Guide to the Lee Kaufer Frankel collection, undated, 1889-1933, 1936-1938, 1942-1944

*P-146

Processed by Marvin Rusinek

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Marvin Rusinek as MS Word document, July-August 2009. Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on November 10, 2009. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator:Frankel, Lee Kaufer (1867-1931)
Title:Lee Kaufer Frankel collection
Dates:undated, 1889-1933, 1936-1938, 1942-1944
Abstract:The collection contains correspondence, documents, and newspaper clippings relating to the life and activities of Frankel in the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company as well as in other social welfare Jewish organizations. Includes biographic and bibliographic data, as well as manuscript and printed copies of his writings and speeches on the subjects of health, insurance and Jewish affairs, and miscellaneous personal correspondence especially with Milton Rosenau.
Languages: The collection is in English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, and Yiddish.
Quantity: 10.5 linear feet (21 manuscript boxes)
Identification:P-146
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical Note

Lee Kaufer Frankel (1867-1931)

Dr. Lee Kaufer Frankel was born in Philadelphia on August 13, 1867, the son of Louis and Aurelia Lobenburg Franken. He attended public schools as the Rugby Academy of Pennsylvania and the University of Pennsylvania. He graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1887 with a B.S. and again in 1891, when he received a Ph.D. He specialized in chemistry and was an instructor in chemistry at the university from 1888 until 1893. He practiced as a consulting chemist in Philadelphia from 1893 to 1899, and was vice president and then president of the chemical section of the Franklin Institute between 1895 and 1898. He came to New York in 1899 as manager of the United Hebrew Charities. A year earlier, he married Alice Reizenstein of Philadelphia and they had two children, Lee K. Frankel Jr. and Eleanor Frankel (Mrs. Richard Rafalsky). In 1908 he went to the Russell Sage Foundation as a special investigator. Frankel's friendship with Rabbi Henry Berkowitz helped arouse his interest in Jewish community affairs and social work.

From 1909, Dr. Frankel had been associated with the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, where his work regarding the promoting of health won wide recognition. President Roosevelt appointed him a member of the Ellis Island Commission in 1903. He served as commissioner of the State Board of Charities and in 1921 and 1922 was welfare director of the Post Office Department.

Dr. Frankel helped introduce professional social work standards into Jewish philanthropy. He stressed the importance of adequate relief geared to rehabilitation, the development of a pension program for such dependents as widowed mothers, and a program of assisted migration to reduce the concentration of the Jewish population in New York City. He became interested in the potential contribution of social insurance to the prevention and relief of poverty.

At Metropolitan, Frankel pioneered the development of social and health programs under private insurance auspices. These included the distribution of many pamphlets on communicable diseases and personal hygiene, the organization of public health nursing services, and community health demonstrations.

Dr. Frankel was a director and, in 1914, vice president of the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. He also had served as treasurer of the American Public Health Association and was its president in 1919. In 1912 he was president of the National Conference of Jewish Charities. He was a member of the national council of the Survey Associates, and a member of the hygiene reference board of the Life Extension Institute.

In 1917, Dr. Frankel was president of the New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections. He was made chairman of the Special European Relief Commission of the American Jewish Relief Commission in 1922, and was chairman of the National Health Council from 1923 to 1925. In 1923 and 1924, Dr. Frankel was vice president of the National Conference on Social Work. He served as chairman of the commission of experts that made a survey of Palestine under the auspices of the Jewish Agency in 1927. The honorary degree of Doctor of Hebrew Laws was conferred upon him by the Hebrew Union College at Cincinnati in 1928.

President Hoover named Dr. Frankel a member of the planning committee for the White House conference on child health and protection.

Dr. Frankel served on the Palestine Joint Survey Commission with Felix M. Warburg and the late Lord Melchett. At a meeting of so-called non-Zionists held here in October, 1928, Dr. Frankel pleaded for agreement between Zionists and non-Zionists and for the support of all Jews in the development of the higher economic, spiritual and cultural life of the ancient home of that people.

Dr. Frankel's appeal was so successful that at a meeting of the Jewish Agency Council at Zurich, Switzerland, the following August, Zionists and non-Zionists united to carry on the work of establishing a Jewish National Home in Palestine. Mr. Warburg was chosen chairman of an administrative committee of forty, composed of twenty Zionists and twenty non-Zionists and Dr. Frankel was a member of the American group.

In November 1929, moved by a declared interest and concern for the Zionist movement, Associate Justice Louis D. Brandeis of the United States Supreme Court joined with Dr. Frankel, Mr. Warburg, Bernard Flexner and other prominent Jews at a conference in Washington, in a decision to form an American business corporation for the investment of funds with a view to furthering the economic development of Palestine.

Dr. Frankel was chairman of the executive committee of the Jewish Communal Survey of Greater New York, which, after an exhaustive study of three years, made a report in the Fall of 1929 urging greater hospital and clinical facilities, the establishment of a central council for the development of a unified recreational program for the Jewish community, the concentration of communal expenditures for research and the standardization and development of sound educational practices. As a result, the present city wide Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies became the unified and coordinated agency that it is today.

Dr. Frankel prepared a review of the medical and sanitary work of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, which conducted a campaign to raise $2,500,000 from America Jews to carry on its work of rehabilitating the Jewish suffering in Central and Eastern Europe. Dr. Frankel, who was chairman of the medical and sanitary committee of the organization, said its work had been largely responsible for the health improvement of millions of persons and saved many who suffered from tuberculosis, typhus and other diseases.

At a meeting of the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia in April of 1930, Dr. Frankel described a world fifty years from then in which he said the main problem would be "the adequate use of leisure."

"The picture of the future is clear," Dr. Frankel said. "Orphan asylums will, we hope, become things of the past. There will be less need for welfare organizations for the indigent. Year by year we shall have fewer hospitals. Industry, in view of our constantly increasing development of technological processes, will be able to maintain efficient production with a marked reduction in the length of the working week."

"Because of the stabilized population resulting from the lower birth rate and the advancing age of the future population, the laborer at 40 will not be looked at askance when he seeks work; nor will he be discharged at 50 to be replaced by a younger man with less skill and less experience. The maintenance of a larger number of men in industry as a result of this may change our industrial system. The world will have more leisure."

Throughout his career Frankel kept an interest in Jewish affairs. He served on the board of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, and in 1927 was chairman of the commission that surveyed Palestine for the Jewish Agency. Frankel published many articles on health and welfare issues and was the coauthor of several books, including The Human Factor in Industry (1920), A Popular Encyclopedia of Health (1926), and Health of the Worker, How to Safeguard It (1924).

Dr. Frankel died on July 25, 1931. He was almost 64 years old. His death was due to heart disease.

Sources:
Encyclopedia Judaica, Second Edition
New York Times, "Dr. Lee K. Frankel Dies On A Tour", July 26, 1931
Dr. Lee K. Frankel by Solomon Lowenstein (http://www.ajcarchives.org/AJC_DATA/Files/1932_1933_5_SpecialArticles.pdf)

Chronology

August 13, 1867LKF born
1887Univ. of Pennsylvania
1891Receives Ph.D. from Univ. of Pennsylvania
1897Marries Alice Reizenstein
1888-1893Instructor of Chemistry at Univ. of Pennsylvania
1893-1899Consulting chemist
1895-1898Vice president and president of Chemical Section of the Franklin Institute
1899-1908Manager of United Hebrew Charities, N.Y.
1908Special investigator at Russell Sage Foundation
1909Manager of Industrial Department at the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
1912President of the National Conference of Jewish Charities
December 24, 1912Became sixth vice president of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
January 23, 1917Became third vice president of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
January 22, 1924Became second vice president of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company
1923-Chairman of the National Health Council
1917President of the New York State Conference of Charities and Corrections
1918Vice president of National Tuberculosis Association
1918Commissioner of State Board of Charities
1919President of American Public Health Association
1921Member of Executive Committee of the New York Campaign for Jewish War Sufferers, American Jewish Relief
1922Chairman of special commission to study conditions in Europe
1922-Director of the New York Tuberculosis Association
1922-Member of executive Committee of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations
1922-Member of governing council of the American Public Health Association
1923Member of board of directors of the American Social Hygiene Association
1923-Member of general committee of the American Jewish Committee
1923-1924First vice president of the National Conference on Social Work
1924Member of advisory committee of the City Housing Corp.
1924Member of advisory council of the Palestine Economic Corp.
1924Member of the Committee on Jewish Agency
1924-Member of board of governors of the National Conference of Jewish Social Service
1925Member of finance committee
1925Treasurer of the Sedgwick Memorial Fund
1925Member of the advisory committee of the Canadian Social Hygiene Council
1925Member of the committee on immigration and naturalization of the Merchants' Association of New York
1925Member of the advisory council of the New York Federation of Women's Clubs
1925Vice president and member of the board of trustees of the Training School for Jewish Social Work
1925Member of administrative committee of the Emergency Com. On Jewish refugees
1925Member of organizational committee of non-Zionist body of the Jewish Agency
1926Member of National Committee of United Jewish Campaign
1926Chairman for the insurance industry, United Jewish Campaign of New York
1926Chairman on the executive committee of the Jewish Communal Survey of Greater New York
July 25, 1931Died in Paris, France
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Scope and Content Note

The collection contains correspondence, documents, and newspaper clippings relating to the life and activities of Frankel in the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company as well as social welfare and Jewish organizations.

The collection also includes biographic and bibliographic data, manuscripts, printed copies of his writings and speeches on the subjects of health, insurance and Jewish affairs, and miscellaneous personal correspondence, especially with Milton Rosenau.

There is extensive correspondence and other material pertaining to Frankel's activities at the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, of which he served as Manager of the Industrial Department and Vice President (1909-1931), including his reports about European social welfare developments, his activities on behalf of company nurses and general employee welfare, correspondence with public and private organizations, his efforts to develop and spread dependents', group, health and home building insurance (of special interest is his correspondence with Kesher Shel Barzel regarding group insurance), his educational and welfare activities for company policy-holders and the general public (of special interest are the company's educational pamphlets, exhibits and public campaigns), his studies and surveys of unemployment, sickness and burial (of special interest are the experimental health experiment at Meriden, Connecticut, 1917-1918), the Memphis Sanitary Study (1917-1919), the influenza study (1918-1922), the Boy Scouts survey (1924-1925) and the Bellevue-Yorkville health demonstration (1925-1930); his interest in company sponsored research and social welfare projects, and his lobbying on behalf of company supported legislation.

In addition, the Frankel papers contain material concerning his activities on behalf of the American Public Health Association (1909-1920, President 1919); Boy Scouts of America (1913-1928); Council of Jewish Communal Institutions (1905-1909); Council of National Defense (1917-1919); International Congress on Social Insurance (1908-1917); National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis (1909-1917); National Civic Foundation (1909-1919); National Conference of Charities and Corrections (1909-1917); National Conference of Jewish Charities (1912); National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives at Denver (1912); State Board of Charities (commissioner, 1918-1931); Training School of Jewish Social Work; and the United Hebrew Charities of New York (manager, 1899-19?8), among others. Also includes extensive correspondence and documents on Frankel's relief work in the Joint Distribution Committee (1918-1931), the American Jewish Relief Committee Special Commission to investigate conditions in East European countries (1922) and the United American Jewish Campaign (1925-1926) as well as his Zionist work in the Palestine Economic Corporation (1924-1929), the Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine (1927-1928) and the Jewish Agency (1929-1931).

The collection is valuable to researchers studying the following aspects of Jewish history: social welfare, health insurance, social insurance, employment, Zionism, and Jewish philanthropy.

The collection is in English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, and Yiddish.

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Arrangement

The collection is organized into seven series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

National Association of Jewish Social Workers (I-88)

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Lee Kaufer Frankel collection; P-146; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Note

Donated by Brandeis University (Goldfarb Library), 1973.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Personal Papers, undated, 1910, 1912-1930, 1918-1919, 1921-1931, 1938

English, Italian, and Yiddish.
Box 1.
Scope and Content:

Series I contains Lee Kaufer Frankel's personal papers. Types of material that can be found within this series include addresses, bulletins, certificates, correspondence, dedications, gazettes, invitations, newspaper clippings, obituaries, sheet music, telegrams, and translations.

Box 1, Folder 1 includes biographic information as well as bibliographic data on Frankel. Folder 2 contains correspondence regarding the bibliographic data. Folder 3 consists of congratulatory messages on Kaufer's becoming 2nd Vice President of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Box 1, Folder 4 has miscellaneous awards and honors and Folder 6 contains an honorary degree from Hebrew Union College. Folder 5 contains articles about LKF and Folder 8 contains miscellaneous newspaper clippings about him. Folder 9 includes many obituary notices of LKF. Folder 10 contains materials from LKF's Testimonial Dinner in 1927 in honor of his contribution to public health and social service. In several newsclippings, Felix Warburg in his speech stated that "he [LKF] has made a tremendous impression, not in figures or statistics, but in the hearts of his countrymen." Box 1, Folders 11-13 concern the death of LKF, specifically about his funeral and letters of tribute.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Biographic and bibliographic data
1 2 Correspondence regarding bibliographic data 1928-1931
1 3 Congratulatory messages on becoming 2nd Vice President of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company 1924
1 4 Miscellaneous awards and honors undated, 1918-1919, 1923-1925
1 5 Articles about L.K.F. undated, 1925, 1927, 1929
  (contains Yiddish)   
1 6 Honorary Degree – Hebrew Union College 1928
1 7 Publicity regarding lectures 1921-1922, 1926, 1930
1 8 Miscellaneous newspaper clippings mentioning L.K.F. undated, 1910, 1912-1913, 1918, 1923-1924, 1926-1929
  (contains Italian)   
1 9 Obituary notices – L.K.F. 1931
1 10 Lee K. Frankel Testimonial Dinner, December 9, 1927 1927-1928
1 11 Miscellaneous papers regarding LKF funeral 1931
1 12 Arrangements: LKF funeral and memorial meeting 1931
1 13 Letters of tribute on death of LKF 1931, 1938
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Series II: Writings and speeches, undated, 1901, 1909-1931

English.
Box 2.
Scope and Content:

Series II is composed of articles and speeches by LKF. Types of material that can be found within this series include abstracts, agreements, articles, bills, bulletins, correspondence, legislative acts, memoirs, newspaper clippings, reports, resolutions, and speeches.

Box 2, Folders 1-5 contain articles and speeches on health and insurance from 1901-1929. Box 2, Folder 6 includes a memoir entitled "Early Days of Charities" and abstracts from reports of the United Hebrew Charities. Box 2, Folder 7 has various articles written by LKF on the subject of Jewish affairs. Folder 8 contains correspondence pertaining to tuberculosis. Folder 9 contains a publisher's agreement between LKF and Mr. Alexander Fleisher, the title of which is The Human Factor in Industry. Folder 10 contains correspondence mostly by the Adelphi Company concerning a proposed book on life insurance. Folder 11 includes a manuscript on life insurance.

BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 Articles and speeches on health and insurance 1901, 1909-1910, 1912-1915
2 2 Articles and speeches on health and insurance 1916-1917
2 3 Articles and speeches on health and insurance 1918-1919
2 4 Articles and speeches on health and insurance 1920-1929
2 5 Articles and speeches on health and insurance undated
2 6 Memoir: “Early Days of Charities” (see also: Jewish Social Service Quarterly VI: 1-2 (1929))
2 7 Articles on Jewish Affairs 1927, 1930-1931
2 8 Correspondence regarding “A Plea for a Federal Commission on Tuberculosis (1915)” 1915-1916
2 9 The Human Factor in Industry Publisher’s agreement 1920
2 10 Correspondence regarding proposed book on life insurance 1928-1930
2 11 Unpublished (?) manuscript on life insurance undated
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Series III: Personal Correspondence (A-Z), undated, 1909-1910, 1912, 1914-1931

English, German, and Spanish.
Box 3.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

This series contains the personal correspondence of Lee Kaufer Frankel with various individuals, organized alphabetically by last name. Types of material that can be found within this series include correspondence, invitations, invoices, memorandums, newspaper clippings, papers, postcards, and telegrams.

BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 A-G undated, 1909-1910, 1912, 1915-1916, 1919-1922, 1925-1927, 1929-1931
3 2 H undated, 1910, 1912, 1917-1918, 1920-1926, 1928-1931
  (contains German and Spanish)   
3 3 I-L undated, 1915, 1919-1920, 1928-1930
3 4 M 1919-1920, 1922-1924, 1928, 1930-1931
  (contains German)   
3 5 N-P undated, 1919, 1921-1922, 1924, 1927-1928, 1930-1931
3 6 R-Rn 1921, 1923, 1925-1928, 1930-1931
3 7 Ro-Rz undated, 1919-1931
3 8 S-Sp undated, 1918, 1920-1922, 1924, 1926-1931
3 9 Sr-Sz undated, 1914, 1920-1924, 1926-1931
3 10 T-Z undated, 1918-1919
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Series IV: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, undated, 1899-1933, 1936-1937, 1942-1944

English, French, German, Hebrew, Italian, and Polish.
Box 4 - Box 16, Folder 4.
Arrangement:

Arranged into seven subseries.

Scope and Content:

This series pertains to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Types of material that can be found within this series include abstracts, advertisements, affidavits, agendas, announcements, annual reports, applications, articles, bills, blueprints, booklets, broadsides, brochures, budgets, bulletins, charts, contracts, correspondence, drafts, financial statements, forms, hearings, invitations, leaflets, legislative acts, manuals, meeting minutes, memorandums, newsletters, newspaper clippings, notices, outlines, pamphlets, photographs, plans, programs, proposals, prospectuses, questionnaires, reports, resolutions, statements, statistical records, summaries, survey data, and telegrams.

Subseries A: Internal Company Affairs, 1908-1910, 1912-1923, 1926, 1928-1929

English.
Box 4, Folders 1-11.
Scope and Content:

This subseries documents the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company's internal company affairs. Types of material that can be found within this subseries include articles, correspondence, drafts, memorandums, plans, and reports.

Box 4, Folders 1-3 contain LKF's report to the Company on his European trip and Folder 4 has correspondence regarding his European trip. Folder 5 contains his correspondence with Haley Fiske, the President of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Folders 6-8 include information on employee benefits. Folders 10-11 contain correspondence and reports regarding the Metropolitan Building efficiency and safety study.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 1 LKF’s Report to Company on his European trip 1910
4 2 LKF’s Report to Company on his European trip 1928
4 3 LKF’s Report to Company on his European trip 1929
4 4 Correspondence regarding European trip 1928-1929
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 5 Miscellaneous Correspondence: LKF-Haley Fiske, President of Metropolitan Life Insurance Company 1908-1909, 1912, 1916, 1919-1921, 1923, 1926
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 6 Employee Dental Clinic 1915-1921
4 7 Employee group disability and life insurance 1914-1915
4 8 Employee welfare – summary of activities1914-1915
4 9 Metropolitan Life Insurance: Nurses1913-1922
4 10 Correspondence regarding Metropolitan Building efficiency and safety study1914-1915, 1918
4 11 Reports regarding Metropolitan Building efficiency and safety study1914-1915

Subseries B: Corporate Correspondence (A-Z), undated, 1909-1920, 1922-1928

English.
Box 4, Folder 12 - Box 5, Folder 9.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of LKF's correspondence with various organizations and committees. Types of material that can be found within this subseries include announcements, articles, bulletins, correspondence, drafts, memorandums, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, programs, reports, and telegrams.

Organizations with which he corresponded include the American Medical Association, Association for the Aid of Crippled Children, and the Boy Scouts of America. Committees with which he corresponded include the Committee for the Reduction of Infant Mortality, the Committee on the Cost of Medical Care, and the Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee.

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 12 American Food Journal 1923-1926
4 13 American Medical Association 1919, 1928
4 14 Association for the Aid of Crippled Children undated, 1915
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 1 Boy Scouts of America 1911-1920, 1922-1923, 1925
5 2 Committee for the Reduction of Infant Mortality 1911
5 3 Committee on the Cost of Medical Care undated, 1926-1928
5 4 The Insurance Press 1909-1911, 1913-1914
5 5 Massachusetts Commission on Old Age Pensions 1909
5 6 Metropolitan Service Bureau 1925
5 7 Nanette Hamburger 1914
5 8 Red Cross Emergency Relief Committee – Washington Place Fire 1911-1912
5 9 St. Louis College 1913-1914

Subseries C: Types of insurance, undated, 1909-1930

English, German, and Hebrew.
Box 5, Folder 10 - Box 7, Folder 12.
Scope and Content:

This subseries is composed of the various types of insurance provided by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Types of material that can be found within this subseries include abstracts, articles, bills, blueprints, correspondence, financial statements, forms, hearings, leaflets, legislative acts, memorandums, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, programs, proposals, reports, statements, and telegrams.

Box 5, Folder 10 to Box 6, Folder 1 contains information regarding insurance of dependents. Box 6, Folders 2 and 3 entail endowment and disability insurance. Box 6, Folders 4-7 contain correspondence regarding group insurance. Box 6, Folder 8 - Box 7, Folder 3 contain information that includes correspondence, reports and data pertaining to health insurance. Box 7, Folders 4-6 contain general information on home building insurance from 1909 to 1918. Box 7, Folders 7-9 include LKF's report on European experience, miscellaneous reports and documents, and newspaper clippings concerning home building insurance. Box 7, Folder 11 contains information about the Savings Bank Life Insurance plan and Box 7, Folder 12 contains information pertaining to the Trading Stamps Insurance Scheme.

BoxFolderTitleDate
5 10 Insurance of dependents 1909-1914
5 11 Insurance of dependents 1925-1927
5 12 Insurance of dependents 1928
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1 Insurance of dependents 1929-1930
6 2 Endowment Insurance – Yiddish Language Advertising undated, 1910-1912
  (contains Hebrew)   
6 3 Disability Insurance 1915
6 4 Miscellaneous correspondence regarding Group Insurance undated, 1909-1910, 1912
6 5 Miscellaneous correspondence regarding Group Insurance 1925, 1927-1930
6 6 Correspondence with organizations regarding group insurance 1912-1913
6 7 Correspondence with Kesher Shel Barzel regarding group insurance 1909-1910, 1912
6 8 Health Insurance 1912-1916
  (contains German)   
6 9 Health Insurance: Correspondence 1917
6 10 Health Insurance: Reports and Data undated, 1915-1917
6 11 Health Insurance: Correspondence 1918
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 Health Insurance: Reports and Data 1918-1919
7 2 Health Insurance: Correspondence 1919
7 3 Health Insurance: Reports and Data 1919
7 4 Home Building Insurance 1909-1911
7 5 Home Building Insurance 1912-1913
7 6 Home Building Insurance 1914-1918
7 7 Home Building Insurance – LKF report on European experience 1909
7 8 Home Building Insurance – Miscellaneous reports and documents (contains oversized material, see OS1F Folder 1, MAP Folder 1) undated, 1911-1912, 1914
7 9 Home Building Insurance – Newspaper clippings 1911-1912
7 10 Hospital Insurance: Durham, N.C. Plan 1930
7 11 Savings Bank Life Insurance 1907-1908
7 12 Trading Stamps Insurance Scheme 1909, 1912, 1915-1916

Subseries D: Educational and Welfare Activities, undated, 1909-1930, 1933, 1936-1937, 1942-1944

English and Polish.
Box 7, Folder 13 - Box 9.
Arrangement:

Arranged into two subsubseries.

Scope and Content:

Subseries D consists of information related to the educational and welfare activities of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Types of material that can be found within this subseries include announcements, annual reports, applications, articles, broadsides, bulletins, charts, correspondence, contracts, manuals, meeting minutes, memorandums, newsletters, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, photographs, plans, programs, reports, summaries, and telegrams.

Subsubseries 1: Educational pamphlets, 1909, 1911-1928, 1930, 1933, 1936-1937, 1942-1944

English.
Box 7, Folder 13 - Box 9, Folder 1.
Scope and Content:

This subsubseries contains various educational pamphlets put out by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Types of material found within this sub-subseries include announcements, annual reports, articles, bulletins, charts, correspondence, contracts, meeting minutes, memorandums, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, plans, and reports.

Some of these include: "Alcoholism and Temperance," "All about Milk," "First Aid in the Home," "The Dope Curse," "The Child," "Child Health Alphabet," and "Hiring and Firing." The subsubseries also has various tuberculosis pamphlets (see Box 8, Folder 7). Box 8, Folders 10 and 11 pertain to the Advisory Educational Group. Box 9, Folder 1 contains a summary of the Company's educational and welfare activities.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 13 “Alcoholism and Temperance” 1911, 1913-1916
7 14 “All about Milk” 1913-1920
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 “First Aid in the Home” 1913, 1918
8 2 Social Hygiene Pamphlet Contest 1914-1916
8 3 “The Dope Curse” 1915
8 4 “The Child” 1912-1914
8 5 “Child Health Alphabet” 1919-1925
8 6 Correspondence regarding complaints against Metropolitan Life education pamphlets 1922-1923, 1925
8 7 Tuberculosis Pamphlets undated, 1909, 1914-1916
8 8 “Hiring and Firing” 1920
8 9 Life Insurance Correspondence Course 1915-1919
8 10 Advisory Educational Group 1924-1928
8 11 Advisory Educational Group 1930, 1933, 1936-1937, 1942-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 Summary: educational and welfare activities 1915, 1917-1919

Subsubseries 2: Projects and campaigns, undated, 1909-1911, 1913-1919, 1924-1926, 1928-1929

English.
Box 9, Folders 2-14.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

The subsubseries is composed of various projects and campaigns of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Types of materials that can be found in this sub-subseries include: applications, articles, broadsides, bulletins, correspondence, manuals, memorandums, newsletters, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, photographs, plans, programs, reports, summaries, and telegrams.

Examples of campaigns include the campaign against bubonic plague (see Box 9, Folder 2), campaign to fight diphtheria (see Box 9, Folder 3). Examples of projects include the "Spring Clean Up" (Box 9, Folder 6) and the "War on Consumption" (campaign on tuberculosis; see Box 9, Folder 12). Box 9, Folders 4 and 5 contain information regarding the distribution of drinking cups and fly swatters. Box 9, Folders 8-10 contain information regarding the creation of exhibits, e.g., the "How to be Happy and Well" exhibit (see Box 9, Folder 8) and the exhibit for the Company's 60th anniversary (see Box 9, Folder 10).

BoxFolderTitleDate
9 2 Campaign against bubonic plague undated, 1914, 1924
9 3 Campaign to fight diphtheria 1928-1929
9 4 Distribution of drinking cups 1913-1915
9 5 Distribution of fly swatters 1925
9 6 “Spring Clean Up” 1913
9 7 “Health and Happiness League” (contains photograph) 1913-1914
9 8 “How to be Happy and Well” Exhibit (contains photograph) 1919
9 9 Exhibits 1913, 1915-1917
9 10 Sesquicentennial Exhibits 1926
9 11 Tower Broadcasting Company 1925
9 12 “War on Consumption” 1909-1911, 1914-1919
  (contains Polish)   
9 13 Experimental Health District – Meriden, Connecticut 1917-1918
9 14 (EMPTY FOLDER) (see Box 12: Burial Costs; Box 13: Influenza study)

Subseries E: Studies and Surveys, undated, 1909-1932

English, French, German, Italian, and Polish.
Box 10 - Box 14, Folder 10.
Scope and Content:

Subseries E is composed of various studies and surveys. Types of materials within this subseries include advertisements, affidavits, agendas, articles, booklets, brochures, budgets, bulletins, charts, correspondence, drafts, forms, invitations, legislative acts, meeting minutes, memorandums, newspaper clippings, notices, outlines, programs, proposals, prospectuses, questionnaires, reports, statements, statistical records, survey data, and telegrams.

Box 10, Folder 1 contains a sickness survey in Kansas City, Missouri from 1916 to 1917. A sanitary survey was conducted in Memphis during the years from 1917 to 1919 (see Box 10, Folder 2). Box 10, Folders 3 and 4 contain a Boy Scouts Survey that was conducted in Pasadena, California; Clarksburg, Virginia; Elmira, New York; and Hammond, Indiana along with correspondence. Box 10, Folders 5-7 and Box 11, Folder 6 contain information pertaining to unemployment surveys. Box 10, Folder 9 to Box 11, Folder 4 contain information related to the Bellevue-Yorkville Health Demonstration. Box 11, Folder 5 consists of information related to the cost of sickness survey from 1930 to 1931. Box 11, Folder 8 - Box 12, Folder 8 consists of information pertaining to burial surveys, specifically the investigation of burial costs and procedures. Box 12, Folder 9 contains miscellaneous documents and newspaper clippings regarding various surveys. Box 13, Folders 1-6 contain correspondence and reports pertaining to influenza survey and influenza research from the years 1918-1923. Box 14, Folders 6 and 7 includes information from the 5 year campaign brought about by the New York State Committee on Tuberculosis and Public Health to eradicate diphtheria in New York State during the years from 1925-1930. A cancer research project was conducted in 1920-1921 (see Box 13, Folder 9), a measles serum investigation in 1923 (see Box 13, Folder 10), an industrial hygiene study at McGill University in 1925-1926 (see Box 14, Folder 2).

Institutes involved in medical research studies included the Life Extension Institute (see Box 14, Folder 1), Gorgas Memorial Institute (see Box 14, Folder 3) and the Henry Phipps Institute (see Box 14, Folder 9).

BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1 Sickness Survey – Kansas City, Missouri 1916-1917
10 2 Memphis Sanitary Survey 1917-1919
10 3 Boy Scouts Survey: Pasadena, California; Clarksburg, Virginia; Elmira, New York; Hammond, Indiana 1924-1925
10 4 Boy Scouts Survey – Miscellaneous Correspondence 1924-1925
10 5 Unemployment Survey 1914-July 1915
10 6 Unemployment Survey August 1915-1916
10 7 Charts, reports and background regarding unemployment survey (contains oversized material, see OS1F Folder 1) 1914-1916
10 8 (EMPTY FOLDER) (see Box 12: Burial Costs; Box 13: Influenza study)
10 9 Bellevue – Yorkville Health Demonstration 1925
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1 Bellevue – Yorkville Health Demonstration January-July 1926
11 2 Bellevue – Yorkville Health Demonstration October-December 1926
11 3 Bellevue – Yorkville Health Demonstration 1928-1930
11 4 Bellevue – Yorkville Health Demonstration: Review and Summary – Statistical Reports of Services 1927-1929
11 5 Cost of Sickness Survey 1930-1931
11 6 Unemployment Survey 1928, 1930
11 7 Burial Survey 1909-1910
  (contains German)   
11 8 Burial Survey 1911-1912
11 9 Burial Survey 1913-1914
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1 Burial Survey 1915
12 2 Burial Survey undated, 1916-1920
12 3 Burial Survey January-June 1926
12 4 Burial Survey July-December 1926
12 5 Burial Survey 1927
12 6 Burial Survey 1928
12 7 Burial Survey 1929
12 8 Burial Survey 1929-1930, 1932
12 9 Miscellaneous documents and newspaper clippings (contains oversized material, see OS1F Folder 2) undated, 1910, 1915-1916
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 Influenza survey: materials and reports undated, 1919
13 2 Correspondence regarding influenza September-October 1918
13 3 Correspondence regarding influenza November-December 1918
  (contains French)   
13 4 Correspondence regarding influenza January-June 1919
13 5 Correspondence regarding influenza epidemic undated, July-December 1919
13 6 Correspondence regarding influenza research 1920-1923
13 7 Framingham Community Health and Tuberculosis Demonstration Report October 1919
13 8 Committee of One Hundred on Public Health 1909-1912
13 9 Cancer Research Project 1920-1921
13 10 Measles Serum Investigation 1923
13 11 YMCA for Colored People 1918
13 12 American Child Health Association Scholarship 1924-1925
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 Life Extension Institute Inc. 1914-1919
14 2 Industrial Hygiene Study – McGill University 1925-1926
14 3 Gorgas Memorial Institute 1925, 1927
14 4 Medical Society – County of Kings 1928
14 5 MIT Department of Biology and Public Health 1927-1930
14 6 State Committee on Tuberculosis and Public Health – 5-year campaign to eradicate diphtheria in New York State 1925-1927
  (contains Italian and Polish)   
14 7 State Committee on Tuberculosis and Public Health – 5-year campaign to eradicate diphtheria in New York State 1928-1930
14 8 Calmette TB Vaccine Research 1927, 1930-1931
14 9 Henry Phipps Institute 1929-1930
14 10 Council on Economic Education 1930

Subseries F: Legislation Lobbying (alphabetical by state), undated, 1899-1922

English, Italian, and Portuguese.
Box 14, Folder 11 - Box 15, Folder 17.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by state.

Scope and Content:

Subseries F contains a listing of legislative lobbying, alphabetically by state, during the years from 1899 to 1922. Types of material that can be found within this subseries include bills, correspondence, legislative acts, newspaper clippings, photographs, reports, resolutions, and telegrams.

BoxFolderTitleDate
14 11 Alabama undated, 1919
14 12 California 1920
  (contains Italian and Portuguese)   
14 13 California undated, 1922, 1924
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 1 Colorado 1899, 1910-1912
15 2 Colorado (contains photograph) 1913
15 3 Colorado 1914-1919
15 4 Connecticut 1921-1922
15 5 Kentucky 1914
15 6 Maryland 1909
15 7 Massachusetts 1922
15 8 Missouri 1919-1920
15 9 Nebraska 1911-1917
15 10 New York 1917
15 11 Ohio 1911-1913
15 12 Oregon 1920-1921
15 13 Pennsylvania (Harrisburg) 1911
15 14 Pennsylvania 1921
15 15 Tennessee 1921
15 16 Washington 1921
15 17 Wisconsin 1911, 1921

Subseries G: Legislation Material, undated, 1908-1912, 1914-1915, 1917, 1919, 1921-1922, 1924-1925, 1928, 1930-1931

English.
Box 15, Folder 18 - Box 16, Folder 4.
Scope and Content:

Subseries G contains various legislative material. Types of material that can be found within this subseries include bills, correspondence, meeting minutes, memorandums, newspaper clippings, reports, and telegrams.

Box 15, Folders 18 and 19 contain information pertaining to the Smith-Bankhead Americanization Bill (1919), which was involved with undertaking the education of illiterates and those unable to speak, read and write English and the training of teachers and directors. Box 16, Folder 1 has legislation on standardized milk. Box 16, Folder 3 includes legislation to reduce rates for group life insurance. Box 16, Folder 4 consists of miscellaneous publicity and reports regarding legislation. Folder 2 has miscellaneous legislation.

BoxFolderTitleDate
15 18 Smith-Bankhead Americanization Bill February-March 1919
15 19 Smith-Bankhead Americanization Bill April-June 1919
BoxFolderTitleDate
16 1 Standardized Milk 1924-1925, 1928, 1930-1931
16 2 Miscellaneous Legislation 1917, 1921-1922
16 3 Legislation to reduce rates for group life insurance 1908-1912, 1914-1915
16 4 Miscellaneous publicity and reports regarding legislation undated, 1921-1922
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Series V: Organizational Activities, undated, 1889-1911

English, French, German, and Hebrew.
Box 16, Folder 5 - Box 19.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Series V documents the organizations with which LKF was active with, arranged alphabetically by organization name. Types of material found within this series include: addresses, annual reports, application forms, articles, bills, budgets, bulletins, by-laws, certificates, correspondence, drafts, financial statements, manuals, memorandums, meeting minutes, newspaper clippings, notes, photographs, plans, postcards, press releases, programs, prospectuses, questionnaires, reports, resolutions, speeches, statements, statistics records, surveys, telegrams, topographic maps, and translations.

Organizations of significance that LKF was active in include: American Association for Labor Legislation, American Public Health Association, Allied Jewish Campaign, Conference on Social Insurance, Council of Jewish Communal Institutions, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, International Congress on Social Insurance, Jewish Communal Survey of New York, National Conference of Jewish Charities, National Conference of Social Work, Red Cross War Council, Southern Sociological Congress, State Board of Charities (N.Y.), Training School for Jewish Social Work, and the United Hebrew Charities.

BoxFolderTitleDate
16 5 Allied Jewish Campaign 1930
16 6 American Association for Labor Legislation undated, 1913-1914, 1916-1917
16 7 (EMPTY FOLDER) (See also Box 14 and 15: Legislative Lobbying, alphabetically arranged by state)
16 8 American Public Health Association undated, 1909, 1912, 1914, 1918-1920
16 9 (EMPTY FOLDER) (See also Box 20: Relief Work, Box 21: Zionist Activities)
16 10 Association of Life Insurance Presidents 1917, 1926-1927, 1929
16 11 Boy Scouts of America 1913-1914, 1917-1919, 1922, 1928
16 12 Central Council of Public Health of the Health Federation of the City of New York 1914-1915
16 13 Committee on the Prevention of Tuberculosis undated, 1912-1913, 1915
16 14 Conference on Social Insurance 1916
16 15 Executive Committee, Committee on Labor, Advisory Commission, Council of National Defense: Correspondence 1917-1919
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 1 Council of Jewish Communal Institutions, Committee on Dependent Children undated, 1908-1909
17 2 Council of National Defense – Reports and Papers undated, 1916-1917
17 3 Friends of Medical Progress 1923
17 4 (EMPTY FOLDER) (See also Box 20: Relief Work, Box 21: Zionist Activities)
17 5 Harlem Medical Association 1921
17 6 Hebrew University of Jerusalem 1929
17 7 International Association of Industrial Accident Boards and Commissions – Conference on Social Insurance undated, 1916
  (contains French)   
17 8 International Congress on Occupational Disease 1909-1910, 1913
17 9 International Congress on Social Insurance 1908, 1910, 1912
  (contains French)   
17 10 International Congress on Social Insurance 1913
  (contains French)   
17 11 International Congress on Social Insurance: Correspondence January-June 1914
  (contains French)   
17 12 International Congress on Social Insurance: Correspondence July-December 1914
  (contains French)   
17 13 International Congress on Social Insurance: Minutes and Printed Materials undated, 1912-1915
  (contains German)   
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 1 International Congress on Social Insurance 1915-1917
  (contains French and German)   
18 2 (EMPTY FOLDER) (See also Box 20: Relief Work, Box 21: Zionist Activities)
18 3 Jewish Educational Food Campaign 1918-1919
  (contains Hebrew)   
18 4 Jewish Communal Survey of New York – Printed Materials 1928-1929
18 5 Jewish Telegraphic Agency 1928, 1930
18 6 Jewish Tribune 1923-1924, 1926
18 7 Mayor’s Committee on Food Supply 1914-1915
18 8 Menorah Journal 1923
18 9 Metropolitan Association of Reform Jewish Congregations 1930
18 10 National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis undated, 1909-1910, 1913-1917
18 11 National Civic Foundation 1909-1910, 1913-1914, 1916-1917, 1919-1920
18 12 National Conference of Charities and Correction 1909-1911, 1917
18 13 National Conference of Jewish Charities 1912
18 14 National Conference of Social Work 1918-1919
18 15 National Federation of Women’s Clubs 1916
18 16 National Housing Association 1912
18 17 National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives at Denver (see also: National Conference of Jewish Charities) undated, 1912-1918
18 18 National Safety Council 1916-1917
18 19 New York City government 1910, 1918
18 20 (EMPTY FOLDER) New York State (See also: Box 19: State)
18 21 Park Portrait Fund 1926
18 22 Park School 1922
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 1 (EMPTY FOLDER) (See also: Box 20: Relief Work, Box 21: Zionist Work)
19 2 Red Cross War Council 1917
19 3 Southern Sociological Congress 1912-1914, 1916, 1918-1919
19 4 State Board of Charities (N.Y.) 1918-1919, 1921-1926
19 5 State Board of Charities (N.Y.) 1925, 1928-1929
19 6 N.Y. State Department of Charities 1923, 1928, 1930-1931
19 7 State Institute for the Study of Malignant Disease (contains photograph) 1913, 1915-1917
19 8 United Parents Association of Greater N.Y. Schools 1923-1924
19 9 U.S. Food Administration 1917-1918
19 10 Woodrow Wilson Foundation 1922
19 11 New York State Conference of Charities and Correction 1909-1917
19 12 School of Philanthropy 1908, 1912, 1917-1918
19 13 Training School for Jewish Social Work undated, 1923-1925, 1930-1931
19 14 United Hebrew Charities (memoir and papers) 1889-1911
19 15 United Hospital Fund of New York 1921
19 16 United Neighborhood Houses of New York 1927
19 17 Miscellaneous Organizational and Associational Memberships (A-Z) 1910-1918
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Series VI: Relief Work, undated, 1918-1926, 1928-1931

English, Hebrew, Polish, and Yiddish.
Box 20.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Series VI consists of documents related to LKF's involvement with relief work. Types of material found within this series include addressees, articles, booklets, certificates, correspondence, financial statements, interviews, invitations, meeting minutes, memorandums, newspaper clippings, organizational charts, photographs, reports, statistics records, summaries, translations, and telegrams.

Box 20, Folder 1 includes correspondence from a special commission to investigate conditions in Eastern European countries. Box 20, Folders 2-5 include material from the special commission of the AJRC such as news clippings from the tour of Europe and preliminary and final reports. Box 20, Folder 6 contains correspondence regarding the Joint Distribution Committee and Box 20, Folder 7 has reports regarding the Joint Distribution Committee. Box 20, Folders 9 and 10 document J.D.C.'s involvement with the Warsaw Nurses Training School. Folder 9 contains photographs of the Warsaw Nurses Training School from the early 1920s. Box 20, Folder 11 has information pertaining to the United American Jewish Campaign.

BoxFolderTitleDate
20 1 American Jewish Relief Committee – Special Commission to Investigate Conditions in Eastern European Countries – Correspondence 1922
20 2 AJRC Special Commission: Tour of Europe – Newspaper Clippings 1922
20 3 AJRC Special Commission: Miscellaneous 1922
20 4 AJRC Special Commission: Preliminary European Reports 1922
20 5 AJRC Special Commission: Final Reports 1922
20 6 Correspondence regarding Joint Distribution Committee 1919-1923, 1925-1926, 1929, 1931
20 7 Reports regarding J.D.C. undated, 1919, 1926, 1928, 1930-1931
20 8 Joint Distribution Committee – Red Cross Cooperation 1918
20 9 J.D.C. – Warsaw Nurses Training School (contains photographs) 1922-1925
  (contains Polish and Yiddish)   
20 10 J.D.C. – Warsaw Nurses Training School 1926, 1929, 1931
  (contains Polish and Hebrew)   
20 11 United American Jewish Campaign 1925-1926, 1929
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Series VII: Zionist Activities, undated, 1918, 1924-1931

English, French, German, and Yiddish.
Box 21.
Scope and Content:

Series VII contains LKF's involvement with respect to Zionism. Types of information found within this series include articles, bulletins, correspondence, drafts, financial statements, interviews, invitations, maps, meeting minutes, memorandums, newspaper clippings, outlines, reports, resolutions, surveys, and telegrams.

Box 21, Folder 1 includes correspondence regarding Zionism. Box 21, Folder 3 has information related to the Palestine Economic Corporation. Folders 4-13 are dedicated to the Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine and include newspaper clippings, correspondence, reports, stenographic records, LKF's impressions, and miscellaneous material. Box 21, Folder 14 has correspondence, draft, meeting minutes, and memorandum related to the Jewish Agency Financial Corporation. Box 21, Folder 15 has a list of appointed American Non-Zionists of the Jewish Agency for Palestine accepted membership to the Council of the Jewish Agency. Folder 16 includes newspaper clippings regarding Zionist work.

BoxFolderTitleDate
21 1 Correspondence regarding Zionism 1918, 1924-1927, 1929
21 2 (EMPTY FOLDER) (See also: Box 4, Folders 2 and 3: LKF reports to Metropolitan Life Insurance Company on European Trips, 1928-1929)
21 3 Palestine Economic Corporation (contains oversized material, see OS1F Folder 2) 1924-1925, 1928-1929
21 4 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Newspaper Clippings undated, 1924, January-August 1927
  (contains French, German, and Yiddish)   
21 5 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Newspaper Clippings September 1927-1928
21 6 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Correspondence 1927-1928
  (contains German)   
21 7 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Reports presented to the Commission (contains oversized material, see MAP Folder 1) undated, 1927
21 8 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: LKF’s Impression of Europe and Palestine undated
21 9 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Terms of Reference for Investigation undated, 1927
21 10 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Stenographic records 1927
21 11 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Draft and Final Report undated, 1929
21 12 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Miscellaneous (contains oversized material, see MAP Folder 1) undated
21 13 Non-Partisan Survey of Palestine: Newspaper clippings 1928
21 14 Jewish Agency Financial Corporation undated, 1929-1930
21 15 Council of the Jewish Agency 1931
21 16 Newspaper clippings regarding Zionist Work 1929, 1931
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Separated Oversized Material, undated, 1915-1916, 1927-1928

BoxFolderTitleDate
OS1F1Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Certificateundated
  

(separated from Box 7, Folder 8)

 
OS1F1Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Unemployment survey data1915
  

(separated from Box 10, Folder 7)

 
OS1F2Burial expenses1916
  

(separated from Box 12, Folder 9)

 
OS1F2Palestine Economic Corporation Balance Sheet1928
  

(separated from Box 21, Folder 3)

 
BoxFolderTitleDate
MAP11Blueprintsundated
  

(separated from Box 7, Folder 8)

 
MAP11"Report on a Visit to Palestine"1927
  

(separated from Box 21, Folder 7)

 
MAP11Palestine Soil Mapundated
  

(separated from Box 21, Folder 7)

 
MAP11Erez Israel Mapundated
  

(separated from Box 21, Folder 12)

 
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