Guide to the Leo (1880-1960) and Charlotte (1881-1971) Landau Collection
Undated, 1892-2002, bulk 1907-1931

AR 7287

Processed by Kevin Schlottmann

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2011 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Kevin Schlottmann in June 2011. Description is in English.
January 17, 2012  Links to digital objects added in Container List.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Landau, Gustav
Title: Leo and Charlotte Landau Collection
Dates:undated, 1892-2002
Dates:bulk 1907-1931
Abstract: This collection primarily contains correspondence between Leo Landau and his wife Charlotte Landau (née Mühsam). During their respective frequent travels, Leo for his legal work and for recuperation at spas, and Charlotte for the Jüdischer Frauenbund, they often wrote almost every day. The collection also contains some other correspondence, personal materials, and documents concerning Leo Landau's lifelong involvement with Jewish organizations such as the B'nai B'rith lodges in Lübeck and Haifa and the Israelitische Gemeinde Lübeck, and Charlotte's membership in the Lübeck city council from 1919-1921.
Languages: This collection is in German, with a small amount of English and Hebrew.
Quantity: 0.5 linear feet
Identification: AR 7287
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note
Portrait of Leo and Charlotte Landau

Portrait of Leo and Charlotte Landau

Leo Landau (1880-1960) was a lawyer in Lübeck and Haifa. He was an active participant in many Jewish organizations, including B'nai B'rith and the Israelitische Gemeinde Lübeck. In 1908 he married Charlotte Mühsam (1881-1971) of the Lübeck branch of the Mühsam family. She was the brother of noted anarchist writer Erich Mühsam. In addition to being an artist, Charlotte was politically active, serving in the Lübeck city council from 1919-1921. In the mid-1920s, she also became an active member of the Jüdische Frauenbund. Charlotte helped found the Heim des Jüdischen Frauenbundes in Wyk-auf-Föhr. Both Leo and Charlotte were active Zionists from an early age, and in 1933 they emigrated to Haifa. They had three children, Gustav, Hans, and Eva.

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Scope and Content Note

The heart of the collection is found in the Family Correspondence folders. These contain letters and postcards between Leo Landau and his wife Charlotte during their respective frequent travels, Leo for work and for recuperation at spas, and Charlotte for the Jüdischer Frauenbund. Their children often wrote a few words as well, and are also sometimes addressed by the writer. The correspondence tends to concentrate on the periods when Leo and Charlotte were apart; for example, there are dozens of letters from July 1922, but little from the remainder of 1922. Of particular interest are the letters discussing Charlotte's involvement with the Jüdischer Frauenbund in the mid 1920s. While Charlotte's brother Erich Mühsam is mentioned in some letters, particularly in 1924, this collection does not contain any of his correspondence.

The Other correspondence folder contains a handful of letters and postcards to and from others. Correspondents found in the folder include Albert Einstein (photocopy), Emmi Galenbeck, Dr. Julius Joel, Flora Landau (Leo's mother), and Hermann Struck, as well as three figures from the Jüdischer Frauenbund, Bettina Brenner, Bertha Pappenheim, and Hannah Karminski.

The Personal materials folder includes items such as calling cards, invitations and thank you cards, a typed copy of a marriage certificate for Gustav Landau and Hannah Stein, a Mühsam-Landau family tree, an account from 1892 by Leo Landau's father about treatment of Russian-Jewish immigrants during the trip to the United States (photocopy), a copy of a 1988 inquiry about Charlotte Mühsam and Leo Landau at the Central Zionist Archives, and copies and a photograph of Charlotte Landau's sketches of Hermann Struck and Siegfried Mühsam, among others.

The Legal materials folder contains a few miscellaneous documents and items from Leo Landau's legal career in Germany. It also includes his dissertation, "Liegt im §389 des bürgerlichen Gesetzbuches eine Abweichung vom gemeinen Rechte?" (1904).

The collection also includes materials concerning Leo Landau's lifelong involvement with Jewish organizations, in particular the B'nai B'rith lodges in Lübeck and Haifa and the Israelitische Gemeinde Lübeck. Correspondents in the latter include Gustav Landau, Leo's father, and Rabbis Salomo Carlebach, Joseph Carlebach, and David Winter. Materials from other Jewish organizations such as Keren Hayesod, Kadimah, Blau-Weiss, and the Kartell jüdischer Verbindungen are also found in the collection.

The collection also contains a few photographs, including an 8x10 reproduction of a 1907 photograph of Leo Landau with 11 other men. Some are identified, and include Leo Jacobsohn, Martin Meyer, Oskar Meyer, and Willi Mecklenburg.

Finally, this collection also contains a bound collection of the proceedings of the Lübeck city council, of which Charlotte Landau was a member from 1919-1921. This volume was prepared by her son Hans for her 50th birthday in the 1931.

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Arrangement

Each folder is arranged chronologically.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

This collection is open to researchers.

Access Information

Collection is digitized. Follow the links in the Container List to access the digitized materials.

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

LBI holds archival collections relating to Charlotte's father Siegfried Seligmann Mühsam (AR 7112), her brother Erich Mühsam (AR 1806), and her son and daughter-in-law Gustav and Hannah Landau (AR 25357). The Mühsam Family collection (AR 25021) documents the Graz branch of the Mühsam family, and contains some material about Charlotte.

LBI also holds memoirs by Charlotte (ME 381) and Leo (ME 1219).

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Separated Material

Some photographs were removed to the LBI Photograph collection and digitized.

Sketches and portraits by Charlotte Landau were removed to the LBI Arts and Objects collection.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Leo and Charlotte Landau Collection; AR 7287; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

In June 2011, envelopes were removed and materials were refoldered. Additional related materials from the same donor were found in the Siegfried Seligmann Mühsam collection (AR 7112) and integrated into the collection.

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Other Finding Aid

Materials describing the collection and the correspondence in particular are found in folder 1.

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Container List

 

Leo and Charlotte Landau Collection, undated, 1892-2002

BoxFolderTitleDate
11Collection informationUndated, 1989-2002
12Family correspondence1907-1926
  

One July 21, 1926 letter is a photocopy.

 
13Family correspondence1927-1931
14Other correspondenceUndated, 1917-1951
  

Some photocopies

 
15Personal materialsUndated, 1892-1988
  

Some photocopies

 
16Legal materialsUndated, 1904-1933
17B'nai B'rithUndated, 1912-1955
18Israelitische Gemeinde Lübeck1893-1936
19Other Jewish organizations1930-1989
110PhotographsUndated, 1907
111Proceedings of the Lübeck city council1919-1921
  

This folder contains photocopies of the specific sections where Charlotte Landau is quoted.

 
112Additional Lübeck city council materialsUndated, 1919-1921
  

Some copies

 
113Proceedings of the Lübeck city council1919-1921
  

Volume of bound proceedings.

 
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