Press request_box
17 10 Bibliography of Jewish memoirs and autobiographies request_box
17 11-12 Historiography request_box
17 13 Dawidowicz paper: "Perspectives on American Jews" request_box
17 14-18 Historiography request_box

Statistics, Ethnic Groups, and Jewish Community -1789

Box Folder Title Date Request
18 1 Materials on American Jewish History request_box
18 2 Historical Pluralism: Other ethnic religious groups request_box
18 3 Religious Societies: Incorporation request_box
18 4-7 Statistics request_box
18 8 Social Conditions: Disease, mortality, suicide, divorce, crime request_box
18 9 Jewish attitudes to, Images of America request_box
18 10 English/French immigration request_box
18 11-12 Growth of American Jewish community up to 1789 -1789 request_box
18 13 Impact of American Revolution on Jews request_box

Growth of American Jewish Community, 1789-1864

Box Folder Title Date Request
19 1-3 Growth of American Jewish Community 1789-1853 request_box
19 4-5 Growth of American Jewish Community 1835-1850 request_box
19 6 Sephardic Jews (Amsterdam/England) Converso background request_box
19 7-11 German/Jewish immigration request_box
19 12 Bohemian/Czech Jewish immigration request_box
19 13-14 Growth of American Jewish Community 1850-1864 request_box

Growth of American Jewish Community and Immigration

Box Folder Title Date Request
20 1 Growth of American Jewish Community 1865-1880 request_box
20 2 East European Immigrants -1865 request_box
20 3 East European Jews: Negative Jewish attitudes (social) request_box
20 4 East European Immigrants 1865-1881 request_box
20 5-7 East European Immigrants 1880-1914 request_box
20 8 Immigration: The Galveston Movement request_box
20 9 Levantine Immgration request_box
20 10 Sunday Laws request_box
20 11 Sunday Laws 1840s request_box
20 12 Sunday Laws 1850s request_box
20 13 Sunday Laws 1860s request_box
20 14 Sunday Laws 1870s request_box
20 15 Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) – WWI request_box
20 16 Post-1924 immigration 1924- request_box
Box   Title Date
21   Metal Box of Jewish Achievers: Histories and Index
Box   Title Date
22   Index Cards of Jewish Achievers

Economic History of American Jews

Box Folder Title Date Request
23 1 Achievers coding plan request_box
23 2-4 Economic: Bios request_box
23 5 Research on Henry Greenebaum 1871 request_box
23 6-7 Economic History US: General request_box
23 8 Economic: Jewish economic history in US request_box
23 9-10 Ecnomic history of the Jews in the US request_box
23 11 Dawidowicz paper-Economic History of American Jews request_box

Economic Life of American Jewry

Box Folder Title Date Request
24 1 Economic: Jewish request_box
24 2 Economic History in US-American Jewish Historical Quarterly request_box
24 3 Economic: Biography: Jacob Schiff request_box
24 4 Biography-Judah Touro request_box
24 5 Economic: Occupational classification request_box
24 6 Economic/Occupational (miscellaneous) request_box
24 7-10 Economic Life: Occupations-Banking request_box
24 11-13 Economic Life: Credit Agencies request_box

Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories

Box Folder Title Date Request
25 1-2 Dun Records/Baker Library request_box
25 3 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories: Subject Index request_box
25 4-9 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories I request_box
Box Folder Title Date Request
26 1-4 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories II request_box
26 5-10 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories III request_box
Box Folder Title Date Request
27 1 Economic Life: Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories IV request_box
27 2-5 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories IV request_box
27 6-10 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories V request_box

Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories VI and Economic Life of Jews

Box Folder Title Date Request
28 1-5 Dun and Bradstreet Credit Histories VI request_box
28 6 Economic Life: Occupations-Farming request_box
28 7-8 Economic Life: Occupations-Labor/Working Class request_box
28 9-12 Economic Life: Occupations-Manufacturing request_box

Early American Jewish History

Box Folder Title Date Request
29 1 Anti-establishmentarianism in Colonies request_box
29 2 Isaac Backkus/Separate Baptists request_box
29 3 Christian Images of Jews 18th Century request_box
29 4 Enlightenment/Deism request_box
29 5-6 Freemasonry/Deism/Jews 18th Century request_box
29 7 Historiography: Liberty vs. Religious Interests request_box
29 8 Republican Religion/Rational Religion request_box
29 9 Toleration, idea of request_box
29 10 Reviews of Books-American Jewry request_box
29 11-13 Jews in the US request_box

Jews from Civil War to World War II-Politics and Relations

Box Folder Title Date Request
30 1 Jews in the American Revolution request_box
30 2 Slavery, Jewish attitudes request_box
30 3-5 Civil War-Union request_box
30 6 Jews and World War I-Politics, Pacifists request_box
30 7 World War I-Jewish Congress Movements-Minority Rights/Peace Treaties request_box
30 8-9 World War II: Isolationism to Intervention request_box
30 10 US relations with Nazi Germany 1933-1941 request_box
30 11-14 World War II request_box

World War II-Rescue and Jewish Response in America

Box Folder Title Date Request
31 1 World War II-Rescue request_box
31 2 Dawidowicz paper-"And No Help Came-Could American Jews Have Done More?" request_box
31 3-5 World War II-Rescue request_box
31 6 World War II-Jewish response to Holocaust request_box
31 7-9 World War II-Jewish response request_box

Jewish Repatriation Post-World War II, Displaced Persons Camps and Women

Box Folder Title Date Request
32 1 Article and chapter draft request_box
32 2-4 Jewish repatriation and Displaced Persons Camps request_box
32 5 Dawidowicz paper-"American Jews and the Sheerith Ha-Pleta" 1984 request_box
32 6 Displaced Persons Camps request_box
32 7 Dawidowicz paper-"The Jewish DPs and American Jews" 1984 request_box
32 8 American Jews and the Formation of Israel request_box
32 9-13 Women request_box

Social Life and Higher Education

Box Folder Title Date Request
33 1 Social Life: Private schools request_box
33 2-6 Higher Education/Cultural Activities request_box
33 7-8 Social Organizations-B'nai B'rith, Clubs, Purim Balls, Charity Balls request_box

Social History of Jews in America

Box Folder Title Date Request
34 1 Social Life: Private-Weddings, Resorts, Consumption request_box
34 2-4 Social Life: Integration, Assimilation, High Status request_box
34 5 Social-Jews in Literature/Art request_box
34 6 Social Life: Entertainment, Theater, Movies, Vaudeville request_box

Jewish Achievers: Biographical Data on American Jewish Figures (Major and Minor Figures)

Box Folder Title Date Request
35 1-4 Jewish Achievers request_box
35 5 Notecards on Rabbis in US-1903 Statistics request_box
35 6-8 Rabbis in US 1903 Statistics 1903 request_box
35 9 Research Materials-American Jewish History request_box
35 10-12 Research-American Jewish Archives request_box
Box   Title Date
36   Jewish Achievers 1 and 2

Synagogue Membership Applications

Box Folder Title Date Request
37 1-2 Notecards on American Jews 1901-1917 request_box
37 3-9 Synagogue Membership Applications request_box
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Series II: Anti-Semitism in America, 1840-1967

2 linear feet (4 boxes)
Scope and Content:

Reflects images of Jews from the mid-19th century to the year 1967. Although Dawidowicz considered anti-Semitism to be an omnipresent threat to Jews, she believed that the anti-Semitism which evolved in Europe was, (and continued to be) much more of a threat to Jewish safety and survival.

Images of Jews: 1800s

Box Folder Title Date Request
38 1-2 The 1930s-Great Depression 1930s request_box
38 3-5 Anti-Semitism-General request_box
38 6 Images of Jews-Pro/Con To 1840s request_box
38 7 Images of Jews-Pro/Con To 1850s request_box
38 8-9 Images of Jews-Pro/Con To 1860s request_box
38 10 Images of Jews-Pro/Con To 1870s request_box
38 11 Images of Jews-Pro/Con To 1880s request_box
38 12-13 Anti-Semitism: Antebellum request_box

Anti-Semitism in America-Civil War, - 1920s

Box Folder Title Date Request
39 1-3 Know-Nothings/Nativism request_box
39 4-7 Anti-Semitism-Civil War request_box
39 8-11 Anti-Semitism 1865-1890 request_box
39 12-13 Anti-Semitism 1890-1920 request_box

Anti-Semitism in America

Box Folder Title Date Request
40 1-2 Anti-Semitism: Blacks request_box
40 3-5 Radical Right 1960s request_box
40 6 Draft copy of "Anti-Semitism in the John Birth Society"-Radical Right 1960s, 1964 Sept. 23 request_box
40 7 Anti-Semitism request_box
40 8 Anti-Semitism: Leo Frank Case request_box

Anti-Semitism in America, -1967

Box Folder Title Date Request
41 1 Anti-Semitism: Henry Ford request_box
41 2 Anti-Semitism: Ku Klux Klan request_box
41 3 Immigration Restrictions to 1933 request_box
41 4-6 Anti-Semitism 1920-1945 request_box
41 7 Immigration Restriction 1933-1948 request_box
41 8 Anti-Semitism 1945-1967 request_box
41 9 Dawidowicz paper on Anti-Semitism 1967 Sept. 12 request_box
41 10-11 Anti-Semitism 1945-1967 request_box
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Series III: Holocaust Denial, undated, 1983-1989

1.5 linear feet (3 boxes)
Scope and Content:

Reflects Dawidowicz's concern with fighting historical "revisionists" who deny that the Holocaust occurred. The series includes materials she collected on, and her responses to, groups such as the Institute for Historical Review that promoted Holocaust denial under the guise of "respectable" scholarly research.

Denial of Holocaust: Materials for Article

Box Folder Title Date Request
42 1-2 Crank Mail request_box
42 3-8 Denial of Holocaust: Materials for Article request_box

Holocaust Denial and Institute for Historical Review (IHR)

Box Folder Title Date Request
43 1 Correspondence with Anti-Defamation League (ADL) request_box
43 2 Institute for Historical Review (IHR) request_box
43 3-4 Holocaust Revisionism-IHR request_box
43 5 The Journal of Historical Review-IHR request_box
43 6-7 ADL correspondences and information request_box
43 8 Holocaust Denial request_box
43 9 Dawidowicz: Thoughts on IHR request_box

Marek Edelman-Norman Davies: Anti-Semitism

Box Folder Title Date Request
44 1 Anti-Semitism: Davies 1989 Mar. 13 request_box
44 2 Dawidowicz articles on Norman Davies and Marek Edelman request_box
44 3-5 Edelman/Davies Controversy request_box
44 6 Committee for a Sound Jewish Policy 1984, 1985 request_box
44 7 On David Mirsky 1983 Apr. 19 request_box
44 8 Deborah Dash Moore-On Rosenbergs in Journal of American Ethnic History request_box
44 9 Sarah Gordon, Hitler, Germans, and the "Jewish Question" 1988 request_box
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Series IV: Research and Articles on Contemporary European (Jewish) History-Holocaust, undated, 1979-1985

2.5 linear feet (5 boxes)
Scope and Content:

Reflects one of Dawidowicz's main areas of interest: the European Jewish heritage and the Holocaust. Lucy S. Dawidowicz wrote a number of books and articles on the subject, including The War Against the Jews. The first part of the series deals with the history of Babi Yar. Hundreds of thousands of Jews were massacred at Babi Yar in 1941 by the Einsatzgruppen. A memorial site was placed over the area, but the Soviet government did not mention the fact that Jews in particular were murdered. The second part of the series concerns Mrs. Dawidowicz's participation in the President's Commission on the Holocaust in 1979. Lastly, the series contains material relating to the debate among historians as to the amount of assistance American Jews provided to their European counterparts. Mrs. Dawidowicz believed that American Jewry did all in their power to help; whereas David Wyman (The Abandonment of the Jews, 1984) represents an opposite view.

Babi Yar

Box Folder Title Date Request
45 1-3 Dawidowicz paper "The True History of Babi Yar" request_box
45 4 Babi Yar request_box
45 5-6 Babi Yar and Soviet Jewry request_box
45 7 The Jews in Nazi-Occupied USSR request_box
45 8 Soviet Jewry request_box
45 9 Dawidowicz-Working Chapter 1-Babi Yar 1981 request_box
45 10 Dawidowicz "The True History of Babi Yar" request_box
45 11 Dawidowicz-Copy of Babi Yar Chapter request_box

President's Commission on the Holocaust, 1979

Box Folder Title Date Request
46 1-2 The President's Commission on the Holocaust request_box
46 3 The President's Commission on the Holocaust 1979 request_box
46 4-10 The President's Commission on the Holocaust request_box
46 11 Holocaust Memorial Plans 1979 request_box
46 12 The President's Commission on the Holocaust request_box
46 13 Dawidowicz article "From Past to Past" in Conservative Judaism request_box
Box   Title Date
47   The Destruction of European Jewry by Raul Hilberg

Wyman, Abandonment of Jews and Jews in Gentile Society

Box Folder Title Date Request
48 1 Materials on David Wyman 1985 request_box
48 2 Dawidowicz rebuttal to Wyman's Abandonment of the Jews request_box
48 3 Allied Bombing of Camps Debate request_box
48 4-6 World War II: Allied Bombing request_box
48 7-8 Jews in Gentile Society request_box

Arno Mayer, Why Did the Heavens Not Darken, Jews of the Left, Jewish Political Behavior

Box Folder Title Date Request
49 1 Arno Mayer-Why Did the Heavens Not Darken request_box
49 2 Arno Mayer-Revisionist Holocaust Historiography request_box
49 3 Chomsky defends Holocaust Denier's Rights (Faurrison) request_box
49 4 Arno Mayer-Revisionist Holocaust Historiography request_box
49 5-9 Jewish Political Behavior request_box
49 10-11 Jews and the Left request_box
49 12 Two New York Times Magazines: "Babi Yar's Legacy;" "American Jews and the Holocaust" 1981 Sept. 27, 1982 Apr. 18 request_box
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Series V: Research and Background Notes on Memoir, undated, 1936-1989

3.5 linear feet (7 boxes)
Scope and Content:

Reflects Dawidowicz's efforts to effectively re-create her life in Vilna, Poland in the year 1938. The series contains letters, notes, and memorabilia that were saved by Dawidowicz and her friends. A number of pictures taken during her stay in Vilna may be found in the Photography Series. Dawidowicz's memoir entitled From That Place and Time: A Memoir: 1938-1947 was created from the materials and subsequent research found in these files; it was awarded The Jewish Book Award in the year 1989.

Box   Title Date
50   Reviews of Memoir, From That Place and Time

Maps of Vilna, Poland, Notes on Poland and YIVO

Box Folder Title Date Request
51 1 Maps of Vilna, Poland request_box
51 2 Notes for Memoir, Chapter 7 request_box
51 3 Chapter 7: Raw materials, notes request_box
51 4-5 Chapter 7: Raw materials-notes on Poland request_box
51 6-9 YIVO-NY 1944-1946 request_box

Raw Material for Chapter 14 and 4 - Memoir

Box Folder Title Date Request
52 1-2 Raw Material: Chapter 14-Memoir request_box
52 3 Raw Material: Chapter 14-Memoir 1947 request_box
52 4 Raw Material: Chapter 14-Memoir-Book Recovery Post World War II request_box
52 5 Raw Material: Chapter 14-Memoir request_box
52 6 Raw Material: Chapter 14-Memoir 1947 request_box
52 7 Chapter 4-Raw Material-Memoir (part in Hebrew) request_box
52 8-10 Raw Material-Chapter 4: Memoir, in Hebrew request_box

Chapters 5, 6, 9 of Memoir, 1939

Box Folder Title Date Request
53 1-4 Chapters 5 and 6: Raw Material-Memoir request_box
53 5 Chapter 9: Raw Material: Memoir-Letters Home 1939 Sept. 6 request_box
53 6 Chapter 9: Boat Tickets 1939 request_box
53 7 Chapter 9: Letters Home and Embassy Warning 1939 request_box
53 8-9 Chapter 9: Raw Materials request_box

Hunter College Materials and Polish Anti-Semitism

Box Folder Title Date Request
54 1 Chapter 8: Raw Material request_box
54 2-3 Chapter 8: Raw Material-Polish Anti-Semitism request_box
54 5 Hunter College Materials request_box
54 5 Hunter College Materials-Letters to Evelyn from Lucy 1936, 1937 request_box
54 6-7 Hunter College Material request_box

Memoir Materials
Letters Home 1946-1947
Two Love Letters to Future Husband, Syzmon

Box Folder Title Date Request
55 1 Letters Home from Vilna, Poland request_box
55 2 American Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC) Materials 1946-1947 request_box
55 3 Letters from Lucy-AJDC 1946-1947 request_box
55 4 Personal Correspondence 1947 request_box
55 5 Prague, Jewish Collections 1947 request_box
55 6 Memoir Notes request_box
55 7-8 Memoir Materials request_box
Box   Title Date
56   From That Place and Time - Draft Copy
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Series VI: Publications, undated, 1965, 1974-1990

8.5 linear feet (17 boxes)
Arrangement:

This series is organized by subject and type of material.

Scope and Content:

Includes published articles, books and other material produced by Lucy S. Dawidowicz, along with her business correspondence with publishing houses and book editors.

Box   Title Date
57   Reviews of The Golden Tradition and The War Against the Jews 1967, 1975
Box   Title Date
58   Reviews of The War Against the Jews 1975
Box   Title Date
59   Reviews of A Holocaust Reader, The Jewish Presence, and The Holocaust and the Historians 1976; 1977; 1981
Box   Title Date
60   Reviews of On Equal Terms: Jews in America 1881-1981 and Information on Dawidowicz's Year at Stanford 1981

Business Correspondences and Research Institutions

Box Folder Title Date Request
61 1 Papers/Cards from New York Historical Society request_box
61 2 Jewish Theological Seminary request_box
61 3 New York Public Library request_box
61 4 AJC/Rose request_box
61 5 Correspondences 1990 request_box
61 6 Business Correspondences 1990 request_box
61 7 Israel-Public Relations request_box

Israel Public Relations and Seth Lipsky Material

Box Folder Title Date Request
62 1 Israel Public Relations, Dawidowicz Article request_box
62 2 "The Propaganda War Against the Jews" request_box
62 3 Lectures request_box
62 4 Material on Seth Lipsky request_box
62 5 Seth Lipsky request_box
62 6 Seth Lipsky-clippings request_box
62 7 Miscellaneous materials request_box
62 8 Jewish Achievers notecards request_box

Correspondences 1947-1948

Box Folder Title Date Request
63 1 Guggenhem-Expenses 1976 Sept.-1977 Aug. request_box
63 2 Public Engagements request_box
63 3-4 Correspondences 1975-1985 request_box
63 5 Correspondences 1974-1977 request_box
63 6 Correspondences and Responses to The War Against the Jews 1933-1947, 1975-1976 request_box
63 7 Letters to Dawidowicz 1976-1977 request_box
63 8 Letters to Lucy Dawidowicz 1978 request_box
63 9 Letters of Recognition to Dawidowicz 1976-1980 request_box
63 10 Correspondences 1970-1981 request_box
63 11 Public Engagements 1977-1978 request_box
63 12 Public Engagements and Recognition 1975-1989 request_box
63 13 Pamphlets and Acknowledgement request_box

Clippings

Box Folder Title Date Request
64 1 Clippings request_box
64 2 Clippings and lectures request_box
64 3-4 Clippings and articles on the Holocaust request_box
64 5 Babi Yar-Responses request_box
64 6 Holocaust Course Syllabi request_box
64 7 Miscellaneous request_box

Publications and Published Correspondences

Box Folder Title Date Request
65 1 Lecture and publication materials 1984-1985 request_box
65 2 Publication pamphlets request_box
65 3 Lecture announcements, pamphlets request_box
65 4 Dawidowicz Bitburg article 1985 Dec. 6 request_box
65 5 Articles and reviews 1986-1989 request_box
65 6 Articles 1982 request_box
65 7 Correspondence 1982-1983 request_box
65 8 Dawidowicz articles, pamphlets request_box
65 9 Correspondence and lecture material request_box
65 10 Correspondence and articles 1984 request_box
65 11 Wall Street Journal article 1984 request_box

The War Against the Jews: 10th Anniversary Edition

Box Folder Title Date Request
66 1 On Equal Terms-Holt request_box
66 2-4 The War Against the Jews-10th Anniversary Edition request_box
66 5-8 The Holocaust and the Historians request_box
66 9-10 Weidenfeld and Nicholson request_box

Business Correspondence

Box Folder Title Date Request
67 1 Memoir Material, Norton 1988 request_box
67 2 Norton 1988-1989 request_box
67 3 Memoir Material 1988-1990 request_box
67 4 Memoir Material and Correspondence with Amy Cherry, American Jewish History request_box
67 5-7 Correspondence concerning The Golden Tradition request_box
67 8-9 The Jewish Presence request_box
67 10 Correspondence 1989 request_box
67 11 Letter from Yitzhak Shamir 1989 request_box
67 12 Correspondence 1989-1990 request_box
67 13 American-Jewish Response to Holocaust request_box

American Jews and the Holocaust

Box Folder Title Date Request
68 1-3 Commentary-Indicting American Jews-Response request_box
68 4 Articles and Brochures-"Could American Jews Have Done More?" request_box
68 5-6 American Jewish Commission on Holocaust 1981-1983 request_box
68 7 Textbooks-Historical inaccuracies when discussing Holocaust request_box
68 8 Dawidowicz-"State of the World Jewry Address-1984" 1984 request_box
68 9-12 American Jews and the Holocaust request_box

Miscellaneous

Box Folder Title Date Request
69 1 Dawidowicz article: "Politics, the Jews, and the '84 Election" 1984 request_box
69 2-3 Dawidowicz Review of Hertzberg Book on Jews in America request_box
69 4 Institute of Society, Ethics, and the Life Sciences 1976 request_box
69 5 Nazi Experiments request_box
69 6 Correspondence with Robert Jay Lifton 1981 request_box
69 7 Nazi Experiments-Institute of Society, Ethics, and the Life Sciences request_box
69 8 Arnold Schoenberg request_box
69 9 Dawidowicz Lecture, "Jewish Identity and Self-Knowledge" request_box
69 10 Jewish Identity and Self-Knowledge request_box

Dawidowicz Articles and Lecture Materials

Box Folder Title Date Request
70 1 Miscellaneous notes-American Jews request_box
70 2 Dawidowicz-East European Jewry request_box
70 3 The Shaping of American Jewry request_box
70 4 Confronting the Holocaust request_box
70 5-6 Dawidowicz Lectures on the Holocaust request_box
70 7 History as Autobiography-Speeches request_box

Speeches and Correspondence, 1989-1990

Box Folder Title Date Request
71 1 Speeches: "Changing Faces of Anti-Semitism," "State of World Jewry Address 1984" 1984 request_box
71 2 Miscellaneous Holocaust speeches and materials 1976-1981 request_box
71 3 Speeches: "American Jews and the Holocaust," "Danzig as a Paradigm of Jewish History" request_box
71 4 Lessons of the Holocaust: History and Morality, What is the Use of Jewish History? 1978-1990 request_box
71 5 Miscellaneous request_box
71 6 What is the Use of Jewish History? Chapter 14 request_box
71 7 From That Place and Time Jewish Book Award 1990 June 11 request_box
71 8 Correspondence 1989-1990 request_box
71 9 Correspondence 1989 request_box

Correspondence and Articles

Box Folder Title Date Request
72 1 Correspondence and Articles 1989-1990 request_box
72 2 Articles 1989-1990 request_box
72 3 Correspondence with Jahn Otto Johansen-Plagiarism request_box
72 4 Articles-American Jewish response to Holocaust request_box
72 5 Articles and Responses-American Jewish response to Holocaust request_box
72 6 A Gathering of Miscellaneous-Dawidowicz articles request_box
72 7 Dawidowicz articles-Miscellaneous request_box

Dawidowicz Articles and Reviews

Box Folder Title Date Request
73 1-3 Dawidowicz articles and reviews request_box
73 4-5 Miscellaneous request_box
73 6 Miscellaneous Dawidowicz articles request_box
73 7 A Gathering of Miscellaneous Folder 1 request_box
73 8 A Gathering of Miscellaneous Folder 2 request_box
73 9 A Gathering of Miscellaneous Folder 3 request_box
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Series VII: Personal and Biographical Material, undated, 1970-1971

0.5 linear foot (1 box)
Scope and Content:

Includes biographical information which Mrs. Dawidowicz had compiled for various Encyclopedias.

Bio and Bibliography and Behrman House

Box Folder Title Date Request
74 1 Dawidowicz Biography and Bibliography Who's Who request_box
74 2-4 Bio and Bibliography request_box
74 5 Borchardt miscellaneous request_box
74 6 The War Against the Jews Miscellaneous request_box
74 7 The War Against the Jews Foreign Publications request_box
74 8 The War Against the Jews Miscellaneous request_box
74 9 Holocaust-Behrman request_box
74 10 Correspondence with Neil, Behrman House 1970-1971 request_box
74 11-12 Holocaust-Behrman request_box
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Series VIII: Photographs, 1938-1990

0.25 linear foot (1 box)
Scope and Content:

Contains photographs that were taken by and of Lucy S. Dawidowicz from her year in Vilna (1938) until her death in 1990.

Box Folder Title Date Request
75 1 Dawidowicz Photos-Vilna request_box
75 2-3 Photos request_box
75 4 Photos 1978 request_box
75 5 Photos 1979-1983 request_box
75 6-7 Photos of Lucy S. Dawidowicz request_box
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Series IX: Correspondence, 1961-1990

2 linear foot (4 boxes)
Arrangement:

This series is arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Contains correspondence with a broad range of individuals, many of whom were historians, professors, and intellectuals who dealt with Jewish affairs and programs. This correspondence spans the years 1961 to 1990. Along with professional correspondence, this series includes letters from colleagues and friends such as Cynthia Ozick and Marie Syrkin.

Correspondence 1961-1981

Box Folder Title Date Request
76 1-2 Royalty Statements-Holt request_box
76 3 Correspondence 1968-1978 request_box
76 4 Correspondence 1974-1980 request_box
76 5 Correspondence 1979-1980 request_box
76 6 Correspondence-at Stanford and New York 1980-1981 request_box
76 7 Correspondence-Plus Colombia Record-Professor Salo Baron 1961-1983 request_box

Correspondence 1960-1981

Box Folder Title Date Request
77 1 Correspondence 1960-1962 request_box
77 2 Correspondence 1963 request_box
77 3 Correspondence with Gershom Scholem 1964 request_box
77 4 Correspondence 1964 request_box
77 5 Correspondence with Ezra Spicehandler 1965 request_box
77 6-7 Correspondence 1965 request_box
77 8 Correspondence with Lea Goldstein 1965-1966 request_box
77 9 Correspondence 1966 request_box
77 10 Correspondence 1967 request_box
77 11 Correspondence 1968 request_box
77 12 Correspondence 1969 request_box
77 13 Correspondence with Yeshiva University 1969-1977 request_box
77 14 Correspondence 1974-1975 request_box
77 15 Correspondence 1977-1979 request_box
77 16 Correspondence 1979-1981 request_box

Correspondence 1980-1985

Box Folder Title Date Request
78 1 Correspondence 1980-1981 request_box
78 2 Correspondence 1981 request_box
78 3 Correspondence 1981-1982 request_box
78 4 Correspondence 1982 request_box
78 5 Correspondence 1982-1984 request_box
78 6 Correspondence 1983 request_box
78 7-8 Correspondence 1984 request_box
78 9 Correspondence 1985 request_box

Correspondence 1985-1990

Box Folder Title Date Request
79 1 Correspondence 1985 request_box
79 2-3 Correspondence 1986 request_box
79 4 Correspondence 1985-1986 request_box
79 5 Correspondence 1987 request_box
79 6 Correspondence 1988-1990 request_box
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