Guide to the Papers of the Lichtwitz Family

AR 1704

Processed by Dianne Ritchey

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305



© 2012 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Dianne Ritchey in July 2012. Description is in English.
July 17, 2013  Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Lichtwitz Family
Title: Lichtwitz Family Collection
Abstract: The Lichtwitz Family Collection documents the professional lives of the physician Jakob Lichtwitz and his son Leopold. There is some additional material on Rabbi Max Freudenthal of Dessau. The collection includes official documents, correspondence and certificates as well as a few invitations and a postcard.
Languages: The collection is primarily in German, with a few documents in English.
Quantity: 0.25 linear feet
Identification: AR 1704
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Jakob Lichtwitz was born on February 22, 1843 in Ober-Glogau, Posen (now Głogówek, Poland). He graduated from the Protestant Gymnasium (High School) in Ratibor in 1863 and acquired his diploma as a medical doctor from the University in Berlin in 1868. After several medical positions with the army and as a civilian in Berlin, Breslau, and other places, he was called to the district of Ohlau (now Oława, Poland) as a Kreis-Physikus in 1888. He remained in this position until his retirement in 1920, having been named an honorary citizen of Ohlau in 1913.

Leopold Lichtwitz (1877-1943) was the son of Jakob and Julie Lichtwitz. 1917-1931 he was director of the City Hospital of Hamburg (Germany), before moving on to Berlin. He immigrated to the United States in 1933, joining Montefore Hospital in New York City, with which he stayed affiliated until his retirement in 1941.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains the papers of Jakob and Leopold Lichtwitz, as well as a few items of Rabbi Max Freudenthal. Most of the collection consists of official documents and correspondence.

The first two folders of this collection hold papers of the physician Jakob Lichtwitz. Although a few of these document his education, most show his advancement in his profession, including many documents from 1871-1880 that record his posts in the military. An 1897 certificate confers a memorial medal (Erinnerungs-Medaille) from Kaiser Wilhelm I. Later documents and official correspondence show civilian appointments. Most items from 1913 and later relate to honors he received and his reactions to them, including his nomination for honorary citizenship in Ohlau.

A smaller amount of material is available on Leopold Lichtwitz, Jakob's son. Two documents relate to his position as professor at the University of Göttingen, while two other pertain to a position in Berlin. This folder also includes two obituaries that mention is immigration and work in the United States.

A third folder contains some documents of Rabbi Max Freudenthal of Dessau, Germany. These include two invitations for him to a ball given by the Duke and Duchess in Dessau as well as an announcement of a performance at the Herzogliches Hof-Theater in Dessau. A transliteration and translation of the text of a "Wimpel" (now located in the LBI Arts and Objects Collection) is also present.

A list of photographs removed from the collection and a postcard of the Prague Old Jewish Cemetery are also included.

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The collection is arranged in one series.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact:
Leo Baeck Institute, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

Material on the descendants of Jakob Lichtwitz's brother Manfred Lichtwitz will be found in the Joan Salomon Collection (AR 25380) and the Lore Fritsche Kornberg Family Collection (AR 25501).

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Separated Material

Photographs from this collection have been removed to the LBI Photograph Collection.

A ritual object (Wimpel), originally with the Freudenthal Family material, has been removed to the LBI Art and Objects Collection.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Lichtwitz Family Collection; AR 1704; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

The collection was processed in 2012. The folder "Familie Freudenthal" was renamed "Rabbi Max Freudenthal."

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Other Finding Aid

A three-page item-level inventory exists for this collection.

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

Follow the links to access the digitized materials.


Series I: Lichtwitz Family, 1863-1942

This series is in German, with a few documents in English.
0.25 linear feet.


11Jakob Lichtwitz1863-1920
OS 54Jakob Lichtwitz – Certificates in Honor of Jakob Lichtwitz in the town of Ohlau (Oversized)1913-1917
12Leopold Lichtwitz1913-1942
13Rabbi Max Freudenthalundated, 1895-1896
14Photograph Lists and Postcardundated
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