Guide to the Richard Koch Family Collection
Undated, 1832-1959, bulk 1899-1945

AR 25369

Processed by Kevin Schlottmann

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2011 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Kevin Schlottmann in 2012. Description is in English.
2012 TRM: Added folder numbers for oversized materials, slight presentation revision to Separated Materials; added note about missing diplomas. January 16, 2013: Edited biographical note. October 28, 2014: Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Koch, Richard F.
Title: Richard Koch Family Collection
Dates:Undated, 1832-1959
Dates:Bulk 1899-1945
Abstract: This collection documents the life and extended family of Richard F. Koch (1920 -). Much of the material relates to his mother, Stella Dreyfus Koch (1878-1962), and her family. Both the Dreyfus and Koch families were descended from German-Jewish immigrants that arrived in New Orleans in the mid 19th century. The bulk of the collection consists of personal correspondence, but the collection includes scrapbooks, educational materials, military materials, clippings, poems and songs, printed ephemera, and photographs. Highlights include a set of about a dozen handwritten German poems from the 1830s, and diaries and letters written during Fred Dreyfus's US army service in World War One.
Languages: This collection is in English, with some German.
Quantity: 8 linear feet + oversize materials
Identification: AR 25369
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note
Richard F. and Janet Koch (1942)

Richard F. and Janet Koch (1942)

Richard Frederick Koch (born 1920), nicknamed "Dickie," was the son of Richard S. and Stella Dreyfus Koch. He grew up in Cedarhurst, New York, and graduated from Lawrence High School in 1936. He studied engineering at Bard College and graduated in 1940. He briefly taught at Columbia University before joining the Army. In 1942, he married Janet Doris Koch (1917-1997, née Phillips). Their children are Richard P. (Terry) Koch and Lewis Koch.

When World War Two broke out, Koch joined the United States Army's Signal Corps as a second lieutenant. After radar electronics training at Fort Monmouth, he was posted to England as a United States observer from September 1941 to March 1942. In June 1942, he was transferred to the Signal Corps Radar School at Camp Murphy in Florida. Koch was on sick leave with jaundice from June-July and September-December 1943. He returned to Fort Monmouth in October 1944, with the Signal Corps Publication Agency, and was discharged in March 1946 as a first lieutenant. His top secret work in England and in Florida helped introduce radar technology to the United States.

Richard F. Koch was of German-Jewish descent. His maternal grandparents Leon and Bertha Dreyfus were immigrants, as were his paternal grandparents Nathan and Marie Dreyfus Koch. His parents, as well as many of his uncles and aunts, appear to have been able to read and write German.

Richard F. Koch's maternal grandfather, Leon Dreyfus (1842-1898), son of David Dreyfus, was born in the Bavarian town of Ingenheim, Germany, and immigrated to New Orleans in 1857. There, he joined Nathan Koch, also a recent German-Jewish immigrant, a brother-in-law, in the jewelry business. They remained in New Orleans until 1889, when they moved their business to New York City. The company folded in 1897. Leon Dreyfus's nephew Jonas Koch (circa 1859-1932), the son of his sister Marie Dreyfus Koch, was in business together with his brother Richard S. Koch.

Leon Dreyfus was married to Bertha (née Hirsch) Dreyfus (1844-1928), and they had seven children, including Richard F. Koch's mother Stella Koch, (1878-1962). Their other children were Frederick (1876-1950), Louisa (married Theodore Rostenberg), Leah (born 1882, married Samuel Landauer), Max (married Amy), Phina, and Theodore (married Rose Pforzenheimer).

Richard F. Koch's mother was Stella Dreyfus Koch (1878-1962). She was married to Richard S. Koch (1876-1935), with whom she had Helen A. Koch (1907-1919), Alfred N. Koch (died circa 1919), and Richard (1920-2012). She and her husband were doubly related as first cousins. Stella was born in New Orleans. In 1889, her father moved his family to the New York City area, and Stella completed her schooling there, including a degree obtained from Normal (now Hunter) College. She was a teacher in the New York City public schools for some time in the early 1900s, and was a longtime resident of Cedarhurst, New York. In 1905, Stella married Richard S. Koch as part of a dual ceremony in which her sister Leah Dreyfus was also married, to Samuel Landauer. A rabbi officiated the Landauer portion of the wedding, but an official from the Society of Ethical Culture married Stella and Richard, probably indicating a significant degree of assimilation on their part.

Richard F. Koch's uncle Frederick Jonas Dreyfus (1876-1950) was born in New Orleans, but his family moved to New York City thereafter and he received a bachelor's degree from the City College of New York in 1896. For twenty years, he was with Frank & Dugan, silk ribbon manufacturers in Paterson, New Jersey. He enlisted in the United States Army in 1917 and was in France during World War One as part of the 11th US engineers. From 1920 to 1933 he worked for his brother-in-law Samuel Landauer's company, SC Landauer, a surgical supply company. Dreyfus was a long-time resident of Paterson, New Jersey, and later of Cedarhurst, New York.

Richard F. Koch's wife, Janet Doris Koch (1917-1997), was the daughter of Lewis and Maude (née Simon) Phillips. Maude was from a comfortable New Orleans Jewish family, and was educated there before attending college in New York City. The family soon moved to Brookline, Massachusetts, which is where Janet grew up and attended Simmons College.

Additional family members who appear in this collection include Bertha Dreyfus's sister Johanna Hirsch; Leon Dreyfus's brother Theodore (died 1879), whose wife Marie (1852-1940) returned to Germany after his death; Charles and Minna Titche (related to the Dreyfus family); and Hermann and Julia Schwartz of Bergzabern, Germany (related to Richard S. Koch).

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Scope and Content Note

This collection documents the life and extended family of Richard F. Koch (1920 -). Much of the material relates to his mother, Stella Dreyfus Koch (1878-1962), and her family. Both the Dreyfus and Koch families were descended from German-Jewish immigrants that arrived in New Orleans in the mid 19th century. Stella and her siblings were the first generation born in the United States, and still spoke and wrote some German. The family also corresponded and even did business with some of the relatives who remained in Germany.

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence. The largest set of letters is between Richard F. Koch and his wife Janet, starting with his letter inviting her to a dance when both were in college in the late 1930s, continuing with their courtship and marriage in 1942, and through the end of Koch's army service in 1945. The other major set of correspondence belongs to Stella Dreyfus Koch, Richard's mother. Her main correspondents were her husband, Richard S. Koch, her mother, Bertha Dreyfus, and her brothers and sisters. Most of her correspondence is between 1899 and 1918. A variety of other correspondence is also found in the collection, primarily between members of the Dreyfus/Koch family.

Other materials in the collection include scrapbooks, educational materials such as school work and diplomas, military materials relating to Richard F. Koch and Fred Dreyfus's United States Army service, clippings, poems and songs, and a range of early 20th-century printed ephemera such as theater programs and menus. Most of the materials range from the late 19th to the mid 20th century, although there are a few items from the 1830s.

A highlight of this collection is a set of about a dozen handwritten German poems from the 1830s, written for Rosalie Koch by her friends in Mainz. Each poem is written on a small slip of gold-edged paper, and they are found in a wood and tooled leather souvenir case.

Another highlight of the collection is Fred Dreyfus's material from World War One. He was posted in France as part of the United States Army from 1917 to 1919, and he wrote almost daily to his mother, in addition to keeping a detailed diary.

This collection also contains hundreds of photographs of the Dreyfus and Koch families. The 19th-century images are mainly posed, while the 20th-century photographs are more informal, and include candid snapshots of children playing and families on vacation. The formats include tin types, cabinet cards, and other card-mounted photographs, but primarily comprise small black & white silver gelatin prints. Some of the photographs bear identifying information and dates. Highlights include a wealth of Dreyfus family portraits, candid photographs of babies and children playing, and a carte-de-visite of Nathan Koch from 1865.

Most of this collection dates from the late 19th to the mid 20th century, although there are a few items from the 1830s to 1870s.

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Arrangement

This collection was arranged into five series, based on family members. The majority of the materials relate directly to Richard F. Koch, Stella Dreyfus Koch, and Fred J. Dreyfus (Series I through III, respectively). All other materials relating to the Dreyfus and Koch families were placed in Series IV. Note that because this is a family collection, and because the various family members corresponded extensively with one another, the materials in Series I through IV are interrelated. See the series descriptions for more detail. Materials about Richard F. Koch's wife Janet and her family are found in Series V: Phillips Family.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

Photographs have been digitized of Richard F. and Janet Koch, Fred Dreyfus, and Stella Koch.

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Separated Material

Paintings were removed to the LBI Arts and Objects collection. A medal received by Richard F. Koch upon graduation from Lawrence High School was removed to the LBI Arts and Objects collection. The book Portraits of Jews by Gilbert Stuart and other early American artists (1927) was removed to the LBI Library.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Richard Koch Family Collection; AR 25369; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

Envelopes were removed, unless they contained identifying or date information not found on the letter. Materials were rehoused. Some photographs were individually rehoused, while others were grouped by format and foldered together and placed in separate box. Many of the photographs are fading and curled. Relevant pages from 1907, 1909, and 1910 Tulane University yearbooks in Series V were photocopied, and yearbooks discarded. Most of the scrapbooks in this collection are very fragile.

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Note

Some of the oversized diplomas in series I and series IV are missing.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.

 

Series I: Richard F. Koch, undated, 1922-1953, bulk 1939-1945

This series is in English.
3 linear feet + oversize materials.
Arrangement:

The correspondence was separated by correspondent(s). Letters by Richard's mother Stella to and from Richard and Janet were grouped together, because they often wrote and were written to as a unit. Correspondence with the Koch Family, the Phillips family, Koch's friends, and to Koch and Janet as a couple were all separated. The correspondence within each is arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Richard Frederick Koch (born 1920), nicknamed "Dickie," was the son of Richard S. and Stella Dreyfus Koch. He grew up in Cedarhurst, New York, and graduated from Lawrence High School in 1936. He studied engineering at Bard College and graduated in 1940. He briefly taught at Columbia University before joining the Army. In 1942, he married Janet Doris Phillips of Brookline, Massachusetts. Their children are Richard P. (Terry) Koch and Lewis Koch.

This series consists mostly of Richard F. Koch's correspondence, the bulk with his wife Janet (née Phillips). Most of their correspondence is from their courtship in the late 1930s-early 1940s, and just after their 1942 marriage, when Richard was in the army. The letters discuss a range of issues, from the quotidian, such as travel arrangements between Boston, New York, and Bard College, to the touching, including relationship matters, declarations of love, and life plans. Politics and the war are also discussed.

This series also contains many letters between Richard F. Koch and his mother Stella Koch, starting when he was at Bard College in the late 1930s and continuing through his army service in World War Two. These include letters to and from Richard's wife Janet, because she and Stella often wrote one another, and Stella often wrote to Richard and Janet as a unit. Janet and Stella began corresponding in 1940. Janet started addressing Stella as "Cousin Stella," and once married to Richard addressed her as "Mother."

This series also includes correspondence between Richard (and once they were married, Janet) with other Koch family relatives, mainly uncles (Fred Dreyfus and Samuel "Bo" Landauer in particular), aunts (Aunt Leah "Lee-Lee" Landauer in particular), and cousins, but also more distant relatives from Louisiana and Texas. It appears that at least some of Koch's aunts and uncles lived together with his mother, so many of these letters are to and from multiple people at one time ("Dear All"). The Koch family materials also include a few letters written by Richard as a child. This series also includes letters to Koch from his friends, who appear to be mainly buddies from high school, college, and the army, as well as his professor Harold K. Hughes. A handful of letters to and from Janet and Richard and her family, including her sister Lois, and to Janet and Dick as a couple, are also included.

The correspondence is mostly of a quotidian nature, commenting on the weather, health, and general goings on, as well as extending birthday and anniversary well wishes. There is also some discussion of politics and army life, and anti-Semitism is mentioned. Koch's uncles, in particular Fred Dreyfus, were also not shy in providing advice on matters ranging from financial and political to familial and romantic.

The Military Materials include orders, correspondence, a photograph, and ephemera such as ration books and receipts from Koch's United States Army service during World War Two. The Educational Materials include correspondence, graduation programs, school work, administrative materials and grades, and ephemera from Lawrence (NY) High School, Bard College, and Columbia University. A medal received upon graduation from high school was removed to the LBI Arts and Objects collection. The Various folder includes engineering and other professional material, a copy of Koch's article Combination Vacuum Tube Switch for Double-Trace Cathode-Ray Oscillograph, Audio Amplifier, and Mixer, co-authored in 1941 with his professor, Harold K. Hughes, insurance documents, and other paper ephemera. This series also contains some photographs, including portraits of Koch, a class portrait of his military unit, photographs of Janet, and many snapshots, particularly from his youth.

Additional materials about Janet Phillips Koch and her family are found in Series V: Phillips Family.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1939 April – July
12Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1939 August
13Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1939 September – October
14Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1939 November – December
15Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1939
16Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1940 January
17Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1940 February – March
18Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1940 April
19Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1940 May
110Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1940 June
111Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1940 July – December
112Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 January – February
113Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 March – April
114Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 May
115Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 June
BoxFolderTitleDate
21Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 July
22Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 August
23Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1941 September – December
24Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1942 January – March
25Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1942 April
26Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1942 May
27Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1942 June
28Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet Phillips1943
29Correspondence – Richard F. Koch / Janet PhillipsUndated, 1945-1946
210Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Stella Koch1936-1938 March
211Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Stella Koch1938 April – December
212Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1939
213Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1940
214Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1941
215Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1942
216Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1943 January – June
217Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1943 July – December
218Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella Koch1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
31Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and Janet Phillips, Stella KochUndated, 1945-1953
32Correspondence – Koch Family1925-1934
33Correspondence – Koch Family1938-1940
34Correspondence – Koch Family1941-1942
35Correspondence – Koch Family1943-1947
36Correspondence – Koch Family1948-1952
37Correspondence – Koch FamilyUndated, 1953-1955
38Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and friends1935-1940
39Correspondence – Richard F. Koch and friendsUndated, 1941-1954
310Correspondence – Phillips familyUndated, 1939-1943
311Correspondence – to Richard F. Koch and Janet PhillipsUndated, 1942-1945
312Birth certificate1936
  

Certified copy

 
313Educational materials – Correspondence and administrativeUndated, 1935-1942
314Educational materials – Printed materials1933-1940
315Educational materials – School workUndated
316Educational materials – School workUndated, 1941
BoxFolderTitleDate
OSL 46Educational materials - Bard College diploma1940
BoxFolderTitleDate
317Military materialsUndated, 1941-1947
318ClippingsUndated, 1939-1943
319VariousUndated, 1938-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
81PhotographsUndated, 1922-1950s
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1446Janet Phillips Koch wedding photograph1942
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Series II: Stella Dreyfus Koch, undated, 1887-1959, bulk 1899-1918

This series is in English.
1.4 linear feet.
Arrangement:

This series is divided into two subseries, Correspondence and General.

Scope and Content:

Stella Dreyfus Koch (1878-1962) was married to Richard S. Koch (1876-1935), with whom she had Helen A. Koch (1907-1919), Alfred N. Koch (died circa 1919), and Richard F. Koch (1920- ). She was born in New Orleans but moved with her family to New York City. Stella completed her schooling in New York, including a degree obtained from Normal College. She was a teacher in the New York public schools for some time in the early 1900s. After a period of time in Ridgewood, New Jersey, she was a longtime resident of Cedarhurst, New York on Long Island. This series contains correspondence, mostly with her husband and family. It also contains other materials, including account books that show how Stella budgeted for the Koch family.

Subseries 1: Correspondence, undated, 1887-1954

This subseries is in English.
1 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Correspondence with Bertha Dreyfus, Richard S. Koch, and Helen Stein were separated. The remaining correspondence was divided between family and other correspondence. Within each grouping, the letters are arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains Stella Dreyfus Koch's correspondence. The majority consists of the near-daily letters that Stella and her husband exchanged when apart, primarily during summer vacations (when Richard would remain in New York City while his family went to Maine or the Adirondacks) and business travel. They would often address each other by their nicknames, "Bum" or "Bummie" for Stella and "Cook" for Koch. The subseries also includes letters from Bertha Dreyfus, Stella's mother; letters from family friend (and perhaps former colleague or boss in the New York Public schools) Helen Stein, who often addressed Stella as "My precious daughter" and signed her letters "Mother"; letters from friends; and correspondence between Stella and her family, including her sisters Phina, Leah ("Lee") Landauer, and Leona Rostenberg, and her brothers Fred ("Schmickie") and Theodore. The family correspondence also includes letters from aunts, uncles, cousins, and in-laws, in particular the Titche family of Monroe, Louisiana.

See also Series I for correspondence between Stella Koch, her son Richard F. Koch, and her daughter-in-law Janet Phillips.

BoxFolderTitleDate
41Dreyfus, BerthaUndated, 1894-1917
42Koch, Richard S.1899-1903
43Koch, Richard S.1904
44Koch, Richard S.1905-1909
45Koch, Richard S.1910-1914
46Koch, Richard S.1915-1917
47Koch, Richard S.1918
48Koch, Richard S.Undated, 1921-1934
49Koch, Stella - Family1889-1904
410Koch, Stella - Family1905-1907
411Koch, Stella - Family1908-1919
412Koch, Stella - FamilyUndated, 1922-1954
413Koch, Stella - GeneralUndated, 1887-1947
414Stein, Helen1893-1902
415Stein, Helen1903 January – July
416Stein, Helen1903 August – December
417Stein, Helen1904-1907
418Stein, HelenUndated, 1908-1917

Subseries 2: General, undated, 1901-1959

This subseries is in English.
0.4 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains other material by Stella Koch, include Koch family financial material such as daily account books and tax returns; educational materials from college and also a course about Jewish history in the 1950s; poetry; and some materials about the Society of Ethical Culture.

BoxFolderTitleDate
51Account books1901-1910
52Account books1911-1918
53Account booksUndated, 1918-1924
54Educational materialsUndated, 1901-1919
55Educational materials – Jewish history1953-1959
BoxFolderTitleDate
56Financial records1901-1931
BoxFolderTitleDate
57PoetryUndated, 1935-1945
58Society for Ethical Culture1905-1907
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Series III: Fred J. Dreyfus, undated, 1862-1950, bulk 1917-1919

This series is in English.
0.6 linear feet + oversize materials.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Content:

Frederick Jonas Dreyfus (1876-1950) was the son of Leon and Bertha (née Hirsch) Dreyfus and the sister of Stella D. Koch. Born in New Orleans, his family moved to New York City thereafter and he received a bachelor's degree from the City College of New York in 1896. For twenty years, he was with Frank & Dugan, silk ribbon manufacturers in Paterson, New Jersey. He enlisted in the United States army on June 1, 1917, and was discharged in May 1919 at the rank of sergeant. He was in France during World War One, from July 1917 to April 1919, as part of the 11th US engineers. From 1920 to 1933 he worked for his brother-in-law Samuel Landauer's company, SC Landauer, a surgical supply company. Dreyfus was a long-time resident of Paterson, New Jersey, and later of Cedarhurst, New York.

This series contains materials relating to Frederick J. Dreyfus. The Correspondence consists primarily of his letters to his mother, Bertha Dreyfus, during World War One. The Other Correspondence folder contains a few miscellaneous letters to and from other family members, such nieces and nephews, as well as photo postcards from World War One illustrating Dreyfus's experiences in the army. He was a consistent diarist from 1897-1909 and again from 1937 until his death in 1950. There is however a 28-year gap from 1909 to 1937 (excepting the diaries he kept during his military service). The diaries show his Republican political affiliation and fervent anti-Communism. Dreyfus also comments on national and local (New Jersey and Long Island, New York) political races. He also mentions sports, his garden, his daily doings, and his opinions on people and events. See also the Correspondence – Koch Family folders in Series I for correspondence between Dreyfus and his nephew, Richard F. Koch, as well as the Series II, Subseries 1, Koch Family folders for correspondence between Dreyfus and his sister Stella Koch.

The military records in this series are from Dreyfus's service to the United States in World War One, and include his pay book and an application for commission in Adjutant General or Quartermaster Corps, as well as reunion materials. Dreyfus also conducted research on descendants of David Dreyfus (his grandfather) that served in the military, and assembled information about Henry Julian Abraham, Alfred Richard Stamm, Ernst Dreyfuss, Otto Wolfgang Abraham, Ray Sherman, Walter Dreyfus, Theodore Dreyfus, Leon Hirsch Dreyfus, Arthur Herman Weis, Walter Jonas Dreyfus, Richard Frederick Koch, Leon Lazarus Titche, Charles Titche, Jr., and Robert Maurice Dreyfus. Many of these men are from the Hattiesburg, Mississippi branch of the Dreyfus family.

Finally, this series also contains some of Dreyfus's work at City College, poetry and songs that he wrote for various occasions, a scrapbook that his mother Bertha assembled, consisting of World War One newspaper clippings, and a Various folder that includes clippings, an address book, a sketch of Dreyfus by artist Hamilton Wolf, a drawing of Dreyfus by Eduard Blouin, materials relating to the United States flag, an invitation to the Governor Smith Memorial dedication, a photograph of Charles William Eliot, and a copy of the title page and dedication for the book "Portraits of Jews" (removed to the LBI Library). Photographs include Fred as a youth in New York, as a soldier in World War One, and posed together with his nephew Richard F. Koch. The photographs are card-mounted, snapshots, and photo postcards.

BoxFolderTitleDate
59Correspondence – to Bertha Dreyfus1917
510Correspondence – to Bertha Dreyfus1918 January – July
511Correspondence – to Bertha Dreyfus1918 August – 1919
512Correspondence – OtherUndated, 1915-1943
513Diary1897 May 2 – June 8
514Diary1897 September 28 – 1905 October 11
515Diary1905 November 9 – 1909 March 4; 1937 May 27 – 1947 January 1
516Diary1947 January 18 - 1950 September 4
517DiariesSeptember 13, 1917 – May 17, 1919
  

Military service in France

 
518Education documentsUndated, 1893-1895
519Military records1917-1919
520Military reunion materials1919-1920
521Poetry and songsUndated, 1914-1947
522Family military research1862-1950
  

Some photocopies

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1442Scrapbook1917-1918
  

Fragile

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
523VariousUndated, 1895-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
82PhotographsUndated, 1897-1945
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Series IV: Dreyfus and Koch Families, undated, 1832-1953, bulk 1890s-1920s

This series is in English, with some German.
2 linear feet + oversize materials.
Arrangement:

This series is divided into three subseries, Correspondence, General, and Photographs.

Scope and Content:

This series contains materials about the Dreyfus and Koch families, including correspondence, photographs, and general materials such as poems, writings, clippings, educational materials, and ephemera. A highlight of this series is a set of about a dozen handwritten German poems from the 1830s, written for Rosalie Koch by her friends.

Subseries 1: Correspondence, undated, 1892-1953

This series is in English, with some German.
0.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by name.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains the Dreyfus and Koch family correspondence that does not fall into this collection's other series. It contains general correspondence to and from Richard S. Koch, whose correspondents include Hermann Schwartz and Elsie Weis, German relatives, his wife Stella's family, his relative Jonas Koch, and business partners.

It also contains the correspondence of the first two Koch family children, Alfred N. (died circa 1919) and Helen A. Koch (1907- circa 1919) with their family (parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins) and friends. A small amount of correspondence belonging to Leah Dreyfus Landauer is also found in this subseries, as is a set of postcards sent to Hermann, Leopold, and Julia Schwartz (relatives of Richard S. Koch). Many of these postcards are in German. A few additional letters not falling into any other series are also found here, in the Various folder.

BoxFolderTitleDate
61Koch, AlfredUndated, 1909-1919
62Koch, Helen1907-1915
63Koch, Helen1916-1917
64Koch, HelenUndated, 1918
65Koch, Richard S.Undated, 1903-1932
66Koch, Richard S. - Letter book1907-1911
67Koch, Richard S. - Wedding telegrams1905
68Landauer, Leah DreyfusUndated, 1893-1953
69Schwartz family1910-1926
610VariousUndated, 1892-1934

Subseries 2: General, undated, 1832-1950

This series is in English, with some German.
1 linear foot + oversize materials.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains materials relating to the Dreyfus and Koch families. It includes material from the mid 19th century, such as a letter book belonging to David Dreyfus, some materials from the Koch & Dreyfus jewelry business, and a book of German newspaper clippings prepared by Bertha Dreyfus.

A highlight of this series, and indeed of the collection, is a set of about a dozen handwritten German poems from the 1830s, written for Rosalie Koch by her friends. Each poem is written on a small slip of gold-edged paper, and they are found in a wood and tooled leather souvenir case measuring 3.5'' x 5''. Some poems have small pieces of hair attached. The poems are from Mina Carlebach, Jos. Wertheim, Jeannette Fuld, B. Nathan, Rosine Duenckelspiekl, L. Darmstaedter, Nannette Duenckelspiekl, Lorchen Duenckelspiekl, Bernhard Kalisch, Lena Wertheim, Fanny Fuld, B. Wertheim, Moritz David, Ludwig Scheuer, and Laura Fuld, who resided in Mainz, Mannheim, Ruedesheim, and Heidelberg.

Other materials include German newspaper clippings about World War One, patents filed by Leon Dreyfus, educational materials, poems and writings, and official documents by or about various family members, as well as ephemera such as ticket stubs, greeting cards, expense books, and drawings and sketches. The Various folder containing Leah Dreyfus Landauer materials includes documents about the estate of her father-in-law, Aaron Landauer.

BoxFolderTitleDate
611Clippings – Scrapbook1876-1891
612Clippings – World War One1914/1915
613David Dreyfus letter book1853-1864
BoxFolderTitleDate
OSL 463Diplomas1888-1908
  

Stella Dreyfus, Josephine Dreyfus, Richard S. Koch

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
614Educational materials – Alfred N. Koch1915-1918
615Educational materials – Helen A. Koch1914-1916
616Educational materials – Helen A. KochUndated, 1917-1918
617Ephemera – Rome1929
618German poetryUndated
619Koch and Dreyfus1884-1889
620Leon Dreyfus1876-1898
621Leon Dreyfus patents1896
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1444Leon Dreyfus patents – drawings1896
BoxFolderTitleDate
622Levee fund receipts1861-1862
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1447Marriage certificate, Samuel Landauer/Leah Dreyfus1905
BoxFolderTitleDate
623Poems and writingsCirca 1890s
BoxFolderTitleDate
OSL 461Portraitsundated
  

Two large prints

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
624Richard S. Koch notebooks1894-1900
625Rosalie Koch poems1832-1837
626Silhouette of "Nannu"Undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
71Theodore W. Dreyfus writingsUndated, 1893
72Various – Helen A. KochUndated, 1912-1917
73Various – Leah Dreyfus LandauerUndated, 1892-1950
74VariousUndated, 1904-1945

Subseries 3: Photographs, undated, 1865-1950s, bulk 1890s-1920s

0.5 linear feet + oversize materials.
Arrangement:

A few clearly identified photographs were foldered separately and placed at the beginning of the subseries. The remainder was roughly grouped by format and size. All the date ranges in this series are approximate.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains hundreds of photographs of the Dreyfus and Koch families. The 19th-century images are mainly posed, while the 20th-century photographs are more informal, and include candid snapshots of children playing and families on vacation.

The formats include tin types, cabinet cards, and other card-mounted photographs, but primarily comprise small black & white silver gelatin prints. Some of the photographs bear identifying information and dates. Unfortunately, many of the photographs are in poor condition, exhibiting curling and extreme fading.

Highlights include a wealth of Dreyfus family portraits, candid photographs of babies and children playing, and a carte-de-visite of Nathan Koch from 1865.

See also Series I and Series III, respectively, for photographs pertaining specifically to Richard F. Koch and Frederick J. Dreyfus.

BoxFolderTitleDate
83Cedarhurst, NY1930s-1950s
  

Photocopies. Contains detailed identification of Koch and Dreyfus families.

 
84Dreyfus, LeonUndated
85Koch, Alfred and HelenCirca 1912
86Koch, JonasUndated
87Koch, Nathan and MarieUndated, 1865
88Landauer, Leah DreyfusUndated
89Cabinet cards1880s-1890s
810Photographs1900s-1950s
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1445PhotographsUndated
BoxFolderTitleDate
811Photographs mounted in folders1890s-1910s
812Photographs mounted on cards1890s-1910s
813Photographs mounted on cards1890s-1910s
814Tintypes1890s
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Series V: Phillips Family, undated, 1890s-1952

This series is in English.
0.5 linear feet + oversize materials.
Scope and Content:

Janet Doris Koch (1917-1997, née Phillips) was the daughter of Louis and Maude (née Simon) Phillips. Maude was from a comfortable New Orleans Jewish family, and was educated there before attending college in New York City. The family soon moved to Brookline, Massachusetts, which is where Janet grew up and attended Simmons College. She married Richard F. Koch in 1942.

This series contain materials relating primarily to Janet Phillips and her mother, Maude Simon Phillips. It also contains materials related to other members of the Phillips clan. The Correspondence contains a small number of family letters and cards, and about twenty telegrams of congratulations for Janet's marriage to Richard F. Koch. The educational files contain school work and records from the education of many Phillips family members, including all of Maude's report cards from primary and secondary school in New Orleans. It also includes three of Maude's scrapbooks: high school (Girls High School No. 2); college (Normal College, now known as Hunter College) in New York; and wedding (documenting her wedding and honeymoon in 1915). The high school scrapbook is a particularly nice example of the use of a published scrapbook template to create a personal memento. Also included are diplomas for Maude, Lewis, and Janet Phillips. The summer camp materials in this series are primarily ephemera and counselor material from Camp Anchorage and Camp Awanee.

The series also contains programs from Boston theaters and a variety of other ephemera, such as menus, blank greeting cards, printed materials, clippings, and notes. It also includes some photographs of Phillips family members, mostly snapshots and card-mounted photographic prints, as well as three photograph scrapbooks.

BoxFolderTitleDate
75CorrespondenceUndated, 1943-1944
76Education – Albert Phillips1907-1910
  

Photocopies

 
77Education – Janet PhillipsUndated, 1927-1939
78Education – Lois PhillipsUndated, 1943
79Education – Maude Phillips1898-1912
710Education – Maude Phillips (High school scrapbook)1908
711Education – Maude Phillips (College scrapbook)1912
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1443Education – Phillips family diplomas1905-1934
BoxFolderTitleDate
OSL 462Education – Lewis Phillips diploma1912
BoxFolderTitleDate
712Financial and official records – Maude and Lewis PhillipsUndated, 1947-1952
713Lewis Phillips – Maude Simon wedding scrapbook1915
714Summer camp materialsUndated, 1920s-1930s
715Summer camp materialsUndated, 1930s-1940s
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1441Summer camp scrapbook1930
BoxFolderTitleDate
716Various – Boston cultural ephemeraUndated, 1929-1950
717Various – Cross-country road trip ephemera1949
718Various – Other ephemeraUndated, 1926-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
815Phillips family photographsUndated, 1890s-1950s
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 1448Photograph of Janet Phillips at camp1930
BoxFolderTitleDate
816Janet Phillips photo scrapbook1921-1932
817Phillips family photo scrapbook1900s
818Phillips family photo scrapbook1900s
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