Guide to the Tamar Morad, Dennis and Robert Shasha Collection of Iraqi Jewish Oral Histories
circa 1900, 1930s-2007
(bulk 2003-2007)

ASF AR 72

Processed and finding aid compiled and encoded by Violet Lutz

American Sephardi Federation

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-8350

Fax: (212) 294-8348

Email: rbelinfante@asf.cjh.org

URL: http://www.sephardi.house/

© 2015  American Sephardi Federation. New York, NY
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Violet Lutz in June 2015. Description is in English.
September 2016 Added dao links by Eric Fritzler.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Shasha, Robert
Title: Guide to the Tamar Morad, Dennis and Robert Shasha Collection of Iraqi Jewish Oral Histories
Dates:circa 1900, 1930s-2007
Dates:bulk 2003-2007
Abstract: This collection contains oral history materials collected by Tamar Morad, Robert Shasha, and Dennis Shasha, in connection with the writing and compilation of the book Iraq's Last Jews: Stories of Daily Life, Upheaval, and Escape from Modern Babylon (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), including approximately 60 audio recordings of interviews, with at least one third accompanied by transcripts; and a small amount of related biographical material, including memoirs and other writings, one family history, and photographs. The collection contains the interview recordings on which 18 of the 20 narratives in the published book were based. In addition, it contains oral histories or autobiographical narratives pertaining to more than 40 individuals whose stories are not told in the book. The interviewees and their families represent a range of professions, including international merchants and bankers, as well as rabbis, doctors, politicians, intellectuals, musicians, poets, and artists. The materials convey personal accounts of Jewish life in Iraq from approximately the 1920s to the early 1980s, as well as Iraqi Jewish experiences of emigration, transit journeys, and new lives in the diaspora, in locations including Iran, India, Japan, China, Israel, Great Britain, Canada, and the United States.
Languages: The collection is in English and Hebrew, with a few items in French and Spanish and reproductions of two documents in Arabic.
Quantity: 1.5linear feet (2 manuscript boxes, 2 audiocassette boxes, and 187 electronic files)
Identification: ASF AR 72
Repository: American Sephardi Federation
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Historical Note


The History of the Jews in Iraq (in brief outline)

The Iraqi Jewish community is one of the oldest in the world. The region of modern-day Iraq was known by the Greeks as Mesopotamia and is identified with biblical Babylonia. The community traces its roots back to the episodes of captivity brought about by Nebuchadnezzar II in 597 BCE, and, again, in 586 BCE, with the destruction of the First Temple. The site was subsequently a great center of Jewish learning, where the Babylonian Talmud was compiled. After the rise of Islam and the Arab conquest of the region in the 7th century CE the land became known as Iraq. The city of Baghdad, founded in 762, eventually became the home of the greatest concentration of Iraqi Jews. In 1258 the destruction of Baghdad by the Mongols precipitated a long period of general economic decline.

From 1534 until World War I Iraq was part of the Ottoman Empire, except for a brief interlude under the Persians in the early 17th century. Under Ottoman rule, just as under the earlier caliphates, Jews, as well as Christians, as non-Muslims professing a monotheistic faith, held the protected legal status of 'dhimmi,' which gave them the right to worship, and a certain amount of self-administration, but also entailed certain restrictions that reflected subordination to the Muslim majority. The well-being of the community depended on the attitudes of particular rulers, with some periods of persecution.

The Jewish population of Baghdad in 1824 was estimated at 1,500 families. According to one source in 1848, the city had 3,000 Jewish families, and nine synagogues. By 1860 the number of Jewish residents had risen to 20,000, amounting to slightly more than one quarter of the population. There were also many smaller Jewish communities scattered throughout northern Iraq, the largest being at Mosul. Due to shifting economic factors in the late 19th century, following the opening of the Suez Canal in 1862, many Jews, like others in the country, moved to the south. From that time through World War I, the Jewish community at the southern port city of Basra grew significantly.

Traditionally Iraqi Jews spoke Judeo-Arabic, which was based on Arabic but written in Hebrew characters, with the incorporation of Hebrew vocabulary, as well as words from Turkish, Persian, and Aramaic. They also spoke Arabic and participated in Arabic culture, including literature and music. Significant developments in the 19th century included the establishment in Baghdad of the Alliance Israélite Universelle school for boys, in 1864, the first modern Jewish elementary school, as well as a similar school for girls, in 1893. This trend within the Jewish community toward secular education, including instruction in European languages, led to greater occupational opportunity in business, finance, and government.

In the early 20th century the Young Turks movement spurred reforms including the declaration of equal rights for non-Muslim minorities under the Ottoman constitution of 1908. World War I brought the occupation of the region by the British and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The borders of the modern state of Iraq were determined in the postwar treaties, with the proposal of a British Mandate for Mesopotamia (i.e. Iraq) leading eventually to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy under King Faisal I, in 1921.

According to British figures, there were 87,488 Iraqi Jews in 1919, making up approximately 3% of the total population (2.85 million). At that time approximately 50,000 Jews lived in Baghdad, constituting 20% of the city's population. Thanks to the modernizing influence of the British and Faisal's tolerant policies, the Jewish community in Iraq enjoyed prosperity and relative security in the 1920s and early 1930s, a period remembered by some Iraqi Jews as a 'golden age.' Sir Sassoon Eskell served as the first minister of finance under Faisal, from 1921 to 1925, the only Jew ever to hold a cabinet-rank position in the Iraqi government.

Iraq achieved independence in 1932. The situation of Jews in the country deteriorated in the course of the 1930s. Faisal's son Ghazi, who ascended to the throne in 1933, was less tolerant than his father, and there was infiltration of Nazi influence through propagandistic undertakings of the German ambassador. Some Jews were dismissed from government posts in 1934 and an unofficial quota system began to prevail in the civil service. The Arab revolt in Palestine in 1936 fueled pro-Palestinian and anti-Zionist, as well as anti-Jewish sentiment in Iraq, as elsewhere in the Arab world.

After a pro-Nazi coup in April 1941, the British occupied the country, and the brief Anglo-Iraqi war ensued, in May 1941. In the vacuum of leadership and security following the British victory, violent anti-Jewish riots broke out in Baghdad. This pogrom, known by the Arabic term 'Farhud,' meaning 'violent dispossession,' resulted in the murder of 179 Jews, the injury of many more, and the looting or destruction of hundreds of businesses and homes.

Following the Farhud the Jewish community recovered; the majority still saw their future as loyal Iraqi citizens. However, in the following years some young Iraqi Jews became engaged in the Zionist underground, and others in the Communist underground.

In the wake of the United Nations resolution on the partition of Palestine, the establishment of the state of Israel, and the subsequent Arab-Israeli war (Israeli War of Independence) there was a charged anti-Jewish atmosphere in Iraq, with Jews increasingly experiencing abuses and subject to restrictions. In September 1948, the public hanging, after a brief trial, of a wealthy Iraqi Jewish businessman, Shafiq Adas, of Basra, who was charged with selling military equipment to Israel, shocked the Jewish community.

In 1949 some Iraqi Jews fled Iraq illegally over the Iranian border, aided by Zionist emissaries. In response to the situation, in March 1950 the Iraqi government passed the Citizen Revocation Law, which enabled Jews to emigrate by revoking their citizenship. Tens of thousands of Iraqi Jews registered for this right – 105,000 Iraqi Jews arrived in Israel by July 1951. The Iraqi government froze the assets of many Jews attempting to leave after March 1951. Around that time Israel mounted an airlift to assist the emigration. The airlift, or the mass emigration in general, later came to be known as "Operation Ezra and Nehemiah," after the biblical figures who led the Jewish people out of the Babylonian exile back to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple in the 5th century BCE.

According to estimates based on the official Iraqi census, there were approximately 118,000 Jews in Iraq in 1947, comprising 2.5% of the total population (some sources speculate that the number was closer to 135,000, or even higher). After the mass emigration approximately 6,000 remained.

Jews continued to flee the country over the next decades. In 1968, when the Ba'ath Party came to power for the second time after a period of political turbulence, there were approximately 3,000 Jews still living in Iraq. Under the Ba'athist regime discriminatory and oppressive measures that had affected Jews since the Six Day (Arab-Israeli) War of 1967 intensified, including detentions, firings from jobs in the public and private sector, expulsions from social clubs, revocations of business licenses, being restricted in travel within Iraq, having telephone service cut off, and having bank accounts frozen. In January 1969, nine Jews (as well as several Muslims and Christians), falsely accused of being spies for Israel, were publicly hanged in Baghdad. In the period from then until April 1973 a total of 46 Iraqi Jews were killed, or kidnapped, or simply disappeared; and many were imprisoned. The number of Jews remaining in Iraq was approximately 350 in 1975, and 120 in 1996. As of 2007, fewer than a dozen Jews were believed to be living in the country.

References

Ben-Yaacob, Abraham, et al. "Iraq." Encyclopaedia Judaica. Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. 2nd ed. Vol. 10. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007. 14-24.

Moreh, Shmuel. "Introduction: The historical context." In Tamar Morad, Dennis Shasha, and Robert Shasha (Eds.), Iraq's Last Jews: Stories of Daily Life, Upheaval, and Escape from Modern Babylon (pp. 1-12). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains oral history materials collected by Tamar Morad, Robert Shasha, and Dennis Shasha, in connection with the writing and compilation of the book Iraq's Last Jews: Stories of Daily Life, Upheaval, and Escape from Modern Babylon (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), including approximately 60 audio recordings, with at least one third accompanied by transcripts; a few transcripts or narratives without recordings; and a small amount of related biographical material, including memoirs and other writings, one family history, and photographs (Series II). The interviewees and their families represent a range of professions, including international merchants and bankers, as well as rabbis, doctors, politicians, intellectuals, musicians, poets, and artists. The materials convey personal accounts of Jewish life in Iraq from approximately the 1920s to the early 1980s, as well as Iraqi Jewish experiences of emigration, transit journeys, and new lives in the diaspora, in locations including Iran, India, Japan, China, Israel, Great Britain, Canada, and the United States.

The remainder of the collection comprises a small amount of general materials (Series I) related to the editors' work in conducting interviews, and researching and publishing the book, including lists of contacts, a book proposal, and photographs of many of the interviewees, taken at an event in 2006.

In the published book the editors shaped the interview content into polished autobiographical narratives. The collection contains the original interview recordings on which 18 of the 20 narratives in the book were based (half of them accompanied by transcripts); those interviewees were: Eli Amir, Mordechai Ben Porat, Oddil Dallall, Ronit Dangour, Shlomo El-Kevity, Salim Fattal, Linda Masri Hakim, Oded Halahmy, Saeed Herdoon, Shlomo Hillel, Ilana Marcus, Sami Michael, Salim Sassoon, Zuhair Sassoon, Shlomo Sehayek, Alfred and Hanina Shasha, Aida Zelouf, and Ezra Zilkha. There is also a draft narrative for one other interviewee included in the book, Dhiaa Kasim Kashi, but no audio file; Kashi, who is a Shiite Muslim, was the only non-Jew interviewed. (There is no material in the collection related to Richard Obadiah, the 20th narrative in the book.)

In addition, the collection contains oral histories or autobiographical narratives pertaining to 47 individuals whose stories are not told in the book, including two sisters (Violet and Daisy Moalem), and a mother-daughter pair (Rachelle Dallal and Joyce Sopher), respectively, who were interviewed together; and two autobiographical narratives, one written by Nissim Rejwan and another, by Selim Dangoor (who died in 1998, before the project began). All of the additional interviewees except one (Baruch Levy) are named in the "Acknowledgements" in the book (p. xvi); Shmuel Moreh, although not named in the list of interviewees, is thanked for his help with researching the history of the community (as is Rejwan); he is also the author of the book's introductory chapter, on the historical context.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged in two broad groupings, with Series I containing general materials related to the editors' work on the book project; and Series II all of the oral histories, autobiographical narratives, and associated materials, arranged alphabetically by name of subject.

Originals of all files found on floppy disk or CD have been transferred to ASF secure server space. Individual files or groupings of files are intellectually described as part of the collection below.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact: American Sephardi Federation, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011 email:ASFinquiries@cjh.org

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Related Material

A small amount of material (correspondence and statements) related to a rally held in New York City in 1969 after 53 Iraqis, including Iraqi Jews, were executed, can be found in the following collection held by the American Jewish Historical Society, at the Center for Jewish History: Records of the Synagogue Council of America (I-68), Box 24, Folder 17.

Documents of the Iraqi Jewish community dating from the 16th to the 20th century, known as the "Iraqi Jewish Archive," which were discovered in the Iraqi intelligence headquarters by the United States Army in 2003, and were subsequently treated and digitized at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, can be accessed online at http://www.ija.archives.gov.

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Separated Material

Two commercial CDs were transferred to the American Sephardi Federation Library: 1) The Forgotten Refugees (The David Project, 2004); and 2) Rivers of Babylon (musical group), Treasures: Songs of Praise in the Iraqi-Jewish Tradition (Sara Menasseh, 2002).

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Digitization Note

Born-digital material has been noted and is available to researchers through the hyperlinks at the folder level. With the exception of material that may still be under copyright protection, the remaining portion of the Shasha collection has been digitized in its entirety.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Tamar Morad, Dennis and Robert Shasha Collection of Iraqi Jewish Oral Histories; ASF AR 72; box number and folder number, or electronic file number; American Sephardi Federation, New York, NY.

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Acquisition Information

The collection was received from Robert Shasha.

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Processing Information

During processing, hard copy and digital materials were sorted and categorized according to the oral history interviewees, or authors/subjects of narratives (Series II); or, alternatively, grouped together as related to the general work of organizing and conducting interviews, and producing the book Iraq's Last Jews (Series I). Hard copy materials and cassette tapes were placed in acid-free archival folders and boxes. Disk images were produced of seventeen 3.5" floppy disks carrying word processing files (transcripts) in May 2015 using BitCurator. The disk images are in ASF secure network storage space. The physical disks are found in box 2. Individual transcript files in Word format were opened, saved to PDF/A-1, and assigned a filename, either asf-ar72-[original file name] if the original filename was descriptive, or asf-ar72-[interviewee_name] if it was not. The PDF/A files will be made available via the Center for Jewish History's digital asset management system, and are linked below in the container list.

Sixteen data compact discs were logically copied in June 2015. Unaltered copies of the files are in ASF secure network storage space. The physical discs are found in box 2. Individual Word files were opened, saved to PDF/A-1, and assigned a filename, either asf-ar72-[original file name] if the original filename was descriptive, or asf-ar72-[interviwee_name] if it was not. These files will be made available via the Center for Jewish History's digital asset management system.

Digital audio files will be made available via the Center for Jewish History's digital asset management system. A set of 61 image files was ingested as a group, entitled Photographs – Iraqi book project.

The portion of the materials that exhibited some original order pertained to interviews conducted in 2003 to 2004, which were all transcribed and the word processing files stored on the 17 floppy disks. All of the floppy disks except one were found in envelopes together with one or more cassette tapes; the envelopes had uniform printed labels, with the name of the interviewee, as well as (either printed or filled in by hand) the name of the digital file and sometimes the date of the transcription. The accompanying cassette tapes were typically labeled only with the name of the interviewee. In these instances, the content of the tapes was not reviewed; rather, it was assumed that the tape(s) found in the same envelope corresponded to the interview documented in the transcript. The 17th floppy disk (Sourani) and the corresponding cassette tape were found loose, but were labeled with the same date and thus easily paired.

Other recordings (pertaining to later interviews, conducted in 2006) were received either as loose cassette tapes (typically labeled only with the name of the interviewee), or as electronic audio files on CD, with the file name reflecting the name of the interviewee. The materials also included many printouts of transcripts that had served as working copies, some with highlighting and handwritten emendations, as well as other biographical materials. All of these materials were examined, grouped according to interviewee/subject, and the paper transcripts matched to recordings.

Most of the CDs that carried recordings were labeled as either "London" or "Israel"; each CD typically carried seven to fifteen files, documenting several different interviews. These files were all dated in 2006, and it became apparent that these were the recordings made by Tamar Morad during her trips to London and Israel in July to August 2006. Most or all of the recordings were ultimately found to be present in duplicate, but the groupings on the CDs varied, so that no single CD could be said to be carrying duplicates; rather, the files had to be surveyed as a whole in order to determine the extent of duplication. (In the case of the Israel interviews, CDs labeled simply "Israel" contained both English- and Hebrew-language interviews, and CDs labeled "Israel – English" represented separate groupings of English-language interviews only.)

A variety of materials, including audio files, transcripts, and background/research material was found on three additional CDs, and was sorted according to the nature of the files, and integrated into Series I and Series II, as appropriate. One CD labeled "Tamar" carried a folder labeled "London," containing audio recordings (mostly duplicates found elsewhere), as well as word processing files that included transcripts and some general materials related to the book project (contacts/itineraries, book proposal). Two additional CDs were unlabeled, and contained various word processing files, including working copies of transcripts (i.e. with comments, notes, and/or highlighting), and one file of background information ("wedding info," about Iraqi Jewish customs). The unlabeled CDs also contained a few files that evidently had to do with other projects of Morad, and were clearly unrelated to the Iraqi Jewish oral histories; these files were excluded from the collection.

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Access Points

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Container List

 

Series I: Book Project – General materials, circa 2003-2007

In English.
Box 1, Folders 1-3; 68 electronic files; sixteen compact discs; seventeen 3.5'' floppy disks
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by title.

Scope and Content:

This series contains some general materials related to the book project that eventually became Iraq's Last Jews. Most of the materials relate to Tamar Morad's travels and research. Included are three electronic files that contain contact information and notes concerning individuals that she intended to contact and/or interview during a trip to London in July 2006, followed by a stay in Israel, from the end of July to mid August 2006. Also included is an electronic file containing a book proposal, evidently prepared for submission to the University Press of New England (the book was eventually published not by UPNE but by Palgrave Macmillan). That file provides insights into the evolution of the book, since the content outline differs significantly from the published form; it also supplies brief biographical sketches for many of the interviewees.

This series also includes the physical compact discs and floppy disks found in the collection. The individual electronic files are intellectually integrated into the container list.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11Basri, Carole. "The Jewish refugees from Arab countries … a case study of the human rights violations of Iraqi Jews"2003 March
  

Published in Fordham International Law Journal, 26 (3), p. 656-720. With a few handwritten notes that appear to be in the hand of Tamar Morad.

 
  View the folder 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Proposal_for_UPNEBook proposal for "Iraq's Last Jews" to the University Press of New England2006 June 29
  

Overview of project, including roles of Tamar Morad, Robert Shasha, and Dennis Shasha; outline of content; and marketing plans. Includes brief biographical notes on the following individuals: Ezra Attar and Mayer Attar; Carole Basri; Mordechai Ben-Porat; Yvonne Cohen; Naim Dangoor; Oded Halahmy; Elias Hawa; Saeed Herdoon; Shlomo Hillel; Latif Hoory; Yeheskel Kojaman; David Lavipour; Moshe and Baruch Levy; Saleh Masri; Sara Menasseh; Sami Michael; Violet and Daisy Moalem; Victor Moche; Shmuel Moreh; Aziza Mowlem; Meir Murad; Shaul S.; Tova Murad Sadka; Albert and Hanina Shasha; Moshe Shohet; Sit Simcha; Richard Smooha; Sami Sourani; and Aida Zelouf.

Original file(s): MS Word file "Proposal for UPNE", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-contactsContactscirca 2006
  

Tamar Morad's contacts generally, in the United States, Canada, and Switzerland, as well as those related to her trips to London and Israel in 2006.

Original file(s): MS Word file "contacts", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-UK_itineraryItinerary/contacts -- 1. United Kingdom2006
  

Relates to Tamar Morad's stay in London July 15-19, 2006

Original file(s): MS Word file "UK itinerary," found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Israel_ItineraryItinerary/contacts -- 2. Israelcirca 2006
  

Relates to Tamar Morad's stay in Israel from the end of July through the middle of August 2006

Original file(s): MS Word file "Israel Itinerary", found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
12"The history and the heritage of the Babylonian Jewry" (outline/proposal)undated
  

Appears to be a book project proposal, including topics and number of pages, in three parts: I. Babylonian Jewry and their heritage from their exile until the Turkish conquest, ed. Yitzhak Avishur; II. History of the Babylonian Jews in modern times, ed. Zvi Yehuda; and III. The spiritual and cultural creations of Babylonian Jewry from the 16th to the 20th centuries, ed. Shmuel Moreh.

 
  View the folder 
13Miscellaneous correspondence, permission formcirca 2004-2007
  

3 items: printouts of emails exchanged between Dennis Shasha and Robert Shasha concerning the book project, including an outline of themes; and draft permission form filled out by Tamar Morad for use of photographs from the Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center.

 
  View the folder 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Intro_infoMorad, Tamar. Historical informationcirca 2006 July 4
  

Audio file of Morad speaking information about Iraqi Jewish history, some of it from research at the Babylonian Jewry Heritage Center.

Original file(s): WAV file "Intro info", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Introductory_chapterMorad, Tamar. "Introductory chapter"circa 2006 July 4
  

Includes sections of material gathered from interviews with Sami Sourani and Maurice Shohet, with additional notes.

Original file(s): MS Word file "Introductory chapter", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-wedding_infoMorad, Tamar. Notes -- Iraqi Jewish family life, weddingscirca 2006 September 6
  

With a section labeled "For Eileen Dangoor chapter" and source otherwise unidentified.

Original file(s): MS Word file "wedding info", found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
14Morad, Tamar. Notes -- Variouscirca 2004-2007
  

Handwritten, scattered notes on a pad of lined paper, presumed to be in the hand of Morad. Concerning itineraries, contact information, references, historical information, and biographical details about interviewees. Also includes a set of points related to the project, apparently for discussion with Robert Shasha; lists of books to read and books bought; set of questions for Sami Michael.

 
  View the folder 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Iraqi_book_project_photographsPhotographs -- Iraqi book project2006 summer
  

61 images, all with the original file name prefix "August 2006 – PEJE and anniversary" ("PEJE" possibly stands for: Partnership for Excellence in Jewish Education). Mostly portraits of individuals. Includes Shmuel Moreh, with images of a prize plaque awarded to him by the state of Israel in 1999, for his work in Middle Eastern studies; Baruch Levy; Yair Dalal; Shlomo Hillel; the Hakak brothers Balfour and Herzl; and Sami Michael; among others.

Original file(s): 61 JPEG files found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
214Compact discscirca 2004-2007request_box
  

This folder holds 6 data compact discs that contain text, audio and photographic electronic files. All files have been transferred to ASF secure server space. Individual files or groupings of files are intellectually arranged into the collection.

 
215Compact discscirca 2004-2007request_box
  

This folder holds ten data compact discs that contain text, audio and photographic electronic files. All files have been transferred to ASF secure server space. Individual files or groupings of files are intellectually arranged into the collection.

 
2163.5'' floppy diskscirca 2004-2007request_box
  

This folder holds seventeen 3.5'' floppy disks that contain oral history transcripts. All disks were imaged and transferred to ASF secure server space. Individual files or groupings of files are intellectually arranged into the collection.

 
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Series II: Oral history interviews and related materials, circa 1900, 1930s-2007

In English and Hebrew, with a few items in French and Spanishand reproductions of two documents in Arabic.
Box 1, Folder 3 - Box 2, Folder 45; Boxes 3 and 4 (31 cassette tapes); and 119 electronic files.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by name of individual, with interview materials arranged chronologically, followed by supporting biographical material.

Scope and Content:

This series contains oral history audio recordings, sometimes accompanied by transcripts, either as initial clean copies, or in various stages of review by editors; in two instances, autobiographical narratives (for Selim Dangoor and Nissim Rejwan); and various materials related to the interviewees, including memoirs and other writings, one family history (Murad family), and, in several instances, photographs. In the case of one interviewee, Saleh Masri, who died within a year of being interviewed, the text of a eulogy by his daughter, Susan Lawi, as well as obituaries, are included. Concerning the dates of materials, please note that the only original item dated before 2003 is a photograph from 1996; other items carrying older dates, as early as 1900, are either photocopies or modern prints.

In surveying the interviews it is apparent that they fall into two general categories. A first set comprises 17 interviews conducted in 2003 to 2004, probably entirely by Robert Shasha. These interviews are all accompanied by one or more versions of a transcript (all of these transcripts were received on floppy disks, which were systematically labeled and, except in one instance, packaged together in an envelope with the corresponding cassette tapes). Some of the transcripts indicate that they were produced at Shasha's real estate firm, Cotswold Group. In several of the transcripts Robert Shasha is identified by name as the interviewer; in other instances the utterances of the interviewer are left anonymous (labeled simply as "Interviewer" or "Question"). The book proposal found in Series I (AR 72, file General 1) notes that Shasha conducted "about a dozen interviews" before Tamar Morad became involved in the project. Sometimes additional working copies of transcripts are included, which have added comments or highlighting with italics.

The remaining interviews – over 40 – were all conducted in summer or fall of 2006 (one interview in this category, that of Jack Dunnous, which exists only in the form of an undated transcript, could possibly have been conducted in early 2007), presumably all by Tamar Morad. In July 2006 she traveled to London, and from there on to Israel (see files with information about her itinerary and contacts in Series I. For the majority of these later interviews, no transcript was found. The transcripts included for some of them tend to be in the form of a marked up version, or "working copy" (e.g. with inserted questions and comments), some with introductory notes added, and/or in the process of being edited. (A few files received electronically show editing changes using Microsoft Word "Track changes" feature.)

In four instances, the subjects were interviewed twice, first in 2003 by Robert Shasha, and later, in 2006, by Tamar Morad; those interviewees are: Oded Halahmy; Saeed Herdoon; Victor Moche; and the couple Albert and Hanina Shasha. (The Shashas are the parents of the editors Robert and Dennis Shasha.)

Many of the later interviews, as well as the transcripts and working copies were received as electronic files; in those instances, the location in the container list is labeled "electronic file" (instead of a box number) and the nature of the files is noted in parentheses at the end of the folder title, e.g. "Word file on CD." The name of the electronic file is noted only in selected instances of files that are otherwise unidentified, or exist in more than one version, when the file name would appear to offer some clue as to the intention or the working process (e.g. there are file names that end with a suffix of "TM," presumably indicating editing by Tamar Morad). For files that were undated, the date of the electronic file was used as an approximate date ("circa"), if the date seemed plausible.

The locations of interviews (city or country) indicated in the container list below have been surmised from the available evidence, including information in the itineraries/contact lists found in Series I. If a location could not be deduced with reasonable certainty, the phrase "place unknown" was used. For the interviews conducted by Tamar Morad in London and Israel in 2006, those designations are also indicated in the labeling of the CDs carrying the electronic files. For the interviews in Israel, specific cities were taken, when possible, from the contact information for the interviewees.

Amir, Eli

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Eli_AmirInterview, Israel2006 August 9
  1 hour, 31 minutes

Original file(s): WAV file "Eli Amir", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Attar, Mayer

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Mayer_AttarInterview, London2006 July 16
  2 hours, 32 minutes

Original file(s): 3 WAV files "Mayer Attar", "Mayer Attar 2", "Mayer Attar 3", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Basri, Carole

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York2006 June 13
  

Inaudible

1 audiocassette tape
 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-CaroleBasriTranscript of interview on November 5, [2006?]circa 2007 March 21
  

Transcript indicates date as November 5, no year, interviewer Tamar Morad.

Original file(s): MS Word file "CaroleBasri", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Ben Porat, Mordechai

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Mordechai Ben PoratInterview, Tel Aviv2006 August 10
  

See also under "Murad family"

2 hours, 6 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files, "Mordechai Ben Porat", "Mordechai Ben Porat 2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Questions_for_Mordechai_Ben_PoratQuestions for Mordechai Ben Poratcirca 2006
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Questions for Mordechai Ben Porat", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Cohen, Yvonne

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York[?]2003 October 10
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Yvonne_CohenTranscript of interview on October 10, 2003circa 2003
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "7145-YC", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
15Transcript of interview on October 10, 2003 (working copy)circa 2003
  View the folder 
16Narrative based on edited transcript of interview, with introductory note (working copy)undated
  View the folder 
17Photographs with cover note to Tamar Moradundated, circa 1933-1938, 2007
  

Photocopies of family photos, including ones showing Cohen at age 14 months and 4 years; also, photocopies of photos, including synagogues, from published sources. One of the photos from a published source is dated 1938. Cover note dated "3/8/07."

 
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Dallal family

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
18Photograph - "Vico Dallal Akadias"1996 November 24
  

Depicts a family event with an infant, evidently the customary event held in connection with (the night before) a Brit Milah, with 'chair of Elijah' covered with a parochet, or curtain, and decorated with rimonim, or Torah finials, and greenery (perhaps myrtle). It is not known who provided the photograph, or whether it relates to the family of Yair Dallal.

 
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Dallal (Dalal), Yair

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Yair_DallalInterview, Tel Avivcirca 2006 August 6
  1 hour, 43 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files, "Yair Dallal", "Yair Dallal2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Dallal, Oddil

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oddil_DallalInterview, Tel Aviv2006 August 6
  1 hour, 43 minutes

Original file(s): 5 WAV files, "Odil Dallal", "Odil Dallal2", "Odil Dallal3", "Odil Dallal4", "Odil Dallal5", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oddil_Dallal_transcriptNarrative based on edited transcript of interview, with introductory note (working copy)circa 2006 September 20
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "OdilDallal.ES.TM", found on CD

 
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BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
19"A better God" (book typescript)undatedrequest_box
  

Consists of a synopsis and partial manuscript, chapters 1-4 (of 6).

 

Dangoor, Doreen

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Doreen_DangoorInterview, Londoncirca 2006 July 18
  1 hour

Original file(s): 2 WAV files, "Doreen Dangoor", "Doreen Dangoor2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Dangoor, Selim E. (1918-1998)

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
110Autobiographical essay by Selim E. Dangoorundated (before 1998)request_box
  

Under cover of a message from son David Dangoor to Tamar Morad, December 8, 2006.

 

Dangour, Ronit, and mother Victoria Ovadia

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Ronit_DangoorInterview, Tel Aviv2006 August 2
  

Victoria Ovadia speaks in Hebrew; Ronit Dangour speaks, at least part of the time, in English.

Language: Hebrew, with some English

1 hour, 28 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files, "Ronit Dangoor", "Ronit Dangoor2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Dunnous, Jack

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
111Transcript of interview circa 2006-2007, Philadelphia (working copy)circa 2006-2007
  

Found with attached letter from Dunnous to Tamar Morad dated May 29, 2007.

 
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El-Kevity, Shlomo

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Shlomo_ElKevityInterview, Israel2006 August 8
  

Language: Hebrew

1 hour, 27 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV files, "Shlomo ElKevity", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Fattal, Nabil

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Nabil_FattalInterview, London2006 July 15
  3 hours, 8 minutes

Original file(s): 4 Windows Media Audio files, "Nabil Fattal", "Nabil Fattal2", "Nabil Fattal3", "Nabil Fattal4", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Fattal, Salim

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Salim_FattalInterview, Jerusalemcirca 2006 July 31
  1 hour, 56 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file, "Salim Fattal", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Salim_Fattal1Narrative based on edited transcript of interview (working copy 1)circa 2007 April 6
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Salim Fattal1", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Salim_Fattal.TMNarrative based on edited transcript of interview (working copy 2)circa 2007 April 6
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Salim Fattal.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Gabbay, Rabbi Abraham

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Abraham_GabbayInterview, London2006 July 17
  26 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file, "Rabbi Abraham Gabbay", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Gigi, Shoua

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Shoua_GigiInterview, Israel2006 August 9
  43 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file, "Shoua Jiji", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Haddad, Heskel

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York[?]2004 January 27
  1 audiocassette 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Heskel_HaddadTranscript of interview on January 27, 2004circa 2004 April 22
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "8390-1", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 

Hakak, Herzl and Balfour

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Herzl_Balfour_HakakInterview, Israel2006 August 14
  

Language: Hebrew

54 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files, "Herzl and Balfour Hakkak", "Herzl and Balfour Hakkak2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-HakakBrothers.ANAT.TMNarrative based on translated and edited transcript of interview, with introductory note (working copy 1)circa 2006 September 27
  

Language: English, with some Hebrew

Original file(s): MS Word file "HakakBrothers.ANAT.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-HakakBrothers.TMNarrative based on translated and edited transcript of interview, with introductory note (working copy 2)circa 2006 September 28
  

Language: English, with some Hebrew

Original file(s): MS Word file "HakakBrothers.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
112Poems of Balfour Hakak, with translations in English; letterheadundatedrequest_box
  

The translations are by Schulamith Chava Halevy, or Shira Twersky-Cassel. All of the Hebrew poems and some of the translations are photocopies from published works; sources not given. Also included are a few handwritten notes in Hebrew, on Hebrew-language letterhead of a publishing enterprise of Balfour and Herzl Hakak (who are twin brothers), including the heading: www.hakak-twins.com.

Language: Hebrew and English

 
113Poems of Herzl Hakak, and translations in English, French, and Spanishundated, 1998request_box
  

Several translations of poems into English are by Schulamith Chava Halevy; two are by Shira Twersky-Cassel. Two poems are translated into French by Dinah Smed-Deboya. One poem is given in English and Spanish, with no attribution of translator. One poem in Hebrew ("ואין לי פותר") is not accompanied by a translation. All of the Hebrew poems and some of the translations are photocopies from published works; sources not given.

Language: Hebrew, English, French, and Spanish

 
114Essay, "Today's Hebrew troubadours," by Shira Twersky-Cassel, concerning the Hakak brotherscirca 1990s
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Hakim, Linda Masri

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Linda_HakimInterview, London2006 July 16
  1 hour, 14 minutes

Original file(s): 4 WAV files, "Linda Hakim", "Linda Hakim2", "Linda Hakim3", "Linda Hakim4", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
115Photograph of Linda Masri Hakim's ancestors of the Somekh and Masri familiescirca 1900
  

Identifying information taken from caption in the published bookIraq's Last Jews.

 
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Halahmy, Oded

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York2003 May 30
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
3 Interview, New York2004 June 2
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oded_Halahmy_2003-2004_tx_1Transcript of interviews on May 30, 2003 (p. 1-34) and June 2, 2004 (p. 35-69)2003-2004
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "BJBPIOH", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oded_Halahmy_2003-2004_tx_2Transcript of interviews on May 30, 2003 (p. 1-34) and June 2, 2004 (p. 35-69) (working copy 1)circa 2004
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Oded Halachmy", found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
116Transcript of interviews on May 30, 2003 (p. 1-34) and June 2, 2004 (p. 35-69) (working copy 2)circa 2004
  View the folder 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oded_Halahmy_2006_tx_1Transcript of Interview on June 12, 2006, New Yorkcirca 2006 June 28
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Oded Halachmy-ES", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oded_Halahmy_2006_tx_2Narrative based on edited transcript of interview on June 12, 2006, with introductory note (working copy 1)circa 2006 September 12
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Oded Halachmy-ES", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Oded_Halahmy_2006_tx_3Narrative based on edited transcript of interview on June 12, 2006, with introductory note (working copy 2)circa 2006 September 13
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Oded Halachmy-ES.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Halima, Abraham

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Abraham_HalimaInterview, Israel2006 August 7
  

Language: Hebrew

44 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files, "Abraham Halima", "Abraham Halima2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Hawa, Elias

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York Statecirca 2006
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 

Hayeem, Benjamin

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, place unknown2003 July 7
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Benjamin_HayeemTranscript of interview on July 7, 20032003 September 5
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "BJBPIBH", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
117Transcript of interview on July 7, 2003 (working copy)circa 2003 September 5
  View the folder 

Herdoon, Saeed

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York State[?]circa 2003
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Saeed_Herdoon_2003_txTranscript of interview circa 20032003 October 19
  

Identical file also found on 3.5" floppy disk

Original file(s): MS Word file "SaeedHerdoon-RS", found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
118Transcript of interview circa 2003 (working copy)circa 2003 October
  View the folder 
Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York State[?]circa 2006
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Saeed_Herdoon_2006_tx_1Edited transcript of interview circa 2006, with introductory notecirca 2006
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "SaedHerdoon-ES", found on CD

 
  View the item 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Saeed_Herdoon_2006_tx_2Narrative based on edited transcript of interview circa 2006, with introductory note (working copy)circa 2006 August 30
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "SaedHerdoon-ES.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
119"Surviving Saddam" (memoir) – Typescript2001-2002request_box
  

Preface dated 2001. Includes photocopies of two identity cards (see photographic reproductions in Folder 21, below). Accompanied by generic cover letter related to the author's distribution of the manuscript; and a letter from the Library of Congress, dated 2002, acknowledging receipt of a copy for deposit.

 
120"Surviving Saddam" (memoir) – Printout from Web2003 July 3request_box
121Photographs, identity cards of Saeed Herdoonundated (circa 1940s-1980s)
  

One photo is of a group meeting; one shows Herdoon at a desk; and two are photographic reproductions of identity cards of Herdoon, with head shots and Arabic text. One of the identity cards was used in the published bookIraq's Last Jews, and, according to the caption there, dates from after the Six Day War in 1967; the other shows Herdoon as a teenager or young man.

 
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Hillel, Shlomo

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Shlomo_HillelInterview, Jerusalem2006 August 14
  1 hour, 39 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files "Shlomo Hillel", "Shlomo Hillel2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Questions_for_Shlomo_HillelQuestions for Shlomo Hillelcirca 2006
  

Original file(s): MS Word file "Questions for Shlomo Hillel", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Hoory, Latif

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Latif_HooryInterview, London2006 July 17
  49 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV files "Latif Hoory", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Kahtan, Moshe

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Moshe_KahtanInterview, Israel2006 August 6
  1 hour, 33 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files "Moshe Kahtan", "Moshe Kahtan2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
122Transcript of interview on August 6, 2006circa 2006
  View the folder 

Kashi, Dhiaa Kasim

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-DiaKashi.TMNarrative based on interview, date/place unknown, with introductory/closing notes (working copy)circa 2007 April 7
  

Original file(s): Word file "DiaKashi.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Khalastchy, David

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-David_KhalastchyInterview, Londoncirca 2006 July 17
  59 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "David Khalastchy", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Khalastchy, Eileen

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Eileen_KhalastchyInterview, London (2 WAV files on CD)2006 July 16
  40 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files "Eileen Khalastchy", "Eileen Khalastchy2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Khazoom, Jamil

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Jamil_KhazoomInterview, London 2006 July 15
  52 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "DS_20055", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Kojaman, Yeheskel

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Yeheskel_KojamanInterview, London2006 July 15
  4 minutes

Original file(s): 2 Windows Media Audio files "Yehezkel Kojaman", "Yehezkel Kojaman2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Lavipour, David

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
123Transcript of interview on February 29, 2004, New Yorkcirca 2004
  View the folder 

Levy, Baruch

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Baruch_LevyInterview, Tel Aviv2006 July 31
  1 hour, 12 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Baruch Levy", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Loshi, Yigal

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Yigal_LoshiInterview, Israel2006 August 10
  

Language: Hebrew

1 hour, 7 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Yigal Loshi", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Marcus, Ilana

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Ilana_MarcusInterview, Israel2006 August 1
  55 minutes

Original file(s): 3 WAV files "Ilana Marcus", "Ilana Marcus2", "Ilana Marcus3", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
124Narrative [based on interview on August 2, 2006?], with introductory note (working copy)circa 2006
  

Accompanied by a letter from Mordechai Ben-Porat, chair, to Tamar Morad, dated August 24, 2006, responding to query about total number of flights that were part of Operation Ezra and Nehemiah. (Marcus was a stewardess on some 100 flights.)

 
  View the folder 

Masri, Edmund

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, place unknown2003 August 14
  1 audiocassette tape 
  View the folder 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Edmond_Masri-Babylonian_Jewry_Book_ProjectTranscript of interview on August 14, 20032003 November 3
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "Edmond Masri-Babylonian Jewry Book Project", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 

Masri, Saleh

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York State[?]circa 2004
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Saleh_Masri_txTranscript of interview circa 2004 (Word file on 3.5" floppy disk)2004 August 27
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "BJBPISMASRI", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
125Transcript of interview circa 2004 (working copy 1)circa August 2004
  View the folder 
126Transcript of interview circa 2004 (working copy 2)circa 2004 September 6
  

Accompanied by a printout of email from Dennis Shasha to Robert Shasha dated September 6, 2004.

 
  View the folder 
127Transcript of interview with Saleh Masri's daughter Susan Lawi, about her father, conducted on November 2, 2006, New York State?circa 2006
  View the folder 
128Eulogy for Saleh Masri by his daughter Susan Lawi; memorial flier2005 April
  

Includes two photos of Masri as a young man.

 
  View the folder 
129Correspondence with Shmuel Moreh; and obituaries for Saleh Masri2004-2005
  

Includes copy of a letter from Moreh to Masri (March 14, 2004); a letter of condolence to Susan Lawi from Moreh, upon the death of Masri in April 2005, sent on behalf of the Association of Jewish Academics from Iraq; copy of a letter from Lawi to Moreh, responding to his request for further information about her father; and three items relating to the obituaries and article that the association subsequently published inThe Scribe: Journal of Babylonian Jewry, edited by Naim Dangoor. Two items are accompanied by explanatory notes written by Lawi.

 
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130Text of lecture by Susan Lawi, "The Jews of Iraq"circa 2006request_box
  

Photocopy of typescript, with handwritten notations and underlining. Accompanied by a note from Lawi indicating that she had given the lecture in both the U.S. and Israel.

 

Menasseh, Sara

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Sara_MenassehInterview, London2006 July 17
  1 hour, 22 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Sara Menasseh", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
131Transcript of interview on July 17, 2006circa 2006
  View the folder 
132Writings and ephemera2004-2006request_box
  

Includes a business card and promotional card for an event related to Menasseh's musical group "Rivers of Babylon"; and two articles by her: "Religious music traditions of the Jewish-Babylonian diaspora in Bombay" (published inEthnomusicology Forum, 13(1), January 2004) and "Aspects of Babylonian Jewish life in India during the 19th and 20th centuries (published online inThe Scribe).

 

Menuhin, Linda

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Linda_MenuhinInterview, Tel Aviv2006 August 3
  1 hour, 37 minutes

Original file(s): 3 WAV files "Linda Menuhin", "Linda Menuhin2", "Linda Menuhin3", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Michael, Sami

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, place unknown2003 October 20
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Sami_Michels_txTranscript of interview on October 20, 2003circa 2004 January 15
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "7145-SM", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
21Transcript of interview on October 20, 2003 (working copy)circa 2004
  View the folder 

Moalem, Violet and Raya

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Violet-MoalemInterview, place unknowncirca 2006 August 16
  

Language: Hebrew

1 hour, 3 minutes

Original file(s): 3 WAV files "Violet and Raya Moallem", "Violet and Raya Moallem2", "Violet and Raya Moallem3", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Moche, Victor

Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York[?]2003 July
  

Exact date unknown; "July 2003" written on cassette tape label.

1 audiocassette tape
 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Victor_Moche_tx_July2003Transcript of interview July 2003circa 2003
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "VM1A-39", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
Box TitleDate
3 Interview, New York[?]2003 October 12
  3 audiocassette tapes 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Victor_Moche_tx_October2003Transcript of interview on October 12, 2003 (3 Word files on 3.5" floppy disk)circa 2003
  

Original file(s): 3 Word files "7145VMB", "7145-VM2", "7145-VM3", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
Box TitleDate
3 Interview with Victor Moche and Fadhila Moche, New York State2006 June 12
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
22Transcript of interview with Victor Moche and Fadhila Moche on June 12, 2006circa 2006
  View the folder 

Moreh, Shmuel

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Shmuel_MorehInterview, Jerusalem2006 July 30
  1 hour, 49 minutes

Original file(s): 2 WAV files "Shmuel Moreh", "Shmuel Moreh2", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Mowlem, Aziza

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, New York State?circa 2003
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Aziza_MowlemTranscript of interview circa 20032003 June 6
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "BJBPIAAM", found on 3.5" floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
23Transcript of interview circa 2003 (working copy)circa 2003 June
  View the folder 

Murad family

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
24Murad family history (Toldot mishpachah Murad)circa 1985
  

Photocopy of typescript, with attached clipping from the Tel Aviv newspaper,Yedioth Ahronoth, dated April 17, 1985. This family history might apply either to Meir Murad or to Mordechai Ben Porat (Murad was the original family name of Ben Porat), or to both; it is not known who provided it.

Language: Hebrew

 
  View the folder 

Murad, Meir

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Meir_MuradInterview, Israel2006 August 10
  

Language: Hebrew

43 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Meir Murad", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Nissim, Albert

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, New York State?circa 2006
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 

Rejwan, Nissim

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-NissimRejwan.TMWorking draft of autobiographical narrative, with introductory notecirca 2006 September 28
  

Apparently written by Rejwan, rather than produced from an interview transcript; Tamar Morad made a note to this effect in Israel itinerary file ("wants to write it himself but can meet with him"); see Series I,AR 72, General 2.

Original file(s): 1 Word file "NissimRejwan.TM", found on CD

 
  View the item 

Saieg, Yitzhak

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Yitzhak_SaeigInterview, Israel2006 August 8
  

Language: Hebrew

1 hour, 37 minutes

Original file(s): 3 WAV files "Yitzhak Saig", "Yitzhak Saig2", "Yitzhak Saig3", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
25Photograph of Yitzhak Saieg as a young man1945 September
  View the folder 

Salem, Sammy

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, New York State?2003 July 29
  2 audiocassette tapes 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Sammy_SalemTranscript of interview on July 29, 20032003 November 30
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "Babylonian Jewry Book Project - Sammy Salem", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
  View the item 
Box TitleDate
4 Interview?undated
  

Inaudible

1 audiocassette tape
 
  Listen to audio 

Samuels, Sammy

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknown2003 October 23
  1 audiocassette tape 
  Listen to audio 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Sammy_SamuelsTranscript of interview on October 23, 2003circa 2003 October 23
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "8390-2", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
26Transcript of interview on October 23, 2003 (working copy)circa 2003 October 23
  View the folder 

Sassoon, Salim, and wife, Violet Shemtob, and her sister Albertine Shemtob

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknown2003 May 12
  1 audiocassette tape 
Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Salim_SasoonTranscript of interview on May 12, 2003circa 2003 May 12
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "7145-SS2", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
27Transcript of interview on May 12, 2003 (working copy)circa 2004 September 13
  

Accompanied by printout of email message from Dennis Shasha to Robert Shasha, dated September 13, 2004

 
  View the folder 

Sassoon, Zuhair

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Zuhair_SassoonInterview, Israel2006 August 7
  1 hour, 1 minute

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Zuhair Sasson", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 

Sehayek, Shlomo

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Interview, Or Yehuda, Israelcirca 2006 August 2
  

Language: Hebrew

1 hour, 26 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Shlomo Saheyak", found on CD

 
  Listen to audio 
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
28Biographical narrative about Shlomo Sehayekundatedrequest_box
  

Handwritten manuscript, mostly in the form of a photocopy, with inclusion of two original handwritten sheets. Written in the 3rd person; author not identified.

Language: Hebrew

 

Shasha, Alfred, and wife Hanina Shasha (née Zilkha)

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknownApril 2003
  1 audiocassette tape 
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Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Alfred_Hanina_Shasha_April_2003_tx1Transcript of interview April 20032003 May 6
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "Alfred&Hanina Shasha", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
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Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Alfred_Hanina_Shasha_April_2003_tx2Transcript (edited) of interview April 2003, with introductory note (working copy)circa 2006 September 5
  

Appears to mostly correspond to the transcript of the April 2003 interview, but contains at least some material not found in the earlier transcript.

Original file(s): 1 Word file "Alfred&Hanina Shasha-orig.", found on CD

 
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Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknown2006 June 14
  1 audiocassette tape 
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Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Alfred_Hanina_Shasha_combined_txTranscripts, combined and edited, of interviews April 2003 and June 14, 2006 (working copy)circa 2006 September 6
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "AlfredandHaninaShasha-ES", found on CD

 
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Shohet, David

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-David_ShohetInterview, Israel2006 August 13
  1 hour, 25 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "David Shohet", found on CD

 
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Shohet, Maurice

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
29Narrative based on edited transcript of interview on July 29, 2003 (working copy)circa 2003
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Somekh, Sasson

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Sasson_SomekhInterview, Tel Aviv2006 August 1
  1 hour, 48 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Sasson Somekh", found on CD

 
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Sopher, Joyce, and mother Rachelle Dallal

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Joyce_SoferInterview, London2006 July 17
  59 minutes

Original file(s): 1 WAV file "Joyce Sofer", found on CD

 
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Sourani, Sami

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknown2003 November 17
  1 audiocassette tape 
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Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Sami_SouraniTranscript of interview on November 17, 2003circa 2004 January 15
  

Original file(s): 1 Word files "7145-SS1", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
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BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
210Transcript of interview on November 17, 2003 (working copy 1)2004 July 19
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211Transcript of interview on November 17, 2003 (working copy 2)circa 2004 September 12
  

Includes a printout of an email, found with the item, from Dennis Shasha to Robert Shasha, dated September 12, 2004, pertaining to the Sami Sourani interview and presumed to be referring to this particular version of the transcript. This version does not incorporate any of the handwritten emendations indicated in the working copy dated July 19, 2004.

 
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Zelouf, Aida (née Basri)

Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Aida_ZeloufInterview, London2006 July 16
  1 hour, 7 minutes

Original file(s): 4 WAV files "Aida Zelouf", "Aida Zelouf2", "Aida Zelouf3", "Aida Zelouf4",found on CD

 
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Box TitleDate
4 Interview, London2006 July 16
  

Seems to be the identical interview received electronically as WAV files; however, a small portion of the recording at the beginning, including the statement of the date, is cut off.

1 audiocassette tape
 
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BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
212Yehuda Zelouf (1858-1944) biographical sketchcirca 2007
  

On a faxed sheet with time code 5/29/2007. Author not identified. Yehuda was the grandfather of Aida Zelouf's husband, Frederick Zelouf.

 
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Zilkha, Aodi

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknowncirca 2004
  1 audiocassette tape 
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Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Aodi_ZilkhaTranscript of interview circa 2004circa 2004 April 22
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "8390-4", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
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BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
213Transcript of interview circa 2004 (working copy)circa 2004 April 22
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Zilkha, Ezra

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, place unknown2003 May 21
  1 audiocassette tape 
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Electronic file TitleDate
asf-ar72-Ezra_ZilkhaTranscript of interview on May 21, 20032003 December
  

Original file(s): 1 Word file "Interview of Ezra Zilka - Babylonian Jewry Book Project", found on 3.5'' floppy disk

 
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Zilkha, Maurice

Box TitleDate
4 Interview, New York State2006
  

Date spoken in Interview, but cut off, "__ 13, 2006."

1 audiocassette tape
 
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