Guide to the Papers of the Lili Wronker Family
1843-2002

AR 25255 / MF 737

Processed by LBI Staff and Dianne Ritchey Oummia

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2006 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey Oummia in September 2006. Description is in English.
2010-12-16  encoding of linking to digital objects from finding aid was changed from <extref> to <dao> through dao_conv.xsl

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Cassel-Wronker, Lili, 1924-
Title: Lili Wronker Family Collection
Dates:1843-2002
Dates:bulk 1917-1984
Abstract: This collection houses the papers of members of the Wronker family, including Max and Irma Wronker, Hermann and Alice (née Wronker) Engel, and Erich and Lili Cassel-Wronker. In addition, it holds a few items on the Warenhaus Hermann Wronker AG of Frankfurt am Main. Included in the collection are official papers, correspondence, postcards, guestbooks and other albums, photographs, offprints, and objects.
Languages: The collection is in German, English, and French, with a small amount of Hebrew and Arabic.
Quantity: 8.25 linear feet
Identification: AR 25255 / MF 737
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Hermann Wronker was born on August 5, 1867 in eastern Prussia, the son of Lewin Wronker and Emilie Wronker née Sandel. When he was fourteen he began an apprenticeship at the business of H. & C. Tietz in Prenzlau; during this time he opened stores in Bamberg and Coburg. In 1887 he founded a business with his elder brother Simon, S. Wronker & Co., in Mannheim. He left Mannheim in 1891 to found a branch of the business in Frankfurt am Main. By November 1896 the store had grown successful enough that a neighboring building was purchased for its expansion. Further branches were opened in Baden, Hessen, and Alsace. A fire in 1897 destroyed the Frankfurt store, but it was rebuilt. In 1921 the business was incorporated as the Hermann Wronker AG, and by 1926 it had been expanded once again. With the purchase of the Kaufhaus Hansa in Frankfurt and the Warenhaus zum Strauss in Nuremberg, the Hermann Wronker AG had become one of the largest businesses in southern Germany. In 1934 the business was disbanded and taken over by the Nazis, becoming the Hansa AG. Hermann and Ida Wronker died in Auschwitz in 1942.

Hermann Wronker had three children with his wife Ida Wronker née Friedeberg: Erich, Max, and Alice. Erich Wronker lived only until 1918, when he died of tuberculosis after having served on the east front in World War I until 1916. Max Wronker also served as an officer during the First World War, and was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. He married Irma Wronker née Lichter; they had two children, Erich and Gerda.

After completing her studies at the Viktoria Schule in 1914, Alice Wronker spent two years working at the Poliklinik für innere Medizin am Israelitische Krankenhaus (Outpatient Clinic for Internal Medicine at the Jewish Hospital) in Berlin. She then worked for 1½ years at the Archiv für Kriegefangenenhilfe (Archive for the Assistance of Prisoners of War) Zeil. In 1921 Alice Wronker married the orthopedic surgeon Hermann Engel, in Berlin, where the family lived until leaving Germany in 1936. They had two daughters, Ruth and Marion, born in 1924 and 1927, respectively. From 1927 until 1929 the family's home, the Villa am Rupenhorn 10, in the Spandau district of Berlin, was built; the house was a gift from Alice Engel's father, Hermann Wronker.

Hermann Engel was born in 1886, the second son of Gustav Engel and Jenny Loewy. The family moved to Berlin in 1892. After graduating from the Falke Realgymasium in 1905, Hermann Engel began studying medicine at the Universities of Berlin and Heidelberg, receiving his medical liecense in Berlin in 1912. As a young doctor Engel spent the next few years in various temporary positions, including working as a ship's doctor on trips to Mexico and Brazil and studying abroad for three months in the United States. From 1914 until the end of World War I he served as a military doctor on both the east and west fronts, including service at the Battle of Verdun. His military service earned him an Iron Cross. From the end of 1918 until 1927 Engel worked as the first assistant to Hermann Gocht at the Orthopädische Universitätsklinik und Poliklinik (Orthopedic University Clinic and Outpatient Clinic) in Berlin. He opened his own practice for orthopedic surgery in 1920. In 1936 he emigrated to Cairo with his family, where he had his own practice as well as working on the staff of several hospitals. While in Cairo he frequently visited Palestine (now Israel) for lectures and operations. In September 1949 Engel emigrated to the United States, where he opened his own practice on Fifth Avenue five months later. He was also on the staff of the Hospital for Joint Diseases. Hermann Engel continued to practice medicine until the age of 80, and published numerous articles in his field. He died in 1971.

Erich Wronker was the son of Max Wronker and Irma Lichter. Born in Frankfurt am Main in 1921, he spent his earliest years in the town of Königstein. He fled Germany with his family in 1933 via Paris and Cairo before ending up in Palestine, where Erich Wronker studied agriculture. Later he served in the Jewish Brigade of the British Army. In 1943 he emigrated to New York, where he taught himself printing. After working for the New York University Press he went to the Treaty Series Group, a printing company that worked with the United Nations. Erich Wronker stayed at the Treaty Series Group for twenty-five years, eventually heading the printing department, which printed international treaty books for the United Nations. In 1955 he founded Ron Press with his wife, the calligrapher Lili Cassel. Ron Press produced greeting cards, stationary, and books. Erich Wronker died on June 9, 1997.

Lili Wronker née Cassel was born on May 5, 1924. She attended the private Waldschule Kaliski from 1936 until 1938, and left Germany for England following Kristallnacht. From 1938 until 1940 she attended the Stoatley Rough School in Haslemere, Surrey, England. The Stoatley Rough School was a school for German and Austrian Jewish refugee children. In May 1940 Lili Cassel arrived in New York. For four years she studied art at Washington Irving High School. Her early experiences in the arts included working as an assistant to Time magazine's Promotion Art Director, Arnold Bauk and designing book jackets for the World Publishing Company. Lili Cassel's first children's book illustrations were included in the best book of the year show at the American Institute of Graphic Arts. In addition to freelancing for various publishers, she also taught calligraphy at several institutions, including the New School of Social Research, the YMCA, the United Nations International School and St. John's University in Queens, New York. In 1949 Lili Cassel was invited to spend a year a Jerusalem, where she met many Israeli artists and had an exhibition of her book illustrations at the Bezalel School. Three years later she married Erich Wronker. The Wronkers had a private press as a hobby, and were also founding members of the American Printing History Association as well as belonging to the Typophiles, a group of book and letter professionals. Lili Wronker was additionally a founding member of the Society of Scribes, New York. Her own work, as well as that of other calligraphers included in her collection, will be found in the San Francisco Public Library. In addition, she also created a video on the history of the Hebrew alphabet, which may be found in the collections of several libraries, including that of the Center for Jewish History.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection primarily documents the lives of the various Wronker family members. It consists of personal papers and official records, correspondence, postcards, albums, publications, drawings, photographs and photo albums, offprints, and artifacts and objects.

More than half of the collection is comprised of the personal papers of family members. Prominent among these are Max and Irma Wronker, Hermann and Alice Engel, and Lili and Erich Wronker. Series 1 of Subgroup I includes such items as the daily calendars of Max Wronker, guestbooks of Hermann and Alice Engel, material concerning the Hermann Wronker plaque and the Stoatley Rough School, family trees and genealogical information, a postcard collection, and an album of currency. Series 1 of Subgroup II deals primarily with Hermann and Alice Engel. Among the papers in this series are a guestbook, biographical sketches, emigration and identification papers, and poetry albums. Professional papers of Hermann Engel are placed in Series 3 of Subgroup II; a large portion of these documents are recommendations, certificates, and offprints. A few personal items of family members are located in Series 4 of Subgroup I.

Correspondence of family members will be found in several areas of the collection. Correspondence of Max, Irma, and Erich Wronker will be found in Series 1 of Subgroup I. The majority of this Wronker family correspondence is between Max and Irma Wronker. Hermann and Alice Engel's correspondence is located in Series 2 of Subgroup II. It largely consists of restitution correspondence, although it also includes personal correspondence of both Hermann and Alice Engel as well as professional correspondence primarily pertaining to Hermann Engel's medical practice in New York.

A small amount of material in this collection concerns the Hermann Wronker Warenhaus AG of Frankfurt am Main. Documents on the department store will be found in Series 2 of Subgroup I. Additionally, a few objects from the store have been placed in Series 4 of the same subgroup.

This collection also holds many photographs of and by family members, especially those taken by Max Wronker. Photographs are located in Series 3 of Subgroup I and Series 4 of Subgroup II. They include such topics as family members, Hermann Engel's Berlin clinic and the Engel's villa, and places where family members resided or visited, such as Germany, Egypt, and Italy.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following manner:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Collection is microfilmed - MF 737.

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Custodial History

The collection was donated in several installments by Lili Cassel-Wronker.

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Microfilm

This collection is on eleven reels of microfilm (MF 737).

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Lili Wronker Family Collection; AR 25255; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

This collection is comprised of two former collections, the Lili Wronker Family Collection (AR 10545) and the Hermann Engel Collection (AR 10326). These two collections were consolidated together to form the Lili Wronker Family Collection; each former collection comprises a subgroup of the new collection.

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Container List

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.

 

Subgroup I: Wronker Family Collection,  1876-2002

This subgroup is in German and English, with some French and Hebrew.
4.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Subgroup I is arranged in the following four series:

Scope and Content:

Subgroup I contains the papers of the former Lili Wronker Collection. Topics frequently represented in this subgroup are Wronker family members and the Wronker department store.

Material pertaining to family members largely consists of items in Series 1. This series is devoted to the papers of family members, including Max and Irma Wronker, Hermann and Alice Engel, Lili and Erich Wronker, and Hermann Wronker. Prominent in Subseries A are the extensive letters between Max and Irma Wronker prior to their marriage, their engagement album, and a Bar Mitzvah album for Max Wronker. Noteworthy in this subseries is also a collection of daily calendars of Max Wronker, chronicling more than forty years of his daily activities. Guestbooks of Hermann and Alice Engel will be found in Subseries B along with an obituary. Subseries C is comprised of the papers of Erich and Lili Wronker and includes such documents as Bar Mitzvah prayerbooks for Erich Wronker, material concerning a bust and plaque of Hermann Wronker, and collected books and clippings. The largest amount of material in this subseries, however, concerns the Stoatley Rough School, which Lili Cassel-Wronker attended from 1938 to 1940.

Further material on family members is located in Series 3 and 4. Series 3 is comprised of photographs, among them photographs of Max and Irma Wronker. Series 4: Objects holds items used by family members, including a purse, tefellin, and a piece of the Wronker home in Frankfurt.

The Warenhaus Hermann Wronker is another primary focus of this subgroup. Items pertaining to the business include advertisements and photocopies of book excerpts that mention the store, located in Series 2. Series 4 also holds items from the Wronker store as well as items manufactured with the Wronker logo, such as melted coins, a cash register remnant, and Wronker matchboxes and seals.

Series 1: Family Members, 1876-2002

This series is in German and English, with some French and Hebrew.
3.25 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Series 1 contains four subseries:

Scope and Content:

This series is comprised of the papers of Max and Irma Wronker, Hermann and Alice Engel, and Lili and Erich Wronker, among others. It includes correspondence, albums, publications, clippings, and books.

Subseries A: Max and Irma Wronker, 1905-1984

This subseries is in German, with some French.
1.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries A holds the papers of Max Wronker and Irma Wronker née Lichter. Included here are personal documents such as correspondence, an engagement album, daily calendars of Max Wronker, school notebooks of Irma Lichter, and a few compositions. In addition there is a small amount of official papers such as passports.

The most prominent papers here consist of correspondence between the couple in the years just prior to their marriage in November 1919 and the daily calendars of Max Wronker. The correspondence is extensive, especially that of Max Wronker, whose letters were often written daily. Daily calendars not only list significant dates, such as wedding anniversaries, birthdays, and deaths, but also record daily events such as letters written, hours worked, visits to and from others, and tasks undertaken by Max Wronker. The calendars dating from 1940-1942, when Max and Irma Wronker may have resided in Cairo with Hermann and Alice Engel, mention significant world events, such as battles, as well as the frequency and duration of air raid sirens. The calendars also frequently mention the activities of Max Wronker's children, Erich and Gerda.

Writings of Max and Irma Wronker will be found in two places in this subseries. These include a folder of short compositions and a poem written on the occasion of their wedding anniversary. The folder of compositions includes a skit produced for the wedding of Max and Irma Wronker.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Address Booksundated, 1934-1935
12Book - Drei Jahre im Sattel: Ein Lern- und Lesebuch für den Dienstunterricht des deutschen Kavalleristen1912
13Calculation Tablesundated, 1929
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1202Certificate - Premiére Exposition Internationale d'Art Photographique, Cairo1939
BoxFolderTitleDate
14Compositionsundated, 1921
15Correspondence – Irma Lichter to Max Wronker1917-1918
16Correspondence – Irma Lichter to Max Wronker1919 January-August
17Correspondence – Max Wronker to Irma Lichter1918 July-September
18Correspondence – Max Wronker to Irma Lichter1918 October-December
19Correspondence – Max Wronker to Irma Lichter1919 January-March
110Correspondence – Max Wronker to Irma Lichter1919 April-May
111Correspondence – Max Wronker to Irma Lichter1919 June-July
112Correspondence – Max Wronker to Irma Lichter1919 August-October
113Correspondence with Othersundated, 1919-1934
BoxFolderTitleDate
4Daily Calendars – Small, Part 11917-1936, 1940-1942, 1952-1962
4Daily Calendars – Small, Part 21917-1936, 1940-1942, 1952-1962
BoxFolderTitleDate
114Daily Calendars – Large1937-1939, 1949-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
51Engagement Album – Erinnerung1919
52Memorial Album – Bar Mitzvah of Max Wronker1905
BoxFolderTitleDate
115Notebooksundated, 1906-1907
116Other Personal Papersundated, 1919
117Passports1927-1932
118Poem – Wedding Anniversary1931 November 9
119Textil-Atlasundated

Subseries B: Hermann and Alice Engel, 1921-1984

This series is in German, with some English.
0.5 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains guestbooks and one obituary of Hermann Engel. The guestbooks are three large, leatherbound volumes with handwritten greetings and entries written by visitors of the Engels. The first volume documents the Engels' visitors in Berlin and Cairo, the second volume dates from their time in Cairo, and the third was used in both Cairo and New York.

A fourth guestbook of Hermann Engel is located in Subgroup II.

BoxFolderTitleDate
120Obituary – Hermann Engelundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
53Guestbook1921, 1937
54Guestbook1938-1944
55Guestbook1944-1984

Subseries C: Erich and Lili Wronker, 1876-2002

This subseries is in English and German, with some Hebrew.
0.75 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries C is comprised of the papers of Erich Wronker and Lili Wronker née Cassel. Approximately half of this subseries consists of documents pertaining to the Stoatley Rough School, the boarding school for German refugee children in Haslemere, England, which Lili Wronker attended. Other items here include two prayerbooks given to Erich Wronker on the occasion of his Bar Mitzvah and some material on the plaque of Hermann Wronker created by Karl Rautert.

Much of the material on the Stoatley Rough School consists of newsletters and documents pertaining to school reunions. The newsletters and a volume of remniscences of former students, which was illustrated by Lili Wronker, provide a detailed view of life at the boarding school for the refugee children, especially during the Second World War, as well as mentioning the careers undertaken by students after leaving the school.

This series also holds a two photocopies of documents and a photograph of Jakob Glück. He was a rabbi, and the great-grandfather of Lili Wronker.

BoxFolderTitleDate
121Book – Frankfurter Ansichten1979
122Book – Die jüdischen Friedhöfe in Frankfurt1985
123Bar Mitzvah Prayerbooks – Erich Wronker1934
124Correspondence – Erich Wronker1940
125German Typeface Boycottundated, 1939
126Hermann Wronker Bust – Documentation1927
BoxFolderTitleDate
21Hermann Wronker Plaqueundated
22Hermann Wronker Plaque – Documentation1911-1991
23Hermann Wronker Plaque – Medallists – Biographies – Book Excerpts1923-1974
24Jakob Glück – Papers1876-1880, 2001
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1201Jakob Glück – Family Photographundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
25Newspaper Clippings – Hitler Paintings2001
26Obituary – Erich Wronker1997
27Sketch of Max Osbornundated, 2005
28Stoatley Rough School Newsletters1992-1996
29Stoatley Rough School Newsletters1997-2004
210Stoatley Rough School – Remniscences1971-2000
211Stoatley Rough School – Remniscences – Hans Loeser1998
212Stoatley Rough School Reunion1997
213Stoatley Rough School Reunion – Guildford1990-1991
214Stoatley Rough School Reunion – United States Holocaust Memorial Museum2000
215Stoatley Rough School Reunionsundated, 1991-2002
216Stoatley Rough School Reunions – Newspaper Clippings1990, 2002

Subseries D: General, 1899-1946

This subseries is in German, with some English.
0.5 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

This subseries holds items concerning the family in general or those belonging to unidentified family members, as well as one album belonging to Hermann Wronker.

Genealogical material in this subseries includes several family trees, as well as handwritten notes. There is also a clipping discussing businesses belonging to members of the Tietz family, to whom the Wronkers were distantly related. Several biographies of Hermann Wronker as well as brief article on the Wronker business will be found among the genealogical papers.

This subseries also contains collections created by members of the Wronker family. These are comprised of an album of Notgeld, which belonged to Hermann Wronker, and two folders of postcards from various countries. The Notgeld album consists of currency, mostly from the 1920s from many cities in Germany. The postcard collection includes postcards and stamps from Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Egypt, France, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Jerusalem, Japan, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, and the United States.

BoxFolderTitleDate
217Book – Eine Citaten Sammlungundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1203Collected Clippings1936
BoxFolderTitleDate
218Family Trees and Historyundated
219Family Trees and History – Hermann Wronkerundated, 1927
220Geburtstagbuchundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
8Notgeld Album – Hermann Wronker1920s
BoxFolderTitleDate
221Philatelic Postcards – Germany1899-1938
222Philatelic Postcards – Other Countries1908-1946

Series 2: Wronker Department Store, 1914-1998

This series is in German.
2 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

This small series holds documentation on the Wronker Department Store. It includes two advertisements for the store and photocopies from books and publications mentioning the business.

BoxFolderTitleDate
223Advertisementsundated, 1914
224Book Excerpts1927-1998

Series 3: Photographs, 1897-1968

0.25 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Series 3 is composed of photographs belonging to the Wronker family. Many of these were taken by Max Wronker; whose hobby was photography. A large amount of photographs in this series depict Egypt, where Max and Irma Wronker appear to have emigrated to along with Alice and Hermann Engel. Many of the photographs have notations identifying the subject.

BoxFolderTitleDate
225Boats and Ships
226Cairo Negativesundated, 1942-1962
227Family Membersundated, 1930-1931
228Places – Egyptundated, 1936-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1202Places – Egypt – Cairo Photo Pagesundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
229Places – Germanyundated, 1930-1933
230Places – Italyundated, 1930
231Places – Other Areasundated, 1930-1940
232Places – Unidentifiedundated
233Postcardsundated
234Still Lifes and Portraitsundated, 1918-1932
235Unidentifiedundated

Series 4: Objects, 1897-1937

1 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

This series holds objects that came from the Wronker store or belonged to family members. Several of the items in this series were used at the Wronker business and have the trademark Wronker emblem, an uppercase 'W.' Among the items from the store are seals, a stamp, seals, and matchboxes. Among the items in the folder "Wronker Department Store Items" are a wine cork with the Wronker emblem, a cash register remnant, and melted coins. Personal items in this series include a purse initialed 'I.W.' and a piece from the Wronker home in Frankfurt.

BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 120Canesundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
31Objects - Unidentifiedundated, 1937
32Paginier-Maschineujndated
33Tefillenundated
34Wronker Department Store Itemsundated, 1897?
35Wronker Matchboxesundated
36Wronker Personal Itemsundated
37Wronker Sealsundated
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Subgroup II: Hermann and Alice Engel, 1843-1996

This subgroup is in German, English, and French, with some Hebrew and Arabic.
2 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Subgroup II is arranged in the following manner:

Scope and Content:

Subgroup II contains the papers of Hermann and Alice Engel. Major areas of focus in this subgroup include biographical and family information, the professional career of Hermann Engel, and the Engels' Berlin villa.

Biographical information may be found in several areas of this subgroup. Obituaries, biographical sketches, and identification documents for Hermann and Alice Engel will be found in Series 1. Subseries B of this series additionally includes Alice Engel's medical documents, and genealogical material on the family. Subseries C also contains papers of other family members and a family Haggada. Photographs of various family members, often unidentified, will be found in Series 4.

Documentation of Hermann Engel's career is placed in three areas of this subgroup. The majority of papers pertaining to his profession will be found in Series 3: Professional. These include documents such as licenses, certificates, letters of recommendation, material on his Berlin and New York medical practices, and papers referring to his orthopedic shoe patent. In addition, Series I contains military papers relating to Engel's work as a doctor during World War I. Series 4 holds photographs and drawings of his patients as well as a photo album on his clinic.

Some material is also available in this subgroup on the Engels' Berlin villa, Am Rupenhorn 10. Subseries C of Series 1 holds an estimate of the property's worth, while Series 2: Correspondence contains extensive restitution correspondence with both Hermann and Alice Engel. This correspondence mentions restitution for the loss of the villa as well as for Hermann Engel's loss of his medical practice. Finally, Series 4 contains an album of the construction of the villa and some unidentified photographs of the interior of one of the family's residences, which may be of the villa.

Series 1: Personal, 1843-1996

This series is in German and English.
1 linear foot.
Arrangement:

This series contains three subseries:

Scope and Content:

Series 1 contains the personal papers of Hermann and Alice Engel, in addition to a small amount of papers of other family members.

Subseries A centers on Hermann Engel, and includes material documenting his military service and emigration, as well as holding official identification papers from government agencies. Biographical information on Hermann Engel will be found in his obituary. Documents pertaining to his wedding with Alice Engel is also located in this subseries.

Subseries B focuses on Alice Engel. Her writing is evidenced in school notebooks holding essays and a poetry album, while biographical information may be found in her obituary and biographical sketch. The history of the Wronker and Engel families will be found in the folder of family trees in this subseries.

Detailed biographical sketches (each entitled 'Lebenslauf') were created for the purposes of emigration for Hermann, Alice, Ruth, and Marion Engel. These were found scattered in various areas of the series. Hermann Engel's biographical sketch will be found among his emigration papers in Subseries A, while Alice Engel's is located in Subseries B. The biographies of Marion and Ruth Engel are located in the folder of other family member's papers in Subseries C.

Subseries A: Hermann Engel, 1894-1971

This subseries is in German, with some English.
0.25 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries A holds the personal papers of Hermann Engel. These papers include emigration, identifications, and military service papers of the surgeon. In addition, this subseries holds items such as a guestbook, poetry album, and material on Hermann and Alice Engel's wedding.

The emigration documents in this subseries mainly pertain to Hermann Engel's emigration to the United States from Cairo. Among the documentation are copies of official paperwork, documents pertaining to the affidavit of support for Hermann and Alice Engel, Hermann Engel's curriculum vitae, and a list of furniture and other items Hermann Engel intended to ship to the United States. Among the identification papers are affidavits issued in lieu of passports to Hermann and Alice Engel by the U.S. Embassy in Cairo in 1949, since as Jews they had lost their German citizenship in the late 1930s. Military service consists of identification and service certificates denoting his service in World War I as well as the awarding of an Ehrenkreuz fur Fronktkämpfer in 1934.

Guestbook entries are in German, French, English, Arabic, and Hebrew, and express patients' satisfaction with Hermann Engel's treatments. Many of the entries are from the Engels' time in Egypt and a few letters from individuals have been taped into the guestbook. Many of the photocopied guestbook entries date from after the Engels' relocation to the United States.

This subseries also holds material on the wedding and subsequent anniversaries of Hermann and Alice Engel. Among these documents are the wedding menu, invitation, and photo of family members, as well as copies of the marriage certificate.

BoxFolderTitleDate
61Emigration Papers1935-1955
62Ex-Librisundated
63F.W.V.er [Freie Wissenschaftliche Vereinigung] Taschenbuch1931
64Guestbook1932-1959
65Guestbook Entries – Photocopies1933-1971
66Identification Papersundated, 1920-1949
67Military Service1914-1934
68Obituaries and Register of Funeral Attendeesundated, 1971
69Play Invitation – Ein Tag in meiner Klinik1910
610Poetry Album1894-1895
611Tax Return1971
612Wedding and Anniversary1921-1933, 1971

Subseries B: Alice Engel, 1906-1980

This subseries is in German and English, with some Hebrew and French.
0.25 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries B consists of the personal papers of Alice Engel. Included here are compositions and notes produced by Alice Engel, items collected by her, and documents on Engel family members.

Alice Engel's own writing includes a diary, poetry, and notebooks used by her at school. The diary from 1980 holds brief notes describing Alice Engel's daily condition and activities. School notebooks hold notes and essays for courses that appear to focus on history and literature.

Items collected by Alice Engel include a manuscript given to her and two periodicals in Hebrew and French. The manuscript was dedicated to Alice Engel by Fritz Höber.

Biographical material on Alice Engel and her relatives is also located in this subseries. These papers are comprised of genealogical material, especially correspondence concerning family history. Several letters with Alice Engel's cousins discuss the connection between the Tietz and Wronker families, and there is a photocopy of a detailed family tree of the Tietz family as well as an article on Leonard Tietz. The obituaries and eulogies in this subseries describe the life of Alice Engel's daughter Marion as well as herself. In addition, this series also provides documentation of Alice Engel's health and the consequences of a traffic accident in which she was involved in 1959.

BoxFolderTitleDate
613Diary1980
614Family Trees and Genealogical Correspondence1969-1980
615Lebenslaufafter 1936
616Manuscript – Zwei Minnelieder von Walter von der Vogelweideundated
617Medical Documents1968-1982
618Obituaries and Eulogies1985
619Periodicals1927, 1958
620Poetry Albums1906-1916
621School Notebooks1916-1917
622Theater Attendance Book1912-1920
623Traffic Accident – Legal and Medical Documents1959

Subseries C: General, 1843-1996

This subseries is in German and English, with some Hebrew.
0.5 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries C holds material of a general nature as well as papers not originating from Hermann or Alice Engel. Among the documents here are a book by Edwin Samuel that was dedicated to the Engels and the Engel Family Haggada. In addition there are two folders of press releases on actions of the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council, extracts from speeches, and notes on votes of the General Assembly. Finally, this subseries also holds a document describing the monetary value of the Berlin house that belonged to the Engels.

One folder in this subseries holds papers of other family members. Among the documents found here are photocopies of Schutzbriefe for Isaac Engel and documents belonging to Alfred Loewy. There are also personal papers, including biographies and identification papers for Marion and Ruth Engel as well as a composition by one of the Engel's grandchildren.

BoxFolderTitleDate
624Book – A Cottage in Galilee by Edwin Samuel1957
625Book – Gesetz zur Verhütung erbkranken Nachwuchses1934
626Cardsundated
627Compositions – Unidentifiedundated
628Engel Family Haggada1843, 1926
629Newspaper and Periodical Articlesundated, 1964-1983
630Other Family Members' Papersundated, 1843-1970
631Publicationsundated, 1979
632Publishing Articles1996
633United Nations' Press Releases and NotesMarch-July 1967
634United Nations' Press Releases and NotesJuly-September 1967
635Villa am Rupenhorn 101930-1955

Series 2: Correspondence, 1843-1973

This series is in German and English.
0.375 linear foot.
Arrangement:

This series contains two subseries: Hermann Engel and Alice Engel.

Scope and Content:

This series is comprised of the correspondence of Hermann and Alice Engel. It is arranged topically by the type of correspondence and includes personal, professional, and restitution correspondence.

Subseries A: Hermann Engel, 1843-1973

This subseries is in German and English.
0.125 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by type of correspondence.

Scope and Content:

This subseries holds the correspondence of physician Hermann Engel. Most of the correspondence in this subseries is professional in nature or concerns restitution for the loss of Engel's property and practice in Berlin. Other types of correspondence in this subseries include letters concerning financial and personal matters.

Professional correspondence deals with Hermann Engel's occupation as an orthopedic surgeon. Correspondence with the Generalkonsulat der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in New York mainly concerns examinations he performed for restitution claims for the Consulate, and includes a few copies of patients' records. Most of the correspondence with patients includes updates on their health and mobility after treatments. General professional correspondence and letters exchanged with the Department of Labor mainly contain routine office correspondence, although among the general correspondence there are a few that request information about certification in the United States.

The most extensive type of correspondence in this series concerns restitution for the loss of Engel's property and practice in Berlin, as well as for his family members. The majority of this correspondence is with lawyers in Germany and New York. Some of the correspondence with lawyer Georg Kappus includes correspondence of Max Wronker.

Among the small amount of personal correspondence is a letter Hermann Engel wrote to Marlene Dietrich, who was once his patient.

BoxFolderTitleDate
71Emigration1935-1950
72Financial1965-1968
73Generalundated, 1947-1969
74Hebrew University - Hermann Engel Family Endowment for Perpetual Student Aidundated, 1970-1981
75Personal1940-1961
76Professional – General1949-1961
77Professional – Generalkonsulat der Bundesrepublik Deutschlands1962-1973
78Professional – New York State Department of Labor1958-1959
79Professional – Patients1936, 1957
710Restitution – General1945-1963
711Restitution – Georg Kappus1952
712Restitution – Georg Kappus1968
713Restitution – Shipping and Transportation Costs1949-1955

Subseries B: Alice Engel, 1951-1998

This subseries is in German, with some English.
0.125 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by type of correspondence.

Scope and Content:

The majority of correspondence in this subseries deals with Alice Engel's restitution claims. Personal correspondence includes letters exchanged with family members, Paul Arnsberg, and friends.

Much of the restitution correspondence focuses on Alice Engel's restituion claim for the loss of her husband's clinic, her family's properties, and the deterioration of her own health while living in Egypt. Most of it is with various lawyer's offices, as well as with the Verband der Ärzte Deutschlands (Union of Doctors of Germany), with whom Hermann Engel had a life insurance policy.

Correspondence with family members includes a few letters from Alice Engel's daughters, grandchildren, and cousins. Among the family correspondence are also a few photographs, as well as a letter from Hermann Engel. The folder of personal correspondence contains letters from friends of Alice Engel, most of which discuss family news or significant events. Correspondence with Paul Arnsberg mentions the fate of her parents, as well as individuals she met while living in Egypt and visiting Palestine. Karl Otto Mittelstenscheid owned part of the property where the Engel's Berlin villa had previously been located, and his correspondence with Alice Engel discusses changes to the property and its current state.

BoxFolderTitleDate
714Paul Arnsberg1971-1972
715Boeing Stock1969
716Donationsundated, 1968-1984
717Family Membersundated, 1911-1983
718General1951-1984
719Karl Otto Mittelstenscheid1967-1968
720Personal1958-1984
721Restitution – Entschädigungsamt Berlin1961-1984
722Restitution – Martin Eulau1969
723Restitution – Heinz Kurt Fabian1971-1972
724Restitution – General1960-1984
725Restitution – Gesundheitsschaden1971-1972
726Restitution – Fred Meyerhoff1969-1970
727Restitution – Hermann Plaßmann1963-1965
728Restitution – Hermann Plaßmann1966
729Restitution – Verband der Ärzte Deutschlands1971-1974
730Unidentifiedundated, 1998

Series 3: Professional, 1905-1970

This series is in German, English, and French, with some Arabic.
0.25 linear foot.
Arrangement:

This series has two subseries: documents and medical articles.

Scope and Content:

This series is comprised of documents and articles related to Hermann Engel's occupation. The documents reflect various stages of Engel's professional life, and include his medical license as well as certificates attesting to his performance at various clinics under other physicians. The published articles in this series are mainly by Hermann Engel and discuss various topics within the broader field of orthopedics.

Subseries A: Documents, 1905-1970

This suberies is in German and English, with some French and Arabic.
0.125 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries A is comprised of documents relating to Hermann Engel's occupation. Among the documents to be found here are copies of his medical licenses and other professional certificates, curriculum vitae, and letters of recommendation. Translations of these types of documents will be found among the documents Hermann Engel prepared for his emigration to the United States. Patient records consist of copies of a few patients' cases, including one used for a legal case.

Several folders in this subseries relate to Hermann Engel's attempts to obtain a patent for an orthopedic children's sandal in the United States in the 1950s. Herman Engel received the patent for it in Germany in 1930, and the shoe had previously been sold and manufactured there until the patent was revoked in 1933 on racial grounds. Correspondence concerning Engel's attempts to patent the shoe in the United States include letters exchanged with manufactures, attorneys, and the U.S. Department of Commerce.

BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1202Architectural Plans for Berlin Clinic1932
BoxFolderTitleDate
731Curriculum Vitae1936-1954
732Documents Prepared for Practicing in the United States1912-1949
733Educational Certificates and Degrees1907-1912
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1202Educational Certificates and Degrees – Oversized1905-1907
BoxFolderTitleDate
734Generalkonsulat der Bundesrepublik Deutschlands – Index of Medical Professionals1965-1970
735Letters of Recommendation1935-1954
736Medical Licenses1912-1950
737Medical Residency and Internship Certificates1909-1917
738Opening of New York Office – Responses to Announcement1950
739Other Professional Documentation1935-1968
740Orthopedic Shoe Patent – Advertisementsundated, 1930
741Orthopedic Shoe Patent – Correspondence1951-1966
742Orthopedic Shoe Patent – Notesundated
743Patient Records1951-1970

Subseries B: Medical Articles, 1913-1968

This subseries is in German, French, and English.
0.125 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Subseries B consists largely of offprints of published medical articles by Hermann Engel, although there are also a few articles by other individuals. Articles have been organized by topic. The majority of articles relate to specialized subjects within the generalized field of orthopedics.

a) By Hermann Engel

BoxFolderTitleDate
744Article Reviews1933-1934
745Diseases or Conditions and Orthopedics1932-1951
746Injuries1920-1932
747Operations1921-1924, 1959
748Orthopedic Equipment, Apparatuses, and Instruments1923-1935
749Orthopedics and Podiatry1924-1939
750Pediatric and Developmental Orthopedics1920-1943
751Proceedings of Congresses and Conferences1922-1929
752Unpublishedundated

b) By Others

BoxFolderTitleDate
753Articles by Others – French1913-1914, 1949
754Articles by Others – Germanundated, 1927
755Articles by Others – English1913-1968

Series 4: Visual Material, 1922-1938

0.375 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Series 4 is composed of photographs, photo albums, and drawings. Major topics of the visual material include Hermann Engel's family, his house in Berlin, and his patients. Among the photographs here are two that were signed by patients, as well as several drawing for Hermann Engel by an unidentified patient, possibly of Engel's medical practice. Many of the photographs in the folder "Photographs and slides" are unidentified, but most appear to be of family members. The slides in this folder are also unidentified, but seem to be of the interior of one of the family residences.

BoxFolderTitleDate
756Drawing – Unidentifiedundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1202Drawings by Patient for Hermann Engelundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
757Photo Album – Berlin Clinic1930
758Photo Album – Building of Villa Am Rupenhorn 10undated
759Photo Album – Hermann Engel's Ski Tripbefore 1936
760Photographs - Patients1922-19223
761Photographs - Photocopies – Engel Family and Villa am Rupenhorn1930-1937
762Photographs - Photocopies – Patients, Clinic, and Hermann Engelundated, 1934
763Photographs and Slidesundated, 1925
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