Guide to the Records of the Adelebsen Jewish Community
circa 1775, 1830-1917
(bulk 1832-1917)

RG 244

Processed by Steven M. Lowenstein / Additional processing completed, and finding aid compiled and encoded by Violet Lutz

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

©2015 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Violet Lutz in January 2015. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Adelebsen Jewish Community
Title: Adelebsen Jewish Community Records
Dates:circa 1775, 1830-1917
Dates:bulk 1832-1917
Abstract: The collection contains records of the Jewish community of Adelebsen, Germany, spanning the years 1832 to 1917. During this period Adelebsen, a small town in the vicinity of Göttingen, was at first located in the kingdom of Hanover. When the latter was annexed by the kingdom of Prussia in 1866 it became known as the province of Hanover; and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. A small amount of material pertains to the Jewish community in Barterode, some members of which eventually joined the Adelebsen community. Approximately half of the collection comprises financial records covering the period from 1838 to 1917 (with gaps), including annual statements; account books; lists of taxes, donations, synagogue fines, and synagogue seat fees collected from members; lists of families with school-age children; and accounts of the Adelebsen Jewish charitable association. The remainder of the records comprise administrative correspondence and documents, with correspondents including the government offices in Adelebsen, Uslar, and Hildesheim; the rabbis who headed regional districts of Jewish communities ('Landrabbiner'); and community members, including Sally Blumenfeld, the long-time teacher heading the Jewish school. Noteworthy documents include a handwritten copy of the Hanoverian synagogue regulations issued by Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler in 1832, with later amendments; minutes of two meetings with Adler, one in 1836 at which he initiated the project to build a new synagogue; a regulation of 1841 governing the community's tax assessment; minutes of oath-taking by community officers and assessors in the Adelebsen municipal court; election materials; and files related to matters such as employment of the Jewish teacher, petition for exemption from the municipal poor tax, preparations for matzah baking, and purchase of a garden plot to expand the Jewish cemetery.
Languages: The collection is in German, with very occasional use of Yiddish or Hebrew.
Quantity: 1.67 linear feet (5 boxes)
Identification: RG 244
Repository: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
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Historical Note

The small German town of Adelebsen is located about 15 kilometers west of Göttingen, today in the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen). It serves as the central municipality (Flecken) for the satellite villages of Barterode, Eberhausen, Erbsen, Güntersen, Lödingsen und Wibbecke. The area was historically part of the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneberg; and, following the Napoleonic Wars, the kingdom of Hanover (Hannover). The latter was annexed by the kingdom of Prussia in 1866.

Under Prussian rule and subsequently as part of the German Empire (1871-1918), the region was known as the province of Hanover. Adelebsen came under the provincial administration (Landdrostei) of Hildesheim. Adelebsen itself was a local government seat until 1859, when it was brought under the jurisdiction of the government seat in nearby Uslar.

The Jewish community in Adelebsen had its beginnings in the late 17th century. The first documentation of Jewish residents is a listing for a peddler and farmer by the name of Hertz Naphthali, and his wife and children, in a tax list of 1675. In 1696 there were two Jewish families in the town; and in 1796, 20 families. Through the early 19th century, Jews needed permission to settle in the town (as was the case elsewhere in Germany), in the form of a writ of protection (Schutzbrief), which specified their occupation, and Jews who did not have such permission were periodically expelled. Jews were granted full civil rights for a time under Napoleonic rule (1807-1813), and then, finally, in the kingdom of Hanover, in 1842.

The number of Jews in Adelebsen steadily increased through the mid 19th century. In 1848, there were 149 Jewish residents, making up 13% of the town's population. The Jews of Adelebsen mostly earned their living as peddlers, merchants, or proprietors of small businesses, including cattle and horse dealing; linen and cotton weaving; and lottery collection.

The community built a schoolhouse in 1836, which also contained the living quarters of the Jewish teacher. It was located at 15 Lange Straße ('Long street'), the street on which most Jewish residents lived. As was typical, the office of teacher was combined with that of cantor (Vorsänger) and kosher butcher (Schächter).

Baruch Schlesinger, of Goslar, was a teacher for several years in the mid 1850s. Sally Blumenfeld, of Momberg, Hesse, took up the teacher's post in 1861, and remained for nearly fifty years, until 1910. Due to the dwindling number of students, the school closed in 1915.

Teacher Blumenfeld also headed the burial society, or chevra kadisha (Chewra kadischa); and he was active in the Jewish teachers' association (Lehrerverein) of Hanover, and helped to create the union (Verband) of Jewish teachers' associations of Germany, in 1895. Upon his retirement he moved to Göttingen and died there, in 1925. (He was buried in the Jewish cemetery in Adelebsen.)

Like other Jewish communities in Germany, Adelebsen came under the jurisdiction of a regional, government-appointed rabbi, or Landrabbiner. In that capacity Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler, of Hanover, issued synagogue regulations (Synagogenordnung) in 1832, applicable to all the Jewish communities in the kingdom of Hanover. Adelebsen also came under the more local jurisdiction of the Landrabbiner in Hildesheim.

In the late 1830s, the community erected a new synagogue, which was located in the vicinity of the schoolhouse. A communal mikveh, for ritual baths, was built around 1860.

In 1861 the Jewish community in the village of Barterode was administratively combined with the Adelebsen Jewish community, a step that had been under discussion since around 1844.

Following are the approximate terms in office of some of the elected heads (Vorsteher) of the Adelebsen Jewish community, from the mid 19th to early 20th century:

Rosenstein, a physician, later moved to Einbeck, where he achieved local renown as a 'doctor of the poor' (Armenarzt), and an advocate in educational and cultural matters, and in 1890 was awarded the imperial Order of the Red Eagle (Rote Adlerorden), 4th class, for his civic service. Salomon Gräfenberg was the father of the famous gynecologist Ernst Gräfenberg, who was born in Adelebsen and spent his boyhood there; the family moved to Göttingen in 1893, where Ernst attended high school and university.

In the late 19th century there was a marked decline in the size of the Jewish community, with the nearby city of Göttingen being a destination for some. There were only 69 Jewish residents in Adelebsen in 1895; 51 in 1911; and 46 in 1925.

When Hitler assumed power in 1933, there were just 32 Jewish residents in the town (2% of the total population). In the night of 9/10 November 1938 (Kristallnacht, or the night of broken glass), Jewish residents of Adelebsen were mistreated, some of them were arrested, and the synagogue was burned down, in actions led by SS and SA members who had arrived from Göttingen, with local SS and SA members joining in.

Of 14 Jews still residing in Adelebsen in 1942, some seven of them were deported to the Warsaw ghetto in March, and those remaining were deported to concentration camp Theresienstadt in July. The only survivor, Noa Rothschild, returned to the town at the end of the war, in July 1945, and died there in May 1948, becoming the last community member to be buried in the Adelebsen Jewish cemetery.

The cemetery is on the outskirts of town to the west, on a steep incline, and in the past was known in the town as the "Judenberg" (Jews' hill). The cemetery was expanded several times so that it comprises five distinct sections. It contains 229 headstones dating from 1733 to 1948. In 1999 to 2004 the graves and cemetery were restored with funding from the Deutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz (German foundation for monument protection).

References

"Adelebsen/Solling (Niedersachsen)" (2008). Klaus-Dieter Alicke (Ed.). Lexikon der jüdischen Gemeinden im deutschen Sprachraum. 3 vols. Güterloh: Güterloher Verlagshaus. vol. 1, cols. 15-17. Available online at: www.jüdische-gemeinden.de

Schaller, Berndt, & Eike Dietert (2010). Im Steilhang: der jüdische Friedhof zu Adelebsen: Erinnerung an eine zerstörte Gemeinschaft. Göttingen: Universitätsverlag Göttingen. Available online at: http://books.google.com

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Scope and Content Note

The collection contains records of the Jewish community of Adelebsen, Germany, from 1832 to 1917. During this time Adelebsen, a small town in the vicinity of Göttingen, was at first located in the kingdom of Hanover (Hannover). When the latter was annexed by the kingdom of Prussia in 1866 it became known as the province of Hannover; and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. The records document the evolution of communal life, including introduction of synagogue regulations in Hanover, the building of the Adelebsen synagogue, the hiring of the Jewish teacher for the school, the formation of a synagogue choir, and the struggle to maintain the Jewish school as the community declined in size in the late 19th century.

A small amount of material pertains to the Jewish community in Barterode, some members of which eventually joined the Adelebsen community (see especially Folders 46, 60, and 66). One set of court minutes records a hearing in which the Jewish community of Güntersen was also represented (Folder 66). Also, a letter and enclosed documents sent to the Adelebsen community by Rabbi Heilbut (Landrabbiner of Stade) relate to the Jewish community of Stade, a city near Hamburg (Folder 59).

Slightly more than half of the collection consists of financial records, which span the years 1834 to 1917, with gaps (Series I). Included are copies of the community's official financial statements and/or the supporting documents: lists of monies collected, including taxes, donations, fines, and fees; and receipts and pay orders documenting expenses. Also included are the accounts of its charitable association from 1854 to 1860 (Subseries I.3). The financial records reflect the growth of the community through the mid 19th century, and the decline in size thereafter, including information about enrollment in the Jewish school.

The collection also contains a variety of correspondence of the community executive (Vorstand), or, specifically, the superintendent (Vorsteher). The correspondents fall into several categories: government offices (Series II), including the municipality of Adelebsen, and district offices in Uslar and Hildesheim; rabbis (Landrabbiner) in Hanover and Hildesheim, who headed regional districts of Jewish communities (Series III); community members (Subseries IV.2); and, in a few instances, other individuals or organizations, for example, two federations of German-Jewish organizations, the Deutsch-Israelitischer Gemeindebund and the Verband der deutschen Juden (Folders 96-97).

The government-related correspondence includes material pertaining to several petitions or disputes (Subseries II.1), in some instances including correspondence with attorneys, as well as other more general correspondence (Subseries II.2). The latter files include a few cases concerning complaints made by community members over tax assessments; one instance, in 1890, of superintendent Leopold Stehberg registering a complaint about the distribution of anti-Semitic fliers by a certain forestry assistant (Folder 73); and material about the Jewish school in 1901-1904 (Folder 75).

The earliest items related to the Landrabbiner are a handwritten copy of the Hanoverian synagogue regulations (Synagogen-Ordnung) of 1832 (Folder 76), signed by Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler, and minutes of two meetings with Rabbi Adler, with one topic, in 1836, being the need for a new synagogue. The regulations contain rules providing for order and decorum in the conduct of synagogue services, addressing matters such as regular attendance, appropriate dress, and being quiet during services. Such regulations were adopted by Jewish communities throughout German-speaking lands in the early 19th century. Based on the regulations the community superintendent was empowered to levy fines on members who broke the rules; these monies collected are reflected as income in the financial records in Series I, including account books from the 1840s that specify members' infractions (Folders 41-42). The regulations and the associated fines are sometimes the topic of announcements posted by the community executive (Folder 85), or correspondence received from members (Folder 93).

The correspondence from community members includes more than a dozen letters from Sally Blumenfeld, who was the teacher at the Adelebsen Jewish school for nearly 50 years, from 1861 to 1910 (Folders 90-92). One topic of Blumenfeld's letters in 1862 is the founding of a four-part mixed choir. Interestingly, the collection also contains a circular letter of 1849 in which superintendent Rosenstein argues for the formation of a synagogue choir, garnering the signatures of 20 community members (Folder 84).

Among the various other types of records (Series IV) are fliers on which the executive body or the superintendent made announcements or called meetings (Subseries IV.1); an 1841 regulation governing communal tax assessment (Folder 100); several sets of municipal court minutes including ones documenting the oath-taking, or swearing in of Jewish community officers and assessors (see Folders 14, 67, and 74); and a few groupings of items on specific topics, including negotiations for the employment of the Jewish teacher in the years before Blumenfeld's arrival (Folder 101); communal matzah-baking preparations at Passover time (Folder 102); and elections (Folder 105).

Following are family names that occur frequently in the records: Dannenberg, Edelstein, Eichenberg, Freudenstein, Gräfenberg, Katzenstein, Löwenstern, Löwenthal, Meyenberg, Müller, Oppenheim, Rosenbaum, Rosenstein, Rothschild, Stehberg, Unger.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in the following series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Permission to use the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archivist.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish part or parts of the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archives. For more information, contact:
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

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Related Material

Other records of the Adelebsen Jewish community are held by the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, under the heading: Israelitische Gemeinde Adelebsen. Also, objects from the synagogue and from Jewish families of Adelebsen are held by the Städtisches Museum, Göttingen (see Schaller & Dietert, 2010, p. 9). In addition, the Leo Baeck Institute holds the following collections: the Graefenberg Family Collection (AR 231), containing material on Ernst Gräfenberg (son of Salomon Gräfenberg) and a genealogical history of the Gräfenberg family of Adelebsen; and the Müller Family, Barterode, Collection (AR 3701), containing material related to Herz Simon Müller and Moses Müller, of the Barterode Jewish community, which eventually merged with the Adelebsen community (there are items related to both individuals in the current collection).

According to an older finding aid for the present collection, the Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony (donor of the collection) also held a group of 20 photographs showing the Jewish cemetery and some of the homes of Jews in Adelebsen, which had been used in an exhibition mounted by the commission in Germany in 1948. The whereabouts of those photographs are unknown.

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Other Finding Aid

A previous finding aid from the 1970s, in hard copy, is stored with the collection.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Adelebsen Jewish Community Records; RG 244; box number; folder number; YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

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Acquisition Information

YIVO received the records from the Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony, Göttingen, in 1948.

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Processing information

According to a previous finding aid, the collection was received in a disorganized state, with loose documents mixed up and scattered. The archivist who initially processed the collection reconstructed as best as possible some of the groupings of documents indicated by the handwritten labels on original paper folders, and created an inventory list. Those original folders (made out of blue paper) evidently date from the 1860s, and offer only limited clues to an original order. During the present processing, large heterogeneous groupings of items that had earlier been categorized only broadly by chronology were further examined and distributed into the basic categories reflected in the current arrangement scheme, in order to facilitate access. The collection was also re-foldered into acid-free folders.

In the present finding aid, if an original paper folder is included, its presence is noted at the beginning of the folder description, and its German-language title is transcribed and given in parentheses following the English-language folder title. German-language titles found on the front covers of items that are bound booklets are similarly transcribed and conveyed, with the exception of those on the community financial statements (Series I.1), which tend to take a generic form.

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Access Points

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Container List

 

Series I: Financial records, 1834, 1841-1917

In German, with very occasional occurrence of Yiddish.
57 folders
Arrangement:

Organized in three subseries, with the first two comprising records kept by the Jewish community executive (Vorstand), and the last, the accounts of the community's charitable association.

Scope and Content:

This series contains financial records of the community, including annual financial statements of income and expenses (Subseries 1); various account books and loose documents (Subseries 2); and accounts of the Adelebsen Jewish charitable association (Subseries 3).

Subseries 1: Community financial statements, 1843-1917

In German.
40 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically, with the financial statement proper followed by its corresponding set of supporting documents (if both are present).

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains copies of the Jewish community's financial statements, dating from 1843 to 1917, with the first statement covering accounts that date back to 1838. The statements were prepared by the community account keeper (Rechnungsführer) and/or by, or under the supervision of the community superintendent (Vorsteher). With a few exceptions they are annual statements, and are clean copies, corresponding apparently to the form in which they were submitted to the government. The coverage is fullest from 1838 to 1864, and scattered thereafter. The formal financial documentation found in this subseries is supplemented by the various account books and loose documents found in Subseries 2.

The financial statement (Rechnung) is typically intended to be accompanied by a booklet of supporting documents (Belege). In the extant records there are only six years for which both the financial statement and the supporting documents are present (1852, 1854, 1856, 1859, 1864, and 1887/88). Otherwise, for any given year there might be only the statement proper, without supporting documents; only the supporting documents, without the statement; or neither. The largest gaps for which there are no documents are 1877-1885 and 1903-1909.

The booklets of supporting documents have two sections, one for income and one for expenses. The supporting documents for income are labeled with letters; and those for expenses are numbered. Typically, on the front cover, or title page of the financial statement proper is a note indicating precisely how many supporting documents of each kind there were, e.g. income, A to E; expenses, 1 to 30. The letters or numbers of the supporting documents are referenced within the statement.

Besides various categories of income and expenses, the financial statements proper contain lists showing back payments made that were owed from previous periods (Restanten Corpus). Occasionally there are remarks (Erinnerungen) of government auditors laid in, showing questions that were raised (Monita), which the superintendent would subsequently respond to. In the mid 1850s the financial statements proper begin to include in the prefatory pages an inventory of communal assets (Inventarium der Gemeinde).

The earliest financial statement, covering 1838 to 1842, contains a list of contributions for the building of the synagogue. (See also the minutes of the meeting with Rabbi Adler, in 1836, at which the building project was discussed, Folder 76.) The documents for 1862 and 1864 include lists of contributions for a matzah machine (Folders 23 and 27).

Of the supporting documents, those for expenses typically take the form of paid invoices, receipts, and pay orders; in at least one instance, Adelebsen court minutes for the oath-taking by officers and assessors are included (in 1854, Folder 14). The supporting documents for income comprise various lists, mainly showing the specific amounts paid by individuals, or heads of households, for taxes, contributions, and fees. Following are the typical lists included:

  • Monthly tax assessment (Repartition des monatlichen Beitrages)
  • Auslege-Zettel (another type of contribution)
  • Families with school-age children, with number per family (Verzeichnis der schulpflichtigen Kinder)
  • Synagogue seat fees (Synagogen-Stellengeld; Pacht für Synagogen-Stellen), which varied according to the assigned place
  • Synagogue fines (Strafgelder), collected by the community superintendent for members' infringements of the synagogue regulations (Synagogenordnung)

Among the supporting documents in this subseries are tax assessment lists for the consecutive years 1852 to 1859, with the number of names listed averaging about 35. The list for 1862 has 37 names; and the remaining tax lists found in this subseries reflect the declining size of the Jewish community:

  • 1875: 24
  • 1876: 31
  • 1886: 22
  • 1887/1888: 21

Additional loose tax lists are found in Subseries 2, mainly in Folder 46 (covering the years 1834, 1845-1866); two additional lists are in Folders 51 and 52 (1888/1889 and 1901/1902, respectively). The most recent one, 1901/1902, contains 14 names.

Beginning around 1858 several additional types of lists appear among supporting documents:

  • Slaughtering fees (Schächtzettel)
  • Tuition/school tax (Schulgeld)
  • Dues for the regional rabbinical and Jewish poor relief fund (Landesrabbinats- und jüdischen Armencasse)
  • Contributions for call to Torah (Beiträge für Aufruf zur Thora), perhaps corresponding to the earlier contributions labeled "Auslege-Zettel"

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Financial statement for 20 April 1838 to 1 January 1843 1843
  

59 p. Kept (geführt) by superintendent A. Meyenberg; signed by him, 20 January 1843 (p. 59). Labeled as a duplicate (front cover).

 
1 2 Financial statement for 1 January 1843 to 1 August 1843 1843-1845
  

23 p. Kept by superintendents A. Meyenberg and F. Löwenstern. Signed by Meyenberg, 14 July 1845 (p. 23).

 
1 3 Financial statement for 1 August 1843 to 1 July 1845 1845
  

32 p. Superintendent and account keeper (Rechnungsführer) Simon Löwenstern. Dated 16 September 1845 (p. 32).

 
1 4 Financial statement for 1 July 1845 to 1 September 1847 1845-1847
  

44 p.; back cover missing. Superintendent and account keeper Gottschalk Müller.

 
1 5 Financial statement for circa October 1847 to April 1849 — Working version — With list of fines, 1854-1856 1847-1849, 1854-1855
  

25 leaves. No title page. One half of the booklet records income (cover title: "Einnahmen"); the other half, beginning at the other end, upside down (cover title: "Ausgaben"), records expenses, as well as a list of fines (6 leaves at back). Some leaves loose.

 
1 6 Supplementary financial statement prepared by former superintendent S.S. Eichenberg for circa September 1847 to January 1848 1848
  

4 leaves. Title page reads: Rechnung für die israelitische Gemeinde hieselbst von dem früheren Vorsteher S. S. Eichenberg.

 
1 7 Financial statement for circa September 1847 to April 1849 1849
  

Fragmentary; includes pages numbered 7-8, 13, 16-18, 21-49. Front cover missing. Prepared (aufgestellt) by S. Rothschild, dated May 1849 (p. 49).

 
1 8 Financial statement for 1 January 1849 to 1 January 1851 1849-1851
  

59 p. Superintendent and account keeper Solomon Rothschild. Dated March 1851 (p. 59).

 
1 9 Financial statement for 1 January 1851 to 1 January 1852 1851-1852
  

38 p. Account keeper Moses Rosenbaum. Dated 29 February 1852 (p. 38).

 
1 10 Financial statement for 1 January 1852 to 1 January 1853 (1 of 2) 1852-1853
  

42 p. Account keeper Moses Rosenbaum. Dated 31 January 1853, and signed by Rosenbaum and S. Löwenstern (p. 42).

 
1 11 Financial statement for 1 January 1852 to 1 January 1853 (2 of 2) — Supporting documents 1852-1853
  

 
1 12 Financial statement for 1853 — Supporting documents only 1853
  

Incomplete: missing title page and some of the lists and receipts in the sequence.

 
1 13 Financial statement for 1 January 1854 to 1 January 1855 (1 of 2) 1854-1855
  

47 p. Account keeper Moses Rosenbaum. Dated 31 December 1854, and signed by Rosenbaum and S. Löwenstern (p. 47).

 
1 14 Financial statement for 1 January 1854 to 1 January 1855 (2 of 2) — Supporting documents 1854
  

Includes a record of oath-taking by communal officers and assessors (no. 18).

 
1 15 Financial statement for 1855 — Supporting documents only 1855
  

Back cover missing; front cover has large fragment missing, and first leaf is a stub.

 
1 16 Financial statement for 1 January 1856 to 1 January 1857 (1 of 2) 1856-1857
  

40 p. Account keeper Moses Rosenbaum. Note on title page: Für das wohllöblichen Amt Adelebsen (For the worthy Adelebsen office). Dated 20 January 1857 (p. 40). Remarks of Adelebsen town auditors (4 leaves, laid in), dated 27 November 1857. Binding loose; front cover and last leaf detached.

 
1 17 Financial statement for 1 January 1856 to 1 January 1857 (2 of 2) — Supporting documents 1856-1857
  

 
1 18 Financial statement for 1858 — Supporting documents only 1858-1859, 1861
  

The list of families with school-age children in this case includes the names of the children. Also included are the following, laid in: remarks of government auditors on accounts of 1858 and 1859 (Erinnerungen zu der Rechnung), dated Uslar, 19 February 1861 (2 leaves); and superintendent S. S. Eichenberg's revisions to the accounts of 1858 (Monita zu der Rechnung), dated Adelebsen, 22 April 1859 (2 leaves).

 
1 19 Financial statement for 1 January 1859 to 1 January 1860 (1 of 2) 1859-1860
  

35 p. Account keeper M. Dannenberg; signed by him, 5 February 1860, and signed by Dannenberg (last page). Note on title page: Für das königliche Amt Uslar (For the royal office at Uslar).

 
1 20 Financial statement 1 January 1859 to 1 January 1860 (2 of 2) — Supporting documents 1859-1860
  

Incomplete: missing title page and some of the receipts referenced in the accounts for 1859. Includes list of contributions for synagogue repair.

 
1 21 Financial statement for 1 January 1860 to 1 January 1861 1860-1861
  

34 p. Account keeper N. Gräfenberg; signed by him, 1 February 1861 (last page). Remarks of government auditors (4 leaves, laid in), dated Uslar, 30 June 1861.

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 22 Financial statement for 1 January 1861 to 1 January 1862 1861-1862
  

33 p. Account keeper N. Gräfenberg; signed by him, 14 January 1862 (last page). Remarks of government auditors (2 leaves, laid in), dated Uslar, 11 August 1862.

 
2 23 Financial statement for 1 January 1862 to 1 January 1863 (1 of 2) — Supporting documents 1862
  

Includes list of contributions for matzah machine (Matzot Maschiene; list "R").

 
2 24 Financial statement for 1 January 1862 to 1 January 1863 (2 of 2) — Response to auditors remarks 1863
  

2 items. Includes statement signed by N. Gräfenberg and H. Stehburg responding to remarks of government auditors, and accompanying list of contributions for call to Torah for 1862.

 
2 25 Financial statement for 1 January 1863 to 1 January 1864 1863-1864
  

32 p. Account keeper Salomon Gräfenberg; signed by him, 25 January 1864 (last page).

 
2 26 Financial statement for 1 January 1864 to 1 January 1865 (1 of 2) 1864-1865
  

Fragmentary; 2 leaves, including title page and inventory of communal assets.

 
2 27 Financial statement for 1 January 1864 to 1 January 1865 (2 of 2) — Supporting documents 1864-1865
  

Includes list of contributions for matzah machine.

 
2 28 Financial statement for 1 January 1868 to 1 January 1869 1868-1869
  

29 p. Account keeper K. S. Meyenberg.

 
2 29 Financial statement for 1 January 1874 to 1 January 1875 1874-1875
  

30 p. Account keeper K. S. Meyenberg; signed by him, 4 August 1875 (p. 30).

 
2 30 Financial statement for 1875 — Supporting documents only 1875-1876
  

At front is a proposed budget for 1875.

 
2 31 Financial statement for 1876 — Supporting documents only 1876-1878
  

Mainly documents for 1876, but including several receipts dated in January 1877, and one copy of a telegram dated 13 August 1878 (laid in).

 
2 32 Financial statement for 1 April 1886 to 1 April 1887 (1 of 2) 1886-1887
  

29 p. Account keeper A. Speyer; signed by him, 15 August 1887 (p. 29).

 
2 33 Financial statement for 1 April 1886 to 1 April 1887 (2 of 2) — Supporting documents 1886-1887
  

At front is a proposed budget, dated 5 May 1886.

 
2 34 Financial statement for 1887/1888 — Supporting documents only 1887-1888
  

At front is a proposed budget, dated 24 March 1887.

 
2 35 Financial statement for 1 April 1892 to 1 April 1893 circa 1893
  

1 leaf. Fragment. Includes title page, and beginning of inventory of communal assets on verso.

 
2 36 Financial statement for 1899/1900 — Supporting documents only 1899-1900
  

Fragmentary. Includes an insurance policy for Leopold Stehberg as head of the Jewish community.

 
2 37 Financial statement for 1901/1902 — Supporting documents only 1901-1902
  

Fragmentary, comprised of a proposed budget, dated 31 March 1901, and two receipts from 1902.

 
2 38 Financial statement for 1 April 1910 to 1 April 1911 1910-1911
  

28 p. Account keeper N. Rotschild (Rothschild); signed by him, 5 May 1911 (p. 28). Sewn booklet with leaves loose; possibly a leaf missing at back.

 
2 39 Financial statement for 1 April 1914 to 1 April 1915 1914-1915
  

28 p. Kept by Julius Polak; signed by him, 1 April 1915 (p. 28).

 
2 40 Financial statement for 1916/1917 — Supporting documents only 1916-1917
  

Covers missing, some leaves loose; appears to be complete (based on the numbering/lettering of documents). Includes proposed budget, dated 23 March 1916.

 

Subseries 2: Other financial records, 1834, 1841-1905

In German, with occasional notations and one list in Yiddish.
13 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged in rough chronological order, with account books and specific categories preceding files of heterogeneous loose documents.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains a few account books and a variety of loose documents that reflect the same categories of financial matters that are recorded in the community financial statements found in Subseries 1. Since there are gaps in the files of the formal statements, these records in part supplement those, and, in part, overlap with them.

BoxFolderTitleDate
3 41 Synagogue fines account book for 1841 to 1843, with various lists of income and expenses (Buch der Bestraften, die wider das Gesetz der Synagogen-Ordnung gehandelt haben) 1841-1849
  

30 leaves. Fines collected for infringement of synagogue regulations, with reasons given, followed by lists of expenses. Beginning at other end, upside down (cover title: Einnahmen) further lists of income and expenses. Includes a note about the death of Moses Edelstein on 20 January 1849, and his burial; and a loose page containing a list of graves in Yiddish (with German title: Bezeichniß von dem Gottesacker). Scattered Yiddish elsewhere as well.

 
3 42 Synagogue fines account book (Verzeichniß der bei der hiesigen israelitischen Gemeinde vorgekommenen Strafen wegen Uebertretung der Synagogen-Ordnung vom 21ten September 1832) 1846-1847
  

12 leaves. Kept by superintendent Eichenberg. Fines collected for infringement of the synagogue regulations (of 1832), with reasons given.

 
3 43 Synagogue fines — Loose accounts (Acta die erkannten Strafen wegen Uebertretung der Synagogen-Ordnung betr.) 1847-1848
  

3 leaves, in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Lists of fines collected for infringement of synagogue regulations, with reasons given.

 
3 44 Monthly contributions and fees 1845-1849
  

Booklet, 28 leaves; back cover missing. Includes tuition, regional rabbi's fund, and synagogue seat fees.

 
3 45 Report of back dues for 1836 to 1850 (General-Restverzeichniß) 1851-1852
  

8 leaves. Prepared by S. Löwenstern for the Adelebsen court, dated 1 August 1851 (cover) and 9 July 1852 (last page).

 
3 46 Various financial records (loose) — Tax assessments (Acta wegen der Schätze und Abschätzung in der Gemeinde betr.) 1834, 1845-1866
  

Approximately 37 items, in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Mostly working versions of lists of monthly tax assessments (Repartition des monatlichen Beitrages). 1834 list refers to expenses for the teacher. Also includes assessor's declaration of synagogue seat fee for S. Freudenstein, 1854; complaints about assessments, 1856; changes to assessments, 1858, 1860; and tax list of five Jews of Barterode, 1862.

 
3 47 Various financial records (loose) — Responses to auditors' remarks, notes or corrections pertaining to accounts 1847-1851 (Acta erledigte Monita zur Gemeinde Rechnung betr.) circa 1847-1851
  

16 leaves in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Includes list of contributions (Auslege-Zettel) for 4 February 1848; and a title page for a petition from Salomon Rothschild, 21 April 1851, with accounting notes on verso.

 
3 48 Various financial records (loose) — Synagogue seat payments (Acta das Stellengeld in der israelitischen Gemeinde betr.) 1845-1863
  

24 leaves in paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Includes lists of seats by class and price; sums of income from seats; announcement of sale (signed by S. S. Eichenberg, 1859); and rules of ownership.

 
3 49 Various financial records (loose) 1845-1860
  

Approximately 25 items. Mostly lists of back payments owed (Restanten; Rest-Verzeichniß) and receipts. Includes Auslege-Zettel, 1848-1849; also includes lists for the regional rabbi's fund, 1848, 1860; a list of families with school-age children, 1851; Armen-Billeten (contributions for the poor), 1853; and a list of monies promised to benefit the synagogue (Tempel), 1858. A few items have notes in Yiddish.

 
3 50 Various financial records (loose) 1862-1866, 1872
  

15 items. Includes receipts/invoices and pay orders (one in 1864 including salary for teacher Blumenfeld); a collection list to aid the poor in Palestine (Hebrew motto at head), with postal receipt, September 1865; a list of Armen-Billeten (contributions for the poor), 1862; and various lists related to financial statements, including tuition payments (Schulgeld), contribution for call to Torah (Opfergeld/Aufrufgeld), and regional rabbi's fund (Rabbinatsgeld). See also Oversize (Box 5, Folder 109) for a list of tax assessments filled in on a printed government form (4 leaves), 1865.

 
3 51 Various financial records (loose) 1884-1888, 1890
  

17 items. Pay orders, receipts/invoices, notes. Includes a tax list, 1888; two items related to hiring of Reulke to paint the school house (Schulhaus, Gemeindehaus), 1887; receipt and attached announcement concerning a gift for teacher Blumenfeld and his wife on their 50th anniversary, 1890; and notes concerning conditions for renting the community garden (Gemeindegärten), 1890.

 
3 52 Various financial records (loose) 1901-1905
  

7 items. Includes a list of dues owed to the burial society (Chewra kadischa) for 1893-1900; tax list for 1901/1902; and receipts, including one from the Hilfsverein der Deutschen Juden, 1905, for a contribution to aid victims of a pogrom in Russia (Judenexcesse).

 
3 53 Various financial records (loose) undated
  

19 items. Includes receipts, lists of back payments owed (Restanten), unidentified lists. One list of taxes owed is filled in on a printed form.

 

Subseries 3: Adelebsen Jewish Charitable Association accounts, 1854-1862, undated

In German.
4 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains accounts of the Adelebsen Jewish charitable association (Wohltätigkeits-Verein), which was founded in July 1850. There is a copy of the founding declaration at the front of the accounts for 1854-1862 (Folder 57), along with a list of 43 founding members. The declaration refers to a constitution (Statuten) of eight paragraphs; a copy of the constitution laid in the accounts for 1854-1858 (Folder 55) corresponds to that description, although it is undated, and might be only a draft. The constitution cites a three-fold purpose: the care of the sick; the burying of the dead, to whatever extent such responsibilities do not already fall under the purview of the community executive (Vorstand); and the support of the poor. The statutes refer to members giving voluntary contributions on a weekly basis.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 54 Financial statement for August 1850 to August 1854 (Abrechnung von dem Wohltätigkeits-Verein) 1854
  

8 leaves. Signed by Herz Müller, 1 August 1854.

 
2 55 Financial statement for August 1854 to August 1858 (Rechnung des Wohltätigkeits-Verein) 1854-1858, undated
  

Booklet of 8 leaves, with 6 leaves of loose documents laid in. Statement prepared by David Eichenberg, signed 18 April 1858. Also included are list of back dues kept by H. Müller (Arm Casse); sheet of explanations; and an undated copy of the statutes of the association.

 
2 56 Financial statement for August 1858 to August 1860 1860
  

4 leaves. Signed D. Eichenberg, 1 July 1860.

 
2 57 Financial statement for 1 August 1854 to 1 January 1862 (Abrechnung der Wohltätigkeits-Verein der Synagogen-Gemeinde zu Adelebsen) 1862
  

12 leaves bound in paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Statement prepared by account keeper David Eichenberg, signed and dated 18 April 1862. Includes (at front) a copy of founding declaration of 1850, with list of 43 members.

 
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Series II: Government-related correspondence, 1844-1904

In German.
18 folders + 1 Oversize item
Arrangement:

Grouped into two subseries, for specific cases and general correspondence, and then arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence of the community's executive body (Vorstand), and more specifically, the superintendent (Vorsteher), with Adelebsen municipal offices, and the government district offices in Uslar and Hildesheim, concerning financial and administrative matters. Correspondence related to several specific petitions or disputes is found in Subseries 1, and a variety of more general correspondence in Subseries 2.

Subseries 1: Petitions and disputes, 1858-1888

8 folders + 1 Oversize item
Scope and Content:

This subseries contains correspondence concerning certain major petitions and disputes between 1858 and 1888, including: the Jewish community's petition for exemption from the general poor tax (Folders 58-59); the merger of the Barterode Jewish community with the Adelebsen Jewish community (Folder 60); a petition to expand the Jewish cemetery by purchase of a garden plot owned by the town (Folder 61); objection to contributions of the Adelebsen Forestry Association (Genossenschaftsforst), including Jewish property owners, for support of the Christian school (Folder 62); and a dispute over a decision of Adelebsen town to support the Christian school out of general funds, and a related petition for aid for the Jewish school (Folders 63-65).

In the matter of the Barterode community, see also related material from 1844 elsewhere in the collection: minutes of a meeting with Rabbi Adler, Folder 77, and minutes of a municipal court hearing, Folder 66.

BoxFolderTitleDate
3 58 Petition for exemption from poor tax (1 of 2) (Ackta von Klage gegen Armsachen, von Mickwell mit der Cristgen Gemeinde) 1858-1860
  

Approximately 15 items, in a paper folder kept by Eichenberg family. Correspondents include S. S. Eichenberg, M. L. Eichenberg, and attorney Johannes von Miquel, Göttingen. Included is a copy of the Adelebsen town constitution (Statut für die Sammtgemeinde Adelebsen) of 13 October 1855, under cover of a letter in January 1859.

 
3 59 Petition for exemption from poor tax (2 of 2) — Related to the Stade Jewish community 1860
  

4 items. Cover letter from M. L. Eichenberg to attorney Miquel, Göttingen, and correspondence to Adelebsen community from Rabbi Heilbut, of Geestemünde in February 1860, enclosing documents related to a successful petition of the Jewish community of Stade for exemption from the poor tax in fall 1858.

 
3 60 Barterode Jewish community members' joining the Adelebsen community 1861-1864
  

15 items. Concerns the absorption into the Adelebsen community of Jews of Barterode; their required payment of an entrance contribution (Eintrittsgeld); and their petitions to be exempted from the payment (filed with the government office in Uslar). Includes copy of minutes of an Adelebsen meeting in January 1863, at which five new members from Barterode were acknowledged and their obligations stipulated, addressed to Moses Müller of Barterode.

 
3 61 Petition for cemetery expansion 1864-1865, undated
  

9 items. Correspondence with Adelebsen town executive and government office in Uslar, concerning the desired expansion of the Jewish cemetery by purchase of a garden plot belonging to the town. See also Oversize (Box 5, Folder 109) for a hand-drawn plan (17-1/2 x 22 inches), created by superintendent Simon Löwenstern, of the section of the Jewish cemetery that corresponds to the second expansion (that is, the one preceding the new purchase); it shows names and dates of death of individuals buried in 52 plots from 1849 to 1860, and several other plots claimed.

 
3 62 Adelebsen Forestry Association (Genossenschaftsforst) school taxes 1886-1887
  

6 items. Concerns question of whether the association, which included Jewish property owners, should have to contribute to support of the town's Christian school. Includes items from the town magistrate (addressed to S. Gräfenberg), the town forestry council (Forstrat), and an attorney in Erbsen; a copy of a letter from superintendent A. Stehberg to the forestry council; and a resolution of the executive (Vorstand) of the Christian school.

 
3 63 School financing dispute (1 of 3) — Correspondence (general) 1888
  

Approximately 28 items. Correspondence with Adelebsen town magistrate, district office in Uslar, and official in Hildesheim (Regierungspräsident), concerning the Jewish community's objection to a decision of the town (12 January 1888) to assume the costs of the Christian school for the upcoming year, which were otherwise borne by the school association (Schulverband); and a petition for aid for the Jewish school.

 
3 64 School financing dispute (2 of 3) — Correspondence of S. Gräfenberg with attorney Otto Jüdell, Hannover 1887-1888
  

14 items. S. Gräfenberg's exchanges with Jüdell related to the dispute over a decision of the town government (12 January 1888) to assume the costs of the Christian school. (It is possible that one or more of the copies/drafts of petitions filed with the general correspondence on the case were enclosures sent by Jüdell.)

 
3 65 School financing dispute (3 of 3) — Other correspondence and notes by S. Gräfenberg 1888, undated
  

One letter (1 leaf); and 11 leaves of notes in Gräfenberg's hand. The letter is from a Louis, in Göttingen, who addresses Gräfenberg by first name and seems to refer to a similar but different complaint regarding school taxes (Schullasten) raised by his own community. The notes include two sets that partly overlap, both with a heading that identifies them as notes about the town's counterstatement (Gegenerklärung) of 9 August 1888.

 

Subseries 2: Other correspondence with government offices, 1844-1904

10 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains mostly routine correspondence of the Jewish community executive body (Vorstand), and more specifically, the superintendent (Vorsteher), with the Adelebsen municipal office, and the district government offices in Uslar and Hildesheim, concerning financial and administrative matters, including cases of complaints submitted by individual community members. Specific topics are highlighted in the folder descriptions. One grouping comprises items, dated 1901-1904, related to the Jewish school (Folder 75). A few items in 1885 and 1887 (Folder 72) represent correspondence of Salomon Gräfenberg, who was not superintendent at the time but was serving in one instance as an Adelebsen communal representative (Bürgervorsteher) and in another as a member of the community's tax assessment commission (Einschätzungs-Commission).

BoxFolderTitleDate
3 66 Minutes of Adelebsen town court hearing — Proposed formation of combined synagogue and school association for Barterode, Güntersen, and Adelebsen communities 1844
  

4 leaves. The hearing was attended by four representatives of Adelebsen, including superintendents S. M. Freudenstein and S. Löwenstern; H. S. Müller representing Barterode; and superintendent Hammerschlag, and others, of Güntersen.

 
3 67 Minutes of oath-taking by Jewish community assessors and superintendent in Adelebsen town court 1848
  

2 leaves. Assessors: Levi Eichenberg, Simon Löwenstern and Alexander Edelstein; superintendent: Dr. Rosenstein. With stamp of the Adelebsen court.

 
3 68 Minutes of Adelebsen town court hearing on back dues 1852
  

2 leaves. Appearance by superintendent Löwenstern and several community members to resolve questions about monies owed.

 
3 69 Various government-related correspondence (term of H. Stehberg) 1862-1865, 1867
  

14 items. Topics include: a draft petition from Stehberg, concerning court summonses on the Sabbath and holidays, 1862; permission for the marriage of Moses Dannenberg and Jettchen Brandes, 1862; Jewish poor relief fund for Hildesheim district (government rules, election of executive, disbursements), 1863; complaint of Christian butcher about slaughtering fee, with related letter to Stehberg from the butcher, 1864; complaint of S. S. Eichenberg about infringement of synagogue regulations, 1864; complaint of teacher S. Blumenfeld about replacement of oven and repairs to his apartment, 1865; and case of Levy Eichenberg concerning his tax assessment, 1867. A few items concern submission of financial accounts, 1864-1865.

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 70 Various government-related correspondence (term of S. Gräfenberg) 1870
  

9 items. Topics include: required submission of death roll in connection with inheritance tax regulation (2 items); approval of money toward a raise for Jewish teacher; submission of a new community regulation; the appointment of a new Landrabbiner, Meyer, following death of Rabbi Landsberg; and complaint concerning the tax assessment of Moses Rothschild (4 items).

 
4 71 Various government-related correspondence (term of A. Stehberg) 1884-1888
  

10 items. Includes correspondence with the Uslar office about financial matters; and with a district office in Hildesheim (3 items), pertaining to case of widow Emilie Rosenbaum (Berlin), protesting tax assessment by the Adelebsen community. Also included is a printed notice from the German parliament reporting on a petition received from the Verband der Thierschutzvereine des Deutschen Reichs (Association of animal protection societies in the German Empire) concerning the humane slaughtering of animals, and a counter-petition, with reference to Jewish slaughtering as an issue to be addressed.

 
4 72 Correspondence of S. Gräfenberg with Landrat Bredt, Uslar 1885, 1887
  

3 items. One item is from Bredt, responding to Gräfenberg and addressing him with his title as Bürgervorsteher (Adelebsen communal representative); the other two items are copies/drafts by Gräfenberg addressed to Bredt, concerning a rise in taxes. In one he refers to his position on the local assessor commission (Einschätzungs-Commission), and, in part, describes his personal situation.

 
4 73 Various government-related correspondence (term of L. Stehberg) 1890
  

7 items. Includes a copy of a complaint written by superintendent Leopold Stehberg to the government forestry department, Hildesheim, about a forestry assistant by the name of Elenz who was disseminating anti-Semitic fliers, 28 February, with notes/drafts, and a response from Hildesheim, 4 March. Other items are about financial matters, including a copy of a receipt for a 30 Mark subsidy received for the school, from the state treasury in Hannover; and one item is a request for a birth list from 1874, with a blank form (Geburtsliste).

 
4 74 Various government-related correspondence (term of L. Stehberg) 1901-1904
  

19 items. Includes: receipt for registry of death of Rose Meyenberg, January 1902; and notice of oath taken by Noa Rothschild, newly elected account keeper (Rechnungsführer) of the community, March 1904. Other items concern financial matters, including a rejection of a request for an additional subsidy for the community (Synagogen- und Schulwesen), 1901, and items about the granting of subsidies, 1903-1905.

 
4 75 Government-related correspondence — Jewish school 1901-1904
  

14 items. Includes government school census forms (parts I-IV) of 1901, concerning numbers of students and teachers, property, expenses and income; form concerning school building, 1903; school budget for 1903 to 1906; correspondence to the Jewish school from government offices in Uslar and Hildesheim, 1901-1904; and blank government form for reporting on the financial condition of the school unit.

 
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Series III: Regional rabbis (Landrabbiner), 1832-1905

In German, with occasional use of Hebrew phrases.
8 folders
Arrangement:

Grouped according to correspondents, and arranged roughly in chronological sequence.

Scope and Content:

The 'Landrabbiner' was appointed by the reigning government (the post in Hanover dates back to the late 17th century) to supervise the Jewish religious communities within a given district. The Adelebsen community fell within the district of Hildesheim, which in turn came under the more general jurisdiction of Hanover. This series contains correspondence from rabbis in both localities, along with a few drafts or copies of letters written by community members. Matters addressed include questions about liturgy and times of services; fining of members for infringement of synagogue rules; as well as matters related to the Jewish school, and community finances.

The earliest documents relate to Rabbi Nathan Marcus Adler, who later became the chief rabbi of Great Britain (in 1845), including the community's original handwritten copy of synagogue regulations (Synagogenordnung) he issued for Hanover in 1832 (Folder 76), and minutes of a meeting with him in 1836 (Folder 77), at which plans for building a new synagogue were discussed.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 76 Synagogue regulations (Synagogenordnung) for Landrabbiner districts of Hannover (Allgemeine Synagogen-Ordnung für die Israeliten des hiesigen Land-Rabbiner Bezirk) 1832/1841, 1845[?]
  

8 leaves. Introduction and rules for Jewish religious services, dated Hannover, Landrabbiner N. Adler, 21 September 1832, registered with the Adelebsen patrimonial court; additions dated Adelebsen, 1841 and 1845 (?), also registered with the court (last two leaves, sewn together with the original document).

 
4 77 Rabbi Nathan Adler, Hannover — Meeting minutes 1836, 1844
  

2 items, 5 leaves. Represents two meetings in Adelebsen. Topics include: on 15 of June 1836, the building of a new synagogue, the role of the Jewish teacher, litigation between two members, and the naming of three community tax assessors; on 18 August 1844, synagogue seat fees, and the necessity of combining the nearby small synagogue communities of Barterode and Güntersen with the larger communities of Adelebsen and Dransfeld, respectively.

 
4 78 Rabbi Meyer Landsberg, Hildesheim — Correspondence 1853, 1862-1867
  

10 items, including one from M. Rothschild, raising a complaint. Topics include: the newly founded Verein zur Beförderung von Handwerken und sonstigen bürgerlichen Berufsarten (Jewish association of crafts and other professions), in 1862; questions related to time of services, liturgy, aliyes, and penalties against various members; and a request, in 1867, to be notified about couples celebrating their golden wedding anniversary, with reference to a plan of Königin Elisabeth Stiftung (Queen Elizabeth foundation), Berlin, to honor such couples. Two items refer to Moses Müller of Barterode.

 
4 79 Rabbi Samuel Meyer, Hannover — Correspondence 1871/1872, 1882
  

2 items. Includes a form letter from Meyer to communities in Hannover, Stade, and Hildesheim districts, concerning financial matters, and, on same sheet, copy of S. Gräfenberg's letter to Meyer, outlining community expenses, including request for a raise for the Jewish teacher; and a joint form letter from Meyer, with Rabbis Guttmann of Hildesheim, and Buchholz of Emden, concerning the calendar for the Jewish school.

 
4 80 Rabbi Jakob Guttmann, Hildesheim — Correspondence (1 of 2) 1880, 1884
  

5 items. Four items, 1884, are from Guttmann, with topics including: notification of visit to inspect the community; dress code applying to participation in liturgy; and inquiry about whether the school has a course in needlework (Handarbeit) and, if so, whether the teacher has taken an exam, and her salary. One item is a printed calendar for school year 1884/1885. One item, 1880, is a letter from S. C. Dannenberg to Guttmann, raising a complaint about superintendent Gräfenberg.

 
4 81 Rabbi Jakob Guttmann, Hildesheim — Correspondence (2 of 2) 1887-1889
  

3 items. Includes: letter from Guttmann responding to S. Gräfenberg, concerning an incident of misbehavior of children, including the latter's son Hans, in a Jewish school in Göttingen; form letter from Guttmann about procedures for the observance in the schools of days of remembrance of Kaisers Wilhelm I and Friedrich III, in 1888; and a copy or draft of a letter to Guttmann, in hand of A. Stehberg, concerning the schoolchild Meta Dannenberg.

 
4 82 Rabbi Selig Gronemann, Hannover — Correspondence 1890, undated
  

2 items. In 1890, a printed cover letter and appeal (Aufruf) jointly issued by Gronemann with Rabbis Guttmann, of Hildesheim, and Buchholz, of Emden, concerning the Relief fund for teachers, widows, and children in Hannover (Unterstützungskasse für jüdische Lehrer, deren Witwen und Waisen, in der Provinz Hannover). The other item is a form letter concerning a scholarship fund for Jewish students established by Adolph and Therese Danziger.

 
4 83 Rabbi Abraham Lewinsky, Hildesheim — Correspondence 1902-1905
  

8 items. Includes forwarding of a printed government notice about registration of deaf children at special educational institutes (Taubstummenanstalten); and a draft or copy of a letter from Leopold Stehberg (verso of letterhead, H. Stehberg), 1902, concerning the future of the Jewish school, with only 4 children attending that year. Other items concern notification of inspection visits; the submission of forms; an approved subsidy for the community; and a regulation about teachers of needlework (Handarbeit).

 
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Series IV: Other community records, circa 1775, 1830-1913

In German, with very occasional occurrence of Yiddish.
26 folders
Arrangement:

Grouped in five subseries, for announcements; correspondence; other documents and subject files; miscellaneous items; and oversize items.

Scope and Content:

This series contains various other records kept by the Adelebsen Jewish community executive body (Vorstand), and, specifically, the superintendent (Vorsteher). Included are announcements and circular letters posted or circulated in the community (Subseries 1); correspondence with community members, as well as with various individuals and organizations outside of the community (Subseries 2); and various individual documents or subject-based groupings (Subseries 3). Also included here are a few miscellaneous items (Subseries 4) and oversize items (Subseries 5).

Subseries 1: Announcements, 1849-1906

In German, with one or two notations in Yiddish.
6 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains announcements or circular letters that the community executive posted or circulated for the information of the community, including calls to meetings.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 84 Circular letter — Formation of choir to perform during synagogue services 1849
  

1 leaf. In the hand of Dr. Rosenstein, superintendent, articulating the benefits of a choir, asking for members willing to participate and rehearse under cantor Henze; co-signed by S. Rothschild, with 20 signatures of members.

 
4 85 Announcements — Synagogue rules/regulations and fines (Acta Strafsachen und Bekanntmachungen betr.) 1854, 1860, 1862
  

5 items, in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg.

 
4 86 Announcements — Various 1849, 1855, 1860-1862
  

6 items. Includes: collection for a burial shroud (Leichentuch), 1849 (with notation in Yiddish on verso); circular about helping a sick communal member, 1855; announcement concerning burial of Mrs. J. (Henriette) Katzenstein, 1860; subscription for lulav and esrog (etrog), 1861; call to meeting (agenda: casting of lots concerning preparation for baking of matzahs; election of representative), 1862; payment of "Aufrufegeld" by those who decline call to Torah, 1862.

 
4 87 Announcements, calls to meeting (Albert Stehberg) 1884
  

11 items. Includes a circular notice of death of former teacher Baruch Schlesinger in Göttingen. Other topics include: preparations for baking matzahs for Passover; sale of synagogue seats; and calls to meetings (elections; approving accounts).

 
4 88 Announcements, calls to meetings (Leopold Stehberg) 1890
  

11 items. Topics include: sale of synagogue seats; preparations for baking matzahs; sale of waste material; and various calls to meetings (agendas list matters such as repairs to synagogue and schoolhouse; construction of sidewalk in front of schoolhouse; proposal about requirements for type of head covering for those called to Torah; approval of accounts; election of council member). One item concerns an increase in tax contribution for those with peddler's license, with attached correspondence from government office in Uslar about a shortfall in the regional rabbi's fund.

 
4 89 Announcements, calls to meetings (Leopold Stehberg) 1901-1906
  

17 items. Mostly calls to meetings, with agenda items such as approval of accounts, construction work on schoolhouse; elections (council member, head of school, accounts keeper); new community member. One notice, in 1903, concerns a new schedule of fees for the Landrabbiner district of Hildesheim (for marriage, confirmation, circumcision, etc.), with accompanying fee schedule; and a 1906 notice about a meeting on construction matters is addressed specifically to A. Speyer and N. Rothschild. Also included are a sign-up sheet to contribute to gift for communal employee Mrs. Kerl on her 25th work anniversary, 1902; and notices of burials of Mrs. (Mathilde) Meyenberg, August 1903, and Rosalie (Mrs. M. Leiser) Eichenberg, February 1904.

 

Subseries 2: Correspondence from community members and others, 1862-1913

In German.
10 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by name of correspondent, or category, and then chronologically. Of correspondence from community members, that from S. Blumenfeld is found under his name, while the scattered correspondence from other members is grouped under the heading "Community members (general)." Similarly, miscellaneous correspondence from outside the community is grouped together under "Other," which is placed at the end.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains correspondence of the community executive with community members, or individuals or organizations outside of the community (mostly items received), excluding correspondence with government offices (Series II) and regional rabbis (Series III). It is comprised mostly of items received from community members, with concerns, questions or complaints about such matters as tax assessments and synagogue fines. Noteworthy is the correspondence from the Jewish teacher S. Blumenfeld, who taught in Adelebsen from 1861 to 1910.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 90 Correspondence — Blumenfeld, S., Jewish teacher (1 of 3) 1862-1863
  

8 items. Two letters in 1862 concern the formation of a 4-part mixed choir, one apparently enclosing a resolution of the executive (Vorstand), which Blumenfeld asks to be approved, stating rules for participation in the choir, and a commission to oversee it. Other topics include: an additional room for living quarters; the need for a larger schoolroom; request for a raise; and contribution for the Jewish "Handwerker-Verein" (Jewish association of crafts and other professions).

 
4 91 Correspondence — Blumenfeld, S., Jewish teacher (2 of 3) 1864-1866
  

7 items. Several items concern issues related to living quarters; in 1865 Blumenfeld refers to having registered his complaint about the needed replacement of an oven with the government office in Uslar. Other topics include summer vacation and a complaint about disorder at a burial.

 
4 92 Correspondence — Blumenfeld, S., Jewish teacher (3 of 3) 1882-1890, 1911
  

4 items. Topics include scheduling and content of the final exam; and repairs or improvements needed in the school/community house (Gemeindehaus). In 1911 Blumenfeld writes a postcard from Göttingen, after his retirement as teacher.

 
4 93 Correspondence — Community members (general) (Acta Reclamationen) 1854, 1862-1867
  

23 items in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Includes complaints about tax assessments and synagogue fines; reports about others' infringement of rules; and meeting proxies. Of note are letters requesting assistance for school boys of poor families, from teacher B. Schlesinger, 1856 (about Joseph Schönhaus), and S. Löwenstern, 1862 (about son of G. A. Müller); from S. Gräfenberg, concerning elections, 1862; and from Mendel Bähr of Barterode, requesting relief of school tuition costs, 1867.

 
4 94 Correspondence — Community members (general) 1884, 1888
  

5 items. Includes: A. Speier resigning as account keeper (Rechnungsführer); petition to keep garden; complaint about price of synagogue seat; Louis Rosenbaum (Northeim) about unregistering his son Gustav. One item, 1888, is from Louis Rosenbaum, in Berlin, son of Emilie Rosenbaum.

 
4 95 Correspondence — Community members (general) 1902, 1904
  

6 items. One item, 1902, is a warning letter from superintendent L. Stehberg to C. Dannenberg, about his behavior in the synagogue, with a response by Dannenberg written on the same sheet. The other five items, all in 1904, comprise exchanges between L. Stehberg and Siegfried Eichenberg, concerning the amount of the latter's entrance fee (Eintrittsgeld) for joining the Adelebsen community. Also included is a fragment of letterhead (Albert & Leopold Stehberg, Pferdehandlung), circa 1900s, with some notes.

 
4 96 Correspondence — Deutsch-Israelitischer Gemeindebund, Berlin 1903-1913
  

3 items. Concerns: a contribution to the building costs for Jewish school, 1903; the naming of Leopold Igersheimer as Adelebsen representative at a national conference, 1905; and the granting of a subsidy for the costs of religious instruction in Adelebsen for the year 1911/1912.

 
4 97 Correspondence — Verband der deutschen Juden 1904-1905, 1913
  

4 items. Form letters about meetings that were held and representatives for the voting district that included Adelebsen. One item, 1904, from Gustav Sabel, Hildesheim, refers to minutes of a meeting that preceded the formal founding of the organization, and a draft of the by-laws (Satzung), which were enclosures (not found).

 
4 98 Correspondence — Other 1862, 1865, 1870
  

4 items. Includes the following letters: from S.S. Eichenberg to attorney Miquel, Göttingen, 1862, concerning a misunderstanding about a financial matter; from attorney S. Benfey, Göttingen, to H. Stehberg, asking him to check for the death date of a certain illegitimate child in the birth and death registers of the community, 1865; from the Jewish orphanage Israel Simon'schen Waisenhaus, Hannover, about vacant places, 1869; and from the Hanoverian credit institution, 1870, addressed to S. Gräfenberg, declining the community's request for a loan.

 
4 99 Correspondence — Other 1884, 1890, 1901-1902
  

5 items. Includes: letter from former teacher B. Schlesinger, Göttingen, about arrangements for an individual named Seckel who cannot care for himself, 1884; a response from the Berlin Jewish community, written on an inquiry from A. Stehberg, about whether Moses Rosenbaum is paying taxes in Berlin, 1884; a letter from a miller's wife, Anna Teuteberg, about the community's purchase of flour for Passover, 1884; a letter from an Adelebsen resident about a dispute with teacher Blumenfeld, 1901; and a telegram from Rosenberg, 1902.

 

Subseries 3: Other documents and subject files, 1841-1889

In German, with a list of names in Yiddish.
6 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged roughly chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries comprises several individual documents, and groupings of records on specific topics. Included is an official copy of regulations governing the administration of the Jewish community dated 1841; meeting minutes; and groupings of documents related to matzah baking, in the 1850s to 1860s, and to elections in 1888-1889.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 100 Regulation concerning communal taxation for Adelebsen Jewish community (Regulativ über die gemeinschaftlichen Lasten der Judenschaft in Adelebsen) 1841
  

3 leaves. Registered at the patrimonial court, Adelebsen, 7 August 1841, with stamp: Gericht Adelebsen. Conveys the rules of assessing contributions, with appointment of assessors, and decisions by vote about costs borne by the community.

 
4 101 Employment of Jewish teacher — Correspondence, contracts (Acta die Anstellung des israelitischen Lehrer zu Adelebsen und die darüber stattgehabte Verhandlungen betr.) 1845, 1851-1860
  

22 leaves in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Materials related to employment of teachers Baruch Schlesinger, of Goslar; Jacob Stein, of Holzhausen; and Benedikt Hauser, of Neukirchen. Also includes a letter of application, teacher's exam certification, and recommendation for teacher Marcus Luss, of Rauschenberg. Two documents related to the contract of Schlesinger, circa 1856, and two related to Stein, circa 1857, are incomplete, with the last page(s) missing.

 
4 102 Matzah baking — Announcements and other records (Acta das Backen der Osterkuchen betr.) 1850-1852, 1862-1865
  

20 leaves, in a paper folder dated 1862, H. Stehberg. Includes a petition to the Adelebsen patrimonial court (Gericht), and court minutes, concerning choice of a matzah baker, 1850; circular gathering opinion about selecting a new baker to avoid a delay, 1852; and announcements of rules for matzah baking, with lists of amounts of matzahs, and expenses per family. One list of names in 1851 is in Yiddish.

 
4 103 Meeting minutes — Elections 1853-1854
  

2 items. Relates to meetings in December 1853 and January 1854; a new election was called after elected representatives A. Meyenberg and M. Dannenberg declined to serve for reason of their advanced age.

 
4 104 Meeting minutes — Concerning schoolboy Joseph Schönhaus 1854
  

2 leaves. Schönhaus had to work for superintendent S. Löwenstern, and was missing school and synagogue services. See also letter from teacher Schlesinger expressing concern about the same boy, in Folder 93 .

 
4 105 Elections 1888-1889
  

8 items. Includes lists of eligible voters, results, and proxies; and a letter from the government office in Uslar responding to a complaint filed by M. L. Eichenberg and S. Gräfenberg, contesting the results of the election of Leopold Stehberg.

 

Subseries 4: Miscellaneous items, circa 1775, 1830-1887

In German.
3 folders
Scope and Content:

Only the first of three files of miscellaneous items relates to the Jewish community of Adelebsen (Folder 106), with the most notable item being a photostatic copy of an 1830 document related to Nathan Gräfenberg, the father of Salomon Gräfenberg. Another file contains material related to a legal case of the local nobleman Georg von Adelebsen zu Adelebsen (Folder 107), which could possibly represent research in connection with either of two cases the Jewish community pursued concerning tax burdens connected to support of the Christian school (see Folder 62 and Folders 63-65). One item (Folder 108) contains an unidentified financial ledger sheet of circa 1775 that probably relates to the city of Göttingen.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 106 Miscellaneous — Copy of peddler's permit, unidentified cover sheets, paper folders 1830, 1862, undated
  

6 items. Includes a photostatic copy of a permit for Nathan Gräfenberg (Grefenberg) of Adelebsen, as a protected Jew (Schutzjude), to engage in trade of cast-iron wares (Gusseisen-Waaren), dated Hildesheim, 1830; various loose unidentified cover sheets addressed to community superintendents; and two contemporary paper folders, one dated 1862 by H. Stehberg.

 
4 107 Miscellaneous — School tax case of nobleman Georg von Adelebsen zu Adelebsen circa 1887
  

5 leaves. Includes minutes of a proceeding on 21 May 1887 concerning a dispute over school taxes paid by Adelebsen in Wibbecke, on the basis of property ownership, although he did not reside there; and a set of notes on the case. Adelebsen was not yet of age and was represented by treasurer (Rentmeister) Klie. The leaves of notes are now mostly loose but were once bound with string.

 
4 108 Miscellaneous — Unidentified financial ledger sheet (Göttingen?) circa 1775
  

1 leaf (bifolium). Headed "Collecte solvend," apparently from a bound book, showing entries for male names, with dates noted, all in 1775. Family names are: Buckendahl, Deppe, Dumont, Erben, Heidelbach, Irsengarth, Koch, Mackenroth, Österlein, Pieper, Richter, Staacke (Stacke), Waagen (Waage), Weniker (Weniger). All are family names that appear in the consolidated list of persons admitted to citizenship in Göttingen ("Göttinger Bürgeraufnahmen 1711 bis 1918").

 

Subseries 5: Oversize items, circa 1860, 1865

In German.
1 folder
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 109 Oversize folder circa 1860, 1865
  

2 items. Tax assessement list on printed form, 1865 (see Folder 50); and hand-drawn cemetery plan, circa 1860 (see Folder 61) .

 
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