Guide to the Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Photograph Collection
1920s-1959
(bulk 1945-1950)

RG 294.5

Partially processed by YIVO staff. Additional processing completed, and finding aid compiled and encoded by Violet Lutz.

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011

Phone: (212) 246-6080

Fax: (212) 292-1892

Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

URL: http://www.yivoinstitute.org

©2014 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Violet Lutz in June 2014. Description is in English.
May 2016 Folder numbers updated and related materials dao links added by Leanora Lange. October 2016 dao links added by Eric Fritzler. February 2017 dao added links by Sarah Glover. February 2018 digitization note updated by Leanora Lange.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Title: Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Photograph Collection
Dates:circa 1920s-1959
Dates:bulk 1945-1952
Abstract: The collection is comprised of photographs of various provenances related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons (DPs) in the period immediately following the Second World War, from 1945 to 1952. The photographs pertain to DP camps and communities in the Allied occupation zones in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily those established by the American and British military, and administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and, later, the International Refugee Organization. Diverse aspects of daily life among the DPs are depicted, such as school, work, recreation, and vocational training, including many activities sponsored by Jewish voluntary organizations, especially World ORT and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Also depicted are cultural activities such as theater, children’s performances, Jewish holiday celebrations and parades, and commemorative events honoring those who died in the Holocaust. The photographs capture leaders of the Jewish DP zonal and camp committees, DP police, and Zionist living collectives (kibbutzim), as well as notable military, political, and cultural personalities of the period, such as Lucius D. Clay, Fiorello LaGuardia, David Ben-Gurion, Yitzhak Gruenbaum, and H. Leivick. The photographs also reflect political and historical developments, including the major congresses of the DP leaderships in Germany, Austria, and Italy; protest demonstrations concerning British policies regulating immigration to Palestine; and events held upon the founding of the state of Israel in 1948.
Languages: Inscriptions on the versos of photographs, and occasional textual materials are in Yiddish, English, Hebrew, German, and Polish.
Quantity: 8.75 linear feet (4 file drawers + 2 oversize boxes)
Identification: RG 294.5
Repository: YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
Return to the Top of Page

Historical Note

Displaced Persons

In the final stages of the Second World War, surviving prisoners in Nazi concentration camps were liberated by the Allies beginning with Majdanek in July 1944, and Auschwitz, in January 1945. Buchenwald, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau, and other camps were liberated from April to May 1945. The German unconditional surrender was signed on May 7, 1945.

The war left in its wake 6.5 to 7 million persons of Allied nationality living outside of their countries of origin and regarded as "displaced persons" (DPs) by the military authorities and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), the newly created international agency (founded November 1943) charged with supporting the repatriation process and coordinating relief efforts. (German refugees, as "ex-enemy nationals," were not accorded DP status; initially this exclusion applied even to German Jews.) The Allies set up DP 'assembly centers' – commonly known as DP camps – in Germany, Austria, and Italy, to temporarily shelter and care for these refugees, who, it was hoped, would soon be on their way home. By September 1945, approximately three-quarters, or some six million DPs were indeed able to be repatriated to their lands of origin. However, approximately one million people, for whom repatriation, for various reasons, was problematic, remained in the camps. Jewish DPs formed a portion of this group (Königseder & Wetzel, 15).

Thousands of former concentration camp prisoners died of malnutrition and illness in the weeks immediately following liberation. The historian Yehuda Bauer estimates that approximately 50,000 Jewish DPs were in Germany and Austria in August 1945, with the following breakdown: 14-15,000 in Bavaria; 13,000 in Bergen-Belsen (in Lower Saxony, in the British Zone); 8,000 in Berlin; and 7,000 in Vienna (Bauer, 48).

Early on the Jewish survivors referred to themselves as She’arit ha-Pletah – from biblical sources, meaning 'the surviving remnant' – and the term came into general usage during the period of the Allied Occupation (Mankowitz, 1-2).

Growth of Jewish DP population

Beginning in the fall of 1945 the survivors of the camps were joined by two other major groups of Jewish displaced persons: former partisans, i.e. men and women who had escaped from ghettos or death transports and had fought against the Nazis in guerilla bands on the Eastern front or in the Balkans; and Jews who migrated westward from Eastern Europe (Pinson, 103-104).

In the beginning of 1946, as a result of Soviet-Polish negotiations, the Polish Jews who had survived the war in the Soviet Union – numbering as many as 200,000 – were given the choice of remaining there or returning home; the great majority of them, an estimated 175,000, decided to return to Poland, where they hoped to reunite with relatives and to reclaim their homes and property (Königseder & Wetzel, 45). When they attempted to do so, however, they mostly found that they were unwelcome by the Polish population and not able to reestablish themselves. A postwar resurgence of anti-Semitism in Poland culminated in an infamous pogrom in the city of Kielce on July 4, 1946, in which 42 Jews were killed. Consequently, the year 1946 saw what amounted to a mass exodus of Jews from Eastern Europe, primarily Poland, into Germany and Austria, from where the refugees hoped to be able to emigrate.

The westward migration of East European Jews across national borders and occupation lines – crossings that for the most part were not officially sanctioned – was fostered by a semi-clandestine Zionist network, the Brichah (from the Hebrew, meaning 'flight'), with the ultimate goal of supporting emigration to Palestine (Erets Yisrael, the land of Israel). The United States (U.S.) Zone was especially affected: between January 1946 and October of the same year, the number of registered Jewish DPs nearly quadrupled, from 36,000 to 141,000 (Königseder & Wetzel, 43). According to a UNRRA survey of 127,000 Jews in the U.S. Zone in November 1946, 71% were from Poland, 6% from Hungary, 4% from Czechoslovakia, 2.5% from Germany, 2.5% from Romania, 2% from Austria, and something over 10% were from other countries, or were stateless (Königseder & Wetzel, 52-53).

Italy also saw an influx of East European Jews who hoped to have a better chance of emigrating to Palestine from there. Jewish DPs numbered approximately 6,000 in the DP camps in Italy in September 1945 (Pflanzelter, 86-87). According to Brichah statistics, approximately 50,000 Jewish refugees came to Italy from Austria and Germany in the period from 1945 to 1948 (Pflanzelter, 104).

The total number of Jewish DPs who resided in camps or communities in Germany, Austria, and Italy during the period from 1945 to 1952 is estimated at more than 250,000 (USHMM).

The DP camps

The camps that the Allies set up for the purpose of housing DPs varied in size and character. Camps were established on sites that had previously served as barracks, hotels, hospitals, schools, apartment buildings, and private homes. A single camp might have accommodated anywhere from 50 up to over 7,000 DPs at any given time (Königseder & Wetzel, 16). Except for the Bergen-Belsen DP camp (officially re-named the Belsen-Höhne camp), no other DP camp in Germany was set up on the site of a former concentration camp (Königseder & Wetzel, 171). Bergen-Belsen consisted of several sub-camps, and the one that had been the main concentration camp was evacuated and demolished in May 1945; it was the other areas of the compound, including a hospital and a former S.S. barracks and S.S. training school, that became the DP camp (Königseder & Wetzel, 169).

The total number of DP camps in the American Zone in Germany was 134 in December 1945 and reached a peak of 416 in June 1947. At that time there were 272 camps in the British Zone (down from a peak of 443 in December 1946); 45 in the French Zone; and in Austria and Italy a total of 21 and 8 camps, respectively (Shephard, 274). Due to the ideological stance of the Soviet Union, no DP camps were ever set up in its zone: displaced persons were expected to be quickly repatriated or else to integrate into Soviet society, and Jewish survivors were not accorded any special consideration (Königseder, 191).

The assembly centers, or DP camps, were initially under the control of the Allied military; as it became apparent that the situation of so-called 'non-repatriable' DPs would be of long-term duration, the administration of the camps was turned over to the UNRRA, in fall 1945. The camps remained under the general purview of the military, which continued to provide for housing and security, as well as the delivery of food, clothing, and medical supplies (Königseder & Wetzel, 29). The UNRRA supplemented the latter basic services with health and welfare services, recreational facilities, self-help programs, and vocational guidance. The responsibilities of the UNRRA (the first official United Nations organization, although its founding, in November 1943, preceded the establishment of the UN) were assumed by a successor UN organization, the International Refugee Organization, in late 1947.

Jewish Voluntary Organizations

The most important of the voluntary relief organizations that operated in the DP camps was the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC, or JDC), known colloquially as the "Joint." The JDC delivered supplementary food, clothing, and medical supplies to the camps; operated tracing bureaus to help survivors locate relatives and friends; ran vocational, educational and cultural programs; and assisted DPs in emigration matters. The JDC began sending teams into Germany in June 1945 but was initially hindered in its operations by the U.S. Army's reluctance to grant it wholesale permission to enter in all districts. After the Harrison report, the Army was more cooperative, and in the third week of August the JDC established a headquarters in Munich, at Siebertstrasse 3, where it remained for the next several years (Bauer, 51-54). The JDC's expenditures in Germany, Austria, and Italy combined were $729,000 in 1945, and reached a peak of over $11 million, in 1947 (Bauer, xviii).

World ORT had a network of vocational schools for DPs, teaching a wide range of skills such as tailoring, carpentry, metalworking, mechanics, electrical work, and dental technology, with accompanying theoretical courses. The first such school was established in the Landsberg camp near Munich in August 1945 by Jacob Oleiski, who had been the ORT leader in Lithuania before the war. At the peak of its activity in Germany, in January 1948, ORT ran 496 classes in 53 different trades, taught by 721 teachers, and with 8,412 students attending (Königseder & Wetzel, 113-114).

ORT also set up schools for Jewish DPs in Austria and Italy, beginning at the end of 1946. In Austria the first school was opened in Vienna in December 1946; and by the end of 1947, there were ORT schools in eight additional locations (Ebelsberg, Steyr, Wels, Salzburg, Hofgastein, Hallein, Linz and Bindermilch). By October 1947 ORT's programs in Austria covered 50 different trades and had enrollments of over 10,000 students, about a third of them in Vienna (World ORT, "DP Camps in Austria"). In Italy, after initial difficulties related to poor conditions in the camps, and a scarcity of Polish- and Yiddish-speaking instructors, ORT programs developed rapidly in 1947, by November encompassing 1476 students at 58 training institutions (World ORT, "DP Camps in Italy").

The Harrison Report

In July 1945 Earl G. Harrison was sent to Germany as a special envoy from Washington to investigate conditions in the DP camps, with particular attention to the Jewish survivors. The report he submitted to President Truman on August 24 described abysmal conditions that needed to be remedied, such as overcrowding, inadequate clothing, and lack of medical supplies; and also emphasized the necessity of recognizing the Jewish refugees as constituting a group with special needs as a result of the persecution they had endured. Harrison concluded that the great majority of Jewish DPs desired to emigrate to Palestine. He called for 100,000 immigration certificates to be issued immediately, as the Jewish Agency for Palestine had proposed, in contrast to the very limited immigration (15,000 per year) that Great Britain was then allowing under the terms of its White Paper of 1939. Within days President Truman took up the latter point with the British, urging them to open up immigration to Palestine accordingly, although to no avail.

The Harrison report had a significant impact on American policies affecting Jewish DPs: exclusively Jewish camps were established; ex-enemy nationals who had been persecuted under Nazism were recognized as UN DPs; daily rations in the camps were increased; and a special adviser on Jewish affairs was appointed as a liaison to the U.S. Army, based on recommendations from major Jewish organizations (Königseder & Wetzel, 34-38).

The first camps to be designated as exclusively Jewish, in fall 1945, were Feldafing (an all-Jewish camp, even before the Harrison report), Landsberg, and Föhrenwald, all in the Munich district of Bavaria. Although the British declined to follow suit, they did subsequently establish separate housing for Jews at the Bergen-Belsen camp (Königseder & Wetzel, 171-172). Königseder and Wetzel provide a compilation of profiles of DP camps in Germany that were either exclusively or majority Jewish, listing 149 in the American Zone; 22 in the British Zone; and 11 in the French Zone ("Appendix: List of Camps," 215-255). There were at least 12 camps for Jewish DPs in Austria (World ORT, "DP Camps in Austria").

The position of adviser to the U.S. Army on Jewish affairs was held by the following individuals: Rabbi Judah P. Nadich (August to October 1945); Simon H. Rifkind (October to November 1945); Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein (May 1946 to August 1947); Louis E. Levinthal (August 1947 to January 1948); William Haber (January 1948 to January 1949); and Harry Greenstein (February 1949 to October 1949). In November 1949, Abraham S. Hyman, who had been the assistant adviser since 1946, took over the post as acting adviser, and on December 31, 1949 officially closed the office in Frankfurt am Main (Königseder & Wetzel, 35).

Representation and self-government

The Jewish DP communities were not merely passive subjects of policy. From the beginning they began to organize and exercise self-reliance. Before the end of 1945, Central Committees representing the She'erith Hapletah were formed in the American, British, and French Occupation Zones of Germany, as well as in Austria and Italy. These representative bodies gave the DP communities a common voice vis-à-vis the military authorities, and exercised some degree of de facto political influence. In the American Zone of Germany the Central Committee also achieved recognition on an official level, with the American military's endorsement of its charter in September 1946 (Königseder & Wetzel, 87-89).

The first provisional committee to represent liberated Jews in Germany was organized at Bergen-Belsen DP camp, in the British Zone, just a few days after liberation, in April 1945. It was led by Josef Rosensaft, from Bedzin, Poland, a survivor of Auschwitz and other camps. Among Rosensaft’s colleagues were Rosensaft's future wife, Hadassah Binkow, and Rabbi Hermann Helfgott (later known as Zvi Asaria), from Yugoslavia, who had been a prisoner of war. Helfgott (Asaria) was appointed chief rabbi in the British Zone.

At the First Congress of Liberated Jews in the British Zone, held September 25-27, 1945, in the Bergen-Belsen DP camp, a Central Committee was officially elected, with Rosensaft as its chair. A second such congress was held at Belsen and Bad Harzburg, on July 20-23, 1947. Rosensaft continued to serve as chair until the committee was dissolved in August 1951 (Königseder & Wetzel, 90).

In the American Zone the key leader in the early period was Zalman Grinberg, a physician from Kovno (Kaunas) who upon liberation had managed to establish a Jewish hospital in the former Benedictine monastery at St. Ottilien, near Landsberg, in the Munich district. Grinberg early on met up with Rabbi Abraham J. Klausner, a U.S. Army chaplain, who became a prominent advocate for the DP community. Grinberg led a meeting of survivors at St. Ottilien on May 27, 1945, on which occasion the reconstituted Kovno ghetto orchestra performed. Then on July 1, representatives of 41 camps throughout Bavaria met at the Feldafing camp to establish a regional committee (Königseder & Wetzel, 81).

A general conference of representatives of surviving Jews was convened at St. Ottilien, on July 25, 1945, with 94 delegates in attendance, from 46 different DP communities all over Germany and Austria (Mankowitz, 49), including Josef Rosensaft and his colleagues from the British Zone. Ultimately, however, the leadership in the American and the British Zones maintained their independence and no further joint efforts came to fruition.

In the American Zone, DP leaders, with the help of Rabbi Klausner, organized the first congress for the entire U.S. Zone, on January 27-28, 1946, in Munich, at which elections were held and the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone was officially established. Among the attendees were American military leaders, Jewish leaders from the U.S. and Britain, and David Ben-Gurion, chair of the executive committee of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (later, the first prime minister of Israel), who gave an address (Bauer, 94-95).

Two further congresses were held in the U.S. Zone, on February 25-27, 1947 and on March 30 – April 2, 1948, both times in Bad Reichenhall. Zalman Grinberg, who was elected as chair of the Central Committee at the first congress, emigrated to Palestine in July 1946, and was succeeded in that post by David Treger, an accountant and journalist from Kovno, and a survivor of Dachau. When Treger emigrated to Israel, on November 1, 1948, Pesach Piekatch became chair. Originally from Lodz, Poland, Piekatch had survived the war in Siberia, and was among those who had come to Germany from Eastern Europe after the war. Another prominent leader in the U.S. Zone was Samuel Gringauz, who was the first chair of the camp committee at the Landsberg DP camp, and also served as chair of the Council of the Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, a policy-making body related to but distinct from the Central Committee. The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone officially ceased its activities in December 1950, with Rabbi Samuel Abba Snieg presiding over a farewell ceremony (Königseder & Wetzel, 93).

Only a small proportion of Jewish DPs were in the French Zone. They elected a Central Committee in December 1945, with Abraham Hochhäuser as its head; he was later succeeded in August 1947 by Chaim Erenberg (Königseder & Wetzel, 79-80).

In addition to the central committees operating on the level of the occupation zones, each individual camp typically elected a committee and had an array of self-run administrative and cultural functions, including Jewish DP police, camp court (with jurisdiction over minor internal disputes), and a culture department. Various camp facilities would also be run by the DPs themselves (e.g. kitchen, distribution centers, library, barbershop). Some DPs also became teachers and instructors, and served as doctors and nurses in the camps. Some of the camps had their own Yiddish-language newspapers, and some had theater groups.

Emigration

Under the British Mandate, Britain's stance of restricting Jewish immigration to Palestine was a contentious issue and the subject of protest from the DP communities. Prior to the establishment of the state of Israel approximately 69,000 Jewish DPs attempted illegal immigration with the help of Brichah. Less than half of them were successful; more often the would-be immigrants were arrested by the British and interned on the island of Cyprus (Königseder & Wetzel, 147). Among the most notable occasions of protest demonstrations was the episode of the illegal immigrant ship known as "Exodus 1947," which was captured by the British off the shores of Palestine in July 1947 and eventually brought back to France and then to Germany, from where the passengers were resettled again in DP camps. After the proclamation of the state of Israel in May 1948 there was a robust stream of immigration to Israel. Through 1950 over 97,000 Jewish DPs emigrated to Israel from Germany, Austria, and Italy (JDC figures; Bauer, 291); and the DP population shrank accordingly.

The possibility of Jewish DPs emigrating to the U.S. was also problematic at first, due to the national-origins quota system that had been in effect since 1924. An executive order issued by President Truman on December 22, 1945 (known as the Truman directive) required American consulates to give preference to displaced persons within the boundaries of the existing quota system; yet, even under the directive, only 22,950 visas were issued to DPs in Germany by June 30, 1947, and just 15,478 of those were to Jews (Bauer, 87). Another hopeful juncture was the enactment of the Displaced Persons Act, in June 1948; however, its provisions in effect discriminated against Jewish DPs. Eligibility was limited to those who had attained DP status on or before December 22, 1945, whereas the majority of East European Jewish DPs did not arrive as refugees in the Western zones before 1946. The amendment of that act, on June 16, 1950, belatedly opened the door to Jewish DPs, by raising the number of refugees allowed in and also changing the cut-off date to January 1, 1949.

From the end of the war through 1952, approximately 136,000 Jewish DPs emigrated to Palestine, or, later, Israel; 80,000 to the United States; and 20,000 to other nations, including Canada and South Africa (USHMM). Most of the DP camps in Germany, Austria, and Italy closed by 1952. In Germany, the legal responsibility for the remaining DP population was transferred to the West German government (the new Federal Republic of Germany) in 1951, and by the end of 1952 Föhrenwald was the only remaining camp. It finally closed on February 28, 1957 (Bauer, 294-295).

References

Bauer, Yehuda. Out of the Ashes: The Impact of American Jews on Post-Holocaust European Jewry. Oxford, UK: Pergamon Press, 1999.

Königseder, Angelika. "Durchgangsstation Berlin: jüdische Displaced Persons 1945-1948." Überlebt und unterwegs: jüdische Displaced Persons im Nachkriegsdeutschland. Frankfurt am Main: Campus Verlag, 1997. 189-205.

Königseder, Angelika, and Juliane Wetzel. Waiting for Hope: Jewish Displaced Persons in Post-World War II Germany. Trans. John A. Broadwin. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press, 2001.

Mankowitz, Zeev W. Life Between Memory and Hope: The Survivors of the Holocaust in Occupied Germany. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. 18.

Pfanzelter, Eva. "Between Brenner and Bari: Jewish refugees in Italy 1945 to 1948." Journal of Israeli History: Politics, Society, Culture: 19.3 (1998), 83-104.

Pinson, Koppel S. "Jewish Life in Liberated Germany: A Study of the Jewish DP's." Jewish Social Studies 9.2 (April 1947): 101-126.

United States Holocaust Museum (USHMM). "Displaced Persons." Holocaust Encyclopedia. Retrieved from http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005462.

World Ort. "DP Camps in Austria," ORT and the Displaced Persons Camps [website]. Retrieved from http://dpcamps.ort.org/dp-camps/austria/dp-camps-in-austria/

World ORT. "DP Camps in Italy," ORT and the Displaced Persons Camps [website]. Retrieved from http://dpcamps.ort.org/dp-camps/italy-map/dp-camps-in-italy/

Return to the Top of Page

Scope and Content Note

The collection is comprised of photographs of various provenances related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons (DPs) in the period immediately following the Second World War, from 1945 to 1952. The photographs pertain to DP camps and communities in the Allied occupation zones in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily those established by the American and British military, and administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), and later the International Refugee Organization (IRO). Approximately 60% of the collection pertains to Germany; 25% to Austria; and 15% to Italy.

Diverse aspects of daily life among the DPs are depicted, such as school, vocational training, mealtimes, distributions of food and clothing, handicrafts and trades, sports and recreational activities, children at play, committee meetings, religious life, theater, children’s performances, Jewish holiday celebrations and parades, and gatherings on festive occasions, including weddings.

Among the activities depicted are many related to programs of Jewish voluntary organizations, especially vocational schools run by World ORT, and food and clothing distributions, vocational training, and emigration assistance of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC).

The settings depicted include camp buildings and grounds, kitchens, canteens, post offices, barbershops, distribution centers, meeting rooms, sports fields, summer camps, synagogues or prayer rooms, sanatoriums, hospitals, and cemeteries.

The photographs capture leaders of the Jewish DP zonal and camp committees, DP police, and Zionist living collectives (kibbutzim), as well as notable military, political, and cultural personalities of the period, such as Lucius D. Clay, Fiorello LaGuardia, David Ben-Gurion, Yitzhak Gruenbaum, and H. Leivick.

Many photographs in the collection document commemorative events, ceremonial burials, and unveilings of monuments honoring those who died in the Holocaust, including events organized by landslayt of Jewish prewar communities in Eastern Europe. The photographs also reflect political and historical developments, including the major congresses of the Jewish DP leaderships in Germany, Austria, and Italy; protest demonstrations concerning British policies regulating immigration to Palestine, including specific incidents such as the capture and return to Europe of the illegal immigrant ship “Exodus 1947”; and events held upon the founding of the state of Israel in 1948.

The collection contains mostly loose photographs, with inclusion of some 15 bound albums created by contemporary participants, some of which have handwritten or typed captions, usually in Yiddish. Many of the loose photographs have inscriptions on the versos.

Return to the Top of Page

Arrangement

Following the arrangement used in a previous processing, the photographs are arranged primarily according to geographic location, with photographs relating to Germany, Austria, and Italy comprising the first three series, respectively. The fourth series contains a few files for which a country location could not be verified; and the fifth series contains photographs of the Leo W. Schwarz Papers (RG 294.4), which relate mainly to Germany, with a few items pertaining to France, England, and Israel.

Within each country series, the photographs are further grouped according to locality (mainly DP-camp, city, or town); and within each locality the photographs are arranged according to subject. The Leo W. Schwarz photographs (Series V) are arranged generally according to subject, with some groupings pertaining to specific localities.

Return to the Top of Page

Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Permission to use the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archivist.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish part or parts of the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archives. For more information, contact:
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

This collection is closely related to the following collections held at YIVO which contain records pertaining to Jewish DP camps and centers in the post-World War II period:
Papers of Leo W. Schwarz (RG 294.1)
Records of Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Germany (RG 294.2)
Records of DP Camps and Centers in Italy (RG 294.3)
Records of DP Camps and Centers in Austria (RG 294.4)

The ORT Photograph Collection (RG 380), also held by YIVO, contains photographs related to World ORT activities in the DP camps (see Series III). Other collections of photographs related to the DP camps and centers are found in the photograph archives of Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC.

Return to the Top of Page

Digitization Note

Currently, archival material through Folder 500 (Strobl-6) has been digitized and is digitally available. The collection will eventually be digitized in its entirety. Due to copyright concerns, some digitized material is only available on-site in the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. Many folders have mixed access, with some photographs being openly available online and others in the same folder that are limited to onsite access only. Please contact the YIVO Archives at archives@yivo.cjh.org with any questions.

Return to the Top of Page

Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Photograph Collection; RG 294.5; folder number; YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

Return to the Top of Page

Acquisition Information

The photographs of the Leo W. Schwarz Papers (Series V), like the other materials in that collection (RG 294.1), were collected by Leo W. Schwarz and donated to YIVO in 1959. The remaining items in the collection are of diverse provenances, donated mostly between 1945 and the 1960s, and were brought together by YIVO in the present collection.

Many of these photographs were gathered as a result of a wide collection project that was begun by YIVO in Europe in 1945. The aim of the project was to locate and collect archival materials on the Holocaust and the post-war years of Jewish revival in war-ravaged Europe. The history of the Jewish displaced persons figured prominently in this project. YIVO issued appeals to the DPs in camps and centers, and organized voluntary committees of YIVO friends to coordinate the gathering of relevant materials which were forwarded to YIVO in New York.

Much information about the provenance of specific photographs is found in inscriptions and stamps on the versos; the creators of albums are also sometimes identified inside the album. Scattered photographs throughout the collection have the stamp of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC, or JDC); or World ORT. Following are some of the other donors who contributed larger numbers of photographs:

Committees/Organizations
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the British Zone, Culture department (Bergen-Belsen DP camp); the Jewish Historical Commission and Culture department at Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center); Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich; Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; Association of Jews of Vilna; Vaad Hatzala (New York, NY); Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Austria in the American Zone, Culture department; Internationales Komitee für jüdische KZ-ler und Flüchtlinge, Vienna (International Committee for Transient Jewish Ex-Internees and Refugees), directed by Bronislav Teichholz (later known as Bruce Teicholz); Jüdisches Wissenschaftliches Institut in USA (YIVO), office in Ebelsberg bei Linz; and the Jewish DP committee in Grugliasco, Italy (Waad Tarbuti; Szel Machnat Haplejtim)

Individuals (some of whom may have collected on behalf of committees)
Chaim Bank, Mordecai Bernstein, Berl Bensman, Alfred Fleishman, Joseph Foxman (Fuchsman), David Graysdorf, Shmerke Katcherginski, Izak Kleber, David Kupferberg, Simcha Lazar, Moshe Mandelman, V. Mishelski (later known as William W. Mishell), Berl Rabach, Mordkhe Schaechter, I. Zvi Sobel, Kurt Weigel, and Chaim Michal Zilberberg (Silberberg)

Photographers
M. Bengis, B. Bogatin, Sz. Cylich, Alex Hochhäuser, George Kadish (Kadisch), Els Lessmann, Henry Majtek, Breslawski Schneiderman, and Wolf Schärf

Return to the Top of Page

Processing information

During a previous processing most of the photographs were divided into categories according to country, and then grouped by localities. Within localities they were often grouped by general subjects; and groups of photographs were stored in large envelopes. In a portion of the collection photographs were placed in individual archival sleeves. During the present processing the previous system of arrangement has been followed and further refined, and the resulting groupings of photographs have been transferred into acid-free folders (within the folders, groups of smaller photographs have been stored in acid-free envelopes). Also, the inscriptions on the backs of the photographs were examined in order to verify, correct, or identify the locality to which the photograph belonged, and to learn about the context. Due to time constraints, not all of the inscriptions could be fully examined, and only selected details have been incorporated into the folder descriptions, including, in some (not all) instances, the name of the donor, or other information about provenance. Within the context of any particular locality file, every effort was made to reconstitute groupings of photographs that could be discerned to have originally belonged together.

Return to the Top of Page

Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

 

Series I: Germany, 1935, 1945-1952

408 files, including 1 oversize item (4.75 linear feet)
Scope and Content:

This series contains photographs related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons in Germany, arranged according to locality, which is given as part of the folder number. At the end of the series are folders labeled "Germany (general)," containing photographs for which the location is not further specified.

In some instances, the locality of particular photographs is different from the locality under which they are categorized; in those cases, the information about location is indicated in the folder title and/or description. For example, under Stuttgart is a coherent series of photographs labeled “Stuttgart collection” (probably collected by the Stuttgart Jewish DP committee), which includes photographs from commemorative services at Vaihingen an der Enz and Steinbach/Schwäbisch Hall, as well as the First Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, held in Munich – all events in which Stuttgart DPs participated.

Within any given locality, photographs relating to notable events that are specifically dated are often found chronologically at the beginning, followed by the folders on more general subjects, which are sequenced alphabetically.

Most of the camps and localities listed in this series were in the American Zone of occupation, which included Bavaria, Hesse, and parts of present-day Baden-Württemberg. The major exception is the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp (also called Belsen-Höhne), which was in the British Zone. Bergen-Belsen was the largest DP camp in Germany and was the center of activity of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the British Zone. Also, a handful of photographs are categorized under Baden-Baden, which was in the French Zone.

Of the localities in the American Zone, this series contains photographs from many of the larger DP camps in Bavaria, where at least half of the Jewish DP population resided, including Feldafing, Föhrenwald, and Landsberg in the Munich district; and Pocking (the largest camp in the American Zone), in the Bamberg district.

Also represented are the two American DP centers in Berlin: Düppel Center, located in the Zehlendorf burrough (near the lake Schlachtensee); and Mariendorf, in the burrough of Tempelhof. These centers, established in 1946, accommodated large numbers of Jewish refugees from Eastern Europe who fled to the West at that time, many of them staying only a short time in Berlin, on their way to the American Zone in southern Germany; both centers were closed down in the summer of 1948, during the Berlin Blockade, and the residents flown out to Frankfurt am Main. In addition, there are some photographs related to the Jewish community (Jüdische Gemeinde) in Berlin, which was re-established in 1946.

Among the events represented in this series are the three congresses held by the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, from 1946 to 1948 (the first in Munich and the other two in Bad Reichenhall); and the two congresses held by the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the British Zone, in 1945 and 1947 (both found under Bergen-Belsen; the second congress was held in Belsen and Bad Harzburg, a spa town some distance away). Other events include the 22nd Zionist Congress held in Basel, Switzerland, in 1946 (photographs of the Central Committee in the British Zone, found under Bergen-Belsen); a large protest demonstration held in Munich in July 1947, related to the British capture and return to Europe of the illegal immigrant ship “Exodus 1947” (photographs found not only under Munich but also under Feldafing and Föhrenwald); many different commemorations of Holocaust victims; and cultural events, including a Jewish art exhibition in Munich, and a conference of Yiddish writers and journalists, in Bad Reichenhall, both in 1948.

Folder TitleDate
1 (Ainring-1)Wedding (Ainring); commemoration (in Laufen) 1946-1947
  

6 items. One photo of a wedding at Ainring DP camp in 1946; the others depict Ainring DPs during a commemoration held in nearby Laufen, honoring a common grave for 20 Jewish concentration camp prisoners shot by the S.S. during the war. Photos donated by David Buchman (Lechfeld), dated 1946; one photo dated 1947, has stamp of Bernthaler (Freilassing).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
2 (Ansbach-1)Tailoring undated
  

2 items. Photos by Schneider-Werkstatt Board Ansbach-Bleidorn.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
3 (Ansbach and Schopfloch-1)Desecration of Jewish cemeteries April 1948
  

22 photos, with cover letter. Sent by Adam Kostecki, of the Jewish Historical Commission, branch Ansbach, documenting the desecration of Jewish cemeteries in Ansbach and nearby Schopfloch. Includes Kostecki's cover letter in German, addressed to YIVO, 12 August 1948.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
4 (Aschau-1)Ort training; children's class undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
5 (Augsburg-1)Sport-Club Bar-Kochba 1947
  

2 items. Group portraits.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
6 (Baden-Baden-1)Seder; synagogue interior 1948, undated
  

6 items (including 3 thumbnails). The synagogue depicted may be in nearby Strasbourg, France; it includes memorial plaque dedicated to Rene Hirschler, grand rabbi of Strasbourg, who died in Auschwitz. All photos have stamp of Kuhn (Baden-Baden).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
7 (Bad Reichenhall-1)Jacob Zerubavel visit in Bad Reichenhall February 6, 1947
  

7 items. Indoor scenes of Zerubavel speaking at an event, and visiting with a group.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
8 (Bad Reichenhall-2)Second Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone: Album February 25-27, 1947
  

33 items pasted in an album created by the photographer, M. Bengis, with decorated cover and captions in Yiddish. Those depicted include Salomon Adler-Rudel, Philipp Auerbach, Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, Colonel George R. Scithers, Samuel Gringauz, Chaim Yahil (Hoffman), Rabbi Abraham Klausner, Nachum Levin, General Joseph McNarney, Leo W. Schwarz, David Treger, Jacob Zerubavel.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
9 (Bad Reichenhall-3)Second Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone: Loose photographs February 25-27, 1947
  

21 items. Those depicted include Philipp Auerbach, Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, Col. George R. Scithers, Samuel Gringauz, Chaim Yahil (Hoffman), Rabbi Abraham Klausner, Leo W. Schwarz, David Treger. Includes one photo by G. Kadisch (Kadish) and four official photos of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
10 (Bad Recihenhall-4)Protests against British immigration policy to Palestine circa 1947
  

5 items. Includes photos by M. Bengis, Jewish Historical Commission, Bad Reichenhall.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
11 (Bad Reichenhall-5)Third Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone March 30 - April 2, 1948
  

14 items. Includes shots of Chaim Yahil (Hoffman), seated, and David Treger, speaking. Photos by M. Bengis; Alex Hochhäuser (Munich); and Josef Grunwald (Altötting).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
12 (Bad Reichenhall-6)Literary evening 1948
  

15 items. Event at Bad Reichenhall organized by Yiddish Writers and Journalists of Munich. Those pictured speaking include Melech Ciemny; Jechezkel Keitelman; Krashnitz; Mordkhe Libhaber; Mendel Mann; Malasha Mali; Levi Shalit (Shalitan); Ephraim Shrayer. All photos by B. Bogatin.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
13 (Bad Reichenhall-7)Children undated
  

7 items. Includes photos by M. Bengis.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
14 (Bad Reichenhall-8)Events - commemorations 1947, undated
  

9 items. All photos by M. Bengis, one with stamp of Historical Commission. Some of the photos depict the Fourth anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
15 (Bad Reichenhall-9)Events - commemorations undated
  

6 items. Unidentified occasions.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
16 (Bad Reichenhall-10)Events and meetings 1947, undated
  

8 items. One photo depicts a cultural conference in Bad Reichenhall, organized by the Paole Zion organization in Germany, in 1947. Includes photos by M. Bengis, Historical Commission.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
17 (Bad Reichenhall-11)Group portraits 1948, undated
  

8 items. Includes: the first Oneg Shabbat of the Workers Committee (Arbejter Komitet), 9 January 1948, with stamp of the Committee; Jewish policemen, wearing uniforms supplied by the AJDC (photo donated by Edward Bleiberg); several other photos that appear to be of policemen (one by M. Bengis); group portrait with placard reading: Arbeiter in szusterei beim Employment Board München (Workers in the shoemaking shop of the Employment Board, Munich).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
18 (Bad Reichenhall-12)Group portraits 1948, undated
  

17 items. Several photos show the same celebratory placard on wall (Mazl tov) that may be referring to the founding of the state of Israel; several apparently depict members of kibbutzim; one may be related to the theater. Includes photos by M. Bengis.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
19 (Bad Reichenhall-13)ORT trade school; work scenes undated
  

18 items. Trades include dental technology, shoemaking, tailoring. Mostly photos by M. Bengis, Historical Commission; two by B. Bogatin; one by Slucky.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
20 (Bad Reichenhall-14)Theater undated
  

4 items. Includes one photo by M. Bengis.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
21 (Bad Reichenhall-15)Wedding undated
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
22 (Bad Reichenhall-16)Miscellaneous - people, daily life undated
  

8 items. Includes one photo of a high jumper, Dawid Luchowecki (?), evidently from Bad Reichenhall, taking part in a Maccabi club sporting event in Möncheberg (photo by Oksenhorn, Möncheberg). Includes one photo by M. Bengis.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
23 (Bamberg-1)Events - commemorations, meetings; three brothers 1946, undated
  

4 items. Includes: 1) Adam Kostecki, chair of Jewish Committee in Ansbach, speaking at a memorial service, 1946 [in Bamberg?]; with two partisans, Moshe Gruen (left) and Binyumen Radlow. 2) Celebratory gathering of survivors in camp Bamberg. 3) Three brothers in Bamberg (Yehoshua, Yosef, and Yakov), who survived in Russia, while three other brothers of the family died in Auschwitz. 4) Zionist meeting in Bamberg, with Gregor Raskin on left. The latter photo was donated by Raskin, the others by B. Arnstein, Bamberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
24 (Bensheim-1)DP police of Bensheim undated
  

1 photo and 1 negative. Group portrait. With stamp of DP Police, Bensheim. Donated by Mordecai Bernstein.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
25 (Bergen-Belsen-1)First Congress of Liberated Jews in the British Zone September 25-27, 1945
  

4 items. Outdoor scenes (memorial at a graveside; crematorium; and participants marching to and on grounds of the cemetery). Photos labeled with numbers 498/46 - 501/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department. Photographer, Krotman, Belsen Camp.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
26 (Bergen-Belsen-2)David Ben-Gurion visit in Bergen-Belsen October 1945
  

5 items. Outdoor scenes of Ben-Gurion arriving and standing or riding with others, and one of him speaking at a camp event. Photos labeled with numbers 510/46, 511/46, 512/46, 512a/46, 513/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department. Photographer, Krotman, Belsen Camp.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
27 (Bergen-Belsen-3)Gravestone for Yugoslav Jewish officers murdered by the Nazis April 4, 1946
  

2 items. Outdoor scenes, near the gravestone; notes indicate it was vandalized on third day after unveiling. Photos donated by Moshe Kaplan.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
28 (Bergen-Belsen-4)First anniversary of liberation April 15, 1946
  

2 items. Outdoor scenes depicting a jury of several men for award of prizes to athletes in a sporting event. Photos labeled with numbers 614/46 and 615/46, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
29 (Bergen-Belsen-5)Protest demonstration in the camp (1 of 5) circa June 1946
  

11 items. Outdoor scenes of a march, including school children, and a gathering at Freedom Square (the camp parade grounds). One photo pictures Rabbi Hermann Helfgott (later known as Zvi Asaria) speaking. Photos labeled with numbers 514/46 - 524/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
30 (Bergen-Belsen-6)Protest demonstration in the camp (2 of 5) circa June 1946
  

11 photos and 1 negative. Outdoor scenes of a march. Those depicted include British soldiers; a Polish and a British officer; and the head of relief for Germany. Photos labeled with numbers 525/46 - 535/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
31 (Bergen-Belsen-7)Protest demonstration in the camp (3 of 5) circa June 1946
  

10 items. Outdoor scenes of people gathered or marching. Those depicted include Rabbi Helfgott (Zvi Asaria); camp commander Major Murray; UNRRA director; and British soldiers. Photos labeled with numbers 536/46, 537/46, 539/46-546/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
32 (Bergen-Belsen-8)Protest demonstration in the camp (4 of 5) circa June 1946
  

11 items. Outdoor scenes of people gathered or marching. Those depicted include school children; Rabbi Helfgott (Zvi Asaria); chalutz (pioneer) youth; Jewish policemen; British soldiers; the camp commander and the UNRRA director. Photos labeled with numbers 547/46 - 557/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
33 (Bergen-Belsen-9)Protest demonstration in the camp (5 of 5) circa June 1946
  

11 photos and 1 negative. Outdoor scenes of people gathered or marching. Those depicted include the camp commander; Rabbi Helfgott (Zvi Asaria); Central Committee leaders; British soldiers; a marcher with a baby carriage. Photos labeled with numbers 558/46 - 568/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
34 (Bergen-Belsen-10)Protest demonstration in the camp June 1946
  

6 items. Outdoor scenes of people gathered or marching. Photos are numbered 1 to 6, and inscribed: Anti-British demonstration. They appear to depict the same event as the above series.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
35 (Bergen-Belsen-11)Posters in Yiddish advertising events at the camp 1946
  

2 items. One poster announcing a memorial meeting of Tshenstokhover landslayt on 6 October, in honor of the 4th anniversary of fellow landslayt sent to the gas chambers of Treblinka. The other poster advertises the arrival of the cultural delegation from the World Jewish Congress, with photographs of the three delegates, Israel Efros, Emma Schaver (Ema Sheyver), and H. Leivick. Photos labeled with numbers 569/46 and 613/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
36 (Bergen-Belsen-12)22nd Zionist Congress (Basel, Switzerland) (1 of 4) December 1946
  

11 items. Mostly depicting campaign posters (Histradrut, Mizrakhi) on walls of buildings; one banner spans a street; one photo is a group portrait of Kibbutz Dati; another depicts men riding on a truck with bugle, calling people to elections. Photos labeled with numbers 570/46 - 580/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
37 (Bergen-Belsen-13)22nd Zionist Congress (Basel, Switzerland) (2 of 4) December 1946
  

11 items. Mostly depicting campaign posters (Histadrut, Revisionist) on walls of buildings; vehicles bringing people to vote; propaganda truck. Photos labeled with numbers 581/46 - 591/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
38 (Bergen-Belsen-14)22nd Zionist Congress (Basel, Switzerland) (3 of 4) December 1946
  

11 items. Mostly campaign posters or banners of the Revisionist party; street scenes; people lined up to vote. Photos labeled with numbers 592/46 - 602/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
39 (Bergen-Belsen-15)22nd Zionist Congress (Basel, Switzerland) (4 of 4) December 1946
  

10 items. Depicting people lined up to vote; campaign posters; the election committee at work. Photos labeled with numbers 603/46 - 612/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
40 (Bergen-Belsen-16)Kibbutz scenes at time of second anniversary of the liberation April 15-20, 1947
  

3 items. Two group portraits of kibbutz members during commemoration events, dated April 15; one kibbutz scene in classroom, dated April 20. The three photos have inscriptions in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
41 (Bergen-Belsen-17)ORT school - visit of Swedish delegation May 1947
  

4 items. Depictions of visit of a Swedish delegation to the school (includes Axel Strand, Rudolf Meidner, Lt. Col. Ankarcrona of Swedish Red Cross); presentation of sets of tools to graduates; and sign over entranceway. Photos donated by M. Silberberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
42 (Bergen-Belsen-18)Posters for May 1st demonstration; sign for Belsen concentration camp May 1947
  

4 items. Depictions of posters on outside walls, Poale Zion and Hashomer Hatzair, urging participation in May 1st demonstration; and sign in English referring to the history of Belsen Concentration Camp. Photos donated by Lucy (Libe) Dawidowicz.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
43 (Bergen-Belsen-19)Second Congress of Liberated Jews in the British Zone (Bad Harzburg) July 20-23, 1947
  

5 items. Depictions of meeting hall and participants, including Rabbi I. M. Olewski. Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
44 (Bergen-Belsen-20)Related to the Second Congress of Liberated Jews in the British Zone July-August 1947
  

5 items. Including scenes of Kibbutz Hapoel during celebration of the Congress; and a meeting in August listening to a report of the Congress. The photos have Inscriptions on verso all in same hand; several have stamp Foto Camp, and one has stamp Foto Sohn.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
45 (Bergen-Belsen-21)Dedication of Brzezin memorial July 1947
  

1 item. Group gathered around the memorial gravestone, dated July 1947, honoring Holocaust victims from Brzezin (near Lodz), organized by Brzeziner landslayt in Germany, together with a Brzeziner landsmanshaft in New York.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
46 (Bergen-Belsen-22)Exhibition: "Unzer veg in der frayhayt" (Our path to freedom) - Printed items July 20-30, 1947
  

4 items. An invitation, flier (2 copies), and brochure related to the exhibition, held at Bergen-Belsen, organized by the Historical Commission of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the British Zone. The exhibition included contributions from the Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony, Göttingen.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
47 (Bergen-Belsen-23)Exhibition: "Unzer veg in der frayhayt" (Our path to freedom) - Displays (1 of 2) July 20-30, 1947
  

12 items. Includes poster displays, some on Jewish communities of German towns (Mohrungen, Bodenfelde, Neustadt in Holstein); women's tailoring. Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department. Includes photos labeled with numbers 93/47, 97/47, 101/47, 105/47, 108/47, 109/47, and duplicates labeled with a different numbering system.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
48 (Bergen-Belsen-24)Exhibition: "Unzer veg in der frayhayt" (Our path to freedom) - Displays (2 of 2) July 20-30, 1947
  

15 items. Includes poster displays (some on Jewish communities in German towns, Göttingen, Bodenfelde) and ORT school, trade displays (electrical work; dental technology). Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department. Includes photos labeled with numbers 110/47, 111/47, 115/47; and duplicates, as well as additional unique photos labeled with a different numbering system.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
49 (Bergen-Belsen-25)Passengers of ship "Exodus 1947"; protest at Bergen-Belsen circa September 1947
  

4 items. Three photos depict passengers of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" disembarking from a train and walking through the woods. The train station is probably Hamburg (where the refugees arrived back in Germany); the wooded scene may be at one of the two transit camps where they were then taken, Am Stau or Pöppendorf, both near Lübeck. (Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.) One photo is of a protest march in Bergen-Belsen in 1947, probably the protest held there on 7 September in response to the treatment of the Exodus 1947 passengers (has stamp of Histadrut ha-zionim haklalim, Bergen-Belsen).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
50 (Bergen-Belsen-26)Camp buildings and grounds circa 1946-1947, undated
  

9 items. Includes shots of buildings; a sign for Rosensaft Strasse (street) on a building; cemetery; sign in German at entrance to the former concentration camp telling its history. Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions (except one loose, no caption), with stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
51 (Bergen-Belsen-27)Children circa 1947
  

12 items. Mostly scenes in the preschool (gan yelaim). Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, with stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department; includes photos labeled with numbers 99/47 - 102/47, 114/47.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
52 (Bergen-Belsen-28)Daily life - miscellaneous undated
  

6 prints and 1 negative. Includes bread distribution; ORT instructor at blackboard; Jewish electricians working outside; display of AJDC food products. Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department; includes photos labeled with numbers 98/47 and 103/47, and duplicates, as well as additional unique photos labeled with a different numbering system.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
53 (Bergen-Belsen-29)Jewish Brigade circa 1946
  

8 items. Includes scenes of Chalutz youth marching; the soldiers in a wreath-laying ceremony at the cemetery. Photos labeled with numbers 502/46 - 509/46, mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
54 (Bergen-Belsen-30)Kibbutz - daily life circa 1947-1948
  

6 prints and 1 negative. Scenes of cooking, eating, sleeping, working. Photos by S. Krotman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
55 (Bergen-Belsen-31)People circa 1947
  

8 prints and 1 negative. Includes: Sarah Eckstein and Vida Kaufman, JDC staff members; Dr. Spanier; and Norbert Wollheim, vice chair of the Central Committee. Photos mounted on sheets of paper, with typed Yiddish captions, and stamp of the archives of the Jewish Central Committee, Culture department; includes photos labeled with numbers 94/47, 104/47, 107/47, and 112/47, and duplicates labeled with a different numbering system.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
56 (Bergen-Belsen-32)People/miscellaneous 1947, undated
  

5 prints and 2 negatives. Photos of various provenances. Includes: personalized Rosh Hashanah postcard from Bergen-Belsen, with handwritten message on verso (dated 15 September 1947); classroom scene; chairman of Folkhouse Beth Am, London, talking to two young DPs during a visit to Bergen-Belsen (photo has stamps of the Folkhouse and Keystone Press Agency); small child (photo has stamp of Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony); the boy Joseph Schleifstein in Buchenwald KZ uniform a year or two after liberation (believed to have been youngest to have survived the camps, Schleifstein was never in residence at the Bergen-Belsen DP camp).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
57 (Bergen-Belsen-33)Printed illustrations from the book Belsen (Tel Aviv, 1957) circa 1945-1948
  

19 leaves.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
58 (Bergen-Belsen-34)Transport/departure undated
  

4 items. The photos have Inscriptions on verso all in same hand, in one instance referring to the Bocholt transit lager, from where the transport would proceed to Marseille (the eventual destination would have been Palestine).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
59 (Berlin-1)Jewish Community (Jüdische Gemeinde) - people 1946-1947, undated
  

9 prints and 4 negatives. Individuals depicted include: Erich Nehlhans, president of the community; Rabbi Martin Riesenburger; Hecht, head of the registry (Registratur); and Peter Dattel, a child survivor of Auschwitz who was reunited with his mother in Berlin in 1946. Photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman, except one photo of Nehlhans, which is from the YIVO committee in London. The Dattel photo is stamped Wedekind/Puck and has a typed text on verso.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
60 (Berlin-2)Jewish Community (Jüdische Gemeinde) - Social Welfare office and other locales undated
  

14 prints and 6 negatives. Other locales include editorial office of the community newspaper Der Weg, and canteen.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
61 (Berlin-3)Jewish Hospital, Iranische Strasse (1 of 2) undated
  

22 prints (including 11 duplicates), and 2 negatives. Various scenes: building, kitchen, nursery, treatment room. Photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman; handwritten numbers on versos: 643/1, 643/3 - 643/12.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
62 (Berlin-4)Jewish Hospital, Iranische Strasse (2 of 2) undated
  

18 prints (including 9 duplicates), and 3 negatives. Various scenes: nursery, treatment and patient rooms, doctor at desk. Photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman; handwritten numbers on versos: 643/13 - 643/16, 643/18 - 643/22.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
63 (Berlin-5)Jewish Hospital, Iranische Strasse October 1946
  

2 items. Photos have stamp Falkowski/Puck, and typed labels in German.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
64 (Berlin-6)Jewish Old Age Home (Moshav Zekenim), Iranische Strasse undated
  

32 prints (including 16 duplicates) and 8 negatives. Various scenes: building, dining room, synagogue, residents. Photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman; handwritten numbers on versos: 645/2 - 645/5, 645/7, 645/9, 645/10, 645/12 - 645/20.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
65 (Berlin-7)Jewish Old Age Home (Moshav Zekenim), Iranische Strasse - Silver wedding anniversary undated
  

2 items. Portrait of the couple, Mr. and Mrs. Siegmund Falk, survivors of Theresienstadt, and scene of marriage service/celebration. Photos have typed labels in English.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
66 (Berlin-8)Jewish School, August Strasse undated
  

2 items. Building from the outside. Photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
67 (Berlin-9)Miscellaneous - postwar Berlin undated
  

5 prints and 2 negatives. Bombed-out building; empty monument pedestal (Friedrich III); unidentified cemetery; two people on bench labeled with graffiti: Nicht für Juden (Not for Jews). Except for one, photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
68 (Berlin-10)Miscellaneous - postwar Berlin September 1945 - December 1946
  

5 prints and 4 negatives. Indoor depictions of people resting, dressing, eating; one street scene of Dragoner Strasse, in former Jewish quarter. Photos apparently used in a news story on Jewish refugees in Berlin; generally stamped International News Photo (New York), with typed labels in English.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
69 (Berlin-11)Synagogue, Pestalozzi Strasse undated
  

2 prints and 1 negative. Photos have stamp of Puck Studio; collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
70 (Berlin-Brüningslinden-1)Schloss Brüningslinden (Berlin-Kladow) summer camp 1947
  

7 items. Camp for unaccompanied children, located in the British sector of Berlin and apparently run by the Jewish Community. Group shots of children with adults (outdoors playing; indoors with prayer books); also, male participants at a meeting or visit. Some photos have stamp of photographer Pisarek.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
71 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-1)Fifth anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising May 9, 1948
  

8 prints and 5 negatives. People shown at the ceremonies include UNRRA camp director Harold Fishbein; American ambassador; Warsaw committee. Photos all have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
72 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-2)Fifth anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising [?] [May 9, 1948?]
  

4 prints and 1 negative. Probably the same event pictured in previous group of photos. Includes shot of Rabbi Friedman speaking, and Zionist youth groups with banners and wreaths.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
73 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-3)Celebration of the founding of the state of Israel May 16, 1948
  

5 prints and 2 negatives. The occasion and date are based on a handwritten label added by a librarian/archivist during a previous processing.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
74 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-4)Camp building (hospital); and grounds undated
  

3 items. Includes: hospital building; checkpoint upon entrance into the camp; man beside sign: Düppel Center, PCIRO Team 1027. Photos collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
75 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-5)Camp committees, court, police undated
  

8 prints and 2 negatives. Mostly group portraits, including: the Jewish Central Committee in Berlin, chaired by Hirsch Schwartzberg (or: Schwarzberg); Culture department (kulturamt); peer court (khaverim gerikht); apellation court headed by Dr. Grunbaum; religious committee; and the Jewish DP police. Photos collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
76 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-6)Children undated
  

2 items. Includes photo of a newborn; and an outdoor scene of a group of children prepared for travel to a sanatorium in Switzerland. Photos collected by Berl Bensman; one has stamp of Historical Commission, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
77 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-7)Daily life - camp grounds, people, children November 1946, June 1947
  

6 prints and 2 negatives. Includes an outdoor view of the camp; Hebrew class; kitchen crew; Rabbi Friedman, chief rabbi of the camp; and group photo of children. Photos all have inscriptions in English in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
78 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-8)Daily life - offices/locales undated
  

5 prints and 3 negatives. Includes: post office, pharmacy, radio center, office of Jewish National Fund, and people standing on line for food at an outdoor kitchen/canteen. The latter photo has stamp Eigner/Puck, and typed caption in German on verso (dated October 1946); the others were collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
79 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-9)Daily life - various events undated
  

10 prints and 9 negatives. Scenes include: a wedding; children's dining hall; group working at sewing machines and tailoring; classroom; director Fishbein at a circumcision ceremony; and two unidentified outdoor events with mass audiences. Photos have stamp of the Culture department (Kultur-Amt) presidium, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
80 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-10)Events, meetings, visits undated
  

6 prints and 3 negatives. Includes scenes with UN representatives and American military; visit of Yitzhak Gruenbaum (background), with Hirsh Schwartzberg at microphone; event with children marching. Photos collected by Berl Bensman; one has stamp of the Historical Commission, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
81 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-11)Exhibition at Kibbutz Ichud (Ihud) 1946
  

9 prints and 2 negatives. Collected by Berl Bensman. Includes one miscellaneous photo unrelated to Kibbutz Ichud but probably an exhibition item: image of Jewish travelers/migrants resting on a bench, with heading Der eybiker vanderer (The eternal wanderer).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
82 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-12)Kibbutz Hashomer Hatzair undated
  

12 prints and 2 negatives. Outdoor scenes. One shot shows U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz with group of children. All photos have stamp: Foto-Eliezer/Kibuz Hashomer-Hazair.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
83 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-13)School 1946-1947, undated
  

12 prints and 5 negatives. Indoor and outdoor group portraits of schoolchildren at Hebrew school; casual shots of children in classroom or leaving school; one ORT classroom shot. One outdoor portrait of a large school group includes U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz (at left). Latter photo, donated by David Buchman (Lechfeld). Other photos collected by Berl Bensman, including one with stamp of camp photographers Nojding-Lederman and several with stamp of Historical Commission, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
84 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-14)Sport clubs undated
  

3 prints and 1 negative. Group portraits. With stamp of the Culture department (Kultur-Amt) presidium, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
85 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-15)Sport clubs 1946-1947, undated
  

5 prints and one negative. Group portraits. Photos collected by Berl Bensman (one also has stamp of Puck Studio). The inscriptions on two photos specify sport club Herzliya.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
86 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-16)Synagogue (bes medresh) undated
  

3 items. Scenes of men praying. Photos collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
87 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-17)Transport scenes (trucks, trains) undated
  

7 prints and 8 negative. One photo has inscription indicating that the depicted transports by truck are departing from Berlin for Bavaria; a few of the other photos could be on the same occasion. Three photos depict children either boarding or alighting from a train. The photo with inscription was collected by Berl Bensman; all the others have the stamp of the Culture department (Kultur-Amt) presidium, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
88 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-18)UNRRA (camp director Harold J. Fishbein) undated
  

4 prints and 1 negative. Photos have stamp of the Culture department (Kultur-Amt) presidium, Berlin-Schlachtensee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
89 (Berlin-Schlachtensee (Düppel Center)-19)UNRRA (camp director Harold J. Fishbein) undated
  

4 prints and 1 negative. Collected by Berl Bensman. Includes image of a poster or brochure about Fishbein ("He keeps his eyes on it").

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
90 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-1)Ceremonies for return of Torah scrolls hidden in Berlin during the war October 20, 1946
  

7 prints and 4 negatives. Two different provenances: two photos have inscriptions in Hebrew dating the event 20 October 1946; the other five photos, which clearly depict the same event, have inscriptions in Yiddish and give the year as 1947. The people depicted include UNRRA camp director Harold J. Fishbein; U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz; and a survivor of the Berlin Jewish community (wearing glasses and a raincoat). The photos with Yiddish inscriptions were donated by Moshe Mandelman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
91 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-2)Commemoration related to the execution of four Jews by British authorities in the July 1946 bombing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem 1947
  

3 prints and 2 negative. One photo shows U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz speaking. Photos donated by Moshe Mandelman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
92 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-3)Camp committee (presidium), Culture department, Historical Commission 1947, undated
  

7 prints and 4 negatives. One group photo of the Cultural department (commission) includes the Yiddish writer Peretz Miransky (standing, first row, fifth from right). Several photos were donated by Moshe Mandelman; one has a stamp of the Historical Commission, Berlin-Mariendorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
93 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-4)Children 1946-1947
  

5 prints and 3 negatives. The Yiddish inscriptions on two of the photos refer to the children receiving sweets or other items from the JDC.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
94 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-5)Children's performances 1946-1948
  

8 prints and 1 negative.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
95 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-6)Daily life - various scenes 1946-1947, undated
  

10 prints and 3 negatives. The scenes include: checkpoint entering camp, camp meeting, shoemaking, kitchen work, food distribution, children. Several photos donated by Moshe Mandelman; one photo has stamp of Leyzer Ran collections.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
96 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-7)Group portraits 1946-1947
  

6 prints and 2 negatives. Includes: a sport club, a wedding, and dinner/party gatherings. One group includes the Yiddish writer Peretz Miransky. All photos except the sport club were collected by Moshe Mandelman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
97 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-8)Matzoh baking 1946
  

4 prints and 2 negatives. One photo has stamp of Leyzer Ran collections.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
98 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-9)People 1946-1947
  

3 items. Includes: group with visiting representatives from Palestine (1946); Yitzhak Gruenbaum visiting, with a group that includes the Yiddish writer Peretz Miransky and other members of the camp culture commission; and a portrait of a father and daughter. The man in the latter picture was the camp badkhn (jester), according to the inscription.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
99 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-10)Radio center 1946
  

4 items. Photos have stamp of Leyzer Ran collections.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
100 (Berlin-Tempelhof (Mariendorf)-11)UNRRA camp director Harold J. Fishbein - meetings in Mariendorf 1947
  

4 prints and 2 negatives. One photo includes the U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz. Two photos donated by Moshe Mandelman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
101 (Buchenwald-1)Buchenwald (former concentration camp) 1945, undated
  

10 items. Eight of the photos apparently taken on the occasion of a visit in 1945 were donated by Robert Marcus.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
102 (Buchenwald-2)Jewish children (during emigration?); Jewish delegates to Germany 1946, undated
  

5 items. Four of the photos depict a group of children, possibly visiting the former concentration camp. Inscriptions in Yiddish refer to them as survivors (She'erit Hapletah) on their way to the land of Israel; three photos have additional inscriptions in English, one of which describes the children as Jewish partisan children coming from Poland by way of Hannover in July 1946. The fifth photo, of two men, has an inscription in German describing them as Jewish delegates to the Germans.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
103 (Deggendorf-1)Children; school 1947, undated
  

7 prints and 1 negative. Includes individual portraits (David Rozenfeld, Ila Rozenfeld, Moshe Kobritz); group portraits at Chanukah; students and teachers at a school. One photo donated by David Graysdorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
104 (Deggendorf-2)Purim celebration 1948
  

3 items. Donated by Shloyme Meyer.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
105 (Dieburg-1)Children undated
  

1 item. Portrait of an infant. Inscription: Abram Konskier.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
106 (Eggenfelden-1)Commemoration of first anniversary of the liberation April 28, 1946
  

7 items. Includes a parade through the town before wreath laying at graves of concentration camp victims. The photos in Folders Eggenfelden-1 to Eggenfelden-3, related to commemorations 1946-1948, all have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
107 (Eggenfelden-2)Commemoration of second anniversary of the liberation April 27, 1947
  

10 items. Includes a parade through the town before wreath laying, with one photo at the gravesite of a concentration camp victim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
108 (Eggenfelden-3)Commemoration of third anniversary of the liberation May 23, 1948
  

3 items. Includes a parade through the town and one photo of wreaths at the gravesite of a concentration camp victim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
109 (Eggenfelden-4)Jewish Community (Jüdische Gemeinde) in Eggenfelden - administration (Verwaltung) undated
  

2 items. Two copies of same photo, both with handwritten notes on the front identifying each of the seven individuals and their posts.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
110 (Eggenfelden-5)ORT vocational school (knitting, radio technology); 'Board' Tailor shop undated
  

5 prints and 1 negative. Four photos donated by M. Sirotke [sp?], with stamp of Foto-Haberland, Eggenfelden; one also has the stamp of ORT Vocational School Eggenfelden. The fifth photo is a group portrait of a tailor shop with stamp: "Board" Schneiderei Eggenfelden.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
111 (Eichstätt-1)Hebrew school; people 1947-1948
  

3 items. Includes: school children at celebration of opening of Hebrew school; Efroim Frydman, chair of the Jewish Committee in Eichstätt; and another individual who was elected chair 1 June 1948. School photo has stamp of Jewish Committee, Eichstätt, Jägerkaserne (barracks); one of the others has stamp of Frydman/Jewish Committee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
112 (Eichstätt-2)Work (knitting, shoemaking) undated
  

3 items. Group portrait and work scene of women knitting workers (Strickerei) and men shoemaking workshop. With stamp of Gerhard Nitsche, Fotomeister, Eichstätt.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
113 (Eisenach-1)Memorial to the Jewish community in Eisenach 1947
  

2 photos, 1 telegram transcription, and one small board with a handwritten note. Photos of the monument dedicated September 21, 1947, on the site of the synagogue that was burned down on November 9, 1938. The telegram is from Joseph Fink, director of the JDC.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
114 (Erding-1)Tailor shop January 16, 1948
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
115 (Ergoldsbach-1)Memorial/gravesites of concentration camp victims undated
  

3 items. Two photos show a dedication service. One photo by G. Kadisch (Kadish).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
116 (Eschwege-1)Jewish Historical Commission - Culture department undated
  

4 items. Photos have stamp of Cultural department (Kultur-opteylung) Eschwege, and are inscribed: Historical Commission (historishe komisie) Eschwege; the last one (with bookcase) is also inscribed: Wirtshafts-amt (economic office).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
117 (Eschwege-2)Tailor shop; people undated
  

2 items. Group portrait has stamp of Jewish tailor work shop (Jüdische Schneiderwerkstatt) at the Employment Board, Eschwege, and is inscribed: Hofgeismar workers. The other photo shows a young man, Hermelin, by a car, at time of arrival at the DP camp; it has stamp of Foto-Ber.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
118 (Feldafing-1)Camp buildings and grounds; poster; postcard undated
  

10 prints and 3 negatives. Includes poster about a protest meeting, and shots of posters and banners related to camp elections. One photo is of a page in an album that shows seven photos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
119 (Feldafing-2)Cemetery, monuments, commemoration May 22, 1947, undated
  

7 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
120 (Feldafing-3)Children, school, youth 1946-1947, undated
  

14 prints, 1 photo collage, and 4 negatives. Included are individual portraits (family names Glikstein and Jagodowicz); a class of Rabbi Friedman; and a collage showing children at Purim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
121 (Feldafing-4)Commemorations, memorial event, Yom Kippur 1945-1948, undated
  

13 prints and 2 negatives. Includes commemorative displays and events related to the Jews of Czestochowa, Poland; of Siaulaiai, Lithuania; and of Lodz, Poland. Other events depicted related to commemorations of the beginning of the World War II (on September 1, 1945); and the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. One photo depicts a memorial event of Bundists honoring Shloyme Mendelson (died 1948).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
122 (Feldafing-5)Daily life 1945-1948, undated
  

18 prints and 2 negatives, including one negative for which there is no corresponding print. Subjects include: reading room; barber shop; dentist; meetings. One photo of a dog with swastika on his collar relates to Purim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
123 (Feldafing-6)Events, visitors 1946-1948, undated
  

13 prints and 3 negatives. Includes outside crowd scenes related to proclamation of the state of Israel; and shots related to the visits to the camp of: General Eisenhower, with Lieutenant Smith; General Patterson; H. Leivick and Israel Efros; Leonard Bernstein (with orchestra); B. Tabaczynski, shown at a meeting of the Worker's Committee; and Fiorello LaGuardia.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
124 (Feldafing-7)Events: 1st May 1946-1947
  

8 prints and 1 negative.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
125 (Feldafing-8)Festive occasions, various 1947, undated
  

12 items. Several of the photos depict groups at farewell events for people leaving.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
126 (Feldafing-9)Group portraits - camp committee, court, police, hospital staff 1945, undated
  

10 prints and 1 negative. Includes photos by Sz. Cylich.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
127 (Feldafing-10)Group portraits - various 1947-1948
  

18 prints and 1 negative. Includes: Worker's Committee; Greek Jews; Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemet);

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
128 (Feldafing-11)Orchestra, choir, singer, drama circle 1946, 1948, undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
129 (Feldafing-12)ORT vocational school undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
130 (Feldafing-13)People 1947, undated
  

12 prints and 1 negative. Includes: L. Ringel, welfare office; Isaac Norich, vice director of the camp; the JDC director; and camp director Lieutenant Irving Smith.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
131 (Feldafing-14)Protest demonstrations 1946, undated
  

8 prints and 1 negative.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
132 (Feldafing-15)Protest demonstration in Munich concerning return of immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" July 1947
  

13 items. One photo show Feldafing residents boarding the train to Munich.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
133 (Feldafing-16)Sports (soccer) undated
  

11 items. Includes a photo sports instructor Glikstein receiving an award for Feldafing at championship in Germany (Munich?).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
134 (Feldafing-17)Work 1945, 1948, undated
  

22 prints (2 are duplicates) and 1 negative. Includes: tailoring, carpentry, printing, shoemaking, wood cutting, painting.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
135 (Feldafing-18)Shmuel Tabris photos (anniversary of liberation; Jews of Siauliai; Bad Tölz, Waarkirchen) May 1946
  

1 letter (1 leaf), 8 prints and 1 negative. Letter in Yiddish includes captions numbered 1 to 7; the photos seem to correspond to numbers 1, 3-7. No. 1 (two items) depicts a commemoration march, and no. 3, the unveiling of a monument, both for Jews of Siauliai (Shevl, Shavli), Lithuania, who died in the Holocaust; no. 4, Tabris and others meeting with the mayor of Bad Tölz; no. 5-6, Tabris on a truck en route and then with a group at Waarkirchen, the "place of liberation"; no. 7, Tabris and others, described as heads of the "first Munich committee." No. 2 (not found) relates to a different monument for Jews of Siauliai, at Camp Tutzing.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
136 (Föhrenwald-1)Fiorello LaGuardia visit to Föhrenwald September 1946
  

4 items. LaGuardia was at the time the director-general of the UNRRA. Three photos have stamp of Foto-B. Berneman, Föhrenwald.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
137 (Föhrenwald-2)Protest demonstration in Munich concerning return of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" to France July 1947
  

9 items. Among men shown marching are David Treger and Philipp Auerbach. All photos have stamp of B. Berneman, Föhrenwald.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
138 (Föhrenwald-3)Camp buildings and grounds 1946, undated
  

9 items, including 2 negatives. One photo depicts sign for camp headquarters, UNRRA Team 106, with map of the camp. One photo donated by Mordecai Bernstein, and another has stamp of B. Berneman. Two photos with typed captions in English on verso, dated February 1946, are from the YIVO committee in London.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
139 (Föhrenwald-4)Events - marches undated
  

9 items. Various groups marching, sometimes carrying flags.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
140 (Föhrenwald-5)Group portraits 1948, undated
  

16 items. Among those depicted are Henry Cohen, UNRRA camp director, 1945-1946, with two different groups; the DP Jewish police; the Jewish fire brigade (photo donated by Mordecai Bernstein); and the editorial, administrative and printing staffs of the Munich Zionist newspaper Unzer veg, including Betty Segal (seated, at right). A group of eight are identified as (right to left): Israel Segal; Betty Segal; actor and writer Jonas Turkow; Akhbed Ogrodobski (Ogrodovski/Ogrodowski?), sister of Betty Segal; Alexander Ogrodobski; D. Senitzki; and (seated) two brothers Reichman. Other groups depicted include Kibbutz Bnei Akiva and Kibbutz L'matara. Three photos have stamp of B. Berneman; and one is from W. Gottesman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
141 (Föhrenwald-6)Newspaper Bamidbar and various documents 1946-1947
  

4 items. Includes photos of illustrated front page of Bamidbar, dated May 1947; an artistically decorated letter in Yiddish addressed to the employment office; and images of a poster about a Chanukah celebration, and manuscripts (songs, diary) taken by the Jewish Historical Commission in Föhrenwald.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
142 (Föhrenwald-7)ORT trade school; work and school scenes undated
  

9 items. Includes one photo with stamp of B. Berneman and one stamped UNRRA.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
143 (Föhrenwald-8)People undated
  

9 items. Among those pictured are: Isaac Libstug, of the UNRRA team; Josef Zuckerman; family (parents with baby) Moszek, Rinia, and Luba Rozencvajg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
144 (Föhrenwald-9)Sports 1947. undated
  

8 items. Mostly group portraits. One photo shows award of trophy to the Föhrenwald boxing team at a championship in Munich, January 29, 1947, with Philipp Auerbach, Bavarian state commissioner, in background; photo by Wolf J. Pelikan, DENA photo service. Includes three photos with stamp of B. Berneman and two with stamp of J. Libling.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
145 (Forchheim-1)ORT weaving school circa 1946-1947, undated
  

15 items. Photos are numbered on verso 2-8, 10, 11, with six duplicates.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
146 (Forchheim-2)ORT weaving school: Emil Kroo (pre-war furniture store Kroo) 1935, undated
  

3 items. One undated photo pictures Emil Kroo, who apparently played a role in the founding of the weaving school. The other two photos are related to Kroo furniture store: one is a group portrait with an identifying placard in Czech (Tovarna na nabytek Kroo, 1935); and the other is a store front in Hungarian language (Akos Kroo Butorgyar). All are photographic postcards with a similar appearance, one with an inscription on verso: DP weaving school at Forchheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
147 (Frankfurt am Main-1)Memorial plaque; anniversary of liberation; dedication of new synagogue 1946, 1950
  

3 prints, 1 negative, and 1 clipping. Includes: James R. Newman, head of military government of Gross-Hessen, by memorial plaque at site of destroyed synagogue (March 21, 1946); commemoration of liberation (May 15, 1946), with Silvan Fratov, UNRRA camp director, and Samuel Czanowicz, member of presidium of regional committee of liberated Jews in Hesse on tribune (second and third from left, respectively, in first row); unidentified event; and a clipping (September 11, 1950) about dedication of new synagogue.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
148 (Fürstenfeldbruck-1)Chanukah celebration undated
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
149 (Fürstenfeldbruck-2)Commemorations honoring the victims of Nazism from Maków Mazowiecki, Poland 1946-1948
  

3 items. Group portraits with commemorative plaques recalling the liquidation of the ghetto in November to December 1942. The photos all have inscriptions on the verso in the same hand, one of which makes reference to Abraham Garfinkel as the chair of the events. Photos donated by Mordecai Bernstein.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
150 (Fürth-1)Commemoration; departure (train station) 1947
  

2 items. The photos have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
151 (Fürth-2)Events - reburial ceremony; delegation from President Truman 1945-1946
  

2 items. One photo depicts reburial ceremony for Jewish remains desecrated during the Nazi era and left above ground; accompanied by donor letter dated August 31, 1945. The other photo is from a different donor, depicting a delegation sent by President Truman in 1946.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
152 (Fürth-3)Group portraits 1945, undated
  

2 items. The photo of a group at a table includes Rabbi Shapiro at center, and his brother, an American chaplain; accompanied by a letter, dated October 12, 1948, from the donor, B. Stolovy.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
153 (Gauting-1)Cemetery: ceremony, grave markers May 15, 1946, undated
  

2 items. One photo depicts a group of people at a ceremony at the cemetery. The grave markers shown include David Zeitlein (Zeitlin), Nelly Schwarz, and Mosse Sabetta.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
154 (Gauting-2)Cemetery: Eisler tombstone, with visitors to the grave undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
155 (Gauting-3)Cemetery: entrance gate; tombstones (family names roughly A to F) circa 1950
  

30 items. See also: Gauting album in Oversize Box 1, which contains photographs of gravestones, of the same provenance.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
156 (Gauting-4)Cemetery: tombstones (family names roughly G to L) circa 1950
  

36 items. See also: Gauting album in Oversize Box 1, which contains photographs of gravestones, of the same provenance.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
157 (Gauting-5)Cemetery: tombstones (family names roughly M to R) circa 1950
  

23 items. See also: Gauting album in Oversize Box 1, which contains photographs of gravestones, of the same provenance.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
158 (Gauting-6)Cemetery: tombstones (family names roughly S to Z) circa 1950
  

37 items. See also: Gauting album in Oversize Box 1, which contains photographs of gravestones, of the same provenance.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
159 (Gauting-7 Oversize Box 1)Cemetery: tombstones - Gauting Sanatorium album 1950
  

135 photos in a bound album. No captions. The printed cover has a dedication in Hebrew and Yiddish, reading in part: To the memory of those who died after hard and long suffering; from the victims of German Hitlerism. These photos are of the same provenance as, and are mostly duplicates of the loose photos of tombstones found in folders Gauting-3 to Gauting-6; however, the album evidently contains additional unique photos not found in the latter folders.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
160 (Gauting-8)People: Alex (portraits); x-ray room 1947, undated
  

16 items. Various individual portraits of the same young man, who is apparently named Alex, judging from inscriptions addressed to him, on the versos of several photos in the Gauting group. One photo shows him standing with a doctor, looking at film, in what is apparently an x-ray room; and one photo shows the same doctor alone in the room standing next to equipment.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
161 (Gauting-9)People: Alex and others (rowing, bicycling) undated
  

9 items. The young man, apparently named Alex, appears in all the photos: one photo (with duplicates) shows him on a bicycle; five photos depict him with several others in a row boat.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
162 (Gauting-10)People: Alex, Mory, Stephan Oliwek, and others 1945, 1947, undated
  

13 items. Most of the photos show the young man presumed to be named Alex, in a pair or a group with other young men. Two photos are portraits of one of these friends, named Mory (according to the inscription on verso, addressed to his friend Alex, dated Gauting, October 9, 1947). Another of the young men, pictured with Alex in a group of four, is Stephan Oliwek (according to the inscription on the verso of a different photo showing a group that includes a woman and a baby, dated Memmingen, April 23, 1945).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
163 (Gauting-11)People: individuals undated
  

21 items (the majority are duplicates). Most depict the same young man; one might be of a different young man. Included are outdoor scenes, one showing the young man standing beside two camels, and another shows him seated in a jeep.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
164 (Gauting-12)People: individuals, friends (Shmuel Fayerwerger, Jakob Weinberger, and others) 1946-1947, undated
  

32 items. Most of the photos include a particular young man, apparently Shmuel (Samuel) Fayerwerger (Feuerwerger), to whom several inscriptions are addressed, shown in various indoor scenes, including: in a hospital bed; with a nurse by his side; writing in a notebook; playing chess. Also included are individual portraits of other young men, including Jakob Weinberger, Menashe Toybenblat, and Miklos Weiss.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
165 (Gauting-13)People: Individuals, families undated, 1943-1952
  

14 items. One of the individual portraits is inscribed on verso from Melekh Patarakh [sp?]. Includes several prewar family photos, three of which might date to the first decades of the 20th century.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
166 (Gauting-14)People: individuals, families/groups undated
  

9 items. Includes two portraits (and duplicates) of a boy, and three group photos in which the same boy appears.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
167 (Gauting-15)People: individuals, families, groups; cemetery: Holocaust memorial 1943-1949
  

26 items. Three photos have inscriptions in Polish or Hebrew that include the family name Rabinowicz. Also included is one photo of the Holocaust memorial erected in the Gauting Jewish cemetery in October 1947.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
168 (Gersfeld-1)Survivors, Kibbutz Buchenwald 1945-1946
  

3 items. Two photos have inscriptions relating to Kibbutz Buchenwald in Gersfeld (on offshoot of a group that originally formed at Buchenwald). The third photo, of two men, may be related but has no reference to Kibbutz Buchenwald. According to an inscription in Yiddish, the men are Polish Jewish survivors who later emigrated to America; a second inscription in Polish, in a different hand, is signed Henry Lewi. The other photos also have inscriptions in more than one hand, in Yiddish, Hebrew or Polish. The family name Mońkowi occurs on two photos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
169 (Giebelstadt-1)Resettlement at Giebelstadt, after the closing of Camp Vilseck circa April 23, 1948 (Erev Pesakh)
  

3 items. In April 1948 the Vilseck camp was closed and the remaining residents transferred to a newly opened camp at Giebelstadt. Upon arrival there was not sufficient housing to accommodate all the residents, and after some residents had slept outdoors for two days they held a demonstration to protest the conditions. The American military officer pictured in two photos is Major Abraham S. Hyman, the assistant adviser on Jewish affairs to the American military government, who had been called in from Frankfurt. Photos collected by Berl Rabach, who tells the story behind them in the inscriptions.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
170 (Giebelstadt-2)Celebration/parade upon the founding of the state of Israel May 15-17, 1948
  

11 items. Groups pictured include: the Jewish DP police of Giebelstadt, headed by Biederman (at center) and, to his right, the second-in-command, Bauer; Hashomer Hatzair; Hitachduth; the workers of the Employment Board; Poale Zion; Brit Trumpeldor; the Jewish National Fund committee (Keren Kayemet) of Giebelstadt. According to inscriptions, the man carrying a flag and riding horse in one photo is the sole Jewish survivor of Giebelstadt; and in one of the photos showing the sign of the Employment Board, the man in the front row wearing a suit and tie, and glasses, is the collector of the photos, Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
171 (Giebelstadt-3)Daily life: reading/delivering newspapers; Jewish DP police; worker 1948
  

4 items. Includes newspaper delivery person Glowke; and Biederman, head of the DP police. Two of the photos have inscriptions of Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
172 (Giebelstadt-4)ORT trade school (sewing; bricklaying) 1948
  

3 items. Photos collected by Berl Rabach; two have the stamp: ORT World Union vocational training school, Giebelstadt.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
173 (Giessen/Lahn-1)Rest home for survivors 1947
  

11 items. Scenes of arrival, exterior of the building, interiors (daily life: dining room, bedrooms). All photos have same inscription on verso identifying the setting as a rest home (opru-heym far gevezener katsetler).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
174 (Göttingen-1)Children 1947
  

1 item. Yiddish inscription on verso reads: Jews in Göttingen; Ella and Bruriah Horvitz/Horowitz. Photo has stamp of the Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony, Göttingen.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
175 (Hanover-1)Commemoration (1 of 4): group scenes, wreath laying circa July 1946
  

25 items. The ribbon on a wreath visible in some photos bears a dedication from the Committee of former political concentration camp prisoners, Hanover (Hauptausschuss ehem. politischer Häftlinge, Hannover). Included is the envelope that originally contained all the Hanover photos. It has a preprinted return address of the president of the state Labor office (Landesarbeitsamt) of Lower Saxony, in Hanover, addressed to the president of the Committee for political refugees (Hauptausschuss für politische Verfolgte), Hanover, postmarked July 5, 1946; a handwritten note in Yiddish describes the contents as pictures of commemorations (fayerungen) of a group (gezelshaft) of former concentration camp prisoners, mostly non-Jewish. Photos have stamp of photographer Els Lessmann, Hannover.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
176 (Hanover-2)Commemoration (2 of 4): speakers - outdoors circa July 1946
  

13 items. Among those depicted is Rabbi Hermann Helfgott (Zvi Asaria), who was active at the Bergen-Belsen DP camp; and Rabbi I. Frenkel (also shown in Heidenheim album). Photos have stamp of photographer Els Lessmann, Hannover.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
177 (Hanover-3)Commemoration (3 of 4): speakers - indoors circa July 1946
  

6 items. Photos have stamp of photographer Els Lessmann, Hannover.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
178 (Hanover-4)Commemoration (4 of 4): performance, concert hall circa July 1946
  

5 items. Interior of a filled concert hall, with orchestra seated at front; attendees include military personnel. Photos are stamped: Els Lessmann, Hannover.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
179 (Hasenecke bei Kassel-1)ORT school in Hasenecke near Kassel 1947
  

1 item. A group marching in a parade or demonstration.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
180 (Hasenthal-1)Commemoration/march undated
  

1 item. People marching carrying wreaths and an Israeli flag. Inscription in Yiddish refers to: hasental (possibly Hessental, Schwäbisch Hall?).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
181 (Heidelberg-1)Conference on the Future of Jews in Germany July 31, 1949
  

2 items. Includes John D. McCloy and Eugen Kogon.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
182 (Heidelberg-2)Student at university (Simona Witorz) February 1946
  

1 item. Stamp of International News Photos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
183 (Heidenheim an der Brenz-1)Camp album: "Jidiszer D. P. Lager UNNRA-PC IRO, Polizeischule Heidenheim" 1946-1947
  

42 items in a bound album with a printed title page, preface, and captions, in Yiddish; photos by Henry Majtek. Subjects include: the Heidenheim Jewish Home (building); portraits of leaders of camp committees and offices, and others, including Rabbi I. Frenkel; kitchen; vocational/trade workshops (shoemaking, tailoring, knitting, carpentry); DP police; soccer team; children; and a group portrait of Kibbutz Hanoar Hatzioni (Hanohar Hacijoni).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
184 (Heidenheim an der Brenz-2)Camp committees and offices undated
  

11 items. Includes: Jewish committee (komitet, fervaltung), including presidium; audit committee (revizions-komisie); biker-khoylim; religious office; culture office; clothing commission; economic office; housing office; labor office. All photos have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand. Inscriptions throughout the Heidenheim grouping refer to the Voith Settlement (foyt zidlung; Voigtsiedlung).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
185 (Heidenheim an der Brenz-3)School, children undated
  

5 items. Includes a group portrait of children at the Hebrew Public School in Heidenheim; and individual portraits of Henne Dulman and Alter Dulman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
186 (Heidenheim an der Brenz-4)Sports (soccer); daily life October 1947, undated
  

4 items. Includes photos of soccer matches; a doctor examining a child at the Jewish center (ambulans baym yidishn tsenter); and a delivery by truck. One photo of a soccer game, dated October 12, 1947, has an inscription in Yiddish indicating that it is a match in Heidenheim against the Maccabi club team from Leipheim; that photo has the stamp of Foto-Teicher (Heidenheim) and was collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
187 (Heidenheim an der Brenz-5)Trades: tailoring, shoemaking, clock repair, locksmith undated
  

9 items. Mostly photos related to tailoring, including a group portrait of the men's and women's tailoring workshops together. All photos have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
188 (Hessisch-Lichtenau-1)Dental technology course undated
  

1 item. Herzog camp? Photo donated by David Bachman (Buchman?), Lechfeld.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
189 (Hillersleben-1)Chaplain Samuel Blinder photos circa 1945
  

12 items. Includes a photo of Blinder with Rabbi Spira (Bluzhever rebbe), and wife and daughter of Rabbi Gross of Pittsburgh, and the Hillersleben Hospital. Inscriptions on the versos in hand of Blinder.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
190 (Holzhausen-1)Kibbutz Hannah Senesh (Szenes) November 10, 1946
  

Pamphlet (4 leaves) of the Dror youth movement about the kibbutz. Cover photo of Hannah Senesh (1921-1944); and two pages of photos, some from her life, and others depicting kibbutz life in Holzhausen, with captions in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
191 (Indersdorf-1)Children; Dror children's home; Zionist youth group undated
  

11 items. All photos have inscriptions in Hebrew on verso in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
192 (Indersdorf-2)Kibbutz/Zionist group undated
  

5 items. Indoor meeting and outdoor scenes. All photos have inscriptions in Hebrew on verso in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
193 (Indersdorf-3)People, camp grounds undated
  

5 negatives. No corresponding prints.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
194 (Lampertheim-1)May 1st demonstration 1946
  

6 prints and 6 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
195 (Lampertheim-2)Burial/commemoration undated
  

4 prints and 4 negatives. Includes three photos relating to a burial, one of an unidentified demonstration (signs, wreath).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
196 (Lampertheim-3)Children undated
  

5 prints and 4 negatives, including one negative for which there is no corresponding print. Two photos are portraits of Tatiana Sztern-Kron, at four and nine years old, with inscriptions on verso in the same hand. Two other photos have stamp of photographer Maks Szarfharc, Lampertheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
197 (Lampertheim-4)People, daily life undated
  

11 prints and 12 negatives. Those depicted include Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, in a group with a UNRRA official; members of the Jewish Historical Commission, Lampertheim; and a group that is probably the DP police. Includes one negative (portrait of a woman) for which there is no corresponding print.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
198 (Lampertheim-5)Sports 1948, undated
  

5 prints and 3 negatives. Includes one photo of a poster in Yiddish for a championship match of the Jewish Sport Club; and others of a foot race.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
199 (Landsberg am Lech-1)Camp buildings and grounds undated
  

5 prints and 2 negatives. Includes shots of Zionist-themed sculptures and engraving at camp entrance; and visitors at the Jewish cemetery (1949).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
200 (Landsberg am Lech-2)Commemorations: Jews of Czestochowa (Cęstochowa), Poland October 20, 1946
  

4 items. Shots of the dais at the memorial service held to commemorate the liquidation of the Cęstochowa ghetto in 1942. Shown speaking is Esther Epstein, one of the organizers; to her right is Samuel Gringauz, president of the Council of Liberated Jews in Bavaria. Others pictured include Binyamin Orenshtayn, Henekh Fradelski, Tzvi Kantor, Yezshi Dobzshinski, and M. Fridenzon.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
201 (Landsberg am Lech-3)Commemorations: Jews of Plotzk (Płock), Poland undated
  

2 items. Depicts a memorial service and plaque commemorating the liquidation of the Plotzk ghetto in 1941. Israel Gershon Bursztyn is shown speaking.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
202 (Landsberg am Lech-4)Commemorations: Jews of Tomaszow Masowiecki, Poland November 9, 1947
  

6 items. Includes a photo showing Moshe Wajsberg speaking at the gravestone of Meir Icchak Lioprawski. The photos all have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand, and are numbered 1 to 6.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
203 (Landsberg am Lech-5)Daily life; ORT school 1945
  

29 prints and 1 negative. All photos have inscriptions on the versos in English, in the same hand. A man in uniform with insignia of AJDC is pictured several times, once standing outside of the mechanical training school.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
204 (Landsberg am Lech-6)Daily life: various scenes, postcards 1945-1947, undated
  

5 prints and 1 negative. Includes: street scene with election banner; outdoor news/bulletin board (Landsberger Szpigel); children at mealtime (with the stamp of Kolel Kidush Hashem, Landsberg); a personalized Rosh Hashanah postcard with inscription on verso dated 1947, from a couple Gliksman; and a collage-like postcard of the DP camp.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
205 (Landsberg am Lech-7)Demonstration against arrest of 20 Jews; Landsberg courtroom 1946
  

3 prints and 1 negative. Photos by G. Kadisch (Kadish).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
206 (Landsberg am Lech-8)ORT school: album undated
  

28 leaves. With 52 photos, text (in Yiddish), and hand-drawn and -painted illustrations. Decorated cover, with title: ORT fakh-shul Landsberg. Activities pictured include metalworking, mechanics, carpentry, dental technology, tailoring, nursing, ceramics, electrical repair, and mechanical drawing. The album was created by engineer V. Mishelski (later known as William W. Mishell), who describes himself as co-founder of the Landsberg school; he dedicates the album to worldwide ORT and to Jacob Oleiski, founder of the school, who had directed the ORT school in pre-war Lithuania and in the Kovno ghetto. Mishelski and Oleiski, as well as I. Rabinovitch, another co-founder of the Landsberg school, are pictured on a back page.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
207 (Landsberg am Lech-9)People 1945-1946, undated
  

5 items. Group portraits: doctors (by photographer Grinfeld, or Grünfeld); DP police (framed with illustrations; photographer H. Rakocz); Agudat Yisrael, Landsberg (with stamp of Kolel Kidush Hashem). Two photos are affixed to sheets of paper, with captions in Yiddish relating to (and apparently written by) Josef Mendl Grinfeld of Dinov (Dynów), Poland, an officer of the camp police, who later emigrated to America; in one instance he is pictured standing in front of the police building with members of the Jewish Committee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
208 (Landsberg am Lech-10)Protest demonstration undated
  

6 prints and 1 negative. Donated by Alfred Fleishman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
209 (Landsberg am Lech-11)Purim carnival March 1946
  

5 prints and 1 negative. One participant is dressed up as Hitler.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
210 (Landsberg am Lech-12)Trades: tailoring, mechanics 1948, undated
  

5 items. On photo, dated April 23, 1948, with stamp of Employment Board/Mechanische Schlosserei, shows the production of baby carriages. Two photos have stamp of photographer H. Grünfeld, Landsberg am Lech.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
211 (Landsberg am Lech-13)Travel (train; ship) undated
  

25 items. Depictions of people apparently disembarking from a train, at a port, and waiting on the dock, with ships in view; presumably DPs departing Germany, possibly at Bremerhaven, with one or two shots possibly including JDC staff. All of the photos except one appear to belong together, but lack any indication of provenance.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
212 (Landsberg am Lech-14)United States military: W. Bedell Smith visit December 6, 1945
  

3 items. Lieutenant General Smith, Chief of Staff, U.S. Forces in the European theater, visited the camp to investigate the living conditions. Includes a photo of the dining hall. With stamp: U.S. Army photograph. Donated by Irving Heymont, director of the Landsberg camp from September to November 1945.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
213 (Laufen-1)Album: commemoration at grave for Jewish concentration camp victims November 12, 1946
  

28 items pasted in an album created by the photographer, M. Bengis, with decorated cover and captions in Yiddish; preface by I. Bard. Title on front cover: Der untergehakter bojm in bilder: fragment fun unzer tragedie in Laufen (The felled tree in pictures: fragment from our tragedy in Laufen). The grave honored Jews who perished in Laufen in the course of the last 'death march.' Those depicted include Peter Endes, who spoke at the ceremony, and DPs from Kibbutz Ichud in nearby Ainring, who participated. Donor name inscribed on inside front cover: Shmerke Katcherginski.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
214 (Lechfeld-1)ORT vocational school: schoolchildren (Hebrew class) undated
  

2 items. With stamp of World ORT vocational school, Lechfeld.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
215 (Lechfeld-2)ORT vocational school: exhibition 1949
  

6 items. Items on display (clothing, needlework, machinery, tools) for an exhibition on the occasion of the school's third anniversary. Photos have stamp of World ORT vocational school, Lechfeld.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
216 (Lechfeld-3)ORT vocational school (tailoring; electrical repair lecture; woodworking tools) undated
  

7 items. With stamp of World ORT vocational school, Lechfeld.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
217 (Leipheim-1)Camp administration building, with monument undated
  

1 item. The building has a tower with a siren that would sound at midday, and at 5 pm; in foreground is a monument to Jewish partisans. Photos collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. Some photos have stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
218 (Leipheim-2)Camp offices, groups undated
  

8 items. Includes: staff of the nutrition office (farflegungsamt), and its pantry/storeroom; the rabbinate; the pharmacy; the clothing storeroom; letter carrier for the post office; and a Jewish policeman standing guard at the entrance. Photos collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. Some photos have stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
219 (Leipheim-3)Children at school undated
  

3 items. Collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim, and have stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
220 (Leipheim-4)Children - Shavuot celebration undated
  

11 prints and 1 negative. Collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. Some photos have stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
221 (Leipheim-5)Kibbutz Borochov March 24, 1947, undated
  

2 items. The group portrait has stamps of Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich; and photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
222 (Leipheim-6)Kibbutz Dror - children, youth 1946
  

9 items. Subjects include: morning exercises; graduation dinner, July 22, 1946; five young Polish siblings whose parents were killed at Auschwitz; and demonstration for Palestine. Seven photos have inscriptions in English, in the same hand; one photo, showing children at a pool, appears to be inscribed by the same person, but with the place name in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
223 (Leipheim-7)Kibbutz Pakhakh: Shabbat; protest march 1947
  

2 items. Donated by Shmerke Katcherginski.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
224 (Leipheim-8)Krumbach (Bavaria): Karl Ettinger (Oettinger) undated
  

2 items. Ettinger is described in the inscriptions as the only surviving Jew of Krumbach, which was not too far from Leipheim. He is pictured in one photo standing by his mother's grave, and in the other with his daughter. Photos collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. One photo has stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
225 (Leipheim-9)People 1947, undated
  

4 items. Includes: Shloyme Goldman, leader of the Historical Commission in Leipheim; Dr. Hilzenrad, head of the hospital; Rabbi Leyzer Kegel Rudnik, head of the yeshiva; and Rabbi Kegel's grandchild. The photos of Goldman and Hilzenrad were collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim, and have stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. The other two photos have the stamp of the Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
226 (Leipheim-10)Visit of Jacob Zerubavel February 5, 1947
  

4 items. One photo shows Kibbutz Dror. Photos collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. One photo has stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
227 (Leipheim-11)Visit of Yitzhak Gruenbaum undated
  

4 items. Collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich, and stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
228 (Leipheim-12)Vocational school - trades/work; exhibition undated
  

10 items. Work scenes include carpentry, welding, electrical work, auto mechanics. Collected by the Jewish Historical Commission, Leipheim; with stamp of the Central Historical Commission, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich. Some photos have stamp of photographer Breslawski Schneidermann, Leipheim.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
229 (Marburg-1)Magdeburg City Councilman Prinsky undated
  

1 item. Apparently Walter Prinsky (inscription: Prinzky Stadtrat Magdeburg), who was elected as councilman in charge of youth and welfare in 1946.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
230 (Marburg-2)Students (Jewish DPs) at Marburg University 1947
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
231 (Marburg-3)Synagogue dedication ceremony February 3, 1946
  

1 item. A villa was converted into a synagogue by the U.S. Army; among those in attendance were Major General Frank T. Schmidt (far right?) and U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Mayer Abramowitz (fourth from right), and Yitzchak Blumenfeld, a DP, who spoke (possibly the speaker pictured).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
232 (Marburg-4)Synagogue, services, memorial plaque circa June 1945
  

22 items (including 12 duplicates). Shortly after the end of the war a building of a student association (Verein deutscher Studenten) was occupied by the U.S. Army and used as a synagogue, with services for displaced persons as well as U.S. military personnel; those are presumably the premises pictured. Two photos show a plaque dedicated to those who perished, 1933-1945, from the survivors, dated June 24, 1945. Four photos donated by Herschel Auerbach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
233 (Marktredwitz-1)Children, Hebrew class; adult ceramics workshop 1948
  

4 photos and 1 letter (3 leaves). Three of the photos are affixed to the letter (3 leaves), which is in Yiddish, signed from P. Frumer. The fourth photo is inscribed in the same hand. The letter gives names and backgrounds of the seven children, one of whom, Brukhe (Brenda) Rabinowitz, is pictured several times (from Wielun, Poland, later lived in Washington, DC). The teacher is Rena Frantz of Czestochowa.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
234 (Mietraching-1)Commemoration: Jews of Bodzanow (Bodzenov), Poland March 16, 1948
  

2 items and one envelope. Includes a portrait of the rabbi of Bodzanow who was shot by the Nazis in 1942. Donated by E. Yaderman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
235 (Mittenwald-1)Commemoration: second anniversary of the liberation May 4, 1947
  

4 items. Outdoor ceremony. Those depicted include Carl Atkin and David Treger.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
236 (Möncheberg (near Kassel)-1)Children (portraits) 1947-circa 1948
  

3 items. Includes photos of two siblings, Rachela Czarna and Chana Czarna (born 1944 and 1946, respectively); and of an infant, Jelnida Markusefeld (born 1947). The latter photo has stamp of photographer Oksenhorn, Möncheberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
237 (Mühldorf am Inn-1)Jewish cemetery; cremation ceremony undated
  

2 items. The cemetery was for concentration camp victims. That photo was taken by Josef Grünwald, for the Landsberger Zeitung (newspaper), according to inscription; donated by Shmerke Katcherginski.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
238 (Munich-1)First Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone January 27-28, 1946
  

3 items. Two shots show Zalman Grinberg and David Ben-Gurion seated together, and Rabbi Blum, in British Army uniform, standing nearby. In the background of those shots, a sign advertising an exhibition of photos by G. Kadish is visible; one photo has inscription of Kadish (Kadisch) on verso.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
239 (Munich-2)Protest demonstrations 1947
  

2 items. Includes one U.S. Army photo showing American military on guard near British consulate at a protest related to seizure of four boats of Jews attempting to immigrate to Palestine; and a photo by G. Kadisch (Kadish), depicting a protest in response to the execution of Dov Gruner by the British in April 1947.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
240 (Munich-3)Conference of rabbis (Agudath Harabonim) June 1947
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
241 (Munich-4)Protest demonstration concerning return of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" to France July 1947
  

29 items. Photos dated stamped July 25, 1947; numbered by hand 1 to 29; donated by I. Zvi Sobel.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
242 (Munich-5)Protest demonstration concerning return of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" to France July 1947
  

5 items. Donated by Ruth Uhrmacher-Roth.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
243 (Munich-6)Protest demonstration concerning return of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" to France July 1947
  

10 items. One photo showing a sign addressing the British Labor Party depicts a group of participants from Feldafing. The photos are of various provenances; one is stamped: official AJDC photo.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
244 (Munich-7)ORT exhibition (American Zone): text by V. Mishelski February 1948
  

7 leaves. Typed text in Yiddish entitled: A few words about the "ORT" exhibition in Munich. The exhibition took place February 4 to 24, 1948 in the Lenbach-Galerie. Mishelski (later known as William W. Mishell) was director of the Press and Publishing department for the ORT headquarters in Munich. He was also a leader of the ORT school in Landsberg - see under Landsberg for an ORT school photo album created by him.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
245 (Munich-8)ORT exhibition (American Zone): displays of student work - clothing and hats February 1948
  

20 items. Includes a display of three historical costume drawings by G. Nachberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
246 (Munich-9)ORT exhibition (American Zone): displays of student work - crafts/mechanical arts February 1948
  

25 items. Items displayed are from radio, dental technology, leatherwork, locksmith, metalwork, optic lens making, woodworking, masonry.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
247 (Munich-10)ORT exhibition (American Zone): long shots of displays, people visiting February 1948
  

11 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
248 (Munich-11)ORT exhibition (American Zone): people February 1948
  

10 items. Among those depicted at the podium are William Haber and Philipp Auerbach. The group portrait is of delegates from the United Jewish Appeal.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
249 (Munich-12)ORT exhibition (American Zone): posters February 1948
  

12 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
250 (Munich-13)Proclamation of the state of Israel May 1948
  

7 items. One photo depicts a building façade in Weilheim, Bavaria, decorated for the occasion. Includes one official AJDC photo and three by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
251 (Munich-14)Commemoration of fifth anniversary of liquidation of Vilna ghetto September 1948
  

17 items. Names of those pictured (from captions lightly typed on rectos of photos) include: J. Segal; M. Kuczynska (singing); Rita Karpinowicz (reciting); D. Regow (reciting); I. Daiches and Szterc (accordion player, singer); R. Radunska, Dr. M. Feigenberg, and Mgr. J. Rywesch (at table); Libhaber (at podium); J. Weisman (at podium); S. Dyschko and E. Jones (group scene); R. Bolber, I. Atlas, and R. Blechman (with typewriters); Kazimirowski (at table in meeting room). All photos from the Association of Jews of Vilna.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
252 (Munich-15)Exhibition of Jewish art (opening ceremony) November 1948
  

2 items. Exhibition in Städtische Galerie. Includes: Colonel Johnson (cutting ribbon); the artist Maximilian Feuerring (in vest); and Pesach Piekatch, of Central Committee (with glasses). Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
253 (Munich-16)Protest demonstration on Möhlstrasse circa August 1949
  

4 items. Protest prompted by an anti-Semitic letter published in the Süddeutsche Zeitung (newspaper), in the context of controversy over German police raids on Möhlstrasse to suppress black market activity among DPs. The photos show a protest banner in English, a burning vehicle, and the extinguishing of the fire, by American military firemen.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
254 (Munich-17)Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone undated
  

7 items. Two different meetings, one that includes Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, and the other including Rabbi Joachim Prinz, visiting. Also depicted are David Treger, Pesach Piekatch, and Colonel George R. Scithers.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
255 (Munich-18)Children, performance/recital undated
  

3 items. Two photos of students of the Munich Hebrew Gymnasium (inscription refers to a 'Herzl-Bialik akademie'); and one portrait of young boy T. Birgenthal, originally of Belz, Poland (stamp of Jewish Historical Commission for Lower Saxony, Göttingen).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
256 (Munich-19)Events - various, including UJA reception 1948, undated
  

12 items. Includes two photos related to reception of delegates of the United Jewish Appeal (UJA), with David Treger and William Haber, on February 3, 1948; and three taken at the farewell event for Treger held in the Mirror Room of the Bayerische Hof Hotel before his emigration to Israel in November 1948. Includes some photos of the AJDC, one depicting Samuel Haber (AJDC director), William Haber, and Pesach Piekatch. An unidentified event shows a sign saying: "Thank you Colonel and Mrs. Decker and S-5."

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
257 (Munich-20)Events, commemorations - various 1947, undated
  

4 items. Two photos relate to a banquet on December 2, 1947, following UN resolution on the partition of Palestine, including a group toasting, with David Treger and Philipp Auerbach; and a horah dance. Two photos show a commemoration held by the Jewish community in Munich, at the cemetery. Two photos have stamp of United Press Associations, Munich; two, of Bayerische Presse.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
258 (Munich-21)Group portraits 1947, undated
  

3 items. Includes participants in first conference of Lithuanian Jews, April 1947 (?); and a meeting of doctors (Dr. Hicken of a Munich institute).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
259 (Munich-22)People 1947, undated
  

12 items. Includes: lead of historical commission Feigenbaum; Rabbi Amram Blum; chair of Munich committee, Schwimmer; Ted Feder, AJDC; David Treger; Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein; Henry Levy with Max Helvarg (AJDC); William Haber with Samuel Haber; and an AJDC Committee photo with Leo W. Schwarz, Philip S. Bernstein, Chaim Yahil (Hoffman), and Philipp Auerbach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
260 (Munich-23)People: Rabbi Baruch Leizerowski 1945-1948
  

10 items. Photos with similar Yiddish inscriptions, and a similar note highlighting the presence of Rabbi Leizerowski. Includes photos from First Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone (1946); the protest concerning the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947"; ceremony related to award of diplomas to student at technical university (with David Treger); and outdoor event related to founding of state of Israel, and a commemoration in 1948.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
261 (Munich-24)Sports 1947, undated
  

6 items. Includes several photos marked as Hapoel.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
262 (Munich-25)Sports - boxing championship January 29, 1947
  

3 items. Those depicted include Philipp Auerbach and Leo W. Schwarz.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
263 (Munich-26)Students - Jewish Student Association (Verein) undated
  

2 items. Oneg Shabbat dinner.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
264 (Munich-27)Travel, departure (airport) undated
  

3 items. One photo includes Chaim Yahil (Hoffman). Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
265 (Munich-28)Various: synagogue, cemetery, memorials, anti-Jewish vandalism 1946, undated
  

6 photos and 1 envelope. Includes: site of former synagogue; a synagogue interior; a monument at the cemetery for victims of Nazism; a memorial plaque for the six million (inscribed Srulek Bialobroda, December 30, 1946); and a Jewish restaurant at Ismaninger Str. 48, with windows broken.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
266 (Munich-Funkkaserne-1)Group portraits 1945-1946
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
267 (Munich-Neufreimann-1)Various: General Eisenhower; children in protest; poster; group portrait (Latvian Jews) 1946-1949
  

5 items. Eisenhower visiting the camp in October 1946. The poster advertises a memorial event honoring Shlomo Ben-Yosef, on the anniversary of his death in June 1946, with Zvi Kantor on the program. The children march in a protest in 1947. Group portrait of Latvian Jews, with names inscribed on verso, dated March 6, 1949. The latter photo was donated by Mordecai Bernstein; three others are by photographer Isak Sutin.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
268 (Neunburg vorm Wald-1)Group portraits; commemoration; cemetery monument 1947, undated
  

5 items. Includes groups at a Passover seder, a Chanukah celebration, and in a portrait taken just before emigrating to the land of Israel; a commemoration at the cemetery on second anniversary of the liberation, with participation of Rabbi Neumann of Schwandorf; and a monument for Holocaust victims at the German cemetery. All photos by Neumann.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
269 (Neunburg vorm Wald-2)Group portrait; May 1st observation; commemorative march; camp nurses undated
  

4 items. With inscriptions in Yiddish on verso in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
270 (Neu-Ulm-1)Tailoring undated
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
271 (Nordrach (Schwarzwald)-1)Building and grounds, dining hall (former Jewish sanatorium) undated
  

4 items. Inscriptions in Yiddish on the versos of the photos refer to the Jewish sanatorium in Nordrach founded by the Baroness Adelheid de Rothschild; that institution was taken over by the Nazis in 1942, and closed in April 1945. Photos collected by Berl Bensman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
272 (Plattling-1)Commemoration; monument to victims of Nazism April 1947
  

7 items. Photos have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand, and are numbered 1-4, 4(a), 5-6.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
273 (Plattling-2)Commemoration; monument to victims of Nazism May 23, 1948, undated
  

6 items. Four photos have typed Yiddish on verso, dated May 23, 1948; includes a speaker from Sochnut (Jewish Agency for Israel) at ceremony. One undated photo has a handwritten Yiddish inscription and shows a similar ceremony with the cemetery monument. The last item is a clipping with photo from a Yiddish newspaper.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
274 (Pleikershof-Kibbutz Nili (Hachsharah)-1)AJDC agricultural training center: farm/kibbutz 1946
  

8 items. The kibbutz was located on the grounds of former farm of Nazi leader Julius Streicher. Includes AJDC representative Helen Witkin.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
275 (Pleikershof-Kibbutz Nili (Hachsharah)-2)Children, youth; Sabbath; dining hall; Ann Liepah (AJDC) 1946
  

5 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
276 (Pocking-1)Events related to UN resolution on partition of Palestine; and proclamation of state of Israel November 29, 1947; May 15, 1948
  

5 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
277 (Pocking-2)Boxing match in Munich January 27-28, 1947
  

3 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
278 (Pocking-3)Children; Bar Mitzvah 1947, undated
  

3 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
279 (Pocking-4)Commemorations (exhumation; anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto uprising) circa 1947-1948, undated
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
280 (Pocking-5)Daily life; religious life (Jewish community of Pocking) 1945, undated
  

5 prints and 5 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
281 (Pocking-6)Pocking album: daily life; election; demonstration/parade undated
  

7 loose leaves, with 24 photos; and 3 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
282 (Pöppendorf-1)Former passengers of "Exodus 1947" (Am Stau bei Lübeck; Pöppendorf) circa August-September 1947
  

5 prints and 4 negatives. Am Stau near Lübeck (1 photo) and Pöppendorf (4 photos) were transit camps to which the "Exodus 1947" passengers were initially taken following their return to Europe and arrival in Hamburg, Germany. One photo is by Sz. Cylich, Feldafing.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
283 (Regensburg-1)Camp committee; DP Police 1947, undated
  

2 items. The committee includes engineer Stefan Schwarz, and attorney Halstuk.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
284 (Regensburg-2)Children/youth, school (group portraits) 1947, undated
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
285 (Regensburg-3)Funeral; gravestone undated
  

11 items. Eight of nine photos depicting a funeral seem to belong together. One photo, of a different provenance, shows the gravestone of 14-year-old Dov Goldfeier, killed by an unknown assailant. Also included is a photo depicting a display of possessions of concentration camp victims.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
286 (Regensburg-4)Monuments/memorials for Holocaust victims, in nearby towns: Schwartzenfeld; Wallersdorf (?) 1945, 1947
  

4 items (6 images).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
287 (Rochelle Eschenstruth-1)Heavy tailoring undated
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
287A (Rosenheim-1)Children, sports, workshops; UNRAA letter 1947
  

30 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
288 (Schloss Elmau-1)Group of patients 1949
  

1 item. A group of patients at the sanatorium there, run by the AJDC and IRO.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
289 (Schwäbisch Hall-1)Camp album: "Jidiszer D.P. Lager in Schwäbisch-Hall"undated
  

70 items in a bound album with a printed title page, preface, and captions, in Yiddish. Dedicated to Emigration officer Al. Klein. Photographer/creator not identified. Subjects include the camp director and administrators, and leaders and representatives of committees and offices; DP police; medical personnel; dental clinic; elementary school; ORT vocational school; soccer team; worker's sport club Hapoel; prayer house; children, preschool.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
290 (Schwäbisch Hall-2)Children; Employment Board (group portrait); cemetery monument 1946, undated
  

4 items. Includes individual portraits of Rita Hus and Hersch Faust.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
291 (Schwäbisch Hall-Steinbach-1)Burial in Steinbach Jewish cemetery of 14 victims of Nazism February 8, 1946
  

3 items. Two photos collected by David Graysdorf. Inscriptions explain that the 14 victims (12 Jews and two Poles) were killed in April 1945; and that details are found in the newspaper/journal Oyf der fray, no. 3, p. 16.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
292 (Schwarzenfeld-1)Commemoration - mass grave 1945
  

1 item (2 images). Depicts a ceremony related to discovery of a mass grave of 140 victims of the Nazi regime.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
293 (St. Ottilien-1)People (Zalman Grinberg and others); medical care September 1945, May 1947
  

5 prints and 5 negatives. The one photo depicting medical care (1947) is a press photo used in the Munich Zionist newspaper Unzer veg; the others (1945) have inscriptions in English in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
294 (St. Ottilien-2)Representative Orchestra of the She'erit Hapletah (performing in Nuremberg?) 1946
  

1 item. Originally known as the St. Ottilien and then as the Ex-Concentration Camp Orchestra. Members pictured include: Becker, Bornstein, Richter (singing), Wolberg, Michael Hofmekler (conductor), P. Dormashkin (near piano), and Granat (on drums),

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
295 (Strasbourg (France)-1)Group portraits undated
  

2 items. Mostly children, possibly school classes. The photos have inscriptions in Hebrew in the same hand. Collected by Rubinstein.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
296 (Stuttgart-1)Death of Samuel Danziger: portraits of Danziger; street scenes 1946, undated
  

9 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
297 (Stuttgart-2)Death of Samuel Danziger: street scenes 1946
  

15 items. Includes images of two posters.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
298 (Stuttgart-3)Death of Samuel Danziger: protest demonstration April 4, 1946
  

12 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
299 (Stuttgart-4)Death of Samuel Danziger: memorial service; commemoration on first anniversary 1946-1947
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
300 (Stuttgart-5)Visit of H. Leivick and Israel Efros May 1946
  

5 items. Leivick and Efros were members of a cultural delegation from the World Jewish Congress.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
301 (Stuttgart-6)Visit of Jacob Zerubavel April 1947
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
302 (Stuttgart-7)Protest demonstrations related to the prosecution/execution of Dov Gruner by the British March-April 1947
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
303 (Stuttgart-8)Buildings undated
  

4 items. Includes the DP police headquarters (with Jewish policeman); Jewish community center (Bialik house); and the ORT school.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
304 (Stuttgart-9)Children 1947-1948, undated
  

19 items. Includes individual portraits; school classes; a foot race; and activities related to the holidays Purim and Lag Ba'Omer. Several photos, including a group portrait, related to a summer colony.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
305 (Stuttgart-10)Commemoration: Jews of Sochaczew, Poland 1948
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
306 (Stuttgart-11)Group portraits, conferences 1946-1949
  

7 items. Includes: DP police, 1946; Ichud conference, June 16-17, 1946; conference of Jewish students in the American Zone, March 29, 1947; Bund conference, summer 1949; an academic group (?), 1947; and a group at train station, departing for the United States, in 1947 (with signs: HIAS Stuttgart transport). Includes photos collected by David Graysdorf, one photo by Bernard Ginsburg, and one with stamp of UNRRA Team 502.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
307 (Stuttgart-12)May 1st demonstrations 1946-1947
  

3 items. Includes one image of a poster. Photos collected by David Graysdorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
308 (Stuttgart-13)ORT vocational school 1947
  

10 items. Includes: tailoring, hat making, dental technology, goldsmithing, electrical work, metalworking. Photos collected by David Graysdorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
309 (Stuttgart-14)ORT vocational school: Stuttgart display at exhibition in Landsberg 1947
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
310 (Stuttgart-15)People 1946-1947, undated
  

7 items. Includes: three photos of engineer Bukh (Buch), an instructor at the vocational school, Jewish community center, May 1946 (collected by Bernard Ginsburg); two of a party in honor of Moshe Rothenberg, formerly the director of the Bialik school, just before his emigration to Palestine (Eretz Yisrael), May 6, 1947; and American Jewish artist H. Yablokow, with two different classes of schoolchildren, and their teachers, 1947.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
311 (Stuttgart-16)Religious life (man praying); wedding 1946-1949
  

2 items. The inscription on verso of the wedding photo, dated 1949, indicates that the groom was from Sislevitsh (Svislach, Belarus), and the bride from Rovne (Rivne, Ukraine), and that they later emigrated to the United States.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
312 (Stuttgart-17)Seder (Passover) 1947
  

8 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
313 (Stuttgart-18)Sport club Hakoach (soccer) 1947
  

4 items. Includes a group portrait. Collected by David Graysdorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
314 (Stuttgart-19)Sports (soccer) 1947
  

3 items. One photo, showing a goalie, has a pencil note indicating the location as the town of Schwäbisch Gmünd, not far from Stuttgart. Photos collected by David Graysdorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
315 (Stuttgart-20)"Stuttgart collection": Typed captions for 37 groupings of photos undated
  

8 leaves, accompanied by carbon copy, and miscellaneous fragments. In Yiddish. The folder titles and descriptions of the photographs in the "Stuttgart collection," below, are based on the information in these captions. The groupings of photographs were contained in individual envelopes, each labeled with a copy of the corresponding Yiddish text. No indication of provenance was found but many of the photos were evidently used in the camp newspaper Oyf der fray (In freedom). Only selected references to issues of the newspaper have been included here; more are found in the Yiddish text.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
316 (Stuttgart-21)Stuttgart collection: 1. Wedding 1946
  

5 items. Groom of the Jewish Brigade and the bride a DP.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
317 (Stuttgart-22)Stuttgart collection: 2. Jewish center, 1st May celebration 1946
  

18 items. See the DP newspaper Oyf der fray, no. 3, p. 40.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
318 (Stuttgart-23)Stuttgart collection: 3. Protest march/meeting in Feldafing camp 1945
  

4 items. The Yiddish notes for grouping no. 3 also refer to a Berlin transit camp, and DPs on their way to the American Zone (none of the items found in the envelope appear to depict this). The description for grouping no. 4 refers to children at Purim, at the Jewish Center (that envelope was empty).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
319 (Stuttgart-24)Stuttgart collection: 5. Monument at Zeilsheim (Frankfurt) for victims of the Holocaust undated
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
320 (Stuttgart-25)Stuttgart collection: 6. Jewish teachers' seminar February 1946
  

1 item. Depicts Rabbi Rosenberg leading havdalah ceremony.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
321 (Stuttgart-26)Stuttgart collection: 7. Heidelberg castle: tower; Hebrew inscription undated
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
322 (Stuttgart-27)Stuttgart collection: 8. Editorial staff of DP newspaper Oyf der fray (Oif der fraj) undated
  

1 item. Depicted (from right to left): Sh. Vaks, M. Gutman, B. Ginsburg, Ch. Berger, and L. Richtman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
323 (Stuttgart-28)Stuttgart collection: 9. Child of Jewish parents in Zeilsheim camp (Frankfurt) undated
  

1 item. A baby is depicted with two Yiddish newspapers, Unszer veg (Our path), organ of the Central Committee in Munich, and A heym (Home), organ of the Leipheim camp.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
324 (Stuttgart-29)Stuttgart collection: 10. Street scenes related to the death of Samuel Danziger circa March-April 1946, undated
  

9 items. Includes shot showing poster advising residents to remain calm, and American military keeping watch. The man in one photo with a group of children and loaves of bread is possibly Samuel Danziger at an earlier time. The caption indicates that details can be found in the camp newspaper Oyf der fray, no. 3, p. 10-11, and special edition.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
325 (Stuttgart-30)Stuttgart collection: 11. Midday meal; group portrait: Union of Workers 1946
  

3 items. The group portrait is described as the administration (vervaltung) of the Farband fun di arbetndike.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
326 (Stuttgart-31)Stuttgart collection: 12. Wedding in Munich-Neufreimann camp April 1946
  

8 prints and 2 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
327 (Stuttgart-32)Stuttgart collection: 13. Protest demonstration following the death of Samuel Danziger April 4, 1946
  

17 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
328 (Stuttgart-33)Stuttgart collection: 14. Protest demonstration following the death of Samuel Danziger (cont.) April 4, 1946
  

28 items. Two shots show the 11-year-old daughter of Danziger. The speakers are M. Gutman, chair of the Jewish Committee in Stuttgart; M. Kirshenblatt, member of the Committee; and U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Cohen.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
329 (Stuttgart-34)Stuttgart collection: 15. Protest demonstration following the death of Samuel Danziger (cont.) April 4, 1946
  

31 items. Speakers include American Colonel Beary, head of the military government; David Treger, of the Central of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone; M. Gutman; Altman Altshur of Munich; Frenkel and Vrone, both of Föhrenwald. B. Ginsburg, of the DP newspaper Oyf der frayis seen taking notes.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
330 (Stuttgart-35)Stuttgart collection: 16. Departure of DPs for the United States (train station) April 1946
  

4 items. Grouping no. 17, described as Bialik house, was supposed to be in the same envelope (no items found).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
331 (Stuttgart-36)Stuttgart collection: 17-18. Bialik house - library undated
  

4 items. These items are labeled as grouping no. 18, for which no description is given; however, they appear to fit the description for grouping no. 17 (Bialik house, library), which is otherwise not found.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
332 (Stuttgart-37)Stuttgart collection: 19. Dramatic circle (performance) in Dergerloch (Stuttgart) Jewish center February 1946
  

1 item. Shows a scene during a performance of the Sholem Aleichem play Der get (The divorce).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
333 (Stuttgart-38)Stuttgart collection: 20. Sport club 1946
  

3 items. See camp newspaper Oyf der fray, no. 3, p. 39.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
334 (Stuttgart-39)Stuttgart collection: 21. Children's clinic; bombed-out streets; library at Bialik house; Bialik school undated
  

26 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
335 (Stuttgart-40)Stuttgart collection: 22. Bialik school: metalworking; English; Hebrew 1946
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
336 (Stuttgart-41)Stuttgart collection: 23. Child/Children born at the DP camp in Stuttgart May 1946
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
337 (Stuttgart-42)Stuttgart collection: 24. Diana Blumenfeld performing undated
  

2 items. The singer is shown on stage with pianist accompanying. The Yiddish notes refer to several other photos that were not contained in the envelope, including one of Jonas Turkow.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
338 (Stuttgart-43)Stuttgart collection: 25. 1st May: sports events (volleyball, soccer) May 1946
  

8 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
339 (Stuttgart-44)Stuttgart collection: 26a. Samuel Danziger shloshim, gravesite; May 1946
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
340 (Stuttgart-45)Stuttgart collection: 26b. Gravestones in Jewish cemetery (Guggenheimer family) 1946
  

3 items. The Yiddish caption refers to the case of a husband and wife who committed suicide to escape Nazi persecution.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
341 (Stuttgart-46)Stuttgart collection: 26c. Dental office; dining hall (DP center) 1946
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
342 (Stuttgart-47)Stuttgart collection: 26d. Vocational school; tailoring workshop (cooperative); Bialik school; people 1946
  

9 items. Subjects include: engineer Bukh (Buch) with a class; Hebrew teacher Ch. Yigal, of the Jewish Brigade, talking to a group of students about geography of Palestine; kindergarten teacher with a child at Bialik house.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
343 (Stuttgart-48)Stuttgart collection: 27. Children, school; potatoes; UNRRA office; ORT class; singer 1946
  

10 items. The teacher with children in school garden is Karla Gutman; the pile of potatoes is for the kosher kitchen; at the UNRRA office food cards (farflegungs-karten) are being distributed; engineer Bukh is shown with a metalworking class.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
344 (Stuttgart-49)Stuttgart collection: 28.-29. Seder (Passover) undated
  

11 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
345 (Stuttgart-50)Stuttgart collection: 30a. Jewish teachers' seminar February 1946
  

15 items. Includes the teachers Rokhl Landau and Karla Gutman; and Rabbi Rosenberg, of the JDC.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
346 (Stuttgart-51)Stuttgart collection: 30b. Theater group from Feldafing performing in Stuttgart February 1946
  

15 items. The show/revue was entitled: Mir forn keyn tel aviv (we are traveling to Tel Aviv).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
347 (Stuttgart-52)Stuttgart collection: 31.-32. 1st May: banner, poster, bulletin board (UNRRA) May 1946
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
348 (Stuttgart-53)Stuttgart collection: 33a. Tailoring workshop/cooperative 1946
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
349 (Stuttgart-54)Stuttgart collection: 33b. ORT class; medical treatment; pantry; child 1946
  

11 items. The teacher of the ORT class in metalworking is engineer Bukh; Dr. Vaynapel (Weinapel) is shown in the medical clinic. The five-year-old child is David Ayznberg (Eisenberg); the Yiddish caption refers to a story about him in Oyf der fray, no. 3, p. 20.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
350 (Stuttgart-55)Stuttgart collection: 34. Bialik school, children, youth; director Moshe Rothenberg and co-workers 1946
  

15 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
351 (Stuttgart-56)Stuttgart collection: 35. Vaihingen an der Enz: Commemoration, mass grave, gravestones May 15, 1946
  

21 prints and 1 negative. Includes scenes from a memorial service on May 15, 1946; shots of former prisoners of concentration camp Vaihingen, telling visitors about their experiences, among the remains of the camp, including a German bunker built by prisoners. The Yiddish captions also refer to a memorial service in the Stuttgart DP center.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
352 (Stuttgart-57)Stuttgart collection: 36. Steinbach/Schwäbisch Hall: Commemoration/memorial service, gravesite February 8, 1946
  

34 items. A delegation from Stuttgart participated. Those depicted include U.S. Army chaplain Rabbi Cohen; cantor Moses Rontal from Radom, Poland; Chaim Berger of the Stuttgart Jewish Committee; and Polish captain Strenk.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
353 (Stuttgart-58)Stuttgart collection: 37. Munich: First Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone January 27-28, 1946
  

41 prints and 1 negative. Includes shots of a press conference, an exhibition of the Historical Commission of the Jewish Central Committee, and the Stuttgart delegation to the Congress. Individuals depicted include: American Rabbi Rosenberg; David Ben-Gurion; Zalman Grinberg; Judge Rivkind; Rabbi Blum; and Eleanor Roosevelt.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
354 (Ulm-Boelcke Kaserne-1)Portrait of child (Rachela Piorowitsh) 1947
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
355 (Ulm-Hindenburg Kaserne-1)Group portraits; children; commemoration 1947-1948
  

6 items. The photo depicts a commemoration of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising on April 18, 1948. All the photos have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
356 (Ulm-Hindenburg Kaserne-2)Group portraits; protest demonstration; supply room 1947-1948
  

5 prints and 1 negative. Includes a photo of a visit of Tabaczynski, dated June 20, 1947; a gathering with child Shmuel (Samuel) Blum, son of Mendel Blum; and the camp committee.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
357 (Ulm-Sedan Kaserne-1)Tailoring undated
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
358 (Vaihingen an der Enz-1)Commemoration of the second anniversary of the liberation at site of former concentration camp 1947
  

3 items. Collected by David Graysdorf.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
359 (Vilseck-1)Event relating to UN resolution on partition of Palestine (supporting formation of Jewish state) November 30, 1947
  

7 items. Includes shots of the camp committee and UNRRA director Hugh S. Warner, at table on stage; and the children's school choir (singing "Zog nit keyn mol," according to the inscription). Six photos collected by Berl Rabach and one by B. Barak.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
360 (Vilseck-2)Children, school, theater 1947, undated
  

8 items. Includes two brother-sister pairs; infant twin boys; school classes; and a children's performance of Sholem Aleichem's play Chanukah gelt. Photos collected by Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
361 (Vilseck-3)Commemoration: Partisan group, anniversary of beginning of World War II September 1947
  

3 items. Collected by Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
362 (Vilseck-4)Commemoration in Ulm: Jews of Tarnobrzeg, Poland July 27, 1947
  

1 item. The commemoration took place on 10th day of Av (=July 27), 1947, in the city of Ulm. Photo donated by Hersh Knobler, of Vilseck and Tarnobrzeg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
363 (Vilseck-5)Kibbutz Mizrachi (children, youth) 1947
  

4 items. Collected by Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
364 (Vilseck-6)ORT vocational school; ORT exhibition 1947-1948
  

10 items. Includes five photos of ORT classes (women's tailoring; mechanics; technical drawing). The photos of the exhibition, in 1948, include two group portraits, one of the instructors, the other of several students; displays shown are for the courses in mechanical metalworking and women's tailoring. Eight photos collected by Berl Rabach. Five photos have stamp of World ORT Union vocational training school, Giebelstadt; two of World ORT Union vocational school Viseck-Altneuhaus.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
365 (Vilseck-7)People; building 1947-1948
  

10 items. Photos of people include: an elderly pair in nearby Amberg, Bavaria; a wedding celebration; the medical staff of the Jewish hospital (around table with woman standing at head); captain of Makkabi-Munich receiving a bouquet from the captain of Hapoel-Vilseck, before a soccer match; a workshop of the AJDC ("Joint"); and an all-male group around a table, in Herzberg, Bavaria (names inscribed on verso; the connection to Vilseck is not clear). One photo is of the building of the Jewish Committee in Vilseck.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
366 (Vilseck-8)Protest demonstrations, children 1947
  

3 items. The inscriptions refer both to the return to Europe of the ship "Exodus 1947," and to the execution of Dov Gruner. Photos collected by Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
367 (Vilseck-9)Revisionist party 1947
  

4 items. The group portraits include the chair, Dr. Hirsh (Hirsch), a surgeon (front center with glasses in the smaller group). The photo of a group with an accordion was taken on November 29, 1947, on the occasion of the UN resolution on the partition of Palestine. Photos collected by Berl Rabach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
368 (Vilseck-10)UNRRA director Hugh S. Warner and staff undated
  

2 items. Photos by Y. Stolzberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
369 (Wasseralfingen-1)Event: Torah scroll for the synagogue (bes medresh) August 3, 1947
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
370 (Wasseralfingen-2)People (children, school, tailoring) 1947, undated
  

7 items. Includes group portraits of school classes (talmud toyre; bes sefer tarbut); and maccabi sport team; and individual portraits of three children of the Cytryn family.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
371 (Weissenburg-1)Commemoration for victims of Wülzburg camp: albums (1 of 2) September 9, 1951
  

Homemade booklet, including 5 photos, and photocopy of list of 41 names of the victims (who died 1942-1943), from German archives; with typed title page in German. The photos show a small gathering at the cemetery and a wreath that was laid.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
372 (Weissenburg-2)Commemoration for victims of Wülzburg camp: albums (2 of 2) undated (1951?)
  

Homemade booklet, including 12 photos, by G. Raskin; with typed title page and captions in German. People pictured include a representative in the German legislature (Landtag) Stöhr and M. Aisenstadt, former prisoner of the Wülzburg camp. The title page indicates that the event was organized by the Verein der Verfolgten des Naziregimes (Association for the victims of the Nazi regime) in Weissenburg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
373 (Wetzlar-1)Carpentry workshop (Employment Board) undated
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
374 (Wetzlar-2)Children (portraits) 1947, undated
  

10 items. Family names in the inscriptions include: Waksman, Etkele/Abramale, Fajnzylberg, Anglister, and Lichtenburg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
375 (Wetzlar-3)Commemoration: Jews of Zamość, Poland May 5, 1948
  

8 items. Donated by I. M. Zilber.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
376 (Wildflecken-1)Children 1945
  

2 items. Photographer Anna R. Manitoff, MD, UNRRA.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
377 (Windsheim-1)Knitting; tailoring undated
  

2 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
378 (Wittenberg-1)Commemoration: Jews of Zeludok (Zoludek) and Orlova (Orlov, Orlowa), Belarus 1946
  

1 item. Newspaper clipping of group portrait (those pictured are from Orlova), at a gathering on the fourth anniversary of mass executions, in 1942.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
379 (Württemberg-1)Monument for Jewish victims of Nazism from Württemberg 1933-1945 undated
  

2 items. Collected by Ch. Shmeruk.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
380 (Wunsiedel-1)Burial/commemoration for 30 Jews August 31, 1945
  

1 item. Honoring 30 Jews who died in Wunsiedel during death march from Buchenwald to Theresienstadt, April 13, 1945. Collected by the Historical Commission of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the American Occupation Zone, Munich.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
381 (Zeilsheim-1)Album: Sefer HaChaim (1 of 5) circa 1946-1948
  

20 loose items. On title page: UNRRA Team 503. Photographs of pages of a scrapbook containing photographs, clippings, ephemera, and handwritten texts, mostly in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
382 (Zeilsheim-2)Album: Sefer HaChaim (2 of 5) circa 1946-1948
  

20 loose items. Photographs of pages of a scrapbook containing photographs, clippings, ephemera, and handwritten texts, mostly in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
383 (Zeilsheim-3)Album: Sefer HaChaim (3 of 5) circa 1946-1948
  

20 loose items. Photographs of pages of a scrapbook containing photographs, clippings, ephemera, and handwritten texts, mostly in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
384 (Zeilsheim-4)Album: Sefer HaChaim (4 of 5) circa 1946-1948
  

20 loose items. Photographs of pages of a scrapbook containing photographs, clippings, ephemera, and handwritten texts, mostly in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
385 (Zeilsheim-5)Album: Sefer HaChaim (5 of 5) circa 1946-1948
  

25 loose prints and 2 negative. Photographs of pages of a scrapbook containing photographs, clippings, ephemera, and handwritten texts, mostly in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
386 (Zeilsheim-6)Daily life 1945-1946, undated
  

5 items. Includes: building; bulletin board (photo by Herschel Auerbach), Jewish police (in parade), kibbutz (farm work), and placard/poster advertising entertainment program.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
387 (Zeilsheim-7)Monument to Jewish victims of Nazi regime 1945, undated
  

6 items. Two photos collected by David Graysdorf, and two stamped: UNRRA photograph. One of the latter includes three-year-old Albert George, DP of Lvov.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
388 (Zeilsheim-8)Protest demonstration 1946
  

5 items. Concerns Britain's rejection of President Truman's request for 100,000 Jews to be admitted to Palestine. Photos donated by Alfred Fleishman.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
389 (Germany general-1)Alfred Fleishman photographs (1 of 3): buildings, cemetery monuments undated
  

9 items. Includes donor letter, dated March 29, 1963. Fleishman toured various DP camps, including Zeilsheim, Föhrenwald, Feldafing, Landsberg, and St. Ottilien. Other photos from Fleishman that could be identified are found under those localities.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
390 (Germany general-2)Alfred Fleishman photographs (2 of 3): people, events undated
  

13 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
391 (Germany general-3)Alfred Fleishman photographs (3 of 3): people, events undated
  

8 prints and 2 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
392 (Germany general-4)Betar (revisionist Zionist youth movement) - children, daily activities, events 1946-1949
  

28 items. Localities include Landsberg and Feldafing. Includes two photos by G. Kadisch (Kadish).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
393 (Germany general-5)Bnei Akiva and Mizrachi (Zionist groups) - children, daily life, events, portraits undated
  

23 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
394 (Germany general-6)Burial, mass grave (Berlin?) June 1945
  

3 items. Donated by Herschel Auerbach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
395 (Germany general-7)Children, youth, school, sewing 1945, 1948-1949, undated
  

7 items, including a clipping. Two items are stamped: Yerachmiel Briks committee; donated by Briks.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
396 (Germany general-8)Daily life (meals, beds, matzah baking, library, buildings and grounds) 1945-1948
  

7 items. One photo is from the AJDC.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
397 (Germany general-9)Events, commemorations, meetings 1946, undated
  

9 items. Includes: two photos related to a commemoration of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising; a group portrait of Jews of Pruzhany, Belarus, commemorating the anniversary of the liquidation of the Pruzhany ghetto (1946); commemoration by Jews of Iwye, Belarus; tribune at a congress or event involving American military representatives, including Colonel George R. Scithers (also with Philipp Auerbach, David Treger).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
398 (Germany general-10)Events, protest demonstrations, parades undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
399 (Germany general-11)Jewish 'Invaliden-farband' (disabled association) conference December 1, 1947
  

9 items. The event is referred to as the second conference; attendees mentioned in the inscriptions include: Ch. Kempinski; Mr. Katz, IRO director in Neu-Ulm; Judge Louis Leventhal, military advisory on Jewish affairs, and his assistant, Major Abraham S. Hyman; and a war veteran representing the Neu-Ulm members.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
400 (Germany general-12)People (General Lucius D. Clay; William Haber; Abraham S. Hyman) undated
  

9 items. Also appearing: Chaim Yahil (Hoffman); David Treger; and Kurt Eppstein.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
401 (Germany general-13)People undated
  

16 items. Includes: Colonel George R. Scithers; Colonel Johnson; Prof. Weissbluth; Ber Patzkin, chair of federation of Latvian Jews in Bavaria; Jacob Nieburg; and Nate Horvitz (soldier).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
402 (Germany general-14)People (Jacob Pat; Levi Shalit); Holocaust monument, cemetery undated
  

5 items. Photos donated by Hillel Kempinski.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
403 (Germany general-15)People: Edmund Witlin family photographs 1948, undated
  

5 items. With typed inscriptions, two of which are addressed to family Heisler. From the Kalman Heisler papers held at YIVO.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
404 (Germany general-16)Poale Zion (Zionist labor party) conferences 1948, undated
  

19 items. Includes two photos of conferences for Poale Zion in Upper Bavaria held in Landsberg and Feldafing, respectively; the remaining photos pertain to a Germany-wide conference held in 1948, attended by Jacob Zerubavel and David Treger, among others.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
405 (Germany general-17)Religious life: prayer, synagogue, Torah scroll undated
  

4 items. One photo donated by Herschel Auerbach.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
406 (Germany general-18)Sports (boxing, soccer, instructors course) 1947-1948, undated
  

5 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
407 (Germany general-19)Transport, departure (Aliyah) undated
  

9 items. AJDC photos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
408 (Germany general-20)Vaad Hatzala - children, daily life, activities in various localities 1947
  

52 items. Rescue committee of the Union of Orthodox Rabbis (New York, NY). Rabbis Nathan Baruch and Aviezer Burstein appear in many of the photos.

 
  View the folder 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series II: Austria, 1946-1952

138 files, including 3 oversize items (2.25 linear feet)
Scope and Content:

This series contains photographs related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons in Austria, arranged according to locality, which is given as part of the folder number. At the end of the series are folders labeled "Austria (general)," containing photographs for which the location is not further specified.

Within any given locality, folders are arranged alphabetically according to general subjects. Among the events depicted is the first conference of Jewish displaced persons in Austria, in Linz, in April 1946.

As in Germany, there were four Allied occupation zones in Austria; the city of Vienna, located in the Soviet Zone, was also divided into four sectors (similar to the city of Berlin in Germany). The localities in this series are located in the American Zone, which included the states of Upper Austria, with the capital at Linz, and Salzburg, with the capital at the city of Salzburg; and the American sector of Vienna.

Among the refugees in Vienna at the end of the war were some 16,000 Jews from Hungary who had been deported to Vienna as forced laborers in 1944, as well as 20,000 to 30,000 Jews liberated from concentration camps in Upper Austria. Vienna also played a special role as a stopping place for Jewish refugees coming from Eastern Europe. About 10,000 Romanian Jews arrived in Vienna in the course of 1947. In 1949 there was a last wave of Jewish refugees from Hungary (Oertel 1, 11-12).

The first and largest Jewish DP camp to be established in Vienna was Rothschild Hospital, a transit and nursing camp in what had formerly been a Jewish hospital, until its closure under the Nazis, in 1942. Rothschild Hospital was administered by the International Committee for Transient Jewish Ex-Internees and Refugees (Internationales Komitee für jüdische KZ-ler und Flüchtlinge), headed by Bronislaw Teichholz. The committee was an independent, non-partisan relief organization founded with the authorization of the Austrian government and the endorsement of the Allied military authorities. It also later ran other DP camps in Vienna, at Alserbachstrasse, Arzbergerstrasse, and Roetzergasse (Oertel, 1, 11).

Many of the photographs in this series were collected by the Central Committee of Jews in Austria, Culture Department, headquartered in Salzburg, which corresponded with YIVO. A YIVO committee also collected materials, including members Joseph Fuchsman, Kurt Weigel, and Mordkhe Schaechter.

Reference

Oertel, Christine. "Vienna: Gateway to Freedom? The Bricha and the Rothschild Hospital." Journal of Israeli History 19.3 (1998): 1-13.

Folder TitleDate
409 (Bad Gastein-1)Children - infants, bris ceremony (circumcision), portraits 1946-1947, undated
  

18 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
410 (Bad Gastein-2)Children - school classes with teachers 1946-1947, undated
  

15 items. Among the teachers pictured are the male teachers Geller (director of the Hebrew school director, pictured with four different classes) and Kempinski; and the female teachers Brukova and Resnik.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
411 (Bad Gastein-3)Commemorations of Warsaw Ghetto uprising 1946-1947
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
412 (Bad Gastein-4)Daily life 1946, undated
  

29 items. Includes: street scenes; barber/hair dresser; library; kitchen staff; UNRRA office staff; patients recovering; singing; theater; elections; camp meeting; bus carrying first group of children departing for Palestine.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
413 (Bad Gastein-5)Festive occasions (dinner, ball) undated
  

6 items. Includes a 1st May dinner and a Jewish National Fund (Keren Kayemet) ball.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
414 (Bad Gastein-6)Group portraits (kibbutzim) 1946-1947
  

26 items. Includes following kibbutzim: Agudat Yisrael; Dror; Mizrachi; Maccabi Hatzair.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
415 (Bad Gastein-7)Group portraits (tailors, mechanics, teachers, police) 1946-1948
  

24 items. Some shots at Kurhaus Villa Victoria. Also includes: medical staff; group of students from an English class; three photos from a teachers' seminar in 1948; and a group portrait of Jewish artists from Bindermichl camp visiting in Badgastein (with child in foreground), in 1946.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
416 (Bad Gastein-8)Matzah baking and distribution (Passover) 1946, 1947
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
417 (Bad Gastein-9)Newspaper staff; reading the newspaper 1946
  

8 items. The camp newspaper, in Yiddish, was titled "Lan" (=vuhin). Includes shots of the editor Ephraim (Efraim) Fried.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
418 (Bad Gastein-10)Parade/celebration - Lag Ba'Omer undated.
  

51 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
419 (Bad Gastein-11)People 1946, undated
  

13 items. Subjects include: UNRRA director; head of camp committee; the actor Shamai (Shammai, Shami) Rosenblum, pictured with members of ‘folks-universitet' (adult education institution); and a Jewish partisan nicknamed "Lamai Pasodo" (with another man in snowy street scene).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
420 (Bad Gastein-12)Posters/placards, street scenes 1946-1947
  

15 items. One photo of a poster in Hebrew with artwork is dated 1946; the other 13 are all dated 1947, with posters in Yiddish, German, and English, and one with artwork. Included are several shots of American soldiers looking at posters on the façade of Hotel Straubinger; and, according to the inscriptions, they are tearing the posters down.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
421 (Bad Gastein-13)Protest demonstration concerning emigration to Palestine (1 of 2) 1946
  

30 items. Donated by J. Fuksman (Foxman).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
422 (Bad Gastein-14)Protest demonstration concerning emigration to Palestine (2 of 2) 1946
  

10 items. Includes shots of an indoor camp meeting related to the protest.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
423 (Bad Gastein-15)Sports 1946, undated
  

20 items. Includes: volleyball, gymnastics, swimming, soccer, and boxing. With a group portrait of sport club Hakoah, and shots of volleyball and soccer games played against the Bindermichl (Linz) camp team.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
424 (Bad Gastein-16)Town and countryside; excursions (hiking, skiing) 1947, undated
  

23 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
425 (Bad Gastein-17)Weddings 1946-1947
  

9 prints and 2 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
426 (Bad Hofgastein-1)DP hospital, children undated
  

5 photos pasted down on sheet of paper with captions. Includes portraits of children from various camps (family names: Deutsch, Ferst, Eisenach, Rojzen, Cieshanower).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
427 (Braunau am Inn (Ranshofen)-1)Children (school, choir, theater, Lag Ba'Omer parade); group portraits 1946-1947
  

20 items. Groups include: a regional conference of Jews in Austria (presidium from Salzburg); sports club Kadimah. 12 items are pasted down on three sheets of paper, with handwritten captions in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
428 (Ebensee-1)Arrival, daily life, group portraits undated
  

7 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
429 (Ebensee-2)Cemeteries, graves, commemorations, monuments honoring Holocaust victims 1945-1949
  

16 items. Includes a photo of an American soldier with corpses, shortly after liberation of the Ebensee concentration camp; and an international commemoration ceremony. Two photos, including shot of the former crematorium of the concentration camp Ebensee, taken by David Bialer.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
430 (Ebensee-3)Transport; relocation to Camp Hallein undated
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
431 (Ebensee-4)Visitors; camp entrance/gate 1946, 1948
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
432 (Elsbethen-Glasenbach-1)Cemetery, graves circa 1948, undated
  

2 item. One photo depicts a visitor by the grave of Szyia Fuhrer, 1899-1948.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
433 (Enns-1)Cemetery, commemoration/memorial services; Holocaust monument undated
  

9 items. Eight photos are pasted down on a sheet of paper in a collage, showing services involving a march and wreath-laying. The remaining item is a loose photo of group visiting a monument to 101 victims, dated April 1945; inscription on verso refers to the Green Shelter camp.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
434 (Gallspach-1)Cemetery, graves June 20, 1947
  

3 items. One marker is for Deszö, of Hungary, died May 23, 1945. Inscriptions on verso by donor Joseph Fuksman (Foxman).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
435 (Gmund-1)Monument/gravestone honoring Jewish victims of the Holocaust 1946
  

1 item. Photo take by David Bialer.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
436 (Gunskirchen-1)Monument honoring Holocaust victims; cemetery undated
  

13 items. Various groups of visitors and a large public ceremony, mostly focused on a particular monument that has inscriptions in Hungarian and German; a nearby monument shown in some shots is dedicated to 3,000 victims of Concentration Camp Edt. (Edt bei Lambach is not far from Gunskirchen.) One photo depicts a group at a monument at Ebensee, with a couple of the same people as in several Gunskirchen photos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
437 (Hallein-1)Camp buildings and grounds; placards 1947, undated
  

3 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
438 (Hallein-2)Children, youth, school undated
  

14 prints and 3 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
439 (Hallein-3)Children - end of school year ceremonies, award of diplomas undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
440 (Hallein-4)Daily life, theater, art undated
  

11 items. Includes: camp court, two camp policemen, grieving mother at cemetery, various work scenes, a banquet, theater scene, and artist with painting.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
441 (Hallein-5)Events: commemoration of Warsaw Ghetto uprising; gathering upon proclamation of state of Israel 1948, undated
  

3 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
442 (Hallein-6)Group portraits undated
  

10 prints and 1 negative. Includes: Haganah exercises; knitting group; attendees at a bris (circumcision); event related to Jewish National Fund; administrators of the school; Kibbutz Erez; Lubavitcher hasidim; and soccer team.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
443 (Hallein-7)Meetings, protests undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
444 (Hallein-8)ORT vocational school undated
  

7 items. Includes a placard, metalworking class, and group portraits of students upon award of diplomas.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
445 (Hallein-9)Religious life: sukkah building; seder (Passover); Sabbath undated
  

7 items. Includes two group portraits at Oneg Shabbat gatherings, one of which is a Pakhakh group.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
446 (Hallein-10)Travel - arrival (from Ebensee camp); departure/emigration undated
  

3 items. Includes a group at train station of Pakhakh members, one of whom, Ch. Zlodovski, was emigrating.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
447 (Hallein-11)Weddings undated
  

3 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
448 (Linz-1)Children's home Moria 1948
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
449 (Linz-2)First conference of Jewish displaced persons in Austria April 1946
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
450 (Linz-3)Various: people, ORT school, seder (Passover) 1947, undated
  

6 items. Includes: Hungarian rabbi; Major Abraham S. Hyman, adviser to General Clay on Jewish affairs, visiting the ORT school; group of Jews in front of wall of old crematorium; mother and child; Seder in Jewish community of Linz, with American soldiers.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
451 (Linz-Bindermichl-1)Camp director; IRO staff; Jewish police 1946
  

10 items. The IRO director was J. Ertel.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
452 (Linz-Bindermichl-2)Children (including Chanukah performance, Purim) 1946, undated
  

19 items. The photos from Purim include distribution of gifts by the AJDC.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
453 (Linz-Bindermichl-3)Commemorations for Holocaust victims; cemetery, graves; anniversary of liberation 1949, undated
  

8 items. Includes depictions of commemoration at Bindermichl and at Ebensee, in May 1946, on the anniversary of liberation. Two photos depict photomontage posters documenting those events, with text by M. Gruntfest; these items are inscribed in Yiddish from Gruntfest with affection to Daniel Tsharni (Charney), dated May 28, 1946, both with the message: in memory of the old country (alter heym).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
454 (Linz-Bindermichl-4)Funeral February 25, 1949
  

4 items. Includes a placard/poster advertising the funeral, which was for Shmuel (Samuel) Halpern.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
455 (Linz-Bindermichl-5)Group portraits, organizations, events 1946-circa 1949
  

11 items. Includes: Keren Kayemet (Jewish National Fund), with shot of gifts for school children; event with AJDC and Sochnut directors; conference involving Poale Zion and Hashomer Hatzair (December 11-12, 1948); Bnos Agudath Israel; and kibbutz group portrait with poster of Jabotinsky. One unidentified photo depicts a group of visitors.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
456 (Linz-Bindermichl-6)Protest demonstrations; placards/posters 1946, 1948, undated
  

5 items. Includes a poster advertising Salomon Ehrmann of Zurich speaking on August 9, 1948.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
457 (Linz-Bindermichl-7)Various: people, ORT school, weddings, Hebrew school, departure 1946-circa 1949
  

9 items. Includes: ORT class of female tailors; staff of the nutrition/rations office, in storeroom and next to UNRRA delivery truck. The man with a young girl is apparently the editor of the camp newspaper Oyfgang. The photo of the large group posing in front of the Hebrew school was taken upon the school's closing, just before the group's emigration.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
458 (Linz-Ebelsberg-1)Arrival of DPs from Camp Enns 1948
  

5 items. Camp Enns was dissolved, and the residents moved to Camp Ebelsberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
459 (Linz-Ebelsberg-2)Camp buildings and grounds; posters; Camp Haid undated
  

19 prints and 1 negative.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
460 (Linz-Ebelsberg-3)Cemeteries, graves, monuments undated
  

8 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
461 (Linz-Ebelsberg-4)Daily life, children, school; religious life, prayer, bris (circumcision), Torah scroll, weddings 1948, undated
  

12 items. One indoor wedding scene is at the ORT vocational school.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
462 (Linz-Ebelsberg-5)Daily life - ORT school, sports, departure (train station), various 1949, undated
  

17 items. Includes ORT class in sewing, and beautician training. Sports scenes include soccer, ping pong, and a long jumper, who receives a ribbon (?).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
463 (Linz-Ebelsberg-6)Events, commemorations undated, 1949
  

12 items. Includes three photos showing a memorial display relating to the Warsaw Ghetto uprising; and two related to the ceremonial transfer of ashes of Jewish concentration camp victims of Austria to the Israeli "Yad Vashem" on July 19, 1949, according to the inscription (the organization of that name was not officially established until 1953).

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
464 (Linz-Ebelsberg-7)Events, meetings, festive occasions undated
  

10 items. Includes a religious Zionist occasion with speaker Shereshevski; a farewell dinner for the director of the school; and an exhibition of drawings/portraits.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
465 (Linz-Ebelsberg-8)Events, parades, protest demonstration (?) circa 1948
  

15 items. Outdoor scenes with crowds, marching. Two photos show a truck flying an Israeli flag.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
466 (Linz-Ebelsberg-9)Events - proclamation of the state of Israel May 1948
  

20 items. Two photo, with Yiddish inscriptions in same hand, are of an indoor event of Keren Hayesod, with speaker Geller.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
467 (Linz-Ebelsberg-10)Events: visitors from Israel: Kurt Lewin; Rabbi Isaac Werfel November 1948, undated
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
468 (Linz-Ebelsberg-11)Group portraits 1948, undated
  

26 items. Includes: police; Hapoel haMizrachi; Bnos Agudath Israel; a Zionist group posing with portraits of Herzl and Jabotinsky; and two scenes with a boat, the Franz Schubert.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
469 (Linz-Ebelsberg-12)Medical personnel (doctors, nurses), hospital undated
  

4 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
470 (Linz-Ebelsberg-13)People circa 1948
  

9 items. Includes Ch. Lanczet, of AJDC; chief of police; P. Kroll; David Lewenfus [?]; event with Gisela Weinfeld, speaking, and director of AJDC in Linz; and group of four "correspondents in Austria" (from left): Markus Shor; Joseph Fuksman (Foxman); A. Vaylak, journalist; and Joseph Perlstein, poet.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
471 (Linz-Ebelsberg-14)U.S. military / IRO - various, including visit of a general undated
  

10 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
472 (Linz-Kleinmünchen-1)Kibbutz Hanoar Hatzioni (Zionist youth) 1946
  

1 item.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
473 (Neulengbach-1)Children's sports festival August 5, 1949
  

5 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
474 (Puch bei Hallein-1)Camp buildings and grounds; daily life, work, sports 1947, undated
  

12 items. Includes: Rumanian Jews; barber shop; shoemaking, tailoring, carpentry, wood cutting; soccer.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
475 (Puch bei Hallein-2)Children, youth, school; group portraits; camp police 1947, undated
  

8 items. Includes a 1st May gathering.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
476 (Reichenau-1)Agudath Israel summer 1949
  

3 items. Wedding of Meir Goldstein; summer colony at Villa Weigelsberg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
477 (Salzburg-1)ORT vocational school 1947
  

13 photos and 1 leaf (captions). Includes: the school building; and courses in metalworking, electrician work, radio technology, women's tailoring, and carpentry. The photos are numbered 1 to 13 and inscribed with captions in Yiddish; a separate typed sheet of captions is also included. Collected by the Central Committee of Jews in Austria in the American Zone, Culture department.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
478 (Salzburg-Beth Bialik-1)Camp buildings and grounds; camp police 1947
  

8 prints and 1 negative.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
479 (Salzburg-Beth Bialik-2)Children, families, school 1947, undated
  

11 prints and 2 negatives. One photo shows the director of the AJDC (Joint) visiting with the children at the school. Also included is a letter in Yiddish from the Central Committee of Jews in Austria in the American Zone, Culture department, dated November 9, 1947, giving a list of captions for 30 photos of various camps in Austria (no. 18 and 19 are in the present folder); the captions are also inscribed on the versos of the photos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
480 (Salzburg-Beth Bialik-3)Daily life, people 1947
  

10 prints and 1 negative. Includes scenes of kitchen, newspaper reading.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
481 (Salzburg-Beth Bialik-4)Herzl-Bialik Akademie (musical/theatrical event) July 8, 1947
  

19 items. The event took place in the Mozarteum Grosser Saal (University of Salzburg). Includes shots of children's choir, violin player, and the actor Shamai (Shammai, Shami) Rosenblum reciting Bialik's "In the City of Slaughter." Seventeen of the photos, numbered 1 to 17, were collected by the Culture department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Austria in the American Zone.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
482 (Salzburg-Beth Bialik-5)Work (shoemaking, tailoring, electrician) 1947
  

5 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
483 (Salzburg-Beth Bialik-6)Clippings from the Yiddish Forward July 27, 1947
  

11 newspaper clippings of photographs, pasted down on cards, with captions. (Many of the photos are found in the present collection.) The story was entitled "Jews without a home / The disinherited," with photos contributed by Richard Bikalis, a recent arrival in the U.S.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
484 (Salzburg-Beth Herzl (Franz Josef's Kaserne)-1)Children, school 1947
  

8 items. Five photos are pasted down on a sheet of paper with captions in Yiddish; one of those photos relates to Camp Beth Bialik, also in Salzburg.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
485 (Salzburg-Beth Herzl (Franz Josef's Kaserne)-2)Daily life, people, work 1947
  

13 prints and 1 negative. Includes depictions of people doing washing, working in kosher kitchen, reading.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
486 (Salzburg-Parsch (New Palestine Camp)-1)Camp buildings and grounds; posters; police 1947, undated
  

6 prints and 2 negatives.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
487 (Salzburg-Parsch (New Palestine Camp)-2)Daily life - children, school, work 1947, undated
  

8 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
488 (Salzburg-Parsch (New Palestine Camp)-3)Funeral 1946
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
489 (Salzburg-Parsch (New Palestine Camp)-4)Matzah baking 1947
  

7 items

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
490 (Salzburg-Parsch (New Palestine Camp)-5)Religious life - prayer, Torah scroll, mikveh 1947
  

8 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
491 (Salzburg-Riedenburg (Machne Yehuda)-1)Children, school; group portraits, sports 1947
  

30 prints and 1 negative. Includes depictions of children at Purim; and a group of participants at Jewish Olympiad in Salzburg. Seventeen of the photos are pasted down on three sheets of paper, with captions in Yiddish.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
492 (Salzburg-Riedenburg (Machne Yehuda)-2)Daily life, buildings and grounds, work, sports 1947
  

13 prints and 1 negative. Includes depictions of people listening to radio, working in kitchen, doing metalworking; group portrait of soccer team.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
493 (Steyr-1)Children, school; Purim; teachers (group portrait) 1948-1949, undated
  

20 items. The photos were together in an envelope from Jewish Historical Documentation, Linz.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
494 (Steyr-2)Group portraits undated
  

8 items. Includes a meeting of the Bund in Austria; Dror and other Zionist groups (possibly Poale Zion, with photo of Jacob Zerubavel). The photos are inscribed on the verso in Yiddish in the same hand, and are numbered 1 to 7.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
495 (Strobl-1)Children's summer colony: daily life (building, rooms; meals; bathing) 1947
  

17 items and 1 leaf (captions). All of the photos of the children's summer colony in 1947 were collected by the Culture department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Austria in the American Zone. Included is a list of captions, 1 to 95; the captions are also written on the versos.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
496 (Strobl-2)Children's summer colony: march/parade 1947
  

6 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
497 (Strobl-3)Children's summer colony: people, group portraits 1947, undated
  

25 items. Includes group portraits of children from the camps at Bindermichl, Hallein, Steyr, and Wegscheid.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
498 (Strobl-4)Children's summer colony: performance, dance, storytelling 1947
  

14 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
499 (Strobl-5)Children's summer colony: sports, lakeside swimming 1947
  

20 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
500 (Strobl-6)Children's summer colony: travel/departure (train) 1947
  

9 items.

 
  View the folder 
Folder TitleDate
501 (Strobl-7)Children, group portraits undated
  

6 items. Includes 5 photos from donor Markus Shor (Schorr) of Linz; and one that has stamp of photographer Blaszko of Beth Bialik, Salzburg, with inscription: children's home of Strobl before departure for Italy.

 
Folder TitleDate
502 (Vienna-1)Leopoldstädter Synagogue (destroyed 1938) undated
  

5 clippings/drawings and 1 negative.

 
Folder TitleDate
503 (Vienna-2)Lubavitcher Hasidim (Chabad) 1948
  

6 photos and 1 clipping. Portraits of groups and pairs.

 
Folder TitleDate
504 (Vienna-3)Nursing education/examination circa 1946-1947
  

9 items. Accompanying caption in German: refugee women also received education as nurses; the pictures show a nurses' examination in the Allgemeines Krankenhaus (hospital) in Vienna. Donated by K. Weigel.

 
Folder TitleDate
505 (Vienna-4)People in transit (Vienna?) 1946-1947
  

16 items. Includes shots of people boarding or disembarking from train, streetcar, and trucks, and moving through the streets, with belongings; one series of four photos depicts a particular elderly couple. Donated by K. Weigel, Vienna.

 
Folder TitleDate
506 (Vienna-5)Various undated, 1952
  

6 items. Includes: commemorative ceremony at the Seitenstetten temple in Vienna, November 10, 1946 (donated by K. Weigel); AJDC (Joint) distribution of food, wine and matzah at Passover; sport club Hakoah group portraits; a ball (bal pare) of the Vereinigung jüdischer Hochschulen (association of Jewish universities) in February 1952; and an undated photo of Jewish students holding a memorial at the grave of Theodor Herzl in the Döbling cemetery (AJDC photo).

 
Folder TitleDate
507 (Vienna-Alserbachstrasse-1)Daily life, children undated
  

8 prints and 2 negatives. Includes depiction of vaccinations, and pantry stocked by the Canadian Jewish Congress via AJDC.

 
Folder TitleDate
508 (Vienna-Arzbergerstrasse-1)Children undated
  

6 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
509 (Vienna-Arzbergerstrasse-2)Daily life 1949, undated
  

25 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
510 (Vienna-Arzbergerstrasse-3)Group portraits 1947-1949
  

6 items and 1 leaf. Includes handwritten captions in Yiddish for the group portrait, around a single table, of men (three rows), the camp leaders (administratsie).

 
Folder TitleDate
511 (Vienna-Goldschlagstrasse-1)Daily life, departure undated
  

6 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
512 (Vienna-Haidgasse-1)Kosher kitchen, dining room undated
  

6 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
513 (Vienna-Pezzlgasse-1)Building entrance; children; medical treatment undated
  

6 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
514 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-1)Album: Jewish refugees in Vienna - 1 of 3 circa 1947
  

38 photos in bound album. Title inscribed on cover in Yiddish refers to the Rothschild Hospital camp; a few handwritten captions make reference also to the Arzberger camp. Includes: visit of United Nations Special Commission on Palestine; children; group portraits; hospital personnel; events, including a Chanukah event. Photos bear stamp of photographer Wolf Schärf.

 
Folder TitleDate
515 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-2)Album: Jewish refugees in Vienna - 2 of 3 circa 1947
  

77 photos in a cloth album, with pages loose; and 8 negatives. Title inscribed on cover in Yiddish refers to the Rothschild Hospital camp. One caption makes reference to the Alserbachstrasse camp. Includes mostly depictions of people, families, and children in transit, outdoors, with belongings, boarding or alighting from trains; also a youth group in uniforms.

 
Folder TitleDate
516 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-3 Oversize Box 2)Album: Jewish refugees in Vienna - 3 of 3 circa 1947
  

46 photos in a bound album. No captions. Presumably Vienna: several photos are identical to photos found in album 2 of 3 (Folder Rothschild Hospital-2). Includes depictions of people, families, and children in transit, outdoors, with belongings; also, indoor sleeping quarters. One shot includes members of the United Nations Special Commission on Palestine. Photos bear stamp of photographer Wolf Schärf.

 
Folder TitleDate
517 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-4 Oversize Box 2)Album: Rothschild Hospital (Bronislav Teichholz), 1 of 2 circa 1946
  

104 photos in a bound album. No captions. Teichholz later settled in the U.S. and was known as Bruce Teicholz. A loose photo at the front has a typed dedication on the verso, in memory of the Purim ball at the hospital, on March 17, 1946, signed by Teichholz and by Dr. E. Fischman, with stamp of the Internationales Komitee für jüdische KZ-ler und Flüchtlinge (International Committee for Transient Jewish Ex-Internees and Refugees). Teichholz himself is pictured in many of the photos. Other subjects include: group portraits, staff, living quarters, events, festive occasions, excursions, children, friends of Teichholz, Theodor Herzl grave.

 
Folder TitleDate
518 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-5 Oversize Box 2)Album: Rothschild Hospital (Bronislav Teichholz), 2 of 2 1947, undated
  

76 photos in bound album. Teichholz himself is pictured in some of the photos. Other subjects include: group or individual portraits, staff, officials, living quarters, wedding, formal occasion, musical performances, children, automobile, event at Theodor Herzl's grave. One photo with an inscription is dated 1947.

 
Folder TitleDate
519 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-6)Children, daily life, Purim 1949-1950
  

10 prints and 1 negative. Staff depicted include: Mrs. Schultz, Rivke Weininger, Trude Korek, Marta Block, Gerti Schwartz. The photos all have inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand.

 
Folder TitleDate
520 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-7)Children's home 1950, undated
  

18 items. Includes a series of 14 photos with inscriptions in Yiddish in the same hand (dated 1950), many of which include childcare worker Rivke Weininger (with white bow, at head of table).

 
Folder TitleDate
521 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-8)Daily life, building, entrance, work (shoemaking, tailoring) undated
  

14 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
522 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-9)Event attended by U.S. and Russian military leaders circa 1946-1947
  

14 items. Donated by K. Weigel.

 
Folder TitleDate
523 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-10)Events, group portraits 1947, 1949
  

9 items. Includes four photos (speakers at podium, guests at tables) related to an event marking 100,000 refugees having passed through the transit camp Rothschild Hospital, in 1947, with interior decorated with insignia of the Jewish Welfare Board (donated by K. Weigel). Also includes the following group portraits: Rumanian Jews; various groups of administrative and medical personnel, including Mrs. Katz, director of the hospital, Dr. Jonas Gottesman, and the latter's wife, Beyle Schaechter-Gottesman; and birthday dinner in honor of Bronislav Teichholz (in 1949), including Katz and Dr. Gottesman.

 
Folder TitleDate
524 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-11)People arriving (families, children); departing (by bus) 1946-1947
  

21 items. All but one item relate to arrivals, and are numbered on verso 1 to 20; donated by K. Weigel, Vienna.

 
Folder TitleDate
525 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-12)Religious life: Chanukah; seder (Passover) 1946
  

10 items. Includes a photo showing the actor and reciter Shamai (Shammai, Shami) Rosenblum on stage during a seder evening in 1946. Nine photos donated by K. Weigel.

 
Folder TitleDate
526 (Vienna-Rothschild Hospital-13)Theater undated
  

24 items (including 12 duplicates). All photos from the same donor, possibly the AJDC (note on envelope indicates "Joint").

 
Folder TitleDate
527 (Vienna-Zieglergasse-1)School in Zieglergasse (street); children, daily life undated
  

16 items (including 8 duplicates).

 
Folder TitleDate
528 (Wegscheid-Camp Maurice L. Tyler-1)Children, kindergarten, school; bris (circumcision); Chanukah play 1948, undated
  

12 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
529 (Wegscheid-Camp Maurice L. Tyler-2)Group portraits, events 1947-1948, undated
  

12 items. Includes: camp police; a teachers' collective; workers at camp entrance (with sign: Jewish Refugee Camp Maurice L. Tyler); technical workers/trainees; workshop doors with signs (locksmiths, joiners); Kibbutz Hanoar Hatzioni; a group related to a show or performance; an Zionist event (1947); and a banner of the camp welcoming General Kendall to Austria.

 
Folder TitleDate
530 (Wels-1)Children, school 1948-1949, undated
  

16 items. Includes a gymnastics performance and a Purim celebration. One photo, with stamp of photographer Blaszko of Beth Bialik, Salzburg, has inscription: children's home of Wels before departure for Italy.

 
Folder TitleDate
531 (Wels-2)Event: proclamation of state of Israel 1948
  

7 items. Includes two shots of Leyb Geller speaking.

 
Folder TitleDate
532 (Wels-3)Events, protest, group portraits 1947, undated
  

10 items. Includes: Leyb Geller speaking at a protest meeting related to the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947"; military leaders; visit of a consul; an event of Keren Kayemet; and group portraits of kibbutzim Betar and Benei Akiva.

 
Folder TitleDate
533 (Wels-4)Various: camp buildings, entrance; exhibition undated
  

7 items. The exhibition is of handwork, crafts, models and drawings/posters. One photo is of buildings with rainbow overhead. Another photo has the design of a postcard, showing the sign at camp entrance, and inset of three people, who are described in the inscription as the children of Leyb Geller.

 
Folder TitleDate
534 (Austria general-1)Bnei Akiva children's summer colony; youth seminar 1947-1948
  

11 photos and 2 clippings.

 
Folder TitleDate
535 (Austria general-2)Central Committee of Jews in Austria - photo captions 1947, undated
  

6 leaves. Three different numbered lists of captions in Yiddish (two typed and one handwritten) for photos collected by the Central Committee of Jews in Austria in the American Zone (based in Salzburg), Culture department, and sent to YIVO. The corresponding photos are contained in the present collection, distributed among the given Austrian localities. The committee also wrote the number and caption of each photo on the verso; and in most cases the photos have the stamp of the committee as well.

 
Folder TitleDate
536 (Austria general-3)Children 1948, undated
  

19 items. Includes baby carriages with male caregivers; a children's choir; a theater scene; and portraits of small children, including twins. Many of these photos have the stamp of the Jüdisches Wissenschaftliches Institut in USA (YIVO), office in Ebelsberg bei Linz.

 
Folder TitleDate
537 (Austria general-4)Children, school, daily life; activities of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC) undated
  

20 items. Includes: schoolchildren; concert for children of Jewish DP camps in Austria; American Joint kitchen for DPs; transport of children (by trucks and train) to the holiday colony at Neulenbach. Includes Four photos are by Wolf Schärf.

 
Folder TitleDate
538 (Austria general-5)Daily life, living quarters, children undated
  

9 items. The pictures form a set, but with no provenance information.

 
Folder TitleDate
539 (Austria general-6)Event, meeting (Theodor Herzl; Vienna?): album undated
  

42 photos in a small album bound with string. The photos all seem to depict the same large event, with portrait of Herzl over building entrance, and a poster and portrait bust of him in meeting hall.

 
Folder TitleDate
540 (Austria general-7)Group portraits, excursions, meeting (Rothschild Hospital, Vienna) undated
  

28 items. Many depict groups of young people, including Mordkhe Schaechter, in various scenes including swimming, boating, picnicking. A series of 15 photos depict a particular meeting, with Dr. Jonas Gottesman of Rothschild Hospital, Vienna, shown in one. Photos donated by Mordkhe Schaechter.

 
Folder TitleDate
541 (Austria general-8)Group portraits, individual portraits - various 1948-1949
  

5 items. Includes: Nadvorna Hasidim; kibbutzim of Rumanian Jews; and an office scene with stamp in Hebrew and English of the Board of Education, Austria.

 
Folder TitleDate
542 (Austria general-9)Joseph Fuksman (Foxman) photographs (1 of 3): son, Avrom Heniek; package addressed to YIVO December 1948
  

3 items. Joseph Fuksman corresponded with YIVO from Austria and contributed many items found throughout the DP Photograph collection. Two photos show Fuksman's eight-year-old son (today: Abraham H. Foxman); in one photo he is at the post office, holding the package addressed to YIVO.

 
Folder TitleDate
543 (Austria general-10)Joseph Fuksman (Foxman) photographs (2 of 3): from various camps, no. 16 to 35 1946
  

20 items, with envelope. A set of photos with captions inscribed on verso, sent by Fuksman. Included are photos from the following camps: Bad Gastein (16-17, 20, 25-35); New Palestine, in Salzburg-Parsch (18, 19, 21, 23); Linz-Bindermichl (22). One photo (24) relates to the first conference of Jewish displaced persons in Austria in Linz, in April 1946.

 
Folder TitleDate
544 (Austria general-11)Joseph Fuksman (Foxman) photographs (3 of 3): From various camps, with letter from son 1946-1947, undated
  

28 photos, and letter from A. Fuksman, with envelope. Includes: 1) six photos from Bad Gastein showing posters and street in front of Hotel Straubinger; 2) revisionist Zionist group in Bad Gastein, posing with picture of Jabotinsky; 3) sport club Hakoah (Bad Gastein); 4) the AJDC director for Austria; 5) the visit of an American congressman to Linz-Ebelsberg, showing the UNRRA director of the camp, and the ORT school; and 6) various photos from unidentified camps in Austria (group portraits, children/school classes, scenes of daily life). Many of these items are similar to or duplicates of photos found under the named localities. Included is a handwritten note in Yiddish, dated October 22, 1953, from Abraham Foxman to YIVO, enclosing the photos, donated by his father.

 
Folder TitleDate
545 (Austria general-12)Matzah baking (Camp Wels?) undated
  

4 items. Among those pictured is Leyb Geller, of Wels.

 
Folder TitleDate
546 (Austria general-13)People, groups, buildings and grounds, daily life undated
  

11 items. Includes ten photos with the stamp of the Jüdisches Wissenschaftliches Institut in USA (YIVO), office in Ebelsberg bei Linz: camp police (?), nurses, individual male in office; AJDC worker's shop, kitchen; interior shots with Zionist posters, map of Palestine; outdoor scene of men working, overturned truck. The one remaining photo depicts a woman and small child.

 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series III: Italy, 1942-1949

117 files, including 1 oversize item (1.25 linear feet)
Scope and Content:

This series contains photographs related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons in Italy, arranged according to locality, which is given as part of the folder number. At the end of the series are folders labeled "Italy (general)," containing photographs for which the location is not further specified.

Within any given locality, folders are arranged alphabetically according to general subjects.

Many of these photographs were collected by David Kupferberg, who was an officer of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Italy, and also a member of the Friends of YIVO group in Italy, established in Rome at the end of 1946.

Among the events depicted is the first congress of Jewish displaced persons in Italy, held in Rome, November 1945, and a Jewish cultural conference, held July 26-28, 1948, also in Rome. A number of larger groupings of photographs relate to Zionist living collectives (kibbutzim).

In spring 1948, by order of the Italian authorities, DP camps in northern Italy, as well as the many ORT vocational schools and workshops that had been established in the region, had to be evacuated, and the DPs moved to southern Italy. This move is reflected in particular in the interrelationship of the files on Camp Adriatica in the Milan area, in northern Italy, and on Trani, in Apulia, in southern Italy, apparently the camp to which most of the Adriatica residents were moved.

Folder TitleDate
547 (Anzio-1)Cemetery for American soldiers, commemoration undated
  

1 item. A group of former partisans, at the graves of Jewish soldiers.

 
Folder TitleDate
548 (Aqua Santa-1)Commemoration (partisan group) 1946
  

2 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
549 (Bari-1)Camp buildings and grounds; Passover postcard 1947
  

3 items. Two photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
550 (Bari-2)Daily life, group portraits, theater 1944, 1947, undated
  

8 items. Includes a shot of a children's performance. One group portrait is described in a caption as a harscharah (hakhshara) near Bari, dated May 1944, with the note that the collective had 50 people, 20 to 35 years old, in September 1944. All except the latter photo collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
551 (Bari-3)People, events 1948-1949, undated
  

4 items. Includes: a portrait of teenager Avrom Horowitz, son of the camp librarian; two items related to Israeli visitors in July 1949, a group of musicians at the port before arrival of the ship, and a reception for consul Arie Oron (not visible), with a city official of Bari speaking; and a group photo including Israeli politician Rubinstein from Tel Aviv, and Chaim Bank of the DP community (second from right), in 1948. Latter three photos donated by Chaim Bank.

 
Folder TitleDate
552 (Bari-4)Sports, soccer, spectators 1947
  

5 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
553 (Bari-5)Visit of first Israeli ambassador to Italy August 1949
  

6 items. Those depicted include: the ambassador, Shlomo Ginossar (son of Ahad Ha'am), and his wife; Arie Oron, the Israeli consul; and Raffaele Cantoni, president of the union of Italian Jewish communities. Photos donated by Chaim Bank.

 
Folder TitleDate
554 (Barletta-1)Events, people (visit of Israeli consul) July 1949
  

5 items. The photos relate to the visit of Israeli consul in Italy, Arie Oron, and his wife, and festivities honoring the founding of the state of Israel, including a parade, with children marching. One photo shows a group at a table, with Chaim Bank, chair of the Jewish committee of camps Barletta and Bari, on the left, and to his right, Mrs. Largaioli, director of research at the UNRRA. Photos donated by Chaim Bank.

 
Folder TitleDate
555 (Barletta-2)Group portraits, events (partisans; children) 1947-1948, undated
  

5 items. Two photos relate to a gathering of former partisans on occasion of dedication of a monument for compatriots who died; one was taken on the occasion of a funeral; one is a shot of the audience during visit of director of the AJDC. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
556 (Chiari-1)Events related to founding of state of Israel; class of schoolchildren 1947-1948, undated
  

6 items. Two photos show a mass outdoor gathering listening to a Zionist representative from Palestine speaking, on occasion of the UN resolution about the partition of Palestine, in November 1947; three show outdoor festivities upon the proclamation of the state of Israel, in May 1948, including a horah dance. Photos donated by D. Zucker.

 
Folder TitleDate
557 (Cremona-1)Album: children, school, daily life, event 1947
  

46 photos in a bound album, and 6 loose photos. Created and donated by Simcha Lazar, originally of Suchowola, Poland.

 
Folder TitleDate
558 (Cremona-2)Camp buildings and grounds, entrance, sport hall 1947, undated
  

9 items. Some items donated by Simcha Lazar.

 
Folder TitleDate
559 (Cremona-3)Children - performance, dance undated
  

6 items. Includes a horah dance. Photos donated by Simcha Lazar.

 
Folder TitleDate
560 (Cremona-4)Children - Purim play 1948
  

14 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
561 (Cremona-5)Children - theater 1948
  

6 items. Donated by Simcha Lazar.

 
Folder TitleDate
562 (Cremona-6)Children, youth, school, group portraits 1948, undated
  

13 items. Includes Kibbutz Dror; classes of the Bialik School. Two classes are of classes in a school in Cremona under director Arnold Rosenfeld, dated August 25, 1948. One photo showing many children on an outdoor staircase was taken in Selvino, a town and DP camp some distance north of Cremona.

 
Folder TitleDate
563 (Cremona-7)Daily life, Passover, posters, children's artwork 1947-1948, undated
  

15 items Includes washing; radio center; waiting for mail; waiting for news announcement; matzah kitchen; two shots of people cooking outdoors on the eve of Passover; and clusters of people in the courtyard on the last day of Passover.

 
Folder TitleDate
564 (Cremona-8)Event, parade: proclamation of state of Israel May 16, 1948
  

15 items. Includes two shots of a group from the ORT vocational school.

 
Folder TitleDate
565 (Cremona-9)Event - Left Poale Zion - Second party conference 1947
  

2 items. Group portraits.

 
Folder TitleDate
566 (Cremona-10)Group portraits, commemoration; culture commission; camp court undated
  

6 items. Includes a group commemorated the Warsaw Ghetto uprising; a chess tournament; a group of students from the technical school, with instructor Simcha Lazar. All except one photo donated by Simcha Lazar.

 
Folder TitleDate
567 (Cremona-11)Protest demonstration undated
  

8 items. Some photos donated by Simcha Lazar.

 
Folder TitleDate
568 (Cremona-12)Sports (soccer), group portraits 1947, undated
  

6 items. The three group portraits are of sport club Hatikvah.

 
Folder TitleDate
569 (Fermo-1)Children, beach scenes 1948
  

18 items. Includes children dancing a horah dance on the beach. Most of the photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
570 (Fermo-2)Children, play yard, dining hall; on terrace of OSE building 1948
  

7 items. According to the caption the OSE building was where the Jewish DP children of Fermo were living in 1948. OSE refers to a society devoted to the promotion of health and childcare among Jews (its Russian name corresponds to the acronym OZE). Most of the photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
571 (Fermo-3)Children - theater 1948
  

5 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
572 (Fermo-4)Daily life - camp grounds, barracks, club room, meeting, Sabbath dinner 1948, undated
  

5 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
573 (Fermo-5)Sports (soccer, volleyball, boxing), beach, group portraits 1948
  

14 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
574 (Ferramonti di Tarsi-1)Concentration camp Ferramonti: photo of model of the camp; book flier; synagogue undated
  

3 items. The flier, in Italian, is for the book I campi di concentramento italiani per ebrei profughi, 1940-1945: Ferramonti, by Israel Kalk; the photo was donated by Kalk. The remaining item is a photo of a mounted photo of the synagogue, which existed at the camp from 1941 to 1945.

 
Folder TitleDate
575 (Ferramonti di Tarsi-2)Various: wedding, children, group portraits, poster 1942-1944, undated
  

8 items. The groups include one of doctors and one of painters. The poster is an announcement for a Zionist Chanukah celebration held on December 10, 1944. One photo, dated 1942, shows a papal representative on a visit to a concentration camp in southern Italy, and the director of the camp in Calabria, according to the inscription.

 
Folder TitleDate
576 (Florence-1)Group portrait - Betar and Hatzohar members undated
  

1 item. With picture of Jabotinsky.

 
Folder TitleDate
577 (Florence-2)Kibbutz HaOved - group portraits, festive gathering, children 1946, undated
  

2 items, with one being a photo of a photo collage (showing seven individual photos). Affixed to the verso of one item is a typed text in Yiddish outlining the extent of HaOved activity among DPs in Italy. It refers to eight kibbutzim located in Rome, Milan, Santa Margarita, Nicolina, Rivoli, Turin, and Cremona; it also mentions kibbutzim on the island of Cyprus.

 
Folder TitleDate
578 (Forli-1)Commemoration, graves of Jewish victims of Nazism undated
  

1 item.

 
Folder TitleDate
579 (Grugliasco-1)Children, school 1947, undated
  

11 items. Includes photos collected by David Kupferberg, and others with stamp of the DP committee (Waad Tarbuti; Szel Machnat Haplejtim) of Grugliasco.

 
Folder TitleDate
580 (Grugliasco-2)Daily life - children, ORT school, group portraits, sports, camp committee 1946
  

10 items. Includes: 1) photos numbered 1 to 8, donated by the Jewish committee in Grugliasco (Maskirut; Comitato Ebraica), with a sheet of captions in Yiddish (also on the versos) and envelope; 2) two photos donated by Izak Kleber, with envelope. The latter two photos relate to the camp committee (fervaltung); one is a group portrait taken on the occasion of the emigration of one of the members.

 
Folder TitleDate
581 (Grugliasco-3)Daily life - work, kitchen, bunks, hospital, theater 1947, undated
  

15 items. Includes photos collected by David Kupferberg, and others with stamp of the DP committee (Waad Tarbuti; Szel Machnat Haplejtim) of Grugliasco.

 
Folder TitleDate
582 (Grugliasco-4)Events, commemorations 1947-1948
  

7 items. Three photos (collected by David Kupferberg) relate to three events in 1947: an evening honoring Ber Borochov; a commemoration of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising; and the visit of representatives from Palestine and founding of a local unit of Labor Israel (Histadrut?). The remaining photos, numbers 1 to 4 (all inscribed on verso in the same hand), relate to events celebrating the founding of the state of Israel.

 
Folder TitleDate
583 (Grugliasco-5)Group portraits, meetings, sports 1947
  

9 items. Includes a shot of Yitzhak Gruenbaum visiting the camp. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
584 (Grugliasco-6)Protest demonstration concerning the return of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947" to Europe circa July 1947
  

4 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
585 (Milan-Adriatica-1)Daily life - camp buildings, posters, general meeting, sports 1947, undated
  

7 items. Includes a shots of youth viewing posters of Haganah; reading room; volleyball.

 
Folder TitleDate
586 (Milan-Adriatica-2)Group portraits; sports (volleyball) 1947-1948
  

6 items. One photo (no. 80) pertains to the wedding (see under Religious life, below) that may have taken place either Adriatica or Trani. All photos have imprint on verso: "Crown copyright reserved."

 
Folder TitleDate
587 (Milan-Adriatica-3)ORT vocational school (dental technology, bricklaying, group portrait) undated
  

4 items. These photos, numbered 45 to 48 on verso, correspond to the typed captions of those numbers on the sheets contained in the folder for Trani - Children of Adriatica and Trani.

 
Folder TitleDate
588 (Milan-Adriatica-4)Radio news broadcasting; theater 1947, undated
  

7 items. The radio news was broadcast daily and heard by the camp residents through loudspeakers. The broadcasters shown are Yechiel Kotowski, originally of Piotrkow, Poland (in two photos) and Reuven Bari, originally of Płock, Poland, who is identified as the guitar player in another photo (no. 76).

 
Folder TitleDate
589 (Milan-Adriatica-5)Religious life, events, protest demonstration 1947, undated
  

7 items. The photos of the wedding (no. 77-79, 82) and of the circumcision (no. 81) are described ambiguously in accompanying caption as "Camp Adriatica-Trani" (see files for Camp Trani). Photo no. 86 is of a meeting in the prayer house, with a speaker visiting from Palestine, a student of Rabbi Kook. The protest demonstration (no. 51) relates to the return to Europe of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947."

 
Folder TitleDate
590 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-1)Camp building December 1947
  

1 item. The building was a former military school. According to the accompanying caption Camp Scuola Cadorna served as a transit camp for all DPs arriving in Italy, and housed 1800 Jewish DPs at that time; handwritten notes on the verso refer to crowded conditions. Photo collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
591 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-2)Children, youth, Chanukah (performance, flag ceremony) undated
  

13 items. All donated by the same donor in Milan (name handwritten on accompanying envelope).

 
Folder TitleDate
592 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-3)Children, youth, kibbutzim 1947
  

8 items. The groups depicted include: Betar (with portrait of Jabotinsky); Borochov (group singing with piano accompaniment); and Hanoar Hatzioni. The group portrait of soccer players includes two Milan teams: one from Camp Scuola Cadorna and one from Camp Adriatica. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
593 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-4)Children, youth, school 1947
  

8 items. Includes: Hebrew classes; lecture about Palestine (with world map); and knitting. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
594 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-5)Daily life 1947
  

15 items. Among the scenes depicted: clothing distribution by the AJDC; barber/hairdresser; Hebrew class for adults; makeshift hospital; rooms/bunks; card playing; a room of Hashomer Hatzair kibbutz; the camp audit committee giving a report; a farewell gathering for someone emigrating (with accordion player); and two photos of a departure by truck (captioned in one instance as emigration and in the other as transport to a different camp). Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
595 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-6)Events - chess tournaments 1947
  

6 items. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
596 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-7)Events - 1st May; festive occasions, wedding 1947
  

6 items. Included are depictions of the following: 1st May flags (Jewish, red, and Italian) and room decorated with posters/banners; a dinner party; a Sabbath dinner (Oneg Shabbat) of the Left Poale Zion; Sabbath dinner with camp music ensemble/orchestra; and a group at a wedding. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
597 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-8)Event related to UN resolution on the partition of Palestine November 1947
  

8 items. Outdoor scenes with speakers. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
598 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-9)Performing arts - shows, concerts, theater 1947
  

12 items. Includes depictions of the camp music ensemble, in one instance described as a jazz orchestra; camp artistic ensemble, with poster announcing a Chanukah evening (names inscribed on verso, including Kupferberg); and shots of hall with decorations related to theater. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
599 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-10)Protest meetings; posters (caricatures) 1947
  

7 items. Included are four photos depicting a protest in the camp courtyard concerning the return to Europe of the immigrant ship "Exodus 1947"; in one instance the caption - evidently in error - refers to a commemoration of the anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. One photo depicts an indoor event commemorating the execution of Dov Gruner, with symbolic grave; and two photos are of anti-British posters with caricatures associating the British with the Nazis, created in protest against new regulations requiring DPs to be photographed in order to receive support. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
600 (Milan-Scuola Cadorna-11)Work (kitchen, electrical repair, bricklaying, carpentry) 1947
  

7 items. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
601 (Nemi-1)Album: Summer colony at Nemi. Group portraits, children, Sabbath celebration August 3-September 3, 1947
  

Total 29 photos pasted into 3 bound albums, with captions in Hebrew. One album contains 11 unique photos; the other two albums are duplicates but contain only 9 of the 11 photos. One of the duplicate albums (red plaid cover) has additional captions in English.

 
Folder TitleDate
602 (Nicolina-1)Kibbutz HaOved - group portrait 1946
  

1 item. At a location in northern Italy.

 
Folder TitleDate
603 (Reggio Emilia-1)Funeral May 1947
  

21 items. Depicts the funeral march, wreaths, speeches, on occasion of the funeral for two Jewish DPs killed in a confrontation with non-Jewish DPs during the 1st May demonstration.

 
Folder TitleDate
604 (Rivoli-1)Children - Purim performance, chag bikkurim (Shavuot), youth group 1947-1948
  

5 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
605 (Rivoli-2)Events: union of two parties; proclamation of state of Israel 1947-1948
  

5 items. One photo is an indoor event celebration the union of Ahdut Ha-Avoda and Poale Zion, in fall 1947; the outdoor event related to the founding of Israel was held May 16, 1948.

 
Folder TitleDate
606 (Rivoli-3)Protest demonstration march November 29, 1947
  

36 items. Donated by Izak Kleber.

 
Folder TitleDate
607 (Rome-1)First congress of Jewish displaced persons in Italy November 1945
  

14 items. Includes depictions of a commemoration for the victims of Nazism led by cantor Joseph Edelson (formerly of Vilna). Others on stage (presidium) include: Jacob Fabritzki, chair of Mizrachi; Umberto Nachon, chair of Jewish Agency ; Leon Garfunkel, chair of the Central Committee of refugee Jews in Italy; David Prato, chief rabbi in Italy; Leon Bernstein and Zvi Brik, general secretary and finance officer, respectively, of the Central Committee; and N. Resnik, chair of Hanoar Hatzioni in Italy. Soldiers and officers of the Jewish Brigade also took part. Photos mostly collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
608 (Rome-2)Protest demonstration against British policy in Palestine, following arrest of Jewish Agency (Sochnut) members July 2, 1946
  

26 prints, including 12 duplicates; 12 negatives; and 1 leaf (donor note). Includes one miscellaneous photo of an apartment building. Donated by Chaim Michal Zilberberg (Silberberg).

 
Folder TitleDate
609 (Rome-3)Protest demonstration against British policy in Palestine, following arrest of Jewish Agency (Sochnut) members July 2, 1946
  

4 items. Includes one shot of attorney Garfunkel on behalf of the Jewish DP organization. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
610 (Rome-4)Protest demonstration against British policy in Palestine, following arrest of Jewish Agency (Sochnut) members July 2, 1946
  

1 item. International News Photo.

 
Folder TitleDate
611 (Rome-5)Event related to UN resolution on partition of Palestine December 1, 1947
  

13 items. Speakers depicted include: Italy's Chief Rabbi David Prato; Raffaele Cantoni, chair of the Italian Jewish community; and I. Dreshner, chair of HeHalutz.

 
Folder TitleDate
612 (Rome-6)Event related to UN resolution on partition of Palestine December 1, 1947
  

3 items. International News Photos.

 
Folder TitleDate
613 (Rome-7)Bundist group in Rome (Bund yidisher sotsialistisher arbeter kolektiv) April 1947
  

2 items. Includes a protest march and a group portrait. The latter includes Angelica Balabanoff.

 
Folder TitleDate
614 (Rome-8)Cultural Conference July 26-28, 1948
  

26 items, including 10 duplicates. Includes depictions of following booths: painter Kheylef (Chelef, Kelef), with his works; partisan halutz; Mercaz HeHalutz; ORT vocational school (ORT Italia), shown once with Joseph Baskin, of Workmen's Circle; and Pakhakh, shown with a partisan group and with the leader of the Historical Commission. Those depicted speaking are Drs. Leon Bernstein; Gross, head of culture for the AJDC; and Yerushalmi. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
615 (Rome-9)Children, school classes, yeshiva 1946, 1948, undated
  

8 items. One class photo, dated summer 1947, was taken at the summer colony Nemi. Another group portrait, dated September 12, 1946, is of children with their teacher from Kibbutz Bobrov. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
616 (Rome-10)Children's performances - Chanukah (music, drama) December 1948
  

6 items. Children at the Tarbut school. Includes piano player, choir, and drama, with one shot of a scene from Sholem Aleichem's play Chanukah gelt. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
617 (Rome-11)Children's performances - Purim (play, choir) 1947-1948
  

8 items. Seven photos depict a play in 1948; and one, a choir, for the Purim performance in 1947. The children are at the Chaim N. Bialik School, a Tarbut school. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
618 (Rome-12)Commemoration: Jews of Warsaw November 23, 1946
  

5 items. Those depicted speaking are: J. Uri; Avrom Knaster; and David Kupferberg. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
619 (Rome-13)Funeral march, gravesite - member of Kibbutz Bobrov 1946
  

6 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
620 (Rome-14)Matzah baking April 16, 1948
  

2 prints and 2 negatives. The baking was organized by Shmuel (Samuel) Tenenbaum, owner of the only kosher restaurant in Rome. Donated by David Botwinik (Rome).

 
Folder TitleDate
621 (Rome-15)People: Italian Foreign Minister Eugenio Reale - receives representatives of Jewish Agency and DP organization 1947
  

1 item. Reale, former ambassador to Poland (second from left) is shown with Umberto Nachon (far left), chair of Jewish Agency (Sochnut) in Italy; and Garfunkel, chair of the DP organization (far right). Photo collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
622 (Rome-16)Passover Seder (UNRRA event); Rosh Hashanah celebration 1946-1947
  

4 items. The UNRRA Seder, held at the Villa della Rosa, in 1947, includes cantor Edelson. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
623 (Rome-17)School - Gymnasium graduation; boarding school August 1947
  

13 items. Depictions of a ceremony in hall of the AJDC in Palazzo Barberini, and group portrait with parents, on August 19; distributing the diplomas are members of the presidium: Uri; L. Bernstein; Yerulshalmi; and Horowitz, head of the culture department, AJDC. One photo depicts the director and a teacher of a boarding school (internat) for Jewish-Italian children. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
624 (Rome-Grottaferrata-1)Kibbutz Nemala (נמלה) - building, rooms, group portraits 1945-1946
  

11 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
625 (Rome-Grottaferrata-2)Kibbutz Nemala (נמלה) - daily life 1945-1946
  

17 items. Includes: shoemaking, sewing, kitchen work, woodcutting, construction work, soccer, ping pong, newspaper reading, chess, barber shop, Hebrew class; the photographer; a mother with newborn; and a commemoration with memorial plaque.

 
Folder TitleDate
626 (Rome-Ostia-1)Kibbutz Hashomer Hatzair - family, children, group portrait 1946-1947
  

8 items. Includes a photo for a Rosh Hashanah card, with child holding banner: Shanah tovah.

 
Folder TitleDate
627 (Santa Margarita Ligure-1)Kibbutz HaOved - children, group portraits 1946, undated
  

2 items. One photo is of Kibbutz teachers with members of the Cultural Commission.

 
Folder TitleDate
628 (Santa Maria di Bagni-1)Kibbutz HaOved - daily life1946, undated
  

8 items. Includes: tailoring, carpentry, metalworking (tinsmiths), barber shop, and a Rosh Hashanah card from the kibbutz, with aerial view. Two of the photos are pasted down on a single sheet, with typed captions in Yiddish and English.

 
Folder TitleDate
629 (Santa Maria di Leuca-1)Kibbutz HaOved - daily life 1946-1947
  

11 photos pasted down in a homemade album (booklet), and 2 loose photos. Album Includes: group portrait, workshop, tailoring, metalworking. One loose photo depicts teachers of the kibbutz with the Cultural Commission; the other (a photocopy) depicts a youth march. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
630 (Santa Maria di Leuca-2)Teachers' seminar July 1946
  

11 items. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
631 (Santa Maria di Leuca-3)Various - group portrait, children, Sukhot festival 1946, undated
  

4 items. Three donated by Chaim Bank, and one by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
632 (Trani (Apulia)-1)Camp buildings and grounds undated
  

5 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
633 (Trani (Apulia)-2)Children in camps Adriatica (Milan) and Trani (no. 1 to 44); captions for photos no. 1 to 86 1947-1948, undated
  

44 items and 3 leaves. The photos form a set numbered on the versos 1 to 44, and accompanied by a typed list of captions in Yiddish. The photos pertaining to Adriatica are numbers 8-11, 15, 20-30, 33-36, 39. Those pertaining to Trani are numbers 1-7, 12-14, 16-19, 31, 32, 37, 38, 40-44. The captions also cover photos numbered (on the versos) 45 to 86 found in other categories in the Trani and Milan-Adriatica files.

 
Folder TitleDate
634 (Trani (Apulia)-3)Children - daily life, outings, group portraits, school undated
  

18 items. Includes shots of children learning agricultural work and school celebrations; and two group portraits in Purim hats and masks. Photos have imprint: Crown copyright reserved.

 
Folder TitleDate
635 (Trani (Apulia)-4)Children's performances (Chanukah, Purim, theater) undated
  

11 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
636 (Trani (Apulia)-5)Daily life undated
  

18 items. Includes four photos (no. 55-58) that show belongings outside while the rooms are being disinfected. Other subjects include: girls learning embroidery in the ORT workshop; and people waiting for various distributions, including clothing, mealtime, and wood and ovens for wintertime.

 
Folder TitleDate
637 (Trani (Apulia)-6)Events: proclamation of state of Israel; one-year anniversary of Israel 1948-1949
  

8 items. Includes one photo (no. 83), dated June 15, 1948, showing two camp policemen standing at the gate of the camp, which is decorated in honor of the founding of Israel, with a banner and the Israeli and Italian flags.

 
Folder TitleDate
638 (Trani (Apulia)-7)Events, various occasions, weddings 1949, undated
  

11 items. Includes two photos, dated July/August 1949, taken on the occasion of the visit of the Italian consul Arie Oron and his wife. One outdoor scene is described as a protest against the camp commandant. Two scenes with Jabotinsky and Herzl portraits depict a commemoration in honor of Jabotinsky, one with camp jazz orchestra Kadima playing. Photos labeled no. 84 and 85 show an Italy-wide gathering of Jewish war veterans. One group portrait is at a banquet for the departure of an Israeli representative; and two groups are shown at weddings.

 
Folder TitleDate
639 (Trani (Apulia)-8)Group and individual portraits 1948, undated
  

14 items. One photo is an individual portrait of Getsel Kastnek, inscribed to Kalman Heisler, landsman (of Komarno, Poland), November 30, 1948; from the Kalman Heisler papers held at YIVO. The other items are group portraits, including: a multigenerational family (no. 59); the camp committee at a meeting with the commandant; medical personnel; Yugoslavian police in front of the IRO hospital in the city (no. 73); Jewish camp police, at the entrance, and in a group; and cooks. The remaining photos pertain to kibbutzim: Pakhakh; HaOved; and Czech Jews (large group with children).

 
Folder TitleDate
640 (Trani (Apulia)-9)ORT vocational school - group portraits, building, diploma, drawing 1947, undated
  

6 items. One of the group portraits is of nursing students. Includes photos of the ORT diploma is for Regina Kupfermann of Lodz, and an architectural drawing by student Kleinfeld, both dated 1947.

 
Folder TitleDate
641 (Trani (Apulia)-10)ORT vocational school - courses/training 1947
  

15 items. Includes: bricklaying, welding, construction/plumbing, electrical work, tailoring, embroidery, and children's classes (carpentry, aviation).

 
Folder TitleDate
642 (Trani (Apulia)-11)Sports (running, boxing, soccer) undated
  

14 items. Includes a three-legged race.

 
Folder TitleDate
643 (Trani (Apulia)-12)Theater; orchestra undated
  

17 items. Six of the photos depict a performance of Mendele Mocher Sforim's play "Der Priziv" (The conscription, or call to military service).

 
Folder TitleDate
644 (Trani (Apulia)-13)Transport, travel, arrivals undated
  

21 items. Includes a set of six photos inscribed in the same hand, two of which are captioned as "the way from Shanghai to Italy" (ship) and four, "Over the mountains from Austria to Italy" (people on foot).

 
Folder TitleDate
645 (Trani (Apulia)-14)Transport from Milan-Adriatica to Trani (trucks, train) 1948?
  

4 items. Photos labeled no. 66 to 69. Apparently relates to residents of Camp Adriatica (Milan) being transferred to Camp Trani, when Adriatica closed in April 1948. One photo depicts the distribution of food at a stop during a train trip.

 
Folder TitleDate
646 (Venice-1)Children, beach scenes, group portraits undated
  

3 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
647 (Venice-2)Wedding, synagogue undated
  

3 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
648 (Italy general-1)Children's homes - Rome (Ostia) and Florence 1947, undated
  

9 items. Group portraits (Rome-Ostia) and children performing a dance, and standing in rows (Florence). Photos donated by Rubinstein.

 
Folder TitleDate
649 (Italy general-2)Conference - Betar in Italy May 1, 1946
  

5 items. Include shots of Dr. Vdovinski and Z. Levenberg speaking; a remembrance of Jabotinsky; and an outdoor commemoration with memorial plaque of Jewish victims of Nazism.

 
Folder TitleDate
650 (Italy general-3)Conference of former partisans and front fighters (Betar and Hatzohar) on anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto uprising April 19, 1946
  

3 items. Includes group visiting Betar kibbutz Shlomo Ben-Yosef and commemorating the Warsaw Ghetto uprising.

 
Folder TitleDate
651 (Italy general-4)Graffiti/artwork, political slogans (Irgun), memorial undated
  

8 items. Slogans in Yiddish and Hebrew on outdoor walls and the side of a Red Cross truck, some relating to Irgun (Irgun Tzvai Leumi) lettered on walls and on the side of a truck; an indoor mural of fighters; and a memorial plaque for victims of Nazism in corner of a room, with Zionist artwork on walls. Photos donated by V. Lebovitsh.

 
Folder TitleDate
652 (Italy general-5)Kibbutz Agudath Israel - group portraits undated
  

2 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
653 (Italy general-6)Kibbutz Betar - wedding undated
  

1 item. The kibbutz is said to be in the name of Avraham Frenkel/Frankl.

 
Folder TitleDate
654 (Italy general-7)Kibbutz Gordonia - Fishing School "Zvullon" (זבלון) 1946
  

20 photos pasted down in a collage on a large sheet, with typed captions in Yiddish. Includes: group and individual portraits; boats. One caption refers to the Mediterranean Sea. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
655 (Italy general-8)Kibbutz Gordonia - various 1947
  

4 items. Includes: outdoor meal, group portrait. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
656 (Italy general-9)Kibbutz Hanoar Hatzioni 1947
  

12 items. Includes: building and grounds; group portraits. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
657 (Italy general-10)Kibbutz Ichud - group portrait March 16, 1947
  

1 item.

 
Folder TitleDate
658 (Italy general-11)Kibbutz Ichud "A"; Grottaferrata, and La Spezia, Italy 1946
  

3 photos pasted down in a collage on a large sheet, with handwritten calligraphic text in Hebrew. Includes a group portrait in a courtyard, and two shots of youth marching. The sheet is headed "Grottaferrata"; and an inscription on verso gives the place name "La Spezia." Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
659 (Italy general-12)Kibbutz Nemi 1947
  

4 items. Includes: mealtime; members in hall, with murals in background. Photos collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
660 (Italy general-13)Organizations - various 1947
  

2 items. Includes: 1) postcard for 50th anniversary of the Bund (algemeyner yidisher arbeterbund); 2) group portrait of meeting of the Association of Polish Jews in Italy (Farband fun poylishe yidn in italye).

 
Folder TitleDate
661 (Italy general-14 Oversize Box 2)ORT vocational schools in Italy: album 1947
  

30 photos in a bound album. Depicts students in training courses in Rome; Selvino youth home; and Milan-Adriatica. Subjects include mechanics/metalworking, radio technology, tailoring, embroidery, machine knitting, masonry/bricklaying, and typewriter repair. Pasted in at front is a letter to YIVO, dated October 10, 1947, in Yiddish, from Capt. A. Blas/Blos director of the ORT Central Bureau in Italy, and I. Rabinowicz, Press and Information department. Collected by David Kupferberg.

 
Folder TitleDate
662 (Italy general-15)People: Arie Oron, Chaim Sliosberg (in port of La Spezia?) undated
  

1 item. The inscription identifies Sliosberg as the commander of the ship Fede and the leader of the hunger strike in resistance, evidently referring to the incident in spring 1946 when the ship Fede, carrying Jewish DPs bound for Palestine, was held in the port by the British for several weeks before eventually being allowed to sail.

 
Folder TitleDate
663 (Italy general-16)People: American Betar leader A. Propes visiting in Italy April 26-29, 1946
  

9 items. One caption refers to southern Italy. In photo of Propes with bouquet, Chaim Lazar, Betar leader in Italy, is on the left.

 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series IV: Unidentified localities, 1946, 1959, undated

3 files, including 1 oversize item (.1 linear feet)
Scope and Content:

This series contains a few items related to Jewish displaced persons for which the location could not be identified.

Folder TitleDate
664 (DP general-1 Oversize Box 2)Album: Children's home named after Bund leader Israel Lichtenstein 1946
  

22 photos in a bound album. Pages loose. An inscription in Yiddish on the inside front cover reads: To Ch. Abram (Avrom), on the 49th anniversary of the Bund, a gift from our children's home, in the name of I. Lichtenstein, dated October 1946, signed Yente.

 
Folder TitleDate
665 (DP general-2)People - unidentified locations 1959, undated
  

10 items. Includes: a group portrait of Chaje Klarfeld and family, with names inscribed on the verso; a wedding photo; and a set of five photos depicting a group of men and boys engaged in Torah study, dated September 1959, with stamp of Maxwell Freilich, Brooklyn, NY. All of these items were found in an envelope containing other photos that came from the Kalman Heisler papers held at YIVO, but it was unclear whether these also were from the Heisler collection; for the other items related to the latter collection see: folder Germany general-15 (Edmund Witlin family photographs), and one item in Folder Trani (Apulia)-8, a portrait of Getsel Kastnek.

 
Folder TitleDate
666 (DP general-3)People - unidentified negative undated
  

1 negative. No corresponding print. A portrait of an individual, possibly Mordkhe Schaechter, who contributed a set of photos related to Austria - see Folder Austria general-7.

 
Return to the Top of Page
 

Series V: From the Leo W. Schwarz Papers, circa 1920s, 1938, 1943-1950

39 files (.4 linear feet)
Scope and Content:

This series contains photographs collected by Leo W. Schwarz as part of the Leo W. Schwarz Papers held by YIVO (RG 294.1). The files are arranged by general subjects in alphabetical order. Some groupings of photographs pertaining to particular geographic locations are found under the general heading "Localities," with files on places in Germany at the beginning, in alphabetical order, followed by files pertaining to France and Israel.

A portion of these photographs pertain to Schwarz's term as American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) director of operations in Germany, from February 1946 to March 1947.

Some photographs pertain to, or were evidently gathered by Schwarz during his research travels in Europe and Israel in summer and fall 1949. For example, the photographs of Schwarz in Israel date from that research trip (see Folder 31). In another instance, a large grouping of photographs depicts a banquet in the Mirror Room of the Bayerische Hof Hotel in Munich, evidently the farewell dinner for David Treger, the chair of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, around late October 1948, just before Treger emigrated to Israel (see Folder 6). Schwarz refers to the banquet in his history of the period as a "memorable event" (The Redeemers, 285), but he himself was not in attendance, since he had already returned to the U.S. by that time. (Samuel Haber was the JDC director at the time and is seen in some of the photographs.)

Biographical Note:

Leo Walder Schwarz (1906-1967) was born in New York City and was a graduate of Harvard College. During World War II he served in the United States Army, received a battlefield commission, and was a member of a unit of General Patton's Third U.S. Army in France in the summer and fall of 1944. On December 11, 1945 he married Ruth Newman, in St. Louis, Missouri.

From February 1946 to March 1947 Schwarz served as the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC, or JDC) director of operations in the U.S. Zone in Germany. During that time the JDC headquarters was in Munich, at Siebertstrasse 3, and the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone in Germany had its headquarters in the same building.

At the end of his term as JDC director Schwarz returned to the United States. (After Schwarz, Samuel L. Haber took over the position of JDC director of operation in the U.S. Zone. Haber was later responsible for all of Germany, and then Austria as well, serving until 1954.)

During the winter of 1948/1949 Schwarz had contact with associates of the Jewish Central Historical Commission in Munich who had emigrated to New York. He learned from them that, with the DP organizations poised for dissolution (in view of the waves of immigration to Israel and elsewhere from 1948 on), recordkeeping was in disarray, and historical materials were in danger of being lost. For this reason, he decided to return to Europe in order to gather materials related to the Jewish DPs, the She'erith Hapletah. Before his departure he began to sketch out a history of the DP period (what eventually became his book The Redeemers).

Traveling to Europe in summer 1949, Schwarz visited the Wiener Library in London; the AJDC office in Paris; and DP committees in Stuttgart, Bamberg, and Munich. Then, in the early fall he traveled to Israel (following a route via Austria and Italy), in order to track down materials that had been sent there by the Central Historical Commission and the Central Committee. In Israel he met up with some of his former colleagues from his JDC work, who had settled there, in the vicinity of Tel Aviv, including Abrasha Blumovicz, Zalman Grinberg, Levi Shalit, and David Treger. Schwarz visited Grinberg in Petah Tikva on September 29, 1949.

Reference

Schwarz, Leo W. The Redeemers: A Saga of the Years 1945-1952. New York: Farrar, Straus and Young, 1953. The biographical information concerning Schwarz's travels in 1949 is found in "Notes," p. 314-316.

Folder TitleDate
667 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-1)Daily life - unidentified localities (children, matzah baking, vocational training) undated
  

17 items. Includes one official AJDC photo.

 
Folder TitleDate
668 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-2)Event: Second Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Bad Reichenhall February 25-27, 1947
  

13 items. Those depicted include Leo Schwarz and his wife, Ruth; Rabbi Abraham Klausner; Colonel Scithers; Abrasha Blumowicz; and Philipp Auerbach. Includes photos by George Kadisch (Kadish) mailed to Schwarz in New York in March 1948 (envelope included).

 
Folder TitleDate
669 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-3)Event: Commemoration in Mittenwald, Bavaria, of the anniversary of liberation May 4, 1947
  

1 item. Depicts a deputy of General Clay speaking, with Army Rabbi Spira standing by and translating the speech into Yiddish for the audience. Photo has stamp of the Jewish Committee, Mittenwald.

 
Folder TitleDate
670 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-4)Event related to the UN resolution on the partition of Palestine circa November/December 1947
  

1 item. Group toasting, with Philipp Auerbach, Chaim Yahil (Hoffman), Colonel George R. Scithers, David Treger, and Abraham S. Hyman.

 
Folder TitleDate
671 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-5)Event (probably in Munich) related to founding of Israel, possibly protest meeting 1948
  

21 items. Outdoor event with displays of Israeli flag and banners reading "Long live the Jewish state" in English and Yiddish. Speakers include Pesach Piekatch and Philipp Auerbach.

 
Folder TitleDate
672 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-6)Event: farewell banquet for David Treger, Bayerische Hof Hotel, Munich circa October 1948
  

75 items, including many duplicates. Speakers besides Treger include: Pesach Piekatch, Chaim Yahil (Hoffman), David Ben-Gurion, William Haber, General Lucius D. Clay, Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, and Philipp Auerbach; Major Abraham S. Hyman is among others shown.

 
Folder TitleDate
673 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-7)Event: exhibition of Jewish art, Städtische Galerie, Munich - opening, visitors November 1948
  

15 items. Those depicted include Colonel Johnson (cutting ribbon); the artist Maximilian Feuerring (in vest); and Pesach Piekatch. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
674 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-8)Event: exhibition of Jewish art, Städtische Galerie, Munich - visitors November 1948
  

11 items. Those depicted include Maximilian Feuerring. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
675 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-9)Event: exhibition of Jewish art, Städtische Galerie, Munich - artworks (long shots of walls, display cases) November 1948
  

16 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
676 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-10)Event: exhibition of Jewish art, Städtische Galerie, Munich - individual artworks (close-ups) November 1948
  

12 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
677 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-11)Event: exhibition of Jewish art, Städtische Galerie, Munich - individual artworks (close-ups) November 1948
  

20 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
678 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-12)Event at Israeli Consulate, Munich, on the anniversary of the founding of Israel May 1949
  

12 items. The consulate was located at Maria-Theresienstrasse (street), no. 11. Includes indoor and outdoor scenes; among the latter are shots of a horah dance, one of a youth group dancing. Mostly photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
679 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-13)Event - unidentified (banquet, with American flag and military leaders; Pesach Piekatch) undated
  

7 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
680 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-14)Event - unidentified (banquet, with Israeli flag, American military leaders) undated
  

5 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
681 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-15)Event - unidentified (banquet, with Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, Pesach Piekatch, William Haber) undated
  

5 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
682 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-16)Event - unidentified (indoor ceremony, handshaking) undated
  

9 items. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
683 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-17)Event - unidentified (indoor meeting with General Lucius D. Clay and William Haber) undated
  

5 items. Others depicted include David Treger and Chaim Yahil (Hoffman). Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
684 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-18)Event - unidentified (indoors, speakers at podium) undated
  

11 items. Those depicted include Colonel Johnson. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
685 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-19)Event - unidentified (outdoors, with Leo and Ruth Schwarz) undated
  

10 items. Photos by G. Kadisch (Kadish).

 
Folder TitleDate
686 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-20)Events - various unidentified (meetings) undated
  

12 items, including seven duplicates. Pesach Piekatch is depicted several times, once in a meeting with Chaim Yahil (Hoffman). One photos depicts an indoor meeting related to the founding of Israel, with Israeli flag, portraits of Bialik and Herzl, and participants wearing Herzl badges; that photo is by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
687 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-21)Localities - Aschau, Bergen-Belsen, Dachau 1947, 1949
  

10 items. Includes two photos pertaining to the ORT vocational training school (Rehabilitation Center) in Aschheim, dated 1949; four related to a historical exhibition, probably the one that took place in Bergen-Belsen DP camp July 20-30, 1947; one depicts the entrance of the Rykestrasse synagogue in Berlin, 1947; and three are signs related to Dachau concentration camp as a historical site, in 1949.

 
Folder TitleDate
688 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-22)Localities - Föhrenwald, Kempten, Landsberg 1949, undated
  

7 items. One photo of children at Föhrenwald; two of IRO TB Children's Hospital in Kempten; and four at Landsberg (children, newsstand, classroom, sign). Includes two official AJDC photos.

 
Folder TitleDate
689 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-23)Localities - Leipheim April-June 1946
  

6 photos and 1 letter. Four items pertain to Leo Schwarz's visit to the Leipheim camp in April; one item is a photograph of Halina Lille, a resident at Leipheim, accompanied by a letter to Ruth Schwarz on UNRRA stationery, dated 2 June.

 
Folder TitleDate
690 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-24)Localities - Munich - ORT vocational school exhibition February 1948
  

4 items.

 
Folder TitleDate
691 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-25)Localities - Munich - various 1949, undated
  

6 items. Includes: an anti-Semitic incident (broken windows of a Jewish butcher shop on Ismaninger Strasse); two group portraits with children, one of a group at the Neufreimann camp, with a Keren Kayemet LeIsrael (KKL; Jewish National Fund) banner; a meeting of the court of honor (Ehrengericht), located on Möhlstrasse (street); and two photos of the Möhlstrasse, one apparently taken around the time of one of the raids by the German police to suppress black market dealings, and the other showing a KKL newsstand with a Yiddish-language banner. One official AJDC photo is included.

 
Folder TitleDate
692 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-26)Localities - Pöppendorf transit camp for former "Exodus 1947" passengers 1947
  

3 items. With stamp of photographer Sz. Cylich, Feldafing.

 
Folder TitleDate
693 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-27)Localities - Zeilsheim (Frankfurt); unidentified synagogue undated
  

2 items. The Zeilsheim photo shows agricultural work in a field.

 
Folder TitleDate
694 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-28)Localities - Paris, France: AJDC conference; children's home 1947, undated
  

11 items. Three official AJDC photos are of the all-European conference of the AJDC national directors from 16 countries, held at the Hotel Crillon in Paris, early February, 1947; those depicted include Leo Schwarz, William Schmidt, Joseph Silber, Israel J. Jacobson, Moses W. Bekelman, and Joseph J. Schwartz. Eight photos (with stamp of Paris photographer, Cauvin) depict young children (mealtime, play yard, exercise to music); Ruth Schwarz is visible in the background.

 
Folder TitleDate
695 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-29)Localities - Paris, France: various 1945, undated
  

9 prints and 1 negative. Includes two group portraits of waitresses in the officers' mess in Le Vesinet, Seine-et-Oise; two photos of an exhibition, probably at the 40th General Hospital, partly about the United Nations; and five picture postcards, three with messages from Leo Schwarz, addressed to his future wife, Ruth Newman, in Detroit, Michigan.

 
Folder TitleDate
696 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-30)Localities - Paris, France: U.S. Army Signal Corps, Information and Education Program, 40th General Hospital August 1945
  

12 negatives, in envelopes with pre-printed typed captions; presumably a series distributed by the Army. No corresponding prints. One shot includes Leo Schwarz as part of the Information and Education Program staff.

 
Folder TitleDate
697 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-31)Localities - Israel - Kfar Saba, Petah Tikva (visit of Leo Schwarz) September 1949
  

12 items. Mostly depictions of Schwarz's visit to Onim children's home; others shown include Leah Finkelstein, director of the home, and two other adults: David Aronowicz, formerly of the Aschau DP camp, and Alter Berger, formerly of Munich. One photo shows Schwarz and Zalman Grinberg (formerly chair of the Central Committee in the U.S. Zone) at Beilinson Hospital, in nearby Petah Tikva, Israel.

 
Folder TitleDate
698 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-32)People - Leo Schwarz; Ruth Schwarz circa 1920s, 1938, 1943-1950
  

28 prints and 3 negatives. Mostly individual photos of Schwarz during military service, including photos taken at Camp Pickett, Virginia, in January 1943; and in France in October 1944. Two shots show him in front of boards with diagrams related to his AJDC work (San Francisco Conference; AJDC Zone Functional Chart). Also includes one photo that might date from his college years; one on the S.S. Esperia in Alexandria, Egypt, in June 1938, with a Viennese refugee; and several that probably depict him at home within a few years after the DP period. Two individual portraits of Ruth Schwarz are included. The three negatives have no corresponding prints.

 
Folder TitleDate
699 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-33)People - Leo Schwarz with others 1944-1946, undated
  

11 photos and 1 letter. Two photos show Alice B. Toklas and Gertrude Stein visiting the 40th General Hospital, Paris, April 27, 1945; two depict AJDC staff: Herbert Katzki, Joseph J. Schwartz, Etta Deutsch, Theodore D. Feder, Israel J. Jacobson, and Dave Resnick. One photo is inscribed to Schwarz from Renée, in Etampes, France, in January 1945; one is from a wedding in December 1946; two show Schwarz visiting with a friend in Knowle, England, in May 1944.

 
Folder TitleDate
700 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-34)People - various (Central Committee, office scenes) undated
  

36 items. David Treger and others, usually sitting at desks, doing office work. Includes a group portrait with J. Steinberg, finance director. Photos by Alex Hochhäuser.

 
Folder TitleDate
701 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-35)People - various 1944-1949
  

10 items. Includes: David Ben-Gurion at the First Congress of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, January 1946; Ernst Landauer, speaking at a commemoration at Mühldorf am Inn; David Treger and William Haber, around the time of Treger's departure, 1948; two actors, Mechl Messinger and Selderin Zwerling, performing in the play Shlomo Molcho by Aaron Glanz-Leyeles; singer Henie Durmaskin, performing at celebration of the founding of Israel; and Chaim Weizmann at Lod (Ben-Gurion) Airport with his grandson.

 
Folder TitleDate
702 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-36)People - various (group portraits) undated
  

8 items, including five duplicates. Among those depicted are Zalman Grinberg and Pesach Piekatch.

 
Folder TitleDate
703 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-37)Sports, boxing championship 1945, 1947, undated
  

8 items. Includes four photos at the boxing championship in Munich, January 29, 1947, with Leo Schwarz, Abrasha Blumowicz, Philipp Auerbach, and Colonel George R. Scithers.

 
Folder TitleDate
704 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-38)Miscellaneous - postcards, ephemera 1945, undated
  

11 items. Includes pictures postcards of Polperro, England.

 
Folder TitleDate
705 (Leo W. Schwarz Papers-39)Unidentified negatives undated
  

9 negatives. No corresponding prints.

 
Return to the Top of Page