Guide to the Papers of the Kaulla Family

AR 496

Processed by LBI Staff and Dianne Ritchey

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305



© 2013 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey in April 2013. Description is in English.
March 26, 2015  dao links added by Emily Andresini.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Leo Baeck Institute
Title: Kaulla Family Collection
Dates:bulk 1900-1964
Abstract: The Kaulla Family Collection holds materials on Kaulla genealogy along with some family papers and articles on the family. It includes family trees, articles, clippings, correspondence, manuscripts and notes.
Languages: The collection is in German and English.
Quantity: 0.25 linear feet.
Identification: AR 496
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

The Kaulla family was a successful and influential Jewish banking family that began with the daughter of Isaac Raphael, the court supplier of Prince Joseph Friedrich Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Hechingen. Kaulla (also spelled Chaile or Caile or Kaule and the Hebrew name for Karoline) Raphael was the daughter and oldest child of Isaac Raphael. While his daughter was still young, Isaac moved the family to the town of Hechingen, today in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Kaulla, known as "Madame Kaulla," took over her father's business and became a prominent businesswoman who eventually supplied Emperor Franz I of Austria. Her success led to her brothers and children adopting her name as the family surname. The family firm's fortunes helped to finance the Württembergische Hofbank, which in time merged into the Württembergische Vereinsbank, eventually absorbed into today's Deutsche Bank.

Several members of the family earned noble titles and held positions at court, such as court counselors and court bankers. In 1825 Nathan Wolf Kaulla and Salomon Jacob Kaulla founded the first synagogue in Stuttgart. One family descendant, Eduard Pfeiffer, was in the legislature of Stuttgart and worked to modernize housing for the working class. Another descendant was Sigmund Warburg, who went to England and founded the S.G. Warburg Bank in London. Some family members fled Nazi Germany to England; descendants of Otto Kaulla came to the United States.

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Scope and Content Note

The Kaulla Family Collection encompasses material on the Kaulla (alternately spelled Kaula or Kaule) family. Although the bulk of the collection consists of genealogy some further details on the family's history and significance are also included.

Three folders hold family trees. The folder of bound and folded family trees holds trees of the ancestors of Benedict Salomon Goldschmidt (1769-1826) and his wives Bella and Sprinze Braunschweig; this trees shows ancestors back to 1397. The other tree of this folder shows the genealogy of Rabbi Wolf Spira and includes the names Edler von Portheim and Rabbi Salomon Porges of Prague. Oversized trees show four male branches of the family. The two unpublished manuscripts of this collection also contain detailed family trees as well as information on some family members; Elsbeth Oppenheimer's manuscript includes stories of the lives of her most prominent ancestors. Carl Lotter's manuscript contains depictions of the main branches of the family: the Hechingen-Stuttgart Line, the Hanau Line, and the Darmstadt Line. It also includes an index of names and some notes on individuals, among other information.

In addition to the manuscripts, information on the family will be found in the first two folders of this collection. Among them are copies of clippings of a series of newspaper articles on the Kaulla family of Hechingen, a handwritten manuscript on the life of Jakob Kaulla, and an oversized article on the Kaulla banking house.

Correspondence in this collection includes a letter by M. Kaulla on finding further information on the family history. Family papers consist of a list of photographs of the family now in the LBI Photograph Collection, a postcard that depicts Salomon Jacob Kaulla, and information on the family gravestones. In addition there is an oversized marriage contract for Julius Oppenheimer and Auguste Leser. The folder of notes includes handwritten notes copied from an inheritance document of 1759 and sale contracts in 1842 and 1844.

Photocopied catalog cards provide an item-level inventory of each item in the original collection. Most documents are numerated and these numbers refer to the catalog card inventory.

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The collection has been arranged alphabetically in one series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

The LBI Library includes material on the Kaulla family and its members:

The LBI Memoir Collection includes a lengthier version of a handwritten article in this collection: "Jakob Kaulla, K. K. Rath: Eine Lebensskizze, zusammengestellt aus den hinterlassenen Papieren des Oberlehrers Alexander Elsaesser von Lehrer Spatz 1750-1810" [ME 359]

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Separated Material

Photographs have been removed to the LBI Photograph Collection.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Kaulla Family Collection; AR 496; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

The collection was rearranged during processing in April 2013 to bring together similar materials. Most items include numbers that correspond to the collection's item-level catalog cards.

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Other Finding Aid

Six catalog cards with an item-level inventory of the collection's content exist. A copy of these has been retained with the collection. Most items include numbers which correspond to the list on the catalog cards.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.


Series I: Kaulla Family, 1836-1996

This series is in German and English.
0.25 linear feet.


11Articles and Clippingsundated, 1910, 1964
  View the item 
12Correspondence – to Felix Wolf and Leo Adler1904-1912
  View the item 
13Family Papersundated, 1950, 1995-1996
  View the item 
OS 49Family Papers – Oversized1836
  View the item 
14Family Treesundated
  View the item 
15Family Trees – Bound and Foldedundated, 1908
  View the item 
OS 49Family Trees – Oversized1902
  View the item 
16Manuscript by Carl Lotter – Stammbaum der Familie Kaulla nach Acten der Kaulla'schen Familien-Stiftungen, sowie nach dem Stuttgarter Israel. Familien Register und sonstigen genealogischen Quellen und Familien-Mitteilungen zusammengestellt (Family Tree of the Kaulla Family based upon Files of the Kaulla Family Foundations as well as the Stuttgart Jewish Family Register and Other Genealogical Sources and Family Communications; p. I-XIII, 1-14, 79-104)undated
  View the item 
17Manuscript by Elsbeth Oppenheimer – Stories of Our Families, Part 3, My Father's Family, the Kaullas1987
  View the item 
  View the item 
19Photocopied Catalog Cardsundated
  View the item 
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