Guide to the Records of the United Service for New Americans, undated, 1946-1954

*I-93

Processed by Marvin Rusinek. Additional processing by Sarah Glover

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2015, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Marvin Rusinek as MS Word document, November 2007. Finding aid was encoded by Marvin Rusinek on July 2, 2009. Finding aid written in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator:United Service for New Americans
Title:United Service for New Americans Records
Dates:undated, 1946-1954
Abstract:This collection contains correspondence, records, and publications of the United Service for New Americans (USNA), the major immigration and resettlement organization in the United States for Jewish displaced persons immigrating in the late 1940s and early 1950s. These records document USNA’s interaction and coordination with the United States government’s Displaced Persons Commission, associated Jewish agencies, particularly the American Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), and representatives of Jewish settlement groups in cities and towns across the country. The organization helped obtain housing and job assurances for Jewish refugees without family in the United States and provided assurances that they would not become public charges. The correspondence and records in this collection document the entire process of immigration and resettlement, including obtaining the necessary assurances required for displaced persons to immigrate to the United States, relief services provided immediately upon the refugees’ arrival, their designation to and arrival in communities across the country, and the services provided to the new immigrants by their local Jewish communities thereafter.
Languages:The collection is in English.
Quantity: 11.5 linear feet (23 manuscript boxes)
Identification:I-93
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS New York, NY
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Historical Note

The United Service for New Americans (USNA) was formed through the merger of the National Refugee Service (NRS) and the National Service to Foreign Born of the National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW). The merger became official on August 1, 1946; however, the two agencies began to consolidate their services in June of that year.

A constituent agency of the United Jewish Appeal, the United Service for New Americans served as the major immigration and resettlement organization in the United States for Jewish refugees immigrating in the wake of World War II. Substantial immigration to the United States from Europe resumed in May 1946, as a result of President Harry S. Truman’s December 1945 directive requiring that existing immigration quotas be designated for displaced persons. As immigrants arrived in New York, USNA received them upon arrival, providing temporary shelter, food, clothing, and medical care. USNA set up similar reception and relief programs in San Francisco to serve emigrants arriving from Shanghai.

However, the involvement of the United Service for New Americans in the immigration process began long before new immigrants arrived in American ports. USNA was authorized by the government to provide group assurances as the basis for issuing visas to displaced persons in the American-occupied zones of Europe. These assurances provided for immigrants who did not have relatives in the United States or whose American family could not provide suitable assurances to the government that he or she would not become a public charge. In 1947, the agency was authorized to extend the assurances to displaced persons in Shanghai.

On October 28, 1948, USNA reached an agreement with the American Joint Distribution Committee (JDC) and Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) that centralized within USNA the responsibility for coordinating with American Jewish communities and the Displaced Persons Commission to provide group assurances of jobs and housing for immigrants. USNA was charged with obtaining such assurances, transmitting them to the Displaced Persons Commission for certification, and processing and resettling all people arriving under such assurances. The JDC and HIAS agreed to pool overseas lists of Jewish displaced persons seeking entrance to the United States.

The United Service for New Americans coordinated closely with the JDC throughout the process of bringing Jewish displaced persons to the United States. The process began with welfare agencies, NCJW sections, and refugee committees in cities and towns across the United States finding local housing and job availabilities for displaced persons and reporting these availabilities to USNA. USNA would then certify these openings to the Displaced Persons Commission so that visas would be granted to Jewish displaced persons. The overseas migration service of the JDC was responsible for assisting Jewish displaced persons in applying for visas and helping them prepare for immigration. Once the visas were granted, immigrants were able to travel to the United States; USNA would meet the immigrants upon arrival and coordinate their travel to their final destinations. Immigrants would be met at their final destinations by representatives of local welfare agencies, NCJW sections, and refugee committees, who not only located jobs and housing but provided other welfare services, including social work services, assistance with social and cultural adjustment, financial and medical aid, education, English-language and Americanization programs, and vocational counseling. USNA provided each community a sum to cover the first two week’s maintenance so that the new immigrant would not be dependent immediately upon arrival. The community would continue its commitment to the new immigrant until he or she was self-sufficient.

In 1949, peak immigration levels led to the division of USNA into two separate organizations. Prior to 1949, in addition to its national activities, a special USNA division provided relief for new immigrants settling in New York City. In July 1949, the New York Association for New Americans (NYANA) was established to take over local relief functions in New York, allowing USNA to function for the first time as a national agency. As such, USNA no longer functioned primarily as a relief-granting agency, becoming instead primarily an agency facilitating immigration and resettlement.

On August 24, 1954, the United Service for New Americans merged with HIAS and the overseas migration service of the JDC to establish the United HIAS Service.

References

Reports to the Annual Meeting, January 10-11, 1948, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 1, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Reports to the Annual Meeting, January 8-9, 1949, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 2, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Reports to the Annual Meeting, January 14-15, 1950, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 3, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Reports tp the Annual Meeting, January 20-21, 1951, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 4, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Supplementary Facts on Activities of United Service for New Americans, January 19, 1952, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 5, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Annual Report, January 17-18, 1953, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 6, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

Unified Program Under DP Act Brings Homeless Jews to U.S.A., undated, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 19, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

The USNA Story : A Summing-Up, 1933-1953, of 20 Years of Service to Jewish Refugees by the American-Jewish Community, March 1954, Records of the United Service for New Americans, I-93, Box 23, Folder 22, American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains correspondence, records, and publications of the United Service for New Americans (USNA), the major immigration and resettlement organization in the United States for Jewish displaced persons immigrating in the late 1940s and early 1950s. These records document USNA’s interaction and coordination with the United States government’s Displaced Persons Commission, associated Jewish agencies, particularly the American Joint Distribution Committee (JDC), and representatives of Jewish settlement groups in cities and towns across the country. The organization helped obtain housing and job assurances for Jewish refugees without family in the United States and provided assurances that they would not become public charges. The correspondence and records in this collection document the entire process of immigration and resettlement, including obtaining the necessary assurances required for displaced persons to immigrate to the United States, relief services provided immediately upon the refugees’ arrival, their designation to and arrival in communities across the country, and the services provided to the new immigrants by their local Jewish communities thereafter.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into six series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

Additional records of the United Service for New Americans are held by the YIVO Archives. The YIVO Archives also holds records of the National Refugee Service, Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, United HIAS Service, Main Office, and American Joint Distribution Committee Personal Service Department (Transmigration Bureau).

Records of the National Council of Jewish Women and National Council of Jewish Women, New York Section are held by the Leo Baeck Institute and American Jewish Historical Society, respectively. The American Jewish Historical Society holds additional records of the National Refugee Service as well as the papers of Cecilia Razovsky.

The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee Archives holds records of the New York Office of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, 1945-1954.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); United Service for New Americans Records; I-93; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Processing Information

Collection originally processed in 2007. In May 2015, Series V: Miscellaneous was divided into Series V: Annual Meetings and Conferences and Series VI: Publications. Series III and IV were transposed and Series IV: Displaced Persons Program Correspondence was rearranged alphabetically by folder title. Series-level Scope and Content Notes were added throughout, and the collection-level Scope and Content Note was updated. A Historical Note and Related Materials were added. Access Points were also updated.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

 

Series I: Quota Correspondence, 1948-1951

English.
Boxes 1-14.
Arrangement:

Alphabetically by state name, then city name.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence between the United Service for New Americans and representatives of welfare agencies, NCJW sections, and refugee committees in cities and towns across the United States regarding the arrival of immigrants settling in these various communities. USNA sent each community a summary of individuals settled in that community under the established quota during the previous month. In order to confirm each immigrant’s arrival, USNA sent forms for community representatives to fill out and return, including the date individuals arrived in the community and indicating whether they had remained, did not arrive, or arrived but left. These forms include the name of the community and settlement agency responsible, USNA case number for each individual or family arriving, along with their names, ages, and port of entry with date of arrival. Additional correspondence between USNA and the community settlement agencies concerns the per capita allowance paid by USNA to cover the first two week’s maintenance.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Aurora, Illinois 1948, 1950-1951
1 2 Champaign, Illinois 1951
1 3 Chicago, Illinois 1948-1949
1 4 Chicago, Illinois 1949-1950
1 5 Chicago, Illinois 1949-1950
1 6 Chicago, Illinois 1949-1950
1 7 Chicago, Illinois 1950-1951
1 8 Danville, Illinois 1949-1950
1 9 Decatur, Illinois 1950
1 10 East St. Louis, Illinois 1949, 1951
1 11 Freeport, Illinois 1949
1 12 Galesburg, Illinois 1949-1950
1 13 Joliet, Illinois 1949
1 14 Peoria, Illinois 1949-1950
1 15 Rockford, Illinois 1949-1951
1 16 Rock Island, Illinois 1949-1950
1 17 Springfield, Illinois 1949-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 East Chicago, Indiana 1950-1951
2 2 Elkhart, Indiana 1950
2 3 Evansville, Indiana 1949-1950
2 4 Fort Wayne, Indiana 1949-1951
2 5 Gary, Indiana 1950-1951
2 6 Goshen, Indiana 1950-1951
2 7 Hammond, Indiana 1951
2 8 Indianapolis, Indiana 1949-1951
2 9 Lafayette, Indiana 1949-1950
2 10 Mishawaka, Indiana 1949
2 11 New Castle, Indiana 1949
2 12 South Bend, Indiana 1949-1951
2 13 Terre Haute, Indiana 1949
2 14 Cedar Rapids, Iowa 1949-1951
2 15 Council Bluffs, Iowa 1949-1951
2 16 Davenport, Iowa 1949-1951
2 17 Des Moines, Iowa 1948-1950
2 18 Des Moines, Iowa 1950-1951
2 19 Iowa City, Iowa 1951
2 20 Marshalltown, Iowa 1949
2 21 Mason City, Iowa 1949
2 22 Sioux City, Iowa 1949-1951
2 23 Waterloo, Iowa 1949
2 24 Topeka, Kansas 1949-1951
2 25 Wichita, Kansas 1949
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 Ashland, Kentucky 1949, 1951
3 2 Louisville, Kentucky 1948-1951
3 3 Baton Rouge, Louisiana 1950-1951
3 4 Monroe, Louisiana 1950
3 5 New Orleans, Louisiana 1948-1949
3 6 New Orleans, Louisiana 1950-1951
3 7 Shreveport, Louisiana 1949-1951
3 8 Bangor, Maine 1949-1950
3 9 Portland, Maine 1949-1951
3 10 Annapolis, Maryland 1950
3 11 Baltimore, Maryland 1948-1949
3 12 Baltimore, Maryland 1950-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 1 Boston, Massachusetts 1948-1949
4 2 Boston, Massachusetts 1949
4 3 Boston, Massachusetts 1950-1951
4 4 Brockton, Massachusetts 1950
4 5 Fall River, Massachusetts 1949-1950
4 6 Lowell, Massachusetts 1951
4 7 Lynn, Massachusetts 1949-1950
4 8 New Bedford, Massachusetts 1949-1951
4 9 Pittsfield, Massachusetts 1949-1950
4 10 Springfield, Massachusetts 1949-1951
4 11 Worcester, Massachusetts 1949-1951
4 12 Jackson, Mississippi 1949
4 13 Columbia, Missouri 1948-1949
4 14 Joplin, Missouri 1950
4 15 Kansas City, Missouri 1948-1949
4 16 Kansas City, Missouri 1950-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 1 St. Joseph, Missouri 1949
5 2 St. Louis, Missouri 1948-1949
5 3 St. Louis, Missouri 1950-1951
5 4 Billings, Montana 1950
5 5 Helena, Montana 1949-1950
5 6 Lincoln, Nebraska 1950-1951
5 7 Omaha, Nebraska 1949
5 8 Omaha, Nebraska 1950-1951
5 9 Las Vegas, Nevada 1949
5 10 Reno, Nevada 1950
5 11 Asbury Park, New Jersey 1949-1951
5 12 Atlantic City, New Jersey 1950-1951
5 13 Bayonne, New Jersey 1949-1951
5 14 Camden, New Jersey 1949-1951
5 15 Deans, New Jersey 1949-1950
5 16 Dover, New Jersey 1950
5 17 Elizabeth, New Jersey 1949-1951
5 18 Hackensack, New Jersey 1950-1951
5 19 Hoboken, New Jersey 1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1 Jersey City, New Jersey 1948-1951
6 2 Lakewood, New Jersey 1950-1951
6 3 Linden, New Jersey 1949-1951
6 4 Long Branch, New Jersey 1949-1951
6 5 Newark, New Jersey 1948-1949
6 6 Newark, New Jersey 1950-1951
6 7 New Brunswick, New Jersey 1950-1951
6 8 Passaic, New Jersey 1949-1951
6 9 Paterson, New Jersey 1948-1951
6 10 Perth Amboy, New Jersey 1950-1951
6 11 Plainfield, New Jersey 1950-1951
6 12 Somerville, New Jersey 1949-1950
6 13 South River, New Jersey 1949
6 14 Trenton, New Jersey 1948-1951
6 15 Union, New Jersey 1949-1951
6 16 Westwood, New Jersey 1950
6 17 Albuquerque, New Mexico 1949-1951
6 18 Santa Fe, New Mexico 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 Albany, New York 1949-1951
7 2 Amsterdam, New York 1950
7 3 Beacon, New York 1950
7 4 Binghamton, New York 1949-1951
7 5 Buffalo, New York 1948-1949
7 6 Buffalo, New York 1950-1951
7 7 Elmira, New York 1949-1950
7 8 Glens Falls, New York 1950
7 9 Gloversville, New York 1949
7 10 Kingston, New York 1950-1951
7 11 Newburgh, New York 1949-1951
7 12 Niagara Falls, New York 1950-1951
7 13 Ogdensburg, New York 1949-1950
7 14 Poughkeepsie, New York 1951
7 15 Rochester, New York 1948-1949
7 16 Rochester, New York 1950-1951
7 17 Schenectady, New York 1949-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Syracuse, New York 1948-1951
8 2 Troy, New York 1949-1951
8 3 Utica, New York 1949-1951
8 4 White Plains, New York 1949-1950
8 5 Yonkers, New York 1949
8 6 Asheville, North Carolina 1950-1951
8 7 Charlotte, North Carolina 1949
8 8 Greensboro, North Carolina 1949-1951
8 9 Statesville, North Carolina 1951
8 10 Akron, Ohio 1949-1951
8 11 Canton, Ohio 1949-1951
8 12 Cincinnati, Ohio 1949
8 13 Cincinnati, Ohio 1950-1951
8 14 Cleveland, Ohio 1948-1949
8 15 Cleveland, Ohio 1949
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 Cleveland, Ohio 1950-1951
9 2 Columbus, Ohio 1948-1949
9 3 Columbus, Ohio 1950-1951
9 4 Dayton, Ohio 1949-1951
9 5 Hamilton, Ohio 1949-1950
9 6 Lima, Ohio 1950
9 7 Lorain, Ohio 1949-1951
9 8 Mansfield, Ohio 1950-1951
9 9 Springfield, Ohio 1950
9 10 Toledo, Ohio 1948-1951
9 11 Youngstown, Ohio 1948-1951
9 12 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1949-1951
9 13 Ponca City, Oklahoma 1950
9 14 Tulsa, Oklahoma 1949-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1 Portland, Oregon 1948-1951
10 2 Allentown, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
10 3 Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania 1950
10 4 Bradford, Pennsylvania 1949
10 5 Butler, Pennsylvania 1949
10 6 Chester, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
10 7 Easton, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
10 8 Erie, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
10 9 Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
10 10 Lancaster, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
10 11 New Castle, Pennsylvania 1949-1950
10 12 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1948-1949
10 13 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1949
10 14 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1951
11 2 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1948-1949
11 3 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1949
11 4 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
11 5 Reading, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
11 6 Scranton, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
11 7 Sharon, Pennsylvania 1949-1950
11 8 Uniontown, Pennsylvania 1949-1950
11 9 Warren, Pennsylvania 1949-1950
11 10 Washington, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
11 11 Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
11 12 York, Pennsylvania 1950
11 13 Providence, Rhode Island 1948-1949
11 14 Providence, Rhode Island 1950-1951
11 15 Charleston, South Carolina 1949-1950
11 16 Columbia, South Carolina 1949
11 17 Florence, South Carolina 1950
11 18 Sumpter, South Carolina 1950
11 19 Sioux Falls, South Dakota 1949-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1 Chattanooga, Tennessee 1949-1951
12 2 Knoxville, Tennessee 1950-1951
12 3 Memphis, Tennessee 1948-1949
12 4 Memphis, Tennessee 1950-1951
12 5 Nashville, Tennessee 1949-1951
12 6 Abilene, Texas 1949
12 7 Amarillo, Texas 1950
12 8 Corpus Christi, Texas 1949-1951
12 9 Dallas, Texas 1949
12 10 Dallas, Texas 1950-1951
12 11 El Paso, Texas 1949-1951
12 12 Fort Worth, Texas 1949-1951
12 13 Galveston, Texas 1949-1951
12 14 Houston, Texas 1949
12 15 Houston, Texas 1950-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 Laredo, Texas 1949-1950
13 2 San Antonio, Texas 1949-1951
13 3 Tyler, Texas 1949
13 4 Victoria, Texas 1949-1950
13 5 Waco, Texas 1949-1951
13 6 Ogden, Utah 1949
13 7 Salt Lake City, Utah 1949-1950
13 8 Rutland, Vermont 1949-1950
13 9 Hopewell, Virginia 1949
13 10 Newport News, Virginia 1949-1951
13 11 Norfolk, Virginia 1949-1951
13 12 Portsmouth, Virginia 1951
13 13 Richmond, Virginia 1948-1951
13 14 Aberdeen, Washington 1949
13 15 Bremerton, Washington 1949-1950
13 16 Longview, Washington 1949
13 17 Seattle, Washington 1948-1949
13 18 Seattle, Washington 1950-1951
13 19 Spokane, Washington 1949-1950
13 20 Tacoma, Washington 1949-1951
13 21 Yakima, Washington 1949-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 Blefield, West Virginia 1949-1950
14 2 Charleston, West Virginia 1949
14 3 Huntington, West Virginia 1949
14 4 Wheeling, West Virginia 1950
14 5 Appleton, Wisconsin 1950
14 6 Green Bay, Wisconsin 1950
14 7 Kenosha, Wisconsin 1950
14 8 La Crosse, Wisconsin 1950
14 9 Madison, Wisconsin 1949-1951
14 10 Manitowoc, Wisconsin 1950-1951
14 11 Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1948-1949
14 12 Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1950-1951
14 13 Oshkosh, Wisconsin 1949
14 14 Racine, Wisconsin 1949, 1951
14 15 Sheboygan, Wisconsin 1949-1951
14 16 Cheyenne, Wyoming 1949
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Series II: Local Cooperating Agencies — Validations and Certifications, undated, 1948-1951

English.
Boxes 15-18.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by city name.

Scope and Content:

This series contains certifications from representatives of various welfare agencies, NCJW sections, and refugee committees in cities and towns across the United States to the United Service for New Americans indicating the number of housing units and jobs available for a given month, as well as the types of jobs available. These assurances were then submitted by USNA to the Displaced Persons Commission and validated by the commission. Also included in this series is related correspondence between community representatives and USNA regarding community quotas and availability of jobs and housing.

BoxFolderTitleDate
15 1 Hackensack, New Jersey 1948, 1950
15 2 Hamilton, Ohio 1949-1951
15 3 Hammond, Indiana 1950
15 4 Hampton, Virginia 1950
15 5 Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 1948-1950
15 6 Hartford, Connecticut 1948-1950
15 7 Haverhill, Massachusetts 1950-1951
15 8 Hazleton, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
15 9 Helena, Montana 1948-1950
15 10 High Point, North Carolina 1950
15 11 Hightstown, New Jersey undated
15 12 Hobart, Oklahoma 1949
15 13 Hoboken, New Jersey 1950-1951
15 14 Hollywood, Florida 1948, 1950-1951
15 15 Holyoke, Massachusetts 1950-1951
15 16 Homestead, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
15 17 Hoosick Falls, New York 1950
15 18 Hopewell, Virginia 1949
15 19 Houston, Texas 1948-1950
15 20 Hudson, New York 1950
15 21 Huntington, West Virginia 1948-1949
15 22 Indianapolis, Indiana 1948-1950
15 23 Iowa City, Iowa 1949-1950
15 24 Jackson, Mississippi 1948-1950
15 25 Jacksonville, Florida 1948-1951
15 26 Jersey City, New Jersey 1948-1950
15 27 Johnstown, Pennsylvania 1950
15 28 Joliet, Illinois 1949
15 29 Joplin, Missouri 1949-1950
15 30 Kalamazoo, Michigan 1949-1951
15 31 Kansas City, Missouri 1948-1951
15 32 Kenosha, Wisconsin 1948-1950
15 33 Kingston, New York 1948, 1950
15 34 Knoxville, Tennessee 1949
15 35 La Crosse, Wisconsin 1948-1950
15 36 Lafayette, Indiana 1948-1950
15 37 Lakeland, Florida 1950
15 38 Lakewood, New Jersey 1949-1950
15 39 Lancaster, Pennsylvania 1949-1951
15 40 Lansing, Michigan 1950-1951
15 41 Laredo, Texas 1948-1950
15 42 Las Vegas, Nevada 1948-1950
15 43 Las Vegas, New Mexico 1950-1951
15 44 Lawrence, Massachusetts 1948, 1950-1951
15 45 Lawton City, Oklahoma 1949
15 46 Lebanon, Connecticut 1949-1950
15 47 Lebanon, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
15 48 Lexington, Kentucky 1948, 1950-1951
15 49 Liberty, New York 1950-1951
15 50 Lima, Ohio 1949-1950
15 51 Lincoln, Nebraska 1948-1950
15 52 Linden-Roselle, New Jersey 1949-1951
15 53 Little Rock, Arkansas 1948-1950
15 54 Long Beach, California 1948-1950
15 55 Long Branch, New Jersey 1949-1951
15 56 Longview, Washington 1949
15 57 Lorain, Ohio 1948-1950
15 58 Los Angeles, California 1948-1951
15 59 Louisville, Kentucky undated, 1948-1950
15 60 Lowell, Massachusetts 1950
15 61 Lynn, Massachusetts 1948-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
16 1 Macon, Georgia 1949-1951
16 2 Madison, Wisconsin 1948-1950
16 3 Manchester, New Hampshire 1950-1951
16 4 Manitowoc, Wisconsin 1949-1950
16 5 Mansfield, Ohio 1949
16 6 Marion, Ohio 1949-1950
16 7 Marshall, Texas 1948-1950
16 8 Marshalltown, Iowa 1948-1950
16 9 Mason City, Iowa 1948-1949
16 10 McKeesport, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
16 11 Memphis, Tennessee 1948-1950
16 12 Meriden, Connecticut 1948, 1950-1951
16 13 Miami, Florida 1948-1951
16 14 Michigan City, Indiana 1950
16 15 Middleboro, Massachusetts 1949
16 16 Middletown, Connecticut 1950-1951
16 17 Middletown, New York 1950-1951
16 18 Milford, Connecticut 1949-1950
16 19 Milwaukee, Wisconsin 1948-1950
16 20 Minneapolis, Minnesota 1948-1950
16 21 Mobile, Alabama 1948-1951
16 22 Modesto, California 1948-1950
16 23 Monroe, Louisiana 1949-1950
16 24 Montgomery, Alabama 1948-1950
16 25 Monticello, New York 1950-1951
16 26 Morristown, New Jersey 1948, 1950
16 27 Muskegon, Michigan 1950-1951
16 28 Nashville, Tennessee 1948-1951
16 29 Newark, New Jersey 1948-1951
16 30 New Bedford, Massachusetts 1949-1951
16 31 New Britain, Connecticut 1949-1951
16 32 New Brunswick, New Jersey 1948-1950
16 33 Newburgh, New York 1948-1950
16 34 New Castle, Indiana 1949-1950
16 35 New Castle, Pennsylvania 1949-1950
16 36 New Haven, Connecticut 1948-1950
16 37 New Kensington, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
16 38 New London, Connecticut 1950-1951
16 39 New Orleans, Louisiana undated, 1948-1950
16 40 Newport News, Virginia 1948-1950
16 41 Newport, Rhode Island 1950-1951
16 42 New York, New York 1948-1950
16 43 New York, New York Physicians – Temp. 1949, 1951
16 44 Niagara Falls, New York 1948-1951
16 45 Norristown, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
16 46 Norfolk, Virginia 1948-1951
16 47 Norwalk, Connecticut 1949-1951
16 48 Norwich, Connecticut 1950-1951
16 49 Oakland, California 1948-1950
16 50 Ogden, Utah 1948-1950
16 51 Ogdensburg, New York 1948-1950
16 52 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1948-1950
16 53 Orlando, Florida 1950
16 54 Oshkosh, Wisconsin undated, 1948-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 1 Pasadena, California 1948-1950
17 2 Passaic, New Jersey 1948-1950
17 3 Paterson, New Jersey 1948-1950
17 4 Paulsboro, New Jersey 1950
17 5 Pawtucket, Rhode Island 1949-1950
17 6 Peabody, Massachusetts 1950-1951
17 7 Pensacola, Florida 1950
17 8 Peoria, Illinois 1948-1951
17 9 Perth Amboy, New Jersey 1949-1951
17 10 Petaluma, California undated, 1948-1950
17 11 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1948-1951
17 12 Phoenix, Arizona 1948, 1950
17 13 Pine Bluff, Arkansas 1948-1949
17 14 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1948-1951
17 15 Pittsfield, Massachusetts 1948-1951
17 16 Plainfield, New Jersey 1950-1951
17 17 Pocatello, Idaho undated, 1948-1950
17 18 Pomona Ontario, California 1948-1950
17 19 Ponca City, Oklahoma 1949
17 20 Pontiac, Michigan 1950-1951
17 21 Port Arthur, Texas 1948-1950
17 22 Port Jervis, New York 1949
17 23 Portland, Maine 1948-1951
17 24 Portland, Oregon 1948-1950
17 25 Portsmouth, New Hampshire 1948, 1950
17 26 Portsmouth, Virginia 1948-1950
17 27 Pottesville, Pennsylvania 1950-1951
17 28 Poughkeepsie, New York 1948, 1950-1951
17 29 Providence, Rhode Island 1948-1951
17 30 Pueblo, Colorado 1949-1951
17 31 Racine, Wisconsin 1948-1950
17 32 Rahway, New Jersey 1950-1951
17 33 Reading, Pennsylvania 1948-1951
17 34 Reno, Nevada undated, 1949-1950
17 35 Richmond, Virginia 1948-1951
17 36 Rochester, New York 1948-1951
17 37 Rockford, Illinois undated, 1948-1950
17 38 Rock Island, Illinois 1949-1951
17 39 Rutland, Vermont 1948-1950
17 40 Sacramento, California 1949-1950
17 41 Saginaw, Michigan 1948-1950
17 42 St. Joseph, Missouri 1948-1950
17 43 St. Louis, Missouri 1948-1950
17 44 Salinas, California 1949-1950
17 45 Salt Lake City, Utah 1948-1950
17 46 San Antonio, Texas 1948-1950
17 47 San Bernardino, California 1949-1951
17 48 San Diego, California 1948-1951
17 49 Sandusky, Ohio 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 1 San Francisco, California undated, 1948-1951
18 2 San Jose, California 1948-1950
18 3 San Pedro, California 1950-1951
18 4 Santa Ana, California 1948, 1950-1951
18 5 Santa Fe, New Mexico 1949-1951
18 6 Sioux Falls, South Dakota 1948-1950
18 7 Somerville, New Jersey 1948-1950
18 8 South Bend, Indiana 1948-1951
18 9 South River, New Jersey 1949-1950
18 10 Spokane, Washington 1948-1950
18 11 Springfield, Illinois 1948-1950
18 12 Springfield, Massachusetts 1948-1950
18 13 Springfield, Ohio 1949-1950
18 14 Spring Valley, New York 1948, 1950
18 15 Stamford, Connecticut 1948-1950
18 16 Statesville, North Carolina 1950
18 17 Steubenville, Ohio 1948-1950
18 18 Uniontown, Pennsylvania 1948-1949
18 19 Valdosta, Georgia 1950
18 20 Ventura, California 1949-1951
18 21 Vicksburg, Mississippi 1950
18 22 Victoria, Texas 1948-1949
18 23 Virginia, Minnesota 1948-1949
18 24 Waco, Texas undated, 1949-1950
18 25 Walla Walla, Washington 1949
18 26 Warren, Ohio 1950
18 27 Warren, Pennsylvania 1948-1950
18 28 Washington, D.C. 1948-1950
18 29 Washington, New Jersey 1950
18 30 Washington, Pennsylvania 1948-1950
18 31 Waterbury, Connecticut 1948-1951
18 32 Waterloo, Iowa 1948-1950
18 33 Waukegan, Illinois 1950
18 34 Westchester County, New York 1949-1950
18 35 West Palm Beach, Florida 1949-1950
18 36 Westwood (Bergen County), New Jersey 1950
18 37 Wewoka, Oklahoma 1949
18 38 Wheeling, West Virginia 1948-1950
18 39 Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 1948-1950
18 40 Williamsport, Pennsylvania 1950
18 41 Wilmington, Delaware 1949-1950
18 42 Wilmington, North Carolina undated, 1950
18 43 Winston-Salem, North Carolina 1950
18 44 Woodbine, New Jersey 1950
18 45 Woonsocket, Rhode Island 1949
18 46 Woodbridge, New Jersey 1950
18 47 Worcester, Massachusetts 1948-1950
18 48 Yakima, Washington 1948-1950
18 49 York, Pennsylvania 1949-1950
18 50 Youngstown, Ohio 1948-1950
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Series III: Unused Agency Assurances, 1949-1950

English.
Box 19, Folder 1 -- Box 19, Folder 7.
Scope and Content:

This series contains forms reporting agency community assurances not used by an individual upon his or her arrival in the United States. These forms include the immigrant’s name, USNA case number, occupation, and community to which he or she was originally destined. The form also indicates why the assurance on which the individual immigrated was not utilized: an individual assurance was substituted for the original community assurance, the individual was redirected for settlement in a different community, or another reason specified on the form. The series also includes reports on agency community assurances not utilized, which were issued on a weekly basis. These reports contain numbers on the total amount of unutilized assurances, as well as the number of those for whom an individual assurance was substituted, were resettled in another community, or other reasons. Also included is a breakdown by community of these same categories.

BoxFolderTitleDate
19 1 Unused Agency Assurances — Master List 1949-1950
19 2 Unused Agency Assurances — Control Master List 1950
19 3 Unused Agency Assurances — A-B 1949-1950
19 4 Unused Agency Assurances — C-D 1949-1950
19 5 Unused Agency Assurances — E-F 1949-1950
19 6 Unused Agency Assurances — Reports (Weekly) 1949-1950
19 7 Unused Agency Assurances — Reports (Weekly) 1949-1950
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Series IV: Displaced Persons Program Correspondence, undated, 1947-1954

English.
Boxes 20-22.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence among various departments and divisions of the United Service for New Americans as well as between USNA and the associated organizations and governmental bodies with which it coordinated, such as the Displaced Persons Commission, Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS), and American Joint Distribution Committee (JDC). Internal correspondence covers topics such as job and housing assurances from various communities, community-imposed restrictions on immigrants accepted based on occupational skills and level of religious observance, community quotas, designations of Jewish refugees to various communities, and the distribution of displaced persons to communities across the country and rate thereof. Correspondence with the Displaced Persons Commission mainly deals with notices of job and housing assurances submitted to the commission. Correspondence between USNA and both HIAS and the JDC covers nominations of cases made against group assurances, the necessity of assurances covering particular occupations, notices of assurances sent to the Displaced Persons Commission, and lists of validated assurances sent from USNA to the JDC. Two folders at the end of the series contain copies of correspondence from folders across the series, in chronological order.

BoxFolderTitleDate
20 1 4,000 New York City Agency Community Assurance Cases undated, 1949-1950
20 2 Class B Agency Community Assurances undated, 1950-1951
20 3 Communities to receive Agency Community Assurance Cases 1949
20 4 Community Relations Department 1948-1949
20 5 Community Restrictions 1950-1951
20 6 Definition of International Casework 1948
20 7 Displaced Persons Commission 1948-1951
20 8 European-Jewish Children's Aid 1947
20 9 HIAS (Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society) Cases referred for Agency Community Assurances 1949-1950
20 10 HIAS-JDC Coordinating Committee (HAJCO) Cables 1948-1951
20 11 Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 1952-1953
20 12 JDC (American Joint Distribution Committee) 1947-1949
20 13 JDC (American Joint Distribution Committee) 1950-1951
20 14 Migration Department Clerical Procedures 1948-1950
20 15 NCC (National Coordinating Committee) undated
20 16 Notification of European Case Numbers on Agency Community Assurance Cases undated, 1949
20 17 NYANA (New York Association for New Americans) 1949-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
21 1 Occupations of Displaced Persons undated, 1948
21 2 Preparation for Overseas Designations undated, 1948-1949
21 3 Quota Assignments, Commitments, and Satus Reports undated, 1948-1949
21 4 Quota Summaries 1948
21 5 Rate of Flow of Agency Community Assurance Cases 1949-1950
21 6 Reports on Withdrawals, Disqualifications and Rejections 1949-1950
21 7 Service for Foreign Born Department 1948
21 8 Special Instructions to Local Communities on USNA Procedure 1954
21 9 Special Study of Unattached Adolescents 1948
21 10 Summary Cables 1954
21 11 Summary of DP Control Point Activities 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
22 1 Copies — Letters from May 12, 1949-August 15, 1949 1949
22 2 Copies — Letters from August 15, 1949-December 30, 1949 1949
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Series V: Annual Meetings and Conferences, 1947-1954

English.
Box 23, Folder 1 -- Box 23, Folder 12.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Content:

This series contains reports and other documents, with a small amount of correspondence, pertaining to annual meetings and conferences of the United Service for New Americans, as well as conferences at which the organization presented sessions. The bulk of the series is comprised of reports to USNA’s annual meetings for the years 1948 through 1954. Also included are some annual meeting programs and invitations, as well as letters from Governor Thomas Dewey and President Harry S. Truman on the occasions of these meetings. The series additionally contains transcripts of papers given by USNA Executive Director Arthur Greenleigh at the National Conference of Jewish Social Work and National Conference of Social Work.

BoxFolderTitleDate
23 1 Annual Meeting January 1948
23 2 Annual Meeting January 1949
23 3 Annual Meeting January 1950
23 4 Annual Meeting January 1951
23 5 Annual Meeting January 1952
23 6 Annual Meeting January 1953
23 7 Annual Meeting March 1954
23 8 Board of Directors Nomination Correspondence 1947-1948
23 9 New York State Regional Conference October 1948
23 10 USNA Sessions — National Conference of Jewish Social Welfare (NCJSW) 1950-1951
23 11 USNA Sessions — National Conference of Social Work (NCSW) 1950-1951
23 12 Western States Regional Conference October 1950
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Series VI: Publications, undated, 1946-1954

English.
Box 23, Folder 13 -- Box 23, Folder 23.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical by folder title.

Scope and Content:

This series contains various reports, manuals, pamphlets and other materials published by the United Service for New Americans. Included are reports by USNA’s Division of Research and Statistics on services provided to new immigrants by the organization and local settlement agencies, manuals published to assist those individuals and organizations involved in navigating the process of bringing Jewish displaced persons to America as well as those local groups involved in integrating such persons into their communities, and articles and pamphlets describing the new lives of Jewish refugees in America. Of particular interest is The USNA Story : A Summing-Up, 1933-1953, of 20 Years of Service to Jewish Refugees by the American-Jewish Community, published near the end of the organization’s existence, that provides a history of USNA and an overview of its activities and services.

BoxFolderTitleDate
23 13 Community Services to New Americans September 1950
23 14 The Immigrant Caseload of 37 Jewish Family Service Agencies, 1949 June 1950
23 15 "Newcomers to Our City" January 27-31, 1947
23 16 Organizing a Community Americanization Program March 1953
23 17 Special Information Bulletin 1946-1954
23 18 Technical Reference Materials for the Practitioner March 1953
23 19 Unified Program Under DP Act Brings Homeless Jews to U.S.A. undated
23 20 United Service for New Americans 1949
23 21 USNA News November 6, 1950
23 22 The USNA Story March 1954
23 23 Wanderers Yesterday — Americans Today undated
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