Guide to the Papers of Laurel Gould (1931-2008) and Alan J. Gould (1929- ), undated, 1963, 1969-1982

*P-866

Processed by Andrey Filimonov and Vital Zajka

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2016, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Andrey Filimonov in July 2009. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Gould, Laurel
Title: Laurel Gould (1931-2008) and Alan J. Gould (1929- ), papers
Dates:undated, 1963, 1969-1982 (bulk 1970-1980)
Abstract: The collection contains papers of Laurel Gould and her lawyer husband Alan J. Gould, activists of the American Soviet Jewry Movement involved with the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews in Washington D. C. area and in the San Fracisco Bay area, Northern California Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jews and National Conference on Soviet Jewry. The bulk of the collection covers the decade of 1970 through 1980. The materials include correspondence, memoranda, individual files on Soviet Jewish Refuseniks, documentation of special projects, events and visits to USSR, publications, legal materials pertinent to the Soviet Jewry, photographs, slides and audio recordings of conversations and interviews with the Soviet Jews.
Languages: The collection is in English and Russian.
Quantity: 6.75 linear feet (14 manuscript boxes)
Identification: P-866
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Historical Note

The Papers of Laurel and Alan J. Gould represent one collection housed within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM). These papers reflect the effort, beginning in the 1960s through the late 1980s, of thousands of American Jews of all denominations and political orientations to stop the persecution and discrimination of Jews in the Soviet Union. The American Soviet Jewry Movement (ASJM) is considered to be the most influential Movements of the American Jewish community in the 20th century. The beginnings of the organized American Soviet Jewry Movement became a model for efforts to aid Soviet Jews in other countries, among them Great Britain, Canada, and France. The movement can be traced to the early 1960s, when the first organizations were created to address the specific problem of the persecution and isolation of Soviet Jews by the government of the Soviet Union.

Laurel Gould was an American Soviet Jewry Movement activist, involved with the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews in Washington D. C. area and in the San Francisco Bay area. Her husband, Alan Gould, a practicing attorney, served as a chairman of the Northern California Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jews and was a member of the Board of Directors of National Conference on Soviet Jewry. Together they traveled to the Soviet Union to aid Soviet Jewish Refuseniks in Moscow, Minsk and Kiev, and were involved in publishing the Soviet Jewry Law Review, the first law review exclusively focusing on legal issues of Soviet Jewry.

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Scope and Content Note

The collection is divided into six series.

The Laurel and Alan J. Gould Papers include materials from the end of 1960’s to early 1980’s and the bulk of the collection originated throughout the decade of 1970’s. The documents include correspondence, memoranda, publications, news clippings, photographs, slides, ephemera and audio recordings.

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Arrangement

The collection is divided into six series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

This collection contains audiovisual or electronic media that requires special equipment to access. Please notify reference staff at reference@ajhs.org 24 hours in advance of needing access.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:

American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, N.Y., 10011 email: reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

The Papers of Laurel and Alan J. Gould is one individual collection within the Archive of the American Soviet Jewry Movement (AASJM) located at the American Jewish Historical Society (AJHS). Other Soviet Jewry Movement collections at AJHS include the records of Action for Soviet Jewry (I-487), the National Conference on Soviet Jewry (NCSJ; I-181 and I-181A), the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews (I-410), Medical Mobilization for Soviet Jewry, and the papers of Jerry Goodman (P-863), Joel Ackerman (P-787) and Julia Mates Cheney (P-806).

Individual accounts of activities within the Soviet Jewry Movement are preserved in the UJA Oral History Collection (I-433), which includes accounts from members of the following organizations: the Union of Councils for Soviet Jews, Bay Area Council on Soviet Jews (BACSJ), Seattle Action for Soviet Jews, Houston Action for Soviet Jews, Chicago Action for Soviet Jews, Colorado Committee of Concern for Soviet Jews and the National Conference on Soviet Jewry. Interviewees include accounts by Lillian Forman (BACSJ), Ann Polunsky, Morey Schapira, Myrtle Sitowitz, Deborah Turkin, David Waksberg, Sylvia Weinberg and Dolores Wilkenfeld. In addition, posters related to the Soviet Jewry Movement can be found in the Jewish Student Organizations Collection (I-61).

Additional materials from other collections include records dealing with the Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (SSSJ) located within the North American Jewish Students Appeal (NAJSA, I-338) and the records of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council (NJCRAC, I-172). Related records are also located at the AJHS in Newton Centre, MA including memorabilia and ephemera of the New England Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry (I-237) and the Records of the Student Coalition for Soviet Jewry – Brandeis University (I-493).

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Laurel Gould (1931-2008) and Alan J. Gould (1929- ), papers; P-866; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

Donated by Alan J. Gould in 2008.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to open the form that allows you to request a box for onsite viewing in the reading room at the Center for Jewish History, New York, NY.

 

Series I: Correspondence, 1974-1979

This series is in English with some Russian.
4 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series I includes correspondence of Alan J. Gould, mostly regarding Soviet Jewry. The series also includes letters sent by USSR citizens to Alan J. Gould in a Soviet propaganda campaign effort to orchestrate a seemingly nationwide rebuff to the efforts of the American Soviet Jewry Movement.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11Correspondence1974-1975, 1978request_box
12National Conference on Soviet Jewry1977-1979request_box
13Soviet Jewry, Incoming1975-1979request_box
14Soviet Propaganda Campaign Letters1979request_box
  (contains Russian)   
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Series II: Personal Files of Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience, undated, 1969, 1972-1981

This series is in English with some Russian.
65 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series II contains individual files on Soviet Jewish Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience, which include biographical information, press clippings, correspondence with the individuals, legal materials pertaining to their cases and appeals on their behalf.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
15Abramovich, Pavel1978request_box
16Agursky, Michaelundated, 1974request_box
17Ass, Iosifundated, 1974-1976request_box
18Begun, Iosifundated, 1977-1978request_box
19Begun, Iosifundated, 1977-1978request_box
110Brailovsky, Viktor and Irinaundated, 1975-1981request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
21Chernobylsky, Boris1981request_box
22Feinberg, Emmanuel1975-1976request_box
23Gelman, Ovsei1974-1975request_box
  

(contains flexi disk 7" vinyl record)

 
24Goldstein Familyundated, 1975, 1978-1979request_box
25Goldstein Family--Appeals and Petitions in Russian Language undated, 1973, 1976-1977request_box
  (contains Russian)   
26Goldstein Family--Appeals to USSR, USA and Israel Governments, Jewish Press of Western Countries undated, 1974, 1976-1979 request_box
27Goldstein Family--Biographical1976-1979request_box
28Goldstein Family--Complaints, Appeals, Petitions1978request_box
29Goldstein Family--Correspondence, Goldstein Supportersundated 1973-1980request_box
210Goldstein Family--Correspondenceundated, 1973-1975, 1977, 1981request_box
211Goldstein Family--Divorce Proceedings, Goldstein Isai and Bykova, Eliza1980request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
31Goldstein Family--Employment--Secrecy, Mendeleev Instituteundated, 1977-1981request_box
32Goldstein Family--Fawcett Visit, Reddaway Comments1977request_box
33Goldstein Family--Five Year Campaign1975-1976request_box
34Goldstein Family--Memos and Related Materials1975-1976request_box
35Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail)1973-1978request_box
36Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail), Congressional Hearing Submission 1972, 1975, 1979request_box
37Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail), Exhibits, Congressional Hearing 1974-1975, 1978-1979request_box
38Goldstein Family--Postal Case (Interference with Mail), Taken From Slides1974, 1976request_box
39Goldstein Family--Supportundated, 1974-1979request_box
310Goldstein Family--Telephone Conversations1972-1973, 1975-1981request_box
311Goldstein, Gregory1978request_box
312Goldstein, Gregory--Legal Briefs, Efforts1974-1975, 1978request_box
313Goldstein, Gregory--Legal Statement, North California Lawyers Committee1978request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
41Goldstein, Gregory--Trial and Related Materials1978-1979request_box
42Goldstein, Isai and Nudel, Ida, Conversation on Alia Movement1980-1981request_box
43Goldstein--Scientists Refuseniks1978-1980request_box
44Goman, Gregory1975request_box
45Guberman, Igorundated, 1979-1980request_box
46Khess, Elena and Gregory1978request_box
47Kislik, Vladimir1973-1974, 1977, 1980-1981request_box
48Korniev, Vladimir1980request_box
49Kushnirenko, Igor1979-1980request_box
410Lazaris, Vladimir1975-1977request_box
411Leikina, Meitaundated, 1975-1977request_box
412Lein, Evgeny1981request_box
413Lokshin, V. and Tsukerman1981request_box
414Mendzheritsky, Emil and Raitburd, Tzilya1975, 1979request_box
415Nashpitz, Markundated, 1975-1977, 1980-1981request_box
416Olenik, Ivan and Rotshtein, Sergei1979-1980request_box
417Paritsky, Alexanderundated, 1978-1980request_box
418Pekarsky, Josephundated, 1975request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
51Poltinnikov Familyundated, 1974-1976, 1978request_box
52Prestin, Vladimirundated, 1976-1978request_box
53Rosenshtein Gregory and Nataliaundated, 1977-1978request_box
54Salansky, Naum1977request_box
55Samoylovich, Debora1974-1975request_box
56Scientists Refuseniks1975-1978request_box
57Sharansky, Anatoly1977request_box
58Sharansky, Anatolyundated, 1978request_box
59Shkolnik, Isaakundated, 1973, 1977request_box
510Slepak, Vladimir and Mariaundated, 1977-1978, 1981request_box
511Stolar, Abe1978, 1980request_box
512Tiemkin, Marina1975request_box
513Tonkonogy, Moisey1977-1978, 1980request_box
514Tsinober, Arkady1977request_box
515Tsypin, Leonid1977request_box
516Vilenskis, Volf1969, 1976request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
61Zavurov, Amner1977request_box
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Series III: American Lawyers’ Assistance to Soviet Jews, undated, 1970, 1972-1981

This series is in English.
20 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series III contains contact information for American lawyers and lawyers’ committees that could have been instrumental in providing professional legal help to the Soviet Jewish Refuseniks and Prisoners of Conscience. It also contains information on the Soviet legal system and international law.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
62American Bar Associationundated, 1977-1978request_box
63Crawford, F. J.1978request_box
64Emigrationundated, 1980-1981request_box
65Emigration--Z. Alexander Reportsundated, 1979, 1981request_box
66Employment Deprivation1978-1979, 1981request_box
67Fletcher, George P., Notesundated, 1977request_box
68Helsinki Monitors and Soviet Law Hearing, Washington D.C.1978, 1980request_box
69International Association of Jewish Lawyers and Jurists1975-1976request_box
610Lawyers and Lawyers Committeesundated, 1976, 1978-1981request_box
611Miscellaneous Resolutions1975-1976, 1979request_box
612Northern California Lawyers Committee for Soviet Jewsundated, 1974, 1977-1980request_box
613Points on Soviet Lawundatedrequest_box
614Refusals on Grounds of Secrecyundated, 1979-1981request_box
615Searches and Interrogations1978-1980request_box
616Soviet Criminal Code, Reprintsundatedrequest_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
71Soviet Jewish Emigration1974-1981request_box
72Soviet Jewry Law Reviewundated, 1980-1981request_box
73Stationary--List of Lawyers1970, 1972, 1979-1980request_box
74Supreme Soviet Decree of December 25, 19721972request_box
75Washington Conference on Law and the Worldundated, 1973-1975, 1979request_box
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Series IV: Projects, Events and Visits to USSR, undated, 1971-1980

This series is in English.
8 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series IV documents special projects designed to raise awareness of the plight of Soviet Jewry in the American Jewish communities, facilitate direct communication with Jews in the USSR and inform the American visitors to the Soviet Union of the opportunities to help Soviet Jews.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
76Group Project (Ideas)undated, 1971, 1973-1977, 1979request_box
77Neshiraundated, 1974, 1976-1978, 1981request_box
78Russia-USA Phone Conversationsundated, 1972request_box
79San Antonio Trip Reportsundated, 1974-1978request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
81Soviet Jewry Teaching Curricula1974request_box
82"Technology for the American Home" Exhibit in the USSR1975-1976request_box
83Travel to USSR1979-1980request_box
84US-USSR Soviet Seminar Seriesundated, 1978request_box
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Series V: Publications, undated, 1963, 1971-1982

This series is in English.
35 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series V contains books and newsletters pertinent to Soviet Jewry movement, as well as a Soviet Jewry bibliography.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
85Case Histories of the Refuseniks, August 19761976request_box
86Case Histories of the Refuseniks, March 19771977request_box
87Case Histories of the Refuseniks, October 19771977request_box
88Case Histories of the Refuseniks, August 1978, Volume V1978request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
91Case Histories of the Refuseniks, August 1979, Volume VI1979request_box
92Case Histories of the Refuseniks, October 1980, Volume VII1980request_box
93History of Jews in the USSRundated, 1963, 1971, 1977, 1980-1981request_box
94Human Rights in the USSRundated, 1972, 1978-1980request_box
95Information [Canadian Committee for Soviet Jewry]1975-1978request_box
96Information [Canadian Committee for Soviet Jewry]1976-1981request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
101Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1975, 1979-1980request_box
102Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1977-1981request_box
103Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1979-1980request_box
104Information [Press Service of National Conference on Soviet Jewry]1981-1982request_box
105Insight Soviet Jews [European Jewish Publications]1975-1978request_box
106Insight Soviet Jews [European Jewish Publications]1979-1981request_box
107Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1972request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
111Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1973-1974request_box
112Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1973, 1976request_box
113Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1974request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
121Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1977request_box
122Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1975request_box
123Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1978request_box
124Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1979request_box
125Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1980request_box
126Jews in the USSR [National Council for Soviet Jewry of the United Kingdom and Ireland]1981request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
131Monthly Newsletter Focus on Soviet Jewry1979-1980request_box
132News Bulletin [Scientists Committee of the Israel Public Council for Soviet Jewry]1975, 1977-1980request_box
133Newspaper Articlesundated, 1973-1975, 1978-1979request_box
134Publications, Miscellaneousundated, 1973, 1978, 1980request_box
135Publications: Jewishness Rediscovered; The Case of Joseph Begun1974, 1979request_box
136Publications: Orphans of the Exodus1976-1977request_box
137Society for Research on Jewish Communities, Jerusalem, Catalog of Publications1977request_box
138Soviet Jewry Bibliography1971, 1977-1981request_box
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
141The East Bay Jewish Observer1979-1980request_box
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Series VI: Audio Recordings, Photos and Slides, Ephemera, undated, 1974-1976, 1978, 1981

This series is in English.
35 folders.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical

Scope and Content:

Series VI contains audio recordings, ephemera, photos and slides.

Subseries A: Audio Recordings, undated, 1974-1976

This subseries is in English.
4 folders.
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
142Compact Cassettes 1-6 undated, 1974-1976request_box
  

Compact Cassette 1

Side 1, part 1: “Tourist (unknown) + Isai Goldstein Tbilisi, Sept. 7th 1975 (Note Phone Ring)

Side 1, part 2: “Isai Goldstein/ Tbilisi- October 1975”

Side 2, part 1: “Continuation of Goldstein Tape 10/75”

Side 2, part 2: “Phone Conversation between L. Gould and Arthur Goebeli- ATT”

Compact Cassette 2

Side 1: “Goldstein Statement 4/8/75”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 3

Side 1: “Agursky - Gould 7/25/74 American Embassy”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 4

Side 1: “Goldstein Gelman (1) Corkery 6/12/74 a.m.”

Side 2: “Genya Intrator / L. Gould, Sun. 2/23/75 and 3/1/75”

Compact Cassette 5

Side 1: “Elizabeth Bikwa, Joel Michaels 12/6/76”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 6

Side 1: “Goldstein Tape 9/75 (Phone Ringing)” [crossed out]

Side 2: “Statement of Isaiah, October 1975”

 
143Compact Cassettes 7-10 undated, 1974-1975request_box
  

Compact Cassette 7

Side 1: “Dr.I.J. Rosofsky, Binghamton- Tbilisi Trip, Nov. 18, 1975”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 8

Side 1: “4 Document of Isai Goldsteins Claim Against the Post Office of Tbilisi Goldsteins Letters to Solzhenizyn and Rudenko”

Side 2: [untitled]

Compact Cassette 9

Side 1: “Hochstein- Sample Ads 6/12/74 Gelman 2:20 A.M. 6/13”

Side 2: “2:30 P.M. 6/12/74 Goebel- F.U. Gelman Call”

Compact Cassette 10

Side 1: [untitled]

Side 2: “Alexander Levin Lerner- Sophia Lerner- Phoenix, Arizona, December 1976”

 
144Vinyl Record, 7": The All-Party Parliamentary Committee for the Release of Soviet Jewry Presents: A Barmitzvah Present for Leonid Slepakundatedrequest_box

Subseries B: Photos and Slides, Ephemera, undated, 1978, 1981

This subseries is in English.
2 folders.
BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
145Photos and Slidesundated, 1978, 1981request_box
146Soviet Jewry Movement Envelope Seals undatedrequest_box
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