Guide to the Papers of Emil Ludwig (1881-1948), 1925-1962 (bulk 1925-1948)
 
AR 3441

Processed by Richard Goebelt

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2005  Leo Baeck Institute
Finding aid was encoded by Richard Goebelt on November 22, 2005. Description is in English.
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Descriptive Summary

Creator: Ludwig, Emil, 1881-1848
Title: Emil Ludwig Collection
Dates: 1925-1962
Dates: bulk 1925-1948
Abstract: This collection documents the professional life of the author and journalist Emil Ludwig. The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence with lawyers and publishers regarding his writings. In addition, there are a few personal documents and manuscripts of his writings.
Languages: The collection is in English and German.
Quantity: 1 linear feet
Identification: AR 3441
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Emil Ludwig (originally named Emil Cohn) was born in Breslau (now Worcaw, Poland) in 1881. He studied law, but chose writing as a career. He began as a dramatist and mainly wrote plays and novellas, while also working as a journalist. In 1906, he moved to Switzerland. During World War I, he worked as a foreign correspondent for the Berliner Tageblatt in Vienna and Istanbul. In the 1920s, he became well-known for his biographies, which combined fact, fiction and psychological analysis. His subjects included Goethe (1920), Bismarck (1922-1924), Napoleon (1925), and Michelangelo (1930). He also achieved international fame, and his novels were translated into 25 languages. Joseph Goebbels, who mentioned him in his journal, considered his writings dangerous. Consequently, Ludwig's books were amoung those burned by the Nazis on May 10, 1933.

In 1940, Emil Ludwig immigrated to the United States, where he continued to write. During his time in New York, he published The Mediterranean (1942), How to Treat the Germans (1943), and The Moral Conquest of Germany (1945). He returned to Switzerland after the war and died in Moscio, Italy, in 1948.

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Scope and Contents

This collection documents the professional life of the author and journalist Emil Ludwig. There are only a few personal papers, such as biographical informational, contracts with publishers, documents concerning his tax affairs and his last will, which can be found in Series I.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence (Series II). Subseries 1 holds letters between Emil Ludwig and Abraham Tulin, his attorney in the United States, which are mainly related to Ludwig's immigration and the arrangement of new publishing contracts. Subseries 2 contains correspondence between Ludwig's attorneys Block and Tulin and publishers, lawyers and literary agents.

Series III holds writings by Emil Ludwig, such as manuscripts, newspaper and magazine clippings and offprints.

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Arrangement

The collection is organized into four series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Emil Ludwig Collection; AR 3441; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Container List

 

Series I: Biography and Personal Documents, 1925-1948

14 folders
Arrangement:

Thematic

Scope and Content:

Series I consists of publishing contracts, official correspondence and documents regarding Ludwig's Swiss citizenship and the loss of his German citizenship including the confiscation of all his German assests, as well as his last will and life insurance documents. The personal correspondence includes several letters and postcards Ludwig exchanged with Lutz Weltmann. Biographical information includes Emil Ludwig's obituary from the New York Times as well as his testimony before the Committee on Foreign Affairs in 1943, and a list of translations of his books.

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Personal Correspondence 1912-1942
1 2 Citizenship 1932-1934
1 3 Life Insurance 1942
1 4 Biographical Information 1929-1931
1 5 Tax Correspondence, S. John Block 1933-1939
1 6 Income Tax 1932
1 7 Tax Correspondence, Abraham Tulin 1931-1933
1 8 Publishing Contracts 1925-1936
1 9 Copyrights 1925-1933
1 10 Payments of articles and books 1927-1939
1 11 McFadden Publications 1938-1939
1 12 Agreements and Contracts 1928-1933
1 13 Last Will 1943
1 14 Miscellaneous Documents 1945
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Series II: Correspondence, 1933-1948

The series is in English.
15 folders
Arrangement:

Thematic and chronological

Scope and Content:

This series is divided into two subseries. Subseries 1: Correspondence between Emil Ludwig and Abraham Tulin, holds correspondence between Ludwig and his attorney Tulin. Subseries 2 consists of correspondence between Ludwig's attorneys in the Unites States and publishers, lawyers and literary agents.

Subseries 1: Correspondence between Emil Ludwig and Abraham Tulin, 1937-1948

English
8 folders
Scope and Content:

The correspondence in Subseries 1 is mainly about Ludwig's immigration and the arrangement of new publishing contracts in the United States. Books mentioned in these letters include Bolivar and The Mediterranean, as well as The Germans. Also included is correspondence about an article Ludwig wrote for the New York World-Telegram in 1944, in which he accused Victor Ridder and his brothers as Nazi sympathizers.

Box Folder Title Date
1 15 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1937-1940
1 16 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1940, October-December
1 17 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1941, January-May
1 18 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1941, June-July
1 19 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1941, September-November
1 20 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1941-1942
1 21 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1942
1 22 Abraham Tulin to Emil Ludwig 1944-1948

Subseries 2: Correspondence between Ludwig's attorneys and publishers, 1933-1945

English
7 folders
Scope and Content:

Subseries 2 contains correspondence with individual publishing houses such as Viking Press and G.P. Putman as well as correspondence related to specific projects Ludwig worked on. In addition, there is general correspondence between Ludwig and his publishers and literary agents dating from the time before his immigration.

Box Folder Title Date
1 23 Viking Press 1938
1 24 Lee de Forest 1939
1 25 Alliance Book 1940
1 26 Simon Bolivar 1941-1945
1 27 G.P. Putman and Sons 1939, 1941
1 28 Lawyers and Literary Agents 1933-1934
1 29 Lawyers and Literary Agents 1933/34, 1937
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Series III: Manuscripts and Newspaper Clippings, 1939-1962

This series is in English.
5 folders
Arrangement:

Topical.

Scope and Content:

Series III consists of original manuscripts as well as essays and articles written by Emil Ludwig. Included are additions to his Hitler biography and parts of his biographies of Roosevelt and Bolivar. There is also a handwritten draft for Ludwig's article "Die Farben meines Landes" on the occasion of a protest against Hitler in 1943, which was later published in the Aufbau.

Box Folder Title Date
1 30 Hitler 1939
1 31 Essays and Partial Manuscript for "Roosevelt" 1939-1940
1 32 Articles by Ludwig 1939-1944
1 33 Manuscript for "Bolivar" undated
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Series IV: Various, 1943-1962

English
2 folders
Arrangement:

Topical.

Scope and Content:

This series contains two booklets related to the Society for the Prevention of World War III and the "Christmas Declaration" published by the "Loyal Americans of German Descent" in 1942 and feature F.W. Foerster. These issues are related to Emil Ludwig's attacks on Victor Ridder and his brothers, which are documented in Series II, Subseries 1. There are also articles related to the Adolf Eichmann case including a transcript of the judgement.

Box Folder Title Date
1 34 Society for the Prevention of World War III 1943-1944
1 35 Adolf Eichmann Case 1962
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