Guide to the Records of the ORT Jewish Vocational School (Technicum) in Vilna
1921-1940

RG 21

Processed by Felicia Figa

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

© 2006 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD version 2002 by Yakov Sklyar in October 2006. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: ORT Jewish Vocational School (Technicum) in Vilna
Title: Records of the ORT Jewish Vocational School (Technicum) in Vilna
Dates:1921-1940
Abstract: ORT Jewish Vocational School (Technicum) in Vilna was founded in 1921 to train young people who were unable to get into government-run schools, in the fields of mechanics and electronics. It was subsidized by ORT, Vilna Kehilla and the Vilna City Administration. The school possesed a technical library and published its own material for use by students. it was liquidated in 1939.
Languages: Yiddish and Polish with some Russian, German, Lithuanian, and French.
Quantity: 2.5 linear feet.
Record Group Number: RG 21
Repository: YIVO Archives
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Historical Note

The Jewish Vocational School of the ORT in Vilna (also called “Technicum”) was founded in 1921 by a group of communal workers. One of them, Israel Okun, was the school’s director in the first three years of its existence. In 1924 he was replaced by Matisyahu Schreiber, who remained at this post until the liquidation of the school at the outbreack of World War II.

The task of the school was to prepare electricians and technically-trained specialists. The school's goal was to provide the impoverished Jewish youth in the difficult post-World War I years with an opportunity to acquire skills on the level of a trained technician.

A note should be made of the fact that for Jews, access to government run schools was very difficult. Therefore, Jewish youngsters from all parts of the country studied at the Vilna Technicum. Of 200 students, only 50 were from Vilna; the rest coming from Galicia, Volhynia, central Poland and other places.

The Technicum had two divisions: mechanical and electrotechnical. Classes were taught in Yiddish and the training period was 3 years (6 semesters). The school was subsidized by ORT, the Vilna Jewish Community Board, and the Vilna municipality. It was well equipped, had its own vocational library, and printed technical school books in Yiddish, as the needs of the students required.

The Vilna Jewish Vocational School provided a substantial number of qualified assistants for engineers, managers of small industrial enterprises, foremen of divisions in factories, technical draftsmen, etc. of special scholarly and educational interest are the student papers, teachers’ notes and curriculum. They yield evidence on the high level of learning and instruction represented by the Technicum.

The materials from the Vilna Technicum which YIVO received after World War II together with the Vilna Archives, are arranged in such a way as to reflect the structure and activities of the school. The collection consists of 98 folders and is 2’5” in size.

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Scope and Content Note

Series I includes by-laws of the school, financial records, 1922-1937; file on legal matters; school statistics, 1921-1930, 1938-1939

Series II includes outgoing and incomimg correspondence. Outgoing: to the Central Committee of ORT (Warsaw), 1925, 1929, 1937-1939; to ORT, Vilna, 1923, 1928-1939; to the Polish Ministry ofEducation in Warsaw, 1922-1923, 1928-1939. Incoming: from ORT Central Committee (Warsaw), 1923-1934; ORT Vilna, 1921, 1928, 1939-1940; Polish Ministry of Education (Warsaw), 1922, 1925-1939; Central Committee of the Yiddish School Organization in Warsaw, 1938-1939.

Series III includes student medical cards, 1929-1938; student questionaires and other documents, lists of students, roll-books, exeminations; teachers' files including teaching outlines for general subjects, technological subjects, electronics, physics, chemistry; files on the school cultural activities including announcements, posters.

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Arrangement

The collection is divided into the following 3 series:

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Access and Use

Open to researchers.

For more information, contact:
Chief Archivist
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011
email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

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Custodial History

These records were part of the YIVO, Vilna Archives before WWII. During the Nazi occupation of Vilna, in 1942, the records were looted by the Einsatzstab Rosenberg and sent to the NSDAP Institute Zur Erforschung der Judenfrage in Frankfurt-am-Main. In 1945 they were recovered by the U.S. army and returned to the YIVO in New York, via the U.S. army archival depot in Offenbach. The records arrived in New York in 1947.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should read as follows:

Identification of item, date (if known); YIVO Archives; Records of the ORT Jewish Vocational School (Technicum) in Vilna; RG 21; folder number.

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Container List

 

Series I: Administrative Records, 1922-1940

This series is in Yiddish and Polish with some Russian and German.
16 folders
Scope and Content:

Series I includes by-laws of the school, financial records, 1922-1937; file on legal matters; school statistics, 1921-1930, 1938-1939

Folder TitleDate
1 Lists of members of the administration, executive board and board of overseers of the Technicum undated
Folder TitleDate
2Memoranda, reports, articles and leaflets on the history, organization and goals of the Technicum 1925-1930
Folder TitleDate
3Drafts of by-lawsundated, 1922
Folder TitleDate
4Utilities inventory1928-1939
Folder TitleDate
5Budgets 1922, 1924-1940
Folder TitleDate
6Teachers’ salaries 1924, 1926
Folder TitleDate
7Expense bills1937-1939
Folder TitleDate
8Expense bills1928-1939
Folder TitleDate
9Expense bills1929-1939
Folder TitleDate
10Expense bills1929
Folder TitleDate
11Expense bills1927-1931
Folder TitleDate
12Bills from the Vilna municipality1924-1927
Folder TitleDate
13Income Tax 1922-1927
Folder TitleDate
14Income Tax1922-1927
Folder TitleDate
15Medical insurance. Monthly statements and correspondence with the insurance company (Zaklad Ubezpieczen Pracownikow Umyslowych) 1928-1931, 1933
Folder TitleDate
16 aGeneral reports and statistics 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932-1933
Folder TitleDate
16 bDocuments of legal proceedings against the Technicum, mainly for non-payment of debts 1933-1939
Folder TitleDate
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Series II: Correspondence,  1922-1940

This series is in Polish and Yiddish with some Lithuanian.
42 folders
Arrangement:

There are 2 subseries located here:

Scope and Content:

Series II includes outgoing and incoming correspondence. Outgoing to the Central Committee of ORT (Warsaw), 1925, 1929, 1937-1939; to ORT, Vilna, 1923, 1928-1939; to the Polish Ministry of Education in Warsaw, 1922-1923, 1928-1939. : from ORT Central Committee (Warsaw), 1923-1934; ORT Vilna, 1921, 1928, 1939-1940; Polish Ministry of Education (Warsaw), 1922, 1925-1939; Head Committee of the jewish School Organization in Warsaw, 1938-1939.

Subseries 1: Outgoing Correspondence, 1922-1939

Folder TitleDate
17ORT Central Committee, Warsaw 1925, 1929, 1937-1939
Folder TitleDate
18ORT Committee in Vilna 1923, 1928-1931, 1937-1939
Folder TitleDate
19Ministry of Education, Warsaw1922-1923, 1928-1939
Folder TitleDate
20Board of Education (Curatorium), Vilna district 1922, 1927-1930, 1932-1933, 1937-1939
Folder TitleDate
21Union of Jewish Teachers, Vilna 1923, 1925-1933, 1939
Folder TitleDate
22Various institutions, organizations, individuals1923, 1925-1933, 1935-1939

Subseries 2: Incoming Correspondence, 1922-1940

Folder TitleDate
23ORT Central Committee, Warsaw 1923
Folder TitleDate
24ORT Central Committee, Warsaw1924
Folder TitleDate
25ORT Central Committee, Warsaw1925
Folder TitleDate
26ORT Central Committee, Warsaw1926
Folder TitleDate
27ORT Central Committee, Warsaw1927
Folder TitleDate
28ORT Central Committee, Warsaw1928
Folder TitleDate
29ORT Central Committee, Warsaw1929
Folder TitleDate
30ORT Committee in Vilna1921, 1928, 1939-1940
Folder TitleDate
31Education Department of the Temporary Governing Commission for the Central Lithuania (Tymczaasowa Komisja Rzadzaca) 1921-1922
Folder TitleDate
32Ministry of Education, Warsaw1922, 1925-1932
Folder TitleDate
33Ministry of Education, Warsaw1933-1939
Folder TitleDate
34Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1922
Folder TitleDate
35Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1923
Folder TitleDate
36Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1924
Folder TitleDate
37Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1925
Folder TitleDate
38Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1926
Folder TitleDate
39Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1927
Folder TitleDate
40Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1928
Folder TitleDate
41Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1929
Folder TitleDate
42Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1930
Folder TitleDate
43Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1931
Folder TitleDate
44Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1932
Folder TitleDate
45Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1933 January-June
Folder TitleDate
46Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1933 July-December
Folder TitleDate
47Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1934 January-June
Folder TitleDate
48Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1934 July-December
Folder TitleDate
49Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1935
Folder TitleDate
50Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1936
Folder TitleDate
51Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1937
Folder TitleDate
52Board of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1938
Folder TitleDate
53 aBoard of Education (curatorium), Vilna District1939
Folder TitleDate
53 bBoard of Education (Curatorium), Vilna district circular letters 1929-1938
Folder TitleDate
54Ministry of Education of the Republic of Lithuania 1940
Folder TitleDate
55 Executive Board of the Yiddish School Organization (YISHO), Warsaw 1938-1939
Folder TitleDate
56Various institutions, organizations, individuals1927-1937
Folder TitleDate
57Various institutions, organizations, individuals1938-1940
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Series III: Teachesrs' and Students' Files, Courses, 1921-1939

This series is in Polish and Yiddish with some French.
40 folders
Scope and Content:

Series III includes student medical cards, 1929-1938; student questionaires and other documents, lists of students, roll-books, exeminations; files on teachers including various documents;teaching outlines for general subjects, technological subjects, electronics, physics, chemistry; files on the school cultural activities including announcements, posters.

Folder TitleDate
58Student registration cards 1921-1924
Folder TitleDate
59Student registration cards1927-1938
Folder TitleDate
60Student health records 1929-1933
Folder TitleDate
61Student health records1934-1938
Folder TitleDate
62Student health recordsundated
Folder TitleDate
63Student individual questionnairesundated, 1929
Folder TitleDate
64 Student personal documentsundated, 1926
Folder TitleDate
65Lists of studentsundated
Folder TitleDate
66A class roll-bookundated
Folder TitleDate
67Teacher applications 1928-1934
Folder TitleDate
68Teacher applications1935-1939
Folder TitleDate
69Teacher personal documents1928
Folder TitleDate
70Teacher registration cards and individual questionnairesundated
Folder TitleDate
71Student gradingundated
Folder TitleDate
72Class schedulesundated
Folder TitleDate
73Curriculum, general subjectsundated
Folder TitleDate
74Curriculum, vocational subjects undated
Folder TitleDate
75Laboratory testsundated
Folder TitleDate
76Teacher assignmentsundated, 1928
Folder TitleDate
77Student papersundated
Folder TitleDate
78Student papersundated
Folder TitleDate
79Student papersundated
Folder TitleDate
80Student papersundated
Folder TitleDate
81Student papersundated
Folder TitleDate
82Reports of district school inspectors on their visits to the Technicum1929, 1931, 1936
Folder TitleDate
83Exam documents. Includes list of students taking the exams; statistical questionnaires; exam report cards
Folder TitleDate
84Minutes of the exam commission 1937
Folder TitleDate
85Student credits for courses taken1921-1923
Folder TitleDate
86Graduation diplomasundated
Folder TitleDate
87Statistics on the Technicum graduates 1922-1926
Folder TitleDate
88Statistics on the Technicum graduates 1927-1938
Folder TitleDate
89Miscellaneous “To Whom It May Concern” confirmation lettersundated, 1925-1929
Folder TitleDate
90Parent’s committeeundated, 1927
Folder TitleDate
91Miscellaneous extracurricular activitiesundated
Folder TitleDate
92Form letters from the Technicum re examsundated
Folder TitleDate
93Posters and leaflets with information about the Technicumundated
Folder TitleDate
94Invitations to various eventsundated
Folder TitleDate
95School statistics1929-1930, 1938-1939
Folder TitleDate
96 Blank formsundated
Folder TitleDate
97 Blank formsundated
Folder TitleDate
98Miscellaneousundated, 1929
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