Guide to the Papers of Laurel Gould (1931-2008) and Alan J. Gould (1929- ), undated, 1963, 1969-1982

*P-866

Processed by Andrey Filimonov and Vital Zajka

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Andrey Filimonov in July 2009. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gould, Laurel
Title: Laurel Gould (1931-2008) and Alan J. Gould (1929- ), papers
Dates:undated, 1963, 1969-1982 (bulk 1970-1980)
Abstract: The collection contains papers of Laurel Gould and her lawyer husband Alan J. Gould, activists of the American Soviet Jewry Movement involved with the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews in Washington D. C. area and in the San Fracisco Bay area, Northern California Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jews and National Conference on Soviet Jewry. The bulk of the collection covers the decade of 1970 through 1980. The materials include correspondence, memoranda, individual files on Soviet Jewish Refuseniks, documentation of special projects, events and visits to USSR, publications, legal materials pertinent to the Soviet Jewry, photographs, slides and audio recordings of conversations and interviews with the Soviet Jews.
Languages: The collection is in English and Russian.
Quantity: 6.75 linear feet (14 manuscript boxes)
Identification: P-866
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Historical Note

The Papers of Laurel and Alan J. Gould represent one collection housed within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM). These papers reflect the effort, beginning in the 1960s through the late 1980s, of thousands of American Jews of all denominations and political orientations to stop the persecution and discrimination of Jews in the Soviet Union. The American Soviet Jewry Movement (ASJM) is considered to be the most influential Movements of the American Jewish community in the 20th century. The beginnings of the organized American Soviet Jewry Movement became a model for efforts to aid Soviet Jews in other countries, among them Great Britain, Canada, and France. The movement can be traced to the early 1960s, when the first organizations were created to address the specific problem of the persecution and isolation of Soviet Jews by the government of the Soviet Union.

Laurel Gould was an American Soviet Jewry Movement activist, involved with the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews in Washington D. C. area and in the San Francisco Bay area. Her husband, Alan Gould, a practicing attorney, served as a chairman of the Northern California Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jews and was a member of the Board of Directors of National Conference on Soviet Jewry. Together they traveled to the Soviet Union to aid Soviet Jewish Refuseniks in Moscow, Minsk and Kiev, and were involved in publishing the Soviet Jewry Law Review, the first law review exclusively focusing on legal issues of Soviet Jewry.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection is divided into six series.

The Laurel and Alan J. Gould Papers include materials from the end of 1960’s to early 1980’s and the bulk of the collection originated throughout the decade of 1970’s. The documents include correspondence, memoranda, publications, news clippings, photographs, slides, ephemera and audio recordings.

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Arrangement

The collection is divided into six series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:

American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, N.Y., 10011 email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

The Papers of Laurel and Alan J. Gould is one individual collection within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM) located at the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS). Other Soviet Jewry Movement collections at AJHS include the records of Action for Soviet Jewry (I-487), the National Conference on Soviet Jewry (NCSJ; I-181 and I-181A), the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (I-410), Medical Mobilization for Soviet Jewry, and the papers of Jerry Goodman (P-863), Joel Ackerman (P-787) and Julia Mates Cheney (P-806).

Individual accounts of activities within the Soviet Jewry Movement are preserved in the UJA Oral History Collection (I-433), which includes accounts from members of the following organizations: the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews, Bay Area Council on Soviet Jews (BACSJ), Seattle Action for Soviet Jews, Houston Action for Soviet Jews, Chicago Action for Soviet Jews, Colorado Committee of Concern for Soviet Jews and the National Conference on Soviet Jewry. Interviewees include accounts by Lillian Forman (BACSJ), Ann Polunsky, Morey Schapira, Myrtle Sitowitz, Deborah Turkin, David Waksberg, Sylvia Weinberg and Dolores Wilkenfeld. In addition, posters related to the Soviet Jewry Movement can be found in the Jewish Student Organizations Collection (I-61).

Additional materials from other collections include records dealing with the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (SSSJ) located within the North American Jewish Students Appeal (NAJSA, I-338) and the records of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council (NJCRAC, I-172). Related records are also located at the AJHS in Newton Centre, MA including memorabilia and ephemera of the New England Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (I-237) and the Records of the Student Coalition for Soviet Jewry – Brandeis University (I-493).

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Laurel Gould (1931-2008) and Alan J. Gould (1929- ), papers; P-866; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

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Acquisition Information

Donated by Alan J. Gould in 2008.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Correspondence, 1974-1979

This series is in English with some Russian.
4 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series I includes correspondence of Alan J. Gould, mostly regarding Soviet Jewry. The series also includes letters sent by USSR citizens to Alan J. Gould in a Soviet propaganda campaign effort to orchestrate a seemingly nationwide rebuff to the efforts of the American Soviet Jewry Movement.

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Correspondence1974-1975, 1978
12National Conference on Soviet Jewry1977-1979
13Soviet Jewry, Incoming1975-1979
14Soviet Propaganda Campaign Letters1979
  (contains Russian)   
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Series II: Personal Files of Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience, undated, 1969, 1972-1981

This series is in English with some Russian.
65 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series II contains individual files on Soviet Jewish Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience, which include biographical information, press clippings, correspondence with the individuals, legal materials pertaining to their cases and appeals on their behalf.

BoxFolderTitleDate
15Abramovich, Pavel1978
16Agursky, Michaelundated, 1974
17Ass, Iosifundated, 1974-1976
18Begun, Iosifundated, 1977-1978
19Begun, Iosifundated, 1977-1978
110Brailovsky, Viktor and Irinaundated, 1975-1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
21Chernobylsky, Boris1981
22Feinberg, Emmanuel1975-1976
23Gelman, Ovsei1974-1975
  

(contains flexi disk 7" vinyl record)

 
24Goldstein Familyundated, 1975, 1978-1979
25Goldstein Family--Appeals and Petitions in Russian Language undated, 1973, 1976-1977
  (contains Russian)   
26Goldstein Family--Appeals to USSR, USA and Israel Governments, Jewish Press of Western Countries undated, 1974, 1976-1979
27Goldstein Family--Biographical1976-1979
28Goldstein Family--Complaints, Appeals, Petitions1978
29Goldstein Family--Correspondence, Goldstein Supportersundated 1973-1980
210Goldstein Family--Correspondenceundated, 1973-1975, 1977, 1981
211Goldstein Family--Divorce Proceedings, Goldstein Isai and Bykova, Eliza1980
BoxFolderTitleDate
31Goldstein Family--Employment--Secrecy, Mendeleev Instituteundated, 1977-1981
32Goldstein Family--Fawcett Visit, Reddaway Comments1977
33Goldstein Family--Five Year Campaign1975-1976
34Goldstein Family--Memos and Related Materials1975-1976
35Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail)1973-1978
36Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail), Congressional Hearing Submission 1972, 1975, 1979
37Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail), Exhibits, Congressional Hearing 1974-1975, 1978-1979
38Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail), Taken From Slides1974, 1976
39Goldstein Family--Supportundated, 1974-1979
310Goldstein Family--Telephone Conversations1972-1973, 1975-1981
311Goldstein, Gregory1978
312Goldstein, Gregory--Legal Briefs, Efforts1974-1975, 1978
313Goldstein, Gregory--Legal Statement, North California Lawyers Committee1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
41Goldstein, Gregory--Trial and Related Materials1978-1979
42Goldstein, Isai and Nudel, Ida, Conversation on Alia Movement1980-1981
43Goldstein--Scientists Refuseniks1978-1980
44Goman, Gregory1975
45Guberman, Igorundated, 1979-1980
46Khess, Elena and Gregory1978
47Kislik, Vladimir1973-1974, 1977, 1980-1981
48Korniev, Vladimir1980
49Kushnirenko, Igor1979-1980
410Lazaris, Vladimir1975-1977
411Leikina, Meitaundated, 1975-1977
412Lein, Evgeny1981
413Lokshin, V. and Tsukerman1981
414Mendzheritsky, Emil and Raitburd, Tzilya1975, 1979
415Nashpitz, Markundated, 1975-1977, 1980-1981
416Olenik, Ivan and Rotshtein, Sergei1979-1980
417Paritsky, Alexanderundated, 1978-1980
418Pekarsky, Josephundated, 1975
BoxFolderTitleDate
51Poltinnikov Familyundated, 1974-1976, 1978
52Prestin, Vladimirundated, 1976-1978
53Rosenshtein Gregory and Nataliaundated, 1977-1978
54Salansky, Naum1977
55Samoylovich, Debora1974-1975
56Scientists Refuseniks1975-1978
57Sharansky, Anatoly1977
58Sharansky, Anatolyundated, 1978
59Shkolnik, Isaakundated, 1973, 1977
510Slepak, Vladimir and Mariaundated, 1977-1978, 1981
511Stolar, Abe1978, 1980
512Tiemkin, Marina1975
513Tonkonogy, Moisey1977-1978, 1980
514Tsinober, Arkady1977
515Tsypin, Leonid1977
516Vilenskis, Volf1969, 1976
BoxFolderTitleDate
61Zavurov, Amner1977
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Series III: American Lawyers’ Assistance to Soviet Jews, undated, 1970, 1972-1981

This series is in English.
20 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series III contains contact information for American lawyers and lawyers’ committees that could have been instrumental in providing professional legal help to the Soviet Jewish Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience. It also contains information on the Soviet legal system and international law.

BoxFolderTitleDate
62American Bar Associationundated, 1977-1978
63Crawford, F. J.1978
64Emigrationundated, 1980-1981
65Emigration--Z. Alexander Reportsundated, 1979, 1981
66Employment Deprivation1978-1979, 1981
67Fletcher, George P., Notesundated, 1977
68Helsinki Monitors and Soviet Law Hearing, Washington D.C.1978, 1980
69International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists1975-1976
610Lawyers and Lawyers Committeesundated, 1976, 1978-1981
611Miscellaneous Resolutions1975-1976, 1979
612Northern California Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jewsundated, 1974, 1977-1980
613Points on Soviet Lawundated
614Refusals on Grounds of Secrecyundated, 1979-1981
615Searches and Interrogations1978-1980
616Soviet Criminal Code, Reprintsundated
BoxFolderTitleDate
71Soviet Jewish Emigration1974-1981
72Soviet Jewry Law Reviewundated, 1980-1981
73Stationary--List of Lawyers1970, 1972, 1979-1980
74Supreme Soviet Decree of December 25, 19721972
75Washington Conference on Law and the Worldundated, 1973-1975, 1979
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Series IV: Projects, Events and Visits to USSR, undated, 1971-1980

This series is in English.
8 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series IV documents special projects designed to raise awareness of the plight of Soviet Jewry in the American Jewish communities, facilitate direct communication with Jews in the USSR and inform the American visitors to the Soviet Union of the opportunities to help Soviet Jews.

BoxFolderTitleDate
76Group Project (Ideas)undated, 1971, 1973-1977, 1979
77Neshiraundated, 1974, 1976-1978, 1981
78Russia-USA Phone Conversationsundated, 1972
79San Antonio Trip Reportsundated, 1974-1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
81Soviet Jewry Teaching Curricula1974
82"Technology for the American Home" Exhibit in the USSR1975-1976
83Travel to USSR1979-1980
84US-USSR Soviet Seminar Seriesundated, 1978
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Series V: Publications, undated, 1963, 1971-1982

This series is in English.
35 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series V contains books and newsletters pertinent to Soviet Jewry movement, as well as a Soviet Jewry bibliography.

BoxFolderTitleDate
85Case Histories of the Refuseniks, August 19761976
86Case Histories of the Refuseniks, March 19771977
87Case Histories of the Refuseniks, October 19771977
88Case Histories of the Refuseniks, August 1978, Volume V1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
91Case Histories of the Refuseniks, August 1979, Volume VI1979
92Case Histories of the Refuseniks, October 1980, Volume VII1980
93History of Jews in the USSRundated, 1963, 1971, 1977, 1980-1981
94Human Rights in the USSRundated, 1972, 1978-1980
95Information [Canadian Committee for Soviet Jewry]1975-1978
96Information [Canadian Committee for Soviet Jewry]1976-1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
101Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1975, 1979-1980
102Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1977-1981
103Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1979-1980
104Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1981-1982
105Insight Soviet Jews [European Jewish Publications]1975-1978
106Insight Soviet Jews [European Jewish Publications]1979-1981
107Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
111Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1973-1974
112Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1973, 1976
113Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1974
BoxFolderTitleDate
121Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1977
122Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1975
123Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1978
124Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1979
125Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1980
126Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
131Monthly Newsletter Focus on Soviet Jewry1979-1980
132News Bulletin [Scientists Committee of the Israel Public Council for Soviet Jewry]1975, 1977-1980
133Newspaper Articlesundated, 1973-1975, 1978-1979
134Publications, Miscellaneousundated, 1973, 1978, 1980
135Publications: Jewishness Rediscovered; The Case of Joseph Begun1974, 1979
136Publications: Orphans of the Exodus1976-1977
137Society for Research on Jewish Communities, Jerusalem, Catalog of Publications1977
138Soviet Jewry Bibliography1971, 1977-1981
BoxFolderTitleDate
141The East Bay Jewish Observer1979-1980
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Series VI: Audio Recordings, Photos and Slides, Ephemera, undated, 1974-1976, 1978, 1981

This series is in English.
35 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series VI contains audio recordings, ephemera, photos and slides.

Subseries A: Audio Recordings, undated, 1974-1976

This subseries is in English.
4 folders.
BoxFolderTitleDate
142Compact Cassettes 1-6 undated, 1974-1976
  

Compact Cassette 1

Side 1, part 1: “Tourist (unknown) + Isai Goldstein Tbilisi, Sept. 7th 1975 (Note Phone Ring)

Side 1, part 2: “Isai Goldstein/ Tbilisi- October 1975”

Side 2, part 1: “Continuation of Goldstein Tape 10/75”

Side 2, part 2: “Phone Conversation between L. Gould and Arthur Goebeli- ATT”

Compact Cassette 2

Side 1: “Goldstein Statement 4/8/75”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 3

Side 1: “Agursky - Gould 7/25/74 American Embassy”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 4

Side 1: “Goldstein Gelman (1) Corkery 6/12/74 a.m.”

Side 2: “Genya Intrator / L. Gould, Sun. 2/23/75 and 3/1/75”

Compact Cassette 5

Side 1: “Elizabeth Bikwa, Joel Michaels 12/6/76”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 6

Side 1: “Goldstein Tape 9/75 (Phone Ringing)” [crossed out]

Side 2: “Statement of Isaiah, October 1975”

 
143Compact Cassettes 7-10 undated, 1974-1975
  

Compact Cassette 7

Side 1: “Dr.I.J. Rosofsky, Binghamton- Tbilisi Trip, Nov. 18, 1975”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 8

Side 1: “4 Document of Isai Goldsteins Claim Against the Post Office of Tbilisi Goldsteins Letters to Solzhenizyn and Rudenko”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 9

Side 1: “Hochstein- Sample Ads 6/12/74 Gelman 2:20 A.M. 6/13”

Side 2: “2:30 P.M. 6/12/74 Goebel- F.U. Gelman Call”

Compact Cassette 10

Side 1: [untitled]

Side 2: “Alexander Levin Lerner- Sophia Lerner- Phoenix, Arizona, December 1976”

 
144Vinyl Record, 7": The All-Party Parliamentary Committee for the Release of Soviet Jewry Presents: A Barmitzvah Present for Leonid Slepakundated

Subseries B: Photos and Slides, Ephemera, undated, 1978, 1981

This subseries is in English.
2 folders.
BoxFolderTitleDate
145Photos and Slidesundated, 1978, 1981
146Soviet Jewry Movement Envelope Seals undated
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