Guide to the Arthur Salz Collection
1912-1962

AR 6288

Processed by Leanora Lange

Leo Baeck Institute

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 744-6400

Fax: (212) 988-1305

Email: lbaeck@lbi.cjh.org

URL: http://www.lbi.org

© 2012  Leo Baeck Institute
Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Leanora Lange in November 2012. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Arthur Salz
Title: Arthur Salz Collection
Dates:1912-1962
Abstract: Arthur Salz was a professor of economics and sociology at the University of Heidelberg from 1916 until 1933, when he was forced to leave Germany. After spending a year at the University of Cambridge, Salz became a professor of economics at the Ohio State University from 1934 until his retirement in 1952. This collection focuses solely on Salz's academic work; there are no personal papers. Included are drafts and finished publications by Salz on economic theory and methodology as well as social and political policies mainly in Germany and the United States from World War II to the beginning of the Cold War. Series I consists of unpublished papers such as notes, drafts, and manuscripts, and Series II holds Salz’s finished publications.
Languages: The collection is in English and German.
Quantity: 1.5 linear feet (3 boxes)
Identification: AR 6288
Repository: Leo Baeck Institute
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Biographical Note
Portrait of Arthur Salz (1881-1963)

Portrait of Arthur Salz (1881-1963)

Arthur Salz was a professor of economics and sociology and author of many articles and books on economic theory and methodology.

Salz was born on December 31, 1881 in Staab, Bohemia (today Stod, Czech Republic) to Heinrich Salz and Rosa née Popper. He studied in Berlin and Munich. In 1903, he received his doctorate in political science (Doctor Rerum Politicarum), having studied under Lujo Brentano. He was the co-editor of Heidelberger Studien aus dem Institut für Sozial- und Staatswissenschaft and lectured at the Handelshochschule in Mannheim and at the Akademie der Arbeit in Frankfurt. In 1907, Salz took on a position as a lecturer at the University of Heidelberg and became an assistant professor there in 1916.

In 1912, he married Sophie Kantorowicz with whom he had three children, Beate, Judith, and Henry.

In 1933, Salz left his position at the University of Heidelberg under political pressure. He spent one year as a guest professor at the University of Cambridge and then immigrated to the United States. He took on a position as a professor of economics at the Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio, where he remained for the rest of his life. Salz died on August 10, 1963.

References

Strauss, H. A.; Röder, W.; Rosenblatt, B., Caplan, H. (1983). “Salz, Arthur.” International Biographical Dictionary of Central European émigrés 1933-1945. Vol. 2. p. 1015.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection reflects the academic work of Arthur Salz, professor of economics and sociology at the University of Heidelberg (1916-1933), the University of Cambridge (1933), and the Ohio State University (1934-1952). Salz wrote on economic theory and methodology as well as economic and political policy in the United States and Germany from the turn of the twentieth century into the Cold War era. Included are notes, clippings, speeches, drafts and full manuscripts of articles and books, and some correspondence with publishers and professional colleagues. There are no personal papers included in the collection.

Series I contains unpublished papers, including notes, clippings, speeches, unpublished committee reports, a few pieces of correspondence, and drafts of articles, books, and book reviews.

Series II consists of the published works of Arthur Salz that were donated as part of this collection. These publications discuss economic theory and policy in Germany and the United States from World War II to the beginning of the Cold War.

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Arrangement

Published and unpublished papers were separated into separate series. Unpublished papers were divided by the title of the work where it could be discerned or by document type and then arranged in a rough chronological order. The published works were arranged chronologically.

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

This collection is open to researchers.

Access Information

Readers may access the collection by visiting the Lillian Goldman Reading Room at the Center for Jewish History. We recommend reserving the collection in advance; please visit the LBI Online Catalog and click on the "Request" button.

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Access Points

Click on a subject to search that term in the Center's catalog. Return to the Top of Page

Related Material

The LBI Archives hold correspondence from Arthur Salz as part of Der Neue Merkur Collection, 1919-1925.

Papers of Arthur Salz's daughters Beate and Judith are held in the Judith and Beate Salz Collection at the LBI Archives.

The LBI Library holds a copy of Adam Heinrich Müller von Nitersdorf’s Vorlesungen über die deutsche Wissenschaft und Literatur, edited and with an introduction by Arthur Salz. Call number: PT 273 M8 V6

The International Institute of Social History, located in Amersterdam, holds correspondence between Arthur Salz and Gottfried Salomon-Delatour as part of the Gottfried Salomon-Delatour Papers.

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Separated Material

The following books were originally donated as part of the collection but have been moved to the LBI Library.

Salz, Arthur. Geschichte der böhmischen Industrie in der Neuzeit. München ; Leipzig: Duncker and Humblot, 1913.

Salz, Arthur. Macht und Wirtschaftsgesetz: Ein Beitrag zur Erkenntnis des Wesens der kapitalistischen Wirschaftsverfassung. Leipzig ; Berlin: B. G. Teubner, 1930.

Salz, Arthur. Das Wesen des Imperialismus: Umrisse einer Theorie. Leipzig ; Berlin: B. G. Teubner, 1931.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Arthur Salz Collection; AR 6288; box number; folder number; Leo Baeck Institute.

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Processing Information

Folded items were flattened, and duplicate copies were removed. For publications, the title page and Arthur Salz’s individual article were preserved, and the rest of the publication was removed.

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Container List

 

Series I: Unpublished papers,  circa 1930s-1962

In English and German.
1.25 linear feet
Arrangement:

Items were arranged by title of the work when applicable or by document type, and then placed in a rough chronological order.

Scope and Content:

This series consists mainly of drafts of academic books and articles on post-World War II and Cold War era economic and political policies as well as economic theory and methodology. Most are typescripts with handwritten annotations. Also included are notes, clippings, speeches, committee reports, drafts of book reviews, a few pieces of correspondence, and one student paper.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Notes circa 1930s-1960s
1 2 Seminar paper from a student of Arthur Salz at Ohio State University circa 1930s-1940s
1 3 Clippings 1931, 1935-1936, 1954-1955
1 4 Speeches ("Aspects and Prospects of the Jewish Question," "An Economist Looks at Economics," and "Go West, Young Man, Go West!") 1935, 1939
1 5 Drafts of "The Irrational Basis of Capital's Arrangement of Social and of Economic Developments" after 1933
1 6 Manuscript of "Undistributed Profits" and review from American Economic Review 1937
1 7 Book reviews by Arthur Salz, including related correspondence and notes (The Cost of the World War to Germany and to Austria-Hungary, The Conditions of Economic Progress, and Social Thought from Lore to Science) 1938-1945
1 8 Notes, "The Behaviour of the Capitalistic System as a Whole" circa 1938
1 9 Drafts of "The Behaviour of the Capitalistic System as a Whole" circa 1938
1 10 Complete manuscript of "The Behavior of the Capitalistic System as a Whole" 1938
1 11 Draft of "The Impact of World Politics on the United States" circa 1941-1945
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 Correspondence 1942-1962
2 2 "The Problem of Gold" manuscript and related correspondence 1943
2 3 Reports from the Universities Committee on Post-War International Problems and the Committee for Economic Development 1943-1944, 1955
2 4 Drafts of "The Present Position of Economics" circa 1944
2 5 Manuscript of "Some Considerations on 'The Free State'" circa 1945
2 6 Drafts of "On Values and on Economic Value" 1945
2 7 Draft of "The Metamorphosis of Power" 1948
2 8 Draft of "Recriminations, Altercations, Aspersions, Strictures among Friends" circa 1950s
2 9 Draft of "Reflections on the America-Europe Relations" circa 1950s
2 10 Drafts of "The Ordeal of Inflation" circa 1957
2 11 Draft of "Empire: A Challenge or a Scourge?" circa 1950s-1960s
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 Drafts of a book comparing ancient Greek and modern Western science circa 1960
3 2 Drafts of "On tyrants, dictators, despots and some related subjects" circa 1960
3 3 Drafts of "Signs of the Times" circa 1960
3 4 Notes and typescripts on U.S.-Russia relations, coexistence, and statesmanship circa 1960
3 5 Drafts of "The Tragicomedy of Errors" 1961
3 6 Drafts of "Empire and Democracy" circa 1962
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Series II: Publications, 1912-1959

In English and German.
0.25 linear feet
Arrangement:

This series was arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

Articles by Arthur Salz published in periodicals have been included in this series. These publications were published between 1912 and 1959 and range from a few pages to over 100 pages in length. Where the entire periodical was donated, only the title page and Arthur Salz’s individual article were kept.

The following items are included:

Salz, Arthur. (1912). Der Unternehmer unserer Zeit: Ein Vortrag vor jungen Industriellen. Heidelberg: Weiss’sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung.

ibid (published anonymously). (1913). Das Parlament in Oesterreich oder die innere Gefahr. Heidelberg: Weiss’sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung.

ibid. (1914). Die Rechtfertigung der Sozialpolitik (Ein Bekenntnis). Heidelberg: Weiss’sche Universitäts-Buchhandlung.

ibid. (1920). Ueber das Problem der ‘Dekadenz’ des Islam. Archiv für Politik und Geschichte 1(4). Berlin: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft für Politik und Geschichte. 376-417.

ibid. (1920, October). Zur Reform der staatswissenschaftlichen Studien. Wirtschaftsdienst: Deutscher Voklswirt 5(43). 613-614.

ibid. (1921). Die Mohammedaner in China. Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv 16(3). 23, 334-511.

ibid. (1921). Für die Wissenschaft: Gegen die Gebildeten unter ihren Verächtern. München: Drei Masken Verlag.

ibid. (1921, November). Zu Friedrich List’s Gedenken. Oesterreichische Rundschau: Mitteleuropäische Politik, Kultur und Wirtschaft 17(1/2), 1092-1104.

ibid. (1922). Djemal Pascha. Oesterreichische Rundschau: Mitteleuropäische Politik, Kultur und Wirtschaft 18(17/18), 789-795.

ibid. (1922, September). Amerikanische Arbeiterhilfe für Rußland. Wirtschaftsdienst: Deutscher Voklswirt 7(35). 856-858.

ibid. (1923, March). Klassenstaat und Nationalstaat. Oesterreichische Rundschau: Mitteleuropäische Politik, Kultur und Wirtschaft 19(3), 217-224.

ibid. (1923, July). La France eternelle (Das ewige Frankreich). Archiv für Politik und Geschichte 1(4). Berlin: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft für Politik und Geschichte. 289-333.

ibid. (1923, September). Das ewige Frankreich (Schluß). Archiv für Politik und Geschichte 1(4). Berlin: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft für Politik und Geschichte. 434-469.

ibid. (1924). Der Sinn der kapitalistischen Wirtschaftsordnung. Archiv für Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik 52(3), 577-622.

ibid. (1924). Vermögen und Vermögensbildung in der vorkapitalistischen und in der modernen kapitalistischen Wirtschaft. Grundriss der Sozialökonomik. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr. 160-208.

ibid. (1924). Kapital, Kapitalformen, Kapitalbildung, Kapitaldynamik. Grundriss der Sozialökonomik. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr. 209-257.

ibid. (1927, December 2). Theorie und Praxis in der Wirtschaft. Der deutsche Volkswirt 2(9). 269-272.

ibid. (1928, February 10). Das Ende des Laissez-faire? Der deutsche Volkswirt 2(19). 593-594.

ibid. (1928). Grundsätze einer Theorie vom Arbeitslohn. In H. Mayer, F. A. Fetter, and R. Reisch, (Eds.) Die Wirtschaftstheorie der Gegenwart (Vol. 3, pp. 378-403). Vienna: Julius Springer.

ibid. (1929). Freiheit und Gebundenheit in der kapitalistischen Wirtschaftsordnung. Sonderdruck aus Sozialpolitische Studien, Festgabe für Ignaz Jastrow zum 70. Geburtstag. Berlin: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft für Politik und Geschichte.

ibid. (1930). Das Prinzip der ‘Grenze’ in der theoretischen Nationalökonomie. Economia Politica Contemporanea. Vol. 1. Milan: Universita di Pavia.

ibid. (1931). Der Kampf gegen die Arbeitslosigkeit. II: Die trügerische Wirkung von Arbeitslosenversicherung und Arbeitsstreckung. Die Volkswirte 30(4), 105-111.

ibid. (1944). The Present Position of Economics. American Economic Review 34(1), 15-24.

ibid. (1948). The Metamorphosis of Power. Synopsis: Festgabe für Alfred Weber, 459-476.

ibid. (1959). A Note from a Student of Simmel’s. In Kurt Wolff (Ed.) Georg Simmel 1858-1918. 233-236.

BoxFolderTitleDate
3 7 Publications, 1912-1914 1912-1914
3 8 Publications, 1920-1922 1920-1922
3 9 Publications, 1923-1924 1923-1924
3 10 Publications, 1927-1929 1927-1929
3 11 Publications, 1930-1931 1930-1931
3 12 Publications, 1938-1959 1938-1959
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