Guide to the Papers of Maurice Jacobs (1896-1984), undated, 1926, 1937, 1940, 1944, 1947-1985
 
*P-916

Processed by Marvin Rusinek

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Marvin Rusinek as MS Word document, July-August 2011. Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on November 15, 2011. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Jacobs, Maurice
Title: Maurice Jacobs, papers
Dates:undated, 1926, 1937, 1940, 1944, 1947-1985
Abstract: The collection consists of correspondence between Maurice Jacobs and important Jewish organizations and individuals. The majority of the collection consists of Jacobs' correspondence between organizations such as colleges, universities, and notable local and national Jewish organizations. The collection documents the years 1926 to 1985, with the bulk of the material dating from 1947 to 1985. Besides correspondence, the papers contain clippings, memos, photographs, agendas, reports, and meeting minutes.
Languages: The collection is in English and Yiddish.
Quantity: 7 linear feet (14 manuscript boxes)
Identification: P-916
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical Note

Maurice Jacobs (1896-1984)

Dr. Maurice Jacobs was a publisher and a prominent member of many Jewish national organizations. Maurice Jacobs was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts on December 25, 1896. He was the son of Samuel Jacobs and Anna Ethel Zuckerman. Jacobs graduated from the University of Maine in 1917. He received the degree of Doctorate of Humane Letters from Hebrew Union College in 1948 and attained his Doctorate of Law degree from the University of Maine in 1965.

In 1950, Jacobs left the Jewish Publication Society and decided to branch out on his own. Jacobs' print shop was called the "United Nations of printers" because its international staff could handle 165 languages, from Afghan to Zulu. Many of its employees were linguists fluent in many languages. The print shop specialized in languages such as Ragoli, Palau, Tshiluba and Hebrew. Jacobs was president of his company from 1950 to 1969, after which he decided to incorporate the company as Maurice Jacobs, Inc.

Jacobs served as a member of many Jewish national organizations. He participated as an associate editor for the Phi Sigma Honorary Biological Fraternity from 1916 to 1921. Jacobs was a trustee of the Delaware Valley College from 1925 to 1955 and was its vice president from 1940 to 1945. He served as executive vice president of the Jewish Publication Society from 1936 to 1950. Jacobs was appointed director to the National Federation of Temple Brotherhoods in 1934 and served until 1944. He was the director of the Jewish Chautauqua Society from 1939 to 1944 and continued as honorary director afterwards. Jacobs served as director of the National Jewish Welfare Board from 1940 to 1962. He was a director of the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research from 1940 to 1962. Jacobs was governor of the American Association for Jewish Education from 1940 to 1964. Jacobs helped co-found and direct the Jewish Book Council of America from 1940 to 1967; he later served as its vice-president from 1958 to 1966. Jacobs became national president of the Phi Epsilon Pi Fraternity in 1945. Jacobs served as chairman of the executive council of the American Jewish Historical Society from 1947 to 1969 and remained an honorary member afterwards. He served as treasurer of the World Union for Progressive Judaism from 1948 to 1955.

Jacobs was actively involved with B'nai B'rith organizations, especially the B'nai B'rith Vocational Service Commission which he served from 1950 to 1962 and later served as honorary member from 1962 to 1969. In 1962, he became a member of the B'nai B'rith Hillel Commission. Jacobs was secretary of the Dropsie College National Advisory Board from 1947 to 1955 and served as president of the Pennsylvania Council of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations from 1960 to 1964. Jacobs was a member of the Brandeis University Institute on Contemporary Jewry starting in 1967.

Maurice Jacobs was also professionally affiliated with many Philadelphia organizations. Jacobs served as director of the Advisory Board for Jewish Students Hillel from 1936 to 1959 and honorary director afterwards. He was director of the Jewish Exponent from 1936 to 1939 and later from 1949 to 1960. Jacobs was a trustee of the Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel from 1939 to 1953 and 1953 afterward. He was a director of the United Hebrew Schools in Philadelphia from 1940 to 1958. Jacobs was director of the Council on Jewish Education in Philadelphia from 1945 to 1958. Jacobs was the overseer of Gratz College from 1945 to 1966 and served as its president from 1955 to 1958 and honorary overseer starting in 1966. He was director of the Round Table Club. Jacobs was a director of the American Jewish Committee from 1953 to 1954. He was director of the Akiba Academy from 1953 to 1956. Jacobs served as trustee to the Federation of Jewish Agencies from 1956 to 1962.

Jacobs participated on the editorial advisory boards for a number of Jewish publications, including Phi Epsilon Pi Quarterly (1932-1937), The Jewish Digest (1955- ), The National Jewish Monthly (1955-1960), American Judaism (1963-1967), Brotherhood (1967- ), and Dimensions (1967-1969). He was a contributor to the Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, National Jewish Monthly, Jewish Book Annual, and The Jewish Digest.1 In 1935, Jacobs co-authored with Leo M. Glassman the Biographical Encyclopedia of American Jews (AJHS Call #: REF E184.J5 B55).

Maurice Jacobs received numerous citations for service, including the Boston Jewish Advocate in 1940, Jewish Book Council in 1948, National Interfraternity Conference gold medal for distinguished service to American youth in 1954, University Lodge B'nai B'rith in 1955, World Union for Progressive Judaism in 1955, American Jewish Historical Society in 1956, Phi Epsilon Pi in 1956, National Federation of Temple Brotherhoods in 1957, Gratz College in 1958, Keneseth Israel in 1961, Philadelphia B'nai B'rith Vocational Service in 1961, Phi Epsilon Pi Founder's Medal in 1961, Jewish Chautauqua Society in 1964, Pennsylvania Council of the U.A.H.C. in 1964, Beth Torah in 1965, American Jewish Historical Society Lee Max Friedman Award Medal in 1966, and the Jewish Library Association in 1968.2

Jacobs served in the U.S. Navy during World War I as a chief petty officer. He was a member of several societies such as the American Academy for Jewish Research, the American Jewish Historical Society, the Association of Hebrew Professors, Mediaeval Academy of America, American Academy of Religion, the Society of Biblical Literature, and the American Oriental Society.3

Maurice Jacobs married Elsa Wohlfeld on June 27, 1926, with whom he had two children, Elizabeth (Mrs. Lloyd H.) Klatzkin and Ruth (Mrs. Mel M.) Steele. He was a grandfather to five grandchildren. In 1969, he founded his own publishing company, Maurice Jacobs, Inc., and was its president from 1950 to 1969. Jacobs died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in October 1984. The collection was donated to the AJHS by Jacobs' grandson, Steven Alan Klatzkin, date unknown.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of correspondence between Maurice Jacobs and important Jewish organizations and individuals. The majority of the collection consists of Jacobs' correspondence between organizations such as colleges, universities, and notable local and national Jewish organizations. The collection documents the years 1926 to 1985, with the bulk of the material dating from 1947 to 1985. Besides correspondence, the papers contain clippings, memos, photographs, agendas, reports, and meeting minutes.

The collection is valuable to researchers interested in Jewish organizations in Philadelphia, national Jewish organizations, and Jewish publications.

The collection is in English and Yiddish.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into two series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

Leon J. Obermayer papers P-141
Phi Epsilon Pi records, I-76
Round Table Club (Phila., Pa) records, I-145

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Maurice Jacobs, papers; P-916; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

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Acquisition Information

Donated by Steve Klatzkin, date unknown.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Individual Correspondence, undated, 1944, 1947-1984

The Series is in English and Yiddish.
Box 1, Folder 1 -- Box 5, Folder 4.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The series contains the correspondence of Maurice Jacobs, organized alphabetically by last name. Notable individuals with whom Jacobs corresponded are Moshe Davis, Jacob Rader Marcus, Eugene Oberdorfer, H. Sherman Oberly, Herman J. Obermayer, Leon J. Obermayer, Herbert Opalek, Harry M. Orlinsky, and Dr. Henri M. Yaker.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Correspondence A 1950-1951, 1957-1959, 1961, 1963, 1966-1975, 1977-1978, 1981-1982
1 2-3 Correspondence B 1947-1948, 1953, 1955-1980, 1982-1984
1 4-6 Correspondence C undated, 1955, 1961, 1963-1984
1 7 Correspondence D 1954, 1956, 1961-1963, 1966, 1972
1 8 Correspondence - Davis, Moshe 1944, 1954, 1957, 1960-1967
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1-2 Correspondence - Davis, Moshe undated, 1968-1980, 1983-1984
2 3 Correspondence E undated, 1954, 1958, 1960-1961, 1965, 1969-1974, 1976-1980
2 4-5 Correspondence F undated, 1947, 1952-1959, 1961, 1963-1973, 1976-1977, 1979-1983
2 6 Correspondence G 1959-1961, 1970-1972, 1974-1976, 1978-1981, 1983
2 7-8 Correspondence H 1951-1952, 1954, 1956-1962, 1964-1977, 1979-1980, 1982-1984
2 9 Correspondence J undated, 1961, 1965-1968, 1970-1972, 1975, 1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1-2 Correspondence K 1951-1955, 1960-1961, 1963-1968, 1970-1982
3 3 Correspondence L undated, 1953-1955, 1958-1962, 1964-1965, 1968-1977
3 4 Correspondence M 1963-1964, 1967, 1970-1973, 1976, 1980-1983
3 5-6 Correspondence with Jacob Rader Marcus undated, 1969-1984
3 7 Correspondence N 1969, 1972-1973, 1983
3 8 Correspondence O 1970-1972
3 9 Correspondence with Eugene Oberdorfer 1957, 1964-1966
3 10 Correspondence with H. Sherman Oberly 1948-1951, 1953, 1955-1956, 1958, 1961-1963
3 11 Correspondence with Herman J. Obermayer 1957, 1962
3 12 Correspondence with Leon J. Obermayer (contains photograph) 1954, 1956-1957, 1960-1961, 1964, 1967, 1972-1973, 1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 1 Correspondence with Herbert A. Opalek 1971-1973
4 2 Correspondence with Harry M. Orlinsky 1954, 1957, 1959, 1963-1969, 1972, 1980-1982
4 3-4 Correspondence P undated, 1949-1951, 1954-1955, 1957-1973, 1975-1979
4 5 Correspondence R 1950, 1952-1958, 1960, 1962-1972, 1974-1980, 1982-1984
4 6-8 Correspondence S undated, 1950-1951, 1954-1984
  (contains Yiddish)   
4 9 Correspondence T 1951-1952, 1956, 1961, 1963-1972, 1975, 1980, 1982
4 10 News clipping U 1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 1 Correspondence W 1955-1960, 1962-1976, 1979, 1982
5 2 Correspondence Y 1970
5 3 Correspondence with Dr. Henri M. Yaker undated, 1957-1961, 1964
5 4 Correspondence Z 1970, 1975
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Series II: Organizational Correspondence, undated, 1926, 1937, 1940, 1947-1985

The Series is in English and Yiddish.
Box 5, Folder 5 -- Box 14, Folder 6.
Arrangement:

Arranged into sixteen subseries.

Scope and Content:

The series contains Jacobs correspondence with Jewish organizations, including B'nai B'rith Philadelphia University Lodge, B'nai B'rith Vocational Service Bureau, Brandeis University, Delaware Valley College, Dropsie College, Gratz College, Hillel Commission, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute for Research (H.U.C.-J.I.R.), Jewish Campus Activities Board, Jewish Book Council, Jewish Chautauqua Society - National Federation of Temple Brotherhoods, Jewish Exponent, Jewish universities, Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel, Union of American Hebrew Congregations (U.A.H.C.), World Union for Progressive Judaism, and the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

Subseries A: B'nai B'rith, undated, 1949, 1958, 1961-1963, 1966, 1971-1982

The Subseries is in English.
Box 5, Folders 5-8.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Jacobs' correspondence with B'nai B'rith as a whole and with the B'nai B'rith Philadelphia University Lodge and the B'nai B'rith Vocational Service Bureau.

BoxFolderTitleDate
5 5-6 Correspondence B'nai B'rith undated, 1966, 1971-1982
5 7 Correspondence B'nai B'rith Philadelphia University Lodge undated, 1972, 1975, 1980
5 8 B'nai B'rith Vocational Service Bureau undated, 1949, [1958], 1961-1963

Subseries B: Brandeis University, undated, 1947-1949, 1952, 1956-1983

The Subseries is in English.
Box 6, Folder 1 -- Box 7, Folder 2.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of Jacobs' correspondence with Brandeis University. Among the correspondence is a loving letter from Maurice Jacobs to his grandson Steve Klatzkin about his growth as a writer. Another letter written from Jacobs to Rabbi Albert Axelrad dated from May 13, 1969 is to encourage his grandson to join Hillel at Brandeis.

BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1-3 Brandeis University undated, 1969-1983
6 4-7 Brandeis University, correspondence with Sachar undated, 1947-1949, 1952, 1956-1965
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1-2 Brandeis University, correspondence with Sachar undated, 1966-1968

Subseries C: Delaware Valley College, 1926, 1947-1948, 1950, 1955, 1973-1976, 1979-1982

The Subseries is in English.
Box 7, Folder 3.
Arrangement:

1 folder, arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries has Jacobs' correspondence with Delaware Valley College from 1926 to 1982.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 3 Correspondence - Delaware Valley College of Science and Agriculture (old National Farm School) 1926, 1947-1948, 1950, 1955, 1973-1976, 1979-1982

Subseries D: Dropsie College, 1948, 1951, 1967-1970, 1972-1976, 1979-1980, 1982-1983

The Subseries is in English.
Box 7, Folders 4-5.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of Jacobs' correspondence with Dropsie College from 1948 to 1983.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 4-5 Correspondence - Dropsie College 1948, 1951, 1967-1970, 1972-1976, 1979-1980, 1982-1983

Subseries E: Gratz College, undated, 1955, 1960, 1965-1984

The Subseries is in English.
Box 7, Folder 6 -- Box 8, Folder 1.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of Jacobs' correspondence with Gratz College from 1955 to 1984.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 6-8 Gratz College undated, 1955, 1960, 1965-1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Correspondence - Gratz College undated, 1982-1984

Subseries F: Hillel Commission, undated, 1948, 1971-1983

The Subseries is in English.
Box 8, Folders 2-5.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Jacobs' correspondence with the Hillel Commission as well as correspondence from the early days of Hillel.

BoxFolderTitleDate
8 2-4 Correspondence with Hillel Commission undated, 1972-1983
8 5 Hillel, Early Days of undated, 1948, 1971, 1977, 1983

Subseries G: Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute on Research (H.U.C.-J.I.R.), undated, 1947-1983

The Subseries is in English.
Box 8, Folder 6 -- Box 10, Folder 3.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of Jacobs' correspondence with the Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute for Research during the years 1947 to 1983.

BoxFolderTitleDate
8 6 H.U.C.-J.I.R. 1947-1948
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1-4 H.U.C.-J.I.R. undated, 1948-1960
9 5 H.U.C.-J.I.R. 1954-1955, 1958-1964
9 6-7 H.U.C.-J.I.R. 1971-1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1 H.U.C.-J.I.R. undated, 1965-1971, 1980
10 2 H.U.C.-J.I.R. undated, 1979-1981
10 3 Correspondence H.U.C.-J.I.R. 1982-1983

Subseries H: Jewish Campus Activities Board, undated, 1960-1961, 1967, 1976-1984

The Subseries is in English.
Box 10, Folders 4-5.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of Jacobs' correspondence with the Jewish Campus Activities Board from 1960 to 1984.

BoxFolderTitleDate
10 4-5 Correspondence Jewish Campus Activities Board undated, 1960-1961, 1967, 1976-1984

Subseries I: Jewish Book Council, undated, 1948, 1952-1954, 1956-1966, 1968

The Subseries is in English.
Box 10, Folders 6-7.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries has Jacobs' correspondence with the Jewish Book Council from 1948 to 1968.

BoxFolderTitleDate
10 6-7 Jewish Book Council Correspondence undated, 1948, 1952-1954, 1956-1966, 1968

Subseries J: Jewish Chautauqua Society - N.F.T.B., undated, 1961-1968, 1970-1984

The Subseries is in English.
Box 11, Folders 1-4.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Jacobs' correspondence with the Jewish Chautauqua Society-National Federation of Temple Brotherhoods from 1961 to 1984.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1-4 Correspondence Jewish Chautauqua Society - N.F.T.B. undated, 1961-1968, 1970-1973, 1975-1984

Subseries K: Jewish Exponent, 1952-1960, 1964-1965, 1969, 1980

The Subseries is in English.
Box 11, Folder 5.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Maurice Jacobs' correspondence with the Jewish Exponent from 1952 to 1980.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11 5 Jewish Exponent Correspondence 1952-1960, 1964-1965, 1969, 1980

Subseries L: Jewish University, 1940, 1979

The Subseries is in English.
Box 11, Folder 6.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of Jacobs' correspondence with Jewish universities from 1940 and 1979.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11 6 Jewish University Correspondence 1940, 1979

Subseries M: Keneseth Israel, undated, 1937, 1941-1942, 1944, 1953-1985

The Subseries is in English.
Box 11, Folder 7 -- Box 12, Folder 3.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Jacobs' correspondence with Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel along with correspondence concerning the Neumann Fund.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11 7-8 Correspondence Keneseth Israel undated, 1972-1985
11 9 Correspondence Keneseth Israel Neumann Fund 1954, 1956-1965, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975-1976, 1978-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1-3 Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel 1937, 1941-1942, 1944, 1953-1972

Subseries N: Union of American Hebrew Congregations (U.A.H.C.), undated, 1954-1985

The Subseries is in English.
Box 12, Folder 4 -- Box 14, Folder 4.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries has Jacobs' correspondence with the U.A.H.C., the Pennsylvania Council of the U.A.H.C., and the Pennsylvania Federation of the U.A.H.C., from 1954 to 1985.

BoxFolderTitleDate
12 4 U.A.H.C. undated, 1964-1970, 1979-1980
12 5 U.A.H.C. 1971-1979
12 6 U.A.H.C. 1980-1981
12 7 U.A.H.C. 1982-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 U.A.H.C. undated, 1983-1985
13 2-3 U.A.H.C. College Education Committee undated, 1954-1964, 1971-1972
13 4 U.A.H.C. - Pennsylvania Council 1965-1968, 1970-1971
13 5 U.A.H.C. - Pennsylvania Council 1970, 1972-1974
13 6-8 U.A.H.C. - Pennsylvania Council 1972-1982
13 9 U.A.H.C. - Pennsylvania Council 1962, 1974-1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 U.A.H.C. - Pennsylvania Council undated, 1978-1983
14 2 U.A.H.C. - Philadelphia Federation 1962, 1971-1972
14 3 U.A.H.C. - Philadelphia Federation 1973-1975
14 4 U.A.H.C. - Philadelphia Federation undated, 1977-1979, 1982-1983

Subseries O: World Union for Progressive Judaism, 1951, 1953-1955

The Subseries is in English.
Box 14, Folder 5.
Arrangement:

1 folder, arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Jacobs' correspondence with the World Union for Progressive Judaism from 1951 to 1955.

BoxFolderTitleDate
14 5 World Union for Progressive Judaism - Correspondence 1951, 1953-1955

Subseries P: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, 1947-1949, 1954, 1957-1962, 1966, 1973-1974

The Subseries is in English and Yiddish.
Box 14, Folder 6.
Arrangement:

1 folder, arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of Jacobs' correspondence with the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research from 1947 to 1974.

BoxFolderTitleDate
14 6 YIVO 1947-1949, 1954, 1957-1962, 1966, 1973-1974
  (contains Yiddish)   
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