Guide to the Papers of Robert Raphael Geis (1906-1972),
1862-1997 (bulk 1928-1972)

AR 7263 / MF 706

Processed by Stanislav Pejša

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

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© 2005 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Machine-readable finding aid was created by Stanislav Pejša as XML document in January 2005. Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD 2002 by Stanislav Pejša in February 2005. Description is in English.
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Descriptive Summary

Creator: Geis, Robert Raphael, 1906-1972
Title: Robert Raphael Geis Collection
Dates:1862-1997
Dates: bulk 1928-1972
Abstract: Robert Raphael Geis (1906-1972) was a rabbi, educator, and Jewish theologian. He identified strongly with German liberal Judaism, but his keen interest in Jewish studies brought him close to leaders of conservative Judaism as well. Before the Second World War Robert Raphael Geis worked as a rabbi for the youth and Religion teacher in Munich and Mannheim, and as a rabbi in Kassel, Germany. After the war he served as a rabbi in Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Germany. In the early 1960s, Raphael Robert Geis became engaged in the dialog of Protestant and Jewish theologians. The Robert Raphael Geis collection consists mainly of correspondence and writings. There are only a few personal documents. The writings consist of newspaper articles, reviews of books on Jewish topics and sermons for major Jewish holidays. The correspondence has two main foci: the periods before and after the Second World War. The first period is characterized by letters written by various leading figures of Jewish communities in Germany and is concerned with employment opportunities for young rabbis, as well as insights into inner workings of congregations. A large amount of letters from this period also come from Robert Raphael Geis' students. The correspondence written after the war centers on theological matters and the workings of the (Working Group of "Jews and Christians").
Languages: The collection is mainly in German, some documents are also in English, Hebrew, Dutch, and Italian.
Quantity: 3 linear feet
Accession number: AR 7263
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
Note::

Old acquisition number AR 28.

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Biographical Note
Portrait of Robert Raphael Geis (1906-1972), 1935

Robert Raphael Geis (1906-1972), 1935

Robert Raphael Geis was born in Frankfurt am Main on July 4, 1906 to Moritz Geis and his wife Sittah née Stern, a well-to-do assimilated couple. He attended grammar school (Gymnasium) in Frankfurt am Main from 1916 to 1925. He became friends with the children of the liberal rabbi, Ceasar Seligmann, and visited his household. During his studies, Robert Raphael Geis joined the local Jewish youth socialist association.

After his graduation Robert Raphael Geis decided to continue his studies at the University of Berlin where he studied modern history, and at the Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums. This was against the will of his father who foresaw a career in banking for his son. He studied with Friedrich Meinecke at the University of Berlin, and attended the classes of Ismar Elbogen, Harry Torzcyner, and Julius Guttmann at the Hochschule. In 1926-1927 he studied at the University in Breslau (then Germany; now Wrocaw, Poland) with Johannes Ziekursch and at the Jüdisch-Theologisches Seminar. After Johannes Ziekursch left Breslau for the University of Cologne (Universität Köln), Robert Raphael Geis followed him and finished his studies completing his dissertation Der Sturz des Reichskanzlers Caprivi (The Fall of Chancellor Caprivi) in 1930. His rabbinic studies were concluded in 1932 by a rabbinical examination overseen by Ismar Elbogen, Leo Baeck, Julius Guttmann, Harry Torzyner, and Chanoch Albeck. The rabbinical ordination allowed Robert Raphael Geis to function as a rabbi and Religion teacher.

In 1932, Robert Raphael Geis received his first appointment as a youth rabbi (Jugendrabbiner) in Munich. He left his position two years later because of differences with the rather conservatively-inclined board of the local Jewish community and accepted the position of rabbi (Stadtrabbiner) in Mannheim. In 1935 he traveled to Palestine. In 1937, Robert Raphael Geis left his position in Mannheim and became a rabbi (Land- und Gemeinderabbiner) in Kassel. After Kristallnacht in 1938, Robert Raphael Geis was deported together with the other men of the Kassel community to the concentration camp Buchenwald. He was released one month later after showing his visa for Palestine. Robert Raphael Geis left Germany early in 1939 and after a short stay in Paris, where he visited his sister Ilse Feldmeier, he arrived in Haifa, Palestine.

His visit to Palestine in 1935 had already weakened his Zionistic sentiment. Robert Raphael Geis was troubled by the relations between the Jewish settlers and the Arab population. After his immigration to Palestine, Robert Raphael Geis had difficulties finding a position as a liberal rabbi. In 1943 he married Margarete Kitzinger, who, however, died only one month after the wedding. Starting in February 1944, Robert Raphael Geis worked as an editor and moderator for the Psychological Warfare Branch (Division) of the Allied Forces Supreme Headquarters in Jerusalem.

In February 1945, Robert Raphael Geis married Susanne Herzberg née Landshut and returned to Europe in 1946. After several months spent in London, England, Robert Raphael Geis accepted appointment as a teacher for the Jewish community in Zürich, Switzerland. He applied for several other rabbinical positions, among them were the Jewish communities in Bern, Switzerland; Luxemburg, Luxemburg; and Stockholm, Sweden, where he would succeed Marcus Ehrenpreis. In the end his colleague Kurt Wilhelm, was selected by a committee of which the professor of the Hebrew University Hugo Bergmann was a member. Robert Raphael Geis left Zürich in 1949 and became the rabbi for an émigré community in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. In 1952, Robert Raphael Geis finally returned to Germany as he had intended to do immediately after the end of the war, and became a rabbi of the Baden region (Landesrabinner) in Karlsruhe. In 1956, Robert Raphael Geis resigned from his rabbinical duties. He moved to Düsseldorf in 1959 and to Baden Baden in 1971.

In 1961, Robert Raphael Geis took part in the Congress of the German Evangelical Church and for some time became an active participant in its Arbeitsgemeinschaft "Juden und Christen" (Working Group "Jews and Christians").

Robert Raphael Geis lectured frequently at various assemblies, conferences, and schools. He often appeared in radio broadcasts where he discussed Jewish religious and cultural traditions. He only received a formal academic appointment late in his life, however, when he was named an honorary professor of Jewish studies at the Pädagogische Hochschule Duisburg in 1969 and at the Theologische Fakultät of the Universität Göttingen.

Robert Raphael Geis authored four books, besides his dissertation: Der Sturz des Reichskanzlers Caprivi. Berlin 1930: E. Ebering, 124 p. and Pesach Haggadah, he edited three anthologies of texts. His essays, sermons, and lectures about Jewish religion and culture were published in Gottes Minorität. Beiträge zur jüdischen Theologie und zur Geschichte der Juden in Deutschland. München 1971: Kösel-Verlag, 246 p.. Another is an anthology of texts of German Jewish writers about Jewish tradition, life, and religion: Vom unbekannten Judentum. Freiburg 1961: Herder, 235 p., among the authors can be found Leo Baeck, Stefan Zweig, Hermann Cohen, Eduard Strauss, and numerous texts are taken from the Bible translation of Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig. Together with Hans-Joachim Kraus, Robert Raphael Geis put together a collection of texts of Jewish and Christian thinkers on Christian and Jewish understanding in Germany Versuche des Verstehens. Dokumente jüdisch-christlicher Begegnung aus den Jahren 1918-1933 . Munich 1966: Kaiser, 306 p., which included texts by Leo Baeck, Martin Buber, Hermann Cohen, Franz Rosenzweig, Eduard Lamparter, Alfred Jeremias, and Gerhard Kittel. Robert Raphael Geis also contributed a short biographical essay on Leo Baeck to Männer des Glaubens im deutschen Widerstand. Munich 1959: Ner-Tamid-Verlag, 72 p. a collection of portraits put together by him and Oskar Hammelsbeck and Oskar Simmel. In 1954, the weekly Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland published Robert Raphael Geis' Pessach-Haggadah.

The contributions of Robert Raphael Geis to the reconstruction of cultural life in Germany after the Second World War were recognized in 1970 when he was awarded the Buber-Rosenzweig Medal. He represented German Jews in the Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission (German UNESCO Commission), and sat on the programing council of the German broadcasting company Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR).

Robert Raphael Geis died in Baden Baden on May 18, 1972. He had two children, Jael (1948) and Gabriel (1950).

Source used:
Geis, Robert Raphael: Leiden an der Unerlöstheit der Welt: Robert Raphael Geis, 1906-1972 : Briefe, Reden, Aufsätze. Dietrich Goldschmidt and Ingrid Ueberschär (eds.). Munich 1984: Chr. Kaiser, 399 p.
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Scope and Content Note

Series I: Personal consists of a few personal documents, obituaries, and several photographs of Robert Raphael Geis and his relatives. Family documents in this series include papers related to Issac and Moritz Geis, the grandfather and father of Robert Raphael Geis.

Series II: Writings contains texts of Raphael Geis. The earlier articles, mostly published in Israelitisches Gemaindeblatt in 1930s, reflect his role as a youth rabbi and educator. The articles from the 1960s are characterized by more general topics of Jewish life and culture. Several articles commemorate friends and colleagues. Another significant portion of texts in this series are book reviews partly written by Robert Raphael Geis, partly some of his own books. Sermons for the major Jewish holidays written in the 1950s can also be found in this series.

Series III: Correspondence has two central points. One documents the work of Robert Raphael Geis as a youth rabbi shortly before the Nazi take-over in Germany and during the 1930s, until he left Germany in 1939. Many of his students left Germany and shared with Robert Raphael Geis their experiences in new countries that included Switzerland, Palestine, and the United States.

Robert Raphael Geis' letters after the Second World War are the other focus of the series. Many of the letters from the late 1940s and early 1950s are characterized by his effort to find a position in which he could serve Jewish survivors. In the late 1950s and in the 1960s, his correspondence reflects his preoccupation with the issues of Christian - Jewish dialogs and Christian and Jewish coexistence in Germany after the Second World War.

Robert Raphael Geis destroyed a great deal of his correspondence shortly before his death when he moved from Düsseldorf to Baden Baden. These papers represent material that was collected by Dietrich Goldschmidt and Robert Raphael Geis' wife, Susanne Geis, while putting together a biography of Robert Raphael Geis, in the 1970s and 1980s. This collection therefore mainly consist of copies and transcripts.

The original order of correspondence was chronological, which inhibited navigation through the finding aids, and particularly through the Series III: Correspondence that makes up the bulk of the Robert Raphael Geis Collection. In the new arrangement the correspondence was alphabetized and collated.

The collection consists of photocopies, transcripts, and letters both in hand and typed.

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Arrangement

The collections arranged in three series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact
Leo Baeck Institute
Center for Jewish History
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011
lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

There are several collections in the custody of Leo Baeck Institute Archives that contain materials pertaining to the Robert Raphael Geis Collection. Among them the most prominent are:

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Separated Material

All photographs were removed to the Photograph Collection at the LBI Archives and replaced with photocopies.

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Custodial History

The first items of the collection were donated in 1957. In 1986 one foot of material arrived at the LBI Archives and a substantial portion was added to it in 1989. The rest of the collection was received in 1996 and 1998. In 2001 several photographs were added to the collection. All material was donated by Susanne Geis.

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Microfilm

This collection has six microfilm reels.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Robert Raphael Geis Collection; AR 7263; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

The collection arrived in several shipments. It consists of the estate of Robert Raphael Geis and of material that resulted from preparations on his biography, Geis, Robert Raphael: Leiden an der Unerlöstheit der Welt : Robert Raphael Geis, 1906-1972 : Briefe, Reden, Aufsätze. Dietrich Goldschmidt and Ingrid Ueberschär (eds.). Munich 1984: Chr. Kaiser, 399 p..

The overall arrangement of the collection was chronological with some attempts to keep the personal correspondence separate from the organizational, which mostly consists of letters to and from Jewish communal bodies and their representatives. This is true particularly for the period before the Second World War. The original arrangement provided little indication of the content within the folders, therefore correspondence was arranged alphabetically by correspondent and efforts were made to identify all the writers and decipher their signatures. The rest of the letters remained in the section Various at the end of Subseries 1: Individuals.

The writings of Robert Raphael Geis and book reviews were collated and arranged alphabetically. Some minor preservation work including removing staples, and flattening and smoothing the surface of documents was applied.

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Other Finding Aid

There is a hand-written inventory of the collection which does not include the material that arrived after the initial donation. This inventory reflects the original chronological order.

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Container List

 

Series I: Personal, 1862-1964

The series is in German. Some documents are also in English and Hebrew.
0.1 linear feet
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

Series I contains several personal documents and some portraits of Robert Raphael Geis and his family. There are several newspaper articles about Robert Raphael Geis in this series, some of which are profile articles, while others just mention his name. The bulk of the newspaper clippings, however, consists of obituaries. The other documents pertaining to Robert Raphael Geis include his resume and affidavit issued by the Jewish community in Kassel, which confirms that he worked there for two years, and lists other positions that he held prior to his appointment in Kassel.

The family documents in this series mostly relate to Isaac Geis, the grandfather of Robert Raphael Geis, and include the marriage certificate of Isaac Geis and Lisa Orschel, a copy of his last will, and several records of business transactions. There are also documents that belonged to Robert Raphael Geis' father, Moritz Geis, such as a certificate postponing his duty as a one-year volunteer in the army (Einjährig-Freiwilliger).

The original photographs were removed to the Photograph collection at the LBI Archives.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Affidavit - Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Kassel1939
  2 items 
12Articles - 65th birthday1971
  4 items 
13Articles - About Robert Raphael Geis1937-1980
  13 items 
14Certificate of rabbinical ordination - Copiesundated, 1936
  In German and Hebrew.  4 items 
15Curriculum vitaeundated
  3 items 
16Dissertation - Bibliographic entry1930?
  1 item 
17European rabbinical conference - List of participants1954
  1 item 
18Family documents1862-1947
  30 items 
19Obituaries1972
  14 items 
110Photos1935, 1954, 1964?
  3 items 
111Photos - Familyundated, 1900
  5 items 
112Release note - Psychological Warfare Branch (Division) of the Allied Forces Supreme Headquarters1945
  1 items 
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Series II: Writings, 1934-1970

This series is in German and one review is in Italian.
0.5 linear feet
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by the genre of the text.

Scope and Content:

The series contains writings by Robert Raphael Geis, which includes commemorative articles, his polemical pieces, book reviews both of his own works and books by others on various topics related to Jewish history and culture, as well as sermons for the major Jewish holidays.

Subseries 1: General, 1934-1970

0.3 linear feet
Scope and Content:

This subseries contains articles for newspapers, several speeches and lectures, as well as contributions for Festschriften of Robert Raphael Geis' colleagues. There are also several articles commemorating colleagues and friends, such as Ludwig Goldschmidt and Richard Beer-Hofmann. Several essays reflect on the role of certain prominent figures of German Judaism, such as Leo Baeck, Max Dienemann, and the Mendelssohn family. The majority of texts were published after Robert Raphael Geis returned to Germany at the beginning of the 1950s. Many of the articles were published in the weekly Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland. Several of the texts from before the Second World War were published in the community bulletin Israelitisches Gemeindeblatt.

BoxFolderTitleDate
113Angst und Hoffnung in unserer Zeit [Fear and Hope in Our Times]1965
  6 items 
114Aus einer Kindheit. Eine wahre Geschichte [A Childhood memory. A True Story] - Typescriptcirca 1936
  4 items 
115Bauleute Gottes [God's Builders] In: Stimme 1960 (15. Juni), No. 121960
  1 item 
116Der Begriff des Patriotismus bei Herrmann Cohen [The Term of Patriotism in works of Herrmann Cohen] - Typescript1942
  68 items 
117"... daß in keines Menschen Herz Haß aufstiege" [... that in no Human Heart Should Hatred Rise] - Copy1978
  3 items 
118Diesseitsgläubigkeit der Bibel [Belief in the Earthly Life in the Bible] In: Israelitisches Gemeindeblatt 1935 (13. Jhrg.), Nr. 23 - Copy1935
  1 item 
119Dr. Ludwig Goldschmidt 70 Jahre [Dr. Ludwig Goldschmidt 70 Years] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland1965
  1 item 
120Es gibt keine Entschuldigung [There is no Excuse] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland1952, 1984
  13 items  
121Es mahnen die Toten 1933-1945. Ansprache zur Weihe des Ehrenmals in Mannheim [The Dead are Reminding 1933-1945. Speech at Unveiling of the Memorial in Mannheim]. In: Mannheimer Hefte, Heft 31952
  1 item 
122Die Familie Mendelssohn. Zur Geschichte der Judenemanzipation in Deutschland [The Family Mendelssohn. To the History of the Jewish Emancipation in Germany]. In: Abraham unser Vater. Juden und Christen im Gespräch über die Bibel. Festschrift für Otto Michel zum 60. Geburtstag Leiden 1963: E.J. Brill1963
   
123Eine fragwürdige Veranstaltung in Karlsruhe [A Questionable Event in Karlsruhe] In: Mitteilungen des Oberrates der Israeliten Badens für die angeschlossenen Gemeinden. 1956, Jhrg. 3, Nr. 31956
  

Typescript and copy of published article

1 item
 
124Der Friede der Juden [The Peace of the Jews] In: Junge Kirche 1968 (8), 28.Jhrg.1967
  22 items 
125Gebt unserer Jugend den Sabath zurück! [Give Our Youth the Sabath Back!] In: Israelitisches Gemeindeblatt 1934 (12 Jhrg.), Nr.18 - Copy1934
  1 item 
126Gedanken zum christlich-jüdischen Gespräch [Thoughts about the Christian-Jewish Dialog]1965
  5 item 
127Gedenkrede anläß des 15. Jahrestages der Deportationen nach Gurs und der Synagogenzerstürungen des Jahres 1938 [Memorial Speech on occassion of 15th Anniversary of Deportations to Gurs and Attacks on Synagogues in 1938]1953
  2 items 
128Geistige Wiedergutmachung [Spiritual restitution] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland1950
  1 item 
129Geschichte einer Sehnsucht: Israel [History of an Ambition] In: Sonntagsblatt 1956, August 51956
  1 item 
130Geschichtsbild des Talmud [The Historical Image of the Talmud] - Typescript1955
  12 items 
131Geschichtsbild der Tannaiten (Tannaiten-Ueberlieferer; Amoräer-Erklärer) - Typescript1955?
  11 items 
132Helfender Mensch - rettender Artz. Dr. Fritz Spanier 60 Jahre [Helping Man - Saving Physician. Dr. Fritz Spanier 60 Years] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland1962
  1 item 
133Hermann Cohen und die Reformation [Hermann Cohen and the Reformation] - Typescript1965
  26 items 
134Juden und Christen [Jews and Christians]1957
  4 items 
135Judenmission. Eine Purimbetrachtung zur "Woche der Brüderlichkeit" [Jewish Mission. A Purim Reflection on the "Week of Broterliness"]1964
  3 items 
136Jüdische Frau [The Jewish Woman] - Typescript1960
  11 items 
137"Jüdischer Widerstand" In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland1963
  5 items 
138Karl Barths Brief an einen Juden [Karl Barth's Letter to a Jew] In: Stimme 1966 (18 Jhrg.), No. 9/101966
  3 items 
139Lexicon entries - Der grosse Herder1962
  2 items 
140Lexicon entries - Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche1957-1967
  26 items 
141Martin Buber - Typescript1953
  10 items 
142Ein Mann der Milde und des Kampfes. Leo Baeck - dem in großer Not bewährten Repräsentanten deutschen Judentums In: Die neue Zeitung 1953, May 221953
  1 item 
143Max Dienemann. Ein deutscher Rabbiner und das Christentum [Max Dienemann. A German Rabbi and the Christianity]. In: Kritische Solidarität. Betrachtungen zum Deutsch-Jüdischen Selbstverständnis G. Schulz (ed.). Bremnen 1971: Verlag Friedrich Röver1971
  1 item 
144Die religiöse Lage der jüdischen Jugend in unserer Gegenwart [The Religious Situation of the Jewish Youth at Our Present Time] In: Israelitisches Gemeinschaft1934
  2 items 
145Das religiöse und geistige Selbstverständnis des heutigen Judentums [The religious and spiritual Self-understanding of Contemporary Jewry] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland1964
  6 items 
146Der schulfreie Schabbat [The School-free Sabbath] In: Israelitisches Gemeindeblatt 1934 (12 Jhrg.), Nr. 151934
  1 item 
147Die Synagoge [The Synagogue] - Typescript1955
  9 items 
148The Synagogue. In: German Church Architecture of the 20th Century, Ruf, Sep (ed.)1964
  1 item 
149Tod und Auferstehung im biblischen Judentum [Death and Resurrection in the Biblical Jewry]undated
  10 items 
150Vom Königtum Gottes [On the God's Kingdom] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland 1969 (24 Jhrg.) Nr. 331969
  1 item 
151Warum wurde Deutschland von den Juden geliebt? In: Gegenwart 1957 (2. November) 12. Jhrg., Nr. 22.1957 November 2
  11 items 
152Der Weg der Juden in Deutschland [The Path of the Jews in Germany]. In: Freiburger Rundbrief (Februar 1954), No. 21.1954
  1 item 
153Weggenosse in dunkler Zeit. Zum 10. Todestag des Dichters Richard Beer-Hofmann [Fellow-Traveler in Dark Time]1955
  1 item 
154Zeit bleibt nicht stehen [Time won't stay still] In: Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland 1970 (25 Jhrg.) Nr. 111970
  1 item 

Subseries 2: Reviews, 1958-1971

0.1 linear feet
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by the title of work.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains reviews of Robert Raphael Geis' own books as well as book reviews written by him. The majority of reviewed books deal with Jewish issues in religious and historical context. Among the authors whose books Robert Raphael Geis reviewed were also his teacher Leo Baeck and Martin Buber. Many of his reviews were published in the weekly Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland.

A) Reviews written by Robert Raphael Geis

BoxFolderTitleDate
155Americo Castro und die spanischen Juden1957?
  

Review of Castro, America: Spanien, Vision und Wirklichkeit

1 item
 
156Bubers Schriften zur Bibel1964
  

Review of Buber, Martin: Werke

1 item
 
157Buchbesprechungundated
  

Review of Baeck, Leo: Wesen des Judentums

1 item
 
158Dieses Volk - Jüdische Existenz1958
  

Review of Baeck, Leo: Dieses Volk - Jüdische Existenz. Transcript of a radio program in which Robert Raphael Geis discussed Leo Baeck's book.

6 items
 
159Eine einmalige Dokumentation1964
  

Review of Henkys, R: Die nationalsozialistischen Gewaltverbrechen, Geschichte und Gericht

1 items
 
160"Der Führer der Verirrten" eines großen Christen1963
  

Review of Miskotte, K.H.: " Wenn die Götterschweigen

1 item
 
161"Wer Glauben hat, zittert nicht"1963
  

Review of Hochhuth, Rolf: "Der Stellvertreter." Ein christliches Trauerspiel

1 item
 
162Wiederentdeckung jüdischer Heilsgeschichte [Rediscovery of the Jewish1964
  

Review of Moltmann-Wendel, Elisabeth: Hoffnung - jenseits von Glaube und Skepsis

2 items
 

B) Reviews of Robert Raphael Geis' books

BoxFolderTitleDate
163Gottes Minorität1971
  3 items 
164Versuche des Verstehens1966-1969
  32 items 
165Vom unbekannten Judentum1965
  2 items 

Subseries 3: Sermons and religious texts, 1951-1965

0.1 linear feet
Scope and Content:

The subseries Sermons contains short treatises written on the occasion of major Jewish religious holidays, many of them intended for radio broadcast, as notes on the margins indicate. Most of the sermons are typewritten, some are hand-written, some of them published.

BoxFolderTitleDate
166Hanukkah1953
  1 item 
167Ninth of Av (Tish'ah be-Av)1954
  2 items 
168Passover1959-1961
  10 items 
169Purim1951-1965
  15 items 
170Rosh ha-Shanah1953-1960
  19 items 
171Shavuot1955-1960
  18 items 
172Sukkot1960
  2 items 
173Yom Kippur1954-1960
  9 items 
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Series III: Correspondence, 1928-1984

The series is in German and Dutch.
2.4 linear feet
Arrangement:

Arranged topically in two subseries subseries 1: Individuals and subseries 2: Organizations.

Scope and Content:

The correspondence of Robert Raphael Geis falls into two categories - personal correspondence with individuals and letters to and from organizations. The series was originally arranged chronologically and the distinction between personal and professional correspondence with organizations was not always clear and consistent, but for the sake of better orientation in the collection the division was streamlined and materials collated.

The two most characteristic topics of the correspondence with individuals are letters from students of Robert Raphael Geis that span the decade before the Second World War and correspondence that documents Robert Raphael Geis' involvement in the dialog between Jewish and Christian theologians.

The letters in Subseries 2: Organizations contains mostly correspondence with various Jewish community administrators, newspapers, media, educational institutions, and publishing houses.

Subseries 1: Individuals, 1928-1984

The series is in Germanand Dutch.
1.9 linear feet
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name of correspondent.

Scope and Content:

There are two topics to which letters from and to Robert Raphael Geis gravitate. The first category is marked by the early years of the Nazi regime in Germany and correspondence between Robert Raphael Geis and his students who had left Germany. The postwar period is distinguished by letter exchanges between Raphael Geis and German Protestant theologians who became interested in developments in Israel, interrelations between Jews and Christians, and the theological and philosophical impact of the Holocaust.

The letters from the 1930s provide insights into everyday Jewish life and the experiences of a young rabbi. Several conflicts between Robert Raphael Geis and the leaders of the communities are reflected in letters to his colleagues and teachers. The letters of Grete Guttmann, the Frankfurt rabbi Ceasar Seligmann, and his teacher Paul Lazarus are among the most illustrative in this respect. Also of interest are letters from his dissertation supervisor Johannes Ziekursch.

The correspondence with Leo Baeck, Hugo Bergman, Nahum Glatzer, Ernst Simon, and Kurt Wilhelm provides interesting insights into the cultural and social life of the German-speaking Jewish communities after the Second World War. Robert Raphael Geis was one of the few rabbis who returned to Germany. Leo Baeck settled in London and taught at Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati, Ohio. Nahum Glatzer, who taught for a while at the Freies Jüdisches Lehrhaus in Frankfurt am Main before the war, remained in the United States and taught Jewish history at Yeshiva University in New York and later at Brandeis University. His colleague from the Freies Jüdisches Lehrhaus, Ernst Simon, emigrated to Palestine, and Kurt Wilhelm became the chief rabbi of Sweden in 1948.

The correspondence of Robert Raphael Geis with Albert Speer, the German minister of armament from 1942 to 1945 and prominent architect, certainly deserves some attention. Robert Raphael Geis contacted Albert Speer in 1969 and in their correspondence both men reflected on the war period and their experiences during the war, as well as on postwar development in Germany.

Letters of Robert Raphael Geis to various Protestant and Jewish thinkers involved in the Protestant-Jewish dialog are the second focal point of the collection. A group of Protestant theologians created a forum for discussing relations between Jews and Christian within the framework of the Deutscher Evangelischer Kirchentag (Congress of the German Evangelical Church) in 1959. In 1961 Robert Raphael Geis, philosopher Eva Reichman, Ernst Ludwig Ehrlich, a rabbi from Basel, Switzerland, and Schalom Ben-Chorin from Jerusalem, Israel accepted their invitation and joined the Arbeitsgemeinschaft "Juden und Christen" (Working Group "Jews and Christians"). The correspondence with both the Jewish and Protestant participants documents the sincere, if sometimes difficult, efforts for mutual understanding. Besides letters with his Jewish partners, the correspondence of Robert Raphael Geis and Walter Dirks from the Westdeutscher Rundfunk broadcast (WDR), Adolf Freudenberg, Dietrich Goldschmidt, Helmut Gollwitzer, Günther Harder, and Rudolf Weckerling are of particular interest. The correspondence with Dietrich Goldschmidt is probably most comprehensive in this respect.

The readiness for this dialog among the Protestant leaders was not unqualified and some conservative Protestant theologians dissented from the course taken by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft. The differing views led to the so-called Purim controversy (Purimstreit) in 1963-1964. The discussion had a rather cathartic effect and was important for better understanding of the position of all participants in the debate. The letters related to the argument are filed with the authors who took part in it. The documents related to the intellectual debate published and distributed by the Working Group "Jews and Christians" or by the Congress of the German Evangelical Church can be found in the Subseries 2: Organizations.

Some of the letters written by students of Robert Raphael Geis contain more personal content. Some of the correspondence continued for some time during and after the war, for instance with Eva Darnbacher, Marriane Wilmersdoerffer Frugoni, Erich Hirschberg, Trude Jacob, Lotta Landmann, and Gerty Landauer. Many letters from his students however, both from Munich and Mannheim, Germany were left collated in the folders labeled 'Munich - Students' and 'Mannheim - Students' as they were originally arranged. Some of the students' school assigments are included in these folders, as well.

BoxFolderTitleDate
174Adenauer, Konrad (Bonn, Germany)1953
  1 item 
175Adlerstein, Leo (Düsseldorf, Germany)1969-1970
  5 items 
176Adorno, Theodor W.1954
  4 items 
177Ambrunn, Mair (Munich, Germany)1934
  4 items 
178Andreae, Walter1953
  6 items 
179Bacharach, Isack (Munich, Germany)1934
  80 items 
180Baeck, Leo (Berlin, Germany; London, England;)1929-1940
  18 items 
181Baeck, Leo (Cincinnati, Ohio; London, England; New York, N.Y.; San Francisco, Calif., Jerusalem, Isreal;)1945-1949
  47 items 
182Baeck, Leo (Berlin, Germany; Cincinnati, Ohio; London, England; New York, N.Y.; San Francisco, Calif., Jerusalem, Isreal;)1950-1957
  111 items 
183Baerwald, Leo (Munich, Germany; New York, N.Y.)1932, 1947, 1963
  4 items 
184Bamberger, Fritz (Berlin, Germany)1932
  2 items 
185Baneth, Rosa (Berlin, Germany)1929
  2 items 
186Bar-Moshe, Tsevi1937, 1938
  2 items 
187Barth, Karl1945, 1946
  3 items 
188Barth, Markus1968-1972
  42 items 
189Bauer, Hermineundated
  1 item 
190Bauer, Theodor (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  2 items 
191Beer-Hofmann Lens, Miriam (New York, N.Y.)1955, 1961
  2 items 
192Behr, Amelie (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  2 items 
193Behr, Liesl (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  51 items 
194Ben-Chorin, Schalom (Jerusalem, Israel)1967
  4 items 
195Berger, Marcus (Tuscon, Ariz.; Rodi (Rhodes), Greece)1934-1940
  6 items 
196Bergman, Samuel Hugo (Stockholm, Sweden; Jerusalem, Palestine)1947-1963
  17 items 
197Bethge, Eberhard1952
  3 items 
198Billigheimer, Samuel? (Munich, Germany)1934
  2 items 
199Binswinger, Herman (Munich, Germany)1932-1935
  5 items 
1100Blum, ?undated
  10 items 
1101Blum, F. (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Zürich, Switzerland)1938-1953
  6 items 
1102Blum, Stefan (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  5 items 
1103Böhm, Franz (Amsterdam, Netherlands; Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1950, 1958
  3 items 
1104Böll, Heinrich (Cologne, Germany)1970
  1 item 
1105Boer, Hans A. de (Sevagram, India)1970
  1 item 
1106Boué, E.? (Kaiserswerth, Germany)1961
  1 items 
1107Bouman, Johan (Bochum, Germany)1970
  2 items 
1108Braeker, Maria (Münster, Germany)1970
  1 item 
1109Brandt, Leo (Erkrath, Germany)1970
  1 item 
1110Bulz, Emmanuel (Luxemburg, Luxemburg)1960
  1 item 
1111Busche, Axel (Geneva, Switzerland)1967
  1 item 
1112Caleb, Flore (Paris, France)1945
  3 items 
1113Casalis, Georges (Antony, France)1969-1972
  12 items 
1114Cohn, Benno (Berlin, Germany)1936-1937
  5 items 
1115Corman, Werner1971,1972
  3 items 
1116Darnbacher, Eve, Lore, and Leopold (Mannheim, Germany; Brooklyn, N.Y.; Scarsdale, N.Y.)1937-1942
  52 items 
1117Dirks, Elisabeth and Walter1959-1967
  40 items 
1118Dispeker, Bella (Egern, Germany)undated, 1937
   
1119Eckert, Willehad Paul1966-1971
1120Ehrenpreis, Marcus (Lugano, Switzerland)1948
  5 items 
1121Ehrhardt, Gertrud (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1949
  1 item 
1122Ehrlich, Ernst Ludwig (Basel, Switzerland)1962-1969
  59 items 
1123Elbogen, Regi (New York, N.Y.)1949-1956
  5 items 
1124Elk, Max (then Stettin, Germany; now Szczecin, Poland)1934
  4 items 
1125Elsasser, Marcelle and Robert (Gstaad, Switzerland)1936-1937
  31 items 
1126Engelhardt, Paulus (Walberberg, Germany)1970
  2 items 
1127Erlanger, Madeleine and Albert (Pontresina, Switzerland)1971
  6 items 
1128Fabian, Walter? (Düsseldorf, Germany)undated, 1970
  2 items 
1129Fellerer, Karl Gustav?1971, 1972
  2 items 
1130Feuchwanger, Sigbert (Tel Aviv, Israel)1953-1955
  12 items 
1131Flügel, Heinz (Tutzing, Germany)1964, 1966
  2 items 
1132Freudenberg, Adolf (Bad Vilbel, Germany; Düsseldorf, Germany)1958-1971
  61 items 
1133Friedemann, Käthe (Berlin-Zehlendorf, Germany)1931
  4 items 
1134Friedemann, Max (Königstein, Germany)1928-1937
  5 items 
1135Frings, Josef1952, 1967, 1973
  3 items 
1136Freudenthal, Max (Nurnberg, Germany; Munich, Germany)1933-1937
  10 items 
1137Frugoni Wilmersdoerffer, Marianne (Biel, Switzerland; Firenze, Italy; Flushing, N.Y.; Geneva, Switzerland; Munich, Germany)1933-1949
  10 items 
1138Führmann, Friedrich (Düsseldorf, Germany)1970
  1 item 
1139Geis, Gabriel1968
  2 items 
1140Geis, Sittah (London, England; Newark, N.J.; Washington, D.C.)1949, 1954, 1955
  3 items 
1141Giesekus, Waltraud (Hilchenbach, Germany)1961-1970
  10 items 
1142Glasser, Elisabeth and Gustav (Munich, Germany)1932
  3 items 
1143Glatzer, Nahum Norbert (Tel Aviv, Israel; London, England; Watertown, Mass.; Waltham, Mass.)1930, 1952-1965
  32 items 
1144Goes, Albrecht (Stuttgart, Germany)1967
  1 item 
1145Goldschmidt, David (Stockholm, Sweden)1947-1953
  10 items 
1146Goldschmidt, Dietrich (Berlin, Germany)1961-1983
  182 items 
1147Goldschmidt, Ernst Daniel (Jerusalem, Palestine)1947
  1 item 
1148Goldschmidt, Ludwig (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Kassel, Germany)1949, 1960
  15 items 
1149Gollwitzer, Brigitte and Helmut (Urberg, Germany; Berlin, Germany)1955-1962
  116 items 
1150Grolle, Johan H. (Utrecht, Netherlands)1964
  3 items 
1151Grünewald, Hilde (Baden Baden, Germany; Mannheim, Germany)undated, 1937
  3 items 
1152Grünewald, Max (Mannheim, Germany; New York, N.Y.)1929-1940, 1984
  20 items 
1153Gutjahr, Werner (Brehna, Germany)1963
  1 item 
1154Guttmann, Grete (Breslau, Germany; Berlin, Germany)1928-1934
  16 items 
1155Guttmann, Julius (then Breslau, Germany, now Wrocaw, Poland; Berlin, Germany; Jerusalem, Palestine)1934-1943
  5 items 
BoxFolderTitleDate
21Haack, Hans-Erich (Paris, France)1970
  4 item 
22Hammerstein, Franz von (Berlin, Germany)1971, 1972
  3 item 
23Hampe, Johann Christoph (Hohenschäfltarn, Germany)1971, 1972
  3 item 
24Harder, Günther (Berlin, Germany)1965
  64 items 
25Harling, Johannesundated, 1961?
  2 items 
26Haupt, Otto (Karlsruhe, Germany)1955
  1 item 
27Hendel, Ursula (Krefeld, Germany)1960
  1 item 
28Heinemann, Heidi and Gustav (Bonn, Germany)1969-1971
  5 items 
29Herbermann, Clemens (Münster, Germany)1970
  1 item 
210Hernegger, Beda (Aachen, Germany)1959
  2 items 
211Heuss, Theodor (Bonn, Germany; Stuttgart, Germany)1950-1960
  21 items 
212Heydecker, Walter1936-1938
  8 items 
213Hirsch, Miriam (Munich, Germany)1934-1936
  8 items 
214Hirschberg, Erich (Munich, Germany; Besozzo, Italy; Madison, Wis.)1934, 1947, 1949
  8 items 
215Hirschberg, Max (Besozzo, Italy; New York, N.Y.)1934, 1947
  3 item 
216Hockenheimer, Grete (Bronx, N.Y., London?, England; New York, N.Y.)1937-1940
  10 items 
217Höfer, Werner (Cologne, Germany)1964-1971
  7 items 
218Holzer, P.? (London, England)1962-1970
  14 items 
219Hoppe, Joachim (Berlin, Germany)1964
  4 items 
220Horkheimer, Max (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1954
  3 items 
221Hromádka, J.L. (Prague, Czech Republic)1964
  1 item 
222Huber, Hans (Karlsruhe, Germany; Heidelberg, Germany)1954-1967
  10 items 
223Israel, Max (Karlsruhe, Germany)1953
  2 items 
224Italiener, Bruno (London, England)1947-1948
  4 items 
225Iwand, Hans Joachim (Bonn, Germany)1958-1960
  5 items 
226Jasper, Gerhard (Bethel, Germany)1964
  2 items 
227Jacob, Trude (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Mannheim, Germany; San Francisco, Calif.; Washington, D.C.)1937-1940
  20 items 
228Josephsthal, Emma and Paul (Nurberg, Germany)1933
  2 items 
229Josephsthal, Georg (Basel, Switzerland; Berlin, Germany; Mannheim, Germany; Munich, Germany)1933-1935
  9 items 
230Josephsohn, Gunnar (Stockholm, Sweden)1947-1948
  6 items 
231Just, Helmut and Just-Dahlmann, Barbara (Mannheim, Germany)undated, 1968
  2 item 
232Kaper, Gudrun (Hamburg, Germany)1967, 1970
  2 items 
233Kappes, Heinz (Karlsruhe, Germany)1950-1952
  17 items 
234Karger-Karin, Mendel1969
  4 items 
235Kasselmann, Krista (Duisburg, Germany)1969
  1 item 
236Katzenstein, Ernst (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Geneva, Switzerland)1961-1971
  4 items 
237Kessel, Wolfgang (Bad Godesberg, Germany)1968
  1 item 
238Kirschner, Emanuel? (Munich, Germany)1934
  2 items 
239Klaffke, F.E. (Kettwig, Germany)1970
  1 item 
240Kloppenburg, Heinz (Dortmund, Germany)1962, 1964
  2 items 
241Knecht, Josef (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany)1957
  1 item 
242Koebner, Richard (Jerusalem, Palestine; London, England)1941-1949
  5 items 
243Kogon, Eugen (Falkenstein, Germany)1964
  1 item 
244Kohn, Else (Jerusalem, Palestine)1934-1939
  59 items 
245König, M. (Amsterdam, Netherlands)1952
  1 item 
246Korn, Karl1960
  1 item 
247Kratzenstein, Jossef (Luxemburg, Luxemburg)1948
  3 items 
248Kraus, Hans-Joachim (Hamburg, Germany, Bovenden, Germany)1962-1972
  22 items 
249Krause, ?1951
  3 items 
250Krauss, Werner1954
  1 item 
251Kremers, Heinz (Kettwig, Germany)1970
  1 item 
252Kroon, K. H. (Amsterdam, Netherlands)1970-1971
  7 items 
253Krüger, Detlof (Ulm, Germany)1968
  1 item 
254Küster, Otto (Stuttgart, Germany)1954, 1959
  5 items 
255Lagemann, Ulrich (Krefeld, Germany)1960
  1 item 
256Landmann, Lotta (Mannheim, Germany; Frankfurt am Main, Germany; London, England; Kew Gardens, N.Y.)1937-1942
  42 items 
257Landmann, Michael (Berlin, Germany)1964
  1 item 
258Landauer, Gerty and Gretel (Mannheim, Germany; Fetan, Switzerland; Pontresina, Switzerland; Rotterdam, Netherlands;)1937-1939
  42 items 
259Lauer, Chaim (Mannheim, Germany; Biel, Switzerland; Bienne; Switzerland)1937
  8 items 
260Lazarus, Arnold (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1931
  4 items 
261Lazarus, Paul (Wiesbaden, Germany; Haifa, Palestine)1932-1940, 1946
  26 items 
262Leeuwe, Hans H. J. de1967
  2 items 
263Lehr, Robert (Düsseldorf, Germany)1953
  1 item 
264Lemle, Heiner (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil)1948-1949
  5 items 
265Leuner, Heinz David (London, England)1961-1964
  6 items 
266Levinson, Nathan Peter (Berlin, Germany; Heidelberg, Germany)1969, 1953
  5 items 
267Levy, Isaac (London, England)1947, 1948
  2 items 
268Lewy, Hermann1969
  1 item 
269Lichtigfeld, Isaak Emil (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1967
  1 item 
270Littman, Bettina (Geneva, Switzerland; Zürich, Switzerland)1949-1955
  5 items 
271Littmann, Joseph (Zürich, Switzerland)1948-1956
  7 items 
272Livneh, Eliahu K. (Munich, Germany)1952
  2 items 
273Sr. Louis-Gabriel (London, England)1964
  2 items 
274Luckner, ?1952
  1 item 
275Lüth, Erich (Hamburg, Germany)1951, 1955
  3 items 
276Lutz, Robert (Munich, Germany)undated, 1970
  3 items 
277Maas, Hermann (Heidelberg, Germany)1949-1951
  16 items 
278Malik, Lukas Ramzi H. (Düsseldorf, Germany)1957
  10 items 
279Mallinckrodt, Gerd (Broich, Germany)1968, 1970
  2 items 
280Mann, Thomas (Pacific Palisades, Calif.)1945
  1 item 
281Maoz, Benjamin (military post, Israel)1948
  4 items 
282Marcks, Gerhard (Cologne, Germany)1954, 1959, 1963
  4 items 
283Marx, Karl (Düsseldorf, Germany)1953
  2 items 
284Marquardt, Friedrich-Wilhelm (Berlin, Germany)1964-1972
  43 items 
285Martin, K[urt?] (Karlsruhe, Germany)1954
  1 item 
286May, Gustav (Audoboun, New York, N.Y.)1937
  3 items 
287May, Sara and F. (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1929
  1 item 
288Maybaum, Ignaz (Edgware, England)1947-1948
  3 items 
289Mayer, Elisabeth and Wilhelm (Munich, Germany)1933-1935
  5 items 
290Melchior, Marcus (Copenhagen, Denmark)1954
  1 item 
291Michel, Otto (Tübingen, Germany)1956-1964
  8 items 
292Milberg, Hildegard (Hamburg, Germany)1961, 1968
  2 items 
293Miskotte, Kornelis Heiko (Voorst, Netherlands)1964-1977
  11 items 
294Mochalski, Herbert (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1960, 1967
  2 items 
295Möllerfeld, Wilhelm1929-1930
  3 items 
296Moszkowski, Hildegard (Bad-Neuheim, Germany)1970
  2 items 
297Neter, Mia (Mannheim, Germany)1936, 1937
  21 items 
298Nie, H. de (Amsterdam, Netherlands)1970-1971
  19 items 
299Niemöller, Martin (Wiesbaden, Germany)1955-1964
  6 items 
2100Nöther, Otto (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  7 items 
2101Oechelhaeuser, Sigrid (Düsseldorf, Germany)1960
  1 item 
2102Oestereich, Carl (Munich, Germany; London, England)1932-1948
  10 items 
2103Oppenheim, Gustav (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  1 item 
2104Oppenheim, Ludwig (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  1 item 
2105Oppenheim, Trudi and Leo (London, England)1948
  3 items 
2106Ostertag, Benno (Stuttgart, Germany)1954
  1 item 
2107Ostfeld, Hermann (Jerusalem, Palestine)1940
  1 item 
2108Ostrowski, ? (Davos, Switzerland; Haifa, Palestine)1947-1949
  8 items 
2109Oyen, Hendrik van (Basel, Switzerland)1949
  2 items 
2110Peterson, Katharina (Hannover, Germany)1956
  1 item 
2111Petuchowski, Jakob Josef (Cincinnati, Ohio)1970
  2 items 
2112Pfeifer, Hans (Kaiserswerth, Germany)1970
  1 item 
2113Plaut, Max (Bremen, Germany)1963, 1970
  10 items 
2114Rad, Gerhard von (Heidelberg, Germany)196-?
  1 item 
2115Rasp-Nuri, Grace (Darmstadt, Germany)1963, 1970
  7 items 
2116Rau, Johannes (Düsseldorf, Germany)1969
  1 item 
2117Reichmann, Eva G. (London, England)1961-1971
  62 items 
2118Rengstorf, Karl Heinrich (Münster, Germany)1952-1964
  5 items 
2119Rendtorff, Rolf (Neckargemünd, Germany)1962-1966
  11 items 
2120Rosenthal, Nicki (Cannes, France; London, England; Milan, Italy; Sussex, England)1934?-1940
  48 items 
2121Rosenzweig, Edith (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1929
  1 item 
2122Rosenzweig, Rachel (Ramat-Hadar, Israel)1966
  1 item 
2123Ruhsetz, Jens (Tutzing, Germany)1964
  2 items 
2124Salomon, A. (Amsterdam, Netherlands)1970
  1 item 
2125Salomon, Walter (Mannheim, Germany)1937
  1 item 
2126Schanzer, Martha (Dortmund, Germany)1930
  1 item 
2127Schaper, Edvard (Brig, Switzerland)undated
  1 item 
2128Schereschewski, E. (Cologne, Germany)1964
  2 items 
2129Schlapper, Ernst (Baden Baden, Germany)1954
  5 items 
2130Schlechta, Karl (Darmstadt, Germany)1964-1965
  5 items 
2131Schlingensiepen, Hermann (Wuppertal, Germany)1970
  4 items 
2132Schmid, Carlo (Bonn, Germany)1956-1961
  5 items 
2133Schmidt, Eberhard (Heidelberg, Germany)1954-1957
  3 items 
2134Schmidt, Egon Arthur (Cologne, Germany)1969
  2 items 
2135Schneider, Grete (Oberstdorf?, Germany)1965
  1 item 
2136Schoen, Ulrich (Algiers, Algeria)1970
  1 item 
2137Schönfeld, ? (then Breslau, Germany, now Wrocaw, Poland)1932-1936
  8 items  
2138Schramowski, Richard? (Duisburg, Germany)1970
  1 item 
2139Schrey, Helmut (Duisburg, Germany)1971
  1 item 
2140Schroers, Rolf (Blankenheim, Germany)1969
  1 item 
2141Schumacher, Horst (Paris, France)1968
  1 item 
2142Schütte Ernst (Wiebaden, Germany)undated, 1959-1965
  9 items 
2143Seidler, Elisabeth and Manfred1956-1971
  21 items 
2144Seligmann, Ella and Caesar (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Cambridge, England; London, England)1931-1950
  49 items  
2145Shinnar, Felix E. (Cologne, Germany)1955
  1 item 
2146Sholem, Gershom (Kopenhagen, Denmark; Jerusalem, Israel)1963, 1965
  2 items 
2147Silberstein, Maxundated
  1 item  
2148Simon, Ernst (Jerusalem, Israel)1936-1970
  15 items 
2149Speer, Albert (Heidelberg, Germany)1969-1971
  38 items 
2150Stein, Recha and Nathan (Karlsruhe, Germany; Hampsted, N.Y.)1936-1957
  10 items 
2151Steltzer, Theodor (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1955
  1 item 
2152Sterlepper, Wilhelm (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1962, 1966, 1970
  3 items 
2153Sterling, Eleonore (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1952-1965
  11 items 
2154Sternberger, Dolf (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1956, 1957
  2 items 
2155Straus, Rahel (Jerusalem, Israel; Merano, Italy; Venosta, Italy)1933-1953
  12 items 
2156Strauss, Rosette and Heinrich (Jerusalem, Israel)1971
  2 items 
2157Strich, Fritz (Bern, Switzerland)1949
  3 items 
2158Sturman, Manfred (Munich, Germany)1934-1937
  5 items 
2159Susman, Margarete (Zürich, Switzerland)1947-1955
  10 items 
2160Süverkrüp, Dietrich (Düsseldorf, Germany)undated
  1 item  
BoxFolderTitleDate
31Tänzer, Paul (Stuttgart, Germany)1936
  2 items 
32Tavor, Moshe (Jerusalem, Israel)1969-1972
  46 items 
33Thadden-Trieglaff, Reinold (Fulda, Germany)1961-1970
  8 items 
34Thalheimer, Wolf (Cologne, Germany; Roma, Italy)1937-1938
  10 items 
35Thieme, Karl (Baden Baden, Germany; Lörrach, Germany; Germersheim, Germany)1955-1961
  4 items 
36Trinks, Ulrich (Vienna, Austria)1971
  3 items 
37Torczyner, Harry (Berlin, Germany)1929, 1932
  2 items 
38Tödt, Heinz Eduard (Heidelberg, Germany)1966
  1 item 
39Ucko, Siegfried (Offenburg, Germany)undated, 1934
  3 items 
310Unna, Isak (Arosa, Switzerland; Jarusalem, Palestine)1935, 1937?
  3 items 
311Victor, Trude (Pleasantville, N.Y.)1956
  2 items 
312Vogelstein, Hermann (then Breslau, Germany; now Wrocaw, Poland)1931
  1 item 
313Vossler, Emma (Munich, Germany; Kressbronn am Bodensee, Germany)1959-1967
  16 items 
314Wainer, Rosa (Berlin, Germany)1970
  1 item 
315Weckerling, Rudolf (Berlin, Germany)19641972
  28 items 
316Weil, Gertrude (London, England)1933-1934
  3 items 
317Weinkauff, Hermann (Karlsruhe, Germany)1953, 1954
  2 items 
318Weltsch, Robert (London, England)1959, 1965
  4 items 
319Werner, Anna and Alfred (Munich, Germany; Neuilly-sur-Seine, France; West Worthing, England; Jerusalem, Palestine; Tel Aviv, Palestine)1932-1937
  55 items 
320Weyl?, J. (Konstanz, Germany)1959?
  1 item 
321Wiener, Alfred (London, England)1954-1961
  7 items 
322Wiesner, S. (Munich, Germany)1935-1938
  7 items 
323Wilckens, Ulrich (Hinterzarten, Germany; Hamburg, Germany)1952-1954, 1977
  7 items 
324Wilhelm, Kurt (Stockholm, Sweden)1947-1963
  25 items 
325Wilmersdorfer, Hans (Munich, Germany)1934
  4 items 
326Wolf, E. (Göttingen, Germany)1965-1966
  4 items 
327Wolf, Gerhard (Munich, Germany)1954, 1962
  8 items 
328Wolff, Gladys (Stockholm, Sweden)1947-1948
  3 items 
329Wolff, H. W. (Düsseldorf, Germany)1953
  2 items 
330Zeeden, Ernst Walte (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany)1953
  1 item 
331Ziegler, Ignaz (Jerusalem, Palestine)1947
  2 items 
332Ziekursch, Irene (Düsseldorf, Germany)1970
  1 item 
333Ziekursch, Johannes (Cologne, Germany)1929-1930
  11 items 
334Zimmerli, Walther (Göttingen, Germany; Oldenburg, Germany)1966, 1972
  2 items 

Various

BoxFolderTitleDate
335Munich - Personalities1932-1935
336Munich - Students1932-1937
337Munich - Students and Youth movement1932-1936
338Mannheim1935-1938
339Mannheim - Students1934-1940
340Purimstreit - Transcripts1961-1965
341Others1929-1972

Subseries 2: Organizations, 1928-1983

0.5 linear feet
Arrangement:

Arranged in five topical sections.

Scope and Content:

The Subseries 2: Organizations contains correspondence with Jewish community administrations, book publishers, and media. Letters to Jewish cultural and religious institutions revolve around the issues of employment opportunities. The communications with the leaders of the communities in Munich and Mannheim also discuss issues related to Robert Raphael Geis' duties as a Jewish religion teacher and educator. Documents related to the Jewish communities in Munich, Germany and Zürich, Switzerland include materials that shed some light on differences between Robert Raphael Geis and the leadership of those communities. These documents reflect the transformation of Jewish communities before and after the Second World War.

The correspondence with publishers, periodicals, and other media contains letters related to Robert Raphael Geis' publication activities and also his role as a community leader. Many of his articles were written for the Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden in Deutschland. Robert Raphael Geis also often appeared in the broadcast of the Süddeutscher Rundfunk (SWR) and Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR).

Some correspondence also relates to Robert Raphael Geis' talks and lectures to student audience at universities and other educational institutions.

A) General, 1953-1972

BoxFolderTitleDate
342American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (Munich, Germany)1953
  3 items 
343Auswärtiges Amt [Ministry of Foreign Affairs] (Bonn, Germany)1959
  1 item 
344Bund der Vertriebenen (Düsseldorf, Germany)1967
  1 item 
345Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission [German Commission for UNESCO] (Cologne, Germany)1968-1970
  6 items 
346Deutscher Evangelischer Kirchentag. Arbeitsgemeinschaft "Juden und Christen"1963-1972
  102 items 
347Freie Demokratische Partei (Düsseldorf, Germany)undated, 1969
  2 items 
348Gesellschaftselschaft für christlich-jüdisches Zusammenarbeitundated, 1970-1971
  8 items 
349Heinrich-Heine-Gesellschaft (Düsseldorf, Germany)1969-1971
  8 items 
350Hermann-Herder-Stiftung (Basel, Switzerland)1966
  1 item 
351Hilfsaktion Vietnam (Düsseldorf, Germany)1966-1969
  15 items 
352Humanistische Union1963, 1972
  2 items 
353Katholisches Judæologisches Institut (Pfaffenhofen, Germany)1966
  1 item 
354Republikanisches Zentrum Düsseldorf1968-1969
  3 items 
355Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD)1962?, 1968
  2 items 
356Stadtarchiv Mannheim (Mannheim, Germany)1967, 1968
  4 items 
357Stiftung Volkswagenwerk (Hannover, Germany)1966, 1970
  8 items 

B) Jewish religious and cultural institutions, 1933-1972

BoxFolderTitleDate
358Administration du Culte israélite Luxembourg (Luxemburg, Luxemburg)1949
  3 items 
359Ben-Shemen - The Jewish Junior and Children's Farm (Ben-Shemen, Palestine)1933
  2 items 
360Freunde und Förder des Leo Baeck Institutes (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1971, 1972
  2 items 
361Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Bern1949
  3 items 
362Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Kassel1937-1939
  12 items 
363Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Kassel1950
  5 items 
364Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Mannheim1934-1936
  38 items 
365Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Mannheim - Youth education and programs1934-1937
  76 items 
366Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Munich - Inhaltsangabe der Predigt vom 30. December 1933 [Account on the Content of the Sermon on December 30, 1933]1933?
  5 items 
367Israelitische Kulturgemeinde Munich1931-1934
368Israelitische Kultusgemeinde Zürich - "Traktandum 4". Bericht des Vorstandes über die Angelegenheit Dr. Robert Geisundated, 1939, 1953
  34 items 
369Jüdische Gemeinde Frankfurt am Main1951
  2 items 
370Jüdische Gemeinde zu Berlin (Berlin, Germany)1960
  1 item 
371Jüdische Studentenvereiningung Heidelberg (Heidelberg, Germany)1952-1954
  12 items 
372Landesverband der jüdischen Gemeinden von Nordrhein-Westphalen (Düsseldorf, Germany)1952
  1 item 
373Oberrat der Israeliten Baden (Karlsruhe, Germany)1949
  12 items 
374Oberrat der israelitischen Religionsgemeinschaft Württembergs (Stuttgart, Germany)1936
  7 items 
375Synagogengemeinde Bonn1937
  4 items 
376Synagogengemeinde Erfurt1937
  3 items 
377Zentralrat der Juden in Deutschland (Düsseldorf, Germany)1966-1970
  9 items 

C) Periodicals and other media, 1954-1983

BoxFolderTitleDate
378Allgemeine Wochenzeitung der Juden (Düsseldorf, Germany)1954
  1 item 
379Badische neueste Nachrichten (Karlsruhe, Germany)1952
  10 items 
380Bonner Korrespondenz (Bonn, Germany)1968
  1 item 
381Deutsche Zeitung (Stuttgart, Germany)1956
  1 item 
382Deutsche Volkszeitung (Düsseldorf, Germany)1970
  1 item 
383Frankfurter allgemeine Zeitung (Frankfurt am Main, Germany; Bad Homburg, Germany)1954, 1960-1961, 1983
  18 items 
384Kristall (Hamburg, Germany)1966
  4 items 
385Münster (Scheidegg, Germany)1968
  1 item 
386Süddeutscher Rundfunk (Karlsruhe, Germany)1958
  1 item 
387Tribüne [Tribune] (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1970
  1 item 
388Westdeutscher Rundfunk, WDR (Cologne, Germany)1958, 1965-1973
  25 items 
389Westdeutscher Rundfunk, WDR (Cologne, Germany) Loewenstein-Waltermann contraversy1967
  53 items 

D) Publishers, 1960-1971

BoxFolderTitleDate
390Carl Heymanns Verlag (Cologne, Germany)1969
  6 items 
391Chr. Kaiser (Firm) (Munich, Germany)1965-1970
  4 pages 
392Fischer Lexikon (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1958
  3 items 
393Kreuz Verlag (Stuttgart, Germany)1969
  7 items 
394Kyrios Verlag (Freising, Germany)1971
  1 item 
395Melzer Verlag (Darmstadt, Germany; Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1969-1970
  7 items 
396Rowohlt (Firm) (Düsseldorf, Germany)1964, 1968
  21 items 
397Suhrkamp Verlag (Frankfurt am Main, Germany)1960
  2 items 
398Szczesny Verlag (München, Germany)1963
  2 items 
399Verlag Herder (Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany)1960, 1969
  5 items 

E) Universities and other educational institutions, 1928-1929, 1950-1971

BoxFolderTitleDate
3100Gesellschaft der Freunde der Ruhr-Universität Bochum1969
  1 item 
3101Pädagogische Hochschule Ruhr (Dortmund, Germany)1969-1971
  7 items 
3102Universität Frankfurt am Main. Philosophische Fakultät1950
  3 items 
3103Universität Göttingen. Theologische Fakultät1971
  2 items 
3104Universität Hamburg. Evangelish-Theologische Fakultät1968
  3 items 
3105Universität Köln. Philosophische Fakultät (Cologne, Germany)1928-1929
  7 items 
3106Volkshochschule Wuppertal1969
  1 item 
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