Guide to the National Jewish Welfare Board Military Chaplaincy Records,
1917-1983
(bulk 1940-1974)

I-249

Processed by Marek Web in 1985. Additional processing in 2012 by Rachel Miller

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Rachel Miller in May 2012. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: National Jewish Welfare Board
Creator: Lev, Aryeh
Title: National Jewish Welfare Board Military Chaplaincy Records
Dates:1917-1983
Dates:bulk 1940-1974
Abstract: The National Jewish Welfare Board Military Chaplaincy Records document the evolution and activities of NJWB’s military chaplaincy agency, which was known as the Commission on Army and Navy Religious Activities (CANRA) from 1942 to 1947, as the Division of Religious Activities (DRA) from 1947 to 1953, and then as the Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy (CJC) after 1953, during the Executive Directorship of Aryeh Lev (1946-1975) and Philip Bernstein (1942-1946). The collection also consists of Aryeh Lev’s records during his service as assistant to the Office of the Chief of Chaplains of the Army (1940-1945), as well as Lev’s personal papers. Most broadly, the collection chronicles the role of Jewish chaplaincy and Jewish participation in the U.S. military effort from WWII to the Vietnam War. Subjects addressed include the establishment of Judaism as one of the major faiths in the U.S. military, patterns of observance among service members, and post-WWII relief work by Jewish chaplains on behalf of displaced persons. Materials include minutes, reports, correspondence, speeches, sermons, autobiographical writings, photographs, questionnaires and printed materials.
Languages: The collection is in English, except for a few items in Hebrew, Yiddish, French, German, and Spanish.
Quantity: 24.5 linear feet (49 manuscript boxes, 1 oversized folder [OS2F], 2 microfilm reels)
Identification: I-249
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical and Historical Notes

Aryeh Lev

Aryeh Lev, born June 6, 1912 in Jerusalem, arrived in the U.S. in 1917 and grew up in Brooklyn, New York. Lev received his BS from Columbia University in 1934 and his Masters in Hebrew Letters from the Jewish Institute of Religion in 1937, following which he held a post as rabbi at Congregation Beth Israel in Lebanon, Pennsylvania until 1939. In 1940, he briefly served as National Director of Young Judaea, until he was called up for active duty from the Army chaplain reserves. From November 1940 to November 1945, Lev served as assistant to the Chief of Chaplains for the Army in the War Department. In that position Lev specialized in planning, training and logistics; he also served as advisor on Jewish affairs and functioned as a liaison between the Office of the Chief of Chaplains and the National Jewish Welfare Board (NJWB). Following the war, Lev joined the NJWB's Committee on Army and Navy Religious Activities, becoming Executive Director in 1946, a post he would hold until his death on May 2, 1975. Lev was in the Army Reserves in the rank of Colonel until his Army retirement in 1972, when he was awarded the Legion of Merit for his service with the Office of the Chief of Chaplains. He received an Honorary Doctor of Divinity from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion in 1954. Lev was active in the Boy Scouts of America for decades and was the Jewish Chaplain-General of numerous National Boy Scout jamborees in the 1950s and 1960s. Lev married Hazel Bernard on March 1, 1936, and they had two daughters, Barbara and Deborah, and one son, Martin.

National Jewish Welfare Board Military Chaplaincy Agency

The below note is taken directly from Marek Web’s 1985 “Historical Resources on the American Jewish Chaplaincy in the Aryeh Lev Archives of the JWB Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy."

From the very beginning, i.e. from 1917, there existed within the JWB a Sub-committee on Chaplains which was attached to the JWB Army and Navy Committee. Both were chaired by Dr. Cyrus Adler who handled all chaplaincy matters virtually alone. After Dr. Adler’s death in April 1940, the sub-committee continued to work under Rabbi David de Sola Pool. Rabbis Alexander Basel, Leo Jung, Benjamin Tintner, and Col. Max R. Wainer as military advisor, were also members of the sub-committee. In November 1940, Rabbi Aryeh Lev, the newly appointed assistant to the Army Chief of Chaplains was asked to serve on the sub-committee which by then had been renamed Committee on Religious Activities. The entry of the United States into the war in December 1941 brought about an immediate widening of the committee’s responsibilities and necessitated a major and lasting change in its very nature. The day after the war was declared on Japan the JWB was asked by the Army Chief of Chaplains, William R. Arnold, to arrange for a larger number of rabbis to enter the chaplaincy service and a week later a call went out from the JWB to all congregations requesting them to permit their rabbis to join the chaplaincy. On January 14, 1942 the Committee on Army and Navy Religious Activities, commonly known as CANRA, was reconstituted from the former chaplaincy committee.

CANRA differed from its predecessor not only because it assumed greater responsibilities in the face of national mobilization but also because it represented all three major branches of Judaism: the Reform, the Conservative, and the Orthodox. The principle rabbinical organizations in the U.S., the Central Conference of American Rabbis, the Rabbinical Assembly of America, and the Rabbinical Council of America, agreed to carry out jointly the chaplaincy program and to find unified solutions to all religious questions which might occur in the time of national emergency.

The organizational make-up of CANRA reflected this decision: the membership was increased to twenty with five seats going to each organization, three for members-at-large (all rabbis), one for military advisor, and one for Jewish chaplains on the Chief of Chaplains’ staff. In November 1942, the number of representatives of each group was increased to six and later to seven. The leadership of CANRA included Rabbis David de Sola Pool (chairman), Barnett R. Brickner (administrative vice-chairman), Louis M. Levitsky, and Joseph H. Lookstein (vice-chairman). An Executive Committee was formed which consisted of the chairman, the three vice-chairmen, and the Executive Director. Louis Levitsky became chairman of the Executive Committee. In November 1942, Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein was called from his congregation in Rochester to assume the duties of the Executive Director. He occupied the post until his departure to Germany in February 1946, where he became advisor on Jewish affairs to the commanding general of the American forces. In November 1945, Aryeh Lev joined the staff of CANRA upon his discharge from active duty in the Army, and in 1946 he became the CANRA Executive Director. Aryeh Lev held this office until his death in 1975.

CANRA established a number of sub-committees to facilitate its control over chaplaincy matters. These included Committees on Responsa, Personal Visits, Evaluating Reports of Chaplains, Sifrei Torah, Program Services, and Weekly Religious Messages. CANRA was also represented on the JWB Joint Publications Committee. The three religious groups were equally represented in each sub-committee.

Within the JWB, CANRA remained part of the Army and Navy Division in charge of all religious activities. Its functions included: formulating policies with regard to religious work, maintaining contacts with the Chaplains’ Corps in all military branches and in the Veterans Administration, providing procurement, endorsement and supervision of Jewish chaplains, preparation of devotional literature, approval of religious supplies, setting of standards in religious practice, combating anti-Jewish attitudes and proselytizing tendencies, and maintaining relations with chaplains’ organizations of other denominations.

The recognition of ecclesiastical endorsing authority which the Federation government granted the NJWB back in WWI was extended to CANRA. CANRA’s right to supervise the religious work of Jewish chaplains stemmed from this recognition.

Although CANRA was initially intended by the three rabbinical groups to be a temporary operating agency to meet the exigencies of wartime, its underlying idea of a unified religious representation survived the end of the war. The sponsoring organizations resolved to study ways to maintain in peacetime an ecclesiastical agency of CANRA’s scope and characteristics. For this purpose, on March 5, 1947, CANRA appointed a Long Range Planning Committee. This committee was to address the basic question of whether CANRA should remain part of the JWB and function as one of its divisions or whether it should withdraw from the JWB and exist as an independent agency under the exclusive auspices of the rabbinical organizations. Meanwhile, in 1947 CANRA changed its name to Division of Religious Activities, or DRA. The new name underscored the change in status from that of a subcommittee to an autonomous division.

The Long Range Planning Committee issued its recommendations on April 8, 1948. These read as follows: “It is recognized that the Division of Religious Activities is not quite in the same position as the other Divisions of JWB which were created by the parent body to carry out its functions. We are a rabbinic agency created by other rabbinic bodies to carry out a specifically religious task through the JWB.

“The three rabbinic bodies further recognize that the interests of Judaism in general and the chaplaincy in particular might be best served if the Jewish chaplaincy were to be directed by an independent agency under the complete and exclusive jurisdiction of the United American Rabbinate… It is recognized that such a plan cannot be considered for immediate implementation. There are many practical considerations which stand in the way for the present.

“The Long Range Planning Committee therefore recommends that a twofold program cooperation be followed during the next few years:

“1. A continued relationship with the JWB, with the understanding that a maximum degree of autonomy shall be enjoyed by the Division, and

“2. An annual review of this relationship…” [DRA 1948 Annual Report to the JWB. See Series I.]

This recommendation and with it also a chart of “Rules and Regulations Governing the DRA” were formally adopted the same year [DRA 1948 Annual Report]. The organization of the Division was the same as CANRA. Proportional representation remained the basis for DRA membership. The functional committees included: Budget, Publications, Annual Re-evaluation of Rules and Regulations of DRA, Liturgy, Responsa, and Visiting and Procurement. Aryeh Lev carried on the functions of the Executive Director.

The decision about annual re-evaluation of the DRA may have mirrored some apprehension in the JWB and in the participating rabbinical organizations about the wisdom of discharging their responsibility towards the chaplaincy through a JWB division rather than an independent body (as is the case in other denominations). However, the system worked and successfully met major challenges of the time. One more change of name occurred in 1953, when it was decided to replace the Division of Religious Activities with the Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy (CJC). This change, however, was made only in order to reflect more accurately the task of this agency. The CJC authorized several new committees in addition to the existing ones and the full list of standing committees included: Budget, Kashruth, Procurement, Religious Education, Responsa, Torah Convocations, and Visiting. No major changes have been made in the CJC organization over the years. Also, there was no significant change in the functions performed by the CJC; it remains today [1985] the only religious authority over the Jewish military chaplaincy in the United States. This stability of organization and integrity of purpose which was already achieved in 1942 attests to the ability of the three branches of Judaism to work together on grounds which are common to all. A great number of rabbis, many of them chaplains themselves, served at various times on the CANRA-DRA-CJC. Quite a few names are repeated year after year on the membership roster. Long association with this agency by so many of its members tells something about the recognition of its importance among the American rabbis.

The following have served as chairmen of CANRA-DRA-CJC from 1942 to present [1985]: David de Sola Pool and Barnett R. Brickner, 1942-1947; Solomon B. Freehof, 1947-1950; Max D. Davidson, 1950-1953; Joseph H. Lookstein, 1953-1956; Morris Lieberman, 1956-1959; Aaron H. Blumenthal, 1959-1962; Israel Miller, 1962-1965; Selvyn Ruslander, 1965-1968; Edward T. Sandrow, 1968-1971; Emanuel Rackman, 1972-1975; Eric Friedlander, 1975-1977; Judah Nadich, 1977-1980; Herschel Schacter, 1980-1983; Barry Hewitt Greene 1983-.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection documents the evolution of CANRA-DRA-CJC and more broadly illustrates Jewish chaplaincy and Jewish participation in the U.S. military effort from WWII to the Vietnam War. The materials, which include minutes, reports, correspondence, speeches, sermons, autobiographical writings, photographs and printed materials, primarily derive from the office of the Executive Director of CANRA-DRA-CJC during the tenure of Aryeh Lev, 1946-1975, and his predecessor Philip S. Bernstein, 1942-1946. Also included is David de Sola Pool’s correspondence between 1940 and 1941 relating to the Sub-committee on Chaplains (later Committee on Religious Activities), the precursors to CANRA-DRA-CJC. Another substantial component of the collection are Aryeh Lev’s files from 1940 to 1945 while he was assistant to the Chief of Chaplains in the Office of the Chief of Chaplains, liaising with NJWB. Lev brought these files with him when he became Executive Director, and they were merged with his CANRA-DRA-CJC files. Much of this collection Lev used as resource material for his chaplaincy studies, reports, speeches, sermons and other writings. In the 1970s, in conjunction with the Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy History Project, Lev contributed his private papers consisting of personal documents, awards, manuscripts and clippings (Series IX).

The collection is a rich resource for the examination of subjects such as Jewish identity in the armed forces; the establishment of Judaism as one of the major faiths in the U.S. military establishment; interfaith efforts in the military; patterns of observance among American Jews; efforts at setting and maintaining standards of Jewish religious practice under adverse conditions of war; the combating of religious anti-Semitism and proselytizing; and the relationship between NJWB and the Office of the Chief of Chaplains. Notable is the documentation of Jewish chaplains’ work on behalf of Jewish survivors in post-WWII Europe, including narratives of Nazi crimes and vivid depictions via correspondence and reports of persistent efforts by the chaplains to rehabilitate displaced persons (especially Series VI and Folder 106 in Series IV).

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Arrangement

During the Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy History Project, Aryeh Lev directed that this collection be arranged by subject in order to facilitate research. Therefore the current arrangement of the collection does not cleanly reflect the administrative structure of CANRA-DRA-CJC or the original filing system(s) in place when the records were created. Marek Web established the below 11 series and addendum, and Rachel Miller created the subseries.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

AJHS Archives

National Jewish Welfare Board, Army-Navy Division Records (I-180)

National Jewish Welfare Board Records (Subgroup III: Veterans' Affairs, Series B: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy) (I-337)

National Jewish Welfare Board Records (Series VIII: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy) (I-298)

Philip S. Bernstein Papers (P-877)

Abraham Klausner Papers (P-879)

Other Archives

Records of the Office of the Chief of Chaplains; Record Group 247; National Archives and Records Administration.

Philip S. Bernstein Papers; Department of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, University of Rochester; Rochester, New York.

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Digitization Note

The trip binders (Series IV, Subseries 2, folders 104-106) and the photographs (Series IX, Subseries 4, folders 263 and 265) from Aryeh Lev's European tours have been digitized with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany. The materials in these folders were digitized in their entirety.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); National Jewish Welfare Board Military Chaplaincy Records; I-249; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

The National Jewish Welfare Board donated these records to AJHS in 1986.

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Processing Information

In the 1970s this collection was first surveyed and described by Seymour Pomrenze and Sidney Hoenig as part of the Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy History Project. Pomrenze and Hoenig’s descriptions can be found in the National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup I: Governance, Series C: Central Records Center, Subseries 1: Archives and Records, Box 114, Folders 2-3. In 1985, Marek Web completed a general guide to the collection, then known as the Aryeh Lev Papers. That guide, published by the Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy as a booklet titled, “Historical Resources on the American Jewish Chaplaincy in the Aryeh Lev Archives of the JWB Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy” (available in the YIVO Library and in the National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup I: Governance, Series C: Central Records Center, Subseries 5: JWB Administrative Files, Box 242, Folders 17-18), has been adapted into and used for the present finding aid. In 1985, Web also wrote a detailed file-by-file inventory, which has since been lost. Because the folders themselves were only labeled with folder numbers and no titles, no evidence remains of the folder titles which Web had assigned in the inventory. In 2012, Rachel Miller assigned folder titles based as much on terms and CANRA-DRA-CJC subject codes that Aryeh Lev, Philip Bernstein and others assigned at the top of the documents as possible. While some materials have been intellectually rearranged within series for purposes of alphabetization, Marek Web’s physical arrangement has been maintained. All folder numbers remain the same, but because the collection reduced in size during rehousing, box numbers have changed. For old box numbers see this chart.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Minutes, 1940-1980

In English.
Boxes 1-6. 2.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged in three sections according to the format in which the minutes were kept. The minutes in the first section were in five large binders; the second section was loose in folders; and the third section had been kept in 24 small, year-by-year binders. The binders have been removed and their contents foldered. Minutes within each section are arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This series contains minutes of plenary sessions and meetings of the Executive Committee and various other committees of CANRA-DRA-CJC from 1940 through 1980. Various documents are often appended to the minutes: lists and statistics on the status of the chaplaincy, including lists of chaplains on active duty or who were granted ecclesiastical endorsement; reports by the Executive Director detailing problems encountered and policy decisions made since the last meeting; reports of various committees; reports on overseas missions; analytical studies on certain issues of the time; major policy statements; lists of committee membership; and statements regarding the relationship between the NJWB and CANRA-DRA-CJC. The minutes also record the NJWB chaplaincy network involvement with service groups such as the Public Health Service and the federal penitentiary system. The first set of minutes, which precede and document the creation of CANRA, are the minutes of the NJWB Army and Navy Committee’s Committee on Religious Activities.

Large Binders of Miscellaneous Meeting Minutes

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1.1 Minutes 1940-1945
1 1.2 Minutes 1940-1945
1 1.3 Minutes 1940-1945
1 1.4 Minutes 1940-1945
1 2.1 Minutes 1946-1951
1 2.2 Minutes 1946-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 2.3 Minutes 1946-1951
2 2.4 Minutes 1946-1951
2 3.1 Minutes 1952-1958
2 3.2 Minutes 1952-1958
2 3.3 Minutes 1952-1958
2 3.4 Minutes 1952-1958
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 3.5 Minutes 1952-1958
3 4.1 Minutes 1959-1971
3 4.2 Minutes 1959-1971
3 4.3 Minutes 1959-1971
3 4.4 Minutes 1959-1971
3 5.1 Minutes 1972-1980
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 5.2 Minutes 1972-1980

Loose Minutes

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 6 NJWB Joint Publications Committee Meeting Minutes 1944
4 7 CANRA Staff Meeting Minutes 1945
4 8 CANRA Staff Meeting Minutes 1946

Small Binders of Miscellaneous Meeting Minutes

BoxFolderTitleDate
4 9 Minutes 1940-1941
4 10 Minutes 1942
4 11 Minutes 1943
4 12 Minutes 1944
4 13 Minutes 1946
4 14 Minutes 1947
BoxFolderTitleDate
5 15 Minutes 1948
5 16 Minutes 1949
5 17 Minutes 1950
5 18 Minutes 1951
5 19 Minutes 1952
5 20 Minutes 1953
5 21 Minutes 1954
5 22 Minutes 1955
5 23 Minutes 1956
5 24 Minutes 1957
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 25 Minutes 1958
6 26 Minutes 1959
6 27 Minutes 1960
6 28 Minutes 1961
6 29 Minutes 1962
6 30 Minutes 1963
6 31 Minutes 1964
6 32 Minutes 1965
6 33 Minutes 1966
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Series II: Annual Reports, 1943-1969

In English.
Boxes 6-7. 0.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

The reports in this series were submitted annually by the CANRA-DRA-CJC Chairman or Executive Director to the Executive Committee of NJWB. In these concise reports the year’s activities are summarized and major problems are discussed. Historical background is often given in the course of explaining important developments of the year. There is a gap in reports from 1957 to 1961.

BoxFolderTitleDate
6 34 Annual Reports 1943-1946
6 35 Annual Reports 1947
6 36 Annual Reports 1948
6 37 Annual Reports 1949
6 38 Annual Reports 1950
6 39 Annual Reports 1951
6 40 Annual Reports 1952
6 41 Annual Reports 1953
6 42 Annual Reports 1954
6 43 Annual Reports 1955
6 44 Annual Reports 1956
6 45 Annual Reports 1961
6 46 Annual Reports 1963
6 47 Annual Reports 1964
6 48 Annual Reports 1955-1966
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 49 Annual Reports 1967
7 50 Annual Reports 1968
7 51 Annual Reports 1969
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Series III: Correspondence, 1927-1932, 1940-1974

In English, with a few items in Yiddish and Hebrew.
Boxes 7-10. 2 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence on major organizational and policy issues with regard to Jewish chaplaincy in the U.S. Correspondence in the early 1940s is from the office of Philip S. Bernstein, then the Executive Director of CANRA, as well as correspondence received by Aryeh Lev at the Office of the Chief of Chaplains. Correspondence in later years was largely received or generated by Aryeh Lev while he was Executive Director of CANRA-DRA-CJC. Correspondents include Frank Weil, Louis Kraft, David de Sola Pool, Barnett Brickner, Louis M. Levitsky, Joseph H. Lookstein, Milton Weill, Max R. Wainer, Benjamin Rabinowitz, Max Davidson, Elkan Voorsanger, Morris Sandhaus, Solomon Freehof, Joshua Goldberg, Isaac Toubin, Max Braude and Bernard Segal. Army Chief of Chaplains William Arnold and his counterpart in the Navy, Chaplain Robert D. Workman were also often in communication. A large number of letters are from the representatives of the rabbinic organizations, including Central Conference of American Rabbis, Rabbinical Assembly and Federation of Orthodox Rabbis.

Correspondence covers such topics as the evolution of CANRA-DRA-CJC through the wars; the attitude of the three branches of Judaism toward joining in one agency to provide unified ecclesiastical supervision of the Jewish chaplaincy; CANRA-DRA-CJC’s power of endorsement and withdrawal; CANRA-DRA-CJC’s efforts to change an unfavorable ratio of the Jewish chaplains in the armed forces; and anti-Semitism (Folders 57 and 70-71). In addition to correspondence, there are press releases, clippings, minutes, reports and texts of talks.

An important record of contacts between CANRA-DRA-CJC and the military authorities are the memoranda titled “Washington visits” (Folders 73-75). These describe in detail the meetings of the representatives of the CANRA-DRA-CJC with the Chief of Chaplains of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and the Veterans Administration which were held periodically in Washington. This mode of recording the Washington visits was begun by Philip Bernstein and was continued by Aryeh Lev. Procurement, placement, and separation from the service of the chaplains, chaplain training, conferences, retreats, convocations, religious supplies and publications were the topics discussed at most of the meetings.

BoxFolderTitleDate
9 70.1 Binder A: Wheelus Air Force Base (June 1954-November 1965) Discrimination Situation 1954-1965
9 70.2 Binder A: Wheelus Air Force Base (June 1954-November 1965) Discrimination Situation 1954-1965
9 71 Binder B: Discrimination (Other Cases) 1958-1966
9 72 Binder C: Beards, Military Policy on 1950-1974
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 57 Catholic Bible 1942-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 69 General Commission on Chaplains and Executives of the Ecclesiastical Endorsing Agencies 1943-1964
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 52 General Correspondence 1940-1945
7 53 General Correspondence 1940-1945
7 60 General Correspondence 1940-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 65 General Correspondence 1940-1947
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 76 General Correspondence 1941-1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 56 General Correspondence 1941-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 66 General Correspondence 1941-1947
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 55 General Correspondence 1942
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 67 General Correspondence 1942-1948
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 59 General Correspondence 1944-1945
7 61 General Correspondence 1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 63 General Correspondence 1946
8 68 General Correspondence 1949
8 62 Interfaith Relations 1941-1945, 1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 58 King of Kings (motion picture) 1927-1932, [1940]-1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 64 Navy Department 1941-1946
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 54 Orthodox Jewish Chaplains 1941-1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 77 Public Relations 1941-1942
10 78 Public Relations 1941-1943
10 79 Public Relations -- Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy Activities Binder undated, 1953-1964
10 80 Public Relations -- Public Affairs Committee: Position Papers Approved and Resolutions Adopted Binder 1962-1970
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 73 Washington Visits 1944-1947
9 74 Washington Visits 1952-1959
9 75 Washington Visits 1960-1967
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Series IV: Relations with Chaplains, 1918, 1936-1972

In English, with a few items in Yiddish and Hebrew.
Boxes 10-15. 2.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged in two subseries.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of materials regarding relations between CANRA-DRA-CJC, individual chaplains and the Office of the Chief of Chaplains. Subseries 1 covers subjects such as procurement and endorsement, and Subseries 2 documents conferences and trips, as well as evaluating reports that were made during visits. Items include correspondence, reports, minutes, talk transcripts, Aryeh Lev’s detailed accounts of trips abroad, photographs and newspaper clippings.

Subseries 1: Subjects, 1918, 1936-1972

Boxes 10-12, 15. 1 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of correspondence, reports, survey responses, minutes and press releases pertaining to the procurement, endorsement, supervision, and training of Jewish chaplains in the armed forces. The issue of procurement and of proportional representation of the three religious branches in the military is discussed in the letters from and to major Jewish rabbinical organizations and their teaching institutions, the rabbinic seminaries. The voluntary draft which was self-imposed by the American rabbinate in 1941 and abolished during the Vietnam War in 1970 figures prominently in the letters. Correspondence with the Chiefs of Chaplains pertains mostly to establishing a fair chaplain-to-soldiers ratio for Jewish servicemen and to dealing with shortages of chaplains wherever they occur. Chronologically this correspondence focuses mainly on the times of national crises, which for the chaplaincy meant emergency mobilization: World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War. Correspondents include Aryeh Lev, Philip Bernstein, Issac Toubin, Barnett Brickner, William Arnold, Stephen Wise, David de Sola Pool, Louis Kraft, Morton Seidenfeld, Samuel Belkin, Louis Finkelstein, David M. Eichhorn, Edward T. Sandrow and Maurice Lamm.

BoxFolderTitleDate
15 113 Civilianization of Military Chaplaincy 1970-1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 93 Draft 1951, 1963-1969
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 84 Endorsement 1941-1961, 1972
11 91 General 1918, 1940-1947, 1968
11 86 General 1941-1945
11 90 National State Guard 1945-1946
11 85 Office of the Chief of Chaplains Relations and Public Relations 1941-1945
11 88 Post War Planning 1944-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 82 Procurement 1936, 1940-1951
10 83 Procurement 1941-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 89 Procurement 1947
11 87 Procurement and Requests for Chaplains Survey 1944-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 81 Procurement, Requests for Chaplains and Circular Letters 1940-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 92 Recruitment 1942, 1961-1964
12 95 Recruitment 1968-1971
12 94 Recruitment Brochure 1969-1970

Subseries 2: Conferences, Evaluations and Trips, 1941-1958

Boxes 12-15. 1.5 linear feet. 1 item in OS2F.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Chaplains’ conferences were introduced by David de Sola Pool and Aryeh Lev at the outset of CANRA. The first conference on the Jewish chaplaincy took place at Temple Emanuel in New York, April 1941, and the first conference of the Jewish chaplains was convened in Atlanta on February 20, 1942. The conference folders include talk transcripts, papers delivered, agendas, conference programs, reports and notes.

The Committee on Visits and Committee on Evaluating Reports were responsible for evaluating chaplains in the early 1940s. The “Chaplains Evaluation” folders include correspondence of these committees, reports on visits to the camps and chaplains schools, minutes of meetings of the committees, and evaluations of chaplains’ monthly reports submitted to CANRA. Correspondents include Aryeh Lev, Philip Bernstein, Louis Levitsky, Elkan C. Voorsanger, David de Sola Pool, Max A. Braude, Benjamin Rabinowitz and Max D. Davidson.

The visiting and conference programs were carried overseas to reach those Jewish chaplains who served with U.S. expeditionary forces. The first tour of Latin America, Asia, North Africa and Europe was made on behalf of CANRA and under the auspices of the War Department by Barnett Brickner as the administrative chairman of CANRA and Aryeh Lev as his military aide in December 1943-February 1944 (Folder 104). On the second major tour Philip Bernstein and Aryeh Lev covered the Pacific Theater of Operations in December 1944-January 1945 (Folder 105), and on the third major tour, just after the German surrender, William Arnold and Aryeh Lev visited Europe, including Dachau and Buchenwald, and they met with the Pope (Folder 106). After WWII, Lev continued to keep careful track of his trips. The contents of the trip binders include his detailed accounts of trips, correspondence, clippings, maps, minutes, reports, telegrams, radio addresses and photographs. See Series IX for more photographs from these tours. For more on these overseas tours, see National Jewish Welfare Board, Army-Navy Division Records (I-180): Series VI: Overseas.

BoxFolderTitleDate
12 96 Chaplains' Conferences 1941-1943
12 97 Chaplains' Conferences 1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 98 Chaplains' Conferences 1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 100 Chaplains' Conferences 1947-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 99.1 Chaplains' Conferences -- Northeastern Regional Chaplains Conference Proceedings 1946
13 99.2 Chaplains' Conferences -- Northeastern Regional Chaplains Conference Proceedings 1946
13 99.3 Chaplains' Conferences -- Northeastern Regional Chaplains Conference Proceedings 1946
13 99.4 Chaplains' Conferences -- Northeastern Regional Chaplains Conference Proceedings 1946
13 99.5 Chaplains' Conferences -- Northeastern Regional Chaplains Conference Proceedings 1946
13 99.6 Chaplains' Conferences -- Northeastern Regional Chaplains Conference Proceedings 1946
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 101 Chaplains' Evaluation 1941-1943
14 102 Chaplains' Evaluation 1941-1944
14 103 Chaplains' Evaluation 1941-1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 110 Trip Binders -- Chaplains' Retreat 1956 (includes photograph) 1956
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 107 Trip Binders -- Europe 1952 (NATO Air Force)(includes photographs) 1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 & OS2F 109 Trip Binders -- Europe 1954 1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 111 Trip Binders -- Europe 1957 (includes photographs) 1957-1958
15 108 Trip Binders -- Far East Trip 1952 (includes photographs) 1952-1953
15 112 Trip Binders -- Northeast Command, Air Force, Arctic Area 1957 (includes photographs) 1957
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 104 Trip Binders -- Overseas Tour 1943-1944 1943-1944
  View the item 
14 105 Trip Binders -- Overseas Tour 1944-1945 1943-1945
  View the item 
14 106 Trip Binders -- Overseas Tour 1945 1943-1945
  View the item 
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Series V: Religious Services and Practices, 1940-1974

In English, with a few items in Yiddish.
Boxes 15-18. 1.5 linear feet. 2 items in OS2F.
Arrangement:

Scope and Content:

The setting of standards for Jewish religious practice and observance, and approval of religious supplies for the Jewish servicemen are major topics in this series, especially in relation to Kashruth and Passover arrangements. Included is extensive correspondence between the Army Chief of Chaplains and the NJWB on all aspects of Jewish religious practice. Also included are minutes, reports, and correspondence of those committees of CANRA-DRA-CJC which were established to supervise the observance of tenets of Judaism: Committee on Kashruth, Committee on Responsa, and Committee on Supplies.

The kashruth materials address the feasibility of separate kosher kitchens in the camps, the percentage of Jewish soldiers who conscientiously observe kashruth, preparation of canned kosher food, provisioning and distribution, the role of NJWB canteens, and communal hospitality. For more on Kashruth see National Jewish Welfare Board, Army-Navy Division Records (I-180): Subseries XVI: Kashruth. Passover materials consist of reports, clippings, program bulletins and sermons from Passover services, including documentation of a 1969 Passover service in DaNang, Vietnam. For more on Passover see National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup III: Veterans' Affairs, Series B: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy, Subseries 6: Passover). Responsa issued by the Responsa Committee can also be found here (many of which were published by CANRA in Responsa in the Time of War), together with queries from chaplains and correspondence by Solomon B. Freehof and other members of the Committee.

Individual correspondents include George G. Marshall, David de Sola Pool, Aryeh Lev, William Arnold, Louis Kraft, Herbert S. Goldstein, Boaz Cohen, Benjamin Rabinowitz, Frank Weil, Max R. Wainer, Jacob Rosenheim, Louis Levitsky, Joseph Lookstein, John Sills, Samuel Gershowitz, Leo Jung, Eric Offenbacher, Max Davidson, Edward Silver, Israel Miller, and Reuben Gross. Organizational correspondents include the UOJC, Young Israel, Rabbinical Council of America, United Synagogue, Rabbinical Assembly, Army Chief of Chaplains, Department of War, and the Department of Defense.

BoxFolderTitleDate
15 & OS2F 114 Chapels 1941-1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 115 Flags 1941-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 & OS2F 116 High Holy Days 1941-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
16 120.1 Kashruth 1954-1969
16 120.2 Kashruth 1954-1969
16 121 Kashruth 1963-1969
16 117 Kashruth and Sabbath 1940-1942
16 118 Kashruth and Sabbath 1942-1948
16 119 Kashruth and Sabbath 1948-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 122 Passover 1941-1945
17 124 Passover 1941-1945
17 123 Passover 1942-1943
17 125 Passover 1968-1969
17 126 Passover 1970
17 127 Passover (includes photographs) 1972-1973
17 128 "Program Service" Bulletins 1942-1944
17 129 Proselytization 1942, 1946
17 133 Responsa 1942-1944
17 132 Responsa 1943-1944
17 130 Responsa 1943-1946
17 131 Responsa 1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 134.1 Responsa 1945-1961
18 134.2 Responsa 1945-1961
18 135 Responsa -- Marriage 1945
18 136 Sabbath [1951]-1974
18 137 Supplies 1941-1945
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Series VI: Relief Work for Displaced Persons, 1943-1951

In English, with a few items in Yiddish.
Boxes 18-19. 0.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

These papers recount the efforts of Jewish chaplains to rescue and rehabilitate Jewish survivors of the Holocaust, most of whom became displaced persons after liberation in Europe, as well as in China and Japan. The chaplains’ efforts are dramatically depicted in their letters to Philip Bernstein. Discovery of the concentration camps, conditions of the survivors, efforts at organizing normal life in the DP centers in Europe, cooperation with the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the Army role in relief work – these are the subjects of the correspondence and reports from Europe and other war theaters which reached CANRA at that time. Among the correspondents are the chaplains Isaac Toubin, Herman Dicker, Morris Sandhaus, Eli A. Bohnen, Max Braude and Abraham Klausner; advisors on Jewish affairs in the Army Judah P. Nadich and Philip Bernstein; Joseph C. Hyman and Jonah B. Wise of the AJDC; and Chief of Chaplains Luther D. Miller. Correspondents also include Hannah Arendt, Israel Weisberger, and Aryeh Lev.

BoxFolderTitleDate
19 148 American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee -- Frankfurt GI Council 1945-1947
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19 149 Jewish Cultural Reconstruction, Inc. 1946-1951
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 139 Liberation of Jewry 1945 Feb-Jun
  View the item 
18 140 Liberation of Jewry 1945 Jul-Aug
  View the item 
18 141 Liberation of Jewry 1945 Sep
  View the item 
18 142 Liberation of Jewry 1945 Oct-Nov
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 143 Liberation of Jewry 1945 Oct-Nov
  View the item 
19 144 Liberation of Jewry 1945 Dec, undated
  View the item 
19 145 Liberation of Jewry 1946 Jan-Feb
  View the item 
19 146 Liberation of Jewry 1946 Mar-Dec
  View the item 
19 150 Liberation of Jewry -- Clippings 1945-1946
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 138 Overseas Funds for Relief and Rehabilitation 1943-1944
  View the item 
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 147 Procurement of Chaplains for DP Camps 1946
  View the item 
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Series VII: Publications, [1917], 1920-1929, 1937-1971

In English, with a few items in Hebrew and French.
Boxes 19-23. 2 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This series documents the publishing activities of CANRA-DRA-CJC via correspondence and drafts related to the planning and execution of publications, as well as the final copies of newsletters, handbooks, educational booklets and brochures, and prayer books. For additional CANRA-DRA-CJC publications, see Series XI: Printed Matter and the National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup III: Veterans' Affairs, Series B: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy, Subseries 7: Prayer Books and Publications. For detailed background on CANRA’s distribution figures and publication strengths, consult Marek Web’s “Historical Resources on the American Jewish Chaplaincy in the Aryeh Lev Archives of the JWB Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy” (available in the YIVO Library and in the National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup I: Governance, Series C: Central Records Center, Subseries 5: JWB Administrative Files, Box 242, Folders 17-18.

BoxFolderTitleDate
19 151 Art undated, 1937
19 154 Bible 1929, [1940]-1944
19 153 Bible 1943-1952
19 152 Bible 1950-1953
19 155 Bible -- War Strategy 1944, 1954
19 156 Calendar 1941
19 157 Cooperation with American Association for Jewish Education 1941-1942
19 158 Hebrew 1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
20 159 Hymnal 1920-1921, 1937-1944
20 160 "Jewish Holidays and Practices" [1940s]
20 161 "Jewish Youth Looks at Marriage" 1943
20 162 Lists of Books and Pamphlets 1941-1943, 1972
20 163 Memorial Services 1949-1953
20 164 "Ministering to Jews in the Armed Forces of the United States" 1941-1955
20 165 Oneg Shabbat 1943
20 166 Orientation Pamphlet 1949-1952, 1961
20 167 Prayer Book [1917], 1941-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
21 168.1 Prayer Book 1941-1966
21 168.2 Prayer Book 1941-1966
21 169 Prayer Book -- Union Home Prayer Book 1951-1952
21 170 Prayer Book -- Elements of Reading Hebrew 1952-1953
21 172.1 Prayers 1940-1948
21 172.2 Prayers 1940-1948
21 171 Prayers 1941-1950
21 173 "Prescriptions for Living" 1950-1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
22 174 Purim 1944
22 175.1 "Rabbis at War: The CANRA Story" by Philip Bernstein 1946, 1954, 1968-1971
22 175.2 "Rabbis at War: The CANRA Story" by Philip Bernstein 1946, 1954, 1968-1971
22 175.3 "Rabbis at War: The CANRA Story" by Philip Bernstein 1946, 1954, 1968-1971
22 176 Recordings 1942-1953
22 178 Religious Literature for the Mentally Ill 1948
22 177 Religious Literature for the Physically Ill [1940s]
22 179 Religious Messages 1943
22 181 Religious Messages 1943
22 180 Religious Messages 1943-1944
22 182 Religious Messages 1943-1944
22 183 Religious Messages 1944
22 184 Sermons 1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
23 185.1 Sermons 1955-1967
23 185.2 Sermons 1955-1967
23 185.3 Sermons 1955-1967
23 186 Shavuoth 1943
23 188 "Story of the Jewish People" 1944
23 187 Succoth 1943
23 189.1 "La Tefila du Soldat" 1939-1944
23 189.2 "La Tefila du Soldat" 1939-1944
23 190 "What Chaplains Preach" 1941-1942
23 191 "Why Judaism? A Conversation between a Soldier and a Chaplain" (Pamphlet) by Hugo Mantel 1945
23 192 "Your Private Life" 1944
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Series VIII: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy History Project, 1917-1977

In English, with a few items in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Spanish.
Boxes 24-27. 1.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Aryeh Lev’s initial idea for a Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy History Project grew out of his concern for a meaningful presentation of the history of the Jewish chaplaincy in the U.S. and of the pivotal role of the NJWB chaplaincy. In 1971, CJC approved Lev’s history project proposal and formed the Research Project Committee, headed by Rabbi Edward T. Sandrow, in order to begin the project. The materials in this series were gathered and created in the course of that project, which was never realized to the full extent of Lev’s original vision.

At the outset of the project, Edward Sandrow issued an appeal to the chaplains to send in their memoirs, diaries, and other materials on their experience in the service. Sandrow himself submitted a number of his private papers on his tour of duty in Fort Riley, Kansas, in Alaska, and at the New York Port of Embarkation, 1942-1945. Included among Sandrow's papers are chapters of the “Journal of a Jewish Chaplain in the U.S. Army,” extensive correspondence with Rabbi Judah Nadich in Europe on sending supplies for the Jewish DPs, and photographs. Among the chaplains who sent in their memoirs and other papers to Sandrow were David Greenberg, Gilbert Kollin, Fred Levin, Emanuel Rackman, Isaac Klein, Avram Soltes, Joel Iskowitz, W. Gunther Plaut, Herman Dicker, and Allan Podet (Folder 200). Rachel Felds, who had been the Activities Director of the Oakland (California) Jewish Community Center and responsible for the USO-JWB Program, sent in a cache of lively WWII-era correspondence (Victory Mail especially) she had received from military servicemen, most of whom were serving in the Pacific Theater (Folder 209).

This series also consists of published and unpublished works on Jewish chaplaincy (reports, masters theses, reprints, newspaper clippings), publications from congregations, NJWB and military releases, chaplains’ recollections, notices and schedules of Jewish services, invitations for religious celebrations, photographs and correspondence with scholarly researchers.

For more background on the project see Marek Web's “Historical Resources on the American Jewish Chaplaincy in the Aryeh Lev Archives of the JWB Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy,” which is available in the YIVO Library and in the National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup I: Governance, Series C: Central Records Center, Subseries 5: JWB Administrative Files, Box 242, Folders 17-18.

BoxFolderTitleDate
26 211 "America's Jews in the Armed Forces: A Contemporary Analysis" by Allan J. Futernick [1977]
26 212 "Anti-Semitism in the United States Army during World War II" by Lois Judith Meltzer 1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
25 199 Bureau of Public Information Releases 1950-1968
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 197 Chaplain's Looseleaf Binder Materials 1942-1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
27 216 Correspondence 1971-1973
27 217 Correspondence 1972-1973
27 218 Correspondence 1973-1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 215 Correspondence 1974-1978
26 209 Felds, Rachel -- Correspondence from Military Servicemen (includes photographs) 1943-1945, 1974
BoxFolderTitleDate
25 207 Greenberg, David L. -- Correspondence, Account of Civilian Conservation Corps Experience, and Photographs 1935-1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 214 "The Jewish Chaplaincy in the United States Army: An Historical Survey" by Jonathan J. Klein 1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
23 194.1 "The Jewish Chaplains and CANRA" (Part III) by Lee Levinger [1947]
23 193 Jewish Chaplains in the Officers' Reserve Corps List 1917, 1922-1937, 1962-1967
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 210 Jewish Personnel Rosters 1973
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 198 Judaism Day at Fort Dix, New Jersey (includes photographs) 1955
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 208 Messing, Joseph B. -- Correspondence, "The New Military-Impact and Challenges to the Jewish Community," "The Religious Retreat Program of the United States," and Personnel File 1957-1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 194.2 Miscellaneous Printed Matter and Drafts on History of Jewish Chaplaincy 1942-1967
24 195.1 Miscellaneous Printed Matter on History of Jewish Chaplaincy 1945-1984
24 195.2 Miscellaneous Printed Matter on History of Jewish Chaplaincy (includes photographs) 1944-1974
BoxFolderTitleDate
25 205 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Correspondence and "A Sociological Study of the Jews in the Armed Forces in World War II, Based on Chaplaincy Experience in the United States Army, August 1, 1940 to November 24, 1945" by Bernard Segal 1966-1974
25 201 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Correspondence and Printed Materials 1942-1945
25 204 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Correspondence and Printed Materials 1942-1945, 1962
25 202 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Correspondence, Printed Materials and "Journal of a Jewish Chaplain in the U.S. Army" 1943-1945
25 203 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Correspondence, Printed Materials and "Journal of a Jewish Chaplain in the U.S. Army" 1944-1946
25 206 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Photographs undated, 1943-1970
25 200 Sandrow, Edward T. -- Solicited Correspondence from Chaplains and "Journal of a Jewish Chaplain in the U.S. Army" by Sandrow (includes photograph) 1942-1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 196 "Some Chaplaincy Implications for the Army of 1975" by Aryeh Lev and Current Trends in Chaplaincy 1941-1946, 1954-1969
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 213 "Various Aspects of Jewish Education in the Armed Forces" by Hava H. Bader 1977
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Series IX: Aryeh Lev Papers, 1936-1976

In English, with a few items in Yiddish and Hebrew.
Boxes 27-35. 4.5 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged in four subseries.

Scope and Content:

The papers that Aryeh Lev generated or received in the course of his NJWB duties are throughout this entire collection, but the papers in this particular series relate to Aryeh Lev as an individual: his military service, his personal life, his career with NJWB, and his involvement and leadership in various organizations. Items include correspondence, military records, press releases, clippings, photographs and medals.

Subseries 1: General, 1937-1976

Boxes 27-28, 34. 1 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains clippings and press releases about Lev in his work with NJWB, congregations, Young Judaea and other organizations; autobiographical writings; letters of recommendation, commendation and appreciation; records of his military service and reserve status; and personal correspondence with friends, family and colleagues. Materials which post-date Lev’s death were received or generated by Gilbert Kollin, who had stepped in as Deputy Director of CJC.

BoxFolderTitleDate
27 220 Bible 1940-1944, 1955
BoxFolderTitleDate
28 223 Biographical Materials -- Clippings 1935-1970
28 222 Biographical Materials and Autobiographical Writings (includes Democratic National Convention medal) undated, 1937-1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
27 219 Blank Certificates -- Marriage, Naming, Bris 1955-1964
27 221.1 Military Service Records 1938-1972
27 221.2 Military Service Records 1938-1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
28 221.3 Military Service Records 1938-1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
34 259 Obituaries for Aryeh Lev and Condolences 1975-1976
BoxFolderTitleDate
28 225 Personal Correspondence 1945, 1952-1976
28 224 Professional Correspondence 1940-1953, 1964

Subseries 2: Organizations, 1936-1976

Boxes 28-31. 1 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries documents Lev’s involvement in scouting, both with the Boy Scouts of America and on the Committee on Scouting of the Central Conference of American Rabbis, as well as his work with the Veterans Administration’s Chaplain Service and the Jewish Family Service. Items include correspondence, bulletins, notes for talks, and medals.

BoxFolderTitleDate
30 236 Air Force -- Apollo 11 Launch, Ecclesiastical Dignitaries (includes photographs) 1969
BoxFolderTitleDate
29 234 Army -- Annual Active Duty for Training (ANACDUTRA) 1964-1969
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 235 Army -- National Strategy Seminar, U.S. Army War College (includes photograph) 1965-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
29 230 Boy Scouts of America (includes photographs) 1946-1964
29 229 Boy Scouts of America (includes patches) 1950-1953
29 233.1 Boy Scouts of America 1968-1976
29 233.2 Boy Scouts of America 1968-1976
29 231 Boy Scouts of America 1970
29 232 Boy Scouts of America -- Medals [1955-1970]
BoxFolderTitleDate
28 226 Central Conference of American Rabbis 1937, 1941-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
29 228 Central Conference of American Rabbis -- Committee on Scouting 1947-1950
29 227 Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion -- Awards and Addresses 1936, 1953-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 237.1 Jewish Family Service 1958-1974
30 237.2 Jewish Family Service 1958-1974
30 238 Rabbinical Pension Board 1965-1974
30 239 Veterans Administration -- Chaplain Service 1955-1961
30 240 Veterans Administration -- Chaplain Service 1962-1963
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 241 Veterans Administration -- Chaplain Service (includes photograph) 1964-1966
31 242 Veterans Administration -- Chaplain Service (includes photograph) 1966-1972

Subseries 3: Sermons, Speeches and Writings, 1939-1974

Boxes 31-34. 2 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries contains texts of and research towards Lev’s sermons, speeches, published articles, reports and radio appearances.

BoxFolderTitleDate
31 243 Autobiographical Writings undated, 1974
BoxFolderTitleDate
32 251 High Holy Day Sermons 1951-1959
BoxFolderTitleDate
33 252 High Holy Day Sermons 1960-1965
33 253 High Holy Day Sermons 1966-1970
33 254 High Holy Day Sermons 1971-1973
33 255.1 High Holy Day Sermons -- Source Materials, Notes and Drafts 1939-1972
33 255.2 High Holy Day Sermons -- Source Materials, Notes and Drafts 1939-1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
34 255.3 High Holy Day Sermons -- Source Materials, Notes and Drafts 1939-1972
34 255.4 High Holy Day Sermons -- Source Materials, Notes and Drafts 1939-1972
34 255.5 High Holy Day Sermons -- Source Materials, Notes and Drafts 1939-1972
34 258 Miscellaneous 1939-1967
34 257.1 Miscellaneous 1945-1951, 1969-1973
34 257.2 Miscellaneous 1945-1951, 1969-1973
34 256 Miscellaneous [1946]-1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 244 Speeches 1940-1966
31 246 Speeches and Writings 1940-1944
BoxFolderTitleDate
32 247 Speeches and Writings 1946-1955, 1969
32 248 Speeches and Writings 1956-1965
32 249.1 Speeches and Writings 1966-1974
32 249.2 Speeches and Writings 1966-1974
32 250 Speeches and Writings undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 245 "Staff Supervision of Inexperienced Jewish Chaplains" 1971

Subseries 4: Photographs, 1940-1976

Box 35. 0.5 linear feet. Separated into the AJHS Photography Collection.
Arrangement:

Arranged in four subseries.

Scope and Content:

Aryeh Lev appears in the majority of the photographs in this subseries. Other individuals represented include Barnett Brickner, Philip Bernstein, William Arnold, Robert Marcus, Jonah Goldstein, Nathan Landman, various Chiefs of Chaplains, chaplains of various faiths, and members of Lev’s family. Photographs were taken at CJC events, award ceremonies, chaplains’ conferences, and Office of the Chief of Chaplain events. Overseas tour photos are often staged group shots, not candids. Additional photographs of note show religious services conducted during and just after WWII (Folder 273), post-liberation Bad Nauheim Synagogue (Folder 262), Aryeh Lev with Franklin D. Roosevelt (Folder 263), Richard Nixon at a Boy Scouts of America Jamboree in 1953 (Folder 274). A few photographs are accompanied by relevant correspondence and printed materials.

BoxFolderTitleDate
35 260 Aryeh Lev Portraits 1940-[1970s]
35 274 Boy Scouts of America 1950-1973
35 275 Chaplain Portraits [1940s]-1952
35 269 European and North African Air Force Base Tour 1954
35 272 General Chaplaincy [1940s-1970s]
35 273 General Chaplaincy [1940s-1970s]
35 266 General Chaplaincy 1952-1956
35 270 General Chaplaincy 1960-1969
35 271 General Chaplaincy 1970-1976
35 268 Korea and Japan Tour, October-November 1952 1952
35 261 Lev Family [1940s-1960s]
35 263 Overseas Tour with Barnett Brickner, December 1943-February 1944 1943-1944
  View the item 
35 265 Overseas Tour with William Arnold, May-July 1945 1943-1945
  View the item 
35 264 Pacific Tour with Philip Bernstein, December 1944-January 1945 1944-1945
35 267 Promotion to Colonel Ceremony 1952
35 262 World War II Chaplaincy 1940-1946, 1973
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Series X: Register of Jewish Chaplains in the United States Armed Forces, 1941-1983

In English.
Boxes 36-40. 2 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged in three chronological clusters, within which materials are arranged alphabetically by last name.

Scope and Content:

This series contains questionnaires that Aryeh Lev and later Gilbert Kollin solicited from Jewish chaplains in the United States Armed Forces between the 1940s and 1980s. The type of information requested on the questionnaires changes over time, but the questionnaires generally include data on the chaplain’s place of birth, citizenship status, marital status, education, language skills, branch of Judaism, rabbinical positions, organizational affiliations, and military assignments and tours. Some chaplains wrote colorful paragraphs in response to one particular field on questionnaires for “biographical facts of importance.” Photographs are attached to many of the questionnaires, as well as occasional copies of letters of commendation, information on deaths, correspondence, and clippings. For more materials on individual chaplains, see National Jewish Welfare Board Records (Subgroup III: Veterans' Affairs, Series B: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy, Subseries 1: Chaplains Files) (I-337).

1941-1949

BoxFolderTitleDate
36 276 Abramowitz-Cook 1941-1948
36 277 Decter-Greenburg 1941-1948
36 278 Haselkorn-Lymon 1941-1948
36 279 Mantel-Ruslander 1941-1948
BoxFolderTitleDate
37 280 Sachs-Straus 1941-1948
37 281 Teitelbaum-Zwitman 1941-1948

1951-1979

BoxFolderTitleDate
37 282.1 Aberbach-Burack 1951-1979
37 282.2 Aberbach-Burack 1951-1979
37 283 Cahan-Estersohn 1951-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
38 284 Fass-Fuchs 1951-1979
38 285.1 Gan-Grossfeld 1951-1979
38 285.2 Gan-Grossfeld 1951-1979
38 286 Haber-Honan 1951-1979
38 287 Isaac-Kushner 1951-1979
38 288 Labovitz-Lukinsky 1951-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
39 289 Mandel-Prystowsky 1951-1979
39 290 Raab-Rutman 1951-1979
39 291 Sable-Singer 1951-1979
39 292 Skaist-Switkin 1951-1979
BoxFolderTitleDate
40 293 Tannin-Zion 1951-1979

1956-1983

BoxFolderTitleDate
40 294 Abramowitz-Zyskind 1956-1983
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Series XI: Printed Matter, 1918, 1937-1979

In English, with a few items in Hebrew, German, and French.
Boxes 40-47. 4 linear feet.
Arrangement:

Arranged into three sections: printed matter issued by the NJWB, printed matter issued by the Armed Forces, and printed matter issued by various other entities. Almost all folder titles are the titles of the printed materials contained therein.

Scope and Content:

This series contains newsletters, handbooks, educational booklets and brochures, and prayer books, most of which were issued by NJWB for Jewish soldiers and chaplains. Many of the items in this series had once been kept in NJWB’s library. Publications are often undated; dates in brackets are rough estimates.

Items of note include include CANRA-DRA-CJC’s formal newsletter, "The Jewish Chaplain," as well as CANRA’s informal newsletter, "Schmoose Sheet for Chaplains." In Box 43, there are over 25 prayer books, including “The Haggadah of Passover for Members of the Armed Forces” (1943), “Prayer Book for Jewish Members of H.M. Forces (1940), “La Tefila du Soldat” (1944), “Readings from the Holy Scriptures for Jewish Soldiers and Sailor” (1942), and “Evening Services for the Sabbath and Week-Days” (1918).

For more CANRA-DRA-CJC publications see Series VII: Publications and the National Jewish Welfare Board Records (I-337): Subgroup III: Veterans' Affairs, Series B: Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy, Subseries 7: Prayer Books and Publications.

National Jewish Welfare Board

BoxFolderTitleDate
40 295 Are You Ready for His Return? 1945
40 296 Bible Study Groups, by Philip Goodman 1943
40 297 A Book of Jewish Thoughts 1943, 1966
40 298 Chaplains to the Rescue, by Lee Levinger 1946
40 299 Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy Newsletter 1955-1964
40 300 Commission on Jewish Chaplaincy Procedure Guides [1967-1970]
40 301 Dimensions and Horizons for Jewish Life in America: A Reader and Discussion Guide, edited by Philip Goodman 1966
40 302 Divre Torah (Brief Torah Lessons), arranged by Nathan Landman 1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
41 304 Elegies for the Ninth of Av 1958
41 305 Elements of Reading Hebrew 1953
41 303 The Good Life: From "A Modern Treasury of Jewish Thoughts," edited by Sidney Greenberg [1960s]
41 306 Guide for Service to Jewish Soldiers, by Perry Nussbaum [1945]
41 307 The Impact of the Jewish Chaplaincy, by Aryeh Lev 1962
41 312.1 The Jewish Chaplain [bound copy] 1943-1945
41 312.2 The Jewish Chaplain 1943-1945
41 312.3 The Jewish Chaplain 1948-1951
41 312.4 The Jewish Chaplain 1951-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
42 312.5 The Jewish Chaplain 1964-1966
42 312.6 The Jewish Chaplain 1966-1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
41 309 Jewish Chaplains in the Armed Forces of the United States: A Programming Resource for the Observance of the Centennial of the Jewish Chaplaincy (1862-1962) 1962
41 308 Jewish Inspirational Pamphlets [1950s]-1975
41 310 Jewish Program and Resource Guide for Jewish Lay Leaders: Ministering to Jewish Personnel in the Armed Forces in the Absence of a Jewish Chaplain 1972
41 311 The Jewish Welfare Board -- Twenty Years Old, by Cyrus Adler 1937
BoxFolderTitleDate
42 313 Kashrut Observance in the Military Establishment of the United States [1960s]
42 314 A Major Peacetime Task: Report of the Veterans' Service Department, National Jewish Welfare Board, for the Year 1945 1946
42 315 Manual for Part-time Chaplains 1964
42 316.1 Maxims from the Midrash 1944, [1960s]
42 316.2 Maxims from the Midrash 1944, [1960s]
42 317 A Memorial Service for the Jewish War Dead [1949-1953]
42 318 A Military Funeral Service for Repatriated Jewish War Dead [1949]-1958
42 320 Ministering to Jewish Personnel in the Absence of a Jewish Chaplain: A Manual for Jewish Lay Leaders [1960s-1970s]
42 319 Ministering to Jewish Personnel in the Absence of a Jewish Chaplain: A Manual for Jewish Lay Leaders [1970]
42 321 Ministering to the Jews in the Armed Forces of the United States: Prayers for the Sick, Military Funeral Service and Memorial Service 1942
42 322 Ministering to Jews in the Navy [1940s]
42 323 Ministering to the Religious Needs of the Jewish Patient: A Manual for Nurses, Doctors, Hospital Superintendents and Chaplains, by Albert Minda 1954
42 324 Mrs. G.I. 1965-1967
BoxFolderTitleDate
43 325 Prayer Books 1918, 1940-1969
BoxFolderTitleDate
44 326 The Psychologist Advises the Chaplain, by Morton Seidenfeld [1950]
44 327 Rabbis and the Military Chaplaincy 1963-1966
44 328 Religious Messages 1943-[1950s]
44 329 Repatriating Our War Dead 1947
44 330 Responsa in War Time 1947
44 331 Responsa to Chaplains 1953
44 332 Schmoose Sheet for Chaplains 1945-1946
44 333 Sermonic Talks 1967-1968
44 334 Sermons and Addresses by Jewish Chaplains in the Armed Forces of the United States 1944
44 335 Service Guide for Veterans 1945
44 336 Serving Jewish Religious Needs in the United States Armed Forces [1941-1945]
44 337 Serving Jews in the Armed Forces in the 1970s [1960s]
44 338 Soldiers' and Sailors' Jewish Calendar 1918
44 339 The Story of the Jewish People [1950s]
44 340 Ten Subjects for Discussion 1972
44 342 Unified Jewish Religious Education Curriculum for the Armed Forces 1973
44 343 The United States Army Jewish Leadership Development Program 1961
44 341 USO Holiday Pamphlets 1943-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
45 345 What Chaplains Preach, by Aryeh Lev 1941
BoxFolderTitleDate
44 344 Why Jews Do Not Accept "The Christ," by Abraham Feldman [1950s-1960s]
BoxFolderTitleDate
45 346 Words of the Prophets: Comments on Verses from the Haftarot, arranged by Nathan Landman 1973

Armed Forces

BoxFolderTitleDate
46 354.1 Air Force -- Chaplain Newsletter 1960-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
47 354.2 Air Force -- Chaplain Newsletter 1960-1971
47 355 Air Force -- Regulations 1961-1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
46 348 Army -- The Chaplain, Department of the Army Field Manual, FM 16-5 1967, 1977
46 352 Army -- The Chaplain School of the United States Army (Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania) -- Miscellaneous Publications 1949-1950
46 353 Army -- Miscellaneous Handbooks 1962-1968
BoxFolderTitleDate
45 347.1 Army -- Monthly Newsletter of the Office of the Chief of Chaplains 1959-1971
45 347.2 Army -- Monthly Newsletter of the Office of the Chief of Chaplains 1959-1971
45 347.3 Army -- Monthly Newsletter of the Office of the Chief of Chaplains 1959-1971
45 347.4 Army -- Monthly Newsletter of the Office of the Chief of Chaplains 1959-1971
BoxFolderTitleDate
46 349 Army -- Regulations 1959-1978
46 350 Army -- U.S. Army Chaplain Board (Fort George G. Meade, Maryland) Manuals and Reports 1961-1968
46 351.1 Army -- U.S. Army Chaplain School (Fort Hamilton, New York) -- Miscellanous Publications 1968-1975
46 351.2 Army -- U.S. Army Chaplain School (Fort Hamilton, New York) -- Miscellanous Publications 1968-1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
47 357 Navy -- Chaplains Manual 1973
47 356.1 Navy -- Navy Chaplains Bulletin 1953-1969
47 356.2 Navy -- Navy Chaplains Bulletin 1953-1969
47 358 Veterans Administration -- Chaplain Training Guide [1972]

Miscellaneous

BoxFolderTitleDate
47 360 Miscellaneous Christian Chaplaincy Publications 1949-1968
47 359 Miscellaneous Jewish Chaplaincy Publications 1942-1973
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Addendum: Office of the Chief of Chaplains Correspondence, 1924-1950

In English.
Boxes 48-49. 1 linear foot.
Arrangement:

Arranged in chronological order. Folder numbers were assigned in 2012.

Scope and Content:

This addendum to the collection is comprised of correspondence exchanged between the War Department’s Office of the Chief of Chaplains and the National Jewish Welfare Board from 1924 to 1950. The original material is at the National Archives. Aryeh Lev had the material microfilmed in two reels, which have been separated into the AJHS Microfilm Collection. The materials in the folders are print-outs of the microfilmed correspondence. Correspondents include David de Sola Pool, William Arnold, Louis Kraft, Aryeh Lev and Benjamin Rabinowitz.

BoxFolderTitleDate
48 361.1 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1924 Mar-1941 Sep
48 361.2 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1924 Mar-1941 Sep
48 362.1 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1941 Oct-1943 Feb
48 362.2 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1941 Oct-1943 Feb
48 363.1 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1943 Mar-1943 Dec
BoxFolderTitleDate
49 363.2 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1943 Mar-1943 Dec
49 364 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1944 Jan-1944 Dec
49 365 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1945 Jan-1945 Dec
49 366.1 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1946 Jan-1948 Dec
49 366.2 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1946 Jan-1948 Dec
49 367 Correspondence with National Jewish Welfare Board 1949 Jan-1950 Dec
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