Guide to the Lipsky Family Papers,
1904-1992 (bulk 1925-1992)


Processed by Rachel Miller as part of the Leon Levy Archival Processing Initiative, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation.

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160



© 2019  American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid was created by Rachel Miller as an MS Word 2000 document in August 2008. Electronic finding aid was converted to EAD 2002 by Rachel Miller in February 2009. Description is in English.
2016 Boni Joi Koelliker made corrections to the Biographical Note. The original note stated that Joel Carmichael's forename was Joseph which was erroneous.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Lipsky Family
Title: Lipsky Family Papers
Dates:1904-1992 (bulk 1925-1992)
Abstract: The Lipsky Family Papers reflect the professional and personal activities of Eleazar Lipsky (1911-1993), his father, Zionist leader Louis Lipsky (1876-1963), and his mother, Charlotte Lipsky (1879-1959), as well as other family members. Eleazar Lipsky was a lawyer, novelist, Zionist and the head of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency in the early 1960s. While working on a multi-part family novel, Eleazar Lipsky gathered and arranged much of the family material in this collection. In addition to family history, the collection contains information on the American Zionist movement, Bernard Richards’s role in the Committee of Jewish Delegations at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, and various legal battles involving such parties as the Jewish Week, the American Examiner, Doubleday, Philip Hochstein and Lillie Shultz. The materials include correspondence, an unfinished manuscript, legal transcripts, clippings, speeches, research materials, financial documents, miscellaneous writings and a few photographs.
Languages: The collection is in English, with a few items in Hebrew, Yiddish, and French.
Quantity: 25 manuscript boxes, 1 half manuscript box, 1 oversized box (OS3).
Quantity:14.25 linear feet.
Identification: P-858
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS New York, NY
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Biographical Note

Simpson, Daphne and Len wedding South Africa, 1951

Across two generations the Lipsky family participated in a wide variety of cultural, professional and political spheres: journalism, law, history, literature, insurance, theater, interior decorating and, most pivotally, the American Zionist movement. Louis Lipsky (1876-1963) stands as the most recognized figure in the family, given his status as a founder of the American Zionist movement and key figure in and witness to the conflict between Chaim Weizmann and Louis Brandeis. For more on Louis Lipsky see Guide to the Papers of Louis Lipsky (P-672).

Louis Lipsky and Charlotte Schacht (1879-1959) married in 1906. Charlotte had immigrated to New York City in 1895 from Riga in modern-day Latvia and they met through the Yiddish literary and theater scene they were both a part of in their early years. Charlotte was active in the Jewish socialist movement and an admirer of Emma Goldman as well as a founding member of the Manhattan chapter of the Women’s American ORT and a member of Hadassah. She also sculpted and sang. Because Lipsky did not financially support his family until he started a life insurance company in 1930, Charlotte began her own business as an interior decorator and on her income alone bought a home for the family and put their three sons through college.1

Their eldest son, David (1907-1996) became a publicist. The youngest son, Joel (1915-2006), changed his last name to Carmichael “as a way of detaching himself,” and entered the academic world, becoming a historian, editor of Midstream, and Russian-to-English translator.2 He wrote and published extensively on 20th century Russian history, anti-Semitism and the history of Christianity and Islam. His first wife, Mary Carr (Hood) (1923-1998), was a journalist and an editorial officer at the United Nations Secretariat.

Charlotte and Louis’s middle son, Eleazar (1911-1993), carved out a wide spectrum of careers for himself as a lawyer, novelist, journalist, playwright and active Zionist, much of his activities overlapping with and carrying on his father’s interests. Eleazar met Hannah Kohn (1912-2001) in the late 1920s, possibly while at Jewish summer camp in Maine, and they married in 1935.3 Hannah had a career as a social worker. Her father, Rabbi Jacob Kohn (1881-1968), was an author, a founder of the United Synagogue of America and dean of the University of Judaism in Los Angeles.

After receiving his B.A. from Columbia and attending Columbia Law School in the early 1930s, Eleazar practiced law privately from 1934 to 1939. Beginning in 1942 and until 1946, he was the Assistant District Attorney of New York County with the Homicide Bureau. In 1946 he reestablished a private law practice, retiring from it a few weeks prior to his death in 1993. He served as legal counsel to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), the Jewish Week, the American Examiner, the America-Israel Cultural Foundation, and the Mystery Writers of America. In the last decade of his life much of his legal practice centered on artists’ contract issues and disputes, and he was legal adviser to the New York Artists Equity Association.4

There is evidence early on of Eleazar’s interest in Zionism. By 1936 he had written book reviews for the newsletter of Masada, the youth branch of the Zionist Organization of America, and from 1938 to 1940 he was President of Masada.5 He was also National President of Avukah, a student Zionist organization. Later he was a member of the World Zionist Congress Court and on the National Executive Committee of the Zionist Organization of America.

During what may have been a three-year hiatus from practicing law (1939-1942), he worked two years as a traveling lecturer and fundraiser for the United Jewish Appeal (UJA), following which he was Executive Director of the National Committee of the American Red Mogen Dovid for Palestine, Inc. (now known as Magen David Adom, Israel’s equivalent of the Red Cross) for a year. Throughout his life he would be an advocate, both in his writing and speeches, for many Jewish causes. He spoke on a variety of topics, such as the American Zionist movement, relations between Jewish and African-American communities, the Eichmann trial and the Palestinian Liberation Organization. He was on the Executive Committee of American Jewish Congress (AJC) and active in the American Friends of the Hebrew University. He served on the board of directors of multiple organizations and institutions, such as the American Jewish League for Israel and his father’s company, Eastern Life Insurance.

Also involved in the journalism world, Eleazar at one point had his own syndicated news column and was editor of the New Palestine, 1939 to 1940. After serving as legal advisor to the JTA for twelve years he was elected President in 1960, holding that post until 1967.

Culling from his experience in criminal law, Eleazar wrote best-selling mystery novels, short stories and plays, and a number of his works were adapted into motion pictures. His novels include The Kiss of Death (1947), Murder One (1948), The People Against O’Hara (1950, made into a film starring Spencer Tracy), Lincoln McKeever (1953), The Scientists (1959), The Devil’s Daughter (1969) and Malpractice (1972). Additionally, he wrote more than 150 episodes for the radio series, Indictment, between 1956 and 1969. He was a member of the Authors Guild, the Writers Guild of America, and PEN.

In 1970 Eleazar signed a contract with Doubleday for a three-volume fictionalized history of three generations of his family. Throughout the 1970s he researched and gathered many materials directly or indirectly relating to his mother and father (such as the correspondence of Bernard Richards, a friend and colleague of his father’s, from the 1919 Paris Peace Conference). At the same time, intent on encouraging scholarly analysis of his father’s role in the Zionist movement, Eleazar announced to a few graduate programs that he would fund a doctoral student who chose to write a dissertation on Louis Lipsky. Some of his research efforts seemed to have been aimed at providing material for that student to work with as well. On his own project, he only got so far as a 225-page manuscript, focused primarily on his mother and entitled Hedda after the fictional name he used for his mother’s character. In 1981 Doubleday cancelled the contract, and a legal battle ensued. It appears that after this dispute Eleazar turned his legal interests to artists’ contracts.

Following the contract collapse, Eleazar began making plans to write a biography of his father’s life between 1900 and 1945, examining in particular Louis Lipsky’s personal life and struggles within the Zionist organizations and using the material Eleazar had already collected for the family novel. He wrote to historian Ben Halpern in 1988: “I am often told that I am uniquely qualified to tell this story and that if I fail to do so, it will never be told.”6 Before he was able to start writing the biography, Eleazar died of leukemia in 1993, survived by his wife, Hannah, and three sons, Jonathan, Michael and David.

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Scope and Content Note

The majority of papers in this collection were generated and collected by Eleazar Lipsky. The materials include correspondence, an unfinished manuscript, legal transcripts, clippings, speeches, research materials, financial documents, miscellaneous writings and a few photographs. Much of the collection is a product of Eleazar’s research for his planned epic family novel.

Eleazar is the primary creator of the materials. Louis Lipsky stands as secondary and Charlotte Lipsky as tertiary creator. Substantial amounts of correspondence were written by David Lipsky, Joel Carmichael, the Kohn family, Mary Carr and Bernard Richards. The collection is arranged into three series: Series I: Eleazar Lipsky, Series II: Louis Lipsky and Series III: Lipsky, Schacht and Kohn Families. Charlotte Lipsky’s papers are in Series III.

The largest segments of the collection are Eleazar’s Hedda manuscript in Series I, Subseries 2 and his legal papers in Series I, Subseries 5. Little in the collection represents Eleazar’s activity as a journalist and mystery novelist. There are also gaps in the coverage of his activities in Jewish organizations – most notably while President of JTA. Aside from newspaper clippings announcing his election as JTA President, there is very little documentation from his tenure.

Family correspondence is in Series III, and Eleazar’s and Louis’s professional correspondence has been placed under Eleazar’s papers in Series I and Louis’s papers in Series II. Eleazar’s correspondence is most substantial in three places: in his late teens and twenties while at summer camp in Series III, following a 1949 business trip to South Africa in Series I, Subseries 1, and within his legal practice files in Series I, Subseries 5.

For researchers interested in Louis Lipsky, this collection’s strength likely rests in its documentation of his familial and emotional context, both in his correspondence with his sons in Series III and in Eleazar’s analysis of his parents in the Hedda manuscript and notes in Series I, Subseries 2.

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The collection is broken down into three series based on creators, plus one series for visual materials and one for oversized materials. Eleazar Lipsky’s original arrangement and folder titles have been retained where possible. Jon Lipsky, Eleazar’s son, was also involved in the arranging of his family’s papers prior to their donation to the AJHS, and his explanatory notes on boxes were taken into consideration.

Because many of their papers were intermingled, in a few cases the question of whether Eleazar or Louis had authored particular notes could not always be definitively established, but authorship was approximated based on context, subject, date, and handwriting.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Collections and Engagement of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:

American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011


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Related Material

Eleazar Lipsky donated materials related to his career as a novelist to the Boston University Special Collections in 1980. According to a March 24, 1980 letter from Howard Gotlieb, Director of Special Collections, to Eleazar Lipsky (Box 1, Folder 5), that donation included notes and drafts of The Outer Islands, research for Lincoln McKeever and Malpractice, and miscellaneous manuscripts.

Louis Lipsky Papers; P-672; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

Bernard Richards Papers; currently being processed; American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY.

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Separated Material

A bronze bust of Louis Lipsky by Robert Berks and Louis Lipsky’s 1959 retirement plaque from Eastern Life Insurance Company have been separated into the curatorial collection. Photographs and negatives have been separated into the photograph collection.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Lipsky Family Papers; P-858; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY.

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Acquisition Information

The American Jewish Historical Society received the Lipsky Family Papers in two accretions. Joel Carmichael, Eleazar and Hannah Lipsky donated the first accretion, #1993.124, in 1993. A large portion of this accretion was processed in 1995 as the Louis Lipsky Papers, P-672, and AJHS labeled the unprocessed portion the “Lipsky Family Papers.” On March 19, 1997, Hannah Lipsky donated the second accretion entitled, “Additions to the Papers of Louis and Eleazar Lipsky,” #1996.003. The present collection consists of the remainder of the 1993 donation and the entirety of the 1997 donation.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to open the form that allows you to request a box for onsite viewing in the reading room at the Center for Jewish History, New York, NY.


Series I: Eleazar Lipsky, undated, 1917–1992

9.25 linear feet. Boxes 1-19.

This series has been arranged in six subseries, according to what was judged to be the most to least personal: Subseries 1: Personal, Subseries 2: Hedda Manuscript, Subseries 3: Research and Projects, Subseries 4. Professional and Organizational Affairs, Subseries 4: Legal Affairs, Subseries 6. Clippings.

Scope and Content:

This is the largest series in the collection and is comprised of Eleazar Lipsky’s correspondence, writings, research notes, speeches, legal research, courtroom transcripts and clippings.

Subseries 1: Personal, undated, 1930-1992

0.5 linear feet. Box 1.

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of correspondence starting in the 1940s, self-authored biographical sketches, clippings about or citing Eleazar Lipsky, financial documents, schedules, and writings.

The bulk of this subseries, the correspondence, is primarily professional and includes both incoming and outgoing correspondence, such as invitations, brief letters and thank you notes. The professional correspondence does not boast extensive informational content. Some personal correspondence comes from Kohn and Schacht family members. The South African correspondence is perhaps the most personal and substantial correspondence of this subseries. Eleazar traveled to South Africa on JTA business in 1949 and made a number of acquaintances, such as the correspondents represented here: Inez Gordon, Chairman of South Africa’s Women’s Zionist Council; Abel Shaban, Chairman of the South African ORT-OZE; and Daphne (Kaplan) Simpson. See Box 9, Folders 8-10 for the professional context on his trip to South Africa. Eleazar had filed the South African materials together, but the JTA-related, professional documentation has been placed in Subseries 4, while materials of a more personal and intimate nature are here. More correspondence can also be found under specific topics, projects and organizations represented in later subseries, and his family and personal correspondence from the 1920s and 1930s is in Series III.

The brief writings in this subseries are not reflective of the large volume of writing in which Eleazar engaged.

Additional clippings about Eleazar are in Box 9, Folder 5 and throughout various folders in Subseries 4.

11Biographical sketchesundatedrequest_box
12Clippings about Eleazar Lipsky1950, 1962-1980request_box
13Correspondence1942, 1954-1969request_box
18Correspondence – South Africa – General1950-1969request_box
19Correspondence – South Africa – Gordon, Inez1949-1957request_box
110Correspondence – South Africa – Shaban, Abel1949-1951request_box
111Correspondence – South Africa – Simpson, Daphne (Kaplan)1951-1976request_box
112Finances1937-1939, 1954, 1970-1990request_box
113Schedules and Contactsundated, 1962-1966, 1972, 1978request_box
114Writings1936, 1972, 1978, 1991request_box
115Writings – Draftsundated, 1930, 1981request_box
116Writings – Indictment Episode 106 Notes1951, 1958request_box

Subseries 2: Hedda Manuscript, undated, 1965-1980

2.5 linear feet. Boxes 2-6.

Two-thirds of the Hedda manuscript files were well-organized and coded by Eleazar, but one-third was unlabelled, undated and/or labeled many times over. The contents of most original folders have been kept together, and when present, as many of Eleazar’s original folder titles have been maintained as possible. The files are arranged here under three categories: Full Manuscript Copies, Coded Drafts, and Miscellaneous Notes, Drafts and Correspondence.

Scope and Content:

The unfinished manuscript, Hedda, would have been the first part of a three-volume family novel Eleazar planned to write. In his drafts, Eleazar describes his mother’s hometown, Riga, her arrival to the Lower East Side, her experiences working in a sweatshop, and the beginnings of her relationship with his father. Eleazar describes the Socialist and Zionist circles, as well as the Yiddish theater scene and café society of early 20th century New York. See “Full Manuscript Copies” for the most complete versions of Hedda. Eleazar coded his drafts with letters of the alphabet to keep them in order and kept track of draft version by using numbers like 74, 75 and 76 (but these do not refer to dates) – these are in “Coded Drafts.” Throughout “Miscellaneous Notes, Drafts and Correspondence” are character sketches (also various historical figures he intended to include, such as Joseph Barondess, Louis Brandeis, Emma Goldman and Chaim Weizmann), plot outlines, various notes, loose drafts and story fragments.

Box 5, Folder 4 contains correspondence, research requests and diary-like notes from the time that Eleazar conceived of, started working on and researching for Hedda. This folder also includes correspondence to and from Deborah Lipstadt, the doctoral student researching Louis Lipsky.

At the front of the binder copy of the full manuscript, Eleazar inserted a color photocopy of Charlotte Lipsky’s photograph from the early 1900s. This is the only picture of her throughout the collection.

See Box 11, Folders 5-7 for correspondence regarding the genesis and evolution of the manuscript, Eleazar’s goals for the manuscript, Doubleday’s criticism of his work and the legal battles surrounding the cancellation of his contract.

Full Manuscript Copies

21p. 1-1501974 March 15request_box
22p. 1-110 [binder copy]1980 September 15request_box
23p. 111-225 [binder copy]1980 September 15request_box
24p. 1-110 [clean copy]1980 September 15request_box
25p. 111-225 [clean copy]1980 September 15request_box

Coded Drafts

37G, Morrieundatedrequest_box
44L, Hart Streetundatedrequest_box

Miscellaneous Notes, Drafts and Correspondence

471978 Material1978request_box
48Cafe Funk1974request_box
49Chapter 5undated, 1980request_box
410De Wetundatedrequest_box
52Early Draftsundatedrequest_box
53Gannett on Pearl Streetundatedrequest_box
54Letters and Researchundated, 1965-1975request_box
55Miscellaneousundated, 1977request_box
511Notes – Charactersundated, 1963, 1970-1974request_box
512Notes and Drafts1970-1972request_box
513Notes and Drafts1972-1978request_box
514Notes and Drafts1972-1975request_box
515Notes and Drafts1976request_box
61Notes and Drafts1976-1980request_box
62Notes and Drafts1979request_box
65Timelines and Character Appearancesundatedrequest_box
66Used or Scrapped Notesundated, 1970-1972request_box

Subseries 3: Research and Projects, undated, 1917-1991

1 linear foot. Boxes 6-8.

Arranged alphabetically by topic.

Scope and Content:

This subseries is comprised of notes, correspondence and some clippings related to research and projects of Eleazar’s. In both Box 6, Folder 9 and Box 7, Folder 4 are binders that Eleazar may have created while researching the biography of his father. They are rich in information on his father and family and include time lines, family details, eulogies, family obituaries and various notes. For the details of his plans for his father’s biography, see Box 6, Folder 10. In the course of his research, he requested the present copies of correspondence between his father and Chaim Weizmann from the Weizmann Archives in Israel.

Noteworthy are the folders of original Bernard G. Richards (1877-1971) correspondence. Ruth (Richards) Eisenstein may have given this batch of 1919 correspondence to Eleazar in 1973 or after for the purposes of his research or the research of doctoral student, Deborah Lipstadt. The correspondence is both outgoing and incoming and all dated during the period when Richards served as Secretary to the Comité des délégations juives auprè̀s de la Conférence de la paix (Committee of Jewish Delegations to the Peace Conference), a group of American Jewish Congress delegates (nominated by Louis Lipsky) whose purpose was to insure the placement of a clause in the peace treaty securing the equal rights of Jews in Central and Eastern Europe. Notable, regular correspondents include Stephen S. Wise, Joseph Barondess, Julian Mack and Jacob de Haas. There is also a June 21, 1919 letter to Woodrow Wilson in Box 7, Folder 11.

67Churchill, Winston – Zionist Anthology Project1921-1929, 1988-1990request_box
68Kahane, Meir1985-1986request_box
69Lipsky, Louis – Archives Notes1926-1975request_box
610Lipsky, Louis – Biography Project1984-1989request_box
71Lipsky, Louis – Correspondence with Chaim Weizmann [photocopies]1915-1932request_box
72Lipsky, Louis – Correspondence with Chaim Weizmann [photocopies]1933-1948request_box
73Lipsky, Louis – Memoirs in Profile – Correspondence1973-1977request_box
74Lipsky, Louis – Research1917-1977request_box
75“Luzatto’s Institute” Film Proposal1977request_box
76Notesundated, 1956-1980request_box
77Richards, Bernard G. – Clippings1919request_box
78Richards, Bernard G. – Correspondence1919 Marchrequest_box
79Richards, Bernard G. – Correspondence1919 Aprilrequest_box
710Richards, Bernard G. – Correspondence1919 Mayrequest_box
711Richards, Bernard G. – Correspondence1919 Junerequest_box
712Richards, Bernard G. – Correspondence1919 Julyrequest_box
81Richards, Bernard G. – Correspondenceundated, 1919 March-Julyrequest_box
82Richards, Bernard G. – Miscellaneous1919, 1924, 1929, 1971request_box
83Richards, Bernard G. – Eleazar Lipsky’s Notes about Correspondenceundatedrequest_box
84Richards, Bernard G. – Writingsundated, 1943, 1947request_box
85Rosenberg Trial – Transcript of Record, Vol. I1952request_box
86Rosenberg Trial – Transcript of Record, Vol. II1952request_box
87Story Ideas – Clippings and Notes1980-1981, 1987-1991request_box

Subseries 4: Organizations, undated, 1936-1992

1 linear foot. Boxes 8-10.

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries reflects Eleazar’s participation in, presentations for and work with organizations. The subseries consists of correspondence, memoranda, invitations, programs, and brochures, as well as Eleazar’s lectures, convention speeches and notes. However, there are numerous gaps in documentation, and this subseries represents only a fraction of Eleazar’s activities. Little documentation remains from the period of his presidency at the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (1960-1967), aside from press clippings announcing his election. The majority of JTA-related material dates from an October and November 1949 trip to South Africa, when JTA sent Eleazar to discuss their global restructuring with the Johannesburg bureau. These folders include correspondence (with JTA’s founder, Jacob Landau, for example), reports, pamphlets, minutes, and financial documents. Letters of a primarily personal nature with South African contacts following his trip were moved into Subseries 1. A few pieces of Eleazar’s JTA correspondence can be found in the next subseries in Box 12, Folder 9.

Note that there are a few pictures of Eleazar within an annual report in the Joint Palestine Appeal folder.

88American Examiner – Stock Certificate Book1956request_box
89American Examiner - Stock Certificate Book1957-1959, 1970request_box
810American Examiner - Stock Certificates and Shareholder Correspondence1956-1957, 1970-1973request_box
811American Jewish Congress1968-1981request_box
812American Jewish League for Israelundated, 1971request_box
91American Zionist Federation1972-1991request_box
92Jewish Agency for Israel1964request_box
93Jewish Agency for Israel1981-1990request_box
94Jewish Agency for Israel – A Common Agenda: The Reconstitution of the Jewish Agency for Israel, Zelig Chinitz1985request_box
95Jewish Telegraphic Agency – Clippings about Election of Eleazar Lipsky1960request_box
96Jewish Telegraphic Agency – Correspondence, Notes and Clippings1961-1963request_box
97Jewish Telegraphic Agency – Miscellaneous1977, 1989-1992request_box
98Jewish Telegraphic Agency – South Africa1945, 1947-1949 request_box
99Jewish Telegraphic Agency – South Africa1949request_box
910Jewish Telegraphic Agency – South Africa1950-1953request_box
911Joint Palestine Appeal1963-1964request_box
101Mystery Writers of America1985, 1991request_box
102Programsundated, 1971, 1987-1988request_box
103Speeches – Eichmann Trial – Invites, Notes and Clippings1960-1961request_box
104Speeches – Notes and Clippings1967-1971, 1977-1978request_box
105Speeches – Texts of Speeches, Notes, Invites, Correspondence and Clippings1939, 1958-1980request_box
106United Jewish Appeal1942, 1990-1992request_box
107World Confederation of United Zionists1967-1972, 1987-1992request_box
108World Zionist Organization1951, 1960, 1971-1978request_box
109World Zionist Organization1982-1991request_box
1010World Zionist Organization and Jewish Agency for Israel - Trip1983request_box
1011Zionist Federation of the United Kingdom1972request_box

Subseries 5: Legal Affairs, undated, 1953-1992

3 linear feet. Boxes 10-16.

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Eleazar began his law career in the 1930s, however, the legal disputes represented in this subseries start in the 1960s. The disputes here are not only those that Eleazar worked on as lawyer, but also a few for which he was the defendant, witness or potential plaintiff. For many cases, he compiled binders of materials, which include notes, correspondence, clippings, briefs, agreements, contracts, financial documents and transcripts. The contents and their order have been preserved in the folders here.

Jewish Week files carry documents from various legal battles during Eleazar’s time as attorney for both the Jewish Week and American Examiner from 1970 through March 1982. Eleazar participated in the merger of the two newspapers in 1970.

Eleazar defended Philip Hochstein, founder of the Jewish Week and editor and manager of Newark’s Star-Ledger, on a few cases. One was a libel case in response to claims that the Star-Ledger supported McCarthyism in the early 1950s and that Hochstein had asked journalists to give themselves non-Jewish pen names.

The Doubleday files are important for their documentation of Eleazar Lipsky’s aims and plans for his three-volume family novel, as well as for his plot summaries and Doubleday’s criticism of his work. This case likely led to his involvement with later artists’ contract cases and negotiations in this subseries.

Lillie Shultz, of the American Jewish Congress and The Nation, and an intimate of Louis Lipsky’s, brought a case against Eleazar and his brothers with regards to Louis Lipsky’s will and her share of his estate. In addition to the information here, more estate documents relevant to that case can be found in Box 20, Folders 6-7, and Box 21, Folder 1.

1012American Artists Arbitration – Printed Materials1981, 1987-1992request_box
111Artists’ Contracts – Kanter, Lorna, Katzen, Lila, Sculptors Guild1982, 1987-1992request_box
112Artists’ Contracts – Houser, John1988-1991request_box
113Contracts – Miscellaneous1990-1991request_box
114Doubleday – Authors Guild Bulletin1981-1982request_box
115Doubleday – Correspondence and Notes1953, 1955, 1969-1983request_box
116Doubleday – Correspondence and Notes1970-1983request_box
117Doubleday – Notesundated, 1970, 1981request_box
118Doubleday – Related Clippings and Cases1972, 1980–1986request_box
121Hochstein, Philip – Annotated Photocopy of John Lent’s Newhouse, Newspapers, Nuisances1966request_box
122Hochstein, Philip – Houghton Mifflin Libel1983-1985request_box
123Hochstein, Philip – Houghton Mifflin Libel – Hochstein Clippings1962, 1967, 1983-1988request_box
124Hochstein, Philip – Houghton Mifflin Libel – Related Clippings and Cases1984-1986request_box
125Hochstein, Philip – Houghton Mifflin Libel – Related Clippings and Cases1984-1986request_box
126Hochstein, Philip – Jewish Week Arbitration1975-1989request_box
127Hochstein, Philip – Jewish Week Resignation1982request_box
128Hochstein, Philip – Writings and Speechesundated, 1940, 1964, 1985request_box
129Jewish Week1956, 1966-1969request_box
131Jewish Week1970request_box
132Jewish Week1971request_box
133Jewish Week1972-1976request_box
134Jewish Week [Binder A, 1 of 2]1974request_box
135Jewish Week [Binder A, 2 of 2]1974request_box
136Jewish Week [Binder B]1978-1981request_box
141Jewish Week [Binder C]1980-1982request_box
142Jewish Week [Binder D, 1 of 2]1980-1982 request_box
143Jewish Week [Binder D, 2 of 2]1980-1982 request_box
144Jewish Week [Binder E]1982-1984request_box
145Jewish Week – Board of Directors and Financial Records1975-1981request_box
146Jewish Week – Fiscals1975-1978request_box
147Jewish Week – Fiscals1979-1980request_box
148Jewish Week – Gary Zeltser1981-1986request_box
151Jewish Week – General Statementsundatedrequest_box
152Jewish Week – United Jewish Appeal-Federation Joint Campaign1974-1977request_box
153Jewish Week – United Jewish Appeal-Federation Joint Campaign1978-1981request_box
154Jewish Week – United Jewish Appeal-Federation Joint Campaign [Binder A]1974-1977request_box
155Jewish Week – United Jewish Appeal-Federation Joint Campaign [Binder B, 1 of 2]1976request_box
156Jewish Week – United Jewish Appeal-Federation Joint Campaign [Binder B, 2 of 2]1976request_box
161Jewish Week – United Jewish Appeal-Federation Joint Campaign [Binder C]1977request_box
162New York Artists Equity Association1984, 1990-1992request_box
163Shultz, Lillie1959-1964request_box
164Shultz, Lillie – Notes1959-1987request_box
165Stichting New York Philipstown Fonds – Correspondence 1977-1979request_box
166Stichting New York Philipstown Fonds – Correspondence 1980-1981request_box
167Stichting New York Philipstown Fonds – Correspondence 1981-1982request_box
168Stichting New York Philipstown Fonds – Correspondence 1982-1983request_box

Subseries 6: Clippings, undated, 1937-1992

1.25 linear feet. Boxes 17-19.

Arranged by title and/or date.

Scope and Content:

This subseries consists of clippings and periodicals Eleazar collected and occasionally annotated. Some of these materials were likely gathered as background for speeches and writings. Topics include the American Zionist movement, the Arab-Israeli conflict, Soviet anti-Semitism, African-American and Jewish relations, the American education system, the Holocaust, America’s relationship with Israel, the PLO and Meir Kahane. There are general news items, opinion pieces (especially by William Safire), journal reprints, book excerpts and reviews, position papers and press releases. The bulk of the clippings are from the New York Times. Full May and June 1967 copies of the Jerusalem Post were deaccessioned. See Series V for oversized clippings.

Publications by Title

171The Arab-Israel Conflict in International Law – Nathan Feinberg1970request_box
172Chaim Weizmann as Leader – Isaiah Berlin and Israel Kolatt1970request_box
173Commentary1969, 1977-1980request_box
174Congress Monthly (American Jewish Congress)1942, 1968-1980request_box
175Jewish Frontier1943, 1980request_box
176Jewish Letter (Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs)1987, 1990request_box
177Jewish Newsletter1961request_box
178Midstream1968, 1988request_box
179Near East Report1968, 1978request_box
1710The New Judea1937, 1939, 1946request_box
1711“A Study of the Attitudes of the American People and the American Jewish Community Toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict in the Middle East,” Louis Harris1980request_box

Periodicals and Ephemera

181Periodicals and Ephemera1941-1963request_box
182Periodicals and Ephemera1963-1968request_box
183Periodicals and Ephemera1970-1976request_box
184Periodicals and Ephemera1979-1991request_box

Clippings and Reprints

185Clippings and Reprints1944-1958request_box
186Clippings and Reprints1960-1969request_box
191Clippings and Reprints1970-1979request_box
192Clippings and Reprints1970-1979request_box
193Clippings and Reprints1980-1989request_box
194Clippings and Reprints1990-1992request_box
195Clippings and Reprintsundatedrequest_box
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Series II: Louis Lipsky, undated, 1904-1971

2 linear feet. Boxes 20-23.

Arranged in alphabetical order.

Scope and Content:

The materials in this series were collected and annotated by Eleazar.

The Judea Industrial Corporation files date from years prior to Louis Lipsky’s known connection to the corporation via his Judea Life Insurance and later Eastern Life Insurance Company, and deal with an exhibit and dinners sponsored together with the Palestine Chamber of Commerce.

Box 20, Folders 6-7 and Box 21, Folders 1-2 hold the death certificate, funeral registers, clippings, legal and financial documents, eulogies and Eleazar’s notes regarding his father. See also Box 16, Folders 3-4 for a legal dispute Shultz had with the Lipsky brothers over her share of the estate. Box 21, Folder 2 includes a condolence telegram sent from Golda Meir.

The writings are related to the American Zionist movement, including a series of newspaper columns from 1939 and 1940, and some of Louis’s early drama and prose can be found here.

The correspondence is primarily of a professional nature. Among the correspondents are Nahum Goldman, Meyer Weisgal, Louis Leventhal, Ezra Shapiro and Shlomo Katz. There is also one photocopied letter from Stephen S. Wise from 1938. More extensive correspondence can be found in the Louis Lipsky Papers. Louis Lipsky’s correspondence with family is in Series III.

The playbills are from performances Louis Lipsky saw while in Europe (Berlin, Hamburg, Vienna, London and Copenhagen) and New York. Eleazar and/or Louis inserted explanatory notes into a few of the bills. Performances include “Dreyfus,” “The Letter,” “Alles in Butter,” “Herodes und Mariamne,” “Green Pastures” and a number of Shakespeare plays. Many bills are from productions in 1920s Germany.

For more information on Louis Lipsky see Eleazar’s research and notes in Series I, Subseries 2, and Subseries 3.

201Biographical Sketchundatedrequest_box
202Clippings – About Louis Lipskyundated, 1927-1939, 1950-1963request_box
203Correspondence1919, 1933-1939request_box
212Death – Letters of Condolence1963request_box
213Eastern Life Insurance (Judea Life Insurance)1930-1939request_box
214Judea Industrial Corporation1925-1927request_box
215Judea Industrial Corporation – Palestine Chamber of Commerce1922-1928request_box
216Judea Industrial Corporation – Palestine Chamber of Commerce1922-1928request_box
221Judea Industrial Corporation – Palestine Chamber of Commerce1922-1928request_box
222Miscellaneousundated, 1943, 1957request_box
223Playbillsundated, 1914-1943 request_box
224Playbillsundated, 1914-1943 request_box
225Playbillsundated, 1914-1943 request_box
226Playbillsundated, 1914-1943 request_box
227Speechesundated, 1941-1962request_box
228Tax Returns1939-1960request_box
231Weisgal, Meyerundated, 1959-71request_box
232Weizmann Institute of Science1951-1956request_box
233Writings1918, 1928, 1941-1949, 1962request_box
236Writings - Drafts for a Book on the Formation of the American Jewish Congressundatedrequest_box
237Writings - Drafts for a Book on the Formation of the American Jewish Congressundatedrequest_box
238Writings - Prose and Dramaundated, 1904-1908request_box
239Writings – Weizmann Memorial Book Draft1937request_box
2310Zionist Crisis of 1945undated, 1938, 1944-1947request_box
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Series III: Lipsky, Schacht and Kohn Families, undated, 1908-1987

1.5 linear feet. Boxes 24-26.

Arranged in alphabetical order.

Scope and Content:

This series contains materials about or generated by the Lipsky, Schacht and Kohn families. These three families are connected via the marriages of Louis to Charlotte Schacht and Eleazar to Hannah Kohn.

The bulk of the correspondence was written between 1925 and 1939, and kept, presumably by Eleazar, in a golden shoebox. While some of the correspondence could have been separated into Eleazar’s or Louis’s correspondence files in Series I and II, it seemed best to preserve the integrity of the shoebox’s contents and place them into a general family series. Most of the correspondence is between Eleazar (addressed as Liz, Lizzie, Laze and Lazar), Joel (Joey, Joely), David, Charlotte (Ide, Ettie, Eddie) and Louis Lipsky, but a portion also comes from close personal friends, and much of it was generated while Eleazar and Joel were away at various Jewish summer camps (in particular Camp Modin in Maine) and serves up entertaining narratives about life in 1920s and 1930s Jewish summer camp.

Louis Lipsky’s letters are mostly outgoing to his sons, a few incoming letters from his sons, and written between 1925 and 1963, picking up where the personal correspondence files of the Louis Lipsky Papers leave off in 1924. Much can be gleaned not only on a personal level, but also of potential interest to the researcher will be Louis’s impressions of events in his Zionist circles as he communicated them to his sons.

Charlotte Lipsky’s outgoing letters are by and large to her sons, and her incoming letters are from her sons, from her daughter-in-law, Mary Carr, and friends, such as Alice Caron. Henrietta Szold wrote a letter of thanks to Charlotte for a contribution to the Youth Aliyah Fund in 1938. Charlotte’s other folders include documents relating to her finances, interior decorating business, and her death, such as funeral registers, her death certificate and will. Checks from 1955-1957 were deaccessioned, and a few of Charlotte’s Hadassah contribution receipts were passed on to the Hadassah Archives. Gustav Schacht, Charlotte’s brother, was an actor, and Louise, Charlotte’s niece, was a painter, and the contents of their folders address their vocations.

The Joel Carmichael files deal with a mid-1980s controversy stirred up while Joel was Editor at Midstream. His resume is in Box 24, Folder 3.

The correspondence in Box 25, Folder 1 is between and from the Kohns, most of it written by Augusta and Rabbi Jacob Kohn, Hannah’s parents. There are also a number of letters to Sarah Kussy (1869-1956), Hannah’s aunt, who was a leader in Jewish women’s organizations and Jewish education reform in Newark.

241Carmichael, Joel – Midstream Controversy – Correspondence1984-1987request_box
242Carmichael, Joel – Midstream Controversy – Articles and Editorials1986-1987request_box
243Carmichael, Joel – Miscellaneousundated, 1954-1956, 1985-1987request_box
251Correspondence – Kohn Family1929-1949, 1958request_box
252Correspondence – Lipsky, Charlotte1925-1958 request_box
253Correspondence – Lipsky, Charlotte1925-1958 request_box
254Correspondence – Lipsky, Charlotte1925-1958 request_box
255Correspondence – Lipsky, Charlotte1925-1958 request_box
256Correspondence – Lipsky, Eleazar and Kohn, Hannah1928-1932request_box
257Correspondence – Lipsky, Louis1924-1963request_box
261Lipsky, Charlotte – Death – Letters of Condolence1959request_box
262Lipsky, Charlotte – Death1939-1963, 1971request_box
263Lipsky, Charlotte – Essays[1920s]request_box
264Lipsky, Charlotte – Finances1908request_box
265Lipsky, Charlotte – Finances – Account Books1956-1958request_box
266Lipsky, Charlotte – Finances and Memberships1953-1958request_box
267Lipsky, Charlotte – Interior Decorating Business1949-1957request_box
268Lipsky, Charlotte – Regents Examination Scorecards1908request_box
269Schacht, Gustav1914-1943request_box
2610Schacht, Louiseundated, 1931request_box
2611[Schacht, William]undatedrequest_box
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Series IV: Photographs, undated, 1900s-1970s

1 folder. AJHS Photography Collection: “Prints from I and P Collections.” Box 1 of 1.

Alphabetical by type of visual medium.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of a few original photographs of Louis Lipsky, Augusta and Jacob Kohn, the Simpson family from South Africa, Gustav Schacht and Meyer Weisgal, and unlabelled negatives. There are no original photographs of Eleazar or Hannah Lipsky. For publications with pictures of Eleazar see Box 9, Folders 5 and 11. For a color photocopy of Charlotte’s photograph, see Box 2, Folder 2.

1P-858Negatives – [South African trip][1970s]request_box
1P-858Photographs – Kohn, Jacob and Augusta[1900s]request_box
1P-858Photographs – Lipsky, Louis[1904-1905]request_box
1P-858Photographs – Lipsky, Louis[1940s]request_box
1P-858Photographs – Simpson, Daphne and Len, Wedding in South Africa1951request_box
1P-858Photographs – Simpson, Daphne with sons[1960s]request_box
1P-858Photographs – Simpson, Jeffrey1954request_box
1P-858Photographs – Schacht, Gustav in airplane at Fort Lee[1900s]request_box
1P-858Photographs – Schacht, Gustav and Itzkin, Elye1914request_box
1P-858Photographs – Unknown boy in Connecticutundatedrequest_box
1P-858Photographs – Weisgal, Meyer and woman at the beach in Brooklyn[1920s]request_box
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Series V: Oversized Materials, undated, 1911, 1931, 1948-1991

1.5 linear feet. Box 27.

Arranged alphabetically by format, title or individual.

Scope and Content:

Oversized materials were removed from the collection due to size considerations. The bulk of the clippings, all collected by Eleazar, are from New York Times Magazine and the New York Times Book Review. The bound volume of 1931 issues of The Zionist is signed by Morris Margulies and Louis Lipsky is the author on many of the articles. It’s not entirely clear whether the scrapbook of 1950s clippings from the Yiddish Die Presse was created by Louis or Eleazar, but more likely it was Louis since Yiddish materials rarely appear among Eleazar’s papers.

275Portrait of Louis Lipskyundatedrequest_box
276Schacht, Gustav – Visa1911request_box
278The Zionist [bound volume, signed by Morris Margulies]1931request_box
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