Guide to the Records of American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), undated, 1960-1961, 1963, 1965-1968, 1970-1995, 2001-2002
 
*I-503

Processed by Jessica Weglein and Marvin Rusinek

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Marvin Rusinek as MS Word document, January 2012. Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on January 25, 2012. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ)
Title: American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), records
Dates:undated, 1960-1961, 1963, 1965-1968, 1970-1995, 2001-2002
Abstract: Founded in 1969, the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) was instrumental in the international effort to promote recognition of the Beta Israel (known among non-Jewish Ethiopians as "Falashas") by Israeli authorities, and to assist Jewish emigration from Ethiopia to Israel. The extensive files of the AAEJ include case work files, research materials and Jewish artifacts collected in Ethiopia by AAEJ workers. In the wake of the successful evacuation of Ethiopian Jewry to Israel in 1993, the AAEJ decided to disband and voted to deposit its records at the American Jewish Historical Society. Included are correspondence, office files, photographs, slides, videotapes, audiocassettes and other materials which pertain to AAEJ's efforts to raise the consciousness of the American Jewish community about this unique Jewish subculture. The organization's papers supplement those of its founder, Graenum Berger, which are also held at the American Jewish Historical Society.
Languages: The collection is in English, Amharic, Chinese, French, Hebrew, Polish, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Quantity: 92.2 linear feet (168 manuscript boxes, 4 Hollinger boxes, 5 card file boxes, 1 oversized OS1 box, 1 oversized OS6 folder, 9 reels)
Identification: I-503
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Historical Note
LaDena Schnapper in village with Ethiopian Jews

LaDena Schnapper in village with Ethiopian Jews, Ethiopia, 1992

American Association for Ethiopian Jews (1969-1993)

The Jews of Ethiopia called themselves "Beta Israel," i.e. the House of Israel. These Jews practiced a pre-Talmudic Judaism which was based on the Torah and preserved many of the customs associated with Israel before the Romans destroyed the country in 135 C.E. For centuries, European Jewish communities knew nothing of the Beta Israel. A Scottish explorer, James Bruce, discovered their existence in 1769 as he was looking for the source of the Nile. These Jews were largely forgotten until the 1950's. They did not use Hebrew in Ethiopia, but a language called Ge'ez (Ethiopic) which was used by Ethiopian Christian denominations.1 The Christian and Muslim majority in Ethiopia called the Jews "Falasha," meaning foreigner, although the Jews had been in that country for centuries.

Dr. Jacques Faitlovitch traveled to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) for the first time in 1904, with support from the French banker Baron Edmond de Rothschild. Faitlovitch had studied Ethiopian languages, Ethiopic and Amharic, at the Sorbonne under Joseph Halévy. Faitlovitch lived among the Ethiopian Jews and became an advocate of their cause. He devoted his entire career to bring the Beta Israel into the Jewish mainstream and convinced them to modify their religious practices so that they conformed to Rabbinic Judaism. Faitlovitch transferred the center of his support for the Falasha to the United States, and with the aid of the New York Committee, opened a boarding school for Falasha in Addis Ababa in 1923. After World War II, Faitlovitch settled in Tel Aviv and restarted his support for the Falasha. He persuaded the Jewish Agency to take up educational work among the Falashas soon after the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. Wherever Faitlovitch traveled, he tried to stir active interest in the "Black Jews of Abyssinia." He considered the Falashas as the descendants of genuine Jews and an integral part of the Jewish people. He felt that it was his obligation to save them from extinction and lead them through education into the fold of traditional Judaism. Faitlovitch wrote many articles and pamphlets and a series of tracts in Amharic intended for distribution among the Falashas.2 Yona Bogale, a former student of Faitlovitch, was employed by the Jewish Agency in Addis Ababa and distributed Hebrew educational material that he translated into Amharic.

In 1955, Graenum Berger first met a group of Ethiopian Jews in Israel. During the next decade he discovered that information about their history and current life was scarce. While visiting Ethiopia in 1965, he observed the Beta Israel (Falashas) living in poverty, lacking sanitation, receiving substandard education and suffering universal discrimination. The Ethiopian Jews held strongly to Judaism and prayed for a miraculous deliverance to Jerusalem.

Berger discovered a reluctance to assist Ethiopian Jews or bring them to Israel. He undertook a personal campaign to educate and raise money for their health and welfare. Berger created the American Association for Ethiopian Jews in 1969 to bring pressure on world Jewry to save this unique Jewish subculture from extinction. The AAEJ's primary purpose was to make the saving of Ethiopian Jewry a number one priority of the Government of Israel and of world Jewish leadership.3 The AAEJ was the oldest organization dedicated solely to the relief and aliyah of Ethiopian Jews and assisted with the rescue of Ethiopian Jews to Israel. Since 1969, the AAEJ used a variety of means to get the Jews from Ethiopia to Israel. Students at the University of California-Irvine campus became extremely vocal on behalf of the Ethiopian Jewry cause under Professor Howard Lenhoff.

Berger and his wife Emma visited Ethiopia often and reported on the plight of the Ethiopian Jews. Activists on behalf of AAEJ visited Ethiopia as well, providing field information about the situation faced by the Ethiopian Jews. The activists were in constant contact with the AAEJ in the United States. The organization provided money, supplies, food and medical assistance to the Ethiopian Jews.

In 1974, the organization was officially incorporated and the AAEJ established its offices in Highland Park, Illinois. The AAEJ was loud and critical of the Israeli government for its inaction regarding the plight of the Ethiopian Jews. The AAEJ was suspicious of the Israeli government's intentions, based on long experience. In the cause of the Ethiopian Jews, Berger repeatedly lobbied Israeli officials. The AAEJ provoked Israel to take action on behalf of this imperiled minority. Even after the chief rabbinate declared the Falashas to be Jewish in 1973, Israel made little effort to bring them in. According to Berger, "Our work was advocacy, to provoke Israel primarily, but also American and world Jewry to take on this responsibility of rescuing and bringing them to Israel."4

After the Ethiopian revolution in 1974, thousands of Ethiopian Jews fled to refugee camps in Sudan and AAEJ brought a few to Israel. By 1977, the Israeli government accepted the right of the Ethiopian Jews to immigrate. Prime Minister Menachem Begin finally opened Israel's doors to Ethiopian Jews, but not wide enough. Berger arrived in Washington, D.C. and urged Senator Rudy Boschwitz to organize a Congressional caucus on their behalf. Yehuda Dominitz, Director General of the Immigration and Absorption Department of the Jewish Agency for Israel, would not reveal how many Ethiopian Jews were arriving to Israel on a weekly basis. Dominitz refused to let his agency rent buses to allow Ethiopian Jews to travel to Jerusalem. He publicly said that he was not in favor of bringing these Jews to Israel.5

In 1978, the leadership of the AAEJ was turned over to Professor Howard Lenhoff. In 1983, Nathan Shapiro succeeded Lenhoff and became the third president of the AAEJ in 1984. Lenhoff and Shapiro helped broaden AAEJ's support and influence for the Falashas cause.

In America during the Reagan Era, the AAEJ organized unofficial luncheons at communal events when they were denied space on the formal agenda. The AAEJ also brought up the issue in Washington, D.C., a move that eventually paid off in its favor. In Ethiopia, the AAEJ began working secretively to bring out Jews to Israel. The AAEJ was more concerned with rescuing Ethiopian Jews rather than making friends in the Jewish communal establishment.6

By 1984, thousands of Ethiopian Jews arrived in the Sudan, living in refugee camps under very poor conditions and with high mortality rates. Continued pressure on the Israeli government by AAEJ led to Operation Moses. Beginning November 21, 1984 and lasting just over a month, more than 7,000 Ethiopian Jews were airlifted from Sudan in a secret Israeli mission called Operation Moses. On June 5, 1985, a total of 10,000 Jews were evacuated.7 Jerry Weaver, Chief Refugee Officer for the U.S. Embassy, stated that it was "Washington's clout in Sudan that made Operation Moses possible." Weaver facilitated in the rescues of 1984-85 and was a key man in the operation. Weaver's report on Operation Moses can be found in Black Jews, Jews and Other Heroes.

The AAEJ could not have been successful without its outstanding dedicated activists and leaders dedicated to the Ethiopian Jewry cause: LaDena Schnapper, Susan Pollack, and William Recant.

LaDena Schnapper's start in the Ethiopian Jewry movement was as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Ethiopia in 1963. In 1978, Schnapper was excited to learn of the AAEJ and that they were assisting in the rescue and relief of Ethiopian Jews. About a week later, she volunteered and began speaking on behalf of AAEJ. Schnapper met with Graenum Berger who spearheaded the entire movement and with Howard Lenhoff, AAEJ President, who provided constant encouragement. Schnapper received an orientation on running AAEJ in a single visit to Lenhoff in California. She was impressed by how he had single-handedly built the organization to a level where it was not only raising public awareness on the plight of the Ethiopian Jews, but was also beginning involvement in direct rescues, handled mostly by Shapiro and Berger.

Schnapper started producing flyers and preparing her own talks using her own slides and those provided by AAEJ. She spoke three times a week, raised awareness and money, and became more committed to the AAEJ mission. She received a telephone call from Nathan Shapiro, referred to him by Howard Lenhoff, and asked her to take his place at a synagogue presentation. Shapiro soon hired her to run the AAEJ office in Highland Park and she spent the next several years carrying out the mission of saving Ethiopian Jews.

During the early 1980s, Schnapper assumed the role of International Coordinator. She brought a wealth of experience to the AAEJ from her experience as a Peace Corps worker. Schnapper spoke and wrote Amharic and was able to converse directly with Jewish and non-Jewish Ethiopians. She spoke at speaking engagements, set up organizational meetings, prepared material for fund-raising campaigns or release to the media, and responded to hundreds of letters from the AAEJ direct mail campaign.8

Shapiro and Schnapper discussed projects to help rescue the Ethiopian Jews such as assembling the first AAEJ newsletter, Release, and composing letters for the direct mail effort. They responded to supporters who grew from 12,000 to 35,000 over a few years. Shapiro's impatience to save the Ethiopian Jews filtered through AAEJ. The AAEJ staff irritated the Israelis and the Jewish establishment by stating that not enough was being done to rescue the Ethiopian Jews. Shapiro decided that the best way to get the job done was to make the rescue of Ethiopian Jews a human rights issue and enlist the aid of the U.S. government. Lisa Freund was hired to help with the newsletter and direct mail campaign while Schnapper assisted with the rescue effort.9

In the rescue effort, Schnapper fostered many Ethiopian connections and established a network that extended from North America to Gondar to Addis Ababa and on to Israel. The network was successful in getting Ethiopian Jews out of Ethiopia and continued its work even after Operation Solomon was over in 1991. Schnapper's main U.S. contacts were Semu and Girmai Bayouh, Ethiopians who supplied first-hand insight about what was happening in Ethiopia. Semu suggested that his friend Berhanu may also be a useful local contact. Schnapper spoke with Berhanu and they devised a strategy that facilitated the rescue of more than 1,000 Ethiopian Jews when no one else was willing to make the attempt. Berhanu was insulted by the community for what he was doing and he risked his life many times to save his Jewish friends.10

The AAEJ created an assortment of student, tourist, and work papers that would allow Ethiopian Jews to obtain a passport. The AAEJ obtained U.S. visas for them and provided tickets routing the travelers to the U.S. and on to Israel.

The AAEJ tried all sorts of schemes to send relief dollars to Ethiopia and take out more people. Schnapper determined how much money to dispense depending upon the Ethiopian Jew's situation. Checks were dispensed in $250, $500 and $1,000 amounts to individuals. The AAEJ worked as quietly as possible to avoid interference from the Ethiopian government although officials knew exactly what they were doing. The process was full of obstacles. The rescue of one person often took 18 months. AAEJ chose families to rescue through contacts from Ethiopian relatives in Israel, from letters received from Ethiopia, or whispers received by Berhanu through the grapevine that suggested a family to assist. Correspondence between Schnapper and the individual would often provide enough information necessary to prepare appropriate documentation. Documents were mailed with a check to the person or family with a pink U.S. Postal Service Return Receipt Requested form, guaranteeing that 99 percent of the mail would get through the complex, yet efficient Ethiopian postal system. The AAEJ's success was a slap in the face to critics who said it was impossible to send relief funds to Ethiopia, or even to get people out.11

In Ethiopia, Berhanu organized a group of Jewish and non-Jewish facilitators to assist in the complex 29-step rescue process. Because of the difficulty of the task and the time it took, each family's exodus was celebrated by remembering the Talmudic phrase "If you save one soul, you save the whole world."12

The American Jewish establishment soon became aware of the AAEJ's rescue work and they wanted to know how their organization was able to get the job done. Schnapper prepared a statement detailing the rescue process and methods used for sending in relief funds. As a result of this material and meetings held in New York in 1988, the American Jewish establishment was convinced that Israel could do more and that perhaps the AAEJ should be compensated for its work. The AAEJ met with Federation leaders, the JDC, and the Jewish Agency for Israel and it was agreed that the AAEJ would work closely with Israelis and receive reimbursement.13

Another way the AAEJ generated funds was through the Chai Campaign. The AAEJ calculated that it would take $3,000 to rescue one Ethiopian Jew from the Sudan. Donors were asked to contribute $3,000 to save one life. The campaign became mainstream as other organizations were adopting it. Large gifts were welcome, but the hundreds of small contributions allowed the AAEJ to spend $80,000 to rescue Ethiopian Jews during 1979 to 1980 alone.14

In 1987, the Ethiopian Jews' tragedy, state of neglect, and the "Unfinished Exodus" were addressed at a luncheon program sponsored by the New England Zionist Federation, where the idea of opening a Boston chapter of the AAEJ was also discussed.15

In 1988, Schnapper took a trip to Israel and met Berhanu for the first time. After six years of contact, transfer of over $1 million, and overcoming tremendous obstacles, they discovered that they liked working with each other and continued work well after Operation Solomon. Tesfaye Aderagew was instrumental with sending assistance to ten remote villages in Woggera. Another "brother," Rachamim Elazar, acted as an advisor when Schnapper was uncertain of what to do next. Schnapper developed a web of support with all of these Ethiopians. Schnapper opined that the ultimate reason Ethiopian Jews reached Israel was because enough people cared, and AAEJ was the most significant organization in building that care. Schnapper believed that a "steadfast focused commitment" was the key to bringing out the Ethiopian Jews.16

In 1988, it was estimated that 10,000 to 20,000 Jews remained in Ethiopia and were prohibited from emigrating.17 In 1989, the total population of Ethiopian Jews in Israel was estimated at 20,000 people. The emigration process continued at the rate of about 3,000 Ethiopian Jews rescued annually. This rate was far from satisfactory given the plight of the Beta Israel families who had been divided between Ethiopia and Israel and the political and economic circumstances prevailing in Ethiopia. Those living in Israel continued to insist that the most important single problem that they faced was the separation of their families. Those living in Ethiopia continued to plea for reunification. The Ethiopian Jews in Israel claimed that favoritism influenced the pace of family reunification. Ethiopians with connections to high authorities in the Israeli government were able to bring their families to Israel more easily than others. These types of arrangements were insufficient to meet the tremendous urgent need for family reunification of the Falashas that remained in Ethiopia.18 In 1989, diplomatic relations between Ethiopia and Israel were renewed at the embassy level.19

Susan Pollack [Schechtman] worked together with LaDena Schnapper in the late 1980s to early 1990s in rescuing the Ethiopian Jews. In 1989, Pollack realized that a mass movement of the Ethiopian Jews to Israel was the only way to get the job done. Her skills as a persuasive interpreter led to a Board decision to send her to Ethiopia in 1989. In 1990, Schnapper returned to Ethiopia for two years to relieve Susan Pollack and to assist with the final exodus of the Ethiopian Jews. Her skills proved to be invaluable. Schnapper worked directly with thousands of Ethiopian Jews who arrived in Addis Ababa. She was remarkably successful in getting the Jews out of Ethiopia and enabled them to help others to escape. As cooperation with Israeli organizations improved, Schnapper and Berger met with the Jewish organizations working in Ethiopia (JDC, HIAS, the Jewish Agency for Israel and NACOEJ) every three months to coordinate case lists and address other administrative matters.

In April 1990, Will Recant, the first executive director of the AAEJ in Washington, D.C. from 1984 to 1983, arrived in Addis Ababa. Pollack and Recant made a decision that would alter the course of aliyah. They reviewed the progress of the emigration and determined that the conditions were right to accelerate the AAEJ transport program. This decision would help trigger the mass migration of almost all of the Jewish community from Gondar to Addis Ababa within a couple months.20

In May 1990, when thousands of Ethiopian Jews left their farming villages and headed to Addis Ababa with the hope of immigrating to Israel, they came to the AAEJ compound where they were housed and fed. The AAEJ started the first Hebrew school to reduce the idleness of the children and prepared them for their new lives in Israel. Students were taught Hebrew, math and Amharic. The children were fed a nutritious lunch, often their only meal for the day. The AAEJ initiated an employment program to combat the massive unemployment and to give the Ethiopian Jews the dignity of working. The program grew from a few weavers to 2,400 - the largest employer of Jews in the capital. The AAEJ organized the first Jewish medical transport program in Addis Ababa to get medical assistance for the sick and poor.21

Between January and May of 1991, an additional 3,500 Ethiopian Jews were flown to Israel, and AAEJ staff in Washington, D.C. was busy organizing a massive rescue mission with Ethiopian, Israeli, and American government officials.22 Working behind the scenes in Washington, D.C., Jerusalem and Addis Ababa, the AAEJ helped coordinate Operation Solomon - the dramatic May 1991 airlift that brought approximately 14,300 Ethiopian Jews to Israel (various sources have quoted different amounts of Ethiopian Jews rescued). As troops stormed the capital, the AAEJ together with the U.S. and Israeli governments, the Joint Distribution Committee and the Jewish Agency, helped facilitate the operation and get the Ethiopian Jews out quickly. On May 24-25, 1991, the Ethiopian Jews were airlifted in the midst of the civil war and flown to Israel. The Ethiopian Jews arrived to Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. The Ethopian Jews faced obstacles such as culture shock and language difficulties as Israel made its best efforts to absorb the newcomers.23 By December 1991, 1,073 more Ethiopian Jews fled, bringing the total amount of Ethiopian Jews rescued to 19,940.24 Around 1992, Recant travelled to Israel where he spoke with the newly elected Labor government about the current absorption of Ethiopian immigrants.

While AAEJ had been successful in raising money to support the rescue effort, Berger found that it would be difficult to raise the funds necessary to carry out an absorption program. Berger suggested that AAEJ disband since it had accomplished its mission of the successful rescue of 20,000 Ethiopian Jews. At the AAEJ annual board meeting in 1993, the decision was made to cease its operation. The offices in Washington, D.C. and Jerusalem were phased out in December 1993 and all AAEJ records were donated to the American Jewish Historical Society. The AAEJ became superseded by the Israel Association for Ethiopian Jewry (IAEJ) in 1993. The IAEJ gave a voice to the needs of the Ethiopian-Israeli community "to advance wiser, more effective and more efficient policies in the spheres of education, employment, housing and community empowerment."25 Friends of Ethiopian Jews (FEJ), founded in 1998 by Will Recant, Susan Pollack and other members of the AAEJ, were dedicated to assisting the Ethiopian Jewish community in Israel. They worked to create full integration and successful absorption in Israel for the Ethiopian Jewish community.26

Chronology - Timeline of AAEJ and Ethiopian Jewish History27

1961Ethiopia and Israel begin full diplomatic relations.
1969The American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) is founded by Graenum Berger.
1970sORT (Organization for the Rehabilitation and Training) sets up schools, clinics, and vocational training centers in Ethiopia.
1973Rabbi Ovadia Yosef, Israel's Chief Sephardic Rabbi, rules, following the Radbaz, that the Beta Israel are from the tribe of Dan and confirms the Jewish identity of the community.
1974Emperor Haile Selassie, ruler of Ethiopia since 1930, is overthrown in a coup. A Marxist regime is established and headed by Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam. This begins a wave of violent acts throughout the country, some severely affecting the Jews.
1975Agrarian Reform, meant to benefit tenant farmers, including Jews, creates a violent backlash by traditional landowners and much suffering for all of Ethiopia's citizens. Israel, in an attempt to improve relations with Ethiopia and secure freedom for the Beta Israel, renews military assistance to Ethiopiaafter Somalia besieges it on the southeastern border. Ashkenazi Chief Rabbi Shlomo Goren agrees with the 1973 opinion of Rabbi Yosef. Interior Minister Shlomo Hillel signs an ordinance to accept all Ethiopian Jews officially under the Israeli Law of Return. Ethiopian Jews are granted full citizenship and receive the full rights given to new immigrants.
1976Approximately 250 Ethiopian Jews are living in Israel.
1977Prime Minister Menachem Begin comes to power in Israel. He requests that Colonel Mariam allow Israel to transport approximately 200 Jews to Israel in an empty Israel military jet returning to Israel from Ethiopia.
1977-1984Approximately 8,000 Ethiopian Jews are brought to Israel by covert action.
1980Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews (CAEJ) is founded in Toronto, Canada.
1982North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry is founded by Barbara Ribakov Gordon, in New York.
1984The massive airlift known as Operation Moses begins on November 18th and ends on January 5th, 1985. During those six weeks, some 6,500 Ethiopian Jews are flown from Sudan to Israel. Attempts are made to keep the rescue effort secret, but public disclosure forces an abrupt end. In the end, an estimated 2,000 Jews die en route to Sudan or in Sudanese refugee camps.
1984-1988With the abrupt halting of Operation Joshua in 1985, the Ethiopian Jewish community is split in half, with some 15,000 souls in Israel, and more than 15,000 still stranded in Ethiopia. For the next five years, only very small numbers of Jews reach Israel.
1986The United States Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry is established with over 140 representatives currently listed.
1987The Ethiopian leaders in Israel organize an assembly at Binyanei Ha'uma in Jerusalem, where the Israeli public comes together in solidarity for reunification of Ethiopian Jewry. Prime Minister Shamir, Absorption Minister Yacov Tsur, Knesset Speaker Shlomo Hillel, International Human Rights Lawyer Erwin Cotler, and Natan Scharansky participate in the conference.
1988The World Union of Jewish Students holds a conference on Ethiopian Jewry in Ashkelon with a closing ceremony at President Herzog's home. Israel's Ambassador to the United Nations, Pinchas Eliav, makes a formal statement at the United Nations Human Rights Commission for the reunification of Ethiopian Jews in Israel.
1989Ethiopia and Israel renew diplomatic relations. This creates high hopes among Jewry for the reunification of Ethiopian Jews in Israel.
1990Ethiopia's ruler, Colonel Mengistu Haile Mariam, makes a public statement expressing desire to allow Ethiopian Jews to be reunited with family members in Israel.
1991With Eritrean rebels advancing on the capital each day, Colonel Mengistu flees Ethiopia. Israel asks the United States to urge rebels to allow a rescue operation for Ethiopian Jews. Spanning the 24th-25th of May, Operation Solomon airlifts 14,324 Jews to Israel aboard thirty-four El Al jets in just over thirty-six hours. Over 1991/1992 around 34,000 Ethiopian Jews arrive in Israel.
1993AAEJ disbands.
1998Friends of Ethiopian Jews is founded by former AAEJ leaders.
2003Ethiopia blocks a plan by Israel to move the Falasha Mura to Israel.
2004Following a visit by Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom, Israel says it plans to start moving the remaining 20,000 Ethiopians of Jewish origin to Israel.
2005Prime Minister Ariel Sharon approves the decision to allow 700 Falasha Mura a month to fly to Israel. In September, about 1,000 members of the Falasha Mura group begin a three-day hunger-strike in Addis Ababa to complain of delays in their promised transfer to Israel. Ethiopia agrees to step up immigration to a monthly 600 people to Israel, double the previous number.
2007The Jewish Agency says that up to the end of 2008 about 6,300 Ethiopians will immigrate. Israel has said that there are now 110,000 Israelis of Ethiopian descent.
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Scope and Content Note

Founded in 1969, the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) was instrumental in the international effort to promote recognition of the Beta Israel (known among non-Jewish Ethiopians as "Falashas") by Israeli authorities, and to assist Jewish emigration from Ethiopia to Israel. The extensive files of the AAEJ include case work files, research materials and Jewish artifacts collected in Ethiopia by AAEJ workers. In the wake of the successful evacuation of Ethiopian Jewry to Israel in 1993, the AAEJ decided to disband and voted to deposit its records at the American Jewish Historical Society. Included are correspondence, office files, photographs, slides, videotapes, audiocassettes and other materials which pertain to AAEJ's efforts to raise the consciousness of the American Jewish community about this unique Jewish subculture. The organization's papers supplement those of its founder, Graenum Berger, which are also held at the American Jewish Historical Society.

The collection is valuable to researchers interested in learning about Ethiopian Jews ("Falashas"), immigration and emigration, rescue and relief, family reunification, widespread famine in Africa, persecution, discrimination, human rights, Israel, Jewish education, activists that worked on behalf of Ethiopian Jews, and massive airlifts (Operation Moses, Operation Solomon, and Operation Exodus). The collection does not contain any administrative files. Because the organization was very small and very volunteer-driven, there were no formal board of directors meeting minutes and no extant financial books exist.

The collection is arranged into six subgroups as follows: Subgroup I: American Association for Ethiopian Jews, Subgroup II: AAEJ Activists, Subgroup III: Ethiopian Jewry - Secondary Articles, Subgroup IV: Israel - Secondary Articles, Subgroup V: Audiovisual Material, and Subgroup VI: Oversized Separated Material.

The collection is in English, Amharic, Chinese, French, Hebrew, Polish, Spanish, and Yiddish.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into six subgroups as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

American Jewish Historical Society (New York, NY):
Graenum Berger Papers (P-717)
Howard Lenhoff Papers (P-902)
Nathan Shapiro Papers (P-893)
Saralea Zohar Aaron Papers (P-771)
Matthew Penn - Graenum Berger Collection (P-794)

American Jewish Archives (Cincinnati, OH):
American Pro-Falasha Committee Papers (MS-61)

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), records; I-503; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

Graenum Berger donated his AAEJ papers in 1987 and 1988.
Rachel Weinstein, on behalf of AAEJ, donated the bulk of its papers in July-October 1993.
Chicago AAEJ office records donated in January 1995.
Nate Shapiro donated his AAEJ material in May 2001.

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Processing Information

In summer of 2001, the AJHS received a grant from Edith and Henry Everett which made it possible for Jessica Weglein, an archival intern, to begin processing of the LaDena Schnapper papers, which are the rescue and relief case work files of the Ethiopian Jews as well as general files. The rescue and relief files contain the actual correspondence between the Ethiopian Jews and Schnapper.

In February-September 2010, Marvin Rusinek processed the remainder of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews records and arranged the collection into series. In December 2011, the collection was rearranged into subgroups and the folders were rearranged intellectually and physically for better access to researchers.

Jerry Brotman and Sheldon Moline, volunteers at the AJHS, assisted with the numbering of folders as part of the arrangement part of the processing.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Subgroup I: American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ), undated, 1973-1994

English, Amharic, Chinese, French, Hebrew, and Yiddish.
Boxes 1-37.
Arrangement:

The subgroup is arranged into nine series.

Scope and Content:

The subgroup contains the records of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews (AAEJ) from 1973 to 1994. The subgroup consists of alphabetical correspondence, general files, files from the Washington office, articles about AAEJ, issues of the newsletter Release, political files, correspondence with external organizations, invoices from the Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner, and miscellaneous AAEJ files. Types of material found in this subseries include correspondence, brochures, affidavits, invoices, newsletters, pamphlets, and petitions.

Series A: Correspondence A-Z, undated, 1981-1986, 1991-1992

English.
Box 1 -- Box 4, Folder 11.
Arrangement:

Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of mailed correspondence from the AAEJ, arranged alphabetically by last name and placed into folders titled by letter of alphabet. The files date from 1981 to 1992. The series also contains the correspondence of David Jan Kupferman. Miscellaneous correspondence has been placed at the end of the series.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Correspondence 1981
1 2-4 Correspondence undated, October-December 1981
1 5-6 Correspondence 1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1-3 Correspondence - David Jan Kupferman 1981-January 1985, 1992
2 4 Mail "A" 1982-1983
2 5-6 Mail "B" 1982-1983
2 7 Mail "C" 1982-1983
2 8 Mail "D" 1982-1983
2 9 Mail "E" 1982-1983
2 10 Mail "F" 1982-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 Mail "G" 1982-1983
3 2 Mail "H" 1982-1983
3 3 Mail "I" 1982-1983
3 4 Mail "J" 1982-1983
3 5 Mail "K" 1982-1983
3 6 Mail "L" 1982-1983
3 7-8 Mail "M" 1982-1983
3 9 Mail "N" 1982-1983
3 10 Mail "O" 1983
3 11 Mail "P" 1981-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 1 Mail "R" undated, 1982-1984
4 2-3 Mail "S" 1982-1983
4 4 Mail "T" 1982-1983
4 5 Mail "U", 1983
4 6 Mail "V" 1982-1983
4 7 Mail "W" 1982-1983
4 8 Mail "Y" 1982-1983
4 9 Mail "Z" undated, 1982-1983
4 10 Correspondence undated
4 11 Miscellaneous Correspondence 1985-1986, 1991

Series B: AAEJ General Files, undated, 1979-1994

English and Yiddish.
Box 4, Folder 12 -- Box 11, Folder 18.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of general files of the American Association for Ethiopian Jews, arranged alphabetically by folder title. Files pertaining to the AAEJ are listed first in the series (Box 4, Folder 12 - Box 7, Folder 7). Folders pertaining to AAEJ's involvement in Ethiopian Jewry and the movement of Ethiopian Jews to Israel are Will Recant's Israel Agenda (Box 7, Folder 7), Ethiopian Jews in Israel (Box 7, Folder 16), and Operation Moses and Operation Joshua (Box 11, Folder 2). A significant portion of the series pertains to LaDena Schnapper's involvement with the recue and relief efforts as follows: LaDena Schnapper's Rescue and Relief Files (Box 9, Folder 9 - Box 10, Folder 3) and LaDena Schnapper's Rescue/Relief Reports and Correspondence (Box 10, Folders 4-5). Other folders pertaining to the rescue mission are: Rescue Campaign (Box 11, Folder 7), Rescue and Relief report (Box 11, Folder 8), and rescue of Ethiopian Jews (Box 11, Folder 10). Folders of interest pertaining to youth include "Situation of Ethiopian children in Israel" (Box 11, Folder 12) and Youth Aliyah (Box 11, Folder 17). Other folders of interest to researchers include the files of Yeshayahu Chane (Box 7, Folder 11), Friends of Ethiopian Jewry (Box 8, Folders 6 and 7) and files about Susan Pollack (Box 11, Folder 3).

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 12 AAEJ (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1983-1987
4 13 AAEJ undated, 1988-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 1 AAEJ 1990-1991
5 2 AAEJ undated, 1985-1986, 1990-1993
5 3 AAEJ Annual Report undated
5 4 AAEJ: Articles on Ethiopian Jews undated, 1984-1989
5 5 AAEJ: Correspondence undated, 1983-1984, 1986-1989
5 6 AAEJ: Direct Mail: NCEC 1986-1987
5 7 AAEJ: Direct Mail: NCEC undated, 1988-1989
5 8 AAEJ: Direct Mail, AB Data undated, 1983-1984, 1986-1988
5 9 AAEJ: Direct Mail: Current Projects 1985, 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1 AAEJ: Diskettes undated
6 2 AAEJ Financial Reports 1987
6 3 AAEJ: General File undated, 1984, 1986-1988, 1990
6 4-5 AAEJ: General File 1980, 1983, 1986-1988
6 6-7 AAEJ: Israel 1989-1991
6 8 AAEJ: Israel undated, 1992-1994
6 9 AAEJ: Israel- Meeting Minutes and Proposals undated, 1991
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 AAEJ: Jewish Agency 1979, 1986, 1988-1990
7 2 AAEJ: Jewish Federation 1985-1988
7 3 AAEJ: Jewish Federation undated, 1989
7 4 AAEJ proposal to United Jewish Federation of Northeastern New York undated, 1987
7 5 AAEJ Research Reports January 1985
7 6 AAEJ Research Reports February 1985
7 7 AAEJ - Will Recant's Israel Agenda undated, 1986-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
7 8 Acknowledgments and receipts 1984-1987
7 9 Aliyah and Reunification of Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1986-1987
7 10 Bylaws undated, 1990
7 11 Yeshayahu Chane undated, 1987
7 12 Council of Jewish Federations 1988
7 13 Coup 1989
7 14 Ethiopian Bible Drawings Calendar 1991/92
7 15 Ethiopian Immigration undated, 1990-1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
7 16 Ethiopian Jews in Israel undated, 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Federation 1987
8 2 Federations and Foundations undated, 1983-1989
8 3 Friends of Ethiopian Jewry, Ziona Kemelman 1986
  (contains Yiddish)   
8 4 Friends of Ethiopian Jewry, Ziona Kemelman undated, 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
8 5 Carl Gilman undated, 1986-1987
8 6 Haptinesh, Ezra 1983-1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 Hilary Kaye and Associates to Ziona Kemelman and Rabbi Yosef Miller (contains photograph) undated, 1986
9 2 International Affairs undated, 1987
9 3 IS Correspondence undated, 1986-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
9 4 Israel Assessment undated, 1990-1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
9 5 "Journey" January 1985
9 6 Knesset/Sharanksky/Wiesel undated, 1987
9 7 Kupferman Reports undated, 1986-1987
9 8 L.A. Advertisements 1987
9 9 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1984
9 10-11 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1987
9 12-13 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1-2 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files 1989
10 3 LaDena's Rescue and Relief Files undated, 1990
10 4 LaDena Schnapper Rescue/Relief Reports and Correspondence 1982-1983, 1986-May 1987
10 5 LaDena Schnapper Rescue/Relief Reports and Correspondence June-December 1987, 1989-1990
10 6 Miscellaneous AAEJ Office Files undated, 1986-1989
10 7 National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council 1980-1987
10 8 National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council undated, 1988-1991
10 9 National Committee for an Effective Congress (NCEC) 1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1 National Committee for an Effective Congress (NCEC) undated, 1986-1987
11 2 Operation Moses and Operation Joshua 1985-1989
11 3 Susan Pollack 1992-1993
11 4 Postal Stuff 1986-1988
11 5 Program to train Ethiopian Jewish Immigrants in Israel as Teachers 1990-1991
11 6 Request for humanitarian assistance towards unification of Ethiopian Jews with their families 1987
11 7 Rescue Campaign undated, 1986-1987
11 8 Rescue/Relief Report 1987-1988
11 9 Rescue - Small Scale, Steve Brownstein 1987
11 10 Rescue of Ethiopian Jews undated, 1987-1988
11 11 Situation of Ethiopian children in Israel undated, 1987-1991
11 12 "Soviet Jewish Emigration to Israel," by Roberta Cohen June 1990
11 13 Stuff for Will Recant and Anita undated, 1986-1987
11 14 Sudan/Winnipeg Meeting October 6, 1986 1985-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
11 15 "Unfinished Exodus" film subtitles undated
11 16 Vigil at Knesset, family reunification (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1985-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
11 17 Youth Aliyah 1989-1991
11 18 Zimmerman, Marvin 1987

Series C: AAEJ Washington, D.C., undated, 1973-1974, 1976-1993

English, Amharic, Chinese, French, and Yiddish.
Box 12, Folder 1 -- Box 26, Folder 9.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subseries.

Scope and Content:

The series contains files mainly of the AAEJ office in Washington, D.C. This series consists of two subseries: AAEJ Washington DC General Office Files and Individual Files.

Subseries 1: General Office Files, undated, 1974, 1976-1977, 1979-1992

English and Yiddish.
Box 12, Folder 1 -- Box 20, Folder 14.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains the general office files of the AAEJ office in Washington, D.C. Items of interest to researchers of the AAEJ are the AAEJ board mailings, organizational history, and lists of board members. The subseries also consists of files of "other Ethiopian Jewry organizations" listed alphabetically (see Box 15, Folder 6 to Box 18, Folder 10). The subseries is also composed of the files of Private Volunteer Organizations (see Box 19, Folders 1-9). Also included are files pertaining to the AAEJ's involvement in the rescue effort (see Box 19, Folders 10 to Box 20, Folder 3).

BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1 AAEJ Board Mailings 1982-1987
12 2 AAEJ Board Mailings undated, 1990-1991
12 3 AAEJ Conference 1989
12 4 AAEJ: Direct Mail Fall '86 Newsletter (NCEC) and Letters to Nate re: Cranston solicitation undated, 1985-1986
12 5 AAEJ: Direct Mail NCEC undated, 1984-1987, 1990
12 6 AAEJ: FR BGVR - Draft of Letter undated, 1986-1987
12 7 AAEJ: Fundraising Federation Donors undated, 1987-1989
12 8 AAEJ: Fundraising Thank You Form Letters undated, 1985-1987
12 9 AAEJ Newsline undated, 1983-1989
12 10 AAEJ: Organizational History undated, 1983, 1985
12 11 AAEJ: Will Recant presentations to Jewish Federations 1990-1991
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 Agency for International Development 1987-1988, 1991
13 2 Anita Moss' packet from AAEJ Board Meeting: November 8, 1987 undated, 1987
13 3 Beth Israel Organization of Ethiopian Jewish Immigrants 1988
13 4 BGVR 100+ 1988
13 5 Board Meeting, October 1990 undated, 1990-1991
13 6 Board Members 1983-1984
13 7 Board Members 1985-1986
13 8 Board Members 1986-1987
13 9 Board Members 1987-1988
13 10 Budget/Expenses 1983, 1985, 1987-1990
13 11 Call to Conscience 1989 undated, 1988-1989
13 12 Camp Ibenat (Gonder), Expulsions from Refugee Camp 1985
13 13 Congress: Ethiopian Sanctions Legislation undated, 1987-1988
13 14 Congress: Resolutions undated, 1983-1984, 1987-1989
13 15 Congress - State Department: Correspondence undated, 1983-1989
13 16 Congress - State Department: Human Rights Reports: Ethiopia undated, 1983-1985, 1987, 1989, 1992
13 17 Congressional Hearings undated, 1982, 1985-1988
13 18 Congressional Human Rights Caucus undated, 1987-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 Ethiopia: Famine, General (see OS6F Folder 1) 1982-1985
14 2 Ethiopia: Famine, General undated, 1986-1988
14 3 Ethiopia: Famine, Gonder undated, 1985-1986
14 4 Ethiopia: Famine, Locusts undated, 1986
14 5 Ethiopia: Famine, Relief and Rehabilitation Commission undated, 1985
14 6 Ethiopian Government 1990-1991
14 7 Ethiopia: Jewish Villages 1989
14 8 Family Reunification Process circa 1988
14 9 Financial statements, 6 months ending June 30, 1989 1989
14 10 International Human Rights Law Group 1986
14 11 IRS Forms 1990
14 12 Israel: Operation Solomon undated, 1991
14 13 Israel: United Israel Appeal 1989-1990
14 14 Israel: Yemin Orde Educational Study circa 1991
14 15 Local Legislatures: Resolutions 1983, 1985-1987, 1989, 1991
14 16 Medical Insurance Forms undated
14 17 North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 1 NY Fundraisers 1988-1989
15 2 Operation Moses Remembrance undated, 1984-1986, 1988-1990
15 3 Organization of African Unity 1988-1989
15 4 ORT 1988-1989, 1991
15 5 Orthodox Rabbis for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1985-1987, 1989
15 6 Other EJ Organizations: AIPAC 1986
15 7 Other EJ Organizations: Anti Defamation League 1985-1986, 1988-1989
15 8 Other EJ Organizations: Aliyah Jewish Agency 1985-1988
15 9 Other EJ Organizations: American Jewish Committee December 1987
15 10 Other EJ Organizations: American Jewish Congress 1988
15 11 Other EJ Organizations: American Jewish World Service (contains photograph) undated, 1986-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
16 1 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1989-1990
16 2 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1980, 1984-1986, 1988-1991
16 3 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry 1987
16 4 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry 1988-1989
16 5 Other EJ Organizations: American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry: Hinenu Project (contains photographs) undated, 1988-1989
16 6 Other EJ Organizations: Amnesty International 1985, 1987-1989
16 7 Other EJ Organizations: Association for Ethiopian Immigrants undated, 1987-1990
16 8 Other EJ Organizations: Australasian Union of Jewish Students undated, 1988
16 9 Other EJ Organizations: B'nai B'rith undated, 1983-1984, 1988-1991
16 10 Other EJ Organizations: Boston JCC 1983-1984
16 11 Other EJ Organizations: Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1983-1991
16 12 Other EJ Organizatinos: Canadian Jewish Congress 1984, 1988
16 13 Other EJ Organizations: Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 1 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1989-1992
17 2 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry - Wilson/Cranston/Boschwitz undated, 1989-1991
17 3 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry - Caucus undated, 1988, 1991
17 4 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry - Congressional Human Rights Foundation 1984, 1989
17 5 Other EJ Organizations: Congressional Human Rights Foundation 1989-1990
17 6 Other EJ Organizations: Conservative Rabbinic Assembly 1986
17 7 Other EJ Organizations: Defence for Children International undated, 1986-1989, 1992
17 8 Other EJ Organizations: Israel Rescue Committee for Ethiopian Jews 1987, 1989
17 9 Other EJ Organizations: Jewish Agency for Israel undated, 1987-1989
17 10 Other EJ Organizations: Jewish Community Council undated, 1987-1989
17 11 Other EJ Organizations: Jewish National Fund undated, 1989
17 12 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, General 1986-1987
17 13 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Albany-Delmar, NY 1987
17 14 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, JCRC Subcommittee on EJ(?) 1987
17 15 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Eugene, OR 1987
17 16 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Miami, FL 1986-1987
17 17 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Michigan Association for EJs 1986
17 18 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, San Diego Rescue Committee undated, 1986, 1989
17 19 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Bergen, NJ(?) 1989
17 20 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Washington AEJ undated, 1984, 1986-1989, 1991
17 21 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Ethiopian Jewry Committee of Northern California 1984-1985, 1987-1988
17 22 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Twin Cities Committees for Ethiopian Jews 1984, 1986
17 23 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, New York undated, 1987
17 24 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Organization for Ethiopian Jewry (CA) undated, 1984, 1989
17 25 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, Philadelphia (contains photograph) 1986-1987
17 26 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, San Diego 1984-1988
17 27 Other EJ Organizations: Local American AAEJ Chapters, San Diego (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1989-1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 1 Other EJ Organizations: National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council undated, 1988-1990
18 2 Other EJ Organizations: Noah's Ark undated, 1988
18 3 Other EJ Organizations: North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry (NACOEJ) 1983-1989
18 4 Other EJ Organizations: North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry (NACOEJ) undated, 1990-1991
18 5 Other EJ Organizations: Resolutions undated, 1982-1985, 1988-1989
18 6 Other EJ Organizations: Union of American Hebrew Congregations undated, 1984-1988, 1990
18 7 Other EJ Organizations: Union of American Hebrew Congregations - Mazon 1988
18 8 Other EJ Organizations: United Jewish Appeal undated, 1986-1989
18 9 Other EJ Organizations: United Jewish Appeal, DC 1991-1992
18 10 Other EJ Organizations: World Union of Jewish Students (contains photographs) undated, 1980, 1982-1983, 1987-1991
18 11 Packet from AAEJ Board Meeting: September 13, 1986 undated, 1984-1986
18 12 Press: Lists, Releases undated, 1988-1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 1 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Bread for the World 1985
19 2 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Catholic Relief Services undated, 1985-1986, 1988
19 3 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Concern undated, 1984-1985
19 4 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Food for the Hungry undated, 1985
19 5 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Grassroots International 1983
19 6 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: InterAction 1983, 1985
19 7 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Oxfam undated, 1985
19 8 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: Red Cross (International) October 1985
19 9 PVO's (misc.) [Private Volunteer Organizations]: World Vision 1986
19 10 Rescue: AAEJ: "Back to Ethiopia" 1985, 1987
19 11 Rescue: AAEJ: Checklist of All Methods 1984, 1986, 1988
19 12 Rescue: AAEJ: Individual Rescues/Stories, Prisoners of Zion undated, 1984, 1986-1987
19 13 Rescue: AAEJ: Orphanage Project undated, 1987
19 14 Rescue: AAEJ: Program for EJ's in US with relatives in Ethiopia undated, 1985
19 15 Rescue: AAEJ: Sponsorship Project and Names undated, 1982, 1985-1987
19 16 Rescue: AAEJ: Student Program 1984-1985, 1987
19 17 Rescue: Ethiopian Jews in Sudan since end of Operation Moses undated, 1980, 1983, 1985-1987
19 18-19 Rescue: Large Scale: Big Family Reunion Lists undated, 1983-1989
19 20 Rescue: Large Scale: Big Family Reunion Lists: Special Project: List of names for members undated
19 21 Rescue: Large Scale: Big Family Reunion Lists: List of villages and numbers 1976, 1984-1986
19 22 Rescue: Large Scale: Lobbying in Israel 1986
19 23 Rescue: Small Scale: AAEJ Pilgrimage 1985-1986
19 24 Rescue: Small Scale: AAEJ in Sudan 1974, 1976-1977, 1979-1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
20 1 Rescue: Small Scale: AAEJ in Sudan undated, 1982-1984
  (contains Yiddish)   
20 2 Rescue: Small Scale: Already Rescued undated, 1981-1987
20 3 Rescue: Summit Meetings, AAEJ and other EJ groups undated, 1985-1987
20 4 Save All Ethiopian Jews undated, 1986-1990
20 5 Special Board Meeting: June 30, 1991 undated, 1991
20 6 State Department: General undated, 1988-1990
20 7 Sudan: Internal Political Situation undated, 1984-1986, 1988
20 8 Sudan: Prisoners 1989
20 9 Sudan: Refugee Crisis, Camp Conditions undated, 1984-1989
20 10 Telex 1990
20 11 United Nations undated, 1985-1989
20 12 US Customs 1991
20 13 Visa application undated
20 14 Work Papers undated, 1989-1990

Subseries 2: Individual Files, undated, 1973, 1977-1993

English, Amharic, Chinese, French, and Yiddish.
Box 21, Folder 1 -- Box 26, Folder 9.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of the individual files of those chiefly involved in the AAEJ rescue effort, arranged alphabetically by last name. The subseries contains their correspondence as well as the photographs of individuals.

BoxFolderTitleDate
21 1 Addisu, Messele 1988-1989
21 2 Aghion-Saar, Irit 1991
21 3 Berger, Graenum undated, 1984-1993
21 4 Bitew, Avi 1989-1990
21 5 Boschwitz, Rudy 1991-1992
21 6 Byaliss 1990
21 7 Charish, Howard 1988-1991
21 8 Clinton, Bill 1992
21 9 Cohen, John (contains photographs) undated, 1988-1990
21 10 Cohen, Scott undated, 1987-1993
21 11 Dietz, Phyllis undated, 1982, 1989-1991
21 12 Doctors (contains photographs) undated, 1981, 1991-1993
  (contains Chinese)   
21 13 Donnelly Group undated, 1991
21 14 Eisenberg, Mira undated, 1988-1990
21 15 Eleazar, Rachamim undated, 1988
21 16 Etzion, Yehuda undated, 1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
22 1 Everett, Edith and Henry (1 of 2) 1979, 1982-1985
22 2 Everett, Edith and Henry (2 of 2) undated, 1987-1991
22 3 Feldman, Micha undated, 1983-1985, 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
22 4 Fellman, Jane 1991-1992
22 5 Feltman, David 1973, 1977-1982
22 6 Feltman, David undated, 1983-1985
22 7 Goldstein, Rabbi Mordechai undated, 1992-1993
22 8 Habteyes, Fekade undated
22 9 Hadane (contains photograph) undated
22 10 Harburger, Walter 1989-1990
22 11 Hart, Paul 1990
22 12 Herz, Roger 1993
BoxFolderTitleDate
23 1 Hoch, Dov undated, 1988-1992
  (contains Yiddish)   
23 2 Hoffman, Charles 1991
23 3 Interns undated, 1987-1993
  (contains Yiddish)   
23 4 Jackson, Jesse undated
23 5 Jackson, Peter undated, 1989
23 6 Jacobovici, Simcha undated, 1981, 1983-1984
23 7 Kaplan, Steve 1989-1991
23 8 Kolodny, Danielle (contains 5¼ inch diskette) 1992-1993
23 9 Kovler, Peter undated, 1988-1991
23 10 Kraar, Marty undated, 1990-1993
23 11 Kulick, Gil undated, 1989-1990
23 12 Kushner, Arlene 1991
23 13 Kushner, Arlene undated, 1992
23 14 Leeder, Sandy undated, 1987, 1990-1992
23 15 Lenhoff, Howard undated, 1985-1987, 1989, 1993
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 1 Levin, Debra (contains photographs) undated, 1990-1992
24 2 Lichtenstein, Yona 1991, 1993
24 3 Lubrani, Uri 1991-1992
24 4 Masters, Richard 1993
24 5 Migdal, Sheldon 1987
24 6 Miller, Joyce undated, 1991
24 7 Moliner, Jerry 1992
24 8 ORT undated, 1989-1990
24 9 Ostrovsky, Tzachi undated, 1989-1991
24 10 Peri, Chaim (contains photographs) 1989-1991
24 11 Peri, Chaim undated, 1991-1993
  (contains French)   
24 12 Pollack, Susan 1992
24 13 Recant, Will (contains photographs) undated, 1991
BoxFolderTitleDate
25 1 Reinach, Jill undated, 1990-1991
25 2 Rosenberg, Henry undated, 1987-1992
25 3 Rosenblatt, Lisa 1989-1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
25 4 Rosenblatt, Lisa undated, 1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
25 5 Schachter, Hal undated, 1991
25 6 Schnapper, LaDena undated, 1987-1988, 1990
25 7 Shapiro, Nate (contains photographs) undated, 1987-1990, 1992
25 8 Shapiro, Nate undated, 1984-1985, 1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 1 Sidofsky, Carol (contains photograph) undated, 1989-1992
26 2 Sislen, Buddy 1989
26 3 Sweet, Reisa (contains photographs) undated, 1992
26 4 Weiner, Mark 1991
26 5 Westheimer, Dr. Ruth (contains photograph) undated, 1991-1992
26 6 Wolde-Mariam, Mesfin 1991
26 7 Yona, Issayas undated, 1979, 1989-1992
26 8 Zeller, Jack undated, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1988-1992
26 9 Zucker, Daniel undated, 1985-1988

Series D: AAEJ Articles, undated, 1975-1977, 1980-1983

English.
Box 27, Folders 1-6.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This series contains articles collected by board members of the AAEJ dating from 1975 to 1983.

BoxFolderTitleDate
27 1 AAEJ Articles undated, 1975-1977, 1980
27 2-3 AAEJ Articles 1981
27 4 AAEJ Articles January-May 1982
27 5 AAEJ Articles June-December 1982
27 6 AAEJ Articles 1983

Series E: AAEJ Release, 1983-1990

English.
Box 27, Folders 7-18.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of the AAEJ's newsletter, titled Release, with issues from 1983 to 1990. The newsletters provide a glimpse of how the AAEJ operated and what they accomplished during the 1980s.

BoxFolderTitleDate
27 7 Release Spring 1983
27 8 Release Fall 1983
27 9 Release Winter/Spring 1984
27 10 Release Summer 1984
27 11 Release Summer 1985
27 12 Release Spring 1986
27 13 Release Fall 1986
27 14 Release Winter 1986
27 15 Release Spring 1987
27 16 Report from AAEJ 1987: In Review 1987
27 17 Release Spring 1988
27 18 Release 1989-1990

Series F: Political Files, undated, 1981-1984, 1986, 1988-1989

English.
Box 28, Folder 1 -- Box 30, Folder 34.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subseries.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of political files. The first subseries contains congressional letters. The second subseries consists of the petitions of President George Bush and Senator Pete Wilson as well as petitions to politicians with letters of support, arranged alphabetically by last name.

Subseries 1: Congressional Files, undated, 1981-1984, 1986

English.
Box 28.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The congressional files consist mainly of congressional letters from 1981 to 1984. Also included are congressional districts, congressional projects, a congressional help letter to supports, and fund raising letters to Nate Shapiro.

BoxFolderTitleDate
28 1 Congressional Districts, Zip Codes undated, 1983
28 2 Congressional Fund Raising Letters to Nate Shapiro 1986
28 3 Congressional Help Letter to Supporters June 1986
28 4 Congressional - House of Representatives Letter: December 29, 1983 1983
28 5 Congressional Letters 1981
28 6 Congressional Letters 1982
28 7 Congressional Letters January-March 1983
28 8 Congressional Letters April-June 1983
28 9 Congressional Letters July-September 1983
28 10 Congressional Letters October-December 1983
28 11 Congressional Letters 1984
28 12 Congressional Projects 1982-1983

Subseries 2: ARNEJ Petitions and Letters of Support, undated, 1988-1989

English.
Boxes 29-30.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains the petitions of the American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jews to President George Bush and Senator Pete Wilson. Also included are letters of support to politicians.

Subsubseries A: Petitions, 1989

English.
Box 29 -- Box 30, Folder 4.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subsubseries consists of petitions to President George Bush and Senator Pete Wilson in 1989.

BoxFolderTitleDate
29 1-7 Petitions, President George Bush 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 1-4 Petitions, Senator Pete Wilson 1989

Subsubseries B: Petitions to Politicians with Letters of Support, undated, 1988-1989

English.
Box 30, Folders 5-34.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of petitions to politicians with letters of support, arranged alphabetically by last name of the politician.

BoxFolderTitleDate
30 5 Ackerman, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) undated
30 6 Adams, Sen. undated, 1989
30 7 Bohlert, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) undated
30 8 Burton, Rep. Dan (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 9 Coughlin, Rep. Fred (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 10 Dannemeyer, Rep. William E. 1989
30 11 Dixon, Rep. Julian 1988-1989
30 12 Downey, Rep. undated, 1989
30 13 Erdreich, Rep. Ben (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 14 Fisk, Rep. Hamilton (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 15 Foglietta, Rep. Thomas (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 16 Fox, Rep. Jon 1989
30 17 Frank, Rep. Barny 1989
30 18 Gallegley, Cong. 1989
30 19 Gaydas, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 20 Goss, Rep. Porter undated, 1989
30 21 Green, Rep. undated, 1989
30 22 Ireland, Rep. Andy (FL) undated, 1989
30 23 Kanjorski, Rep. Peter (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 24 Kennelly, Rep. (NY) undated, 1989
30 25 Kostmayer, Rep. (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 26 Martinez, Rep. 1988-1989
30 27 Mavroules, Rep. Nicholas 1989
30 28 Morehead, Rep. Carlos undated, 1989
30 29 Pickel, Rep. Jake undated, 1989
30 30 Ritter, Rep. 1989
30 31 Rohrbacher, Rep. Dana 1989
30 32 Skelos, Rep. Dean undated [1989]
30 33 Smith, Rep. Christopher H. (signed petitions enclosed) 1989
30 34 Weiss, Rep. Ted (signed petitions enclosed) undated

Series G: External Organizations, undated, 1983-1993

English.
Box 31.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of files of external organizations that the AAEJ was involved with during the 1980s and until AAEJ's dissolution in 1993.

BoxFolderTitleDate
31 1 Amishav undated, 1991
31 2 Anti-Defamation League undated, 1989
31 3 Association of Americans and Canadians in Israel undated, 1991
31 4 Central Conference of American Rabbis 1993
31 5 Chicago Federation (FINANCIAL) undated, 1983-1990, 1992-1993
31 6 Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jewry 1986-1987
31 7 Congressional Research Service 1990-1991
31 8 Direct Marketing Association undated, 1991-1992
31 9 European Economic Community undated, 1987-1988
31 10 Foundations (FINANCIAL) 1989
31 11 Jewish Agency 1992
31 12 Jewish National Fund undated, 1989
31 13 Joint Distribution Committee 1991-1992
31 14 Koret Foundation undated, 1989-1990
31 15 Levinson Foundation undated, 1989-1990
31 16 Merck Family Fund 1989, 1991
31 17 Moriah Fund 1985, 1989-1991
31 18 New Israel Fund 1992-1993
31 19 New Orleans 1990
31 20 North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1991-1993
31 21 Studentim Ethiopim Lemaan Aliyah (SELA) 1991-1992
31 22 United Ethiopian Jewish Organization 1991
31 23 United Synagogue of America undated, 1989-1990, 1992

Series H: AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner, 1984

English.
Box 32, Folder 1 -- Box 33, Folder 3.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series is mainly composed of invoices for the first AAEJ dinner in 1984. Also included are seating arrangement and table cards from the dinner. The dinner was held by Jack Fishbein, editor of the Chicago Jewish Sentinel and had also visited Ethiopia.

BoxFolderTitleDate
32 1 First Annual AAEJ Awards Banquet Seating Arrangement 1984
32 2-3 First Annual AAEJ Dinner 1984
32 4-7 Invoices for AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner: November 28, 1984 1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
33 1-2 Invoices for AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner: November 28, 1984 1984
33 3 Table Cards for AAEJ Jack I. Fishbein Award Dinner: November 28, 1984 1984

Series I: Miscellaneous AAEJ, undated, 1977-1993

English, Amharic, Hebrew, and Yiddish.
Box 33, Folder 4 -- Box 37.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of the miscellaneous files of the AAEJ. Among the files are an exhibit on Ethiopian Jewry by the Spertus Museum (Box 34, Folder 2), Ethiopian affidavit forms (Box 34, Folder 14), LaDena Schnapper's rescue account (Box 35, Folder 4), papers of the Leeder family (Box 35, Folders 7-9), files on the situation of Ethiopian Jews (Box 36, Folder 10), papers about travel to Ethiopia (Box 37, Folder 3), files on twinning (Box 37, Folder 4), and the Vigil for Ethiopian Jewry (Box 37, Folder 7). Also included are miscellaneous brochures (Box 35, Folder 14) and pamphlets and newsletters (Box 35, Folder 16) pertaining to Ethiopian Jewry.

BoxFolderTitleDate
33 4 AAEJ Contact Information 1982
33 5 AAEJ Expenses 1990
33 6 AAEJ - Halpern, Eli undated, 1989-1990
33 7 AAEJ - Jackie's Instructions on Merge for Forms undated, 1989-1990
33 8 AAEJ Research Report: Confidential: Oakland, CA 1982-1985
33 9 AAEJ Rescues 1985-1986
33 10 AAEJ Stationery undated
33 11 AAEJ TimeLine (contains 5¼ inch diskette) undated, 1989-1990
33 12 Absorption of Jews from Ethiopia undated, 1991
33 13 Addresses undated, 1981
33 14 Australian Union of Jewish Students circa 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
34 1 Befekadu, Lily 1988
34 2 Beta Israel - "The Jews of Ethiopia: January 16 - April 13, 1986," an exhibit organized by Spertus Museum 1986
34 3 "Beyond the Headlines: Refugees in the Horn of Africa," U.S. Committee for Refugees (pamphlet) January 1988
34 4 Chabad of the Peninsula, California undated, 1981-1982, 1984-1985, 1987-1990, 1992
  (contains Yiddish)   
34 5 Chicago Meeting to discuss a planned future of AAEJ October 25, 1992 undated, 1988-1992
34 6 Citations to Articles on EJ 1992
34 7 College Outreach Notebooks 1990
34 8 Congressional Human Rights Caucus 1992
34 9 Dashen Computer Systems undated, 1988
34 10 Dashen Computer Systems Export License undated, 1988, 1990
34 11 Dashen Computer Systems Sales Leads undated, 1988
  (contains Amharic)   
34 12 Dashen Computer Systems: Termination of Lease 1988
34 13 DuSable Museum of African American History 1991-1992
34 14 Ethiopian Affidavit Forms undated, 1989
34 15 Ethiopian Jewry Cultural Month September 1992
34 16 Film on Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1986
34 17 Financial 1990
34 18 Financial: Money (printout of money given to Ethiopians) June 21, 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
35 1 Handwritten Notes undated, 1986
35 2 Kebede, Kales undated, 1986-1987, 1991
35 3 Koret Gallery 1992
35 4 LaDena Schnapper's Rescue Account 1986-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 5 Lamishpaha September 1991
  (contains Hebrew)   
35 6 Diane, Sandy and Stuart Leeder 1977-1979, 1983
35 7 Sandy and Stuart Leeder undated, 1983-1986
35 8 Sandy and Stuart Leeder 1983, 1994
35 9 Stuart Leeder (contains photograph) 1988
35 10 Mailing List - Banquet undated
35 11 Map of Northeast Africa
35 12 Mediterranean Sea-Dead Sea Canal 1980-1981
35 13 Miscellaneous 1991, 1993
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 14 Miscellaneous Brochures undated, 1987
35 15 Miscellaneous Ethiopian Jewry Documents undated, 1978, 1986-1987
35 16 Miscellaneous Pamphlets and Newsletters undated, 1987, 1989-1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 17 Miscellaneous Yiddish Documents undated, 1987-1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
35 18 Miscellaneous Yiddish Papers undated, 1987
35 19 "My Journey Try To Save Mother," by Fasil Legesse 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
36 1 "Operation Solomon: A Case Study on the Role of Power Politics in International Negotiation," by Melissa Crow May 1992
36 2 Passover Haggadah 1984
  (contains Amharic)   
36 3 Peace Corps Mailing List undated
36 4 Pollack, Judy: "Waiting for the Wizard" (pp. 1-150) 1989-1990
36 5 Pollack, Judy: "Waiting for the Wizard" (pp. 151-281) 1989-1990
36 6 Project Otzma (contains photographs) 1992-1993
36 7 Projects and programs for improving of Ethiopian Jews situation 1992-1993
36 8 Publicity Report for American Association for Ethiopian Jewry November 8, 1987
36 9 Radio TV Reports, Inc. 1992
36 10 Situation of Ethiopian Jews undated, 1987-1990
36 11 Stein, Glenn S.: Biography undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
37 1 Sudan Notes undated, 1983-1985
37 2 Tiku, Alemsahai 1986-1987
37 3 Travel - Ethiopia undated, 1990-1991
37 4 Twinning (contains photographs) undated, 1990-1992
37 5-6 U.S. Postal Service International Mail Claims 1989-1990
37 7 Vigil for Ethiopian Jewry 1978, 1987
37 8 Will Recant Misc. File? (includes Financial) undated, 1988-1991
37 9 Woggera Relief Project Report 1988-1990
37 10 Work Contracts undated, 1990
37 11 Yared Kassaye 1991
Return to the Top of Page
 

Subgroup II: AAEJ Activists, undated, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1968, 1970-1993

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 38-139.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three series.

Scope and Content:

The subgroup constitutes the bulk of the collection and contains the records of the main AAEJ activists: LaDena Schnapper, William (Will) Recant, Arlene Kushner, Rachel Weinstein, and Loulette Samuels. Types of materials found in this subgroup include affidavits, computer printouts, correspondence, diskettes, financial records, general files, invoices, lists, meeting minutes, newsletters, photographs, postcards, proposals, reports, and speeches.

Series A: LaDena Schnapper (AAEJ Coordinator) Files, undated, 1961, 1963, 1966, 1968, 1970-1991

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 38-120.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three subseries.

Scope and Content:

LaDena Schnapper was coordinator for the AAEJ from 1978 to 1993. After Operation Solomon as a social worker in Washington, D.C., Schnapper helped establish the first Center for Ethiopian Arts and Culture; the first Ethiopian folkloric group, the Nile Ethiopian Ensemble; the first Ethiopian museum; and Ethiopian Self Help International, a consulting service. Schnapper authored Teenage Refugees from Ethiopia Speak Out, an educational book for young people, and contributed to the books, Rescue the Ethiopian Jews! and Taste of Ethiopia.

The series contains the records collected by LaDena Schnapper, coordinator of the AAEJ from the early 1980s to 1993. The records cover Schnapper's thirty years of involvement with the Ethiopian Jewry movement, dating from 1961 when Schnapper had served as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Ethiopia to 1991 which marks her involvement in Operation Solomon.

Subseries 1: Schnapper Correspondence, undated, 1961, 1973-1974, 1976-1982

English and Yiddish.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of LaDena Schnapper's alphabetical correspondence, correspondence with the main individuals in the Ethiopian Jewry movement, and correspondence pertaining to assistance.

Subsubseries a: Alphabetical Correspondence, undated, 1961, 1976-1982

English and Yiddish.
Box 38 -- Box 39, Folder 7.
Arrangement:

Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of correspondence arranged alphabetically by last name. The folders are titled alphabetically by letter of alphabet.

BoxFolderTitleDate
38 1 Correspondence: Confidential 1982
38 2 Correspondence "A" 1981
38 3 Correspondence "B" 1979-1982
38 4 Correspondence "C" 1980-1982
  (contains Yiddish)   
38 5 Correspondence "D" 1979-1982
38 6 Correspondence "E" 1979-1982
38 7 Correspondence "F" undated, 1980-1982
38 8 Correspondence "G" undated, 1961, 1977, 1979-1982
38 9 Correspondence "H" 1979-1982
38 10 Correspondence "I" 1981
38 11 Correspondence "J" 1979-1982
38 12 Correspondence "K" 1978-1982
38 13 Correspondence "L" undated, 1979-1982
38 14 Correspondence "M" 1979-1982
38 15 Correspondence "N" 1979-1982
38 16 Correspondence "O" 1981-1982
38 17 Correspondence "P" 1976, 1980-1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
39 1 Correspondence "R" 1979-1982
39 2 Correspondence "S" 1979-1982
39 3 Correspondence "T" 1979-1982
39 4 Correspondence "V" 1979
39 5 Correspondence "W" 1979-1982
39 6 Correspondence "Y" 1979, 1981-1982
39 7 Correspondence "Z" 1979-1982

Subseries B: Individuals, undated, 1973-1974, 1976, 1978-1982

English and Yiddish.
Box 39, Folders 8 -- Box 40, Folder 2.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains the correspondence of Graenum Berger, Dr. Howard M. Lenhoff, Nate Shapiro, and Senator Stephen J. Solarz.

BoxFolderTitleDate
39 8 Berger, Dr. Graenum 1979-1981
39 9 Berger, Dr. Graenum undated, 1982
39 10 Lenhoff, Dr. Howard M. 1979-1982
39 11 Norman, Dr. Ted 1979-1982
39 12 Shapiro - Pre 78 letters by date 1973-1974, 1976
  (contains Yiddish)   
39 13 Shapiro, AAEJ - 1978 1974, 1978
39 14 Shapiro - 1981 undated, 1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
40 1 Shapiro, Nate 1979-1982
40 2 Solarz, Stephen J. undated, 1982

Subsubseries c: Assistance Correspondence, undated, 1973, 1979-1980

English.
Box 40, Folder 3 -- Box 41, Folder 5.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of assistance correspondence arranged chronologically, dating from 1973 to 1980.

BoxFolderTitleDate
40 3 Assistance Correspondence 1973, January-April 1979
40 4 Assistance Correspondence May-July 1979
40 5 Assistance Correspondence August-October 1979
40 6 Assistance Correspondence November-December 1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
41 1 Assistance Correspondence January-March 1980
41 2 Assistance Correspondence April-June 1980
41 3 Assistance Correspondence July-September 1980
41 4 Assistance Correspondence October-December 1980
41 5 Assistance Correspondence undated

Subseries 2: Schnapper Rescue and Relief, undated, 1968, 1970-1991

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 42-89.
Arrangement:

Arranged into six subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of the case files amassed by Schnapper from 1968 to 1991, prior to the founding of AAEJ (1969) to Operation Solomon (1991). A significant amount of correspondence is in Amharic.

Subsubseries a: Rescue and Relief A-Z, undated, 1970-1991

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 42-65.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by first name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of the rescue and relief files collected by LaDena Schnapper, arranged alphabetically by first name. The subseries contains the actual correspondence between the Ethiopian Jewish individuals and the AAEJ. The records are of those escaped and those in the process of leaving Ethiopia. These files contain the records of those leaving to Israel and to the United States. The files often include a proof of identity or authorization of signature, affidavits, and copies of checks given by the AAEJ to the individual. In the case of a student, the files often contain student records and/or transcripts and curriculum vitae. The files often contain employment contracts, employment applications, and completed ELS forms. For the most part, Ecclesiastes calendar dates have been converted to Gregorian calendar dates.

BoxFolderTitleDate
42 1 Abeba Asega, Tigest Getachew, Kelamie Kassa 1974, 1982, 1986-1987, 1989-1990
42 2 Abeba Genetu 1986-1989
42 3 Abeba Tadesse 1987
42 4 Abebaw Assefa 1990
42 5 Abebaw Tesfahun 1989-1990
42 6 Abebe Engdayehu 1989
42 7 Abebe Tegegne 1986, 1990
42 8 Abebu Tadesse 1988
42 9 Abegaz Dawit (empty folder)
42 10 Abeil Derbew, Montegobosh Aynesagne 1985-1990
42 11 Abeje Asmelesh 1987-1989
42 12 Abeje Tsegaye 1989
42 13 Abera Koke 1985
42 14 Abera Motbaynor 1982
42 15 Aberash Kebede undated, 1987-1989
42 16 Aberra Dessie 1987-1988
42 17 Aberra Mehari Family 1989
42 18 Aberra Negash 1989-1990
42 19 Abinet Kumssa 1987, 1990
42 20 Aboy Adeneni 1989
42 21 Abraham Asres Children 1988-1989
42 22 Abraham Meheretu undated, 1981, 1987-1988
42 23 Abraham Mengistu: Bahar Dar, Ethiopia 1987-1990
42 24 Abraham Yayeh 1982, 1989
42 25 Abraham Yeheis Family 1989-1990
42 26 Abren Melesse 1989-1990
42 27 Abuhay Dawit 1986-1989
42 28 Abuhay Makonent 1987, 1989-1990
42 29 Abuhay Worku 1980, 1985-1990
42 30 Achenefe Abrham 1990
42 31 Achenefe Hailu 1990
42 32 Adane Gola 1989
42 33 Adane Tegaw 1987
42 34 Addes Tesfahun 1986
42 35 Addisie Tesfahun 1990
42 36 Addisie Worku Tadesse 1986-1987
42 37 Addissie Worku 1982, 1990
42 38 Addisu Ambaw 1981, 1985-1990
42 39 Addisu Bewket 1982, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
42 40 Addisu Mesfin 1986-1987
42 41 Addisu Muche 1981, 1989
42 42 Addisu Tarekegyne 1985
42 43 Addisu Yenewodage Family 1980, 1988-1989
42 44 Addisu Zelleke 1982, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
43 1 Ade Takele (empty folder)
43 2 Adega Belye 1989-1990
43 3 Adehanet Haileyesus (Mehari Robel's relative) 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
43 4 Adeneku Aharon 1990
43 5 Adeneni Belay 1989
43 6 Adeye Mekonen 1980-1982, 1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
43 7 Adgo Salehu 1989-1990
43 8 Adhene Belay 1989
43 9 Adihinen Sisay Nigussie 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
43 10 Adissaye Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder)
43 11 Admas Alene 1989
43 12 Admasie Getie 1990
43 13 Admasu Ayanaw 1990
43 14 Adunya Berhanu 1982, 1990
43 15 Adunya Itasu 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
43 16 Adunya Lemlem undated, 1985-1987, 1989-1990
43 17 Afework Aychew 1990
43 18 Agebush Shebebaw 1979-1980, 1984-1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
43 19 Agenehu Dargie 1988
43 20 Agenehu Ketere 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
43 21 Agernesh Afalo undated
43 22 Airi Tumoi 1988-1990
43 23 Ajema Keneni 1985
43 24 Akale Sebhat 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
43 25 Alazar Aron 1979, 1987, 1989-1990
43 26 Alazar Ferede 1990
43 27 Alazar Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder)
43 28 Alazar Yakov 1989
43 29 Alelegn Alebachew (contains photograph) undated, 1990
43 30 Alelegn Wube 1987
43 31 Alelign Abebe 1985-1990
43 32 Alem Tsehaye undated, 1989
43 33 Alemnew Bayeh 1985
43 34 Alemu Endakew 1989
43 35 Alganish Sereke 1989-1990
43 36 Algeneshe Tessema 1987, 1989
43 37 Alitesh Tegegne undated, 1988-1989
43 38 Allenweh Abraham 1981
43 39 Almaz Mamo (contains photograph) 1986-1987
43 40 Almaz Yasu / Teshome Bicha 1983-1987
43 41 Amarch Eyasu Zamru 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
43 42 Amare Alemu 1982, 1990
43 43 Amare Mengistu 1990
43 44 Amare Yenowodage 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
43 45 Amarech Gettie 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
44 1 Amaresh Biadgelien 1990
44 2 Amberber Yimani 1977, 1985
  (contains Amharic)   
44 3 Amha Negatu 1989-1990
44 4 Anbelnesh Redai 1990
44 5 Andergachew Dessie 1986-1987
44 6 Angoch Hailu undated, 1988-1990
44 7 Aragaw Chole Mesele 1990
44 8 Aragaw Nega 1989
44 9 Aragaw Zeleke 1990
44 10 Aragew Esayes undated
44 11 Aregaw Chole 1986
44 12 Asaye Melkie 1990
44 13 Asedesach Derso 1989-1990
44 14 Asefa Eyob 1986, 1988-1989
44 15 Asegedeth Chanie 1988-1989
44 16 Aseresse Belay undated, 1988
44 17 Asfaw Robel 1982
44 18 Asfawossen Alemseged 1987
44 19 Asimare Dawit 1984
44 20 Asimare Takele 1990
44 21 Asmamaw Addisu 1987-1988
44 22 Asmamaw Bayuh 1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
44 23 Asmara Biru 1989
44 24 Asmare Eneyu 1981
  (contains Amharic)   
44 25 Asmare Getie 1990
44 26 Asmaru Yimer 1988-1989
44 27 Asnakew Eyasu 1990
44 28 Asrat Sinke 1985-1986
44 29 Asresie Teferie 1987, 1989
44 30 Asressie Mengiste 1989
44 31 Asreste Abate 1981, 1989-1990
44 32 Assef Ferede Family 1989
44 33 Assefa Aarone 1990
44 34 Assefa Belay 1988-1989
44 35 Assefa Dawit 1989-1990
44 36 Assefa Tega 1987-1990
44 37 Assenaku Mengeste 1988
44 38 Aster Awaju 1989-1990
44 39 Aster Kidane 1986-1987
44 40 Atanaw Meshesha 1988-1989
44 41 Atlabachew Assefa 1989-1990
44 42 Atsede Yimer's Niece, Nephew Bethlehem Girma 1972, 1987
44 43 Avaro Abraham (Yefet Zauda Family) 1987-1988
44 44 Avaro Adyo 1990
44 45 Avata Adgo 1982, 1989-1990
44 46 Awoke Engdaw 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
45 1 Awoke Sibhat 1986-1990
45 2 Ayanaw Belay undated, 1987-1988
45 3 Ayanaw Demozie 1989
45 4 Ayehu Feheta 1985
45 5 Ayele Eshete 1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
45 6 Ayele Tega 1989
45 7 Ayelegn Barkew Family (contains photograph) undated, 1981-1982, 1987-1989
45 8 Ayelign Alebachew undated, 1989-1990
45 9 Ayelign Chekolle 1990
45 10 Ayenew Berihun 1982, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
45 11 Ayenew Tebeje 1989
45 12 Aylegn Mekonen undated, 1989-1990
45 13 Ayou Yehulashet Wassie undated, 1981
  (contains Amharic)   
45 14 Azanaw Ayalew (empty folder)
45 15 Azanaw Azezew Betewling 1989-1990
45 16 Azanaw Nega 1987, 1989-1990
45 17 Azenu Adane 1989-1990
45 18 Azzeb Aberra 1988-1989
45 19 Banchayehu Nega undated, 1986-1987
45 20 Baruch Fordu undated, 1989-1990
45 21 Baruch Gete's Family 1986-1988
45 22 Baruch Tegegne's Family undated, 1986-1988
45 23 Baruch Teka 1985, 1988
45 24 Baush Abraham 1986-1987
45 25 Baye Negash 1982, 1990
45 26 Bayeh Fisseha 1980, 1988
45 27 Bayleyegne Mangistu (Captain) 1987-1989
45 28 Baynesagne Eniew / Sudan 1985, 1988
45 29 Bayu Terefe Family 1988-1989
45 30 Bayuh Mehari 1987
45 31 Bayush Solomon undated, 1981-1982, 1988-1990
45 32 Bayush Takele 1989
45 33 Bazeto Bogale 1989-1990
45 34 Behon Yekiye 1990
45 35 Bekele Alene 1982, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
45 36 Belay Zaudu Zemu 1980, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
45 37 Belayneh Tsegaye 1989-1990
45 38 Belete Admas 1988
45 39 Beletech Wondemagne 1989
45 40 Berehane Mengistu 1970, 1974, 1985, 1987-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
46 1 Berhan Alem 1987-1990
46 2 Berhanu Amboy (empty folder)
46 3 Berhanu Feradu 1987-1990
46 4 Berhanu Yiradu (contains photographs) undated, 1973, 1980, 1982-1990
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
46 5 Berhanu Zelleke 1981, 1986-1987, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
46 6 Berihun Moges 1981-1982, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
46 7 Berke Gebregiogis 1990
46 8 Bertukan Dessie (Tesfahum Baruk Family) 1989
46 9 Bertukan Lakia, Tesfu Wubet 1989
46 10 Betaha Molla, Eshete Molla (empty folder)
46 11 Betashalame Abetu 1989
46 12 Betecha Alemie 1989
46 13 Betelhem Afework 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
46 14 Betetanesh Taddese undated
46 15 Betha Fereda 1989-1990
46 16 Betty Abebe 1990
46 17 Bewketu Addela, Berchecho Dawit 1987
46 18 Bewkete Adela 1989-1990
46 19 Beyan Alyi 1989
46 20 Beyene Demozie 1988
46 21 Beyene Mengiste 1984-1985, 1988
46 22 Beyene Mengistu 1988
46 23 Beyene Negussie 1987-1988
46 24 Bezuneh Aychilutim / Erstu's brother 1990
46 25 Bicha Solomon, Altush Asnakew undated, 1978, 1985-1990
46 26 Bilelegn Alene 1990
46 27 Birchiko Eyasu (empty folder)
46 28 Birhanu Tarekegne 1990
46 29 Birke Zelleke (empty folder)
46 30 Biruk Asfaw 1980, 1988-1989
46 31 Bitew Melkamu undated, 1983, 1989
46 32 Biyazeneigne Alehegne 1987-1989
46 33 Bizezaw Taffera 1986
46 34 Chaim Negist's Family Bideglelegne Negussie 1988
46 35 Chaklit Nega undated, 1987-1989
46 36 Chaklu Aron 1990
46 37 Chale Getahun Family 1988-1989
46 38 Chane Adamasu's Family 1986
46 39 Chane Yeshayahu's Family 1986
46 40 Chanie Tewabe 1988
46 41 Chekole Tewabe 1989-1990
46 42 Dagnew Belew 1978, 1989
46 43 Daniel Alebachew 1987
46 44 Daniel Darge 1989-1990
46 45 Daniel Lisanu Beyene 1989-1990
46 46 Daniel Meleka Hiwist 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
47 1 Daniel Mengistu 1985
47 2 David Tessema's Family undated, 1987-1988
47 3 David Wotes Children - Zahava Koku, Cassaye Ayele undated, 1986
47 4 Dawit Gola undated, 1988
47 5 Dawit Family (Wube, Abuhay, etc.) 1987
47 6 Dawit Fekede (empty folder)
47 7 Dawit Tegegne 1989-1990
47 8 Degan Estubdink 1986
47 9 Degitu Acheneke 1989-1990
47 10 Deman Yalew 1988-1989
47 11 Demelash Aysheshim 1985, 1988-1989
47 12 Demelash Yigazaw 1989
47 13 Demoz Aderagew 1989
47 14 Demozie Dessie 1988-1989
47 15 Dennekew Asaye 1990
47 16 Densa Dawit, Erkaye Ezra 1989
47 17 Derbe Melkae 1982, 1989-1990
47 18 Dereba Tarekegne 1987-1988
47 19 Derebe Takele (empty folder)
47 20 Derebe Tilahoun 1977, 1985-1987
47 21 Derebie Alemayehaw 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
47 22 Derese Lakew 1981, 1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
47 23 Derso Dessie 1988-1989
47 24 Derso (Tesfa) Family undated
47 25 Desalegne Alemneh 1980-1981, 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
47 26 Dessalegn, Alemeneh 1989
47 27 Dessalegn Ayalew 1980, 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
47 28 Dessalegn Eyob undated, 1978, 1984-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
47 29 Dessalegn Eyob's Family undated, 1979, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
47 30 Dessalegn Gebeyehu Kinde 1978, 1986-1989
47 31 Dessalegn Gedimon 1990
47 32 Desalegne Melkamu undated, 1988
47 33 Dessalegn Tarakegne's Family 1988-1989
47 34 Dessie Andargaghew undated
47 35 Dessie Meshesha 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
47 36 Dessie Mihret 1987, 1989
47 37 Dessie Sebhat Ferede 1989-1990
47 38 Dessie Tekuye 1987-1989
47 39 Dessie Yohannes 1987-1988, 1990
47 40 Desta Asresse undated, 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
48 1 Desta Mengistu 1970, 1980, 1983-1984, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
48 2 Devere Tegegne 1988-1989
48 3 Devorah Melesse 1989-1990
48 4 Dinbulu Mehretu Jember 1982, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
48 5 Dinku Ferede 1989
48 6 Diress Tafere 1990
48 7 Efraim Enyew Milkie - Sudan 1986, 1989
48 8 Ejigu Amene 1981
48 9 Eleni Tadesse 1988
48 10 Eli Mengistu Family 1990
48 11 Eliahu Teshager Family 1989
48 12 Elias Ermias 1988-1989
48 13 Elias Mengistu 1989-1990
48 14 Elias Zewdu 1989
48 15 Elifiachew Baheru 1990
48 16 Elizabeth Sabere 1976, 1988-1990
48 17 Elsa Mitku 1985-1986
48 18 Else Aboy undated, 1980, 1987-1989
48 19 Else Sinke / Haile's mother 1990
48 20 Emabat Kidana 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
48 21 Emabet Ambaw 1989-1990
48 22 Emabet Zeizanu (empty folder)
48 23 Emebet Asmare undated, 1989
48 24 Emebet Belay undated, 1981, 1987, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
48 25 Emebet Orion 1990
48 26 Embet Alemu undated
48 27 Emuhay Mesosha 1989
48 28 Enanu Mulu 1981-1982, 1988-1989
48 29 Enanu Zewdie 1990
48 30 Enaye Achenua 1986
48 31 Endalew Abagaz 1986
48 32 Endalew Abegaz 1981, 1986, 1988
  (contains Amharic)   
48 33 Endalew Adella 1988
48 34 Endalew Alebachew 1988
48 35 Endalew Tilahun Family 1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
48 36 Eneye Tizazu undated, 1980-1982, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
48 37 Eneyesh Fereda 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
48 38 Eneyesh Yoseph 1981, 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
48 39 Eneyew Sendeke 1990
48 40 England Family Papers 1990
48 41 Enyew Asefa 1990
48 42 Enquayemosh Reday 1990
48 43 Ertibu Melkias undated, 1989-1990
48 44 Esayas Muche 1989-1990
48 45 Eshetayehu Bayeh 1981, 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
48 46 Eshete Akale undated, 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
48 47 Eshete Aron 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
49 1 Eshete Mogus, Woggera Relief 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
49 2 Eshete Tilahun 1990
49 3 Eshetu Barkew 1989
49 4 Eshetu Ezineh 1988-1989
49 5 Eshetu Kebede undated, 1971-1972, 1989
49 6 Estefinos Yasu undated
49 7 Etanesh Melesse 1989
49 8 Etye Mehari 1979, 1987
49 9 Etsubdenk Wonbagen 1990
49 10 Eyasu Makonen 1989
49 11 Eyasu Makonnen 1989
49 12 Eyayou Negatu 1986
49 13 Eyayu Asayehegn 1990
49 14 Eyerusalem Negussie 1987
49 15 Eyeyew Bekele undated, 1981, 1989-1990
49 16 Eyeyew Esayeyas Eshetu undated, 1989
49 17 Ezera Mamo (Berhane Zelleke) 1986
49 18 Fantanesh Zenebe undated, 1987-1988
49 19 Fantu Mekete (Layew Sisay) 1980, 1988-1989
49 20 Feit, Joe 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
49 21 Fekade Mulugeta 1990
49 22 Fekadu Tarekegne 1989
49 23 Fekede Lemma 1988-1989
49 24 Felegne Tamayeit Family (empty folder)
49 25 Felegu Takele 1988-1991
49 26 Fenote - Israel Atnafu 1989-1990
  (contains French)   
49 27 Fenta Mehretu 1989-1990
49 28 Fentahun Assefa's Family, Assefa Dawit 1987-1988
49 29 Fentahun Degif - Sudan 1986
49 30 Fentahun Malaku (empty folder)
49 31 Fentahun Mehari 1989
  (contains Spanish)   
49 32 Fentahun Tezazu 1989
49 33 Fentanes Gonte 1987
49 34 Fentanesh Abebe 1989
49 35 Fentanesh Redai 1990
49 36 Fentanshe Ashagrie 1988
49 37 Fentaye Alesaw 1987
49 38 Fentaye Birru 1988
49 39 Fente Simon 1986-1988
49 40 Fente Simon, Amisal Mengiste undated, 1985-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
49 41 Fentu Mekete 1987-1989
49 42 Ferehiwat Yishak 1972, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
49 43 Fesseha Miheret Askias undated, 1980, 1985-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
49 44 Fetegy Yishak 1988
49 45 Fikere Tiruneh 1989
49 46 Fikre Selassie Wogdaresh undated
49 47 Fikre Tiruneh Selam 1987-1989
49 48 Fisseha Kalev 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
50 1 Fitige Kebede 1985
50 2 Fitigie Mekuanint Tamrat 1986-1989
50 3 Gebayew Chole 1987
50 4 Gebechew Alem 1980, 1988
50 5 Gebeyanesh Negussie 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
50 6 Gebeya Melesse 1988
50 7 Gebeye Melesse 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
50 8 Gebeyehu Kinde 1982, 1988-1989
50 9 Gebeyhu Semanie (empty folder)
50 10 Gebeyenesh Lakew 1989
50 11 Genet Hailu 1988
50 12 Genet Shiferaw 1988-1989
50 13 Genetu Ayelyn 1986-1987, 1989-1990
50 14 Genetu Tessema (contains photographs) undated, 1980, 1985-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
50 15 Genzeb Mahry 1990
50 16 Getachew Alem 1989-1990
50 17 Getachew Siraw 1978, 1986, 1988
50 18 Getachew Siraw 1990
50 19 Getahun Bicha undated, 1986
50 20-21 Getahoun Degresse children undated, 1984-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
50 22 Getahun Deresse kids 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
50 23 Getahun Malaku 1989
50 24 Getahun Mamo 1988
50 25 Getahun Mamo 1987-1988
50 26 Getahun Tilahun 1986
50 27 Gete Abraham 1989
50 28 Gete Sebhet / Sebehat(?) 1990
50 29 Getenet Maaza 1986
50 30 Getinet Abera undated, 1988-1990
50 31 Getu Baruk undated, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
50 32 Getu Tefere's Family undated, 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
51 1 Getu Yitsak undated, 1987-1989
51 2 Getu Wube 1986-1987
51 3 Getu Zemene 1987
51 4 Gezae Haile 1989
51 5 Ghannatu Tenaw 1979-1980, 1989
51 6 Girma Hailu (contains photograph) 1979-1980, 1989
51 7 Girma Moges (contains photograph) 1982, 1990
51 8 Girmay Samuel undated, 1986-1987, 1990
51 9 Gobeze Achenefe's children undated, 1986-1989
51 10 Gobeze Dawite 1990
51 11 Gobeze Etsubdenk Family undated, 1989
51 12 Godadew Alemu 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
51 13 Godadit Tegnyne 1989
51 14 Grazmatch Woldu 1988
51 15 Guday Tegnye 1985
51 16 Haile Assefa Lemma 1990
51 17 Haile Kebede undated, 1988
51 18 Hailu Areni undated, 1988-1989
51 19 Haim Baynesagen 1985, 1989-1990
51 20 Hana Dawit's Family, Amaretch Yasu 1988
51 21 Haragu Adhamom / Kibret Berhan 1990
51 22 Haregwain Gete undated, 1989
51 23 Hezkiyas Ayalew 1987
51 24 Hidega Tiku undated
51 25 Hiwot Sisay 1989
51 26 Hiwot Sitataw Bizuneh 1989
51 27 Ingidushet Haile 1988
51 28 Ishak Miniwab Tedda 1988-1989
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
51 29 Iskinder Hapte 1989
51 30 Itayew Adane 1986
51 31 Iyenaw Mamunie (killed in Debark) (empty folder)
51 32 Jacob Alelegne Family 1989
51 33 Jegne Teggne undated, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
51 34 Jember Mebrate 1982, 1986, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
51 35 Josef Abraham undated, 1985-1990
51 36 Kafele Tamayeit (empty folder)
51 37 Kassa Ferede undated, 1979, 1986-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
51 38 Kassa Ferede Family - Bemayush Belay Parents 1989
51 39 Kassa Semu Family 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
52 1 Kassahun Abebe 1989
52 2 Kassahun Mamo/Teruwork Asmelash undated, 1980, 1987
52 3 Kassahun Tegegne 1989-1990
52 4 Kassanish Wube 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
52 5 Kassaye Belay 1990
52 6 Kassaye Mehari (empty folder)
52 7 Kassye Tizazu's Family 1987
52 8 Keleb Ereda 1988-1989
52 9 Kelebe Alemu undated, 1989-1990
52 10 Kenaw Melkie (contains photograph) 1987-1989
52 11 Kenedy Tequma 1984
52 12 Kenu Mekuanent 1985-1987
52 13 Kibret Alemu 1989-1990
52 14 Kibur Tekle Eyasu 1990
52 15 Kifle Tesfagiogis 1987
52 16 Kinde Chole's Family undated, 1987, 1989
52 17 Kinde Malaku, Seblewengel Yirga 1986-1990
52 18 Koke Tsehaye 1989
52 19 Kokie Tirunhe 1986-1989
52 20 Kolu Sebhat 1990
52 21 Lake Tamrat 1988
52 22 Lakew Mesfin Tamrat 1986-1990
52 23 Layew Sendeke 1989-1990
52 24 Legassa Zari 1986
52 25 Lemlem Mehari Denku 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
52 26 Lemlem Molla Minieab 1975, 1985-1986
52 27 Leul Adugna 1989-1990
52 28 Lijalem Seife 1990
52 29 Lule Aberra 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
52 30 Lulu Bazie undated, 1980, 1985, 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
52 31 Makonnen Berhanu 1985-1986
52 32 Makonnen Eyasu 1989
52 33 Makuria Tsegaye 1985-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
52 34 Malaku Belay 1986, 1989-1990
52 35 Malaku Mequanint 1990
52 36 Malaku Taminu 1986, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
52 37 Malaku Wolde 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
53 1 Malede Ayele 1986, 1990
53 2 Mallede Ayanaw 1990
53 3 Mamo Ayalew 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
53 4 Mamo Zeleke undated, 1981, 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
53 5 Manalabesh Asres 1988-1989
53 6 Manaleb Desta undated, 1982, 1989
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
53 7 Mancheldash Kassie Engeda 1988
53 8 Mantegbosh Aybsagne Kinfu 1985-1986
53 9 Mare Getahun 1988
53 10 Marie Assefa 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
53 11 Markos Desta w/ Gabriel 1989-1990
53 12 Maru Begashaw 1987, 1989
53 13 Maru Makonnen 1979-1980, 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
53 14 Maru Muche 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
53 15 Mary Mequanent 1989-1990
53 16 Mebrat Yekove (empty folder)
53 17 Medhanie W. Woldemichael undated, 1990
53 18 Medhabnie Wolday 1989
53 19 Megeb Milkie 1987-1988
53 20 Megiste Asresse / Ayalneh, Tesfuneh undated, 1989-1990
53 21 Mehari Abraha 1989
53 22 Mehari Aymelak undated, 1990
53 23 Mehari Robel cases 1988-1989
53 24 Mehari Zelleke (empty folder)
53 25 Meheret Mehari undated, 1989
53 26 Meherete Ayele Teka 1989-1990
53 27 Meherete Ferede 1977, 1986-1987, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
53 28 Meherite Reddie 1986-1990
53 29 Mehrate Mehari 1971, 1985-1986, 1988
  (contains Amharic)   
53 30 Mehretu Melkamu undated, 1985, 1987
53 31 Mekanent Tegaw 1986-1987
53 32 Mekebeb Mehret 1989
53 33 Mekuant Mehari 1990
53 34 Mekonen Alemayew 1988
53 35 Mekonnen Mitiku 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
53 36 Mekuria Mulu 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
53 37 Mekuria Yessak 1990
53 38 Melaku Aemro undated, 1990
53 39 Melaku Haile 1985
53 40 Melaku Teka 1980-1982, 1988, 1990
53 41 Melaku Wolde 1982, 1989-1990
53 42 Meleshu Wube 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
53 43 Melesse Ezra 1989
53 44 Melesse Nadew undated, 1986-1989
53 45 Melesse Sebhat 1990
53 46 Melesse Semane 1989-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
54 1 Melkamu Chane 1985-1986
  (contains Amharic)   
54 2 Melkamu Fessema 1989-1990
54 3 Melkamu Fisseha 1988, 1990
54 4 Melkamu Takale 1987-1990
54 5 Menelik Azaria's Family undated
54 6 Mengiste Kebede undated, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
54 7 Mengiste Semu (Kes) 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
54 8 Mengistu Admasu 1988
54 9 Mengistu Dawit undated, 1988-1990
54 10 Mengistu Tezazu Family undated, 1989
54 11 Mequanent Alemayehu 1986-1987, 1989-1990
54 12 Mera Tegnyne, Tru Alazseh 1989
54 13 Mesganaw Glegziabher 1988-1989
54 14 Mesganaw Mamo 1989
54 15 Michigan Cases 1989
54 16 Migeb Degu 1985
54 17 Mihertu Wubie 1989
54 18 Mihret Terefe 1989-1990
54 19 Mihretu Yishak 1988
54 20 Mintenesot Solomon, Ethiopian-Israel 1989-1990
54 21 Mintesnot Robel 1990
54 22 Mintewab Asres 1989-1990
54 23 Mitiku Alemie 1990
54 24 Mitiku Bayuh 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
54 25 Moges Getahun 1989
54 26 Mogus Fasil 1989
54 27 Mogus Tadesse 1987
54 28 Mola Bayuh 1986-1990
54 29 Mola Melke 1990
54 30 Molla Mengistu 1989
54 31 Molla Taffere Nega undated, 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
54 32 Mollalign Abate 1989
54 33 Moshe Demozie Baruch's Family undated, 1986-1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
54 34 Moshe Rachamim Family 1988
54 35 Muche Amboy Tedla 1988
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
54 36 Muche Meshesha 1988-1989
54 37 Mukel Aboy 1990
54 38 Muket Abay Teda undated, 1990
54 39 Mulate Ferede 1989-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
55 1 Mulate Mamunie (contains photograph) undated, 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
55 2 Mulatu Addisu undated, 1989-1990
55 3 Mulaw Mamo (Kibet Mulaw's parents) 1989
55 4 Mulegeta Achenfe undated, 1986-1987
55 5 Muleeta Kassahun 1988-1989
55 6 Mulegeta Melese (contains photograph) 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
55 7 Mullugeta Mogus 1978-1979, 1985-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
55 8 Mulu Alem Getaneh 1986, 1988
55 9 Mulu Dagnew (empty folder)
55 10 Mulu Tewebe undated, 1986-1987, 1989-1990
55 11 Muluberhan Desalegn 1989
55 12 Mulugeta Abeba 1985
55 13 Mulugeta Ferede 1987
55 14 Mulugeta Guta 1984-1985
55 15 Mulugeta Mekonnen undated, 1980, 1990
55 16 Muluneh Feleke undated, 1987-1989
55 17 Mulunesh Kebede undated, 1980, 1986-1988
55 18 Muluwork Asneke 1990
55 19 Muluye Fekede undated, 1988
55 20 Muse Ruphael, Family 1989-1990
55 21 Musie Kifle 1987
55 22 Naizgi Kadane 1989
55 23 Natalie, Patricia undated
55 24 Nega Getaneh, Beyene Fetlework 1985-1986, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
55 25 Negash Mengistu 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
55 26 Nege Ayele 1983-1984
  (contains Amharic)   
55 27 Negede Hailu 1982?
55 28 Negiste Samuel 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
56 1 Negssie Adehnini 1987-1989
56 2 Negussie Elias Ermias 1989
56 3 Negussie Wondemagegnehu 1984, 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
56 4 Nesro Ahmed undated, 1989
56 5 Netsanet Zewdie 1988-1989
56 6 Operator: Bekeletch Negawu, Amdeyesus Dessalegn 1989-1990
56 7 Operator: Berke Gebregiogis, Solomon Gebregiogis undated, 1990
56 8 Operator: Dadu Tayei, Dawit Tesfaye undated, 1989-1990
56 9 Operator: Eskinder Maste 1990
56 10 Operator: Felegetch Gemisa / Zelalem Eshete Getachew 1989
56 11 Operator: Garugu Adhanon? Kibret Berhanu undated, 1990
56 12 Operator: Lemlemg/Hiwot w/ Michael / Evellyn Body-Lawson 1989
56 13 Operator: Roman Mengesha / Ammanuel Kahssay 1989-1990
56 14 Operator: Tsigne Wolde Selase / Meseret Yimer 1990
56 15 Paulos Asres Yayeh 1987
56 16 Rahel Kebede Tadesse 1989
56 17 Rara Eyob undated, 1982, 1985-1987, 1989-1990
56 18 Rebecca Yohannes 1990
56 19 Refugee Sponsorship undated, 1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
57 1 Relief - A 1986-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
57 2 Relief - B 1987-1988
57 3 Relief - C-D 1986-1987
57 4 Relief - E-F 1987-1988
57 5 Relief - G 1987
57 6 Relief - H-K 1987
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
57 7 Relief - L-M 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
57 8 Relief - N-R 1987
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
57 9 Relief - S 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
57 10 Relief - T 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
57 11 Relief - W 1987
57 12 Relief - Y-Z 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
58 1 Retta Alemayehu undated
58 2 Rishon Abraham undated, 1990
58 3 Ron Tadesse's Family undated, 1986
  (contains Amharic)   
58 4 Ronnie Akale 1987-1988
58 5 Ruth Yonah Family undated
58 6 Saba Shifferaw 1989
58 7 Saba Wondemu 1985
58 8 Sahalu Achenef 1989-1990
58 9 (Adanan) Salem Family 1987-1988
58 10 Samson Kibread 1989-1990
58 11 Samuel Beyene 1986-1990
58 12 Samuel Yimiru Arega, Yosef Yimiru Arega undated, 1989
58 13 Samuel Hailu Tesfaye 1990-1991
58 14 Sefedim Elias Assefa 1987
58 15 Sefer Gebeyehu Kinde undated, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
58 16 Seferaw Kebede 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
58 17 Seifu Giday 1988
58 18 Seifu Teferi Tedla (Djibouti) undated
58 19 Selamawit Haile (Sudan) 1988-1989
58 20 Semaligne Teka 1988-1989
58 21 Semane Fekede undated, 1986-1990
58 22 Semane Wedajo 1987
58 23 Semu Kassa Relatives (empty folder)
58 24 Senayait Zewude 1988-1989
58 25 Senayt Tayachew (contains photograph) 1976, 1986, 1989
58 26 Sendkie Derbie 1985, 1990
58 27 Serkalem Melese 1988-1989
58 28 Sesay Gelawa 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
59 1 Setargew, Demilew undated, 1987-1988
59 2 Seyoum Selam undated, 1989-1990
59 3 Shalom Ministries 1989
59 4 Shawaya Asmamaw undated, 1990-1991
59 5 Shebabaw Ezeri (empty folder)
59 6 Shebabaw Yegzaw 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
59 7 Shemuel Wubeshet/Tafere, Samuel Family undated, 1986
59 8 Shibabaw Abera undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
59 9 Shiferaw Melesse 1989
59 10 Shiferaw Zerie 1986, 1988
59 11 Shifferaw Dessie (contains photograph) 1987-1989
59 12 Shimshon Rada child, Manahlo Melkamu 1986-1987
59 13 Shitaye Damtew 1990
59 14 Shoan Gizaw Hunde undated
59 15 Shumiye Menasie, Woggera Relief 1987-1988, 1990
59 16 Sileshi Bekele undated, 1987-1989
59 17 Sindu Berihun 1986-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
59 18 Sindu Beyene 1988-1989
59 19 Sisay Mengistu 1985-1989
59 20 Sisay Sebhat Getahun 1989-1990
59 21 Sisay Sebhatu 1989-1990
59 22 Solomon Abraham 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
59 23 Solomon Gebeyhu 1990
59 24 Solomon Makonnen 1987-1988
59 25 Solomon Mengiste (empty folder)
59 26 Solomon Mengistie 1990
59 27 Tadefie Ayelegne 1988-1990
59 28 Tadele Lakew 1987-1988
59 29 Tadesse Regessie 1989-1990
59 30 Tadesse Bayuh undated, 1985-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
60 1 Tadesse Mitikus Family 1987-1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
60 2 Tadesse Robel (empty folder)
60 3 Tadesse Robel 1990
60 4 Tadfalech Kalev 1990
60 5 Tadfie Worke Molla 1989
60 6 Tafere Kassie, Enalsasa Alemnea undated, 1986, 1989
60 7 Tagale Legesse Fanaya 1990
60 8 Taitu Mengistu 1990
60 9 Takel Yeyeh undated, 1989
60 10 Takela Yirdane 1989
60 11 Takele Alemu Tsegaw 1987
60 12 Takele Dagnew 1990
60 13 Takele Mitiku 1989
60 14 Takele Tamino (empty folder)
60 15 Takelech Admasu 1989
60 16 Takelech Gebeyehu Kinde undated, 1986-1989
60 17 Taklo Dessie 1989-1990
60 18 Tamar Moges Yisak undated, 1989-1990
60 19 Tamino Solomon (empty folder)
60 20 Tamrat Aberras' Father, Pilgrimage 1986
60 21 Tangut Getahun (empty folder)
60 22 Tarekenge Alemu 1989
60 23 Tarekegn Molla undated
60 24 Tarekegne Mekonnen 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
60 25 Tassie Ayalew 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
60 26 Tatek Mersha 1990
60 27 Tebeje Tale undated, 1985-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
60 28 Tedege Beruk undated, 1990
60 29 Tedla Mamo 1985-1987, 1989
60 30 Teftie Hananya 1990
60 31 Tega Gettie 1989
60 32 Tegabu Simon and Tesfaye Tigabu undated, 1984-1990
60 33 Tegahun Abrham 1990
60 34 Tegaw Bayouh, Yetemagn 1990
60 35 Tegen Addissu 1986-1987
60 36 Tegeneh Goshe 1990
60 37 Tegnyne Yayeh 1989
60 38 Teguada Abuhay 1989-1990
60 39 Teije Mengistu 1990
60 40 Tejitu Tewabe undated, 1987, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
60 41 Teka Tamino 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
60 42 Tekaba Ayelen 1990
60 43 Tekeba Kibret 1989
60 44 Tekeba Melessa Nadew 1989
60 45 Tekebe Alene (Sargent) undated, 1986-1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
60 46 Teketay Solomon children 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
60 47 Telahun Aragaw undated
60 48 Temachin Tegnye undated, 1975, 1985-1987
60 49 Temesgen Demissie 1988
60 50 Terefe Retta 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
61 1 Teruhel Zemene 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
61 2 Teruneh Mesfin undated, 1985-1987
61 3 Tesa Ferede undated, 1987
61 4 Tesfa Aletu (Yohannes Teferre) undated, 1989
61 5 Tesfa Malaku Felake undated, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
61 6 Tesfa Mogese 1985, 1987
61 7 Tesfahun Abraha 1987
61 8 Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder)
61 9 Tesfahun Dejene, Emebet Belay 1987
61 10 Tesfaye Araya 1987-1988
61 11 Tesfaye Melesse 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
61 12 Tesfaye Melesse 1989-1990
61 13 Tesfaye Tigabu 1986-1987
61 14 Tesfu Wubet 1989-1990
61 15 Teshale Tayachew 1985-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
61 16 Teshay Wassenie (Aineshe & Getes Family) 1986-1990
61 17 Teshome Belay (empty folder)
61 18 Teshome Belay, Almaz Belay 1989-1990
61 19 Teshome Belay Malku 1987
61 20 Teshome Lewtie 1977, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
61 21 Teshome Sieshi 1990
61 22 Teshome Zeleke 1985-1990
61 23 Tessema Ashenafi 1990
61 24 Tessema Sendeke 1987
61 25 Tessema Zev Project 1989
61 26 Tessema Zev (Zewdu) (empty folder)
61 27 Tewabe Simany undated, 1984-1986, 1988
61 28 Tewebe Reday 1990
61 29 Tewebe Reday Abraham 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
61 30 Tewedage Sebhat 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
61 31 Tewodras Fesseha Geten 1989
61 32 Tezazu Erata 1988
61 33 Tezazu Simon 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
62 1 Theodorus Malaku 1990-1991
62 2 Thomas Mekete 1986
62 3 Tibebe Selassie 1985-1987
62 4 Tigabu Eyasu 1989
62 5 Tigest Gebayhu 1987
62 6 Tigist Haile undated
62 7 Tihun Worknen 1986
62 8 Tiku Tesfahun Baruk (empty folder)
62 9 Tilahun Adega (empty folder)
62 10 Tilahun Adego (empty folder)
62 11 Tiruwork Aychew 1986-1987
62 12 Tizazu Berhan undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
62 13 Tru Abera (empty folder)
62 14 Tsahaye Jember 1989
62 15 Tsega Adigo 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
62 16 Tsega Lemlem 1989
62 17 Tsegahun Dessie children undated, 1988
  (contains Amharic)   
62 18 Tsegaye Beyene 1987-1988
62 19 Tsegaye Melesse Nadew 1989
62 20 Tsegaw Lakia undated, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
62 21 Tsegaw Yesihak 1986-1989
62 22 Tsegaye Chama 1985
62 23 Tsegaye Mamu undated, 1987, 1989-1990
62 24 Tsegaye Melesse 1989
62 25 Tsegaye Mogus (contains photograph) 1985-1989
62 26 Tsegereda Beyene undated, 1986, 1988
62 27 Tsehay Belay 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
62 28 Tsehay Solomon 1987
62 29 Tsehay Tafere 1990
62 30 Tsehaye Robel 1990
62 31 Turingo Meretu 1989-1990
62 32 Turunesh Demerew 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
62 33 Turuwork Samuel 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
62 34 Vandam Amare 1990
62 35 Wassie Fisseha 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
63 1 Wassihun Dessie (contains photograph) 1986, 1988-1990
63 2 Wassihun Eshetie 1988
63 3 Webie Kassahun Nedaw 1989
63 4 Weson Ferede undated
63 5 Wodaju Semalygne 1985
63 6 Wogayge Desta Biru 1988
  (contains Spanish)   
63 7 Wollomo/Sodo Census undated, 1985-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
63 8 Worke Ambaye undated, 1986-1987
63 9 Workeneh Eyasu 1986
63 10 Workit Addisu 1987
63 11 Worknesh Zeleke (contains photographs) undated, 1989
63 12 Worku Asmare 1989
63 13 Worku Gebye 1990
63 14 Worku Tsegahun (empty folder)
63 15 Worku Zemene 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
63 16 Woubneshe Mullat 1985
63 17 Wubet Mengistu (Addisu Mehari Dinku's mother) undated, 1986-1987
63 18 Wubet Sebhat (Anrha Negater's daughter) (empty folder)
63 19 Wubigeg Desta 1989
63 20 Wude Aberhame 1987-1989
63 21 Wudeneh Solomon's family 1987, 1990
63 22 Wudie Arone 1988
63 23 Wudie Bayuh 1989-1990
63 24 Wudie Makonnen 1987
63 25 Wudu Mesfin 1986-1990
63 26 Wudu Worku (Tobba Worku's relative) 1986
63 27 Yaccob Samuel 1987
63 28 Yacob Tessema family 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
63 29 Yaekob Berhanu undated, 1988
63 30 Yaheweh Nessa Tewolde Berhan 1989-1990
63 31 Yahewehe-Nessie T/Birhan (contains photographs) 1988-1990
63 32 Yakov Yisak undated
63 33 Yalemwork Derso's Family 1988
63 34 Yalew & Adunga Zewdu 1986-1988
63 35 Yatebianesh Abebe undated, 1986-1987
63 36 Yebabe Aweke 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
63 37 Yekiye Abate 1990
63 38 Yemegnu Demelash 1987-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
64 1 Yemene Yishak 1990
64 2 Yenealem Ameshe 1987, 1989-1990
64 3 Yesbayes Mengesha 1990
64 4 Yeshalem Asmare 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
64 5 Yeshareg Semane 1989
64 6 Yeshareg Tesfaye Yitsak 1988
64 7 Yeshemebet Mitiku 1990
64 8 Yeshework Kassahun 1987-1989
64 9 Yeshiabeba Yitayew 1988
64 10 Yeshi Wolde Michael 1986-1988
64 11 Yeshiwork Tezera 1989
64 12 Yetemagne Akele 1990
64 13 Yezabnesh Mehari (empty folder)
64 14 Yezbalem Tessema 1988
64 15 Yibabie Awoke 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
64 16 Yihenew Alemyew 1987
64 17 Yilma Gizaw undated, 1987-1990
64 18 Yimer Mequanent 1990
64 19 Yimharen Mehari Minywab 1986-1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
64 20 Yirdaw w/ Semayat undated, 1978, 1984, 1989
64 21 Yirdaw Teshome undated, 1987, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
64 22 Yirga Rati 1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
64 23 Yirgadu Tamiru 1989
64 24 Yirgadu Zimene 1985-1988, 1990
64 25 Yisihak Orion 1984
64 26 Yitayewleab Negash 1989-1990
64 27 Yitsak Baruk/Tiriza Edgar/Ezra Tizazu family 1988
64 28 Yohannes Demtew 1989
64 29 Yohannes Fetene 1987
64 30 Yohannes Gebru 1990
64 31 Yohannes Mekonnen 1985-1986, 1990
64 32 Yohannes Sirak undated, 1990
64 33 Yohannes Shifferaw undated, 1986-1987
64 34 Yohannes Tiku family undated, 1985-1988, 1990
64 35 Yonah Reddy family 1990
64 36 Yonatan Takele Ashenaffe 1989-1990
64 37 Yosef Dessie (empty folder)
64 38 Yosef Meheretie (Legesse), Abay Legesse undated, 1987-1990
64 39 Yosef Miheret 1989
64 40 Zacharias Dawit 1989-1990
64 41 Zahara Suleman (Abdu Endris girl) 1987
64 42 Zebader Hailu 1987, 1989-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
65 1 Zeit Akale undated, 1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
65 2 Zeizanu Ratie 1989
65 3 Zelalem Belay Aycheh (empty folder)
65 4 Zelalem Fisseha undated, 1988-1990
65 5 Zelalem Getu 1989
65 6 Zelalem Nega 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
65 7 Zelalem Tariku (Tesfaye Aderagew's) 1990
65 8 Zelleke Dejene 1989
65 9 Zelleke Dessie 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
65 10 Zelleke Godu undated, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
65 11 Zemen Engidaw 1988-1990
65 12 Zemene Yishak 1990
65 13 Zemichael Tesfaye 1989
65 14 Zemichael Tesfaye Mehari undated, 1989-1990
65 15 Zena Abraham 1990
65 16 Zenash Akilu 1989
65 17 Zenash Beyene 1987
65 18 Zenash Beyene's daughter 1987-1988
65 19 Zenaw Eniyew undated, 1985-1986, 1989
65 20 Zenebech Keros 1987-1988
65 21 Zenebework Tesfaye 1989-1990
65 22 Zenebework Tesfaye Mengesha (Israel) undated, 1988-1989
65 23 Zewdie Bedada undated, 1959, 1961-1962, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1980-1981, 1986, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
65 24 Zewdie Bedade 1990
65 25 Zewdu Alefe undated, 1987-1988
65 26 Zewdu Zeghaye 1987-1988, 1990
65 27 Zeyen Minuwab Yisak 1989
65 28 Zeyin Belete 1986
65 29 Zeysan Melkamu 1989
65 30 Zeysana Melkamu Ayele 1986
65 31 Zinaye Dessalegn 1987
65 32 Zion Seyoum family 1988
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   

Subsubseries b: Rescue/Relief Ethiopians to Israel, undated, 1970-1990

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 66-83.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by first name.

Scope and Content:

The subsubseries contains the rescue and relief files collected by Schnapper of the Ethiopian Jews fleeing to Israel from 1970 to 1990. The files arranged alphabetically by first name and often contain correspondence in Amharic as well as Yiddish. The files often contain correspondence from LaDena Schnapper to the Falashas asking for more information in order to assist with the completion of the case work files. The records themselves are an accurate reflection of the situation faced by the Ethiopian Jews and are a valuable source of information to researchers interested in the rescue and relief effort of the Ethiopian Jews.

BoxFolderTitleDate
66 1 Abebe Berhan (Uri Ben Yair) (contains photographs) undated, 1985-1990
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
66 2 Abebe Solomon 1987
66 3 Abechew Meharie undated, 1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
66 4 Abere Dessalegne 1987
66 5 Aberham-Melaku (contains photograph) 1987
66 6 Aberhame Mehary 1987
66 7 Abibit Tizazu undated, 1988
66 8 Abraham Askias 1986-1988
66 9 Abraham Asres 1986-1989
66 10 Abraham Beyene Neguise 1986-1990
66 11 Abraham Dejene 1987
66 12 Abraham Miheret Eskias 1988
66 13 Abraham Negussie 1987
66 14 Abraham Sahilu 1983-1984, 1988-1989
66 15 Abreha Miheret Askias 1986
66 16 Achamyeleh Gebeyehu undated, 1972, 1974, 1986, 1988-1990
66 17 Acheshe Tekelu (Mary Yigzaw mother) 1988-1989
66 18 Adane Worku 1983-1985
66 19 Adane Zeghaye 1986-1987
66 20 Adanech Yosef (empty folder)
66 21 Addisie Simon 1987
66 22 Addisu Dawit 1984-1989
66 23 Addisu Mehari Dinku 1986
66 24 Addisu Messele 1986-1989
66 25 Addisu Robel 1986
66 26 Addisu Sahlu, Aster Yemanu undated, 1986-1989
66 27 Addisu Selam 1988
66 28 Addisu Takele 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
67 1 Addisu Yenewodage Tamino undated, 1986-1990
67 2 Adebaray Melkiass 1990
67 3 Adeneh Birhanu 1986
67 4 Adeneku Mehari undated, 1986-1988
67 5 Aderajew Robel undated, 1987-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
67 6 Adey Takale undated, 1988
67 7 Adina Negussie 1988-1990
67 8 Admase Menasie 1987
67 9 Admase Muchneh 1986
67 10 Adna Mola 1987, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
67 11 Aerihly Melaku 1987
67 12 Aineshete Gete undated, 1983-1986
67 13 Akalu Fisseha undated, 1985-1989
67 14 Aklilu Berhan 1983, 1986
67 15 Aklilu Yehewlashet 1987
67 16 Aklum Ferede 1982, 1986
67 17 Alemadis Getu undated, 1988
67 18 Alemata Sahale 1985-1986
67 19 Alemnew Awarke Getahun undated, 1984-1987
67 20 Alemnew Aworku 1986-1987
67 21 Alemsahi Tiku undated, 1986-1988
67 22 Alemu Ambaw undated, 1987-1988
67 23 Alemu Belay 1990
67 24 Alemu Esheti 1986-1987
67 25 Alemu Eshetie 1987
67 26 Alemu Tarekegn 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
68 1 Alene Melesse (empty folder)
68 2 Ali Yahu Yacob 1988
68 3 Alimitu Ferede 1988-1989
68 4 Alimitu Muche 1989
68 5 Alitaw Esayas 1990
68 6 Allefu Wubie 1986-1989
68 7 Almaz - Shiferaw 1987
68 8 Almaz Tekeste undated, 1987-1989
68 9 Alon Yesmes 1987
68 10 Amanuel Zewdie 1987-1988
68 11 Amare Belay 1985, 1988, 1990
68 12 Ambachew Mola 1989-1990
68 13 Ambechew Simane 1986-1988
68 14 Andualem Enyew Berhane (empty folder)
68 15 Aneyesh Berihun undated, 1984
68 16 Aragie - Takele undated, 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
68 17 Arega Tadesse 1988
68 18 Arez Kindie 1987-1989
68 19 Asef Asrese 1988
68 20 Asegedetch Eshete 1988-1989
68 21 Aselef Telele 1986
68 22 Asemamaw Berhanu 1988-1989
68 23 Aserebeb Alemu 1989
68 24 Asfaw Chole undated, 1983-1985, 1987, 1989-1990
68 25 Asfaw Fente undated, 1984-1990
68 26 Asfaw Zeru 1990
68 27 Askabu Estubdink 1986-1987
68 28 Asmamaw Mengistu 1988-1989
68 29 Asmar Ngashe 1987-1988
68 30 Asmara Bantihun (Schmuel Alama) 1987
68 31 Asmara Mamuye 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
68 32 Asmaratch Tezaza 1987
68 33 Asmare Eshetie (Shem-tov Zemzu) 1990
68 34 Asmaru Mamuye 1988
  (contains Amharic)   
68 35 Asmaru Tefere 1986-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
68 36 Asmaru Tarekegne 1987-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
69 1 Asnakew Sendeke 1984, 1986-1987
69 2 Asnakew Worku Family 1989
69 3 Asnakew Worku undated, 1976, 1985, 1987-1989
69 4 Asressie Negatu 1986-1988
69 5 Assayde Blechay 1987
69 6 Assefa Abeba 1987, 1989
69 7 Assefa Belay 1989-1990
69 8 Assefa Bogale 1987
69 9 Assefa Gete (Yoseph Zvadia) 1985
69 10 Assefa Mengesha (contains photograph) undated, 1978, 1986-1990
69 11 Asself Shetu 1986-1987
69 12 Assemar Belaye 1990
69 13 Assof Fered 1984-1989
69 14 Atalay Tedla 1990
69 15 Atanaw Yigelegne 1987
69 16 Atkaw Tefere 1989
69 17 Averham Yitzchak 1987
69 18 Aviva Eleazar 1987
69 19 Avraham Yitzchak 1986-1987
69 20 Ayalew Asefa 1990
69 21 Ayanaw Demewozie undated, 1987-1989
69 22 Ayanaw Desalegne 1989-1990
69 23 Ayanaw Hailu undated, 1989-1990
69 24 Ayanaw Meharie undated, 1985-1987
69 25 Ayanaw Selam 1988
69 26 Ayanew Nega 1989
69 27 Ayanow Belay 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
69 28 Ayneshet Esaysas 1988
69 29 Azalech Etsubdink undated, 1987-1990
69 30 Azezew Bitewulgne 1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
70 1 Azzeb Dessalegn 1986-1989
70 2 Barhue Eyob 1986
70 3 Barkew - Yalew 1987-1988
70 4 Baruch Amlak Teka (empty folder)
70 5 Baruch Chekole undated
70 6 Baruch Ferdu 1989
70 7 Baruch Gete undated, 1979, 1984-1990
70 8 Baruch Shmuel 1987
70 9 Baruch Tarkin 1990
70 10 Baruch Tegegne 1980, 1982-1983, 1986-1988, 1990
70 11 Baruch Tegegne Report Jan-86
70 12 Baruch Yacov undated, 1986-1988
70 13 Baruch - Yehuda 1988-1989
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
70 14 Baruch Zewde 1990
70 15 Baruk Yacob Belay 1984-1990
70 16 Batya Ysayas 1989-1990
70 17 Baye Fisseha 1988
70 18 Bayleyegne Mengistie (contains photographs) undated, 1986
70 19 Bayouh Terefe Mehari undated, 1987-1988
70 20 Bayouh Terrefe 1988-1989
70 21 Bayuh Mehari undated, 1985-1986
70 22 Bazetu Mulu Birha Alube 1987
70 23 Belay Malku undated
70 24 Benny Sahalu 1989
70 25 Berhanu Akale undated, 1984-1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
70 26 Berhanu Mehari (contains photograph) 1986-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
70 27 Berhanu Robel (contains photographs) undated, 1973, 1984-1986, 1989
70 28 Berhana Semone (contains photographs) undated, 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
70 29 Berke Lemma 1989
70 30 Bewket Mihretu 1987
70 31 Bewketu Wubie 1986-1988
70 32 Bezunesh Alazar 1987
70 33 Bimerew Demewizie 1989
70 34 Bimeru Tafeta 1990
70 35 Birku Kehateh 1989
70 36 Birle Malaku undated, 1974, 1983-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
71 1 Bitewligne Tayachew 1988-1990
71 2 Bitewulgne Haim 1990
71 3 Bono Bayo Yishake 1987
71 4 Bosena Awoke 1989
71 5 Bosena Fentahun undated, 1987
71 6 Bosena Malaku 1987, 1989
71 7 Buta Assemerine 1988
71 8 Chaim Negist 1986-1987
71 9 Chale Getahun undated, 1985-1987
71 10 Chana Melaku 1987, 1989
71 11 Chane Admasu 1986-1987
71 12 Chane Kebret 1989
71 13 Chole Tftie 1987
71 14 Daite Yaakov 1987-1988
71 15 Dani Yasmain (contains photograph) undated, 1987
71 16 Daniel Jonass 1985
71 17 Daniel Meshesha (contains photograph) 1987-1988
71 18 Daniel Rata 1989
71 19 Daniel Seyoum 1985-1987
71 20 David Girmaie 1989
71 21 David Golla 1989
71 22 David Seyoum 1982, 1985-1990
71 23 David Tessema 1986, 1988-1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
71 24 David Tizazu 1989-1990
71 25 David Zaudu 1986-1989
71 26 Dawit Abrham 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
71 27 Dejene Reta 1989
71 28 Demilew Reddie 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
71 29 Derebe Alemayehu 1985
  (contains French)   
71 30 Derege Negussie 1986-1987
71 31 Dereje Arefaine 1986-1989
71 32 Derso Jegne 1989-1990
71 33 Dessalegn Solomon 1984-1987
71 34 Dessalegn Terekegne undated, 1983-1988
71 35 Desse Tukuye 1989
71 36 Desta Makonnen 1987-1990
71 37 Desta Mengistu 1990
71 38 Dror Sebho 1987
71 39 Edna Alelegne 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
71 40 Edna Mehari (contains photographs) undated, 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
71 41 Elan Melesse 1989
71 42 Elani Negat (Bosena Ameha) undated, 1989
71 43 Eli Melech Tedela 1987-1988
71 44 Eli (Genetu) Mengistu 1987-1988, 1990
71 45 Elias Baruch undated, 1985-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
72 1 Elimelech Terunach undated, 1987-1988
72 2 Elimlhe Tedela 1986-1987
72 3 Elizabeth Fentu 1988
72 4 Emmanual Zewdu (contains photograph) 1987-1988
72 5 Enatmar Selam (empty folder)
72 6 Enatmar Teruneh 1983-1988
72 7 Endalem Enayaw 1989
72 8 Endalew Tilahun 1988-1989
72 9 Enenu Shifaro 1987
72 10 Eneyew Bogale 1987-1988
72 11 Eniyish Meteku Denku 1986
72 12 Ephraim Yonan (empty folder)
72 13 Esayus (Yeshayahu) Chane 1982-1983, 1986-1989
72 14 Eshet Getenet 1990
72 15 Esheta Berehun 1989
72 16 Eshete Ferede undated, 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
72 17 Eshetu Fiseha 1986-1987
72 18 Eshetu Zemene 1987
72 19 Ester Hollender 1985-1987
72 20 Ester Kassay 1986-1987
72 21 Ester Mitiku 1987-1988
72 22 Esther Dinku 1990
72 23 Etenesh Melesse (Eshete Ferede's mother) 1988-1989
72 24 Etsa Genet Amare 1984
72 25 Etye Meharie 1990
72 26 Eyayu Berhanu 1986
72 27 Dr. Eyilachew Trunh 1990
72 28 Eyob Yehulashet 1989
72 29 Ezezaw Ayichew 1987-1990
72 30 Ezra Tezago 1986
72 31 Fasil Legesse 1986-1990
72 32 Fekede & Mula Assefa undated, 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
72 33 Fenta Getachew 1987
72 34 Fentahun Degif Molla 1988-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
73 1 Fentayh Abera undated, 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
73 2 Fentanesh Tefete 1989-1990
73 3 Fentie Abraham Yayeh 1987
73 4 Ferede Tesfai 1984
73 5 Fetegu (Nudew Molla) 1987-1988
73 6 Fetelework Dargie 1988-1989
73 7 Gad Aletaw 1987
73 8 Gadie Eshetu 1986-1987
73 9 Gedelia Uriya (Uri Ben Gad) 1981, 1984-1987, 1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
73 10 Getachew Demissie (Senaite Mequanitie) undated, 1985-1990
73 11 Getachew Gusha 1985
  (contains Amharic)   
73 12 Getaneh Bogale 1986
73 13 Gethe Tewodros 1989-1990
73 14 Gideon Lemma Bitwelign 1986-1988, 1990
73 15 Gideon Masala 1988-1989
73 16 Giela Kebade 1987
73 17 Giora Mequant 1989
73 18 Girmay Sebhat 1987
73 19 Gobeze Tsegahun, Senat Truneh 1986-1987
73 20 Gobezie Achenefe 1988-1990
73 21 Godi Shati 1987
73 22 Guade Worku 1987
73 23 Hagit Mekonnen 1987, 1989
73 24 Hagit Simon 1988-1989
73 25 Hailu Melisse (contains photographs) 1975, 1985-1987, 1989-1990
73 26 Hailu Mihiret 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
73 27 Haim Tiruneh (empty folder)
73 28 Hana Sahlu 1990
73 29 Hana Yishak 1987
73 30 Hazi Ovadia 1985
  (contains Yiddish)   
73 31 Hirut Tekle undated, 1986, 1988-1990
73 32 Israel Beyene 1988
73 33 Israel Hailu 1990
73 34 Israel Itzhak 1987
73 35 Itshak Yosef 1987
73 36 Jonatan Asnakewe 1989-1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
73 37 Josef Dawit 1986, 1988-1990
73 38 Judith Feleke (Yiragadu Gette) 1988
73 39 Kafalo Mekonen 1987
73 40 Kassa Ferede undated, 1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
73 41 Kassaye Tizazu 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
73 42 Kebedetch Wodage 1988-1989
73 43 Kebie Fredu 1987
73 44 Kegnuzmach Reta 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
74 1 Kibeb Mamo 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
74 2 Kibeb Mamo 1990
74 3 Kibretia Gessese 1986-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
74 4 Kidanu Tewebe 1987-1990
74 5 Kifle Tessema 1986
74 6 Koke Gete 1989
74 7 Lakech Kassa Yehulashet 1990
74 8 Laketch Tadesse 1986-1988
74 9 Lakia Sisay 1989
74 10 Leha Tamno 1987, 1989
74 11 Lelt Gebrie undated, 1987-1988
74 12 Lemlem Minewab 1988-1989
74 13 Lemma Bayeh (Israel?) (Rescue) 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
74 14 Letay Gebre Medin (empty folder)
74 15 Letay Geremedin undated, 1985-1988
74 16 Leulseged Negussie 1986-1987
74 17 Leulseged Tulu undated, 1985-1989
74 18 Lewtie Demissie 1988
74 19 Machon Meir 1986
74 20 Mahratu Zarihun undated, 1987-1988
74 21 Maloha Samuel undated, 1990
74 22 Malka Melesse 1986-1987
74 23 Mamay Solomon 1986-1987
74 24 Mamo Alef 1989
74 25 Mamo Alef family 1988-1989
74 26 Mamo Mola 1987
74 27 Manalabash Mola 1988
74 28 Manalash Yishak undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
74 29 Mandefro Wubie 1987
74 30 Mare Mekonnet 1987
74 31 Mare Yigzaw (contains photographs) undated, 1977, 1985-1990
74 32 Marelegn Messfine 1987
74 33 Marta Worku 1990
74 34 Maru Taniru 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
74 35 Maru Zellele undated, 1984-1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
75 1 Mayir Zari 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
75 2 Mebrat Birhanu 1988-1989
75 3 Mehari Assefa 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
75 4 Mehari Deg 1989-1990
75 5 Mehari Minuwab 1986-1990
75 6 Mehari Robel undated, 1971, 1973, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1984-1990
75 7 Mehari Tikuya 1989-1990
75 8 Mengiste Kebede 1985-1987, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
75 9 Meheretu Zerihun undated, 1986-1989
75 10 Meir Makonnen Zerie 1989-1990
75 11 Mekonan Sibhat undated, 1988-1989
75 12 Mekonen Melesse 1987
75 13 Mekuria Engdaw 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
75 14 Mekuria Yemeharen 1989
75 15 Melaku Lakia 1988
75 16 Melkam Meherete 1989-1990
75 17 Melke Asres 1988
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
75 18 Menachem Meheret (empty folder)
75 19 Mengiste Tezazu undated, 1986-1988
75 20 Mengiste Tizazu 1989-1990
75 21 Mengistu Abraham undated, 1976, 1986-1989
75 22 Mengistu Abraham undated, 1985-1989
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
76 1 Mengistu Solomon 1984-1986
76 2 Mengistu Yishak undated, 1985-1990
  (contains French)   
76 3 Mentosonit Solomon undated, 1988-1989
76 4 (Mesele) Kinde Chole undated, 1977, 1984-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
76 5 Mesfin Ambau 1986
76 6 Mesfin Ayechew 1987-1990
76 7 Mesfin Chekol 1989
76 8 Mesfin Kebede 1989-1990
76 9 Mesfin Melaku undated, 1985-1986
76 10 Meskeram Shibru 1987
76 11 Mesresha Chayim Batauli 1988
76 12 Metekia Berhanu undated, 1986-1989
76 13 Mequanent Rede 1987
76 14 Mexesa Pinhas 1987
76 15 Michael Tessema 1986
76 16 Miheret Sebehat 1988-1989
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
76 17 Mimi Na'im (empty folder)
76 18 Mintwab Motbaynir 1987
76 19 Misanesh Mehari 1987
  (contains Amharic)   
76 20 Mogus Atanaw undated, 1986-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
76 21 Mogus Mehretu (contains photograph) undated, 1985-1986
76 22 Mogus Yesak Mekeru 1988-1989
76 23 Mola Chane undated, 1986-1988
76 24 Mola Nadew 1987-1989
76 25 Moshe Baruch 1985-1988, 1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
77 1 Moshe (Demozie) Baruk undated, 1986-1988, 1990
77 2 Moshe Mengistu 1987
77 3 Moshe Seyum 1987
77 4 Motbaynor Desta 1987, 1989-1990
77 5 Muchet Abera 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
77 6 Mulatu Dessie 1984
77 7 Mulu Aberra 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
77 8 Mulu Alemu 1986-1987
77 9 Mulu Astatkew 1985-1986, 1988
77 10 Mulu Sahilu Elias 1988
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
77 11 Mulu Teshome 1989-1990
77 12 Mulualem Tarekegn 1990
77 13 Mulugeta Moges 1986-1990
77 14 Mulukan Fanta 1988-1989
77 15 Muluken Fenta 1989
77 16 Muluwork and Fassel Adamsu 1982-1983
77 17 Myra Mamou 1988
77 18 Naomi Shmuel 1989
77 19 Natan Makuria 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
77 20 Natanael Tezazre (Eyeyew Berhan) 1985-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
77 21 Nega Berhanu 1986-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
77 22 Nega (Kebede) Ishetie 1985-1987
77 23 Negest Ashakew 1984-1985
77 24 Negusa Rama 1987
77 25 Negussie Asfaw undated, 1982-1983
77 26 Negusie Ayelegne and Tewba Asefa 1981, 1984-1985, 1988
77 27 Negussie Ayelegne 1988-1989
77 28 Noan Asras 1987
77 29 Ora Chekole 1987
77 30 Oshrat Tedela 1987
77 31 Phina Selemon 1987, 1989
77 32 Pinchas Malasa undated, 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
78 1 Rachamim Elezar 1982-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
78 2 Rachamim Eshetie 1987-1989
78 3 Rachamim Tegaye 1988
78 4 Rachamim Yitzak (contains photograph) undated, 1982-1989
78 5 Rachamim Zewdu 1986-1987
78 6 Rachel Alefe 1986-1988
78 7 Rahel Alayu 1989-1990
78 8 Redai Yonah 1986
78 9 Redday Dani (Dessie) 1988-1989
78 10 Ricky Mulu 1986
78 11 Rivka Eshkol 1985-1988
78 12 Rivka Haziza 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
78 13 Robel Adane 1986-1989
78 14 Robel Yimanu 1987-1988
78 15 Roman Beyene undated, 1989-1990
78 16 Ron Tadesse 1987
78 17 Rosina Tessema 1989
78 18 Ruhome Rovel 1988
78 19 Ruti Meshesha 1989
78 20 Sahle Jembar 1986-1987
78 21 Sara Meshesha 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
78 22 Schlomo Mamo / Asrat Abebe 1986-1987
78 23 Sebhat Ferede / Tejitu Robel 1988
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
78 24 Seffefe Baycheh 1988-1990
78 25 Selam Girmai / Debre Zewdie 1987-1989
78 26 Selamnesh Alemu undated, 1988
78 27 Semagne Berihun 1988-1989
78 28 Semani Fisseha 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
78 29 Semnu Kassa 1990
78 30 Shai Samuel 1988
78 31 Shamuel Workeneh 1988-1990
78 32 Shemitove Zemnu (Asmare Eishetie) 1986-1987, 1989
78 33 Shemual Mehert 1987-1988
78 34 Shewanesh Asmare 1990
78 35 Shimon Fisseha 1988
  (contains Yiddish)   
78 36 Shimon Semalgn 1986-1987
78 37 Shimson Rada 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
79 1 Shlomo Ferede (Lewtie Demissie) 1988
79 2 Shmual Gobezia 1987
79 3 Shmuel Golla 1986-1989
79 4 Shmuel Iytamnon 1987
79 5 Shmual Tegegne Erdanie (contains photographs) undated, 1985-1990
79 6 Simha Eliase 1987
79 7 Simon S.Y. 1990
79 8 Sinedu Chicole 1990
79 9 Sisay Felek 1989
79 10 Sisay Tadesse 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
79 11 Sisay Tsega 1988
79 12 Sisay Yeshake 1970, 1984-1989
79 13 Soloman Assefa 1985-1986, 1988
79 14 Solomon Teshager 1985-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
79 15 Solomon Wubeneh 1986-1987
79 16 Tadege Tigabe 1990
79 17 Tadege Worku 1989-1990
79 18 Tadesse Yakov 1988
79 19 Tafere (Berhanu) Baynesagn undated, 1984-1990
79 20 Takele Beyene 1985-1988
79 21 Takele Beyene 1990
79 22 Takele Ferede 1990
79 23 Takele Semaligne 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
79 24 Tal Wereku 1990
79 25 Tamar Engaw 1987
79 26 Tamayeit Itageb 1989
79 27 Tarekegn Adamasu 1987
79 28 Tarekegne Yosef 1987-1988
79 29 Tarequen Makonen 1987
79 30 Tarko Asefaw 1987
79 31 Tayachew Malaku undated, 1986-1989
79 32 Teblet Degene Reda undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
79 33 Tefera Muluye 1989
79 34 Teferi Selam Girmay 1976, 1986-1989
79 35 Tefera Shmuel 1987
79 36 Tegabu Mola 1988-1989
79 37 Tegaw Mengiste 1987, 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
80 1 Tegege Erdame (Samuel Tegegne) 1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
80 2 Tegegne Beyenne undated, 1988
  (contains Amharic, Spanish, and Yiddish)   
80 3 Teguada Yishak 1990
80 4 Tekeba Abuhay 1986-1987
80 5 Tenat Tsegahun (Seyoum Tseghen) 1990
80 6 Tenna Wubie 1988-1989
80 7 Teringo Mengistu 1987
80 8 Teru Melesse 1987
80 9 Teruneh Selam 1987
80 10 Terusew Sitotaw 1989
80 11 Tesfa Derso undated, 1984, 1989
80 12 Tesfa Derso undated, 1983
80 13 Tesfahun Baruch 1986
80 14 Tesfaye Aderagew undated, 1984-1990
80 15 Tesfaye Aderagew trip 6/89-2/90 undated, 1986-1987, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
80 16 Tesfaye Birkeneh, Fiteg Negash undated, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
80 17 Tesfaye Ferrede 1989
80 18 Tesfaye Tigabu 1986
80 19 Teshale Tayachew 1990
80 20 Tessema Zev 1989
80 21 Tewebe Lewi 1986-1989
80 22 Tezazau Teshale 1986-1987, 1989
80 23 Theodoros Ayanaw 1985-1987
80 24 Tibebe Selassie Befecadu undated
80 25 Tilahun Mucheneh 1986
80 26 Tinat Tsegahun 1988
80 27 Tobba Worku 1986
80 28 Truye Teshome 1988
80 29 Tsegaw Lakia 1990
80 30 Tsegaw Mamo undated, 1973, 1985-1990
80 31 Tsegehun Seyoum 1987
80 32 Tshehay Alemu 1987
80 33 Tselote Teffera 1987-1989
80 34 Turesaw Sitotaw undated, 1987-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
81 1 Turu Elias (empty folder)
81 2 Turuwork Addis (contains photograph) 1986-1987
81 3 Tyaku Gelawa 1990
81 4 Tzehaya Berhanu 1988
81 5 Volunteer Possibilities - Israel/Ethiopia undated, 1983, 1985
81 6 Uri Haili 1987-1988
81 7 Uri Miniwab (Mebrat) 1986-1988
81 8 Wagnew Wudu 1989
81 9 Wasihun Belay 1986
81 10 Wobet Barkolegne 1986-1989
81 11 Wodage Robel 1989
81 12 Wolelaw Abera 1986-1987, 1989
81 13 Woretaw Esayas 1989
81 14 Workeneh Amberber undated, 1986, 1988, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
81 15 Workit Barkolegne 1987
81 16 Workit Baruh 1987
81 17 Worku Alelegne 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
81 18 Worku Ishak 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
81 19 Worku Mucheneh 1990
81 20 Workyantifu Layew 1986-1989
81 21 Woublene Solomon undated, 1988-1989
81 22 Wubalu Desta 1986-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
81 23 Wube Dawit 1984-1989
81 24 Wubeneh Soloman 1986-1987
81 25 Wubeshet Samuel 1987
81 26 Wudage Achenefe 1989-1990
81 27 Wude Azaria 1985, 1987-1988
81 28 Wude Fekadu 1989
81 29 Wudu Erez 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
82 1 Yaccob Samual 1987
82 2 Yacob Bayum 1987-1988
82 3 Yael Zewdu undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
82 4 Yafet Alemu 1987
82 5 Yafit Seimon 1989-1990
82 6 Yakov Bayuh undated, 1986, 1990
  (contains Amharic)   
82 7 Yakov Belay 1987-1988
82 8 Yakov Fenta 1987
82 9 Yebirwha Nega undated, 1986-1988
82 10 Yeftusra Dessie, Hannah Andargie 1987
82 11 Yehis Aberra 1989
82 12 Yehizbealem Mehari undated, 1987-1988
82 13 Yehuda Gezahagne 1990
82 14 Yehudit Falga 1990
82 15 Yemanu Temayeit 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
82 16 Yeneshet Esayas 1987
82 17 Yengusnesh Tessema 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
82 18 Yesayaihu Dagu 1987-1988
82 19 Yeshak Abraham 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
82 20 Yeshak Melashu 1987
82 21 Yeshalem Teshome 1989
82 22 Yeshareg Gedam undated, 1987-1989
82 23 Yeshiabebe Yetayew 1984
82 24 Yezabnesh Mehary 1989
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
82 25 Yideg Avraham 1987
82 26 Yimenu Tainayeit 1987
82 27 Yirga Zeisano undated, 1985-1990
82 28 Yirga Zeizana's book 1972
  (contains Amharic)   
82 29 Yirgadu Belai 1986
82 30 Yishake Lewte 1989
  (contains Amharic and Yiddish)   
82 31 Yisrael Azaria 1987
82 32 Yitsak Aron 1985
82 33 Yitsak, Tedla 1988
82 34 Yitzhak Hailu 1990
82 35 Yonah Bogele (contains photograph) 1985-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
82 36 Yona Sehalu 1986
82 37 Yosef Amir 1987
82 38 Yosefe Hadane, Rabbi undated, 1985-1988
  (contains Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
83 1 Yosef Tsegahun 1990
83 2 Yosef Zaradia undated, 1988
  (contains Yiddish)   
83 3 Yoseph Desta 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
83 4 Yoseph Lauta 1989-1990
83 5 Zeave Zewudie 1990
83 6 Zehava Negusse 1989-1990
83 7 Zehba Baruch 1987
83 8 Zeit Takele undated, 1986-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
83 9 Zeizanu Berhan undated, 1986-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
83 10 Zelleke Eshetu 1986-1987
83 11 Zemne Berhan 1987
83 12 Zenash H/Miriam undated, 1986
83 13 Zenash Mehari 1987-1988
83 14 Zena Yoseph 1990
83 15 Zenebu Essie 1987
83 16 Zeru Kidanu 1987
83 17 Zeudu Solomon 1987-1988
83 18 Zewditu Motbaynor undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
83 19 Zewdu Fekadu 1990
83 20 Zewdu Mengistu 1983-1985, 1987
83 21 Zewdu Yeshak 1990
83 22 Zewdu Zeghaye 1986-1987
83 23 Zina Takele 1985-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
83 24 Zuhar Abraham 1989

Subsubseries c: Rescue/Relief Ethiopians to U.S., undated, 1981, 1983-1990

English and Amharic.
Box 84 -- Box 87, Folder 2.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by first name.

Scope and Content:

The subsubseries has the rescue and relief files of Ethiopian Jews fleeing to the United States dating from 1981 to 1990. Generally, the focus of the AAEJ was not to bring Ethiopian Jews to the U.S., but rather to Israel, and therefore the amount of files present in this subsubseries is considerably less.

BoxFolderTitleDate
84 1 Ethiopians-U.S. undated, 1983-1985
84 2 Ethiopian Jews in U.S. 1983
84 3 Aberra Sisay undated, 1986
84 4 Abetu Malaku undated, 1986-1990
84 5 Adane and Zenash Beyene undated, 1984-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
84 6 Agegnehu Geltie 1983
84 7 Alganish Gapetemichael 1988
84 8 Amanuel Mengesha 1986-1987
  (contains Amharic)   
84 9 Andarge Danya Asfaw undated, 1984-1987
84 10 Asfaw Demissie 1985
84 11 Atsede Yimer undated, 1987-1989
84 12 Ayele Gulte 1985
84 13 Azeb Gebrekidan undated
84 14 Dr. Belayne Habteyesus 1984-1985
84 15 Belaynish Yimer 1984
84 16 Belente Getahun undated, 1981, 1988
84 17 Belete Tekle Wolde (Yifrew) undated, 1988
84 18 Ben Araya undated, 1989-1990
84 19 Ben Araya undated
84 20 Berhane Eguale undated, 1990
84 21 Berhanu Mengistu 1990
84 22 Demoze Deguma undated
84 23 Denekew Muluneh Getahun undated
84 24 Diomidis Goudamanis 1989
84 25 Ebrahim Y. Muzemil undated
84 26 Erku Yimer undated, 1984-1985
84 27 Fasil Yirgu 1989
84 28 Fekede Debebe Kubrie 1984, 1988
84 29 Fekede Gizaw undated
84 30 Felicita Yisak Mogos 1987-1988
84 31 Gedlu Tiku 1990
84 32 Genet Mamo undated, 1989
84 33 Genetu Yigzaw undated, 1986
84 34 Genet W Samayat undated, 1988, 1990
84 35 Getachew Mikre undated, 1986
84 36 Getu Tefere Ysegaye 1990
84 37 Girma Bayouh undated, 1985-1990
84 38 Girmachew Dore 1990-1991
84 39 Goshe Wolde undated, 1986
84 40 Hana Melaku 1989-1990
84 41 Hannah Makonnen undated, 1983-1988
84 42 Haptinesh Ezra 1983, 1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
85 1 Isac Seife Gabriel undated
85 2 Jacob Ali undated, 1985
85 3 Josef Baynesasghn 1987
85 4 Kahsai Kidane undated, 1983, 1985-1989
85 5 Kasaihun Derso undated, 1989
85 6 Kulubriel Woldemariam undated
85 7 Malke Tega (Michael Adamsu) undated, 1984-1989
85 8 Manta Gabre Tsadick 1984, 1988
85 9 Maza Woldemariam 1990
85 10 Mekides Gebre 1988
85 11 Mengiste Asressie undated, 1986
85 12 Mengistu Asfaw 1989
85 13 Mequannent Kumsaa undated, 1986-1988, 1990
85 14 Mequanent Berihun 1989-1990
85 15 Misganaw Baruch 1988
85 16 Mohamed Alemu undated, 1983, 1989
85 17 Mulu Fenta 1986
85 18 Mulugeta Asmelish Gashu 1983, 1985
85 19 Liknesh Yimer 1989
85 20 Dr. Sahle Selassaie Araia 1986
85 21 San Diego 1986
85 22 Seble Getahun 1987
85 23 Seifu Lessenwork 1987
85 24 Semu Mengiste (Simcha Desta) undated, 1983-1988, 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
86 1 Setegne Alemayehu 1985
86 2 Setegne Legesse, Messeret Meheretie 1985-1987, 1990
86 3 Sewasew Measa 1987
86 4 Sidofsky, Carol undated
86 5 Solomon Asfaw 1987-1988
86 6 Solomon Ezra 1986-1988
86 7 Solomon Makonnen (Florida) undated
86 8 Solomon Meleke 1984-1987
86 9 Steven Asaasmora undated
86 10 Tamrat Aberra undated, 1984-1985, 1987-1990
86 11 Taye Tilahun (General) undated
86 12 Teferra Y. Alemae undated, 1989
86 13 Teke Woldegabriel 1990-1991
86 14 Teklu Tesfazghi 1990
86 15 Temesgin Andegiorgis 1988
86 16 Temesgin Belay undated, 1983-1985, 1988-1990
86 17 Temesgin (Haile) Fissehion 1984-1985, 1987-1989
86 18 Temesgin Fissehion / Senait Gebreab undated, 1986-1987, 1989-1990
86 19 Tesfa Workeneh undated, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
86 20 Tesfaye Adunya undated, 1986
86 21 Teshaye Kassahun Gizaw undated
86 22 Tsegaye Hagos undated, 1989
86 23 Woldeshesh Negussie undated
86 24 Workeaferaw Shifferaw 1990
86 25 Wossenseged Muluneh 1987-1988
86 26 Yared Demillo undated, 1989
86 27 Yihenew Mazengia undated, 1986-1987
86 28 Yisak Asgadom 1988
86 29 Yosef Arega undated, 1981, 1984-1988
86 30 Zenash Beyene undated, 1989-1990
86 31 Zerihun Assefa 1987
86 32 Card File A-D
86 33 Card File E-G
86 34 Card File H-L
BoxFolderTitleDate
87 1 Card File M-O
87 2 Card File T-Z

Subsubseries d: Rescue/Relief Ethiopians to Canada, undated, 1982-1990

English and Amharic.
Box 87, Folder 3 -- Box 88, Folder 17.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by first name.

Scope and Content:

This subsubseries contains the files of Ethiopian Jews fleeing from Ethiopia to Canada during the 1980s.

BoxFolderTitleDate
87 3 Aberra Mehari undated, 1986-1988, 1990
87 4 Addisu Tesfaye 1985-1986, 1988
87 5 Assefa Fentahun 1984-1985
87 6 Aster Shibru 1985-1986
87 7 Ayenew Dawit undated, 1985-1987
87 8 Bainesaign Entew 1989
87 9 Demaris Molla 1984-1985
87 10 Dessie Meheret 1986, 1988-1989
87 11 Devorah (Zenebu) Dawit 1987-1988
87 12 Ejegayehu Tadesse 1986-1987
87 13 Endalew Etsubdink 1987-1990
87 14 Fentahun Assefa undated, 1985-1989
87 15 Getachew Feleke 1983
87 16 Getu Teffera undated, 1982-1983, 1985-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
87 17 Gisme Zewdu 1988-1989
87 18 Gobeze Etsubdink 1985-1987, 1989
87 19 Habtinesh Melku 1987
87 20 Kassaye Tizazu 1987
87 21 Kibur Asres 1988
87 22 Layew Sisay undated, 1989
  (contains Amharic)   
87 23 Malaku Eyob 1986
87 24 Malke Abraham 1987
87 25 Menelik Azaria 1984-1990
87 26 Mesfin Fisseha 1986-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
88 1 Mitikia Berhanu 1990
88 2 Mitiku Dawit undated, 1986-1987
88 3 Mulu Zelleke 1986
88 4 Nega Ayele 1986-1987
88 5 Ruth Yonah 1987
88 6 Sahalitu Getu 1987
88 7 Selamawit Dawit 1985-1987, 1989
88 8 Shlomo Kindie 1988
88 9 Sisay Mehari undated, 1985-1987
88 10 Tesfahun Tegegne 1985-1990
88 11 Tsegaye Dawit 1986, 1988
88 12 Turuwork Mitike undated, 1986-1990
88 13 Woretaw Mehari 1986
88 14 Worku Abuhaye undated, 1987-1989
88 15 Yalemwork Derso 1986, 1988
88 16 Yosef Aneyew undated, 1984-1985, 1987-1988
  (contains Amharic)   
88 17 Zenebu Dawit 1988

Subsubseries e: Ethiopians to European countries, undated, 1968, 1974, 1983-1990

English.
Box 88, Folders 18-25.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by country.

Scope and Content:

This small subsubseries contains the files of Ethiopian Jews that fled to European countries, mainly England, Sweden and Switzerland from 1968 to 1990.

BoxFolderTitleDate
88 18 Ethiopians-Ethiopia-Jews undated, 1983, 1986-1987
88 19 Ethiopia - Ethiopians 1984-1987
88 20 Ethiopian - England - Almaz Sereke undated, 1987-1989
88 21 Ethiopian - England - Tsegai Serabang 1987-1988
88 22 Ethiopian - Ethiopia - Seffefe Belay Aycheh 1968, 1974, 1984-1985
88 23 Ethiopian - Europe - Tadelle Taye undated, 1983-1984
88 24 Ethiopian - Sweden - Dr. Bililegn Alene 1990
88 25 Ethiopian - Switzerland - Kassa Kebede 1988

Subsubseries f: Unsorted rescue relief material, 1984-1990

English.
Box 89.
Scope and Content:

This subsubseries consists of unsorted rescue relief material collected by LaDena Schnapper organized into two binders dating from 1984 to 1990. The files serve as an addendum to the individual relief case files and were originally arranged and still remain in reverse chronological order.

BoxFolderTitleDate
89 1-3 From Ladena Schnapper's Files - After Individual Relief Case Files: Unsorted Material: Binder 1 1984-1990
89 4-6 From Ladena Schnapper's Files - After Individual Relief Case Files: Unsorted Material: Binder 2 1985-1990

Subseries 3: Schnapper's Chicago AAEJ General Files A-Z, undated, 1961, 1966, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977-1990

English, Amharic, French, and Yiddish.
Boxes 90-120.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of Schnapper's extensive general files collected while in the AAEJ Chicago office. The files are arranged alphabetically by folder title. The subseries consists of topical files as well as general correspondence with the folders of individuals interfiled by last name. Files of interest in this subseries include the Canadian Physicians for Affrican Refugees (CPAR), the Chai Program, the CAJE Conference, congressional files, correspondence dating from 1984-1988, Ethiopia files, files pertaining to famine, film advertising, Operation Moses, Rabbinical Assembly Conferences, issues of Release, rescue effort files, LaDena Schnapper files, Nate Shapiro files, the Sponsor Project, the Student Scholarship Project, and files on tours of Ethiopia.

BoxFolderTitleDate
90 1 Bahai Faith 1984-1985
90 2 Baltimore Group 1983-1984
90 3 Bank Exhibit 1985
90 4 Bank Leumi Transfers 1985-1988
90 5 Banking Seminars 1989
90 6 Bar/Bat Mitzvah Twinning Program (contains photograph) undated, 1986-1989
90 7 Bard, Mitchell undated, 1987
90 8 Bar Ilian University - Israel 1986-1987
90 9 Baseball (contains photograph) undated, 1986, 1988
90 10 Bat/Bar Mitzvah (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1982-1987, 1989
90 11 Bayit Project / David Paller 1986
90 12 Beckwith, Carol 1987
90 13 Beliak, Rabbi Ben 1986
90 14 Ben-Gurion, David - Centennial Committee 1986
90 15 Berg, Alan 1983-1984
90 16 Berger, Dr. Graenum - Book/Biography 1987
90 17 Berger, Graenum - Biography undated, 1963?, 1985, 1987
90 18 Berger, G. - Correspondence (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1979, 1983-1988
90 19 Berger, G. - Medal of Freedom 1981, 1983-1987
90 20 Berger, Graenum and Emma Scholarship Fund - November 1985 1985-1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
91 1-2 Berger Mail 1982-1983
91 3 Berger Mail (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1984-1986
91 4 Bergman, Rabbi Robert 1986
91 5 Berkeley Theater 1982
91 6 Berkman, Marc 1986
91 7 Berman, Collette 1989
91 8 Better Business Bureau undated, 1982-1983
91 9 Bibliography undated, 1981, 1984, 1986
91 10 Bibliography: Who's Who in African Affairs in Washington, D.C. 1981
91 11 Black Jews (see OS1F Folder 1) 1980, 1985
91 12 Black Media Project - AJC 1983
91 13 Blacks undated, 1982-1983
91 14 Blacks - Orig., Offers, etc. 1984
91 15 Blackwell, Qaturah 1990
91 16 Blazer, Phil (see OS1F Folder 1) 1985
91 17 B'nai B'rith Canada Trip - March 1984 1984
91 18 B'nai B'rith Conference, Las Vegas - August 24-28, 1986 undated, 1986
91 19 B'nai B'rith Material 1982-1983, 1988
91 20 B'nai (Shlomo Kuperstein) 1989
91 21 B'nai Torah Stationery undated
91 22 B'nai Torah 1982-1984
91 23 Board of Jewish Education - New York 1985-1986
91 24 Board Mailings 1982-1985
91 25 Board Mailing (started February 1987) 1986-1987
91 26 Book Bank USA 1985
91 27 Book - The Last of Days 1983
91 28 Books - Red Sea Press 1988
91 29 Books (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1981-1983, 1985
91 30 Bornstein, Ben undated, 1983, 1985-1988
91 31 Boshewitz, Rudy 1984, 1986-1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
92 1 Boston Folder undated, 1981-1985
92 2 Bracelets (see OS1F Folder 1) undated, 1988
92 3 Brichto, Herbert - Chanan Writings 1968, 1973, 1975-1976, 1983
92 4 Brochures undated, 1986
92 5 Bronstein, Deborah 1985-1987
92 6 Bronstein, Steve undated, 1985, 1988
92 7 Bronstein, Steve undated, 1987
92 8 Brooks Letter undated, 1982-1983
92 9 Brown, Philip P. 1985-1986, 1989
92 10 Bulletin Board undated
92 11 Bulletin Board Material undated
92 12 Burdick, Senator 1987
92 13 Burdick, Quentin 1987
92 14 Burg, Yosef undated
92 15 Business Cards undated
92 16 Buttons 1986
92 17 CARE undated, 1985-1986
92 18 CBF - World Jewish Relief 1984
92 19 Cabbage and Kings - February 2, 1985 1985-1986
92 20 Canadian Jewish Congress undated, 1983, 1985
  (contains Yiddish)   
92 21 Calendar 1987 (see OS1F Folder 1) 1986-1987
92 22 Call to Conscience - September 17, 1986 1980, 1986
92 23 Camps (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1983-1984
92 24 Canada undated, 1982-1984
92 25 Canada - Ethiopian Jews of Canada Organization 1987
92 26 Canada - JIAS, Montreal EJ Community Meeting - April 14, 1986 undated, 1986
92 27 Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews undated, 1981-1989
92 28 Canadian Physicians for African Refugees 1980, 1983-1984
  

1.) Typewritten letter from Mark Doidge to Nate Shapiro, July 10, 1980
2.) Typewritten letter from Mark Doidge to Nate Shapiro, September 6, 1984

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
93 1 Canadian Physicians for African Refugees undated, 1985
93 2-3 Canadian Physicians for African Refugees - Letters to LaDena in Ethiopia undated, 1990-1991
  (contains Amharic)   
93 4 Capitol Hill Update 1983
93 5 Cards - Calendars undated, 1982-1984, 1986
93 6 Cards - Hanukah - In Honor of undated
93 7 Cartoons undated, 1984-1985
93 8 Catalogs 1980-1981
93 9 Census (Names Gathered in Israel - AAEJ Names) undated, 1982, 1986-1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
94 1 CCAR Conference - June 16, 1984, New York undated, 1984
94 2 Central Conference of American Rabbis, June 1985, Minneapolis 1985-1986
94 3 Center for Jewish Activism undated
94 4 Chai Campaign Info undated
94 5 Chai Program undated, 1982, 1988
94 6 Chai Sponsorship undated, 1985-1988
94 7 Chai Sponsorship - Completed and no responses 1983-1985
94 8 Chamah (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1984-1986
94 9 Change of Address (ML) 1986-1987
94 10 Chase, Jaffa undated, 1986
94 11 Chicago Action for Soviet Jewry undated, 1989
94 12 Chicago AAEJ Group undated, 1983-1985
94 13 CARPCV (Chicago Area Returned Peace Corps Volunteers) 1984-1985, 1987-1990
94 14 Chicago Area Temples undated
94 15 Chicago Board of Rabbis Mailings undated, 1983-1984
94 16 Chicago City Resolution 1983
94 17 Chicago - Department of Human Relations 1983, 1985
94 18 Chicago Jewish Federation (see OS1F Folder 2) 1983-1986
94 19 Chicago Jewish Folk Arts Festival - Summer 1986 undated, 1986
94 20 Chicago Pledges Dinner 1981 1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
95 1 CSAE (Chicago Society of Association Executives) (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1983-1984
95 2 Chicago Volunteer Chapter undated
95 3 Children's Kits undated, 1984-1985
95 4 Chinn, Janice 1985
95 5 Christian Broadcasting Network undated, 1975, 1977-1978, 1980, 1984-1985
95 6 City Club undated
95 7 Clothing undated, 1979-1985
95 8 Clothing, ELAL 1984
95 9 Clothing - Ethiopian Designs 1985
95 10 Clothing Shipments 1985-1986
95 11 Cohen, Jonathan undated
95 12 Cohen, Sara 1985-1988
95 13 Cohen, Scott 1985-1988
95 14 Cohn, William 1986
95 15 Cohn, Willie - An Immigrant from Ethiopia Am I paper, Summer 1986 1985-1986
  (contains Amharic)   
95 16 Coins, Medals undated, 1984
95 17 College of St. Scholastica undated, 1987
95 18 CAER - Committee to Aid Ethiopian Refugees - N.Y. undated, circa 1987
95 19 Computers 1986
95 20 Computer / Amharic (Dashen Engineering) undated, 1988
95 21-22 CAJE Conference - Alternatives in Jewish Education undated, 1982-1983, 1985, 1987, 1990
95 23 Conference Call / Activists undated
95 24 Conference on Alternatives for Jewish Education - August 27-31, 1984, Palo Alto, CA undated, 1984-1985
95 25 CAJE Conference - August 1984 undated, 1984
95 26 CAJE Conference - Northern, IL, August 11-15, 1985 (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1984-1986
95 27 CAJE - Crisis in Ethiopia 1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
96 1 Conference - United Synagogue of America - N.Y., November 14-17, 1985 - Fellman, Jane 1985
96 2 Conferences 1983, 1985-1986
96 3 Conferences 1985-1987
96 4 Confidential 1982
96 5 Congress of the United States 1985-1986
96 6 Congressional Action undated, 1983-1986, 1988
96 7 Congressional Action - Famine undated, 1983
96 8 Congressional Addresses undated, 1981, 1983
96 9 Congressional Advocacy Package undated
96 10 Congressional Caucus 1990
96 11 Congressional Delegation - Ethiopian Trip - November 1984 1984
96 12 Congressional Human Rights 1983-1984, 1987
96 13 Congressional Letters 1985
96 14 Congressional Letters - 1986 undated, 1982-1983, 1986
96 15 Congressional Material - AAEJ Activities 1983-1984
96 16 Congressional Material - Miscellaneous 1983
96 17 Congressional Materials / Articles 1983-1985
96 18 Congressional Meetings - July 18-19, 1983 1983
96 19 Congressional Record - June 28, 1984 Solidarity Week 1983-1984
96 20 Congressional Record Articles June 1984
96 21 Congressional Resolution May 1988
96 22 Congressional Senate Resolution 55 1983, 1985
96 23 Congressional - U.S. Senate Letter for Sudan Rescue 1985
96 24 Cong. Tom Lantos 1987
96 25 Congress People undated, 1982-1984, 1986
96 26 Contribution Form 1986
96 27 Contributions to AAEJ $1000 and over 1982-1984
96 28 Coro, R. undated, 1981-1982, 1986-1987
  (contains French)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
97 1 Correspondence 1984 A 1984
97 2 Correspondence 1984 B 1984
97 3 Correspondence 1984 C 1984
97 4 Correspondence 1984 D 1984
97 5 Correspondence 1984 E 1984
97 6 Correspondence 1984 F 1984
97 7 Correspondence 1984 G 1984
97 8 Correspondence 1984 H 1984
97 9 Correspondence 1984 I 1984
97 10 Correspondence 1984 J 1984
97 11 Correspondence 1984 K 1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
98 1 Correspondence 1984 L 1984
98 2 Correspondence 1984 M 1984
98 3 Correspondence 1984 N 1984
98 4 Correspondence 1984 O 1984
98 5 Correspondence 1984 P 1984
98 6 Correspondence 1984 R 1984
98 7 Correspondence 1984 S 1984
98 8 Correspondence 1984 T 1984
98 9 Correspondence 1984 U 1984
98 10 Correspondence 1984 V 1984
98 11 Correspondence 1984 W 1984
98 12 Correspondence 1984 Y 1984
98 13 Correspondence (Misc.) to Graenum Berger, Henry Rosenberg, Lenhoff, etc. 1983-1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
99 1 Correspondence 1985-87 A 1985-1987
99 2 Correspondence 1983-88 B 1983-1988
99 3 Correspondence 1984-87 C 1984-1987
99 4 Correspondence 1985-87 D 1985-1987
99 5 Correspondence 1984-85, 1987 E 1984-1985, 1987
99 6 Correspondence 1984-87, 1990 F 1984-1987, 1990
99 7 Correspondence 1984-88 G 1984-1988
99 8 Correspondence 1984-87 H 1984-1987
99 9 Correspondence 1985-86 I 1985-1986
99 10 Correspondence 1984-87 J 1984-1987
99 11 Correspondence 1984-88 K 1984-1988
99 12 Correspondence 1985-87 L 1985-1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
100 1 Correspondence 1985-88 M 1985-1988
100 2 Correspondence 1985-87 N 1985-1987
100 3 Correspondence 1985 O 1985
100 4 Correspondence 1985-86 P 1985-1986
100 5 Correspondence 1985-87 R (contains photographs) 1985-1987
100 6 Correspondence 1984-87 S 1984-1987
100 7 Correspondence 1985-87 T 1985-1987
100 8 Correspondence 1985-86 V 1985-1986
100 9 Correspondence 1985-89 W 1985-1989
100 10 Correspondence 1984-86 Y, Z 1984-1986
100 11 Correspondence from Important People 1982
100 12 Correspondence Misc. undated, 1983-1984
100 13 Council of Jewish Federations Meeting January 5, 1987, New York undated, 1987
100 14 Council of Jewish Federations - New York 1983
100 15 Court, Allan 1986
100 16 Cranston, Senator Alan undated, 1983-1987
100 17 Crisas, Andy 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
101 1 Crown, Ida 1989
101 2 Ida Crown Jewish Academy of Chicago undated
101 3 Cultural Survival 1982-1983
101 4 Cushman, Aaron D. (see OS6F Folder 1) 1983
101 5 Cytrynbaum, Stanley 1988
101 6 Dance undated, 1982, 1985
101 7 Davidson, Alice 1985
101 8 Davidson, Sandy 1985
101 9 DeGraff, Mel undated, 1984-1986
101 10 DeConcini, Senator 1985
101 11 Defence for Children International undated, 1987-1989
101 12 Defense of AAEJ Materials 1988 undated, 1986-1987
101 13 Detroit Group 1983-1986
101 14 Dewoskin, Bill undated, 1985
101 15 Diamond, Jamie undated, 1985
101 16 Diamond, Terry and Marilyn undated, 1983-1984, 1987-1989
101 17 Diaspora Museum (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1985-1987
101 18 Direct Mail undated, 1986-1987
101 19 Directories undated
101 20 Direct Relief International undated, 1982-1983
101 21 Djibouti 1986-1988
101 22 Doctors Project Gondar undated, 1986
101 23 Doidge, Mark undated, 1980
101 24 Donations undated
101 25 Drought 1983-1984
101 26 Dublin, Dr. Robert 1983
101 27 Duke, Albert 1989
101 28 Duro-Test undated, 1974, 1980, 1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
102 1 Eaton, Joseph 1988
102 2 Edelstein, Jack 1985-1986
102 3 Egandorf, Alfred 1986-1987
102 4 Eitches 1985-1986
102 5 EJ Organizations - Other undated, 1982
102 6 Elias, Rabbi Robert - Program: Israel 1984
102 7 Encyclopedia of Jewish Institutions undated, 1982
102 8 Encyclopedia Judaica undated
102 9 Encyclopedia Judaica - Decennial Book 1973-1982 "The Jews of Ethiopia" circa 1983
102 10 England - John Cable, John Peters undated, 1987
102 11 England Group undated, 1984-1985, 1989
102 12 England - Minister of State 1984
102 13 England - Parfitt, Tudor 1985
102 14 Envelopes - Fundraising undated
102 15 Eritrea 1983-1987
102 16 Eritrean Community Association of Chicago undated, 1988
102 17 Eritrean Community Center - Chicago 1988
102 18 "ET - EJ" (Educational Tools for Ethiopian Jews) campaign (contains photograph) 1984
102 19 Ethiopia - Articles undated, 1985-1986
102 20 Ethiopia - Background undated, 1984, 1987
102 21 Ethiopia - Disease Outbreak Information: November/December 1985 1985
102 22 Ethiopia, Inc. - The Universal Sons and Daughters of undated, 1983
102 23 Ethiopia - Political Asylum Backup Information 1977-1979, 1982-1984
102 24 Ethiopia - Political Asylum Backup Information undated, 1985-1987
102 25 Ethiopia - Politics 1984
102 26 Ethiopia - Prisoners 1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
103 1 Ethiopia - Religious Repression undated, 1982-1983
103 2 Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti - Country Profile 1986-1987
103 3 Ethiopia - Travel undated, 1985, 1987
103 4 Ethiopia - Various undated
103 5 Ethiopian Aid Organization - Project Mercy 1986
103 6 Ethiopian Airlines (Chicago) 1983
103 7 Ethiopian Artifacts - Sudan 1985
103 8 Ethiopian / Chicago Articles undated, 1986, 1989-1990
103 9 Ethiopian-Chicago - Ethiopian Jews undated
103 10 Ethiopian Committee on Immigration undated, 1982-1986
  (contains Amharic)   
103 11-12 Ethiopian Community Associaton of Chicago (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1982, 1984-1990
103 13 Ethiopian Community Development Council 1987
103 14 Ethiopian Community Development Inc. / Washington, D.C. 1984, 1987-1989
103 15 Ethiopian Conference - MSU 1983 1983
103 16 Ethiopian Embassy 1985-1986
103 17 Ethiopian - Famine Relief Project 1984
103 18 Ethiopian Hunger Watch Committee 1985
103 19 Ethiopian-Israel Addresses (AAEJ Cases) undated
103 20 Ethiopian Jewish Organization of Canada (EJOC) 1987
103 21 Ethiopian Jewish Committee of Northern California 1984
103 22 Ethiopian Jewry Madrichims Choveret undated
103 23 Ethiopian Jews - Exodus of a Tribe - Los Angeles Times July 7, 1985
103 24 Ethiopian Jews - Israel 1985
103 25 Ethiopian - Meningitis 1988
103 26 Ethiopian Mission, January 1983 1983
103 27 Ethiopian Refugee Bulletin - Baltimore 1981-1984
103 28 Ethiopian Refugee Mutual Association - St. Paul, MN 1986
103 29 Ethiopian Refugees Mutual Aid Association (St. Louis) undated, 1982
103 30 Ethiopian Resumes undated, 1982, 1984
103 31 Ethiopian Tee Shirts undated
103 32 Ethiopian Village 1985, 1987
103 33 Ethiopians - Non-Jewish Letters 1985-1986
103 34 Events undated, 1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
104 1 Everett, Edith and Henry undated, 1983-1987
104 2 Ezra 1983
104 3 Facets Multimedia Inc. undated
104 4 Fact Sheets undated, 1980-1981, 1984-1985
104 5 Fahn, Roberta Article and Report October 1986
104 6 "The Falasha Game" 1982
104 7 "Falashas: The Forgotten Jews of Ethiopia" by David Kessler 1985
104 8 "Falasha No More" (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1985-1986
104 9 Falasha Rally 1979
104 10 Famine (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1983, 1985
104 11 Famine - Action 1984-1985 undated, 1984
104 12 Famine - Ethiopia 1987-1988
104 13 Famine 1987
104 14 Fascell, Dante representative 1987
104 15 Federations undated, 1982-1986
104 16 Federation Donors undated, 1982, 1984
104 17 Feinberg, Abraham 1985
104 18 Feinstein, Steve 1982
104 19 Feltman, David undated, 1983, 1985-1986
104 20 Ferber, Irwin 1984-1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
105 1 Film (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1981-1984, 1986
105 2 Film Advertising (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1984-1985
105 3 Film Advertising: "Exile of the Black Jews" (see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1984
105 4 Film - Ann Arbor - March 1984 1984
105 5 Film: "Behold the Child" undated
105 6 Film Brochure 1984
105 7 Film: Chicago Viewing 1985
105 8 Film - Coordinator Kit 1983-1984
105 9 Film - Epilogue 1984
105 10 Film - Flitterman, Tamara 1985
105 11 Film - Hemisfilm Best Film Award - January 1984 1984
105 12 Film - LA Cineplex - October 1983 1983-1984
105 13 Film - New York Screening 1984
105 14 Film Proposal - Henry Gold undated, 1984
105 15-16 Film Proposal - Matara Productions undated, 1983-1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
106 1 Film Screening Brochure undated
106 2 Film Screenings 1983-1984
106 3 Film Transcript 1983
106 4 Film - Videos of It Brochure (A.B. Data) 1984
106 5 Film - Videotapes of 1984
106 6 Filmakers Library 1983-1984
106 7 Films undated, 1984-1987
106 8 Nate's Speech - Israel - 1983 undated, 1984
  (contains Yiddish)   
106 9 National Center for Jewish Film undated, 1983
106 10 National Conferences 1983
106 11 NCEC 1987
106 12 NCEC Mailing August 1986
106 13 NCEC Mailing (1974-1987 update) July 1987
106 14 NCEC Mailings (drafts) 1986
106 15 NCEC Passover Mailing 1987
106 16 NCEC Passover Mailing 1988
106 17 NCEC Prospective Mailing November 1986
106 18 NCEC Prospective Mailing - April 1987 1986-1987
106 19 NCEC Services 1986
106 20 National Council of Jewish Women 1984, 1986
106 21 National Council of Returned Peace Corps Volunteers (see OS1F Folder 3) 1986, 1988
106 22 National Jewish Post and Opinion 1983
106 23 NJCRAC - Mati Elias Trip, December 1983 undated, 1981, 1983-1984
106 24 NJCRAC Meeting - June 21, 1983 1983
106 25 NJCRAC undated, 1979, 1982-1986, 1989-1990
106 26 NJCRAC 1988
106 27 NETWORK (see OS1F Folder 3) undated, 1983-1984, 1986-1987
106 28 Network Ad 1983
106 29 Network Tour - July 23-27, 1984 1984
106 30 Neuman, Allan September 1986 Article and Berger Response 1986
106 31 New Israel Fund 1985-1986
106 32 New Jersey Group 1983-1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
107 1 Newman, Allan 1983, 1985
107 2 New Orleans 1984
107 3 News Clipping Services undated, 1983, 1985
107 4 Newsletter - Release Draft: Winter 1984 - Notes undated, 1983-1984
107 5 Newsline 1986-1988
107 6 Newsline Listings undated
107 7 New York State Resolution 1983
107 8 Noah's Ark (see OS1F Folder 3) undated, 1985
107 9 Non-Verbal Communication undated, 1985-1986
  (contains Yiddish)   
107 10 Norman, Ted undated, 1966, 1982-1983
107 11 North American Conference on Ethiopian Jewry (see OS1F Folder 3) undated, 1983-1988
107 12 North Shore Congregation undated, 1986, 1988-1989
107 13 Obituaries undated, 1981-1982
107 14 Obituary List - 1984 undated, 1983-1984
107 15 Obituary List - 1985-1987 People's Death 1985
107 16 Offers to Assist 1984
107 17 Ohio 1984-1985
107 18 Operation Brotherhood undated, 1987
107 19 Operation Moses undated, 1985-1986
107 20 Operation Moses Ads undated, 1985
107 21 Operation Moses / Advocacy / Simcha Jacobovici's book 1986
107 22 Operations undated
107 23 Options, Inc. 1984
107 24 Orders - Magazines, Books (see OS1F Folder 3) 1982-1985
107 25 Organizations in United States - International (Ethiopian-Jewish) undated
107 26 Original Ads (see OS1F Folder 3) 1982-1983
107 27 ORT undated, 1979-1980, 1984-1986
107 28 O'Rourke, Thomas 1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
108 1 Ottawa Chapter for Ethiopian Jewry 1986
108 2 Oxfam America undated, 1984-1987
108 3 Oxford Center for Jewish Studies undated, 1986-1987
108 4 Pacific Bell 1989
108 5 Packwood, Bob, Senator 1985
108 6 Parnes, Henry 1985, 1987
108 7 Passover (see OS1F Folder 3) undated, 1984-1988
108 8 Patinkin, Mark, photographer 1985
108 9 Paulos, Yohanes 1983-1985
108 10 Peace Corps 1984-1987
108 11 Peace Corps - National Council of Returned Peace Corps Volunteers (see OS1F Folder 3) undated, 1983, 1985-1987, 1989
108 12 Pennsylvania Group 1986
108 13 Pen Pal Program undated, 1985
108 14 Percy, Senator Charles 1983-1985
108 15 Peres (Letter to) 1986
108 16 Perleman, Ilene (see OS1F Folder 4) undated, 1983-1986
108 17 Perlman Exhibit undated, 1985
108 18 Perspectives - National Jewish Resource Center 1980
108 19 Petitions undated, 1983
108 20 Petitions undated, 1984
108 21 Petition - May 1985 1985
108 22 Philadelphia Group undated, 1983-1984
108 23 Photo Exhibit undated, 1984
108 24 Pioneer Women undated, 1983
108 25-27 PIPR Inc. undated, 1982-July 1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
109 1 PIPR Background Article - February 1984 1984
109 2 Pitney Bowes Meter Readings 1986
109 3 Pitney Bowes Printing undated, 1983-1984, 1986
109 4 Pittsburgh Group undated, 1984-1985
109 5 Plays - Rhode Island JCC Community Seder undated, 1981, 1983
109 6 Plays: The Falashas First Chanukah undated
109 7 Poems undated, 1980, 1982-1983, 1985-1986, 1988
109 8 Political Asylum undated, 1983-1987
109 9 Political Campaign Material 1985-1986
109 10 Pollack, Judith 1988-1990
109 11 Pollack, Susan 1987-1989
109 12 Porter, John 1986-1987
109 13 Posner, Michael 1986
109 14 Postage 1982-1983
109 15 Postage Machine (Meter) undated, 1985-1986
109 16 Postcards undated, 1984
109 17 Posters (see OS6F Folder 1) 1981-1982
109 18 Pottery - Ethiopian (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1971, 1983, 1987
109 19 Prayers (see also Posters) undated, 1982, 1984
109 20 Premier Graphics 1985
109 21 Present Tense Summer 1982
109 22 Press Contact Project 1984
109 23 Press Kit undated, 1982-1983
109 24 Printing - Nyala Type 1987, 1990
109 25 Professional Development 1982-1983
109 26 Professional Development / Organizations 1984
109 27 Profiles undated
109 28 Project for Peace and Reconciliation in the Middle East 1984
109 29 Proposals 1982-1983
109 30 Proposals, Grant Requests 1987
109 31 Proposal Writing (see OS1F Folder 4) 1984
109 32 Publicity - "Tonka the Wonder Dog" AAEJ (contains photograph) undated, 1985
109 33 Puppets 1980, 1985
109 34 "Pushke Cans" undated, 1985-1986
109 35 Queen of Sheeba Legend undated
109 36 Quentin, Burdick 1986
109 37 Questions undated, 1983
109 38 Quill undated, 1983-1985
109 39 Quiz Cube 1980-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
110 1 Rabbi Irving Greenberg 1986
110 2 Rabbinical Assembly Conference, Miami - March 1985 1984-1985
110 3 Rabbinical Assembly Conference, New York - May 18-22, 1986 undated, 1986
110 4 Rabbinical Assembly, New York, May 13 (Jane Fellman, Representative) undated, 1984
110 5 Rabbis - Chicago undated
110 6 Rabbis - New York 1987
110 7 Radio undated
110 8 Radio: Shows / Spots 1985
110 9 Rafael, Lois undated, 1987
110 10 Ramsey, Pat undated, 1984-1985
110 11 Ramsey, Pat - Fenton Communications undated, 1984-1986
110 12 Rand, Kay 1985
110 13 Rapoport, Louis undated, 1983, 1986
110 14 The Reader 1985
110 15 Reader's Digest - December 1983 1983, 1986
110 16 Recant, Will undated, 1986-1988
110 17 Receipts undated, 1985
110 18 Receipts for Contributions undated
110 19 Record - "I'm a Jew Like You" 1982-1983
110 20 Records 1985-1986
110 21 Red Cross 1985
110 22 Red Cross 1985-1986
110 23 Reese, Matt undated, 1985
110 24 Reese, Matt - Passover 1985 Mailing undated, 1985
110 25 Reese, Matt - Rosh Hashanah Mailing 1985
110 26 Reform Jewish Appeal 1978-1980
110 27 Reform Judaism - Commission on Social Action 1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
111 1-2 Refugee Info undated, 1981-1985, 1988
111 3 Refugee Law Paper - Kupferschmid, O. 1983-1984
111 4 Refugees - Newspaper (see OS1F Folder 4) 1983-1984, 1986
111 5 Regards - Magazine 1985
  (contains French)   
111 6 Reggae Affair undated, 1984-1985
111 7 Reisfield 1984
111 8 Release Fall 1983
111 9 Release - Notes Summer 1984
111 10 Release Summer 1985
111 11 Release Spring 1986
111 12 Release Fall 1986
111 13 Release Winter 1986
111 14 Release - December 1986 Materials undated, 1986
111 15 Release - Fall 1988 1983, 1986-1988
111 16 Relief Agencies undated, 1983-1985
111 17 Relief - Dorkas Aid International 1987
111 18 Relief Society of Tigray undated, 1984
111 19 Religious Action Center UAHC undated, 1986-1987
111 20 Religious Action Center - UAHC Projects undated, 1984-1986
111 21 Reports undated, 1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
112 1 Rescue - Argen 1984
112 2 Rescue - Elias Paper 1982
112 3 Rescue - Finances 1983
112 4 Rescue - Fundraising 1982-1983
112 5 Rescue - Kenya 1984
112 6 Rescue - Master List - Names AAEJ Rescue 1980? 1983-1989
112 7 Rescue - People Interested 1985
112 8 Rescue - Possibilities (see OS1F Folder 4) undated, 1981-1982
112 9 Rescue - Progress Report January 5, 1988
112 10 Rescue - Sudan, Kenya - 1983 undated, 1981-1983
112 11 Rescue - Sudan Pictures 1983
112 12 Rescue - Sudan Statistics - Temesgin undated, 1982-1983
112 13 Rescue - Worker Candidates undated
112 14 Rescue - Zim Ship Lines 1983
112 15 Research - Ethiopian Woman - Israel - Rose Markel 1988-1989
112 16 Resolutions undated, 1982-1986
112 17 Resource Book (Kupperman's) undated, 1987
112 18 Resources undated, 1980-1988
112 19 Resume undated
112 20 Robertson, Pat undated, 1975, 1977-1978, 1980
112 21 Rockowitz, Eli undated, 1985-1987
112 22 Rodenstein, Morris 1985
112 23 Rogoway, Cindy 1987-1988
112 24 Rosenberg, Henry undated, 1983-1986
112 25 Rosenberg, Mildred undated, 1984
112 26 Rosenberg, Roger undated, 1988
112 27 Rosenstein, David 1984
112 29 Roth, Joan undated, 1986, 1989
112 29 Rothbaum, Larry undated, 1985-1986, 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
113 1-3 San Diego Rescue Committee for Ethiopian Jews undated, 1982-1990
113 4 SAFAM undated, 1984, 1986
113 5 Saidel, Rochelle 1984-1985
113 6 San Francisco Groups undated, 1980, 1983-1987
113 7 Save the Children 1983-1984
113 8 Schachter, Hal (see OS1F Folder 4) 1987-1990
113 9 Schlepak, Charles undated, 1989-1990
113 10 Schnapper, L. Israel Trip October 1988
113 11 Schnapper, LaDena - Job Responsibilities undated, 1990
113 12 Schnapper, LaDena - Jury Duty 1986, 1990
113 13 Schnapper, LaDena / Speeches undated, 1985-1988, 1990
113 14 Schnapper, Mel - Proposal for AAEJ Workshop 1983
113 15 Scholarship Information 1988
113 16 School / Grade / HS Names undated, 1990
113 17 Seattle Group 1985
113 18 Secular Press List undated
113 19 Segged undated, 1980-1981, 1983-1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
114 1 Sentinel 1985-1987, 1989
114 2 Sephardic Connection 1984
114 3 Shabbat Programs undated, 1984-1985
114 4 Shabbat Service - Rabbi Steve Kaplan 1988
114 5 Shalish - Rabbi David Book Proposal 1986
114 6 Shalva undated, 1985
114 7 Shapiro, Nate - Biography Pictures (contains photographs) undated, 1981, 1984-1985, 1990
114 8 Shapiro, Nate / LaDena's Notes for Nate undated, 1985
114 9 Shapiro, Nate - Notes undated, 1984, 1987
114 10 Shapiro, Nate - Personal undated, 1979-1980, 1982-1987
114 11 Shapiro Photos / 1st Annual Conference (contains photographs) 1985
114 12 Shelemay, Kay 1983-1985
114 13 Shofar 1984
114 14 Shulman, Julie 1985
114 15 Sidofsky, Carol 1990
114 16 Sietar 1985
114 17 Silver, Bert 1982-1986
114 18 Simon, Paul, Senator 1985-1987
114 19 Singer, Rabbi undated, 1981-1986
114 20 Singer, Rabbi Sholom Fund 1987-1988
114 21 Slander 1984
114 22 Slides undated, 1982-1983
114 23 Slide Shows Users 1982
114 24 Sloane, Hal 1986
  (contains Yiddish)   
114 25 Sokoloff, Ben 1985-1986
114 26 Solidarity Day undated, 1984
114 27 Solidarity Day - L.A. Rally Material - June 24, 1984 undated, 1984
114 28 Solarz, Stephen 1985-1986
114 29 Solomon, Raymond 1981-1983, 1985
114 30 Somalia / Shell Embod 1987-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
115 1 Somerville, Susan 1985-1986
115 2 Soviet Jewry 1987-1988
115 3 Soviet Jews for Ethiopian Jews 1987-1988
115 4 Speakers Bureau undated, 1983
115 5 Speakers Bureau Material undated, 1982
115 6 Speakers List undated, 1983-1985
115 7 Speaker's Mailing - May 1983 undated, 1984-1985
115 8 Speaker's Workshop 1985
115 9 Speeches undated, 1983, 1985
115 10 Spertus Museum Exhibit - 1986 undated, 1986
115 11 Spertus Museum Symposium - Ethiopian Jews - October 20, 1985 undated, 1985-1986
115 12 Sponsorship Program undated, 1982
115 13 Sponsor Project (FR): Interested in Sponsorship undated, 1985-1986
115 14 Sponsor Project (FR): Pledges/Old Material undated, 1985
115 15-16 Sponsor Project (FR): Completed undated, 1985-1988
115 17-18 Sponsor Project (FR): People not yet out undated, 1985-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
116 1 Sports/Running Proposal 1986
116 2 Staffing undated, 1984-1986
116 3 St. John University - Hill Monastic Manuscript Library 1973, 1986
116 4 St. Louis Group 1984-1985
116 5 Stamps undated, 1982
116 6 State Department Human Rights Report 1987
116 7 Steimastsky Publishing 1985
116 8 Stein, Glen undated, 1983-1987
116 9 Stein, Marty 1987
116 10 Steuerman, Ben (see OS1F Folder 4) 1986
116 11 Stickers undated
116 12 Stone and Adler 1985
116 13 Stone, Jeff 1982-1983
116 14 Stories undated, 1986
116 15 Strangers: Tape/Slides undated
116 16 Student Campus Activities - AIPAC Guide 1979, 1981, 1983
116 17 Student Referrals - Israel 1987-1988
116 18 Student Scholarships from Ethiopia: General Info, Letters, Events undated, 1982-1985
116 19 Student Scholarship Project - Los Angeles Correspondence 1983
116 20 Student Scholarship Project Online - AAEJ #1 undated, 1983
116 21 Student Scholarship - SAJE 1984
116 22 Subcommittee Hearings - August 5, 1982 1982
116 23 Subcommittee Hearings - August 1983 1982-1983
116 24 Subcommittee on Foreign Relations Material undated, 1981-1982
116 25 Subscriptions undated, 1983-1984
116 26 Sudan-Ethiopian Artifacts 1985
116 27 Sudan / Medical (see OS1F Folder 4) undated, 1983-1984
116 28 Sudan Now undated, 1984-1986, 1988
116 29 Supplies - Office undated, 1983-1985
116 30 SACOW - Surgical Aid to Children of the World - Ethiopia Medical Project 1985
116 31 Sweet, Reisa undated, 1984, 1986-1987, 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
117 1 Talit Orders undated, 1986-1987
117 2 Tannenbaum, Loretta 1986
117 3 Tapes (List of) undated
117 4 Tatar, M. 1983-1985
117 5 Tatar, Martin undated, 1983
117 6 Teff undated, 1987
117 7 Teffilin - Operation: Teffilin Ad (see OS1F Folder 4) 1986
117 8 Tegegne, Baruch - Biography undated, 1981, 1984, 1988-1989
117 9 Telephone undated, 1982-1987
117 10 Television 1983
117 11 Television Program - September 7, 1986 1986
117 12 Telex Material - Facsimile undated, 1986
117 13 Telex - May 26, 1987 (Lebanese Papers) undated
117 14 Temple Jeremiah 1989
117 15 Tennessee Group undated, 1983-1985
117 16 Tents (contains photographs) 1985
117 17 Terrorism 1986
117 18 Thank You Letters 1984, 1986-1987
117 19 Third Country Processing 1982
117 20 Tours undated, 1983-1984
117 21 Tour - Nahum Ben Yosef 1981, 1983-1984
117 22 Tour - PIPR - Media Tour, Detroit, St. Louis (Nate, Rachamim, Elazar) - February 1984 1983-1984
117 23 Tour - Gedalia/Mehari - November/December 1984 undated, 1984
117 24 Tour - Mahari Robel September 1986
117 25 Tour - Rachamim Eleazar / Susan Schechtman - February 1989 undated, 1988-1989
117 26 Toy Project undated
117 27 Travel - Active undated
117 28 Travel Duet 1983-1987
117 29 Travelers Aid undated, 1980-1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
118 1 Treacherous Journey 1986
118 2 Trible, Paul, Senator 1985
118 3 Trip - Hollander, Esther - November 1985 undated, 1985
118 4 Twain, Mark - Comments on Jews undated
118 5 Typewriter 1982, 1984-1985
118 6 Typing Services undated, 1985
118 7 UAHC Conference - February 29, 1987 1987
118 8 UAHC Convention - Chicago - November 1, 1987 undated, 1984, 1987
118 9 UAHC / Sponsor Program - Hausman, Sharon 1988
118 10 UJA undated, 1980-1983, 1986-1987
118 11 Ullendorf, Edward - The Death of Moses in the Literature of the Falasha 1961
118 12 UNHCR 1984
118 13 UNICEF undated
118 14 United Israel Appeal undated, 1983, 1985
118 15 UPS Mailings - 1983 undated, 1984-1985
118 16 Union for Saving Ethiopian Jewish Families 1981-1983, 1985
118 17 U.S. Aid to Africa 1985
118 18 U.S. Committee for Refugees 1984, 1986
118 19 U.S. Committee for Sports 1986
118 20 U.S. Department of State 1984-1985
118 21 U.S. Embassy / Ethiopia 1987
118 22 U.S. Embassy - Meetings 1985
118 23 U.S. Immigration / Falashas to U.S. undated, 1980
118 24 United States Senate 1985
118 25 U.S. State Department - Human Rights Practices Report on Ethiopia 1982 1982, 1986
118 26 United Synagogue of America 1986
118 27 United Synagogue Youth on Wheels 1984-1986
118 28 United Way 1984
118 29 Universal Sons and Daughters of Ethiopia, Inc. 1985-1986
118 30 Uretz, Laurie undated
118 31 Vermont Group (see OS1F Folder 4) undated, 1984
118 32 Video Taping undated, 1983
118 33 Viltis undated, 1983-1984
118 34 Virgin Islands 1984-1985
118 35 Voice of America Amharic 1985
118 36 Volunteers undated, 1985
118 37 Volunteers - Interested in Work in Israel undated, 1984-1986
118 38 Volunteer Possibilities - Ethiopia and Agencies Assisting in Ethiopia undated
118 39 Volunteer Xerox List undated, 1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
119 1 Walk with Israel - May 5, 1985 1985
119 2 Wallenberg, Raoul 1987
119 3 Washington, DC Association for Ethiopian Jews 1983-1990
119 4 Washington, DC Office Mailings 1986
119 5 Washington, Seattle Group (Alan Newman) undated, 1984-1985
119 6 Wasserman, Paul undated, 1983-1990
119 7 Weberman, Harris 1985
119 8 Weddings undated, 1984
119 9 Weiner, Sid - SAEJ 1989-1990
119 10 Weingrod, Alex - Israel People 1982
119 11 Weintraub, Harvey 1983
119 12 Weiss, Zelda 1986
119 13 Westvaco 1984
119 14 Wheelchair 1989-1990
119 15 Wheeler, Norton 1984-1986
119 16 Wiesel, Elie undated, 1983-1984, 1987
119 17 Wiesenthal, Simon undated, 1979, 1983-1985
119 18 Williams, Robert Lawrence 1983-1984, 1986, 1990
119 19 Winn, Michael - National Jewish Monthly article undated, 1981
119 20 Winnepeg Committee for Ethiopian Jews - Levine, Elliot undated, 1983-1988, 1990
119 21 WIZO 1985-1986
  (contains Yiddish)   
119 22 Wondemu Hagos - Ethiopian-Israel 1988-1989
119 23 Woods, Harriet 1986
119 24 Work History Forms undated
119 25 World Jewish Genealogy Organization undated
119 26 World Newsmap (see OS6F Folder 1) 1985
119 27 World Refugee Service 1984
119 28 World Relief undated, 1982-1985
119 29 World Service Authority undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
120 1-2 World Vision undated, 1983-1987
120 3 WUJS 1983, 1985
120 4 WUJS Proposal - May 1987 1987
120 5 Wunderman Foundation 1984
120 6 Xerox 1984
120 7 Yisrael, Yehiel 1986-1987
120 8 Yohannes Tiku - Ethiopian-U.S. undated, 1987-1988, 1990
120 9 Yosef, Abraham (Avi) 1987
120 10 Youth for Understanding undated, 1984-1986
120 11 Zarechi, Mark 1987
120 12 Zeiler, Claudia 1986
120 13 Zelazo, Ziona 1988-1989
120 14 Zeller, Jack 1988, 1990
120 15 Zemere, Dawit - Ethiopian-Israel 1986, 1988-1989
120 16 Zewditu, Motbaynor - Ethiopian-Israel 1989-1990
120 17 Zimmerman, Marvin undated, 1982, 1984-1985
120 18 Zionist Organization of America 1983-1984
120 19 Zober, Mark undated
120 20 Zonis, Marvin 1985
120 21 Zucker, Rabbi Daniel undated, 1986

Series B: William Recant, undated, 1979, 1981-1993

English, Amharic, French, and Yiddish.
Boxes 121-130.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subseries.

Scope and Content:

William Recant was the first executive director of the AAEJ in Washington, D.C. from 1984 to 1993. He was an experienced, effective advocate and expert in international relations.28 Recant briefed President George Bush on the condition of Ethiopian Jews in Israel and those remaining in Ethiopia and worked closely with the Special Israeli Envoy as liaison to the U.S. Government in the planning and implementation of Operation Solomon.29 Recant, on behalf of the AAEJ, helped establish the Congressional Caucus for Ethiopian Jews which served as the leading advocate for the rights of Ethiopian Jews. More than 155 members of Congress belonged to the cause.30 Recant advised State Department officials and members of Congress on Ethiopian Jewry and spoke to groups nationwide on the plight of the Ethiopian community.31 Recant advocated for continued rescue and relief of the Ethiopian Jews. Recant had previously done work to help Soviet Jews.

The series is composed of Will Recant's general files as well as correspondence with politicians collected by Recant while serving as executive director of the AAEJ from 1984 to 1993 in the Washington, DC office.

Subseries 1: Recant General Files, undated, 1979, 1981-1993

English, Amharic, French, and Yiddish.
Boxes 121-128.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subseries contains Recant's general files, arranged alphabetically by folder title. Files of significant interest to researchers in this subseries are the AAEJ board meeting minutes, correspondence with various temples and congregations, correspondence with local Jewish organizations, files on Ethiopia (famine, resettlement, Ethiopian villages, and general information), international family reunification plan files, and Surgical Aid to Children of the World (SACOW) relief trip reports.

BoxFolderTitleDate
121 1 AAEJ Board Meeting October 29, 1983
121 2 AAEJ Board Meeting April 8, 1984
121 3 AAEJ Board Meeting October 21, 1984
121 4 AAEJ Board Meeting November 3, 1985
121 5 AAEJ Board Meeting September 13, 1986
121 6 AAEJ Board Meeting September 13, 1986 1984-1987
121 7 AAEJ Board Meeting November 8, 1987
121 8 AAEJ Board Meeting October 16, 1988
121 9 AAEJ Board Meeting November 5, 1989
121 10 AAEJ Board Meeting June 30, 1991
121 11 AAEJ Board Meeting 1993
121 12 Annual Board Meeting Response 1987
121 13 AAEJ: National Conference 1983 (contains negatives and contact sheet) undated, 1982-1984
121 14 AAEJ: National Conference Fall 1986 (contains negatives and contact sheet) 1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
122 1 AAEJ Offices undated, 1989-1992
122 2 AAEJ: Programs, Operations and Organizational Opportunities: Proposal and Correspondence undated, 1986-1988
  (contains French)   
122 3 AAEJ: Printouts undated, 1986-1988
122 4 AAEJ: Rabbinic Call to Conscience (contains photographs) Fall 1986
122 5 AAEJ: Reunion of 400 Ethiopian Jews Rescue in Israel 1985
122 6 AAEJ: Solidarity Demonstration and Week in Israel 1984
  (contains Yiddish)   
122 7 AAEJ Speakers Bureau undated
122 8 AAEJ Update undated, 1991-1992
122 9 ACIAD/ORAD 1985-1986
122 10 Adas Israel Congregation (Washington, DC) undated, 1989-1990
122 11 Adas Israel - Checks for Debra's paintings 1991
122 12 Temple Adath Israel (Rabbi Jonathan Adland) 1988-1990
122 13 Adath Jeshurun Congregation (Minneapolis, Minn. 55408) 1990
122 14 Agudas Achim (Alexandria, VA) 1990
122 15 Congregation Ahavath Achim 1989-1990
122 16 Asner, Ed (contains photograph) undated, 1986
122 17 Bachrach undated, 1988-1989
122 18 Baron de Hirsch Fund 1985-1987
122 19 Becker, David 1988-1989
122 20 [Jewish Congregation of] Belair Nevey Shalom (Bowie, MD 20715) (122 Torah Ln) 1990
122 21 Bengualid, Sylvia (Rabbi Marc Angel) 1988-1989
122 22 Berman, Colette 1989
122 23 Congregation Beth David 1989-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
123 1 Beth El - Bethesda, MD 1989-1990
123 2 Beth El - Oneonta, NY 1990-1991
123 3 Beth El - San Diego, CA December 8-10, ?
123 4 Beth Emet - Reston, VA (Joan Reed) 1989-1990
123 5 Beth Israel Congregation (Ann Arbor, MI, 48104) 1989
123 6 Temple Beth Shalom (Toms River, NJ) 1990
123 7 Beth Tikva - Rockville, MD 1989-1990
123 8 Beth Tikvah (Lake Worth Jewish Center, FL) 1989
123 9 Beth Torah Congregation (West Hyattsville, MD 20782) 1990
123 10 Block, Stacey and Jacqui Rick 1989-1990
123 11 Bloomington, Ind. Community 1989-1990
123 12 B'nai Abraham Sisterhood (Hagerstown, MD 21740) 1990
123 13 Congregation B'nai David (Southfield, MI 48075) 1990
123 14 B'nai Shalom of Olney, MD 1990
123 15 Boston JCRC, Owen Kuperschmid 1983-1984, 1988-1989
123 16 Congregation Brith Sholom (Bethlehem, PA 18017) 1990
123 17 Brochures, Newsletters, etc. undated, 1990
123 18 Bronfman, Edgar undated, 1985-1987
123 19 Brownstein, Steve (contains photographs) undated, 1987-1989
123 20 Camp Kutz undated, 1989-1990
123 21 Camp Programs undated, 1984, 1990
123 22 Capital District Community (Riemer, Dorit Stark) 1988
123 23 Central Conference of American Rabbis 1991
123 24 Chapel Hill, NC 1990
123 25 Chai Updates undated, 1990-1991
123 26 Church Officials (including Pope) undated, 1987-1988
123 27 College Contacts (contains photographs) undated, 1988-1990
123 28 Denver, Colorado 1990
123 29 Congregation Sons of Israel 1989-1990
123 30 Crafts Orders - Harburger undated, 1990-1991
123 31 Deressa, Yonas 1986-1987
123 32 Drezek Family 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
124 1 East Meadow Center (Rabbi Androphy) 1988-1989
124 2 Edelstein, Jack 1986, 1989-1990
124 3 Eisen, Gary 1990
124 4 Eisenberg, Rick 1989
124 5 Temple Emanu-El (Oak Park, MI) 1989-1991
124 6 Temple Emanu-El (Kensington, MD) 1989-1990, 1992
124 7 Emanuel Jacob Congregation (Mansfield, OH) 1990
124 8 Emounai El (Rabbi Linda Goodman) 1988
124 9 Epstein (memory of David Saltzman) 1990
124 10 Epstein, Jerry undated, 1989
124 11 Ethiopia: Disease 1985, 1988-1989
124 12 Ethiopia: Famine, General Information 1986-1987
124 13 Ethiopia: Famine, General Information undated, 1988
124 14 Ethiopia: General Information undated, 1981-1982, 1985-1989
124 15 Ethiopia: Live Aid 1986
124 16 Ethiopia: Politics/Government undated, 1985-1989
124 17 Ethiopia: Rebels, General 1985, 1988-1989
124 18 Ethiopia: Refugees from Sudan 1988-1989
124 19 Ethiopia: Resettlement undated, 1985-1987
124 20 Ethiopia: Resettlement Movement of Jews (?) undated, 1985
124 21 Ethiopia seize CIA agent 1986, 1988
124 22 Ethiopia-Soviet Ties undated, 1985-1989
124 23 Ethiopia-U.S. Relations 1987-1989
124 24 Ethiopia: Villagization undated, 1985-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
125 1 Temple Etz Chaim (Rabbi Shimon Paskew) 1988
125 2 Family Reunification Master Roster undated, 1989
125 3 Hal Frank 1988-1989
125 4 Jordana Gerson (Oak Park, IL) undated, 1990
125 5 Getraer/Rossides 1990
125 6 Rabbi Joseph Glase 1988
125 7 GLOVARR Great Lakes 1988
125 8 Gold, Henry undated
125 9 Goodman, Eli undated, 1986-1989
125 10 Margi Greenhut (Chai-Info) undated, 1989-1991
125 11 Halpern, Eli 1987-1989
125 12 Hammer, Armand 1986-1987, 1989
125 13 Congregation Har Shalom (Potomac, MD) 1990
125 14 Congregation Har Tzeon-Agudath Achim (Rabbi Landman) 1988-1990
125 15 Henze, Paul 1986, 1991
125 16 Hershel Religious School (Rabbi J. Goldstein) 1988
125 17 Lake Hiawatna Jewish Center 1988-1989
125 18 Hillel Letters undated, 1991
125 19 Dov Hoch and friends of 1990
125 20 Hyman Brand Hebrew Academy (Rabbi Philip Field) 1988
125 21 Indianapolis Federation Temple Youth (IFTY) undated, 1989-1990
125 22 Temple Israel (Rabbi Shapiro) 1988, 1990
125 23 Temple Israel (Silver Spring, MD 20901) undated, 1989-1990
125 24 Temple Israel, Silver Spring, MD 20906) 1991
125 25 Temple Israel (Sharon, MA) 1990
125 26 Temple Israel (Rabbi Steve Pinsky) 1988
125 27 Temple Israel (Rabbi Jonathan Brown) 1988
125 28 Temple Israel (Naklama Moskowitz) 1989
125 29 Temple Israel (Rabbi John Spitzer) 1988
125 30 Israel Information undated, 1992
125 31 Israel Programs undated, 1992
125 32 Jewish Federations, Welfare Funds and Community Councils 1991
125 33 Jewish Fellowship of Davis 1989
125 34 "Jewish Survival: The Tale of Three Communities," Baltimore Board of Jewish Education 1979
125 35 Joint Distribution Committee 1984-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
126 1 Joint Distribution Committee undated, 1989-1991
126 2 Kaye, Hilary (contains photograph) undated, 1986-1987
126 3 Temple Kol Ami (Rabbi Norman Roman) 1988
126 4 Congregation Kol Emeth (Rabbi Lewis) 1988-1989
126 5 Laeffler, David 1989
126 6 Landau, Shirley and Lieberman, Carol 1988
126 7 Letters to Nate Shapiro (and Morton Marcus???) undated, 1984, 1987
126 8 Levinson, June 1990
126 9 Liberal Judaism (Rabbi Larry Halpern) 1988
126 10 Lookstein, Haskel 1987
126 11 Lovit, Neil 1988
126 12 Margolis, William and Ruth 1988
126 13 Mark Elson Center, Shir-Ami (Rabbi Elliot Strom) 1988-1989
126 14 Mason, Ruth 1987, 1989
126 15 Maine Township Jewish Congregation (Rabbi Jan Lapidus) 1988
126 16 Marketing Ideas undated, 1991
126 17 Mid-West Association of Reform Rabbis (Rabbi Shimon Moch) 1989
126 18 Miller, Rabbi Avis 1989, 1992
126 19 Mishkan Torah Congregation (Robert Goldberg-Strassler) 1988-1989
126 20 Mitchell Family 1988
126 21 Montgomery, Ernesto A. Moshe 1987
126 22 Morgenstern, Joel (?) 1987, 1989
126 23 Morton, Marcus undated, 1987-1989
126 24 Moss, Jeremy 1988
126 25 Mumeka, Imbuwa 1990
126 26 Mumeka, Lundondo 1987-1988
126 27 Mumeka, Lundondo undated, 1989-1990
126 28 Murphy, Joe 1986
126 29 Myers, James, A. 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
127 1 Bobrow and Nagar (Maplewood, NJ) 1990
127 2 Narell, Murray undated, 1987-1988
127 3 Nathan, Abe undated, 1990
127 4 National Council for EJ in Israel 1985, 1989
127 5 NELFTY (Mark Waxman) undated, 1988-1989
127 6 Ner Tamid (Rabbi Ronald Shulman) 1988
127 7 Neuberg, Jacob 1989
127 8 New Orleans undated, 1989-1990
127 9 North Shore Congregation Israel (Rabbi Stephen Hart) 1988
127 10 Congregation Ohav Shalom undated, 1987-1988
127 11 Oheb Shalom (New Jersey) 1990
127 12 Ohr Kodesh Congregation undated, 1987-1988, 1991
127 13 Congregation Olam Tikvah (Fairfax, VA) undated, 1990
127 14 Old York Road Temple (Rabbi Ronald Kaplan) 1988
127 15 Organization for Ethiopian Jewry 1990
127 16 Park Avenue Synagogue (Rabbi Lincoln, Rabbi Wechsler) 1988
127 17 Penn Chai undated, 1990
127 18 Pen Pal Names undated, 1989, 1991-1992
127 19 People to Call undated, 1991
127 20 Prayers, Poems, Literature undated, 1984, 1990
127 21 Relief: Surgical Aid To Children Of The World (SACOW) undated, 1984-1987
127 22 Relief: SACOW Trip Reports 1984-1986
127 23 Rescue Committee for Ethiopian Jews (Ruth Bennet) 1988-1989
127 24 Rescue: Family Reunification Plan, Canada undated, 1985-1988
127 25 Rescue: Family Reunification Plan, England 1984
127 26 Rescue: Family Reunification Plan, France 1986, 1989
127 27 Rescue: Family Reunification Plan, Italy undated, 1986-1989
127 28 Rescue: Family Reunification Plan, Rumania 1986-1987
127 29 Rescue: Family Reunification Plan, Sweden 1985, 1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
128 1 Rinaldi, Sarah undated, 1988-1991
128 2 Congregation Rodeh Shalom (Rabbi Ellen Greenspan) 1988, 1990
128 3 Congregation Rodeh Shalom (Rabbi Prosnit) 1988
128 4 Rosenberg Family 1988
128 5 Rosenberg, Sydney 1989
128 6 Lisa Rosenblatt undated
128 7 Rutland Jewish Center 1989-1990
128 8 Samuels, Loulette 1991
128 9 Santa Monica Synagogue (Rabbi Jeffery Perry-Marx) 1988
128 10 Congregation Schaarai Zedek (Richard Birnholz) 1988
128 11 Schacter, Hal 1990
128 12 Schwarz, Gladys 1989-1990
128 13 Shaare Tefila (Rabbi Halpern) undated, 1988-1990
128 14 Shaare Tikvah 1988
128 15 Temple Shaaray Tefila 1988-1990
128 16 Temple Shaari Emeth (P. Schechter) 1985-1986
128 17 Temple Shalom (Chevy Chase, MD) 1990
128 18 Temple Shalom, New Jersey 1989-1990
128 19 Shalom (Stanley Schickler) 1988
128 20 Temple Sharey-Tefilo Israel undated, 1988
128 21 Congregation Sherith Israel 1988
128 22 Shir Ha'Maalat - Harber Reform Temple 1988
128 23 Shlomo Mula Lecture Tour undated, 1991-1992
  (contains Yiddish)   
128 24 Shomrei Torah 1989
128 25 Temple Sinai 1988
128 26 Temple Solel (Rabbi Bell) 1988-1989
128 27 Temple Solel, Bowie, MD 1989-1990
128 28 Southeast Hebrew Congregation 1989-1990
128 29 Stakten Jewish Welfare Fund 1988
128 30 Stewart, Mikael 1988
128 31 Stillman Family undated, 1988
128 32 Storage USA undated, 1991
128 33 Student Action for Ethiopian Jews 1989
128 34 Tefereth Israel Congregation (Rabbi Nathan Abromowitz) 1988-1989
128 35 Twinning March-April 1992
128 36 Twinning June 1992
128 37 Twinning July 1992
128 38 United Jewish Appeal of Easton (Leonard Kornet) 1989
128 39 Vargas, Angela 1988
128 40 Washington Hebrew 1989-1991
128 41 Weinreb, Marvin 1988
128 42 Wiesel, Eli undated, 1984, 1986-1987
128 43 Woll, Sharon and Friends 1989
128 44 Woodlands Community Temple 1988
128 45 World Union of Jewish Students - "Fact Finding Mission to Ethiopia" June 1990
128 46 Young Israel Shomrai Emunah undated, 1988-1989

Subseries 2: AAEJ Washington DC Recant: Congress: General Files A-Z, undated, 1979, 1982-1993

English.
Boxes 129-130.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of Recant's correspondence with politicians, arranged alphabetically by last name. The correspondence dates from 1979 to 1993.

BoxFolderTitleDate
129 1 AAEJ Congressional Advocacy, Packet undated, 1986, 1991-1992
129 2 Caucus, General undated, 1986, 1990-1991
129 3 Money for Ethiopian Jews in Israel / Absorption undated, 1979, 1982-1983, 1985-1989
129 4 State Department - Congress Correspondence 1983-1984, 1986
129 5 Ackerman, Rep. Gary (D-NY) (contains photograph) undated, 1984-1992
129 6 Annunzio, Rep. Frank (D-IL) 1986
129 7 Armstrong, William ( - CO) 1989
129 8 Atkins, Rep. Chester (D-MA) 1985
129 9 Bates, Rep. Jim 1989
129 10 Bentsen, Sen. Lloyd (D-TX) 1985-1986
129 11 Berman, Rep. Howard (D-CA) 1983, 1985-1986
129 12 Biaggi, Rep. Mario (D-NY) 1984-1985
129 13 Boschwitz, Sen. Rudy (R-MN) (contains photograph) undated, 1984, 1986-1987, 1989-1990, 1992-1993
129 14 Bradley, Sen. Bill (D-NJ) 1985, 1989-1990
129 15 Brown, Hank (R-CO) 1989
129 16 Burdick, Sen. Quentin (D-ND) 1987-1988
129 17 Burton, Rep. Dan (R-IN) 1989
129 18 Byrd, Sen. Robert (D-WV) 1986
129 19 Campbell, Rep. Ben Nighthorse ( - CO) 1989
129 20 Campbell, Rep. Tom (R-CA) 1989
129 21 Chiles, Sen. Lawton (D-FL) 1986-1987
129 22 Coehlo, Rep. Tony (D-CA) 1987
129 23 Cohen, Sen. William (R-ME) 1984
129 24 Courter, Jim (NJ) 1985
129 25 Cox, Rep. Christopher (R-CA) 1990
129 26 Cranston, Sen. Alan (D-CA) (contains photograph) undated, 1985-1989, 1991-1992
129 27 D'Amato, Sen. Alfonse (R-NY) undated, 1985-1987, 1990
129 28 Dellums, Rep. Ronald (D-CA) 1987
129 29 Deloncini, Sen. Dennis (D-AZ) undated, 1984-1986
129 30 Dixon, Sen. Alan J. (D-IL) undated, 1988-1989
129 31 Dodd, Sen. Christopher (D-CT) 1985
129 32 Dole, Sen. Bob (R-KS) 1986
129 33 Dreier, Rep. David (R-CA) 1987
129 34 Durbin, Rep. Richard (D-IL) 1986
129 35 Dwyer, Rep. Bernard (D-NJ) 1986, 1988
129 36 Edwards, Rep. Don (D-CA) 1986
129 37 Engel, Rep. Eliot L. (D-NY) 1989
129 38 Fascell, Rep. Dante (D-FL) (contains photograph) undated, 1986-1987, 1991
129 39 Feighan, Rep. Edward (D-OH) 1986-1987
129 40 Flake, Rep. Floyd H. (D-NY) 1988
129 41 Frank, Rep. Barney (D-MA) (contains photograph) undated, 1984-1985, 1989
129 42 Gallegly, Rep. Elton (R-CA) 1988
129 43 Gallo, Rep. Dean 1989
129 44 Gilman, Rep. Ben (R-NY) undated, 1986, 1988-1989, 1991-1992
129 45 Glenn, Sen. John (D-OH) 1985
129 46 Gore, Sen. Albert Jr. (D-TN) 1987
129 47 Goss, Rep. Porter (R-FL) 1989
129 48 Gray, Rep. William (D-PA) 1985-1986
129 49 Green, Rep. Bill (R-NY) 1985
129 50 Gregg, Rep. Judd (R-NH) 1986
129 51 Hall, Rep. Tony (D-OH) 1991
129 52 Hamilton, Rep. Lee H. (D-IN) 1989
129 53 Hatfield, Sen. Mark O. (R-OR) 1989
129 54 Hawkins, Sen. Paula (R-FL) 1985
129 55 Hefley, Rep. Joel (R-CO) 1989
129 56 Hollings, Sen. Ernest (D-SC) 1985
129 57 Hoyer, Rep. Steny H. (D-MD) 1989-1990
129 58 Humphrey, Sen. Gordon (R-NH) 1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
130 1 James, Rep. Craig T. (R-FL) 1989
130 2 Johnston, Sen. J. Bennett (D-LA) 1986
130 3 Jontz, Rep. James P. (D-IN) 1989
130 4 Kassebaum, Sen. Nancy (R-KS) undated, 1986, 1989
130 5 Kasten, Sen. Robert W., Jr. (R-WI) 1986
130 6 Kennedy, Sen. Edward (D-MA) undated, 1985-1989
130 7 Kerrey, Sen. Bob (D-NE) 1988
130 8 Kostmayer, Rep. Peter H. (D-PA) 1987
130 9 Lantos, Rep. Tom (D-CA) 1984, 1988
130 10 Lautenberg, Sen. Frank R. (D-NJ) 1989-1990
130 11 Leland, Rep. Mickey (D-TX) undated, 1987-1989
130 12 Levin, Sen. Carl (D-MI) 1985-1987, 1989
130 13 Levine, Rep. Mel (D-CA) 1985, 1990
130 14 Livingston, Rep. Bob (R-LA) 1987
130 15 Lowery, Rep. Bill (R-CA) 1986
130 16 Lugar, Sen. Richard G. (R-IN) 1989
130 17 McCloskey, Rep. Frank (D-IN) 1989
130 18 McGrath, Cong. Ray (R-NY) 1990
130 19 McHugh, Rep. Matt (D-NY) 1985-1986
130 20 Metzenbaum, Sen. Howard (D-OH) 1985-1986, 1989
130 21 Michel, Rep. Robert H. (R-IL) 1987
130 22 Mikulski, Sen. Barbara (D-MD) 1984-1985, 1989
130 23 Morella, Rep. Constance A. (D-MD) 1989-1990
130 24 Morrison (D-CT) 1989
130 25 Moynihan, Sen. Daniel Patrick (D-NY) 1985
130 26 Murkowski, Sen. Frank H. (R-AK) 1989
130 27 Packard, Rep. Ron (R-CA) 1987
130 28 Payne, Rep. Donald (D-NJ) 1989
130 29 Pell, Sen. Claiborne (D-RI) 1986, 1989
130 30 Percy, Sen. Charles (R-IL) 1984
130 31 Porter, Rep. John (R-IL) 1985-1987
130 32 Rinaldo, Rep. Matthew (R-NJ) 1990
130 33 Rockefeller, Sen. John D. IV (D-WV) 1986
130 34 Rudman, Sen. Warren B. (R-NH) 198?
130 35 Sanford, Sen. Terry (D-NC) 1986
130 36 Sarbanes, Sen. Paul S. (D-MD) 1989
130 37 Schaefer, Rep. Dan (R-CO) 1989-1990
130 38 Simon, Sen. Paul (D-IL) undated, 1986, 1988-1990, 1992
130 39 Skelos, Sen. Dean G. (R-NY) 1990
130 40 Smith, Rep. Christopher (R-NJ) 1989
130 41 Solarz, Rep. Stephen (D-NY) undated, 1985-1987, 1989-1991
130 42 Specter, Sen. Arlene (R-PA) 1985-1986, 1989
130 43 Stevens, Sen. Ted (R-AK) 1989
130 44 St. Germain, Rep. Fernand J. (D-RI) 1986
130 45 Studds, Rep. Gerry E. (D-MA) 1988-1990
130 46 Thurmond, Sen. Strom (R-SC) 1985
130 47 Unsoeld, Rep. Jolene (D-WA) 1989
130 48 Washington, Rep. Craig A. (D-TX) 1990
130 49 Waxman, Rep. Henry (D-CA) 1986, 1988
130 50 Weicker, Sen. Lowell (R-CT) 1985
130 51 Weiss, Rep. Ted (D-NY) undated, 1985, 1988
130 52 Wilson, Sen. Pete (R-CA) 1985-1986, 1988-1989
130 53 Wirth, Sen. Timothy E. (D-CO) 1990
130 54 Wolpe, Rep. Howard (D-MI) 1984, 1986, 1990-1991
130 55 Wylie, Rep. Chalmers P. (R-OH) 1985

Series C: Arlene Kushner Files, undated, 1981-1992

English, Amharic, and Yiddish.
Boxes 131-135.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subseries.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of the files of Arlene Kushner, an American-Israeli journalist and author of books on Ethiopian Jewry such as Falasha No More: An Ethiopian Jewish Child Comes Home and Treacherous Journey: My Escape from Ethiopia. Kushner was the director of synagogue programs for the AAEJ. She was very involved with the rescue and absorption of the Ethiopian community from 1985 to 1993. Along with LaDena Schnapper, Kushner was assigned the task of finding sponsors of Ethiopian Jews that applied to flee Ethiopia. Her files are divided into two subseries: general files and individual files.

Subseries 1: General Files, undated, 1982-1992

English and Yiddish.
Boxes 131-133.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The subseries is composed of Kushner's general files that date from 1982 to 1992 and contain topics of interest to Ethiopian Jewry researchers such as financial files of the American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry (ARNEJ), Kushner's individual rescue and relief files, assistance lists, budget proposals to the Israel Ministry for Labor and Social Welfare, files on medical aid to Ethiopian Jews, files on payments for rescue/relief and aliyah, and files pertaining to the Student Action for Ethiopian Jews (SAEJ).

BoxFolderTitleDate
131 1 AAEJ Ethiopia Expenses undated, 1990
131 2 Account Mailgram 1990
131 3 Aliyah Money undated, 1989
131 4-5 American Rabbinic Network for Ethiopian Jewry (FINANCIAL) undated, 1987-1992
131 6 Arlene Kushner: AAEJ Documentation undated, 1982-1989
131 7 Arlene Kushner: Individual Rescue and Relief Files: General undated, 1983-1989
131 8 Assessment 1990
131 9 Assistance Lists: Rescue, JDC relief, etc. undated, 1985-1990
131 10 Correspondence with Will Recant re: AAEJ activity in Ethiopia undated, 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
132 1 "Ethiopian Jewry - A Photographic Essay" undated, 1990
132 2-4 Israel: Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, Budget Proposals for 1991 1991
132 5 JDC - J4 mailing, etc. undated, 1988-1990
132 6 Jews waiting to leave Ethiopia, 5 years post-Operation Moses undated, 1989-1990
132 7 Joint Reports undated, 1988-1990
132 8 Medical aid to Ethiopian Jews undated, 1990
132 9 Miscellaneous undated
132 10 Miscellaneous undated, 1988
132 11 Miscellaneous undated, 1985-1991
BoxFolderTitleDate
133 1 New People undated, 1989-1990
133 2 One-Time Relief undated, 1988-1989
133 3 Papers without Embassy Stamp, being held undated, 1990
133 4 Payments for Rescue/Relief and Aliyah undated, 1988-1990
133 5 Student Action for Ethiopian Jews: Second Annual Lobby for the Release of Ethiopian Jews, Washington, D.C. April 9-10, 1991
133 6 Submitted to Joint Distribution Committee undated, 1986-1989
133 7 Video undated, 1989-1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
133 8 Work Contract Material in Process (contains photographs) undated, 1988, 1990
133 9 Work Paper in Process undated, 1989
133 10 Work Papers Cancelled - Being Held undated, 1990
133 11 Work Papers Complete But Not Needed undated, 1989-1990

Subseries 2: Individual Files, undated, 1981-1982, 1987-1992

English, Amharic, and Yiddish.
Boxes 134-135.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The subseries has individual files as well as files of families arranged alphabetically by last name.

BoxFolderTitleDate
134 1 Family of Asmare Alayu undated, 1988-1990
134 2 Family of Gebiyanesh Alemu, Tiruye Mulaw, Yeshareg Betibebu undated, 1988-1989
134 3 Family of Yideg Avraham 1990
134 4 Mehretu Baruch 1989-1990
134 5 Family of Rahamim Baruch 1989
134 6 Dessie Baruk and family (family of Hagay Baruch) undated, 1988-1990
134 7 Lemma Bayeh (contains photograph) undated, 1989
134 8 Abraham Beyene's family undated, 1987-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
134 9 Tegegne Beyene 1988-1989
134 10 Family of Tamar Biteu: Selemon Teshome, Ergola Teshome, Wadtu Teshome undated, 1988-1989
  (contains Amharic)   
134 11 Requests for Michael Chayen pending undated, 1981, 1989-1990
134 12 Dibekulu Elias and family (Simha Elias, Israel) 1989-1990
134 13 Negusie Elias, Tsehaye Elias undated, 1989
134 14 Tezazu Erata undated, 1988-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
134 15 Demozie Getahun (brother of Adna Getahun, Nove Michael) undated
134 16 Family of Zion Getahun undated, 1989-1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
134 17 Family of Daniel, Malkie, Neshesha and Nega Getaneh undated, 1988-1989
134 18 Zemene Hailu and family (Uri Hailu) undated, 1988-1990
134 19 Selemon Mekonen undated, 1981-1982, 1989-1990
  (contains Amharic)   
134 20 Family of Shlomo Mekonen: Tedla, Adey, Genetu Tsegaye undated, 1989-1990
134 21 Tefere Mekonen 1990
134 22 Bewket Mengistu 1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
135 1 Sister of Dina Negusie: Wubinesh Agaje (and Tegeunech Worku) undated, 1989
135 2 Family of Yona Redai undated, 1988-1990
135 3 Robel Sanay and family 1989-1990
135 4 Moges Sebhat undated, 1990
135 5 Y. Sivan to be given money in Addis Ababa undated, 1990-1992
135 6 Semu Takele (sister of Eli Melech Tedela) undated, 1989-1990
135 7 Muche Amboy Tedla undated, 1988-1991
135 8 Guday Tegegne and Temachegne Simon undated, 1988-1990
135 9 Rachel Tegegne, Abebe Tegegne, Abate Tadese undated, 1989-1990
135 10 Melaku Teka (Yenewodage) undated, 1989-1990
  (contains Yiddish)   
135 11 Family of David Telele (Abiren Telele) undated, 1989-1990
135 12 Kassay Tezazu and children (including Getahun Yigzaw), Asmaru Tezazu and children undated, 1989-1990
135 13 Family of Mandefro Wondie undated, 1989-1990
135 14 Ayale Wote undated, 1989-1990
135 15 Sisay Zawdu 1989-1990

Series D: Rachel Weinstein's Files, undated, 1988, 1991-1993

English.
Boxes 136-138.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series contains the files of Rachel Weinstein, outreach coordinator/director in the AAEJ's Washington office from September 1992 to September 1993. Weinstein returned from a year of volunteer service in Israel where she provided assistance to those wishing to volunteer in Israel, either in dental clinics, schools, or ulpan training. For part of the year she worked as both a teacher and a counselor of newly arrived Ethopian teenagers in a boarding school setting. Weinstein was also involved with the home visitation program that collected and distributed money for the promotion of education, health and welfare for Ethiopian Jewish families in the Netanya/Chadera region and other places in Israel where the Association of Americans and Canadians in Israel (AACI) had contacts. The AACI was founded by Murray Greenfield who was experienced with dealing with the Jewish Agency of Israel and was aware of the plight of the Falashas. Rachel Weinstein assisted with furthering the work of the AACI and her files contain general correspondence, avodah ("work") files, files dealing with her involvement with the dental project, other ongoing projects, fundraising/publicity, and financial records. Her records also contain papers concerning the disbanding of the AAEJ in 1993 and archives interested in the papers of the AAEJ.

BoxFolderTitleDate
136 1 AAEJ Board Meeting May 16, 1993 undated, 1992-1993
136 2 Application Packet undated, 1992
136 3 Avodah undated, 1992-1993
136 4 BJBE Checks - Tukkul Project 1992-1993
136 5 Business Mailing Responses undated, 1993
136 6 Correspondence undated, 1992-1993
136 7 Dental Project (contains 5 ¼ inch diskette) undated, 1991-1993
136 8 Dines, Dr. Milton undated, 1992
136 9 Dines, Dr. Milton - Questions undated
136 10 Disbanding of AAEJ 1993
136 11 Dubi/Isram 1992-1993
136 12 Fact Sheets undated, 1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
137 1 Financial Records July-September 1992
137 2 Financial Records October-December 1992
137 3 Financial Records January-May 1993
137 4 Financial Records March-June 1993
137 5 Financial Records July-September 1993
137 6 Fundraising/Publicity undated, 1992
137 7 Interested Dentists undated, 1992-1993
BoxFolderTitleDate
138 1 Norman, Deborah undated, 1988, 1992-1993
138 2 Ongoing Projects undated, 1992-1993
138 3 Paid Invoices 1991-1993
138 4 Passover Mailing undated, 1991, 1993
138 5 Proposals 1993

Series E: Loulette Samuels: Mailing Lists (fundraising events, checks, etc.), 1978, 1986-1991

English.
Box 139.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

Loulette Samuels was a fundraiser for the AAEJ. She was responsible for maintaining mailing lists for fundraising events as well as copying checks of donations from individuals and compiling lists of contributions/donations to the AAEJ. Box 139 contains these mailing lists, lists of contributions, copies of checks, meeting invitations, and floppy diskettes containing the digital files.

BoxFolderTitleDate
139 1 Fundraising: Samuels, Loulette: Mailing Lists (contains three 5 ¼" floppy diskettes) 1991
139 2 Samuels, Loulette: Mailing Lists (1 of 3) 1987-1990
139 3 Samuels, Loulette: Mailing Lists (2 of 3) 1978, 1986, 1988-1989
139 4 Samuels, Loulette: Mailing Lists (3 of 3) 1988-1989, 1991
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Subgroup III: Ethiopian Jewry - Secondary Articles, undated, 1960, 1965, 1967-1968, 1971, 1973-1993, 1995

English, Amharic, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 140-167.
Arrangement:

Arranged into eight series.

Scope and Content:

This subgroup contains secondary sources pertaining to Ethiopian Jewry, such as articles and newsclippings on Ethiopia and the surrounding region, information on Falashas, newsclippings about the Falashas/Ethiopian Jews, Ethiopian Jewry press clippings, subject files, articles and reports on Ethiopian Jewry, books and pamphlets on Ethiopian Jewry, and card files of Ethiopian Jews in the United States, Canada, and Israel.

Series A: Articles and Newsclippings on Ethiopia and Region, undated, 1965, 1968, 1971, 1973-1984

English, French, and Yiddish.
Boxes 140-145.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series contains articles and newsclippings about Ethiopia and the surrounding region from 1965 to 1984. The series consists of Africa and Horn of Africa newsclippings from 1981 to 1984. Also included are clippings about the Eritran People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) from 1976 to 1984. The series also contains Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) reports from 1981 to 1984.

BoxFolderTitleDate
140 1 1984 West Coast Film Tour 1983
140 2 1984 West Coast Film Tour January-April 1984
140 3 1984 West Coast Film Tour undated, May-June 1984
140 4 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings 1965, 1971, 1973-1974, 1976-1979
140 5 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings 1980
  (contains French)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
141 1 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings January-August 1981
141 2 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings September-December 1981
141 3 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings January-March 1982
  (contains French)   
141 4 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings April-June 1982
  (contains French)   
141 5 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings July-September 1982
  (contains French)   
141 6 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings October-December 1982
  (contains French and Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
142 1 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings January-March 1983
  (contains French)   
142 2 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings April-May 1983
  (contains French)   
142 3 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings June-August 1983
  (contains French)   
142 4 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings September-December 1983
  (contains French)   
142 5 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings January-March 1984
  (contains French)   
142 6 Africa and Horn of Africa Newsclippings April-June 1984
  (contains French)   
142 7 African Imprint Library Services (AILS) 1982-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
143 1 Articles collected by Lenhoff on Ethiopia and Region 1968, 1971, 1973-1977
143 2 Articles collected by Lenhoff on Ethiopia and Region 1978-1980
143 3 Articles collected by Lenhoff on Ethiopia and Region undated, 1981-1983
143 4 Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) File 1976, 1980-1981
143 5 Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) File 1982
143 6 Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) File January-June 1983
143 7 Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF) File undated, July 1983-June 1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
144 1 Falashas Background Literature undated, 1974-1975, 1978-1980, 1982-1984
144 2 Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports 1981-1982
144 3 Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports January-June 1983
144 4 Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports July-December 1983
144 5 Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Reports 1984
144 6 Horn of Africa Transport Conditions undated, 1980, 1982-1984
144 7 Operation California March-June 1984
144 8 Operation California undated, July-September 1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
145 1 Sudan File September-December 1983
145 2 Sudan File January-July 1984
145 3 U.N. Related Data January-April 1983
145 4 U.N. Related Data undated, May 1983-April 1984
145 5 Zaire articles and documents 1979, 1981-1983
  (contains French)   

Series B: Falashas, undated, 1978-1984

English.
Box 146.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series contains background information about the Falashas/Beta Israel. Types of material found in this series include correspondence, meeting minutes, memorandums, press releases, and reports.

BoxFolderTitleDate
146 1 Background Information undated, 1981
146 2 Correspondence undated, 1978-1982
146 3 Meeting Minutes 1982
146 4 Memorandums 1981, 1983
146 5 Miscellaneous undated, 1979-1984
146 6 Press Releases undated, 1979-1981
146 7 Reports undated, 1981
146 8 Requests for Contributions undated, 1978, 1982

Series C: Falashas/Ethiopian Jews Newspaper Clippings, undated, 1977-1991

English, French, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Boxes 147-151.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The first four boxes of this series contain general newsclippings about the Ethiopian Jews/Falashas that have been arranged chronologically and placed into folders titled "Newsclippings." The clippings that follow have been placed into single folders that have been arranged chronologically to faciltate better access and retrieval.

BoxFolderTitleDate
147 1 Newsclippings 1980
147 2 Newsclippings 1981
147 3 Newsclippings 1982-1983
147 4 Newsclippings 1984
147 5 Newsclippings undated (circa 1983-1984)
  (contains Yiddish)   
147 6 Newsclippings February 1984
147 7 Newsclippings March 1984
147 8 Newsclippings April 1984
  (contains French and Yiddish)   
147 9 Newsclippings May 1984
147 10 Newsclippings June 1984
147 11 Newsclippings July 1984
147 12 Newsclippings August-November 1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
148 1 Newsclippings January 1-10, 1985
148 2 Newsclippings January 11-20, 1985
148 3 Newsclippings undated, January 21-30, 1985
  (contains Yiddish)   
148 4 Newsclippings undated, February 1985
148 5-6 Newsclippings March 1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
149 1 Newsclippings April 1985
149 2 Newsclippings May 1985
149 3 Newsclippings June 1985
149 4 Newsclippings undated, July 1985
149 5 Newsclippings August 1985
  (contains Yiddish)   
149 6 Newsclippings September 1985
149 7 Newsclippings October 1985
149 8 Newsclippings November 1985
149 9 Newsclippings December 1985
149 10 Newsclippings January 1986
149 11 Newsclippings February 1986
149 12 Newsclippings March 1986
149 13 Newsclippings April 1986
149 14 Newsclippings undated, May 1986
  (contains Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
150 1 Newsclippings June 1986
150 2 Newsclippings July 1986
150 3 Newsclippings August 1986
150 4 Newsclippings undated, September 1986
150 5 Newsclippings October 1986
150 6 Newsclippings November 1986
150 7 Newsclippings December 1986
150 8 Newsclippings January 1987
150 9 Newsclippings (see OS1F Folder 4) undated
150 10 Newsclippings - Addis Ababa 1990-1991
150 11-12 Mailings to Activists, Misc. Clippings 1983-1984
150 13 Miscellaneous Clippings undated, 1983-1985, 1990
150 14 Organization Related Newsclippings undated, 1986-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
151 1 Falashas Newsclippings 1983
151 2 Falasha Newspaper clippings and articles 1977-April 1981
  (contains Spanish and Yiddish)   
151 3 Falasha Newspaper clippings and articles undated, May 1981-October 1982
  (contains Yiddish)   
151 4 Release January 1983
151 5 "Rabbis Embrace Falasha Community," Israel Today February 16-29, 1979
151 6 "A Cry for Jewish Education," Israel Today June 7, 1979
151 7 "Important dates in Falasha History," Keeping Posted circa 1980
151 8 Ethiopian Jews, first list 1981
151 9 Ethiopian Jews, second list undated
151 10 "'Silence' on Falashas Deplored," Detroit Jewish News, April 23, 1982; "Falashas now in Israel feel powerless and abandoned," Sentinel, April 29, 1982 1982
151 11 "Story on Ethiopian Jews Paints a False Picture," The Jewish Post September 23, 1982
151 12 "The Falasha Game," Compass Fall 1982
151 13 City of Chicago Resolution January 7, 1983
151 14 "Tales of the Midrash and Talmud…," by Sholom B'Moshe, Jewish Press January 14, 1983
151 15 "Falashas reported to be living well in Ethiopia," The Jerusalem Post International Edition January 23-29, 1983
151 16 "Why doesn't Israel do something about the Ethiopian Jews?," Sentinel March 24, 1983
151 17 "Israel consul general 'very distressed' to read student essay about Falashas," Sentinel April 14, 1983
151 18 "Dying Ethiopian Jews," by Simcha Jacobovici, New York Times April 23, 1983
151 19 "Black Jews: A Struggle to Survive," Israel Today, September 8, 1983; "Feed Ethiopia Fast," New York Times, August 28, 1983 1983
151 20 Film Information undated, 1984
151 21 "World stands silent as Ethiopian Jews die," Star and Tribune 1984
151 22 "Falasha Update" February 1984
151 23 "Special Interview: The Falashas: An Endangered People," JTA Daily News Bulletin March 12, 1984
151 24 "Dying in camps, Black Jew cries," The Jewish Chronicle March 29, 1984
151 25 "Clothing needed for Falashas" June 1984
151 26 The Jerusalem Post: "Meddling not needed," June 24, 1984; "Information drive to begin about Ethiopian immigrants," June 26, 1984; "Ethiopian Solidarity Week kicks off," June 25, 1984; "Helping the Falashas," June 20, 1984; "Solidarity with Ethiopian Jews a secret," June 26, 1984 1984
151 27 Absorption 1985
151 28 "In the running," Israel Scene 1985
151 29 Operation Moses: Articles and responses 1985
151 30 Protests undated, 1985
151 31 "Disease, Not Starvation Threatens Gondar's Falashas," The Jewish Advocate, December 6, 1984; "2,000 Jews Die in Sudan Camps for Ethiopians," New York Times, January 20, 1985 1984-1985
151 32 "Senators' secret bid to aid Ethiopian Jews disclosed," Jewish Week March 25, 1985
151 33 "Strangers No More," New York Times March 26, 1985
151 34 "And Dan Shall Judge His People," Hamevaser April 1985
151 35 "Rescuers reunited with Ethiopians in Herzliya," Jerusalem Post April 12, 1985
151 36 "Ethiopian odyssey: One couple's perilous journey to save Africa's Ethiopian Jews," Streets April 21-27, 1985
151 37 "Operation Moses," Jewish Week, October 25, 1985; "Return to Ethiopia," Sentinel October 1985
151 38 "Strengthen the sustainers and changers!," Sentinel October 10, 1985
151 39 Teda Health Clinic, Sentinel October 17, 1985
151 40 "Sudan moves again to block departure of more Ethiopian Jews," London JTA December 6, 1985
151 41 Film "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews" undated
151 42 "Na'amat and the Ethiopian Jews," Pioneer Woman undated
151 43 New York Resolution undated
151 44 Postcards to Prime Minister in Israel undated
151 45 Postcards to Wisconsin group undated

Series D: Ethiopian Jewry Press Clippings, undated, 1986-1990

English.
Box 152, Folders 1-7.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The series is composed of press clippings pertaining to Ethiopian Jewry dating from 1986 to 1990. At the end of the series are additional pamphlets and articles pertaining to the Ethiopian Jews.

BoxFolderTitleDate
152 1 Press Clippings 1986
152 2 Press Clippings 1987
152 3 Press Clippings 1988
152 4 Press Clippings 1989
152 5 Press Clippings 1990
152 6 Press Clippings undated
152 7 Press Clippings, Pamphlets and Articles undated, 1989-1990

Series E: Ethiopian Jewry Subject Files, undated, 1979, 1981-1993, 1995

English, Amharic, and Yiddish.
Box 152, Folder 8 -- Box 157.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

Susan Pollack worked as an activist on behalf of AAEJ from 1985 to 1993. In 1983, Pollack took a secret mission to Ethiopia to distribute six cases of medicine. Despite the war, she was able to get six large boxes past the authorities and into the villages. In Gondar, she was met by an Ethiopian Jew working for the AAEJ. After delivering the medicines, she learned about Ethiopian Jewish customs, lifestyles and problems. Susan became "hooked" and secretly passed money to Ethiopian Jews preparing to leave. She mastered techniques for dealing with suspicious bureaucrats and gave the impression of being a middle-class tourist. On her return to Canada after the first trip, Pollack was offered the position of Executive Director of the Canadian Association for Ethiopian Jews (CAEJ). She realized that if she wanted to continue her rescue and relief efforts, she would need help from the AAEJ, since the CAEJ did not have the resources for such a tremendous undertaking. She sought advice from LaDena Schnapper and Michael Winn. On her fourth trip to Ethiopia, Pollack was accompanied by three physicians who successfully treated nearly 300 persons in six villages.32

After the 1984-85 rescue missions from Sudan, Susan Pollack moved back to the United States. In 1985, Lenhoff had hired Pollack and found out right away that she was aggressive, creative and a good fundraiser. These traits contributed to Pollack's success in rescuing the Ethiopian Jews. She continued her speaking, fundraising, and missions to Ethiopia and Israel. Pollack also organized the first AAEJ committee for fundraising.

The series consists of subject files arranged alphabetically. Topics of potential interest to researchers of Ethiopian Jewry include absorption (Box 152, Folder 13), Black Hebrews (Box 153, Folder 7), Falas Mora (Box 154, Folder 4), famine (Box 154, Folder 5), Jewish Agency for Israel (Box 154, Folder 11), files of Susan Pollack (Box 155, Folder 9), rescues (Box 152, Folder 2), San Diego rescue (Box 156, Folder 5), summer camps (Box 156, Folder 11 and Box 157, Folder 1) and Susan Pollack Schechtman tour of Ethiopia (Box 157, Folder 2).

BoxFolderTitleDate
152 8 AAEJ Activist Manual 1991
152 9 AAEJ Board Materials (?) undated, 1989-1991
152 10 AAEJ Board Meeting 1991
152 11 AAEJ Board Meeting and Gala Fundraiser 1992
152 12 AAEJ letter writing to Israeli officials undated
152 13 Absorption undated, 1984-1989
  (contains Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
153 1 Adas Israel Congregation undated, 1989-1991
153 2 Africa Watch 1990
153 3 AMIT 1991
153 4 Artwork (for cards, brochures) undated, 1984, 1989, 1991-1992
  (contains Yiddish)   
153 5 Baskets undated, 1990, 1992
153 6 Bibliography of Articles on Ethiopian Jews 1985-1986
153 7 Black Hebrews undated, 1984-1987, 1989
153 8 B'nai B'rith Youth (contains photographs) undated, 1992-1993
  (contains Yiddish)   
153 9 Budget January-February 1988
153 10 CNN 1989
153 11 Defending Jewishness of Ethiopian Jewry undated, 1979, 1987-1988
153 12 Ethiopia Faxes undated, 1990-1992
153 13 Ethiopian Jewry Books/Films/Videos undated, 1982, 1984-1986, 1989, 1991
153 14 Ethiopian Jewry Books/Films/Videos - "Unfinished Exodus" undated, 1986-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
154 1 Ethiopian Jewry Museum Exhibit undated, 1985-1989, 1991
154 2 Ethiopian Jewry Trip Reports undated, 1985-1986, 1991
154 3 Ethiopian Jewry Village Maps undated
154 4 Falas Mora June 1992
154 5 Famine undated, 1989-1990
154 6 Foundations undated, 1984-1987
154 7 Fund Raising undated, 1984-1989
154 8 General Files undated, 1989-1992
154 9 Hebrew-Amharic Dictionary 1985
154 10 High Holidays undated, 1984, 1988
154 11 Jewish Agency for Israel 1990
154 12 Letters from Ethiopian Jews undated, 1984-1988, 1991-1992
  (contains Amharic)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
155 1 Letters from Ethiopian Jews -- Thank You AAEJ undated, 1987-1988
155 2 Op-Ed undated, 1988
155 3 Operation Moses -- Tudor Parfitt undated, 1985-1986
155 4 Oppressed Jewry undated, 1983-1988
155 5 Original Camp Kit undated, 1989
155 6 Orthodox letter 1991
155 7 Plane 1991, 1995
155 8 Plays undated
155 9 Pollack, Susan undated, 1988-1992
155 10 Prayers undated, 1982, 1984, 1987-1992
155 11 Press Clippings undated, 1987, 1989
155 12 Prisoners undated, 1987-1989
155 13 Program - EJ Books undated, 1985-1986, 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
156 1 Recipes undated
156 2 Rescues 1986-1990
156 3 Research Proposals undated, 1988-1989, 1991
156 4 Rosh Hashanah undated, 1986, 1988
156 5 San Diego Rescue 1990
156 6 Scholarships 1981, 1984-1986
156 7 Shabbat undated, 1984-1985, 1989
156 8 Sign Packet undated, 1989
156 9 Social Responsibility undated, 1986
156 10 Speeches undated, 1989, 1992
156 11 Summer Camp undated, 1982-1983, 1988-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
157 1 Summer Camps undated, 1986-1989
157 2 Susan Schechtman Tour undated, 1988-1991
157 3 Synagogue Newsletters undated, 1981-1985, 1987, 1989-1991
157 4 World Bank 1991-1992

Series F: Articles and Reports on Ethiopian Jewry, undated, 1967, 1974-1975, 1977-1985, 1987-1991

English, Amharic, French, and Yiddish.
Box 158 -- Box 159, Folder 12.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The series contains articles and reports on Ethiopian Jewry arranged chronologically for better access, dating from 1967 to 1991.

BoxFolderTitleDate
158 1 "Israel and Africa: A Selected Bibliography," by Samuel Decalo 1967
158 2 "Without Cloak or Dagger: The Truth about the New Espionage," by Miles Copeland 1974
158 3 "Index Africanus," by J.O. Asamani 1975
158 4 "Sub-Saharan Africa - A Guide to Information Sources" 1977
158 5 "A Cry for Jewish Education: The Falasha Jews of Ethiopia" Fall 1978
158 6 Review of "Northeast Africana: A Review Article" [1979]
158 7 "The Falashas: A Bibliography," by Beverly Gherman April 10, 1979
158 8 "The Falashas: History and Analysis of Policy," Perspectives April 1980
158 9 "Transportation in East Africa: A Bibliography," by Daniel C. Krumes June 1980
158 10 "A Bibliography of Refugees" October-November 1980
158 11 "Commonly Used Abbreviations and Acronyms," African International Relations: An Annotated Bibliography 1981
158 12 Review of "A Soviet View of Africa. An Annotated Bibliography of Ethiopia, Somalia, and Djibouti" 1981
158 13 "Southern Africa and the Horn: Recent Books," Africa Today 1981
158 14 Keeping Posted February 1981
158 15 "Africa: Bibliography," San Francisco State University 1982
158 16 "An Africanist Directory" 1982
158 17 Living - The Sun Times 1982
158 18 Postcards, Holocaust Flyer undated, 1982
158 19 "Seventh International Conference on Ethiopian Studies - Program," Northeast African Studies 1982
158 20 The Abstracts Journal of the African Studies Centre Leiden, vol. 13, nos. 2 and 3 1982
158 21 "Biographies of Sudanese Leaders" 1983
158 22 East Africa 1983
  (contains French)   
158 23 "Horn of Africa Data Sources" 1983
158 24 JTA dispatch is last effort in the campaign to stall Falashas rescue 1983
158 25 Letter from ATLIT 1983
158 26 "The Puzzle Palace: A Report on America's Most Secret Agency," by James Bamford 1983
158 27 "UJA and Falashas;" "Ethiopian Jewry;" "Books, religious articles needed by Falashas" 1983
158 28 "Falashas cry for help!," The Jewish World (Albany, N.Y.) January 6, 1983
158 29 "The Editor's Chair," The Jewish Post and Opinion March 2, 1983
158 30 "Continuity and Change in Cabinet," The Weekly Review October 7, 1983
158 31 "Rescue of Ethiopian Jews linked to U.S. foreign policy, Rep. Lantos says," Sentinel (Chicago) November 10, 1983
158 32 "Israel dragged its feet on saving Ethiopian Jews," The Jewish Post and Opinion December 1, 1983
158 33 "Entrepreneurship for the Poor," by Malcolm Harper 1984
158 34 "Fears for black Jews in Ethiopia ignite dispute in American ranks" 1984
158 35 "First Year in Israel" - Information booklet for Ethiopian immigrants in the Amharic language 1984
  (in Amharic)   
158 36 "UNHCR - 1984 Information Material" 1984
158 37 "AAEJ to participate in new effort at drought, food relief," Sentinel (Chicago) January 5, 1984
158 38 "Subtle attempt underway to rewrite history of efforts to save Falashas," Sentinel (Chicago) January 5, 1984
158 39 "Falashas suffer in absorption muddles," The Jerusalem Post February 10, 1984
158 40 "Pro-Falasha groups do agree that Ethiopian Jews need help," JTA Daily News Bulletin February 10, 1984
158 41 "Dispute on handling of Falashas," The Jerusalem Post February 12-18, 1984
158 42 "Exodus for a Twice-Lost Tribe," New York Times March 2, 1984
158 43 "Falashas: Victims of Hold-Over Policy," Israel Today, January 31, 1984; "The Endangered Falashas," The Wall Street Journal, March 13, 1984 1984
158 44 Operation Moses - AAEJ Response 1985
158 45 Israeli Foreign Affairs January 1985
158 46 "Jews of Ethiopia: Man and Work," Convention Program 1/5/87, The Immigrants from Ethiopia ______ of the Situation and a Program of Action for the Basis of their absorbing 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
158 47 1988: Year in Review 1988
158 48 "Topics about Family Matters of the Jews of Ethiopia," numbers 1-4 1989-1990
  (in Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
159 1 Report to the Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of The Hebrew University of Jerusalem June 1990
159 2 "Estimate of Absorption Need for Anticipated 400,000 Olim, 1991" December 1990
  (in Yiddish)   
159 3 Articles 1990-1991
159 4 NIF Report 1990-1991
159 5 "Selected Data About The Students At The Practical Engineering College of Beer-Sheva 1990/91" 1991
159 6 Sh'varim August 1990, January 1991
159 7 "The Absorption Process for Ethiopian Jews: An Assessment" (original and copy) June 10, 1991
159 8 "The Hope" - a newspaper for Ethiopian immigrants of Israel undated
  (in Yiddish)   
159 9 "Jews leave Ethiopia in thousands" undated
159 10 "Program of Studies: Contents of Judaism for Ethiopian Immigrants," published by Department of Education and Culture undated
  (in Yiddish)   
159 11 A sample of letters that have been written to Prime Minister Begin undated
159 12 "Share Tomorrow" undated

Series G: Ethiopian Jewry Publications, Pamphlets, and Books, 1960, 1968, 1974, 1976-1985, 1987-1991, 1993

English and Yiddish.
Box 159, Folder 13 -- Box 162.
Scope and Content:

The series consists of publications, pamphlets and books pertaining to Ethiopian Jewry, dating from 1960 to 1993.

BoxFolderTitleDate
159 13 "Catalog - The Practical Engineering College Beer Sheva" October 1984
159 14 "My Personal Operation Moses," by Stuart Leeder April 1985
159 15 "Higher Education in Israel - A Guide for Overseas Students" 1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
160 1 "An Operational Guide for Micro-Enterprise Projects" 1988
160 2 "Jews of Ethiopia in Israel - Family Portraits: A Multi-faceted View," by Tzili Dolb-Gondelman 1989
  (in Yiddish)   
160 3 "A ___ evaluation for the program of "Beta Israel" - A Program of Studies for Immigrant Children from Ethiopia," by Chagit Aharonoff 1989
  (in Yiddish)   
160 4 "Vocational Absorption of Ethiopian Immigrants 1984-1987" February 1989
160 5 "______ for the absorbing of Ethiopian immigrants ___ ____," by Edna Angel 1990
  (in Yiddish)   
160 6 "Statistical Abstract of Israel 1990" 1990
  (in English and Yiddish)   
160 7 "Uprooted Children - ________ accepted/authoritative on the situation of the uprooted Jewish children in Addis Ababa - Summaries of the investigations of the occupational delegations 10/15/90-11/6/90," by Gadi Ben Ezer, Dr. Chaim Perry 1990
  (in Yiddish)   
160 8 "Topics about the Orthodox Tradition of Jews of Ethiopia in Israel - A Guide for Teachers," by Dr. Shalva Weil 1991
  (in Yiddish)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
161 1 African Development Information Association, USA Bulletin September/October 1981
161 2 AF: Log II - African Affairs in Washington, D.C. 1980-1981
161 3 Horn of Africa 1981-1982
161 4 Letters from Exile 1982-1984
161 5 National Geographic: "Ethiopia - Revolution in the Ancient Empire" May 1993
161 6 Summarised Readings in Geography 101 - Introduction to Geography of Ethiopia, Department of Geography, College of Social Sciences, Addis Ababa University December 1981
161 African Refugees: A Guide to Contemporary Information Sources 1983
161 Eritrea and Ethiopia in the Context of the Red Sea and Africa, by Zewde Gabre-Sellassie March 1976
161 Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia, by Chris Prouty and Eugene Rosenfeld 1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
162 The Civilizing Mission: A History of the Italo-Ethiopian War of 1935-1936, by A.J. Barker 1968
162 Bibliography on Eritrea 1982
162 Egypt's Imperial Aspirations over Lake Tana and the Blue Nile, Wondimneh Tilahun 1979
162 Ethiopia: A Country Study, edited by Harold D. Nelson and Irving Kaplan 1981
162 Greater Ethiopia: The Evolution of a Multiethnic Society, by Donald N. Levine 1974
162 The White Nile, by Alan Moorehead 1960
162 The Wilson Quarterly Winter 1984
162 Black Jews in America: A Documentary with Commentary, by Graenum Berger (IN ALEPH) 1978
162 In Search for Rachamim, by Arnold Sherman (IN ALEPH) 1977
162 To Serve, To Teach, To Leave, by Moshe Decter (IN ALEPH) 1977

Series H: Card Files on Ethiopian Jews in U.S., Canada and Israel, undated, 1989-1990

English.
Card File Boxes 163-167.
Scope and Content:

The series consists of five card file boxes. The first four boxes contain names of Ethiopians in the U.S., Canada and Israel. The last card file box contains U.S. Postal Service return receipts dated from 1989 to 1990.

BoxFolderTitleDate
163-166 Ethiopians in the U.S., Canada, and Israel (4 index file boxes, unsorted) undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
167 U.S. Postal Service Return Receipts (1 index file box, unsorted) 1989-1990
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Subgroup IV: Israel - Secondary Articles, undated, 1972-1992

English and Yiddish.
Boxes 168-170.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three series.

Scope and Content:

This subgroup contains secondary articles about Israel, aliyah records and family reunification records.

Series A: Israel, undated, 1981-1992

English and Yiddish.
Box 168.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series contains files about Israel, absorption in Israel, the Israel Center for Ethiopian Jewry, the Ethiopian Vigil in summer of 1987, Ethiopia famine aid, Ethiopians in Israel, the Israel Free Loan Association, and Prime Minister Shamir.

BoxFolderTitleDate
168 1 Israel undated, 1989-1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
168 2 Israel: Absorption undated, 1982, 1984-1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
168 3 Israel: Africa undated, 1986, 1988-1989
168 4 Israel Center for Ethiopian Jewry 1990
168 5 Israel, Church and State in 1985
168 6 Israel: EJ Vigil: Summer 1987 undated, 1987
  (contains Yiddish)   
168 7 Israel: Ethiopia Famine Aid 1984-1986
168 8 Israel: Ethiopians in Israel (see OS6F Folder 1) undated, 1981, 1983-1989, 1991
  (contains Yiddish)   
168 9 Israel Free Loan Association undated, 1992
168 10 Israel: Prime Minister Shamir 1987, 1989

Series B: Aliyah Records, undated, 1984-1989

English.
Box 169, Folders 1-17.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The series contains the aliyah records of individuals, placed into folders alphabetically by last name. The records date from 1984 to 1989.

BoxFolderTitleDate
169 1 Aliyah: A undated, 1984-1989
169 2 Aliyah: B 1985-1988
169 3 Aliyah: C 1987
169 4 Aliyah: D 1984-1989
169 5 Aliyah: E 1985-1989
169 6 Aliyah: F 1985-1989
169 7 Aliyah: G 1985-1989
169 8 Aliyah: H 1985-1986
169 9 Aliyah: K 1986-1989
169 10 Aliyah: L 1985-1989
169 11 Aliyah: M 1985-1989
169 12 Aliyah: N 1985-1988
169 13 Aliyah: R 1989
169 14 Aliyah: S 1984-1988
169 15 Aliyah: T 1985-1989
169 16 Aliyah: W 1986-1989
169 17 Aliyah: Y-Z 1985-1989

Series C: Family Reunification Records, undated, 1972-1990

English.
Box 169, Folder 18 -- Box 170.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

The series contains the reunification records of families arranged alphabetically by last name, dating from 1972 to 1990. The series also contains reunification records of families in the Sudan, as well as Non-Jews and AAEJ family reunification names/numbers.

BoxFolderTitleDate
169 18 Family Reunification undated
169 19 Family Reunification Records: A undated, 1984-1990
169 20 Family Reunification Records: B undated, 1984-1990
169 21 Family Reunification Records: C undated, 1987-1990
169 22 Family Reunification Records: D undated, 1985-1990
169 23 Family Reunification Records: E undated, 1985-1990
BoxFolderTitleDate
170 1 Family Reunification Records: F undated, 1986-1990
170 2 Family Reunification Records: G undated, 1985-1990
170 3 Family Reunification Records: H undated, 1986-1990
170 4 Family Reunification Records: I 1987-1990
170 5 Family Reunification Records: J 1986-1989
170 6 Family Reunification Records: K 1984-1990
170 7 Family Reunification Records: L undated, 1986-1990
170 8 Family Reunification Records: M undated, 1985-1990
170 9 Family Reunification Records: N undated, 1985-1990
170 10 Family Reunification Records: O undated
170 11 Family Reunification Records: P 1987
170 12 Family Reunification Records: R undated, 1985-1987, 1989-1990
170 13 Family Reunification Records: S undated, 1985-1990
170 14 Family Reunification Records: T undated, 1985-1990
170 15 Family Reunification Records: W undated, 1985-1990
170 16 Family Reunification Records: Y-Z undated, 1985-1990
170 17 Family Reunification Records: Sudan undated, 1986-1989
170 18 Non-Jews? 1986
170 19 AAEJ Family Reunification: Names/Numbers 1972-1990
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Subgroup V: Audio-Visual Materials, undated, 1965, 1975, 1977, 1979-1992, 2001-2002

English and Polish.
Boxes 171-173, Hollinger Boxes 174-177.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two series.

Scope and Content:

The subseries consists of audio-visual materials. These are divided into two series: Series A: Photographs, Pins and Slides and Series B: Video and Audio Material.

Series A: Photographs, Pins, and Slides, undated, 1965, 1975, 1977, 1979-1982, 1986-1992

Boxes 171-173.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by folder title.

Scope and Content:

The series consists of photographs, pins and slides, dated from 1965 to 1992, and the material are arranged alphabetically by folder title. Photographs are listed first, following by pins, and then slides. Also included in the box with slides are three miscellaneous rubber stampers.

BoxFolderTitleDate
171 1 Close-up face shot (contains photograph) undated
171 2 Children – Absorption – Religious (contains photographs) 1988
171 3 Children – Absorption – Religious – Bar Mitzvahs at the Kotel (contains photographs) undated
171 4 Children – Absorption – School – Very young children (contains photographs) undated
171 5 Children – Absorption – School – Performing arts (contains photographs) undated, 1986
171 6 Children – Absorption – School – Older children (contains photograph) 1987
171 7 Demonstrations in Israel – Vigil, Summer ’87, opposite Knesset (contains photographs) 1987
171 8 Negatives undated
171 9 Photographs: Getu Miniweb, his wife and 7 children undated
171 10 Photographs undated
171 11 Photographs and negatives (contains photographs) undated
171 12 Photographs and Originals from Will Recant Files (contains photographs) undated, 1991
171 13 Photographs from Chicago Office undated, 1980-1982, 1989-1990
171 14 Pins undated
171 15 Posters: “Lobby for the Release of Ethiopian Jews,” March 27-28, 1990, April 9-10, 1991 (see OS6F Folder 1) 1990-1991
171 16 Poster: “Second Annual Lobby for the Release of Ethiopian Jews,” Student Action for Ethiopian Jews (see OS1F Folder 4) April 9-10, 1991
171 17 Seged Photographs (contains photographs) undated
171 18 Slides 1992
BoxFolderTitleDate
1721"The Falashas" #440 + 2 audio cassettes of narration
"The Falashas" #442 + sheet of explanation
undated
1722"Bring Us Home" + "Falashas, Old Set"undated
1723LA Federation version of “Bring Us Home” + script and “It’s No Picnic – Yossie Miller”undated
1724"The Jews of Ethiopia" with notice (from slide carousel)undated
1725Falashas Refugees From Sudan in Beersheva + Ofakim, July 1979; Mantara Film Prod.
Slides - by Susan Price w/ sheet of desc.
Brotherhood Synagogue Presentation of a Torah to Ethiopian Jews 10/7/76; "Personal" slides of Ethiopian Jews
1976, 1979
1726Matti Elias - Kfar Batya / Other Falasha Pictures; Bon Voyage Party for ____; Ethiopian Jews taken by L. Rappaport & Melvin Grais
Ethiopian Jews - by Yoav Levy
undated
1727Ethiopian Jews (late 1970s); AGFACHROME slides of Ethiopian Jews; Falasha-Israel1979
1728Misc. Ethiopian Jews, 1965 plus; slide cube 1 & 2 - Ethiopian Jews, "Ethiopian Jews 1975 and 1977"1965, 1975, 1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
173Slides (#1-4 contain same slides)undated
  

1. Falasha Slide Show "Bring Us Home" (1980) copy #1 (120 slides)

2. Falasha Slide Show "Bring Us Home" (1980) copy #4 ("Original"?), 4A *placed in protective sleeves* (120 slides)

3. Falasha Slide Show "Bring Us Home" (1980) copy #3 incomplete. missing: #6, 10, 12, 15, 23, 26, 30, 33, 36-38, 42-43, 46, 54, 60, 64-65, 70, 79, 88-91, 104

4. Falasha Slide Show "Bring Us Home" (1980) #3, 3A incomplete. missing: #27, 38, 49

5. "Falashas, old set" - 72 slides of Falashas in Ethiopia and then in Israel *(sleeved)*

6. "Old Slides Outs" - 2 sets of same slides as above group but both missing: #1-2, 5-7, 9, 12, 18, 20, 25, 28, 31, 34, 36-37, 40-43, 45-48, 51-54, 58-59, 61-63, 66-68, 70

7. "LA Federation" - different version of The Falashas: "Bring Us Home". Incomplete. Missing: #1, 8, 11, 18, 20-21, 26, 30, 36-37, 40-41, 43, 45, 48, 54, 56, 60, 69, 72, 81-82, 88, 90, 92, 105, 107-108, 112-113, 117.

8. "It's No Picnic - Yossie Miller" (originals, #1-49). Incomplete series of slides showing life in Ethiopia as compared with life in Israel. Begins with #12 and ends with #100. Missing: #16, 18-24, 26, 28-30, 32-35, 37, 41, 46, 48, 65, 71-72, 76, 80, 87-92, 95, 97-98 *(sleeved)*

9. Personal slides - found in other boxes but didn't belong with other slides. *Sleeved* as own group.

Rubber stampers

 

Series B: Video and Audio Material, undated, 1980, 1983-1991, 2001-2002

English and Polish.
Hollinger Boxes 174-177.
Arrangement:

Arranged in the following order: videotapes, audiocassettes, audio reel tapes, and reel to reel.

Scope and Content:

The series contains videotapes, audiocassettes, audio reel tapes, and reel to reel, listed in that order. Videotapes of interest are the "Dream of a Thousand Years," "Unfinished Exodus," and "Falasha: Agony of the Black Jews." "The Jews of Ethiopia" audiocassette narrated by Graenum Berger may be of interest to researchers.

BoxFolderTitleDate
HOL 174Videotapes
  

Betacam video "Elie Wiesel + David Saperstein discussion on Ethiopian Jewry" 9/9/86 ("NTSC", "Mono", "Time Code", "Audio NR") by AAEJ

Betacam video transfer from 1" master "Anatomy of an Airlift" by AAEJ 2/25/87 Length: 26:48 minutes

SONY KCA-30K ¾" Master (cassette) "Unfinished Exodus" (cut version for Wiesel) 30 min. max

Henninger Video ¾" (cassette) "Elie Wiesel/David Saperstein Discussion on Ethiopian Jewry" and "Unfinished Exodus 'Anatomy of an Airlift'" 26:48 min

¾" (cassette) "Dream of A Thousand Years" Rock Creek Films

¾" (cassette) Matara Falasha "Exile of the Jews" 44:20 min.

¾" (cassette) "Unfinished Exodus" 22 min. produced by AAEJ

¾" (cassette) "Unfinished Exodus" 22 min. produced by AAEJ

VHS T-120 cassette "Dov Hoch Dec. '90 Ethiopia"

VHS cassette (*no case*) "Dream of A Thousand Years" Edited version by JFTV

VHS cassette 3M T-30 "Dream of A Thousand Years"

VHS cassette T-120 HQ "Graduation of Ethiopians," undated

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
HOL 175Videotapes
  

3M ¾" MBR 20s Master Broadcast Videocassette - no title, no dates

SONY KCA-60BRS video cassette broadcast standard (¾" tape) - no title, undated, but a "sticky" says "EDITH" (same as Edith Secam noted on our cassettes?)

VHS T-30 cassette "Edith Secam"

VHS TS30 cassette "Unfinished Exodus" Paul's Rough Cut 3/2/87

Beta L-125 cassette "Ethiopian", Vidcom

Beta L-500S cassette "Simcha's outs w/ time code" (original on ¾")

Beta L-250 cassette "AAEJ - Unfinished Exodus"

VHS E-180 HS cassette "Jan. 4-5 WUJS + PRES ; Dec 7 Soviet Rally"

VHS HGX-Gold 120 cassette "Bayouh wedding Aug. 25, 1991" w/ letter from Rick Penn-Kraus about why sent to AAEJ

Beta L-125 cassette "Walter Jacobson Zonis/Jacobovici CBS Newsmakers", undated

VHS E-120 cassette "Nim zgasło stońce" w. angielska [Tape in really bad condition - no picture and weird sound]

VHS T-120 cassette (Scotch brand) "Demonstration Ethiopian Jews near Knesset Jerusalem, Israel filmed by Dov Hoch Sept. 16, 1990"

VHS T-30 cassette (white case) no title, undated [Rep. Bill Lowery (R-California) making a statement on plight and status of Ethiopian Jews plus U.S. political efforts and support (mid 1980s, because Baker Secretary of State]

VHS T-120 cassette (SP 2 hr. recording) "Ethiopia 1990 - Transfer from 8mm"

VHS T-60 cassette "Falashas No More" dubbed 10-24-85 at NBC New York

VHS TS30 cassette "Falasha: Agony of the Black Jews" 27 min., AAEJ original copy

VHS T-120 cassette "Falasha: Agony of the Black Jews" CBC 27 min.

VHS T-120SG cassette "NBC Nightly News May 24, 1991"

VHS T-60USM cassette "BinYanei Una 7/27/87" Tapes 1 & 2, 40 mins.

VHS T-120 casssette (??) seems to be written in Amharic [Tape in really bad condition - no picture and weird sound]

VHS T-120 cassette "Falasha: Agony of the Black Jews" 27 min. (Maxell case) AAEJ

VHS T-30 cassette "Dream of 1000 Years" AAEJ/Rock Creek Films 3/2/90 Runtime 15:20 split track (tape made by Center City Film & Video)

4 90 minute audiocassettes - recording of AAEJ Board Meeting 11/8/87

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
HOL 176Videotapes
  

Sony XBR KCA-20XBR (videocassette) ¾" Master Edited Version "Operation Solomon" by Joyce Miller, editor: Daniel Ziegler; AAEJ 9:00 minutes

Fuji videocassette KCA-30 ¾" Master (cassette) "AAEJ - Unfinished Exodus (final)"

"Dream of a Thousand Years" ¾" (cassette) Rock Creek Films

Sony KCS-20K (~1/2" video tape) "Statements on Ethiopian Jewry" Elie Wiesel, Rabbi David Saperstein, Rep. Sam Gejdenson Sept. 9, 1986

VHS T-120 cassette "Walter Jacobson Zonis/Jacobovici CBS Newsmakers" (note on plastic cover says "Copy 1 Eth. Jews")

VHS T-120 cassette "Joyce Miller (AAEJ) - ? Electric News 6-27-91 Allentown, PA"

VHS cassette "Dream of a Thousand Years" - Rock Creek Films

VHS T-30 cassette "Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism" Tape A 14:20

VHS cassette "AAEJ free tape CBC1 CBS1" (placed in a Polaroid case)

VHS T-30 cassette "World Vision Ethiopia Famine 1983" AAEJ copy

VHS T-120 cassette "March 1989 - Rachamin Elazar Friday night service - Rabbi's speech; Ethiopian Jew 2/17/89 Rec. #2 Rachamim Interview NJ"

VHS E-180 cassette "Ethiopians in Israel; Ethiopians-General (Ronnie Calderon)" on cover is note which says "Nancy Recant conversion"; spine has something written in Hebrew

Beta L750 Professional "Mar. 1989 - Rachamim Elazar - Friday Night service - Rabbi's speech."

 
HOL 176Audiocassettes
  

7 copies "The Jews of Ethiopia" narrated by Dr. Graenum Berger. Audible Cue Tones-Manual. Jewish Media Service, 15 E. 26th St., NY, NY 10010

6 copies "The Jews of Ethiopia" narrated by Dr. Graenum Berger. Inaudible Cue Tones-Automatic. Jewish Media Service, 15 E. 26th St., NY, NY 10010

1 copy "The Jews of Ethiopia" narrated by Dr. Graenum Berger. Ref. Narr. Track Time 40:35 [*NO MUSIC*]

90 min. cassette - side 1: "BRING US HOME" (Leonard Nimoy and Kiva Lawrence, narrators) audio component of the slide show

60 min. cassette - side 1: "It's No Picnic" - produced for the AAEJ by Yosef Miller (audio component of the slide show?)

90 min. cassette - side 1: "It's No Picnic" - produced by Yosef Miller for the AAEJ 5/86 (Dolby) (audio component of slide show?)

90 min. cassette "AAEJ National Conference 9-14-86 Hyatt Regency 10:30am-12:00pm" (Sunday morning #1)

90 min. cassette "AAEJ National Conference Wash. DC 9/14/86 12pm-130"

90 min. cassette "AAEJ Nat. Conf. 9/86 230pm-415pm"

90 min. cassette "AAEJ Nat. Conf. 9/86 Last" (afternoon Sunday)

60 min. cassette (Maxell UR60) "Interview with Zeleke Belachew"

60 min. cassette (XR-60) "Carol Sidofsky - Q+A session (Will- please critique for me)"

90 min. cassette (Fuji DR90) "Songs for the Beta Yisrael" 1989 Jack Schechtman P.O. Box 533, Shamrock?, NY 10587, (914)-248-6467

"ME 900626 Ethiopian Jews" (p)1990 National Public Radio

90 min. cassette (Maxell XLII 90) no title - Interview w/ an Ethiopian Jew? Unintelligable

60 min. cassette (Maxell UR60) no title - meeting (board?) Nat. Shapiro?

90 min. Scotch dynarange audiocassette 'The Falashas: Bring Us Home"

? min. audio tape "Bring Us Home" Falashas (AAEJ)

60 min. AGFA FeI ferrocolor HD side 1: "AAEJ - Greenfield S.D. Oct. 1985 (master)" side 2: "play first till my message"

90 min. Scotch Highlander "Falashas: Bring Us Home Los Angeles Jewish Federation Slide Show" 40 min. (AAEJ)

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
HOL 177Videotapes and audiocassettes
  

Videotapes:

Beta L-750 cassette Rock Creek Films "Ethiopian Jews Video Reel 1" Dub of film transfer (by Capitol Video Communications, Inc.) 1/18/90, Time 60:00 CVC #31002

Beta L-750 cassette Rock Creek Films "Ethiopian Jews Video Reel 2" Dub of film transfer (by Capitol Video Communications, Inc.) 1/18/90, Time 60:00 CVC #31002

Beta L-750 cassette Rock Creek Films "Ethiopian Jews Video Reel 3" Dub of film transfer (by Capitol Video Communications, Inc.) 1/18/90, Time 60:00 CVC #31002

¾" videotape SONY KCS-20K cassette (MASTER) Outside cover says: "Statements on Ethiopian Jewry - Elie Wiesel, Rabbi David Saperstein, Rep. Sam Gejdenson Sept. 9, 1986" but label on tape says: "Rabbinic Ethiopian conference" 6:05 min. Ch 2 only

¾" videotape Sony KCA-30K cassette "Rough Cut"

¾" videotape Fuji cassette "Unfinished Exodus" 22:00 Produced by the American Association for Ethiopian Jewry (copyrighted program)

VHS T-120 cassette (Fuji) "Scorced Earth: Civilian Atrocities of the Ethiopian Regime"

VHS T-120(?) cassette (3M Professional videocassette) "Unfinished Exodus: Anatomy of an Airlift" 25 min.

VHS T-30 cassette (Scotch, but case says 3M) "Unfinished Exodus: Anatomy of an Airlift" 25 min. (edited)

VHS T-120 cassette (JVC) "BLANK" Channel 5 10 o'clock news (NY) extensive report on Operation Moses and Plight of Ethiopian Jews. (week-long series of reports) (~1984-85)

VHS T-120 cassette (Maxell) - no case, no label. FRIENDS, produced in cooperation with Chicago Board of Rabbis (1989, NBC) hosted by Mike Leiderman. Interview with Susan Pollack (Board Member AAEJ) and Rachamim Elazar (chairman, National Council of Ethiopian Jews, Israel)

VHS T-30 cassette (Fuji, the case says Konica Super HG) - "AAEJ Unfinished Exodus" without credits

VHS T-120SG cassette (SKC SG) - "For Will Recant - McNeil-Leher Report Ethiopia Last Week Nov.

VHS T-120 ES-HG (Sony) - "Shabbat Service 24 March 1989 / 18 Adar II 5749" (no case for video)

VHS cassette "Unfinished Exodus" 22:00 Produced by the AAEJ

VHS T-120 cassette "Graenum and Emma Berger AAEJ Testimonial Dinner" 1:45 hours November 2, 1985

Unidentified cassette in blue case

Beta L-500 "Ethiopian Jews" Video Reel #1 w/ some sync. (on tape says: video + audio) Center City Film + Video Production Facilities + Services

Beta L-500 "Ethiopian Jews" Video Reel #2 w/ some sync. (on tape says: video + audio) Center City Film + Video Production Facilities + Services

Beta L-500 "Ethiopian Jews" Video Reel #3 w/ some sync. (on tape says: video + audio) Center City Film + Video Production Facilities + Services

Beta L-500 "Ethiopian Jews" Reel 1, Audio Reels 1-4 Center City Film + Video Production Facilities and Services

Beta BCT20G "Ethiopian Jews" Audio Reels 5-7 Center City Film + Video Production Facilities and Services

Beta BCT20G "Ethiopian Jews" Audio Reels 8-10 Center City Film + Video Production Facilities and Services

Beta BCT20G "Ethiopian Jews" Audio Reels 11-13 Center City Film + Video Production Facilities and Services

Beta L250 "Ethiopian Jews Video" Wild Sound (Rock Creek Films) Time 51:00 1/18/90 CVC #31002 *Beta II* Capitol Video Communications, Inc. (no case for video)

Audiocassettes:

Audio cassette (clear case) "Master cassette '1000 Dreams'"

60 min. audio cassette DX1 (Dennon, the outside case says RECOTON). Side A: Live in the field, Ethiopian Folk Music (Jewish) plus conversation [Property of AAEJ c/o Susan Pollack Schechtman 212-874-2289] Side B: Ethiopian Popular Music - Mahmond, Mahmond - circa 1985 Addis Ababa recording. Taped 11/21/88

 
HOL 177Audio Reel Tapes
  

1. Lewman Master. Producer: Aaronson - Rock Creek Films. Production: Ethiopian Rescue. Set-up Tone: 1. 5 takes of "Siged" 2. 5 takes of Yemin Orde 3. 3 takes of "Siged" within sentence 4. 3 takes of "Yemin Orde" within sentence. (15 ips; FT; tails)

2. 3M Recording Tape [Hebrew in upper left corner of cover] 1. 3 songs by Kessim for holidays sung in G'ez, 2. Ethiopian folk music - on a one-stringed instrument called a Meseuko, 3. Flute Music (folk music) - Washint, 4. music of the Krar (Ethiopian music) *paper with this info in box*

3. AGFA Professional PER525 13cm 180m. 5 in. 600ft. 1. Traditional Ethiopian music - "Masinko" 2. Washint - flute 3. Washint flute pimple notched 4. Friday evening song of Ethiopian kesim - traditional song 5. Daily Prayer *paper with this info in box*

4. AGFA Professional PER525 13cm 180m 5in 600ft "AAEJ Tape"

5. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #1 Ethiopian Jews 11/27/89 (Tails) "Rollover; Sigged/Talliot Uri Gordon; Kessim"

6. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #2 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) "Sigged/Wall Wall - wild sound interviews"

7. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #3 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) "Sigged @ Yemine Ore Village, Beginning Voice Over of Tamil and Peter"

8. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #4 Ethiopian Jews (Tail) Rock Creek Films Nagra 3 7.5 ips "Reading of Story of Escape yb Tamir w/ Peton *(Possibly Not Transfer)"

9. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #5 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) Rock Creek Films Tape Type: 508 Tape speed: 7.5 CR #6 and 7

10. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #6 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) Rock Creek Films Tape Type: 808 Tape speed: 7.5 CR #7

11. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #7 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) Rock Creek Films 11/29/80 Tape Type: 808 Tape speed: 7.5 "CR #8: Interview w/ Shlomo Teku z-H CR #9 3-H wild apiur interview about SLGG 1-Head interview Chaim Perr 2 Head Continue END"

12. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #8 Ethiopian Jews (Tail) Rock Creek Films 11/30/89 NAGA 3.0 Tape Type 808 Tape speed 7.5 "CR #11 3H Chaim Peri interview cont.; wild Chaim Peri interview Rollout"

13. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #9 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) Rock Creek Films 11/30/89 NAGRA 3.0 Tape Type: 808 Tape speed: 7.5 "Wild Cont. Chaim Peri interview Rollout"

14. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #10 Ethiopian Jews (Tail) Rock Creek Films 11/30/89 NAGRA 3.0 Tape Type 808 Tape Speed 7.5 "Wild Cont. Interview Chaim Peri 4-Tail Cont-Interview Chaim Peri Wild Saccon 1-T 2-Tsary Sticks 3-Tail"

15. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #11 Ethiopian Jews (Tail) Rock Creek Films 12/1/89 Tape Type 808 Tape speed 7.5 "CR #9 Wild Painting mural interview 1-H ? painting CR #13 1-H Ex ? noises to Loud; 1 H Akiva Interview 2 H cont."

16. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #12 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) Rock Creek Films 12/1/89 NAGRA 3.0 Tape Type 808 Tape speed 7.5 "CR #13 2 Head, Akiva Interview cont. Mengistu 3 H Cont. 1 H Chaim Perry @school 2 H 3H Rollout"

17. 3M Recording Tape Sound Reel #13 Ethiopian Jews (Tails) Rock Creek Films 12/3/89 Tape Type 808 Tape speed 7.5 WABRA III "Chaim Walking w/ students 1-Head Wild Walking"

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
Reel-to-Reels
  

Reel to Reel audio tape ~1/4" "V/O Narration Ralph Cosham 'Unfinished Exodus'" Tape 1 and Tape 2 3/30/87 Hdr

1 reel audio tape (15 ips, 2T, Mono, Tails out, 1K, 10K, 100 Hz tons at ?) "A Yearning for Home" Narration. Rock Creek Films 2/26/90

1 reel audio tape - master copy, 2 tracks, normal, 15, AMPEX Scotch 456, Tails out. Produced by Wendy Blackstone for "1000 Dreams" Rock Creek Films, Jim Goatley (Engineer), recorded 3/10/90

½" reel film "The Falashas" by Meyer Levin, composite print

½" reel film "Agony of Black Jews" 27 min.

1" reel film "Dream of 1000 years" AAEJ, Rock Creek Films 3/2/90, 15:42 min., split track (Master copy)

½" audiotape "DS.CMRREJ.COPY.EJMSTR" "E.J. Master File April 01" rec = 300 Block = 9,000 1600 BPI 35K Records T02036

½" audiotape "DS.CMRREJ.COPY.MASTERFL. SEP 02 1985" "Combined Ethiopian File" rec = 300 Block = 9,000 1600 BPI Count = 36,522 T00576

½" audiotape "DS.CMRREJ.MASTERFL. SEP02.COPY" "UPDATED(?) MASTER ETHIOPIANS" rec = 300 Block = 9,000 1600 BPI COUNT=36,522 T03983

 
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Subgroup VI: Oversized Materials, undated, 1981-1988, 1990-1991

English.
1 oversized OS1 box, OS6F Folder 1.
Scope and Content:

This subgroup consists of oversized materials removed from the other subgroups. Types of material found in this subgroup include posters, newspapers, newspaper clippings, broadsides, blueprints, book jackets, and advertisements.

BoxFolderTitleDate
OS1F1OS1F Folder 1undated, 1982, 1984-1986, 1988
  

1. "Ethiopian Jew wants the world to know how brothers suffer," The Toronto Star, March 24, 1985 (separated from Box 16, Folder 11)

2. Poster: "You Are Invited To Attend An Update On The Status on Ethiopian Jews - a two part program featuring Unfinished Exodus…," undated (2 copies) (separated from Box 17, Folder 27)

3. "Brit Milah 'Twins' Falasha Refugee and D.C. Baby," Washington Jewish Week, October 25, 1984 (separated from Box 90, Folder 10)

4. "Anatoly's relase calls for reflection on tactics," Jewish World, March 14-20, 1986 (separated from Box 90, Folder 18)

5. "American Friends of "Peace Now": Tragedy of Beirut," undated (separated from Box 91, Folder 3)

6. "Chicago's black Jews: Heritage forges bond with the children of Israel," Chicago Tribune, October 30, 1985 (separated from Box 91, Folder 11)

7. Israel Today (newspaper), March 29, 1985 (separated from Box 91, Folder 16)

8. Contemporary Publications, Summer 1982, Winter 1982 (separated from Box 91, Folder 29)

9. "Ethiopian Jews: Divided efforts to rescue a community," The Jerusalem Post, September 25, 1988 (separated from Box 92, Folder 2)

10. 1986-87 Ethiopian Jewry Calendar (separated from Box 92, Folder 21)

 
OS1F2OS1F Folder 2undated, 1983-1986, 1988
  

1. "Leading Jewish Camps," The Jewish Post and Opinion, May 9, 1984 (separated from Box 92, Folder 23)

2. Scale Plan of the Landscaping and Playground for Chamah School in Kiryat Malachi, Israel, undated (separated from Box 94, Folder 8)

3. "Our Kind of Federation - Some of the whos, whats and wheres of Chicago's Jewish Federation," undated (separated from Box 94, Folder 18)

4. CSAE Forum, December 1983, January 1984 (separated from Box 95, Folder 1)

5. "The Jews of Ethiopia: People in Transition," The Forward, November 28, 1986 (separated from Box 101, Folder 17)

6. Chicago Coalition for Ethiopia Invitation to a Stay Home Dinner for Ethiopia, June 12, 1988 (separated from Box 103, Folder 12)

7. Famine articles, Washington Post, June 26-27, 1983 (separated from Box 104, Folder 10)

8. Film Advertisement for "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews of Ethiopia," March 1985 (separated from Box 105, Folder 1)

9. Film Poster: "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews," undated (2 copies) (separated from Box 105, Folder 2)

10. Film Advertisement for "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews," B'nai Brith Messenger, April 6, 1984 (separated from Box 105, Folder 3)

11. Film Advertisement for "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews," Israel Today, April 6, 1984 (separated from Box 105, Folder 3)

12. Film Advertisement for "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews," Israel Today, April 9-10, 1984 (separated from Box 105, Folder 3)

 
OS1F3OS1F Folder 3undated, 1982-1988
  

1. RPC Voice, Spring 1988 (separated from Box 106, Folder 21)

2. Network Spectrum, December 1983 (separated from Box 106, Folder 27)

3. Jewish Students of America, Winter 1987 (separated from Box 106, Folder 27)

4. Noah's Ark, April 1985 (separated from Box 107, Folder 8)

5. Special Ethiopian Jewry Free Book Offers, undated (separated from Box 107, Folder 11)

6. Contemporary Publications, Spring 1982, Summer 1982 (separated from Box 107, Folder 24)

7. Original Ads, 1982-1983 (separated from Box 107, Folder 26)

8. Two Passover Broadsides from Northern California Jewish Bulletin, April 13, 1984 (separated from Box 108, Folder 7)

9. "A Personal Passover: A Guide to Building Your Own Seder," Women's World, February/March 1988 (separated from Box 108, Folder 7)

10. RPC Voice, Spring 1985, Summer 1985, October 1985, Winter 1985/86, Summer 1986, Spring 1987, and Special Edition (separated from Box 108, Folder 11)

 
OS1F4OS1F Folder 4undated, 1982-1986, 1988, 1991
  

1. "The Falashas: The black Jews in Ethiopia - a pictorial essay," The Jewish Week, July 15, 1983 (separated from Box 108, Folder 16)

2. The Grantsmanship Center Whole Nonprofit Catalog, Winter 1984/1985 (separated from Box 109, Folder 31)

3. Refugees, December 1983 (separated from Box 111, Folder 4)

4. "Christians in Solidarity with Israel," reprint from New York Times, August 1, 1982 (separated from Box 112, Folder 8)

5. Shofar, publication of the Sacramento Jewish Federation, October 1988, November 1988, December 1988 (separated from Box 113, Folder 8)

6. "Sudan Tries General Who Saved Falashas," JINSA Security Affairs, February 1986 (separated from Box 116, Folder 10)

7. "Our heroes of Sudan," Toronto Star, August 4, 1984 (separated from Box 116, Folder 26)

8. "Operation: Teffilin" Advertisement, Jewish Press, April 4, 1986 (separated from Box 117, Folder 7)

9. "Nisht Geferlack Klezmer Band" in concert, a benefit for Falasha Jews of Ethiopia, October 20, 1984 (separated from Box 118, Folder 31)

10. Poster: "Falasha: Exile of the Black Jews," Hyatt Regency Hotel, Atlanta, GA, undated (separated from Box 150, Folder 9)

11. Poster: "Second Annual Lobby for the Release of Ethiopian Jews," Student Action for Ethiopian Jews, April 9-10, 1991 (2 copies) (separated from Box 171, Folder 16)

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS6F1OS6F Folder 1undated, 1981, 1983-1987, 1990-1991
  

1. Poster: "These People Are Devout Jews…," undated (5 copies) (separated from Box 4, Folder 12)
View poster
2. Poster: "If Not Now, When?", 1987 (in Yiddish) (separated from Box 11, Folder 16)

3. "Ethiopia: Famine and flight," The Boston Globe, December 3, 1984 (separated from Box 14, Folder 1)

4. Poster: "10th Annual CAJE Conference on Alternatives in Jewish Education," 1985 (separated from Box 95, Folder 26)

5. Cushman Agency advertisement, Chicago Tribune, June 27, 1983 (separated from Box 101, Folder 4)

6. Book Cover: "Falasha No More: An Ethiopian Jewish Child Comes Home," by Arlene Kushner, 1986 (separated from Box 104, Folder 8)

7. Poster: "Save Persecuted Jewry!," World Union of Jewish Students, 1981 (separated from Box 109, Folder 17)

8. Poster: "Ethiopian Artists Working in Clay," October 1987 (separated from Box 109, Folder 18)

9. "Airlift to Israel," World Newsmap, February 11, 1985 (separated from Box 119, Folder 25)

10. "Trapped in the Housing Maze," The Jerusalem Post, September 18, 1987 (separated from Box 168, Folder 8)

11. Poster: "Lobby for the Release of Ethiopian Jews," March 27-28, 1990 (4 copies) (separated from Box 171, Folder 15)

12. Poster: "Lobby for the Release of Ethiopian Jews," April 9-10, 1991 (separated from Box 171, Folder 15)

 
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