Guide to the Papers of Louis Lipsky (1876-1963), undated, 1898-1976

P-672

Processed by Louise Sandberg

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

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Machine-readable finding aid created by Adina Wachman as MicrosoftWord document, September 2001. Finding aid converted to EAD 1.0 by Inna Giter, September 2001. Description is in English.
April 2005. Converted to EAD 2002. Revised as LouisLipsky02.xml by Tanya Elder. Removed deprecated elements and attributes, updated repository codes, added language codes, changed doctype declaration, removed boilerplate entities, etc. January 2006. Entities removed from EAD finding aid.

Descriptive summary

Creator: Lipsky, Louis, 1876-1963
Title: Louis Lipsky Papers
Dates:1898-1976
Abstract: Louis Lipsky (1876-1963) was a noted Zionist leader, journalist and writer. The collection contains personal correspondence, memoranda, speeches, magazine and newspaper articles, manuscripts, drafts of books, and organizational materials concerning the Zionist movement and various Jewish organizations.
Languages: The collection is in English, Yiddish, Hebrew and German.
Quantity: 22 boxes (10.5 linear feet)
Accession number: P- 672
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical Note

Louis Lipsky, noted Zionist leader, journalist and author, was born in Rochester, N.Y. in 1876 one of 11 children to Polish immigrant parents. The family came from a town called Philipova, a village near Suwalk. The Jewish community was almost entirely made up of landsmen from this area of Poland and much of the gentile Polish immigrants were also from the same area. Louis' father, Jacob Lipsky, came to America in 1874 to join his brother Isaac and two sisters. He was the second shochet (kosher butcher) in the community. Louis' mother came in 1875 with his older brother Abram. Louis was the first child born in America.

When brother Abram left for college, Louis took over his job as a freelance reporter for The Herald, a Rochester Newspaper. During this time he also worked as a law clerk with intention of becoming an attorney. In 1899, with the help of a well-to-do friend of his father's he acquired $300 to start a weekly periodical in his hometown, called The Shofar. Abram wrote sermons and Louis wrote the stories. Philip Cowen, publisher of The American Hebrew, saw a copy of The Shofar and brought Louis to New York City in March of 1900. The Shofar lasted for 13 months until the money ran out. That same year, 1900, LL became the managing editor of The American Hebrew. He also registered at Columbia University as a special student taking an eclectic course without a fixed curriculum. He would have been a member of the class of 1902 if he had graduated. LL remained with The American Hebrew for 14 years. During those years he was fascinated by the Yiddish theater and was caught up in a literary circle that included Mary Antin, Harry Scherman, Rita Scherman, and Charlotte Schacht (his future wife). When he married Charlotte in 1906 these friendships seem to be supplanted entirely by Zionist colleagues. In 1901 Dr. Stephen Wise asked LL to edit an new magazine called The Maccabean (later The New Palestine) under the aegis of the Federation of American Zionists. LL was chosen for the post because he had written an account of the Zionist Convention in The American Hebrew that was the first time Zionism made the American press. This was the first Zionist publication in the English language. He remained editor for one year and passed the position on to Jacob de Haas who was also secretary of the FAZ. His association continued with the FAZ and to a large degree he set the pattern of Zionist policy in the United States in these early years. When de Haas retired LL became editor again.

During these years he also served on the Campaign Committee chaired by Oscar Straus for Teddy Roosevelt, he was a press agent for Harry Scherman and Herman Bernstein, and was commissioned to write a play by Louis Mann. He was also editor of The Jewish Herald for 3 months. He was secretary for Leo N. Levi, then National President of B'nai B’rith. He started writing for the secular press including pieces in The Reader, The Sunday Morning Telegraph, and The New York Daily Press. He translated the stories of Isaac Leib Peretz. In 1914 he became Secretary, a salaried position, of the Federation of American Zionists.

He was secretary then chairman of the Federation of American Zionists that became ZOA in 1917. Involved in the Brandeis-Weizmann rift, Lipsky supported Weizmann concerning financial support and control of Jewish Palestine. From 1922-1930 LL was President of ZOA.

From 1930-1959 he was President of the Eastern Life Insurance Co.

He was a founder of Keren HaYesod, also called the Palestine Foundation Fund and later incorporated into the Jewish Agency for Palestine. He was active in the United Palestine Appeal, and the American Zionist Council, in 1915 he advocated the establishment of the American Jewish Congress, in 1918 the American Jewish Congress became a reality. He later served as Vice President and Chairman.

During the years 1934-1945 LL channeled his energies to save Europe's Jews. Collaborating with Stephen Wise in the American Jewish Congress LL worked diligently trying to save Jewish lives. He wrote the rules and supervised the operation. He was keynote speaker at the first session of the World Jewish Congress in 1936. During this period he served as Vice President and later, Chairman of the Administrative Committee and Chairman of the Executive Committee.

After the war he fought the British over the partition of Palestine, against Arab interests in the United Nations, and against divisive elements in American Judaism. In 1954 he chaired the Committee For Public Affairs of the American Jewish Congress. In the 1950s he retired from the American Jewish Congress. In 1955 he formulated the idea of an organization to offer support to Israel but have no part in politics. This viewpoint found some expression in the League for Israel. He retired from active participation in any organization except for the Weizmann Institute of Science in 1956. That same year he delivered the address on the occasion of the 4th anniversary of Weizmann's death.

In 1906 he married Charlotte Schacht, who was herself a founding member of the American Women’s Division of the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT). His sons were: Eleazar Lipsky, 1912- , head of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, NYC ; Joel Carmichael, 1915- , author of The Shaping of the Arabs (1967), A Short History of the Russian Revolution (1964), and Death of Jesus (1962); and David.

Lipsky authored books, short stories, essays, plays, book reviews, and drama criticism. Among his works are: 30 Years of American Zionism, Stories of Jewish Life, Shields of Honor (1927), A Gallery of Zionist Profiles (1956), and Tales of the Yiddish Realto.

CHRONOLOGY

1876, November 30 Born, Rochester, N.Y.
1899 Began producing The Shofar. 13 issues
1900-1914 Became manager of The American Hebrew in New York City
1900 Took courses at Columbia University
1901-1918 Editor of The Maccabean with brief intermissions. First Zionist publication in the U.S. in English
1902-1913 Wrote short stories, essays, plays, book reviews and drama critiques. Translated I.L Peretz from Yiddish. Contributed material to the New York Morning Telegraph.
1903 Secretary to Leo N. Levi, President of B'nai B'rith; ran a Boys Club on the Lower East Side
1906 Married Charlotte Schach
1912 Became Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Federation of American Zionists (in 1917 to become Zionist Organization of America)
1913 Attended World Zionist Congress in Vienna; visited London and made contact with English Zionists
1913-1946 Attended all Congresses with the exception of the one in 1939
1914 Accepted the first paid position in Zionist movement-Secretary of FAZ. Resigned his post as editor of The American Hebrew. Called for Extraordinary Conference of Zionists. Brandeis entered the movement at this time
1915 Named Chairman of the Executive Committee of FAZ.
1915-1921 Served as Chairman of FAZ to become ZOA in 1917
1915-1949 Led struggle for Jews to organize locally and nationally and to elect their own spokesmen
1915-1917 Active participant to secure American support for the Balfour Declaration
1916 Attended preliminary meeting of AJC in Philadelphia
1920 With Chaim Weizmann established the Keren Hayesod as the fund raising instrument of WZO. Split with Brandeis over Keren Hayesod. Brandeis favored independent organizations
1921 Defeated Brandeis at the Cleveland Convention causing a split in the movement. Founded The New Palestine as an instrument to support the Keren Hayesod. He was its first editor
1922 Elected chairman of National Executive Committee of ZOA at its convention
1922-1930 Chairman of ZOA
1923 Served on Executive Committee of WZO
1924 Founded in London The New Judea as official organ of WZO. J. Hodess was the editor. Visited Palestine for the first time
1926-1930 Elected President of ZOA
1926 Brought Habimah to the U.S
1927 As President of ZOA paid expenses of Habimah to go to Palestine where they established Israel's national theater. This created a furor in the U.S. that nearly cost him the presidency. Collected writings were published in three volumes
1930-1954 Left ZOA as paid official, but served, on call, without pay, as propagandist, speaker, planner, and organizer traveling throughout the U.S. and Europe
1930-1959 President of Judean Insurance Co. (later to become the Eastern Life Insurance Co.)
1933-1946 Served as a member of the Executive Committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine
1934 Elected Vice President of AJC; served also as Chairman of its Governing Council and head of its National Administrative Council
1934-1945 Actively worked with Stephen Wise with the American Jewish Council to organize America against Hitler. Worked to open doors for Jewish immigration into Palestine
1936 With Wise and Goldman founded the World Jewish Congress. Co-Chairman of UFA
1940Co-Chair with Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver of UPA; Co-Chair of Keren HaYesod; Chairman of the General Council of the American Jewish Congress
1941 Fought to have Palestine secure a place in the rescuing of Jews
1943 Named Chairman of the Board of Elections for the American Jewish Congress, devising rules of procedure whereby Jewish communities through democratic elections to form the AJC as the spokesman for a united Jewish community to aid in the up building of post war Jewish Palestine. Served as the Chairman of the Committee of Five Session supervising the conduct of 3 day sessions
1943-1947 Principal factor in mobilizing American opinion to open the doors of Palestine to survivors of the Holocaust
1944 Elected Co-Chair of the Interim Committee of the American Jewish Congress together with Henry Monsky and Dr. Israel Goldstein
1945 Made two trips to London to confer with Weizmann and other Zionist leaders to help bring survivors to Palestine. Headed AJC delegation to the organizing conference of the UN in San Francisco to press for the creation of a Jewish state
1945-1949 Served as Co-Chairman of the Interim Committee and Chairman of the Executive Committee of the American Jewish Congress
1947-1949 Headed movement, through the American Jewish Congress, to prevent rescinding of American support for partition
1949-1954 Chairman of the American Zionist Council, representing all branches of the Zionist movement in the US to mobilize with US help to protect the new state of Israel
1950 Visited Israel for first time
1954 Chairman of American Zionist Committee for Public Affairs later American Israel Committee for Public Affairs, an instrument to build a viable state
1956, November 12Principle speaker at the Chaim Weizmann Memorial Lecture: “Herzl, Weizmann and the Jewish State.” Made an Honorary Fellow of the Institute
1956 Published A Gallery of Zionist Portraits
1959 Retired as President of The Eastern Life Insurance Company
1960 Became Honorary Chairman of the Board of the Eastern Life Insurance Company
1962 Published Tales of the Yiddish Realto stories of the Yiddish theater at the turn of century
1963 Died, New York City.
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Scope and Content Note

The papers of Louis Lipsky (LL) contain correspondence, memoranda, speeches, articles in magazines and newspapers, manuscripts, and organizational materials concerning the Zionist movement and various Jewish organizations. The collection is primarily in English, but there is some material in Yiddish, Hebrew, and German. The papers chronicle LL's commitment to Zionism and Jewish life from the end of the 19th century until his death in 1963.

Lipsky's early career as writer and journalist is portrayed in many articles and pamphlets published throughout his life. There are also drafts of the books A Gallery of Zionist Profiles and Yiddish Realto as well as published articles and unpublished plays. These manuscripts in addition to his early personal correspondence show a continuing interest throughout his career in the Yiddish theater and press.

Lipsky's personal life is documented by his correspondence covering the years 1898 to 1959. The early correspondence presents a picture of the intellectual and social life of the East European Jewish community in New York City in the early years of the century. His courtship of Rita Scherman and eventual marriage to Charlotte Schacht is chronicled. As he became more involved in Zionism there was extensive correspondence between Lipsky and his family when he was traveling on behalf of the cause. There are many letters concerning Lipsky's efforts to help fellow Jews all over the world during the turbulent 1930s. Other biographical information is contained in his memoirs, obituaries, tributes, and material from his years as president of Eastern Life Insurance Co.

His son, Eleazar Lipsky (EL), interlaces the collection with notes and comments on accompanying pages. EL had already started to index his father's personal correspondence and his index is included in the collection. The original order, where possible, has been maintained. The division into seven series is a consequence of that order. A list of organizations Lipsky was involved in and some of the people with whom he corresponded follow.

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Arrangement

The collection is organized in 7 series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact: American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org .

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Related Material

Related materials can be found in the Papers of Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Papers of Rabbis Jacob X. Cohen, the Records of the American Jewish Congress and the Papers of Philip Cowen. Additional material can be located in the Central Zionist Archives in Jerusalem, Israel and in the Records of the Zionist Organization of America in New York, New York.

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Provenance

The Papers of Louis Lipsky were donated to AJHS by Eleazar and Hannah Lipsky and Joel Carmichael in 1993.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Louis Lipsky Papers; P- 672; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

CONTAINER LIST

 

Series I: Zionist Correspondence, undated, 1901-1920

3 linear feet
Arrangement:

Materials are arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Correspondence, memoranda, and various inserts to and from a variety of Zionist and Jewish organizations. Also includes the manuscripts of memoirs written by other Zionist figures.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11(Unmarked)undated
12Federation of American Zionists, Harriet Szold1901
13Society of Jewish Art1908
14Federation of American Zionists1915
15Letters from Weizmann to Balfour and Brandeis1917-1918
16Zionist Organization of America1919-1920
17Zionist Organization of America, Judge Mack1921
18Zionist Organization of America, Judge Mack1922
19Photocopies of ZOA correspondence from the National Zionist Archives 1924
110Shekel Campaign1925
111Shekel Campaign1926
112Weizmann1927
113Weizmann1928
114Weizmann1929
115Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt1930
BoxFolderTitleDate
21Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt1931
22Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt1932
23Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt1933
24Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt (1 of 2)1934
25Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt (2 of 2)1934
26Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt1935
BoxFolderTitleDate
31American Jewish Congress (1 of 2)1935
32American Jewish Congress (2 of 2)1935
33American Jewish Congress1936
34Order of the Sons of Zion (1 of 5)1936
35Order of the Sons of Zion (2 of 5)1936
36Order of the Sons of Zion (3 of 5)1936
37Order of the Sons of Zion (4 of 5)1936
38Order of the Sons of Zion (5 of 5)1936
BoxFolderTitleDate
41Jewish National Fund "Night of Stars"1937
42"Land of Promise" (film) (1 of 2)1937
43"Land of Promise" (film) (2 of 2)1937
44Draft "New Dominion and World Peace" Hyman R. Segal1937
45Shekel Campaign (1 of 3)1937
46Shekel Campaign (2 of 3)1937
47Shekel Campaign (3 of 3)1937
48Letter (with copy) from Weizmann December 4, 1937
49Letter (with copy) from Weizmann1937
410-11Pamphlet "Fight Partition"1937
412Pamphlet "Fight Partition"1938
BoxFolderTitleDate
51British Guiana, Letter from Lewis Zikman Harbin, China1939
52HaBima, Louis Nizer, Louise Rainer1939
53HaBima (1 of 3)1939
54HaBima (2 of 3)1939
55HaBima (3 of 3)1939
56Jewish Palestine’s Pavilion at the World’s Fair1939
57Includes play by H.J. Rahfish “Kibbuz”1939
58General Jewish Council1939
BoxFolderTitleDate
61General Jewish Council (1 of 2)1939
62General Jewish Council (2 of 2)1939
63Zionist Organization of AmericaFebruary 4, 1944
64Zionist Organization of America1944-45
65Includes draft of A.B. Cohen’s “Zionism and Forty-fort” 1950-59
66Includes draft of Harry Sachar’s “A Small Memoir”; 4 rolls of stenorette recording tape; 2 rolls of stenorette tape magazine1960-63
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Series II: Organizational Materials, undated, 1924-1964

1.25 linear feet
Arrangement:

Materials are arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Minutes, lists of officers and members, pamphlets, printed letters to members, memoranda, and budgets from various Zionist and Jewish organizations.

BoxFolderTitleDate
71Youth Zionist Organizationundated
72Achooza Alephundated
73Mizrachi undated
74Chalutzundated
75Organization of American Jews in PalestineNovember 20, 1924
76New Palestine1929, 1932
77Zionist Organization of America1929
78Zionist Convention1930
79Jewish Agency of Palestine1930, 1936
710Zionist Organization of America 1930
711Palestine Immigration Bureau1931
712National Avukah Agency1934, 1935
713Women’s Emergency Council 1934
714National Conference in Palestine1935
715World Jewish Congress1935
716American Jewish Congress1935, 1936
717World Zionist Organization 1935-1964
718Council for German Jewry1936
719Palestine Economic Corporation1936
720United Palestine AppealMay 1936
BoxFolderTitleDate
81Talpioth Palestine Agency 1936
8220th Zionist ConferenceJune 20, 1937
83Palestine Foundation Fund 1937-1939
84United Palestine Appeal1937
85Jewish Palestine Exhibit at the World’s Fair1937
86Joint Distribution Committee1939
87National Refugee Service1939
88Hadassah1939
89United Jewish Appeal1939
810American Jewish Committee1944
811American Anglo Committee1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
91National Council for the Weizmann InstituteNovember 29, 1951
92American Zionist AssemblyDecember 5-7, 1953
93Zionist Executive1956-1964
94Palestine Appeal1961
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Series III: Speeches, undated, 1923-1962

0.5 linear foot
Arrangement:

Speeches are arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Speeches that Louis Lipsky presented both live and on radio. Most of these speeches are concerned with Jewish and Zionist themes. There are two interviews included.

BoxFolderTitleDate
101Speechesundated
102Speeches1923
103Speeches1924
104Speeches1926
105Speeches1928
106Speeches1929
107Speeches1931
108Speeches1932
109Speeches1933
1010Speeches1934
1011Speeches1937
1012Speeches1938
1013Speeches1939
1014Speeches1940
1015Speeches1941
1016Speeches1943
1017Speeches1945
1018Speeches1946
1019Speeches1947
1020Speeches1949
1021Speeches1952
1022Speeches1953
1023Speeches1955
1024Speeches1956
1025Speeches1957
1026Speeches1960
1027Speeches1962
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Series IV: Publications, undated, 1901-1976

2 linear feet
Arrangement:

Articles and correspondence arranged chronologically. Other materials are mixed.

Scope and Content:

Newspaper clippings, magazine articles, some photocopies, indexes, handwritten notes, drafts of both published and unpublished material, correspondence, and reviews. There are a number of drafts of unpublished plays. Listed below are publications represented in this series:

The American Hebrew. New York Jewish Weekly, 1879.

The Conservator

The Day. Yiddish Daily, 1914.

The Day.

Free World.

Jewish American.

Jewish Daily Forward. Yiddish Daily, 1897.

The Jewish Home for Boys and Girls. (formerly Helpful Thoughts.)

The Maccabean.

National Jewish Ledger.The New Palestine, periodical of the ZOA.

The Reader Magazine.

The Telegraph.

Yiddisher Arbeiter.

World Jewry, independent weekly journal, London.

Zion.

Zionist Issues.

BoxFolderTitleDate
111Index (by EL?)1901-1962
112Notesundated
113Drafts - Day of Reckoning 1958-1962
114Drafts of articles1936-1944
115Drafts of articles1932-1936
116Drafts of articles1926-1933
117Drafts (Yiddish Rialto?)undated
118Draft - The Faded Rose, play typed and bound1910
119Draft - Vengeance: A Drama in One act1911
1110The Darnado Film Co.: A Prospectus1914
BoxFolderTitleDate
121Drafts - Yiddish Theater and Pressundated
122Articles1901-1906
123Articles1908 (7)
124Articles1908
125Articles1908 (8)
126Articles1909 (3)
127Articles1909
128Articles1910-1911
129Articles1911
1210Articles1915-1922
1211-14Drafts - Profiles (published in 1956)undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
131Articlesundated
132Articles1924
133Articles1925
134Articles1934
135Articles1935
136Articles1937
137Articles1938
138Articles1939
139Articles1940
1310Articles1941
1311Articles1942
1312Articles1943
1313Articles1947
1314Articles1948
1315Articles[1950]
1316Articles1951
1317Articles1952
1318Articles1954
1319Articles[1955]
1320Herzl, Weizmann, and the Jewish State1956
1321Articles1957
1322Articles1958
1323Articles1962
1324Reviews1957-1962
1325Correspondence1955-1976
BoxFolderTitleDate
141Drafts for memoirs1962
142Drafts of articles1940-1959
143Drafts of articles undated
144Drafts of articles1936
145A Record of Stewardship: 16 Years of the Palestine Foundation Fund1937
146Reviews1962
147Drafts[1937]
148Draftsundated
149Draftsundated
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Series V: Clippings, 1919-1971

0.5 linear foot
Arrangement:

Clippings arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Newspaper clippings and pamphlets with Zionist and Jewish interest not necessarily written by Louis Lipsky.

BoxFolderTitleDate
151New York Times, Jerusalem Post, New Palestine1919-1971
152The IndexJune 1922
153PalestineOctober 14, 1936
154Rosenblatt, Bernard. The American Solution to the Palestine ProblemApril 1937
155The ReconstructionistMay 5, 1939
156The Day1940-1944
157Jewish Journal1952
158YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science1965
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Series VI: Biographical Information, undated, 1917-1976

1 linear foot
Arrangement:

Arrangement is mixed: topical and chronological.

Scope and Content:

Copy of memoirs written by Louis Lipsky in 1962 with the table of contents form his book Profiles. The memoirs contain information on Louis Lipsky’s early life and his passion of the Yiddish theater. There are also clippings from newspapers and magazines honoring Louis Lipsky both before and after his death. There is a correspondence of condolences to his family. Funeral arrangements include schedule, readings, eulogies, tributes, honorary pallbearers, and messages from notables. There is business information from Eastern Life Insurance Co. There are also a few war ration books, name cards, and financial information. There is a small amount of correspondence concerning a PhD thesis by D. Lipstadt.

BoxFolderTitleDate
161Memoirs written by LL. Includes table of contents of his book Profiles1962
162Clippings from honoring LL1960s
163Letters of Condolence (1 of 4)1963
164Letters of Condolence (2 of 4)1963
165Letters of Condolence (3 of 4)1963
166Letters of Condolence (4 of 4)1963
167Obituary1963
168Tributes, memorials, and eulogies1963
169Funeral Arrangements1963
1610Honors, post death1960s and 1970s
1611Correspondence with Deborah E. LipstadtOctober 1976
1612War ration books[1943]
1613Financial1961-1962
1614Financial1949-1962
BoxFolderTitleDate
171Chronologyundated
172Memoirundated
173Biographical informationundated
174Memorandum from the UJA concerning LL’s estate1963
17585th birthday1961
17686th birthday1962
177Picture, membership card in ZOA 1947, 1952
178Tributes1956-1957
179Testimonials1917-1956
1710Condolences to LL on the event of his wife’s death1959
1711Biographical notes by ELundated
1712Eastern Life Insurance Co.1932-1939
1713Eastern Life Insurance Co.1956-1959
1714Outgoing telephone calls for Easter Life Insurance Co.1931-1932
1715Miscellaneous1932-1962
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Series VII: Personal Correspondence, undated, 1898, 1901-1924

2.25 linear feet
Arrangement:

Correspondence is arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Letters to and from family members and friends. Before his marriage in 1906 there were many letters from a literary circle that included Mary Antin, Rita Scherman, Harry Scherman (he was called LL Chames or Jimmir), and others. After his marriage these correspondents taper off. Within the files there are occasional newspaper clippings and drafts that the letters refer to. Principal family members are his wife Charlotte (referred to as Heddah or Eddie), his sons Daivd, Eleazar (Lazar), and Joel (Joey), sister Lena, and brother Julius (Julian). Other correspondents are Bernard Richards, Prof. Richard Gottheil, A.J. Solomon, Mayer Sulzberger, and Aimee Lemalie. Louis Lipsky writes a bibliography of Bayard Taylor and EL composed a “chronological analysis: of the personal correspondence for 1902-1905 which is within a blue binder.

BoxFolderTitleDate
181Personal correspondenceundated
182Personal correspondence1898
183Personal correspondence1901
184-5Personal correspondence1902
186-8Personal correspondence1903
189-12Personal correspondence1904
BoxFolderTitleDate
191-2Personal correspondence1905
193Personal correspondence1906
194Personal correspondence (Includes a shekel receipt December 12, 1907)1907
195Personal correspondence 1908
196Personal correspondence1909
BoxFolderTitleDate
201Personal correspondence1910
202Personal correspondence1911
203Personal correspondence1912
204Personal correspondence1913-1914
205Personal correspondence1915
206Personal correspondence1916
207Personal correspondence1917
208Personal correspondence1918
209Personal correspondence1919-1920
2010Personal correspondence1921
2011Personal correspondence1922
2012Personal correspondence1923
2013Personal correspondence1924
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