Guide to the Papers of Hugo Perls (1886-1977)

AR 6400 / MF 712

Processed by LBI Staff and Dianne Ritchey

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305



© 2006 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey in March 2005. Description is in English.
May 2012. Description of Series II, Subseries 1 edited. December 10, 2012  Links to digital objects added in Container List. August 25, 2015: Box 7 (Series III, Subseries 5) added. May 2016: dao links added to Box 7 by Emily Andresini.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Perls, Hugo
Title: Hugo Perls Collection
Dates:bulk 1946-1965
Abstract: This collection focuses on the professional work of art dealer and Plato scholar Hugo Perls. Among the documents assembled here are an extensive amount of manuscripts, notes on his writing, some correspondence, clippings, photographs and a few manuscripts of the writing of his second wife, Eugénie Söderberg.
Languages: The collection is in German, French, English, Greek, and Swedish.
Quantity: 6 linear feet
Identification: AR 6400
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Hugo Perls was born in Rybnik in Upper Silesia (then Germany, now in Poland) on May 24, 1886. He studied law, philosophy, and art history at the Universities of Freiburg and Berlin. In 1910 Hugo and his wife Käthe Perls had their first child, Frank. Two years later they had another son, Klaus. After Hugo Perls completed his studies, he joined the German civil service, where he worked for a time for the Ministry of the Interior before serving in the German Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt) in World War I.

In 1914 Perls began collecting artwork, and by 1921 was working as an art dealer, establishing the Käte Perls Gallerie in Berlin and collecting and selling the works of many well-known artists, especially impressionists. Among the works of artists included in his collection were pieces by Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Cézanne, among others. In 1913 Munch had painted a portrait of Hugo and Käte Perls.

Perls moved to Paris in 1931 because of the growing strength of the National Socialists in Germany, where he studied the works of Plato in their original language. At this time he also studied the works of Goethe and Kant. This research eventually led him to compose several pieces concerning Plato, his philosophy, and aesthetics. These articles were published in journals such as the Revue Philosophique, Mercure de France, and the Revue de Morale et de Métaphysique. He also gave lectures at the Sorbonne on Plato. In 1938 his research resulted in the publication of his first book: L'Art et la Beauté vus par Platon.

In 1941 Hugo Perls immigrated to the United States, where he lived in Manhattan. In the same year he married his second wife, the Swedish writer Eugénie Söderberg (1903-1973). His eldest son Klaus had established the Perls Galleries in New York in 1937, and during this time Hugo Perls may have assisted his son in the acquisition of artwork. In 1939 his son Frank opened the Frank Perls Gallery in southern California. For a short time after World War II Hugo Perls lived in Italy and traveled in Europe to further study collections of paintings. From this time until his death, Perls concentrated on writing and publishing his works, most of which concerned Plato and his philosophy and how his concepts could be used in judging and appreciating art. Perhaps most significant among his writing was his work Platon: sa conception du kosmos, originally published in 1946. This book, based on Perl's studies of Plato's original writings while in Paris, was republished in German twenty years later. Other topics focused on in his published works included the discussion of aesthetics and the relationship between beauty and art. His work Die Komödie der Wahrheit (The Comedy of Truth) also featured other topics such as German intellectualism and the growth of anti-Semitism.

Hugo Perls's wife Eugénie died in New York in 1973. After her death he married the writer Monica Schall. Hugo Perls died in New York in 1977.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection mainly documents the professional life of the art dealer and writer Hugo Perls. Prominent topics found among these papers include the philosophy of Plato and its application to aesthetics as well as the publication of the works of Hugo Perls and Eugénie Söderberg Perls.

Documents relating to Plato's philosophy will be found throughout the collection; much of Hugo Perls's writing concerns the Greek philosopher. The area of the collection where this can be seen most easily is among Hugo Perls's manuscripts, found in Subseries 1 of Series III: Writings. While living in Paris in the 1930s, Perls undertook a close study of Plato's writings. Some notes on these are among the notes in Subseries 2 of Series III. The results of this period led to his work, Platon, sa conception du kosmos, which was later published in translation in German. Many other works in this Subseries also deal with Plato's philosophy, including Das Geheimnis der Kunst, which examines the relationship between beauty, art, and aesthetics. Other material concerning Perls's knowledge of Plato is seen in Series II, where his correspondence with scholars defends his writing, and where a letter sent to David Baumgardt mention the creation of a Platonic Academy. Finally, the correspondence also holds letters and some documents on lectures he gave on Plato's philosophy.

The most prominent type of documents in this collection are the manuscripts of Hugo Perls's writings. There are often several drafts of items that Perls published, written in German, French, or English. Drafts usually contain many handwritten notes and corrections, and some versions may have differing page numeration. Correspondence with various publishers concerning the publication of his writing will be found in Series II, Subseries 3. Reviews of his published works are located in the last subseries of Series III, while informal opinions on his works may be found among the correspondence in Series II, Subseries 2.

Material pertaining to Perls's work as an art dealer will also be found in this collection. Most useful to researchers may be his manuscript Warum ist Kamilla schön?, which was published in 1962. This piece documents Perls's experiences as an art dealer, and includes descriptions of individuals he encountered in this profession, including Max Friedländer and Pablo Picasso. Photographs of artworks he owned and of his gallery in New York will be found in Series I: Personal. Correspondence concerning his work as an art dealer, especially of the financial aspect of the work, is held in Subseries 1: Art of Series II.

This collection contains a small amount of documentation on Eugénie Söderberg, Hugo Perls second wife. There are a few manuscripts of the writing of the Swedish journalist and author, located in Subseries 3 of Series III. In addition, a few letters sent from her to her husband is in Series II, Subseries 2. Lastly, numerous obituaries in Swedish for her will be found in Series I.

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The collection is organized into three series in the following manner:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

Two collections at the Archives of American Art at the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. pertain to this collection. The first of these is the Perl Galleries records, which consist of 66.3 linear feet and concern the Perls Galleries in New York. This collection is restricted until 2007. The second related collection at the Archives of American Art is the Frank Perls papers and Frank Perls Gallery records. Frank Perls was the eldest son of Hugo Perls, and this 37.5 linear feet collection holds papers of his as well as records of the Frank Perls Gallery he founded in Beverly Hills, California.

A collection of papers of Eugénie Söderberg, Hugo Perls's second wife, are located at the State University of New York at Stony Brook.

The LBI Library holds some of the published work of Hugo Perls, including his autobiography Warum ist Kamilla schön?, which describes his experiences as an art dealer and collector.

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Custodial History

Donated in 1992 by Klaus Perls.

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This collection has fourteen reels of microfilm.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Hugo Perls Collection; AR 6400; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

During reprocessing, similar materials were grouped together to form series and subseries. In addition, many manuscripts formerly titled 'miscellaneous' were examined closely and placed in the appropriate section of Series III with materials of a similar nature.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.


Series I: Personal, 1939-1973

This series is in English, German, and Swedish.
4 folders.


Scope and Content:

This series, the smallest in the collection, holds papers of a personal nature. Located here are biographical articles on Hugo, Frank, and Klaus Perls, as well as obituaries in Swedish for Eugénie Söderberg Perls. Other items included are clippings apparently collected by Hugo Perls and offprints dedicated to him by the philosopher Gustav E. Mueller. Clipping topics include art and biology, a play concerning Socrates, Hegel's philosophy, Auschwitz, and discrimination against African-Americans. Mueller's article on his expectations of the world in 2016, written in 1967, may also be of interest to researchers; several of his predictions turned out to be correct. Finally, this series also holds several photographs. Many of these are photographs of interior rooms, presumably his home and library, where artwork is on display. An unidentified woman is in many of the interior photographs with Hugo Perls; she may have been one of his wives. There is also a photograph of the exterior of the Perls Gallery in New York and of Perl's sister-in-law Anna Riwkin-Brick with members of an African tribe.

11Biographical articles - Eugénie Söderberg Perls1973
12Biographical articles – Hugo Perls1966-1967
13Collected Clippings1939-1965
14Offprints Dedicated to Hugo Perlsundated, 1967
15Photographsundated, 1942-1962
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Series II: Correspondence, 1933-1969

This series is in German, French, and English.
0.5 linear foot.

This series has three subseries:

Scope and Content:

Series II is comprised of the correspondence of Hugo Perls. It has been divided into correspondence concerning art and his profession as an art dealer, general correspondence, and publishing correspondence. Much of the art correspondence is financial in nature, while general correspondence often features discussions between Hugo Perls and scholars on his writing. Letters between Perls and publishers mainly centers around the publication and translation of his works.

Subseries 1: Art, 1933-1968

This subseries is in German, English, and French.
5 folders.


Scope and Content:

The bulk of the correspondence in this subseries concerns the work of the Perls galleries in Paris and New York, especially the acquiring and selling of artwork as it pertained to Kaete Perl’s owning the Paris branch of the business. The majority of documents here are financial in nature, and there is little mention of the pieces of art actually being discussed. Information about the provenance of art from the German period is not well-represented here. Included with the correspondence there are some notes and lists of artwork and their prices from the time period of 1940-1968. The material from before 1939 (Folder 1) consists of only a few items.

Financial correspondence with family members consists primarily of correspondence exchanged between Käte and Hugo Perls; although some personal comments are made in the letters, they largely discuss finances surrounding the purchase of art. General correspondence discusses various topics, such as the use of Hugo Perl's art in an exhibition at MOMA, his evaluation of a Degas painting, and a conversation with an unidentified 'Fritz' about how people do not understand art. Correspondence with the Kornfeld & Klipstein auction house is also business-related and focuses on Perl's work as an art dealer.

17Financial – estate of Käte Perls1945
18Financial – with family members1942-1945
110Kornfeld & Klipstein, Art Dealer & Auction Sales1965-1968

Subseries 2: General, 1935-1969

This subseries is in German, English, and French.
0.125 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of correspondence between Hugo Perls and other individuals on various subjects.

Most correspondence in this subseries is professional in nature. The folder "Correspondence with Scholars" as well as those of individual scholars largely contain requests from Perls for comments on his books or for letters of recommendation to publishers or potential employers. Correspondence with UNESCO concerns Hugo Perls's hopes to gain employment with the newly founded institution. It includes requests for letters of recommendation as well as those discussing application procedures and a copy of an application. Correspondence with the Institut d'Art and D'Archélogie discusses Perls's lecturing appearances; he gave several lectures on Plato. Correspondence from individuals at the New School for Social Research discuss a dinner Perls was invited to as well as the possibility of his teaching there.

A few letters of a personal nature will be found here. These include some correspondence from Perls's second wife Eugénie Söderberg, which discuss the publication of his work Warum ist Kamilla schön? Among the letters in "Other Correspondence" is one from Josef Riwkin, Eugénie Söderberg's brother.

111Baumgardt, David1946-1948
112Friedländer, M.I.1938
113Institut d'Art and D'Archélogie1935-1938
114Institut d'Histoire des Sciences et des Techniques1936-1939
115Kantorowicz, Ernst1946
116Kuhn, Helmut1946
117Ministède l'Éducation Nationale1936
118Morrow, Glenn R.1945-1946
119New School for Social Research1947-1949
120Other Correspondence1936-1969
121Perls, Eugénie Söderberg1963
122Saatz, Alice1962
123United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)1946-1948
124Von Unruh, Fritz?1946
125With Scholars1938-1946

Subseries 3: Publishing, 1936-1964

This subseries is in French, German, English, Italian, and Swedish.
0.125 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

Subseries 3 holds correspondence between Hugo Perls and publishers in various countries. Researchers should note that these letters are organized by the country in which the publishing house resided. For example, correspondence with the publisher Editions de la Maison Française, based in New York, is included among the American publishers, not the French.

The correspondence here mainly discusses the publication and translations of his work. Some publishers did not think that his work would be appropriate for their firms, and documentation of the search for publishers will also be found here.

126American Publishers1945-1964
127American Publishers – Editions de la Maison Française (New York) – Publication Documentation1945-1947
128British Publishers1946-1964
129French Publishers1940-1963
130German Publishers1962-1964
131Italian Publishers1948-1964
132Other Publishers1936-1938
133Swedish Publishers1964
134Swiss Publishers1960-1963
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Series III: Writings, 1943-1976

This series is in French, German, English, and Swedish.
5.5 linear feet.

This series has four subseries:

Scope and Content:

Series III holds papers relating to the writing of Hugo Perls and to a smaller extent, of his wife Eugénie Söderberg. The vast majority of documents here are manuscript drafts of his writing. In addition, this series contains notes, clippings concerning his published works, and a few manuscripts of Eugénie Söderberg's writing.

Subseries 1: Manuscripts by Hugo Perls, undated, 1943-1969

This subseries is in German, French, and English.
4.33 linear feet.

The manuscripts of Subseries 1 are arranged by work:

Scope and Content:

Subseries 1, by far the largest section of the collection, is comprised largely of manuscripts written by Hugo Perls. These manuscripts are drafts of his writings, often in several different languages, especially French, German, and English. Many of his writings were published, and these drafts indicate changes Perls made to his works before publication.

The most prominent theme in Perls's writing is the philosophy of Plato, and discussion of the philosopher's ideas are found in most of Hugo Perls's writing. In Das Geheimnis der Kunst, he discusses the use of Plato's concepts in aesthetically judging art and beauty. He states that artwork should be judged for its beauty or lack of it, and that aesthetic judgements are inherently subjective. Plato, seine Auffassung des Kosmos, is the most heavily documented work found in the collection. In it, Perls attempts to analyze Plato's philosophy only through the use of Plato's original texts. This piece begins with an analysis of the texts, before continuing to discuss the use of Plato's philosophy in the realm of aesthetics and morality. Several shorter works, including "The Practical Plato," "Platos Gedanken und Sprachwissenschaft," and "Konformismus, Kant, und Snobismus" also portray Perls's thoughts on making aesthetical decisions and the use of Plato's philosophy. Among the collection of articles in Goethes Ästhetik und andere Aufsätze zu Literatur und Philosophie are several works portraying Perls's intrepration of Plato. Among these are "Plato und Kant," which describes how Kant came to an understanding of Plato's philosophy, as well as "Der Tyrann in Platos Werk," and "Wissen und religiöser Glauben bei Plato."

Die Komödie der Wahrheit is a collection of essays mostly centered around the concept of truth and its perception. In many of these essays Perls draws discussions of philosophy and religion. Perls once more gives his portrayal of Plato's philosophy in the chapter titled the "History of Truth and the Tragedy of Platonic Philosophy." Another chapter on anti-Semitism in the New Testament delineates Perls's opinion on the use of Jews in the stories of the Gospels. "Truth and Tragedy in the Arts" also revists themes found in Das Geheimnis der Kunst when it states that beauty is the only measure of art. Two essays on contemporary topics, "Tragedy in the Lives of Women" and "The German Inheritance from Hegel to Hitler" discuss the historical portrayal of women by philosophers and writers and how German thought led to the rise of Hitler.

Warum ist Kamilla schön? describes Perls's experiences as an art dealer, and his experiences with other dealers and art collectors. Attention is given to the difficulties in herent in acquiring and judging authenticity of artwork, as well as the problem of determining the future value of and demand for art. In this work Perls mentions such individuals as the artist Edvard Munch, who painted a portrait of Hugo and Käte Perls, and the art historian Max Friedländer. Of particular interest to researchers may be the chapter on Picasso, who Perls first met in 1924.

Another manuscript found here is "Zwanzigtausend kleine Bäcker: von Bedloe Island bis Luxor" whose drafts are also alternatively titled "Länder, Eindrücke, Betrachtungen: Von New York bis Luxor." This work was never published. It is written as a series of letters in first person point-of-view, and details the narrator's trips to several places with his companions Max and Franziska. Included are New York City, Istanbul, Cairo, London, Paris, Athens, Moscow, and Leningrad. In addition to giving geographic details of places and descriptions of personal experiences with individuals encountered there, the mansuscript also includes material on the philosophy that affected the history and development of an area. Discussion of art history and appreciation will be found in the chapters on visits to museums in Berlin, Athens, Paris, and Cairo.

A) Das Geheimnis der Kunst

135Le Secret de L'Art et de la Beauté – Pages 1-38 with notesundated
136Le Secret de L'Art et de la Beauté – Pages 1-171undated
137Le Secret de L'Art et de la Beauté – Pages 1-266undated
138Le Secret de L'Art et de la Beauté – Pages 2-272undated
139The Secret of Art and Beauty – Drafts and Fragments – Handwrittenundated, 1959
140The Secret of Art and Beauty – Drafts and Fragments – Typedundated
141The Secret of Art and Beauty – Pages 1-72undated
142The Secret of Art and Beauty – Pages 1-162undated
143The Secret of Art and Beauty – Pages 1-274undated
21The Secret of Art and Beauty – Pages 1-274undated
22The Secret of Art and Beauty – Pages 1-286Aundated

B) Die Komödie der Wahrheit: 10 Essays

23The Comedy of Truth – Essays 1-3undated
24The Comedy of Truth – Essays 4-6undated
25The Comedy of Truth – Essays 7-9undated
26Die Komödie der Wahrheitundated
27Die Komödie der Wahrheit – Notes and Fragmentsundated, 1964-1965
28Die Komödie der Wahrheit – Older Versionundated
29Die Komödie der Wahrheit – With Additionsundated
210Die Komödie der Wahrheit – Working Copyundated

C) Plato et Kant

211Plato and Kant: Anticipations and Parallels – Outlinesundated
212Plato und Kant, ein Dialogundated
213Platon et Kant. Anticipations et correspondancesundated
214Platon et Kant. Anticipations et parallèles – Fragments and Notes
215Platon et Kant. Anticipations et parallèles – Handwritten Manuscriptsundated
216Platon et Kant. Anticipations et parallèles – Typed Manuscriptsundated
217Platon et Kant, un dialogueundated
31Platon et Kant, un dialogueundated

D) Plato: Seine Auffassung des Kosmos

32Kosmos. Étude de la méthodologie de Platon – Summariesundated
33Kosmos – Fragmentsundated
34Kosmos – French Version – Fragments and Notesundated
35Kosmos – Pages 1-153undated
36Kosmos – Pages 1-221undated
37Kosmos – Pages 1-221undated
38Kosmos – Pages 1-221undated
39Kosmos – Pages 222-438undated
310Kosmos – Pages 222-438undated
311Kosmos – Pages 305-457undated
312Kosmos – Pages 404-693undated
313Plato, his Conception of the Kosmos – Outlinesundated
314Plato, his Conception of the Kosmos – Pages 1-85, 351-455 (Chapters 11 and 12)undated
315Plato, his Conception of the Kosmos – Pages 1-264undated
316Plato, his Conception of the Kosmos – Pages 1-301undated
317Plato, his Conception of the Kosmos – Pages 302-693undated
318Plato, his Conception of the Kosmos – Pages 439-693undated
41Plato: Seine Auffassung des Kosmos – Chapter III: Die Spracheundated
42Plato: Seine Auffassung des Kosmos – Fragmentsundated
43Plato: Seine Auffassung des Kosmos – Pages 1-289undated
44Plato: Seine Auffassung des Kosmos – Pages 290-577undated

E) Warum ist Kamilla schön?

45Camille. Pourquoi est-elle Belle? – Pages 1-124undated
46Camille. Pourquoi est-elle Belle? – Pages 3-272undated
47Camille. Pourquoi est-elle Belle? – Pages 125-148undated
48Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Pages 1-167undated
49Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Pages 1-249undated
410Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Pages 1-249undated
411Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Pages 1-249undated
412Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Pages 1-249 – Copy with Notesundated
413Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Pages Not Numberedundated
414Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Working Copyundated
51Warum ist Kamilla schön? – Working Copy1958-1959
52Why is Camilla Beautiful? – Early Draftundated
53Why is Camilla Beautiful? – Early Draft – Pages 1-181undated
54Why is Camilla Beautiful? – Fragmentsundated, 1948
55Why is Camilla Beautiful? – Pages 1-222undated
56Why is Camilla Beautiful? – Pages 13-222undated

F) Other Writings

58Antiochus und Stratoniceundated
59Art Experience. Outline of 20 Lecturesundated
510Biographical Essays and Curriculum Vitae1945-1947?
511Essai de Liberté et de Beauté dans les Lettresundated
512Freedom – Drafts and Notesundated
513Goethes Ästhetik und andere Aufsätze zu Literatur und Philosophie – Draftsundated
514Goethes Ästhetik und andere Aufsätze zu Literatur und Philosophie – Galleysundated, 1969
515Goethes Ästhetik und andere Aufsätze zu Literatur und Philosophie – Notesundated
516L'Hypothèse et le non-hypothètiqueundated
517Impressions and Reflectionsundated
518Konformismus, Kant, und Snobismusundated
519Länder, Eindrücke, Betrachtungen: Von New York bis Luxorundated
520Letter to the Editor1943
521Die Liebe in der griechischen Tragoedieundated
522Methode de L'Exegeseundated
523Nationalismus und Erosundated
524The Negro Problem in the United Statesundated
525Philosopher – King and Tyrantundated
526Platos Gedanken und Sprachwissenschaftundated
527A Portrait of Hitler, Painted by Platoundated
528The Practical Platoundated
529Les Sages et le Savantsundated
530Le Secret de l'Art dans l'Oeuvre de Goethe – Drafts – Handwrittenundated
531Le Secret de l'Art dans l'Oeuvre de Goethe – Drafts – Typedundated
532Le Secret de l'Art dans l'Oeuvre de Goethe – Notesundated
533Theory and Practiceundated
534Unidentified German Manuscriptundated
535Vérité, Liberté et Amour dans la Tragédie Grecqueundated
536Von New York bis Luxor – Fragments and Notesundated
61Von New York bis Luxor – Fragments and Notesundated
62Wahrheit, Freiheit und Liebe in der greichischen Tragoedieundated
63War and Peace. Gloryundated
64What Germany Should Be After the Warundated
65Writing Fragments – Englishundated
66Writing Fragments – Frenchundated
67Writing Fragments – Germanundated
68Die Wurzeln des Antisemitismus in den Evangelionundated
69Zwanzigtausend kleine Bäcker: von Bedloe Island bis Luxor – Fragmentsundated
610Zwanzigtausend kleine Bäcker: von Bedloe Island bis Luxor – Pages 1-174undated
611Zwanzigtausend kleine Bäcker: von Bedloe Island bis Luxor – Pages 1-175undated

Subseries 2: Notes, undated, 1964-1965

This series is in German, Greek, English, and French.
0.165 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

Subseries 2 holds notes used in the production of Perls's writings. The majority of notes in this subseries apprear to be those Perls made of Plato's dialogues; many of these are in Greek. The majoirty of notes are handwritten.

612African-American Historyundated
613Cratyle (Cratylus)undated
616Ideas and Idealsundated
619Méthode Généraleundated
620Notes on Platoundated
623Science and Truthundated
624Théétète (Theaetetus)undated
625Timée (Timaeus)undated
626Unidentified notes – Englishundated
627Unidentified notes – Frenchundated
628Unidentified notes – Germanundated

Subseries 3: Manuscripts by Eugénie Söderberg, undated

This series is in Swedish and German.
0.165 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

This subseries holds manuscripts by the writer and journalist Eugenie Söderberg. Almost all of the documents here are in Swedish, although a few are also in German. Included here are articles and a radio play. The articles discuss topics such as the raising of children in Japan; memoirs of childhood in Germany in the interwar years, especially 1919; and a report on a music festival in Leningrad; and a trip to Frankfurt. This subseries also holds a radioplay written in both Swedish and German entitled "Die Spieldose" as well as an article on the political problems of Palestine.

In addition to the abovementioned items, there are also two short stories by "Sch. W. Riwkin." It is unclear if this might be a pseudonym for Eugénie Söderberg since Riwkin was her family name before marriage. Among the short stories is one which details Jewish life in Eastern Europe and explores the relevance of the country of Israel to an Eastern European Jew.

629Essays and Articlesundated
630Essays and Articles – Palestine, Jerusalem, and Beirutundated
632Short Stories by Sch. W. Riwkinundated

Subseries 4: Clippings, 1938-1976

This series is in German, French, and English.
0.33 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

The clippings in this subseries consist almost entirely of reviews of Hugo Perls's books. In addition, this subseries also holds published announcements and advertisements for his books.

633Publication Announcementsundated
634Reviews - L'Art et la Beauté vus par Platon1938-1939
635Reviews - Das Geheimnis der Kunst1959-1962
636Reviews - Das Geheimnis der Kunst – Original Newspaper Clippings1959-1961
637Reviews - Goethes Ästhetik und andere Aufsätze zur Literatur und Philosophie1971
638Reviews - Die Komödie der Wahrheit1967-1969
639Reviews - Lexikon der platonischen Begriffe1973-1976
640Reviews - Plato. Seine Auffassung vom Kosmos1967-1974
641Reviews - Plato. Seine Auffassung vom Kosmos – Original Newspaper Clippings1966-1975
642Reviews - Platon: sa conception du kosmos1946-1947
643Reviews - Le secret de l'art dans l'oeuvre de Goethe1965
644Reviews - Le Tyran d'Après Platon1947
645Reviews - Warum ist Kamilla schön?1962-1965

Subseries 5: Manuscripts and Notes, 1923-1968

This subseries is in Greek, French, German and English.
1 linear foot.

Divided in the following manner:

Scope and Content:

This subseries holds Hugo Perls's various drafts, fragments of drafts, and notes. Most of the materials relate to his writings on Plato and associated topics, however since many of the fragments and most of the unpublished manuscripts are identified it is often unclear to which of his works on Plato many of the materials pertain.

A large portion of the notes in this subseries are written primarily in Greek, although others are written in Greek and French and a few in Greek and German. Some of the manuscripts seem to pertain to a project Hugo Perls was working on that included the translations of Greek texts, possibly a new translation of Plato's works. One manuscript contains portions of Perls's work Kosmos, while some notes and fragments relate to his work Kömodie der Wahrheit. Several folders of notes and fragments relate to Hugo Perls's writings and research into aesthetics and the meaning of beauty.

Manuscripts on other topics include the essay "A New Humanism is Needed" in folder 7/6, on the philosophy of Kant, among other topics, and a longer article "The Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Gospels. (7/2)."

A) Manuscripts

71Articles, Fragments and Notes in Frenchundated, 1948
72Article – The Roots of Anti-Semitism in the Gospelsundated
73Drafts – Greek Quotations – Chapters III-VIII (Unidentified Work)undated
74Drafts – Translations of Greek Citations into German and English – Chapters 1-13 (Unidentified Work)undated
75Draft (Unidentified) – Chapters I-XIIIundated
76Essay – A New Humanism is Neededundated
77Essays and Fragments – English1950
78Essays and Fragments – Frenchundated, 1947?
79Essays and Fragments – French and Englishundated
710Essays and Fragments – Germanundated, 1944-1955
711Essays – Frenchundated
712Kosmos – Drafts, Fragments, Reviewundated, 1946
713Short Drafts and Fragments – German, English, Frenchundated, 1925, 1959

B) Notes

a) Primarily in Greek

714Notes and Fragments in French and Greek – Le système de la philosophie platonismeundated
715Notes – Hippias Majeur and Aestheticsundated
716Notes in Greek – Kosmosundated
717Notes in Greek with French and German – Dialectics and Separationundated
718Notes in Greek with French and German – Doxaundated
719Notes in Greek with French and German – Eikasia, Psychology, Kosmosundated
720Notes in Greek with French and German – Platoundated
721Notes in Greek with French and German – Plato against his Predecessors / Philosophyundated
722Notes in Greek with French and German – Sensibilityundated
723Notes in Greek with French and German – Tyranny, Prejudices and Other Topicsundated, 1962
724Notes – Moralsundated
725Notes on Multiple Topics – Banquet, Phèdre, Philibe and Godsundated
726Notes on Multiple Topics – Euthyphron, Apologie/ Criton, Phédon, Language/ Terminology, Antinomyundated
727Notes – Plato's Republic and State (Politeia)undated, 1945
728Notes – Sophisteundated

b) Primarily in other languages

729Notes and Essay Drafts on Universities, Standards, Artundated, 1968
730Notes and Fragmentsundated
731Notes and Fragments – Plato and Artundated, 1946
732Notes and Fragments – Wahrheit und Fiction; Glaube/ Religion/ Kirche; Kömodie der Wahrheitundated, 1964-1965
733Notes – Euripides, Sophocles, Homer, Aristotle and Platoundated
734Notes – Freedomundated
735Notes from Works about Rhetoricundated
736Notes – Hegel, Aesthetics, Artundated, 1938
737Platon-Index als Gesamtregister – with notesundated, 1923
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