Guide to the Schwartz Family Papers 1938-1952
 
P-1027

Processed by Hannah Yetwin

American Jewish Historical Society, New England Archives

99-101 Newbury St.

Boston, Massachusetts

Phone: (617) 226-1245

Email: reference@ajhsboston.org

URL: http://www.ajhsboston.org

© 2017, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Hannah Yetwin as MS Word document, February 02, 2017. Finding aid was encoded by Hannah Yetwin on February 16, 2017. Description is in English

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Max Schwartz
Title: Schwartz Family Papers
Dates:1938-1952
Abstract: This collection contains the papers of the Schwartz family, with the bulk of materials being letters to and from family members in Austria and Hungary before and after World War II. It contains the original letters written in Yiddish, transcribed and translated versions of those letters, and two compilation books published in 2013 by Carroll Schwartz. These two books include extensive biographical information about the Schwartz and Newman families, photographs, maps, genealogical trees, and additional copies of the letters.
Languages: The collection is in English and Yiddish
Quantity: .5 linear feet (1 manuscript box)
Identification: P-1027
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
Location: Located in AJHS Boston, MA
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Biographical Note

Max, Myra and Carroll Edward (Ed) Schwartz

Max Schwartz was born on February 3, 1907 in Frauenkirchen, Burgenland, which was then a region in the Hungarian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, 40 miles southeast of Vienna. The son of Samuel Schwartz and Rita Weiss, Max was one of four children. Max immigrated to the United States with his mother, younger brother and sister from the Port of Rotterdam on the ship Rijndam, and arrived at Ellis Island on June 26, 1921. The Schwartzes traveled to Farrell, Pennsylvania, where Samuel was waiting for them, having immigrated to the U.S. earlier, in 1913.

After just two years in America, Samuel and the Rabbi of Farrell decided Max should be sent to New York City to study at the Yeshiva. After he graduated high school, Max enrolled at the City College, and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in math in 1930, just as the Great Depression was beginning. In 1932, he passed a New York State actuary exam, and began working in Albany, New York as a senior actuarial clerk in 1933. In 1936, he became senior examiner for the New York Insurance Department.

From 1938 until America’s entry into World War II in 1941, letters were sent from Austria describing the conditions of Jewish relatives living under the Nazis and asking for help. Many of these letters were forwarded to Max, who supplied financial support to some family members. During this time, Max married a woman he met in Albany, Myra Newman, and they had a son, Carroll Edward (Ed), in 1939.

Max helped to draft laws that were written to regulate the sale of health insurance in the state of New York, and in 1950, became the first insurance actuary with responsibility for approving rates charged for all policies sold in New York State. During the Eisenhower administration, he was sent to Washington to help draft a preliminary version of the Medicare program that was enacted into law a number of years later. He was also involved in the creation of no-fault auto insurance legislation for New York State. He retired from the New York State Insurance Department in 1978 after 44 years of service. Myra Schwartz died in 1979 from pneumonia after having emphysema for 15 years. Max died in 1997 in Arlington, Massachusetts.

References

Materials from the collection.

Chronology

1907Max Schwartz is born.
1921Max immigrates to the United States with his mother, younger brother and sister from the Port of Rotterdam on the ship Rijndam, arriving at Ellis Island.
1930Max achieves a Bachelor of Science degree from City College in New York.
1936Max becomes senior examiner for the New York Insurance department.
1939Max marries Myra Newman, and they have a son, Carroll Edward (Ed).
1950Max becomes the first insurance actuary with responsibility for approving rates charged for all policies sold in New York State.
1978Max retires from the New York State Insurance Department in 1978 after 44 years of service.
1979Myra Schwartz dies from pneumonia.
1997Max Schwartz dies in Arlington, Massachusetts, a few days short of his 90th birthday.
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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains letters and translations of letters from Germany, Austria and Hungary to Albany, New York, to and from Max Schwartz and his many family members between 1938 and 1952. These letters contain information about the extended family’s circumstances during World War II. It also contains two books; one compiled by Carroll Edward Schwartz and Martha Stacy which is biographical information of the Newman, Stacy, Avery, Carleton and Paterson families (Myra Schwartz’s family), and the other compiled by Carroll Edward Schwartz and World War II letter writers, which is biographical information about the Schwartz, Weiss and Blau families (Max Schwartz’s family), along with transcribed and translated copies of the letters in the collection. These books also contain photographs, genealogical trees and personal stories.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into a single series as follows:

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:
American Jewish Historical Society, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY, 10011
email: reference@ajhs.org

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Schwartz Family Papers; P-1027; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

Donated by Carroll Edward Schwartz in August 2016.

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Access Points

This collection is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Click the box in the request column to learn more about viewing materials at the New England Archives of AJHS.

 

Series I: Schwartz Family Papers, 1938-1952

English and Yiddish.
Box 1.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically by date.

Scope and Content:

See Collection Scope and Content Note.

BoxFolderTitleDateRequest
11Letters from Austria Before and After World War II1938-1952request_box
12Letters from Hungary After World War II1945-1947request_box
13Schwartz and Newman Family Books2013request_box
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