Guide to the Records of American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), undated, 1960-1961, 1963, 1965-1968, 1970-1995, 2001-2002
 
*I-503

Processed by Jessica Weglein and Marvin Rusinek

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2016, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Marvin Rusinek as MS Word document, January 2012. Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on January 25, 2012. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ)
Title: American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), records
Dates:undated, 1960-1961, 1963, 1965-1968, 1970-1995, 2001-2002
Abstract: Founded in 1969, the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) was instrumental in the international effort to promote recognition of the Beta Israel (known among non-Jewish Ethiopians as "Falashas") by Israeli authorities, and to assist Jewish emigration from Ethiopia to Israel. The extensive files of the AAEJ include case work files, research materials and Jewish artifacts collected in Ethiopia by AAEJ workers. In the wake of the successful evacuation of Ethiopian Jewry to Israel in 1993, the AAEJ decided to disband and voted to deposit its records at the American Jewish Historical Society. Included are correspondence, office files, photographs, slides, videotapes, audiocassettes and other materials which pertain to AAEJ's efforts to raise the consciousness of the American Jewish community about this unique Jewish subculture. The organization's papers supplement those of its founder, Graenum Berger, which are also held at the American Jewish Historical Society.
Languages: The collection is in English, Amharic, Chinese, French, Hebrew, Polish, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Quantity: 92.2 linear feet (168 manuscript boxes, 4 Hollinger boxes, 5 card file boxes, 1 oversized OS1 box, 1 oversized OS6 folder, 9 reels)
Identification: I-503
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Historical Note
LaDena Schnapper in village with Ethiopian Jews

LaDena Schnapper in village with Ethiopian Jews, Ethiopia, 1992

American Association for Ethiopian Jews (1969-1993)

The Jews of Ethiopia called themselves "Beta Israel," i.e. the House of Israel. These Jews practiced a pre-Talmudic Judaism which was based on the Torah and preserved many of the customs associated with Israel before the Romans destroyed the country in 135 C.E. For centuries, European Jewish communities knew nothing of the Beta Israel. A Scottish explorer, James Bruce, discovered their existence in 1769 as he was looking for the source of the Nile. These Jews were largely forgotten until the 1950's. They did not use Hebrew in Ethiopia, but a language called Ge'ez (Ethiopic) which was used by Ethiopian Christian denominations.1 The Christian and Muslim majority in Ethiopia called the Jews "Falasha," meaning foreigner, although the Jews had been in that country for centuries.

Dr. Jacques Faitlovitch traveled to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) for the first time in 1904, with support from the French banker Baron Edmond de Rothschild. Faitlovitch had studied Ethiopian languages, Ethiopic and Amharic, at the Sorbonne under Joseph Halévy. Faitlovitch lived among the Ethiopian Jews and became an advocate of their cause. He devoted his entire career to bring the Beta Israel into the Jewish mainstream and convinced them to modify their religious practices so that they conformed to Rabbinic Judaism. Faitlovitch transferred the center of his support for the Falasha to the United States, and with the aid of the New York Committee, opened a boarding school for Falasha in Addis Ababa in 1923. After World War II, Faitlovitch settled in Tel Aviv and restarted his support for the Falasha. He persuaded the Jewish Agency to take up educational work among the Falashas soon after the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Wherever Faitlovitch traveled, he tried to stir active interest in the "Black Jews of Abyssinia." He considered the Falashas as the descendants of genuine Jews and an integral part of the Jewish people. He felt that it was his obligation to save them from extinction and lead them through education into the fold of traditional Judaism. Faitlovitch wrote many articles and pamphlets and a series of tracts in Amharic intended for distribution among the Falashas.2 Yona Bogale, a former student of Faitlovitch, was employed by the Jewish Agency in Addis Ababa and distributed Hebrew educational material that he translated into Amharic.

In 1955, Graenum Berger first met a group of Ethiopian Jews in Israel. During the next decade he discovered that information about their history and current life was scarce. While visiting Ethiopia in 1965, he observed the Beta Israel (Falashas) living in poverty, lacking sanitation, receiving substandard education and suffering universal discrimination. The Ethiopian Jews held strongly to Judaism and prayed for a miraculous deliverance to Jerusalem.

Berger discovered a reluctance to assist Ethiopian Jews or bring them to Israel. He undertook a personal campaign to educate and raise money for their health and welfare. Berger created the American Association for Ethiopian Jews in 1969 to bring pressure on world Jewry to save this unique Jewish subculture from extinction. The AAEJ's primary purpose was to make the saving of Ethiopian Jewry a number one priority of the Government of Israel and of world Jewish leadership.3 The AAEJ was the oldest organization dedicated solely to the relief and aliyah of Ethiopian Jews and assisted with the rescue of Ethiopian Jews to Israel. Since 1969, the AAEJ used a variety of means to get the Jews from Ethiopia to Israel. Students at the University of California-Irvine campus became extremely vocal on behalf of the Ethiopian Jewry cause under Professor Howard Lenhoff.

Berger and his wife Emma visited Ethiopia often and reported on the plight of the Ethiopian Jews. Activists on behalf of AAEJ visited Ethiopia as well, providing field information about the situation faced by the Ethiopian Jews. The activists were in constant contact with the AAEJ in the United States. The organization provided money, supplies, food and medical assistance to the Ethiopian Jews.

In 1974, the organization was officially incorporated and the AAEJ established its offices in Highland Park, Illinois. The AAEJ was loud and critical of the Israeli government for its inaction regarding the plight of the Ethiopian Jews. The AAEJ was suspicious of the Israeli government's intentions, based on long experience. In the cause of the Ethiopian Jews, Berger repeatedly lobbied Israeli officials. The AAEJ provoked Israel to take action on behalf of this imperiled minority. Even after the chief rabbinate declared the Falashas to be Jewish in 1973, Israel made little effort to bring them in. According to Berger, "Our work was advocacy, to provoke Israel primarily, but also American and world Jewry to take on this responsibility of rescuing and bringing them to Israel."4

After the Ethiopian revolution in 1974, thousands of Ethiopian Jews fled to refugee camps in Sudan and AAEJ brought a few to Israel. By 1977, the Israeli government accepted the right of the Ethiopian Jews to immigrate. Prime Minister Menachem Begin finally opened Israel's doors to Ethiopian Jews, but not wide enough. Berger arrived in Washington, D.C. and urged Senator Rudy Boschwitz to organize a Congressional caucus on their behalf. Yehuda Dominitz, Director General of the Immigration and Absorption Department of the Jewish Agency for Israel, would not reveal how many Ethiopian Jews were arriving to Israel on a weekly basis. Dominitz refused to let his agency rent buses to allow Ethiopian Jews to travel to Jerusalem. He publicly said that he was not in favor of bringing these Jews to Israel.5

In 1978, the leadership of the AAEJ was turned over to Professor Howard Lenhoff. In 1983, Nathan Shapiro succeeded Lenhoff and became the third president of the AAEJ in 1984. Lenhoff and Shapiro helped broaden AAEJ's support and influence for the Falashas cause.

In America during the Reagan Era, the AAEJ organized unofficial luncheons at communal events when they were denied space on the formal agenda. The AAEJ also brought up the issue in Washington, D.C., a move that eventually paid off in its favor. In Ethiopia, the AAEJ began working secretively to bring out Jews to Israel. The AAEJ was more concerned with rescuing Ethiopian Jews rather than making friends in the Jewish communal establishment.6

By 1984, thousands of Ethiopian Jews arrived in the Sudan, living in refugee camps under very poor conditions and with high mortality rates. Continued pressure on the Israeli government by AAEJ led to Operation Moses. Beginning November 21, 1984 and lasting just over a month, more than 7,000 Ethiopian Jews were airlifted from Sudan in a secret Israeli mission called Operation Moses. On June 5, 1985, a total of 10,000 Jews were evacuated.7 Jerry Weaver, Chief Refugee Officer for the U.S. Embassy, stated that it was "Washington's clout in Sudan that made Operation Moses possible." Weaver facilitated in the rescues of 1984-85 and was a key man in the operation. Weaver's report on Operation Moses can be found in Black Jews, Jews and Other Heroes.

The AAEJ could not have been successful without its outstanding dedicated activists and leaders dedicated to the Ethiopian Jewry cause: LaDena Schnapper, Susan Pollack, and William Recant.

LaDena Schnapper's start in the Ethiopian Jewry movement was as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Ethiopia in 1963. In 1978, Schnapper was excited to learn of the AAEJ and that they were assisting in the rescue and relief of Ethiopian Jews. About a week later, she volunteered and began speaking on behalf of AAEJ. Schnapper met with Graenum Berger who spearheaded the entire movement and with Howard Lenhoff, AAEJ President, who provided constant encouragement. Schnapper received an orientation on running AAEJ in a single visit to Lenhoff in California. She was impressed by how he had single-handedly built the organization to a level where it was not only raising public awareness on the plight of the Ethiopian Jews, but was also beginning involvement in direct rescues, handled mostly by Shapiro and Berger.

Schnapper started producing flyers and preparing her own talks using her own slides and those provided by AAEJ. She spoke three times a week, raised awareness and money, and became more committed to the AAEJ mission. She received a telephone call from Nathan Shapiro, referred to him by Howard Lenhoff, and asked her to take his place at a synagogue presentation. Shapiro soon hired her to run the AAEJ office in Highland Park and she spent the next several years carrying out the mission of saving Ethiopian Jews.

During the early 1980s, Schnapper assumed the role of International Coordinator. She brought a wealth of experience to the AAEJ from her experience as a Peace Corps worker. Schnapper spoke and wrote Amharic and was able to converse directly with Jewish and non-Jewish Ethiopians. She spoke at speaking engagements, set up organizational meetings, prepared material for fund-raising campaigns or release to the media, and responded to hundreds of letters from the AAEJ direct mail campaign.8

Shapiro and Schnapper discussed projects to help rescue the Ethiopian Jews such as assembling the first AAEJ newsletter, Release, and composing letters for the direct mail effort. They responded to supporters who grew from 12,000 to 35,000 over a few years. Shapiro's impatience to save the Ethiopian Jews filtered through AAEJ. The AAEJ staff irritated the Israelis and the Jewish establishment by stating that not enough was being done to rescue the Ethiopian Jews. Shapiro decided that the best way to get the job done was to make the rescue of Ethiopian Jews a human rights issue and enlist the aid of the U.S. government. Lisa Freund was hired to help with the newsletter and direct mail campaign while Schnapper assisted with the rescue effort.9

In the rescue effort, Schnapper fostered many Ethiopian connections and established a network that extended from North America to Gondar to Addis Ababa and on to Israel. The network was successful in getting Ethiopian Jews out of Ethiopia and continued its work even after Operation Solomon was over in 1991. Schnapper's main U.S. contacts were Semu and Girmai Bayouh, Ethiopians who supplied first-hand insight about what was happening in Ethiopia. Semu suggested that his friend Berhanu may also be a useful local contact. Schnapper spoke with Berhanu and they devised a strategy that facilitated the rescue of more than 1,000 Ethiopian Jews when no one else was willing to make the attempt. Berhanu was insulted by the community for what he was doing and he risked his life many times to save his Jewish friends.10

The AAEJ created an assortment of student, tourist, and work papers that would allow Ethiopian Jews to obtain a passport. The AAEJ obtained U.S. visas for them and provided tickets routing the travelers to the U.S. and on to Israel.

The AAEJ tried all sorts of schemes to send relief dollars to Ethiopia and take out more people. Schnapper determined how much money to dispense depending upon the Ethiopian Jew's situation. Checks were dispensed in $250, $500 and $1,000 amounts to individuals. The AAEJ worked as quietly as possible to avoid interference from the Ethiopian government although officials knew exactly what they were doing. The process was full of obstacles. The rescue of one person often took 18 months. AAEJ chose families to rescue through contacts from Ethiopian relatives in Israel, from letters received from Ethiopia, or whispers received by Berhanu through the grapevine that suggested a family to assist. Correspondence between Schnapper and the individual would often provide enough information necessary to prepare appropriate documentation. Documents were mailed with a check to the person or family with a pink U.S. Postal Service Return Receipt Requested form, guaranteeing that 99 percent of the mail would get through the complex, yet efficient Ethiopian postal system. The AAEJ's success was a slap in the face to critics who said it was impossible to send relief funds to Ethiopia, or even to get people out.11

In Ethiopia, Berhanu organized a group of Jewish and non-Jewish facilitators to assist in the complex 29-step rescue process. Because of the difficulty of the task and the time it took, each family's exodus was celebrated by remembering the Talmudic phrase "If you save one soul, you save the whole world."12

The American Jewish establishment soon became aware of the AAEJ's rescue work and they wanted to know how their organization was able to get the job done. Schnapper prepared a statement detailing the rescue process and methods used for sending in relief funds. As a result of this material and meetings held in New York in 1988, the American Jewish establishment was convinced that Israel could do more and that perhaps the AAEJ should be compensated for its work. The AAEJ met with Federation leaders, the JDC, and the Jewish Agency for Israel and it was agreed that the AAEJ would work closely with Israelis and receive reimbursement.13

Another way the AAEJ generated funds was through the Chai Campaign. The AAEJ calculated that it would take $3,000 to rescue one Ethiopian Jew from the Sudan. Donors were asked to contribute $3,000 to save one life. The campaign became mainstream as other organizations were adopting it. Large gifts were welcome, but the hundreds of small contributions allowed the AAEJ to spend $80,000 to rescue Ethiopian Jews during 1979 to 1980 alone.14

In 1987, the Ethiopian Jews' tragedy, state of neglect, and the "Unfinished Exodus" were addressed at a luncheon program sponsored by the New England Zionist Federation, where the idea of opening a Boston chapter of the AAEJ was also discussed.15

In 1988, Schnapper took a trip to Israel and met Berhanu for the first time. After six years of contact, transfer of over $1 million, and overcoming tremendous obstacles, they discovered that they liked working with each other and continued work well after Operation Solomon. Tesfaye Aderagew was instrumental with sending assistance to ten remote villages in Woggera. Another "brother," Rachamim Elazar, acted as an advisor when Schnapper was uncertain of what to do next. Schnapper developed a web of support with all of these Ethiopians. Schnapper opined that the ultimate reason Ethiopian Jews reached Israel was because enough people cared, and AAEJ was the most significant organization in building that care. Schnapper believed that a "steadfast focused commitment" was the key to bringing out the Ethiopian Jews.16

In 1988, it was estimated that 10,000 to 20,000 Jews remained in Ethiopia and were prohibited from emigrating.17 In 1989, the total population of Ethiopian Jews in Israel was estimated at 20,000 people. The emigration process continued at the rate of about 3,000 Ethiopian Jews rescued annually. This rate was far from satisfactory given the plight of the Beta Israel families who had been divided between Ethiopia and Israel and the political and economic circumstances prevailing in Ethiopia. Those living in Israel continued to insist that the most important single problem that they faced was the separation of their families. Those living in Ethiopia continued to plea for reunification. The Ethiopian Jews in Israel claimed that favoritism influenced the pace of family reunification. Ethiopians with connections to high authorities in the Israeli government were able to bring their families to Israel more easily than others. These types of arrangements were insufficient to meet the tremendous urgent need for family reunification of the Falashas that remained in Ethiopia.18 In 1989, diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Israel were renewed at the embassy level.19

Susan Pollack [Schechtman] worked together with LaDena Schnapper in the late 1980s to early 1990s in rescuing the Ethiopian Jews. In 1989, Pollack realized that a mass movement of the Ethiopian Jews to Israel was the only way to get the job done. Her skills as a persuasive interpreter led to a Board decision to send her to Ethiopia in 1989. In 1990, Schnapper returned to Ethiopia for two years to relieve Susan Pollack and to assist with the final exodus of the Ethiopian Jews. Her skills proved to be invaluable. Schnapper worked directly with thousands of Ethiopian Jews who arrived in Addis Ababa. She was remarkably successful in getting the Jews out of Ethiopia and enabled them to help others to escape. As cooperation with Israeli organizations improved, Schnapper and Berger met with the Jewish organizations working in Ethiopia (JDC, HIAS, the Jewish Agency for Israel and NACOEJ) every three months to coordinate case lists and address other administrative matters.

In April 1990, Will Recant, the first executive director of the AAEJ in Washington, D.C. from 1984 to 1983, arrived in Addis Ababa. Pollack and Recant made a decision that would alter the course of aliyah. They reviewed the progress of the emigration and determined that the conditions were right to accelerate the AAEJ transport program. This decision would help trigger the mass migration of almost all of the Jewish community from Gondar to Addis Ababa within a couple months.20

In May 1990, when thousands of Ethiopian Jews left their farming villages and headed to Addis Ababa with the hope of immigrating to Israel, they came to the AAEJ compound where they were housed and fed. The AAEJ started the first Hebrew school to reduce the idleness of the children and prepared them for their new lives in Israel. Students were taught Hebrew, math and Amharic. The children were fed a nutritious lunch, often their only meal for the day. The AAEJ initiated an employment program to combat the massive unemployment and to give the Ethiopian Jews the dignity of working. The program grew from a few weavers to 2,400 - the largest employer of Jews in the capital. The AAEJ organized the first Jewish medical transport program in Addis Ababa to get medical assistance for the sick and poor.21

Between January and May of 1991, an additional 3,500 Ethiopian Jews were flown to Israel, and AAEJ staff in Washington, D.C. was busy organizing a massive rescue mission with Ethiopian, Israeli, and American government officials.22 Working behind the scenes in Washington, D.C., Jerusalem and Addis Ababa, the AAEJ helped coordinate Operation Solomon - the dramatic May 1991 airlift that brought approximately 14,300 Ethiopian Jews to Israel (various sources have quoted different amounts of Ethiopian Jews rescued). As troops stormed the capital, the AAEJ together with the U.S. and Israeli governments, the Joint Distribution Committee and the Jewish Agency, helped facilitate the operation and get the Ethiopian Jews out quickly. On May 24-25, 1991, the Ethiopian Jews were airlifted in the midst of the civil war and flown to Israel. The Ethiopian Jews arrived to Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. The Ethopian Jews faced obstacles such as culture shock and language difficulties as Israel made its best efforts to absorb the newcomers.23 By December 1991, 1,073 more Ethiopian Jews fled, bringing the total amount of Ethiopian Jews rescued to 19,940.24 Around 1992, Recant travelled to Israel where he spoke with the newly elected Labor government about the current absorption of Ethiopian immigrants.

While AAEJ had been successful in raising money to support the rescue effort, Berger found that it would be difficult to raise the funds necessary to carry out an absorption program. Berger suggested that AAEJ disband since it had accomplished its mission of the successful rescue of 20,000 Ethiopian Jews. At the AAEJ annual board meeting in 1993, the decision was made to cease its operation. The offices in Washington, D.C. and Jerusalem were phased out in December 1993 and all AAEJ records were donated to the American Jewish Historical Society. The AAEJ became superseded by the Israel Association for Ethiopian Jewry (IAEJ) in 1993. The IAEJ gave a voice to the needs of the Ethiopian-Israeli community "to advance wiser, more effective and more efficient policies in the spheres of education, employment, housing and community empowerment."25 Friends of Ethiopian Jews (FEJ), founded in 1998 by Will Recant, Susan Pollack and other members of the AAEJ, were dedicated to assisting the Ethiopian Jewish community in Israel. They worked to create full integration and successful absorption in Israel for the Ethiopian Jewish community.26

Chronology - Timeline of AAEJ and Ethiopian Jewish History27

1961Ethiopia and Israel begin full diplomatic relations.
1969The American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) is founded by Graenum Berger.
1970sORT (Organization for the Rehabilitation and Training) sets up schools, clinics, and vocational training centers in Ethiopia.
1973Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Israel's Chief Sephardic Rabbi, rules, following the Radbaz, that the Beta Israel are from the tribe of Dan and confirms the Jewish identity of the community.
1974Emperor Haile Selassie, ruler of Ethiopia since 1930, is overthrown in a coup. A Marxist regime is established and headed by Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam. This begins a wave of violent acts throughout the country, some severely affecting the Jews.
1975Agrarian Reform, meant to benefit tenant farmers, including Jews, creates a violent backlash by traditional landowners and much suffering for all of Ethiopia's citizens. Israel, in an attempt to improve relations with Ethiopia and secure freedom for the Beta Israel, renews military assistance to Ethiopiaafter Somalia besieges it on the southeastern border. Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi Shlomo Goren agrees with the 1973 opinion of Rabbi Yosef. Interior Minister Shlomo Hillel signs an ordinance to accept all Ethiopian Jews officially under the Israeli Law of Return. Ethiopian Jews are granted full citizenship and receive the full rights given to new immigrants.
1976Approximately 250 Ethiopian Jews are living in Israel.
1977Prime Minister Menachem Begin comes to power in Israel. He requests that Colonel Mariam allow Israel to transport approximately 200 Jews to Israel in an empty Israel military jet returning to Israel from Ethiopia.
1977-1984Approximately 8,000 Ethiopian Jews are brought to Israel by covert action.
1980Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews (CAEJ) is founded in Toronto, Canada.
1982North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry is founded by Barbara Ribakov Gordon, in New York.
1984The massive airlift known as Operation Moses begins on November 18th and ends on January 5th, 1985. During those six weeks, some 6,500 Ethiopian Jews are flown from Sudan to Israel. Attempts are made to keep the rescue effort secret, but public disclosure forces an abrupt end. In the end, an estimated 2,000 Jews die en route to Sudan or in Sudanese refugee camps.
1984-1988With the abrupt halting of Operation Joshua in 1985, the Ethiopian Jewish community is split in half, with some 15,000 souls in Israel, and more than 15,000 still stranded in Ethiopia. For the next five years, only very small numbers of Jews reach Israel.
1986The United States Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry is established with over 140 representatives currently listed.
1987The Ethiopian leaders in Israel organize an assembly at Binyanei Ha'uma in Jerusalem, where the Israeli public comes together in solidarity for reunification of Ethiopian Jewry. Prime Minister Shamir, Absorption Minister Yacov Tsur, Knesset Speaker Shlomo Hillel, International Human Rights Lawyer Erwin Cotler, and Natan Scharansky participate in the conference.
1988The World Union of Jewish Students holds a conference on Ethiopian Jewry in Ashkelon with a closing ceremony at President Herzog's home. Israel's Ambassador to the United Nations, Pinchas Eliav, makes a formal statement at the United Nations Human Rights Commission for the reunification of Ethiopian Jews in Israel.
1989Ethiopia and Israel renew diplomatic relations. This creates high hopes among Jewry for the reunification of Ethiopian Jews in Israel.
1990Ethiopia's ruler, Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam, makes a public statement expressing desire to allow Ethiopian Jews to be reunited with family members in Israel.
1991With Eritrean rebels advancing on the capital each day, Colonel Mengistu flees Ethiopia. Israel asks the United States to urge rebels to allow a rescue operation for Ethiopian Jews. Spanning the 24th-25th of May, Operation Solomon airlifts 14,324 Jews to Israel aboard thirty-four El Al jets in just over thirty-six hours. Over 1991/1992 around 34,000 Ethiopian Jews arrive in Israel.
1993AAEJ disbands.
1998Friends of Ethiopian Jews is founded by former AAEJ leaders.
2003Ethiopia blocks a plan by Israel to move the Falasha Mura to Israel.
2004Following a visit by Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom, Israel says it plans to start moving the remaining 20,000 Ethiopians of Jewish origin to Israel.
2005Prime Minister Ariel Sharon approves the decision to allow 700 Falasha Mura a month to fly to Israel. In September, about 1,000 members of the Falasha Mura group begin a three-day hunger-strike in Addis Ababa to complain of delays in their promised transfer to Israel. Ethiopia agrees to step up immigration to a monthly 600 people to Israel, double the previous number.
2007The Jewish Agency says that up to the end of 2008 about 6,300 Ethiopians will immigrate. Israel has said that there are now 110,000 Israelis of Ethiopian descent.
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Scope and Content Note

Founded in 1969, the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) was instrumental in the international effort to promote recognition of the Beta Israel (known among non-Jewish Ethiopians as "Falashas") by Israeli authorities, and to assist Jewish emigration from Ethiopia to Israel. The extensive files of the AAEJ include case work files, research materials and Jewish artifacts collected in Ethiopia by AAEJ workers. In the wake of the successful evacuation of Ethiopian Jewry to Israel in 1993, the AAEJ decided to disband and voted to deposit its records at the American Jewish Historical Society. Included are correspondence, office files, photographs, slides, videotapes, audiocassettes and other materials which pertain to AAEJ's efforts to raise the consciousness of the American Jewish community about this unique Jewish subculture. The organization's papers supplement those of its founder, Graenum Berger, which are also held at the American Jewish Historical Society.

The collection is valuable to researchers interested in learning about Ethiopian Jews ("Falashas"), immigration and emigration, rescue and relief, family reunification, widespread famine in Africa, persecution, discrimination, human rights, Israel, Jewish education, activists that worked on behalf of Ethiopian Jews, and massive airlifts (Operation Moses, Operation Solomon, and Operation Exodus). The collection does not contain any administrative files. Because the organization was very small and very volunteer-driven, there were no formal board of directors meeting minutes and no extant financial books exist.

The collection is arranged into six subgroups as follows: Subgroup I: American Association for Ethiopian Jews, Subgroup II: AAEJ Activists, Subgroup III: Ethiopian Jewry - Secondary Articles, Subgroup IV: Israel - Secondary Articles, Subgroup V: Audiovisual Material, and Subgroup VI: Oversized Separated Material.

The collection is in English, Amharic, Chinese, French, Hebrew, Polish, Spanish, and Yiddish.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into six subgroups as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

This collection contains audiovisual or electronic media that requires special equipment to access. Please notify reference staff at reference@ajhs.org 24 hours in advance of needing access.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

American Jewish Historical Society (New York, NY):
Graenum Berger Papers (P-717)
Howard Lenhoff Papers (P-902)
Nathan Shapiro Papers (P-893)
Saralea Zohar Aaron Papers (P-771)
Matthew Penn - Graenum Berger Collection (P-794)

American Jewish Archives (Cincinnati, OH):
American Pro-Falasha Committee Papers (MS-61)

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), records; I-503; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

Graenum Berger donated his AAEJ papers in 1987 and 1988.
Rachel Weinstein, on behalf of AAEJ, donated the bulk of its papers in July-October 1993.
Chicago AAEJ office records donated in January 1995.
Nate Shapiro donated his AAEJ material in May 2001.

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Processing Information

In summer of 2001, the AJHS received a grant from Edith and Henry Everett which made it possible for Jessica Weglein, an archival intern, to begin processing of the LaDena Schnapper papers, which are the rescue and relief case work files of the Ethiopian Jews as well as general files. The rescue and relief files contain the actual correspondence between the Ethiopian Jews and Schnapper.

In February-September 2010, Marvin Rusinek processed the remainder of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews records and arranged the collection into series. In December 2011, the collection was rearranged into subgroups and the folders were rearranged intellectually and physically for better access to researchers.

Jerry Brotman and Sheldon Moline, volunteers at the AJHS, assisted with the numbering of folders as part of the arrangement part of the processing.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to open the form that allows you to request a box for onsite viewing in the reading room at the Center for Jewish History, New York, NY.

 

Subgroup I: American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), undated, 1973-1994

English, Amharic, Chinese, French, Hebrew, and Yiddish.
Boxes 1-37.
Arrangement:

The subgroup is arranged into nine series.

Scope and Content:

The subgroup contains the records of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) from 1973 to 1994. The subgroup consists of alphabetical correspondence, general files, files from the Washington office, articles about AAEJ, issues of the newsletter Release, political files, correspondence with external organizations, invoices from the Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner, and miscellaneous AAEJ files. Types of material found in this subseries include correspondence, brochures, affidavits, invoices, newsletters, pamphlets, and petitions.

Series A: Correspondence A-Z, undated, 1981-1986, 1991-1992

English.
Box 1 -- Box 4, Folder 11.
Arrangement:

Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of mailed correspondence from the AAEJ, arranged alphabetically by last name and placed into folders titled by letter of alphabet. The files date from 1981 to 1992. The series also contains the correspondence of David Jan Kupferman. Miscellaneous correspondence has been placed at the end of the series.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
1 1 Correspondence 1981 request_box
1 2-4 Correspondence undated, October-December 1981 request_box
1 5-6 Correspondence 1982 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
2 1-3 Correspondence - David Jan Kupferman 1981-January 1985, 1992 request_box
2 4 Mail "A" 1982-1983 request_box
2 5-6 Mail "B" 1982-1983 request_box
2 7 Mail "C" 1982-1983 request_box
2 8 Mail "D" 1982-1983 request_box
2 9 Mail "E" 1982-1983 request_box
2 10 Mail "F" 1982-1983 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
3 1 Mail "G" 1982-1983 request_box
3 2 Mail "H" 1982-1983 request_box
3 3 Mail "I" 1982-1983 request_box
3 4 Mail "J" 1982-1983 request_box
3 5 Mail "K" 1982-1983 request_box
3 6 Mail "L" 1982-1983 request_box
3 7-8 Mail "M" 1982-1983 request_box
3 9 Mail "N" 1982-1983 request_box
3 10 Mail "O" 1983 request_box
3 11 Mail "P" 1981-1983 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
4 1 Mail "R" undated, 1982-1984 request_box
4 2-3 Mail "S" 1982-1983 request_box
4 4 Mail "T" 1982-1983 request_box
4 5 Mail "U", 1983 request_box
4 6 Mail "V" 1982-1983 request_box
4 7 Mail "W" 1982-1983 request_box
4 8 Mail "Y" 1982-1983 request_box
4 9 Mail "Z" undated, 1982-1983 request_box
4 10 Correspondence undated request_box
4 11 Miscellaneous Correspondence 1985-1986, 1991 request_box

Series B: AAEJ General Files, undated, 1979-1994

English and Yiddish.
Box 4, Folder 12 -- Box 11, Folder 18.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of general files of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews, arranged alphabetically by folder title. Files pertaining to the AAEJ are listed first in the series (Box 4, Folder 12 - Box 7, Folder 7). Folders pertaining to AAEJ's involvement in Ethiopian Jewry and the movement of Ethiopian Jews to Israel are Will Recant's Israel Agenda (Box 7, Folder 7), Ethiopian Jews in Israel (Box 7, Folder 16), and Operation Moses and Operation Joshua (Box 11, Folder 2). A significant portion of the series pertains to LaDena Schnapper's involvement with the recue and relief efforts as follows: LaDena Schnapper's Rescue and Relief Files (Box 9, Folder 9 - Box 10, Folder 3) and LaDena Schnapper's Rescue/Relief Reports and Correspondence (Box 10, Folders 4-5). Other folders pertaining to the rescue mission are: Rescue Campaign (Box 11, Folder 7), Rescue and Relief report (Box 11, Folder 8), and rescue of Ethiopian Jews (Box 11, Folder 10). Folders of interest pertaining to youth include "Situation of Ethiopian children in Israel" (Box 11, Folder 12) and Youth Aliyah (Box 11, Folder 17). Other folders of interest to researchers include the files of Yeshayahu Chane (Box 7, Folder 11), Friends of Ethiopian Jewry (Box 8, Folders 6 and 7) and files about Susan Pollack (Box 11, Folder 3).

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
4 12 AAEJ (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1983-1987 request_box
4 13 AAEJ undated, 1988-1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
5 1 AAEJ 1990-1991 request_box
5 2 AAEJ undated, 1985-1986, 1990-1993 request_box
5 3 AAEJ Annual Report undated request_box
5 4 AAEJ: Articles on Ethiopian Jews undated, 1984-1989 request_box
5 5 AAEJ: Correspondence undated, 1983-1984, 1986-1989 request_box
5 6 AAEJ: Direct Mail: NCEC 1986-1987 request_box
5 7 AAEJ: Direct Mail: NCEC undated, 1988-1989 request_box
5 8 AAEJ: Direct Mail, AB Data undated, 1983-1984, 1986-1988 request_box
5 9 AAEJ: Direct Mail: Current Projects 1985, 1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
6 1 AAEJ: Diskettes undated request_box
6 2 AAEJ Financial Reports 1987 request_box
6 3 AAEJ: General File undated, 1984, 1986-1988, 1990 request_box
6 4-5 AAEJ: General File 1980, 1983, 1986-1988 request_box
6 6-7 AAEJ: Israel 1989-1991 request_box
6 8 AAEJ: Israel undated, 1992-1994 request_box
6 9 AAEJ: Israel- Meeting Minutes and Proposals undated, 1991 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
7 1 AAEJ: Jewish Agency 1979, 1986, 1988-1990 request_box
7 2 AAEJ: Jewish Federation 1985-1988 request_box
7 3 AAEJ: Jewish Federation undated, 1989 request_box
7 4 AAEJ proposal to United Jewish Federation of Northeastern New York undated, 1987 request_box
7 5 AAEJ Research Reports January 1985 request_box
7 6 AAEJ Research Reports February 1985 request_box
7 7 AAEJ - Will Recant's Israel Agenda undated, 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
7 8 Acknowledgments and receipts 1984-1987 request_box
7 9 Aliyah and Reunification of Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1986-1987 request_box
7 10 Bylaws undated, 1990 request_box
7 11 Yeshayahu Chane undated, 1987 request_box
7 12 Council of Jewish Federations 1988 request_box
7 13 Coup 1989 request_box
7 14 Ethiopian Bible Drawings Calendar 1991/92 request_box
7 15 Ethiopian Immigration undated, 1990-1991 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
7 16 Ethiopian Jews in Israel undated, 1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
8 1 Federation 1987 request_box
8 2 Federations and Foundations undated, 1983-1989 request_box
8 3 Friends of Ethiopian Jewry, Ziona Kemelman 1986 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
8 4 Friends of Ethiopian Jewry, Ziona Kemelman undated, 1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
8 5 Carl Gilman undated, 1986-1987 request_box
8 6 Haptinesh, Ezra 1983-1984 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
9 1 Hilary Kaye and Associates to Ziona Kemelman and Rabbi Yosef Miller (contains photograph) undated, 1986 request_box
9 2 International Affairs undated, 1987 request_box
9 3 IS Correspondence undated, 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
9 4 Israel Assessment undated, 1990-1991 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
9 5 "Journey" January 1985 request_box
9 6 Knesset/Sharanksky/Wiesel undated, 1987 request_box
9 7 Kupferman Reports undated, 1986-1987 request_box
9 8 L.A. Advertisements 1987 request_box
9 9 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1984 request_box
9 10-11 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1987 request_box
9 12-13 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
10 1-2 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1989 request_box
10 3 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files undated, 1990 request_box
10 4 LaDena Schnapper Rescue/Relief Reports and Correspondence 1982-1983, 1986-May 1987 request_box
10 5 LaDena Schnapper Rescue/Relief Reports and Correspondence June-December 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
10 6 Miscellaneous AAEJ Office Files undated, 1986-1989 request_box
10 7 National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council 1980-1987 request_box
10 8 National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council undated, 1988-1991 request_box
10 9 National Committee for an Effective Congress (NCEC) 1986 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11 1 National Committee for an Effective Congress (NCEC) undated, 1986-1987 request_box
11 2 Operation Moses and Operation Joshua 1985-1989 request_box
11 3 Susan Pollack 1992-1993 request_box
11 4 Postal Stuff 1986-1988 request_box
11 5 Program to train Ethiopian Jewish Immigrants in Israel as Teachers 1990-1991 request_box
11 6 Request for humanitarian assistance towards unification of Ethiopian Jews with their families 1987 request_box
11 7 Rescue Campaign undated, 1986-1987 request_box
11 8 Rescue/Relief Report 1987-1988 request_box
11 9 Rescue - Small Scale, Steve Brownstein 1987 request_box
11 10 Rescue of Ethiopian Jews undated, 1987-1988 request_box
11 11 Situation of Ethiopian children in Israel undated, 1987-1991 request_box
11 12 "Soviet Jewish Emigration to Israel," by Roberta Cohen June 1990 request_box
11 13 Stuff for Will Recant and Anita undated, 1986-1987 request_box
11 14 Sudan/Winnipeg Meeting October 6, 1986 1985-1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
11 15 "Unfinished Exodus" film subtitles undated request_box
11 16 Vigil at Knesset, family reunification (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1985-1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
11 17 Youth Aliyah 1989-1991 request_box
11 18 Zimmerman, Marvin 1987 request_box

Series C: AAEJ Washington, D.C., undated, 1973-1974, 1976-1993

English, Amharic, Chinese, French, and Yiddish.
Box 12, Folder 1 -- Box 26, Folder 9.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subseries.

Scope and Content:

The series contains files mainly of the AAEJ office in Washington, D.C. This series consists of two subseries: AAEJ Washington DC General Office Files and Individual Files.

Subseries 1: General Office Files, undated, 1974, 1976-1977, 1979-1992

English and Yiddish.
Box 12, Folder 1 -- Box 20, Folder 14.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains the general office files of the AAEJ office in Washington, D.C. Items of interest to researchers of the AAEJ are the AAEJ board mailings, organizational history, and lists of board members. The subseries also consists of files of "other Ethiopian Jewry organizations" listed alphabetically (see Box 15, Folder 6 to Box 18, Folder 10). The subseries is also composed of the files of Private Volunteer Organizations (see Box 19, Folders 1-9). Also included are files pertaining to the AAEJ's involvement in the rescue effort (see Box 19, Folders 10 to Box 20, Folder 3).

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
12 1 AAEJ Board Mailings 1982-1987 request_box
12 2 AAEJ Board Mailings undated, 1990-1991 request_box
12 3 AAEJ Conference 1989 request_box
12 4 AAEJ: Direct Mail Fall '86 Newsletter (NCEC) and Letters to Nate re: Cranston solicitation undated, 1985-1986 request_box
12 5 AAEJ: Direct Mail NCEC undated, 1984-1987, 1990 request_box
12 6 AAEJ: FR BGVR - Draft of Letter undated, 1986-1987 request_box
12 7 AAEJ: Fundraising Federation Donors undated, 1987-1989 request_box
12 8 AAEJ: Fundraising Thank You Form Letters undated, 1985-1987 request_box
12 9 AAEJ Newsline undated, 1983-1989 request_box
12 10 AAEJ: Organizational History undated, 1983, 1985 request_box
12 11 AAEJ: Will Recant presentations to Jewish Federations 1990-1991 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
13 1 Agency for International Development 1987-1988, 1991 request_box
13 2 Anita Moss' packet from AAEJ Board Meeting: November 8, 1987 undated, 1987 request_box
13 3 Beth Israel Organization of Ethiopian Jewish Immigrants 1988 request_box
13 4 BGVR 100+ 1988 request_box
13 5 Board Meeting, October 1990 undated, 1990-1991 request_box
13 6 Board Members 1983-1984 request_box
13 7 Board Members 1985-1986 request_box
13 8 Board Members 1986-1987 request_box
13 9 Board Members 1987-1988 request_box
13 10 Budget/Expenses 1983, 1985, 1987-1990 request_box
13 11 Call to Conscience 1989 undated, 1988-1989 request_box
13 12 Camp Ibenat (Gonder), Expulsions from Refugee Camp 1985 request_box
13 13 Congress: Ethiopian Sanctions Legislation undated, 1987-1988 request_box
13 14 Congress: Resolutions undated, 1983-1984, 1987-1989 request_box
13 15 Congress - State Department: Correspondence undated, 1983-1989 request_box
13 16 Congress - State Department: Human Rights Reports: Ethiopia undated, 1983-1985, 1987, 1989, 1992 request_box
13 17 Congressional Hearings undated, 1982, 1985-1988 request_box
13 18 Congressional Human Rights Caucus undated, 1987-1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
14 1 Ethiopia: Famine, General (see OS6F Folder 1) 1982-1985 request_box
14 2 Ethiopia: Famine, General undated, 1986-1988 request_box
14 3 Ethiopia: Famine, Gonder undated, 1985-1986 request_box
14 4 Ethiopia: Famine, Locusts undated, 1986 request_box
14 5 Ethiopia: Famine, Relief and Rehabilitation Commission undated, 1985 request_box
14 6 Ethiopian Government 1990-1991 request_box
14 7 Ethiopia: Jewish Villages 1989 request_box
14 8 Family Reunification Process circa 1988 request_box
14 9 Financial statements, 6 months ending June 30, 1989 1989 request_box
14 10 International Human Rights Law Group 1986 request_box
14 11 IRS Forms 1990 request_box
14 12 Israel: Operation Solomon undated, 1991 request_box
14 13 Israel: United Israel Appeal 1989-1990 request_box
14 14 Israel: Yemin Orde Educational Study circa 1991 request_box
14 15 Local Legislatures: Resolutions 1983, 1985-1987, 1989, 1991 request_box
14 16 Medical Insurance Forms undated request_box
14 17 North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1992 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
15 1 NY Fundraisers 1988-1989 request_box
15 2 Operation Moses Remembrance undated, 1984-1986, 1988-1990 request_box
15 3 Organization of African Unity 1988-1989 request_box
15 4 ORT 1988-1989, 1991 request_box
15 5 Orthodox Rabbis for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1985-1987, 1989 request_box
15 6 Other EJ Organizations: AIPAC 1986 request_box
15 7 Other EJ Organizations: Anti Defamation League 1985-1986, 1988-1989 request_box
15 8 Other EJ Organizations: Aliyah Jewish Agency 1985-1988 request_box
15 9 Other EJ Organizations: American Jewish Committee December 1987 request_box
15 10 Other EJ Organizations: American Jewish Congress 1988 request_box
15 11 Other EJ Organizations: American Jewish World Service (contains photograph) undated, 1986-1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
16 1 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1989-1990 request_box
16 2 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1980, 1984-1986, 1988-1991 request_box
16 3 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry 1987 request_box
16 4 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry 1988-1989 request_box
16 5 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry: Hinenu Project (contains photographs) undated, 1988-1989 request_box
16 6 Other EJ Organizations: Amnesty International 1985, 1987-1989 request_box
16 7 Other EJ Organizations: Association for Ethiopian Immigrants undated, 1987-1990 request_box
16 8 Other EJ Organizations: Australasian Union of Jewish Students undated, 1988 request_box
16 9 Other EJ Organizations: B'nai B'rith undated, 1983-1984, 1988-1991 request_box
16 10 Other EJ Organizations: Boston JCC 1983-1984 request_box
16 11 Other EJ Organizations: Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1983-1991 request_box
16 12 Other EJ Organizatinos: Canadian Jewish Congress 1984, 1988 request_box
16 13 Other EJ Organizations: Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief 1987 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
17 1 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1989-1992 request_box
17 2 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry - Wilson/Cranston/Boschwitz undated, 1989-1991 request_box
17 3 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry - Caucus undated, 1988, 1991 request_box
17 4 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry - Congressional Human Rights Foundation 1984, 1989 request_box
17 5 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Human Rights Foundation 1989-1990 request_box
17 6 Other EJ Organizations: Conservative Rabbinic Assembly 1986 request_box
17 7 Other EJ Organizations: Defence for Children International undated, 1986-1989, 1992 request_box
17 8 Other EJ Organizations: Israel Rescue Committee for Ethiopian Jews 1987, 1989 request_box
17 9 Other EJ Organizations: Jewish Agency for Israel undated, 1987-1989 request_box
17 10 Other EJ Organizations: Jewish Community Council undated, 1987-1989 request_box
17 11 Other EJ Organizations: Jewish National Fund undated, 1989 request_box
17 12 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, General 1986-1987 request_box
17 13 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Albany-Delmar, NY 1987 request_box
17 14 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, JCRC Subcommittee on EJ(?) 1987 request_box
17 15 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Eugene, OR 1987 request_box
17 16 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Miami, FL 1986-1987 request_box
17 17 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Michigan Association for EJs 1986 request_box
17 18 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, San Diego Rescue Committee undated, 1986, 1989 request_box
17 19 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Bergen, NJ(?) 1989 request_box
17 20 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Washington AEJ undated, 1984, 1986-1989, 1991 request_box
17 21 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Ethiopian Jewry Committee of Northern California 1984-1985, 1987-1988 request_box
17 22 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Twin Cities Committees for Ethiopian Jews 1984, 1986 request_box
17 23 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, New York undated, 1987 request_box
17 24 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Organization for Ethiopian Jewry (CA) undated, 1984, 1989 request_box
17 25 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Philadelphia (contains photograph) 1986-1987 request_box
17 26 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, San Diego 1984-1988 request_box
17 27 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, San Diego (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1989-1992 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
18 1 Other EJ Organizations: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council undated, 1988-1990 request_box
18 2 Other EJ Organizations: Noah's Ark undated, 1988 request_box
18 3 Other EJ Organizations: North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry (NACOEJ) 1983-1989 request_box
18 4 Other EJ Organizations: North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry (NACOEJ) undated, 1990-1991 request_box
18 5 Other EJ Organizations: Resolutions undated, 1982-1985, 1988-1989 request_box
18 6 Other EJ Organizations: Union of American Hebrew Congregations undated, 1984-1988, 1990 request_box
18 7 Other EJ Organizations: Union of American Hebrew Congregations - Mazon 1988 request_box
18 8 Other EJ Organizations: United Jewish Appeal undated, 1986-1989 request_box
18 9 Other EJ Organizations: United Jewish Appeal, DC 1991-1992 request_box
18 10 Other EJ Organizations: World Union of Jewish Students (contains photographs) undated, 1980, 1982-1983, 1987-1991 request_box
18 11 Packet from AAEJ Board Meeting: September 13, 1986 undated, 1984-1986 request_box
18 12 Press: Lists, Releases undated, 1988-1992 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
19 1 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Bread for the World 1985 request_box
19 2 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Catholic Relief Services undated, 1985-1986, 1988 request_box
19 3 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Concern undated, 1984-1985 request_box
19 4 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Food for the Hungry undated, 1985 request_box
19 5 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Grassroots International 1983 request_box
19 6 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: InterAction 1983, 1985 request_box
19 7 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Oxfam undated, 1985 request_box
19 8 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Red Cross (International) October 1985 request_box
19 9 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: World Vision 1986 request_box
19 10 Rescue: AAEJ: "Back to Ethiopia" 1985, 1987 request_box
19 11 Rescue: AAEJ: Checklist of All Methods 1984, 1986, 1988 request_box
19 12 Rescue: AAEJ: Individual Rescues/Stories, Prisoners of Zion undated, 1984, 1986-1987 request_box
19 13 Rescue: AAEJ: Orphanage Project undated, 1987 request_box
19 14 Rescue: AAEJ: Program for EJ's in US with relatives in Ethiopia undated, 1985 request_box
19 15 Rescue: AAEJ: Sponsorship Project and Names undated, 1982, 1985-1987 request_box
19 16 Rescue: AAEJ: Student Program 1984-1985, 1987 request_box
19 17 Rescue: Ethiopian Jews in Sudan since end of Operation Moses undated, 1980, 1983, 1985-1987 request_box
19 18-19 Rescue: Large Scale: Big Family Reunion Lists undated, 1983-1989 request_box
19 20 Rescue: Large Scale: Big Family Reunion Lists: Special Project: List of names for members undated request_box
19 21 Rescue: Large Scale: Big Family Reunion Lists: List of villages and numbers 1976, 1984-1986 request_box
19 22 Rescue: Large Scale: Lobbying in Israel 1986 request_box
19 23 Rescue: Small Scale: AAEJ Pilgrimage 1985-1986 request_box
19 24 Rescue: Small Scale: AAEJ in Sudan 1974, 1976-1977, 1979-1981 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
20 1 Rescue: Small Scale: AAEJ in Sudan undated, 1982-1984 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
20 2 Rescue: Small Scale: Already Rescued undated, 1981-1987 request_box
20 3 Rescue: Summit Meetings, AAEJ and other EJ groups undated, 1985-1987 request_box
20 4 Save All Ethiopian Jews undated, 1986-1990 request_box
20 5 Special Board Meeting: June 30, 1991 undated, 1991 request_box
20 6 State Department: General undated, 1988-1990 request_box
20 7 Sudan: Internal Political Situation undated, 1984-1986, 1988 request_box
20 8 Sudan: Prisoners 1989 request_box
20 9 Sudan: Refugee Crisis, Camp Conditions undated, 1984-1989 request_box
20 10 Telex 1990 request_box
20 11 United Nations undated, 1985-1989 request_box
20 12 US Customs 1991 request_box
20 13 Visa application undated request_box
20 14 Work Papers undated, 1989-1990 request_box

Subseries 2: Individual Files, undated, 1973, 1977-1993

English, Amharic, Chinese, French, and Yiddish.
Box 21, Folder 1 -- Box 26, Folder 9.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of the individual files of those chiefly involved in the AAEJ rescue effort, arranged alphabetically by last name. The subseries contains their correspondence as well as the photographs of individuals.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
21 1 Addisu, Messele 1988-1989 request_box
21 2 Aghion-Saar, Irit 1991 request_box
21 3 Berger, Graenum undated, 1984-1993 request_box
21 4 Bitew, Avi 1989-1990 request_box
21 5 Boschwitz, Rudy 1991-1992 request_box
21 6 Byaliss 1990 request_box
21 7 Charish, Howard 1988-1991 request_box
21 8 Clinton, Bill 1992 request_box
21 9 Cohen, John (contains photographs) undated, 1988-1990 request_box
21 10 Cohen, Scott undated, 1987-1993 request_box
21 11 Dietz, Phyllis undated, 1982, 1989-1991 request_box
21 12 Doctors (contains photographs) undated, 1981, 1991-1993 request_box
  (contains Chinese)   
21 13 Donnelly Group undated, 1991 request_box
21 14 Eisenberg, Mira undated, 1988-1990 request_box
21 15 Eleazar, Rachamim undated, 1988 request_box
21 16 Etzion, Yehuda undated, 1992 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
22 1 Everett, Edith and Henry (1 of 2) 1979, 1982-1985 request_box
22 2 Everett, Edith and Henry (2 of 2) undated, 1987-1991 request_box
22 3 Feldman, Micha undated, 1983-1985, 1988-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
22 4 Fellman, Jane 1991-1992 request_box
22 5 Feltman, David 1973, 1977-1982 request_box
22 6 Feltman, David undated, 1983-1985 request_box
22 7 Goldstein, Rabbi Mordechai undated, 1992-1993 request_box
22 8 Habteyes, Fekade undated request_box
22 9 Hadane (contains photograph) undated request_box
22 10 Harburger, Walter 1989-1990 request_box
22 11 Hart, Paul 1990 request_box
22 12 Herz, Roger 1993 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
23 1 Hoch, Dov undated, 1988-1992 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
23 2 Hoffman, Charles 1991 request_box
23 3 Interns undated, 1987-1993 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
23 4 Jackson, Jesse undated request_box
23 5 Jackson, Peter undated, 1989 request_box
23 6 Jacobovici, Simcha undated, 1981, 1983-1984 request_box
23 7 Kaplan, Steve 1989-1991 request_box
23 8 Kolodny, Danielle (contains 5¼ inch diskette) 1992-1993 request_box
23 9 Kovler, Peter undated, 1988-1991 request_box
23 10 Kraar, Marty undated, 1990-1993 request_box
23 11 Kulick, Gil undated, 1989-1990 request_box
23 12 Kushner, Arlene 1991 request_box
23 13 Kushner, Arlene undated, 1992 request_box
23 14 Leeder, Sandy undated, 1987, 1990-1992 request_box
23 15 Lenhoff, Howard undated, 1985-1987, 1989, 1993 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
24 1 Levin, Debra (contains photographs) undated, 1990-1992 request_box
24 2 Lichtenstein, Yona 1991, 1993 request_box
24 3 Lubrani, Uri 1991-1992 request_box
24 4 Masters, Richard 1993 request_box
24 5 Migdal, Sheldon 1987 request_box
24 6 Miller, Joyce undated, 1991 request_box
24 7 Moliner, Jerry 1992 request_box
24 8 ORT undated, 1989-1990 request_box
24 9 Ostrovsky, Tzachi undated, 1989-1991 request_box
24 10 Peri, Chaim (contains photographs) 1989-1991 request_box
24 11 Peri, Chaim undated, 1991-1993 request_box
  (contains French)   
24 12 Pollack, Susan 1992 request_box
24 13 Recant, Will (contains photographs) undated, 1991 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
25 1 Reinach, Jill undated, 1990-1991 request_box
25 2 Rosenberg, Henry undated, 1987-1992 request_box
25 3 Rosenblatt, Lisa 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
25 4 Rosenblatt, Lisa undated, 1991 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
25 5 Schachter, Hal undated, 1991 request_box
25 6 Schnapper, LaDena undated, 1987-1988, 1990 request_box
25 7 Shapiro, Nate (contains photographs) undated, 1987-1990, 1992 request_box
25 8 Shapiro, Nate undated, 1984-1985, 1992 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
26 1 Sidofsky, Carol (contains photograph) undated, 1989-1992 request_box
26 2 Sislen, Buddy 1989 request_box
26 3 Sweet, Reisa (contains photographs) undated, 1992 request_box
26 4 Weiner, Mark 1991 request_box
26 5 Westheimer, Dr. Ruth (contains photograph) undated, 1991-1992 request_box
26 6 Wolde-Mariam, Mesfin 1991 request_box
26 7 Yona, Issayas undated, 1979, 1989-1992 request_box
26 8 Zeller, Jack undated, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1988-1992 request_box
26 9 Zucker, Daniel undated, 1985-1988 request_box

Series D: AAEJ Articles, undated, 1975-1977, 1980-1983

English.
Box 27, Folders 1-6.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This series contains articles collected by board members of the AAEJ dating from 1975 to 1983.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
27 1 AAEJ Articles undated, 1975-1977, 1980 request_box
27 2-3 AAEJ Articles 1981 request_box
27 4 AAEJ Articles January-May 1982 request_box
27 5 AAEJ Articles June-December 1982 request_box
27 6 AAEJ Articles 1983 request_box

Series E: AAEJ Release, 1983-1990

English.
Box 27, Folders 7-18.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of the AAEJ's newsletter, titled Release, with issues from 1983 to 1990. The newsletters provide a glimpse of how the AAEJ operated and what they accomplished during the 1980s.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
27 7 Release Spring 1983 request_box
27 8 Release Fall 1983 request_box
27 9 Release Winter/Spring 1984 request_box
27 10 Release Summer 1984 request_box
27 11 Release Summer 1985 request_box
27 12 Release Spring 1986 request_box
27 13 Release Fall 1986 request_box
27 14 Release Winter 1986 request_box
27 15 Release Spring 1987 request_box
27 16 Report from AAEJ 1987: In Review 1987 request_box
27 17 Release Spring 1988 request_box
27 18 Release 1989-1990 request_box

Series F: Political Files, undated, 1981-1984, 1986, 1988-1989

English.
Box 28, Folder 1 -- Box 30, Folder 34.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subseries.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of political files. The first subseries contains congressional letters. The second subseries consists of the petitions of President George Bush and Senator Pete Wilson as well as petitions to politicians with letters of support, arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 1: Congressional Files, undated, 1981-1984, 1986

English.
Box 28.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The congressional files consist mainly of congressional letters from 1981 to 1984. Also included are congressional districts, congressional projects, a congressional help letter to supports, and fund raising letters to Nate Shapiro.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
28 1 Congressional Districts, Zip Codes undated, 1983 request_box
28 2 Congressional Fund Raising Letters to Nate Shapiro 1986 request_box
28 3 Congressional Help Letter to Supporters June 1986 request_box
28 4 Congressional - House of Representatives Letter: December 29, 1983 1983 request_box
28 5 Congressional Letters 1981 request_box
28 6 Congressional Letters 1982 request_box
28 7 Congressional Letters January-March 1983 request_box
28 8 Congressional Letters April-June 1983 request_box
28 9 Congressional Letters July-September 1983 request_box
28 10 Congressional Letters October-December 1983 request_box
28 11 Congressional Letters 1984 request_box
28 12 Congressional Projects 1982-1983 request_box

Subseries 2: ARNEJ Petitions and Letters of Support, undated, 1988-1989

English.
Boxes 29-30.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains the petitions of the American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jews to President George Bush and Senator Pete Wilson. Also included are letters of support to politicians.

Subsubseries A: Petitions, 1989

English.
Box 29 -- Box 30, Folder 4.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subsubseries consists of petitions to President George Bush and Senator Pete Wilson in 1989.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
29 1-7 Petitions, President George Bush 1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
30 1-4 Petitions, Senator Pete Wilson 1989 request_box

Subsubseries B: Petitions to Politicians with Letters of Support, undated, 1988-1989

English.
Box 30, Folders 5-34.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of petitions to politicians with letters of support, arranged alphabetically by last name of the politician.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
30 5 Ackerman, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) undated request_box
30 6 Adams, Sen. undated, 1989 request_box
30 7 Bohlert, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) undated request_box
30 8 Burton, Rep. Dan (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 9 Coughlin, Rep. Fred (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 10 Dannemeyer, Rep. William E. 1989 request_box
30 11 Dixon, Rep. Julian 1988-1989 request_box
30 12 Downey, Rep. undated, 1989 request_box
30 13 Erdreich, Rep. Ben (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 14 Fisk, Rep. Hamilton (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 15 Foglietta, Rep. Thomas (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 16 Fox, Rep. Jon 1989 request_box
30 17 Frank, Rep. Barny 1989 request_box
30 18 Gallegley, Cong. 1989 request_box
30 19 Gaydas, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 20 Goss, Rep. Porter undated, 1989 request_box
30 21 Green, Rep. undated, 1989 request_box
30 22 Ireland, Rep. Andy (FL) undated, 1989 request_box
30 23 Kanjorski, Rep. Peter (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 24 Kennelly, Rep. (NY) undated, 1989 request_box
30 25 Kostmayer, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 26 Martinez, Rep. 1988-1989 request_box
30 27 Mavroules, Rep. Nicholas 1989 request_box
30 28 Morehead, Rep. Carlos undated, 1989 request_box
30 29 Pickel, Rep. Jake undated, 1989 request_box
30 30 Ritter, Rep. 1989 request_box
30 31 Rohrbacher, Rep. Dana 1989 request_box
30 32 Skelos, Rep. Dean undated [1989] request_box
30 33 Smith, Rep. Christopher H. (signed petitions enclosed) 1989 request_box
30 34 Weiss, Rep. Ted (signed petitions enclosed) undated request_box

Series G: External Organizations, undated, 1983-1993

English.
Box 31.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of files of external organizations that the AAEJ was involved with during the 1980s and until AAEJ's dissolution in 1993.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
31 1 Amishav undated, 1991 request_box
31 2 Anti-Defamation League undated, 1989 request_box
31 3 Association of Americans and Canadians in Israel undated, 1991 request_box
31 4 Central Conference of American Rabbis 1993 request_box
31 5 Chicago Federation (FINANCIAL) undated, 1983-1990, 1992-1993 request_box
31 6 Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry 1986-1987 request_box
31 7 Congressional Research Service 1990-1991 request_box
31 8 Direct Marketing Association undated, 1991-1992 request_box
31 9 European Economic Community undated, 1987-1988 request_box
31 10 Foundations (FINANCIAL) 1989 request_box
31 11 Jewish Agency 1992 request_box
31 12 Jewish National Fund undated, 1989 request_box
31 13 Joint Distribution Committee 1991-1992 request_box
31 14 Koret Foundation undated, 1989-1990 request_box
31 15 Levinson Foundation undated, 1989-1990 request_box
31 16 Merck Family Fund 1989, 1991 request_box
31 17 Moriah Fund 1985, 1989-1991 request_box
31 18 New Israel Fund 1992-1993 request_box
31 19 New Orleans 1990 request_box
31 20 North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1991-1993 request_box
31 21 Studentim Ethiopim Lemaan Aliyah (SELA) 1991-1992 request_box
31 22 United Ethiopian Jewish Organization 1991 request_box
31 23 United Synagogue of America undated, 1989-1990, 1992 request_box

Series H: AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner, 1984

English.
Box 32, Folder 1 -- Box 33, Folder 3.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series is mainly composed of invoices for the first AAEJ dinner in 1984. Also included are seating arrangement and table cards from the dinner. The dinner was held by Jack Fishbein, editor of the Chicago Jewish Sentinel and had also visited Ethiopia.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
32 1 First Annual AAEJ Awards Banquet Seating Arrangement 1984 request_box
32 2-3 First Annual AAEJ Dinner 1984 request_box
32 4-7 Invoices for AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner: November 28, 1984 1984 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
33 1-2 Invoices for AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner: November 28, 1984 1984 request_box
33 3 Table Cards for AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner: November 28, 1984 1984 request_box

Series I: Miscellaneous AAEJ, undated, 1977-1993

English, Amharic, Hebrew, and Yiddish.
Box 33, Folder 4 -- Box 37.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of the miscellaneous files of the AAEJ. Among the files are an exhibit on Ethiopian Jewry by the Spertus Museum (Box 34, Folder 2), Ethiopian affidavit forms (Box 34, Folder 14), LaDena Schnapper's rescue account (Box 35, Folder 4), papers of the Leeder family (Box 35, Folders 7-9), files on the situation of Ethiopian Jews (Box 36, Folder 10), papers about travel to Ethiopia (Box 37, Folder 3), files on twinning (Box 37, Folder 4), and the Vigil for Ethiopian Jewry (Box 37, Folder 7). Also included are miscellaneous brochures (Box 35, Folder 14) and pamphlets and newsletters (Box 35, Folder 16) pertaining to Ethiopian Jewry.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
33 4 AAEJ Contact Information 1982 request_box
33 5 AAEJ Expenses 1990 request_box
33 6 AAEJ - Halpern, Eli undated, 1989-1990 request_box
33 7 AAEJ - Jackie's Instructions on Merge for Forms undated, 1989-1990 request_box
33 8 AAEJ Research Report: Confidential: Oakland, CA 1982-1985 request_box
33 9 AAEJ Rescues 1985-1986 request_box
33 10 AAEJ Stationery undated request_box
33 11 AAEJ TimeLine (contains 5¼ inch diskette) undated, 1989-1990 request_box
33 12 Absorption of Jews from Ethiopia undated, 1991 request_box
33 13 Addresses undated, 1981 request_box
33 14 Australian Union of Jewish Students circa 1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
34 1 Befekadu, Lily 1988 request_box
34 2 Beta Israel - "The Jews of Ethiopia: January 16 - April 13, 1986," an exhibit organized by Spertus Museum 1986 request_box
34 3 "Beyond the Headlines: Refugees in the Horn of Africa," U.S. Committee for Refugees (pamphlet) January 1988 request_box
34 4 Chabad of the Peninsula, California undated, 1981-1982, 1984-1985, 1987-1990, 1992 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
34 5 Chicago Meeting to discuss a planned future of AAEJ October 25, 1992 undated, 1988-1992 request_box
34 6 Citations to Articles on EJ 1992 request_box
34 7 College Outreach Notebooks 1990 request_box
34 8 Congressional Human Rights Caucus 1992 request_box
34 9 Dashen Computer Systems undated, 1988 request_box
34 10 Dashen Computer Systems Export License undated, 1988, 1990 request_box
34 11 Dashen Computer Systems Sales Leads undated, 1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
34 12 Dashen Computer Systems: Termination of Lease 1988 request_box
34 13 DuSable Museum of African American History 1991-1992 request_box
34 14 Ethiopian Affidavit Forms undated, 1989 request_box
34 15 Ethiopian Jewry Cultural Month September 1992 request_box
34 16 Film on Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1986 request_box
34 17 Financial 1990 request_box
34 18 Financial: Money (printout of money given to Ethiopians) June 21, 1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
35 1 Handwritten Notes undated, 1986 request_box
35 2 Kebede, Kales undated, 1986-1987, 1991 request_box
35 3 Koret Gallery 1992 request_box
35 4 LaDena Schnapper's Rescue Account 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 5 Lamishpaha September 1991 request_box
  (contains Hebrew)   
35 6 Diane, Sandy and Stuart Leeder 1977-1979, 1983 request_box
35 7 Sandy and Stuart Leeder undated, 1983-1986 request_box
35 8 Sandy and Stuart Leeder 1983, 1994 request_box
35 9 Stuart Leeder (contains photograph) 1988 request_box
35 10 Mailing List - Banquet undated request_box
35 11 Map of Northeast Africa request_box
35 12 Mediterranean Sea-Dead Sea Canal 1980-1981 request_box
35 13 Miscellaneous 1991, 1993 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 14 Miscellaneous Brochures undated, 1987 request_box
35 15 Miscellaneous Ethiopian Jewry Documents undated, 1978, 1986-1987 request_box
35 16 Miscellaneous Pamphlets and Newsletters undated, 1987, 1989-1991 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 17 Miscellaneous Yiddish Documents undated, 1987-1991 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 18 Miscellaneous Yiddish Papers undated, 1987 request_box
35 19 "My Journey Try To Save Mother," by Fasil Legesse 1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
36 1 "Operation Solomon: A Case Study on the Role of Power Politics in International Negotiation," by Melissa Crow May 1992 request_box
36 2 Passover Haggadah 1984 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
36 3 Peace Corps Mailing List undated request_box
36 4 Pollack, Judy: "Waiting for the Wizard" (pp. 1-150) 1989-1990 request_box
36 5 Pollack, Judy: "Waiting for the Wizard" (pp. 151-281) 1989-1990 request_box
36 6 Project Otzma (contains photographs) 1992-1993 request_box
36 7 Projects and programs for improving of Ethiopian Jews situation 1992-1993 request_box
36 8 Publicity Report for American Association for Ethiopian Jewry November 8, 1987 request_box
36 9 Radio TV Reports, Inc. 1992 request_box
36 10 Situation of Ethiopian Jews undated, 1987-1990 request_box
36 11 Stein, Glenn S.: Biography undated request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
37 1 Sudan Notes undated, 1983-1985 request_box
37 2 Tiku, Alemsahai 1986-1987 request_box
37 3 Travel - Ethiopia undated, 1990-1991 request_box
37 4 Twinning (contains photographs) undated, 1990-1992 request_box
37 5-6 U.S. Postal Service International Mail Claims 1989-1990 request_box
37 7 Vigil for Ethiopian Jewry 1978, 1987 request_box
37 8 Will Recant Misc. File? (includes Financial) undated, 1988-1991 request_box
37 9 Woggera Relief Project Report 1988-1990 request_box
37 10 Work Contracts undated, 1990 request_box
37 11 Yared Kassaye 1991 request_box
Return to the Top of Page
 

Subgroup II: AAEJ Activists, undated, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1968, 1970-1993

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 38-139.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three series.

Scope and Content:

The subgroup constitutes the bulk of the collection and contains the records of the main AAEJ activists: LaDena Schnapper, William (Will) Recant, Arlene Kushner, Rachel Weinstein, and Loulette Samuels. Types of materials found in this subgroup include affidavits, computer printouts, correspondence, diskettes, financial records, general files, invoices, lists, meeting minutes, newsletters, photographs, postcards, proposals, reports, and speeches.

Series A: LaDena Schnapper (AAEJ Coordinator) Files, undated, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1968, 1970-1991

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 38-120.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three subseries.

Scope and Content:

LaDena Schnapper was coordinator for the AAEJ from 1978 to 1993. After Operation Solomon as a social worker in Washington, D.C., Schnapper helped establish the first Center for Ethiopian Arts and Culture; the first Ethiopian folkloric group, the Nile Ethiopian Ensemble; the first Ethiopian museum; and Ethiopian Self Help International, a consulting service. Schnapper authored Teenage Refugees from Ethiopia Speak Out, an educational book for young people, and contributed to the books, Rescue the Ethiopian Jews! and Taste of Ethiopia.

The series contains the records collected by LaDena Schnapper, coordinator of the AAEJ from the early 1980s to 1993. The records cover Schnapper's thirty years of involvement with the Ethiopian Jewry movement, dating from 1961 when Schnapper had served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Ethiopia to 1991 which marks her involvement in Operation Solomon.

Subseries 1: Schnapper Correspondence, undated, 1961, 1973-1974, 1976-1982

English and Yiddish.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of LaDena Schnapper's alphabetical correspondence, correspondence with the main individuals in the Ethiopian Jewry movement, and correspondence pertaining to assistance.

Subsubseries a: Alphabetical Correspondence, undated, 1961, 1976-1982

English and Yiddish.
Box 38 -- Box 39, Folder 7.
Arrangement:

Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of correspondence arranged alphabetically by last name. The folders are titled alphabetically by letter of alphabet.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
38 1 Correspondence: Confidential 1982 request_box
38 2 Correspondence "A" 1981 request_box
38 3 Correspondence "B" 1979-1982 request_box
38 4 Correspondence "C" 1980-1982 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
38 5 Correspondence "D" 1979-1982 request_box
38 6 Correspondence "E" 1979-1982 request_box
38 7 Correspondence "F" undated, 1980-1982 request_box
38 8 Correspondence "G" undated, 1961, 1977, 1979-1982 request_box
38 9 Correspondence "H" 1979-1982 request_box
38 10 Correspondence "I" 1981 request_box
38 11 Correspondence "J" 1979-1982 request_box
38 12 Correspondence "K" 1978-1982 request_box
38 13 Correspondence "L" undated, 1979-1982 request_box
38 14 Correspondence "M" 1979-1982 request_box
38 15 Correspondence "N" 1979-1982 request_box
38 16 Correspondence "O" 1981-1982 request_box
38 17 Correspondence "P" 1976, 1980-1982 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
39 1 Correspondence "R" 1979-1982 request_box
39 2 Correspondence "S" 1979-1982 request_box
39 3 Correspondence "T" 1979-1982 request_box
39 4 Correspondence "V" 1979 request_box
39 5 Correspondence "W" 1979-1982 request_box
39 6 Correspondence "Y" 1979, 1981-1982 request_box
39 7 Correspondence "Z" 1979-1982 request_box

Subseries B: Individuals, undated, 1973-1974, 1976, 1978-1982

English and Yiddish.
Box 39, Folders 8 -- Box 40, Folder 2.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains the correspondence of Graenum Berger, Dr. Howard M. Lenhoff, Nate Shapiro, and Senator Stephen J. Solarz.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
39 8 Berger, Dr. Graenum 1979-1981 request_box
39 9 Berger, Dr. Graenum undated, 1982 request_box
39 10 Lenhoff, Dr. Howard M. 1979-1982 request_box
39 11 Norman, Dr. Ted 1979-1982 request_box
39 12 Shapiro - Pre 78 letters by date 1973-1974, 1976 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
39 13 Shapiro, AAEJ - 1978 1974, 1978 request_box
39 14 Shapiro - 1981 undated, 1981 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
40 1 Shapiro, Nate 1979-1982 request_box
40 2 Solarz, Stephen J. undated, 1982 request_box

Subsubseries c: Assistance Correspondence, undated, 1973, 1979-1980

English.
Box 40, Folder 3 -- Box 41, Folder 5.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of assistance correspondence arranged chronologically, dating from 1973 to 1980.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
40 3 Assistance Correspondence 1973, January-April 1979 request_box
40 4 Assistance Correspondence May-July 1979 request_box
40 5 Assistance Correspondence August-October 1979 request_box
40 6 Assistance Correspondence November-December 1979 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
41 1 Assistance Correspondence January-March 1980 request_box
41 2 Assistance Correspondence April-June 1980 request_box
41 3 Assistance Correspondence July-September 1980 request_box
41 4 Assistance Correspondence October-December 1980 request_box
41 5 Assistance Correspondence undated request_box

Subseries 2: Schnapper Rescue and Relief, undated, 1968, 1970-1991

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 42-89.
Arrangement:

Arranged into six subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of the case files amassed by Schnapper from 1968 to 1991, prior to the founding of AAEJ (1969) to Operation Solomon (1991). A significant amount of correspondence is in Amharic.

Subsubseries a: Rescue and Relief A-Z, undated, 1970-1991

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 42-65.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by first name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of the rescue and relief files collected by LaDena Schnapper, arranged alphabetically by first name. The subseries contains the actual correspondence between the Ethiopian Jewish individuals and the AAEJ. The records are of those escaped and those in the process of leaving Ethiopia. These files contain the records of those leaving to Israel and to the United States. The files often include a proof of identity or authorization of signature, affidavits, and copies of checks given by the AAEJ to the individual. In the case of a student, the files often contain student records and/or transcripts and curriculum vitae. The files often contain employment contracts, employment applications, and completed ELS forms. For the most part, Ecclesiastes calendar dates have been converted to Gregorian calendar dates.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
42 1 Abeba Asega, Tigest Getachew, Kelamie Kassa 1974, 1982, 1986-1987, 1989-1990 request_box
42 2 Abeba Genetu 1986-1989 request_box
42 3 Abeba Tadesse 1987 request_box
42 4 Abebaw Assefa 1990 request_box
42 5 Abebaw Tesfahun 1989-1990 request_box
42 6 Abebe Engdayehu 1989 request_box
42 7 Abebe Tegegne 1986, 1990 request_box
42 8 Abebu Tadesse 1988 request_box
42 9 Abegaz Dawit (empty folder) request_box
42 10 Abeil Derbew, Montegobosh Aynesagne 1985-1990 request_box
42 11 Abeje Asmelesh 1987-1989 request_box
42 12 Abeje Tsegaye 1989 request_box
42 13 Abera Koke 1985 request_box
42 14 Abera Motbaynor 1982 request_box
42 15 Aberash Kebede undated, 1987-1989 request_box
42 16 Aberra Dessie 1987-1988 request_box
42 17 Aberra Mehari Family 1989 request_box
42 18 Aberra Negash 1989-1990 request_box
42 19 Abinet Kumssa 1987, 1990 request_box
42 20 Aboy Adeneni 1989 request_box
42 21 Abraham Asres Children 1988-1989 request_box
42 22 Abraham Meheretu undated, 1981, 1987-1988 request_box
42 23 Abraham Mengistu: Bahar Dar, Ethiopia 1987-1990 request_box
42 24 Abraham Yayeh 1982, 1989 request_box
42 25 Abraham Yeheis Family 1989-1990 request_box
42 26 Abren Melesse 1989-1990 request_box
42 27 Abuhay Dawit 1986-1989 request_box
42 28 Abuhay Makonent 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
42 29 Abuhay Worku 1980, 1985-1990 request_box
42 30 Achenefe Abrham 1990 request_box
42 31 Achenefe Hailu 1990 request_box
42 32 Adane Gola 1989 request_box
42 33 Adane Tegaw 1987 request_box
42 34 Addes Tesfahun 1986 request_box
42 35 Addisie Tesfahun 1990 request_box
42 36 Addisie Worku Tadesse 1986-1987 request_box
42 37 Addissie Worku 1982, 1990 request_box
42 38 Addisu Ambaw 1981, 1985-1990 request_box
42 39 Addisu Bewket 1982, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
42 40 Addisu Mesfin 1986-1987 request_box
42 41 Addisu Muche 1981, 1989 request_box
42 42 Addisu Tarekegyne 1985 request_box
42 43 Addisu Yenewodage Family 1980, 1988-1989 request_box
42 44 Addisu Zelleke 1982, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
43 1 Ade Takele (empty folder) request_box
43 2 Adega Belye 1989-1990 request_box
43 3 Adehanet Haileyesus (Mehari Robel's relative) 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 4 Adeneku Aharon 1990 request_box
43 5 Adeneni Belay 1989 request_box
43 6 Adeye Mekonen 1980-1982, 1988, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 7 Adgo Salehu 1989-1990 request_box
43 8 Adhene Belay 1989 request_box
43 9 Adihinen Sisay Nigussie 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 10 Adissaye Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder) request_box
43 11 Admas Alene 1989 request_box
43 12 Admasie Getie 1990 request_box
43 13 Admasu Ayanaw 1990 request_box
43 14 Adunya Berhanu 1982, 1990 request_box
43 15 Adunya Itasu 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 16 Adunya Lemlem undated, 1985-1987, 1989-1990 request_box
43 17 Afework Aychew 1990 request_box
43 18 Agebush Shebebaw 1979-1980, 1984-1988, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 19 Agenehu Dargie 1988 request_box
43 20 Agenehu Ketere 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 21 Agernesh Afalo undated request_box
43 22 Airi Tumoi 1988-1990 request_box
43 23 Ajema Keneni 1985 request_box
43 24 Akale Sebhat 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 25 Alazar Aron 1979, 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
43 26 Alazar Ferede 1990 request_box
43 27 Alazar Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder) request_box
43 28 Alazar Yakov 1989 request_box
43 29 Alelegn Alebachew (contains photograph) undated, 1990 request_box
43 30 Alelegn Wube 1987 request_box
43 31 Alelign Abebe 1985-1990 request_box
43 32 Alem Tsehaye undated, 1989 request_box
43 33 Alemnew Bayeh 1985 request_box
43 34 Alemu Endakew 1989 request_box
43 35 Alganish Sereke 1989-1990 request_box
43 36 Algeneshe Tessema 1987, 1989 request_box
43 37 Alitesh Tegegne undated, 1988-1989 request_box
43 38 Allenweh Abraham 1981 request_box
43 39 Almaz Mamo (contains photograph) 1986-1987 request_box
43 40 Almaz Yasu / Teshome Bicha 1983-1987 request_box
43 41 Amarch Eyasu Zamru 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 42 Amare Alemu 1982, 1990 request_box
43 43 Amare Mengistu 1990 request_box
43 44 Amare Yenowodage 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
43 45 Amarech Gettie 1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
44 1 Amaresh Biadgelien 1990 request_box
44 2 Amberber Yimani 1977, 1985 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
44 3 Amha Negatu 1989-1990 request_box
44 4 Anbelnesh Redai 1990 request_box
44 5 Andergachew Dessie 1986-1987 request_box
44 6 Angoch Hailu undated, 1988-1990 request_box
44 7 Aragaw Chole Mesele 1990 request_box
44 8 Aragaw Nega 1989 request_box
44 9 Aragaw Zeleke 1990 request_box
44 10 Aragew Esayes undated request_box
44 11 Aregaw Chole 1986 request_box
44 12 Asaye Melkie 1990 request_box
44 13 Asedesach Derso 1989-1990 request_box
44 14 Asefa Eyob 1986, 1988-1989 request_box
44 15 Asegedeth Chanie 1988-1989 request_box
44 16 Aseresse Belay undated, 1988 request_box
44 17 Asfaw Robel 1982 request_box
44 18 Asfawossen Alemseged 1987 request_box
44 19 Asimare Dawit 1984 request_box
44 20 Asimare Takele 1990 request_box
44 21 Asmamaw Addisu 1987-1988 request_box
44 22 Asmamaw Bayuh 1990 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
44 23 Asmara Biru 1989 request_box
44 24 Asmare Eneyu 1981 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
44 25 Asmare Getie 1990 request_box
44 26 Asmaru Yimer 1988-1989 request_box
44 27 Asnakew Eyasu 1990 request_box
44 28 Asrat Sinke 1985-1986 request_box
44 29 Asresie Teferie 1987, 1989 request_box
44 30 Asressie Mengiste 1989 request_box
44 31 Asreste Abate 1981, 1989-1990 request_box
44 32 Assef Ferede Family 1989 request_box
44 33 Assefa Aarone 1990 request_box
44 34 Assefa Belay 1988-1989 request_box
44 35 Assefa Dawit 1989-1990 request_box
44 36 Assefa Tega 1987-1990 request_box
44 37 Assenaku Mengeste 1988 request_box
44 38 Aster Awaju 1989-1990 request_box
44 39 Aster Kidane 1986-1987 request_box
44 40 Atanaw Meshesha 1988-1989 request_box
44 41 Atlabachew Assefa 1989-1990 request_box
44 42 Atsede Yimer's Niece, Nephew Bethlehem Girma 1972, 1987 request_box
44 43 Avaro Abraham (Yefet Zauda Family) 1987-1988 request_box
44 44 Avaro Adyo 1990 request_box
44 45 Avata Adgo 1982, 1989-1990 request_box
44 46 Awoke Engdaw 1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
45 1 Awoke Sibhat 1986-1990 request_box
45 2 Ayanaw Belay undated, 1987-1988 request_box
45 3 Ayanaw Demozie 1989 request_box
45 4 Ayehu Feheta 1985 request_box
45 5 Ayele Eshete 1988, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
45 6 Ayele Tega 1989 request_box
45 7 Ayelegn Barkew Family (contains photograph) undated, 1981-1982, 1987-1989 request_box
45 8 Ayelign Alebachew undated, 1989-1990 request_box
45 9 Ayelign Chekolle 1990 request_box
45 10 Ayenew Berihun 1982, 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
45 11 Ayenew Tebeje 1989 request_box
45 12 Aylegn Mekonen undated, 1989-1990 request_box
45 13 Ayou Yehulashet Wassie undated, 1981 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
45 14 Azanaw Ayalew (empty folder) request_box
45 15 Azanaw Azezew Betewling 1989-1990 request_box
45 16 Azanaw Nega 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
45 17 Azenu Adane 1989-1990 request_box
45 18 Azzeb Aberra 1988-1989 request_box
45 19 Banchayehu Nega undated, 1986-1987 request_box
45 20 Baruch Fordu undated, 1989-1990 request_box
45 21 Baruch Gete's Family 1986-1988 request_box
45 22 Baruch Tegegne's Family undated, 1986-1988 request_box
45 23 Baruch Teka 1985, 1988 request_box
45 24 Baush Abraham 1986-1987 request_box
45 25 Baye Negash 1982, 1990 request_box
45 26 Bayeh Fisseha 1980, 1988 request_box
45 27 Bayleyegne Mangistu (Captain) 1987-1989 request_box
45 28 Baynesagne Eniew / Sudan 1985, 1988 request_box
45 29 Bayu Terefe Family 1988-1989 request_box
45 30 Bayuh Mehari 1987 request_box
45 31 Bayush Solomon undated, 1981-1982, 1988-1990 request_box
45 32 Bayush Takele 1989 request_box
45 33 Bazeto Bogale 1989-1990 request_box
45 34 Behon Yekiye 1990 request_box
45 35 Bekele Alene 1982, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
45 36 Belay Zaudu Zemu 1980, 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
45 37 Belayneh Tsegaye 1989-1990 request_box
45 38 Belete Admas 1988 request_box
45 39 Beletech Wondemagne 1989 request_box
45 40 Berehane Mengistu 1970, 1974, 1985, 1987-1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
46 1 Berhan Alem 1987-1990 request_box
46 2 Berhanu Amboy (empty folder) request_box
46 3 Berhanu Feradu 1987-1990 request_box
46 4 Berhanu Yiradu (contains photographs) undated, 1973, 1980, 1982-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
46 5 Berhanu Zelleke 1981, 1986-1987, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
46 6 Berihun Moges 1981-1982, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
46 7 Berke Gebregiogis 1990 request_box
46 8 Bertukan Dessie (Tesfahum Baruk Family) 1989 request_box
46 9 Bertukan Lakia, Tesfu Wubet 1989 request_box
46 10 Betaha Molla, Eshete Molla (empty folder) request_box
46 11 Betashalame Abetu 1989 request_box
46 12 Betecha Alemie 1989 request_box
46 13 Betelhem Afework 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
46 14 Betetanesh Taddese undated request_box
46 15 Betha Fereda 1989-1990 request_box
46 16 Betty Abebe 1990 request_box
46 17 Bewketu Addela, Berchecho Dawit 1987 request_box
46 18 Bewkete Adela 1989-1990 request_box
46 19 Beyan Alyi 1989 request_box
46 20 Beyene Demozie 1988 request_box
46 21 Beyene Mengiste 1984-1985, 1988 request_box
46 22 Beyene Mengistu 1988 request_box
46 23 Beyene Negussie 1987-1988 request_box
46 24 Bezuneh Aychilutim / Erstu's brother 1990 request_box
46 25 Bicha Solomon, Altush Asnakew undated, 1978, 1985-1990 request_box
46 26 Bilelegn Alene 1990 request_box
46 27 Birchiko Eyasu (empty folder) request_box
46 28 Birhanu Tarekegne 1990 request_box
46 29 Birke Zelleke (empty folder) request_box
46 30 Biruk Asfaw 1980, 1988-1989 request_box
46 31 Bitew Melkamu undated, 1983, 1989 request_box
46 32 Biyazeneigne Alehegne 1987-1989 request_box
46 33 Bizezaw Taffera 1986 request_box
46 34 Chaim Negist's Family Bideglelegne Negussie 1988 request_box
46 35 Chaklit Nega undated, 1987-1989 request_box
46 36 Chaklu Aron 1990 request_box
46 37 Chale Getahun Family 1988-1989 request_box
46 38 Chane Adamasu's Family 1986 request_box
46 39 Chane Yeshayahu's Family 1986 request_box
46 40 Chanie Tewabe 1988 request_box
46 41 Chekole Tewabe 1989-1990 request_box
46 42 Dagnew Belew 1978, 1989 request_box
46 43 Daniel Alebachew 1987 request_box
46 44 Daniel Darge 1989-1990 request_box
46 45 Daniel Lisanu Beyene 1989-1990 request_box
46 46 Daniel Meleka Hiwist 1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
47 1 Daniel Mengistu 1985 request_box
47 2 David Tessema's Family undated, 1987-1988 request_box
47 3 David Wotes Children - Zahava Koku, Cassaye Ayele undated, 1986 request_box
47 4 Dawit Gola undated, 1988 request_box
47 5 Dawit Family (Wube, Abuhay, etc.) 1987 request_box
47 6 Dawit Fekede (empty folder) request_box
47 7 Dawit Tegegne 1989-1990 request_box
47 8 Degan Estubdink 1986 request_box
47 9 Degitu Acheneke 1989-1990 request_box
47 10 Deman Yalew 1988-1989 request_box
47 11 Demelash Aysheshim 1985, 1988-1989 request_box
47 12 Demelash Yigazaw 1989 request_box
47 13 Demoz Aderagew 1989 request_box
47 14 Demozie Dessie 1988-1989 request_box
47 15 Dennekew Asaye 1990 request_box
47 16 Densa Dawit, Erkaye Ezra 1989 request_box
47 17 Derbe Melkae 1982, 1989-1990 request_box
47 18 Dereba Tarekegne 1987-1988 request_box
47 19 Derebe Takele (empty folder) request_box
47 20 Derebe Tilahoun 1977, 1985-1987 request_box
47 21 Derebie Alemayehaw 1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
47 22 Derese Lakew 1981, 1989 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
47 23 Derso Dessie 1988-1989 request_box
47 24 Derso (Tesfa) Family undated request_box
47 25 Desalegne Alemneh 1980-1981, 1988-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
47 26 Dessalegn, Alemeneh 1989 request_box
47 27 Dessalegn Ayalew 1980, 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
47 28 Dessalegn Eyob undated, 1978, 1984-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
47 29 Dessalegn Eyob's Family undated, 1979, 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
47 30 Dessalegn Gebeyehu Kinde 1978, 1986-1989 request_box
47 31 Dessalegn Gedimon 1990 request_box
47 32 Desalegne Melkamu undated, 1988 request_box
47 33 Dessalegn Tarakegne's Family 1988-1989 request_box
47 34 Dessie Andargaghew undated request_box
47 35 Dessie Meshesha 1987-1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
47 36 Dessie Mihret 1987, 1989 request_box
47 37 Dessie Sebhat Ferede 1989-1990 request_box
47 38 Dessie Tekuye 1987-1989 request_box
47 39 Dessie Yohannes 1987-1988, 1990 request_box
47 40 Desta Asresse undated, 1987 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
48 1 Desta Mengistu 1970, 1980, 1983-1984, 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 2 Devere Tegegne 1988-1989 request_box
48 3 Devorah Melesse 1989-1990 request_box
48 4 Dinbulu Mehretu Jember 1982, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 5 Dinku Ferede 1989 request_box
48 6 Diress Tafere 1990 request_box
48 7 Efraim Enyew Milkie - Sudan 1986, 1989 request_box
48 8 Ejigu Amene 1981 request_box
48 9 Eleni Tadesse 1988 request_box
48 10 Eli Mengistu Family 1990 request_box
48 11 Eliahu Teshager Family 1989 request_box
48 12 Elias Ermias 1988-1989 request_box
48 13 Elias Mengistu 1989-1990 request_box
48 14 Elias Zewdu 1989 request_box
48 15 Elifiachew Baheru 1990 request_box
48 16 Elizabeth Sabere 1976, 1988-1990 request_box
48 17 Elsa Mitku 1985-1986 request_box
48 18 Else Aboy undated, 1980, 1987-1989 request_box
48 19 Else Sinke / Haile's mother 1990 request_box
48 20 Emabat Kidana 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 21 Emabet Ambaw 1989-1990 request_box
48 22 Emabet Zeizanu (empty folder) request_box
48 23 Emebet Asmare undated, 1989 request_box
48 24 Emebet Belay undated, 1981, 1987, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 25 Emebet Orion 1990 request_box
48 26 Embet Alemu undated request_box
48 27 Emuhay Mesosha 1989 request_box
48 28 Enanu Mulu 1981-1982, 1988-1989 request_box
48 29 Enanu Zewdie 1990 request_box
48 30 Enaye Achenua 1986 request_box
48 31 Endalew Abagaz 1986 request_box
48 32 Endalew Abegaz 1981, 1986, 1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 33 Endalew Adella 1988 request_box
48 34 Endalew Alebachew 1988 request_box
48 35 Endalew Tilahun Family 1990 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
48 36 Eneye Tizazu undated, 1980-1982, 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 37 Eneyesh Fereda 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 38 Eneyesh Yoseph 1981, 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 39 Eneyew Sendeke 1990 request_box
48 40 England Family Papers 1990 request_box
48 41 Enyew Asefa 1990 request_box
48 42 Enquayemosh Reday 1990 request_box
48 43 Ertibu Melkias undated, 1989-1990 request_box
48 44 Esayas Muche 1989-1990 request_box
48 45 Eshetayehu Bayeh 1981, 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 46 Eshete Akale undated, 1987-1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
48 47 Eshete Aron 1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
49 1 Eshete Mogus, Woggera Relief 1987-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
49 2 Eshete Tilahun 1990 request_box
49 3 Eshetu Barkew 1989 request_box
49 4 Eshetu Ezineh 1988-1989 request_box
49 5 Eshetu Kebede undated, 1971-1972, 1989 request_box
49 6 Estefinos Yasu undated request_box
49 7 Etanesh Melesse 1989 request_box
49 8 Etye Mehari 1979, 1987 request_box
49 9 Etsubdenk Wonbagen 1990 request_box
49 10 Eyasu Makonen 1989 request_box
49 11 Eyasu Makonnen 1989 request_box
49 12 Eyayou Negatu 1986 request_box
49 13 Eyayu Asayehegn 1990 request_box
49 14 Eyerusalem Negussie 1987 request_box
49 15 Eyeyew Bekele undated, 1981, 1989-1990 request_box
49 16 Eyeyew Esayeyas Eshetu undated, 1989 request_box
49 17 Ezera Mamo (Berhane Zelleke) 1986 request_box
49 18 Fantanesh Zenebe undated, 1987-1988 request_box
49 19 Fantu Mekete (Layew Sisay) 1980, 1988-1989 request_box
49 20 Feit, Joe 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
49 21 Fekade Mulugeta 1990 request_box
49 22 Fekadu Tarekegne 1989 request_box
49 23 Fekede Lemma 1988-1989 request_box
49 24 Felegne Tamayeit Family (empty folder) request_box
49 25 Felegu Takele 1988-1991 request_box
49 26 Fenote - Israel Atnafu 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains French)   
49 27 Fenta Mehretu 1989-1990 request_box
49 28 Fentahun Assefa's Family, Assefa Dawit 1987-1988 request_box
49 29 Fentahun Degif - Sudan 1986 request_box
49 30 Fentahun Malaku (empty folder) request_box
49 31 Fentahun Mehari 1989 request_box
  (contains Spanish)   
49 32 Fentahun Tezazu 1989 request_box
49 33 Fentanes Gonte 1987 request_box
49 34 Fentanesh Abebe 1989 request_box
49 35 Fentanesh Redai 1990 request_box
49 36 Fentanshe Ashagrie 1988 request_box
49 37 Fentaye Alesaw 1987 request_box
49 38 Fentaye Birru 1988 request_box
49 39 Fente Simon 1986-1988 request_box
49 40 Fente Simon, Amisal Mengiste undated, 1985-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
49 41 Fentu Mekete 1987-1989 request_box
49 42 Ferehiwat Yishak 1972, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
49 43 Fesseha Miheret Askias undated, 1980, 1985-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
49 44 Fetegy Yishak 1988 request_box
49 45 Fikere Tiruneh 1989 request_box
49 46 Fikre Selassie Wogdaresh undated request_box
49 47 Fikre Tiruneh Selam 1987-1989 request_box
49 48 Fisseha Kalev 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
50 1 Fitige Kebede 1985 request_box
50 2 Fitigie Mekuanint Tamrat 1986-1989 request_box
50 3 Gebayew Chole 1987 request_box
50 4 Gebechew Alem 1980, 1988 request_box
50 5 Gebeyanesh Negussie 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
50 6 Gebeya Melesse 1988 request_box
50 7 Gebeye Melesse 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
50 8 Gebeyehu Kinde 1982, 1988-1989 request_box
50 9 Gebeyhu Semanie (empty folder) request_box
50 10 Gebeyenesh Lakew 1989 request_box
50 11 Genet Hailu 1988 request_box
50 12 Genet Shiferaw 1988-1989 request_box
50 13 Genetu Ayelyn 1986-1987, 1989-1990 request_box
50 14 Genetu Tessema (contains photographs) undated, 1980, 1985-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
50 15 Genzeb Mahry 1990 request_box
50 16 Getachew Alem 1989-1990 request_box
50 17 Getachew Siraw 1978, 1986, 1988 request_box
50 18 Getachew Siraw 1990 request_box
50 19 Getahun Bicha undated, 1986 request_box
50 20-21 Getahoun Degresse children undated, 1984-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
50 22 Getahun Deresse kids 1988-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
50 23 Getahun Malaku 1989 request_box
50 24 Getahun Mamo 1988 request_box
50 25 Getahun Mamo 1987-1988 request_box
50 26 Getahun Tilahun 1986 request_box
50 27 Gete Abraham 1989 request_box
50 28 Gete Sebhet / Sebehat(?) 1990 request_box
50 29 Getenet Maaza 1986 request_box
50 30 Getinet Abera undated, 1988-1990 request_box
50 31 Getu Baruk undated, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
50 32 Getu Tefere's Family undated, 1987 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
51 1 Getu Yitsak undated, 1987-1989 request_box
51 2 Getu Wube 1986-1987 request_box
51 3 Getu Zemene 1987 request_box
51 4 Gezae Haile 1989 request_box
51 5 Ghannatu Tenaw 1979-1980, 1989 request_box
51 6 Girma Hailu (contains photograph) 1979-1980, 1989 request_box
51 7 Girma Moges (contains photograph) 1982, 1990 request_box
51 8 Girmay Samuel undated, 1986-1987, 1990 request_box
51 9 Gobeze Achenefe's children undated, 1986-1989 request_box
51 10 Gobeze Dawite 1990 request_box
51 11 Gobeze Etsubdenk Family undated, 1989 request_box
51 12 Godadew Alemu 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
51 13 Godadit Tegnyne 1989 request_box
51 14 Grazmatch Woldu 1988 request_box
51 15 Guday Tegnye 1985 request_box
51 16 Haile Assefa Lemma 1990 request_box
51 17 Haile Kebede undated, 1988 request_box
51 18 Hailu Areni undated, 1988-1989 request_box
51 19 Haim Baynesagen 1985, 1989-1990 request_box
51 20 Hana Dawit's Family, Amaretch Yasu 1988 request_box
51 21 Haragu Adhamom / Kibret Berhan 1990 request_box
51 22 Haregwain Gete undated, 1989 request_box
51 23 Hezkiyas Ayalew 1987 request_box
51 24 Hidega Tiku undated request_box
51 25 Hiwot Sisay 1989 request_box
51 26 Hiwot Sitataw Bizuneh 1989 request_box
51 27 Ingidushet Haile 1988 request_box
51 28 Ishak Miniwab Tedda 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
51 29 Iskinder Hapte 1989 request_box
51 30 Itayew Adane 1986 request_box
51 31 Iyenaw Mamunie (killed in Debark) (empty folder) request_box
51 32 Jacob Alelegne Family 1989 request_box
51 33 Jegne Teggne undated, 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
51 34 Jember Mebrate 1982, 1986, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
51 35 Josef Abraham undated, 1985-1990 request_box
51 36 Kafele Tamayeit (empty folder) request_box
51 37 Kassa Ferede undated, 1979, 1986-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
51 38 Kassa Ferede Family - Bemayush Belay Parents 1989 request_box
51 39 Kassa Semu Family 1988-1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
52 1 Kassahun Abebe 1989 request_box
52 2 Kassahun Mamo/Teruwork Asmelash undated, 1980, 1987 request_box
52 3 Kassahun Tegegne 1989-1990 request_box
52 4 Kassanish Wube 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
52 5 Kassaye Belay 1990 request_box
52 6 Kassaye Mehari (empty folder) request_box
52 7 Kassye Tizazu's Family 1987 request_box
52 8 Keleb Ereda 1988-1989 request_box
52 9 Kelebe Alemu undated, 1989-1990 request_box
52 10 Kenaw Melkie (contains photograph) 1987-1989 request_box
52 11 Kenedy Tequma 1984 request_box
52 12 Kenu Mekuanent 1985-1987 request_box
52 13 Kibret Alemu 1989-1990 request_box
52 14 Kibur Tekle Eyasu 1990 request_box
52 15 Kifle Tesfagiogis 1987 request_box
52 16 Kinde Chole's Family undated, 1987, 1989 request_box
52 17 Kinde Malaku, Seblewengel Yirga 1986-1990 request_box
52 18 Koke Tsehaye 1989 request_box
52 19 Kokie Tirunhe 1986-1989 request_box
52 20 Kolu Sebhat 1990 request_box
52 21 Lake Tamrat 1988 request_box
52 22 Lakew Mesfin Tamrat 1986-1990 request_box
52 23 Layew Sendeke 1989-1990 request_box
52 24 Legassa Zari 1986 request_box
52 25 Lemlem Mehari Denku 1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
52 26 Lemlem Molla Minieab 1975, 1985-1986 request_box
52 27 Leul Adugna 1989-1990 request_box
52 28 Lijalem Seife 1990 request_box
52 29 Lule Aberra 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
52 30 Lulu Bazie undated, 1980, 1985, 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
52 31 Makonnen Berhanu 1985-1986 request_box
52 32 Makonnen Eyasu 1989 request_box
52 33 Makuria Tsegaye 1985-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
52 34 Malaku Belay 1986, 1989-1990 request_box
52 35 Malaku Mequanint 1990 request_box
52 36 Malaku Taminu 1986, 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
52 37 Malaku Wolde 1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
53 1 Malede Ayele 1986, 1990 request_box
53 2 Mallede Ayanaw 1990 request_box
53 3 Mamo Ayalew 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 4 Mamo Zeleke undated, 1981, 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 5 Manalabesh Asres 1988-1989 request_box
53 6 Manaleb Desta undated, 1982, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
53 7 Mancheldash Kassie Engeda 1988 request_box
53 8 Mantegbosh Aybsagne Kinfu 1985-1986 request_box
53 9 Mare Getahun 1988 request_box
53 10 Marie Assefa 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 11 Markos Desta w/ Gabriel 1989-1990 request_box
53 12 Maru Begashaw 1987, 1989 request_box
53 13 Maru Makonnen 1979-1980, 1988-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 14 Maru Muche 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 15 Mary Mequanent 1989-1990 request_box
53 16 Mebrat Yekove (empty folder) request_box
53 17 Medhanie W. Woldemichael undated, 1990 request_box
53 18 Medhabnie Wolday 1989 request_box
53 19 Megeb Milkie 1987-1988 request_box
53 20 Megiste Asresse / Ayalneh, Tesfuneh undated, 1989-1990 request_box
53 21 Mehari Abraha 1989 request_box
53 22 Mehari Aymelak undated, 1990 request_box
53 23 Mehari Robel cases 1988-1989 request_box
53 24 Mehari Zelleke (empty folder) request_box
53 25 Meheret Mehari undated, 1989 request_box
53 26 Meherete Ayele Teka 1989-1990 request_box
53 27 Meherete Ferede 1977, 1986-1987, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 28 Meherite Reddie 1986-1990 request_box
53 29 Mehrate Mehari 1971, 1985-1986, 1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 30 Mehretu Melkamu undated, 1985, 1987 request_box
53 31 Mekanent Tegaw 1986-1987 request_box
53 32 Mekebeb Mehret 1989 request_box
53 33 Mekuant Mehari 1990 request_box
53 34 Mekonen Alemayew 1988 request_box
53 35 Mekonnen Mitiku 1987-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 36 Mekuria Mulu 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 37 Mekuria Yessak 1990 request_box
53 38 Melaku Aemro undated, 1990 request_box
53 39 Melaku Haile 1985 request_box
53 40 Melaku Teka 1980-1982, 1988, 1990 request_box
53 41 Melaku Wolde 1982, 1989-1990 request_box
53 42 Meleshu Wube 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
53 43 Melesse Ezra 1989 request_box
53 44 Melesse Nadew undated, 1986-1989 request_box
53 45 Melesse Sebhat 1990 request_box
53 46 Melesse Semane 1989-1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
54 1 Melkamu Chane 1985-1986 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
54 2 Melkamu Fessema 1989-1990 request_box
54 3 Melkamu Fisseha 1988, 1990 request_box
54 4 Melkamu Takale 1987-1990 request_box
54 5 Menelik Azaria's Family undated request_box
54 6 Mengiste Kebede undated, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
54 7 Mengiste Semu (Kes) 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
54 8 Mengistu Admasu 1988 request_box
54 9 Mengistu Dawit undated, 1988-1990 request_box
54 10 Mengistu Tezazu Family undated, 1989 request_box
54 11 Mequanent Alemayehu 1986-1987, 1989-1990 request_box
54 12 Mera Tegnyne, Tru Alazseh 1989 request_box
54 13 Mesganaw Glegziabher 1988-1989 request_box
54 14 Mesganaw Mamo 1989 request_box
54 15 Michigan Cases 1989 request_box
54 16 Migeb Degu 1985 request_box
54 17 Mihertu Wubie 1989 request_box
54 18 Mihret Terefe 1989-1990 request_box
54 19 Mihretu Yishak 1988 request_box
54 20 Mintenesot Solomon, Ethiopian-Israel 1989-1990 request_box
54 21 Mintesnot Robel 1990 request_box
54 22 Mintewab Asres 1989-1990 request_box
54 23 Mitiku Alemie 1990 request_box
54 24 Mitiku Bayuh 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
54 25 Moges Getahun 1989 request_box
54 26 Mogus Fasil 1989 request_box
54 27 Mogus Tadesse 1987 request_box
54 28 Mola Bayuh 1986-1990 request_box
54 29 Mola Melke 1990 request_box
54 30 Molla Mengistu 1989 request_box
54 31 Molla Taffere Nega undated, 1988-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
54 32 Mollalign Abate 1989 request_box
54 33 Moshe Demozie Baruch's Family undated, 1986-1989 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
54 34 Moshe Rachamim Family 1988 request_box
54 35 Muche Amboy Tedla 1988 request_box
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
54 36 Muche Meshesha 1988-1989 request_box
54 37 Mukel Aboy 1990 request_box
54 38 Muket Abay Teda undated, 1990 request_box
54 39 Mulate Ferede 1989-1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
55 1 Mulate Mamunie (contains photograph) undated, 1987-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
55 2 Mulatu Addisu undated, 1989-1990 request_box
55 3 Mulaw Mamo (Kibet Mulaw's parents) 1989 request_box
55 4 Mulegeta Achenfe undated, 1986-1987 request_box
55 5 Muleeta Kassahun 1988-1989 request_box
55 6 Mulegeta Melese (contains photograph) 1988-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
55 7 Mullugeta Mogus 1978-1979, 1985-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
55 8 Mulu Alem Getaneh 1986, 1988 request_box
55 9 Mulu Dagnew (empty folder) request_box
55 10 Mulu Tewebe undated, 1986-1987, 1989-1990 request_box
55 11 Muluberhan Desalegn 1989 request_box
55 12 Mulugeta Abeba 1985 request_box
55 13 Mulugeta Ferede 1987 request_box
55 14 Mulugeta Guta 1984-1985 request_box
55 15 Mulugeta Mekonnen undated, 1980, 1990 request_box
55 16 Muluneh Feleke undated, 1987-1989 request_box
55 17 Mulunesh Kebede undated, 1980, 1986-1988 request_box
55 18 Muluwork Asneke 1990 request_box
55 19 Muluye Fekede undated, 1988 request_box
55 20 Muse Ruphael, Family 1989-1990 request_box
55 21 Musie Kifle 1987 request_box
55 22 Naizgi Kadane 1989 request_box
55 23 Natalie, Patricia undated request_box
55 24 Nega Getaneh, Beyene Fetlework 1985-1986, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
55 25 Negash Mengistu 1987-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
55 26 Nege Ayele 1983-1984 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
55 27 Negede Hailu 1982? request_box
55 28 Negiste Samuel 1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
56 1 Negssie Adehnini 1987-1989 request_box
56 2 Negussie Elias Ermias 1989 request_box
56 3 Negussie Wondemagegnehu 1984, 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
56 4 Nesro Ahmed undated, 1989 request_box
56 5 Netsanet Zewdie 1988-1989 request_box
56 6 Operator: Bekeletch Negawu, Amdeyesus Dessalegn 1989-1990 request_box
56 7 Operator: Berke Gebregiogis, Solomon Gebregiogis undated, 1990 request_box
56 8 Operator: Dadu Tayei, Dawit Tesfaye undated, 1989-1990 request_box
56 9 Operator: Eskinder Maste 1990 request_box
56 10 Operator: Felegetch Gemisa / Zelalem Eshete Getachew 1989 request_box
56 11 Operator: Garugu Adhanon? Kibret Berhanu undated, 1990 request_box
56 12 Operator: Lemlemg/Hiwot w/ Michael / Evellyn Body-Lawson 1989 request_box
56 13 Operator: Roman Mengesha / Ammanuel Kahssay 1989-1990 request_box
56 14 Operator: Tsigne Wolde Selase / Meseret Yimer 1990 request_box
56 15 Paulos Asres Yayeh 1987 request_box
56 16 Rahel Kebede Tadesse 1989 request_box
56 17 Rara Eyob undated, 1982, 1985-1987, 1989-1990 request_box
56 18 Rebecca Yohannes 1990 request_box
56 19 Refugee Sponsorship undated, 1981 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
57 1 Relief - A 1986-1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
57 2 Relief - B 1987-1988 request_box
57 3 Relief - C-D 1986-1987 request_box
57 4 Relief - E-F 1987-1988 request_box
57 5 Relief - G 1987 request_box
57 6 Relief - H-K 1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
57 7 Relief - L-M 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
57 8 Relief - N-R 1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
57 9 Relief - S 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
57 10 Relief - T 1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
57 11 Relief - W 1987 request_box
57 12 Relief - Y-Z 1987-1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
58 1 Retta Alemayehu undated request_box
58 2 Rishon Abraham undated, 1990 request_box
58 3 Ron Tadesse's Family undated, 1986 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
58 4 Ronnie Akale 1987-1988 request_box
58 5 Ruth Yonah Family undated request_box
58 6 Saba Shifferaw 1989 request_box
58 7 Saba Wondemu 1985 request_box
58 8 Sahalu Achenef 1989-1990 request_box
58 9 (Adanan) Salem Family 1987-1988 request_box
58 10 Samson Kibread 1989-1990 request_box
58 11 Samuel Beyene 1986-1990 request_box
58 12 Samuel Yimiru Arega, Yosef Yimiru Arega undated, 1989 request_box
58 13 Samuel Hailu Tesfaye 1990-1991 request_box
58 14 Sefedim Elias Assefa 1987 request_box
58 15 Sefer Gebeyehu Kinde undated, 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
58 16 Seferaw Kebede 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
58 17 Seifu Giday 1988 request_box
58 18 Seifu Teferi Tedla (Djibouti) undated request_box
58 19 Selamawit Haile (Sudan) 1988-1989 request_box
58 20 Semaligne Teka 1988-1989 request_box
58 21 Semane Fekede undated, 1986-1990 request_box
58 22 Semane Wedajo 1987 request_box
58 23 Semu Kassa Relatives (empty folder) request_box
58 24 Senayait Zewude 1988-1989 request_box
58 25 Senayt Tayachew (contains photograph) 1976, 1986, 1989 request_box
58 26 Sendkie Derbie 1985, 1990 request_box
58 27 Serkalem Melese 1988-1989 request_box
58 28 Sesay Gelawa 1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
59 1 Setargew, Demilew undated, 1987-1988 request_box
59 2 Seyoum Selam undated, 1989-1990 request_box
59 3 Shalom Ministries 1989 request_box
59 4 Shawaya Asmamaw undated, 1990-1991 request_box
59 5 Shebabaw Ezeri (empty folder) request_box
59 6 Shebabaw Yegzaw 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
59 7 Shemuel Wubeshet/Tafere, Samuel Family undated, 1986 request_box
59 8 Shibabaw Abera undated, 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
59 9 Shiferaw Melesse 1989 request_box
59 10 Shiferaw Zerie 1986, 1988 request_box
59 11 Shifferaw Dessie (contains photograph) 1987-1989 request_box
59 12 Shimshon Rada child, Manahlo Melkamu 1986-1987 request_box
59 13 Shitaye Damtew 1990 request_box
59 14 Shoan Gizaw Hunde undated request_box
59 15 Shumiye Menasie, Woggera Relief 1987-1988, 1990 request_box
59 16 Sileshi Bekele undated, 1987-1989 request_box
59 17 Sindu Berihun 1986-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
59 18 Sindu Beyene 1988-1989 request_box
59 19 Sisay Mengistu 1985-1989 request_box
59 20 Sisay Sebhat Getahun 1989-1990 request_box
59 21 Sisay Sebhatu 1989-1990 request_box
59 22 Solomon Abraham 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
59 23 Solomon Gebeyhu 1990 request_box
59 24 Solomon Makonnen 1987-1988 request_box
59 25 Solomon Mengiste (empty folder) request_box
59 26 Solomon Mengistie 1990 request_box
59 27 Tadefie Ayelegne 1988-1990 request_box
59 28 Tadele Lakew 1987-1988 request_box
59 29 Tadesse Regessie 1989-1990 request_box
59 30 Tadesse Bayuh undated, 1985-1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
60 1 Tadesse Mitikus Family 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
60 2 Tadesse Robel (empty folder) request_box
60 3 Tadesse Robel 1990 request_box
60 4 Tadfalech Kalev 1990 request_box
60 5 Tadfie Worke Molla 1989 request_box
60 6 Tafere Kassie, Enalsasa Alemnea undated, 1986, 1989 request_box
60 7 Tagale Legesse Fanaya 1990 request_box
60 8 Taitu Mengistu 1990 request_box
60 9 Takel Yeyeh undated, 1989 request_box
60 10 Takela Yirdane 1989 request_box
60 11 Takele Alemu Tsegaw 1987 request_box
60 12 Takele Dagnew 1990 request_box
60 13 Takele Mitiku 1989 request_box
60 14 Takele Tamino (empty folder) request_box
60 15 Takelech Admasu 1989 request_box
60 16 Takelech Gebeyehu Kinde undated, 1986-1989 request_box
60 17 Taklo Dessie 1989-1990 request_box
60 18 Tamar Moges Yisak undated, 1989-1990 request_box
60 19 Tamino Solomon (empty folder) request_box
60 20 Tamrat Aberras' Father, Pilgrimage 1986 request_box
60 21 Tangut Getahun (empty folder) request_box
60 22 Tarekenge Alemu 1989 request_box
60 23 Tarekegn Molla undated request_box
60 24 Tarekegne Mekonnen 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 25 Tassie Ayalew 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 26 Tatek Mersha 1990 request_box
60 27 Tebeje Tale undated, 1985-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 28 Tedege Beruk undated, 1990 request_box
60 29 Tedla Mamo 1985-1987, 1989 request_box
60 30 Teftie Hananya 1990 request_box
60 31 Tega Gettie 1989 request_box
60 32 Tegabu Simon and Tesfaye Tigabu undated, 1984-1990 request_box
60 33 Tegahun Abrham 1990 request_box
60 34 Tegaw Bayouh, Yetemagn 1990 request_box
60 35 Tegen Addissu 1986-1987 request_box
60 36 Tegeneh Goshe 1990 request_box
60 37 Tegnyne Yayeh 1989 request_box
60 38 Teguada Abuhay 1989-1990 request_box
60 39 Teije Mengistu 1990 request_box
60 40 Tejitu Tewabe undated, 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 41 Teka Tamino 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 42 Tekaba Ayelen 1990 request_box
60 43 Tekeba Kibret 1989 request_box
60 44 Tekeba Melessa Nadew 1989 request_box
60 45 Tekebe Alene (Sargent) undated, 1986-1988, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 46 Teketay Solomon children 1987-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
60 47 Telahun Aragaw undated request_box
60 48 Temachin Tegnye undated, 1975, 1985-1987 request_box
60 49 Temesgen Demissie 1988 request_box
60 50 Terefe Retta 1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
61 1 Teruhel Zemene 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
61 2 Teruneh Mesfin undated, 1985-1987 request_box
61 3 Tesa Ferede undated, 1987 request_box
61 4 Tesfa Aletu (Yohannes Teferre) undated, 1989 request_box
61 5 Tesfa Malaku Felake undated, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
61 6 Tesfa Mogese 1985, 1987 request_box
61 7 Tesfahun Abraha 1987 request_box
61 8 Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder) request_box
61 9 Tesfahun Dejene, Emebet Belay 1987 request_box
61 10 Tesfaye Araya 1987-1988 request_box
61 11 Tesfaye Melesse 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
61 12 Tesfaye Melesse 1989-1990 request_box
61 13 Tesfaye Tigabu 1986-1987 request_box
61 14 Tesfu Wubet 1989-1990 request_box
61 15 Teshale Tayachew 1985-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
61 16 Teshay Wassenie (Aineshe & Getes Family) 1986-1990 request_box
61 17 Teshome Belay (empty folder) request_box
61 18 Teshome Belay, Almaz Belay 1989-1990 request_box
61 19 Teshome Belay Malku 1987 request_box
61 20 Teshome Lewtie 1977, 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
61 21 Teshome Sieshi 1990 request_box
61 22 Teshome Zeleke 1985-1990 request_box
61 23 Tessema Ashenafi 1990 request_box
61 24 Tessema Sendeke 1987 request_box
61 25 Tessema Zev Project 1989 request_box
61 26 Tessema Zev (Zewdu) (empty folder) request_box
61 27 Tewabe Simany undated, 1984-1986, 1988 request_box
61 28 Tewebe Reday 1990 request_box
61 29 Tewebe Reday Abraham 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
61 30 Tewedage Sebhat 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
61 31 Tewodras Fesseha Geten 1989 request_box
61 32 Tezazu Erata 1988 request_box
61 33 Tezazu Simon 1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
62 1 Theodorus Malaku 1990-1991 request_box
62 2 Thomas Mekete 1986 request_box
62 3 Tibebe Selassie 1985-1987 request_box
62 4 Tigabu Eyasu 1989 request_box
62 5 Tigest Gebayhu 1987 request_box
62 6 Tigist Haile undated request_box
62 7 Tihun Worknen 1986 request_box
62 8 Tiku Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder) request_box
62 9 Tilahun Adega (empty folder) request_box
62 10 Tilahun Adego (empty folder) request_box
62 11 Tiruwork Aychew 1986-1987 request_box
62 12 Tizazu Berhan undated, 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 13 Tru Abera (empty folder) request_box
62 14 Tsahaye Jember 1989 request_box
62 15 Tsega Adigo 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 16 Tsega Lemlem 1989 request_box
62 17 Tsegahun Dessie children undated, 1988 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 18 Tsegaye Beyene 1987-1988 request_box
62 19 Tsegaye Melesse Nadew 1989 request_box
62 20 Tsegaw Lakia undated, 1986-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 21 Tsegaw Yesihak 1986-1989 request_box
62 22 Tsegaye Chama 1985 request_box
62 23 Tsegaye Mamu undated, 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
62 24 Tsegaye Melesse 1989 request_box
62 25 Tsegaye Mogus (contains photograph) 1985-1989 request_box
62 26 Tsegereda Beyene undated, 1986, 1988 request_box
62 27 Tsehay Belay 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 28 Tsehay Solomon 1987 request_box
62 29 Tsehay Tafere 1990 request_box
62 30 Tsehaye Robel 1990 request_box
62 31 Turingo Meretu 1989-1990 request_box
62 32 Turunesh Demerew 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 33 Turuwork Samuel 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
62 34 Vandam Amare 1990 request_box
62 35 Wassie Fisseha 1989 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
63 1 Wassihun Dessie (contains photograph) 1986, 1988-1990 request_box
63 2 Wassihun Eshetie 1988 request_box
63 3 Webie Kassahun Nedaw 1989 request_box
63 4 Weson Ferede undated request_box
63 5 Wodaju Semalygne 1985 request_box
63 6 Wogayge Desta Biru 1988 request_box
  (contains Spanish)   
63 7 Wollomo/Sodo Census undated, 1985-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
63 8 Worke Ambaye undated, 1986-1987 request_box
63 9 Workeneh Eyasu 1986 request_box
63 10 Workit Addisu 1987 request_box
63 11 Worknesh Zeleke (contains photographs) undated, 1989 request_box
63 12 Worku Asmare 1989 request_box
63 13 Worku Gebye 1990 request_box
63 14 Worku Tsegahun (empty folder) request_box
63 15 Worku Zemene 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
63 16 Woubneshe Mullat 1985 request_box
63 17 Wubet Mengistu (Addisu Mehari Dinku's mother) undated, 1986-1987 request_box
63 18 Wubet Sebhat (Anrha Negater's daughter) (empty folder) request_box
63 19 Wubigeg Desta 1989 request_box
63 20 Wude Aberhame 1987-1989 request_box
63 21 Wudeneh Solomon's family 1987, 1990 request_box
63 22 Wudie Arone 1988 request_box
63 23 Wudie Bayuh 1989-1990 request_box
63 24 Wudie Makonnen 1987 request_box
63 25 Wudu Mesfin 1986-1990 request_box
63 26 Wudu Worku (Tobba Worku's relative) 1986 request_box
63 27 Yaccob Samuel 1987 request_box
63 28 Yacob Tessema family 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
63 29 Yaekob Berhanu undated, 1988 request_box
63 30 Yaheweh Nessa Tewolde Berhan 1989-1990 request_box
63 31 Yahewehe-Nessie T/Birhan (contains photographs) 1988-1990 request_box
63 32 Yakov Yisak undated request_box
63 33 Yalemwork Derso's Family 1988 request_box
63 34 Yalew & Adunga Zewdu 1986-1988 request_box
63 35 Yatebianesh Abebe undated, 1986-1987 request_box
63 36 Yebabe Aweke 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
63 37 Yekiye Abate 1990 request_box
63 38 Yemegnu Demelash 1987-1988 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
64 1 Yemene Yishak 1990 request_box
64 2 Yenealem Ameshe 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
64 3 Yesbayes Mengesha 1990 request_box
64 4 Yeshalem Asmare 1988-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
64 5 Yeshareg Semane 1989 request_box
64 6 Yeshareg Tesfaye Yitsak 1988 request_box
64 7 Yeshemebet Mitiku 1990 request_box
64 8 Yeshework Kassahun 1987-1989 request_box
64 9 Yeshiabeba Yitayew 1988 request_box
64 10 Yeshi Wolde Michael 1986-1988 request_box
64 11 Yeshiwork Tezera 1989 request_box
64 12 Yetemagne Akele 1990 request_box
64 13 Yezabnesh Mehari (empty folder) request_box
64 14 Yezbalem Tessema 1988 request_box
64 15 Yibabie Awoke 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
64 16 Yihenew Alemyew 1987 request_box
64 17 Yilma Gizaw undated, 1987-1990 request_box
64 18 Yimer Mequanent 1990 request_box
64 19 Yimharen Mehari Minywab 1986-1988, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
64 20 Yirdaw w/ Semayat undated, 1978, 1984, 1989 request_box
64 21 Yirdaw Teshome undated, 1987, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
64 22 Yirga Rati 1989 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
64 23 Yirgadu Tamiru 1989 request_box
64 24 Yirgadu Zimene 1985-1988, 1990 request_box
64 25 Yisihak Orion 1984 request_box
64 26 Yitayewleab Negash 1989-1990 request_box
64 27 Yitsak Baruk/Tiriza Edgar/Ezra Tizazu family 1988 request_box
64 28 Yohannes Demtew 1989 request_box
64 29 Yohannes Fetene 1987 request_box
64 30 Yohannes Gebru 1990 request_box
64 31 Yohannes Mekonnen 1985-1986, 1990 request_box
64 32 Yohannes Sirak undated, 1990 request_box
64 33 Yohannes Shifferaw undated, 1986-1987 request_box
64 34 Yohannes Tiku family undated, 1985-1988, 1990 request_box
64 35 Yonah Reddy family 1990 request_box
64 36 Yonatan Takele Ashenaffe 1989-1990 request_box
64 37 Yosef Dessie (empty folder) request_box
64 38 Yosef Meheretie (Legesse), Abay Legesse undated, 1987-1990 request_box
64 39 Yosef Miheret 1989 request_box
64 40 Zacharias Dawit 1989-1990 request_box
64 41 Zahara Suleman (Abdu Endris girl) 1987 request_box
64 42 Zebader Hailu 1987, 1989-1990 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
65 1 Zeit Akale undated, 1990 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
65 2 Zeizanu Ratie 1989 request_box
65 3 Zelalem Belay Aycheh (empty folder) request_box
65 4 Zelalem Fisseha undated, 1988-1990 request_box
65 5 Zelalem Getu 1989 request_box
65 6 Zelalem Nega 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
65 7 Zelalem Tariku (Tesfaye Aderagew's) 1990 request_box
65 8 Zelleke Dejene 1989 request_box
65 9 Zelleke Dessie 1986-1987 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
65 10 Zelleke Godu undated, 1989-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
65 11 Zemen Engidaw 1988-1990 request_box
65 12 Zemene Yishak 1990 request_box
65 13 Zemichael Tesfaye 1989 request_box
65 14 Zemichael Tesfaye Mehari undated, 1989-1990 request_box
65 15 Zena Abraham 1990 request_box
65 16 Zenash Akilu 1989 request_box
65 17 Zenash Beyene 1987 request_box
65 18 Zenash Beyene's daughter 1987-1988 request_box
65 19 Zenaw Eniyew undated, 1985-1986, 1989 request_box
65 20 Zenebech Keros 1987-1988 request_box
65 21 Zenebework Tesfaye 1989-1990 request_box
65 22 Zenebework Tesfaye Mengesha (Israel) undated, 1988-1989 request_box
65 23 Zewdie Bedada undated, 1959, 1961-1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1980-1981, 1986, 1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
65 24 Zewdie Bedade 1990 request_box
65 25 Zewdu Alefe undated, 1987-1988 request_box
65 26 Zewdu Zeghaye 1987-1988, 1990 request_box
65 27 Zeyen Minuwab Yisak 1989 request_box
65 28 Zeyin Belete 1986 request_box
65 29 Zeysan Melkamu 1989 request_box
65 30 Zeysana Melkamu Ayele 1986 request_box
65 31 Zinaye Dessalegn 1987 request_box
65 32 Zion Seyoum family 1988 request_box
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   

Subsubseries b: Rescue/Relief Ethiopians to Israel, undated, 1970-1990

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 66-83.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by first name.

Scope and Content:

The subsubseries contains the rescue and relief files collected by Schnapper of the Ethiopian Jews fleeing to Israel from 1970 to 1990. The files arranged alphabetically by first name and often contain correspondence in Amharic as well as Yiddish. The files often contain correspondence from LaDena Schnapper to the Falashas asking for more information in order to assist with the completion of the case work files. The records themselves are an accurate reflection of the situation faced by the Ethiopian Jews and are a valuable source of information to researchers interested in the rescue and relief effort of the Ethiopian Jews.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
66 1 Abebe Berhan (Uri Ben Yair) (contains photographs) undated, 1985-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
66 2 Abebe Solomon 1987 request_box
66 3 Abechew Meharie undated, 1989 request_box
  (contains Yiddish)   
66 4 Abere Dessalegne 1987 request_box
66 5 Aberham-Melaku (contains photograph) 1987 request_box
66 6 Aberhame Mehary 1987 request_box
66 7 Abibit Tizazu undated, 1988 request_box
66 8 Abraham Askias 1986-1988 request_box
66 9 Abraham Asres 1986-1989 request_box
66 10 Abraham Beyene Neguise 1986-1990 request_box
66 11 Abraham Dejene 1987 request_box
66 12 Abraham Miheret Eskias 1988 request_box
66 13 Abraham Negussie 1987 request_box
66 14 Abraham Sahilu 1983-1984, 1988-1989 request_box
66 15 Abreha Miheret Askias 1986 request_box
66 16 Achamyeleh Gebeyehu undated, 1972, 1974, 1986, 1988-1990 request_box
66 17 Acheshe Tekelu (Mary Yigzaw mother) 1988-1989 request_box
66 18 Adane Worku 1983-1985 request_box
66 19 Adane Zeghaye 1986-1987 request_box
66 20 Adanech Yosef (empty folder) request_box
66 21 Addisie Simon 1987 request_box
66 22 Addisu Dawit 1984-1989 request_box
66 23 Addisu Mehari Dinku 1986 request_box
66 24 Addisu Messele 1986-1989 request_box
66 25 Addisu Robel 1986 request_box
66 26 Addisu Sahlu, Aster Yemanu undated, 1986-1989 request_box
66 27 Addisu Selam 1988 request_box
66 28 Addisu Takele 1987 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
67 1 Addisu Yenewodage Tamino undated, 1986-1990 request_box
67 2 Adebaray Melkiass 1990 request_box
67 3 Adeneh Birhanu 1986 request_box
67 4 Adeneku Mehari undated, 1986-1988 request_box
67 5 Aderajew Robel undated, 1987-1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
67 6 Adey Takale undated, 1988 request_box
67 7 Adina Negussie 1988-1990 request_box
67 8 Admase Menasie 1987 request_box
67 9 Admase Muchneh 1986 request_box
67 10 Adna Mola 1987, 1989 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
67 11 Aerihly Melaku 1987 request_box
67 12 Aineshete Gete undated, 1983-1986 request_box
67 13 Akalu Fisseha undated, 1985-1989 request_box
67 14 Aklilu Berhan 1983, 1986 request_box
67 15 Aklilu Yehewlashet 1987 request_box
67 16 Aklum Ferede 1982, 1986 request_box
67 17 Alemadis Getu undated, 1988 request_box
67 18 Alemata Sahale 1985-1986 request_box
67 19 Alemnew Awarke Getahun undated, 1984-1987 request_box
67 20 Alemnew Aworku 1986-1987 request_box
67 21 Alemsahi Tiku undated, 1986-1988 request_box
67 22 Alemu Ambaw undated, 1987-1988 request_box
67 23 Alemu Belay 1990 request_box
67 24 Alemu Esheti 1986-1987 request_box
67 25 Alemu Eshetie 1987 request_box
67 26 Alemu Tarekegn 1987 request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
68 1 Alene Melesse (empty folder) request_box
68 2 Ali Yahu Yacob 1988 request_box
68 3 Alimitu Ferede 1988-1989 request_box
68 4 Alimitu Muche 1989 request_box
68 5 Alitaw Esayas 1990 request_box
68 6 Allefu Wubie 1986-1989 request_box
68 7 Almaz - Shiferaw 1987 request_box
68 8 Almaz Tekeste undated, 1987-1989 request_box
68 9 Alon Yesmes 1987 request_box
68 10 Amanuel Zewdie 1987-1988 request_box
68 11 Amare Belay 1985, 1988, 1990 request_box
68 12 Ambachew Mola 1989-1990 request_box
68 13 Ambechew Simane 1986-1988 request_box
68 14 Andualem Enyew Berhane (empty folder) request_box
68 15 Aneyesh Berihun undated, 1984 request_box
68 16 Aragie - Takele undated, 1987-1990 request_box
  (contains Amharic)   
68 17 Arega Tadesse 1988 request_box
68 18 Arez Kindie 1987-1989 request_box
68 19 Asef Asrese 1988 request_box
68 20 Asegedetch Eshete 1988-1989 request_box
68 21 Aselef Telele 1986 request_box
68 22 Asemamaw Berhanu 1988-1989 request_box
68 23 Aserebeb Alemu 1989 request_box
68 24 Asfaw Chole undated, 1983-1985, 1987, 1989-1990