Guide to the Records of Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum, undated, 1878-1972
 
*I-230

Processed by Dan Ma and Marvin Rusinek

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on June 04, 2008. Description is in English.
20130813 Added link to database.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum
Title: Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum records
Dates:undated, 1878-1972
Abstract: Contains histories of the Asylum (1878-1939), Certificate of Incorporation (1878, 1900, 1926), Constitution and By-Laws (1894), Board of Directors Minutes (1921-1953), Annual Reports (1878-1958), Admission and Discharge Records (1899-1960), Women's Auxiliary Minutes (1922-1955), a statistical report (1957), papers re the Asylum's merger with the Jewish Child Care Association (1960), and various Alumni Society Publications and Scrapbooks (1912-1940).
Languages: The collection is in English, with German.
Quantity: 9.55 linear feet (5 manuscript boxes, 1 ½ manuscript boxes, 4 oversized boxes)
Identification: I-230
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Historical Note

General Background of Jewish orphanages in New York City

The history of the Jewish orphanage in New York City begins with the merger of the Hebrew Benevolent Society and German Hebrew Benevolent Society in 1860. The two organizations merged partly in response to public outcry against the forced conversion of an Italian Jewish boy named Edward Mortara. Thus, the new Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum was created. Later known as the Hebrew Orphan Asylum of the City of New York, HOA became the largest Jewish orphanage in the United States. The surge of immigration from Eastern Europe produced social hardships such as over crowding, poverty, disease, and family desertion in the Lower East Side. Soon, the orphanage was filled to capacity. By 1878, HOA was forced to decline admissions from Brooklyn, which was then a separate city, leading to an emergency meeting for Jewish Brooklynites, who quickly established a Hebrew Orphan Asylum of the City of Brooklyn. HOA further limited its intake by refusing to take children referred to them by the courts. The Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society, established in 1879 undertook court referrals.1

These three main Jewish orphanages in New York, Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum (BHOA), Hebrew Orphan Asylum (HOA), and Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society (HSGS) supported Americanization of their immigrant charges, limiting parental visits, stressing public and vocational education, and raising them on the tenets of Reform Judaism versus the orthodoxy of their parents.2

In BHOA, children attended Public School No. 35, and were additionally tutored at a home school by the Superintendent and hired teachers in Hebrew, German, biblical history. Girls received training in sewing and other domestic arts. Older children were given vocational training and/or college/professional education, often with financial help from BHOA. In addition to sports and gymnastic training, a well-trained musical band performed in public events. In 1903, President Moses May wrote: "…Our band seems to be much in demand by our Christian brethren, and we are always pleased to cement the pleasant relations between kindred institutions, no matter of what denomination." However; a letter written to the editor of the Hebrew Standard in 1911 strongly disagrees; "…If the Superintendent calls himself a Jew, how can he consistently be willing to contribute to the attractions of a fair for the benefit of a faith to which Judaism is intrinsically opposed?"3

Many discharged children, although benefiting from the education given to them by BHOA, had difficulties reconnecting with their immigrant parents and family members, who spoke Yiddish and maintained traditional ways. The regimental institutional upbringing created problems in adjusting to the outside world. As Friedman writes in her book These Are Our Children; "…Jules Bank in his study of 108 graduates of the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum…78 percent of these youngsters reported initial difficulties in make friends and adjusting socially outside of the institute. Moreover, 58 percent of the boys interviewed believed that institutionalization had left them 'shy and backward.'" The long segregated life from the other sex and regimental discipline also recreated adjustment problems.4

As child psychology, pediatrics, and social work developed into specialized fields by the 1920s, each orphan asylum had developed their own approach to child care. Social welfare legislation, such as the Widow's Pension law in 1915 and the New Deal programs, gradually eliminated the need for impoverished families to admit their children to asylums. Immigration restriction laws, the first passed in 1921, and a quota act passed in 1924 that restricted immigrants of non-Nordic stock sharply decreased Jewish immigration. In their place, emerged a new population of children, many of whom were emotionally disturbed, as a result of immigrant families' stress and poverty, the particular challenges brought by the Depression, and from being refugees and survivors from World Wars.

Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum

On May 16, 1878 German Jewish philanthropists gathered in Temple Beth Elohim on Keap Street in Brooklyn to discuss what action to take for Jewish orphans in Brooklyn, who until recently, were cared for by the neighboring city's Hebrew Orphan Asylum of the City of New York (HOA), the largest Jewish child-care institution in the country. In 1878, Brooklyn was America's third largest city with a relatively small Jewish population, amounting to 13,000, while New York City was the city with the largest, numbering about 60,000.5

Led by philanthropist Sigismund Kaufman, the German Jewish Brooklyn community raised $2000 to open an orphanage. The State chartered the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society of the City of Brooklyn in August 1878, and on January 1, 1879, with Ernst Nathan as the first elected president, the BHOA officially opened in a rented house at 384 McDonough Street. The first year admitted eight boys and two girls who shared two sleeping rooms, a Superintendent's room, a servant room, a sick room, a schoolroom, a reception room, and one kitchen and dining room. By 1881, there were twenty five children sharing a space meant for sixteen. Purchasing the site, the BHOA built a wing of what was planned to be a three story building. The completed wing was dedicated on October 28, 1883. The present wing was thought to be "ample to accommodate the need of Brooklyn's Hebrew Orphans for the next 10 years." Unfortunately, the Building Committee did not foresee the surge of immigrants settling in Brooklyn from the congested Lower East Side.6

When the Brooklyn Bridge opened in May 1883, new immigrants from the Lower East Side and ordinary Manhattan residents alike, long weary of the crowded and expensive living conditions in tenements, found a haven in Brooklyn with affordable housing, more space, and a budding economy. Brooklyn, the once tranquil outpost of Long Island, was awakened by the sudden surge of Manhattan arrivals, paired with the newly arrived Jewish immigrants who escaped the pogroms rampant in Eastern Europe. The more immigrants settled in Brooklyn, the more destitute Jewish children knocked on the BHOA's door for assistance.

By 1887, with 57 residents, the existing wing was almost filled to capacity. President Nathan writes; "Our city will, as soon as rapid transit is established....increase more rapidly in population..." In 1889, when Ira Leo Bamberger succeeded Ernst Nathan as BHOA president, he initiated merger talks with the HOA, in the hope that with its copious financial support from a far larger Jewish community in Manhattan and well established facilities, the HOA could again provide the best possible institutional care for the dependent children of Brooklyn. However HOA's president Jesse Seligman formally rejected the merger request for fear that the consolidation would also result in straining the HOA's capacity to care for dependent children from its own city.7 The rejection, on one hand, signaled to Brooklyn Jewish community that it had to rely on its own benevolent measures to fix the dire child-care situation in Brooklyn; one the other, the rejection also created so huge a rift between Brooklyn and Manhattan Jewish charities that it took them almost seven decades to mend their differences, when the BHOA finally merged with the JCCA in 1960.8

The heartfelt support of the Brooklyn Jewish community for the BHOA's numerous fundraising events, including annual dancing balls and fairs, allowed the asylum to turn its expansion plan into a reality. On May 3, 1892, the cornerstone laying ceremony for the BHOA's new site was officiated by Brooklyn Mayor, Hon. David A. Boody, at the corner of Ralph Avenue, Dean and Pacific Streets. In December that same year, with a maximum accommodation of three hundred, the new BHOA headquarters, an imposing Romanesque edifice overlooking Manhattan erected on top of a hill, was officially opened, initially housing one hundred and thirty-nine children.9

From the very beginning, BHOA children, captivated by the modernized building and the surrounding scenery, dubbed the new headquarters "the house on the hill."10 In 1899, the Hebrew Orphan Asylum Society of the City of Brooklyn officially changed its name to Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum to since11 Brooklyn, following a majority vote of her residents, was annexed into New York City and became one of its five boroughs a year earlier.

By 1904, the continuing surge of Jewish immigrants caused approximately seven hundred and fifty Jewish children to be cared for by non-Jewish institutions. The increase in Brooklyn's population, due in part by the addition of Williamsburg Bridge in 1903 and the expansion of the subway into Brooklyn in 1908, led the BHOA to board children with outside families. In 1909 the BHOA completed a new wing in which to house two hundred more children, raising its housing capacity to six hundred. The same year, the BHOA became one of the founding members of the Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities. The Federation served as a central governing body to coordinate funding raising efforts, to eliminate duplication in social services, and to allocate funding among members, while its members still maintained their autonomy.12

The year 1909 also marked the First White House Conference on the Care of Dependent Children, sponsored by President Theodore Roosevelt. The conference endorsed home care and foster care system over an institutional system. In 1912, the BHOA began a temporary boarding bureau, which housed children up to age six; after which the children would be admitted into the institution. The same year, the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society of New York (HSGS) opened its cottage system in Pleasantville, New York. The instant success of the cottage system promoted HSGS to become the role model of child-care services, despite its rather expensive maintenance costs. The BHOA, however; did not have the financial strength to adopt the cottage system.13

In 1915, New York State passed the Widow's Pension Law, which provided stipends to widows with dependent children. Due to gaps in the collection, it is unclear what affect this had on the BHOA's admissions. The same year, the HOA's Women's Auxiliary formed an aftercare committee. The Women's Auxiliary was also involved in vocational training for boys and girls.14

The BHOA lagged behind the HOA and HSGS, its Manhattan counterparts, in many child welfare trends, particularly in outside boarding, foster care, and aftercare. It was not until 1925, with the participation of the Junior League, that the Women's Auxiliary opened an aftercare facility for girls, called the Girls Club. In contrast, the HOA opened two separate aftercare facilities for boys and girls in 1916, and the HSGS opened Fellowship House in 1913. The Girls Club, located at 216 St. Johns Place, gave "low salaried working girls a comfortable home with pleasant surroundings....[and provided] shelter for homeless girls who left the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum at 16 years of age." By the 1940s, the Girls Club included casework, scholarships, and medical and psychiatric services.15

In 1927, much later than the HOA and HSGS, the BHOA expanded its boarding bureau and foster care services, appointing its first social worker, Evelyn Ferderber as head of a Child Placement Bureau. Beginning in 1927 with twenty-five children boarding in fourteen homes, by November 1928, there were 309 children in foster homes and 380 children housed in the institution (compared to 662 residing in the institution in 1927). By December 1931, the Brooklyn Federation was proposing that all of the BHOA children be transferred to foster care. D.W. Farber, Secretary writes: "...the viewpoint of the Brooklyn Federation, urged the Board of Trustees to receive and accept the foregoing proposals....accruing to the Brooklyn community in lessening its financial burden, as well as being, in their opinion, the beginning of a movement looking toward a future merger of Manhattan and Brooklyn Federations, heretofore considered unfavorably by Manhattan." The Trustees, however; foresaw increased costs versus savings in the proposed plan.16

As the Depression reduced the Federation's allocations to the BHOA, it concurrently increased the number of children in the institution's care. The President writes in 1932; "...we have cared for more children during the last twelve months period than at any time in our history..." As the number of children in foster care grew, the property at Ralph Avenue was partially sold to make way for a New York City public playground, and in 1938, the Board resolved to transfer all the children out of the institution and sell the buildings.17

In January 1937, the BHOA, again lagging behind with welfare trends, established psychiatric services and hired trained social workers and a supervisor to assist the children living in the institution. Between 1938 and 1939, the BHOA returned large numbers of children to their parents and relatives, or placed them in qualified foster families living in Brooklyn, Queens, and Long Island. On July 1, 1939, the building on Ralph Avenue closed; the last batch of remaining children having been transferred to other child care agencies. In May 1940, The BHOA sold its property on Ralph Avenue, relocated to a smaller building on 150 Court Street and changed its name to the BHOA Children's Service Bureau. A Children's Service Bureau anniversary program writes; "...the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum did not close-only a building closed-and hundreds of homes opened." Now a case work agency, the Children's Service Bureau handled foster care, counseling services, and foster care training for potential foster parents. The Ralph Avenue buildings were demolished by the New York City Housing Authority in October 1940.18

On July 9, 1954, The Girls Club Association and the BHOA Children's Service Bureau merged to form the Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn (JYSB). The new agency combined foster home placement services, a foster family day care service, and a girls' residential treatment center. Case work encompassed medical services, religious and Jewish education, psychiatric services, recreation opportunities, and vocational planning.19

In 1956, the Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn participated in a tri-agency project, with the Jewish Child Care Association (JCCA) and the Jewish Family Service. The project provided family counseling for families determined by either three agencies to remain intact. In 1940, the other main Jewish orphanages in New York, Hebrew Orphan Asylum of the City of New York, and the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society merged with JCCA. The Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn followed in 1960, joining its services with one of the largest Jewish child care agencies in New York. The JCCA continues to provide adoption, foster care, mental health services, residential programs, and educational services to over 12,000 children from all backgrounds and their families, in the New York metropolitan area, encompassing Westchester County and Long Island.20

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Scope and Content Note

The records of the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum consist of administrative records, child records, and material on affiliated organizations.

The records are valuable for genealogists and alumni and for researchers studying the immigrant population in Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Jewish Community's fundraising efforts, reforms in child welfare and foster care systems in New York State, and Americanization of immigrants.

The administrative records contain annual reports, Board of Directors' meeting minutes, constitution and by-laws, and incorporation and name change certificates. Genealogists and alumni will be interested in the children admission and discharge ledgers, which date from 1879 to 1960, with gaps. Please note that children records dated after 1925 are restricted for privacy reasons. Additional material regarding orphan life is available through student publications, alumni bulletins and dance journals, and BHOA and Girls Club publications.

Affiliated organizational records include material on the BHOA's successor, the Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities, the Women's Auxiliary, and Alumni associations. Of additional interest are dedications and speeches, child care study reports, histories, photographs, and scrapbooks filled with news clippings.

Please note that there are significant gaps in all areas of this collection. Researchers are urged to refer to related collections held at the American Jewish Historical Society in order to gain additional insight.

The collection is organized into the following series: Series I: Administrative Records; Series II: Affiliated Associations; Series III: Correspondence; Series IV: Dedications/Speeches; Series V: Histories and Studies; Series VI: Photographs, and Series VII: Scrapbooks.

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Arrangement

The collection is divided into seven series, as described below:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Executive Director of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

Additional materials related to the Records of Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum (BHOA) can be found in following records and collections:

Hebrew Benevolent Society Records, I-258
Hebrew Infant Asylum Records, I-166
Hebrew Orphan Asylum of the City of New York, I-42
Hebrew Sheltering Guardian Society Records, I-43
Home for Hebrew Infants Records, I-232
Hyman Bogen Collection of Hebrew Orphan Asylum and Seligman Solomon Society Memorabilia, P-767
The Industrial Removal Office Records, I-91
Jewish Child Care Association of New York Records, I-235
Jewish Children's Clearing Bureau, I-81
New York Association for Jewish Children Records, I-236
Seligman Solomon Society Records, I-6

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Database

A searchable name index is available.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum records; I-230; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

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Acquisition Information

The records of the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum were donated by its successor the Jewish Child Care Association in 1985.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Administrative records, undated, 1878-1960

English, German.
Boxes 1-6, Box 7, Folders 1-4.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three subseries.

Scope and Content:

Series I holds administrative and children's documents of the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum (BHOA). The administrative records consist of annual reports, constitutions and by-laws, Board of Trustees' meeting minutes, a handful of BHOA presidents' annual reports, departmental programs and reports. Children's records include admission and discharge records as well as publications created by residents. Please note, that due to privacy concerns, children's admission and discharge records created after 1925 are restricted for access. The series is arranged into three subseries: Subseries A: Annual reports, constitutions and by-laws; Subseries B: Board of Trustees' and Presidents' annual reports and meeting minutes; Subseries C: Programs and departments.

[See also: Series II: Subseries A: Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn (JYSB) records]

Subseries A: Annual reports, constitutions and by-laws, 1878-1892, 1894, 1896, 1899-1900, 1903, 1908, 1922, 1926, 1945, 1950, 1953-1954

English, German.
Box 1, Box 2, Folders 1-5.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subseries A consists of annual reports, an original constitution, and by-laws.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Annual Reports (bound) (contains German) 1878-1892
1 2 Annual Reports 1896, 1899, 1903, 1908
1 3 Annual Reports 1922
1 4 Annual Reports, 1945 - "The Institution That Emptied Itself" (65th Annual Report) 1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 Annual Reports 1951, 1953
2 2 Annual Statistical Report 1950
2 3 Certificate of Incorporation and Amendments 1878, 1900, 1926
2 4 Constitution and By-laws 1894
2 5 Name Change to Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn 1954

Subseries B: Board of Trustees' and Presidents' annual reports and meeting minutes, 1921-1953

English.
Box 2, Folders 6-9.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subseries B contains standing committee's monthly meeting minutes, dating from the early 1920s to 1953. These meeting minutes reflect shifting child-care trends from institutional care to foster care, and provide insight on personnel management, child-care policies, to budgeting issues. The subseries includes a 1938 presidential report, detailing BHOA's overall achievements in that particular year, and foreshadowing BHOA's ultimate resolution to end its institutional care policy 1939.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 6 Board of Trustees: Minutes 1921-1935
2 7 Board of Trustees: Minutes (bound) 1936-1940
2 8 Board of Trustees: Minutes 1941, 1947, 1949-1953
2 9 President's Annual Report 1938

Subseries C: Programs and departments, undated, 1928, 1935, 1939, 1944, 1946, 1949, 1953, 1955

English.
Box 3.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subseries C contains information on two programs/departments: the Children's Service Bureau and the Girls Club Association.

[See also: Series VI: Photographs]

BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 Children's Service Bureau Annual Review 1944, 1946
3 2 Girls Club Association [see also Box 9, Folder 4 for photographs] undated, 1928, 1935, 1949, 1953, 1955
3 3 Girls Club Journal [see also Box 9, Folder 5 for photographs] 1935, 1939, 1949

Subseries D: Children's records, 1879-1960

English.
Boxes 4-6, Box 7, Folders 1-2.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

Subseries D consists of children's personnel records and published work. This series is of high interest to genealogists and alumni, however; some of the records are restricted for privacy concerns. The subseries is arranged into two sub-subseries: i. Admission and discharge records; ii. Student publications.

[See also: Series II: Subseries D: BHOA alumni associations and their publications]

Subsubseries i: Admission and discharge records, 1879-1960

English.
Oversized boxes 4-6.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subsubseries i contains detailed background information on BHOA children. This information may include names; ages; original addresses; parental information; dates of commitments, admission, and discharge; types of after-care services provided; and remarks given by BHOA officials in regard to behavior and academic progress. Please note that records created after 1925 are restricted for privacy concerns.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4(OS1) 1 Admissions and Discharges (ledger) [microfilmed] 1879-1913
4(OS1) 2 Admissions and Discharges (ledger) [microfilmed] 1887-1910
BoxFolderTitleDate
5(OS1) 1 Admissions and Discharges (ledger) [microfilmed. Records dated after 1925 are restricted for privacy reasons] 1889-1953
5(OS1) 2 Admissions and Discharges (ledger) [microfilmed] 1913-1914
BoxFolderTitleDate
6(OS1) 1 Discharges (ledger) [microfilmed. Records dated after 1925 are restricted for privacy reasons] 1914-1938
6(OS1) 2 Discharges (ledger) [RESTRICTED] 1939-1960

Subsubseries ii: Student publications, 1925, 1929-1930

English.
Box 7, Folders 1-2.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subsubseries ii consists of student publications that reflect the children's lives at BHOA. The subsubseries contains two publications: the Pathfinder and The Rambler. The Pathfinder published children's articles, short poems, interesting stories, clubs' activities, and sport events. Intended as a monthly publication, the subsubseries only includes its first issue published in March 1923, and one subsequent issue in May 1925 (Box 7, Folder 1). In the 1920s, students organized another publication called The Rambler, also a monthly publication with a shorter length than the Pathfinder, but with similar content. The Rambler folder (Box 7, Folder 2) holds four issues, dating from 1929 to 1930.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 Publications: "Pathfinder" 1925
7 2 Publications: "The Rambler" 1929-1930

Subseries E: Financial records, 1936

English.
Box 7, Folder 3.
Arrangement:

Consists of one folder.

Scope and Content:

Subseries B contains one folder which holds three stock certificates from B.H.O.A. Realty Co. Inc.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 3 BHOA Realty Company: Stock 1936

Subseries F: Publications, 1899, 1930, 1936, 1939, 1944, 1948, 1953

English.
Box 7, Folder 4.
Arrangement:

Consists of one folder.

Scope and Content:

Subseries F contains one annual publication issued by BHOA - a fundraising Dinner and Ball program, dating from 1899 to 1953. The program booklets primarily contain lists of Executive Board members; however, earlier ones also include a brief historical chronology.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 4 (BHOA) Dinners and Dances 1899, 1930, 1936, 1939, 1944, 1948, 1953
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Series II: Affiliated Associations, 1914, 1916, 1918-1919, 1922-1936, 1938, 1944, 1951-1952, 1954-1959, 1962, 1964-1969, 1972

English.
Box 7, Folders 5-9, Box 8, Folders 1-4.
Arrangement:

Arranged into four subseries.

Scope and Content:

Series II contains material on affiliated associations, including the change of BHOA to the Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn. Additional entities in this series include Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities, Women's Auxiliary, and Alumni Associations. The series is arranged into four subseries: Subseries A: Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn; Subseries B: Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities; Subseries C: Women's Auxiliary; and Subseries D: Alumni Associations.

Subseries A: Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn (JYSB) records, 1954-1958, 1960

English.
Box 7, Folders 5-7.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subseries A consists of records of BHOA after it changed its name on July 9, 1954 to the Jewish Youth Services of Brooklyn (JYSB). JYSB rendered its child-care services through two divisions: the Children's Service Bureau and the Girls Club Association. Subseries A includes annual reports dating from 1954 to 1958; and a Jewish Child Care Association (JCCA) press release dated April, 1960, announcing JYSB merger with JCCA.

[See also: Series I: BHOA administrative records]

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 5 JYSB Annual and President's Reports 1954-1958
7 6 JYSB: (Annual) Statistical Report 1957
7 7 JYSB: Merger with JCCA 1960

Subseries B: Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities (BFJC) records, 1914, 1918-1919, 1929

English.
Box 7, Folder 8.
Arrangement:

Consists of one folder.

Scope and Content:

Founded in 1909, Brooklyn Federation of Jewish Charities (BFJC) served as a centralized governing body that coordinated member organizations' fundraising efforts and streamlined their services. Subseries B contains BFJC annual reports and subscription records, as they relate to BHOA, one of the founding members.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 8 Annual Reports in Brooklyn Federation (of Jewish Charities) Annual Reports 1914, 1918-1919, 1929

Subseries C: Women's Auxiliary records, 1916, 1922-1936, 1938, 1944, 1952, 1957-1959, 1972

English.
Box 7, Folder 9, Box 8, Folder 1.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subseries C contains material relating to the BHOA Women's Auxiliary, which provided fundraising and support such as purchasing and soliciting clothing donations for the children, maintaining linen supplies, organizing and conducting domestic training classes for the girls, and providing counseling and after- care services for discharged children.

Subseries C includes the Auxiliary's meeting minutes, constitution, and by-laws.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 9 Women's Auxiliary: Constitution, By-laws, Annual Reports 1916, 1932, 1938, 1944, 1952, 1957-1959, 1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Women's Auxiliary: Minutes 1922-1936

Subseries D: Alumni associations, 1951, 1959-1962, 1964-1969

English.
Box 8, Folders 2-4.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Subseries D contains records of two alumni associations: the Academy Alumni Association, which began in the 1950s; and the Alumni Society of Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum, which began in 1947. Two of the three folders pertain to the Alumni Society, and include annual Dinner-Dance programs dating from 1959 to 1969.

[See also: Series I: Subseries D: Children's records]

BoxFolderTitleDate
8 2 Alumni Society: Annual Dance 1951, 1959-1962, 1964
8 3 Alumni Society: Dance 1965-1969
8 4 Alumni Society: "BHOA Bulletin" 1962
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Series III: Correspondence, 1890, 1911, 1915

English, German.
Box 8, Folder 5.
Arrangement:

Consists of one folder.

Scope and Content:

Series III contains one folder with three records. The records consist of a reply to New York State's inquiry regarding BHOA children's enrollment number, their health conditions, and BHOA general financial record; a replied complaint concerning BHOA's military band performing for a Roman Catholic Church; and a foster home placement report.

BoxFolderTitleDate
8 5 Correspondence (contains German) 1890, 1911, 1915
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Series IV: Speeches / Dedications, undated, 1883, 1909, 1926-1931, 1933, 1938, 1940-1943, 1947-1948, 1950, 1959

English.
Box 8, Folders 6-7.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Series IV contains two folders. The first folder includes speeches delivered by BHOA President, Mr. Nathan, notable government officials and Jewish community leaders, during the cornerstone laying ceremony on June 26, 1883, on the site between McDonough Street and Stuyvesant Avenue where the new BHOA headquarters would be built to house more than six hundred children. The second folder contains memorial plagues delivered by BHOA to commemorate the passing of its board members and Jewish community leaders.

BoxFolderTitleDate
8 6 Cornerstone Laying 1883
8 7 Memorial Plaques and Awards undated, 1909, 1926-1931, 1933, 1938, 1940-1943, 1947-1948, 1950, 1959
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Series V: Histories and studies, 1878-1952

English.
Box 9, Folders 1-3.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Series V holds histories, studies and reports made both by BHOA internal staff and external agencies. Histories are located in Box 9, Folder 2. The studies (Box 9, Folder 1) include a 1936 inspection report conducted by the New York Department of Social Welfare; a paper titled "The Child Centered Institution" presented by BHOA Social Work Department at the National Conference of Jewish Social Welfare in 1938; a two-year study of foster home applications conducted by the Pennsylvania School of Social Work between 1946-1948; and a report by the Child Welfare League of America regarding Children's Day and Night Shelter in 1952. Box 9, Folder 3 contain papers and a study written by staff (including Psychiatrist Lawson D. Lowrey in 1939), all of which pertain to foster care. Three of the papers are restricted for privacy reasons.

BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 External Reports on BHOA 1936-1952
9 2 Histories 1878-1939
9 3 Papers and Studies Written by Staff [Restricted] 1939, 1945-1946, 1949
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Series VI: Photographs, undated

Box 9, Folders 4-5.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Series VI contains two undated photographs taken from two Girls Club's meetings. The first photograph was seemingly pictured from a Girls Club's Advisory Board meeting; the second one was taken from one of the Club's numerous gatherings. Originally, both photographs were included in the folders: "Girls Club Association" (Box 3, Folder 2) and "Girls Club Journal" (Box 3, Folder 3).

[See also: Series I, Subseries C: Programs and departments]

BoxFolderTitleDate
9 4 Girls Club - Advisory Board members photograph (separated from Box 3, Folder 2) undated
9 5 Girls Club members photograph (separated from Box 3, Folder 3) undated
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Series VII: Scrapbooks, 1912-1917, 1927-1940

English.
Box 9, Folders 6-8, Box 10.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically and chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Series VII consists of two fragile scrapbooks which have been copied for researchers' access. The scrapbooks consist mainly of news clippings of major New York newspapers, ranging from the early 1910s to 1940. Among the New York and Jewish newspapers are The Brooklyn Eagle, The Brooklyn (Daily) Times, The New York Journal and its sister publication - The New York Evening Journal, New York Post, The New York Times, The New York World, the Brooklyn Citizen, the American Hebrew, and the International Jewish Press Bureau. These news clippings not only relay the changing phases of BHOA's development, but provide a glimpse of early New York journalism.

BoxFolderTitleDate
9 6 Scrapbook (user copy) 1912-1917
9 7 Scrapbook [Restricted] 1912-1917
9 8 Scrapbook [Restricted] 1927-1940
BoxFolderTitleDate
10(OS1) 1 Scrapbook (user copy) 1927-1940
10(OS1) 2 Scrapbook, loose back clippings [Restricted] 1927-1940
10(OS1) 3 Scrapbook, loose front clippings [Restricted] 1927-1940
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