Guide to the Julius Simson Family Collection
undated, 1905-circa 1980

AR 11961

Processed by Kevin Schlottmann

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: http://www.lbi.org/ask

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2013 Leo Baeck Institute. All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Kevin Schlottmann in 2013. Description is in English.
August 2015 dao links and digitization information added by Leanora Lange.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Mayer, Eva, 1918-
Title: Julius Simson Family Collection
Dates:undated, 1905-circa 1980
Abstract: This collection contains documents relating to the "Aryanization" in 1935 of factory "Simson Werke" in Suhl (Thuringia), which was owned by Arthur Simson (1882-1969) and Julius Simson (1884-1953). It also includes materials about Julius Simson and the Simson family.
Languages: This collection is in German, with some English.
Quantity: 3 folders
Identification: AR 11961
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note

Brothers Arthur Simson (1882-1969) and Julius Simson (1884-1953) owned the factory "Simson Werke" in Suhl (Thuringia). The company had been founded by their ancestors in 1856. The factory, which employed over 4,000 workers, produced small arms, motorcycles, and other metal goods, and was one of the few armaments plants in Germany allowed by the Treaty of Versailles. The factory was "Aryanized" in 1935 in a particularly aggressive and public way by Thuringian Gauleiter Fritz Sauckel, and the Simson brothers were arrested. They were soon released, and later escaped to Switzerland and then to the United States. Their sister, Rosalie Simson (1876-1962) married David Mayer (1864-1943). David and Rosalie's son Ewald Mayer (born 1908) married Eva née Ladenburg (born 1918).

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Scope and Content Note

This collection contains documents relating to the "Aryanization" in 1935 of the factory "Simson Werke" in Suhl (Thuringia), which was owned by Arthur Simson (1882-1969) and Julius Simson (1884-1953). It also includes materials about Julius Simson and the Simson family.

The Simson family folder contains a photocopy of a family photo (original removed to LBI photo collection and digitized, see Related Material), with the individuals identified; a map of the area around Suhl, Thuringia; and a family tree tracing the children of Moses Simson (Julius Simson's grandfather). The first two pages of the family tree are missing. Documents related to Julius Simson include educational records, residence permits, and a draft card declaring him unsuitable for service.

The Simson Works folder contains clippings about the particularly aggressive and public "Aryanization" of the Simson Werke; photographs and other information about the company (including some photocopies); a photostat copy of Arthur Simson's statement to the Zurich police about the "Aryanization;" a post-war declaration by attorney Fritz Fenthol, who was retained by the Simson family in 1935, and prepared as part of restitution proceedings; and a 1938 memo regarding Jewish wealth expropriation.

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Arrangement

Folders are in alphabetical order.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

This collection is open to researchers.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

A Simson family photograph was previously removed to the LBI Photograph Collection and digitized.

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Separated Material

Israelitisches Wochenblatt (Zurich) 36(48), November 27, 1936 was removed to the LBI Library.

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Digitization Note

The collection was digitized and made accessible in its entirety.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Julius Simson Family Collection; AR 11961; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

Materials were refoldered. Some of the clippings in folder 3 are very fragile. Articles from full journals were photocopied, and journals provided to the LBI Library.

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Container List

 

Julius Simson Family Collection, undated, 1905-circa 1980

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Simson familyundated, circa 1980
1 2 Simson, Julius1905-1941
1 3 Simson Werke1927-1959
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