Guide to the Records of the Briesen Jewish Community Council
1871-1926

RG 15

Processed by Steven M. Lowenstein. Edited by Rivka Schiller, 2006.

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

© 2006 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD version 2002 by Yakov Sklyar in December 2006. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Briesen Jewish Community Council
Title: Guide to the Records of the Briesen Jewish Community Council
Dates:1871-1926
Abstract: Located in northern Poland, the city of Briesen (Wabrzezno in Polish) belonged to Prissia and Germany from 1772 until 1920, at which time Poland resumed control of the region. These are the records of the Jewish community of Briesen from ca. 1880 until the demise of the German Empire in 1918 and the subsequent onset of the independent Polish Republic. The bulk of the records cover the period when Briesen was in the German Empire and a small number of documents pertain to the period following the city’s return to Poland after 1918.
Languages: German, Hebrew.
Quantity: 3.5 linear feet.
Record Group Number: RG 15
Repository: YIVO Archives
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Historical Note

The first mention of Briesen, a town situated in the province of Pomerania (Pol. Pomorze), dates back to the year 1246. The town’s name appears within the context of special privileges that were bestowed upon it by the order of the crusader, Heinrich von Hohenlohe.

During the Thirteen Years’ War (1454-1466), which broke out between the Poles and the Order of the Crusade Knights, the residents of Briesen sided with the Poles. With the close of the war, which ended with the Peace of Toruń , the city became part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In 1709 Briesen had only 665 residents. During the period 1772 to 1920, Briesen was part of Prussia, except for the years 1807-1815, when it belonged to the Duchy of Warsaw.

During the 19th century, Briesen developed both from a demographic as well as an economic standpoint. Most of Briesen’s residents at this time made their living through agriculture and brewing. Industrialization came to Briesen in the mid-19th century. The city’s close proximity and access to railroads enabled industry to flourish there. By 1900, Briesen had cement factories, as well as mechanical shops. In addition, the city’s traditional industries became increasingly modernized, with the emergence of state-of-the-art breweries and creameries.

On January 20, 1920 Briesen was returned to the newly formed Polish state and renamed Wabrzezno, its current name. In September 1939 Nazi Germany invaded the town and soon thereafter implemented mass executions. Approximately 3,000 city residents were murdered during the early phase of German occupation.

There is little information available to us concerning the fate of Briesen’s Jews. It is known that the city was once home to a great synagogue. Based on a local document dated 1885, it appears that the Jews of Briesen were well integrated in the economic and social fabric of the city. The majority of Briesen’s Jews were employed in petty trade; only a minority of them had formal professions.

The Jews of Briesen were active in general communal life, and in 1885 seven of them were appointed city council members (out of a total of 18 council members). This was notwithstanding the fact that there were only some 589 Jews total out of a general population of 4,654 residents (12.7%). Most of the Jewish community’s children studied at the local public school, alongside the city’s Protestant and Catholic children.

In the interwar period the Association of Rubber Makers (PPG) established a factory in Briesen, which a Jew named Solomon Halpern took over. Some of the factory workers were also Jews.

A short time after the Germans conquered the city in September 1939 the Jews of Briesen were driven out and sent to various parts of the General Gouvernement, as was the case of Jews residing in other Pomeranian towns and cities. There is no further information available to us about what became of these Jews. It may be assumed that the vast majority of them were murdered during World War II.

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Scope and Content Note

These are the records of the Jewish community of Briesen as well as one folder from the Jewish Reading Society (Judischer Leserverein) of Briesen. The material dates from the years 1871 to 1921 with a few notes from a later date. Almost all the material is written in German with only a few exceptional materials in Hebrew.

The material derives mostly from the time when the town was part of the German Empire, though some of the latest documents date from the period when the town was assigned to the Republic of Poland. When this catalogue refers to the government, it means the Prussian (German) provincial or municipal governments.

The following categories provide a general overview of the documents contained within the collection:

General and Financial Records: Materials concerning the building of a mikve (ritual bath house), 1881-1886, 1889, 1892-1893, 1895-1897, 1900-1903, 1907, 1911, correspondence of Briesen community with Gemeindebund (German-Jewish Community Board), with other Jewish communities and regional Jewish organizations, 1902-1903, 1908-1919, with Verband der Deutschen Juden (Union of German Jews), newspaper clippings about Verband, correspondence concerning various purchases, 1919, list of member congregations of Verband, 1904-1920.

Communal Board and other administrative records: Elections of representatives, communal minutes of election meetings, meeting announcements, list of eligible voters, official results of election meetings, 1882-1888, 1891-1898, government correspondence, summonses to meetings, list of inaugurations, 1895-1913, government permit and community petitions, communal decisions, contribution, cost estimates, sketches, plans concerning expansion of cemetery wall, 1899-1900.

Social welfare records: List of contributors for Dobrzyn cholera victims, 1894, appeals for aid from individuals and from Grenzcomite fuer die Russische Juden, 1889, 1894, 1896-1897, correspondence concerning the proliferation of beggary among East European Jews, minutes of Provinzial-Kasse, 1909-1916, correspondence between Briesen and orphans’ home, 1903-1921, correspondence concerning aid to pogrom victims in the Ukraine, 1919-1920, material pertaining to the Zentrale fur Mazzosversorgung Frankfurt a.M. (distribution of matse), 1917.

Records concerning religious and synagogue activities: Communal tax lists pertaining to synagogues, synagogue seating lists, sales and transfers of seats, diagram of seats, 1880-1890, 1910-1912, 1914-1915, 1919, material pertaining to the hiring of a new rabbi, letters of application for the position of synagogue rabbi, 1887-1889, letters of application for the position of cantor and ritual slaughterer, 1883, 1904, records pertaining to ritual slaughter and Krupka (meat tax), 1880-1891, 1893, 1905, letter from khevre-kadishe concerning burials, 1890-1893, correspondence with various cantors of community, 1888-1889, 1891, 1894, 1896-1897, 1910-1911, correspondence between rabbi and community, and with rabbinic seminary, 1912-1919, correspondence with glasier and various glassworks re: names to be inscribed on synagogue windows, 1905-1906.

Education and Juedischer Leserverein (Jewish Reading Society) Records: Correspondence with Hebrew teacher, school curricula, circular concerning Hebrew lessons, 1897, correspondence re: the closing of Jewish elementary school due to declining student body, 1906-1907, circular announcements and agendas of meetings and lectures, list of members, program of parties, 1901-1908.

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Arrangement

The collection contains slightly more than 3.5 linear feet of material, which is organized in 157 folders. A portion of the files contained within the collection was already numbered and labeled in German in Vilna. Other files were numbered and labeled subsequently in New York and have been placed at the end of the collection. These files were labeled in English at the YIVO Archives in New York and appear in standard typeface.

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Access and Use

Open to researchers.

For more information, contact:
Chief Archivist
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011
email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

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Custodial History

Prior to 1942, the collection remained in the custody of the YIVO Vilna archives. During the Nazi occupation of Vilna in 1942, the records were looted by the Einsatzstab Rosenberg and sent to the NSDAP Institute Zur Erforschung der Judenfrage in Frankfurt-am-Main. In 1945 they were recovered by the U.S. army and returned to the YIVO in New York, via the U.S. army archival depot in Offenbach. The records arrived in New York in 1947.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should read as follows:

Identification of item, date (if known); YIVO Archives; Records of the Briesen Jewish Community Council; RG 15; folder number.

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Container List

 

Records of the Briesen Jewish Community Council, 1871-1926

Folder TitleDate
1Repraesentanten und Vorstand 1871-1894
  

Minutes (not complete)

 
Folder TitleDate
2 Bills for repair work, painting, etc. and equipment 1883-1884
Folder TitleDate
3 Expenses 1886-1887
Folder TitleDate
4Receipts, authorizations for expenditures, bills, reductions in dues, petitions, audit announcementsundated
Folder TitleDate
5 Bills 1893, 1889
  

Various expenses (especially pertaining to funerals); including one matter dating back to 1889

 
Folder TitleDate
6Bills, receipts and pay orders 1894
Folder TitleDate
7 Rechnungen 1895-1896
  (over 64 items) 
Folder TitleDate
8Expenses 1902-1903
  

Bills, receipts

 
Folder TitleDate
9 (Quittungen) Rechnungen 1904-1905
  

Bills, receipts

(124 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
10Rechnungen 1905-1906
  

Bills, receipts

(131 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
11Rechnungen 1907-1908
  

Bills, receipts

(over 117 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
12Rechnungen 1909-1910
  

Bills, receipts

(135 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
13Rechnungen 1912-1913
  

Bills, receipts, letter of auditor

(over 114 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
14Expenses 1918-1919
  

Bills, receipts, various printed matter, pleas for aid

(169 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
15Rechnungen 1918-1919
  

Receipts, bills

(58 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
16Ausgabe-Belaege 1894-1895
  

Includes some items from 1893; accompanying letter of Vorstand to Rendant (treasurer); receipts, pay orders, bills

(157 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
17Ausgabe-Belaege 1895-1896
  

Accompanying letter to treasurer, receipts, pay orders, bills

 
Folder TitleDate
18Ausgabe-Belaege 1900-1901
  

Accompanying letter to treasurer, receipts, pay orders, bills

 
Folder TitleDate
19Ausgabe-Belaege 1903-1904
  

Accompanying letter to treasurer; balance sheet of poor relief administration, receipts, pay orders

(217 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
20Ausgabe-Belaege 1904-1905
  

Accompanying letter to treasurer, list of amortization payments, pay orders, receipts, bills

 
Folder TitleDate
21Belaege zum Ausgabe Journal 1905-1906
  

Accompanying letter to treasurer, receipts, bills, pay orders

(189 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
22Ausgabe-Belaege 1910-1911
  

List of regular expenses requiring no pay orders, accompanying letter to treasurer, receipts, pay orders, bills

(207 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
23Ausgabe-Belaege 1912-1913
  

List of payments with receipts requiring no pay orders, receipts, pay orders, bills, letters to treasurer

(210 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
24Pay orders 1918-1919
  (58 items) 
Folder TitleDate
25Register of correspondence 1898-1918
  

List of correspondence sent with marginal notes and (often) amounts of postage paid, some attached bills for telephone conversations

 
Folder TitleDate
26Skripturen 1901-1902
  

Circulars announcing meetings; incoming correspondence (pleas for aid, etc.) later dealt with at meetings, letters by Vorstand, sending of documents for meetings (includes request for aid by founder of newspaper to fight anti-Semitism at Konitz), some bills

 
Folder TitleDate
27 Skripturen 1907-1908
  

Incoming correspondence (used in meetings), many requests for aid, lists of documents for meetings, circulars calling meetings

 
Folder TitleDate
28 Scripturen 1910-1911
  

Circulars calling meetings, list of expenses not requiring pay order, outgoing correspondence and copies, incoming correspondence (requests for aid), receipts

 
Folder TitleDate
29 Scripturen 1911-1913
  

Includes some items from 1911. Incoming correspondence; circulars calling meetings, copies of outgoing correspondence, cost estimate

 
Folder TitleDate
30 Budgets and tax rolls, 1882-1885. Budget for 1882-1883; communal tax rolls for 1882-1883 (111 names); government letters; budget and tax rolls for 1883-1884 (104 names); communal decisions; budget for 1884-1885 and communal tax rolls for 1884-1885 (105 names); protest against tax; list of names and numbers; accompanying letter to treasurer1882-1885
Folder TitleDate
31 Haushalt-Etat 1885-1886
  

Budget and communal tax list (112 names)

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
32Haushaltungs-Plan 1895-1896
  

Budget and communal tax list (116 names and amounts)

 
Folder TitleDate
33 Haushalt und Hyperbole 1896-1897
  

Budget and communal tax lists (110 names)

 
Folder TitleDate
34Haushalt Heberolle 1900-1901
  

Budget and communal tax list with 109 names and amounts

(2 copies)
 
Folder TitleDate
35 Haushaltsplan und Heberolle 1900-1901
  

Budget and communal tax list with 114 names and amounts

 
Folder TitleDate
36 Repr. Vorlagen-Etat 1898-1901
  

Tentative budget for 1900-1901; budget for 1899-1900; budget for 1900-1901; lists of names and amounts, letter to government concerning budgetary matters; communal tax list for 1898-1899 (108 names) and a copy of budget for 1898-1899

 
Folder TitleDate
37ETAT 1900-1902
  

Accompanying government letters; proposed budget for 1902; communal tax list 1901-1902 (112 names and amounts): budget (chief copy) for 1900-1901; tax list for 1900-1901 (113 names and amounts)

 
Folder TitleDate
38Voranschlang zum Haushaltplan 1902
  

Tentative budget

 
Folder TitleDate
39Haushaltungsplan 1903-1904
  

Partially filled out budget with corrections; tax list with 95 names and amounts

 
Folder TitleDate
40 ETAT 1907-1908
  

Accompanying government letter, budget for 1907; tax list (of community) for 1907-1908 (82 names)

 
Folder TitleDate
41 ETAT 1908
  

Budget and communal tax list (79 names and amounts)

 
Folder TitleDate
42 ETAT 1912
  

Budget and communal tax list for 1912 with 86 names and amounts (2nd tax list blank)

(2 copies)
 
Folder TitleDate
43 ETAT 1913
  

Budget and communal tax list

 
Folder TitleDate
44 ETAT 1914
  

Budget and communal tax list (84 names and amounts and one blank tax list), announcement of Vorstand meeting on budget, letter from government, list of chief regular expenses and incomes (also includes a number of slips from Krupka (meat tax) administration

(2 volumes bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
45 ETAT 1913- 1915
  

Materials from 1913 to 1915. Lists of chief regular income and expenses for 1916. Government correspondence; excerpts from communal meeting minutes concerning budget, announcements of meetings, budget for 1915, and communal tax list (70 names)

(partly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
46 Haushaltungsplan 1916
  

Budget and communal tax list (73 names and amounts). List of endowments

 
Folder TitleDate
47 Haushaltungsplan 1918
  

Budget and communal tax list (83 names and amounts). Circular announcements of meetings on budget, excerpts of minutes; government correspondence

(partly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
48Synagogen-Beitraege Heberolle 1894-1895
  

Communal tax list (120 names and amounts) with sum totals

(oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
49Steuer-Heberolle 1896-1897
  

Communal tax list (111 names and amounts), arrears and sum totals

(oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
50 Synagogen-Beitraege Heberolle 1896-1897
  

Not identical with #49, communal tax list (111 names and amounts), with sum totals

(oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
51 Veranlagungsrolle der Mitglieder, etc. 1897-1898
  

List of members with incomes (112 names); tax list for 1897-1898 with sum totals; part of budget for 1897-1898; government letter, list of Jews in Lissewo; circulars calling meetings

(partly bound, oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
52Gemeindesteurer Hebe-Rolle 1899-1900
  

Communal tax list (101 names with quarterly amounts) and sum totals

(bound, oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
53 Gemeindesteuer Heberolle 1900
  

Communal tax list (120 names and amounts), and calculations of amounts owed by one member

(oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
54 Steuer Einziehungsliste 1908-1909
  

Communal tax list (86 names with amounts) and sum totals

(bound in hard cover, oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
55Gemeindesteuer Liste 1911-1912
  

Communal tax list (94 names and amounts) with sum totals; loose slips from postal money slips

(bound, oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
56Gemeindesteuer Liste 1912
  

Communal tax list (99 names and amounts) with notes and sum totals; includes one money order stub

(bound, oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
57 Steuerhebeliste/Etatsjahr 1918-1919
  

(Contains envelopes for returned and voided receipts), sums of income from communal taxes, and communal tax list with amounts owed by each member (81 names); list of those leaving the community

(bound, oversize)
 
Folder TitleDate
58 Audits 1884-1889
  

Excerpts from communal minutes, correspondence, reports of auditors, explanations of certain items, auditing committee meeting announcements

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
59Choosing a Rendant (Treasurer)1886-1887
  

Excerpts from communal minutes, declinations, announcement of meeting, treasurer’s salary, Kanowski hired, raise in salary

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
60 Expenses (?)1888
  

Bills, circulars asking authorization of expenses, pleas for aid, requests for expenditure

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
61Accompanying documents of expenses (?) 1888-1889
  

Pleas for aid, bills, receipts

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
62 Expenses (?)1890-1891
  

Circulars calling meetings about expenses and audits, bills, plea for aid

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
63 Rechnungsrevisionsprotokolle 1895
  

Report of auditing commission with margin notes, letter by head of Reprasentanten to head of Vorstand announcing action on audit

 
Folder TitleDate
64 Repraesentanten-Vorlagen 1883, 1895-1897
  

Letter to Vorstand – 1883; notes for budget of 1895-1896; suit by Drewitz & Co. of Thorn v. community for non-payment of bills (?) with bills and correspondence, 1896-1897, lawyer’s bills, official court documents

(not bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
65 Concerning budget 1901
  

Minutes of meeting; letter of Vorstand to treasurer; list of names and amounts

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
66 ETATE1911-1913
  

(Date on cover is wrong). Documents concerning budget: letter of Lehman in Lissewo concerning Jews there. Government correspondence; circular calling meetings of Vorstand and other agencies; minutes of Vorstand concerning budget of 1913-1914

 
Folder TitleDate
67 Concerning budget 1917
  

Circulars calling budget meetings; decisions on budget

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
68Materials concerning budgets 1885, 1886, 1892, 1906
  

Circulars calling meetings, excerpts from minutes, correspondence with government

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
69Bilanzen und Generalbilanzen 1918-1919
  

Tentative and complete monthly balance sheets beginning April 1918; includes list of bank balances

(bound volume)
 
Folder TitleDate
70Ausgabe Journal 1911-1912
  

Ledger of expenses

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
71 Ledger 1918-1921
  

Ledger concerning various funds (bank accounts?) and interest on them

(all in German, but Polish place names used after 1921)  (bound, 46 written sides)
 
Folder TitleDate
72Synagogue seats 1880-1890
  

Annual lists of synagogue seat owners; circular to Reprasentanten concerning lowering seat prices, 1886; other circulars; communal decision; announcements of seat sales; petition; payment for one seat

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
73 Verpachtung der Sitze 1904-1910
  

Communal decision to help encourage sale of seats; list of seat owners and payments in a ledger with calculations in the back

(mostly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
74Synagogue seats1919 1911-1912
  

Letters concerning sale of a seat; announcement of seat sales; list of seat owners for 1911-1912

(mostly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
75 Verpachtung der Gemeinde Sitze 1914-1915
  

List of seat owners with diagram of seats

 
Folder TitleDate
76 Verpachtung der Gemeinde-Sitze 1915-1916
  

List of seat owners; diagram showing seats

(mostly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
77 Verpachtung der Gemeinde Sitze 1917-1918
  

List of seat owners and diagram of seats

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
78Synagogue seats 1910
  

Correspondence concerning seat transfers; plan of women’s seats

(3 unbound items)
 
Folder TitleDate
79Letter of thanks 1905
  

Unsent, unaddressed letters of thanks (with reports on inaugurating ceremonies) for individuals who have contributed to synagogue building fund

 
Folder TitleDate
80 Contributions 1905-1906
  

Lists of large contributions toward the building of synagogue; bank account balances; promissory note; bank interest

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
81 Zimmermeister Guenther – Friedhofsfenster 1910-1911
  

Outgoing correspondence to repairman; includes notes on repair work

 
Folder TitleDate
82 Bau der Nottreppe an Synagoge 1910
  

Circulars announcing meetings, correspondence with builders; excerpts from minutes concerning repair work; bank withdrawal, building permit, cost estimate

 
Folder TitleDate
83 Clara Joachimsthal’sche Nachlass-Sache 1905, 1907, 1908-1910
  

Report, correspondence with inheritance tax department, lists of aid recipients, official tax orders, expense vouchers, bills, receipts, court expense bills, legal rules concerning inheritance tax, general government correspondence; checking account book, court decisions, correspondence with communal treasurer, other correspondence; excerpts from communal minutes, copies of letters, mortgage; correspondence with orphans’ home, prescriptions, funeral eulogy, newspaper announcement, inheritance inventories, insurance policy

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
84 Gaszynski’sches Grundstueck 1909-1910
  

Einnahme. Anweisungen, copies of government documents, letters to government asking permission of sale, correspondence; communal decisions to buy and sell (excerpts from minutes), lawyer’s correspondence, letter to tax inspector, correspondence with tenant and registration of lease, suit vs. tenant, court documents, registration of purchase; announcement of meeting to discuss purchase

(bound volume)
 
Folder TitleDate
85 Deutsche-Israelitischer Gemeindebund 1902-1903, 1908-1919
  

Correspondence of Briesen community with Gemeindebund: incoming to Briesen and copies of outgoing; printed requests and announcements by Gemeindebund; questionnaires (one filled out). Requests for aid from various national and regional Jewish organizations; correspondence with rabbi; correspondence with other Jewish communities

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
86Verband der Deutschen Juden 1904-1920
  

Correspondence of Briesen community and Verband: incoming to Briesen and copies of outgoing; correspondence with regional associations; correspondence with other communities (material concerning cession of the area to Poland with list of kehilla sizes) newspaper clippings about Verband; manuscript of a speech; list of Verband’s member congregations

(partly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
87Acta Concerning Auswaertigen Armen 1885-1888
  

Various communal decisions appropriating money (excerpts from minutes), pay order to Rendant W. Salomon, his receipts; circular questionnaire to Reprasentanten

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
88 Unterstuetzung an Auswaertigen 1894
  

Letter from Jewish community of Gollub; receipt from rabbi of Dobrzyn (Russian Poland) (in German and Hebrew); list of contributors to Dobrzyn cholera victims

(bound, 4 items)
 
Folder TitleDate
89Appeals for aid 1889, 1894, 1896-1897
  

From individuals and Grenzcomite fur d. Russ. Juden

(5 unbound items)
 
Folder TitleDate
90 Wanderbettelei Reformen 1909-1916
  

Correspondence with Provinzial-Kasse fur Wanderarmenfursorge; both outgoing and incoming; annual reports of Provinzial Kasse; circular of Vorstand warning against a collector, invitation to annual meeting of Provinzial-Kasse, letter to railroad office stating that Jews want to fight wandering beggary of East European Jews; form to be used for each beggar; rules of German Zentralstelle fur judische Wanderarmenfursorge; correspondence with other organizations and individuals; minutes of Provinzial-Kasse’s founding; printed copies of stenographic report of Zentralstelle meeting and of conference held by Deutsch-Israelitische Gemeindebund concerning beggary; correspondence with provincial association of communities; signed agreement not to give individual gifts to collectors

 
Folder TitleDate
91 Acta/Casper Lachman’sches Waisenhaus Graudenz, Sitz Danzig1903-1921
  

Incoming correspondence to Briesen from orphans’ home (thanks, etc.), circular asking how much members wish to donate, other related incoming correspondence, receipts, a few outgoing letters, list of contributions

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
92Wohlfahrtspelege 1919-1920
  

Correspondence with Zentralwohlfahrtstelle der deutschen Juden; correspondence concerning aid to pogrom victims in the Ukraine; pleas for aid from various organizations; correspondence with Frauenverein about aid to individuals; report of Zentralwohlfahrtstelle activities; receipts

(partly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
93Elections of Vorstand 1882-1888
  

Elections by Reprasentanten (not entire community); excerpts from communal minutes of election meetings; announcements of meetings, letter of resignation

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
94 Wahlsachen 1891-1898
  

Elections of Reprasentanten (by entire community); list of eligible voters – 1898; government order, newspaper announcement, government correspondence including official results of election meeting; declinations

(partly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
95Neuwahlen des Vorstandes und Repraesentanten 1895-1913
  

Tax list (date?); inclusive list of all communal officers (1895-1913); list of inaugurations, government approval of results, list of invitations to Vorstand elections; government correspondence, election results, summonses to meetings, voter lists, announcements of meetings

(mostly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
96Punishment of Vorstand member for non-attendance at meeting 1896
  

Correspondence with government; petition to government and communal answer

 
Folder TitleDate
97Fines for missing meetings of Repraesentanten-Versammlung 1883-1889
  

Excerpts from minutes, communal decisions, correspondence with treasurer, receipts

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
98 Hiring a new rabbi 1887-1889
  

Excerpts from communal minutes with decisions; announcements of Vorstand and Reprasentanten meetings; newspaper advertisement; proposed contract; government correspondence; contract

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
99Choosing a new rabbi 1889
  

Excerpts from minutes (decisions). Rabbi Eppenstein chosen; circular announcement of meeting

(2 items, unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
100 Complaint against Cantor Blaustein and other employees 1883-1893
  

Concerning the slaughter of animals; complaints against Blaustein, etc. with communal investigation; letter of warning to a member; government inspection; extension of Blaustein’s contract; disagreements; complaints by Blaustein; announcement of meeting; government correspondence

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
101 Assistant cantor and shoikhet 1883
  

Letters of application for position (some in Hebrew and Yiddish) with recommendations, etc.; petition; copies of some replies

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
102Cantor Blaustein’s letter of protest against being fired 1894
Folder TitleDate
103 Miscellaneous correspondence between Rabbi Eppenstein and communal administration 1890, 1894
  (unbound) 
Folder TitleDate
104 Miscellaneous correspondence with various cantors of the community 1888-1889, 1891, 1894, 1896-1897, 1910-1911
  

Includes also letters of application and recommendation for cantor’s post

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
105 Salary and hiring of various employees 1880-1886, 1888
  

Correspondence with Cantor Blaustein concerning fees and salaries; communal decisions, announcements of communal meetings, government correspondence, conditions of employment, bills, instructions for main and assistant cantor, letters of recommendation, correspondence with Assistant Cantor Glassman, decision re: whether to hire rabbi, protest, government orders, hiring of new teacher, correspondence with him, financial decisions, contract of Rabbi Freitel, correspondence with rabbi and others, protest petition against the firing of rabbi

(bound, not in chronological order)
 
Folder TitleDate
106Anstellung des Rabbiners Dr. Eppenstein1889, 1894, 1898-1900, 1902-1905, 1907, 1909-1910
  

Letter of application, recommendation and school records, incoming correspondence with community from rabbi concerning various matters (including replies), announcements of meetings, contract, announcement of early services, letter from Rabbiner Verband, diploma, correspondence with Konigliche Provinzial-Schul-kollegium, decision concerning raise, correspondence between Reprasentanten and Vorstand

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
107 Rabbiner Dr. Eppenstein 1909-1912
  

Receipt, incoming correspondence from rabbi and copies of outgoing correspondence, newspaper clippings, correspondence concerning gift sent to rabbi, farewell reception for Eppenstein (1911): correspondence with various communities and individuals (hired by Hildesheimer Seminary), complaint by cantor, correspondence concerning rabbi, letter of thanks by rabbi’s son on bar mitzvah, education section of a Jewish newspaper

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
108Besetzung des Kantorats 1909-1910
  

Includes one postcard application for position from 1894, letters of application and further correspondence, conditions of Tykocinski’s employment, recommendations and school records (some recommendations in Hebrew), Rabbi Eppenstein’ reports on tests he administered to prospective shoikhet, telegram, newspaper advertisements

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
109 Kantor-Provisorische Besetzung 1904
  

Letters of application and recommendations made, based on test administered by Rabbi Eppenstein

(some in Hebrew and Yiddish,   bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
110Acta Cantor May 1910-1914
  

Incoming correspondence from cantor and copies of replies, agreement concerning bar mitzvah lessons and fees, decision to write May concerning slaughter fees, excerpts from minutes (decisions), minutes of discussions concerning May’s complaints about insults, rules for payment, request for investigation of May, order of song books, bills, receipts, list of fees, contract, circular concerning inauguration, announcements, government correspondence, telegram, hiring of assistant, announcement of cantorial course, May’s recommendation and application, circulars calling meeting

(Some in Hebrew,  bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
111Vorbeter fuer die Hohen Festtage 1909, 1911
  

Correspondence with job candidates, letters of application and recommendation, communal replies

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
112Dr. Halpersohn Rabbiner 1912-1919
  

Envelope containing diploma, correspondence between rabbi and community pertaining to: hiring, vacations, duties, etc.; excerpts from minutes, letters announcing choice of rabbi to government, congratulatory letter, program of inauguration, government correspondence, contract, circular calling meeting, salary of rabbi and cantor, recommendations for Halpersohn by Briesen community, contract of successor (resigned 1914)

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
113Cantorat 1912-1913
  

Requests for letter of recommendation for Cantor Cohn after his resignation, the letter, notice of termination for Cohn, letters of application with recommendations, correspondence with candidates, government approval of temporary hiring of Cohn, telegram and correspondence with Cohn concerning his letter of application

(some in Hebrew,  bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
114Kantor Georg Jospe1912-1918
  

Incoming correspondence from cantor and copies of outgoing correspondence concerning: resignation, shkhite, leaves from work, slaughter fees Jahrzeitsbuch, request for raise, etc., moving expenses, application; certifications of Jospe’s illnesses, government notices concerning Jospe’s military service, many communal requests for his deferment, leaves and discharge, circular calling secret meeting of Vorstand on subject of deferment, Rabbi Neufeld ordered to serve as chaplain, Berlin Jewish hospital correspondence concerning Jospe’s sick child, doctor’s bill, rations request, minutes of communal meeting concerning complaints against Jospe’s actions (including accusation of black marketeering), meeting summons, correspondence with individual concerning el mole rakhamim prayer, government correspondence concerning salaries of communal employees, insurance for Jospe, contract and instructions for Jospe, correspondence with Verband Westpreussischer Synagogen concerning rights of firing and freeing from military service, list (of fees?), hiring of temporary substitutes, government permission, circulars calling meetings to choose cantor, government approval, Jospe’s recommendations, results of shkhite test administered by rabbi

 
Folder TitleDate
115 Besetzung Rabbinate 1914
  

Correspondence with applicants, letters of application for job as rabbi or teacher, correspondence with rabbinic seminary (Eppenstein), Hebrew and German recommendations (some in envelope)

 
Folder TitleDate
116 Besetzung des Rabbinats 1915
  

List of applicants, correspondence with applicants, letters of application, recommendations (including one by Halpersohn, ex-rabbi of Briesen), two copies of Israelitisches Familienblatt of 8 July 1915, including advertisement for rabbi at Briesen

 
Folder TitleDate
117 Synagogenfenster 1905-1906
  

Correspondence with glasier Noafeldt and Muller’s Glassworks in Berlin. List of names to be inscribed on windows, sketches, minutes of communal meeting, letters from other glassworks, cost estimates

 
Folder TitleDate
118 School 1897
  

Correspondence with Schapira, newly hired Hebrew teacher; curricula of school (one in envelope), excerpts from communal minutes concerning hiring teacher, circulars calling meeting, circular announcement concerning Hebrew lessons

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
119Teacher Stern January 1897
  

Letter of Rabbi Eppenstein to Vorstand concerning marriage of Hauptlehrer Stern’s daughter to a gentile; petition by Stern to government complaining he was forbidden to continue Hebrew instruction and was not paid salary, copies of communal decisions, letter of community to government announcing firing of Stern

 
Folder TitleDate
119 AJuedische Volksschule 1906-1907
  

(Includes one letter from 1876). Closing of school because of insufficient student body; government correspondence and decision, correspondence with Verband der deutschen Juden and Central Verein, communal decisions, announcement of extraordinary meeting

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
120Vorfluth 1884-1885, 1891-1893
  

Two court cases vs. community, one by Mrs. Becker in the court at Thorn and one by Gunther; correspondence with lawyer, communal decisions, cost estimates for installing water system in mikve, plan, communal decision on water system, court documents, government correspondence, announcement of committee meetings, bills, legal documents and decision concerning building project

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
121 Building of new mikve 1882-1883
  

Government correspondence, amortization plan, communal decisions, bills, circulars announcing meetings, contract for a 12,000 Mark loan, purchase of land for mikve, building commission decisions, correspondence, newspaper advertisements for builders, auction announcement, receipts, contract with builder

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
122Mikve; expulsion of foreign shames 1885
  

Government correspondence, plans, cost estimate, announcements and agendas of communal meeting, accounts, petition to government

(unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
123 Upkeep, building and renting of mikve 1881, 1889, 1897
  

Excerpt from minutes, correspondence

(4 items, unbound)
 
Folder TitleDate
124 Renting of Mikve 1885-1886, 1889, 1892-1893
  

Promise of payment, correspondence of renter with community, various bids for office, announcement of meetings, contracts, communal decisions, conditions of lease, auction announcement, correspondence

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
125 Badehaus 1895-1896, 1907, 1911
  

Sale deed of heating equipment, correspondence, government correspondence, various regulations and prospective uses of loan associations, loan of 12,000 Marks: contract, bill; circulars concerning meetings, cost estimates, communal decisions, blue prints, petition, inspections, bank correspondence, receipt, telegrams

(bound, over 176 pp.)
 
Folder TitleDate
126 Badehaus-Verwaltung 1900-1903
  

Correspondence, notice issued by Vorstand to Badewarter; accounts of mikve income and expenses, sketch, government correspondence, government orders announced in newspaper, correspondence with repair companies, bill, commission minutes and decisions, auditors’ reports, newspaper announcement

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
127Kanalisation des Badehauses und Friedhofs 1912-1913
  

(All material concerns bathhouse). Correspondence, report on condition of mikve, announcement of meeting, blueprints, work contract, cost estimates, government correspondence, excerpts from minutes, permit

(mostly bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
128 Friedhofsverwaltung 1917-1926
  

Series of dossiers: one labeled Diverse Korrespondenzen (1917) contains letters to sexton concerning care of graves; individual dossiers nos. 1-43 (nos. 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 24, 28, 41, 42 are missing), each containing correspondence, bills, forms, and notices concerning care of graves, addressed mainly to Jews living outside of Briesen (some with money order stubs; contains records of payment as late as 1926); one unnumbered dossier and several blank ones, one from outside dossiers

 
Folder TitleDate
129Lists and locations of graves circa 1917
  

(rough draft, loose pages)

 
Folder TitleDate
130Beerdigungen 1887-1892
  

Death certificates, receipts, bills for funerals at communal expense, correspondence with town government

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
130 ABurials 1890-1893
  

Death certificates, correspondence concerning care of graves, letter from khevre-kadishe; government permission for burials

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
131 Expansion of cemetery wall 1899-1900
  

Government permit, community petitions, bills, government correspondence, Gutachten (expert opinions), communal decisions, announcement of meeting, contribution, cost estimates, sketches, plans

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
132 Bau der Friedhofsmauer II 1900-1903
  

Bills, government correspondence, summonses to appear, receipts, bid, cemetery commission letter, work contract, documents in case of synagogue vs. Sankowski; cemetery commission meeting agenda, sketches, contracts with builder, correspondence, minutes and accounts of cemetery commission

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
133 Letter concerning payments for cemetery walls and gravestones1905
Folder TitleDate
134 Renting and building of slaughterhouse 1885
  

Excerpts from communal minutes, decisions, correspondence with renter, cost estimate for building new slaughterhouse stall, contract with builder, permit petition, government correspondence, permit

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
135 Krupka 1880-1891
  

Announcements of auctions, communal decisions, Krupka (meat tax) contract and rules, bids, petitions

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
136 Fleischer 1905
  

Letters of application, letters inquiring about need for butcher, correspondence with Dutch cattle dealer, advertisement in Jewish newspaper, copy of newspaper

 
Folder TitleDate
137 25 Jaehriges Bestehen – Frauenverein 1900
  

Letter of Vorstand to president of women’s organization (and draft) on her 25th anniversary as president, letter to Vorstand, decision, announcement of secret meeting, etc.

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
138 Religious instruction in branch community of Lissew 1903
  

Incoming correspondence and copies of outgoing correspondence with Deutsch Israelitische Gemeindebund requesting aid; letter from a Lissewo Jew, communal decisions

 
Folder TitleDate
139 Rights to deliver various products to community 1883-1893
  

Oil, matses for poor, announcements of auctions, minutes of auctions, decisions of community, bills, lists of poor to receive matses, etc., petitions; board meeting agenda (1889)

(bound, no cover)
 
Folder TitleDate
140Josef David Streitsache 1914
  

Complaint against hiring outside rabbi at wedding and associated fees; correspondence with government; David’s correspondence with government, government documents

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
141 Materialen 1919
  

Correspondence concerning various purchases: archive closet, war memorial plaque, paper; correspondence, bills, sketches

 
Folder TitleDate
142 Circulars calling meetings of Vorstand and Reprasentanten, excerpts from minutes 1889, 1894, 1896-1898
  (unbound) 
Folder TitleDate
143Circular calling meeting; meetings not valid for lack of quorum 1883, 1885
  

also notes for a sermon (?)

 
Folder TitleDate
144Jewish rights1893, 1894
  

Letter from Comite zur Abwehr des Anti-Semitism’s requesting aid, 1894; letter from Berlin Jewish community with suggested letter to government concerning defense of shkhite, 1893

 
Folder TitleDate
145 Acta des Juedischen Lesevereins – Briesen 1901-1908
  

(Records of the Jewish Reading Society) Circular announcements and agendas of meetings and lectures, list of members, program of parties; postcard to rabbi (includes all lecture topics)

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
146 Synagogue rules forbidding bringing children under age 6; repeated in 1910 1910
  (2 loose items) 
Folder TitleDate
146 ASynagogue Order undated, 1883
  

Announcement concerning order and decorum in synagogue service; letter to individual warning of punishment unless he stops holding private services

(2 loose items)
 
Folder TitleDate
147Government letter concerning exemption from communal taxes for communal employees; request by an employee for raise 1887
  (not bound) 
Folder TitleDate
148Education questionnaire 1908.
  

Two letters from Verband der Westpreussischen Synagogen-Gemeinden concerning education questionnaire aimed at obtaining state subsidy

 
Folder TitleDate
149Letter appointing G. Goetz, a Tempelvorsteher 1913
Folder TitleDate
150A divorce case 1889
  

Request by rabbi, minutes of communal meetings and decisions, circulars calling meetings

(bound)
 
Folder TitleDate
151Two letters from head of Vorstand to head of Reprasentanten 1896 June
Folder TitleDate
152Communal meeting and government correspondence about budget 1887-1888
  (unbound) 
Folder TitleDate
153Miscellaneous 1880, 1889, 1891, 1893, 1896-1897, 1905, 1912, 1920
  

Bills, tax list (?), correspondence, telegram, government letter, a smikhe certificate

(about 15 loose items)
 
Folder TitleDate
154 Miscellaneous1885, 1892-1894, 1916
  

Correspondence, bills, communal meetings re: financial and other matters

(about 8 unbound items)
 
Folder TitleDate
155 Journal of finance records 1912-1913
  

Lists all major expenses

 
Folder TitleDate
156 Matse distribution 1917
  

Book of tickets for matse distribution (from Zentrale fur Mazzosversorgung Frankfurt a.M.)

 
Folder TitleDate
157 Miscellaneous1890-1891, 1902, 1913
  

Postal receipt, 1913; letter, 1891; collection list for communal taxes, 1890; letter to government about communal taxes in community branch, 1902, etc.

 
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