Guide to the Records of the TSYSHO (Tsentrale Yidishe Shul Organizatsye)
1919-1940

RG 48

Originally processed by Fruma Mohrer in 1982. Finding aid encoded by Dianne Ritchey Oummia and Yakov Sklyar in 2006. Materials further processed, described, and prepared for digitization by Jessica Podhorcer in 2018.

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

© 2019 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey Oummia and Yakov Sklyar in October 2006. Additional encoding by Jessica Podhorcer in November 2018. Description is in English.
January 2019 Series V: Addendum, folders 103-105 created.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: TSYSHO, Tsentrale Yidishe Shul Organizatsye
Title: Records of the TSYSHO and TSBK School System
Dates:1919-1940
Abstract: The TSYSHO, Tsentrale Yidishe Shul Organizatsye (Central Yiddish School Organization) was a secular Yiddish school system active in Poland from 1921 to circa 1940. Based in Warsaw, the TSYSHO maintained a network of elementary schools, high schools, and teachers' seminaries. An important branch office existed in Vilna, the Tsentraler Bildungs Komitet (Central Education Committee) or TSBK. Most of the records of this collection relate to the TSBK in Vilna and its schools. A much smaller quantity relates to the Central Office in Warsaw, to the YSHO (Yidishe Shul Organizatsye - Yiddish School Organization), Vilna province, and to TSYSHO schools throughout Poland.
Languages: Yiddish and Polish.
Quantity: 3.75 linear feet (108 folders)
Record Group Number: RG 48
Repository: YIVO Archives
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Historical Note

TSYSHO is an acronym for Tsentrale Yidishe Shul Organizatsye (Central Yiddish School Organization). Founded in 1921 at a Yiddish teachers' conference in Warsaw, the TSYSHO was a secular, Yiddishist and socialist school system which consisted of the Central Office in Warsaw, a branch office in Vilna called the TSBK (Tsentraler Bildungs Komitet, or Central Education Committee) and a network of schools which included kindergartens, elementary schools, high schools, a teachers' seminary and evening schools. The founders of the TSYSHO were either members of the Bund party or the left Poalei Zion. Their purpose was to promote the ideals of socialism and Yiddishism by providing a strong administrative center and organizational framework for an already existing group of Yiddish schools.

Among the leading figures in the TSYSHO central board were Beinish Mikhalevich, Jacob Pat, Jacob Lestschinsky, N. Buchsbaum, Chaim Kazdan, Shlomo Mendelson, and S.F. Gilinski. The Central Office exercised control in both administrative and educational matters. Its administrative functions consisted mainly of collecting and distributing funds to TSYSHO schools to support teachers' salaries, school building maintenance, teachers' courses, summer camps and children's feeding programs.

In the educational field, the Central Office took part in setting curriculum standards by preparing curriculum outlines, and choosing or publishing textbooks and pedagogical journals. Preparation of curricula included complication of Yiddish vocabulary lists to meet the needs generated by new subjects. Among the publications were the well-known pedagogical journals: Di naye shul (The New School), Shul un lebn (School and Life), and Shul vegn (School Ways).

Extra-curricular activities included a teachers' placement service, teachers' conferences, national level exhibits and psychological research programs. Noteworthy are the Mendele Moykher Seforim Exhibit of 1936, the Sholem Aleichem exhibit of 1937, the Education Conference in Vilna, 1937, and the Conference of History Teachers, Vilna, 1939. In addition, in Vilna TSBK sponsored the Yiddish Teachers' Seminary conferences in 1922 on Yiddish, natural sciences, Hebrew and history. The research activities consisted of psychological surveys conducted among TSYSHO children to test physical, mental, and emotional development.

The TSYSHO curriculum emphasized Yiddish language and literature, Jewish history and culture, sciences, mathematics, music, physical education, art, physical skills such as woodworking, and upholstery and gardening. Polish language, literature, geography and history were required by the government. Hebrew was included but did not play a major role; all subjects were taught in Yiddish.

The TSYSHO had three types of financial sources. A compulsory tuition fee of about 2-4 zlotys a month was introduced in all schools and became a regular source of income. Professional labor unions sympathetic to the Yiddish school system also contributed regularly. Third, relief societies from the United States, England and Canada sent subsidies, especially in the 1920s. The Joint Distribution Committee, the most significant of these organizations, sent substantial amounts until the depression period when the subsidies were stopped. Throughout its existence, TSYSHO suffered from severe financial insecurity and received no support from the Polish state.

Although obtaining legal recognition was high on the list of priorities and delegates were frequently sent to the Polish Ministry of Education to request state approval, the TSYSHO was never successful in its objective. The government's attitude was negative and suspicious because of TSYSHO's socialist affiliations. Existing schools were frequently closed by the state on trumped-up charges such as poor physical and hygienic conditions. Some individual schools, for example the Yiddish Teachers' Seminary in Vilna, succeeded in obtaining some kind of legal recognition.

The years between 1920 to 1929 were a time of growth, whereas those from 1930-1934 were marked by a decline in the number of schools as well as a drop in the quality of education. In 1935, the professional labor unions promised renewed support for TSYSHO and the period from 1935-1937 was marked by new development.

The figures below are taken from Jewish Schools in Poland, 1919-1939 by Miriam Eisenstein and The History of Jewish School Systems in Independent Poland (in Yiddish) by Chaim Kazdan:

YearSchoolsStudents
192110413,457
1925182
192921624,000
1933-193468
1934-193516915,486
1936-193717,000

The TSYSHO Central Office probably closed its doors in September 1939, with the outbreak of World War II. During the Warsaw Ghetto period, clandestine classes were conducted in children's kitchens. In 1940-1941, Yiddish schools were permitted by the Germans on a very limited scale.

The TSBK School Board in Vilna

The Tsentrale Bildungs Komitet, or Central Education Committee, was formed in 1919. Earlier that year the Vilna Jewish Community Council had taken over the entire Jewish school system. As the Yiddish secular schools took exception to the Community Council's administrative policy, a separate school board was formed which became the center for all Yiddish schools in the city.

The TSBK was similar to the TSYSHO Central Office in philosophy and function except that the school network under it was much smaller. It assumed financial responsibility for the schools, opened new schools such as the Yiddish Teachers' Seminary and the Humanistic Gymnasium (humanities-oriented secondary school), encouraged pedagogical research, planned curriculum, organized exhibits, and chose and published textbooks and other educational publications. In addition, it established a parents' committee and children's clubs.

In 1919 there were 17 schools; in 1920 there were 28 schools; and in 1922 there were 4,358 students under the TSBK. The administration included Dr. H. Kowarski, Zalman Reisen, G. Pludermacher, S. Bostomski, Y. Rubin, R. Simchowitz, Abraham Golomb, Jacob Pat, Israel Okun, Max Erik, Max Weinreich, S. Gurevitch, and I. Gurevitch.

The TSBK's income was based on tuition fees, money from American relief societies, local aid societies in Vilna, and the TSYSHO in Warsaw.

In 1924 the TSBK School Almanac listed the following 17 institutions under its jurisdiction:

With some changes, the list is valid for most of the TSBK period.

Short historical notes are provided for the Yiddish Teachers' Seminary, the Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium, the Humanistic Gymnasium, and the Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School.

Yiddish Teachers' Seminary

The Yiddish Teachers' Seminary was founded in 1921 by the TSBK as a 4-year program whose purpose was to produce teachers for the TSYSHO schools. In 1921 there were 21 students; in 1925 the first graduation took place with 25 graduates. Among the heads of the seminary were S. M. Gurevitch. R. Simchovitch, Abraham Golomb, and Dr. I. Biber. The curriculum was based on the TSYSHO philosophy and fulfilled government prerequisites as well. Student teaching was done in the L. Gurwicz School. The seminary had a dormitory. Official state recognition was granted to the seminary in the early 1920s. In 1931 the school was closed by the Polish government for political reasons.

Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium (Real Gymnasium)

The Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium was the first Yiddish language high school in Vilna. Also called the Real Gymnasium, it opened in 1918 with about 300 children. By 1922-1923, the school went up to the 8th grade. In 1923 the first graduation took place with 55 graduates. By 1922-1923 there were 18 classes and 700 students. Besides regular studies as prescribed by the Polish government, Yiddish, Jewish history and Hebrew were taught. Emphasis was placed on establishment of student clubs and on self-government among the students. After much effort, the gymnasium acquired government status in 1933.

Humanistic Gymnasium

The Humanistic Gymnasium was opened in 1923 by the TSBK with 4 classes and 140 students. The purpose of the new school was to provide instruction for the students whose talents lay in the humanities rather than the sciences. By 1925 there were 200 students.

Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School

The Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School was founded as a Yiddish school in 1915 by the Mefitsei Haskalah Society. In 1919 the school was taken over by the TSBK. The first graduation took place in 1921; by 1924 there were 350 students. In 1928, following a dispute, I. Gurevitch, the school's director for many years, left the TSBK and participated in the founding of the Shul-kult school system. In the 1930s the school was renamed after Zemach Szabad and was thereafter called the Szabad Boys' School.

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Scope and Content Note

The records of the TSYSHO school system reflect the activities of the TSYSHO Central Office in Warsaw, the Central Education Committee (TSBK) branch in Vilna and individual schools throughout Poland, from 1919-circa 1940. Most of the materials relate to the TSBK office and schools. A few dozen schools are represented by the present materials, which are only a portion of YIVO's pre-war holdings.

The records consist of correspondence, correspondence registers, circulars, minutes, reports, speeches, questionnaires, lists, financial statements, student notebooks and classwork, student applications, diplomas, invitations, announcements, clippings, school timetables and curriculum outlines. The TSBK schools in Vilna are particularly well represented. Among the records of the TSBK elementary and secondary schools in Series III can be found classwork and compositions written on a common topic assigned by YIVO researchers to students in all the schools.

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Arrangement

The collection is divided into the following 4 series:

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Access and Use

This collection is currently closed for digitization as part of the Edward Blank YIVO Vilna Online Collections project.

For more information, contact:
YIVO Archives
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011
email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

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Custodial History

The records were originally part of the Pedagogical Museum of the YIVO Archives in Vilna. "Friends of YIVO" collecting societies, established in many TSYSHO schools, donated their own school materials and sometimes office records as well. Classwork was collected in a special manner. YIVO representatives visited all schools in a given area and assigned the same composition title to the same grade in each school. They then collected the compositions and analyzed them.

During the Nazi occupation of Vilna in 1942, the records were looted by the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) and sent to the NSDAP Institute zur Erforschung der Judenfrage in Frankfurt am Main. In 1945 they were recovered by the U.S. Army and returned to the YIVO in New York, via the U.S. Army archival depot in Offenbach. The records arrived in New York in 1947.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should read as follows:

Identification of item, date (if known); YIVO Archives; TSYSHO (Tsentrale Yidishe Shul Organizatsye) Records; RG 48; folder number.

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Processing Information

As the records of the Pedagogical Museum had been filed by topic with no regard for provenance, they were rearranged in 1982, item by item. Several new record groups were separated by this process, among them the records of the TSYSHO school system.

Items subsequently identified as belonging to the records of TSYSHO and its network have been processed as addenda.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container list

 

Series I: TSYSHO Central Office, Warsaw, 1921-1939

10 folders
Scope and Content:

This series consists mostly of printed materials and occupies only 10 folders. Significant items include records of the teachers' conference of 1921. There is also material on the 1925 TSYSHO conference. Other interesting items: by-laws of the TSYSHO executive board; financial reports; circulars relating to pedagogical matters.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Reports of the executive board1921-1930
  

Financial materials, 1928-1930; report on the plenary session of the executive board, 1926; conference materials, 1921-1925

 
12By laws, regulations, and government communications1925-1932
  

Includes government materials relating to other school systems

 
13Circulars, general1922-1938
14Circulars, pedagogical1926-1927, 1937-1938
15Printed materials1921-1922, 1925-1931
16Exhibitions1930-1937
  

Printed materials

 
17Correspondence1925-1939
  

Includes outgoing correspondence

 
18Clippings from the Yiddish press1925-1936
19Clippings from the Yiddish press1923-1937
110Speeches, reports, manuscripts submitted to the pressundated
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Series II: Central Education Committee (TSBK) Office, Vilna, 1919-1938

23 folders
Arrangement:

The series is divided into two parts: Correspondence and General Administrative Records.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence, minutes, reports, financial records, circulars, ephemera and other materials from TSBK. Records of the individual schools within the TSBK network can be found in Series III.

Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1919-1938

Scope and Content:

Correspondence is fragmentary but covers numerous topics, among them: TSYSHO subsidy distributions; teacher placement services; invitations to sessions of TSYSHO meetings; requests from local TSYSHO branches for financing of school excursions; Vilna community council subsidies to schools; fund-raising trips to the USA; individual school budgets; school building repairs; lists of teachers; applications by teachers for jobs; feeding programs for poor Central Education Committee (TSBK) students; orphanages; letter from Max Weinreich, 1934 on baccalaureate exams conducted in the Mathematics and Sciences Gymnasium.

BoxFolderTitleDate
111TSYSHO, Warsaw1928-1930
1 12TSYSHO, Warsawundated, 1932-1938
113TSYSHO branches in Poland1931-1935
  

Bialystok, Grodno

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
214 Polish government authorities (various)undated, 1922-1935
2 15Vilna Kehillah1933-1935
2 16AJDC1933-1934
2 17Jewish relief organizations abroad1933-1934
  

Mainly United States

 
218Jewish relief organizations abroad1933-1936
  

Mainly United States and South Africa

 
219Schools: Frug-Kuperstein; J. Dinesohn1926-1937
2 20Schools: L. Gurwicz; S. Frugundated, 1926-1927, 1931-1934
2 21Schools: Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School1926-1938
222Schools: various1921, 1926-1927, 1932-1934
BoxFolderTitleDate
323General Office correspondence1919-1938

Subseries 2: Administrative Records, 1919-1938

Scope and Content:

The General Administrative Records are also fragmentary. Subjects covered include: conference on the teaching of history, circa 1922; plenary sessions of the TSBK executive board; report on 10 years of TSBK activity; curriculum outlines for different subjects; invitations to cultural events, lectures, school exhibits; school questionnaires on various subjects, including survey on lying distributed to schools in Vilna; report filled out by individual schools on teaching schedule and curriculum, 1928-1929; observance of special school holidays such as I.L. Peretz's anniversary of death.

BoxFolderTitleDate
324Conference on teaching historycirca 1922
  

Minutes, reports

 
325Meetings1924-1928, 1936-1937
  

Agendas, minutes; includes unidentified meetings

 
3 26Reports, speeches, resolutionsundated, 1926
327Financial records1926-1936
328Financial records: budget reports1920-1931
329Curricula, pedagogical materials, lists of schools1925-1935
330Printed materials1919-1937
  

Flyers, notices, forms, invitations, programs, stamps, questionnaires

 
331Printed materials1928-1936
  

Circulars

 
332TSBK Parents' Committee1923, 1934-1938
  

Records and correspondence

 
333Survey materials: questionnairesundated
  

Topic: "On Lying"

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
434Various materialsundated
  

Correspondence, financial reports, forms, lists and other unidentified materials

 
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Series III: Records of the Central Education Committee (TSBK) Schools, Vilna, 1919-1940

56 folders
Arrangement:

The schools were placed in 3 categories: kindergartens and elementary; gymnasiums; and seminaries. Within each of these categories the schools are arranged in alphabetical order.

Scope and Content:

This series contains records of schools in the TSBK network. Only some of the TSBK schools are represented, and those only fragmentarily. Of particular interest are the student classwork compositions, which can be found in folders 36, 38, 47, 53 and 58. Students responded to the same TSBK-supplied prompt across schools.

Subseries 1: Kindergarten and Elementary, 1919-1940

Scope and Content:

The materials relating to individual schools are very fragmentary, consisting of a few items per school, or, at the most, a few folders. Significant items: L. Gurwicz, statistical information; Grininke Beimelekh, a 3-page handwritten report about teaching conditions in the kindergarten.

The Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School has more material than most of the other elementary schools. However, as the school was in existence for 25 years, the 5 folders represent a minute portion of the actual records produced. The correspondence folder covers mostly 1919-1920 with many invitations and circulars from the TSBK, which was then being formed. Included in this file is an excerpt from the TSBK by-laws written in July 1919. The file also contains copies of letters to a newspaper editor relating to the I. Gurevitch-TSBK dispute of 1928.

The YIVO Archives has the records of the Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Society which founded the Boys' School in 1915. As the school changed hands in 1919, all pre-1919 records are in Record Group 22, the Records of the Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Society. All post-1919 records of the boys' school are in this series.

BoxFolderTitleDate
435J. Dinesohn School1929, 1934-1938
  

Copies of outgoing correspondence, 1935-1938; lists of students, 1934, undated; curricula and schedules, 1935-1937; classroom work, 1936; invitations

 
436J. Dinesohn School1924-1927, 1936
  

Classroom work

 
437S. Frug School1925-1936
  

Statistical records, 1933; diploma, 1925; student notebooks, 1927-1928; classroom work, 1936; outgoing and internal correspondence, 1927-1936; printed materials, 1932, including article on 10th graduation of Frug School by Zemach Szabad

 
438Frug-Kuperstein School1935-1940
  

Classwork, compositions

 
439Frug-Kuperstein School1938
  

Exams

 
440Frug-Kuperstein School1937-1939
  

Printed materials, invitations and miscellaneous

 
441Grininke Beimelekh Kindergarten1920, 1930
  

Letter from TSYSHO; report by teacher

 
442L. Gurwicz School1923-1933
  

Correspondence; timetable; classroom work; printed materials

 
443L. Gurwicz School1926-1937
  

Lists of students, teachers; statistical information

 
444D. Kuperstein School1919-1934
  

Statistical records; lists, 1925-1934; timetable, 1923-1924; correspondence; printed materials, invitations

 
445D. Kuperstein School1928-1930
  

Student notebooks

 
446Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School (Szabad School)1919-1921, 1927-1928, 1934
BoxFolderTitleDate
547Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School (Szabad School)1937-1940
  

Classroom work

 
547aD. Kuperstein School1928-1929
  

Student notebook

 
548Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School (Szabad School)1919-1938
  

General administrative records

 
549Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School (Szabad School)1918-1920, 1928-1938
  

Printed, mimeographed and duplicated material; clippings

 
550Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School (Szabad School)1919-1924
  

First Yiddish Children's Club

 
551Hevrah Mefitsei Haskalah Boys' School (Szabad School)undated
  

Unidentified items

 
552People's School #21930s
  

Lists of students

 
553Sholem Aleichem School1936
  

Classroom work

 
554Sholem Aleichem Schoolundated, 1928-1938
  

List of students; report; printed invitations

 

Subseries 2: Gymnasiums, 1919-1940

Scope and Content:

The partial records of the Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium, known informally as the Real Gymnasium, consist of correspondence and administrative materials, pedagogical materials including curricula, student records, and student work. Student classroom work represents students of the Real Gymnasium's associated elementary school as well as the secondary school. Also in this subseries are records of the Humanistic Gymnasium, an offshoot of the Real Gymnasium for students inclined towards the humanities.

Similar material, in particular student classroom work, can be found in RG 51, Records of the Sofia M. Gurevitch Gymnasium. The Gurevitch Gymnasium affiliated with TSYSHO in the 1920s and formally joined TSBK in 1934.

BoxFolderTitleDate
555Humanistic Gymnasium1924-1938
  

Correspondence; curriculum, 1924; printed materials, posters; manuscript of an article relating to the school's 10th anniversary

 
556Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium (Real Gymnasium)1920-1929
  

Curriculum outlines; schedules

 
557Mathematics-Sciences Gymansium (Real Gymnasium)1925-1928
  

Student records, certificates, diplomas, lists

 
558Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium (Real Gymnasium)1921, 1936, 1940
  

Student classroom work

 
559Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium (Real Gymnasium)1919-1937
  

Includes printed materials, invitations, diplomas, forms, announcements. Some items are oversize.

 
560Mathematics-Sciences Gymnasium (Real Gymnasium)1924-1936
  

Report; manuscript on government rights; outgoing correspondence

 

Subseries 3: Yiddish Teachers' Seminary, 1920-1933

Scope and Content:

The records of the Yiddish Teachers' Seminary are by far the most comprehensive in this series and come closest to constituting actual school records. They have the widest time span and are the greatest in quantity. They are divided into two parts: Administrative and Academic Records. The Administrative Records include office correspondence with TSYSHO in Warsaw and the TSBK in Vilna, 1922-1928. There are minutes of the 1st, 2nd and 4th conferences for seminary graduates, 1926-1929.

Certain record types are missing: there are no individual student files, grades, or diplomas. The applications by students containing autobiographies are interesting as they shed light on the backgrounds of the students and also contain statistical information on occupations of parents. Correspondence from former students indicates that there was a close relationship between some graduates and the school administration. It also indicates that there was an interest on the part of the seminary to place its graduates in teaching positions and to keep them up-to-date on pedagogical developments.

Subsubseries A: Administrative Records

Scope and Content:

This subsubseries contains correspondence, minutes, reports, memoranda, financial records, and other materials from the office of the Yiddish Teachers; Seminary relating to operational and organizational matters.

BoxFolderTitleDate
561Correspondence with TSYSHO, Warsaw1922-1926
BoxFolderTitleDate
662Correspondence with TSYSHO, Warsaw1927-1928
663Correspondence with TSBK1924-1928
  

Central Office

 
664Correspondence with the Ministry of Education1923-1927
  

Vilna, Warsaw

 
665Correspondence with the Vilna Kehillah1922-1927
666General Office correspondence1922-1925
667General Office correspondence1926-1933
668Register of incoming correspondenceundated
669Minutes1926-1929
  

1st, 2nd and 4th conferences for seminary graduates; minutes of regular meetings

 
670Reports, memorandaundated, 1925-1928
671Financial records, budgets1924-1927
672Financial statements1926-1928, 1931
673Printed materialsundated
674Printed materials from TSYSHO1926-1928
675Oversize invitations and announcementsundated

Sub-subseries B: Academic Records

Scope and Content:

The second portion of the records of the Yiddish Teachers' Seminary contains materials relating to students, staff, and pedagogy. They include some administrative material, such as student applications, absence notes, student contracts, lists and statistical information; correspondence with students, former students, and staff; standardized student work in Yiddish and Polish, and student notebooks; curricula and lesson plans; and materials related to a student choir.

BoxFolderTitleDate
776Entrance applications from students1920s
777Correspondence from students: absence notes1926-1927
778General correspondence from students1922-1927
779Certificates relating to students1925-1931
  

Includes agreements signed by students to teach in Yiddish secular schools

 
780Correspondence from former students1925-1927
781Lists of students and statistical informationundated
782Student classroom workundated
  

Yiddish

 
783Student classroom workundated
  

Polish

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
884Student notebooksundated, 1920-1929
885Correspondence with or about staffundated, 1924-1927
886Statistical information on staffundated
887Curricula and schedulesundated, 1925-1927
888Examination records1926
BoxFolderTitleDate
989Miscellaneous materialsundated, 1920-1926
  

Record book of daily teacher lesson plans, 1920-1921; financial records; various lists, including list of students by vocal range

 

Subseries 4: TSBK Schools, Miscellaneous Records, 1919-1940

Scope and Content:

The materials on the Children's Club are noteworthy because they contain reports and are possibly the only extant records of Yiddish children's clubs in Poland.

BoxFolderTitleDate
990Various TSBK schools1919-1940
991Various TSBK children's clubs1920-1921
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Series IV: Records of TSYSHO schools throughout Poland, 1919-1940

10 folders
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by city or town ranging from Białystok to Żołudek. Unknown schools placed at end.

Scope and Content:

This series is in two parts: Records of the Yidishe Shul Organizatsye (Yiddish School Organization - YSHO) branch in Vilna Province and records of TSYSHO schools throughout Poland. The YSHO records contain only a few items and occupy one folder. The second group of materials is arranged in alphabetical order by name of town and covers both central and eastern Poland although it excludes Vilna. All schools included in this series are assumed to have been affiliated with the TSYSHO system. Each town contains one or two schools with one or two items from each school, with the exception of some places, such as Łódź, Święciany and Warsaw, which contain more material because they were important TSYSHO centers. Despite its fragmentary nature, to some extent this series reflects the breadth of the entire TSYSHO organization.

BoxFolderTitleDate
992Records of YSHO, Vilna Province1925-1934
  

Correspondence, minutes, conferences, curriculum materials, circulars

 
993aTSYSHO Schools: Białystok-Lida1919-1937
  

Białystok, Brasław, Dukszty, Duniłowicze, Głębokie, Grodno, Hrubieszów, Jasionówka, Kalisz, Krynki, Kutno, Lida

 
993bTSYSHO Schools: Łódź1928-1929
994TSYSHO Schools: Lublin-Siedlce1919-1937
  

Lublin, Nieśwież, Nowo-Święciany, Nowa Wilejka, Ozdziutycze, Pinsk, Równe, Różana, Rożyszcze, Siedlce

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
1095TSYSHO Schools: Staszów-Szczuczyn1921-1938
  

Staszów, Święciany, Szczuczyn

 
1096TSYSHO Schools: Torczyn-Żołudek1925-1933
  

Torczyn, Turzysk, Warsaw, Widze, Zamość, Zdzięcioł, Żołudek

 
1097Unknown schoolsundated, 1925-1931
  

Student notebooks

 
1098Unknown schoolsundated, 1921, 1928-1940
  

Classroom work, fragments

 
1099Unknown schoolsundated, 1929-1933
  

Early grade schoolwork, drawings, art

 
10100Unknown schoolsundated
  

Curricula, teachers' reports

 
10101Unknown schoolsundated, 1921-1929, 1940
  

Programs and invitations

 
10102Unidentified TSYSHO materialsundated
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Series V: Addendum, 1931-1937

3 folders
Scope and Content:

The addendum consists of items related to the TSYSHO and TSBK school system, identified as such after this collection was arranged in 1982. These items are similar to items elsewhere in the collection; the folder descriptions note corresponding folders in other series.

BoxFolderTitleDate
10103TSBK correspondence1931-1933
  

See folders 14, 23, 32

 
10104Conference scheduleundated
  

See folder 69

 
10105TSYSHO School: Duniłowicze (Dunilovichi)1937
  

See folder 93a

 
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