Guide to the Papers of Herbert Bloch
1882-2008

AR 25628

Processed by Dianne Ritchey

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2015 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey on April 20, 2015. Description is in English.
October 2016: dao links added by Emily Andresini.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Bloch, Herbert, 1911-2006
Title: Herbert Bloch Collection
Dates:1882-2008
Dates:bulk 1933-1955
Abstract: The Herbert Bloch Collection contains the personal papers of the classicist and medievalist Herbert Bloch, a Harvard professor. Prominent is correspondence between himself and his family, which mentions not only family news and the deaths, deportations, and experiences of family members but also references his own research, writing, and teaching. In addition to family correspondence is correspondence with colleagues and friends, former neighbors, and legal and financial correspondence. Other papers in the collection include poetry, educational certificates and diplomas, material relating to Herbert Bloch's academic career, family trees, obituaries, and photographs.
Languages: The collection is in German, English, Italian, Latin and Czech.
Quantity: 2.25 linear feet + 1 oversized box and 1 long oversized item.
Identification: AR 25628
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note
Portrait of Herbert Bloch (1911-2006)

Portrait of Herbert Bloch (1911-2006)

Herbert Bloch was born August 18, 1911 in the Charlottenburg district of Berlin. He was the eldest son of Ludwig Bloch, a director of the Dresdner Bank in Berlin, and his wife Alice Bloch née Gutmann. Herbert had a younger brother, Egon. Alice Bloch suffered from diabetes and therefore had a companion, the Czech Anna Holesch (Tante Anny), who lived with the family and whom Herbert Bloch sometimes referred to as his foster-mother. From 1933-1935 he attended the University of Berlin, with studies in classical philology, ancient history, and archaeology.

After Hitler came to power in 1933 Herbert Bloch went to study at the University of Rome, where in 1935 he received the Laurea di Dottore in Lettere in Roman history with a dissertation on the religious policy in the time of the Roman emperor Commodus, and in 1937 received the Diploma di Perfezionamento. He remained in Italy until 1938, assisting in the excavations of the ancient seaport of Ostia. It was during 1936-1938 that he indexed some 10,000 Roman brick stamps, originally published in three articles (as I bolli laterizi e la storia edilizia Romana) republished in 1948 as a single volume (Supplement to volume XV, 1, of the Corpus inscriptionum latinarum, including complete indices to the Roman brick-stamps).

By the end of 1938 Herbert Bloch had decided to emigrate to the United States due to the advancing anti-Semitism in Italy. With the aid of a fellow former student from Berlin now at Harvard University, George Hanfmann, and his own scholarly achievements, he came to the United States in 1939 on a student visa. Although originally meant to be a fellow at Harvard's new Dumbarton Oaks branch in Washington, D.C., he first spent a year teaching Greek at Harvard's main campus due to the illness of a classics professor. In 1941 he was named an instructor at Harvard, the beginning of his long career there. In 1943 Herbert Bloch married Clarissa Holland; they later had twin daughters: Mary Alice and Anne, and the family eventually settled in Belmont, Massachusetts. During the Second World War he taught mathematics to American soldiers.

In Berlin, the Bloch family fared less well. Around 1936 Ludwig Bloch became blind. Alice Bloch, who had always had poor constitution due to her diabetes, died in 1940. In February 1943 Egon Bloch was arrested at work by the Gestapo and sent to Auschwitz. He never returned. In June 1943 Ludwig Bloch was evicted from his apartment and sent to the Jewish Hospital, where he died six days later. Throughout these years, Anny Holesch had remained with the family, along with her sister Maria (Mirzl), who had moved in with the family in 1938. They supported Ludwig and Egon Bloch, even remaining with Ludwig when Berlin was bombed and he was not permitted to go to an air raid shelter. For this, the Holesches suffered intimidation by the German authorities, including having their rations cut and their bank funds made inaccessible. Once the United States entered World War II, contact with the Holesch sisters dwindled, only possible via Red Cross messages with months-long delays. In September 1945 Herbert Bloch reconnected with them and began regularly sending them packages, as well as helping Anny to unfreeze her bank account, recover her belongings, and reinstate her Czech citizenship.

After the war Herbert Bloch's career at Harvard University continued to advance: in 1947 he was tenured as an assistant professor, becoming a full professor of Greek and Latin in 1953. He remained at Harvard for the rest of his life, becoming Pope Professor of the Latin Language and Literature in 1973, a position he held until his retirement in 1982. Herbert Bloch received Guggenheim and Fulbright fellowships and was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, from 1953-1954, but declined a permanent position at that institution. He headed the School of Classical Studies at the American Academy in Rome from 1957-1959. Other responsibilities included being syndic of Harvard University Press from 1961-1965, senior fellow of Harvard's Society of Fellows (1964-1973), and a trustee of Harvard's Loeb Classical Library from 1964-1973. From 1968-1969 he was president of the American Philological Association, and from 1990-1993 was President of Fellows of the Medieval Academy of America, as well as having been a member of several other academic associations. In 1989 he received an honorary degree (laurea "honoris causa") from the Universita di Cassino, and in 1999 was named the Premio "Cultori di Roma." His professional memberships included the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Pontificia Academia Romana di Archeologia, the German Archaeological Institute, and several others.

Herbert Bloch's research, teaching, and writing focused on both classical and ancient Roman history and medieval history. His classical work dealt with areas such as Greek and Roman historiography, Roman inscriptions and archaeology, medieval Latin literature, and medieval history. Among his medieval studies he spent significant time on the history of the Benedictine monastery at Monte Cassino near Rome, Italy, with articles related to its history beginning in the 1940s and culminating in the three-volume work Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages, published in 1986, for which he received the Praemium Urbis Award in 1987, and the Haskins Medal of the Medieval Academy in 1988. In 1973 his work The Bombardment of Monte Cassino (February 14-16, 1944): A New Appraisal was published, a criticism of the Allied forces' destruction of the abbey. His work The Atina Dossier of Peter the Deacon of Monte Cassino, a Hagiographical Romance of the Twelfth Century, concerned the forgeries of the monastery's twelfth-century librarian and was published in 1998 as part of the series Studi e Testi.

In 1958, Clarissa (sometimes called Crissie) Bloch died while she was visiting Germany with Herbert. In 1960 Herbert Bloch married Ellen (Eddie) Cohen; she died in 1987. Herbert Bloch died on September 6, 2006.

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Scope and Content Note

The Herbert Bloch Collection contains the personal papers of the classicist and medievalist Herbert Bloch, a Harvard University professor. Prominent is correspondence between himself and his family, which mentions not only family news and the deaths, deportations, and experiences of family members but also references his own research, writing, and teaching. In addition to family correspondence is correspondence with colleagues and friends, former neighbors, and legal and financial correspondence. Other papers in the collection include poetry, educational certificates and diplomas, material relating to Herbert Bloch's academic career, family trees, obituaries, and photographs.

This collection has been arranged following the original filing order of folders established by the collection's donor. The original filing order is listed in the "introductory files" of Series II, which not only provide some further details on individual folders and the reasons for their inclusion in this collection, but also contain biographical information on the family members represented here. In addition, this series provides a few family trees and many obituaries for Herbert Bloch.

Much of this collection documents the lives and experiences of Herbert Bloch and members of the Bloch family during the 1930s and 1940s. Such documentation is especially prevalent in the first subseries of Series I, which contains family correspondence, including the letters of Ludwig, Alice, and Egon Bloch and also of Anny and Mirzl Holesch. The correspondence begins during Herbert Bloch's time studying in Italy and continues until the death of Anny Holesch, with a gap from 1941-1945 when their communication was via Red Cross message. Letters from his parents and brother largely center on the news, activities, and health of family members, and on Egon's emigration plans, while postwar letters from Anny and Mirzl Holesch mention the deaths of Ludwig Bloch and deportation of Egon Bloch along with the Holesch sisters' own experiences during the war. Further details on the family's wartime years will be found in the correspondence of the family's former neighbors in this subseries. Anny and Mirzl's correspondence also provides some details of Herbert Bloch's life after the war and of the sending of packages. Other correspondence in Subseries 1 relates to the estates of family members, the care of family graves, and the postwar search for details of the fate of Egon Bloch. Subseries 1 also contains poetry of Ludwig Bloch, with Subseries 2 including many photographs of the Bloch family.

Herbert Bloch's study, research, professional achievements, and connections with colleagues in documented throughout the collection. Most of his letters to his family in Subseries 1 of Series I discuss his studies and research interests, along with some mention of his teaching, publication intents, and colleagues, and the occasional description of the areas he lived in or visited. Further correspondence regarding his research is located in Series III, which includes more detailed discussions of it with advisors and colleagues, especially of his examination of the history of Monte Cassino and of Peter the Deacon. Subseries 2 of Series I includes photographs from his time assisting in the excavations at Ostia in 1938. Files in Series II contain professional material such as his curriculum vitae, recommendations by advisors and professors as a young academic, and material on his work Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages. The latter includes both reviews of the work as well as material pertaining to the honors he received for it. Series IV consists largely of the certificates, diplomas, and awards of Herbert Bloch for his academic work and professional memberships, although it contains a documents of other family members as well.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in three series in original order:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011
email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

Related to this collection are the Herbert Bloch Papers at Harvard University, along with its addenda.

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Separated Material

Two CDs were removed to the LBI Audiovisual Collection. One holds a copy of files whose hard copies are present in Series II. The other holds a copy of Herbert Bloch's memorial service.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Herbert Bloch Collection; AR 25628; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

The collection was organized into series following the original order of the collection. Files were rehoused and refoldered and large files were further subdivided following the collection's original order. Multiple rolled certificates were separated from having been stored inside of each other.

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Other Finding Aid

Detailed inventories, including biographical information on individuals and descriptions of folder contents, were prepared by the donors of the collection. These inventories have been retained in the collection and are located in Series II (folder 2/17).

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection. Follow the links to access the digitized materials.

 

Series I: Family Correspondence and Papers, 1882-1977

This series is in German and English.
1.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Divided into two subseries: Documents and Photographs.

Scope and Content:

Series I consists of family correspondence, papers, and photographs. Documents, consisting of correspondence and papers, comprise Subseries 1. The bulk of Series I is its correspondence, primarily letters exchanged between Herbert Bloch and his family members, including his parents, brothers, and the Holesch sisters. Prominent subjects among the correspondence include his studies and research interests, the health of family members, and the emigration plans of Egon Bloch. Additionally documented are the death of Ludwig and Alice Bloch and the disappearance of Egon Bloch. Correspondence with others provides further details on the experiences of Herbert Bloch's family in Nazi Berlin and the support given by the Holesch sisters. The correspondence also includes legal correspondence relating to the estates of deceased family members and restitution of funds.

Subseries 1 additionally holds some examples of Ludwig Bloch's poetry, written prior to his going blind.

Subseries 2 contains photographs and photo albums that depict family members. Included are childhood photos of Herbert and Egon Bloch, Herbert in Italy in 1938, and photographs of Herbert at a more mature age.

Subseries 1: Documents, 1908, 1933-1974

This subseries is in German, English, and Czech.
1.25 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Original order.

Scope and Content:

Much of Subseries 1 consists of family correspondence, including correspondence between Herbert Bloch and his parents, Ludwig and Alice Bloch, his brother Egon Bloch, and Anny Holesch and her sister Mirzl. Other documents in this subseries include some official documents, correspondence relating to estates and inheritances, and correspondence relating to restitution of finances lost during the war.

The bulk of the subseries consists of Herbert Bloch's correspondence with his family. Both Herbert and his family members often wrote lengthy letters of multiple pages. Eleven folders hold correspondence between Herbert Bloch and his family prior to World War II, with letters of the 1930s written while Herbert was studying and working in Rome, Italy. Letters from his family are often written by his mother. Frequent topics among the early letters include his father's health and Herbert's studies. Letters from Egon Bloch mention Egon's interests in theater and literature. A November 15, 1938 letter from Ludwig Bloch to Herbert does not directly mention the events of Kristallnacht, but alludes to it, with Ludwig Bloch stating that life had become as full of worries as never before and while he intentionally spared individual details from his son, that "one feels as if eking out an existence from one day to the next without joy and hope." In this letter he advised Herbert to investigate the possibility of staying longer in Italy. In a letter of November 26, 1939, Ludwig lamented that he had not recognized the need for emigration previously.

In January 1939 Herbert Bloch arrived in the United States. Correspondence between the Blochs and Herbert was frequent, and discussed diverse topics. Early letters discuss the worsening health of Alice Bloch. Herbert's letters describe his teaching and research in Cambridge, as well as his later research in Dumbarton Oaks; included in his research were both the Monte Cassino monastery and its medieval librarian, Peter the Deacon, which would become lifelong interests of his. Family letters mention the death of Alice Bloch in 1940 and Ludwig's Bloch worsening health—in addition to his blindness, he also suffered from anxiety, depression, circulation problems, and other medical issues. Egon Bloch's letters often mention his reading habits, work assignments in factories and construction, and especially his intention to emigrate. He investigated several avenues of emigration, including via China and South or Central America. Egon's letter of May 26, 1941 stresses to Herbert the necessity of emigration as soon as possible; letters in this folder (1/10) include notarized statements and letters by Herbert and others, including George Hanfmann, his friend and visa sponsor, for Egon's immigration. Other family letters mention some of the changes the Bloch family in Berlin experienced, such as being required to share their apartment with others. After the entry of the United States into World War II, the family communicated primarily by Red Cross messages, which had delays of months. One folder of Red Cross messages includes a few letters along with the brief messages. These messages impart notification of the death of Ludwig Bloch and Egon's continuing absence after his arrest at work. Herbert used the messages to relay news of his marriage and the birth of his daughters, as well as of his professional status and continued well-being.

On September 3, 1945, Anny first wrote Herbert in response to a letter he was able to send via an American soldier he knew. The initial letters of Anny and Mirzl, who had remained in the family home after Ludwig Bloch's death, are lengthy and express their overwhelming joy to hear from Herbert again, but also convey news of the tragic events since they lost contact, including of the final days of Ludwig Bloch and of the continued absence of Egon Bloch, who had been sent to Auschwitz in 1943 but whom Anny still hoped would return. A letter of October 6, 1945 describes some of their experiences during the war and the damages to the house. These later letters also frequently discuss the packages sent by Herbert to Anny and Mirzl; the women also sent many of the family's possessions to him. Other frequent topics of the correspondence, in addition to the exchange of news, relates to the storing of the family's furniture in Zell am See for safety and the difficulties in traveling there, Anny's difficulties resecuring her Czech citizenship and identification papers, and Herbert Bloch's trips to Europe beginning in 1948. Lists of package contents are also included among the correspondence.

The folder of correspondence regarding Anny's citizenship includes descriptions by Herbert Bloch of her experiences during the war, such as her continued support and care of Ludwig Bloch and her refusal to give up her Czech citizenship, choices which led to reduced rations for Anny and Mirzl so that they had lost forty percent of their weight by the war's end. Further details of wartime experiences and especially of the Holesch sisters is provided in the letters of their neighbors, the Radloffs, who had escaped to Switzerland. The details in the Radloffs' letters tell of the sisters' remaining in the apartment with Ludwig Bloch during bombings in Berlin, because Ludwig could not go to the air raid shelters; their placement on the Nazis' Black List; and of the requirement that the sisters retrieve their ration cards with the Jews due to their support of the Blochs.

One folder holds legal correspondence relating to Herbert Bloch as his brother Egon's heir. Correspondence regarding the estate of Anny Holesch largely concerns the dispersal of the family's large book collection (inherited by Anny Holesch after the death of Ludwig Bloch). Three folders contain documents on the Borsig Affair, a complicated legal case in which funds of Herbert Bloch were involved and which include circular letters of lawyers relating to the case. Along with these documents is information on the U.S. government's vesting of funds of the company N.V. Hollandsche Koopmansbank in 1949, for which Herbert Bloch tried for years to get restitution, since the funds the bank held for his brother became his following his brother's death.

Correspondence with Frieda Illigmann, a former maid of the family, largely concerns the care of Anny and Mirzl Holesch's graves, for which Herbert sent her some financial support.

Four folders hold examples of Ludwig Bloch's poetry, which cover numerous themes. Notable are the poems he wrote for Herbert, two of which reference Herbert's residence in Italy, with another having been written for Herbert's return home on New Year's Eve 1937.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Correspondence from Family (File A)1933 September 21-1933 December 31
12Correspondence from Family (File A)1934 January 1-1934 October 28
13Correspondence from Family (File B)1934 November 1-1935 September 29
14Correspondence from Family (File C)1935 October 2-1936 May 31
15Correspondence from Family (File C)1936 June 5-1937 April 25
16Correspondence from Family (File D)1937 May 1-1937 December 28
17Correspondence from Family (File D)1938 February 10-1939 January 9
18Correspondence to and from Family (File E)1939 January 7-1940 February 25
19Correspondence to and from Family (File E)1940 March 5-1940 December 31
110Correspondence to and from Family (File F)1941 January 4-1941 December 10
111Wartime Correspondence via Red Cross to and from Family (File G)1941 October 31-1945 September 16
112Correspondence with Family and Anny (Anna) Holesch (File H)1946 April 6-1946 July 4
113Postwar Correspondence from Anny (Anna) and Mirzl Holesch (File I)1945 September 3-1948 September 8
114Postwar Correspondence from Anny (Anna) and Mirzl (Maria) Holesch (File J)1948 August 15-1950 August 28
115Postwar Correspondence from Anny (Anna) and Mirzl (Maria) Holesch (File J)1950 September 3-1951 September 14
116Correspondence from Anny (Anna) Holesch after Mirzl's (Maria's) Death until her own Death (File K)1951 September 19-1954 May 30
117Postwar Correspondence from Anny (Anna) Holesch after Mirzl's (Maria's) Death until her own Death (File K)1954 June 3-1955 November 8
118Postwar Correspondence to Anny (Anna) and Mirzl (Maria) Holesch (File L)1945 August 25-1948 April 9
119Postwar Correspondence to Anny (Anna) and Mirzl (Maria) Holesch (File L)1948 May 7-1951 September 19
120Correspondence to Anny (Anna) Holesch (File M)1951 September 25-1955 October 29
121Correspondence to help Anny (Anna) Holesch restore her Czech citizenship and efforts to determine if Anny and Mirzl could immigrate to United States (File N)1947 April 9-1948 May 5
122Affidavits about Egon Bloch and by and about Ludwig Bloch and Postwar Search for Egon Bloch (File O)1930 November 14-1949 July 23
123Egon Bloch – Documents and Correspondence with Dr. Landsberger (File P)1933 October 6-1950 September 14
124Egon and Ludwig Bloch – Sending of Package and Funds (File P)1939 November 16-1941 February 8
125Egon Bloch – Correspondence with Red Cross about his Fate (File P)1993-2001
126Notebooks Recording Costs and Contents of Care Packages to Anny (Anna) and Mirzl Holesch (File Q)1945 October 13-1949 February 6
127Correspondence and Notes concerning Anny (Anna) Holesch's Estate (File Q)1954 March 12-1955 December 17
128Correspondence concerning Alice Bloch's Estate (File R)1940 October 22-1941 January 24
129Correspondence with Germany – Erwin Holesch (File S)1951-1974
130Correspondence with Germany – Frieda Illigmann (File S)1955 November 12-24 May 1978
131Correspondence with the Radloff Family (File T)1945-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
21Ludwig Bloch's Poetry – Self-Published (Photocopied Pages) (File U1)1933, 1935
22Ludwig Bloch's Poetry – Poems and Songs for Herbert Bloch and Other Family Members (File U2)1908, 1925-1937
23Ludwig Bloch's Poetry – Drafts for Third Poetry Volume – Typed Booklets (File U2)1932-1936
24Ludwig Bloch's Poetry – Drafts for Third Poetry Volume – Loose Poems (File U2)1933-1936
25The Borsig Affair – Office of Alien Property Correspondence (File V)1951-1957
26The Borsig Affair – N.V. Hollandsche Koopmansbank – Correspondence and Documentation (File V)1939-1957
27The Borsig Affair – Department of State Correspondence and other correspondence (File V)1940-1950
28The Borsig Affair – Rheinmetall Borsig A.G. Legal Correspondence (File V)1949-1951

Subseries 2: Photographs, 1882-1938, 1977

This subseries is in German and English.
0.25 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Original order.

Scope and Content:

Subseries 2 holds photographs of family members and especially of Herbert Bloch. It consists of loose photographs and photo albums.

The first folder of the subseries holds photographs of members of the Gutmann family, the family of Herbert's mother, Alice Bloch née Gutmann. In addition to portrait photographs of Gutmann family members, are a series of 1909 photographs of Versailles palace and Paris.

Most photographs of Herbert Bloch date prior to his emigration, aside from a few later photographs in the last folder of this subseries. The early photo album shows Herbert as an infant with his mother, on trips in 1913, and in parks and at the beach. After 1913, many of these photos include both Herbert and his brother Egon. The following folder of photo album pages also shows family vacations, including several photographs with Herbert, Egon, Ludwig, and Alice Bloch. The folder "Herbert Bloch Photographs" show him in Italy as a young academic, including with unidentified individuals. These photographs also show the ruins of the ancient seaport of Ostia.

BoxFolderTitleDate
29Herbert Bloch Family – Gutmann Family (File W1)1882-1909
210Herbert Bloch Family – Early Photo Album (File W1)1911-1917
211Herbert Bloch with Family – Photo Album Pages (File W2)1917-1938
212Herbert Bloch Photographs (File W2)1929-1938
213Herbert Bloch Portraits (File W2)1960s?, 1977
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Series II: Other Herbert Bloch Papers, 1909-2008

This series is in German, English, and Italian.
0.25 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Original order.

Scope and Content:

Series II consists of several folders of general information on Herbert Bloch and the Bloch family as well as material related to his immigration and professional work.

The first four folders (Introductory Files) of this series hold general information on Herbert Bloch and his family. These papers include Herbert Bloch's curriculum vitae and obituaries. The folder of genealogical papers contains some family trees, including of the Blochs as well as of the family of Anny Holesch. There is also an essay by Ludwig Bloch on his father, Samuel Bloch, a doctor from Bohemia. This folder additionally includes information on members of the Starkenstein family. Another folder holds inventories and collection information; in addition to the outlining of the collection's original order, these files include descriptions of the family members represented in these papers and some description of the context of the collection's contents.

Two folders (2/18-2/19) pertain to Herbert Bloch's immigration to the United States. These include one folder of recommendations from professors in Italy who describe his work there, especially his extensive work with Roman brick stamps, detailing his academic contributions. Many of the recommendations relate to the securing of Herbert Bloch's immigration visa. Other letters in this folder include a letter of gratitude from his students at Harvard University for tutoring them in Greek historiography and a letter by Herbert Bloch in defense of Gerhart Rodenwaldt, his former professor from the University of Berlin.

Material on the bombardment of the Monte Cassino monastery during World War II by Allied forces consists only of an offprint by Herbert Bloch (removed to the LBI Library) and a note. Three folders concern Herbert Bloch's series of books, Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages, consisting of its reviews and documents related to awards he received for the work.

BoxFolderTitleDate
214Introductory File – Curriculum Vitae, Bibliography, List of directed dissertations (File 00)1929-1991
215Introductory File – Genealogy and Ancestors (File 00)undated, 1909-1946
216Introductory File – Obituaries (File 00)2006-2008
217Introductory File – Inventories, Collection Information, and Family Member Descriptions (File 01, "Logs")2000s
218Entry to the United States – Recommendations (File 02)1938-1941
219Entry to the United States – Passports and Identification (File 02)1935-1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
OS 16410Cassino Lecture Advertisement1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
220Bombardment of Monte Cassino during World War II (File 03)1973, 2000s
221Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages – Book Reviews (File 04)1987-1991
222Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages – Praemium Urbis Award and other awards (File 04)1987, 1999
223Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages – Haskin's Medal (File 04)1988
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Series III: Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues, 1926-1969, 1997

This series is in German, English, and Italian.
0.25 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Original order.

Scope and Content:

Series III consists of correspondence of Herbert Bloch with colleagues, intended (as described in folder 2/17 of the introductory files of Series II) to be a representative sample that shows part of his network with other academics, but which also includes letters from friends. The folders have been further subdivided during the processing of the collection to hold the letters of the most frequent correspondents.

Letters from the 1930s include early letters related to Herbert Bloch's enrollment at Harvard, as well as short greetings from friends. Correspondence with G. Rodenwaldt includes lengthy discussion of Herbert Bloch's research, the difficulty in publishing it, and Herbert Bloch's suggestions regarding publication.

Correspondence from the early 1940s includes some letters from colleagues abroad and many from former students serving in the military who often describe their daily life and training. Folder 28 includes several letters congratulating Herbert Bloch on his engagement and marriage and also letters that indicate he was teaching math during the war. Correspondence between Herbert Bloch and Wilhelm Koehler goes into many details of Herbert Bloch's scholarly work and research interests, including discussion of the history of the Monte Cassino abbey and of the interpretation of a picture of Henry II. Similar is the correspondence of E.A. Lowe, some of whose research was helpful to Herbert Bloch in an article on Byzantium and Monte Cassino. The letters also discuss in detail the role the Vatican Gospel of Henry II played in Monte Cassino and mentions a possible position for Herbert Bloch at Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study, which he declined for a position at Harvard.

Letters from the mid-1940s are similar to that of the earlier 1940s, with news from former students in the military, general professional correspondence, and research requests, among other subjects. Letters from Gerhard Radke mostly contain personal news and updates on his activities. Herman Walsten was a former neighbor and childhood friend of Herbert Bloch's; correspondence with Walsten includes personal news but also summaries of Herbert Bloch's professional achievements.

Brief professional greetings along with news from other academics constitute much of the correspondence of 1949-1959. Some of these letters display the daily functioning of faculty at Harvard University. Included are congratulations on Herbert Bloch having been made a full professor at Harvard in 1953 and upon being placed in charge of Classical Studies at the American Academy in Rome.

Many of the letters of the 1960s briefly discuss professional topics such as news or committees or briefly mention new research related to his work. Correspondence between Herbert Bloch and Hartmut Hoffmann in Bonn discuss Bloch's Monte Cassino research, with reference to Peter the Deacon. Two letters from colleagues in 1968-1969 briefly touch upon current events, including the unrest of the time among students.

BoxFolderTitleDate
224Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues (File 05a)1932-1939
225Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – Eduard Norden (File 05a)1933-1938
226Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – Anneliese Riess (File 05a)1937-1938, 1997
227Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – G. Rodenwaldt (File 05a)1933-1938
228Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues (File 05a)1940-1944
229Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – Wilhelm Koehler (File 05a)1942-1943
230Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – E.A. Lowe (File 05a)1942-1946
231Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues (File 05a)1945-1947
232Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – Gerhard Radke (File 05a)1947-1949
233Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – Herman Walsten (File 05a)1957-1960
234Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues (File 05b)1949-1959
235Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues – Giuseppe Antonio Palombo (File 05b)1950-1952
236Correspondence with Friends and Colleagues (File 05b)1960-1969
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Series IV: Official Documents, 1852-1989

This series is in German, English, Latin, Italian, and Czech.
0.25 linear feet + 1 oversized box.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Series IV contains the official documents, including academic certificates, of Herbert Bloch and members of the Bloch family.

Documents of Bloch family members include birth, marriage, and death certificates for Ludwig, Alice, and Egon Bloch, as well as for Samuel and Gustav Bloch. Several letters of recommendation for Gustav Bloch relate to his training as a physician, as does his medical diploma. In addition, Ludwig Bloch's will is also located here, which bequeathed his apartment and possessions to the Holesch sisters.

Most of the documents for Herbert Bloch pertain to his education, such as diplomas and other educational certificates from schools and universities, including Herbert Bloch's degrees from the University of Rome and Harvard University and transcripts of his courses at the University of Berlin. A number of Herbert Bloch's documents are membership certificates from American, Italian, and German professional societies to which he belonged. In addition, the certificate for the Praemium Urbis award he received for his work Monte Cassino in the Middle Ages is also included here.

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31Bloch Family Documents1895-1950
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OS 1641Gustav Bloch – Medical Diploma1893
OS 1642Herbert Bloch – Copy of Artwork – Roman Sceneundated
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32Herbert Bloch – Educational Certificates and Documents1930-1938
33Herbert Bloch – Honorary Degree from Cassino (Laurea Honoris Causa) – Signatures1989
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OS 1643Herbert Bloch – Harvard University Diploma (Master of Arts) and Praemium Urbis Award1947, 1987
OS 1644Herbert Bloch – Diplomas – Laurea di Dottere in Lettere and Diploma di Perfezionamento1935-1937
OS 1645Professional Membership Certificates – American Philosophical Society1958
OS 1646Professional Membership Certificates – German Archaeological Institute1956
OS 1647Professional Membership Certificates – American Academy of Arts and Sciences1950
OS 1648Professional Membership Certificates – La Pontifica Academia Romana di Archeologia1958
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OSL 48Ludwig Bloch – Commendation of Twenth-fifth Anniversary as Dresdner Bank Director1924
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34Ludwig Bloch – Will and Related Correspondence1943-1958
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OS 1649Samuel Bloch – Medical Diploma1852
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