Guide to the OSE Photograph Collection
1937-1962

RG 494

Processed by Rachel S. Harrison

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

©2014 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Rachel S. Harrison in May 2014. Description is in English.
August 2015 Added dao links by Eric Fritzler. November 2015 Digitization note updated by Leanora Lange.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: American OSE Committee
Title: OSE Photograph Collection
Dates:1937-1962
Abstract: This collection consists of photographs of OSE programs, OSE conferences and congresses and various individuals connected with OSE and its programs, mainly dating from World War II and the years just following. Many of these photographs are related to the work OSE does with children’s health and nutrition but there are also numerous pictures of leisure activities, care homes, vocational training, and education.
Languages: Captions on the backs of photos and signs within the photos appear in English, Yiddish, French, Spanish, Romanian, and Hebrew.
Quantity: 1.5 linear feet
Identification: RG 494
Repository: Yivo Institute for Jewish Research
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Historical Note

OSE was founded on August 7, 1912 in St. Petersburg, Russia as Obschestvo zdravookhraneniia evreev, OZE (Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jews) and was a worldwide organization dedicated to promoting health and hygiene among Jews, particularly children. OSE maintained branches in Russia, Rumania, central and western Europe, and Poland. OSE aimed to provide accessible, free health care for all Jews through its network of medical, sanitary and preventative services. The OSE branches also sought to address any health conditions and hereditary illnesses that specifically affected Jews, giving proper consideration to religious and ethnic traditions.

OSE maintained hundreds of institutions, which included hospitals, nurseries, centers providing food and milk for children, summer camps for children from low-income families, kindergartens, outpatient clinics and observation centers, and sanatoriums. OSE also provided maternity and early childhood consultations to mothers and distributed free medication and vaccinations to the needy at medical dispensaries. A special committee supervised physical education at Jewish schools and set up outdoor playgrounds. OSE staff delivered lectures and printed brochures in Yiddish on hygiene and sanitation, as well as advice on preventing and treating childhood illnesses, skin ailments, and infectious diseases, including trachoma, favus, cholera, and tuberculosis.

During World War I, OSE shifted its work toward providing emergency medical and nutritional care to Jewish refugees and displaced persons, particularly in areas near to the front lines. OSE ceased operations in the Soviet Union in 1921 and many of its programs were taken over by the state government. Also in 1921, OSE was established in Lithuania and became a national organization in Poland, where it was known as TOZ (Towarzystwo Ochrony Zdrowia Ludności Źidowskiej (Society for Safeguarding the Health of the Jewish Populace), both funded in large part by the Joint Distribution Committee. TOZ continued its work in several Polish ghettos until around 1942. In 1922, OSE established branches in Rumania and Latvia and formed a medical committee in London to support OSE activities in Eastern Europe. The Berlin OSE Committee was also formed in 1922 by immigrants from Russia, largely in response to famines in the lower Volga regions and southern Ukraine. Berlin OSE, with help from major international Jewish organizations and the Red Cross, was able to send food, medical equipment and medication, and later medical personnel to Soviet Russia, activities which lasted until the late 1930s. At a December 1922 conference in Berlin, representatives from Poland, Lithuania, Berlin, and London elected a central bureau composed of the Berlin OSE Committee members plus one representative from each local OSE organization. At the OSE Congress in August 1923, the World Union of OSE Societies (World OSE) was established, with Albert Einstein as the honorary president.

In 1933, with the rise of the Nazis, the World OSE Union relocated from Berlin to Paris where the acronym came to stand for Oeuvre de Secours aux Enfants (Society for the Aid of Children). World OSE headquarters moved to New York City from 1940-1945. In early 1934, OSE France was formed and immediately was faced with the question of the substantial stream of refugees who had escaped from Germany and Eastern Europe. A network of orphanages was set up all throughout France. During the wartime occupation of France, OSE had to officially liquidate their orphanages, although in reality they merely went underground. OSE members placed Jewish children with foster families, hid them in chateaus and smuggled hundreds out of France to neutral Switzerland. OSE’s central committee was also able to help Jews in occupied countries through a small branch in Geneva and via the International Red Cross, setting up orphanages to provide food and medical care.

After the end of World War II, during which the institutions of OSE in Europe were mainly destroyed, representatives of the World OSE Union traveled to Eastern Europe to help Holocaust survivors, setting up branches in Bulgaria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia. The World OSE Union shifted its postwar activities to North America, Latin America, North Africa, and Israel. It is currently based in Paris and continues its goals of providing medical care, safeguarding the health of mothers, infants and children, fighting disease, and promoting hygiene, sanitation and health education.

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Scope and Content Note

The OSE Photograph Collection is part of a larger archival collection, the Records of the American OSE Committee. The photograph collection consists of photographs of OSE medical and nutrition programs, children’s homes, summer camps, public lectures on health topics, clinics, educational programs, and official visits of OSE staff. There are also numerous pictures of leisure activities, care homes, vocational training, and education. These photos portray OSE activities in Argentina, Australia, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Mexico, Morocco, Netherlands, Rumania, Switzerland, Tunisia, United States, and Uruguay, and various individuals and conference of the World OSE Union. The majority of these photos date from World War II and the years just following, although there is also a series of photos of German Refugees in the OSE Children's Home in Montmorency, France, circa 1937.

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Arrangement

The photographs were originally in envelopes that were labeled by country, with the exception of the photographs of German Refugees in the OSE Children's Home in Montmorency, France, which were in their own envelope. They have been arranged in folders by subject or location based upon captions on the backs of the photographs and by the subject of the photographs, such as gardening, official visits, medical care, and meetings. The children’s homes in various French chateaux have been arranged by the name of the chateau or villa. Thus, Villa Champfleur is arranged under “C,” Chateau de Mehoncourt under “M” and Villa Les Roches under “R.” The photographs have been arranged alphabetically by country and then by subject or location. They have then been arranged chronologically within each country. Photos with the same date or date range have been arranged alphabetically.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Permission to use the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archivist.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish part or parts of the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archives. For more information, contact:
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

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Related Material

The Records of the American OSE Committee, RG 494, are stored separately in the YIVO Archives. The YIVO Archives also has the Records of Union Generale Des Israelites De France (UGIF), RG 210, the Records of the World ORT Union, RG 252, Records of the Kehillat Haharedim (France), RG 340, the Records of the American ORT Federation, RG 380, and the records of several other aid organizations.

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Separated Material

There is no information about materials that are associated by provenance to the described materials that have been physically separated or removed.

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Digitization Note

This collection was digitized and made accessible in its entirety with the exception of the following folders, which are restricted to onsite use only due to copyright: folders 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 36, 39, 40, 48, 50, 51, 56, 61, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 78, 85, 86, 88, 89, 90, 96, 97, 99, and 101. Most photographs have captions or other information on the verso, so most versos were digitized. Blank versos were not digitized. In the case of duplicate photographs, the highest quality photograph was digitized.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); OSE Photograph Collection; RG 494; folder number; YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

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Acquisition Information

The photographs, as part of the larger Records of the American OSE Committee, were received from Leon Wulman, executive secretary of American OSE, in 1964 and 1970.

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Processing information

The Records of the American OSE Committee were arranged by Susanna Fogel in 1970. The photographs were processed by Rachel S. Harrison in May 2014, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation and the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany. Photographs were taken out of envelopes and put into folders.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

 

OSE Photograph Collection, 1937-1962

110 folders
Folder TitleDate
1 (Argentina1) OSE Nursing School, Buenos Aires 1944-1954
  

- Students, professors and OSE leaders at the nursing school

 
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2 (Argentina2) First Congress of Latin American ORT-OSE 1946 April 27-May 2
  

- Ignacio Winizky, Elias Singer, Boris Surovich, Jose Matusevich, Mises Averburg, M. Ilya Trotzky, Ricardo Dubrovsky, Leon Wulman and others

 
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3 (Argentina3) First Congress of Latin American ORT-OSE, visits to ORT school 1946 April 27-May 2
  

- Leon Wulman visits the OSE Nursing School

- Gunther Meyer (Bolivia), Abraham Goren (Chile), V. Zbinder (Director of the ORT school), Leon Wulman, Samuel Goren (Chile), and Moises Mertz

- Samuel Melamed (Rio), Boris Surovich, Moises Avenburg

- Boris Surovich addresses the ORT students

 
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4 (Argentina4) Leon Wulman and a group of leaders celebrate the inauguration of the building Pringles 774 1949
  

 
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5 (Argentina5) Summer camp for infirm children 1949-1950
  

- Children, staff and visitors dance, play games and pose for photographs

 
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6 (Argentina6) Felipe Gorenstein speaking at a ceremony held to mark the visit of Abel Shaban to OSE 1951
  

 
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7 (Argentina7) Audience at a lecture on health outreach 1952
  

 
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8 (Argentina8) Director of OSE Argentina Dr. Jose Matusevich and Jacob Jenik during the inauguration of the bust of Maria Opel de Jenik in the summer camp 1953
  

 
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9 (Argentina9) Director of OSE Argentina Dr. Jose Matusevich, Dr. Bernardo Serebrinsky and others giving diplomas to the graduates of the nursing school 1955
  

 
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10 (Argentina10) Dr. Ignacio Winizky and Felipe Gorenstein bid farewell to a group of children leaving for summer camp undated
  

 
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11 (Argentina11) OSE Outpatient Clinic, Buenos Aires undated
  

 
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12 (Argentina12) Leaders of OSE Argentina undated
  

- Boris Malamud, resident of OSE Argentina

- Group of leaders of OSE Argentina in front of headquarters

 
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13 (Argentina13) Children in a school room undated
  

 
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14 (Australia1) Opening of OSE house in Melbourne 1966 October 11
  

 
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103 (Canada1) Sixth Plenary Session Banquet of the Canadian Jewish Congress 1945
  

- Toronto, Ontario

- Oversize

 
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15 (Czechoslovakia1) Sponsor letters and aid parcels undated
  

- A child writes to his sponsor

- A boy receives a letter from his sponsor

- The social worker brings letters from the children to be sent to the sponsors to an OSE office

- Parcels sent by the sponsors in one of the OSE offices

 
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16 (France1) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Arrivals, Departures and the Children's Home Buildings c.1937
  

 
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17 (France2) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Children Playing Outside c.1937
  

 
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18 (France3) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Chores c.1937
  

 
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19 (France4) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Eating Outside c.1937
  

 
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20 (France5) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Gardening c.1937
  

 
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21 (France6) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Groups of Children and Adults c.1937
  

 
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22 (France7) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Health and Hygiene c.1937
  

 
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23 (France8) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Mealtimes and Food c.1937
  

 
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24 (France9) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Plays and Performances c.1937
  

 
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25 (France10) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Plays and Performances c.1937
  

 
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26 (France11) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Plumbing Work c.1937
  

 
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27 (France12) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - School c.1937
  

 
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28 (France13) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Sports and Games c.1937
  

 
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29 (France14) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Sports and Games c.1937
  

 
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30 (France15) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Trip to the Eiffel Tower c.1937
  

 
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31 (France16) German Refugees in OSE Children's Home in Montmorency - Vocational Classes c.1937
  

 
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32 (France17) OSE Children from France in Elmhurst, Queens 1944 September 24
  

 
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33 (France18) Colonie de vacances, Chateau de Ferrieres 1945
  

 
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34 (France19) Villa Champfleur, Mesnil-le-Roi c.1945
  

 
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35 (France20) Gymnastics at OSE in Lassy c.1945
  

 
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36 (France21) Chateau de Mehoncourt, Le Mans c.1945
  

 
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37 (France22) Nahum Aronson Children's Home, Les Andelys c.1945
  

 
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38 (France23) St. Paul-en-Chablais c.1945
  

 
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39 (France24) Chateau de Vaucelles, Taverny c.1945
  

 
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40 (France25) Le Hirondelle, Lyon c.1945-1947
  

 
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41 (France26) Villa Les Roches, Saint-Quay-Portrieux c.1945-1947
  

 
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42 (France27) Chateau de Corbeville, Orsay c.1945-1948
  

 
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43 (France28) La Villa Essor, Collonges-au-Mont d'Or c.1945-1948
  

 
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44 (France29) La Forge, Chateau Boucicaut, Fontenay aux Roses c.1945-1948
  

 
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45 (France30) OSE Trucks 1946
  

 
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46 (France31) Booklet about OSE Activities in France 1946 January 1
  

 
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47 (France32) Chateau de La Borie, Limoges c.1946
  

 
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48 (France33) Colonie de vacances, Villard-de-Lans c.1946
  

 
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49 (France34) Draveil Children's Home c.1946
  

 
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50 (France35) La Foret, Fontainebleau c.1946
  

 
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51 (France36) Paris Children's Homes c.1946
  

 
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52 (France37) Le Petit Monde, Bellevue c.1946
  

 
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53 (France38) Le Tremplin, Saint-Genis-Laval c.1946
  

 
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54 (France39) Versailles Children's Home, Paris c.1946
  

 
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55 (France40) Mrs. Michelle (Vincent) Auriol, wife of the President of France, visits OSE c.1947
  

 
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56 (France41) World OSE Conferences 1948-1954
  

 
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57 (France42) Booklet - Their Fate is in Your Hands c.1948
  

 
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58 (France43) OSE Charity Bazaar in Paris 1953 June 8-9
  

 
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59 (France44) Wedding Portrait of Herbert and Vera Karliner 1961
  

 
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60 (France45) Joseph Millner Portrait undated
  

 
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61 (France46) Unidentified OSE Children's Homes undated
  

 
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62 (France47) Vacation at the Sea undated
  

 
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63 (Hungary1) Children in a school room c.1941
  

 
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64 (Iran1) Children that OSE Hopes to Help in Iran undated
  

 
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65 (Israel1) Children's Convalescent Home, Ramla 1950-1953
  

 
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66 (Israel2) OSE Activities in Israel (album) c.1951
  

 
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67 (Israel3) Meetings and Official Visits to OSE Israel 1952-1955
  

 
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68 (Israel4) Eleanor Roosevelt visiting OSE Institution at HaKirya, Tel Aviv 1955 April
  

 
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69 (Israel5) Children's Convalescent Home, Ramla (album) undated
  

 
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70 (Israel6) Dr. Zvi Levin in the OSE Dental Ambulance undated
  

 
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71 (Israel7) Medical Care and Children's Convalescent Homes undated
  

 
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72 (Israel8) OSE buildings undated
  

 
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73 (Israel9) Summer camp for Religious Labour Children, Sponsored by OSE and B'nei Akiva undated
  

 
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74 (Italy1) Colonia Marina, Rome undated
  

 
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75 (Italy2) Mother Receiving Money from her Child's Sponsor, Rome undated
  

 
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76 (Mexico1) OSE Building, Mexico City 1950
  

 
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77 (Mexico2) DACEM (Damas Auxiliares del Centro Medico) Children's Colony - first group of children 1951
  

 
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78 (Mexico3) Inauguration of OSE Children's Home, Cuernavaca 1953
  

 
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79 (Mexico4) Meetings and Press Conferences 1954, undated
  

 
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80 (Mexico5) OSE Medical Center undated
  

 
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81 (Morocco1) OSE Morocco Bulletin number 3 1949
  

- French

 
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104 (Morocco2) OSE Activities in Morocco (album) 1956 September 18
  

- Oversize

 
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82 (Morocco3) Casablanca - Medical Care undated
  

 
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83 (Morocco4) Casablanca - Purim undated
  

 
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84 (Morocco5) Postcards of Morocco undated
  

 
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85 (Morocco6) Sefrou - Medical Care undated
  

 
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86 (Netherlands1) OSE Supplies Shipments undated
  

 
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87 (Rumania1) Bucharest 1944-1946
  

 
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88 (Rumania2) Sinaia c.1945
  

 
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89 (Rumania3) Busteni - Sanatorium for Tubercular Children 1946
  

 
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105 (Rumania4) OSE Activities in Rumania (album) c.1951
  

- Oversize

 
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90 (Rumania5) Arad undated
  

 
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91 (Rumania6) Children's Welfare Home (album) undated
  

 
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92 (Rumania7) Otopeni undated
  

 
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93 (Switzerland1) Dental Institute in Geneva undated
  

 
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94 (Switzerland2) Plaimpalais-les-Deserts (Savoie) undated
  

 
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95 (Tunisia1) Medical Care undated
  

 
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96 (Unidentified1) Unidentified Photographs 1937, undated
  

 
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97 (United States1) American OSE Meetings and Board Members 1940-1955, undated
  

- Aleksander Matz, Leon Wulman, Julius Jarcho, Bernhard Kahn, Mark Wishnitzer, M. Sudarsky, Jacob Frumkin, Mr. Kojuc, Herman Grey, Simon Segal, John Gorski, Simon Langer, and others

- Off-print of article by Leon Wulman, 1940

 
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106 (United States2) Board of Directors of the American OSE Committee Meeting 1952 February 4
  

- Oversize

 
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98 (United States3) Danny Kaye and U.N. Officials Plan Assignment Children 1954
  

- Maurice Pate, Dag Hammarskjold, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, and Danny Kaye

 
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99 (United States4) American Physicians Fellowship Committee, Inc. of the Israel Medical Association (APFC) undated
  

- Leon Wulman is in the back row

 
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100 (United States5) OSE Delegation visits Professor Einstein undated
  

- (right to left) Ilya Trotzky, Ignacio Winizky, Leon Wulman, Simon Kuper, Albert Einstein, Abel Shaban, Boris Smolar, Chave (Evelyn) Yehoash-Dworkin

 
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101 (Uruguay1) ORT-OSE in Montevideo undated
  

- Board Meeting room of Uruguayan ORT-OSE

- OSE Committee: Jacobo Hazan, Miguel Krell, Jose Rossemblat, Samuel Schwarzbart

- ORT-OSE waiting room

 
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102 (World OSE1) Biographical Sketch of Azriel Jakir 1962 December 15
  

- French, English

 
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107 (World OSE2) OSE Activites Around the World (album) undated
  

- Oversize

 
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108 (World OSE3) OSE Activites Around the World (album) undated
  

- Oversize

 
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109 (World OSE4) OSE Activites Around the World (album) undated
  

- Oversize

 
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110 (World OSE5) OSE Activites Around the World (album) undated
  

- Oversize

 
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