Guide to the Papers of the Ernst Lissauer (1882-1937), 1722-1967

AR 25209 / MF 700

Processed by Julia Noack

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2005  Leo Baeck Institute
Finding aid was encoded by Viola Voss on April 01, 2005. Arrangement edited and microfilm reels added by Lea Osborne on December 14, 2006. Description is in English.
2010-05-07  encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Descriptive Summary

Creator:: Lissauer, Ernst, 1882-1937
Title:: Ernst Lissauer Collection
Dates:: 1896-1960
Abstract:: This collection documents the life of the writer Ernst Lissauer (1882-1937). He is primarily known for his poem , but this collection also contains his other poetry, as well as his essays, plays, and reviews. His writings deal with a very diverse range of topics, such as religion, patriotism, literature, music, and theater. In addition, the collection holds a substantial amount of correspondence, writings by others about Ernst Lissauer and his work, and a few personal items and photographs.
Languages:: The collection is in German, except for one obituary in Dutch in Series V.5.
Quantity:: 8 linear feet
Accession number:: AR 25209
Repository:: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Ernst Lissauer was born in Berlin on December 10, 1882. His father, Hugo Lissauer (1843-1910) was a merchant in the silk trade and also became city counselor for Charlottenburg. He was also one of the founders of the Berliner Reformgemeinde. Ernst Lissauer's mother was Zerline Wohl, neé Friedeberger. She was the second wife of Hugo Lissauer. Ernst Lissauer was their only son, but Hugo had three children from his first marriage.

Ernst Lissauer attended the Friedrich Werdersche Gymnasium from 1898-1901. After receiving his diploma, studied literature in Berlin, Leipzig and Munich until 1905. In 1907, his first collection of poetry Der Acker was published; another collection of poety, Der Strom, followed in 1912. His most famous poem was Hassgesang gegen England, which he wrote in 1914 at the beginning of World War I. He served as a volunteer in the war and edited the German sections of the Feldwochenschrift, which was published in German and Hungarian from 1917 to 1918. At the end of the war he was transferred to Berlin, where he worked in the media department of the Kriegsministerium (Ministry of War). Starting in 1919, Lissauer also wrote plays. His biggest success was the comedy Gewalt, which was performed for the first time in Frankfurt in 1924. In 1920, his first wife Marie Willfuhr, whom he had married in 1911, was committed to a mental institution; she died in 1924. In 1923, Lissauer moved to Vienna, where he stayed for the rest of his life. In 1929, he married Margarete (Grete) Langner, who had become his secretary in 1913. Starting in 1933, Lissauer was no longer allowed to publish in Germany. His last collection of poems was published in Vienna in 1936. He died on December 10, 1937 from pneumonia and is buried on the Jewish cemetery in Vienna.

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Scope and Contents

The Ernst Lissauer Collection contains Lissauer's literary estate and shows that he was more than only the writer of the Hassgesang gegen Engand, his most famous poem.

The first series consists of Lissauer's diaries, which are with a few exceptions complete for the years 1905 to 1937 and provide a detailed insight into his life.

The bulk of the collection consists of Lissauer's writings, both his drafts and manuscripts as well as his published works. He wrote poems, essays, plays, and reviews. His writings deal with a very diverse range of topics, such as religion, patriotism, literature, music, and theater. He also wrote extensively about a wide range of individuals such as Martin Luther, Otto von Bismarck or Johann W. Goethe. Included are also his reviews of other contemporary writers as well as reviews of his own writings.

The collection also contains Lissauer's correspondence. A separate section is devoted to Heinrich Meyer-Benfey, a lifelong friend of Lissauer's. It contains over 100 letters and cards written by Lissauer to Meyer-Benfey between 1908 and 1937. Many of these letters elaborate on problems important to the writer and relevant to the era. A small section of correspondence relates to Margarete Lissauer's attempts to publish her late husband's works.

There are also a few personal items in this collection, such as autobiographical notes, obituaries, and a family tree.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in seven topical series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011

email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Separated Material

Several photographs were removed from the collection and placed in the Photograph Collection. Copies are available in Series V.

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Microfilm

This collection has fifteen reels of microfilm.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Ernst Lissauer Collection; AR 25209; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

This collection was reprocessed by Julia Noack in January-March 2005 to reflect an arrangement including the use of series, as well as to include further description of the contents of the collection.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Series I: Diaries, 1905-1937

The series is in German.
2 linear feet
Arrangement:

Chronological

Scope and Content:

This series consists of Ernst Lissauer's diaries from 1905, when he was 22 years old, until 1937, the year of his death. Five diaries are lost: three diaries (24-26) from the end of August 1918 to the beginning of March 1919 and two diaries (43-44) in 1933.

The diaries contain daily entries. Lissauer recorded who he met and what he did during the day. Included are also some essays, poems, photos, programs and illustrations.

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Diary 1: January 26 - August 5, 1905 1905
1 2 Diary 2: August 2 - November 28, 1905 1905
1 3 Diary 3: December 5, 1905 - April 1, 1906 1905-1906
1 4 Diary 4: April 14 - July 13, 1906 1906
1 5 Diary 5: October 6 - November 1, 1906 1906
1 6 Diary 6: November 1, 1906 - March 14, 1907 1906-1907
1 7 Diary 7: March 7 - September 30, 1907 1907
1 8 Diary 8: November 25, 1907 - June 12, 1908 1907-1908
1 9 Diary 8a: September 29, 1908 - June 23, 1909 1908-1909
1 10 Diary 9: August 14 - September 1909 1909
1 11 Diary 10: September 24 - December 10, 1909 1909
1 12 Diary 10a: December 1909 - April 26, 1910 1909-1910
1 13 Diary 11: October 22, 1910 - May 10, 1911 1910-1911
1 14 Diary 12: June 2, 1911 - Pentecost 1912 1911-1912
1 15 Diary 13: June 18, 1912 - June 20, 1913 1912-1913
1 16 Diary 14: June 20, 1913-February 24, 1914 1913-1914
1 17 Diary 15: February 24 - October 31, 1914 1914
1 18 Diary 16: November 1914 - April 12, 1915 1914-1915
1 19 Diary 17: June 16 - August 8, 1915 1915
1 20 Diary 18: August 24, 1915 - March 10, 1916 1915-1916
1 21 Diary 19: March 11 - July 1, 1916 1916
1 22 Diary 20: July 2 - November 10, 1916 Oct-16
1 23 Diary 21: July 4 - July 11, 1917 1917
1 24 Diary 21a: September 20 - October 3, 1917 1917
1 25 Diary 22: January 15 - March 15, 1918 1918
1 26 Diary 23: March 15 - August 21, 1918 1918
1 27 Diary 27: March 29 - August 16, 1919 1919
1 28 Diary 28: August 7, 1919 - April 28, 1920 1919-1920
1 29 Diary 29: April 30 - November 1, 1920 1920
1 30 Diary 30: November 1, 1920 - May 26, 1921 1920-1921
1 31 Diary 31: May 27 - December 31, 1921 1921
Box Folder Title Date
2 1 Diary 32: January 1 - October 9, 1922 1922
2 2 Diary 33: December 12, 1922 - February 25, 1924 1922-1924
2 3 Diary 34: February 25, 1924 - May 8, 1925 1924-1925
2 4 Diary 35: May 19, 1925 - April 17, 1926 1925-1926
2 5 Diary 36: April 1926 - June 14, 1927 1926-1927
2 6 Diary 37: June 15, 1927 - September 30, 1928 1927-1928
2 7 Diary 38: September 30, 1928 - November 11, 1929 1928-1929
2 8 Diary 39: December 1, 1929 - January 13, 1931 1929-1931
2 9 Diary 40: January 14 - February 18, 1932 1932-1932
2 10 Diary 41: February 19 - July 3, 1932 1932-1932
2 11 Diary 42: July 4 - August 31, 1932 1932-1932
2 12 Diary 45: November 17, 1933 - Jaunary 27, 1934 1933-1934
2 13 Diary 46: January 27 - May 14, 1934 1934
2 14 Diary 47: May 15 - June 26, 1934 1934
2 15 Diary 48: June 23 - August 4, 1934 1934
2 16 Diary 49: August 5 - October 13, 1934 1934
2 17 Diary 50: October 14, 1935 - June 29, 1935 1934-1935
2 18 Diary 51: June 29 - December 18, 1935 1935
2 19 Diary 52: December 19, 1935 - July 7, 1936 1935-1936
2 20 Diary 53: July 8, 1936 - February 4, 1937 1936-1937
2 21 Diary 54: February 5 - November 28, 1937 1937
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Series II: Manuscripts, 1911-1937

The series is in German.
4.25 linear feet
Arrangement:

This series is divided into seven subseries.

Scope and Content:

Ernst Lissauer was a prolific writer, who made use of different genres, such as poetry, drama, fiction and non-fiction. He wrote on a diverse range of topics, such as religion, patriotism, literature, music, and theater. One focus of his essays are individuals such as Martin Luther, Otto von Bismarck or Johann W. Goethe.

Subseries 1: Cycles, 1911-1937

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains poetry cycles written by Lissauer. Some poems, which belong to the cycles, can also be found in Subseries 2, Section A.

In each cycle, Lissauer focuses on a particular them and structures his poems around that theme. For example, he wrote about historic figures such as J.S. Bach and Martin Luther, about aspects of German history such as the Freiheitskriege against Napoleon, and also about religious issues.

The poems within the cycle are arranged alphabetically.

Box Folder Title Date
3 1 1813: Preparatory work undated
3 2 1813: Draft with corrections 1911?
3 3 Aufbruch und Einkehr: Poems and notes undated
3 4 Die ewigen Pfingsten. Gedichte und Gesaenge: Typed drafts with handwritten comments 1927
3 5 Bach: Idyllen und Mythen: Prepatory work undated
3 6 Bach; Idyllen und Mythen: Handwritten poems undated
3 7 Bach; Idyllen und Mythen: Final draft 1916
3 8 Martin Luther: Handwritten draft undated
3 9 Nachtwache: Handwritten draft undated

Subseries 2: Poems, 1911-1937

Scope and Content:

Lissauer's poems touch a variety of subjects such as religion, patriotism, love, individuals, and nostalgia to name but a few.

A) Identified-Alphabetical

Box Folder Title Date
3 10 Poems to Grete Lissauer undated, 1930-1937
3 11 A through D undated, 1911-1937
3 12 E through G undated, 1911-1936
3 13 H through N undated, 1911-1937
3 14 O through Z undated, 1911-1937

B) Unidentified-Chronological

Box Folder Title Date
3 15 Poems in Notebook 1896-1900
3 16 Poems in Notebook-Handwritten 1912?
3 17 Poems 1914
3 18 Notebook: Gedichte von Ernst Lissauer I, including Hassgesang gegen England. Gedichte von Ernst Lissauer II 1913-1914
3 19 Poem on a Postcard 1916
3 20 Sammlung für Heinrich Mann, handwritten 1925
3 21 Miscellaneous undated

Subseries 3: Prayers and Psalms, 1917-1925

Scope and Content:

Ernst Lissauer referred to these items as prayers and psalms.

Box Folder Title Date
3 22 Prayer undated
3 23 Ich kann Dich nicht fassen 1918
3 24 Gott spricht 1918
3 25 Gott spricht/Antwort 1918
3 26 Psalms undated, 1917-1925

Subseries 4: Dramatic Works, 1916-1936

Scope and Content:

Lissauer's dramatic works, both for the stage as well as for the radio, are included in this subseries.

A) Audio Plays

Box Folder Title Date
4 1 Bach, Komoedie, handwritten undated
4 2 Beethovens Versuchung, handwritten undated
4 3 Compendium Audio plays, miscellaneous undated
4 4 Die Raeuber, page of this play, typed notes about the Premiere, handwritten 1933
4 5 Komoedie der Wahrheit, handwritten undated
4 6 Luther, handwritten, also a play and book concerning Luther undated
4 7 Mozarts Witwe, handwritten undated
4 8 Turmbau zu Babel, handwritten 1938

B) Plays

Box Folder Title Date
4 9 Fragment, typed undated
4 10 Heimkehr 1904
4 11 Luther und Thomas Muenzer undated
4 12 Martin Luther: First Act undated
4 13 Martin Luther: Second Act undated
4 14 Martin Luther: Third and fourth Act undated
4 15 Martin Luther: Fifth Act undated
4 16 Martin Luther: Wartburg, notes, handwritten undated
4 17 Paulus in St. Pauli 1930s
4 18 Petrusspiel 1925
4 19 Die Steine reden undated
4 20 Vertauschung 1930?-1936
4 21 Das Werk undated
4 22 York 1916
4 23 York: Fifth Act undated

Subseries 5: Prose, 1919-1937

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of manuscripts of Ernst Lissauer's fictional and non-fictional works. One focus of Lissauers non-fictional work is biographical sketches. He wrote about contemporaries, mostly writers as well as other historic persons like for example Bismark and Luther. He also wrote books about German literature, patriotic and religious issues as well as about Austria. His essays deal with cultural issues like music, history, moral and every-day life. There are also a few fictional stories, which are often based on legends or religious themes.

A) Non-Fiction: Books

Box Folder Title Date
5 1 Zur Charakteristik der Balladen undated
5 2 Die dritte Tafel undated
5 3 Geistbuch undated
5 4 Geschichte der Lyrik des 18. Jahrhunderts undated
5 5 Geschichte der Lyrik des 19. Jh: Part 1 undated
5 6 Geschichte der Lyrik des 19. Jh: Part 2 undated
5 7 Glueck in Oestereich: Draft undated
5 8 Glueck in Oestereich: A through G undated
5 9 Glueck in Oestereich: H through Z undated
5 10 Glueck in Oestereich: Wien undated
5 11 Glueck in Oestereich: Drafts for new edition undated
5 12 Glueck in Oesterreich: Endorsement undated
5 13 Krieg undated
5 14 Kultur des Irrationalen-Rationalisierung des Irrationalen undated
5 15 Kultur des Irrationalen-Rationalisierung des Irrationalen undated
5 16 Kultur des Irrationalen-Rationalisierung des Irrationalen undated
5 17 Pfingsten undated
5 18 Pfingsten undated
5 19 Preussen undated
5 20 Romankapitel undated
5 21 Zeitalter des Barock 1936

B) Non-Fiction: Biographical Sketches

Box Folder Title Date
6 1 Bismarck undated
6 2 Buerger, Gottfried August undated
6 3 Fontane, Theodor undated
6 4 Gentz, Friedrichs von undated
6 5 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von undated
6 6 Greiner, Leo undated
6 7 Groth, Klaus undated
6 8 Hartleben, Otto Erich undated
6 9 Hartmann, Moritz AND Heine, Heinrich undated
6 10 Heyse, Paul von AND Wieland, Christoph Martin undated
6 11 Hofmannswaldau, Christian Hofmann von undated
6 12 Hopfen, Hans undated
6 13 Jewish individuals undated
6 14 Keyserling, Eduard Graf von undated
6 15 Liliencron, Detlev von undated
6 16 Lubinski, Samuel undated
6 17 Ludwig, Emil undated
6 18 Luther, Martin undated
6 19 Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand I 1933
6 20 Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand II undated
6 21 Michelangelo, Buonarotti undated
6 22 Moericke, Eduard undated
6 23 Muenchhausen, Boerries vonn undated
6 24 Naumann, Friedrich undated
6 25 Scherenberg, Christoph Friedrich undated
6 26 Storm, Theodor undated
6 27 Uhland, Ludwig 1937

C) Non-Fiction: Essays

Box Folder Title Date
7 1 A through H undated
7 2 K through P undated
7 3 R through Z undated, 1919-1937
7 4 Deutsche Dichtung undated
7 5 Essays-General Character undated

D) Fiction: Stories

Box Folder Title Date
7 6 Stories A through Z undated, 1931

Subseries 6: Reviews, undated

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains drafts of reviews written by Ernst Lissauer.

Box Folder Title Date
7 7 Reviews undated

Subseries 7: Miscellaneous, undated

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of notes and fragments, which could not be indentified.

Box Folder Title Date
7 8 Fragments undated
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Series III: Publications, 1905-1957

The series is in German.
0.75 linear feet
Arrangement:

This series is divided into six subseries.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains published versions of Ernst Lissauer's writings. They were published mainly in magazines and newspapers.

Subseries 1: Poems and Psalms, 1905-1953

Scope and Content:

Published versions of Ernst Lissauer's poems and psalms can be found in this subseries.

Box Folder Title Date
7 9 A 1913-1928
7 10 Bach, J.S. undated, 1913-1916
7 11 B through Z undated, 1905-1953
7 12 Psalms undated, 1916-1921

Subseries 2: Non-Fiction: Biographical Sketches, 1906-1937

Scope and Content:

Published versions of Ernst Lissauer's biographical sketches are included in this subseries.

Box Folder Title Date
7 13 A through K 1913-1937
7 14 Ling, Herman 1919-1920
7 15 Ludwig, Emil 1931
7 16 Luther, Martin undated
7 17 Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand 1909-1928
7 18 M through Z 1906-1937

Subseries 3: Non-Fiction: Essays, 1907-1937

German
Scope and Content:

This subseries contains published versions of Ernst Lissauer's essays.

Box Folder Title Date
7 19 Der Kienalpfel 1919-1925
7 20 A through G 1913-1937
7 21 Glueck in Oestereich 1919-1937
7 22 H through O undated, 1907-1934
7 23 P through Z undated, 1911-1937

Subseries 4: Fiction: Stories, 1910-1948

Scope and Content:

Published versions of Ernst Lissauer's stories can be found in this subseries.

Box Folder Title Date
8 1 A through Z undated, 1910-1948

Subseries 5: Plays, 1920-1931

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of published versions of Ernst Lissauer's plays.

Box Folder Title Date
8 2 Plays A through Z undated, 1920-1931

Subseries 6: Reviews, 1906-1957

Scope and Content:

Published versions of reviews, both by Lissauer and about his works, are included in this subseries. A separate section contains reviews written by Lissauer's friend Heinrich Meyer-Benfrey.

A) By Lissauer

Box Folder Title Date
8 3 A through Z 1906-1927

B) About Lissauer

Box Folder Title Date
8 4 A through G 1913-1957
8 5 Glueck in Oesterrreich undated
8 6 Hassgesang gegen England undated
8 7 K through Z 1906-1937

C) Meyer-Benfrey about Lissauer

Box Folder Title Date
8 8 Drafts 1916-1928
8 9 Published reviews 1917-1928
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Series IV: Correspondence, 1908-1960

The series is in German.
Ten folders
Arrangement:

The series is divided into three subseries.

Scope and Content:

Correspondence from and related to Ernst Lissauer can be found in this series. Subseries 1 consists of letters exchanged between Ernst Lissauer and and his friend Heinrich Meyer-Benfey. General correspondence can be found in Subseries 2. Letters written to Margarete Lissauer, for the most part after her husband's death, are located in Subseries 3.

Subseries 1: Heinrich Meyer-Benfey, 1908-1937

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains correspondence between Ernst Lissauer and Heinrich Meyer-Benfey, a lifelong friend of Lissauer's, dealing with issues such as Lissauer's work and comments by Heinrich , Lissauer's daily life, his future plans, thoughts about the times he lives in, political and economical thoughts as well as thoughts about being Jewish.

Box Folder Title Date
8 10 Correspondence from Ernst Lissauer 1908-1916
8 11 Correspondence from Ernst Lissauer 1920-1934
8 12 Correspondence from Ernst Lissauer 1935-1937, undated
8 13 Correspondence concerning Lissauer 1914-1932
8 14 Correspondence from Heinrich Meyer-Benfey undated, 1918-1919
8 15 Grete Lissauer to Heinrich Meyer-Benfey 1938

Subseries 2: General, 1911-1957

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains general correspondence. The business correspondence pertains mainly to publications. The private correspondence includes letters from Julius Bab, Boerries von Muenchausen, Martin Lang, Friedrich Schreyvogl, and Kurt Schuschnigg. In addition, there are four letters and a bound volume with thirty-four handwritten poems to an unknown woman, with whom Lissauer presumably had an affair.

Box Folder Title Date
8 16 Business 1915-1957
8 17 Private 1911-1954

Subseries 3: Margarete Lissauer, 1936-1953

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of correspondence between Margarete Lissauer and various publishers and theaters. Most of them are denials of her requests to publish/stage Ernst Lissauer's works. The private correspondence includes letters from Julius Bab, Theodor Heuss, and Alfred Rosenzweig.

Box Folder Title Date
8 18 Business 1947-1960
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Series V: Personal, 1722-1967

The series is in German and Dutch.
Nine folders
Arrangement:

This series is divided into six subseries.

Scope and Content:

This series contains personal materials related to Ernst Lissauer's life. Subseries 1 consist of autobiographical notes. Heinrich Meyer-Benfey's notes about Lissauer's life can be found in subseries 2; writings by others are located in subseries 3. Subseries 4 contains documents related to Lissauer's life; obituaries are located in subseries 5. Subseries 6 consists of photographs.

Subseries 1: Autobiographical Notes, 1918-1962

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains autobiographical notes by Ernst Lissauer.

Box Folder Title Date
8 19 Notes A through B undated, 1918-1962
8 20 Notes C through Z undated, 1916-1932

Subseries 2: Heinrich Meyer-Benfey, 1907-1932

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of biographical writings, both published and unpublished, by Heinrich Meyer-Benfey about his friend Ernst Lissauer.

Box Folder Title Date
8 21 Drafts undated, 1929-1932
8 22 Published undated, 1907-1928

Subseries 3: Others, 1911-1967

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of writings by others about Ernst Lissauer. Included are articles by Julius Bab, Stefan Zweig and others.

Box Folder Title Date
8 23 Others undated, 1911-1967

Subseries 4: Documents, 1898-1937

Scope and Content:

Documents related to Ernst Lissauer's life, such as birth and death certificates, school transcripts, and military records, can be found in this subseries.

Box Folder Title Date
8 24 Documents undated, 1898-1937

Subseries 5: Obituaries and Various, 1722-1952

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of obituaries and articles written on the occasion of Ernst Lissauer's anniversaries. One article is written by Julius Bab. There is also a family tree compiled by Fritz Lissauer, dating back to 1722.

Box Folder Title Date
8 25 Obituaries and articles undated, 1937-1952
8 26 Family tree 1722-?

Subseries 6: Photographs, undated

Scope and Content:

This series consists of postcards and photographs showing Ernst Lissauer, his wife Grete, their friends and some of the individuals Lissauer wrote about. The originals of most of the photographs have been removed to the Photograph Collection, with copies placed in this subseries.

Box Folder Title Date
8 27 Photographs undated
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Series VI: Programs and Announcements, 1913-1937

The series is in German.
Two folders
Arrangement:

Topical

Scope and Content:

Programs and announcements for Lissauer's works, mostly for his plays but also for some of his publications, can be found in this series. There are also a few programs for events not related to Lissauer.

Box Folder Title Date
8 28 Ernst Lissauer's works 1913-1932
8 29 Miscellaneous 1933-1937
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Series VII: Clippings and Notes, 1905-1937

The series is in German.
Two folders
Arrangement:

Topical

Scope and Content:

This series contains various clippings and other items, which are not directly related to Ernst Lissauer.

Box Folder Title Date
8 30 Clippings and notes 1909-1937
8 31 Clippings and notes 1905-1937
8 32 Removed material undated
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