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Guide to the Records of the Industrial Removal Office
undated, 1899-1922
*I-91

Processed by Various Staff Members

American Jewish Historical Society

Center for Jewish History

15 West 16th Street

New York, NY 10011


Phone: (212) 294-6160

Fax: (212) 294-6161

Email: info@ajhs.org


URL: http://www.ajhs.org

© 2003. American Jewish Historical Society at the Center for Jewish History All rights reserved.
Center for Jewish History, Publisher.
Machine-readable finding aid created by Adina Anflick as MS Word. 2002. Electronic finding aid converted to EAD 2.0 by Tanya Elder. May 2003. Description is in English.
September 2003. States and cities updated in Series V and Series X by Tanya Elder.March 2004. Updated to EAD 2002; updated Database note and Historical Note. Renamed IRO5. Added subject headings.May 2005. Finding aid was updated and reconverted in order to match other online finding aids by Dianne Ritchey Oummia.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Industrial Removal Office
Title: Records of the Industrial Removal Office
Dates: undated, 1899-1922
Abstract: The Industrial Removal Office was created as part of the Jewish Agricultural Society to assimilate immigrants into American society, both economically and culturally. It worked to employ all Jewish immigrants. The collection contains administrative and financial records, immigrants' removal records, and correspondence. A database has been constructed to search for persons removed by the Industrial Removal Office.
Languages: The collection is in English and Yiddish.
Quantity: 115 manuscript boxes, 10 oversize boxes (20.5x17x3), 1 oversized folder, 74.25 + 1 Oversized folder
Identification: *I-91
Repository: American Jewish Historical Society at the Center for Jewish History
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Historical Note

In 1901, following anti-Semitic decrees by the Romanian government, a large wave of Romanian Jews fled to New York. The Rumanian Committee was quickly formed in New York to distribute the immigrants to other towns where they might find employment. B'nai B'rith lodges in these towns and cities assisted the refugees upon their arrival. The Romanian Committee rapidly evolved into the Industrial Removal Office, which took over the work on a much larger scale and opened its availability to any unemployed Jewish immigrant, regardless of their origin.

The Industrial Removal Office was formally created as part of the Jewish Agricultural Society at the Society's January 24, 1901 Executive Committee meeting. The Society rented a store at 34 Stanton Street in New York and named it "The Industrial Removal Office." The office was later transferred to 174 Second Avenue. The process of procuring work for immigrants was done through traveling agents, who also obtained the cooperation of local Jewish organizations. Local committees, organized primarily by B'nai B'rith, obtained orders for workers and assisted the immigrants on their arrival. The New York bureau noted requests received from the traveling agents and local committees and matched up opportunities from their applicant lists. In the first year of the Industrial Removal Office's existence, nearly 2000 individuals were sent to 250 places throughout the United States.

The philosophy behind the IRO was to assimilate the immigrants into American Society, both economically and culturally. As David Bressler, IRO general manager for sixteen years, noted, the goal was to allow immigrants to find "their own salvation." Local committees were told to regard the arriving immigrant as a newcomer filling a definite place within the community, not as a charity case. The immigrant's work should be carefully chosen to fully use his abilities and closely correspond to his earning powers. Lastly, care should be made to make the immigrant comfortable in his new community. The IRO believed that individuals or families settling in their new lives would serve as magnets for immigrating relatives and friends.

The types of occupations and trades immigrants were placed in varied widely. The records list a total of 390 variations including: carpenters, shoemakers, butchers, blacksmiths, farmers, locksmiths, clerks, machinists, paperhangers, tanners, furriers, harness makers, printers, watchmakers, weavers, and wood carvers. A major success of the IRO was to encourage diverse occupations beyond those in the needletrades.

With the financial panic in 1907 and the ensuing industrial depression, the demand for labor decreased sharply. The IRO counteracted this crisis by sending traveling agents farther away from New York and by increasing its publicity. The result was a broader range of distribution that included the Southern, Rocky Mountain, and Pacific States. This year also marked an administrative autonomy from the auspices of the Jewish Agricultural Society. In 1909, the ongoing industrial depression produced the lowest distribution figures since 1902. Many IRO city offices suspended their operations. David Bressler organized offices in Los Angeles, Portland, Seattle, Spokane, and other agricultural centers that were not as affected by the depression. Two major distribution centers, Philadelphia and Boston, ceased their operations in 1911 and 1914, respectively.

With the onset of World War I, distributing IRO offices had so shrunk that only 3,500 immigrants were placed out of a total of 12,000 applicants. IRO's income also decreased and to maintain morale a bulletin "Distribution" began to be published in July 1914. The IRO preserved its core organization throughout the war. In 1921, with deepened US immigration restrictions, the IRO attempted to place immigrants in Mexico. The project was soon discontinued. IRO formally dissolved in 1922. From 1901 to 1922, the IRO distributed approximately 79,000 individuals throughout the United States and Canada. From 1901 to 1913, IRO distributions represented close to 6 or 7 per cent of the US total immigration figures.

References

Glazier, Jack. Dispersing the Ghetto: The Relocation of Jewish Immigrants Across America. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Joseph, Samuel. History of the Baron de Hirsch Fund: the Americanization of the Jewish Immigrant. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1935.

CHRONOLOGY OF THE INDUSTRIAL REMOVAL OFFICE

1900 Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society founded by the Baron de Hirsch Fund and the Jewish Colonization Association to encourage migration from NYC into the interior of the US and agricultural interest/education.
Romanian Relief Committee (RRC), with help of Jewish philanthropists and B'nai Brith lodges, helps large Romanian influx of immigrants find employment.
1901 Industrial Removal Office created, taking over the duties of the RRC and applying them on a larger scale with more organization; courtesy of de Hirsch Fund, B'nai Brith, United Hebrew Charities, and other Jewish immigrant groups.
1903 United Hebrew Charities and the de Hirsch Fund hire David Bressler as the IRO general manager. Before, Bressler had worked for the Romanian Aid Society and spent the majority of his adult life working with immigrants.
1904 IRO hires and sends forth college educated young men to work as "traveling agents" to promote the IRO around the country, investigate employment opportunities, and establish local liaisons and committees.
1905 IRO moves New York main office from store space at 34 Stanton St. to 174 2nd Avenue.
1906 Congress passes the Galveston Plan, making Galveston, Texas an alternative entry station into the United States, furthering the effort to discourage new Jewish immigrants from settling in the Lower East Side.
1907 Jewish Immigration Information Bureau (JIIB) founded as branch of IRO to receive immigrants through Galveston and send them to other communities in the US.
1914 Relations between the JIIB and other Jewish organizations deteriorate and Jews are no longer sent through Galveston. Over 10,000 Jews were helped and settled through Galveston by the JIIB.
1917 Burnett Immigration Law passed in Congress over President Wilson's 2nd veto; requiring a literacy test for new immigrants. Jewish lobby procures small victory in that literacy test is not applied to those seeking refuge from religious persecution.
David Bressler resigns from position of IRO general manager.
78,995 immigrants resettled by the IRO since 1901, by the end of the year.
1921 Congress passes the Quota Act, limiting annual immigration to 3% of given national resident group already living in the United States.
1922 Immigration reaches nearly a standstill and IRO activity ceases.
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Scope and Content Note

The records of the Industrial Removal Office document the efforts made on the part of this office and other agencies to assist immigrants arriving and living in New York City. A precious part of this collection is the immigrants' perceptions of their new life and the IRO's work. The complexity of material encompasses administrative, financial, statistical records; small town population and Jewish life conditions surveys; placement and removal records; correspondence of IRO traveling and local agents and potential employers; correspondence of overseas Jewish immigrant organizations and American Jewish aid societies, trade unions, courts, newspapers, and other agencies; correspondence between immigrants and the IRO staff; and correspondence from significant individuals in the IRO, politics, and Jewish social services.

The collection is particularly strong in regards to immigrant removal and placement records, correspondence of IRO staff, other organizations, and major individuals, and IRO financial records. It is less so concerning IRO administrative reports and committee minutes, where several time gaps exist.

Among the research areas available within the IRO material are genealogy, American immigration, Jewish philanthropic agencies, labor, demographic surveys, Jews in small towns in the early 1900s, and the relationship between German Jews and Eastern European Jewish immigrants.

It is recommended that genealogists begin with the ledgers in Series II, and then later research further into additional series.

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Arrangement

The collection is arranged into eleven series.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open to researchers.

Use Restrictions

There may be some restrictions on the use of the collection. For more information, contact
American Jewish Historical Society
Center for Jewish History
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011

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Related Material

Related materials can be found in the Baron de Hirsch Fund Records, Max James Kohler papers, and the National Committee for the Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacres Records at AJHS and the Jewish Agricultural Society Records at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

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Provenance

The Industrial Removal Office Collection was donated to the American Jewish Historical Society in 1949 as part of the Baron de Hirsch Fund Records.

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Preferred Citation

Published citations should take the following form:

Identification of item, date (if known); Records of the Industrial Removal Office; I-91; box number; folder number; American Jewish Historical Society at the Center for Jewish History .

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Database

A database indexing immigrants' names recorded in ledgers found in Series II: Removal Records, has been completed and is available online at: http://www.cjh.org/collections/genealogy/IRO.php (Feb. 2004). PLEASE NOTE: By using this link you will be exiting the current Industrial Removal Office finding aid.

The names recorded in the database are listed in ledgers that are located in Box 6 through Box 12 of the collection. Please note that additional material concerning individual immigrants may also be found in other areas of the collection. The database provides the location of the immigrant's information in the ledger. The actual ledger record may include the following information: New York address, new destination, date of distribution, name and age of the wife and children, immigrant's occupation, country of birth, length of time in the U.S., present wages, IRO statistics, and status after his or her new residence.

Please note that the name indexing for this database was taken from handwritten entries, many of which were unclear. It is recommended that one search under various alternative spellings and possible incorrect letters of a name. For instance, one may wish to search for the last name Katzin as Kalzin or Kalzim.

The American Jewish Historical Society is deeply grateful for the support provided by the Estelle Guzik, the Jewish Genealogy Society of New York, and the efforts of the following volunteers: Ronni Beer, Esther Brownstein, Bernard Cedar, Claire Cohen, Jacob Cohen, Jane Foss, Barbara Frank, Bobby Furst, Shirley Gerstel, Ava Gorkin, Estelle Guzick, Sheila Heitner, Eden Joachim, Phyllis Kramer, Ken Kravitz, Jeffrey Levin, Florette Lynn, Susan Mann, Robin Newman, Mark Polisar, Ann Rabinowitz, Carol Raspler, Renee Resky, Toby Sanchez, Claudia Schellenberg, Charlene Segot, Doug Seidman, Rebecca Simmons, Greta Tedoff, Bruce Zatz, Dorothy Zenilman, and Paula Zieselman.

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Access Points

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Container List

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection.

 

Series I: Organizational Records, (1903-1922).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 1-5
Arrangement:

The records are divided into administrative and financial records, in original order.

Scope and Content:

This series contains administrative and financial records. Administrative records consist of meeting minutes of the Board, Executive Committee, and Removal Committee; office correspondence; annual reports from 1910 and 1913; monthly reports, statistics, and bulletins, a publication of David Bressler's presentation to the 1910 National Conference of Jewish Charities; a draft of his 1902 presentation report; reports on immigration restriction; studies conducted on removals and the agency's outlook; and memorabilia such as IRO business, referral, and luggage cards. Although there is a wide representation of documents, they include portions of various years. The financial records consist of detailed balance sheets, investments sheets, audits, and comparison cost figures. Three ledgers finish the series: petty cash covering June 1903 to December 1906; receipts and disbursements covering April 1904 to September 1911; and a financial record of agencies, indexed by town name, that includes cost and number of tickets by immigrants' names.

Administrative Records, undated, 1901-1919 

Box Folder Title Date
1 1 Board of Directors Minutes (1903, 1907)
1 2 Executive Committee Minutes (1907)
1 3 Removal Committee Minutes (1903-1917)
1 4 Annual Reports (1910, 1913)
1 5 Monthly Reports (1901-1919)
1 6 Monthly Bulletins (Vol. 1, nos. 6,8, Dec. 1914, Feb. 1915; Vol. 2, no. 2, Aug. 1915)
1 7 Studies of Removal (1913)
1 8 "The Removal Work, Including Galveston" (delivered by David M. Bressler before the National Conference of Jewish Charities) (May 17, 1910)
1 9 Miscellaneous papers relating to the IRO and immigration undated
1 10 Memorabilia (Business cards, I.D. tags) undated
1 11 Routine office correspondence undated

Financial Records, 1903-1922 

Box Folder Title Date
2 1 Budget (1914)
2 2 Comparative Per Capita Cost Figures (1909-1922)
2 3 Audits (1915-1918)
2 4 Receipts and Expenditures (1918-Sept. 1922)
2 5 Investments—Correspondence (1917-1922)
2 6 Bank Balances (1907-1922)
Box Folder Title Date
3/4 (OVERSIZE) 7 Removal Work Cash Book (April 1903-Sept. 1911)
3/4 (OVERSIZE) 8 Office Expenses—Petty Cash Account (1903-1906)
Box Folder Title Date
5 9 Financial Records of Agencies (payments to local representatives) (1906)
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Series II: Removal Records, (1899-1922).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 6-17
Arrangement:

Box 13 records the permission received or denied in 1905 by local agents for immigrants to travel. It is indexed by town name. Box 14 lists requests for family reunions from the period 1901-1904. This ledger is alphabetized by last name and includes the destination, relatives being requested, Charity providing assistance, and arrival date. Boxes 15 to 17 consist of monthly placement records completed by the local agent from 1904-1914. The amount of placement records is not complete, but offers a large sampling. The placement records are arranged alphabetically by town name and include the name, occupation, quality of work performed, and (if applicable) next destination. The placement records also may contain remarks on individual immigrants by the local agent. Please note: some box and folder numbers differ between the written finding aid and this computerized version. In the written finding aid, files holding records of removals for boxes 15-17 are recorded in numerical order by year (i.e., Box 17, 1910, Folders 1-2; Box 17, 1911, Folders 1-2); actual folders within these boxes use both numerical order by year, and a sequential number of total folders within a single box (i.e., Box 17, 1910, 1911, Folders 1-4). This computerized version of the finding aid reflects the sequential number of total folders within a single box.

Scope and Content:

The series is primarily divided by ledgers into records of removals of persons from location A and records of placement of persons to location B. For instance, a record of removal tracks a single person removed from location A, New York, and placed in location B, San Francisco.

This series is highly valuable for genealogists. Boxes 6 to 12 contain removal ledgers that provide the New York address, new destination, name and age of wife and children, occupation, country of birth, and status after removal. The ledgers are listed chronologically and by Charity providing assistance.

An online name index database has been created to ensure easier access.

Record of Removal, #1-43417 (OVERSIZE),  1899-1922.

Record of Removal, #1-3468, 1899-1902

Box Folder Title Date
6 1 Philadelphia Removals (1899-1902)
6 2 Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society (1901-1902)
6 3 Rumanian Relief (1901-1902)
6 4 Weiser Inger and Werthheimer (1902)
6 5 Daniel N. Bloomenthal from Baltimore to Woodbine (1902)
6 6 Brotmansville, N.J. (1901-1902)
6 7 Shops of C & G Contr., A. Birer (1901)
6 8 Shops of A, B, & Co., Contr., Ike Albert (1901)
6 9 Shop of H. Bros Contr. I. Bresslauer (1901)
6 10 Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society (1902)

Record of Removal, #3469-8884 (OVERSIZE), 1903-1904

Box Folder Title Date
7 1 Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society (1903-1904)
7 2 Philadelphia Removals (1903)
7 3 Carlton Manufacturing Co. "Alliance, NJ" (Feb.-Mar. 1903)
7 4 Rumanian Relief (Jan. 1903-July 1904)

Record of Removal, #8885-15528 (OVERSIZE), undated

Box Folder Title Date
8 1 Record of Removal, #8885-15528 Unspecified

Record of Removal, #15529-24366 (OVERSIZE), 1906-1908

Box Folder Title Date
9 1 Removal Committee (Apr. 1906-Mar. 1908)
9 2 Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society (Apr. 1906-March 1908)

Record of Removal, #24367-31645 (OVERSIZE), 1908-1911

Box Folder Title Date
10 1 Account A. (Apr. 1908-Dec. 1911)
10 2 Account B. (Apr. 1908-Dec. 1911)

Record of Removal, #31646-40938 (OVERSIZE), 1912-1914

Box Folder Title Date
11 1 Account A. (Jan. 1912-Dec. 1914)
11 2 Account B. (Jan. 1912-Dec. 1914)

Record of Removal, #40939-43417 (OVERSIZE), 1915-1922

Box Folder Title Date
12 1 Account A. (1915-1922)
12 2 Account B. (1915-1922)

Preliminary Removal Record and Family Reunion Cases,  1901-1905.

Box   Title Date
13   Preliminary Removal Record, alphabetical listing of places where people were sent to from New York 1905
Box   Title Date
14   Family Reunion Cases, alphabetical listing of names of applicants (OVERSIZE) 1901-1904

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to,  1904-1914.

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1904-1905

Box Folder Title Date
15 1 Albany, NY, 10 pgs. (May 1904-Mar. 1905)
15 1 Allentown, PA, 4 pgs. (June, Aug., Nov-Dec. 1904)
15 1 Altoona, PA, 3 pgs. (May-June 1904)
15 1 Atlanta, GA, 2 pgs. (Aug.-Sept. 1904)
15 1 Aurora, MO, 1 pg. (Jan. 1905)
15 1 Beatrice, NE, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 1 Bellaire, OH, 1 pg. (Jan. 1904)
15 1 Birmingham, AL, 4 pgs. (Mar.-Apr., June, Sept. 1904)
15 1 Boonville, MO, 2 pgs. (Dec. 1904, Mar. 1905)
15 1 Boston, MA, 2 pgs. (Jan.-Mar. 1905)
15 1 Boulder, CO, 2 pgs. (Sept., Dec. 1904)
15 1 Buffalo, NY, 9 pgs. (June-Aug., Oct.-Dec.1904, Jan.-Mar. 1905)
15 1 Cedar Rapids, IA, 4 pgs. (Oct.-Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 1 Chariton, IA, 1 pg. (Nov. 1904)
15 1 Chattanooga, TN, 1 pg. (Sept. 1904)
15 1 Cheyenne, WY, 2 pgs. (Sept., Nov. 1904)
15 1 Cincinnati, OH, 17 pgs. (Mar.-June, Aug.-Dec. 1904, Jan., Mar. 1905)
15 1 Cleveland, OH, 3 pgs. (Dec. 1904, Jan., Mar 1905)
15 1 Clinton, IA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 1 Clinton, MO, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15 1 Colorado Springs, CO, 2 pgs. (Jan., Sept. 1905)
15 1 Council Bluffs, IA, 1 pg. (June 1904)
15 1 Cripple Creek, CO, 2 pgs. (Jan., Mar. 1905)
15 1 Dallas, TX, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15 1 Dayton, OH, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15 1 Demopolis, AL, 1 pg. (Sept. 1904)
15 1 Des Moines, IA, 5 pgs. (Mar., Oct.-Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 2 Des Moines, IA, 5 pgs. (cont'd) (Mar., Oct.-Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 2 Detroit, MI, 9 pgs. (Mar., Aug. 1904, Jan., Mar. 1905)
15 2 Dubuque, IA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 2 Elmira, NY, 4 pgs. (Aug., Sept. 1904, May 1905, undated)
15 2 Fort Wayne, IN, 2 pgs. (Oct.-Nov. 1904)
15 2 Fort Worth, TX, 1 pg. (Sept. 1904)
15 2 Grand Island, NE, 3 pgs. (Sept., Oct. 1904)
15 2 Greeley, CO, 2 pgs. (Sept., Dec. 1904)
15 2 Hannibal, MO, 1 pg. (Jan. 1905)
15 2 Harrisburg, PA, 2 pgs. (June, Sept. 1904)
15 2 Hastings, NE, 1 pg. (Nov. 1904)
15 2 Hutchinson, KS, 3 pgs. (Dec. 1904, Jan, Mar. 1905)
15 2 Indianapolis, IN, 2 pgs. (Sept. 1904)
15 2 Jacksonville, FL, 2 pgs. (Apr., Sept. 1904)
15 2 Joplin, MO, 1 pg. (Jan. 1905)
15 2 Kalamazoo, MI, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 2 Kansas City, MO, 19 pgs. (Mar-June, Aug.-Dec. 1904, Jan. Mar. 1905)
15 2 Keokuk, IA, 1 pg. (Dec. 1904)
15 2 Lancaster, PA, 4 pgs. (May-June, Aug. 1904)
15 2 Lawrence, KS, 2 pgs. (Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 2 Leavenworth, KS, 2 pgs. (Jan., Mar. 1905)
15 2 Lexington, MO, 1 pg. (Jan. 1905)
15 2 Lincoln, NE, 5 pgs. (Apr., Sept.-Nov. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 2 Louisiana, MO, 2 pgs. (Jan. 1905)
15 2 Louisville, KY, 3 pgs. (Apr., Aug., Nov. 1904)
15 2 Macon, GA, 3 pgs. (June, Oct. 1904, Feb. 1905)
15 2 Marshalltown, IA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 2 Memphis, TN, 9 pgs. (Apr.-June, Aug., Oct. 1904, Jan. Mar. 1905)
15 3 Memphis, TN, 9 pgs. (cont'd) (Apr.-June, Aug., Oct. 1904, Jan. Mar. 1905)
15 3 Mexico, MO, 1 pg. (Jan. 1905)
15 3 Milwaukee, WI, 15 pgs. (Mar.-June, Aug.-Dec. 1904)
15 3 Minneapolis MN, 7 pgs. (Aug.-Dec. 1904, Jan.-Mar. 1905)
15 3 Mobile, AL, 6 pgs. (May-June, Aug.-Sept. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 3 Montgomery, AL, 5 pgs. (Apr.-June, Aug. 1904)
15 3 Murray City, OH, 1 pg. (Nov. 1904)
15 3 Muscatine, IA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 3 Nebraska City, NE, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15 3 New Orleans, LA, 3 pgs. (Apr., Aug. 1904, Mar. 1905)
15 3 North Adams, MA, 1 pg. (Sept. 1904)
15 3 North Platte, NE, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 3 Omaha, NE, 4 pgs. (Oct.-Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 3 Oskaloosa, IA, 1 pg. (Nov. 1904)
15 3 Ottumwa, IA, 2 pgs. (Nov.,Oct. 1904)
15 3 Pittsburg, KS, 2 pgs. (Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 3 Portland, ME, 1 pg. (Sept. 1904)
15 3 Pueblo, CO, 1 pg. (Dec. 1904)
15 3 Reading, PA, 3 pgs. (June, Sept. 1904)
15 3 Richmond, VA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 3 Rochester, NY (Mar.-June, Aug.-Dec. 1904, Jan., Mar. 1905)
15 4 Rock Island, IL, 1 pg. (Oct. 1904)
15 4 St. Charles, MO, 2 pgs. (Mar., Apr. 1904)
15 4 St. Joseph, MO, 3 pgs. (Nov.-Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 4 St. Louis, MO, 20 pgs. (Mar.-June, Aug.-Dec. 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 4 San Francisco, CA, 3 pgs. (Mar.-Apr., Nov. 1904)
15 4 Scranton, PA, 4 pgs. (May-June, Aug.-Sept. 1904)
15 4 Sedalia, MO, 1 pg. (Dec. 1904)
15 4 Shreveport, LA, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15 4 Sioux City, IA, 2 pgs. (Oct.-Nov. 1904)
15 4 South Bend, IN, 12 pgs. (Mar.-June, Aug.-Nov. 1904, Jan., Mar. 1905)
15 4 Spokane, WA, 1 pg. (June 1904)
15 4 Springfield, IL, 3 pgs. (Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1904)
15 4 Streator, IL, 1 pg. (June 1904)
15 4 Syracuse, NY, 2 pgs. (June, Sept. 1904)
15 4 Topeka, KS, 2 pgs. (Jan., Mar, 1905)
15 4 Tyler, TX, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15 4 Uncasville, CT, 3 pgs. (Apr.-June 1904)
15 4 Uniontown, PA, 2 pgs. (June 1904, Jan. 1905)
15 4 Vicksburg, MS, 1 pg. (June 1904)
15 4 Warren, PA, 1 pg. (April 1904)
15 4 Wheeling, WV, 3 pgs. (June, Oct. 1904)
15 4 Wichita, KS, 3 pgs. (Dec. 1904, Jan. Mar. 1905)
15 4 Wilkes-Barre, PA, 2 pgs. (June, Aug. 1904)
15 4 Wilmington, DE, 1 pg. (April 1904)
15 4 Winona, MN, 1 pg. (June 1904)
15 4 Youngstown, OH, 1 pg. (Nov. 1904)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons Removed to, 1905-1906

Box Folder Title Date
15 5 Albany, NY, 7 pgs. (Feb., Apr.-June, Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15 5 Atlanta, GA, 5 pgs. (Apr., June-July, Oct., Dec. 1905)
15 5 Austin, TX, 1 pg. (Nov. 1905)
15 5 Beaumont, TX, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15 5 Birmingham, AL, 6 pgs. (Apr., June, Sept., Dec. 1905, Mar. 1906, undated)
15 5 Boulder, CO, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15 5 Buffalo, NY, 7 pgs. (Apr., July-Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15 5 Burlington, IA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1905)
15 5 Cedar Rapids, IA, 1 pg. (Mar. 1906)
15 5 Charleston, SC, 1 pg. (Oct. 1905)
15 5 Chattanooga, TN, 2 pgs. (June, Aug. 1905)
15 5 Cincinnati, OH, 11 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15 5 Columbus, GA (Nov. 1905) (Nov. 1905)
15 5 Columbus, OH, 6 pgs. (Mar.-Apr., June, Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15 5 Dallas, TX, 2 pgs. (Apr., Nov. 1905)
15 5 Detroit, MI, 5 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1905, undated)
15 5 Evansville, IN, 3 pgs. (June, Sept., Nov. 1905)
15 5 Fall River, MA, 3 pgs. (Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905)
Box Folder Title Date
15A 1 Fort Smith, AR, 3 pgs. (Apr., Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15A 1 Fort Worth, TX, 3 pgs. (Mar.-Apr. 1905, Jan. 1906)
15A 1 Gainsville, TX, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15A 1 Grand Rapids, MI, 2 pgs. (Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15A 1 Great Bend, KS, 2 pgs. (Dec. 1905)
15A 1 Hannibal, MO, 2 pgs. (June, Dec. 1905)
15A 1 Indianapolis, IN, 6 pgs. (Mar.-Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15A 1 Jacksonville, FL, 2 pgs. (Oct., Dec. 1905)
15A 1 Joplin, MO, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15A 1 Kansas City, MO, 5 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug., Nov.1905)
15A 1 Knoxville, TN, 3 pgs. (Feb., June., Aug. 1905)
15A 1 Lake Charles, LA, 2 pgs. (Apr., Nov. 1905)
15A 1 Leavenworth, KS, 2 pgs. (Apr., Dec. 1905)
15A 1 Lincoln, NE, 2 pgs. (Apr., Oct. 1905)
15A 1 Little Rock, AR, 2 pgs. (June, Dec. 1905)
15A 1 Louisville, KY, 3 pgs. (Mar., June, Nov. 1905)
15A 1 Macon, GA, 1 pg. (June 1905)
15A 1 Marietta, OH, 1 pg. (Oct. 1905)
15A 1 Marshall, TX, 2 pgs. (Aug. 1905, undated)
15A 1 Mason City, IA, 2 pgs. (Aug. Nov. 1905)
15A 1 Memphis, TN, 5 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15A 1 Milwaukee, WI, 9 pgs. (Jan., Mar.-Apr., June, Aug. 1905)
15A 2 Milwaukee, WI, 9 pgs. (cont'd) (Jan., Mar.-Apr., June, Aug. 1905)
15A 2 Minneapolis, MN, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug., Oct. 1905)
15A 2 Moberly, MO, 1 pg. (Mar. 1905)
15A 2 Mobile, AL, 2 pgs. (June-July 1905)
15A 2 Montgomery, AL, 3 pgs. (Mar.-June 1905)
15A 2 Nashville, TN, 5 pgs. (Mar., June, Nov., undated 1905)
15A 2 New Decatur, AL, 1 pg. (Aug. 1905)
15A 2 New Orleans, LA, 2 pgs. (Apr. 1905)
15A 2 Newport News, VA, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1905)
15A 2 Omaha, NE, 5 pgs. (Mar., Aug., Oct., Dec. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15A 2 Paducah, KY, 1 pg. (June 1905)
15A 2 Pensacola, FL, 1 pg. (June 1905)
15A 2 Palestine, TX, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15A 2 Perry, IA, 1pg. (June 1905)
15A 2 Pine Bluff, AR, 2 pgs. (Apr., Oct. 1905)
15A 2 Pittsburg, PA, 6 pgs. (Feb., Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15A 2 Pueblo, CO, 5 pgs. (Apr., June, Sept. Nov.-Dec. 1905)
15A 2 Richmond, VA, 3 pgs. (Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15A 2 Rochester, NY, 6 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905)
15A 2 Rock Island, IL, 2 pgs. (Aug., Oct. 1905)
15A 2 St. Joseph, MO, 4 pgs. (Mar., June, Aug., Dec. 1905)
15A 3 St. Louis, MO, 10 pgs. (Mar.-Apr., June, Aug., Nov. 1905)
15A 3 St. Stephens, SC, 1 pg. (Nov. 1905)
15A 3 San Antonio, TX, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15A 3 San Francisco, CA, 2 pgs. (Apr. 1905, Mar. 1906)
15A 3 Scranton, PA, 3 pgs. (Apr., June 1905, Mar. 1906)
15A 3 Sherman, TX, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15A 3 Shreveport, LA, 2 pgs. (Nov. 1905, undated)
15A 3 Sioux Falls, SD, 1 pg. (Oct. 1905)
15A 3 South Bend, IN, 6 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug., Oct.-Nov. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15A 3 Starkweather, ND, 1 pg. (Oct. 1905)
15A 3 Syracuse, NY, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Sept.-Oct. 1905)
15A 3 Terre Haute, IN, 1 pg. (Aug. 1905)
15A 3 Toledo, OH, 5 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug., Oct. 1905, Feb. 1906)
15A 3 Topeka, KS, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15A 3 Tyler, TX, 2 pgs. (Apr., June 1905)
15A 3 Vicksburg, MS, 1 pg. (Nov. 1905)
15A 3 Waco, TX, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)
15A 3 Waterloo, LA, 1 pg. (Aug. 1905)
15A 3 Wichita, KS, 2 pgs. (Apr., July 1905)
15A 3 Wilkes-Barre, PA, 3 pgs. (Apr., June, Aug. 1905)
15A 3 Woodbine, NJ, 1 pg. (Oct. 1905)
15A 3 Youngstown, OH, 1 pg. (Apr. 1905)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1906

Box Folder Title Date
16 1 Albany, NY, 5 pgs. (Apr., June, Sept., Nov. 1906)
16 1 Atlanta, GA, 4 pgs. (Feb., Apr., June, Oct. 1906)
16 1 Augusta, GA, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 1 Birmingham, AL, 2 pgs. (Apr., June 1906)
16 1 Boston, MA, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 1 Buffalo, NY, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Cedar Rapids, IA, 2 pgs. (June, Oct. 1906)
16 1 Chatanooga, TN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1906)
16 1 Cincinnati, OH, 9 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Cleveland, OH, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Columbus, OH, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Des Moines, IA 2 pgs. (May, Nov. 1906)
16 1 Detroit, MI, 6 pgs. (Feb., Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Fall River, MA, 1 pg. (Dec. 1906)
16 1 Ft. Smith, AR, 1 pg. (June 1906)
16 1 Ft. Worth, TX, 3 pgs. (Apr., Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Houston, TX, 1 pg. (May 1906)
16 1 Indianapolis, IN, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 1 Kent, OH, 2 pgs. (Aug. 1906)
16 1 Keokuk, IA, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 1 Knoxville, TN, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 1 La Crosse, WI, 1 pg. (June 1906)
16 2 Logansfront, IN, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 2 Lafayette, IN, 2 pgs. (July, Oct. 1906)
16 2 Lincoln, NE, 1 pg. (Nov. 1906)
16 2 Louisville, KY, 4 pgs. (Apr., June, Nov. 1906)
16 2 Memphis, TN, 3 pgs. (Apr., June, Nov. 1906)
16 2 Milwaukee, WI, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 2 Nashville, TN, 2 pgs. (June 1906)
16 2 New Decatur, AL, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 2 New Orleans, LA, 1 pg. (Nov. 1906)
16 2 Omaha, NE, 5 pgs. (Apr., July, Nov.-Dec. 1906)
16 2 Pittsburg, PA, 6 pgs. (May, June, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 2 Portland, OR, 1 pg. (June 1906)
16 2 Rochester, NY, 5 pgs. (May-June, Nov.-Dec. 1906)
16 2 Scranton, PA, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 2 St. Joseph, MO, 2 pgs. (Apr. 1906)
16 2 St. Louis, MO, 8 pgs. (Apr., July, Oct.-Nov. 1906)
16 2 South Bend, IN, 6 pgs. (Apr., June, Nov.-Dec. 1906)
16 2 Syracuse, NY, 1 pg. (July 1906)
16 2 Toledo, OH, 5 pgs. (May, July, Nov. 1906)
16 2 Waterloo, IA, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)
16 2 Woodbine, NJ, 1 pg. (June 1906)
16 2 Youngstown, OH, 1 pg. (Apr. 1906)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1907

Box Folder Title Date
16 3 Albany, NY, 3 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May 1907)
16 3 Atlanta, GA, 3 pgs. (Jan., Mar. Aug. 1907)
16 3 Beloit, WI, 1 pg. (Oct. 1907)
16 3 Birmingham, AL, 5 pgs. (Jan., Mar., Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 3 Buffalo, NY, 8 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 3 Chattanooga, TN, 3 pgs. (Jan., Apr., May 1907)
16 3 Chickasha, OH, 1 pg. (Jan. 1907)
16 3 Cincinnati, OH, 7 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct. 1907)
16 4 Cincinnati, OH, 7 pgs. (cont'd) (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct. 1907)
16 4 Columbus, OH, 7 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 4 Detroit, MI, 7 pgs. ( Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 4 Erie, PA, 1 pg. (Sept. 1907)
16 4 Fall River, MA, 1 pg. (Oct. 1907)
16 4 Indianapolis, IN, 7 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 5 Jacksonville, FL, 1 pg. (Oct. 1907)
16 5 Louisville, KY, 5 pgs. (Jan., Apr., Sept., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 5 Memphis, TN, 5 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct. 1907)
16 5 Nashville, TN, 3 pgs. (Jan., Mar., Dec. 1907)
16 5 Natchez, MS, 1 pg. (Apr. 1907)
16 5 North Adams, MA, 1 pg. (May 1907)
16 5 Omaha, NE, 6 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 5 Padacuh, KY, 1 pg. (Mar., 1907)
16 5 Pittsburg, PA, 7 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 5 Rochester, NY, 7 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 5 Rockford, IL, 1 pg. (Oct. 1907)
16 6 St. Louis, MO, 11 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 6 South Bend, IN, 5 pgs. (Jan., Mar., May, Aug., Oct. 1907)
16 6 Syracuse, NY, 1 pg. (Oct. 1907)
16 6 Toledo, OH, 7 pgs. (Jan., Apr., June, Aug., Sept., Oct., Dec. 1907)
16 6 Youngstown, OH, 1 pg. (Aug. 1907)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1908

Box Folder Title Date
16 7 Atlanta, GA, 2 pgs. (Apr., July 1908)
16 7 Birmingham, AL, 2 pgs. (Feb., Apr. 1908)
16 7 Buffalo, NY, 3 pgs. (Feb., Apr., July 1908)
16 7 Cincinnati, OH, 1 pg. (Apr. 1908)
16 7 Columbus, OH, 3 pgs. (Feb., Apr., July 1908)
16 7 Detroit, MI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Indianapolis, IN, 2 pgs. (Feb., Apr. 1908)
16 7 Kalamazoo, MI, 1 pg. (Apr., 1908)
16 7 Lafayette, IN, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Lynchburg, VA, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Omaha, NE, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Pensacola, FL, 2 pgs. (Feb., July 1908)
16 7 Pittsburg, PA, 3 pgs. (Feb., Apr., Nov. 1908)
16 7 Rochester, NY, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 St. Louis, MO, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 South Bend, IN, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Toledo, OH, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Traverse City, MI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)
16 7 Ybor City, FL, 1 pg. (Feb. 1908)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1910

Box Folder Title Date
17 1 Akron, OH, 3 pgs. (June, Aug., Nov. 1910)
17 1 Alliance, OH, 1 pg. (Mar. 1910)
17 1 Atlanta, GA, 2 pgs. (June, Aug. 1910)
17 1 Buffalo, NY, 4 pgs. (Mar., June, Aug., Nov. 1910)
17 1 Bellaire, OH, 2 pgs. (Feb., June 1910)
17 1 Canton, OH, 1 pg. (Mar. 1910)
17 1 Chattanooga, TN, 1 pg. (no date)
17 1 Cincinnati, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., June, Aug., Nov. 1910)
17 1 Columbus, OH, 1 pg. (June 1910)
17 1 Dayton, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., June, Aug., Nov. 1910)
17 1 Detroit, MI, 5 pgs. (Jan., Feb., June, Aug., Nov. 1910)
17 1 Erie, PA, 1 pg. (Mar. 1910)
17 1 Grand Rapids, MI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1910)
17 2 Indianapolis, IN, 6 pgs. (Jan., Feb., Mar., June, Sept., Nov. 1910)
17 2 Lima, OH, 1 pg. (Mar. 1910)
17 2 Lincoln, NE, 2 pgs. (Feb., June 1910)
17 2 Lorain, OH, 1 pg. (Feb. 1910)
17 2 Los Angeles, CA, 2 pgs. (Apr. 1910)
17 2 Macon, GA, 1 pg. (July 1910)
17 2 Marion, OH, 1 pg. (Jan. 1910)
17 2 Minneapolis, MN, 4 pgs. (Apr., Aug., Nov., no date 1910)
17 2 Pittsburg, PA, 4 pgs. (Feb., June, Aug., Nov. 1910)
17 2 Portland, ME, 1 pg. (Mar. 1910)
17 2 Rochester, NY, 3 pgs. (Feb., June, Sept. 1910)
17 2 St. Joseph, MO, 1 pg. (No date)
17 2 St. Louis, MO, 7 pgs. (June, Aug., Nov., no date 1910)
17 2 Seattle, WA, 1 pg. (Feb. 1910)
17 2 Shelbyville, IN, 1 pg. (June 1910)
17 2 Springfield, OH, 1 pg. (Feb. 1910)
17 2 Spokane, WA, 1 pg. (Feb. 1910)
17 2 Syracuse, NY, 2 pgs. (Feb., July 1910)
17 2 Toledo, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., June, Sept., Nov. 1910)
17 2 Zanesville, OH, 1 pg. (Feb. 1910)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1911

Box Folder Title Date
17 3 Akron, OH, 1 pg. (Nov. 1911)
17 3 Buffalo, NY, 4 pgs. (Mar., June, Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 3 Champaign, IL, 1 pg. (May 1911)
17 3 Cincinnati, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 3 Columbus, OH, 1 pg. (Aug. 1911)
17 3 Dayton, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 3 Detroit, MI, 3 pgs. (May, Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 3 Grand Rapids, MI, 2 pgs. (Feb., no date 1911)
17 3 Indianapolis, IN, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 4 Indianapolis, IN, 4 pgs. (cont'd) (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 4 Lima, OH, 1 pg. (no date)
17 4 Lorain, OH, 1 pg. (May 1911)
17 4 Macon, GA, 2 pgs. (Feb., May 1911)
17 4 Milwaukee, WI, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1911)
17 4 Montgomery, AL, 1 pg. (May 1911)
17 4 Omaha, NE, 1 pg. (Aug. 1911)
17 4 Pittsburg, PA, 1 pg. (Nov. 1911)
17 4 St. Louis, MO, 5 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug. Nov. 1911)
17 4 Sandusky, OH, 1 pg (May 1911)
17 4 Syracuse, NY, 2 pgs. (Feb., May 1911)
17 4 Toledo, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1911)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1912

Box Folder Title Date
17 5 Akron, OH, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Atlanta, GA, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 5 Bay City, MI, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Beloit, WI, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 5 Buffalo, NY, 3 pgs. (Feb., Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 5 Charlestown, SC, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Chattanooga, TN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Cincinnati, OH, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 5 Cleveland, OH, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Columbus, OH, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Danville, IL, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Dayton, OH, 3 pgs. (Feb., Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 5 Decatur, IL, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 5 Detroit, MI, 5 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 5 Fort Wayne, IN, 1 pg. (Aug. 1912)
17 5 Gary, IN, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 6 Grand Rapids, MI, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 6 Indianapolis, IN, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 6 Jackson, MI, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Jacksonville, FL, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 La Crosse, WI, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Lafayette, IN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Lima, OH, 1 pg (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Lincoln, NE, 1 pg. (Feb. 1912)
17 6 Logansport, IN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Louisville, KY, 2 pgs. (Feb. Nov. 1912)
17 6 Marion, GA, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Milwaukee, WI, 7 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 6 Muncie, IN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Pittsburg, PA, 4 pgs. (Feb., Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 6 Racine, WI , 1 pg. (Aug. 1912)
17 6 St. Louis, MO, 5 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1912)
17 6 Sandusky, OH, 2 pgs. (May, Aug. 1912)
17 6 Sheboygan, WI, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Terre Haute, IN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Toledo, OH, 3 pgs. (Feb., May, Nov. 1912)
17 6 Wheeling, WV, 1 pg. (Nov. 1912)
17 6 Zanesville, OH, 3 pgs. (Nov. 1912)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1913

Box Folder Title Date
17 7 Akron, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 7 Atlanta, GA, 2 pgs. (Feb., May 1913)
17 7 Bay City, MI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 7 Beloit, WI, 2 pgs. (Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 7 Birmingham, AL, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 7 Buffalo, NY, 6 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 7 Canton, OH, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 7 Cedar Rapids, IA, 1 pg. (no date)
17 7 Cincinnati, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 7 Columbia, SC, 1 pg. (no date)
17 7 Columbus, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 8 Columbus, OH, 4 pgs. (cont'd) (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 8 Danville, IL, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 8 Dayton, OH, 5 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 8 Decatur, IL, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 8 Detroit, MI, 7 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov., no date 1913)
17 8 Evansville, IN, 1 pg. (Nov. 1913)
17 8 Fall River, MA, 1 pg. (Nov. 1913)
17 8 Fort Wayne, IN, 2 pgs. (Feb., Nov. 1913)
17 8 Gary, IN, 6 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 9 Gary, IN, 6 pgs. (cont'd) (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 9 Grand Rapids, MI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 9 Indianapolis, IN, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 9 La Crosse, WI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 9 Lafayette, IN, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 9 Lima, OH, 3 pgs. (Feb., May, Nov. 1913)
17 9 Logansport, IN, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 9 Louisville, KY, 2 pgs. (Feb., May 1913)
17 9 Lynchburg, VA, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 9 Milwaukee, WI, 9 pgs. (May, July, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 9 Nashville, TN, 1 pg. (Feb.1913)
17 9 Pittsburg, PA, 7 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 10 Pittsburg, PA, 7 pgs. (cont'd) (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 10 Racine, WI, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 10 Richmond, VA, 1 pg. (Aug. 1913)
17 10 St. Louis, MO, 6 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 10 St. Paul, MN, 2 pgs. (Feb., May 1913)
17 10 Sheboygan, WI, 3 pgs. (Feb., Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 10 South Bend, IN, 1 pg. (Feb. 1913)
17 10 Springfield, IL, 2 pgs. (Feb., Nov. 1913)
17 10 Terre Haute, IN, 1 pg. (Feb., 1913)
17 10 Toledo, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 10 Youngstown, OH, 4 pgs. (Feb., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)
17 10 Zanesville, OH, 4 pgs. (Mar., May, Aug., Nov. 1913)

Placement Records from Cities which Persons removed to, 1914

Box Folder Title Date
17 11 Atlanta, GA, 1 pg. (May 1914)
17 11 Buffalo, NY, 1 pg. (May 1914)
17 11 Cedar Rapids, IA, 1pg. (May 1914)
17 11 Savannah, GA, 1 pg (May 1914)
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Series III: Traveling Agents (Surveys of Towns for Possible Removal, undated, 1905-1914).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 18-20
Arrangement:

Material is arranged alphabetically by traveling agent, state, and town.

Scope and Content:

Within this series is correspondence and reports made by traveling IRO agents to David Bressler canvassing local Jewish communities. The traveling agents were responsible for promoting the IRO with local Jewish leaders, seeking the leaders' agreement to accept a certain number of men and families per month. The traveling agents also researched employment possibilities in towns and established reception and assistance committees for incoming immigrants.

Stanley Bero,  1906-1907.

Alabama

Box   Title Date
18   Birmingham 1906-1907

Georgia

Box   Title Date
18   Atlanta 1906-1907
18   Macon 1906-1907
18   Savannah 1906-1907

Illinois

Box   Title Date
18   Rockford 1906-1907
18   Springfield 1906-1907

Indiana

Box   Title Date
18   Evansville 1906-1907
18   Fort Wayne 1906-1907
18   Indianapolis 1906-1907
18   Lafayette 1906-1907
18   Terre Haute 1906-1907

Iowa

Box   Title Date
18   Cedar Rapids 1906-1907
18   Clinton 1906-1907
18   Council Bluffs 1906-1907
18   Davenport 1906-1907
18   Des Moines 1906-1907
18   Dubuque 1906-1907
18   Fort Dodge 1906-1907
18   Keokuk 1906-1907
18   Ottuma 1906-1907

Kansas

Box   Title Date
18   Hutchinson 1906-1907
18   Independence 1906-1907
18   Leavenworth 1906-1907
18   Iola 1906-1907
18   Pittsburgh 1906-1907
18   Topeka 1906-1907

Michigan

Box   Title Date
18   Battle Creek 1906-1907
18   Bay City 1906-1907
18   Grand Rapids 1906-1907
18   Jackson 1906-1907
18   Kalamazoo 1906-1907
18   Saginaw 1906-1907
18   Travers City 1906-1907

Minnesota

Box   Title Date
18   Chisholm 1906-1907
18   Dalcuth 1906-1907
18   Eveleth 1906-1907
18   Hibbing 1906-1907
18   Minneapolis 1906-1907
18   St. Paul 1906-1907
18   Virginia 1906-1907

Missouri

Box   Title Date
18   Hannabal 1906-1907
18   Joplin 1906-1907
18   Kansas City 1906-1907
18   Moberly 1906-1907
18   St. Louis 1906-1907

Nebraska

Box   Title Date
18   Grand Island 1906-1907
18   Hastings 1906-1907
18   Lincoln 1906-1907

New York

Box   Title Date
18   Syracuse 1906-1907

North Dakota

Box   Title Date
18   Fargo 1906-1907

Ohio

Box   Title Date
18   Akron 1906-1907
18   Alliance 1906-1907
18   Ashland 1906-1907
18   Astabula 1906-1907
18   Bellafontaine 1906-1907
18   Bellaire 1906-1907
18   Bacyras 1906-1907
18   Canton 1906-1907
18   Cincinnati 1906-1907
18   Coneat 1906-1907
18   Columbus 1906-1907
18   Dayton 1906-1907
18   Findlay 1906-1907
18   Galion 1906-1907
18   Hamilton 1906-1907
18   Iranton 1906-1907
18   Kenton 1906-1907
18   Lima 1906-1907
18   Lorain 1906-1907
18   Mansfield 1906-1907
18   Marietta 1906-1907
18   Marion 1906-1907
18   Middleton 1906-1907
18   Newark 1906-1907
18   Pique 1906-1907
18   Portsmouth 1906-1907
18   Sandusky 1906-1907
18   Springfield 1906-1907
18   Toledo 1906-1907
18   Youngstown 1906-1907
18   Zanesville 1906-1907

Pennsylvania

Box   Title Date
18   Altoona 1906-1907
18   Connellsville 1906-1907
18   Eire 1906-1907
18   Harrisburg 1906-1907
18   Pittsburg 1906-1907
18   Scranton 1906-1907
18   Uniontown 1906-1907
18   Wilkes-Barre 1906-1907
18   Williamsport 1906-1907

South Dakota

Box   Title Date
18   Sioux Falls 1906-1907

Tennessee

Box   Title Date
18   Chattanooga 1906-1907
18   Knoxville 1906-1907
18   Nashville 1906-1907

West Virginia

Box   Title Date
18   Huntington 1906-1907
18   Parksburg 1906-1907
18   Wheeling 1906-1907

Wisconsin

Box   Title Date
18   Milwaukee 1906-1907

Morris D. Waldman,  1905-1906.

Massachusetts

Box   Title Date
18   Fall River 1905-1906

Virginia

Box   Title Date
18   Richmond 1905-1906

Wisconsin

Box   Title Date
18   Superior 1905-1906

Henry P. Goldstein,  undated

Box   Title Date
19   General Correspondence; American Palestine Company undated

Michigan

Box   Title Date
19   Adrian undated
19   Ann Arbor undated
19   Battle Creek undated
19   Flint undated
19   Grand Rapids undated
19   Jackson undated
19   Lansing undated
19   Manistee undated
19   Port Huron undated
19   Saginaw undated
19   Traverse undated

Ohio

Box   Title Date
19   Akron undated
19   Alliance undated
19   Astubula undated
19   Bellaire undated
19   Cambridge undated
19   Canton undated
19   Chillicotlle undated
19   Coshocton undated
19   Dayton undated
19   East Liverpool undated
19   Findlay undated
19   Freemont undated
19   Hamilton undated
19   Ironton undated
19   Lima undated
19   Mansfield undated
19   Marietta undated
19   Marion undated
19   Middletown undated
19   Newark undated
19   Pique undated
19   Salem undated
19   Sandusky undated
19   Springfield undated
19   Steubenville undated
19   Tiffin undated
19   Wellstown undated
19   Youngstown undated
19   Zanesville undated
19   Zenin undated

Philip Seaman,  1905-1914.

Indiana

Box   Title Date
19   Evansville 1905-1914
19   Fort Wayne 1905-1914
19   Gary 1905-1914
19   South Bend 1905-1914
19   Terre Haute 1905-1914

Michigan

Box   Title Date
19   Bay City 1905-1914
19   La Crosse 1905-1914
19   Milwaukee 1905-1914
19   Racine 1905-1914
19   Sheboygan 1905-1914

Elias Margolis,  1908-1909, 1912.

Box   Title Date
19   General Correspondence 1908-1909, 1912

Delaware

Box   Title Date
19   Wilmington 1908-1909, 1912

Illinois

Box   Title Date
19   Aurora 1908-1909, 1912
19   Bloomington 1908-1909, 1912
19   Chicago 1908-1909, 1912
19   Danville 1908-1909, 1912
19   Decatur 1908-1909, 1912
19   Elgin 1908-1909, 1912
19   Evansville 1908-1909, 1912
19   Jacksonville 1908-1909, 1912
19   Moline 1908-1909, 1912
19   Peoria 1908-1909, 1912
19   Springfield 1908-1909, 1912
19   Streator 1908-1909, 1912

Indiana

Box   Title Date
19   Elwood 1908-1909, 1912
19   Evansville 1908-1909, 1912
19   Fort Wayne 1908-1909, 1912
19   Goshen 1908-1909, 1912
19   Huntington 1908-1909, 1912
19   Indianapolis 1908-1909, 1912
19   Kokome 1908-1909, 1912
19   Lafayette 1908-1909, 1912
19   Liganter 1908-1909, 1912
19   Logansport 1908-1909, 1912
19   Madison 1908-1909, 1912
19   Marion 1908-1909, 1912
19   Michigan City 1908-1909, 1912
19   Muncie 1908-1909, 1912
19   Pero 1908-1909, 1912
19   Richmond 1908-1909, 1912
19   South Bend 1908-1909, 1912
19   Terre Haute 1908-1909, 1912
19   Wabash 1908-1909, 1912

Iowa

Box   Title Date
19   Cedar Rapids 1908-1909, 1912

Michigan

Box   Title Date
19   Grand Rapids 1908-1909, 1912

Missouri

Box   Title Date
19   St. Louis 1908-1909, 1912

Ohio

Box   Title Date
19   Canton 1908-1909, 1912
19   Cincinnati 1908-1909, 1912
19   Columbus 1908-1909, 1912
19   Dayton 1908-1909, 1912
19   Toledo 1908-1909, 1912
19   Youngstown 1908-1909, 1912

Pennsylvania

Box   Title Date
19   Allentown 1908-1909, 1912
19   Lancaster 1908-1909, 1912
19   Philadelphia 1908-1909, 1912
19   York 1908-1909, 1912

Wisconsin

Box   Title Date
19   Beloit 1908-1909, 1912
19   Jamestown 1908-1909, 1912
19   Oshkosh 1908-1909, 1912
19   Racine 1908-1909, 1912

Abraham Solomon,  1912-1913.

Alabama

Box   Title Date
20   Birmingham 1912-1913
20   Mobile 1912-1913
20   Montgomery 1912-1913

Georgia

Box   Title Date
20   Atlanta 1912-1913
20   Augusta 1912-1913
20   Macon 1912-1913
20   Savannah 1912-1913

Illinois

Box   Title Date
20   Champaign 1912-1913
20   Danville 1912-1913
20   Decatur 1912-1913
20   Springfield 1912-1913

Indiana

Box   Title Date
20   Indianapolis 1912-1913
20   Lafayette 1912-1913
20   Logansport 1912-1913
20   Muncie 1912-1913
20   New Albany 1912-1913
20   Richmond 1912-1913
20   Terre Haute 1912-1913

North Carolina

Box   Title Date
20   Charlotte 1912-1913
20   Greensborough 1912-1913
20   Raleigh 1912-1913
20   Wilmington 1912-1913

Ohio

Box   Title Date
20   Akron 1912-1913
20   Canton 1912-1913
20   Columbus 1912-1913
20   Lima 1912-1913
20   Lorain 1912-1913
20   Newark 1912-1913
20   Youngstown 1912-1913
20   Zanesville 1912-1913

South Carolina

Box   Title Date
20   Charleston 1912-1913
20   Columbia 1912-1913

Tennessee

Box   Title Date
20   Chattanooga 1912-1913
20   Nashville 1912-1913

Virginia

Box   Title Date
20   Richmond 1912-1913
20   Correspondence about Agent's work 1912-1913
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Series IV: Outside Organizations (Correspondence arranged by city, 1901-1922).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 21-27
Arrangement:

Material is arranged alphabetically by city. Please see Industrial Removal Office finding aid located in the Reading Room of the Center for Jewish History for lists of correspondence with significant organizations found within each folder.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence the IRO conducted with local and federal government agencies and national and local organizations. Among the types of organizations are aid societies, immigrant agencies, trade unions, hospitals, courts and penitentiaries, fraternal lodges, education boards, and newspapers. The correspondence concerns individual cases, local employment opportunities, immigration laws and conditions, financial records, and statistics. Of interest is the mention of family members sent to tuberculosis hospitals, aiding Turkish Jewish immigrants, and the IRO's work in Mexico. Examples of organizations include the American Jewish Committee, Denver National Jewish Hospital for Consumptives, Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society, Jewish Daily Forward, National Council of Jewish Women, National Desertion Bureau, National Liberal Immigration League, and the Omaha Tailors Union. Among the correspondents are Sadie American, David Blaustein, Herbert Friedenwald, Louis Marshall, and Henrietta Szold.

Box   Title Date
21   A - Brooklyn
Box   Title Date
22   Buffalo - H
Box   Title Date
23   I - New Republic
Box   Title Date
24   New York. A - Ellis Island (HIAS)
Box   Title Date
25   New York. Emanuel Brotherhood - Jewish Daily News
Box   Title Date
26   New York. Jewish Daily Warheit - Trunk Line Association
Box   Title Date
27   New York. Union Settlement - Z
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Series V: Local Agents, (1901-1921).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 28-70, 124
Arrangement:

Folders are organized alphabetically by state and town.

Scope and Content:

This series reflects the relationship the New York IRO maintained with the community reception committees, agents, Jewish charities, and Jewish leaders. Material includes correspondence, telegrams, newspaper clippings, and immigrant records, and primarily regards individual cases, local employment conditions, monthly quotas, and finances. IRO's work in Canada and Mexico is also available.

Box   Title Date
28   Alabama: Alabama City - Mobile
Box   Title Date
29   Alabama: Montgomery - Uniontown
  Arizona
  Arkansas
Box   Title Date
30   California: Los Angeles - San Bernadino
Box   Title Date
31   California: San Diego - Stockton
Box   Title Date
32   Colorado
Box   Title Date
33   Connecticut
  Delaware
  District of Columbia
Box   Title Date
34   Florida
  Georgia
  Idaho
  Illinois: Abingdon - Champaign
Box   Title Date
35   Illinois: Chicago
Box   Title Date
36   Illinois: Clinton - Waukegan
Box   Title Date
37   Indiana: Anderson - Hammond
Box   Title Date
124   Indiana: Indianapolis A
Box   Title Date
38   Indiana: Indianapolis B - South Bend A
Box   Title Date
39   Indiana: South Bend B - Wabash
  Iowa: Anamosa - Centerville
Box   Title Date
40   Iowa: Chariton - Woodward
Box   Title Date
41   Kansas
Box   Title Date
42   Kentucky
Box   Title Date
43   Louisiana
  Maine
Box   Title Date
44   Maryland
  Massachusetts
Box   Title Date
45   Michigan: Bay City - Detroit A
Box   Title Date
46   Michigan: Detroit B
Box   Title Date
47   Michigan: Detroit C
Box   Title Date
48   Michigan: East Lansing - Traverse City
  Minnesota: Crookston - Minneapolis A
Box   Title Date
49   Minnesota: Minneapolis B - Winona
  Mississippi
Box   Title Date
50   Missouri: Aurora - St. Louis A
Box   Title Date
51   Missouri: St. Louis B - Springfield
  Montana
  Nebraska: Beatrice - Omaha A
Box   Title Date
52   Nebraska: Omaha B - South Omaha
  New Hampshire
Box   Title Date
53   New Jersey
  New York: Albany - Rochester A
Box   Title Date
54   New York: Rochester B - Yonkers
  North Carolina
  North Dakota
Box   Title Date
55   Ohio: Akron - Cincinnati
Box   Title Date
56   Ohio: Cleveland
Box   Title Date
57   Ohio: Columbus
Box   Title Date
58   Ohio: Conneaut - Portsmouth
Box   Title Date
59   Ohio: Sandusky - Zanesville
Box   Title Date
60   Oklahoma
  Oregon
  Pennsylvania: Allentown - Forrest City
Box   Title Date
61   Pennsylvania: Harrisburg - Uniontown
Box   Title Date
62   Pennsylvania: Warren - York
  Rhode Island
  South Carolina
  South Dakota
  Tennessee: Chattanooga
Box   Title Date
63   Tennessee: Clarksville - Nashville
Box   Title Date
64   Texas: Austin - Galveston
Box   Title Date
64A   Texas: Houston - Waco
Box   Title Date
65   Utah
  Virginia
  Washington: Seattle
Box   Title Date
66   Washington: Spokane - Tacoma
  West Virginia
  Wisconsin: Beloit - Madison
Box   Title Date
67   Wisconsin: Milwaukee A
Box   Title Date
68   Wisconsin: Milwaukee B
Box   Title Date
69   Wisconsin: Milwaukee C - Superior
  Wyoming
Box   Title Date
70   Canada
  Mexico
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Series VI: Job Offers, (1901-1921).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 71-82
Arrangement:

Material is organized alphabetically by state.

Scope and Content:

Various types of employers sought workmen. Bakers, carpenters, farm help, ironworkers, shoemakers, tailors are a small sampling of types of positions placed. This series contains the accepted or rejected response by the IRO New York Office. Reasons offered by the office for rejecting job offers from potential employers involved an insufficient number of men in particular trades, a lack of a Jewish community in the requested area, and the IRO's policy not to provide female help unless the male head of household is employed.

Job Offers  1901-1921

Accepted Job Offers

Box   Title Date
71   Alabama - Florida
Box   Title Date
72   Georgia - Illinois
Box   Title Date
73   Indiana
Box   Title Date
74   Iowa - Massachusetts
Box   Title Date
75   Michigan - Missouri
Box   Title Date
76   Nebraska - North Dakota
Box   Title Date
77   Ohio - Oregon
Box   Title Date
78   Pennsylvania - South Carolina
Box   Title Date
79   Tennessee - Virginia
Box   Title Date
80   Washington - Wyoming
Box   Title Date
  Canada

Rejected Job Offers

Box   Title Date
81   Alabama - Montana
Box   Title Date
82   Nebraska - West Virginia - Canada
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Series VII: Bureau of Information and Advise, (1912-1921).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 83-85
Arrangement:

Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by state and town.

Scope and Content:

The Bureau of Information and Advise was created in 1912 by the IRO Office to connect immigrants with small cash capital to opportunities in Jewish communities throughout the United States. During that year, the Bureau requested local Business Associations or Chambers of Commerce to completed questionnaires providing Jewish community, trade, transportation, and economic conditions in their cities. Boxes 83 and 84 contain questionnaires dated from 1912 that are alphabetically arranged by state and town. Additional correspondence from local communities responding to the questionnaire is available in Box 85, in the miscellaneous correspondence folder, covering the years 1912-1921. Box 85 consists of requests, for the year 1917, by the IRO to local trade boards and Jewish aid societies for specific applicants regarding potential opportunities for a specific type of small business. Responses vary from over saturation of a type of business to open encouragement.

Box   Title Date
83   A - M; 1912 Population, Living Condition, and Employment Possibility Survey (By State) 1912
Box   Title Date
84   N - W 1912
Box   Title Date
85   Correspondence 1912-1921
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Series VIII: IRO and Jewish Colonization Association (Correspondence, 1901-1921).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Boxes 86-90
Arrangement:

Material is organized by organization and country.

Scope and Content:

This series contains correspondence between the Jewish Colonization Association (ICA) in Paris and Russia with the Roumanian Relief Committee and the Industrial Removal Office in New York. Correspondence also exists between Jewish immigration agencies in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, and Switzerland with the IRO. The ICA in Paris coordinated relatives being sent to the US upon the IRO's or Roumanian Relief Committee's receiving their American counterpart's travel contributions. In Russia, the ICA was additionally concerned with the reunion of family members, a husband deserting his Russian family, a husband agreeing to support his wife and children in Russia, and missing Russian family members. Of further interest are the discussions between the immigration agencies regarding recent immigration laws and restrictions.

Box   Title Date
86   Industrial Removal Office to Jewish Colonization Association 1903-1906
Box   Title Date
87   Industrial Removal Office to Jewish Colonization Association
1907-1909, 1912-1922
87   Industrial Removal Office to Jewish Colonization Association Branch in St. Petersburgh 1913-1914
Box   Title Date
88   Jewish Colonization Association to Industrial Removal Office and Roumanian Committee 1901-1903
Box   Title Date
89   Jewish Colonization Association to Industrial Removal Office 1903-1908
Box   Title Date
90   Jewish Colonization Association to Industrial Removal Office 1909, 1912-1921
90   Russian Jewish Colonization Association Branches to Industrial Removal Office
90   Various Foreign Organizations to Industrial Removal Office
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Series IX: Personal Correspondence, (1904-1922).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Box 91
Arrangement:

Material is arranged alphabetically by correspondent's last name.

Scope and Content:

This series concerns correspondence of individuals in the Jewish, political, and social service communities. The majority of the correspondence is issued from significant figures in the IRO such as Reuben Arkush, Eugene S. Benjamin, Nathan Bijur, David Bressler, Alfred Jaretzki, and Cyrus Sulzberger. Other correspondents include Charles Hallgarten, Morris Loeb, Jacob Schiff, William Taft, and Leo Weil. In addition to IRO financial, statistical, and administrative business; various topics consist of a small number of individual case files, widespread plans to help immigrants, work at Galveston Texas and Ellis Island New York, and assistance from the United Hebrew Charities, Baron de Hirsch Fund, and Jewish Colonization Society.

Box   Title Date
91   Jane Addams
91   Cyrus Adler
91   Reuben Arkush
91   Joseph Barondess
91   Jacob Bashein
91   Eugene S. Benjamin
91   Mundji Bey
91   Nathan Bijur
91   S. Bloch
91   Philip Bookstaber
91   Louis Brandeis
91   M. Caeser
91   John Foster Carr
91   Herbert Friedenwald
91   Avigdor Goldsmid
91   Richard Gottheil
91   Simon Gottschall
91   Charles Hallgarten
91   Gustave Hartman
91   Victor Harris
91   J.H. Haslam
91   Edward Herbert
91   A.J. Hoyt
91   Charles Hughes
91   Mark Hyman
91   Louis Jacobson
91   Alfred Jaretzki
91   Jeremiah Jenks
91   Joshua Joffe
91   Max Katowitz
91   Max J. Kohler
91   Joseph Kohn
91   L. Kopelovitch
91   Alphonse Lippetz
91   Morris Loeb
91   Judah L. Magnes
91   Louis Marshall
91   H. Pereira Mendes
91   Arthur Meyerowitz
91   George Miller
91   John Paley
91   M. Peissa-Kovitch
91   Nathan Perlman
91   A.J. Perlmutter
91   David De Sola Pool
91   James Reed
91   Albert Rosedale
91   A.M. Sakolski
91   Leon Sanders
91   Solomon Schechter
91   Jacob H. Schiff
91   Samuel Sheffler
91   P.A. Siegelstein
91   Jacob Singer
91   Adolphus Solomons
91   Isador Strauss
91   Cyrus Sulzberger
91   William Sulzer
91   Henrietta Szold
91   William Howard Taft
91   Leo Weil
91   Woodrow Wilson
91   Stephen Wise
91   Abraham Wolbarst
91   Samuel Yanofsky
91   A. Yoffie
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Series X: Correspondence of Immigrants, (1901-1921).

The predominant language of the series is Yiddish and English.
Boxes 91-122
Arrangement:

Material is arranged alphabetically by state and city.

Scope and Content:

Letters to and from immigrants helped, or in some cases, requesting help from overseas, fill this series. The correspondence provides insight into the cultural and philosophical differences and attitudes between the immigrants and the German Jewish IRO staff, describes the problems and successes of adjustments to the immigrants' new lives, and the immigrants' perceptions of America. Letters are frequently written in Yiddish, and sometimes in Russian or Romanian. Translations, some more cursory than others, made by the IRO staff often accompany the letters. The letters' envelopes may also exist.

Box   Title Date
92   Alabama: Bessemer - California: San Bernardino
Box   Title Date
93   California: San Francisco - Colorado: Denver
Box   Title Date
94   Colorado: Grand Junction - Florida: Pensacola
Box   Title Date
95   Florida: Tampa - Illinois: Chicago
Box   Title Date
96   Illinois: Chicago
Box   Title Date
97   Illinois: Danville - Indiana: Terre Haute
Box   Title Date
98   Iowa: Boone - Waterloo
Box   Title Date
99   Kansas: Arkansas City - Louisiana: Shreveport
Box   Title Date
100   Maine: Bangor-Massachusetts: Worcester
Box   Title Date
101   Michigan: Ann Arbor - Weston
Box   Title Date
102   Minnesota: Akeley - Worthington
Box   Title Date
103   Mississippi: Aberdeen - Missouri: St. Louis
Box   Title Date
104   Missouri: St. Louis - Nebraska: Lincoln
Box   Title Date
105   Nebraska: Omaha - New Jersey: Bayonne
Box   Title Date
106   New Jersey: Camden - New Mexico: Albuquerque
Box   Title Date
107   New York: Albany - Brooklyn
Box   Title Date
108   New York: Brooklyn - Buffalo
Box   Title Date
109   New York: Camillus - New York City
Box   Title Date
110   New York: New York City
Box   Title Date
111   New York: New York City
Box   Title Date
112   New York: New York City - Salamanca
Box   Title Date
113   New York: Saranac Lake - Ohio: Cincinnati
Box   Title Date
114   Ohio: Cleveland - Columbus
Box   Title Date
115   Ohio: Dayton - Zanesville
Box   Title Date
116   Oklahoma: Atoka - Pennsylvania: Munson Station
Box   Title Date
117   Pennsylvania: New Brighton - Williamsport
Box   Title Date
118   Rhode Island: Central Falls - Texas: Houston
Box   Title Date
119   Texas: Kingsville - West Virginia: Wheeling
Box   Title Date
120   Wisconsin: Antigo - Wyoming: Cody
Box   Title Date
121   Unidentified Material
121   Micellaneous Correspondence
Box   Title Date
122   Foreign letters of requests:
  Austria
  Canada
  Cuba
  Denmark
  Germany
  Great Britain
  Greece
  Italy
  Latvia
  Mexico
  New Zealand
  Palestine
  Panama
  Romania
  Russian Empire and USSR
122   Envelopes with names and addresses
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Series XI: Surveys of Jewish Population and Living Conditions, (undated, 1906-1909).

The predominant language of the series is English.
Box 123
Arrangement:

Material is arranged alphabetically by state and town.

Scope and Content:

This series contains records from four surveys the IRO conducted on local Jewish life, population, and living conditions. Although the records are not complete, they provide a fair representation of statistics for certain states, particularly Ohio. The most extensive records exist for a 1906 survey that focuses on "conditions of Jewish life in small American cities." Questionnaires include information on Jewish life, health, standard of living and wages, industries, and education. A general Jewish population survey was also distributed to towns in 1906, and response letters and statistical tables are available. In 1907 and 1909, handwritten datacards were kept from two more surveys concerning "conditions of Jewish life in small American cities." The 1907 survey includes results from town in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. The 1909 survey contains responses from Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

Box   Title Date
123   Survey on Conditions of Jewish Life in Small American Cities (4f) 1906
  Unmarked folder [Jewish population data]
  Survey on Conditions of Jewish Life in Small American Cities 1907
  Population Survey 1906
  Survey of Population and Jewish Living Conditions 1909
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