Guide to the Morris U. Schappes (1907-2004) Papers,
1891-2004 (bulk 1940-1990)

P-57

Processed by Rachel Miller as part of the Leon Levy Archival Processing Initiative, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation.

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Finding aid was created by Rachel Miller in MS Word and Excel 2000 and was converted to EAD 2002 in March 2010. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Morris U. Schappes (1907-2004)
Title: Morris U. Schappes Papers
Dates:1891-2004 (bulk 1940-1990)
Abstract: Morris U. Schappes, self-taught historian of American Jewry, author, teacher and editor of Jewish Currents across four decades, is also known as a victim of hearings conducted in 1941 by the Rapp-Coudert Committee, a New York legislative committee investigating Communist activities in the state educational system. His collection is comprised of materials related to the Rapp-Coudert proceedings and his subsequent imprisonment and of materials generated in the following decades. Topics represented include academic freedom, Communism in the U.S., the roles of Jews in U.S. history, and Emma Lazarus. The formats primarily present in the collection are research notes, manuscripts, clippings and correspondence.
Languages: The collection is in English, with some materials in Yiddish. A few items are in Russian, Hebrew, German, and French.
Quantity: 77 manuscript boxes, 1 half manuscript boxes, 3 card boxes, 1 oversized box (OS 1), 1 Hollinger box
Quantity:42 linear feet
Accession number: P-57
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical Note

Morris Urman Schappes, self-taught historian of American Jewry, author, teacher and editor of Jewish Currents across four decades, is also known as a victim of hearings conducted in 1941 by the Rapp-Coudert Committee, a New York legislative committee investigating Communist activities in the state educational system.

Morris Schappes was born Moise ben Haim Shapshilevich on May 3, 1907. Prior to Schappes’s birth, his father, Hyman, a wood turner and carpenter, and his mother, Ida Urman, had emigrated from the Ukraine to Argentina, Chile and Brazil. Once pregnant with Morris, however, his mother returned to the Ukraine in order to give birth with the help of family in Kamenets−Podol’skiy. They returned shortly thereafter to Brazil, and Brazilian officials changed their last name to Schappes. In July 1914, intending to move back to the Ukraine, the family first stopped in New York to visit relatives. With the outbreak of WWI, however, they remained permanently in New York, residing on East 10th Street. A clerk at Schappes’s first elementary school Americanized and recorded his name as Morris. His parents changed their last name to Schapiro, but Morris kept Schappes. As a college student he added the initial “U” to his name to stand for his mother’s maiden name, Urman, or alternately Ulysses, but Urman is what formally stuck.1

He graduated with a B.A. from City College of New York (CCNY) in 1928, returned to teach there September 1928, and began graduate work at Columbia University. In 1930, he graduated Columbia with an M.A. and married Sonya Laffer (1909-1992). Sonya Laffer had graduated from Hunter College High School in 1925 and went on to Hunter College, graduating with a B.A. in 1929. In 1932 she earned a degree in teaching English as a second language from CCNY. She worked as a teacher, and in the 1940s was a manager of the Jefferson School of Social Science bookshop.

In 1934 Morris Schappes officially joined the Communist Party. Schappes explained his entry into the party as follows: “I joined the Communist Party in 1934 because I wished more effectively to resist the march of fascism and work for a new reorganization of our social economy in an American form of Socialism,”2 and “One of the features that attracted me to the Communist Party was the development of Soviet Jewish culture. Also, I supported the Soviet peace policy of collective security, which would have prevented World War II.”3 He was also influenced by the Depression and his in-laws’ politics.

Schappes helped found the Anti-Fascist Association of staff and faculty at CCNY in 1935. The following year Schappes, along with a dozen other CCNY faculty, were dismissed by the administration for their activism, but following large student protests and trade union pressure, they were reinstated. Then in 1941 Schappes and about 40 other CCNY instructors were investigated by the Rapp-Coudert Committee. His turned into one of the most publicized of the cases. Though he admitted to his Communist Party membership, when asked to name colleagues affiliated with the party, he said there were only four, all of whom were not on the faculty by that time. There was evidence to the contrary, so he was indicted on charges of perjury, incarcerated in December 1943 and released on parole in December 1944. Not until 1981 would the Board of Trustees of CUNY formally apologize to him for his unfair dismissal and treatment.

By the time he was in prison in 1943, Schappes’s academic interests had shifted away from American literature, where they had once been centered, and tilted more in the direction of American Jewish history, politics and culture. He had distanced himself from his Jewish and Yiddish background in his early years in the U.S., when trying to assimilate as a child and adolescent, but his shift back to Jewish culture began in the mid-1930s. Schappes explained, “Not only Marxism but the impact of Hitler’s anti-Semitism overcame my alienation from the culture of my people and family.”4 While in prison December 1943 through December 1944, he read works on American Jewish history and taught himself Hebrew. After his year in prison, Schappes worked as an editor, writer and educator.

Beginning from its inception in 1946, Schappes was on the editorial board of the Communist-Party-sponsored magazine, Jewish Life. In 1958, in tandem with growing disillusionment with Soviet Communism in Schappes’s circles and with Schappes’s entry into the position of Editor-in-Chief, the magazine shifted away from Communist politics, transformed into a more broadly leftist, politically independent publication, and was renamed Jewish Currents. Schappes served as Editor-in-Chief until 2000.

Schappes taught Jewish Studies at the Jefferson School of Social Science from 1948 through 1957 and at the School of Jewish Knowledge 1958-1969. When in 1972 he was offered a full professorship in the Queens College History Department, he thought it “more important to continue editing Jewish Currents than to be one of 50,000 history professors in the United States.”5 He did, however, take on the position of Adjunct Professor of History at Queens College 1972-1976. He was especially active in the American Jewish Historical Society and the American Historical Association. He died on June 3, 2004.

His letters written during incarceration at the Tombs in Manhattan were published as Letters from the Tombs (1941), with a foreword by Richard Wright. He edited and/or authored introductions to Emma Lazarus: Selections from her Poetry and Prose (1944; 5th edition, 1982), The Letters of Emma Lazarus (1949), A Documentary History of the Jews of the United States: 1654-1875 (1950; 1971), and An Epistle to the Hebrews (1987). He wrote The Jews in the United States: A Pictorial History, 1654 to the Present (1958; in 1965, revised and retitled as A Pictorial History of the Jews in the United States). He contributed columns and articles to Jewish Life, Jewish Currents, Morning Freiheit, The Worker and Challenge.

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Scope and Content Note

Subgroup I documents the Rapp-Coudert Committee’s investigations (Series 1), Schappes’s imprisonment (Series 2), and public and media reactions to the controversy (Series 3). Materials, most of which date between 1940 and 1945, include legal documents, correspondence, clippings, pamphlets, notes and mailings.

Subgroup II consists of materials Schappes generated and collected primarily between 1931 and 1990 in connection with his professional work as a scholar, writer and editor. Schappes broadly surveyed Jewish life and culture in American history, including examinations of key Jewish figures in American history, immigration trends, Jews in particular professional fields, and state-specific Jewish presence and issues. Items include manuscripts, correspondence, clippings, notes, subject files, index cards, photostats, microfilm and photographs.

The only documentation of Schappes’s private life in this collection is his prison correspondence with his wife, family and friends in Subgroup I, as well as a few photographs of him and his wife in Subgroup II. For more complete personal documentation, audio materials and extensive coverage of Schappes’s Jewish Currents work see his papers at NYU’s Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives.

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Arrangement

The collection has been split into two subgroups. The first consists of the donation Schappes made in 1968. The second is the donation made by his estate in 2004.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:

American Jewish Historical Society
Center for Jewish History
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011

E-mail:
reference@ajhs.org

The collection includes a high volume of photocopies of archival materials from other repositories. Permission for usage of these materials will have to be granted by the originating repository.

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Related Material

Morris Schappes Papers; TAM-179; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives; Elmer Holmes Bobst Library; New York University Libraries. New York, NY.

Jonah J. Goldstein Papers; P-61; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

Louis Harap Papers; Manuscript Collection No. 683; American Jewish Archives; Cincinnatti, OH.

Edward Isaac Lending Papers; ALBA 068; Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives; Elmer Holmes Bobst Library; New York University Libraries. New York, NY.

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Separated Material

A signed letter from and photograph of Hillary Clinton was transferred by Deena Schwimmer into the Autograph Collection, P-750. 27 boxes of books were likely donated to the Jewish Prisoners of America. Some periodicals, ephemera and clippings were donated to the the Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at NYU.

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Other Finding Aids

A box and folder list representing the previous arrangement can be found in the donor file and can be requested by permission of the archivist.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Morris U. Schappes Papers ; P-57; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

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Acquisition Information

In June 1968, Morris U. Schappes donated papers related primarily to the Rapp-Coudert Committee legal proceedings and imprisonment. They were arranged by AJHS into a box and folder list shortly after that, and again in October 2009 by Marvin Rusinek. In July 2004, the Estate of Morris U. Schappes donated 28 boxes of books and 23 boxes of mixed materials (accession # 2004.007) to AJHS, and the other half of his papers went to the NYU Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. According to Tamiment archivist, Jan Hilley, when accessioning the 2004 material, AJHS and NYU archivists attempted to separate out the more politically oriented material for NYU and the more historically oriented material for AJHS, but due to significant overlap in his research, the collections are quite similar in scope and content.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Subgroup I: Court Proceedings and Imprisonment, 1920-1967 (bulk 1940-1945)

5.25 linear feet. Boxes 1-11.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three series: Court Proceedings, Imprisonment and General.

Scope and Content:

This subgroup represents the first group of records that Schappes donated in 1968, and it documents the Rapp-Coudert Committee’s investigations and Schappes’s resulting imprisonment. The Rapp-Coudert Committee, officially known as the Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate the Educational System of the State of New York, was formed in the autumn of 1939 by Senators Frederic Coudert and Herbert Rapp in order to identify and oust educators who were affiliated with politically charged activities and organizations, especially Communists. The committee conducted hearings in 1940 and 1941, resulting in the dismissal of many members of public college faculty and staff, especially at the City College of New York (CCNY). Materials include legal documents, clippings, pamphlets, notes and mailings. There is a sizeable amount of correspondence with fellow Rapp-Coudert victims and from Schappes to his wife while he was in jail. Most items were generated between 1940 and 1945. For the Board of the City University of New York’s formal apology to Schappes in 1981 see Subgroup II, Series 1.

Series 1: Court Proceedings, 1940-1943

2 linear feet. Boxes 1-4.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Series 1 documents Rapp-Coudert private and public hearings in early 1941 and People of the State of New York vs. Morris U. Schappes in the New York Court of Appeals and NY Supreme Court Appellate Division in mid-1941. The items in this series are primarily of a legal nature: briefs, transcripts, statements, summonses and notes Schappes took during trials. There is a signed account by the author Richard Wright in Box 1, Folder 1, regarding a meeting with CCNY President Harry N. Wright.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Accounts of Interview with CCNY President Harry N. Wright 1941
1 2 Charges Preferred Against Schappes by the Board of Education of the City of New York 1941
1 3 Correspondence 1941
1 4 Letters of Support from Former Students 1941
1 5 List of Jurors undated
1 6 Morris U. Schappes v. Board of Higher Education of the City of New York 1941
1 7 Morris U. Schappes v. People of the State of New York -- US Supreme Court -- Petition for Writ of Certiorari 1943
1 8 Notes 1940-1941
1 9 Notes on February 24, 1941 Rapp-Coudert Committee Private Hearing 1941
1 10 Notes on February 27, 1941 Rapp-Coudert Committee Private Hearing 1941
1 11 Notes on March 7, 1941 Rapp-Coudert Committee Open Hearing 1941
1 12 Notes on March 14, 1941 Rapp-Coudert Committee Hearing 1941
1 13 Notes on April 8 - April 9, 1941 Rapp-Coudert Committee Hearing 1941
1 14 Notes on June 4, 1941 Rapp-Coudert Committee Open Hearing 1941
1 15 Notes on June 18 - June 26, 1941 Trial 1941
1 16 Notes on Various Individuals 1941
1 17 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- Court of General Sessions, County of New York 1941
1 18 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Amicus Curiae Briefs (1 of 2) 1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Amicus Curiae Briefs (2 of 2) 1943
2 2 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Appellant's Reply Brief 1943
2 3 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Brief for Defendant-Appellant 1943
2 4 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Brief for Defendant-Appellant 1943
2 5 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Judge Irving Lehman's Dissent 1942
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Record on Appeal, Volume I, p. 1-714 1943
3 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Record on Appeal, Volume II, p. 715-1450 1943
3 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Record on Appeal, Volume III, p. 1451-1677 1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Record on Appeal, Volume I, p. 1-714 1943
4 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Court of Appeals -- Record on Appeal, Volume II, p. 715-1450 1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 6 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Supreme Court Appellate Division -- Appellant's Brief 1942
2 7 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Supreme Court Appellate Division -- Appellant's Reply Brief 1942
2 8 People of the State of New York v. Morris U. Schappes -- NY Supreme Court Appellate Division -- Volume III, p. 1451-1677, Case on Appeal 1943
2 9 Statements by Schappes 1940-1941
2 10 Statements of Support 1941-1944

Series 2: Imprisonment, 1931-1944

0.75 linear feet. Boxes 5-6.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Schappes was imprisoned on charges of perjury in December 1943 and released on parole in December 1944. Materials in this series were either generated during Schappes’s time in prison (at the Tombs in Manhattan, Sing Sing, Clinton and Wallkill Correctional Facilities) or used by him while in prison.

The correspondence is especially rich. Unless otherwise noted, the correspondence was received by Schappes -- from colleagues, students, family and acquaintances. The only correspondence from his mother, Ida Schapiro, in the entire collection can be found here. There is an extensive body of correspondence Morris wrote to his wife, Sonya. He details to her what he’s reading and his reactions to his readings, keeps up connections with colleagues and friends through her, and he reports on life in jail: movies shown, conditions, relationships, food and the library. However, his correspondence passed through censors and was written accordingly, and therefore there were limitations on what could be communicated. See “Correspondence with Soldiers” folders in Series 3 for more prison correspondence.

Also included in the present series are materials related to Letters from the Tombs, such as original copies of the published correspondence, the original typescript of Richard Wright’s foreword (Box 6, Folder 27) and letters Schappes wrote to Wright soliciting, discussing and thanking him for the foreword (Box 6, Folder 20).

In addition to correspondence, there is a bible, notebook (which consists of quotes from and notes on his readings, as well as a list of requested books approved by prison authorities) and a Hebrew language learning textbook Schappes used in prison.

BoxFolderTitleDate
5 Bible 1931
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1 Biblical Citations [1944]
6 2 Correspondence -- Bridge, John 1943-1944
6 3 Correspondence -- Ewen, Frederic 1944
6 4 Correspondence -- Foner, Philip 1944
6 5 Correspondence -- Green, James J. 1944
6 6 Correspondence -- Miscellaneous 1944
6 7 Correspondence -- Schapiro, Ida 1944
6 8 Correspondence -- Schappes, Sonya 1944
6 9 Correspondence -- Selsam, Howard 1943-1944
6 10 Correspondence -- Sillen, Samuel 1944
6 11 Correspondence between Sonya Schappes and Prisons 1943-1944
6 12 Correspondence from Friends to Sonya Schappes 1941-1943
6 13 Correspondence from Morris Schappes to Sonya Schappes 1943-1944
6 14 Correspondence from Morris Schappes to Sonya Schappes 1944
6 15 Correspondence from Morris Schappes to Sonya Schappes 1944
6 16 Correspondence from Morris Schappes to Sonya Schappes 1944
6 17 Criticism of American History Books [selections from Morris's letters to Sonya] 1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 Elements of Hebrew: Book Two, by Simha Rubinstein 1939
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 18 Financial Records 1941-1944
6 19 Inmates' Rules and Regulations undated
6 20 Letters from the Tombs -- Administrative Correspondence 1941-1942
6 21 Letters from the Tombs -- Copyright Certificate 1942
6 22 Letters from the Tombs -- Costs undated
6 23 Letters from the Tombs -- Manuscript [1941]
6 24 Letters from the Tombs -- Original Correspondence 1941
6 25 Letters from the Tombs -- Original Illustration by James D. Egleson for p. 41 [1941]
6 26 Letters from the Tombs -- Reviews 1941-1942
6 27 Letters from the Tombs -- Richard Wright's Original Foreword Typescript [1941]
6 28 Letters from the Tombs -- Sales and Donations 1941-1942
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 3 New Testament undated
5 1 Notebook and Reading List 1943-1944
5 2 Notes about Prison Transfer and Conditions 1944

Series 3: General, 1920, 1935-1946, 1957-1967

2.5 linear feet. Boxes 7-11.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Series 3 cuts across Schappes’s trial and prison time and is of a more general and blended nature than the materials in Series 1 and 2. This series documents teacher, student and the general public’s reactions to and publicity about the Rapp-Coudert Committee’s actions, and it provides the context and backdrop to that period in Schappes’s life.

The contents of “Committee for the Defense of Public Education,” “American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom,” “New York College Teachers Union,” “Schappes Defense Committee,” and “Mailings, Press Releases and Petitions” are especially salient: letters of protest to politicians, correspondence, bulletins, memos, mailings, protests, reactions, newsletters, petitions, resolutions, statements made by and about Schappes, and press releases related to Schappes and other Rapp-Coudert victims.

“Correspondence with Soldiers” contains both incoming and outgoing correspondence largely with former colleagues and Rapp-Coudert victims who had gone on to active military duty during WWII. In the letters there is much discussion of Rapp-Coudert court proceedings.

Items of note include a letter from Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. who spoke at the Free Schappes Rally (Box 11, Folder 11), the Anti-Fascist Association of the Staffs of the City College folders, and a 1941 issue of a satirical newspaper, Daily Noose, featuring articles about the “Crapp Committee” (Box 9, Folder 9). On each of the flyers and notices for his speeches (Box 11, Folder 13), Schappes recorded the number of attendees.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 Allied Voters Against Coudert 1942
7 2 American Committee for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom 1940-1941
7 3 American Student Union 1940-1941
7 4 Anti-Fascist Association -- Bulletin 1936
7 5 Anti-Fascist Association -- Constitution undated
7 6 Anti-Fascist Association -- Correspondence 1935-1936
7 7 Anti-Fascist Association -- Minutes 1935-1936
7 8 Anti-Fascist Association -- Newspaper Clippings 1935-1936
7 9 Anti-Fascist Association -- Reports 1935
7 10 Committee for the Defense of Public Education (1 of 2) 1940-1941
7 11 Committee for the Defense of Public Education (2 of 2) 1940-1941
7 12 Correspondence 1938
7 13 Correspondence 1940
7 14 Correspondence 1941
7 15 Correspondence 1942
7 16 Correspondence 1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Correspondence undated, 1944-1945
8 2 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Ackley, John Ken 1944-1945
8 3 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Bander, Ingram 1943
8 4 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Cole, Joseph H. 1943-1945
8 5 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Finkelstein, Sidney 1942-1943
8 6 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Fogel, Ephim 1945
8 7 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Franklin, Norman 1942-1945
8 8 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Green, James J. 1945-1946
8 9 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Gustafson, Elton 1943-1945
8 10 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Herman, Roy 1942-1943
8 11 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Klein, Henry 1944-1945
8 12 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Lederman, Abe 1943
8 13 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Mandel, Reuben 1942-1943
8 14 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Miscellaneous 1943-1945
8 15 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Neff, Walter 1943-1945
8 16 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Paskoff, Benjamin 1942-1945
8 17 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Pomerance, Isidore 1943-1944
8 18 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Weisman, M.N. 1942-1945
8 19 Correspondence with Soldiers -- Zipris, Mike 1943-1945
8 20 Expenditures 1941-1944
8 21 Hate Mail 1941
8 22 Jefferson School of Social Science 1944
8 23 Kuntz, Edward undated, 1942
8 24 League of American Writers 1941-1942
8 25 Legal Briefs and Statements -- Various Charges Against Teachers 1940-1944
8 26 Legislative Committee of Peoples' Freedom Union Report on the Lusk Committee 1920
8 27 Mailings, Press Releases, Statements and Petitions 1940-1941
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 Miscellaneous Magazines 1941-1942
9 2 Morning Freiheit article on Schappes by Schappes 1941
9 3 New Masses (1 of 3) 1940-1942
9 4 New Masses (2 of 3) 1940-1942
9 5 New Masses (3 of 3) 1940-1942
9 6 New Masses -- Clippings 1944
9 7 New York College Teachers Union 1940-1941
9 8 Newspaper Clippings 1940
9 9 Newspaper Clippings 1941
9 10 Newspaper Clippings 1941
9 11 Newspaper Clippings 1941
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1 Newspaper Clippings 1941
10 2 Newspaper Clippings 1941
10 3 Newspaper Clippings 1941
10 4 Newspaper Clippings 1941
10 5 Newspaper Clippings 1941
10 6 Newspaper Clippings 1941
10 7 Newspaper Clippings 1942
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1 Newspaper Clippings 1942
11 2 Newspaper Clippings 1942
11 3 Newspaper Clippings 1943
11 4 Newspaper Clippings 1943-1944
11 5 Newspaper Clippings 1944
11 6 Newspaper Clippings 1945
11 7 Newspaper Clippings 1957-1967
11 8 Radio Script -- "The News and What to Do About It," Newspaper Guild, WLIB 1944
11 9 Resolution of Establishment of Rapp-Coudert Committee 1940-1941
11 10 Schappes Defense Committee 1941-1945
11 11 Schappes Defense Committee -- Free Schappes Rally 1944
11 12 Songs for Class Party for Schappes undated
11 13 Speeches by Schappes 1941-1945
11 14 Student Council 1940
11 15 Student Strike for Peace and Democratic Education 1941
11 16 Winter Soldiers of Higher Education: A Statement by Writers 1941
11 17 Winter Soldiers: The Story of a Conspiracy Against the Schools 1941
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Subgroup II: Writings and Research, 1891-2000 (bulk 1931-1990)

36.25 linear feet. Boxes 12-83.
Arrangement:

Arranged into eight series.

Scope and Content:

This subgroup consists of material donated by the Estate of Morris Schappes in 2004. The material was generated and collected in connection with Schappes’s professional work as a scholar, writer and editor. There is little documentation of his private life, with the exception of the photographs of him and his wife in Series 7. Items include manuscripts, correspondence, clippings, notes, subject files, index cards, photostats, microfilm and photographs. The bulk of the items dates between 1931 and 1990.

Series 1: Professional, 1930-2004

1.25 linear foot. Boxes 12-14.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

This series is comprised of documentation related primarily to Schappes’s professional life, in the form of correspondence, lectures, interviews, articles about him, awards, and the Board of CUNY’s 1981 apology for Rapp-Coudert. See his speech accepting the CUNY apology for his reflections on the impact Rapp-Coudert had on his and others’ lives in Box 12, Folder 1.

The correspondence is with academics and a few organizations, and also consists of letters to the editor Schappes composed and some correspondence he wrote and received as Jewish Currents editor. Correspondence with Professor Arnold Shankman relates to American Southern Jewish history. There is a May 15, 1982 note from the novelist Henry Roth (Box 12, Folder 9).

Of note is an interview transcript (conducted by Stephen Brumberg), in which Schappes reflects on his parents’ paths of emigration, his experience of assimilation and Americanization, growing up in the East Village, Jewish education, language learning, his father’s involvement with the Carpenters Union, the role that public libraries played in his childhood and adolescence, and his relationship to the Yiddish language.

Schappes began a doctoral program at Columbia (but pulled out after two years), and he originally planned to write a dissertation on the works of Emily Dickinson. There are no drafts of that dissertation in this collection; however, there is an interesting cache of letters regarding Dickinson editorial controversies and questions of her romantic attachments. Correspondents include those connected to the Dickinson estate, Millicent Bingham and Mary Higginson, as well as early Dickinson biographers, Josephine Pollitt Pohl, Genevieve Taggard and George Frisbee Whicher.

See Series 8 for Morris and Sonya Schappes’s diplomas.

BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1 Biographical Articles 1981-1987
12 2 Biographical Correspondence 1978-1980
12 3 City University of New York (CUNY) -- Rapp-Coudert -- List of People Involved 1990
12 4 City University of New York (CUNY) -- Rapp-Coudert Apology -- Articles and Correspondence 1981-1983
12 5 Correspondence 1936-1937
12 6 Correspondence 1947-1948
12 7 Correspondence 1962-1967
12 8 Correspondence 1970-1979
12 9 Correspondence 1980-1989
12 10 Correspondence 1990-2001
12 11 Correspondence [includes 45 rpm record] undated
12 12 Correspondence -- Abileah, Miriam 1985
12 13 Correspondence -- Chapman, Berlin 1981
12 14 Correspondence -- Harap, Louis 1977-1983
12 15 Correspondence -- Krupnick, Mark 1980
12 16 Correspondence -- Roth, Walter 1986
12 17 Correspondence -- Shankman, Arnold 1976-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 Correspondence and Notes about Emily Dickinson (1 of 2) 1930-1934
13 2 Correspondence and Notes about Emily Dickinson (2 of 2) 1930-1934
13 3 Honors and Awards 1979-2004
13 4 Interview Transcript -- by Stephen Brumberg 1983-1984
13 5 Jefferson School of Social Science -- School of Jewish Studies Course Syllabi 1946-1953
13 6 Jewish Life and Jewish Currents Dinners in Honor of Morris Schappes -- Speeches and Correspondence 1955-1987
13 7 Lectures and Speaking Engagements -- Civil War and Jews 1960-1961
13 8 Lectures and Speaking Engagements -- Conference on Jewish Culture Transcripts 1948
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 Lectures and Speaking Engagements -- Cultures and Perspectives 1957-1973
14 2 Lectures and Speaking Engagements -- Jewish Perspectives 1957-1970
14 3 Lectures and Speaking Engagements -- Miscellaneous 1952, 1977-1991
14 4 Lectures and Speaking Engagements -- World Jewry 1957-1964
14 5 New York Teacher Articles by and about Schappes, 1936-1941 1999

Series 2: Writings, undated, 1931-1990

11.25 linear feet. Boxes 14-36.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three subseries: “General” and then under the titles of two of Schappes’s books, A Documentary History of the Jews in the United States, 1654-1875 and A Pictorial History of the Jews in the United States.

Scope and Content:

This series contains Schappes’s writings, some of which he filed chronologically or by book and some of which were found loose throughout his papers. The writings he filed by subject can be found in Series 3: Subject Files. Materials include manuscripts, clippings, research notes, photographs and photostats.

Subseries A: General, 1920, 1935-1946, 1957-1967

2 linear feet. Boxes 14-18.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

This subseries is comprised of a wide variety of Schappes’s writings: his Emma Lazarus scholarship, his “It Happened in Israel” column for Jewish Life between 1956 and 1957 and a poem about his imprisonment. Also there is correspondence regarding his writings and publications, and his translations of Itzik Feffer poetry and a Nathan Malkin play from Yiddish.

From 1947 to 1957 he kept careful chronological files of his article clippings from and typescripts (interleaved with correspondence) for publications such as Jewish Life, Masses and Mainstream, Challenge, Morning Freiheit, Jewish Fraternalist, the Daily Compass, American Literature, Journal of Negro History, Jewish Clarion, Daily Worker and Unzer Vort.

BoxFolderTitleDate
14 6 "Caught Reading Shelley to My Students" [in City at the Center: A Collection of Writings by CCNY Alumni and Faculty] 1983
14 7 "Caught Reading Shelley to My Students" -- Correspondence 1983-1985
14 8 Emma Lazarus: Selections from Her Poetry and Prose -- Manuscript undated
14 9 Emma Lazarus: Selections from Her Poetry and Prose -- Schappes's Book Copies with Notes 1947, 1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 1 An Epistle to the Hebrews -- Reference Materials (1 of 2) 1983
15 2 An Epistle to the Hebrews -- Reference Materials (2 of 2) 1983
15 3 "The Folk Art of Sholom Aleichem" [Mainstream] 1947
15 4 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1937, 1943
15 5 General Writings and Related Correspondence (1 of 2) 1946
15 6 General Writings and Related Correspondence (2 of 2) 1946
15 7 General Writings and Related Correspondence (1 of 2) 1947
BoxFolderTitleDate
16 1 General Writings and Related Correspondence (2 of 2) 1947
16 2 General Writings and Related Correspondence (1 of 2) 1948
16 3 General Writings and Related Correspondence (2 of 2) 1948
16 4 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1949
16 5 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 1 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1951
17 2 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1952
17 3 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1953
17 4 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1954
17 5 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1955
17 6 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1956
17 7 General Writings and Related Correspondence 1957
17 8 "Historic and Contemporary Particulars" [Poetry] 1933
17 9 "Immigrant Education -- Then and Now" 1987-1988
17 10 "Jewish American Communal Developments: Some Major Trends, 1922-1952" undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 1 The Letters of Emma Lazarus, 1868-1885 -- Photocopy with Notes 1949
18 2 Miscellaneous 1948-1986
18 3 "Notes on the Concrete as Method in Criticism" [The Symposium] 1931
18 4 "Problems of Jewish Culture" 1950
18 5 "Time Done" [poem] -- Drafts and Correspondence 1944-1948, 1978
18 6 "Towards the Unmasking of Anti-Semitism" [Political Affairs] 1948
18 7 Translations 1944-1960
18 8 "William Ernest Henley's Principles of Criticism" 1931

Subseries B: A Documentary History of the Jews in the United States, 1654-1875, undated, 1931-1990

3.75 linear feet. Boxes 18-25.
Arrangement:

Arranged in two sections: by manuscript (arranged alphabetically and by page number) and then by research (arranged by numbered section).

Scope and Content:

A Documentary History of the Jews in the United States was published in 1950 and a new edition was issued in 1971. The present subseries contains his manuscript and his research for the book, organized by numbered section. The bulk of the research is comprised of photostats of original documents used in the book and of index cards with Schappes’s notes (all undated). Even after the 1971 edition, Schappes continued to file relevant materials in the research folders.

General

BoxFolderTitleDate
18 9 Dust Jacket 1950
18 10 Manuscript -- Preface undated
18 11 Manuscript -- p. 1-135 undated
18 12 Manuscript -- p. 136-254 undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 1 Manuscript -- p. 255-386 undated
19 2 Manuscript -- p. 387-506 undated
19 3 Manuscript -- p. 507-633 undated
19 4 Manuscript -- p. 634-748 undated
19 5 Manuscript -- p. 749-863 undated
19 6 Manuscript -- p. 864-992 undated
19 7 Manuscript -- p. 993-Index undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
20 1 Manuscript -- Endnotes 1-86 undated
20 2 Manuscript -- Endnotes 87-180 undated
20 3 Manuscript -- Endnotes 181-287 undated
20 4 Manuscript -- Endnotes 288-386 undated
20 5 Manuscript -- Charts and Section Heads undated
20 6 Source Materials undated, 1934-1947
20 7 Source Materials -- 1876-1895 (1 of 2) undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
21 1 Source Materials -- 1876-1895 (2 of 2) undated

Research

BoxFolderTitleDate
21 2 1. Unwelcome undated
21 3 18. Executed for Stealing undated, 1946
21 4 33. Kosher Meat undated, 1953-1954
21 5 38. Haym Salomon Offers His Services undated, 1931-1963
21 6 40. Patriot Captured undated
21 7 45. For Equality of Religious Rights undated
21 8 46. For a Republic, Old Testament Model undated, 1953
21 9 48. Anti-Semitism, 1790 undated, 1947
21 10 53. A Democratic Sermon undated, 1949
21 11 54. Benjamin Nones Replies undated, 1944-1954
21 12 55. Defeating the Federalists, New York, 1800 undated, 1989
21 13 56. Manumission of Slaves undated, 1950
21 14 63. Fighting the British undated, 1989
21 15 66. Personal Letter undated, 1946-1969
21 16 72. Favorable Report undated
21 17 73. Defence Against Conversion undated
21 18 76. Appeal for Congregational Assistance undated
21 19 77. New Orleans' First Congregation, 1828 undated
21 20 78. Greeting the French Revolution, 1830 undated
21 21 79. Declaration on Politics undated
21 22 83. The Damascus Blood Libel undated, 1945-1949
BoxFolderTitleDate
22 1 89. First Fraternal Order undated, 1949-1966
22 2 90. Poor Relief undated, 1949
22 3 91. Moving Westward undated
22 4 92. Non-Sectarian Thanksgiving undated, 1985
22 5 94. Demagogue undated, 1966
22 6 95. Fighting in the Mexican War undated, 1945-1971
22 7 96. Irish Famine Relief undated
22 8 97. Dry Goods Auctions undated
22 9 98. Jews and Sunday Laws undated, 1948-1951
22 10 99. Indian Agent undated,
22 11 100. Election Circular undated
22 12 101. Jews Need Not Apply undated
22 13 102. Suicide in Brooklyn undated
22 14 103. The First Jewish Weekly undated, 1946-1976
22 15 104. Temperance undated, 1946-1978
22 16 105. An Outrage undated
22 17 106. Opposing Slave Immigration undated, 1975
22 18 107. Contrasting Educational Systems undated, 1947-1950
22 19 108. Early Chicago Days undated
22 20 109. The Fugitive Slave Law undated, 1950
22 21 110. States' Rights vs Equality Abroad undated, 1947-1949
BoxFolderTitleDate
23 1 111. Equal Rights for Women undated, 1949-1990
23 2 112. Abolitionists Report undated
23 3 113. Judah Touro's Will undated, 1947-1965
23 4 114. Attitudes to Jews undated
23 5 115. Jews and Farming undated
23 6 116. Joining a Third Party undated
23 7 117. With John Brown in Bleeding Kansas undated, 1947-1949
23 8 118. Exploring the West with Fremont undated, 1946-1956
23 9 119. First New York Russian-Jewish Congregation undated, 1949
23 10 120. Navel Hero Vindicated undated, 1942-1962
23 11 121. The Mortara Case undated, 1947-1972
23 12 122. Keeping the Sabbath undated
23 13 123. Helping Elect Lincoln undated
23 14 124. Propaganda for Slavery undated, 1947-1948
23 15 125. Summary, 1860 undated, 1953
23 16 126. The Slaveholders' Bible undated, 1950
23 17 127. Abolitionists' Bible undated, 1946-1963
23 18 128. Farewell to the United States undated
23 19 129. Standing by the Union undated
23 20 130. The Confederate "Holy Cause" undated, 1950-1952
23 21 131. Jewish Business Interests in California undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 1 132. Abolitionist Forced to Flee undated, 1953-1958
24 2 133. Aiding Soldiers' Families undated
24 3 134. Influencing British Opinion undated, 1946
24 4 135. Aid to the Poor undated
24 5 136. Jewish Chaplains in the Union Army undated, 1948-1966
24 6 137. Union Soldier's Correspondence undated, 1949
24 7 138. Company C, 82nd Illinois Infantry undated, 1949
24 8 139. Revoking General Grant's Order No. 11 undated, 1947-1955
24 9 140. Missouri Emancipationist undated
24 10 141. Confederate Diary undated, 1949-1953
24 11 142. Women Aid the Soldiers undated
24 12 143. Anti-Semitism in the Ranks undated, 1949-1954
24 13 144. Georgia Recollections undated, 1949
24 14 145. On the Assassination of Lincoln undated
24 15 146. Workers, Jew and Gentile undated
24 16 147. Excluding Jews from Insurance undated, 1949-1986
24 17 148. Double-Lynching of a Jew and a Negro undated, 1953-1965
24 18 149. "The Jews Have It" undated
24 19 150. Separating Religion from Public Schools undated, 1950
24 20 151. Aid to Russian Refugees undated
24 21 152. What are the Jews? undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
25 1 153. Roumanian Jews undated, 1945-1951
25 2 154. On Behalf of Immigrant Workers undated
25 3 155. Attempts at Conversion undated, 1948-1951
25 4 156. On Rabbinical Education undated
25 5 157. In Praise of the Jews undated
25 6 158. Anti-Semitism in the Armed Forces undated, 1949-1950
25 7 159. Capmakers on Strike undated, 1951

Subseries C: A Pictorial History of the Jews in the United States, undated, 1915-1988

5.5 linear feet. Boxes 25-36.
Arrangement:

In two sections, “General” (arranged alphabetically) and “Chapter-by-Chapter Notes” (arranged by chapter).

Scope and Content:

The Jews in the United States: A Pictorial History 1654 to Present was first published in 1958 and a revised edition, retitled A Pictorial History of the Jews in the United States, was published in 1965. Schappes seemed to have planned for another revision, but none appeared after 1965.

“General” includes an incomplete manuscript of the book. The source materials on the 1960s and 1970s in this section Schappes seemed to have been keeping for new chapters in a revised and updated edition which never happened. The “Chapter-by-Chapter Notes” were kept by Schappes. These folders include drafts, notes, photographs used in the volume, and correspondence. After the 1965 edition, Schappes still continued to file relevant materials in the chapter folders.

General

BoxFolderTitleDate
25 8 Comments by Manuscript Readers 1955-1957
25 9 Correspondence about Photographs 1957-1958
25 10 Correspondence about Photographs Returned 1957-1958
25 11 Correspondence, Contract and Publicity 1955-1960
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 1 Manuscript -- Chapters 2-13 (1 of 3) undated
26 2 Manuscript -- Chapters 2-13 (2 of 3) undated
26 3 Manuscript -- Chapters 2-13 (3 of 3) undated
26 4 Notes undated, 1953-1957
26 5 Notes and Photograph Orders [includes photos] 1957
26 6 Revised Edition -- Correspondence, Contract and Reviews 1958-1965
BoxFolderTitleDate
27 1 Revised Edition -- Photographs 1965, 1977
27 2 Revisions and Source Materials 1971-1980
27 3 Source Materials 1969-1976
27 4 Source Materials 1973-1974
27 5 Source Materials -- 1960s (1 of 2) 1967-1985
BoxFolderTitleDate
28 1 Source Materials -- 1960s (2 of 2) 1967-1985
28 2 Source Materials -- 1970s (1 of 2) 1969-1978
28 3 Source Materials -- 1970s (2 of 2) 1969-1978
28 4 Source Materials -- 1970s (1 of 3) 1971-1978
28 5 Source Materials -- 1970s (2 of 3) 1971-1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
29 1 Source Materials -- 1970s (3 of 3) 1971-1978
29 2 Source Materials -- 1970s (1 of 3) 1971-1979
29 3 Source Materials -- 1970s (2 of 3) 1971-1979
29 4 Source Materials -- 1970s (3 of 3) 1971-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 1 Source Materials -- Chapters 1-4 (1 of 2) 1964-1977
30 2 Source Materials -- Chapters 1-4 (2 of 2) 1964-1977
30 3 Source Materials -- Chapters 6-14 1970-1979

Chapter-by-Chapter Notes

BoxFolderTitleDate
30 4 Introduction, Prologue and Chapter 1 [includes photos] undated, 1955
30 5 Chapter 1. The First Settlements: New Amsterdam and Newport undated, 1947-1975
30 6 Chapter 1B. undated, 1953-1971
30 7 Chapter 2. Laying More Colonial Foundations undated, 1972
30 8 Chapter 2. undated, 1971-1980
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 1 Chapter 2B. undated, 1971
31 2 Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 [includes photos] undated, 1954
31 3 Chapter 3. Jews as Rebels of '76 undated, 1954-1975
31 4 Chapter 3. undated, 1970-1979
31 5 Chapter 3B. undated, 1931-1975
31 6 Chapter 4. Promise and Suspense: Under the Constitution undated
31 7 Chapter 4B. undated, 1976
31 8 Chapter 4 and Chapter 5 [includes photos] undated, 1954-1957
31 9 Chapter 5. On the Tide of Expansion undated, 1953-1976
BoxFolderTitleDate
32 1 Chapter 5. undated, 1973-1980
32 2 Chapter 5B. undated
32 3 Chapter 6. New Immigration, New Organization (1 of 2) undated, 1966-1988
32 4 Chapter 6. (2 of 2) undated, 1966-1988
32 5 Chapter 6. undated, 1974-1976
32 6 Chapter 6B. undated, 1945-1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
33 1 Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 (1 of 2) [includes photos] undated, 1948-1961
33 2 Chapter 6 and Chapter 7 (2 of 2) [includes photos] undated, 1948-1961
33 3 Chapter 7. For Union and Emancipation: The Civil War undated, 1959-1973
33 4 Chapter 7. undated, 1965-1979
33 5 Chapter 7B. undated, 1972
33 6 Chapter 8. The American Industrial Giant and the Jewish Middle Class [includes photos] undated, 1954-1955
33 7 Chapter 8. undated, 1954-1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
34 1 Chapter 8. undated, 1974-1978
34 2 Chapter 8B. undated, 1953-1976
34 3 Chapter 9. "Tempest-tost" through "The Golden Door" undated, 1953-1976
34 4 Chapter 9. [includes photos] undated, 1954-1957
34 5 Chapter 9. (1 of 3) undated, 1968-1982
34 6 Chapter 9. (2 of 3) undated, 1968-1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
35 1 Chapter 9. (3 of 3) undated, 1968-1982
35 2 Chapter 9B. undated
35 3 Chapter 10. The New Century and the New Labor Heroism undated, 1975
35 4 Chapter 10. [includes photos] undated, 1915-1953
35 5 Chapter 10B. undated, 1965-1975
35 6 Chapter 11. War, Revolution, Reaction and Prosperity undated, 1943-1955
35 7 Chapter 11. [includes photos] (1 of 2) undated, 1956
BoxFolderTitleDate
36 1 Chapter 11. [includes photos] (2 of 2) undated, 1956
36 2 Chapter 11B. undated, 1948-1964
36 3 Chapter 12. The Fateful Decades: 1930-1950 [includes photos] undated, 1946-1966
36 4 Chapter 13. Mid-Century Profile [includes photos] undated, 1950-1967
36 5 Chapter 14. Postlude: Past the Mid-Century [includes photos] undated, 1962-1965

Series 3: Subject Files, 1901-2000

18 linear feet. Boxes 37-73.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Schappes maintained extensive Subject Files, and in this collection, they constitute the largest series. The files include his published writings related to particular subjects, as well as notes, correspondence, clippings, library book request slips, archival research, book reviews and teaching materials. The overwhelming majority of file contents are clippings. He often includes cross references to other subject folders.

The scope of subjects is fairly broad: immigration, academic freedom, American Jewish history, labor movements and Jews in various professional realms. Schappes was especially interested in rural and urban Jewish life throughout the U.S. His state-by-state folders include news clippings, demographics, information on Jewish settlers and pioneers, and Jews involved in the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. Schappes created neither a Holocaust folder nor an Israel folder, but there is a high volume of articles related to both throughout the newspaper clippings in Series 5.

Items of potential note include a letter to Schappes from Stephen S. Wise in 1948 thanking Schappes for his condolences on the passing of Wise’s wife (Box 71, Folder 8) and a letter from a Cuban diplomat in 1953 describing his intent to submit Schappes’s name to McCarthy’s House Committee on Un-American Activities for protesting the suppression of a Communist newspaper in Cuba (Box 57, Folder 2).

BoxFolderTitleDate
37 1 Agricultural Colonies 1937-1960, 1982
37 2 Alabama 1949-1959, 1991
37 3 Alaska 1943-1983
37 4 Aleichem, Sholom (1 of 2) 1946-1956
37 5 Aleichem, Sholom (2 of 2) 1946-1956
37 6 Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America undated, 1950-1956
37 7 American and English Literature and Jews 1943-1990
37 8 American Anti-Slavery Group 1995
37 9 American Influence undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
38 1 American Jewish Archives 1959-1991
38 2 American Jewish Conference 1943-1951
38 3 American Jewish Congress (1 of 2) 1938-1971
38 4 American Jewish Congress (2 of 2) 1938-1971
38 5 American Jewish Historical Society 1945-1949
38 6 American Jewish Historical Society 1949-1968, 1993-1994
BoxFolderTitleDate
39 1 American Jewish Historical Society 1978-1997
39 2 American Revolution 1941-1967
39 3 Anti-Semitism 1939-1952
39 4 Anti-Semitism 1941-1952
39 5 Anti-Semitism 1945-1951, 1980-1988
39 6 Anti-Semitism and Nazism 1942
BoxFolderTitleDate
40 1 Anti-Semitism and Soviet Union 1927-1956
40 2 Anti-Semitism and Soviet Union 1953-1956
40 3 Anti-Slavery 1954-1971
40 4 Arizona 1957-1982
40 5 Arkansas 1967
40 6 Arkansas Creationism Trial 1981-1982
40 7 Art and Jews 1943-1993
40 8 Asch, Sholem (1 of 3) 1942-1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
41 1 Asch, Sholem (2 of 3) 1942-1984
41 2 Asch, Sholem (3 of 3) 1942-1984
41 3 Atheists 1955
41 4 Attitudes to Jews in History (1 of 2) 1947-1970
41 5 Attitudes to Jews in History (2 of 2) 1947-1970
41 6 Attitudes to Soviet Union undated
41 7 Attitudes to USA undated
41 8 Australia 1948
41 9 Auto Industry and Jews 1985
41 10 B'nai B'rith 1946-1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
42 1 Baldwin, James 1987
42 2 Baruch, Bernard 1957-1965
42 3 Belmont, August 1947-1954
42 4 Benjamin, Herbert 1945, 1983-1985
42 5 Benjamin, Judah P. 1943-1988
42 6 Berrol, Selma 1968-1979
42 7 Black-Jewish Relations 1979-1992
42 8 Black Jews 1946-1975
42 9 Black Jews 1964-1985
42 10 Bloch, Harry 1974-1985
42 11 Bondi, August 1952-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
43 1 Brenner, Lenni 1987-1991
43 2 Bush, Isidor 1946-1954
43 3 Cahan, Abraham 1935-1979
43 4 California (1 of 2) 1949-1988
43 5 California (2 of 2) 1949-1988
43 6 Canada 1946-1983
43 7 Carpenters undated
43 8 Catholics and Jews 1946-1955
43 9 Chinese Exclusion undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
44 1 Church and State 1946-1971
44 2 Church and State -- Education (1 of 2) 1947-1971
44 3 Church and State -- Education (2 of 2) 1947-1971
44 4 City College of New York (CCNY) 1970-1992
44 5 City College of New York (CCNY) -- Racism, Art and Literature 1937-1938
BoxFolderTitleDate
45 1 City University of New York (CUNY) 1975-1991
45 2 Civil War -- Confederacy 1947-1969
45 3 Civil War -- Union (1 of 2) 1942-1984
45 4 Civil War -- Union (2 of 2) 1942-1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
46 1 Class Concept in USA 1942-1943
46 2 Cloakmakers' Strike, 1910, New York 1950-1960
46 3 Colonial America -- 17th Century 1949-1966
46 4 Colonial America -- 18th Century 1943-1965
46 5 Colorado 1947-1988
46 6 Columbus, Christopher 1943-1988
46 7 Communist Party -- Book Month Memo undated
46 8 Communist Party -- Resolution on Work Among the Jewish People -- Drafts and Notes 1959-1960
46 9 Communist Party -- State and National Committee Meeting Notes 1957-1959
46 10 Communist Party -- "The Struggles of the Fraternal Communist Parties against Modern Opportunism" by D. Shevlyagin undated
46 11 Communist Party -- Political Committee -- Ben Lifschitz -- Minutes, Reports and Correspondence 1928-1934
46 12 Connecticut 1944-1991
46 13 Cronbach, Abraham undated, 1982
46 14 Crosscup, Gwendolyn Bennett 1980-1981
46 15 Damascus Affair 1947-1988
46 16 Dance and Jews 1984-1989
46 17 De Leon, Edwin 1947
46 18 Delaware 1965-1976
BoxFolderTitleDate
47 1 Dinnerstein, Leonard -- Anti-Semitism in America 1993-1994
47 2 Diplomatic Intervention on Behalf of Jews 1947-1970
47 3 Doctors' Plot -- Soviet Union (1 of 2) 1952-1954
47 4 Doctors' Plot -- Soviet Union (2 of 2) 1952-1954
47 5 Doctors' Plot -- Soviet Union 1953
47 6 Dreyfus, Alfred 1946-1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
48 1 Education and Jews 1943-1984
48 2 Emma Lazarus Federation of Jewish Women's Clubs 1978-1987
48 3 England 1944-1984
48 4 England 1946-1979
48 5 Farmers 1901, 1944-1945, 1977
48 6 Fascism -- Propaganda 1938-1942
48 7 Fast, Howard (1 of 2) 1947-1957, 1990-1991
48 8 Fast, Howard (2 of 2) 1947-1957, 1990-1991
BoxFolderTitleDate
49 1 Film and Jews 1974-1992
49 2 Finkelstein, Sidney 1947-1951
49 3 Florida 1949-1992
49 4 Ford, Henry 1927-1965, 1981
49 5 Ford, Henry -- The International Jew 1987-1988
49 6 Fortas, Abe (1 of 2) 1965-1990
49 7 Fortas, Abe (2 of 2) 1965-1990
49 8 Forty-Eighters 1949-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
50 1 Frank, Anne 1956-1990
50 2 Frank, Leo 1948-1989
50 3 Franklin, Benjamin 1939-1991
50 4 Furniture Workers 1945-1948
50 5 Furriers (1 of 3) 1927-1989
50 6 Furriers (2 of 3) 1927-1989
BoxFolderTitleDate
51 1 Furriers (3 of 3) 1927-1989
51 2 Furriers -- History 1940-1947
51 3 Georgia 1946-1983
51 4 Germany 1938-1943
51 5 Germany and Jews undated
51 6 Gershwin, George 1984-1991
51 7 Golden, Harry (1 of 2) 1958-1970
BoxFolderTitleDate
52 1 Golden, Harry (2 of 2) 1958-1970
52 2 Gordimer, Nadine 1983-1992
52 3 Gornick, Vivian -- The Romance of American Communism 1978
52 4 Gratz Family 1947-1959
52 5 Hall of Fame for Great Americans 1955-1973
52 6 Harby, Isaac undated
52 7 Hart, Arthur Wellington 1947-1949
52 8 Hasidism 1945-1957
52 9 Hawaii 1975
52 10 Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society 1944-1945, 1982
52 11 Hebrew Language undated
52 12 Heller, Joseph 1974-1988
52 13 Herold, Israels undated
52 14 Herzl, Theodor 1954-1960, 1984
52 15 Hobson, Laura -- Gentleman's Agreement 1947-1948
52 16 Hospitals -- Jewish 1957-1958
52 17 Hungary undated, 1954-1957 1982-1991
52 18 Idaho 1955
BoxFolderTitleDate
53 1 Illinois -- Chicago 1942-1987
53 2 Immigration -- Italian undated, 1974
53 3 Immigration -- Opposition undated, 1915
53 4 Immigration -- Post-1875 1926-1975
53 5 Immigration -- Pre-1875 1945-1954
53 6 Indiana 1973-1993
53 7 Industrial Removal Office and Galveston undated, 1945
53 8 Intermarriage 1979-1982
53 9 International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) (1 of 2) 1947-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
54 1 International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) (2 of 2) 1947-1988
54 2 Iowa 1981-1992
54 3 Irish 1946-1958
54 4 Jacobi, Abraham and Mary 1952-1969
54 5 Jamaica 1980
54 6 Javits, Jacob 1986
54 7 Jefferson, Thomas 1942-1955
54 8 Jewish Currents undated, 1974, 1990
54 9 Jewish Currents -- Editorial Advisory Council 1999
54 10 Jewish Museum 1971
54 11 Jewish Peoples Committee 1942-1946
54 12 Jewish Studies -- Teaching Materials 1974
54 13 Journalism and Jews 1975-1989
54 14 Judaism -- Conservatism 1948-1956
BoxFolderTitleDate
55 1 Judaism -- Orthodoxy 1945-1960
55 2 Judaism -- Reconstructionism 1945-1952
55 3 Judaism -- Reform 1937-1962, 1985-1987
55 4 Kansas undated
55 5 Kaufman, Sigismund 1950-1951
55 6 Kentucky 1951-1991
55 7 Klein, Emma -- Emma Lazarus: Poet of the People 1996-1997
55 8 Labor Movement 1938-1957
55 9 Labor Movement -- Early 1946-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
56 1 Labor Movement -- 1850-1880 1939-1964
56 2 Labor Movement -- 1880s 1938-1964
BoxFolderTitleDate
87 3 Labor Movement -- 1880s -- "A Lay Sermon" by Robert G. Ingersoll 1886
BoxFolderTitleDate
56 3 Labor Movement -- 1890s 1910, 1939-1966
56 4 Labor Movement -- 1900-1910 1955-1984
56 5 Labor Movement -- 1909-1914 1955-1985
56 6 Labor Movement -- 1920s 1955-1966
56 7 Labor Movement -- 1930s 1932-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
57 1 Labor Movement -- 1940s 1958-1964
57 2 Latin-American Jews 1945-1956
57 3 Lazarus, Emma 1948-1998
57 15 Lazarus, Emma -- Disraeli the Jew: Essays by Benjamin Cardozo and Emma Lazarus undated, 1993
BoxFolderTitleDate
81 Lazarus, Emma -- "Emma Lazarus Rediscovered" WBAI Interview with Schappes [audio cassette] 1999
BoxFolderTitleDate
57 4 Lehman, Herbert 1957-1959
57 5 Levin, Lewis -- Native Americans 1947-1955
57 6 Levin, Meyer 1981
57 7 Levy, Chapman undated, 1947
57 8 Levy, Hyman 1958-1975
57 9 Levy, Simon Magruder 1979-1980
57 10 Lincoln, Abraham 1944-1982
57 11 Lippman, Walter 1980
57 12 Liptzin, Sol 1954, 1987
57 13 Literature and Communism 1947-1949
57 14 Louisiana 1949-1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
58 1 Magnes, Judah 1919-1969
58 2 Maine 1949
58 3 Manual Training -- Productivization undated
58 4 Manumission Society undated, 1946
58 5 Marmor, Kalman 1946-1947
58 6 Marshall, Louis 1956-1958, 1980
58 7 Maryland (1 of 2) 1945-1980
58 8 Maryland (2 of 2) 1945-1980
58 9 Masonry (Freemasons) 1953
58 10 Massachusetts -- Boston 1949-1989
58 11 Matzoh Baking -- New York City 1984
58 12 Mendele Mocher Sefarim 1947-1957
58 13 Menken, Adah Isaacs 1947-1961
58 14 Mexico -- Mexican War 1947-1969
BoxFolderTitleDate
59 1 Michigan -- Detroit 1950-1990
59 2 Minnesota 1950-1978
59 3 Miscellaneous Notes undated, 1975
59 4 Miscellaneous Notes undated, 1982-1983
59 5 Mississippi 1948-1991
59 6 Missouri 1953-1979
59 7 Montana 1958-1971
59 8 Mortara Case 1947-1964
59 9 Moynihan Report 1964-1969
59 10 Museum of American Jewish History 1976-1978
59 11 Music and Jews (1 of 2) 1974-1993
BoxFolderTitleDate
60 1 Music and Jews (2 of 2) 1974-1993
60 2 Myers, Myer 1954
60 3 Nathan, Jonathan 1947-1953
60 4 National Council of Jewish Women 1946-1956
60 5 National Question and Jews (1 of 2) 1947-1957, 1982
60 6 National Question and Jews (2 of 2) 1947-1957, 1982
60 7 Native Americans 1951
60 8 Navy undated, 1978-1986
60 9 Nebraska 1946-1984
BoxFolderTitleDate
61 1 Negro Question 1946-1957
61 2 Negro-Jewish Relations 1960
61 3 Nevada undated
61 4 New Amsterdam 1954-1957
61 5 New Hampshire undated
61 6 New Jersey 1947-1957, 1985-1996
61 7 New Mexico 1950-1993
61 8 New York 1945-1992
61 9 New York -- Rochester 1951-1955
61 10 New York -- Upstate -- West 1950-1978
61 11 New York Historical Society 1947
61 12 New York State Social Studies Review and Development Committee -- "One Nation, Many Peoples" Report 1990-1991
BoxFolderTitleDate
62 1 Noah, Mordechai Manuel 1945-1979
62 2 North and South Dakota 1964-1978
62 3 North Carolina 1948-1979
62 4 Occupations -- Finance 1952-1992
62 5 Occupations -- General 1936-1990
62 6 Occupations -- Labor 1957
62 7 Occupations -- Law 1939-1988
62 8 Occupations -- Medicine 1947-1986
62 9 Occupations -- Textiles 1951-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
63 1 Ohio -- Cincinnati 1947-1985
63 2 Oklahoma 1944-1960
63 3 Oregon 1954-1974
63 4 Ornitz, Samuel -- Haunch, Paunch and Jowl 1936-1954, 1983
63 5 ORT 1944-1974
63 6 Ozick, Cynthia 1979-1993
63 7 Painters and Building Trades 1946-1957
63 8 Palestine undated
63 9 Peace Movements and Jews undated
63 10 Peddling 1959-1963
63 11 Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 1916, 1942-1983
63 12 Pennsylvania -- Pittsburgh 1947-1983
BoxFolderTitleDate
64 1 Peretz, Isaac Leib 1941-1957
64 2 Philanthropy 1916, 1936, 1948-1982
64 3 Pocketbook Workers 1946-1954
64 4 Poles and Jews undated, 1958
64 5 Policemen -- Jewish 1957
64 6 Polish Jews 1952
64 7 Politics and Jews -- Jewish Vote 1943-1969
64 8 Politics and Jews (1 of 2) 1947-1963
64 9 Politics and Jews (2 of 2) 1947-1963
64 10 Pollack, Ted -- Wedding in Japan 1952
64 11 Population -- Statistics 1951-1958
64 12 Press -- Jewish 1944-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
65 1 Publishing and Jews 1945-1992
65 2 Publishing and Jews 1984-1991
65 3 Rapoport, Joe 1981-1987
65 4 Republican Party 1948-1956
65 5 Rhode Island 1945-1985
65 6 Romanian Jews 1955
65 7 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano and Jews 1953-1955
65 8 Rose, Ernestine Louise 1951-1957
65 9 Rose, Ernestine Louise 1959-1960
65 10 Rosenbloom, Joseph R. 1958-1980
65 11 Roth, Philip 1977-1988
65 12 Russia and Jews 1944-1954
65 13 Salomon, Haym 1961-1982
65 14 Salomon, Haym 1974-1987
65 15 Sarna, Jonathan 1978-1987
BoxFolderTitleDate
66 1 Schiff Family 1952-1955
66 2 Schrecker, Elaine -- No Ivory Tower: McCarthyism and the Universities 1960, 1986-1987, 1998
66 3 Schultz, Benjamin -- American Jewish League Against Communism 1946-1984
66 4 Science and Jews 1946-1992
66 5 Seixas, Gershon Mendes 1945-1954
66 6 Seligman Family -- 1877 Affair 1952-1958
66 7 Sephardim 1950
66 8 Shakespeare, William 1930-1966, 1987
66 9 Shakespeare, William -- Othello 1942-1966
66 10 Shakespeare, William -- Shylock (1 of 2) 1943-1962
BoxFolderTitleDate
67 1 Shakespeare, William -- Shylock (2 of 2) 1943-1962
67 2 Shelley, Percy Bysshe 1981
67 3 Sherman, Joan 1981
67 4 Shirtwaist Makers' Strike 1947-1985
67 5 Shoe Workers 1948-1954
67 6 Silver, Abba Hillel 1948-1964
67 7 Simon, Neil 1985-1987
67 8 Singer, Isaac Bashevis 1970-1992
67 9 Slansky Trial (1 of 2) 1952-1953
BoxFolderTitleDate
68 1 Slansky Trial (2 of 2) 1952-1953
68 2 Slavery 1947-1966
68 3 Social Relations -- Sociology and Trends 1938-1960
68 4 Socialist Labor Party -- De Leon, Daniel undated, 1945
68 5 South Carolina -- Charleston 1947-1982
BoxFolderTitleDate
69 1 Spain -- Civil War 1938-1984
69 2 Spanish-American War 1950-1973
69 3 Sports and Jews 1982-1987
69 4 Suburbia 1953-1959
69 5 Supreme Court Justices 1948-1991
69 6 Swiss Treaty, 1850 1947-1949
69 7 Tailors' Strike, 1850, New York undated
69 8 Television and Jews 1984-1990
69 9 Tennessee 1949-1981
69 10 Texas 1945-1988
BoxFolderTitleDate
70 1 Theater -- Jewish 1945-1958
70 2 Theater and Jews 1951, 1969
70 3 Theater and Jews 1984-1991
70 4 Touro, Judah 1946-1954
70 5 Twain, Mark 1946-1957
70 6 Typographical Workers 1948-1953
70 7 Unity Movements 1949-1954
70 8 Utah 1947-1983
70 9 Vermont 1944-1991
70 10 Virginia 1949-1974
70 11 Voices Within the Ark: The Modern Jewish Poets 1980-1981
70 12 Wald, Alan 1978-2000
70 13 War of 1812 1944-1954
70 14 War Veterans -- Jewish 1943-1954
70 15 Washington, George 1944-1962
BoxFolderTitleDate
71 1 Washington 1961-1990
71 2 Washington, D.C. 1952-1984
71 3 WBAI 1978-1984
71 4 Weinstein, Allen -- Perjury 1978-1979
71 5 West Indies 1952-1972
71 6 Winchevsky, Morris 1947-1956
71 7 Wisconsin 1935-1982
71 8 Wise, Stephen S. 1940-1978
71 9 Wolfson, Harry Austyn 1975-1980
71 10 Wolfson, Louis E. 1944-1958
71 11 Women 1944-1982
71 12 World War I 1945-1951
71 13 World War I -- Post-War Reaction 1917-1955
71 14 World War II 1942-1961
BoxFolderTitleDate
72 1 Wright, Richard -- Native Son 1940
72 2 Wyoming 1975-1982
72 3 Yiddish Language 1943-1955
72 4 Yiddish Theater 1943-1964
72 5 Yiddish Theater
72 6 YIVO 1944-1979
72 7 YMHA, YWHA and Jewish Centers 1952-1955, 1980
72 8 Youth 1950-1954
72 9 Zionism 1907-1957
BoxFolderTitleDate
73 1 Zionism 1909, 1949-1988
73 2 Zionism -- Teaching Materials (1 of 2) 1936-1954
73 3 Zionism -- Teaching Materials (1 of 2) 1936-1954

Series 4: Index Cards, undated

0.75 linear feet. Boxes 79-81.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Box 79 and 80 come from a 2-drawer index card cabinet. The index cards are labeled by subject and individual. The information on the cards usually consists of sources related to the given topic, as well as quotes from those sources. Cards are mixed in with Schappes’s book requests, mostly at the New York Public Library and the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. The cards are reflective of the same topics as his subject files, with emphasis on the Jews in the Soviet Union and Jewish figures in American history. Box 81 contains some loose notecards by Schappes, but primarily consists of cards with research and notes kept by “L.R.A.” on the men’s clothing industry up to 1920, especially dealing with the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America and Sidney Hillman.

Box TitleDate
79   Drawer 1 of Subject/Individual Cards undated
Box TitleDate
80   Drawer 2 of Subject/Individual Cards undated
Box TitleDate
81   Men's Clothing Industry Notes and Miscellaneous Cards undated

Series 5: Clippings and Printed Materials, 1924-2000

2.5 linear feet. Boxes 73-78.
Arrangement:

Arranged in two sections.

Scope and Content:

The materials in this series are dissertations, conference papers, reports, pamphlets, clippings, serial publications, and miscellaneous printed materials that Schappes collected and did not place in his subject files. He underlined and made notes on some of the materials. While they do fall within Schappes’s research scope, they don’t necessarily and easily fall into his already established subject files.

A portion of his loose, unfiled clippings were discarded. They covered such subjects as Israel, the Holocaust, Soviet Jews, Reagan, American, Israeli, German, Yiddish and Holocaust literature, Judaic Studies and local issues in New York City, and they were from such publications as Morning Freiheit, New York Times, New York Voice, New Republic, The Nation, Jewish Week and Congress Monthly.

General

BoxFolderTitleDate
73 4 American Jewish Committee "This is Our Home" Leaflet Series 1950-1954
73 5 Associates in Negro Folk Education Bronze Booklet Series 1936-1937
BoxFolderTitleDate
74 1 Bibliographies 1934-1944, 1972, 1988
74 2 Booklets and Pamphlets (1 of 2) 1939-1994
74 3 Booklets and Pamphlets (2 of 2) 1939-1994
74 4 Canadian Jewish Archives (1 of 2) 1955-1962
74 5 Canadian Jewish Archives (2 of 2) 1955-1962
74 6 Event Programs 1946, 1959, 1979-2000
74 7 Exhibit Catalogues 1957, 1975-1987
74 8 Indiana Jewish Historical Society Newsletter 1978-1986
BoxFolderTitleDate
75 1 Indiana Jewish Historical Society Publications 1975-1988
75 2 The Jewish Newsletter of the Conference of Judaism in Rural New England 1984-1986
75 3 Jewish Theological Seminary "The Eternal Light" Broadcast Series 1944-1949
75 4 Martyrdom and Resistance 1984-1987
75 5 Prayer Books 1924, 1957
75 6 Press Releases 1979-1997
75 7 Proceedings of the Conference on the Writing of Regional History in the South 1956
75 8 The Reflex 1927-1929
BoxFolderTitleDate
76 1 Reports and Surveys (1 of 2) 1942, 1969-1992
76 2 Reports and Surveys (2 of 2) 1942, 1969-1992
76 3 Shdemot: Literary Digest of the Kibbutz Movement 1975
76 4 Shirim: A Jewish Poetry Journal 1984
76 5 The Temple Bulletin (Cleveland, Ohio) 1978-1985
76 6 UNESCO "The Race Question" Series 1951-1954

Dissertations and Other Papers

BoxFolderTitleDate
77 1 Berger, Morris Isaiah -- "The Settlement, the Immigrant and the Public School: A Study of the Influence of the Settlement Movement and the New Immigration Upon Public Education, 1890-1924," 1956 undated
77 2 Berman, Myron -- "The Attitude of American Jewry towards East European Jewish Immigration, 1881-1914," 1963 undated
77 3 Bittelman, Alexander -- "Things I Have Learned: An Autobiography," 1961 (1 of 5) undated
77 4 Bittelman, Alexander -- "Things I Have Learned: An Autobiography," 1961 (2 of 5) undated
77 5 Bittelman, Alexander -- "Things I Have Learned: An Autobiography," 1961 (3 of 5) undated
77 6 Bittelman, Alexander -- "Things I Have Learned: An Autobiography," 1961 (4 of 5) undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
78 1 Bittelman, Alexander -- "Things I Have Learned: An Autobiography," 1961 (5 of 5) undated
78 2 Bittelman, Alexander -- "Things I Have Learned: An Autobiography" -- Notes undated
78 3 Bloch, Samuel -- "Marginality of a Dual-Minority Group: A Study of Identity and Stability Among the Black Jews," 1974 undated
78 4 Feldman, Egal -- "American Spokesmen and the 'Melting Pot' Utopia" 1975
78 5 Gitelman, Zvi -- "Reform, Revolution and Jewish Nationalism in the Tsarist Empire" 1975
78 6 Herzog, Joseph D. -- "The Emergence of the Anti-Jewish Stereotype in the United States," 1953 undated
78 7 Katsh, Abraham -- "Hebrew in American Higher Education" 1941
78 8 Neuringer, Sheldon Norris -- "American Jewry and United States Immigration Policy, 1881-1953," 1969 undated
78 9 Stoler, Mark Alan -- "The Politics of the Second Front American Military Planning, 1941-1944," 1971 undated
78 10 "Time on the Cross: A First Appraisal" Conference Papers 1974-1975

Series 6: Book Collection, 1931-1998

1 linear foot. Box 82.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by author name.

Scope and Content:

These books include Schappes’s marginalia, notes, correspondence, and relevant clippings tucked into the covers and between pages.

Bengis, Esther. I am a Rabbi’s Wife. Moodus, Connecticut: Esther Bengis, 1938.
Bentwich, Norman. For Zion’s Sake: A Biography of Judah L. Magnes. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1954.
Chertoff, Mordecai S. Zionism: A Basic Reader. New York: Herzl Press, 1975.
Cohen, Steven M. American Assimilation or Jewish Revival? Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.
Deutscher, Isaac. The Non-Jewish Jew and Other Essays. New York: Oxford University Press, 1968.
Gittleman, Sol. From Shtetl to Suburbia: The Family in Jewish Literary Imagination. Boston: Beacon Press, 1978.
Gordon, Milton M. Assimilation in American Life: The Role of Race, Religion, and National Origins. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
Howe, Irving. World of Our Fathers: The Journey of the East European Jews to America and the Life They Found and Made. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976.
Jacobs, Julius. Bronx Cheer: A Memoir. Monroe, New York: Library Research Associates, 1976.
Jewish Studies: Essays in Honour of the Very Reverend Dr Gustav Sicher, Chief Rabbi of Prague. Prague: Council of Jewish Religious Communities, 1955.
Kann, Kenneth. Joe Rapoport: The Life of a Jewish Radical. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.
Lacqueur, Walter. The Terrible Secret: Suppression of the Truth about Hitler’s ‘Final Solution’. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1980.
Lazarus, Emma. Songs of a Semite. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Gregg Press, 1970.
Lodel, Adolphe. Israel from its Beginnings to the Middle of the Eighth Century. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1948.
Mahler, Raphael. A History of Modern Jewry: 1780-1815. New York: Schocken Books, 1971.
Martin, Tony. The Jewish Onslaught: Despatches from the Wellesley Battlefront. Dover, Massachusetts: The Majority Press, 1993.
Massing, Paul W. Rehearsal for Destruction: A Study of Political Anti-Semitism in Imperial Germany. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1949.
Mazel, Ella, ed. “And Don’t Call Me a Racist!” A Treasury of Quotes on the Past, Present, and Future of the Color Line in America. Lexington, Massachusetts: Argonaut Press, 1998.
Noveck, Simon, ed. Great Jewish Personalities in Ancient and Medieval Times. New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1959.
Padmore, George. The Life and Struggles of Negro Toilers. London: R.I.L.U. Magazine for the International Trade Union Committee of Negro Workers, 1931.
Parkes, James. The Jewish Problem in the Modern World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.
Porter, Jack Nusan and Peter Dreier, eds. Jewish Radicalism. New York: Grove Press, 1973.
Reznikoff, Charles. By the Waters of Manhattan. New York: New Directions, 1962.
Stanford, Leland G. 90 Weinberger Years: The Jacob Weinberger Story. San Diego: Law Library Justice Foundation, 1971.
Van Paasen, Pierre. Why Jesus Died. New York: Dial Press, 1949.

Series 7: Photographs and Microfilm, [1910]-1971

2 folders in AJHS Photography Collection: “Prints from I and P Collections.” 2 microfilm reels in Box 80.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

The photographs in this series are of Schappes in his childhood, adolescence, early adulthood and with his wife Sonya. The bulk of the photographs are from approximately 1910 through the 1950s. There are contact sheets from a roll of photographs likely taken during the New York College Teachers Union’s May Day Parade in the late 1930s or early 1940s. There is also a 1954 photo of Clara Lemlich, and a 1938 photo of “4 Jews from 4 Different Parts of the World” during the Spanish Civil War.

Schappes requested the two microfilm reels presumably for the purposes of his research. There’s a reference to the reel of Augusta Levy’s Reminiscences in his file for Section 99. Indian Agent in A Documentary History of the Jews in the United States (Box 22, Folder 10). The Robert Morris Diary makes mention of Haym Solomon.

Box TitleDate
81   Microfilm Reel of Fredericka Augusta (Mrs. John M.) Levy Reminiscences, [1845-1851] -- Wisconsin Historical Society 1946
81   Microfilm Reel of Robert Morris Diary, [1781-1784] -- Library of Congress, Robert Morris Papers 1946
BoxFolderTitleDate
Photo P-57 Photographs (1 of 2) [1910]-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
Photo P-57 Photographs (2 of 2) [1910]-1971

Series 8: Oversized Materials, 1891, 1922-1932

1.5 linear feet. Box 83.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

Folders 2 and 3 contain photostats of articles from the following newspapers: The Alarm, 1887; Appeal to Reason, 1903; Boston Evening Voice, 1866; Detroit Daily Union, 1869; Douglass’ Monthly, 1860-1863; Liberator, Nov 1859; New National Era, 1871; North Star, 1848; NY Daily Tribune, 1861; NY Jewish Volk-Zeitung, 1880; Progress, 1883; Revolt, 1912; The Revolution, 1868; Syndicalist, 1913; Working Man’s Advocate, 1830 and 1870; and The World (Oakland, CA), 1907.

Folder 4 contains the diplomas received by Sonya Schappes from elementary school in 1922 through her teacher training certificate in 1932. Morris Schappes’s 1930 M.A. diploma from Columbia is also here.

BoxFolderTitleDate
83 1 "The Jews of New York City," Harper's Weekly 1891
83 2 Photostats of Newspapers undated
83 3 Photostats of Newspapers undated
83 4 Sonya Laffer's and Morris Schappes's Diplomas 1922-1932
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