Guide to the Abraham Shoenfeld (1891-1977) Papers,
1892, 1920-1978, 2010 (bulk 1927-1964)

P-884

Processed by Rachel Miller as part of the Leon Levy Archival Processing Initiative, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation.

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, N.Y. 10011

Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: reference@ajhs.org

URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2014, American Jewish Historical Society, Boston, MA and New York, NY. All Rights Reserved.
Finding aid was created by Rachel Miller in MS Word and Excel 2000 and was converted to EAD 2002 in May 2010. Description is in English.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Abraham Shoenfeld (1891-1977)
Title: Abraham Shoenfeld Papers
Dates:1892, 1920-1978, 2010 (bulk 1927-1964)
Abstract: Under the employ of the New York Kehillah, detective Abraham Shoenfeld infiltrated and documented Jewish crime rings, prostitution houses and gambling establishments from 1912 to 1917. For the American Jewish Committee from 1938 to 1964, he investigated anti-Semitic organizations and individuals. He also authored a controversial book about the New York crime world, The Joy Peddler, and he was at work on other pieces of fiction and his memoirs. The bulk of his papers consist of investigative reports and research for the American Jewish Committee, his manuscripts, and his collection of anti-Semitic literature.
Languages: The collection is in English. A few items are in German, Yiddish and French.
Quantity: 30 manuscript boxes, 3 half-manuscript boxes and 1 card box.
Quantity:16.75 linear feet.
Accession number: P-884
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society
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Biographical Note

Private investigator and writer, Abraham (Abe) Herman Shoenfeld, was born on April 24, 1891 to Meyer and Dora Shoenfeld, Hungarian Jews. Because his father was a political and labor organizer, Abraham grew up surrounded by major political figures and labor leaders. The Shoenfelds lived on Manhattan’s Lower East Side, and in 1899, Meyer, with aid from the Baron de Hirsch Fund, helped form a New Jersey agricultural colony, now known as Kenilworth, where he resettled his own family and other Lower East Side Jewish families, mostly those involved in the tailoring business.1 Abe Shoenfeld attended P.S. 20, graduating in 1905, and entered Stuyvesant High School, but dropped out at the end of his first year at age 15.2

Young Shoenfeld developed an intimate knowledge of the Jewish criminal subculture on the Lower East Side. He first became an investigator for John D. Rockefeller, Jr.’s Bureau of Social Hygiene, under George Kneeland in 1912, and on the foundation of Shoenfeld’s research into New York City’s vice and crime scene, Kneeland wrote the report, “Commercialized Prostitution in New York City,” published by the Bureau.

In the wake of the media stir caused by the July 1912 murder of Herman Rosenthal, Judah L. Magnes hired Shoenfeld, based on his work for Kneeland and his growing expertise on the crime world, to be Chief Investigator for the Bureau of Social Morals of the New York Kehillah. The Kehillah, also known as the “Jewish Community of New York City,” had been founded in response to New York City Police Commissioner Theodore Bingham’s controversial statement in 1908 that Jews were responsible for half the city’s crimes. The aim of the Kehillah’s Bureau of Social Morals, overseen by Magnes, Jacob Schiff, Felix Warburg, William Salomon, Adolph Lewisohn, Louis Marshall and Samuel Greenbaum, was to diminish Jewish criminal involvement by providing criminal intelligence to politicians and the police department and pressuring for action to be taken based on this intelligence.3

Shoenfeld, together with a team of police officers and a network of informers, infiltrated criminal organizations and establishments. Undercover for his first year, Shoenfeld posed as a writer in order to gather information directly from the criminals. He and his team created an extensive index card file of details on individuals, and he wrote voluminous reports, documenting in detail Jewish criminal culture and social problems from 1912 to 1917 for the wealthy overseers of Kehillah. After 1917, he conducted vice work on a less formal basis, no longer paid a salary by Magnes and without the help of a regular team. He informally passed information along to the police.4

Shoenfeld was simultaneously giving information to the Narcotics Division of the U.S. Department of Justice between 1912 and 1921. In his unpublished memoirs, he states that he “served the Government from 1912 to April 1964,” but did not receive any direct payment from them.5

In the early 1920s he worked out of a private office at Felshon Service Investigators on Rector Street.6 Following that he began writing and doing “ghost jobs,” the term for “assignments of an ultra-private nature.”7 He wrote the novel The Joy Peddler, which was published in 1927 and incited considerable controversy for its provocative content.

On October 22, 1934, Shoenfeld married Annie Evans, who was 38 at the time.

From 1938 to 1964, Shoenfeld investigated anti-Semitic organizations and individuals for the American Jewish Committee (AJC). In 1938, as part of member Richard Rothschild’s six-point plan and mobilization against Nazi propaganda, the AJC had shifted resources towards investigation of fascist, pro-Nazi organizations and individuals generating virulent anti-Semitic propaganda. Shoenfeld served as the Chief of Investigation under the Legal Division (also known as the Investigative and Fact-Finding Division and the Legal and Fact Finding Division). Shoenfeld coordinated a network of agents who worked undercover within the scrutinized organizations, and he wrote detailed reports for the AJC based on intelligence gathered by his agents and other sources. Some of this information was then utilized by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, military intelligence and the House Committee on Un-American Activities.8

Shoenfeld died in Roosevelt Hospital in New York on September 27, 1977.

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Scope and Content Note

This collection was generated primarily in connection with two of Shoenfeld’s activities: fiction and memoir writing and American Jewish Committee (AJC) investigative work. The types of materials present include reports, manuscripts, notes, photographs, reel-to-reel tapes, correspondence, printed ephemera, government documents and books.

His writing, both autobiographical and fiction in Series I, draws from his experience as a detective in the 1910s and 1920s New York crime world. These writings are what the collection has to offer on his years with the New York Kehillah, in addition to his oral history interview with Arthur Goren. There are no known materials in this collection created by Shoenfeld during the Kehillah time itself. His weekly vice reports for Kehillah are in the Judah L. Magnes Papers (see Related Material).

His AJC work is documented in Series II by his daily investigative reports, which represent more than a third of the entire collection, and by the anti-Semitic literature in Series III and in the Subject Files of Series II, which he collected in connection with AJC investigations.

The largest gap in documentation is the period between his 1920s writings and the 1948 start of his AJC reports. There is a notable lack during the World War II years, with the exception of correspondence regarding his interest in going into the Army Administration in 1943 (Box 2, Folder 8), a journalist thanking him for information in 1944 (Box 5B, Folder 1), and a letter from fellow undercover investigator, Avedis Boghos Derounian (alias John Roy Carlson), at the Friends of Democracy (Box 7, Folder 3).

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Arrangement

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Access and Use

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to all researchers by permission of the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society, except items that are restricted due to their fragility.

Use Restrictions

Information concerning the literary rights may be obtained from the Director of Library and Archives of the American Jewish Historical Society. Users must apply in writing for permission to quote, reproduce or otherwise publish manuscript materials found in this collection. For more information contact:

American Jewish Historical Society
Center for Jewish History
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011

E-mail:
reference@ajhs.org

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Related Material

The criminal reports Shoenfeld wrote for Judah Magnes for his Kehillah investigative work are in the Judah L. Magnes Papers, Collection 3, at the Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People in Jerusalem, Israel. The AJHS Library has a copy of the Magnes Papers inventory: Judah Leib Magnes papers, 1890-1948 (incl archives of the New York "Kehillah" 1908-1922), ed. Hadassah Assouline, Jerusalem, Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People, 1979 (call number Z8535.A7). Shoenfeld's criminal reports should also be on the microfilm of the Magnes Papers at the American Jewish Archives in Cincinnati, OH (MF-1157-1161 Judah L. Magnes. Correspondence, minutes of various committee meetings, reports, newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and miscellaneous items pertaining to his numerous activities and interests. New York, NY. 1909-1921. 5 reels; MF-1671-1677 Judah L. Magnes. Correspondence and various miscellaneous material concerning The Kehillah, Palestine, People's Relief Committee, the American Jewish Committee, and the American Jewish Relief Committee. 1910-1918. 7 reels.) The reports may also be available on microfilm at the Judah L. Magnes Museum in Berkeley, CA.

In his memoirs Shoenfeld writes that his research for John D. Rockefeller, Jr.’s Bureau of Social Hygiene and George Kneeland’s 1913 report, “Commercialized Prostitution in New York City” is in the Bureau of Social Hygiene Archives at the Rockefeller Archive Center in Sleepy Hollow, NY.

There may also be materials related to Shoenfeld in the American Jewish Committee Records (RG 347) at the YIVO Center for Jewish Research, New York, NY and at the Jacob Blaustein Library of the American Jewish Committee, New York, NY.

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Separated Material

Four large boxes of books were separated into the AJHS Library or donated elsewhere. They included books on undercover investigative work, World War II, anti-Semitism, and international diplomacy, and many were published by the Devin-Adair Publishing Company. Books with any notes in them or author inscriptions to Shoenfeld were kept in the archival collection under Series III: Literature.

Shoenfeld’s John Birch Society publications (American Opinion and society bulletins, 1958-1964), most of which were likely given to Shoenfeld by his investigator known as “W,” were moved to AJHS’s John Birch Society Records, unprocessed as of April 2010.

Only those government documents were kept which Shoenfeld notated or with which he had some discernible or likely research involvement. The rest were discarded. A list of the discarded documents is in the Appendix.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:
Identification of item, date (if known); Abraham Shoenfeld Papers ; P-884; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society, New York, NY, and Boston, MA.

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Acquisition Information

The collection was donated by Sarah Jane Debra Sickles Nishioka and Ellen Sickles James, Shoenfeld’s great nieces (the daughters of his sister Rebecca Green’s daughter, Thelma Sickles), on July 6, 2009. The accession number is 2009.018. Ellen Sickles James added to the collection with a May 24, 2010 mailing of more of Shoenfeld's personal effects, the contents of which are mostly to be found in Box 5B.

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Access Points

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Personal, undated, 1920-1978, 2010

3 linear feet. Boxes 1-6.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

Series I consists of Shoenfeld's memoirs, manuscript drafts of novels, poems and plays, correspondence, oral history transcript, address books, passport, last will, and certificates.

His memoirs, New York Crime Buster, cover his childhood through 1921, zeroing in on his crime busting years with the Kehillah. He writes of his work for Kehillah: “Walking in to this assignment I found crime and corruption rampant, procurers, stuss houses, pimps, tenement madams, district leaders, killers, gangsters on a rampage, pickpockets, crooked judges, a corrupt police system, men in varied high places and other law enforcement agencies tied together in an alarming combine” (Box 4, Folder 5). By the end of what he calls his “ten years crusade” to eradicate the Jewish crime world, he reflected, “…a considerable portion of my original assignment had been accomplished, -- a wholesale and beneficient cleansing and purification of the Jewish name and standards” (Box 4, Folder 5). Shoenfeld details his encounters with major Jewish gangsters such as Big Jack Zelig, Dopey Benny and Arnold Rothstein. He describes monitoring and raiding various bars, saloons, and gambling and prostitution establishments throughout the city. He writes about his meetings with Judah Magnes.

Historian Arthur Goren conducted the oral history interview included in this series. In the interview Shoenfeld goes into details about Jack Zelig, Jonah Goldstein, Mayor John Purroy Mitchel, Judah Magnes, Edward Greenbaum, Henry Moskowitz, Harry Newberger, Mayor William Gaynor, Henry Klein, Jacob Schiff and Elias Goodman. He explains the workings of the relationship between Mayor Gaynor, the police department, Magnes, Schiff and himself. He also gets into subjects such as the Herman Rosenthal murder, the East Side Civic Club, and the ethnic breakdown of crime in the 1910s. He describes his methods of getting information himself and via undercover investigators.

Shoenfeld’s great niece, Ellen James, writes out the family history and family impressions of Shoenfeld in “Uncle Abe” (Box 6, Folder 13).

In 1927 and 1928, Shoenfeld’s The Joy Peddler was published amidst considerable controversy for its provocative content and language, and copies of the book were confiscated from bookstores by the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice. Much of it is based on his experiences in the criminal world.

Correspondents include Morris Ernst, Eddie Greenbaum and Oscar Chapman. Also of interest may be holiday greetings written by FBI Special Agents (Box 5B, Folder 1) and a letter written to Ellen James by an “M. Dowd” (Box 5B, Folder 3) who says he had worked for Shoenfeld as an undercover investigator starting in 1959.

BoxFolderTitleDate
1 1 Address Books and Date Books undated, 1958-1963
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 1 Chapters on Jack Zelig undated
2 2 Clipping on Meyer Shoenfeld undated
2 3 Clippings 1959-1975
2 4 Clippings on Shoenfeld's Writings 1926-1930
2 5 Copyright Registration Certificates 1924-1930
2 6 Correspondence 1929-1934
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 1 Correspondence 1944-1957
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 7 Correspondence 1950, 1977
2 8 Correspondence about Army Administration School Application 1943
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 2 Correspondence about The Joy Peddler and New York Public Library 1928, 1935
5B 3 Correspondence to Thelma Sickles and Ellen James 1977-1978
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 9 Correspondence with Morris Ernst 1960, 1964
2 10 Cunard White Star Passenger List 1950
2 11 "The First Sentence of Psalm CIV" in The Open Court 1928
BoxFolderTitleDate
1 Goren, Arthur -- New York Jews and the Quest for Community: The Kehillah Experiment, 1908-1922 [with extensive marginalia and corrections by Shoenfeld] 1970
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 12 Harlots and Hunted and Books: Memoirs -- Drafts undated
2 13 I Drive Through Walker Street undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
1 The Joy Peddler [signed copy #1] 1927
BoxFolderTitleDate
2 14 The Joy Peddler -- Drafts undated
2 15 The Joy Peddler -- Galley Proofs 1927
2 16 The Joy Peddler -- Galley Proofs 1927
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 1 The Joy Peddler -- Galley Proofs 1927
3 2 The Joy Peddler -- Manuscript (1 of 2) undated
3 3 The Joy Peddler -- Manuscript (2 of 2) undated
3 4 The Joy Peddler -- Publicity Brochure and Order Form 1927
3 5 Julius Caesar: The First Racketeer undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 4 Last Will and Testament 1972
BoxFolderTitleDate
3 6 Lecture [1920-1921]
3 7 Man O' Power -- Chapter 3 Draft undated
3 8 Man O' Power -- Drafts undated
3 9 Man O' Power -- Drafts (1 of 2) undated
3 10 Man O' Power -- Drafts (2 of 2) undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 1 Man O' Power -- Manuscript undated
4 2 Man O' Power -- Manuscript undated
4 3 Man O' Power -- Manuscript and Cover Letter undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 5 Marriage Certificate and Certificate of Marriage Registration 1934, 1963
BoxFolderTitleDate
4 4 My City in 1929: A Bit of Nostalgia undated
4 5 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Draft of Ending undated
4 6 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Drafts (1 of 2) 1962
BoxFolderTitleDate
5A 1 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Drafts (2 of 2) 1962
5A 2 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Drafts 1962, 1972
5A 3 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Drafts 1972
5A 4 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Drafts undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 6 New York Crime Buster (The East Side), My Memoirs to 1921 -- Sickles Family Copy undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
5A 6 Notes undated
5A 7 Notes undated
5A 8 Notes undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 7 Obituary and Grave Plot Notes 1977
BoxFolderTitleDate
5A 9 On Tuning Up undated
5A 10 Oral History Transcript -- by Arthur Goren -- William E. Wiener Oral History Library of the AJC (1 of 2) 1965, 1974
5A 11 Oral History Transcript -- by Arthur Goren -- William E. Wiener Oral History Library of the AJC (1 of 2) 1965, 1974
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 8 Passport 1950-1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 1 Poetry undated
6 2 Poetry undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
5B 9 P.S. 20 Graduation Certificate 1905 [photostat] and Letter of Recommendation from Principal undated
BoxFolderTitleDate
6 13 Uncle Abe, by Ellen James 2010
6 3 Wanda: An Incident, Year 1912 1924
6 4 Wanda: An Incident, Year 1912 undated
6 5 Wanda and Joy Hill undated
6 6 The Wolf of Broadway undated
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Series II: American Jewish Committee Investigations, 1943-1964

9 linear feet. Boxes 6-24.
Arrangement:

Arranged into four subseries.

Scope and Content:

This series contains materials generated, received or collected by Shoenfeld in his role as Chief of Investigation for the American Jewish Committee’s Legal Division (also known as the Investigative and Fact-Finding Division and the Legal and Fact Finding Division). Under the direction of former U.S. district attorney George Mintzer and later George Kellman, the Legal Department conducted surveillance of ultra-conservative, anti-Semitic groups and individuals, monitoring their activities, their financial backing, their membership, and their interrelationships.

The series provides an interesting glimpse into trends in 1950s and 1960s anti-Semitic propaganda (especially the heavily used tactic of linking Communism and Jews), the inner politics of the observed anti-Semitic organizations, and the linkages between Middle Eastern and American anti-Semitism. Illuminated too are some of the inner workings of the intelligence community at the time – for example, ways in which the FBI, CIA, AJC and the Anti-Defamation League intersected and collaborated.

There are daily investigative reports Shoenfeld wrote from 1948 to 1964, based on information gathered by his detectives and other sources. His first decade of AJC work is not represented in this series. There are subject files of organization literature and miscellaneous research materials from the final years of his AJC work. His investigators passed along originals and photostats of correspondence received and sent by two major disseminators of anti-Semitic literature, Frederick Charles F. Weiss and Conde McGinley; that cache of correspondence can be found in Subseries 2.

Subseries 1: General , 1943-1964

0.5 linear feet. Boxes 6-7.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries includes a few anti-AJC publications, loose reports that weren’t in binders (whereas the reports in upcoming Subseries 3 were in chronological binders), and AJC-authored publications likely based on the information provided by Shoenfeld’s investigative work.

BoxFolderTitleDate
6 7 AJC Budget 1953
6 8 AJC Budget 1954
6 9 AJC Publications -- "Bigotry in Action" 1961
6 10 AJC Publications -- Committee Reporter Newsletter 1953
6 11 AJC Publications -- "The International Anti-Semitic Conspiracy" 1946
6 12 Anti-AJC Publications 1951-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
7 1 Arab Notes [1958]
7 2 Arab Reports, October 20, 1952-December 17, 1952 1952
7 3 Correspondence with Avedis (Arthur) Boghos Derounian (alias John Roy Carlson) 1943
7 4 John Birch Society Reports, Volume 1 (1 of 2) 1961-1963
7 5 John Birch Society Reports, Volume 1 (2 of 2) 1961-1963
7 6 John Birch Society Reports, Volume 2 1963-1964
7 7 Minute Men -- Report 1964
7 8 Miscellaneous undated, 1954-1964
7 9 Rockwell, George Lincoln -- Report and Mailings 1961-1964
7 10 Smith, Gerard L.K. -- Quarantine Plan 1946

Subseries 2: Frederick Charles F. Weiss, Conde McGinley and Common Sense, 1946-1962

0.5 linear feet. Boxes 7-8.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

In the late 1940s and early 1960s, either Shoenfeld or his agents got a hold of originals and photostats of correspondence to and from Weiss, McGinley and/or in relation to McGinley’s Common Sense. Frederick Charles (Chas) F. Weiss was a member and major propagandist of the National Renaissance Party. His pen name was “XYZ,” and he also wrote for Common Sense. Weiss wrote and self-published “Germania Delenda Est?” in 1947. There is a lot of response to this particular work among his correspondence. Weiss’s correspondents are very international. They include Arthur Koegel, Theodor Kessemeier, G.F. Green, Adrien Arcand, Jamal Husseini, Oscar Pfaus, Oswald Pirow, Robert H. Best and James Madole. Also in these folders is the correspondence of Michael Conde McGinley, editor of Common Sense and founder of the Christian Educational Association.

In Box 7, Folder 12, there’s a photostat of a dramatic 1941 letter from famous opera soprano Elisabeth Rethberg to famous opera tenor Ezio Pinza regarding an affair they were having and other affairs he’d had. She expresses anti-Semitic views and identifies Pinza as a Fascist. It’s not clear how or why Shoenfeld had this letter, but interestingly Pinza was being watched by the FBI and was jailed as an “enemy alien” in 1942 in the U.S.

BoxFolderTitleDate
7 11 Common Sense -- Literature Orders 1962
7 12 General Correspondence 1955-1962
7 13 Reports and General Correspondence 1950-1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
8 1 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- Canada [includes a photostat of Weiss's visa] 1947-1949
8 2 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- England undated, 1946-1948
8 3 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- France undated
8 4 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- Germany 1948-1949
8 5 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- Miscellaneous undated
8 6 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- Miscellaneous 1947-1948
8 7 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- Miscellaneous 1947-1949
8 8 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- United States (1 of 2) 1948-1949
8 9 Weiss, Frederick Charles F. -- Correspondence -- United States (2 of 2) 1948-1949

Subseries 3: Daily Reports , 1948-1964

6.5 linear feet. Boxes 8-21.
Arrangement:

Arranged chronologically.

Scope and Content:

This subseries comprises more than one third of the collection. Between 1948 and 1964, Shoenfeld wrote daily investigative reports, which were then typed up on a weekly basis and organized chronologically in binders. The binders have been removed, but the integrity of each binder’s contents has been maintained. All reports are Shoenfeld’s copies. The originals were possibly received by the Director of his division, George Mintzer and later George Kellman, and/or potentially by Sylvia Edelman, the Research Analyst of the division. Codes at the top of reports seem to indicate the source of information and/or to whom or to what office they were submitted. Codes include “TAIM,” “GECK,” “DET,” “inside,” “outside,” “europe office,” “ISMS,” and “/a.s./C/” (which likely stands for Abe Shoenfeld using source Investigator C). Shoenfeld received information from a variety of sources; most frequent among them were “Investigator W,” “Investigator C,” “Source B,” as well as a “Z.”

The reports include a wide variety of observations and analysis of the following: diplomatic parties and functions; group meetings; conversations and interviews with group members; summaries of personalities; news media and current events; Shoenfeld’s opinions of his sources; organization plans for publications and propaganda; opinions of the AJC; and group interconnectivity. Reports sometimes end with a weekly list of relevant literature procured. Much of that literature can be found in Series III. The coverage of the reports tends to break down into one of two categories: American or Middle Eastern New York area organizations.

Investigator W seems to have been working undercover among the American Nazi Party (ANP), the Christian Educational Association, the John Birch Society and the National Renaissance Party. Subjects covered include Hungarian-American anti-Semites in New Jersey, James Madole’s "Arab-American friendship Rally," George Lincke of the ANP, and the Communist affiliations of organizations and individuals.

Investigator C concentrated on diplomats and other figures connected to the early League of Arab Nations (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Yemen), the United Nations, and other international groups, though C also had interactions with George Lincoln Rockwell. Topics addressed include the USSR’s involvement in the Middle East, Palestine, attitudes towards the Congo crisis, President Nasser, King Hussein of Jordan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, political intrigue in Egypt, and connections between Nazis and Middle Eastern governments and figures, black-Jewish relations, and the reading of American anti-Semitic propaganda by members of watched Arab organizations. Interviews reported include those with Merwin K. Hart, Alfred Lilienthal, Yacoub Joury, Akram Midani (a Syrian diplomat to the United Nations and director of the Arab Information Center in the1960s), David Hinnawi, Sami Hadawi, George Houser (of the American Committee on Africa) and Izzat Tannous. Potentially of interest is an investigation Shoenfeld directed for George Mintzer – an investigator paid a 40-day visit in 1949 to Egypt, Lebanon and Syria, which resulted in a report regarding those countries’ political situations and the Jews (Box 9, Folder 4).

BoxFolderTitleDate
8 10 March 18, 1948-January 20, 1949 (1 of 2) 1948-1949
BoxFolderTitleDate
9 1 March 18, 1948-January 20, 1949 (2 of 2) 1948-1949
9 2 December 16, 1948-September 1, 1949 (1 of 2) 1948-1949
9 3 December 16, 1948-September 1, 1949 (2 of 2) 1948-1949
9 4 January 24, 1949-June 3, 1950 1949-1950
9 5 March 9, 1949-January 25, 1950 (1 of 2) 1949-1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
10 1 March 9, 1949-January 25, 1950 (2 of 2) 1949-1950
10 2 March 11, 1950-June 15, 1950 (1 of 2) 1950
10 3 March 11, 1950-June 15, 1950 (2 of 2) 1950
10 4 April 5, 1950-September 26, 1950 (1 of 2) 1950
10 5 April 5, 1950-September 26, 1950 (2 of 2) 1950
10 6 October 11, 1950-November 15, 1950 1950
10 7 November 8, 1950-December 28, 1950 1950
BoxFolderTitleDate
11 1 January 4, 1951-June 25, 1951 (1 of 2) 1951
11 2 January 4, 1951-June 25, 1951 (2 of 2) 1951
11 3 January 10, 1951-February 22, 1951 1951
11 4 February 23, 1951-May 31, 1951 (1 of 2) 1951
11 5 February 23, 1951-May 31, 1951 (2 of 2) 1951
11 6 January 4, 1952-June 25, 1952 (1 of 2) 1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
12 1 January 4, 1952-June 25, 1952 (2 of 2) 1952
12 2 July 2, 1952-December 30, 1952 (1 of 2) 1952
12 3 July 2, 1952-December 30, 1952 (2 of 2) 1952
12 4 January 12, 1953-June 30, 1953 (1 of 2) 1953
12 5 January 12, 1953-June 30, 1953 (2 of 2) 1953
12 6 July 8, 1953-February 26, 1954 1953-1954
12 7 March 1, 1954-November 23, 1954 (1 of 2) 1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
13 1 March 1, 1954-November 23, 1954 (2 of 2) 1954
13 2 December 1, 1954-May 24, 1955 (1 of 2) 1954-1955
13 3 December 1, 1954-May 24, 1955 (2 of 2) 1954-1955
13 4 May 31, 1955-September 30, 1955 1955
13 5 October 4, 1955-December 27, 1955 1955
13 6 January 4, 1956-March 30, 1956 1956
BoxFolderTitleDate
14 1 April 6, 1956-June 29, 1956 1956
14 2 July 6, 1956-October 30, 1956 (1 of 2) 1956
14 3 July 6, 1956-October 30, 1956 (2 of 2) 1956
14 4 November 8, 1956-December 27, 1956 1956
14 5 January 4, 1957-March 27, 1957 (1 of 2) 1957
14 6 January 4, 1957-March 27, 1957 (2 of 2) 1957
BoxFolderTitleDate
15 1 April 3, 1957-September 14, 1957 (1 of 2) 1957
15 2 April 3, 1957-September 14, 1957 (2 of 2) 1957
15 3 August 15, 1957-December 21, 1957 (1 of 2) 1957
15 4 August 15, 1957-December 21, 1957 (2 of 2) 1957
15 5 January 3, 1958-June 14, 1958 (1 of 2) 1958
15 6 January 3, 1958-June 14, 1958 (2 of 2) 1958
BoxFolderTitleDate
16 1 May 3, 1958-November 5, 1958 (1 of 2) 1958
16 2 May 3, 1958-November 5, 1958 (2 of 2) 1958
16 3 December 2, 1958-May 24, 1959 (1 of 2) 1958-1959
16 4 December 2, 1958-May 24, 1959 (2 of 2) 1958-1959
16 5 May 31, 1959-December 6, 1959 (1 of 2) 1959
BoxFolderTitleDate
17 1 May 31, 1959-December 6, 1959 (2 of 2) 1959
17 2 March 27, 1960-August 24, 1960 (1 of 2) 1960
17 3 March 27, 1960-August 24, 1960 (2 of 2) 1960
17 4 June 19, 1960-December 26, 1960 (1 of 2) 1960
BoxFolderTitleDate
18 1 June 19, 1960-December 26, 1960 (2 of 2) 1960
18 2 January 7, 1961-June 15, 1961 (1 of 2) 1961
18 3 January 7, 1961-June 15, 1961 (2 of 2) 1961
18 4 May 29, 1961-November 13, 1961 (1 of 2) 1961
18 5 May 29, 1961-November 13, 1961 (2 of 2) 1961
BoxFolderTitleDate
19 1 November 22, 1961-March 24, 1962 (1 of 2) 1961-1962
19 2 November 22, 1961-March 24, 1962 (2 of 2) 1961-1962
19 3 April 6, 1962-September 6, 1962 (1 of 2) 1962
19 4 April 6, 1962-September 6, 1962 (2 of 2) 1962
19 5 September 13, 1962-January 27, 1963 (1 of 2) 1962-1963
BoxFolderTitleDate
20 1 September 13, 1962-January 27, 1963 (2 of 2) 1962-1963
20 2 February 1, 1963-June 19, 1963 (1 of 2) 1963
20 3 February 1, 1963-June 19, 1963 (2 of 2) 1963
20 4 June 24, 1963-October 13, 1963 (1 of 2) 1963
20 5 June 24, 1963-October 13, 1963 (2 of 2) 1963
BoxFolderTitleDate
21 1 October 19, 1963-February 9, 1964 (1 of 2) 1963-1964
21 2 October 19, 1963-February 9, 1964 (2 of 2) 1963-1964
21 3 February 17, 1964-April 23, 1964 1964

Subseries 4: Subjects , 1946-1964

1.5 linear feet. Boxes 21-24.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically. Shoenfeld kept three A-Z accordian files of subjects, organized by letter, and it’s not always clear why a particular item was filed under the given letter. In some cases it’s based on an individual (Rockwell, Yockey) or organization’s name (Christian Educational Association), or for general subject (Anti-Semitism, Arabs, Negroes), and some materials don’t seem to correspond to the file letter in any obvious way. In the folder list below, examples of included subjects are cited in brackets next to the first instance of each letter.

Scope and Content:

This subseries is comprised of propaganda literature, as well as notes, correspondence, transcripts of recordings, cartoons and AJC-authored reports. Many of the items are marked with a date and a “W” or a “C” according to which undercover agent gave Shoenfeld the materials. The propaganda literature filed here attacks not just Jews, but African Americans as well. Notable are an American Nazi Party pamphlet of repurposed photos of concentration camp prisoners called “The Diary of Anne Fink” (Box 24, Folder 4) and a number of Christian Educational Association cartoons and flyers (including an anti-Kosher certification flyer [Box 22, Folder 2]). There were a few photographs filed here, but they have been separated into the Photographs series and their originating place noted.

BoxFolderTitleDate
21 4 A [Arabs, Anti-Semitism, Angola, African Heritage magazine, Arab News and Views, American Opinion] 1961-1963
21 5 A 1961-1964
21 6 A 1962-1964
BoxFolderTitleDate
22 1 B [John Birch Society, Dan Burros, Wally Butterworth] 1961-1964
22 2 C [Roy Cohn, Communists, Christian Educational Association, Common Sense, Cuba] 1957-1963
22 3 C 1962-1964
22 4 D [H. du B. Reports, Defenders of the American Constitution] 1963-1964
22 5 E [Europe, International White Racial Unity, Educational Reviewer, Inc, East Hampton, Long Island, Economic Council] 1963-1964
22 6 F [Fact for Fact, Fighting American Nationalists (FAN), Fact, Forum] 1951-1959
22 7 F 1946, 1962-1964
22 8 F 1959-1964
BoxFolderTitleDate
23 1 G [G.I.F.T., General Strike for Peace] 1961-1962
23 2 H [Gordon Hall, William Earnest Hocking, Herald of Freedom] 1962-1964
23 3 I/J [Colin Jordan, Iowa] 1962-1964
23 4 K [Katanga, Klan Bulletin, Sylvia Kraus] 1959-1963
23 5 L [Liberty Lobby, George Lincke] 1962-1963
23 6 M [Minutemen, Muslims, American Mercury, Malcolm X] 1962-1964
23 7 M 1958-1964
23 8 N [Negroes, New Orleans, Nationalism, National Renaissance Party, Nationalist Party, National Economic Council] 1962-1963
23 9 N 1962-1964
BoxFolderTitleDate
24 1 N 1958-1964
24 2 O [Lee Harvey Oswald] 1963
24 3 P [Progressive Labor, John Patler] 1963-1964
24 4 R [George Lincoln Rockwell’s American Nazi Party material, Rockwell Report, The Realist] 1960-1963
24 5 R 1963-1964
24 6 S [Social Credit Associates, Elizabeth Shepherd, South Africa, Christian Nationalist Crusade] 1963-1964
24 7 T [Thought Books, Test Your Intelligence!, Task Force] 1963
24 8 U [Anti-United Nations propaganda] 1962
24 9 W [Bernard Weissman, Robert Williams, Gordon Winrod, Julian Hudson Mayfield] 1963-1964
24 10 XYZ [Francis Parker Yockey, Ghana] 1957-1963
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Series III: Literature, 1892, 1926-1974

3.5 linear feet. Boxes 25-31.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically in two sections: Pamphlets and Printed Ephemera, and Books and Government Documents.

Scope and Content:

This series contains pamphlets, printed ephemera, books and government documents primarily produced in the late 1940s through the 1960s. Most of the pamphlets and ephemera are anti-Semitic propaganda generated or distributed by organizations observed by Shoenfeld and Investigators W and C, and the titles are listed in his investigative reports. In the pamphlet titled, “Open Letter to Congress, Gentlemen: Are You Mice or Men? An Underworld Secret-Police Terror Menaces America” (Box 27, Folder 7), Joseph P. Kamp of the Constitutional Education League makes a spirited attack on the American Jewish Committee, calling Shoenfeld their “Gestapo ‘Chief’.” George Lincoln Rockwell inscribed his book This Time the World as follows: “To: Abe Shoenfeld – A man we hope and believe is one of the very rare patriotic Americans! Heil Hitler!”

Pamphlets and Printed Ephemera , 1892, 1926-1974

BoxFolderTitleDate
25 1 American Friends of the Middle East 1958-1961
25 2 Angola 1961
25 3 Anti-Bolshevist Publishing Association 1926
25 4 Anti-Semitic Cartoons 1947-1959
25 5 Arab Information Center 1960-1963
25 6 Arab Socialism 1961
25 7 Armstrong, Geo. W. 1949-1951
25 8 Brain-Washing 1954
25 9 Christian Educational Association -- Distributed Literature 1955-1961
25 10 Christian Educational Association -- Distributed Literature 1958-1959
25 11 Christian Educational Association -- Distributed Literature 1958, 1962
25 12 Christian Nationalist Crusade 1948
BoxFolderTitleDate
26 1 Common Sense 1964-1966
26 2 Common Sense -- Distributed Literature 1949-1951
26 3 Communism 1935, 1951-1963
26 4 Crime 1965, 1971
26 5 Emergency Civil Liberties Committee 1964
26 6 Egypt undated, 1955-1956
26 7 First National Directory of "Rightist" Groups 1957-1963
26 8 Free Britain 1954
26 9 Free Egypt Committee 1957
26 10 Fritsch, Ludwig 1949
26 11 Grass Roots 1953-1955
BoxFolderTitleDate
27 1 Grieb, Conrad -- Uncovering the Forces for War 1947
27 2 Holcomb, Hillman 1961-1962
27 3 Holcomb, Hillman -- G.I.F.T. 1961
27 4 Hungary 1962
27 5 Israel 1957-1961
27 6 Israel 1961-1962
27 7 Kamp, Joseph P. 1948-1950
27 8 Khalidy, Walid 1957-1958
27 9 Le Blanc Publications and Polzin Publications 1946-1962
27 10 Leese, Arnold -- Jewish Ritual Murder 1945, 1962
BoxFolderTitleDate
28 1 The Minority of One 1962-1963
28 2 Miscellaneous Clippings 1951-1964
28 3 Miscellaneous International Publications 1944-1962
28 4 Miscellaneous Publications 1940-1974
28 5 Miscellaneous Publications 1961-1966
28 6 Moseley, George Van Horn [1939] 1956
28 7 Nassar, Gamal Abdel 1956-1961
28 8 The Nation 1962
28 9 Palestine Arab Refugee Office 1955-1961
BoxFolderTitleDate
29 1 Permanent Missions to the United Nations Listings 1966-1968
29 2 Race [1934] 1958-1961
29 3 The Rockwell Report 1964-1965
29 4 The Shameful Decline of the "Truth Seeker" 1949
29 5 Smith, Gerald K. -- Matters of Life and Death 1958
29 6 Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI -- Membership Directory 1956
29 7 The Stormtrooper 1964-1966
29 8 The Thunderbolt -- Distributed Literature 1959
29 9 United States 1943-1962
29 10 Walker, Edwin A. 1961
29 11 Webb, Atticus -- A Yankee's Ignorance of the Southland is Refreshing 1959
29 12 The "Why I Ams": An Economic Symposium 1892
29 13 Zionism 1954-1960

Books and Government Documents , 1943-1967

BoxFolderTitleDate
31 100 Things You Should Know about Communism 1951
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 Carlson, John Roy -- Under Cover 1943
30 Ernst, Morris -- The First Freedom [inscribed by Ernst to Shoenfeld] 1946
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 Facts on Communism, Volume I 1961
31 Facts on Communism, Volume II 1961
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 Fineberg, Solomon Andhil -- Overcoming Anti-Semitism [inscribed by Fineberg to Shoenfeld] 1943
30 Forster, Arnold -- A Measure of Freedom [inscribed by Forster to Shoenfeld] 1950
30 Forster, Arnold and Benjamin Epstein -- Cross-Currents [signed by authors] 1956
30 Forster, Arnold and Benjamin Epstein -- The Troublemakers [inscribed by Forster to Shoenfeld] 1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 General Interim Report of the House Select Committee on Lobbying Activities 1950
31 Guide to Subversive Organizations and Publications 1951
31 Lobbying, Direct and Indirect, Part 4 of Hearings, National Economic Council, Inc. 1950
31 Nazi-Soviet Relations 1948
31 Preliminary Report on Neo-Facist and Hate Groups 1954
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 Reinhardt, Guenther -- Crime Without Punishment [inscribed by Reinhardt to Shoenfeld] 1952
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 Review of the Scientific and Cultural Conference for World Peace 1950
31 Rockwell, George Lincoln -- This Time the World [inscribed by Rockwell to Shoenfeld] 1961
31 Rockwell, George Lincoln -- This Time the World -- Inserted Notes 1962
31 The Shameful Years: Thirty Years of Soviet Espionage in the United States 1952
31 Soviet Total War, Volume I 1956
31 Soviet Total War, Volume II 1956
BoxFolderTitleDate
30 To Secure These Rights [inscribed by Morris Ernst to Shoenfeld] 1947
BoxFolderTitleDate
31 Un-American Activities in California, 4th Report 1948
31 Vogeler, Edward Jerome -- Fights to the Death [inscribed by Vogeler to Shoenfeld] 1967
31 Weinreich, Max -- Hitler's Professors 1946
31 Weinreich, Max -- Hitler's Professors -- Inserted Notes undated
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Series IV: Audio Materials, undated, 1963-1965

0.5 linear feet. Box 32.
Arrangement:

Arranged alphabetically.

Scope and Content:

This series consists of six quarter-inch reel-to-reel audiotapes, two audio cassettes and one 33 rpm record. Two of the reels are recordings of the Arthur Goren oral history interview, the transcript of which can be found in Box 5A, Folders 10-11. A letter from Bob McGarrity in Box 5B, Folder 3 may refer to the contents of the two audio cassettes.

Box TitleDate
32   Abe Shoenfeld Speaks (Side A) The Past (Side B) [audio cassette possibly recorded by Bob McGarrity] undated
32   Abe Shoenfeld Speaks (Side A) Abe talks of "The Past" and ques. and answers (Side B) [audio cassette possibly recorded by Bob McGarrity] undated
32   Capell's Home and General Pedro Del Valle, September 21, 1963 1963
32   Dr. Revilo Oliver (Side A) and AJC Budget (Side B) undated
32   Freedman and Messenger McGrath undated
32   Goren Interview, February 6, 1965 1965
32   Goren Interview, January 6, 1964 1964
32   Rebel Records: Songs of the South Rebel: "Hey Dixie" and "Difficult and Defeated" undated
32   Unlabelled undated
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Series V: Photographs, undated, [1920s], 1952-1964

0.5 linear feet. Box 33. Separated into the AJHS Photography Collection.
Arrangement:

Alphabetical.

Scope and Content:

There are four photographs of Shoenfeld in this series (Folders 6 and 7).

Otherwise, with the exception of one undated copy of a photograph of unidentified individuals in 1920s or 1930s garb, all photographs are connected to Shoenfeld’s AJC work. Most photographs are of extremist groups, and in some cases numbers are written onto the photograph itself with corresponding, identifying names on the back. It’s not always clear which American Nazi organizations appear in the photographs, but many seem to be the protests and gatherings of the Fighting American Nationalists (F.A.N.) in the 1960s. Photographed individuals include George Lincke, George Lincoln Rockwell, Gilbert Robert Demillo, Christopher Laird Snow, Seth Dave Ryan, Hugh Roy Bruce, Carl Mulready and Sven Engblom. Also represented in a few photos are African Nationals in America, Inc., the Egyptian and Syrian Delegations at the Seventh Session of the U.N. General Assembly in 1952, and an anti-Zionism protest.

BoxFolderTitleDate
33 1 Negatives undated, 1961
33 2 Photographs undated, 1960-1962
33 3 Photographs undated, 1952-1963
33 4 Photographs undated
33 5 Photographs and Negatives 1964
33 6 Photographs of Shoenfeld [1920s]
33 7 Photographs of Shoenfeld [1920s, 1960s]
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Appendix: Deaccessioned U.S. Government Documents, 1945-1964

Scope and Content:

The following materials were discarded, because Shoenfeld had not notated or otherwise marked them, and because they are all available on-line at GPO Access.

General

American Aspects of Assassination of Leon Trotsky (1951)

The American Negro in the Communist Party (1954)

California Legislature -- 2nd, 11th Report on Un-American Activities in California (1945, 1961)

California Legislature -- 4th, 8th, 10th, 11th Reports of the Senate Investigating Committee on Education (1949-1953)

Colonization of America's Basic Industries by the Communist Party of the U.S.A. (1954)

Committee on Un-American Activities Annual Reports for 1952 and 1963 (1953, 1964)

Communist Activities Among Youth Groups (1954)

Communist Domination of Certain Unions (1951)

The Communist "Peace Petition" Campaign (1950)

Communist Target -- Youth: Communist Infiltration and Agitation Tactics (1961)

The Communist-led Riots Against the House Committee on Un-American Activities in San Francisco (1960)

The Crimes of Khrushchev (1959)

Cumulative Index to Publications of the Committee on Un-American Activities 1938-1954 (1955)

Documentary Proof that the Communist Party USA Teaches and Advocates the Overthrow and Destruction of the United States Government by Force and Violence (1952)

The Effect of Red China Communes on the United States (1959)

The Great Pretense: A Symposium on Anti-Stalinism and the 20th Congress of the Soviet Communist Party (1956)

Guide to Subversive Organizations and Publications (1951, 1957, 1961)

Hearings Related to H.R. 4700, to Amend the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950, as Amended (The Fund for Social Analysis) (1961)

Hearings Related to H.R. 9120 and H.R. 5751, to Amend the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 (1961)

The Ideological Fallacies of Communism (1957)

Joint Legislative Committee on Un-American Activities "Activities of the Southern Conference Educational Fund, Inc. in Louisiana" -- Reports 4 and 5 (1963)

Lobby Index 1950 (1950)

Manipulation of Public Opinion by Organizations Under Concealed Control of the Communist Party (1961)

Operation Abolition (1957)

Report of the March of Labor (1954)

Report on the Communist "Peace" Offensive (1951)

Southern Educational Fund, Inc. Hearings (1955)

Special Committee to Investigate Political Activities, Lobbying, and Campaign Contributions -- Final Report (1957)

Statement on the March of Treason (1951)

Strategy and Tactics of World Communism: Recruiting for Espionage, Parts 15 and 16 (1955)

Subversion in Racial Unrest -- Public Hearings of the State of Louisiana Joint Legislative Committee (1957)

Supplement to Cumulative Index to Publications of the Committee on Un-American Activities 1955-1956 (1958)

Supplement to Cumulative Index to Publications of the Committee on Un-American Activities 1955-1960 (1961)

The Truth About the Film "Operation Abolition" (1961)

Who Are They?: Maurice Thorez and Palmiro Togliatti (1957)

Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary

Communism in Labor Unions (1954)

Communist Anti-American Riots (1960)

A Communist Plot Against the Free World Police (1961)

Cumulative Index to Published Hearings and Reports of the Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws of the Committee on the Judiciary (1957)

Relationship Between Teamsters Union and Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers (1962)

Subversive Influence in Certain Labor Organizations (1954)

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