Guide to the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Collection, 1929-1949
 
AR 7196

Processed by LBI Staff

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2007  Leo Baeck Institute
Finding aid was encoded by Lea Osborne on February 12, 2007. Description is in English.
May 2008: Microfilm inventory and access information added. March 26, 2014:  Links to digital objects added in Container List. September 22, 2015:  Removed links from Internet Archive site and added links to LBI repository.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
Title: American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Collection
Dates: 1929-1949
Abstract: The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (also known as the JDC) was founded on November 27, 1914, in order to facilitate and centralize the collection and distribution of funds by American Jews for Jews abroad. This collection consists of the German case files of the JDC (dating from 1929 to 1947). The records document various individuals’ immigration attempts. Although the JDC was at first reluctant to aid individuals directly, this became necessary after the outbreak of World War II. Documents concerning many prominent individuals may be found in this collection.
Languages: The collection is in German and English.
Quantity: 11 linear feet and one microfilm reel
Identification: AR 7196
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Scope and Contents

The bulk of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) collection consists of the German case files of the JDC and date from 1929 to 1947. These records document various individuals’ immigration attempts. Although the JDC was at first reluctant to aid individuals directly, this became necessary after the outbreak of World War II. Individuals of note whose case files may be found in this collection include: Ossip Flechtheim, Babette Gross, Kurt Grossmann, Albert Grzesinski, Erich Kaestner, Alfred Kerr, Hermann Kesten, Siegfried Kracauer, Karl Meinhard, Franz Oppenheim, Wolfgang Panowsky, Joachim Prinz, Kurt Rosenfeld, Hans-Joachim Schoeps, Leopold Schwarzschild, Toni Sender, Kurt Singer, Heinrich Stahl, Friedrich Stampfer, and Bruno Weil.

The case files themselves include papers and correspondence of organizations, which collaborated with the JDC, including: American Jewish Committee, American Jewish Congress, Canadian Jewish Congress, Comitvoor Joodsche Vluchtelingen, HIAS-HICEM, Hilfsverein der deutschen Juden, National Refugee Service, Reichsvertretung der deutschen Juden, Selfhelp for German Refugees, and United Jewish Appeal. Amongst individuals whose correspondence is contained in the case files are Cyrus Adler, Ernst Behrendt, Albert Einstein, Joseph Hyman, Bernhard Kahn, Herbert Katzki, J. B. Lightman, Robert Pilpel, Cecilia Razovsky, and Jeanette Robbins.

The collection also contains a small section of Italian case files of the JDC, 1945-1947, for displaced persons in Italy after the war, concerning attempts to contact friends and relatives, conditions in Italy, and attempts to emigrate.

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Arrangement

This collection is arranged in three series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Access to the materials in this collection will only be granted to users who can demonstrate a legitimate research need. Please submit requests to view any folder in this collection via email to lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org and include a description of your research and an explanation of why access to the materials is necessary.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Microfilm

The collection is on forty reels of microfilm (MF 488).

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); American Jewish Join Distribution Committee Collection; AR 7196; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.

 

Series I: German Case Files, 1929-1947

This series is in German and English.
10 linear feet
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series I contains immigration case records from the JDC dating from 1933 to 1947. The case files themselves also hold correspondence and accompanying documentation. Individuals of note include: Ossip Flechtheim, Babette Gross, Kurt Grossmann, Albert Grzesinski, Erich Kaestner, Alfred Kerr, Hermann Kesten, Siegfried Kracauer, Karl Meinhard, Franz Oppenheim, Wolfgang Panowsky, Joachim Prinz, Kurt Rosenfeld, Hans-Joachim Schoeps, Leopold Schwarzschild, Toni Sender, Kurt Singer, Heinrich Stahl, Friedrich Stampfer, and Bruno Weil.

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Inventories and Description [A through Cn missing]
1 2 Bruno through Cohn, Hans 1936-1943
1 3 Cohn, Heinz through Cz 1933-1944
1 4 Da through De 1933-1944
1 5 Do through Dz 1933-1943
1 6 Dallmann, Heinz 1937-1943
1 7 Dellevie 1941-1944
1 8 Dormitzer, Carl 1940-1942
1 9 Drucker, H.N. 1942
1 10 Durlacher, Berta 1941-1942
1 11 Ea through Ei 1935-1944
1 12 Ek through Ez 1933-1943
1 13 Epstein, Werner 1941-1942
1 14 Ehrlich, Curt 1941
1 15 Fa through Feibel 1933-1944
1 16 Feibelman through Feywulowitz 1934-1944
1 17 Fabian, Robert 1940-1942
1 18 Fassbender, H.K. 1941-1944
1 19 Feige, Martha 1941
1 20 Feder through Fischer 1933-1943
1 21 Fischl through Florsheim 1933-1944
1 22 Fink, L. and N. 1941-1945
1 23 Foch through Frank 1933-1944
1 24 Frank, Louise 1940-1941
Box Folder Title Date
2 1 Frankel through Freymark 1933-1944
2 2 Frid through Frischer 1933-1944
2 3 Friedberg, Hugo 1938-1941
2 4 Friedlander, Richard 1941-1942
2 5 Froehlich through Fux 1933-1942
2 6 Fuld, Emanuel 1941-1942
2 7 Gabel through Gerson 1933-1943
2 8 Gerst through Glueckstein 1933-1943
2 9 Goetschel through Goldschmidt 1933-1943
2 10 Goldsmith through Golluber 1934-1943
2 11 Goldstein, M. and F. 1941-1945
2 12 Goldwurm, G. and S. 1941-1943
2 13 Gom through Gourowitsch 1933-1941
2 14 Glaserfeld, Max 1940-1941
2 15 Gompertz, R. 1940-1942
2 16 Gottesmann, I. 1939-1944
2 17 Gradenwitz through Gruen 1933-1944
2 18 Gruenbaum through Grzesinski 1935-1942
2 19 Gross, Lilly 1941
2 20 Gruen, Oskar 1938-1940
2 21 Gruenbaum, Betty 1942
2 22 Grunwald, Paul 1941
2 23 Guckenheimer through Guthmann 1933-1943
2 24 Gutkind through Guttmann/Guttenstein 1933-1942
Box Folder Title Date
3 1 Haas through Hahn, Hans 1933-1944
3 2 Hahn, Hugo through Hammerschlag 1933-1943
3 3 Haas, Philip 1941-1942
3 4 Hamburger, A. and K. 1940-1942
3 5 Han through Haut 1934-1945
3 6 Hanau, Max and Hedwig 1941-1943
3 7 Hasdeu, Martin 1941-1942
3 8 Hiecht through Heitler 1935-1943
3 9 Held through Hertz 1933-1943
3 10 Hertzka through Hertzstein 1933-1943
3 11 Herzfeld, Felix 1941-1942
3 12 Hess through Heyum 1934-1943
3 13 Hichberger through Hirsch, R. 1933-1943
3 14 Hirsch, S. through Hitschmann 1933-1942
3 15 Hirscholn Family 1933-1942
3 16 Hoeber through Hyman 1933-1944
3 17 Holz, E. and G. 1935-1936
3 18 I 1934-1942
3 19 Ja 1933-1943
3 20 Jacobson, Otto 1940-1942
3 21 Jaffe, Hedwig 1941-1944
Box Folder Title Date
4 1 Je through Ju 1933-1944
4 2 Jelski, Julius 1942-1945
4 3 Kac through Kah 1934-1942
4 4 Kahn, Erich 1941
4 5 Kahn, Mella 1941-1942
4 6 Kahn, Richard 1940-1941
4 7 Kaim through Kary 1933-1944
4 8 Kaplan, Siegmund 1941-1942
4 9 Kapper Family 1940-1942
4 10 Kas through Kat 1934-1943
4 11 Katz, Manfreed 1941-1944
4 12 Kas through Kay 1939-1946
4 13 Kehr through Klein, Herman 1934-1944
4 14 Klein, Ignaz through Knopp 1933-1943
4 15 Ko 1933-1944
4 16 Koch, E. and I. 1941
4 17 Kra 1933-1942
4 18 Kre through Kry 1933-1943
4 19 Krieg, Max 1937-1942
4 20 Ks through Ku 1933-1945
4 21 Lab through Lan 1933-1943
4 22 Las through Laz 1933-1946
4 23 Lauter, Eric and Erna 1940-1944
Box Folder Title Date
5 1 Leb through Leh 1933-1943
5 2 Lehmann Family 1941
5 3 Lehmann, Eugene 1940-1942
5 4 Lei through Lev 1933-1944
5 5 Leitner, Karl 1941
5 6 Lerner, Pfingst 1941
5 7 Leva through Levin 1933-1943
5 8 Levinger through Levy 1933-1943
5 9 Levy, Paul 1940-1942
5 10 Lew through Lez 1933-1943
5 11 Lewin, Alex 1941-1942
5 12 Lia through Lif 1934-1943
5 13 Lil through Liz 1936-1942
5 14 Livingston, H. 1940-1942
5 15 Loeb through Loewald 1934-1946
5 16 Loewe through Loewy 1933-1944
5 17 Loeb, Adele 1941
5 18 Loebl, Arthur 1941-1942
5 19 Loew, Ernst 1940-1941
5 20 Loewenstein, E. and G. 1941-1942
5 21 Luf through Lux 1933-1943
5 22 Maa through Mai 1934-1942
5 23 Masi through Man 1933-1942
5 24 Magnus, M. and E. 1940-1943
Box Folder Title Date
6 1 Marb through Marko 1933-1941
6 2 Markr through Marz 1933-1942
6 3 Marcus, Ernst 1940-1941
6 4 Mas through May 1933-1942
6 5 May 1933-1945
6 6 Mayer, Anna 1940-1943
6 7 Mayer, Carl 1941
6 8 Mayer, Max 1941-1942
6 9 Mec through Met 1934-1945
6 10 Mey 1933-1943
6 11 Merzbach, Hans 1941-1942
6 12 Messing, H. 1938-1941
6 13 Meyer, Victor 1942-1945
6 14 Mi 1934-1943
6 15 Michelson, Julius 1933-1938
6 16 Mo 1933-1944
6 17 Moscovici, Sally 1940-1941
6 18 Mu 1936-1942
6 19 Na 1933-1942
6 20 Neb through Neuh 1933-1945
6 21 Neuburger, Luise 1941-1942
6 22 Neuburger, Otto 1935-1937
6 23 Neum through Neuw 1938-1943
6 24 New through Ny 1934-1944
6 25 Norman, Aaron 1933-1934
6 26 Nurnburger, W. 1940-1941
Box Folder Title Date
7 1 Ob through Ol 1933-1943
7 2 Ol through Ow 1933-1944
7 3 Oppenheim, Kurt and Sabine 1940-1941
7 4 Pa through Peri 1933-1944
7 5 Perl through Ph 1936-1943
7 6 Pander, Alex 1940-1941
7 7 Pi through Ple 1936-1946
7 8 Plo through Po 1934-1942
7 9 Pisitsky, Joseph 1933-1937
7 10 Pr through Pu 1933-1942
7 11 Polack, Bernard 1941-1943
7 12 Pressburger, Milton 1941
7 13 Pruess, Paul 1940-1941
7 14 Q 1941
7 15 Ra 1934-1943
7 16 Rata, Karl 1941-1942
7 17 Rea through Reic 1933-1943
7 18 Reif through Reu 1933-1942
7 19 Reiss, L. and H. 1941
7 20 Rh through Rose 1933-1945
7 21 Rosen through Rosenberg, Julius 1933-1943
7 22 Rosenberg, Karl through Rosend 1933-1943
7 23 Rosenblatt, Joseph 1933-1936
7 24 Rosenblatt, Ludwig 1941-1945
7 25 Rosenblatt, Rudi 1941
7 26 Rosenf through Rosenthal, Hans 1933-1944
7 27 Rosenthal, Hermann through Rost 1933-1943
Box Folder Title Date
8 1 Roth 1936-1942
8 2 Rott through Rych 1933-1943
8 3 Ruben, Helene 1941
8 4 Saa through Salm 1935-1941
8 5 Salo through Salz 1934-1944
8 6 Sabarsky, F.K. and H. 1941-1942
8 7 Sachs, Alfred 1940-1943
8 8 Sam through Sau 1935-1944
8 9 Samson Family 1933-1936
8 10 Scha through Sche 1933-1945
8 11 Schi 1933-1943
8 12 Scheuer Family 1940-1941
8 13 Schidlow, Solomon 1933-1934
8 14 Schild, Werner 1941-1946
8 15 Schl 1934-1943
8 16 Schlesinger, L. and H. 1941-1943
8 17 Schm through Scho 1933-1945
8 18 Schmidt, Chaja 1941
8 19 Schr through Schw 1934-1944
8 20 Schu through Schwarz, E. 1933-1941
8 21 Schwarz, H. through Schwi 1933-1941
8 22 Schuller, Alfred 1940-1942
8 23 Seb through Selig 1933-1944
8 24 Seligmann through Sherman 1933-1942
8 25 Seeliger, Heinz 1940-1941
8 26 Seeliger, Herbert 1939-1943
8 27 Seligsohn Family 1938-1943
8 28 Sig through Sil 1933-1943
Box Folder Title Date
9 1 Sim through Sit 1933-1944
9 2 Singer, Abraham 1941-1942
9 3 Sk through So 1933-1944
9 4 Skotzki, G. and Ch. 1941-1942
9 5 Sommerfeld, Martin 1942-1943
9 6 Sonderheimer Family 1941-1942
9 7 Sonnenschein, Otto 1941-1945
9 8 Spa through Spe 1933-1944
9 9 Spi through Sr 1934-1942
9 10 Spiegel, Cecile 1940-1945
9 11 Stah through Stein 1933-1946
9 12 Steina through Step 1933-1943
9 13 Miscellaneous Box Notes undated
9 14 Stahl, Felix 1941-1942
9 15 Stahl, Heinrich 1940-1942
9 16 Stern 1934-1942
9 17 Stern through Stey 1933-1942
9 18 Stern, Erich 1940-1941
9 19 Sti through Strauss, Hermann 1933-1947
9 20 Strauss, Isidor through Stru 1933-1943
9 21 Strauss, Manfred 1941
9 22 Strauss, L. and M. 1940-1941
9 23 Stu through Sz 1933-1943
9 24 Szalet, Gitla 1941-1942
9 25 Ta 1933-1943
9 26 Te through Ti 1934-1943
9 27 Taussig, E. von 1941-1943
Box Folder Title Date
10 1 To through Ty 1933-1942
10 2 U 1933-1942
10 3 V 1933-1942
10 4 Vogel, Bertha (and Dreyfuss, F.) 1940-1942
10 5 Wac through Wallach 1933-1941
10 6 Wallace through Was 1933-1943
10 7 Wallerstein, Anton 1940-1941
10 8 Wea through Weil, Gunther 1935-1942
10 9 Weil, Hans through Weil 1933-1945
10 10 Weill, E.J. Bruno 1935-1944
10 11 Weil, Fanny 1940-1942
10 12 Weiler, Frieda 1941-1942
10 13 Weiler, Otto 1937-1940
10 14 Wein 1934-1944
10 15 Weis 1933-1942
10 16 Weinberg, Hans 1941-1942
10 17 J. Weinstock Family 1940-1941
10 18 Weit through Wert 1933-1944
10 19 Wes through Wey 1934-1944
10 20 Wic through Will 1934-1945
10 21 Wilm through Witt 1933-1942
10 22 Weiruszowski, Paul 1939-1941
10 23 Wihl, E. and R. 1940-1942
10 24 Woh through Wolf 1933-1944
10 25 Wolf, Ludwig 1940-1944
10 26 Wolff, Abraham through Wolff, Frieda 1929-1946
10 27 Wolff, George through Wolff, Willy 1934-1943
Box Folder Title Date
11 1 Wolfs through Wu 1933-1942
11 2 Y through Z 1933-1944
11 3 Zacharias, Ruth and Selma 1941
11 4 Zwettels, G. 1940-1941
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Series II: Italian D.P. Case Files, 1945

This series is in English.
0.75 linear feet
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series II contains a small section of Italian case files of the JDC, dating from 1944 to 1945. These files were for displaced persons in Italy during and after the war, and concern their attempts to contact friends and relatives, conditions in Italy, and attempts to emigrate.

Box Folder Title Date
11 5 General I 1945
11 6 General II 1945
11 7 General III 1945
11 8 A through B 1944-1945
11 9 C through E 1944-1945
11 10 F through H 1945
11 11 I through K 1945
11 12 L through M 1944-1945
11 13 N through Rothb 1944-1945
11 14 Rothschild through Sz 1945
11 15 T through Z 1944-1945
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Series III: Miscellaneous, 1933-1949

This series is in English.
Arrangement:

Topical

Scope and Content:

Series III is composed of institutional records of the JDC. Included are reports with accompanying documents, statistics, press-clippings and other printed material, and meeting minutes and statements.

Box Folder Title Date
11 16 International Tracing Service: Child Search Branch Dossiers, Lebensborn 1944-1949
11 17 Report: Aiding Jews Overseas 1943
Box Folder Title Date
MF 129 Memorandum: President's Advisory Committee on Political Refugees 1943 June
MF 129 JDC: Statistics and Accompanying Documents 1940
MF 129 JDC: Annual Report, Part I-"Aid to Jews in Germany" 1935
MF 129 Report: Dr. Bernard Kahn to Plan and Score Committees Meeting in New York City 1938 September 18
MF 129 "Preliminary Memorandum on the Condition of Jews Overseas," Submitted to the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry by the JDC 1946 January 3
MF 129 JDC: Reports and Documents 1930s-1940s
MF 129 Church Assembly: Discussion on the "Persecution of Jews in Germany" at Church House, Westminster 1935 November 20
MF 129 Press Clippings-Queen's Hall Protest Meeting Committee 1933 June
MF 129 Program of the United Jewish Protest Demonstration: Great Procession March to Hyde Park 1933 July 20
MF 129 Press Clippings and Documents Related to the Boycott of German Goods and Services in England undated
MF 129 American Jewish Boycott Committee-Reports and Documents undated
MF 129 Reports and Statements of The Joint Foreign Committee 1933
MF 129 Reports and Documents of the Comite pour la Defense des Droits des Israelites en Europe Centrale 1933-1934
MF 129 Memoranda and Notes of the World Jewish Committee 1936
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