Guide to the Papers of Helmut Hirsch (1907-2009)

AR 3150 / MF 1045

Processed by Dianne Ritchey

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305



© 2010 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey in March 2010. Description is in English.
August 2010. Microfilm inventory added. March 31, 2014  Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hirsch, Helmut, 1907-2009
Title: Helmut Hirsch Collection
Dates:bulk 1940-1980
Abstract: This collection holds the papers of the historian and author Helmut Hirsch, which focus primarily on his professional activities and connections as well as some material pertaining to his immigration experiences. Prominent in this collection is his extensive professional correspondence. Other materials included here are some personal correspondence, unpublished manuscripts, notes and research material.
Languages: The collection is in German, English, and French.
Quantity: 6.75 linear feet
Identification: AR 3150
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Helmut Hirsch was born on September 2, 1907 in Barmen, Germany, the son of Emil Hirsch, a businessman and active left-wing social democrat, and Hedwig Hirsch née Fleischhacker, a milliner. From 1928 until 1932 Helmut Hirsch studied theater, philosophy, art history and journalism at Berlin, Bonn and Leipzig.

In April 1933 Emil Hirsch was arrested by the Nazis; he would be incarcerated in the Kemna concentration camp. As a result of this event, and unable to take his comprehensive exams or publish his completed dissertation on the Marxist journalist Karl Friedrich Köppen, Hirsch made the decision to leave Germany. At first he fled to the Saarland, still independent from the Nazi government; when it too became dangerous after the 1935 plebiscite returned the region to Germany, he went across the border to France along with his wife Eva Buntenbroich-Hirsch. When World War II began in 1939 Hirsch, along with other German refugees, was taken into custody and spent time in the French internment camps of Vierzon. In 1940 he volunteered for the French army where he served as a laborer (Prestataire) for them, loaned to the British Expeditionary Forces for a short time. After his eventual release, the couple went to Marseilles, where they sought and eventually acquired emergency rescue visas for the U.S. in 1941 through the assistance of Prince Hubertus zu Löwenstein and Lee De Blanc with later sponsorship by Lee de Blanc and Oswald Garrison Villard.

In 1942 Helmut Hirsch returned to his university studies. From 1942 until 1945 he studied for a time at the University of Wyoming in Laramie before continuing at the University of Chicago where he finally received his doctoral degree in 1945 with a dissertation on the history of the Saarland. In 1945 he also became a history professor at Roosevelt College, later Roosevelt University. In 1957 he returned to Germany, where he taught or lectured at various German universities, including the Düsseldorf Verwaltungs- und Wirtschaftsakademi and the Gesamthochschule Duisburg. During this time Helmut Hirsch wrote prolifically, producing many books including several biographies as well as works related to Marx and Marxism; his later books were written with the assistance of his third wife, Marianne Hirsch née Tilgner.

Helmut Hirsch died on January 21, 2009 in Düsseldorf.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection documents the professional work and life of the historian Helmut Hirsch. The primary focus of the collection is on his professional activities and immigration experiences, although some documentation of his family life is also present. The collection consists largely of extensive correspondence but also includes unpublished manuscripts, and a small amount of research material and articles.

Correspondence, found in Series I: Correspondence and Series III: Addenda, primarily relates to Helmut Hirsch's professional life. Much of the correspondence is from Helmut Hirsch to publishers and colleagues. The correspondence exchanged with many publishing houses and related institutions discusses possibilities of publication or rejection of his work, payment schedules, editing of works and the status of his works accepted for publication. Correspondence with institutions where Hirsch worked as a professor, such as Roosevelt College and the University of Chicago, display his activities as professor, including classes he taught and his relationships to other professors and staff. Much of his correspondence additionally mentions his research on topics such as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the Saar region, and Rosa Luxemburg.

This collection also contains some personal correspondence, with indications of major events in Helmut Hirsch's life, such as his wartime and immigration experiences, the birth and development of his son Helmut Villard Hirsch, and his moves within the United States and return to postwar Germany. Information on such topics will largely be found among the folders of correspondence with his parents, Hedwig and Emil Hirsch; with his son; and among the extensive correspondence of Wuppertalers, especially with that of friends such as Klaus Goebel. Some information on his immigration, reasons for fleeing Germany in the 1930s, and experiences in France will be found among the restitution correspondence, which additionally includes a large amount of legal and financial correspondence concerning his and his family members' attempts to secure restitution.

Further documentation of Helmut Hirsch's professional work in the form of manuscripts and research material comprise Series II. This series includes drafts, often with Hirsch's handwritten notations, of some of his works. Especially prominent are his transcriptions of the letters Eduard Bernstein sent to Friedrich Engels in the late nineteenth century. Some lecture texts and a small amount of research relating to various subjects within Jewish history will also be found in Series II. In addition, this series includes copies of inventories of Helmut Hirsch's papers at other archival institutions.

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The collection is comprised of three series:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

Helmut Hirsch has collections at several other archival institutions. The archives at SUNY Albany has 3 feet of his papers (GER-043) as part of their German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection.

Helmut Hirsch was a prolific writer. The LBI Library holds 38 works by Helmut Hirsch, including several different editions of several of his books. Among these is his autobiography, Onkel Sams Hütte: Autobiographisches Garn eines Asylanten in den USA [JV 6895 J5 H5]. In addition, the LBI Archives hold his English memoir Yankees from the Rhine [ME 309], which focuses on Helmut Hirsch's time in Chicago and time at Roosevelt College.

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Separated Material

The unannotated pages of Helmut Hirsch's book August Bebel: sein Leben in Dokumenten und Briefen were removed from Series II; a complete copy of the book resides in the LBI Library.

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The collection is on twenty-five reels of microfilm (MF 1045):

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Helmut Hirsch Collection; AR 3150; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

Overfilled folders in Series I and Series III had their contents divided by topic or chronologically.

Folders in Series II and Series III were rearranged during the processing of the collection. Folders of correspondence were kept in Helmut Hirsch's designated numerical order.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.


Series I: Correspondence, 1937-1982

This series is in German and English with a small amount of French.
5 linear feet.

Original order.

Scope and Content:

This large series contains the correspondence of Helmut Hirsch, arranged in numerical order by the numbers Hirsch assigned to the folders. Each folder includes a list with accompanying remarks and descriptions of the folder contents, written by Hirsch and located at the front of the folders. Four overfilled folders of correspondence from individuals in Wuppertal ("Wuppertalers") were subdivided during processing of the collection; individuals with extensive correspondence were given their own folder with the remainder left in folders entitled "Various Individuals," with Hirsch's introductory comments located in these folders. The bulk of this series consists of professional correspondence, with discussions on numerous topics with colleagues, publishers, universities and other institutions. Some personal information may also be found among the correspondence with colleagues. A few folders include correspondence with family members, most notably with Emil and Hedwig Hirsch, Helmut Hirsch's parents, and with Helmut Villard B. Hirsch, Helmut Hirsch's eldest son.

Helmut Hirsch's professional life in general will be seen in the correspondence with several publishers as well as in the correspondence with institutions for which he taught or lectured. Several of the folders of correspondence with publishing houses include documentation on contracts and payments in addition to correspondence. Letters with publishers often discuss specific works and their publication status, and occasionally mention editorial changes or comments from publishers. Publishing houses represented in this series include Rohwohlt Verlag, Verlag Friederich Oettinger, Carl Schünemann Verlag, Kiepenheuer und Witsch, Peter Humner Verlag and Aloys Henn Verlag. The folder "Amerika Du Morgenröte" provides information on the publication and distribution of this work by Helmut Hirsch. Numerous folders also hold letters with information on his work as a lecturer and professor. Most notable among these are the two folders of correspondence with Roosevelt College (later Roosevelt University), where Helmut Hirsch taught early in his career. This correspondence contains information on life at the college, contracts, college and departmental politics, grants and funding opportunities, and include letters from other professors, students, and deans; several letters derive from his time teaching in Germany, when he was on a leave of absence from Roosevelt University. The folder of letters relating to the "East and West Fellowship" derive from his time on the Fellowship committee, where he assisted in determining funding for foreign students. Helmut Hirsch also served as a visiting professor at several colleges, and some folders hold correspondence relating to these appointments, such as his time at the University of Chicago, Lake Erie College and the University of Maryland. Hirsch also taught in postwar Germany; evidence of these positions will be seen in the correspondence with the Volkhochschule Wuppertal, Volkhochschule Braunschweig, and Gesamthochschule Paderborn. Hirsch's interest in giving lectures in Europe outside of Germany is evidenced in Series I as well, such as in the correspondence of Yugoslav Universities and with Helmut Müssener of Tyska Institutionen of Stockholm. Hirsch also gave lectures on various topics outside of academia, including his time spent teaching on educational trips for the Council on Student Travel as well as giving lectures for several German radio stations, such as Westdeutscher Rundfunk, Deutschland Rundfunk (where he talked about Germans visiting America), Radio Bremen and Radio Hamburg. Talks he gave for several German Labor Unions discussed labor history and history teaching. Among the letters of Stanley Pergellis Hirsch mentions his interest in researching German exiles in the midwestern United States. With Gerd Wollheim there is discussion of the difference in teaching methods and students between the United States and Germany.

Much of Helmut Hirsch's professional correspondence discusses specific research topics with other colleagues. One such topic is his research on Rosa Luxemburg, which will be encountered in several folders of this series. Correspondence with Paul and Rosi Fröhlich, which also includes personal discussions, frequently mentions Hirsch's work on a book on Rosa Luxemburg. Correspondence with the Hoover Institution mentions a Rosa Luxemburg diary, while Georges Haupt assisted Hirsch in accumulating material on Rosa Luxemburg. In addition, there is one folder of correspondence with Feliks Tych of Warsaw, a leading scholar on Rosa Luxemburg.

Another area of Hirsch's scholarly interest that is well-represented here is the work and lives of Friederich Engels and Karl Marx. Various correspondents mention research on these individuals. Among these is Maximilian Rubel, who was conducting research on Marx. W.O. Henderson's letters also contain a great deal of information on these subjects, as does correspondence with Hal Draper, author of Marx's Theory on Revolution. In addition, there is correspondence with members of the Engels family and with Walter Zadek, a relative of Eduard Bernstein, whose correspondence with Friederich Engels was the subject of one of Hirsch's books. Correspondence with the Carl S. Verlag and the Peter Hummer Verlag discuss the publication of some of Hirsch's works on Marx and Engels.

Helmut Hirsch was also recognized for his knowledge of the politics and history of the Saarland. Saar research is mentioned in the folders of correspondence with Arnold Price, Quincy Wright, the Forschungsstelle für Völkerrecht und ausländisches öffentliches Recht der Universität Hamburg and with the folder of letters with the New Yorker Staatszeitung/ Chicago Abendpost. Hirsch's ideas for articles and further research on the Saar are mentioned in the correspondence with Robert Strausz-Hupe. Correspondence with Hans-Joachim Schoeps briefly mentions arguments on the Saar question.

Personal correspondence is located in several areas of this collection, including among the correspondence with Helmut Hirsch's parents, Hedwig and Emil Hirsch, as well as that of his son, Helmut Villard B. Hirsch, and in the folders of restitution correspondence. The restitution files additionally include some personal papers. Correspondence of Hedwig and Emil Hirsch include letters sent to them by Eva and Helmut Hirsch, as well as some correspondence sent by Eva to her brother Franz while he was in a POW camp. Early letters by Eva Hirsch in Paris to her in-laws in England discuss Helmut's situation while in a labor camp in France, and largely detail her concerns for him and his health, as well as attempts to assist him. Letters from 1942-1945 provide a description of the Hirsch family's existence in Laramie, Wyoming while Helmut Hirsch worked on his dissertation; later letters mention the move to Chicago. Some letters discuss his academic and scholarly work and achievements. These and later letters frequently discuss the development and health of Helmut Villard Hirsch, with most of the later letters pertaining entirely to family matters. In addition, the letters of 1945-1948 hold some correspondence not addressed to Hedwig and Emil Hirsch that mention the incarceration of Franz Buntenbreich in a POW camp in Nebraska and the treatment of Eva Hirsch's family members in Cologne. Two folders in this series hold correspondence between Helmut Hirsch and Helmut Villard Hirsch when the younger Helmut was living on his own in Germany and studying there. These letters primarily include discussion of financial arrangements, some copies of Helmut Villard Hirsch's school essays and frequent discussion of family matters. In addition, Helmut Hirsch often imparts advice to his son on various subjects.

Several folders in this series concern Helmut Hirsch's attempts to seek restitution for his and his family's experiences. Among the papers of the first folder of restitution papers are those documenting his early immigration to France as well as later immigration to the United States. This folder also holds documents detailing Helmut Hirsch's wartime experiences, as well as those of Eva and Hedwig Hirsch. The bulk of the restitution correspondence includes extensive legal and financial correspondence with lawyers and German government agencies focusing on restitution efforts for Hedwig, Helmut and Eva Hirsch.

11Europäische Verlagsanstalt (No. 1)1953-1967
12Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation (No. II)1942-1967
13Boris Nicolaevsky (No. III)1942-1966
14Howard Becker (No. IV)1946-1961
15Academy Council, Hebrew University (No. V)1947-1950
16Karl and Hedda Korsch (No. VI)1943-1947
17Willi Huhn (Unnumbered)1950-1955
18Paul and Rosi Fröhlich (No. VII)1941-1978
19Friedrich Hirth (No. VIII)1949-1952
110Oswald Garrison Villard (No. IX)1941-1969
111International Institute of Social History (No. X)1949-1979
112Hans Rothfels (No. XI)1950-1976
113Heinrich Heine Gesellschaft (No. XII)1963-1978
114Verlag Friedrich Oetinger (No. XIII)1947-1956
115Carl Schünemann Verlag (No. XIV)1962-1974
116Siegfried Behn (No. XV)1946-1966
117Rheinischer Merkur (No. XVI)1956-1978
118Rheinischer Merkur (No. XVI)1952-1978
119Maximilian Rubel (No. XVII)1951-1967
120Maximilian Rubel (No. XVII)1968-1980
121Göttinger Universitätszeitung (No. XVIII)1947-1956
122Rowohlt Verlag (No. XIX)1961-1973
123Rowohlt Verlag (No. XIX)1961-1980
21Société D'Histoire de la Révolution Française and France Amérique (No. XX)1946-1955
22Atlantik Brücke (No. XXI)1955-1979
23Verlag J.H.W. Dietz (No. XXII)1965-1979
24Siegfried Marck (No. XXIII)1945-1966
25Ferdinand Schevill (No. XXIV)1941-1954
26Historische Zeitschrift (No. XXV)1949-1979
27Siegfried Thalheimer (No. XXVI)1941-1979
28Gerd Wollheim (No. XXVII)1947-1949
29Kiepenheuer and Witsch (No. XXVIII)1941-1979
211Karl Kautsky (No. XXX)1963-1977
212Fruma and Louis Gottschalk (No. XXXI)1941-1968
213Hedwig and Emil Hirsch (No. XXXII)1937-1941
214Hedwig and Emil Hirsch (No. XXXII)1942-1945
215Hedwig and Emil Hirsch (No. XXXII)1945-1948
216Neue Politische Literatur (No. XXXIII)1952-1972
217Frederick Forell (No. XXXIV)1942-1954
218Hans-Jürgen Leep (Der Bund) (No. XXXV)1948-1980
219Wuppertalers – Helmut Böger1967-1975
220Wuppertalers – Heinz Born1958-1963
221Wuppertalers – Wilhelm Boschulte1959
222Wuppertalers – Continuity Research Team1971-1972
223Wuppertalers – Joseph Druxes1948-1970
224Wuppertalers – Günther Ede1959-1973
225Wuppertalers – Erna Fleckner1970-1971
226Wuppertalers – Rudolf Fuchs1962-1965
227Wuppertalers – Klaus Goebel1968-1982
228Wuppertalers – Kurt Hackenberg1951-1958
229Wuppertalers – Bianka Halle1967-1969
230Wuppertalers – Ernst Junker1953-1980
231Wuppertalers – Cary and Clodwig Kapferer1963-1978
232Wuppertalers – Hans-Jürgen Leep1968-1969
233Wuppertalers – R. Linsel (Presse- und Werbeamt Stadtverwaltung Wuppertal)1970
234Wuppertalers – Gerard Martin1956-1977
235Wuppertalers – Herbert Mertens1957-1958
236Wuppertalers – Neue Ruhr Zeitung and Neue Rhein Zeitung1954-1977
237Wuppertalers – Oberstadtdirektor der Stadt Wuppertal1953-1977
238Wuppertalers – Klaus Revermann (Kulturdezernat der Stadt Wuppertal)1968-1975
239Wuppertalers – Rudolf-Steiner-Schule1958-1959
240Wuppertalers – Hellmut Schneier1957-1961
241Wuppertalers – Wilhelm Tonn1963-1969
242Wuppertalers – Various Individuals1946-1954, 1960-1975
243Wuppertalers – Various Individuals1954-1977
244Wuppertalers – Various Individuals1954-1981
31Wuppertalers – Volkshochschule Wuppertal1957-1970
32Wuppertalers – Horst Dieter Winterberg1958-1973
33Wuppertalers – Wuppertal Mayors (Oberbürgermeister)1952-1977
34Hubertus Prinz zu Loewenstein (No. XXXVI)1941-1976
35Stanley Pergellis (No. XXXVII)1944-1968
36Council on Student Travel (No. XXXVII)1955-1961
37Jörg Mager (Volkshochschule der Stadt Düsseldorf) (No. XXXVIII)1953-1967
38Amerika Du Morgenröte (No. 39)1946-1968
39Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (No. 40)1953-1969
310Siegfried Balke (No. 41)1959-1969
311Westdeutscher Rundfunk (No. 42)1951-1971
312Westdeutscher Rundfunk (No. 42)1945-1979
313Deutschland Rundfunk (No. 43)1962-1967
314German Radio Specialists (No. 44)1950-1969
315Deutsche Welle (No. 45)1963-1966
316Auswärtiges Amt (No. 46)1958-1968
317Joseph Deutz (No. 47)1960-1969
318Heinrich Knappstein (No. 48)1951-1969
319Heinz Krekeller (No. 49)1950-1978
320Kultusminister (No. 50)1960-1966
321Dortmund Auslandsinstitut (No. 51)1957-1959
322Dortmund Auslandsinstitut (No. 51)1954-1959
323Roosevelt College (No. 52)1950-1969
324Roosevelt College (No. 52)1945-1978
325Karl (Carl) Heinrich Marx als Prediger (No. 53)1959-1978
326Erich Ollenhauer Lecture (No. 54)
327Eugen Kogon and Robert Schmidt (Technische Hochschule Darmstadt) (No. 55)1960-1963
328Karl Mommer (No. 56)1953-1956
329Robert Herly (No. 57)1948-1955
330Robert Strausz-Hupe (No. 58)1950-1957
331Arnold Price (No. 59)1954-1956
332Quincy Wright (No. 60)1946-1955
333Forschungsstelle für Völkerrecht und ausländisches offentliches Recht der Universität Hamburg (No. 61)
334Helmut Lauk (No. 62)1950-1958
335S. Léon Grumbach (No. 63)1946-1948
336German Government Offices on Saar Articles (No. 64)1950-1962
337New Yorker Staatszeitung Chicago Abendpost (No. 65)1950-1977
41Internationales Schulbuchinstitut / George Eckert (No. 66)1964-1978
42Internationales Schulbuchinstitut / George Eckert (No. 66b)1965-1985
43Institut für Marxismus-Leninismus1965-1969
44Hans Jürgen Friederici and Walter Markov (Karl Marx University) (No. 67)1964-1976
45East and West Fellowship (No. 68)1949
46Irene Martin (No. 69)1951-1978
47Engels Family (No. 70)1965-1972
48Peter Hummer Verlag (No. 71)1968-1969
49Howard and Gertrude Kershner (No. 72)1940-1970
410Internationales Institut für Sozialgeschichte (No. 73)1966-1972
411Zentralarchiv and Brandenburgisches Landeshauptarchiv (No. 74)1954-1970
412Lee de Blanc (No. 75)1940-1945
413Lee de Blanc (No. 75)1946-1977
414Bernhard Poll (Gesellschaft für Rheinische Geschichtskunde) (No. 76)1947-1970
415Leo Breuws (No. 77)1946-1955
416Dortmund Libraries (No. 78)1951-1977
417Bernadotte Schmitt (No. 79)1943-1971
418Vivian Stranders (No. 80)1952-1957
419Fritz K. Richter (No. 81)1947-1960
420Wilhelm Matull (No. 82)1963-1978
421Helmut Villard B. Hirsch (No. 83)1958-1963
422Helmut Villard B. Hirsch (No. 83)1963-1971
423Sonnenberg Kreis (No 84)1954-1973
424Gustav René Hocke (No. 85)1949-1978
425Voice of America (No. 86)1948-1950
426Paul Harvey (No. 87)1949-1955
427U.S. Attorney General (No. 88)1942-1955
428Henry Jacoby (No. 89)1949-1977
429University of Tel-Aviv (No. 90)1961-1978
430Restitution (No. 91)1939-1956
51American Historical Review (No. 92)1946-1971
52CARE/ Christian Committee for Israel (No. 93)1953-1956
53Edmund Silberner (No. 94)1965-1971
54Hochschule für Arbeit, Politik und Wirtschaft (No. 95)1951-1956
55Volkhochschule Braunschweig (No. 96)1963-1971
56Klaus Hermann (No. 97)1954-1971
57Hans Lamm (No. 99)1958-1973
58Desider Stern (No. 100)1967-1970
59Free University Berlin and Historische Kommission zu Berlin (No. 101)1954-1980
510Schweizerische Sozialarchiv (No. 102)1965-1980
511Neue Deutsche Biographie (No. 103)1964-1968
512Hans-Joachim Schoeps (No. 104)1956-1977
513German Labor Unions (No. 105)1957-1975
514Berlin Professors of Journalism (Emil Dovifat and Fritz Eberhard) (No. 106)1950-1967
515Radio Station WIND-Chicago (No. 106)1955?
516Yugoslav Universities (No. 107)1953-1957
517City of Porz am Rhein (No. 108)1969-1970
518U.S. State Department (No. 109)1947-1959
519Turin University of European Studies (No. 110)1955-1972
520University of Chicago (No. 111)1943-1978
521Dietrich Gerhard (No. 112)1959-1968
522Radio Bremen (No. 113)1969-1970
523Radio Hamburg (No. 114)1952-1957
524Hans Lehmann (No. 115)1949-1977
525Karl D'Ester (No. 116)1947-1957
526Landmannschaft Schlesien and Schlesische Rundschau (No. 117)1956-1974
527Wilmont Haacke and Walter Hegemann (No. 118)1955-1974
528William Otto Henderson (No. 119)1966-1981
529Karl Thieme (No. 120)1950
530Rogier Pagosie (No. 121)1949-1950
531Fritz Epstein (No. 122)1954-1958
532Aloys Henn Verlag (No. 123)1969-1979
533Hoover Institution (No. 124)1968
534Georges Haupt (No. 125)1969-1978
535Peter Fuchs (No. 126)1970-1979
536Heinz Sperling (No. 127)1948-1952
537Otto M. Hess (No. 128)1962-1978
538Ilse Dronberger (No. 129)1943-1969
539Ilse Dronberger (No. 129)1970-1976
540Ilse Dronberger (No. 129)1976-1980
541Hal Draper (No. 130)1973-1978
542Hubert Schiel (No. 130)1955-1956
543Joachim Radkau (No. 131)1972-1977
544Germania Judaica (No. 131)1968-1972
545Helmut Müssener (Tyska Institutionen, Stockholm) (No. 132)1975-1978
546Walter Zadek (No. 133)1978
547Henry Pachter (No. 134)1971-1978
548Feliks Tych (Warsaw) (No. 135)1973-1978
549Hermann Diederichs (No. 136)1976-1978
550Leo Baeck Institute1979
551Gesamthochschule Paderborn (No. 137)1974-1979
552Dieter Fricke (Friedrich Schiller Universität Jena) (No. 138)1976-1979
553Wilhelm Schönarzt (No. 139)1964-1979
554Lecture Tour in Würtemberg – Hohenzollern (No. 140)1951
555Lake Erie College (no. 141)1960-1966
556Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia (No. 143)1971-1980
557Arthur and Lynn Fields (No. 144)1949-1952
558West German Presidents, Chancellors and Other State Officials (No. 145)1951-1980
559Jacques Grandjonc (University of Provence) (No. 146)1974-1978
560Vernon Lidtke (John Hopkins University) (No. 147)1971-1981
561August-Bebel Stiftung (No. 149)1949-1951
562University of Maryland (No. 150)1956-1969
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Series II: Manuscripts and Research Material, 1879-1978

This series is in German and English.
1.2 linear feet.

Divided into two subseries: Manuscripts and Research Material.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of the material Helmut Hirsch used in the creation of his published books and articles. Subseries 1 holds drafts of published works, including extensive notes used in his work Eduard Bernsteins Briefwechsel mit Friedrich Engels. Other manuscripts include several lecture texts, among them those used in radio presentations for Radio Bremen and Westdeutscher Rundfunk. Several manuscripts pertain to Karl Marx or focus on Marxists. The research material of Subseries 2 consists of a small amount of photocopied primary and secondary sources collected by Helmut Hirsch on topics pertaining to Jewish history. Other research material documents his own life, primarily consisting of inventories of his papers at other archival institutions.

Subseries 1: Manuscripts, 1879-1974

This series is in German and English.
1 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

Subseries 1 is comprised of manuscripts of Helmut Hirsch's essays, lectures and translations; accompanying material such as a small amount of correspondence and notes is included as well.

The majority of this subseries relates to his work on the letters sent by Eduard Bernstein to Friedrich Engels. This material consists of photocopies of Bernstein's handwritten letters and Hirsch's typed transcriptions of the letters, including extensive notations, and culminated in the book Eduard Bernsteins Briefwechsel mit Friedrich Engels.

Among the other manuscripts and some lectures and articles. Three of the lecture texts were intended for the radio: "Der junge Moses Hess" and "Sozialismus: Ideal von Gestern oder Heute? Zum Lebenswerk von Henry Jacoby" played on Westdeutscher Rundfunk, while "Interview mit der Geschichte (XIV): Ferdinand Lasalle" was featured on Radio Bremen. Most of the articles focus on specific political figures, especially those who espoused Marxism or socialism.

A) Engels-Bernstein Letters

61Engels-Bernstein Letters – 1-101879-1881
62Engels-Bernstein Letters – 11-201881-1882
63Engels-Bernstein Letters – 21-301882
64Engels-Bernstein Letters – 31-401882
65Engels-Bernstein Letters – 41-501882
66Engels-Bernstein Letters – 51-601983
67Engels-Bernstein Letters – 61-701883
68Engels-Bernstein Letters – 71-801883-1884
69Engels-Bernstein Letters – 81-901884
610Engels-Bernstein Letters – 91-1001884
611Engels-Bernstein Letters – 101-1101884
612Engels-Bernstein Letters – 111-1201884-1885
613Engels-Bernstein Letters – 121-1301885-1886
614Engels-Bernstein Letters – 131-1401887-1890
615Engels-Bernstein Letters – 141-1501890-1892
616Engels-Bernstein Letters – 151-1601892-1893
617Engels-Bernstein Letters – 161-1741894-1895

B) Other Manuscripts

618August Bebel, Mensch und Politiker – Lecture at the Volkshochschule Düsseldorf1967
619August Bebel: sein Leben in Dokumenten und Briefen - Book1968
620Befreiung der Rheinischen Juden1973
621Carl L. Bernays – Collected Articles1972
622Carl Ludwig Bernays – Handwritten Notesundated
623Heine und Marx1966
624Imperialismus: eine Studie von J.A. Hobson1969
625Interview mit der Geschichte (XIV): Ferdinand Lasalle1969
626Interview mit [Ferdinand] Lasalleundated
627Der junge Moses Hess: sein Leben in Bonn, Köln und Wuppertal1969
628Karl Marx und die Bittschriften für die Gleichberechtigung der Juden1968
629Marx/ Engels und der Rassismus1976
630Marxist "Anti-Semitism"?1976
631Schlussfolgerungen aus neueren Entwicklungstendenzen im Politischen und Sozialökonomischen Leben der Bundesrepublik1971-1973
71Sozialismus: Ideal von Gestern oder Heute? Zum Lebenswerk von Henry Jacoby1974
72Une lettre inconnue de Laura Lafargue1968-1969

Subseries 2: Research Material, 1843-1848, 1949-1978

This subseries is in German and English.
0.2 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

Subseries 2 contains research material used by Helmut Hirsch in his professional endeavors. Included are photocopies of original documents as well as copies of clippings, articles and publications.

The first portion of the subseries primarily holds photocopies of documents used by Hirsch in his research. The initial folder is comprised of photocopies of pages of the Appenzeller Zeitung that provide data on anti-Jewish violence during the revolutions of 1848. The folder of material on Elsa Laske-Schüler, a poet/ writer from Wuppertal, also includes a published article by Helmut Hirsch in a Wuppertal publication where he briefly describes his ancestry. The folder "Infamous Decree" holds copies of entries on Napoleon's "Jewish Decree" (Juden-Dekret) of March 17, 1808 as well as a copy of a handwritten original document from 1843. Material on Moses Hess consists of copies of letters by him.

The second area of Subseries 2 comprise material on Helmut Hirsch. The bulk of this material is the inventories of his papers held at the archives of SUNY Albany and the Schweizerisches Sozialarchiv as well as his papers at the University of Kansas and the Tyska Institutionen at the University of Stockholm, Sweden. These papers are similar to the introductory sheets found in most folders of Series I. There is also a biographical article on Helmut Hirsch written on the occasion of his seventieth birthday and one folder of unidentified notes and loose correspondence, some with extensive handwritten notes.

A) Jewish History

73Appenzeller Zeitung1848
74Else Lasker-Schüler1968-1971
75Infamous Decree1843
76Moses Hess1809-1845, 1972

B) Helmut Hirsch

77Article about Helmut Hirsch1978
78Correspondence and Unidentified Notes1964-1973
79Helmut Hirsch collection at SUNY-Albany1973-1978
710Helmut Hirsch Papers at Schweizerisches Sozialarchivundated
711Helmut Hirsch Papers at Various Institutionsundated, 1949
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Series III: Addenda, 1946-2002

This series is in German and English.
0.55 linear foot.


Scope and Content:

Series III contains items Helmut Hirsch added to the collection. Many of the folders in this series accompany the correspondence of Series I, therefore Hirsch's file numbering has been retained, although in a few cases the numeration varies from that used in Series I.

The bulk of this series, like the bulk of the collection, consists of Helmut Hirsch's correspondence. Most of this correspondence pertains to professional matters such as discussion of research, publication of his works, and references to reviews written by Helmut Hirsch. Several folders pertain to his research on Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Correspondence with the Europäische Verlagsanstalt concerns both his translation of a work on Engels and the publication of a work on Marx. Notable is the correspondence with W.O. Henderson and Lawrence Cranberg, which discusses Henderson's search for the last will of Friedrich Engels and the relationship between Engels and Marx. Correspondence with the Institut für Marxistische Studien und Forschungen includes the question of what Karl Marx's life and work meant to Helmut Hirsch personally, along with Helmut Hirsch's answer. Two large folders in this series hold correspondence from Wuppertalers, similar to that of Series I. Among the topics mentioned are the fate of family members left behind in Germany and biographical information on Emil Hirsch. Several letters discuss the establishment of an exhibit at the Wuppertal Stadtmuseum on Jews in Wuppertal during the Third Reich.

In addition to correspondence, Series III also holds a few articles by Hirsch, one folder of biographical articles on him, and further lists of his papers located at SUNY Albany. The biographical articles focus on the publication of his memoir, Onkel Sams Hütte: autobiographisches Garn einen Asylanten in den USA.

712Article – Stammte Margarethe Meyer-Schurz aus einer ursprünglich jüdischen Familie?1982
713Article – Vom Zarenhaß zur Revolutionshoffnung2000
714Biographical Articles1995
715Correspondence – Edith Alexander2002
716Correspondence – Europäische Verlagsanstalt (No. I)1976-1977
717Correspondence – International Institute for Social History (No. X)1978-1981
718Correspondence – Heinrich-Heine-Gesellschaft (No. XII)1980
719Correspondence – Rheinischer Merkur/ Christ und Welt (No. XVI)1979-1982
720Correspondence – Rowohlt Publishers (No. XIX)1980-1982
721Correspondence – J.H.W. Dietz and Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (No. 22)1978-1983
722Correspondence – Wuppertalers (No. XXXV)1946-1982
723Correspondence – Wuppertalers (No. XXXV)1959-1983
724Correspondence – Roosevelt University (No. 52)1956-1982
725Correspondence – Institute for Marxism-Leninism (No. 66b)1979-1983
726Correspondence – Shlomo Na'am and Walter Grab (No. 90)1979-1982
727Correspondence – Historical Commission, Berlin (No. 101)1980-1982
728Correspondence – W.O. Henderson and Lawrence Cranberg (No. 119)1981-1982
729Correspondence – Aloys Henn Publishers (No. 123)1978-1979
730Correspondence – Nachrichtenamt der Stadt Köln, City Administration and SPD (No. 126)1964-1981
731Correspondence – Ilse Dronberger (No. 129)1959-1982
732Correspondence – Germania Judaica (No. 131b)1980-1982
733Correspondence – Feliks Tych (No. 135)1980-1982
81Correspondence – Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia (No. 143)1979-1982
82Correspondence – Institut für Marxistische Studien und Forschungen (No. 152)1982-1983
83Correspondence – Hermann Weber (No. 153)1980-1983
84Correspondence – Deutsches Literatur Archiv (No. 154)1977-1983
85Correspondence – Marx-Engels-Lenin Institute Moscow and Bonn Embassy of the USSR (No. 155)1966-1983
86Correspondence – Werner Halweg (No. 156)1973-1981
87Correspondence – Karl Heinrich Rengstorf (No. 157)1963-1965
88Correspondence – U.W. Kitzinger (No. 158)1961-1966
89Correspondence – Klaus W. Jonas (No. 159)1975-1983
810Correspondence – Otto Dann (No. 160)1978-1983
811Correspondence – Deutsche Bibliothek (No. 161)1970-1983
812SUNY Albany Material – Listsundated, 1971-1980s
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